Chernobyl: There is no "additional DNA damage" in children born to parents who were exposed to radiation from the Chernobyl explosion...
A study found no mutations associated with a parent's exposure in the 1986 nuclear accident. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 22, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Children and infants in aviation accidents - Kalagher H, de Voogt A.
This study examines the relationship between seat restraints and injuries of children and infants who were passengers on an aircraft and gives a detailed analysis of children whose behavior contributed to an accident.METHODS: A total of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Analyses and anticipating the future trend of accidents in an electricity distribution company of Iran: a time series analysis - Nasrollah Nejhad S, Bardsiri TI, Arefi MF, Poya AB, Mazloumi E, Raei M, Dehghan N, Poursadeqiyan M.
This study was conducted to model accidents using the time series analysis and survey descriptive factors of injuries in an electricity distribution company i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Analysis of air taxi accidents (2004-2018) and associated human factors by aircraft performance class - Budde D, Hinkelbein J, Boyd DD.
INTRODUCTION: Air taxis conduct nonscheduled transport and employ aircraft in various performance categories hereafter referred to as low, medium, and high performance, respectively. No study has yet addressed fixed-wing air taxi safety by performance cate... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Changes in car drivers' attitudes and behaviours, and cyclist numbers following the introduction of a cyclist minimum passing distance law - Fruhen LS, Rossen I, Kanse L.
Cyclists are vulnerable road users who are more likely than others to be involved and injured in accidents and crashes. To enhance cyclists' safety, governments around the world have introduced bicycle passing distance laws, yet research into the effective... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

No Transgenerational Effects of Chernobyl Radiation Found
The genomes of the children of people exposed to fallout from the Chernobyl nuclear accident appear to carry no trace of the incident. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - April 22, 2021 Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news

Editor ’s Note
This article was published prematurely. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - April 22, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Gina Kolata Tags: Skin Burns Clinical Trials Surgery and Surgeons Accidents and Safety Science (Journal) Stanford University Dr. Michael Longaker Geoffrey Gurtner Source Type: news

Validation of driver support system based on real-world bicycle and motor vehicle flows - Hirose T, Takada T, Oikawa S, Matsui Y.
The incidence of traffic accidents in Japan has been decreasing annually. Nineteen percent of all accidents involve bicycles, with 51 % of these accidents being at road crossing intersections. Therefore, to reduce the number of accidents, this study analys... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

International research teams explore genetic effects of Chernobyl radiation
(NIH/National Cancer Institute) Researchers utilized genomic tools to investigate potential health effects of exposure to ionizing radiation, a known carcinogen, as a result of the 1986 Chernobyl accident. One study found no evidence that genetic changes associated with radiation exposure are passed to children, while the second study documented the genetic changes in the tumors of people who developed thyroid cancer after being exposed as children or fetuses to the radiation released by the accident. Findings are being published close to the 35th anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - April 22, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Two studies analyze survivors exposed to radiation after the Chernobyl accident, and their children
(American Association for the Advancement of Science) Children whose parents had been exposed to radiation from the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident in 1986 had no excess germline mutations, a new whole-genome sequencing study shows. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - April 22, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Gender differences in the use of ADAS technologies: a systematic review - Rezaei M, Yazdani M, Jafari M, Saadati M.
Background In recent years, Advanced Driving Assistance Systems (ADAS) have been significantly progressed, opening novel horizons in reducing traffic accidents. Driver gender can be an affecting factor in the utilization of these systems. The purpose of t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Fuzzy analysis of students' perception of traffic safety in school environments: the case of a small Brazilian city - Oestreich L, Torres TB, Ruiz-Padillo A.
Thousands of lives are lost every year due to traffic accidents worldwide, and youths are the most affected. The goal of this paper is to analyze the differences in young students' perceptions about traffic safety in school surroundings in order to help in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

A dynamic center and multi threshold point based stable feature extraction network for driver fatigue detection utilizing EEG signals - Tuncer T, Dogan S, Ertam F, Subasi A.
Driver fatigue is the one of the main reasons of the traffic accidents. The human brain is a complex structure, whose function can be evaluated with electroencephalogram (EEG). Automated driver fatigue detection utilizing EEG decreases the incidence probab... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Analysis of work-related accidents and ill-health in Brazil since the introduction of the accident prevention factor - Shimizu HE, Bezerra JC, Arantes LJ, Merch án-Hamann E, Ramalho W.
BACKGROUND: Since 2004, Brazil has had a national policy for occupational health and safety. This policy means companies' tax burden is altered according to the numbers of work-related accidents and ill-health amongst their workers. In 2010, a multiplicati... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Epidemiology and cost-analysis of emergency department patients treated following traffic accidents in Iran: a retrospective cross-sectional study - Behzadi A, Shahba M, Etemadi S, Mohamadi B, Karvar M, Jafari Y, Hedayatipour M.
This study was aimed to determine the epidemiological characteristics of patients with RTAs.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Modeling frequency of injuries per vehicle crash in Gurage Zone, Southern Ethiopia - Derese BM, Trueha DK.
BACKGROUND ፡ Traffic accident is the most serious problem in developing countries like Ethiopia, which is among the leading cause of death with the highest increasing rate from year to year in Ethiopia. This research aimed to identify the associated facto... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Quickstats: Age-adjusted percentage* of adults aged 25-64 years who are very worried about their ability to pay medical bills if they get sick or have an accident,( †) by sex and veteran status - National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2019 - Cohen RA, Boersma P.
In 2019, among adults aged 25-64 years, veterans (11.5%) were less likely than nonveterans (20.1%) to be very worried about their ability to pay their medical bills if they get sick or have an accident. This pattern was found for both men and women, with v... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Use of prehospital, hospitalization and presence of sequelae and/or disability in road traffic injury victims in Brazil - Tobias GC, Mandacaru PMP, Guimar ães RA, Morais Neto OL.
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and analyze the association between sociodemographic and behavioral variables with the use of prehospital care, hospitalization and sequelae and/or disability in victims of road traffic accidents victims in Brazil. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Analysis of accidents caused by human factors in the oil and gas industry using the HFACS-OGI framework - Nw.wo CD, Arewa AO, Theophilus SC, Esenowo VN.
BACKGROUND: Human factors have been identified as the most common causes of catastrophic accidents in the oil and gas industry. Therefore, this study aims to analyze human causal factors of accidents in the oil and gas industry using the Human Factors Anal... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Body optimization approach of sedan structure for improving small overlap impact rating - Liu X, Liang R, Hu Y, Jiang C, Tang X, Bastien C.
Small overlap accidents of sedans often result in severe injuries. In this article, a crashworthiness design method, including engine-room energy management, suspension safety design and passenger compartment enhancement, was evaluated to improve the small... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Crashworthiness study of a subway vehicle collision accident based on finite-element methods - Wei L, Zhang L, Tong X, Cui K.
The investigation and reconstruction are fundamental to enable designers to improve the subway vehicle's crashworthiness. In this paper, a crashworthiness study of a subway vehicle collision accident in Beijing was conducted. Based on field investigation, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Design and analysis of a polyamide - steel hybrid A-pillar for increased vehicle roof structural integrity in rollover accident scenarios - Mahoso R, Parihar SS.
In a world where motor vehicles are the primary means of personal transportation, accidents have become common. One of the accident modes of note are rollover accidents which in most instances deals with the roof crush scenario. In roof crush, the A-pillar... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Design for AEBS test scenario applying domestic traffic accidents - Choi YS, Lim JH.
This study is a study on the development of AEBS test scenarios for traffic accidents in Korea, and was compared and analyzed using the Traffic Accident Analysis Program. To ensure the safety of passengers and pedestrians in traffic accidents, the number o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Investigations on the vertical buckling of railway vehicle's anti-climber - Zhou H, Mei M, Zhang J, Tu H.
From accident investigations it is found that under some unknown conditions the energy absorbing capacity and anti-overriding function of anti-climber are greatly reduced due to the serious vertical buckling. In order to analyse the vertical buckling mecha... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Severity analysis of road transport accidents of hazardous materials with machine learning - Shen X, Wei S.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore a suitable method for analyzing road transport accidents that involve hazardous materials and to explore the main factors that influence the occurrence of accidents of varying severity. METHODS: The 2... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Traumatic rupture of the pectoralis major muscle with associated thrombosis of the cephalic vein as part of a seat belt injury following a motor vehicle accident: a case report - Pozder P, Jessel M, J ürgensen I, Struewer J.
We present the case of a young male patient who, among other injuries, suffered a complete rupture of the right-sided... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Ignoring safety aspects that could reduce traffic accidents - Tampubolon BM.
Safety on the road is an important consideration for every road user. There are various kinds of traffic signs that are can be employed, all of which are intended to discipline road users and improve their safety. However, Indonesian drivers frequently ign... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The law enforcement in pressing traffic accident which resulting death - Suparta KO, Maerani IA.
The aim of this study to know the strategy of law enforcement in suppressing traffic accidents that result in death at the Mojokerto City Police, to find out the factors that support and hinder the Mojokerto City Police in suppressing traffic accidents tha... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

Eleven dead, 98 injured after train derails in Egypt
Eleven people were killed and 98 injured on Sunday in a train accident in Egypt's Qalioubia province north of Cairo, the health ministry... (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 18, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Train accident north of Cairo has killed at least 11 people, say authorities
A passenger train on the way to Mansoura derailed on Sunday, also injuring at least 98 people (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 18, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Accident-proof headphones: an analytical research on how smart headphones could reduce road fatalities - Jayasekara JKDR, Dhammearatchi D.
Headphones are used by most people as a source of entertainment. Many pedestrians, cyclists and joggers like to use headphones while they are on the road even though it can result in extreme sensory deprivation and distraction. The purpose of this paper is... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and reaction time in commercial vehicle drivers- an exploratory study - Kamalesh R, Krishnakumar M, Mathangi DC.
Context Road traffic accidents [RTA] are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in India. Obstructive sleep apnea [OSA] has been identified world over as one of the risk factors in vehicle collisions. The estimated death due to RTA attributable to OSA i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Using long short term memory and convolutional neural networks for driver drowsiness detection - Quddus A, Shahidi Zandi A, Prest L, Comeau FJE.
Fatigue negatively affects the safety and performance of drivers on the road. In fact, drowsiness and fatigue are the cause of a substantial number of motor vehicle accidents. Drowsiness among the drivers can be detected using variety of modalities, includ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Determining the relationship pattern of the causes of traffic accidents with the apriori algorithm - Utari E, Hasugian PM.
Traffic accidents are one to the leading causes of death. Many factors cause traffic accidents. The high number of accidents that accur is a importtant reason for the Traffic Unit, one of which is the Police, to find out the realitionship between the facto... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Extraction of decision rules using genetic algorithms and simulated annealing for prediction of severity of traffic accidents by motorcyclists - Ospina-Mateus H, Quintana Jim énez LA, López-Valdés FJ, Berrio Garcia S, Barrero LH, Sana SS.
The objective of this study is to analysis of accident of motorcyclists on Bogot á roads in Colombia. For detection of conditions related to crashes and their severity, the proposed model develops the strategies to enhance road safety. In this context, dat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Investigation of the effect of vessel type on seafarers' safety culture - Altinpinar I, Ba şar E.
Maritime transportation is indispensable for world trade. Marine casualties have serious consequences. Majority of the accidents in maritime industry are caused by human error. If necessary, precautions are taken, human error can be prevented to a great ex... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Man left with inch-long nail sticking out of his eyebrow
WARNING, GRAPHIC CONTENT: The rusty nail missed his left eyeball by millimetres but still penetrated muscles in his eyelid, leaving him unable to open his eye after the accident in Verona, Italy. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - April 16, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Bill would give US vets of 1966 Spain bomb accident benefits
New legislation in Congress would provide disability benefits for U.S. veterans exposed to radiation while responding to a 1966 hydrogen bomb accident in Spain (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - April 15, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Biden's top intelligence officials won't rule out lab accident theory for COVID-19 origins
President Biden’s top intelligence chiefs have yet to determine how people first became infected with COVID-19, but they say they... (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 14, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Blog: The government can still address racism properly
Many members of UNISON, in common with Black workers throughout the country, are only too well aware of the everyday realities of racism within their workplaces and across the rest of society. No amount of official reports can deny that lived experience. Neither are these reports required to confirm it. The recent report commissioned by the Westminster government from the Commission on Race and Ethnic Disparities, also known as the Sewell report, can’t hide or deny the scale of the racism that is still part of Black British lives. Before saying something about what can best be described as a disappointing report, tho...
Source: UNISON meat hygiene - April 13, 2021 Category: Food Science Authors: Roger McKenzie Tags: Blogs News Black workers racism Source Type: news

A cross ‑sectional study to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices towards road traffic safety regulations among college going students of Himalayan Region, Uttarakhand, India - Sharma S, Sharma N, Vyas S, Semwal J.
BACKGROUND: As per WHO, nearly 1.33 million people die every year due to road traffic accidents (RTAs) all over the world. 10% of the annual average of road traffic accidents cases occurs in India. Aims and Objective: To determine the knowledge, attitude a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Harmful consequences of heavy episodic drinking in young people in Denmark - Tolstrup J, M øller SP, Grønbæk M, Hviid SS, Askgaard G.
Danish young people have a high alcohol intake as summarised in this review. Heavy drinking is associated with risk of adverse events such as accidents, violence, taking drugs or sex that is later regretted. Also, school performance may be affected negativ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Voice assistants predict driving accident risk in seniors
A JMIR study conducted in Japan links speech data indicators to driving-accident risks in older adults. (Source: mobihealthnews)
Source: mobihealthnews - April 12, 2021 Category: Information Technology Tags: Digital Health, Technology Source Type: news

Using speech data from interactions with a voice assistant to predict the risk of future accidents for older drivers: prospective cohort study - Yamada Y, Shinkawa K, Kobayashi M, Takagi H, Nemoto M, Nemoto K, Arai T.
BACKGROUND: With the rapid growth of the older adult population worldwide, car accidents involving this population group have become an increasingly serious problem. Cognitive impairment, which is assessed using neuropsychological tests, has been reported ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Role of blood derived cell fractions, temperature and sample transport on gene expression-based biological dosimetry - Nasser F, Cruz-Garcia L, O'Brien G, Badie C.
PURPOSE: For triage purposes following a nuclear accident or a terrorist event, gene expression biomarkers in blood have been demonstrated to be good bioindicators of ionizing radiation (IR) exposure and can be used to assess the dose received by exposed i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Sleep problems are related to commuting accidents rather than to workplace accidents - Vargas-Garrido H, Moyano-D íaz E, Andrades K.
This study aimed to verify the relationships between sleep problems and both commuting and workplace accidents in workers of both sexes. METHODS: The study was carried out with a sample of workers (n  = 2993; 50.2% female) from the C... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Possibilities of railway safety improvement on regional lines - Vojtek M, Matu ška J, Siroky J, Kugler J, Kendra M.
Level of railway safety is influenced by railway safety system, what is a complex of technical equipment and administrative arrangements. Current and previous accidents that happened show the necessity of solving these issues. The paper is focused on deep ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

The vehicle's driving dynamics test at the collision of vehicles - Voevodin E, Baklanova K, Kovalev V, Morozov D, Fomin E, Cheban E.
The method for constructing the model of a road accident and determining the dynamics of vehicle's driving dynamics at collisions is proposed. This method allows us to take into account the dynamics of physical processes associated with the destruction of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Understanding electric bike riders' intention to violate traffic rules and accident proneness in China - Tang T, Guo Y, Zhou X, Labi S, Zhu S.
As electric bicycles (e-bikes) have emerged as an important transportation mode in China in the past decade, e-bike-related accidents have increased drastically. Research suggests that the main cause of most of these accidents is traffic rule violations by... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

An ethical dimension to accident management and health surveillance - Oughton D, Liutsko L, Midorikawa S, Pirard P, Schneider T, Tomkiv Y.
Many radiation protection actions carry a multitude of direct and indirect consequences that can impact on the welfare of affected populations. Health surveillance raises ethical challenges linked to privacy and data protection, as well as questions about ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news