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AI to fight the spread of infectious diseases
(University of Southern California) Public outreach campaigns can prevent the spread of devastating yet treatable diseases such as tuberculosis (TB), malaria and gonorrhea. But ensuring these campaigns effectively reach undiagnosed patients, who may unknowingly spread the disease to others, is a major challenge for cash-strapped public health agencies. Now, a team of USC Viterbi School of Engineering researchers has created an algorithm that can help policymakers reduce the overall spread of disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - February 20, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Malawi:HIV/Aids Clients Receive Art and TB Services Under Tree Sheds
[Malawi News Agency] Karonga -Kachila Youth Initiative (KAYI) has accused health officials at Mpata and Lupembe health centres in Karonga for providing clients anti-retroviral therapy drugs and Tuberculosis (TB) services under tree sheds and along corridors of the facilities. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - February 19, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

TB vaccine trial results offer potential for BCG Revaccination, hope for subunit vaccines
(Burness) Aeras, a nonprofit organization dedicated to developing vaccines against tuberculosis (TB), today announced results from an innovative clinical trial that provides encouraging new evidence that TB vaccines could prevent sustained infections in high-risk adolescents. In a prevention-of-infection Phase 2 trial conducted in South Africa, revaccination with the Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine significantly reduced sustained TB infections in adolescents. An experimental vaccine candidate, H4:IC31, also reduced sustained infections, although not at statistically significant levels. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectio...
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - February 19, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Nigeria:Saraki Tasks Gates' Foundation On Primary Healthcare
[This Day] Senate President, Dr. Abubakar Bukola Saraki, has called on the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to focus on boosting comprehensive primary healthcare in its intervention programmes across the country rather than funding the eradication of individual diseases like polio, tuberculosis and the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 16, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Treating Drug-Resistant TB: "Our Patients Simply Can't Wait"
MSF research shows that a combination of two new drugs can be used effectively to help patients with drug-resistant forms of tuberculosis.Language English (Source: MSF News)
Source: MSF News - February 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Brienne Prusak Source Type: news

Africa:Drug-Resistant TB - 'Some of Our Patients Simply Can't Wait for Clinical Trials'
[MSF] Drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) remains a major threat to global health: Of the ten million people who fell ill with TB in 2016 alone, over half a million are estimated to have resistance to the most effective drugs used to treat TB, rifampicin and isoniazid. For those with highly resistant strains of TB, very few treatment options exist. (Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis)
Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis - February 14, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Uganda:Why We Need More TB Funding in Uganda
[Observer] Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) that is otherwise sometimes referred to as TB of the lungs is a disease that has been eradicated in most parts of the world, but continues to persist in Uganda. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 14, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Bill and Melinda Gates: Trump ’s Proposed Cuts to Foreign Aid Will Lead to More Deaths
Bill and Melinda Gates used their 10th annual letter to answer tough questions about their work at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation — and to defend funding for health work and international aid, just a day after President Donald Trump’s budget proposed slashing resources to these areas. The Gates Foundation donates billions of dollars to health and humanitarian causes including vaccine delivery, child and maternal health as well as infectious disease prevention. “These efforts save lives,” Bill Gates wrote in the letter, which was published Tuesday. “They also create U.S. jobs. And they m...
Source: TIME: Health - February 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized healthytime onetime philanthropy Source Type: news

Inovio lands $4.6M in funding for malaria, tuberculosis vaccines
Inovio Pharmaceuticals Inc. said Monday it has received $4.6 million in grant funding from the Bill& Melinda Gates Foundation and the National Institutes of Health to advance work on vaccine programs targeting tuberculosis and malaria. The Plymouth Meeting biopharmaceutical company is conducting its research as part of its partnership with the Wistar Institute of Philadelphia. Both programs involve the use of Inovio's SynCon synthetic vaccine technology that helps a person's own immune system… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - February 12, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: John George Source Type: news

Tanzania:Why Diabetic Patients Must Watch Out for Tuberculosis
[Citizen] Patients with diabetes are more likely to develop tuberculosis. This is called TB-DM co-morbidity. (Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis)
Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis - February 12, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Inequality also Relates to Education, Health & Illiteracy, not Wealth Alone
A health worker marks a boy’s finger with ink to show that he has been vaccinated against measles in India’s Gujarat State. Credit: UNICEF/UNI133530/PietrasikBy Bjorn LomborgCOPENHAGEN, Denmark, Feb 7 2018 (IPS)Antipoverty group Oxfam International got a lot of attention for claiming that there’s a global “inequality crisis,” but a far more important point is entirely neglected: globally, income distribution is less unequal than it has been for 100 years. The best data on this comes from Professor Branko Milanovic, formerly of the World Bank, now at City University of New York. His research sh...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - February 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bjorn Lomborg Tags: Africa Development & Aid Education Featured Gender Headlines Health Inequity Population Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Weekly Postings
See something of interest? Please share our postings with colleagues in your institutions! Spotlight All NNLM MAR funding opportunities are currently closed. In March, we will announce opportunities to apply for projects starting May 15, 2018. Now is the perfect time to start meeting with potential partners and consulting with NNLM MAR staff on health information outreach ideas. Contact us to set up a consultation. Dr. Matthew Lin, Director of the Office of Minority Health, announced earlier this week the 2018 theme for National Minority Health Month: Partnering for Health Equity. Stay tuned for more details about how you ...
Source: NN/LM Middle Atlantic Region Blog - February 2, 2018 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Hannah Sinemus Tags: Weekly Postings Source Type: news

The Impact of President Trump ’s ‘Global Gag Rule’ on Women’s Health is Becoming Clear
It has now been a little more than a year since President Donald Trump, on his first full day in office, reinstated the Mexico City Policy, also known as the “Global Gag Rule,” and a picture of its impact is beginning to emerge. The law prohibits allocation of U.S. funding to foreign non-governmental organizations that offer abortion services or information about the procedure. While the measure has been on and off the books for decades, typically enacted by Republican administrations and repealed by Democrats, its scope has expanded under Trump, which healthcare workers say has had a big impact on communities ...
Source: TIME: Health - February 2, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Casey Quackenbush Tags: Uncategorized abortion Donald Trump health onetime overnight Source Type: news

Tanzania:Tz, Global Fund Ink 1.155tri/ - Grant for Combatting Diseases
[Daily News] AFTER signing a 525m US Dollars (approximately 1.155tri/-) grant from the Global Fund, Tanzania has assured development partners that the amount will be spent on initiatives to reduce the tuberculosis epidemic, fighting malaria and prevention of HIV infections among women of childbearing age. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 31, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

South Africa:IFP - Medicines Control Council Must Urgently Approve Bacillus Calmette Guerin Vaccine
[IFP] The Inkatha Freedom Party calls on the Medicines Control Council to urgently approve the all-important Bacillus Calmette-Gu érin (BCG) vaccine, which protects the child from severe types of Tuberculosis (TB). (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 31, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Fighting tuberculosis in Nunavut means addressing much more than just the disease
Nunavut's chief medical officer of health Dr. Kim Barker says her department is developing a strategy to reduce stigma, increase understanding of treatment protocols and address the colonial history of tuberculosis. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - January 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/North Source Type: news

Major effort underway to fight tuberculosis outbreak in Nunavut community
An emergency tuberculosis clinic is taking over the community hall in Qikiqtarjuaq, Nunavut, on Feb. 5. The mobile clinic will run for seven to 10 weeks and will screen every person in the community of 600 for the disease. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - January 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/North Source Type: news

High levels of antibiotic resistance found worldwide, new data show
BANGKOK 29 January 2018 – The World Health Organization’s first release of surveillance data on antibiotic resistance reveals high levels of resistance to a number of serious bacterial infections in both high- and low-income countries. WHO’s new Global Antimicrobial Surveillance System (known as GLASS) reveals widespread occurrence of antibiotic resistance among 500 000 people with suspected bacterial infections across 22 countries.  The most commonly reported resistant bacteria were Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, and Streptococcus pneumoniae, followed by Salmo...
Source: WHO EMRO News - January 29, 2018 Category: Middle East Health Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Drug resistance: Could these onions help us win the war?
Researchers find that compounds from a species of onion can kill the tuberculosis bacterium. Could this be the key to combatting drug resistance? (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - January 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: MRSA / Drug Resistance Source Type: news

Nigeria:Bauchi Health Agency Treats 17 Leprosy Cases
[Daily Trust] Bauchi -The Bauchi State Agency for the Control of HIV /AIDS, Tuberculosis, Leprosy and Malaria (BACATMA) successfully treated 17 leprosy cases at various locations in the state in 2017. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 24, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Nigeria:16,000 HIV Positive in Bauchi Get Treatment
[Daily Trust] Bauchi -The Bauchi State Agency for the control of HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis/Leprosy and Malaria, (BACATMA) has disclosed that it has provided treatment, care and support to 16,000 HIV positive patients in the state from 2015 to 2017. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - January 23, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

TB vaccine SCAM: Scientists gave 1,400 babies a new vaccine for tuberculosis despite FAILED safety trials
(Natural News) An investigation by the British Medical Journal has exposed a horrifying vaccine scam that took place in the same place that many unethical vaccine stories come from – Africa. There, babies were used as guinea pigs to test out a vaccine after the monkeys it was tested on died. According to the report,... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 21, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

With big bucks (and drugs) in hand, George Scangos' startup stakes out space in infectious diseases
Vir Biotechnology is going where Big Pharma has largely backed away — infectious diseases, such as HIV, hepatitis B and tuberculosis — and it's doing so with $600 million in backing from ARCH Venture Partners and others. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care News Headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care News Headlines - January 18, 2018 Category: Health Management Authors: Ron Leuty Source Type: news

Fresh approach to TB vaccine offers better protection
(Oregon Health& Science University) A unique platform that resulted in a promising HIV vaccine has also led to a new, highly effective vaccine against tuberculosis that is moving toward testing in humans. The new vaccine completely protected 41 percent and reduced overall TB disease by 68 percent in vaccinated rhesus macaques, according to a study published as an Advanced Online Publication of Nature Medicine. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Anterior Cerebral Artery Vasculopathy Secondary to Miliary TB Anterior Cerebral Artery Vasculopathy Secondary to Miliary TB
What did brain MRI reveal about the cause of ataxia in this patient recently diagnosed with HIV infection and miliary tuberculosis?Applied Radiology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - January 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Radiology Journal Article Source Type: news

A plant from the coffee family, Indian madder, found to help protect the lungs against tuberculosis
(Natural News) A study discovered that the ethanolic leaf extracts of the plant Rubia cordifolia or Indian madder contain anti-mycobacterial, cytotoxic, and antioxidant activities, which can be used in fighting against mycobacterial tuberculosis infection. A team of researchers from the University of Limpopo in South Africa analyzed the protective effects of Rubia cordifolia, more commonly known... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Re-programming innate immune cells to fight tuberculosis
(University of Montreal) Canadian researchers' innovative work promises to make vaccines more effective against tuberculosis and other infectious diseases like the flu. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 11, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Re-programming innate immune cells to fight tuberculosis
(McGill University) Tuberculosis (TB), an infectious disease which attacks the lungs, claims someone's life every 20 seconds and 1.5 million lives worldwide every year. A cure has eluded scientists for more than a century but, now, a Montreal team of researchers may have discovered a new weapon to combat this global killer. The team is re-programing - or 'training' - immune cells to kill TB. These groundbreaking findings are published online today in the journal Cell. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 11, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

For a banded mongoose in northern Botswana, communicating with family can be deadly
(Virginia Tech) A novel tuberculosis pathogen, Mycobacterium mungi, closely related to human TB, infects and kills banded mongooses through a surprising route -- olfactory communication. Now, a detailed investigation published in the journal Veterinary Pathology provides a window into how this deadly disease moves between mongooses and within the mongoose host. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Cluster of resistant tuberculosis pathogen discovered
(University of Zurich) Between February and Nov. 2016, the Institute of Medical Microbiology at the University of Zurich discovered a multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in eight refugees arriving in Europe from the Horn of Africa. The analyses provided an impulse for launching a transnational investigation and developing a pan-European alerting system. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 9, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

UTHealth's Jeffrey Actor, Ph.D., awarded $1.7 million for tuberculosis research
(University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston) Jeffrey Actor, Ph.D., professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), has been awarded nearly $1.7 million for a two-year project to investigate a promising tuberculosis treatment using a natural molecule called lactoferrin. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Global Health: Fast, Cheap Testing for Tuberculosis? Soon It May Be Possible
Diagnosing TB, a major killer, can be cumbersome and inaccurate. But a new way to detect byproducts of the bacteria in urine may change that. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 1, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DONALD G. McNEIL Jr. Tags: Tuberculosis Tests (Medical) Coughs George Mason University Science Translational Medicine (Journal) World Health Organization Nanotechnology Source Type: news

NY woman diagnosed with TB when she was 5 months pregnant
Media producer Kate O'Brien, 34, was diagnosed with active tuberculosis while pregnant and was quarantined for 75 days in a New York hospital to save the fetus. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - December 29, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Woman diagnosed with TB when she was 5 months pregnant
Media producer Kate O'Brien, 34, was diagnosed with active tuberculosis while pregnant and was quarantined for 75 days in a New York hospital to save the fetus. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - December 29, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Crisis team heading to Baffin community with 10 per cent TB infection rate
With 10 per cent of residents in Qikiqtarjuaq, Nunavut, infected with active or latent tuberculosis, the government of Nunavut is looking for new ways to combat the disease (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - December 29, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/North Source Type: news

10% of residents in Nunavut community infected with TB, crisis team to visit
With 10 per cent of residents in Qikiqtarjuaq, Nunavut, infected with active or latent tuberculosis, the Government of Nunavut is looking for new ways to combat the disease. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - December 29, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/North Source Type: news

Double strike against tuberculosis
(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) In search of new strategies against life-threatening tuberculosis infections, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM), as well as Harvard University and Texas A&M University in the USA have found a new ally. They discovered a substance that interferes with the mycomembrane formation of the bacterium. It is effective even in low concentrations and when combined with known antibiotics their effectiveness is improved by up to 100-fold. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - December 28, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

CAD of chest tomosynthesis works best for new readers
Computer-aided detection (CAD) of digital chest tomosynthesis studies helped...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Digital tomo refines postoperative imaging of hand fractures DR tomo beats x-ray, especially for small chest lesions Digital tomosynthesis works well for spinal tuberculosis Tomo-CAD combo targets lung cancer screening (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - December 26, 2017 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Notes from the Field: Use of Asynchronous Video Directly Observed Therapy for Treatment of Tuberculosis and Latent Tuberculosis Infection in a Long-Term-Care Facility — Puerto Rico, 2016–2017
(Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report)
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - December 21, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Nigeria:Expert Calls for Increased Funding to Tackle Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis
[This Day] Abuja -The Associate Director, Global Fund Programmes, Institute of Human Virology Nigeria (IHVN), Dr. Aderonke Agbaje, has called on the government to support the drug-resistant tuberculosis programme in the country with funds as donor funding for the disease has reduced significantly. (Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis)
Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis - December 21, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Kenya:Global Fund Gives Kenya U.S.$368.6 Million to Fight HIV-Aids, TB and Malaria
[East African] Kenya has finally received a cash grant of Ksh38 billion ($368.6 million) from the Global Fund to finance malaria, HIV and tuberculosis programmes in the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - December 20, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Bedaquiline and Delamanid Treatment in Drug-Resistant TB Bedaquiline and Delamanid Treatment in Drug-Resistant TB
Combination therapy with bedaquiline and delamanid may be another option for patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and limited treatment options.Emerging Infectious Diseases (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - December 18, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases Journal Article Source Type: news

Tanzania:Giant Rats Increase Their Attack On Tuberculosis in Tanzania
[Thomson Reuters Foundation] New York -The use of giant rats to sniff out the potentially deadly disease tuberculosis (TB) in Tanzania is set to nearly double by the end of the year due to successful detection rates, a charity who trains them said on Thursday. (Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis)
Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis - December 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Giant Rats Increase Their Attack on Tuberculosis in Tanzania Giant Rats Increase Their Attack on Tuberculosis in Tanzania
Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - December 15, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medscape Today News Source Type: news

Kenya:Kenya and Global Fund Sign New Grants to Accelerate Response to Diseases
[Global Fund] Nairobi -The Global Fund and health partners in Kenya today signed six grant agreements to strengthen the response to HIV, tuberculosis and malaria. The grants aim to reach 1.3 million people with antiretroviral therapy by 2021, and drastically expand interventions to find more missing cases of TB, among other objectives. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - December 15, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Notes from the Field: Tuberculosis Control Activities After Hurricane Harvey — Texas, 2017
(Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report)
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - December 14, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

European Union Summary Report on Trends and Sources of Zoonoses, Zoonotic Agents and Food-Borne Outbreaks in 2016
European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. 11/13/2017 This 228-page report presents the results of the zoonoses monitoring activities carried out in 2016 in 37 European countries (28 Member States [MS] and nine non-MS). It summarizes trends and sources for Yersinia (plague) and tularemia, both Category A bioterrorism agents; brucella, a Category B bioterrorism Agent; bovine tuberculosis, trichinellosis, echinococcosis, toxoplasmosis, rabies, Q fever, and West Nile fever. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - December 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

At long last, a urine test for accurate tuberculosis detection
(American Association for the Advancement of Science) Scientists have finally developed a noninvasive tuberculosis test for a pool of people for whom such assessments have previously been difficult: people who don't have HIV. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - December 13, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news