Latest Mesothelioma Immunotherapy Combination Looks Promising

Scientists at the Vaccine and Immunotherapy Center (VIC) at Massachusetts General Hospital have uncovered a novel, two-agent immunotherapy combination that worked surprisingly well in animal models with malignant mesothelioma. The discovery has sparked new optimism for immunotherapy, which has struggled to provide consistently positive results with aggressive cancers such as mesothelioma. “This is the beginning of a new story of hope, a new combination of immunotherapy,” Dr. Mark Poznansky, director of the VIC and associate professor at Harvard Medical School, told Asbestos.com. “It worked quite well in aggressive mouse models. It looks promising for humans.” The combination involves AMD3100 (plerixafor) — an immune modulator that already has approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) — and VIC-008, an investigational drug that targets a particular protein expressed in mesothelioma. “One [AMD3100] opens the gate to the immune system, breaks the barrier against immunity the tumor deploys. Then the other [VIC-008] activates the troops to go in and kill the tumor cells,” Poznansky said. “A double hit that is needed. Some cancers, especially mesothelioma, have so many ways to evade the immune system, you have to line up combinations that work together.” Immunotherapy Is Future of Cancer Care Cancer Immunology Research published the findings April 6. This combination also is being tested with ovarian cancer...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: These promising preclinical results supported the transition of BAY 2287411 into a clinical phase I program in mesothelioma and ovarian cancer patients (NCT03507452). PMID: 31064781 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
This study is an important step forward in highlighting C1q as a new prognostic candidate biomarker for a range of carcinomas. Methods Oncomine Database Analysis The expression levels of C1QA, C1QB, and C1QC genes in various carcinomas were analyzed using Oncomine (www.oncomine.org), a cancer microarray database and web-based data mining platform from genome-wide expression analyses (22, 23). We compared the differences in mRNA level between normal tissue and carcinoma. The mRNA expression levels in neoplastic tissues compared to the healthy tissues were obtained as the parameters of p-value 2, and gene ranking in the t...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Joe Abdo1, Christopher S. Wichman2, Nicholas E. Dietz1,3, Pawel Ciborowski4, John Fleegel1, Sumeet K. Mittal1,5 and Devendra K. Agrawal1* 1Department of Clinical and Translational Science, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States 2Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States 3Department of Pathology, CHI Health Creighton University Medical Center, College of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States 4Department of Pharmacology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States 5Norton Thoracic Institute, St....
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore whether a correlation exists between the incidence and mortality of cancers and normalized internet search volumes on the big data platform, Baidu. We also assessed whether the distribution of people who searched for specific types of cancer differed by gender. Finally, we determined whether there were regional disparities among people who searched the Web for cancer-related information. Methods: Standard Boolean operators were used to choose search terms for each type of cancer. Spearman’s correlation analysis was used to explore correlations among monthly search index values for each can...
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Shares in Boston Scientific (NYSE:BSX) rose slightly this morning after the company reported preliminary results for the fourth quarter and full year of 2018 that were in-line with estimates on Wall Street. The Marlborough, Mass.-based company said it expects to report $2.56 billion in sales for the fourth quarter and $9.82 billion for the full year. In Q4, Boston Scientific’s cardiovascular business pulled in $970 million in sales, while its rhythm &neuro unit recorded $790 million in revenue. The company’s MedSurg division saw $800 million in sales, according to an SEC filing. Most of the company&rsq...
Source: Mass Device - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Business/Financial News Featured MassDevice Earnings Roundup Wall Street Beat Alphatec Boston Scientific Hologic ICON plc Integra LifeSciences NovoCure Orthofix SeaSpine Source Type: news
The National Cancer Institute in Rockville, Maryland, has opened an innovative clinical trial for patients with peritoneal mesothelioma that will explore the safety and effectiveness of a novel CAR T-cell therapy. The phase I trial also is being conducted at Washington University in St. Louis. It is aimed at patients whose disease has relapsed after initial chemotherapy treatment. It involves a laboratory modification of a patient’s T cells — a type of white blood cell — that can help the immune system kill the cancer. CAR T-cell therapy is a form of gene therapy that has been highly successful with blood...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
Standard-of-care treatment for patients with pleural mesothelioma may soon include Tumor Treating Fields (TTF), a novel therapy involving electric currents that disrupt cancer cell division and inhibit tumor growth. In the wake of recently released results from Novocure’s STELLAR phase II clinical trial, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is expected to approve the treatment within the next six months, giving mesothelioma patients another much-needed option. “At this point, it should be a relatively rapid approval process,” Dr. Eilon Kirson, chief science officer at Novocure, the oncology company...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
Oncologists in 2019 may begin offering patients with pleural mesothelioma a novel, tumor-fighting tool involving electric currents that enhance standard-of-care treatment and extend survival, according to the device manufacturer. Tumor Treating Fields (TTF) is the name of the new technology. It is designed to disrupt cancer cell division through electric fields tuned to specific frequencies. In an ongoing multicenter phase II clinical trial in Europe, TTF has shown an ability in first-line treatment to improve the effectiveness of standard chemotherapy for mesothelioma patients. The trial success has led the manufacturer t...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
The National Cancer Institute,Laboratory of Molecular Biologyseeks parties interested in collaborative research to further co-develop monoclonal antibodies for the treatment of mesothelin-expressing cancers. The antibody was able to inhibit tumor growth in mouse xenograft models, and corresponding immunotoxins were able to inhibit tumor cell growth in vitroMesothelin is a cell surface protein that is highly expressed in aggressive cancers such as malignant mesothelioma, ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, bile duct carcinoma and gastric cancer. This selective expression makes ...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
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