Editorial: Early Intervention in Psychotic Disorders
(Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Dopaminergic, Noradrenergic, Adrenal, and Thyroid Abnormalities in Psychotic and Affective Disorders
ConclusionsAlthough results must be interpreted with caution because of the small sample, this preliminary study suggests that depressed bipolar and schizoaffective patients share common biological dysregulations, distinct from that of paranoid schizophrenic patients. From a pathophysiological viewpoint, paranoid schizophrenic patients can be characterized by hyposensitivity of the hypothalamic DA receptors (possibly resulting from an increase in presynaptic DA release) associated with increased HPA axis activity, while depressed bipolar and schizoaffective patients can be characterized by hyposensitivity of the pituitary ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Insomnia Is Associated With Frequency of Suicidal Ideation Independent of Depression: A Replication and Extension of Findings From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
This study sought to replicate previous findings showing that insomnia symptoms but not sleep duration are associated with frequency of suicidal ideation in adults. We further investigated whether depression or sleep duration moderates the association between insomnia symptoms and frequency of suicidal ideation.Materials and MethodsWe used the 2005–2006 cycle of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to replicate previously reported findings from the 2007–2008 cycle. We used ordered logistic regression to determine whether insomnia symptoms were associated with frequency of suicidal ideation indep...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatric Symptomatology, Mood Regulation, and Resting State Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala: Preliminary Findings in Youth With Mood Disorders and Childhood Trauma
ConclusionsIn this preliminary study, MD with trauma youth had more manic symptoms and difficulties regulating anger. While MD youth showed reduced RSFC of left amygdala with left acc and left insula, no significant difference between the subgroups of children with MD was observed. However, when looking at both clinical groups together, we observed a significant correlation of RSFC of left amygdala to left acc, and YMRS scores. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The French Integrative Psychosocial Rehabilitation Assessment for Complex Situations (FIPRACS): Modelization of an Adapted Assessment Method Toward Long-Term Psychiatric Inpatients With Disabling, Severe and Persistent Mental Illness
For the past forty years, the generalization of community-based approaches has prompted psychiatry into promoting a deinstitutionalization movement and a psychosocial rehabilitation approach (PSR) for individuals with schizophrenia and related difficulties. Unfortunately, this approach generally does not involve the most severe cognitive and psycho-affective clinical situations among this population despite an increasing number of publications advocating that all individuals should be included in PSR and deinstitutionalization programs. In this context, considering the absence of an assessment battery designed for French i...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Depressive Symptomatology in Early Retirees Associated With Reason for Retirement —Results From the Population-Based LIFE-Adult-Study
ConclusionDepressive symptomatology among early retirees depends on reason for retirement: For women, ill-health retirement is linked to higher levels of depressive symptoms. Women who retire early due to ill-health constitute a risk group for depressive symptoms that needs specific attention in the health care and social security system. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Implementing Remote Memory Clinics to Enhance Clinical Care During and After COVID-19
Social isolation is likely to be recommended for older adults due to COVID-19, with ongoing reduced clinical contact suggested for this population. This has increased the need for remote memory clinics, we therefore review the literature, current practices and guidelines on organizing such remote memory clinics, focusing on assessment of cognition, function and other relevant measurements, proposing a novel pathway based on three levels of complexity: simple telephone or video-based interviews and testing using available tests (Level 1), digitized and validated methods based on standard pen-and-paper tests and scales (Leve...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial: “No Words for Feelings, Yet!” Exploring Alexithymia, Disorder of Affect Regulation, and the “Mind-Body” Connection
(Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Thinking Preferences and Conspiracy Belief: Intuitive Thinking and the Jumping to Conclusions-Bias as a Basis for the Belief in Conspiracy Theories
ConclusionsOur results demonstrate the implication of a preference for an intuitive thinking style accompanied by a propensity to faster decision-making (JTC-bias) as possible cognitive underpinnings of beliefs in conspiracy theories. Furthermore, our study is the first to confirm the notion of the JTC-bias as a reflection of the use of an intuitive thinking style. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Skin Temperatures of Back or Neck Are Better Than Abdomen for Indication of Average Proximal Skin Temperature During Sleep of School-Aged Children
ConclusionsLocal forehead and abdomen skin temperatures are least suitable as single site representations of average proximal skin temperatures in school aged children when considering both the level and the time course pattern of the temperature across the night. Conversely, back and neck temperatures provide most fitting representation of average proximal skin temperatures. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Identifying Clinically and Functionally Distinct Groups Among Healthy Controls and First Episode Psychosis Patients by Clustering on EEG Patterns
ConclusionsThe ML approach could be a robust tool to explore heterogeneity and facilitate the identification of neurobiological homogeneous subgroups in FEP. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Exposure to Early Life Adversity and Interpersonal Functioning in Attempted Suicide
ConclusionsPatients with a recent suicide attempt with high levels of early life adversity tend to isolate themselves, of being introvert, and having difficulties to open up and confide in others. They report low self-confidence and self-esteem and problems with feeling and expressing anger. These behaviors complicate interaction with others and make establishment of solid relationships more difficult. In regards to detection of suicidal communication and treatment of suicidal patients, this may lead to misinterpretations and difficulties to fully benefit from treatment given or for professionals to provide the appropriate...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Autophagy-Based Hypothesis on the Role of Brain Catecholamine Response During Stress
Stressful events, similar to abused drugs, significantly affect the homeostatic balance of the catecholamine brain systems while activating compensation mechanisms to restore balance. In detail, norepinephrine (NE)- and dopamine (DA)-containing neurons within the locus coeruleus (LC) and ventral tegmental area (VTA), are readily and similarly activated by psychostimulants and stressful events involving neural processes related to perception, reward, cognitive evaluation, appraisal, and stress-dependent hormonal factors. Brain catecholamine response to stress results in time-dependent regulatory processes involving mesocort...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations of Social Isolation with Anxiety and Depression During the Early COVID-19 Pandemic: A Survey of Older Adults in London, UK
The COVID-19 pandemic is imposing a profound negative impact on the health and wellbeing of societies and individuals, worldwide. One concern is the effect of social isolation as a result of social distancing on the mental health of vulnerable populations, including older people. Within six weeks of lockdown, we initiated the CHARIOT COVID-19 Rapid Response Study, a bespoke survey of cognitively healthy older people living in London, to investigate the impact of COVID-19 and associated social isolation on mental and physical wellbeing. The sample was drawn from CHARIOT, a register of people over 50 who have consented to be...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Identifying the Associated Risk Factors of Sleep Disturbance During the COVID-19 Lockdown in Bangladesh: A Web-Based Survey
ConclusionEvidence-based policies are required to combat psychological challenges that have arisen due to COVID-19, primarily targeting the groups who are largely suffering from sleep disturbance. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Assessing Saccadic Eye Movements With Head-Mounted Display Virtual Reality Technology
As our society is ageing globally, neurodegenerative disorders are becoming a relevant issue. Assessment of saccadic eye movement could provide objective values to help to understand the symptoms of disorders. HTC Corporation launched a new virtual reality (VR) headset, VIVE Pro Eye, implementing an infrared-based eye tracking technique together with VR technology. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the device can be used as an assessment tool of saccadic eye movement and to investigate the technical features of eye tracking. We developed a measurement system of saccadic eye movement with a simple VR environm...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Removing Compliance: Interpersonal and Social Factors Affecting Insight Assessments
This paper probes the format and underlying assumptions of insight conceptualizations and assessment procedures in psychiatry. It does so with reference to the often-neglected perspective of the assessed person. It delineates what the mental steps involved in an insight assessment are for the assessed person, and how they become affected by the context and dynamics of the clinical setting. The paper examines how expectations of compliance in insight assessment tools and procedures extend far beyond treatment adherence, to compliance with diagnostic language and the assessment relationship. Such compliance can be ethically ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Effects of Benzodiazepine Use and Abuse on Cognition in the Elders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Comparative Studies
ObjectiveBenzodiazepines (BZD) are one of the most frequently prescribed drugs worldwide. However, the cognitive effects of benzodiazepines in the elderly are highly debated. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to explore the following two questions in the elderly population: (i) Do BZD lead to any impairments in cognitive functions in elderly users? and (ii) Which specific cognitive domains are most affected by BZD use and abuse?MethodsFirst, we performed a literature search following the PRISMA guidelines. Electronic databases, including PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were search...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Infectious Causation of Abnormal Host Behavior: Toxoplasma gondii and Its Potential Association With Dopey Fox Syndrome
The apicomplexan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, the causative agent of toxoplasmosis, can infect all warm-blooded animals. T. gondii can subtly alter host behaviors—either through manipulation to enhance transmission to the feline definitive host or as a side-effect, or “constraint,” of infection. In humans, T. gondii infection, either alone or in association with other co-infecting neurotropic agents, has been reliably associated with both subtle behavioral changes and, in some cases, severe neuropsychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. Research on the potential impact of T. gondii on the behavior of...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Violence and Cannabis Use: A Focused Review of a Forgotten Aspect in the Era of Liberalizing Cannabis
There has been a shift surrounding societal and legal perspectives on cannabis reflecting changing public attitudes towards the perceived safety and social acceptability of cannabis use. With cannabis liberalization internationally, the focus of most cannabis-related harms has been on effects with users themselves. Harm-to-others including injuries from violence have nevertheless been unfortunately largely overlooked. While studies remain heterogeneous, there is meta-analytical evidence pointing towards an association. The aims of this focused review are two-fold: (I) review the evidence from meta-analyses on the associati...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Corrigendum: Gender Differences in Dysfunctional Attitudes in Major Depressive Disorder
(Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Deep Learning-Based Human Activity Recognition for Continuous Activity and Gesture Monitoring for Schizophrenia Patients With Negative Symptoms
ConclusionOur findings support the use of wrist-worn devices to derive activity and gesture-based digital outcome measures for patients with schizophrenia with negative symptoms in a clinical trial setting. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Machine Learning Analysis of Electronic Nose in a Transdiagnostic Community Sample With a Streamlined Data Collection Approach: No Links Between Volatile Organic Compounds and Psychiatric Symptoms
Non-intrusive, easy-to-use and pragmatic collection of biological processes is warranted to evaluate potential biomarkers of psychiatric symptoms. Prior work with relatively modest sample sizes suggests that under highly-controlled sampling conditions, volatile organic compounds extracted from the human breath (exhalome), often measured by an electronic nose (“e-nose”), may be related to physical and mental health. The present study utilized a streamlined data collection approach and attempted to replicate and extend prior e-nose links to mental health in a standard research setting within large transdiagnostic...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Computer-Assisted Cognitive Remediation in Schizophrenia: Efficacy of an Individualized vs. Generic Exercise Plan
Computer-assisted cognitive remediation (CACR) is an economical, adjustable, and effective treatment for individuals with schizophrenia. The current randomized controlled study examined whether an individualized or generic exercise plan in CACR is superior in patients with multiple cognitive deficits compared to treatment-as-usual (TAU). Fifty-nine inpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to 1) TAU, 2) TAU plus an individualized exercise plan in CACR, or 3) TAU plus a generic exercise plan in CACR. Neuropsychological performance, psychopathology, and functional outcome were assessed at baseline and po...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Speech Prosody as a Bridge Between Psychopathology and Linguistics: The Case of the Schizophrenia Spectrum
Patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders experience severe difficulties in interpersonal communication, as described by traditional psychopathology and current research on social cognition. From a linguistic perspective, pragmatic abilities are crucial for successful communication. Empirical studies have shown that these abilities are significantly impaired in this group of patients. Prosody, the tone of voice with which words and sentences are pronounced, is one of the most important carriers of pragmatic meaning and can serve a range of functions from linguistic to emotional ones. Most of the existing literature on...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Should Behavior Harmful to Others Be a Sufficient Criterion of Mental Disorders? Conceptual Problems of the Diagnoses of Antisocial Personality Disorder and Pedophilic Disorder
Generally, diseases are primarily harmful to the individual herself; harm to others may or may not be a secondary effect of diseases (e.g., in case of infectious diseases). This is also true for mental disorders. However, both ICD-10 and DSM-5 contain two diagnoses which are primarily defined by behavior harmful to others, namely Pedophilic Disorder and Antisocial (or Dissocial) Personality Disorder (ASPD or DPD). Both diagnoses have severe conceptual problems in the light of general definitions of mental disorder, like the definition in DSM-5 or Wakefield’s “harmful dysfunction” model. We argue that in t...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Traumatic Bereavements: Rebalancing the Relationship to the Deceased and the Death Story Using the Two-Track Model of Bereavement
Bereavements that occur under external traumatic circumstances increase the risk for dysfunction, trauma symptomatology, as well as disordered and prolonged grief. While the majority of individuals who have experienced traumatic bereavements do not meet formal criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD), or prolonged grief disorder (PGD), the degree of distress and dysfunction for these bereaved can be quite significant. The assessment and intervention paradigms in use with traumatic bereavements often prioritize the trauma and bypass the centrality of the interpersonal...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Interaction of Background Noise and Auditory Hallucinations on Phonemic Mismatch Negativity (MMN) and P3a Processing in Schizophrenia
Auditory hallucinations (AHs) are among the cardinal symptoms of schizophrenia (SZ). During the presence of AHs aberrant activity of auditory cortices have been observed, including hyperactivation during AHs alone and hypoactivation when AHs are accompanied by a concurrent external auditory competitor. Mismatch negativity (MMN) and P3a are common ERPs of interest within the study of SZ as they are robustly reduced in the chronic phase of the illness. The present study aimed to explore whether background noise altered the auditory MMN and P3a in those with SZ and treatment-resistant AHs.MethodsMMN and P3a were assessed in 1...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

What Mediates the Relationship Between Ethnic Discrimination and Stress? Coping Strategies and Perceived Social Support of Russian Immigrants in Germany
ConclusionThe present study revealed that Russian immigrants encounter different forms of ethnic discrimination, and that this is associated with higher levels of stress. This association was partly explained by coping and social support, illustrating possibilities for interventions aimed at improving the use of adaptive coping strategies and promoting social support-seeking for Russian immigrants. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Decreased Resting-State Interhemispheric Functional Connectivity in Medication-Free Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
ConclusionsOur findings highlight the contribution of decreased interhemispheric FC within and outside the CSTC circuits in OCD and provide evidence to the pathophysiology of OCD. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Psychology of Addictive Smartphone Behavior in Young Adults: Problematic Use, Social Anxiety, and Depressive Stress
This review enhances the existing literature on relationships between problematic smartphone use (PSU), psychopathology, addictive personality, and online social engagement as regards young adults, giving attention to predictive determinants of addictive behavior in smartphone usage. My article cumulates previous research findings on the psychology of addictive smartphone behavior in terms of problematic use, social anxiety, and depressive stress by focusing on the relationship among mobile social media usage, smartphone addiction risk, mental health issues, and individual well-being. The inspected collected findings prove...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Implementation of Guidelines on Prevention of Coercion and Violence (PreVCo) in Psychiatry: Study Protocol of a Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)
This study intends to promote the transfer of expert knowledge as well as results from clinical trials into clinical routine with the potential to change supply structures in mental health sector.Clinical Trial Registrationwww.isrctn.com, identifier ISRCTN71467851. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association Between Major Depressive Disorder and Sleep Disturbances Through Inflammation in Adolescents
BackgroundAlthough approximately 13% of adolescents suffer from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), and many adolescents have reported sleep disturbances, the relationship between sleep disturbances and MDD in adolescents is poorly understood. Thus, our objective was to study how adolescent MDD was related to sleep disturbances in a cross-sectional study, and the potential role of inflammation linking adolescent MDD to sleep disturbances.MethodsNinety-two female and male, African American and White, adolescents aged 15 to 18 years completed the study. Adolescents were diagnosed with MDD according to the Diagnostic and Statist...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations Between Difficulties in Emotion Regulation and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Deployed Service Members of the German Armed Forces
ConclusionThe present results show that difficulties in emotion regulation are directly associated with the severity of PTSD symptoms in service members of the German Armed Forces. This association is mediated by social acknowledgment and experimental avoidance, but not by moral injury. Thus, future studies should investigate these potentially crucial factors for better understanding of the development and maintenance of PTSD in service members of the German Armed Forces after deployment to create possible treatment adaptions.Clinical Trial RegistrationAustralian Clinical Trials Registry, identifier ACTRN 12616000956404 ht...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Influence of Telemedicine Care on the Management of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms in Dementia (BPSD) Risk Factors Induced or Exacerbated During the COVID-19 Pandemic
The number of people with dementia worldwide is expected to increase to approximately 1.3 billion in 2050. Almost 90% of patients diagnosed with dementia suffer from behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). BPSD causes and risk factors are multiple and complex and can be responsible for hospitalizations in long-term institutions, psychiatric hospitalizations and search for health services. Recently, the world imposition of social distance and self-isolation as the best preventive measures for the COVID-19 pandemic has created challenges in the health care and management of this population, which may trigge...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Long-Term Impact of Maternal Anxiety and Depression Postpartum and in Early Childhood on Child and Paternal Mental Health at 11 –12 Years Follow-Up
ConclusionsOur results indicate that fathers and children seem to be affected only to a small extent by maternal postpartum anxiety or depression. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Non-Coding RNAs in Psychiatric Disorders and Suicidal Behavior
It is well known that only a small proportion of the human genome code for proteins; the rest belong to the family of RNAs that do not code for protein and are known as non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). ncRNAs are further divided into two subclasses based on size: 1) long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs;>200 nucleotides) and 2) small RNAs (
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Enhanced Contextual Fear Memory and Elevated Astroglial Glutamate Synthase Activity in Hippocampal CA1 BChE shRNA Knockdown Mice
This study provides new insight into the regulatory role of BChE in cognition and suggests potential target for stress-related psychiatric disorder such as PTSD where patients experience fear after exposure to severe life-threatening traumatic events. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Silent Cries, Intensify the Pain of the Life That Is Ending: The COVID-19 Is Robbing Families of the Chance to Say a Final Goodbye
(Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reconsidering the Usefulness of Adding Naloxone to Buprenorphine
(Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Early Life Adversities and Borderline Intellectual Functioning Negatively Impact Limbic System Connectivity in Childhood: A Connectomics-Based Study
This study aimed to investigate the neurobiological underpinnings of ELA associated with BIF in terms of global topological organization and structural connectivity and their relation with intellectual functioning. BIF (N=32) and age-matched typical development (TD, N=14) children were evaluated for intelligence quotient (IQ), behavioral competencies, and ELA. Children underwent an anatomical and diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) protocol. Global brain topological organization was assessed measuring segregation and integration indexes. Moreover, structural matrices, measuring normalized number of fibers (NFn), were compa...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Identifying Modifiable Risk Factors for Relapse in Patients With Schizophrenia in China
BackgroundPreventing relapse of schizophrenic patients is really a challenge. The present study sought to provide more explicit evidence and factors of different grades and weights by a series of step-by-step analysis through χ2 test, logistic regression analysis and decision-tree model. The results of this study may contribute to controlling relapse of schizophrenic patients.MethodsA total of 1,487 schizophrenia patients were included who were 18–65 years of age and discharged from 10 hospitals in China from January 2009 to August 2009 and from September 2011 to February 2012 with improvements or recovery of tre...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mind-Wandering Changes in Dysphoria
Changes in mind-wandering (MW) and involuntary autobiographical memory (IAM) in dysphoria have been explored with conflicting results. The aim of this study was to evaluate both MW and IAM in a group of 23 stable dysphoric participants compared to 37 controls and to compare their thoughts characteristics (i.e., specificity, visual perspective, time orientation, and emotional valence). To make this study comparable with previous research, we used two different monotonous vigilance tasks (with and without verbal interference stimuli). Our results showed a significantly greater focus on MW thoughts in dysphoria. The character...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based Connectomics in First-Episode Schizophrenia: From Preclinical Study to Clinical Translation
(Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Unaltered Brain GABA Concentrations and Resting fMRI Activity in Functional Dyspepsia With and Without Comorbid Depression
ConclusionWe did not find altered GABA concentrations or brain resting activity in FD-PDS or its MDD comorbidity. The neurochemical link between MDD and FD remains elusive. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Corrigendum: Figural Memory Impairment in Conjunction With Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in IgLON5 Antibody-Associated Autoimmune Encephalitis
(Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicidality Assessment of the Elderly With Physical Illness in the Emergency Department
(Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Interpersonal Psychotherapy as a Single Treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder: A Pilot Randomized-Controlled Study
Recent guidelines share the recommendations that psychotherapy plays a central role in the treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD). In recent years, interpersonal psychotherapy adapted for treating BPD (IPT-BPD) was added to specific psychotherapies and was tested in combination with pharmacotherapy. The present study is aimed to assess the efficacy of IPT-BPD revised (IPT-BPD-R) as single treatment in a sample of BPD patients. Results obtained in a group of patients receiving IPT-BPD-R were compared with those observed in a control group in waiting list plus clinical management (WL/CM). Forty-three BPD subjects...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Enhanced Connectivity of Thalamo-Cortical Networks in First-Episode, Treatment-Naive Somatization Disorder
ConclusionsThis study demonstrates that anatomical specificity of enhanced thalamo-cortical FCs exists in first-episode, drug-naive patients with SD. These findings further highlight the importance of the thalamic subregions in the pathophysiology of SD. (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Telemedicine in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Motivations for Integrated, Interconnected, and Community-Based Health Delivery in Resource-Scarce Settings?
(Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research