Editorial: Alcohol and drug use in low- and middle-income countries
(Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 19, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Anhedonia and depression severity measures during ketamine administration in treatment-resistant depression
DiscussionThere is no complete overlap between change in depressive symptoms and anhedonia. Therefore, it might be assumed ketamine alleviates anhedonia as an individual symptom domain regardless of formal treatment outcome. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 19, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Somali refugees in urban neighborhoods: an eco-social study of mental health and wellbeing
ConclusionThe societal and physical features of urban neighborhoods intersect with refugee experiences of adversity, trauma and stress over time. As eco-social niches, urban neighborhoods are both accommodating, safe and familiar, as well as alien, threatening and unwelcoming. To support mental health and wellbeing and ensure successful settlement, it is essential to recognize the agency of refugees and provide continuous support throughout the entire asylum process and after, ensuring stable and safe living conditions. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 19, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Characteristics and correlates of seclusion and mechanical restraint measures in a Parisian psychiatric hospital group
We describe the characteristics and correlates of S/R events in four Parisian psychiatric centers.MethodsWithin a 3-month period, November 5, 2018 to February 3, 2019, we recorded data for patients experiencing an S/R measure as well as characteristics of the measures. We studied the mean duration of a S/R event, the time between hospital admission and the occurrence of the event, as well as correlates of these durations. We also examined factors associated with use of a restraint versus a seclusion measure.ResultsFor the 233 patients included, we recorded 217 seclusion measures and 64 mechanical restraints. Seclusion meas...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 19, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Internet gaming disorder: the four needs of the addiction
(Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 19, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Exploring gender differences in the relationship between gut microbiome and depression - a scoping review
ConclusionsThe findings underscore the importance of recognizing gender-specific differences in the composition of the gut microbiome and its relationship with MDD. Further comprehensive robust studies are required to unravel the intricate mechanisms underlying these disparities. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 19, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Temporal characteristics of facial ensemble in individuals with autism spectrum disorder: examination from arousal and attentional allocation
This study investigated the effect of autistic traits on temporal ensemble, that is, the perception of the average expression from multiple changing expressions.MethodsWe conducted a simplified temporal-ensemble task and analyzed behavioral responses, pupil size, and viewing times for eyes of a face. Participants with and without diagnosis of ASD viewed serial presentations of facial expressions that randomly switched between emotional and neutral. The temporal ratio of the emotional expressions was manipulated. The participants estimated the intensity of the facial emotions for the overall presentation.ResultsWe obtained ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 19, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Leveraging big data for causal understanding in mental health: a research framework
Over the past 30 years there have been numerous large-scale and longitudinal psychiatric research efforts to improve our understanding and treatment of mental health conditions. However, despite the huge effort by the research community and considerable funding, we still lack a causal understanding of most mental health disorders. Consequently, the majority of psychiatric diagnosis and treatment still operates at the level of symptomatic experience, rather than measuring or addressing root causes. This results in a trial-and-error approach that is a poor fit to underlying causality with poor clinical outcomes. Here we disc...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 19, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Individual and community-level factors associated with khat (Catha edulis) use among women of reproductive age in Halaba zone, South Ethiopia: a multilevel mixed effect analysis
ConclusionKhat use among women of reproductive age was found to be very high. From individual-level factors: advanced ages of women, secondary and above education, live in the richer wealth quintile, mass media exposure, low knowledge on khat effects, positive attitude towards khat use, strong social support, and from community-level variables: residing in rural area were significantly associated with khat use. Khat use screening for all women of childbearing age, as well as referral to substance use disorder centers for those women identified as having khat use disorder, should become a standard of care in all health faci...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 19, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Interpersonal motor synchrony in autism: a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionUncertainty is discussed relative to the type of task, measures, and age range considered in each study. We further discuss that sharing similar experiences of the world might help to synchronize with one another. Future studies should not only assess whether reduced IMS is consistently observed in ASD-TD dyads and how this shapes social exchanges, but also explore whether and how ASD-ASD dyads synchronize during interpersonal exchanges. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 19, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

State of the art of the literature on definitions of self-criticism: a meta-review
ConclusionsThe lack of dialogue between the different theoretical perspectives emerged from key contributions in the field of SC. Potential research questions to answer to stimulate this dialogue are proposed. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 19, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The influence of burnout on cardiovascular disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsBurnout seems to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, despite the few retrieved studies and a causality weakened by cross-sectional studies. However, numerous studies focused on the pathophysiology of cardiovascular risk linked to burnout, which may help to build a preventive strategy in the workplace. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 19, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Corrigendum: Safety, feasibility, tolerability, and clinical effects of repeated psilocybin dosing combined with non-directive support in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder: protocol for a randomized, waitlist-controlled trial with blinded ratings
(Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 16, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial: New insights on the relationship between neuroplasticity, genetic endophenotypes, and psychiatric disorders throughout aging and in the elderly population
(Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 16, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Randomized controlled trial investigating web-based, therapist delivered eye movement desensitization and reprocessing for adults with suicidal ideation
ConclusionStudy results provide promising preliminary evidence that web-based EMDR may be a viable delivery approach to address SI. In this complex population, a short treatment course was associated with reductions of SI and other symptoms across multiple diagnostic categories. Further investigation is warranted to verify and extend these results.Clinical Trial Registrationhttps://clinicaltrials.gov/study/NCT04181047?id=NCT04181047&rank=1, identifier NCT04181047 (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - February 16, 2024 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research