Benefits of aerobic training in girls with precocious puberty: involvement of CRP and cortisol
Journal Name: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism Issue: Ahead of print (Source: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism - July 19, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

True Bony Tempromandibular Joint Ankylosis, Post Traumatic Injury
ConclusionThe surgeons agree with the statement that success in the preventing reankylosis after TMJ gap arthroplasty. Its primarily refers to the early postoperative physiotherapy, maintained on a long term. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 19, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Biometry characteristics in congenital cataract patients before surgery in a tertiary eye care centre in Nepal
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Saudi Journal of OphthalmologyAuthor(s): Sabin Sahu, Paras PanjiyarAbstractPurposeTo evaluate the anterior segment biometry characteristics in congenital cataract patients before undergoing surgery in a tertiary eye care centre.MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed the charts of congenital cataract patients aged less than 15 years who had undergone the congenital cataract surgery from Jan-Dec, 2015. 451 eyes of 351 patients were reviewed. The eyes were examined using an autorefract-keratometer, applanation A-scan and parameters like keratometry, axial length, corneal asti...
Source: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology - July 19, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Early Reversal of Portal Biliopathy in a Young Girl with Extrahepatic Portal Venous Obstruction
We report a reversal of portal biliopathy after a splenorenal shunt as early as eight days after the procedure. (Source: Current Medicine Research and Practice)
Source: Current Medicine Research and Practice - July 19, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Experiences of sexual harassment are associated with high self-esteem and social anxiety among adolescent girls.
Conclusion: Experiences of being sexually harassed correlate among adolescents with high social anxiety but also with high self-esteem. Sexual harassment among adolescents may partly be explained as inept ways of showing interest, but it may nevertheless have detrimental effects on the well-being of the those subjected to it. PMID: 31311376 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Too tough at the top: Using latent class growth analysis to assess cool status during middle school
ConclusionsThe findings suggest the need for a more nuanced perspective on maintaining cool status during adolescence that considers both its risks and benefits. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - July 18, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Differences in the Physical Activity, Sedentary Time, and BMI of Finnish Grade 5 Students.
CONCLUSIONS: The PE levels differ between different BMI groups in leisure time and during school but not during PE lessons. PA for overweight children should be targeted and compulsory PE time should be increased to achieve the PA guidelines. PMID: 31310997 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - July 18, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Active Gaming Prevalence and Correlates by Type of Day in Spanish Youth.
CONCLUSION: Because active gaming may contribute to meeting physical activity guidelines, the present findings could enable better targeting of physical activity promotion programs. PMID: 31310996 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - July 18, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Estimated Physical Activity in Adolescents by Wrist-Worn GENEActiv Accelerometers.
This study describes PA levels in adolescents at baseline of an obesity prevention and weight management trial. METHODS: Adolescents (n = 930) at 8 high schools wore an accelerometer for 7 days, with average acceleration values of 150 mg, and>500 mg categorized as sedentary, moderate, and vigorous PA, respectively. In a 3-level mixed-effects generalized linear model, PA was regressed on sex, weight status, and day of week. Daily PA was nested within students, and students within schools, with random effects included for both. RESULTS: Adolescents accumulated a median of 40 minutes daily of moderate to ...
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - July 18, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Parents' Lifestyle, Sedentary Behavior, and Physical Activity in Their Children: A Cross-Sectional Study in Brazil.
CONCLUSIONS: SB and PA of parents were associated with SB and PA of their children, regardless of gender. Strategies for health promotion should consider the family environment to increase PA and reduce SB. PMID: 31310992 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - July 18, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Happy Helpers: A Multidimensional and Mixed-Method Approach to Prosocial Behavior and Its Effects on Friendship Quality, Mental Health, and Well-Being During Adolescence
Discussion focuses on the multidimensionality of prosocial behavior and implications regarding friendships and mental health and well-being during adolescence. (Source: Journal of Happiness Studies)
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 2573: Identifying Predictors of Changes in Physical Activity Level in Adolescence: A Prospective Analysis in Bosnia and Herzegovina
This study aimed to prospectively investigate the relationship between sociodemographic and behavioral factors (predictors), PA levels and changes in PA levels in older adolescents from Bosnia and Herzegovina. The sample comprised 872 participants (404 females) tested at baseline (16 years of age) and at follow-up (18 years of age). Predictors were sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, socioeconomic status, urban/rural residence, paternal and maternal education level) and variables of substance misuse (consumption of cigarettes, alcohol and illicit drugs). The PA level, as measured by the Physical Activity Questio...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Vesna Miljanovic Damjanovic Lejla Obradovic Salcin Natasa Zenic Nikola Foretic Silvester Liposek Tags: Article Source Type: research

Gender Differences in Throwing Revisited: Sensorimotor Coordination in a Virtual Ball Aiming Task
Numerous studies have demonstrated that boys throw balls faster, farther and more accurately than girls. This is largely due to well-known anatomical and muscle physiological differences that play a central role in overarm throwing. With the objective to understand the potential contribution of coordinative aspects in this gender difference, this large cross-sectional study examined a simplified forearm throw that eliminated the physical advantages of male individuals. As hypothesized, the gender disparity disappeared, but only in the age groups younger than 20 years. Two fine-grained spatiotemporal metrics displayed a sim...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - July 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Changes in the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and severe obesity between 2010 and 2017 in preschoolers: A population ‐based study
SummaryWe evaluated changes in overweight, obesity, and severe obesity in a population of 4 ‐ to 6‐year‐olds from 2010 to 2017. Anthropometric data were collected during children's preschool immunization visits in Edmonton and Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Body mass index (BMI), BMIz scores, and weight status categories were based on the World Health Organization criteria. Across 8 years, we examined population ‐level data from 161 114 children in which the prevalence of overweight (17.8%‐15.7%;P
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Geoff D.C. Ball, Anamaria Savu, Padma Kaul Tags: SHORT COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

LGI1 and CASPR2 autoimmunity in children: Systematic literature review and report of a young girl with Morvan syndrome
Leucine-rich glioma-inactivated protein 1 (LGI1) and contactin-associated protein-like 2 (CASPR2) neurological autoimmunity in adults has been associated with various clinical syndromes involving central, peripheral and autonomic nervous system, while data in children is limited. We perform the first systematic literature review on paediatric LGI1 and CASPR2 autoimmunity, with focus on clinical data, in order to contribute to the definition of clinical features of LGI1 and CASPR2 autoimmunity in paediatric age and favour early diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Neuroimmunology)
Source: Journal of Neuroimmunology - July 18, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Margherita Nosadini, Irene Toldo, Benedetta Tascini, Christian G. Bien, Lucio Parmeggiani, Piera De Gaspari, Luigi Zuliani, Stefano Sartori Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

[a case of childhood-onset eosinophilic granulomatous polyangiitis with asymptomatic myocardial involvement who was diagnosed at more than 5 years after onset of atopic dermatitis and bronchial asthma].
We report the development of eosinophilic polyangiitis granulomatosis (EGPA) in a young girl being treated for both atopic dermatitis, diagnosed at 1 year of age, and bronchial asthma, diagnosed at 4 years of age. Her eruption did not result in lichenification and was not fully responsive to corticosteroid ointment. Asthma lightened by treatment of inhalational steroids. Hypereosinophilia was detected at 5 years of age, at least 20% of white blood cells, and 44% at 8 years of age. At 10 years of age, she was diagnosed with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-negative EGPA. The diagnosis was based on findings of eosinophil...
Source: Arerugi - July 17, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Takigami E, Zuiki M, Akioka S, Itoi T, Arita T, Numa S, Katoh N, Hosoi H Tags: Arerugi Source Type: research

Integrating tractography in pelvic surgery: a proof of concept
ConclusionsThis clinical case validates the ability of pelvic tractography to deliver a proper imaging of the sacral nervous network and emphasizes the potential usefulness of this approach in pelvic surgery management, with perspectives of image-guided surgery. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports - July 17, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Birthweight and risk of thyroid cancer and its histological types: A large cohort study
ConclusionA heavier weight at birth is associated with an elevated risk of total and follicular thyroid cancer, which underscores that prenatal exposures may be important in thyroid cancer aetiology. (Source: Cancer Epidemiology)
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - July 17, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Pruritus as Unusual Manifestation of Lupus Myelopathy.
We report a young girl who presented with predominant symptom of refractory pruritus which after clinical localization and imaging was detected to have long segment patchy myelitis. Detailed evaluation led to a diagnosis of lupus myelopathy and the patient responded to immunosuppressive therapy with significant clinical and radiological improvement. Maintaining a high level of suspicion for neurological cause in a patient with refractory localized itching resistant to regular antiallergic treatment is important in the right clinical setting. PMID: 31304722 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India)
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - July 17, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research

Maternal and paternal atopic dermatitis and risk of atopic dermatitis during early infancy in girls and boys
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Kim M.A Endre, Eva Maria Rehbinder, Karin Lødrup Carlsen, Kai-Håkon Carlsen, Petter Gjersvik, Gunilla Hedlin, Christine M. Jonassen, Marissa LeBlanc, Björn Nordlund, Håvard O. Skjerven, Anne Cathrine Staff, Cilla Söderhäll, Riyas Vettukattil, Linn Landrø, study group, Anna Asarnoj, Karen Eline S. Bains, Monica H. Carlsen, Oda C. Lødrup Carlsen, Peder A. Granlund, Berit Granum (Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice)
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - July 17, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Alexithymia, Metacognition, and Theory of Mind in Children and Preadolescents With Migraine Without Aura (MWoA): A Case-Control Study
Conclusion: Our data suggest that children with MWoA have no metacognitive and TOM problems compared to a healthy group. The experimental group showed higher traits of alexithymia, confirming what suggested by other studies in the literature. Future research will have to focus on migraine with aura and tension-type headache to evaluate any differences with children with MWoA. (Source: Frontiers in Neurology)
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - July 17, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Teen Girls' Reproductive Attitudes and the Timing and Sequencing of Sexual Behaviors
Teen girls consider not only health outcomes, such as pregnancy or contracting a sexually transmitted infection (STI), but also social outcomes, such as guilt or embarrassment, when making decisions about sexual behaviors. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - July 17, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Karen Benjamin Guzzo, Vanessa Wanner Lang, Sarah R. Hayford Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A Teenager with Facial Numbness
A 16 -year-old girl with a history of bilateral head pain, diagnosed as chronic migraines was evaluated in the neurology clinic. Examination revealed decreased sensation to light touch and pinprick on the right side of the face, in the distribution of all three branches of the trigeminal nerve, and extending into the mid-scalp. There were no symptoms or signs of raised intracranial pressure, and the rest of the neurological examination was unremarkable. Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the brain revealed an expansile and enhancing mass in the right Meckel ’s cave extending into the right prepontine cistern, with moderat...
Source: Pediatric Neurology - July 17, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Quinton Mandle, Sanjana Kannikeswaran, Mihir Surapaneni, Lalitha Sivaswamy Tags: Visual Diagnosis Source Type: research

Microcomputed tomography and genetic analysis of a rare case of Caffey's disease in a 5 –7‐month‐old girl
AbstractAncient human remains provided precious information about the health and disease of individuals from the past. Usually, diagnosis and assessment of the paleopathological remains were performed using RX analysis, tomography, and histology. However, thanks to the progress in ancient DNA recovery and sequencing, genetic information can used to support the diagnoses performed using classical approach. Here, we described the paleopathological remains of a 5 to 7 ‐month infant, excavated from Saint‐Jacques church (Douai, France), dated from 16th to 18th century. The skeleton displayed bone lesions, consisting in a ma...
Source: International Journal of Osteoarchaeology - July 17, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Daniela Lombardo, Alessandra Modi, Chiara Vergata, David Caramelli, Tristan Pascart, Benoit Bertrand, Annalisa Vetro, Martina Lari, Thomas Colard Tags: SHORT REPORT Source Type: research

A ten-year study of immunogenicity and safety of the AS04-HPV-16/18 vaccine in adolescent girls aged 10-14 years
. (Source: Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics)
Source: Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics - July 17, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tino F. Schwarz Li-Min Huang Alejandra Valencia Falko Panzer Cheng-Hsun Chiu Annabelle Decreux Sylviane Poncelet Naveen Karkada Nicolas Folschweiller Lan Lin Gary Dubin Frank Struyf Source Type: research

Changes in brain perfusion in successive arterial spin labeling MRI scans in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy
This article proposes an innovative processing pipeline for morphological and ASL data suited to neonates that enable automated segmentation to obtain CBF values over ROIs. We evaluate CBF on two successive scans within the first 15 days of life in the same subjects. ASL imaging in asphyxiated neonates seems more relevant when used relatively early, in the first days of life. The correlation of intra-subject changes in cerebral perfusion between early and late MRI with neurodevelopmental outcome warrants investigation in a larger cohort, to determine whether the CBF pattern change can provide prognostic information beyon...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - July 16, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Influence of chronic diseases on the olfactory function in children
Conclusion: In conclusion, this study demonstrates that the influence of chronic diseases (bronchial asthma, diabetes mellitus type 1 and hypothyroidism) on olfactory function in childhood, if any, seems to be insignificant. This is partly in contrast to adult patients. Further research should be conducted in a subgroup of patients with bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis or other comorbidities to better understand the association of allergic diathesis and olfactory function and the putative pathogenesis of olfactory dysfunction.What is known:• The association between smell impairment and chroni...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - July 16, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The Olympic Experimental Gymnasium Program and its Association with the Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study
Conclusions: Exposure of adolescents to the OEG policies was positively associated with an important reduction in CVD risk factors, including high blood pressure and overweight.Resumo Fundamento: A doen ça cardiovascular (DCV) é a principal causa de morte em todo o mundo. A atividade física (AF) e uma dieta adequada, quando adotadas na infância e na adolescência, podem reduzir a carga da DCV na fase adulta. O projeto “ Gin ásio Experimental Olímpico (GEO) ” foi implementado para aumentar os n íveis de AF dos estudantes por meio de AF regular e hábitos...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - July 16, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Physical Activity and Healthy Eating Patterns in Public Schools in Brazil: A Strategy to Avert Risk Factors in Adulthood
Conclusions: Exposure of adolescents to the OEG policies was positively associated with an important reduction in CVD risk factors, including high blood pressure and overweight.Resumo Fundamento: A doen ça cardiovascular (DCV) é a principal causa de morte em todo o mundo. A atividade física (AF) e uma dieta adequada, quando adotadas na infância e na adolescência, podem reduzir a carga da DCV na fase adulta. O projeto “ Gin ásio Experimental Olímpico (GEO) ” foi implementado para aumentar os n íveis de AF dos estudantes por meio de AF regular e hábitos...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - July 16, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Signal detection of human papillomavirus vaccines using the Korea Adverse Events Reporting System database, between 2005 and 2016
Conclusions South Korea should develop a system for proactively updating HPV  labels. These results also suggest potential research directions such as vaccination label expansion, pharmacovigilance studies, and identification of causality in AEs associated with HPV vaccination. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - July 16, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Frontal pyomucocoele as forehead swelling in a five-year-old girl.
We present the case of a five-year-old girl who presented with a frontal pyomucocoele requiring decompression and adequate antibiotics. PMID: 31311462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Tropical Doctor)
Source: Tropical Doctor - July 16, 2019 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Williams V, Iyer R, Reshma A, Jayashree M, Mohindra S, Verma S Tags: Trop Doct Source Type: research

Breaking the Germline Barrier in a Moral Vacuum.
Abstract In November 2018 a Chinese scientist claimed to have used CRISPR/Cas 9 technology to genetically modify two human embryos that were then gestated in one adult woman through an IVF pregnancy and brought to term. The twin girls are allegedly the first babies born with their prenatal genomes edited. Using both English language and Chinese supporting documents, this paper discusses the background of this human experiment, the social context of Chinese science, and the alleged ethical transgressions of its principal scientist. PMID: 31304778 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Accountability in Research)
Source: Accountability in Research - July 15, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Krimsky S Tags: Account Res Source Type: research

Oncofertility conundrum: discrepancy between anti-M ϋllerian hormone and mature oocyte yield in a peripubertal girl with Hodgkin lymphoma
(Source: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics)
Source: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics - July 15, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

Overbite depth indicator and anteroposterior dysplasia indicator cephalometric norms for African Americans.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To examine normal Overbite Depth Indicator (ODI) and Anteroposterior Dysplasia Indicator (APDI) values in African Americans and to compare them with mean values from white patients. Secondary aims were to compare mean ODI and APDI values among different age, gender, and combined age-gender groups in African American patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 160 African American patients (97 boys and 63 girls; age, 7 to 14 years) with normal occlusion and no history of orthodontic treatment were collected from the Bolton-Brush Growth Center. Cephalometric images...
Source: The Angle Orthodontist - July 15, 2019 Category: Dentistry Authors: Obamiyi S, Wang Z, Sommers E, Rossouw PE, Michelogiannakis D Tags: Angle Orthod Source Type: research

Adnexal Mass with Multiple Peritoneal Nodules in a Young Girl: Report on a Rare Case
Journal of Gynecologic Surgery, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Gynecologic Surgery)
Source: Journal of Gynecologic Surgery - July 15, 2019 Category: OBGYN Authors: Gargi Kapatia Poojitha Byreddy Parikshaa Gupta Arvind Rajwanshi Source Type: research

The Association Between Exposure to Violent Pornography and Teen Dating Violence in Grade 10 High School Students.
Abstract Exposure to pornography in general has been linked with adolescent dating violence and sexual aggression, but less is known about exposure to violent pornography specifically. The current study examined the association of violent pornography exposure with different forms of teen dating violence (TDV) using baseline survey data from a sample of Grade 10 high school students who reported being in a dating relationship in the past year (n = 1694). Gender-stratified logistic regression models generated odds ratios adjusted for demographics, substance use, history of suspension/expulsion, gender ...
Source: Archives of Sexual Behavior - July 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rostad WL, Gittins-Stone D, Huntington C, Rizzo CJ, Pearlman D, Orchowski L Tags: Arch Sex Behav Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 2511: What is the Role of Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms in Adolescent Suicide Behaviors?
This study aimed to examine the relation between internalizing and externalizing symptomatology and suicide behaviors through a longitudinal study. The sample consisted of 238 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years. The data were analyzed via the PROCESS Statistical Package. The main results showed that previous depression symptoms had a significant indirect effect, through previous suicide behaviors and current depression symptoms, on current suicide behaviors, accounting for 61% of the total variance explained. Additionally, being a girl increased this risk. Therefore, the implementation of early identification and intervention...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jos é Antonio Piqueras Victoria Soto-Sanz Jes ús Rodríguez-Marín Carlos Garc ía-Oliva Tags: Article Source Type: research

Longitudinal associations of physical activity and pubertal development with academic achievement in adolescents
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2019Source: Journal of Sport and Health ScienceAuthor(s): Eero A. Haapala, Henna L. Haapala, Heidi Syväoja, Tuija H. Tammelin, Taija Finni, Noona KiuruAbstractObjectiveTo investigate the longitudinal associations of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and pubertal development with academic achievement in adolescents.MethodsA total of 635 adolescents (283 boys, 352 girls) aged 11–13 years participated in the study. MVPA was assessed by the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study questionnaire, and pubertal development was assessed by the pubertal develop...
Source: Journal of Sport and Health Science - July 13, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Optimizing responses to drug safety signals in pregnancy: the example of dolutegravir and neural tube defects.
CONCLUSIONS: The response to a signal suggesting a possible safety risk for a drug used in pregnancy or among women who may become pregnant needs to be rapid and comprehensive. It requires the existence of appropriately designed surveillance systems with broad population coverage; data analyses that examine risk-benefit trade-offs in a variety of contexts; guidance to transform this risk-benefit balance into effective and agreed-upon policy; involvement of the affected community and other key stakeholders; and a communication plan for all levels of knowledge and complexity. Implementation of this proposed framework for res...
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - July 13, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research

Testing the theoretical similarities between food and water insecurity: Buffering hypothesis and effects on mental wellbeing
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Amanda MaxfieldAbstractTheoretical analyses by anthropologists suggest that food and water insecurity exhibit multiple conceptual parallels, hold similar consequences for wellbeing, and lead to analogous "coping strategies" aimed at mitigating those consequences. However, these deductions largely originate from studies conducted separately on either food or water insecurity. Thus, these similarities may not bear out when examined in populations facing high rates of both. In particular, some researchers argue that food a...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Defending victims of bullying in the classroom: The role of moral responsibility and social costs
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Social PsychologyAuthor(s): J. Loes Pouwels, Tirza H.J. van Noorden, Simona C.S. CaravitaAbstractThe current study examined the role of moral responsibility (i.e., moral disengagement) and social costs (i.e., prioritizing popularity and classroom norms) in defending victims of bullying in the classroom. Participants were 1362 students (Age 8–15) from 58 classrooms who completed self-reported measures on moral disengagement and prioritizing popularity and peer-reported measures on bullying and defending. We first examined whether the outcom...
Source: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology - July 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Health-related Quality of Life After Fractures of the Lateral Third of the Clavicle in Children and Adolescents
Conclusions: Conservative treatment of lateral clavicular fractures in children and adolescents is associated with excellent health-related quality of life, as measured with the disease-specific Quick-DASH and the non–disease-specific Peds-QL at a mean follow-up of 6.5 years (range, 1 to 13.2 y). There was no effect of age at the time of injury, and we were unable to identify associations to commonly analyzed risk factors, such as displacement patterns. As the conservative treatment of this type of fracture in children and adolescents is associated with such a good health-related quality of life, it is unli...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - July 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Trauma Source Type: research

Botulinum toxin type A injection increases range of motion in hip, knee and ankle joint contractures of children with cerebral palsy.
CONCLUSION: Botulinum toxin type A injection increases ROM in hip, knee and ankle joint contractures in CP. Although age, gender and functional level may influence the clinical outcomes, pre-treatment level of contracture is the main determinant in improvement in ROM at post-injection. PMID: 31291865 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Eklem Hastaliklari ve Cerrahisi)
Source: Eklem Hastaliklari ve Cerrahisi - July 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Eklem Hastalik Cerrahisi Source Type: research

Primary Gonadal Failure
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2019Source: Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & MetabolismAuthor(s): Dr Asmahane Ladjouze, Dr Malcolm DonaldsonAbstractThe term primary gonadal failure encompasses not only testicular insufficiency in 46,XY males and ovarian insufficiency in 46,XX females, but also those disorders of sex development (DSD) which result in gender assignment that is at variance with the genotype and gonadal type. In boys, causes of gonadal failure include Klinefelter and other aneuploidy syndromes, bilateral cryptorchidism, testicular torsion, and forms of 46,XY DSD such as part...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - July 13, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Evaluation of implanted venous port-a-caths in children with medical complexity and neurologic impairment
AbstractBackgroundChildren with medical complexity and associated neurologic impairment frequently face difficulties with venous access. Intermittently they require urgent intravenous administration of fluids and medication.ObjectiveTo analyze the use of implanted port-a-caths in children with medical complexity who have neurologic impairment and difficult venous access.Materials and methodsWe performed a single-center observational study of port-a-caths placed by interventional radiologists in children with medical complexity with neurologic impairment. We analyzed peripheral intravenous access attempts, peripheral intrav...
Source: Pediatric Radiology - July 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Pubertal development after unintended intrauterine exposure to  oral contraceptives: a nationwide cohort study
To study the associations between exposure to oral contraceptives before conception and early in pregnancy and pubertal timing in boys and girls. (Source: Fertility and Sterility)
Source: Fertility and Sterility - July 13, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Andreas Ernst, Lea L.B. Lauridsen, Nis Brix, Onyebuchi A. Arah, J ørn Olsen, Erik T. Parner, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Lars H. Olsen, Cecilia H. Ramlau-Hansen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Serum adipokines and metabolic indicators in girls with Turner syndrome.
Abstract The aim of this study was to discuss the association between serum adipokines levels and metabolic indicators in girls with Turner syndrome. PMID: 31310897 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cytokine)
Source: Cytokine - July 13, 2019 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Kawada T Tags: Cytokine Source Type: research

Math interest and self-concept among latino/a students: Reciprocal influences across the transition to middle school
ConclusionThe results replicate, in an understudied sample of Latino/a youth, the oft-reported link from low math self-concept to declining interest in math. Unique to this study is evidence of the protection afforded by belief in the efficacy of studying. The findings offer important guidance for teachers and parents seeking to mobilize resources for underperforming students. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - July 12, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Profiles of individual assets and mental health symptoms in at-risk early adolescents
ConclusionsGirls in the low assets with elevated MHS (P1) should be a primary concern for preventive intervention. Our study demonstrates the heterogeneity of individual patterns of adaptation and maladaptation. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - July 12, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Sleep Duration and Weight-Related Behaviors among Adolescents.
Authors: Widome R, Lenk KM, Laska MN, Erickson DJ, Iber C, Kilian G, Wahlstrom K Abstract Background: Insufficient sleep is widespread among adolescents and has consequences that extend far beyond hampering day-to-day functioning. It may influence eating and physical activity patterns and be an important determinant of adolescent overweight/obesity status. Methods: We assessed how self-reported sleep duration on school nights was associated with weight-related behaviors (eating, diet, and physical activity) and overweight/obesity at the baseline wave (ninth grade year) of the START study (n = 2134). R...
Source: Childhood Obesity - July 12, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research