Sensors, Vol. 24, Pages 2478: Comprehensive Assessment of Artificial Intelligence Tools for Driver Monitoring and Analyzing Safety Critical Events in Vehicles
Sarkar Human factors are a primary cause of vehicle accidents. Driver monitoring systems, utilizing a range of sensors and techniques, offer an effective method to monitor and alert drivers to minimize driver error and reduce risky driving behaviors, thus helping to avoid Safety Critical Events (SCEs) and enhance overall driving safety. Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools, in particular, have been widely investigated to improve the efficiency and accuracy of driver monitoring or analysis of SCEs. To better understand the state-of-the-art practices and potential directions for AI tools in this domain, this work is an in...
Source: Sensors - April 12, 2024 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Guangwei Yang Christie Ridgeway Andrew Miller Abhijit Sarkar Tags: Review Source Type: research

A Unique Delusion with Depression in Early Stage of Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Vascular Disease: Considerations for Clinicians
Psychopharmacol Bull. 2024 Apr 4;54(2):28-33.ABSTRACTAs global aging becomes more prominent, neurocognitive disorders (NCD) incidence has increased. Patients with NCD usually have an impairment in one or more cognitive domains, such as attention, planning, inhibition, learning, memory, language, visual perception, and spatial or social skills. Studies indicate that 50-80% of these adults will develop neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS), such as apathy, depression, anxiety, disinhibition, delusions, hallucinations, and aberrant motor behavior. The progression of NCD and subsequent NPS requires tremendous care from trained medic...
Source: Psychopharmacology Bulletin - April 11, 2024 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mounica Thootkur Binx Yezhe Lin Akhil S Pola Alexander Zhang Zhengshan Liu Michael Greenage Justin White Mamta Sapra Source Type: research

Treatment Gap in Mental Health Care for Victims of Road Traffic Accidents
Clin Psychol Psychother. 2024 Mar-Apr;31(2):e2970. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2970.ABSTRACTRoad traffic accidents (RTAs) are among the most frequent negative life-events. About one in five RTA survivors is susceptible to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Knowledge about needs for, and usage of, mental health services (MHSs) may improve options for care for RTA victims. The current study aimed to assess rates of victims using different MHSs, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy and support groups, and to explore correlates of needs for and use of these MHSs. Further, we aimed to estimate the treatment gap in post-RTA care, de...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - April 11, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Paul A Boelen Maarten C Eisma Jos de Keijser Lonneke I M Lenferink Source Type: research

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on maxillofacial trauma surgery in Germany - implications from the national DRG database
ConclusionsDuring the COVID 19 pandemic there has been a shift in the number, composition and etiology of maxillofacial fracture surgeries. Measures of social distancing and personal risk avoidance had a societal positive effect on the frequency of facial injuries. This stands in contrast to the drastic increase in fractures of elderly people who should be protected primarily by the measures taken. These results can help to understand these influences better in future pandemics.Trial registrationGerman Clinical Trials Register No: DRKS00032778. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - April 11, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Validation of the Appendicitis Inflammatory Response (AIR) score during pregnancy: A nested case-control study
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that the AIR score may be a suitable diagnostic tool for risk stratification of pregnant women with abdominal pain and suspected appendicitis but further validation among pregnant women is needed.PMID:38597185 | DOI:10.1111/acem.14915 (Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing)
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - April 10, 2024 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Elin Moltubak Kalle Landerholm Marie Blomberg Roland E Andersson Source Type: research

Finding the professional age "sweet spot" in emergency medicine
Acad Emerg Med. 2024 Apr 9. doi: 10.1111/acem.14916. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38594915 | DOI:10.1111/acem.14916 (Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing)
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - April 10, 2024 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Joe Nemeth Eddy Lang Sara Gray Suzanne Beno Nisreen Maghraby Source Type: research

Response to "Utility of electroencephalography in toxin-induced seizures"
Acad Emerg Med. 2024 Apr 9. doi: 10.1111/acem.14917. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38594904 | DOI:10.1111/acem.14917 (Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing)
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - April 10, 2024 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Marlis Gnirke Mark K Su Source Type: research

Clinical relevance rather than evidence existence: The SAEM GRACE pragmatism
Acad Emerg Med. 2024 Apr 9. doi: 10.1111/acem.14909. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38594826 | DOI:10.1111/acem.14909 (Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing)
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - April 10, 2024 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Lucas Oliveira J E Silva Fernanda Bellolio Christopher R Carpenter Source Type: research

Understanding the Fluctuations in Korea's Suicide Rates: A Change-Point Analysis and Interrupted Time Series Analysis
CONCLUSION: The marked fluctuations in Korea's suicide rate during the 2000s may be largely attributed to improvements in suicide classification, with potential implications beyond socio-economic factors. These findings suggest that the actual prevalence of suicides in Korea in the 2000s might have been considerably higher than officially reported.PMID:38599599 | DOI:10.3346/jkms.2024.39.e125 (Source: J Korean Med Sci)
Source: J Korean Med Sci - April 10, 2024 Category: General Medicine Authors: Seunghyong Ryu Hee Jung Nam Ju-Yeon Lee Jae-Min Kim Sung-Wan Kim Source Type: research

Prediction of heavy metal lead contamination accident in Three Gorges Reservoir Area
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2024 Apr 10. doi: 10.1007/s11356-024-33242-9. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWater contamination incidents have become a significant ecological and environmental threat, particularly concerning the security of drinking water source areas (DWSAs). This research aimed to address this issue by integrating Geographic Information System (GIS) into bidimensional hydrodynamic water quality mathematical model developed using C + + and FORTRAN programming languages. The focus was on the Heshangshan drinking water source area (HDWSA), and the TECPLOT360 software was utilized for visualizing pollutant migra...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - April 10, 2024 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhen Liu Jing Sang Adam Fenech Xiaowen Ding Source Type: research

Understanding the Fluctuations in Korea's Suicide Rates: A Change-Point Analysis and Interrupted Time Series Analysis
CONCLUSION: The marked fluctuations in Korea's suicide rate during the 2000s may be largely attributed to improvements in suicide classification, with potential implications beyond socio-economic factors. These findings suggest that the actual prevalence of suicides in Korea in the 2000s might have been considerably higher than officially reported.PMID:38599599 | PMC:PMC11004772 | DOI:10.3346/jkms.2024.39.e125 (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - April 10, 2024 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Seunghyong Ryu Hee Jung Nam Ju-Yeon Lee Jae-Min Kim Sung-Wan Kim Source Type: research

Developing an alternative care pathway for emergency ambulance responses for adults with epilepsy: A Discrete Choice Experiment to understand which configuration service users prefer. Part of the COLLABORATE project
Accident& Emergency Department (Source: Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy)
Source: Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy - April 10, 2024 Category: Neurology Authors: Emily Holmes, Pete Dixon, Amy Mathieson, Leone Ridsdale, Myfanwy Morgan, Alison McKinlay, Jon Dickson, Steve Goodacre, Mike Jackson, Deborah Foster, Kristy Hardman, Steve Bell, Anthony Marson, Dyfrig Hughes, Adam J. Noble Source Type: research

Sweet Surprises: An In-depth Systematic Review of Artificial Sweeteners and Their Association with Cerebrovascular Accidents
AbstractPurpose of ReviewArtificial sweeteners have become increasingly popular in today ’s dietary trends as a healthier and sweeter alternative to sugar. As studies emerge regarding artificial sweeteners, concerns are arising about their side effects, particularly linking them to strokes. This systematic review aims to assess the relationship between artificial sweeteners (AS) and c erebrovascular accidents (CVAs). A systematic search of studies indexed in PubMed and Google Scholar was conducted using the keywords “ASB” (artificially sweetened beverage), “Artificial Sweeteners,” “Stroke,” etc. These studies...
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - April 10, 2024 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Perspectives from persons living with dementia and their caregivers on emergency department visits, care transitions, and outpatient follow-up: A qualitative study
CONCLUSIONS: ED care and care transitions for PLWD are suboptimal, and patient-level factors may exacerbate existing system-level deficiencies. Insight from patients and their caregivers may inform the development of ED interventions to design specialized care for this patient population. This qualitative study also demonstrated the feasibility of conducting ED-based studies on PLWD during their ED visit.PMID:38590030 | DOI:10.1111/acem.14898 (Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing)
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - April 9, 2024 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Megan C McHugh Kayla M Muschong Sara M Bradley Alexander X Lo Source Type: research

Simulation and calibration of radiation monitoring of nuclear power plant containment sump waste liquid
Appl Radiat Isot. 2024 Apr 1;208:111311. doi: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2024.111311. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWaste liquid stored in the containment sumps of nuclear power plants may contain a variety of radionuclides. Real-time monitoring of containment sump waste liquid can ensure that accidents, such as leakage of cooling water, can be avoided. This paper presents the design of a radioactive monitoring system for waste liquid in a containment sump. The detector and the lead-shield in the measurement unit are optimized through Monte Carlo simulations. Experimental verification showed that the background count rate of the m...
Source: Applied Radiation and Isotopes - April 9, 2024 Category: Radiology Authors: Fei Li Chu-Yang Luo Ying-Zi Wen Sheng Lv Guo-Qiang Zeng Xiao-Hui Liu Chao Xiong Source Type: research