Respectful Adolescent Care - A Must Know Concept.
PMID: 31729318 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Shastri D Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Do Inhaled Corticosteroids Alter Nasopharyngeal Flora in Children with Asthma?
PMID: 31729319 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jat KR, Lodha R Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Effect of Different Doses of Inhaled Corticosteroids on the Isolation of Nasopharyngeal Flora in Children with Asthma.
CONCLUSIONS: Inhaled corticosteroids are safe in the treatment of asthma and there is no association between different doses of Inhaled corticosteroids and isolation of the pathogenic organism. PMID: 31729320 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nirmal G, Awasthi S, Gupta S, Aggarwal J Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Electrocardiographic Parameters in Indian Newborns.
CONCLUSIONS: These gestational age-wise percentile charts of different ECG parameters for Indian newborns can be used as reference for neonatal ECG. PMID: 31729321 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Md Habibulla SK, Bhowmik A, Saha J, Hazra A, Halder SK, Mondal R Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Validity of Maternal Report of Birthweight in a Cohort Study and Its Implication on Low Birthweight Rate Using Simulations.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Maternal recall of birthweight is a convenient and cost-effective way to obtain birthweight measurements when official records are unavailable. It is important to assess the validity of maternal recall of birthweight before using these measurements to draw conclusions about a population. METHODS: This is secondary analysis of data from a previous cohort study. We analyzed actual and reported birthweights of 200 mother-and-child pairs from Southern India. We validated maternal report of birthweight by generating correlation coefficients, summary statistics, and Bland-Altman plots. We ran si...
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Swaminathan A, Thomas T, Corsi DJ, Dwarkanath P, Subramanian SV, Kurpad AV Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Correlation of Dickkopf-1 with Inflammation in Crohn Disease.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential roles of Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) and b-catenin in Crohn disease, and to evaluate the effects of a tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a inhibitor on Wnt signaling in patients with the disease. METHODS: We enrolled 21 patients who received infliximab treatment for one year and achieved clinical remission during the treatment period. Disease activity was graded according to the Pediatric Crohn's Disease Activity Index (PCDAI). Peripheral blood and colonic mucosal specimens were collected from all patients with Crohn disease and from 14 healthy controls. DKK-1 levels in serum were...
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kim MJ, Choe YH Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Hexavalent Vaccines in India: Current Status.
Abstract Hexavalent vaccines containing diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, Haemophilus influenzae type b, poliomyelitis, and hepatitis B virus antigens have the potential to be used for the primary series in India (6, 10, 14 weeks of age) and the toddler booster dose. Three hexavalent vaccines are available in India: DTwP-Hib/HepB-IPV (wP-hexa), DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP~T(2aP-hexa), and DTaP-HBV-IPV/Hib (3aP-hexa). In the three published phase-3 Indian studies, pertussis 'vaccine response' rates 1 month after a 6-10-14-week primary series were 68.4-75.7% for wP-hexa, 93.8-99.3% for 2aP-hexa, and 97.0-100% for 3aP-hexa; seropr...
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Chitkara AJ, Parikh R, Mihalyi A, Kolhapure S Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Allergy Testing - An Overview.
Abstract Childhood allergies pose huge economic burden and adverse effects on quality of life. Serum IgE has been considered a surrogate allergy marker for decades. Availability of several over-the-counter allergy tests add to confusion of partially trained caregivers. The present review focuses on current status of allergy testing in Indian scenario. Various in-vitro and in-vivo diagnostic modalities are available for allergy detection. Skin prick tests are useful for aero-allergies whereas oral challenge tests are best for identifying suspected food allergies. An allergy test should be individualized based on cl...
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gupta N, Agarwal P, Sachdev A, Gupta D Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Liberal vs. Conservative Approach to Timing of Blood Transfusion in Severely Anemic Children: Evidence-based Medicine Viewpoint.
PMID: 31729326 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mathew JL Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Liberal vs. Conservative Approach to Timing of Blood Transfusion in Severely Anemic Children: Pediatrician's Viewpoint.
PMID: 31729327 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Dhingra B Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Pediatric Hepatic Venous Outflow Tract Obstruction: Experience from a Transplant Center.
Abstract We performed a review of case records of children diagnosed with hepatic venous outflow tract obstruction at our center in last 10 years. Out of 11 cases identified, 6 had variable blocks in the hepatic venous system and 4 had combined hepatic venous and inferior vena cava (IVC) block. One child with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) had isolated IVC involvement. Angioplasty was attempted in 3 patients; among them 2 had successful outcome. Seven children with advanced liver disease underwent transplantation, which was successful in six. With availability of modalities like interventional radiology...
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Malik I, Bhatia V, Kumar K, Sibal A, Goyal N Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Teaching Undergraduates Beyond the Classroom: Use of WhatsApp.
Abstract WhatsApp is a popular platform for social interaction. We used it as an e-learning platform for medical education. We discussed five clinical cases on a WhatsApp group with undergraduates; it increased their knowledge in the subject significantly (P
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kapoor A, Tiwari V, Kapoor A Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sepsis Following Probiotic Therapy in an Infant.
Abstract A 3.5-month-old infant with undiagnosed underlying combined immunodeficiency presented with S. ceravisiae fungemia following treatment with S. boulardii containing probiotic preparation. This case highlights that the use of probiotics in sick patients may be fraught with danger. PMID: 31729330 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Chakravarty S, Parashar A, Acharyya S Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Life-threatening Hypercalcemia as the First Manifestation of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.
Abstract Hypercalcemia of malignancy, usually reported in adults in advanced stages, is rare in children. A 4-year-old boy presented with intermittent episodes of severe hypercalcemia, which improved with intravenous hydration therapy, furosemide and bisphosphonates as the initial manifestation of occult acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Pediatricians should rule out hematological malignancy in patients with severe hypercalcemia. PMID: 31729331 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Roy K, Sharma R, Jana M, Jain V Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Cytosorb for Management of Acute Kidney Injury due to Rhabdomyolysis in a Child.
Abstract A 6-year-old girl presented with rhabdomyolysis following a febrile illness. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for Influenza B and enterovirus was positive. Her serum creatine kinase (CK) and myoglobin levels were very high. She developed myoglobinuria with oliguria leading to acute kidney injury. Continuous renal replacement therapy along with Cytosorb filter resulted in good outcome. PMID: 31729332 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Padiyar S, Deokar A, Birajdar S, Walawalkar A, Doshi H Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Treatment of Multi-drug Resistant Tuberculosis Causing Tubulopathy - Gitelman-like Syndrome.
Abstract Treatment of multi-drug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) includes aminoglycosides and ethionamide. A 16-year-old girl presented with sudden onset of paralysis, dyselectrolytemia mimicking Gitelman syndrome, and ethionamide-induced hypothyroidism. Monitoring electrolytes during MDR-TB treatment is recommended to prevent life-threatening complications. PMID: 31729333 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ravi C, Dabadghao P Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Telephonic Consultations in Pediatrics.
PMID: 31729334 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Aggarwal V Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Inverse Pityriasis Rosea.
PMID: 31729335 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Fetoui NG, Boussofara L Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Linear Verrucous Epidermal Nevus.
PMID: 31729336 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gupta A, Rai R Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Early Childhood Development - Pediatricians, the Bridge between Science and Parenting.
PMID: 31724537 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Shastri D Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Combating Triple Burden of Malnutrition in Children.
PMID: 31724538 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ramachandran P Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Air Pollution and Health: Ever Widening Spectrum.
PMID: 31724539 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sharma AK Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Diagnostic Accuracy of Indian Scale for Assessment of Autism in Indian Children Aged 2-5 Years.
CONCLUSIONS: ISAA has sub-optimal performance in diagnosing and assessing severity in 2-5 year old children. PMID: 31724540 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mukherjee SB, Aneja S, Sharma S, Sharma M Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Serum Folate Levels in Patients with Chronic Hemolytic Anemia on Regular Folic Acid Supplementation Before and After Dose Modification.
CONCLUSION: Doses of folic acid given to sickle cell and thalassemia patients exceed their actual needs. This should be re-evaluated to strike a balance between benefit and harm, with close monitoring of serum folate levels. PMID: 31724541 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Azzam M, Attalla S Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Pertussis: 100-day Disease Over 50 Years!
PMID: 31724542 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Dewan P, Shah D Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Severe Pulmonary Arteriopathy in a Neonate with Congenital Rubella Syndrome and Patent Ductus Arteriosus.
We present a neonate with CRS who required surgical PDA closure. The neonate developed severe pulmonary arterial hypertension which led to fatal outcome. The clinical course is corroborated with histo-pathological changes observed on the autopsy of this neonate. PMID: 31724543 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Khurana S, Bansal A, Saini SS, Mishra A, Kumar P Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

School-age Children as Asymptomatic Malaria Reservoir in Tribal Villages of Bastar Region, Chhattisgarh.
Abstract Malaria is a major health concern in India, especially in regions populated by tribals. In this cross-sectional survey carried out in Bastar region of Chhattisgarh, 35 Plasmodium infections were detected in 451 participants screened during the non-transmission season; 27 (77.1%) were asymptomatic. Participants with age 6-14 years were at high risk of asymptomatic infection [OR 4.09, 95% CI, 1.69 to 9.89, P=0.001], and may act as an under-appreciated reservoir for sustained malaria transmission. PMID: 31724544 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ranjha R, Dutta GDP, Gitte SV Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Exposure to Household Air Pollution During Pregnancy and Birthweight.
Abstract This case-control, hospital-based study aimed to study the role of household air pollution in adverse birth outcomes like low birth weight. 200 newborn babies weighing
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jayaraj NP, Rathi A, Taneja DK Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Berardinelli Seip Congenital Lipodystrophy Syndrome: 10 Year Follow-up.
Abstract Lipodystrophy syndromes are extremely rare disorders of deficient body fat associated with potentially serious metabolic complications. Here, we describe a 10-year-old girl with genetically proven Berardinelli Seip congenital generalized lipodystrophy type 2, diagnosed at 10 months of age. She developed comorbidities like proteinuria, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and liver fibrosis. PMID: 31724546 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Joshi R, Sharma S Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Paroxysmal Cold Hemoglobinuria in a 4-year-old Child.
We present the details of a 4-year-old boy who presented with rapid onset intravascular hemolysis. Donath Landsteiner antibody test was positive and hemolysis resolved within two weeks of onset. PMID: 31724547 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Naithani R, Jeyaraman P, Saikia B, Dayal N, Pathak S Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

A Rare Cause of Swelling and Pain in Extremities in Children: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome.
We report a 14-year-7-month-old girl with swelling of the left hand and wrist, was diagnosed as complex regional pain syndrome. The patient was treated successfully with physical therapy and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. This condition should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of musculoskeletal non-inflammatory and inflammatory pains. PMID: 31724548 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Yucel H, Akcaboy M, Senel S Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Extra-nodal Kikuchi Disease and Kikuchi Encephalitis.
We report neurological manifestations in an adolescent girl with recurrent Kikuchi disease. PMID: 31724549 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Chowdhury SR Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Resident to President - The Chronicles of a Lady Pediatrician.
PMID: 31724550 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Aroskar S Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Investigating the Muzaffarpur Outbreaks in the Backdrop of Western Uttar Pradesh Experience: The Way Forward.
PMID: 31724551 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Vashishtha VM Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Intravenous Ondansetron to Reduce Intravenous Rehydration - Will it be Successful?
PMID: 31724552 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Chandrasekar S, John J Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Intravenous Ondansetron to Reduce Intravenous Rehydration - Will it be Successful?: Author's Reply.
PMID: 31724553 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nguyen RN Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Teenager with Cystic Swelling in the Floor of the Mouth.
PMID: 31724554 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sharawat IK, Kumar A, Dawman L Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Measles and Rubella Surveillance.
PMID: 31638000 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - September 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Shastri D Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Implementation of Kangaroo Mother Care - Challenges and Solutions.
Abstract Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is an efficient intervention that provides warmth, sensory stimulation, safety, protection against infections, breastfeeding, and bonding between infant and mother. The issues faced in implementing of KMC are highlighted herein, along with a suggestive plan for policy making for better implementation. With this plan, it will be easier to extend the approach to the community, where KMC has the potential to reach numerous LBW babies. Therefore, well-functioning facility-based services should be available before introducing KMC in the community, as community KMC must link with faci...
Source: Indian Pediatrics - September 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nimbalkar S, Sadhwani N Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Is Time Ripe for Hepatitis A Mass Vaccination?
PMID: 31638002 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - September 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Poddar U, Ravindranath A Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Influence of Feedback on Learning.
PMID: 31638003 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - September 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kukreja S, Singh T Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Predictive Value of Vasoactive-inotropic Score for Mortality in Newborns Undergoing Cardiac Surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: In newborns with CHD, a higher VIS within 72 hours after cardiac surgery is associated with increased duration of mechanical ventilation, and mortality. VIS may be useful for prediction of mortality at early postoperative period. PMID: 31638004 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - September 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Dilli D, Akduman H, Orun UA, Tasar M, Tasoglu I, Aydogan S, Citli R, Tak S Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Hepatitis A Virus-related Pediatric Liver Disease Burden and its Significance in the Indian Subcontinent.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To study the Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection-related pediatric liver disease burden. METHODS: Hospital records of 431 children (age
Source: Indian Pediatrics - September 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sood V, Lal BB, Gupta E, Khanna R, Siloliya MK, Alam S Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Effect of a Formative Objective Structured Clinical Examination on the Clinical Performance of Undergraduate Medical Students in a Summative Examination: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSION: Single formative-OSCE does not necessarily lead to better performance in subsequent summative-OSCE. PMID: 31638006 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - September 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alkhateeb NE, Al-Dabbagh A, Ibrahim M, Al-Tawil NG Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Improvement in Successful Extubation in Newborns After a Protocol-driven Approach: A Quality Improvement Initiative.
CONCLUSIONS: A protocolized approach through quality improvement initiative demonstrated a sustained improvement in successful extubation with a significant reduction in the median time to first extubation attempt in ventilated newborns. PMID: 31638007 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - September 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Prasad R, Mishra AK Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Profile of Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate at a Public Hospital in Southern India.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To analyze the pattern of cleft lip and cleft palate cases and their operative management at a tertiary-care hospital. METHODS: Data of all patients (
Source: Indian Pediatrics - September 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Prabakaran S, Thilagam KK, Reddy GMM Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Testing Modalities for Inborn Errors of Metabolism - What a Clinician Needs to Know?
Abstract The present century is being hailed as the century for genetic therapies, and inborn errors of metabolism is leading the way. As we gear ourselves for treating children with genetic and metabolic disorders, the key is to recognize them early and accurately for best outcomes. In these changing times with advent of technology, clinicians are now more aware, exposed and well equipped with the armamentarium of diagnostic modalities. However, it is difficult to choose between the tests without a baseline knowledge about testing for genetic and metabolic disorders. The key question for a clinician when dealing ...
Source: Indian Pediatrics - September 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bijarnia-Mahay S, Kapoor S Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Mass Administration of Azithromycin to Prevent Pre-school Childhood Mortality: Boon or Bane?: Evidence-based Medicine Viewpoint.
Abstract PMID: 31638010 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - September 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mathew JL Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Mass Administration of Azithromycin to Prevent Pre-school Childhood Mortality: Boon or Bane?: Pediatrician's Viewpoint.
Abstract PMID: 31638011 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - September 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Das R Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

Screen Time in Under-five Children.
CONCLUSION: Clinicians should obtain history of screen-time in children, and advise limiting the screen exposure according to the child's age. There is a need to generate evidence on burden and effectiveness of interventions among children in the Indian settings, owing to the limited data. PMID: 31638012 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Indian Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Pediatrics - September 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kaur N, Gupta M, Malhi P, Grover S Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research