What Causes Spontaneous Pneumothorax?
Discussion “A pneumothorax is a collection of air in the pleural space, and it can be categorized into spontaneous, traumatic or iatrogenic. Spontaneous pneumothorax can be further classified into primary with no clinical evidence of underlying lung disease or secondary due to pre-existing lung disease.” Spontaneous pneumothorax is a condition that is relatively rare in pediatrics. There is a bimodal age distribution – neonates and late adolescence. It is caused by tearing of the visceral pleural. Clinical signs include chest pain, dyspnea, tachycardia, tracheal deviation towards contralateral side, hypotension, cyanosis. There is a wide variation in treatment practices particularly for large pneumothoraces. For small ones, most are treated conservatively with or without oxygen therapy, and treatment for an underlying cause if present. Large pneumothoraces can be treated conservatively, by aspiration, chest tube, pleurodesis and/or surgery. The pneumothorax is seen on AP radiographs, but decubutus radiographs often make the pneumothorax more prominent. Because air will track anteriorly on a supine chest radiograph often used in small children, pneumothorax in these children can easily be missed on the AP but not on the decubitus radiograph. To review the complications of pneumonia and its common infectious disease causative agents, see What Are the Complications of Pneumonia?. Learning Point Causes of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax include: Airway dis...
Authors: Rombauts A, Abelenda-Alonso G, Cuervo G, Gudiol C, Carratalà J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate antibiotic coverage, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. It induces both a local pulmonary and a systemic inflammatory response, particularly significant in severe cases. The intensity of the dysregulated host response varies from patient to patient and has a negative impact on survival and other outcomes. AREAS COVERED: This comprehensive review summarizes the pathophysiological aspects of the inflammatory response in CAP, brie...
We describe the most highly recommended generic and disease-specific PRO tools in SCD and discuss the challenges of incorporating them in clinical practice. EXPERT OPINION: PRO measures are essential to incorporate into SCD clinical trials either as primary or secondary outcomes. The use of PRO measures in SCD facilitates a patient-centered approach, which is likely to lead to improved outcomes. Significant challenges remain in adapting PRO tools to routine clinical use and in developing countries. PMID: 33034214 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Genetics and GenomicsAuthor(s): Chengqi Wang, Justin Gibbons, Swamy R. Adapa, Jenna Oberstaller, Xiangyun Liao, Min Zhang, John H. Adams, Rays H.Y. Jiang
CONCLUSIONS: Xyloglucan/gelose plus ORS was effective and safe in treating acute diarrhea in children. PMID: 33028102 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Currently in fellowship doing bread/butter procedures (MBB, epidurals, PNB, few SCS/PNS trials, etc.) and just interviewed at a private practice spot where they do a lot of procedures that I will have not done any training in prior to graduating (e.g. IT pump, SI fusion, Vertiflex, Kypho, MILD, Discectomy, lots of SCS/PNS trials etc) and significant amount of "OR pain procedures" at a very busy practice seeing 30-40 pts/day - how many of you are commonly performing these procedures and are... private practice concern
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Vipul Patel, Tilottama Majumdar, Isha Samreen, Harpreet Grewal, Thomas Kaleekal
Boosting the sensitivity of in vitroβ-lactam allergy diagnostic tests. Chem Commun (Camb). 2020 Oct 14;56(80):11973-11976 Authors: Peña-Mendizabal E, Morais S, Maquieira Á Abstract The synthesis of structurally new haptens and the development of suitable antigens are essential for boosting the sensitivity of drug allergy diagnostic testing. Unprecedented structural antigens for benzylpenicillin and amoxicillin are characterised and evaluated in a cohort of 70 subjects with a turnkey solution based on consumer electronics. PMID: 33033809 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: October 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Volume 89Author(s): Xiaoqin Liu, Trine Munk-Olsen, Clara Albiñana, Bjarni J. Vilhjálmsson, Emil M. Pedersen, Vivi Schlünssen, Marie Bækvad-Hansen, Jonas Bybjerg-Grauholm, Merete Nordentoft, Anders D. Børglum, Thomas Werge, David M. Hougaard, Preben B. Mortensen, Esben Agerbo
Publication date: October 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Volume 89Author(s): Fernando Lopes, Fernando A. Vicentini, Nina L. Cluny, Alexander J. Mathews, Benjamin H. Lee, Wagdi A. Almishri, Lateece Griffin, William Gonçalves, Vanessa Pinho, Derek M. McKay, Simon A. Hirota, Mark G. Swain, Quentin J. Pittman, Keith A. Sharkey
BEST supplements to relieve joint pain: Is your arthritis playing up? The wetter and colder months could partially be to blame. These two pills may help.
More News: Allergy | Allergy & Immunology | Asthma | Bacterial Pneumonia | Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia | Cancer & Oncology | Cardiology | Children | Congenital Lobar Emphysema | Cough | Cystic Fibrosis | Databases & Libraries | Dermatology | Dermatomyositis | Emergency Medicine | Emphysema | Endometriosis | Health | Health Management | Heart | Histiocytosis | Hospital Management | Hospitals | Infectious Diseases | Influenza | Interstitial Lung Disease | Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) | Learning | Lupus | Measles | Pain | Pain Management | Parasitic Diseases | Parasitology | Pediatrics | Perinatology & Neonatology | Pneumonia | Pneumothorax | Polymyositis | Radiography | Radiology | Respiratory Medicine | Students | Tuberculosis | Universities & Medical Training