What Are Potential Problems of Congenital Lung Malformations?
Discussion Congenital lung malformations (CLM) are commonly identified with prenatal ultrasound and occur in ~1:2400 live births. The natural history shows that lesions may remain the same, enlarge or appear to disappear. There is a wide-range of clinical manifestations. Patients may be asymptomatic or symptomatic at birth and often develop symptoms later. The overall natural history is difficult to ascertain as there are fewer studies done in older children and adults. Those that are done often lack a good denominator by which to judge the incidence or prevalence. Resection is carried out usually if a patient is symptomat...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - January 18, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

What Causes Spontaneous Pneumothorax?
Discussion “A pneumothorax is a collection of air in the pleural space, and it can be categorized into spontaneous, traumatic or iatrogenic. Spontaneous pneumothorax can be further classified into primary with no clinical evidence of underlying lung disease or secondary due to pre-existing lung disease.” Spontaneous pneumothorax is a condition that is relatively rare in pediatrics. There is a bimodal age distribution – neonates and late adolescence. It is caused by tearing of the visceral pleural. Clinical signs include chest pain, dyspnea, tachycardia, tracheal deviation towards contralateral side, hypot...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - May 20, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Donna M. D'Alessandro, M.D. Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news