Drug-impaired driving and traffic collisions: study on a cross section of the Italian population - Odoardi S, Biosa G, Mestria S, Valentini V, De Giovanni N, Cittadini F, Strano Rossi S.
The present study focuses on the association between road accidents and the presence of drugs of abuse markers in the biological fluids of the drivers. Biological fluids collected from 1,236 drivers involved in road accidents (54 fatal and 1,182 non-fatal ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Micro traces of great importance - a case study of microtraces analysis to identify the perpetrator of a car accident involving identical twins - Kowalcze M, Mirek M.
A tragic car accident took place in one of the villages of southern Poland. Three teenagers were traveling by car - a woman and two men (identical twins). None of the participants had their seat belts fastened, and the men were under the influence of alcoh... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Fire downwind a flat surface entering a canyon by lateral spread - Viegas DX, Rodrigues A, Abouali A, Almeida M, Raposo J.
This study is inspired on a multiple fatalities accident occurred in Armamar (Portugal), in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Suppression effect of porous media on natural gas explosion in utility tunnels - Wu J, Zhao Y, Zhou R, Cai J, Bai Y, Pang L.
In this study, put forward an explosion suppression measure apply to utility tunnels. An experimental platfo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

A CAST-based analysis of the metro accident that was triggered by the Zhengzhou heavy rainstorm disaster - Zhao J, Yang F, Guo Y, Ren X.
Emergency management research is used to deal with the increasing number of extreme weather threats in urban areas. This paper uses causal analysis based on systems theory (CAST) to review the subway water ingress accident and the government's emergency ma... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Comparison of eye and face features on drowsiness analysis - Kao IH, Chan CY.
This study ai... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Language-independent sleepy speech detection - Moon J, Kong Y, Chon KH.
Prolonged sleepiness can lead to impairment of cognitive and physical performance and may cause unfortunate accidents. Speech signals are easily accessible using a simple microphone or other means, hence, automated approaches for accurate sleepiness detect... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Validation of an EEG-based neurometric for online monitoring and detection of mental drowsiness while driving - Ronca V, Di Flumeri G, Vozzi A, Giorgi A, Aric ò P, Sciaraffa N, Babiloni F, Borghini G.
The driving drowsiness has been identified as one of the major causes of road traffic accidents, causing fatalities and permanent injuring. Drowsy drivers are prone to suddenly lose control of the car, mostly without any prior behavioral cue. The present s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Patterns of craniomaxillofacial trauma among helmeted cyclists - Stanbouly D, Selvi F, Patel N, Ro DC, Kocaelli H.
BACKGROUND/AIM: The head and face are prone to injury in bicycle accidents and helmets are proven to be helpful in decreasing injuries to some extent. The aim of this study was to determine whether certain craniomaxillofacial regions are at increased risk ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Receiving notification of unexpected and violent death: a qualitative study of italian survivors - De Leo D, Guarino A, Congregalli B, Zammarrelli J, Valle A, Paoloni S, Cipolletta S.
(1) Background: The loss of a significant person can be especially traumatic when death comes without warning and is due to causes such as suicide, murder and accidents. The way an individual is informed about the loss can affect the way of adapting to the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Comprehensive evaluation of deep coal miners' unsafe behavior based on HFACS-CM-SEM-SD - Yang L, Wang X, Zhu J, Sun L, Qin Z.
This study combines HFACS-CM, SEM, and SD models to evaluate miners' unsafe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Mechanisms analysis for fatal accident types caused by multiple processes in the workplace: based on accident case in South Korea - Won JH, Jeong HJ, Kim W, Kim S, Kang SY, Hwang JM.
This study aimed to develop the accident mechanism of fatal accidents taking place in multiple processes at the workplace. Multiple processes were defined as the existence of multiple work types and work processes in the same workspace. Recently, various p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Prediction of duration of traffic incidents by hybrid deep learning based on multi-source incomplete data - Shang Q, Xie T, Yu Y.
Traffic accidents causing nonrecurrent congestion and road traffic injuries seriously affect public safety. It is helpful for traffic operation and management to predict the duration of traffic incidents. Most of the previous studies have been in a certain... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Spatial influence of engineering construction on traffic accidents, a case study of Jinan - Mou Z, Jin C, Wang H, Chen Y, Li M, Chen Y.
Due to urban construction, engineering transport vehicles are gradually increased on roads, which might speed up traffic accident risks. To investigate the influence of urban construction on traffic accidents, this paper adopted 1977 traffic accidents of e... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Evolution model and quantitative assessment of risk network in housing construction accidents - Cheng L, Cao D.
PURPOSE Clarifying the risk evolution mechanism of housing construction for work-safety management is essential. Existing studies have inadequately discussed the risk-accumulation process in housing construction. Therefore, this study aimed to use the comp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news