High-Fiber Diet Linked To Lower Risk Of Death And Chronic Illness

(CNN) — People who eat diets that are high in fiber have lower risk of death and chronic diseases such as stroke or cancer compared with people with low fiber intake, a new analysis found. Dietary fiber includes plant-based carbohydrates such as whole-grain cereal, seeds and some legumes. Fiber’s health benefits have been recorded “by over 100 years of research,” Andrew Reynolds, a researcher at the University of Otago in New Zealand, wrote in an email. He is co-author of the new meta-analysis of existing research, which was published Thursday in the journal The Lancet. The research shows that higher intakes of fiber “led to a reduced incidence of a surprisingly broad range of relevant diseases (heart disease, type 2 diabetes and colorectal cancer),” reduced body weight and total cholesterol, and reduced mortality, Reynolds wrote. Similar findings were shown with increasing whole-grain intakes. Reynolds’ team was commissioned by the World Health Organization to inform future fiber intake recommendations. The researchers analyzed over 180 observational studies and 50 clinical trials from the past four decades; that’s the strength of the analysis, explained co-author Jim Mann, professor of human nutrition and medicine at the University of Otago. “The health benefits of dietary fiber appear to be even greater than we thought previously,” Mann said of the results. The analysis found a 15% to 30% reduced risk of death an...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News CNN fiber Local TV Source Type: news

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ConclusionsThese findings indicate that the neural effects of AUD vary according to severity. Our results emphasize the utility of resting state fMRI as a neuroimaging biomarker for quantitative clinical evaluation of AUD.
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveTo identify independent risk factors to develop a central line- associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) in critically ill neonates with major underlying diseases.MethodsA nested case-control study was conducted in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Patients with a central venous catheter (CVC) were included. Cases were neonates who developed a CLABSI and controls were patients without CLABSI. Variables included: perinatal history, characteristics of the catheter, installation and catheter use, surgical interventions, and hospital stay. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated...
Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
ConclusionsFOSL1 is an independent prognostic biomarker of GC. Detecting FOSL1 expression could help stratify GC patients with high-risk and guide the precious treatment.
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of IL-6/Stat3 signaling pathway in human endometrial cancer cells invasion and migration. We demonstrated that Stat3 is activated in endometrial cancer cell lines. To investigate the role of Stat3 in endometrial cancer invasive capacity, we used Stat3 inhibitor Stattic and found that Stattic significantly inhibited the migration and invasion of endometrial cancer cells elevated by IL-6. Furthermore, we showed that Stat3 inhibitor significantly decreased the expression of MMP2 enhanced by IL-6, indicating that IL-6 promoted endometrial cancer invasion and migration by Stat3-in...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 March 2019Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Xiaobo He, Ying ShuAbstractIncreasing evidence has shown that dysregulation of mircoRNA (miRNA) is linked to the development and progression of human cancer, including gastric cancer (GC). In the current study, by analysing the GEO database (GSE78091), we found that miR-660 was significantly downregulated in GC. Consistently, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) results showed that miR-660 was dramatically decreased in GC tissues and cell lines. Importantly, low miR-660 expression was closely related to larger tumor size (P&...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe results pointed out that the high expression of miR-106b-5p serves as an independent factor for predicting the worse prognosis of RCC patients.
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 February 2019Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive GynecologyAuthor(s): Sadikah Behbehani, Tiffany Pham, Katie Kunze, Megan Wasson, Johnny YiABSTRACTStudy ObjectiveTo determine the incidence of a successful in-office voiding trial after minimally invasive hysterectomy.DesignA retrospective cohort study.SettingA tertiary care academic center.PatientsAll patients undergoing minimally invasive hysterectomies (vaginal, laparoscopic, or robotic) from January 2013 to July 2018 who have an unsuccessful voiding trial in the postoperative unit.InterventionsA voiding trial.Measurements and Main ...
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
In conclusion, clinical presentation at time of diagnosis of brain metastases consistently includes neurologic signs and symptoms with persistent headache being the most common. Endometrial cancer patients that present with new neurologic complaints or exam findings should be evaluated for brain metastases.
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Conclusions: The results indicated that probiotic food and supplement withLactobacillus andBifidobacterium could be used as interventions to improve specific anthropometric and biochemical outcomes among individuals withMetS. However, probiotic treatment alone could not reduce overall health risks. In addition, there were methodological drawbacks among reviewed studies, and further research is needed.Ann Nutr Metab 2019;74:224 –241
Source: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Do you know someone who should have seen a doctor years ago? Maybe it’s your husband, or your father, or your brother, even your son? They complain about the shortness of breath, the nagging cough, or the stomach pain. But they never take action. For some men, so decisive at work or within the family circle, the lack of motivation to get an illness or symptom checked out is surprising. In fact, men are 24% less likely to have visited a doctor in the past year than women. Seeing a doctor is scary and it makes them feel weak and out of control. Roald Bradstock was one of those men. An Olympic athlete who trained 3 to 4...
Source: Disruptive Women in Health Care - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Men's Health Source Type: blogs
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