IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1490: Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment for Workers Exposed to Bioaerosol in Wastewater Treatment Plants Aimed at the Choice and Setup of Safety Measures
In this study, a quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) has been applied to estimate the human adenovirus (HAdV) health risk due to bioaerosol exposure in a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). A stochastic QMRA model was developed considering HAdV as the index pathogen, using its concentrations in different areas and published dose–response relationship for inhalation. A sensitivity analysis was employed to examine the impact of input parameters on health risk. The QMRA estimated a higher average risk in sewage influent and biological oxidation tanks (15.64% and 12.73% for an exposure of 3 min). Sensiti...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Annalaura Carducci Gabriele Donzelli Lorenzo Cioni Ileana Federigi Roberto Lombardi Marco Verani Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1492: Indigenous Australians Perceptions ’ of Physical Activity: A Qualitative Systematic Review
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1492: Indigenous Australians Perceptions’ of Physical Activity: A Qualitative Systematic Review International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15071492 Authors: Emma E. Dahlberg Sandra J. Hamilton Fatuma Hamid Sandra C. Thompson Given poorer health and higher rates of chronic disease seen in Indigenous populations around the world and the evidence linking exercise with health and wellbeing, recommendations for encouraging and increasing Indigenous people’s participation in physical activity are needed. This paper systematically r...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Emma E. Dahlberg Sandra J. Hamilton Fatuma Hamid Sandra C. Thompson Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1491: Accounting for Fairness in a Two-Stage Stochastic Programming Model for Kidney Exchange Programs
This study attempts to classify possible scenarios for such failures and incorporate these into a stochastic programming framework. We apply a two-stage stochastic programming method using total utility in the first stage and the sum of the penalties for failure in the second stage when an exceptional event occurs. Computational results are provided to demonstrate the improvement of the proposed model compared to that of previous deterministic models. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hyunwoo Lee Seokhyun Chung Taesu Cheong Sang Hwa Song Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1489: The State of Knowledge about Nutrition Sources of Vitamin D, Its Role in the Human Body, and Necessity of Supplementation among Parents in Central Poland
zcz The percentage of children with vitamin D deficiency in Poland is alarming. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge about sources of food and the function of vitamin D, as well as the frequency of its supplementation. A survey was conducted among the parents of children from Central Poland attending primary schools, and a questionnaire containing mainly open-ended questions was used to collect the data. Most mothers knew at least one of the functions of vitamin D in the body but had a low level of knowledge about its dietary sources. Only a small group of respondents supplemented themselves and their child...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Katarzyna Zadka Ewelina Pa łkowska-Goździk Danuta Roso łowska-Huszcz Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1488: How Does Low Socioeconomic Status Increase Blood Lead Levelsin KoreanChildren?
Ki Chung Paik Although studies have shown that a low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with high blood lead levels (BLLs) in children, the mechanism underlying this observation is not well known. To determine how SES influences BLLs via environmental factors in Korean children, we conducted a population-based cross-sectional study of 4744 children aged 5–13 years. Questionnaires on sociodemographic information, environmental factors, and food consumption were administered to the children’s parents. BLLs in the study subjects were measured.The complete set of hypothesized associations ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Eunjung Kim Ho-jang Kwon Mina Ha Ji-Ae Lim Myung Ho Lim Seung-Jin Yoo Ki Chung Paik Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1480: Neck Circumference Positively Relates to Cardiovascular Risk Factors in College Students
The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between neck circumference (NC) and other anthropometric measures and examine cut-off points for males and females according to existing waist circumference cut-off levels in this age group. Across 8 universities, 1562 students underwent a physical assessment. Spearman rho correlations (ρ) were calculated to determine associations between NC and other continuous variables of health. Receiving operating characteristic curves were constructed to assess the optimal cut-off levels of NC of males and females with central obesity. Participants were predomi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Oluremi A. Famodu Makenzie L. Barr Sarah E. Colby Wenjun Zhou Ida Hol ásková Miriam P. Leary Carol Byrd-Bredbenner Anne E. Mathews Melissa D. Olfert Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1481: Geographical Clustering and Environmental Determinants of Schistosomiasis from 2007 to 2012 in Jianghan Plain, China
This study compared changes in the spatial clustering of schistosomiasis in Jianghan Plain, China by applying Kulldorff’s spatial scan statistic. The Geodetector software was employed to detect the environmental determinants of schistosomiasis annually from 2007 to 2012. The most likely spatial cluster in 2007 covered the north-central part of Jianghan Plain, whereas those observed from 2008 to 2012 were toward the south, with extended coverage in generally the same areas across various periods, and some variation nevertheless in precise locations. Furthermore, the 2007 period was more likely to be clustered ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yingnan Niu Rendong Li Juan Qiu Xingjian Xu Duan Huang Yubing Qu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1482: Predictors of Participant Attendance Patterns in a Family-Based Intervention for Overweight and Obese Hispanic Adolescents
This study examined participant attendance patterns and individual (e.g., income), family dynamics (e.g., communication), and cultural (i.e., Americanism, Hispanicism) predictors of these patterns among Hispanic families enrolled in a 12-week family-based intervention, Familias Unidas for Health and Wellness. Hispanic adolescents (n = 140, 49% female, 13.04 ± 0.87 years old, 36% overweight, 64% obese, 39% immigrants) and their parents (87% female, 42.09 ± 6.30 years old, BMI 30.99 ± 6.14 kg/m2, 90% immigrants) were randomized to the intervention condition. A repeated measures la...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sara M. St. George Mariya Petrova Tae Kyoung Lee Krystal M. Sardinas Marissa A. Kobayashi Sarah E. Messiah Guillermo Prado Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1483: Analysis of the Characteristics and Sources of Carbonaceous Aerosols in PM2.5 in the Beijing, Tianjin, and Langfang Region, China
Xingchuan Yang PM2.5 samples from Beijing, Tianjin, and Langfang were simultaneously collected from 20 November 2016 to 25 December 2016, and the organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) content in the samples were measured and analyzed. The pollution characteristics and sources of OC and EC in atmospheric PM2.5 for three adjacent cities were discussed. The average mass concentrations of OC in PM2.5 in Beijing, Tianjin, and Langfang were 27.93 ± 23.35 μg/m3, 25.27 ± 12.43 μg/m3, and 52.75 ± 37.97 μg/m3, respectively, and the mean mass c...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mengxi Qi Lei Jiang Yixuan Liu Qiulin Xiong Chunyuan Sun Xing Li Wenji Zhao Xingchuan Yang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1484: Multi-Stakeholder Perspectives of Factors That Influence Contact Centre Call Agents ’ Workplace Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1484: Multi-Stakeholder Perspectives of Factors That Influence Contact Centre Call Agents’ Workplace Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15071484 Authors: Abigail Morris Rebecca Murphy Sam Shepherd Lee Graves Contact centre call agents are highly sedentary at work, which can negatively affect cardio-metabolic health. This qualitative cross-sectional study explored factors influencing call agents’ workplace physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB), and perspectives on...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Abigail Morris Rebecca Murphy Sam Shepherd Lee Graves Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1485: The German Food Bank System and Its Users —A Cross-Sectional Study
This study aims to contribute to the actual debate about the potential and limitations of food banks to decrease the prevalence of food insecurity by providing a representative picture of the German food bank system and its users. Publicly accessible data were used to map residents, public welfare recipients, and food banks. In addition, a comprehensive survey was distributed to all 934 “Tafel” food banks. The results show that nearly all residents and welfare recipients have access to at least one food bank located in the districts in which they reside. Differences in the density of food banks ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Anja Simmet Peter Tinnemann Nanette Stroebele-Benschop Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1486: Psoriasis Severity —A Risk Factor of Insulin Resistance Independent of Metabolic Syndrome
Conclusions: Psoriasis severity is an independent risk factor of HOMA-IR, the strongest association being present in the non-MetS group, who still had preserved beta cell function suggesting direct promotion of atherosclerosis via insulin resistance depending on the disease severity, but irrespective of the presence of metabolic syndrome. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Melita Vuksic Polic Maja Miskulin Martina Smolic Kristina Kralik Ivan Miskulin Maja Cigrovski Berkovic Ines Bilic Curcic Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1487: Variation Trends of Fine Particulate Matter Concentration in Wuhan City from 2013 to 2017
unwei Tao Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is directly associated with smog and has become the primary factor that threatens air quality in China. In order to investigate the variation patterns of PM2.5 concentrations in various regions of Wuhan city across different time spans, we analyzed continuous monitoring data from six monitoring sites in Wuhan city from 2013 to 2017. The results showed that the PM2.5 concentration from the various monitoring sites in the five-year period showed a decreasing trend. January, October, and December are the three months with relatively high mean monthly PM2.5 concentrations in the ye...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Daoru Liu Qinli Deng Zeng Zhou Yaolin Lin Junwei Tao Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1479: A Multilevel Analysis of Perceived Noise Pollution, Geographic Contexts and Mental Health in Beijing
This study provides empirical evidence on the noise-health relationships in the Chinese context and sheds light on the policy implications for environmental pollution mitigation and healthy city development in China. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jing Ma Chunjiang Li Mei-Po Kwan Yanwei Chai Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1470: The Occurrence of 275 Rare Diseases and 47 Rare Disease Groups in Italy. Results from the National Registry of Rare Diseases
This study aimed at providing a systematic picture of RD occurrence in a population as big as 60 million. Data of diagnoses were certified and collected by a network of 247 specialized centres covering the whole Italian territory. Data received (about 200,000 records) were validated according to formal criteria and, where necessary, corrected by the data sources. Data of age at onset and sex distribution are given for about 400 diseases. Incidence and/or birth prevalence are given for 275 diseases and 47 disease groups, which, altogether, comprise a substantial part of the known rare diseases. Data quality, internal consis...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Domenica Taruscio Luciano Vittozzi Adele Rocchetti Paola Torreri Luca Ferrari Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1471: Health Effects of Air Pollution in China
Conclusions Duration (in days) of acceptable air quality was particularly important for improving public health. Future policies should target increased duration of good air quality while managing air pollution by controlling or decreasing severe air pollution. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wenling Liu Ziping Xu Tianan Yang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1472: Effect of a Positive Photo Appreciation Program on Depressive Mood in Older Adults: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
nori Arai Safer and more effective programs are required to cope with an increasing number of older people with depression. Hence, we developed the Positive Photo Appreciation (PPA) program. A three-month pilot randomized controlled trial was conducted with healthy Japanese individuals aged 65–84 years, assigned to a PPA group (n = 28) or Photo Correspondence Education (PCE) (control group) (n = 27). We used the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) score as the primary outcome measure. Secondary outcome measures, among others, were cognitive function and positive emotion. Data collect...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Masumi Ishihara Tami Saito Takashi Sakurai Hiroyuki Shimada Hidenori Arai Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1473: Improvement of Eco-Efficiency in China: A Comparison of Mandatory and Hybrid Environmental Policy Instruments
Ben Ma China’s environmental problems have long been criticized. The Communist Party of China (CPC) and the government have increasingly paid attention to developing environmental protection and included the construction of an ecological civilization in the “Five-in-One” development strategy. The improvement of regional eco-efficiency is an important way to realize the coordinated development of the entire society, and environmental policy instruments are a powerful means to enhance regional eco-efficiency. This paper categorizes environmental policy instruments into mandato...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zifeng Liang Manli Zhang Qingduo Mao Bingxin Yu Ben Ma Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1474: Gender Differences in Psychological Well-Being and Health Problems among European Health Professionals: Analysis of Psychological Basic Needs and Job Satisfaction
Conclusions: The fulfillment of basic needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness, as postulated within self-determination theory, was hypothesized to play a mediating role in the relationship between gender and well-being. Since significant gender differences in basic need satisfaction were observed, such a mediator should be controlled in order to achieve a significant relationship between gender and well-being when basic needs comes into play. The current study adds to the research emphasizing the need for satisfaction as a promising mechanism underlying for female health professionals’ well-being. (So...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Diego G ómez-Baya Ana M. Lucia-Casademunt Jos é A. Salinas-Pérez Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1475: Process Evaluation of an eHealth Intervention Implemented into General Practice: General Practitioners ’ and Patients’ Views
Conclusions: Although GPs were involved in the development of the online intervention and its implementation plan, the programme was not used in general practice as intended. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Louise Poppe Jolien Plaete Nele Huys Ma ïté Verloigne Myriam Deveugele Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij Geert Crombez Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1476: Risk Assessment and Mapping of Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease at the County Level in Mainland China Using Spatiotemporal Zero-Inflated Bayesian Hierarchical Models
Huibin Yang Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a worldwide infectious disease, prominent in China. China’s HFMD data are sparse with a large number of observed zeros across locations and over time. However, no previous studies have considered such a zero-inflated problem on HFMD’s spatiotemporal risk analysis and mapping, not to mention for the entire Mainland China at county level. Monthly county-level HFMD cases data combined with related climate and socioeconomic variables were collected. We developed four models, including spatiotemporal Poisson, negative binomial, zero-inflated Poi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chao Song Yaqian He Yanchen Bo Jinfeng Wang Zhoupeng Ren Huibin Yang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1477: The Effects of Hydration Status on Cognitive Performances among Young Adults in Hebei, China: A Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)
Guansheng Ma Background: Dehydration may affect cognitive performances as water accounts for 75% of brain mass. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of dehydration and water supplementation on cognitive performances, and to explore the changes of brain structures and functions using MRI. Methods and Analysis: A double-blinded randomized controlled trial has been designed and will be implemented among 64 college students aged 18–23 years from Baoding, China. Subjects will be asked to restrict water for 36 h. The first morning urine will be collected and urine osmolality measured. The ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jianfen Zhang Na Zhang Songming Du Hairong He Yifan Xu Hao Cai Xiaohui Guo Guansheng Ma Tags: Protocol Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1478: Associations between Participation in a Ranger Program and Health and Wellbeing Outcomes among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People in Central Australia: A Proof of Concept Study
This study explores the association between caring for country, through participation in a Ranger program, and wellbeing. We analyzed cross-sectional data collected in Central Australia in 2017, comparing health and wellbeing (life satisfaction, general health, psychological wellbeing and family wellbeing) among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples employed as Rangers (n = 43) versus not employed as Rangers (n = 160). We tested if any differences in outcomes were explained by differences in key demographic or health factors. Ranger participation was significantly associated with very high life satisfaction (PR = 1...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Roxanne Jones Katherine A. Thurber Alyson Wright Jan Chapman Peter Donohoe Vanessa Davis Raymond Lovett Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1469: Effect of C/N Ratio on the Removal of Nitrogen and Microbial Characteristics in the Water Saturated Denitrifying Section of a Two-Stage Constructed Rapid Infiltration System
eng Pan The aim of this study was to improve the removal of nitrogen pollutants from artificial sewage by a modeled two-stage constructed rapid infiltration (CRI) system. The C/N ratio of the second stage influent was elevated by addition of glucose. When the C/N ratio was increased to 5, the mean removal efficiency of total nitrogen (TN) reached up to 75.4%. Under this condition, the number of denitrifying bacteria in the permanently submerged denitrifying section (the second stage) was 22 times higher than that in the control experiment without added glucose. Elevation of the C/N ratio resulted in lower concentration...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Qinglin Fang Wenlai Xu Gonghan Xia Zhicheng Pan Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1465: Youth Access to Electronic Cigarettes in an Unrestricted Market: A Cross-Sectional Study from Poland
Conclusions: Prior to implementing age-related sales restrictions, youth access to e-cigarettes and paraphernalia did not pose any significant barriers. Poland’s introduction of a new age limit on e-cigarette sales may help to limit the number of youths who purchase e-cigarettes from vape shops. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 11, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lukasz Balwicki Danielle Smith Malgorzata Balwicka-Szczyrba Michal Gawron Andrzej Sobczak Maciej L. Goniewicz Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1466: Socio-Economic Inequalities in Tobacco Consumption of the Older Adults in China: A Decomposition Method
Conclusions: Tobacco consumption was more common among richer compared to poorer people in China. Gender, educational attainments, age, areas, and economic quantiles were strong predictors of tobacco consumption in China. Public health policies need to be targeted towards men in higher economic quantiles with lower educational attainment, and divorced or widowed women, especially in urban areas of China. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 11, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yafei Si Zhongliang Zhou Min Su Xiao Wang Dan Li Dan Wang Shuyi He Zihan Hong Xi Chen Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1467: Ascorbate-Glutathione Cycle and Ultrastructural Analyses of Two Kenaf Cultivars (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) under Chromium Stress
In conclusion, Cr stress can cause less oxidative stress and destruction of chloroplast ultrastructure in Cr-tolerant cultivar Zhe70-3, and the AsA-GSH cycle may play a crucial role in kenaf Cr tolerance. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 11, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lianmei Niu Rang Cao Jingquan Kang Xu Zhang Jinyin Lv Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1468: Loneliness and Health Service Utilization among the Rural Elderly in Shandong, China: A Cross-Sectional Study
Conclusions: Loneliness had a significant association with higher odds of health service utilization among the elderly. The independent contribution of loneliness on health service utilization was smaller than self-rated health status and chronic conditions. Thus, healthcare policies need to shift from an emphasis on controlling health utilization and cost to a greater focus on enabling lonely older people to get more social support. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 11, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jiao Zhang Lingzhong Xu Jiajia Li Long Sun Gan Ding Wenzhe Qin Qian Wang Jing Zhu Zihang Yu Su Xie Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1461: The Relationship of Safety with Burnout for Mobile Health Employees
Conclusions: Employees’ confidence in occupational safety while addressing work responsibilities on the road has implications for their experience of job burnout. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 11, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Michael P. Leiter Lois Jackson Ivy Bourgeault Sheri Price Audrey Kruisselbrink Pauline Gardiner Barber Shiva Nourpanah Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1462: The Relationship between Personality Traits with Depressive Symptoms and Suicidal Ideation among Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional Study at One Medical School in Germany
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between such personality traits and mental health outcomes among medical students. We drew on cross-sectional data from 251 medical students who had been enrolled for one-year at a medical school in Germany. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8) and suicidal ideation was assessed by item 9 from the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Personality traits were captured using the Business-Focused Inventory of Personality 6 Factors (BIP-6F). Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to quantify the associations between w...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 11, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Winnie S Chow Jan Schmidtke Adrian Loerbroks Thomas Muth Peter Angerer Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1463: Association between Health Literacy and Radiation Anxiety among Residents after a Nuclear Accident: Comparison between Evacuated and Non-Evacuated Areas
This study aimed at clarifying the association between anxiety about radiation and health literacy among residents in evacuation and non-evacuation areas in Fukushima. A questionnaire survey was sent to randomly sampled residents between August and October 2016, and data from 777 responses (38.9% valid response) were analyzed. The questionnaire assessed current radiation anxiety and discrimination and prejudice based on radiation exposure through seven items and communicative and critical health literacy through five items. Multiple regression analysis of the association between radiation anxiety and health literacy showed...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 11, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yujiro Kuroda Hajime Iwasa Masatsugu Orui Nobuaki Moriyama Chihiro Nakayama Seiji Yasumura Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1464: Role of Sediments in Insecticide Runoff from Urban Surfaces: Analysis and Modeling
Thomas M. Young Insecticides, such as pyrethroids, have frequently been detected in runoff from urban areas, and their offsite transport can cause aquatic toxicity in urban streams and estuaries. To better understand the wash-off process of pesticide residues in urban runoff, the association of pyrethroids with sediment in runoff from residential surfaces was investigated in two watersheds located in Northern California (Sacramento County). Rainfall, flow rate, and event mean concentrations/loads of sediments and pyrethroids, collected during seasonal monitoring campaigns from 2007 to 2014, were analyzed to identify r...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 11, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Angela Gorgoglione Fabi án A. Bombardelli Bruno J. L. Pitton Lorence R. Oki Darren L. Haver Thomas M. Young Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1460: Development of Ahmedabad ’s Air Information and Response (AIR) Plan to Protect Public Health
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1460: Development of Ahmedabad’s Air Information and Response (AIR) Plan to Protect Public Health International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15071460 Authors: Vijay S. Limaye Kim Knowlton Sayantan Sarkar Partha Sarthi Ganguly Shyam Pingle Priya Dutta Sathish L. M. Abhiyant Tiwari Bhavin Solanki Chirag Shah Gopal Raval Khyati Kakkad Gufran Beig Neha Parkhi Anjali Jaiswal Dileep Mavalankar Indian cities struggle with some of the highest ambient air pollution levels in the world. While national efforts are building mom...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Vijay S. Limaye Kim Knowlton Sayantan Sarkar Partha Sarthi Ganguly Shyam Pingle Priya Dutta Sathish L. M. Abhiyant Tiwari Bhavin Solanki Chirag Shah Gopal Raval Khyati Kakkad Gufran Beig Neha Parkhi Anjali Jaiswal Dileep Mavalankar Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1451: Customers ’ Perceptions of Compliance with a Tobacco Control Law in Restaurants in Hanoi, Vietnam: A Cross-Sectional Study
This study aimed to explore customers’ perceptions; attitudes and practices towards the compliance with tobacco control regulations in the restaurants in Hanoi, Vietnam. A cross-sectional study was performed in October 2015 with 1746 customers in 176 communes in Hanoi, Vietnam. Data about customers’ perceptions on how restaurants comply with the smoking control law and whether customers smoking actively or experienced SHS in restaurants in the last 30 days were collected. Multivariable mixed effects logistic regression model was used to determine the factors related to smoking in the restaurant....
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Anh Kim Dang Bach Xuan Tran Long Hoang Nguyen Hoa Thi Do Cuong Tat Nguyen Mercedes Fleming Huong Thi Le Quynh Ngoc Hoang Le Carl A. Latkin Melvyn W. B. Zhang Roger C. M. Ho Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1452: Land Use Regression Modelling of Outdoor NO2 and PM2.5 Concentrations in Three Low Income Areas in the Western Cape Province, South Africa
This study demonstrates that land-use-regression modelling for NO2 can be successfully applied to informal peri-urban settlements in South Africa using similar predictor variables to those performed in Europe and North America. Explanatory power for PM2.5 models is lower due to lower spatial variability and the possible impact of local transient sources. The study was able to provide NO2 and PM2.5 seasonal exposure estimates and maps for further health studies. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Apolline Saucy Martin R öösli Nino K ünzli Ming-Yi Tsai Chlo é Sieber Toyib Olaniyan Roslynn Baatjies Mohamed Jeebhay Mark Davey Benjamin Fl ückiger Rajen N. Naidoo Mohammed Aqiel Dalvie Mahnaz Badpa Kees de Hoogh Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1453: A Meta-Prediction of Methylenetetrahydrofolate-Reductase Polymorphisms and Air Pollution Increased the Risk of Ischemic Heart Diseases Worldwide
. Shiao Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is among the leading causes of death worldwide. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphisms have been associated with IHD risk, but the findings presented with heterogeneity. The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to provide an updated evaluation by integrating machine-learning based analytics to examine the potential source of heterogeneity on the associations between MTHFR polymorphisms and the risk of various subtypes of IHD, as well as the possible impact of air pollution on MTHFR polymorphisms and IHD risks. A comprehensive search of various databases was co...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhao-Feng Chen Lufei Young Chong Ho Yu S. Pamela K. Shiao Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1454: Adsorption of Trace Estrogens in Ultrapure and Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluent by Magnetic Graphene Oxide
Wu Yang In the current study, graphene oxide, Fe3+, and Fe2+ were used for the synthesis of magnetic graphene oxide (MGO) by an in situ chemical coprecipitation method. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction were used to characterize the well-prepared MGO. The prepared MGO was used as an adsorbent to remove five typical estrogens (estrone (E1), 17β-estradiol (E2), 17α-ethinylestradiol (17α-E2), estriol (E3), and synthetic estrogen (EE2)) at the ppb level from spiked ultrapure water and wast...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xianze Wang Zhongmou Liu Zhian Ying Mingxin Huo Wu Yang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1455: Envy and Counterproductive Work Behavior: The Moderation Role of Leadership in Public and Private Organizations
This study is one of the first to explore LMX as a moderator of the relationship between envy and CWB. Thus, this study adds value to previous social exchange studies on LMX by integrating emotion research into the context of an exchange-based relationship. Our findings lead to several practical implications for creating healthy organizations. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pilar Gonz ález-Navarro Rosario Zurriaga-Llorens Adekunle Tosin Olateju Luc ía I. Llinares-Insa Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1456: A Bibliometric Analysis of the Global Research Trend in Child Maltreatment
This study aims to explore the bibliometric overview on child maltreatment publications to understand their growth from 1916 to 2018. Data from the Web of Science Core Collection were collected in May 2018. Only research articles and reviews written in the English language were included, with no restrictions by publication date. We analyzed publication years, number of papers, journals, authors, keywords and countries, and presented the countries collaboration and co-occurrence keywords analysis. From 1916 to 2018, 47,090 papers (53.0% in 2010–2018) were published in 9442 journals. Child Abuse & N...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bach Xuan Tran Thang Van Pham Giang Hai Ha Anh Toan Ngo Long Hoang Nguyen Thuc Thi Minh Vu Ha Ngoc Do Vu Nguyen Anh Tuan Le Nguyen Tung Thanh Tran Nu Thi Truong Vuong Quan Hoang Tung Manh Ho Nhue Van Dam Thu Trang Vuong Hung Quang Nguyen Huong Thi Le Hoa Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1457: Outcomes of a Randomized Controlled Trial on the Effectiveness of Depression and Anxiety Prevention for Adolescents with a High Familial Risk
J. Scholte A randomized controlled trail was conducted to examine the effectiveness of a depression and anxiety prevention program ‘Een Sprong Vooruit’ (A Leap Forward) among adolescent girls with a high familial risk (N = 142). The results showed neither effects of the prevention program directly after the intervention, nor at 6 or 12 months follow-up on depression and anxiety symptoms. Further, latent growth curve modeling (LGCM) was used to examine whether the growth functions for the intervention and the control condition were different. The slope representing the change in depression s...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sanne P. A. Rasing Daan H. M. Creemers Ad A. Vermulst Jan M. A. M. Janssens Rutger C. M. E. Engels Ron H. J. Scholte Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1458: Characterizing the Interaction between Antibiotics and Humic Acid by Fluorescence Quenching Method
Chunyan Yang The method of Three-Dimensional Excitation Emission Matrix Fluorescence Spectrophotometer was used to identify the interaction mechanism between humic acid (HA) and antibiotics. The effects of antibiotic concentration, temperature, and pH on the bonding strength between HA and antibiotics were investigated. The results showed that with the increase of antibiotics concentration, the quenching effect on HA was enhanced. The quenching of HA by both oxytetracycline (OTC) and sulfadiazine (SD) is a single static quenching of the complexes, and the interaction forces are mainly a hydrogen bond and the van der W...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Runze Wang Shengke Yang Jie Fang Zongzhou Wang Yangyang Chen Dan Zhang Chunyan Yang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1459: Physicochemical Properties of Biochars Produced from Biosolids in Victoria, Australia
Jorge Paz-Ferreiro Some of the barriers associated with the land application of biosolids generated in wastewater treatment plants can be eliminated simply by converting the biosolids into biochar using a thermal conversion process called “pyrolysis”. In the current work, eight biosolids from four different wastewater treatment plants in southeast Melbourne, Victoria, Australia were collected and pyrolysed to produce biochars at two different temperatures (500 and 700 °C). In addition, characterisation studies were carried out on the biochars to obtain their physicochemical prope...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yumeng Yang Barry Meehan Kalpit Shah Aravind Surapaneni Jeff Hughes Leon Fouch é Jorge Paz-Ferreiro Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1450: Comparison of Machine Learning Models for Hazardous Gas Dispersion Prediction in Field Cases
Xiaogang Qiu Dispersion prediction plays a significant role in the management and emergency response to hazardous gas emissions and accidental leaks. Compared with conventional atmospheric dispersion models, machine leaning (ML) models have both high accuracy and efficiency in terms of prediction, especially in field cases. However, selection of model type and the inputs of the ML model are still essential problems. To address this issue, two ML models (i.e., the back propagation (BP) network and support vector regression (SVR) with different input selections (i.e., original monitoring parameters and integrated Gaussi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rongxiao Wang Bin Chen Sihang Qiu Zhengqiu Zhu Yiduo Wang Yiping Wang Xiaogang Qiu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1442: Cross-Talk between Wnt and Hh Signaling Pathways in the Pathology of Basal Cell Carcinoma
hounwou Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequently occurring form of all cancers. The cost of care for BCC is one of the highest for all cancers in the Medicare population in the United States. Activation of Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway appears to be a key driver of BCC development. Studies involving mouse models have provided evidence that activation of the glioma-associated oncogene (GLI) family of transcription factors is a key step in the initiation of the tumorigenic program leading to BCC. Activation of the Wnt pathway is also observed in BCCs. In addition, the Wnt signaling pathway has been shown to be...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 9, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Felicite K. Noubissi Clement G. Yedjou Vladimir S. Spiegelman Paul B. Tchounwou Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1443: Pollutant Removal from Synthetic Aqueous Solutions with a Combined Electrochemical Oxidation and Adsorption Method
In this study, we applied electrochemical oxidation (EO) and adsorption techniques to eliminate ammonia, phenols, and Mo(VI) from aqueous solutions. We analyzed the first stage (EO) with response surface methodology, where the reaction time (1–3 h), initial contaminant concentration (10–50 mg/L), and pH (3–6) were the three independent factors. Sodium sulfate (as an electrolyte) and Ti/RuO2–IrO2 (as an electrode) were used in the EO system. Based on preliminary experiments, the current and voltage were set to 50 mA and 7 V, respectively. The optimum EO conditions incl...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 9, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Amin Mojiri Akiyoshi Ohashi Noriatsu Ozaki Ahmad Shoiful Tomonori Kindaichi Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1444: Reallocating Time from Sedentary Behavior to Light and Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity: What Has a Stronger Association with Adiposity in Older Adult Women?
This study is the first to use compositional data analysis to investigate movement behaviors of elderly women and their relationships with fat mass percentage (FM%). The focus of the study is on the associations of time reallocations from sedentary behavior (SB) to light physical activity (LIPA) or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with adiposity. Over 400 older adult women were recruited as part of the cross-sectionally conducted measurements of older adults aged 60+ in Central European countries. An accelerometer was used to assess daily movement behaviors. Body mass index (BMI) and fat mass percentage (FM%) ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 9, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jana Pelclov á Nikola Štefelová Jana Hodonsk á Jan Dygr ýn Ale š Gába Izabela Zaj ąc-Gawlak Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1445: Performance of Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool (OST) in Predicting Osteoporosis —A Review
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1445: Performance of Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool (OST) in Predicting Osteoporosis—A Review International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15071445 Authors: Shaanthana Subramaniam Soelaiman Ima-Nirwana Kok-Yong Chin Bone health screening plays a vital role in the early diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis to prevent fragility fractures among the elderly and high-risk individuals. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), which detects bone mineral density, is the gold standard in diagnosing osteoporosis but is not suitable for screening. T...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 9, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shaanthana Subramaniam Soelaiman Ima-Nirwana Kok-Yong Chin Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1446: Novel Method for Perceiving Key Requirements of Customer Collaboration Low-Carbon Product Design
This study tested a novel method for perceiving key requirements of customer collaboration low-carbon product design based on fuzzy grey relational analysis and genetic algorithm. Firstly, the study considered consumer heterogeneity, allowing different types of customers to evaluate low carbon requirements in appropriate formats that reflected their degrees of uncertainty. Then, a nonlinear optimization model was proposed to establish the information aggregation factor of customers based on the genetic algorithm. The weight of customers was obtained simultaneously. Next, the key low carbon requirements of customer were ide...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 9, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Aijun Liu Qiuyun Zhu Xiaohui Ji Hui Lu Sang-Bing Tsai Jiangtao Wang Biru Liang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1447: Prevalence of Vaccine Type Infections in Vaccinated and Non-Vaccinated Young Women: HPV-IMPACT, a Self-Sampling Study
Conclusions: Prevalence of HPV 6/11/16/18 was lower in vaccinated women versus unvaccinated women. Continued assessment of HPV vaccine effectiveness in real population is needed. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 9, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Emilien Jeannot Manuella Viviano Charlotte de Pree Mona Amadane Emmanuel Kabengele Pierre Vassilakos Patrick Petignat Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1448: Erratum: Choi, K.-H., et al. Cancer Incidence Trend in the Hebei Spirit Oil Spill Area, from 1999 to 2014: An Ecological Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1006
an Cheong Due to an error during production, the legend presented in Figure 2 in the Results section of the published paper [1] were incorrect.[...] (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 9, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kyung-Hwa Choi Myung-Sook Park Mina Ha Jong-Il Hur Hae-Kwan Cheong Tags: Erratum Source Type: research