IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1293: Deriving A Drinking Water Guideline for A Non-Carcinogenic Contaminant: The Case of Manganese
Gauvin Patrick Levallois Manganese is a natural contaminant of water sources. It is an essential oligo-element, which may exert toxicity at high doses, particularly via inhalation. Its toxicity by the oral route is less known, but epidemiological and experimental studies tend to support its neurodevelopmental toxicity in infants and children. This paper describes the method used by a middle-size public health institution to derive a Drinking Water Guideline (DWG) for manganese. After reviewing the work done by major public health institutions, authors confirmed the use of experimental data to derive a point-of-depar...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mathieu Valcke Marie-H élène Bourgault Sami Haddad Mich èle Bouchard Denis Gauvin Patrick Levallois Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1294: Estimates of the Lung Cancer Cases Attributable to Radon in Municipalities of Two Apulia Provinces (Italy) and Assessment of Main Exposure Determinants
In this study, routine data related to radon measurements available from the Apulia (Italy) Regional Environmental Protection Agency (ARPA) were combined with building and ground characteristics data. An algorithm was created based on the experience of miners and it was able to produce estimates of lung cancer cases attributable to radon in different municipalities with the combined data. In the province of Lecce, the sites with a higher risk of lung cancer are Campi Salentina and Minervino, with 1.18 WLM (working level months) and 1.38 WLM, respectively, corresponding to lung cancer incidence rates of 3.34 and 3.89 per 10...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Giovanni Maria Ferri Graziana Intranuovo Domenica Cavone Vincenzo Corrado Francesco Birtolo Paolo Tricase Raffaele Fuso Valeria Vilardi Marilena Sumerano Nicola L ’abbate Luigi Vimercati Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1292: Effects of Mind –Body Movements on Balance Function in Stroke Survivors: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Conclusions: The study encouraging findings indicate the rehabilitative effect of a MBM intervention for balance function in stroke survivors. However, there were significant limitations in the design among several of the included trials. Additional studies with more robust methodologies are needed to provide a more definitive conclusion. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liye Zou Albert Yeung Chunxiao Li Shin-Yi Chiou Nan Zeng Huey-Ming Tzeng Lin Wang Zhanbing Ren Taquesha Dean Garrett Anthony Thomas Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1287: Trends and Knowledge Gaps in the Study of Nature-Based Participation by Latinos in the United States
Olden Mounting evidence supports health and well-being benefits associated with nature experiences, while also highlighting race- and class-based inequalities in access and exposure. We synthesized the literature on nature contact by Latinos in the United States to assess the state of knowledge and strategically identify research needs to improve outcomes and reduce health disparities for this rapidly growing ethnic group. Our systematic review revealed 108 articles with a notable increase in number of papers over the past 3 decades. We noted that the body of research is focused on certain demographic targets (adults i...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 19, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pooja S. Tandon Lauren M. Kuehne Julian D. Olden Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1288: Differences in the Perception of Social Support Among Rural Area Seniors —A Cross-Sectional Survey of Polish Population
Conclusions: The living environment and demographic variables affect the perception of social support among elderly people. Full-time institutional care of a senior citizen leads to the deterioration of social support; therefore, keeping an elderly person in a home environment should be one of the primary goals of the senior policy. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 19, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pawe ł Chruściel Teresa Kulik Klaudia Jakubowska Dorota Nalepa Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1289: Understanding Intersectionality and Resiliency among Transgender Adolescents: Exploring Pathways among Peer Victimization, School Belonging, and Drug Use
arx Transgender youth experience elevated levels of victimization and may therefore report greater drug use than their cisgender peers, yet little is known about protective factors like school belonging that may mediate this relationship. Further, scant research has explored the experiences of youth at the intersection of transgender identity and youth of color status or low socioeconomic status, especially with respect to these multiple minority statuses’ associations with peer victimization, drug use, and school belonging. Using data from the California Healthy Kids Survey, the current study employs str...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 19, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tyler Hatchel Robert Marx Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1290: Red-Light-Running Crashes ’ Classification, Comparison, and Risk Analysis Based on General Estimates System (GES) Crash Database
In this study, three RLR crash types were extracted from the general estimates system (GES), including go-straight (GS) RLR vehicle colliding with go-straight non-RLR vehicle, go-straight RLR vehicle colliding with left-turn (LT) non-RLR vehicle, and left-turn RLR vehicle colliding with go-straight non-RLR vehicle. Then, crash features within each crash type scenario were compared, and risk analyses of GS RLR and LT RLR were also conducted. The results indicated that for the GS RLR driver, the speed limit displayed the highest effects on the percentages of GS RLR collision scenarios. For the LT RLR driver, the number of la...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 19, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yuting Zhang Xuedong Yan Xiaomeng Li Jiawei Wu Vinayak V. Dixit Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1291: Knowledge Discovery from Posts in Online Health Communities Using Unified Medical Language System
Lei Hou Patient-reported posts in Online Health Communities (OHCs) contain various valuable information that can help establish knowledge-based online support for online patients. However, utilizing these reports to improve online patient services in the absence of appropriate medical and healthcare expert knowledge is difficult. Thus, we propose a comprehensive knowledge discovery method that is based on the Unified Medical Language System for the analysis of narrative posts in OHCs. First, we propose a domain-knowledge support framework for OHCs to provide a basis for post analysis. Second, we develop a Knowledge-Inv...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 19, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Donghua Chen Runtong Zhang Kecheng Liu Lei Hou Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1286: Susceptibility to Alcohol Hangovers: The Association with Self-Reported Immune Status
In conclusion, experiencing alcohol hangovers is associated with significantly poorer self-reported immune function. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 18, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Aurora J. A. E. van de Loo Marlou Mackus Marith van Schrojenstein Lantman Aletta D. Kraneveld Karel A. Brookhuis Johan Garssen Andrew Scholey Joris C. Verster Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1280: Short-Term Effects of Tourmaline on Nitrogen Removals and Microbial Communities in a Sequencing Batch Reactor at Low Temperatures
iu Xuedi An Tourmaline is a ring borosilicate with unique pyro-electricity and piezoelectricity values. Non-gem tourmaline is usually used as an environmental material. The short-term effects of ultrafine tourmaline particles on nitrogen removal performs microbial population dynamics. Key functional species in a sequencing batch reactor were investigated at 9 ± 1 °C. The investigation results showed that 1 g·L−1 ultrafine tourmaline particles could resist the effect of temperature shock on the metabolism of NH4+-N and were beneficial to the restoration of the me...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 17, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yahong Han Shan Qiu Hongyun Zeng Fang Ma Jue Wang Yilun Qiu Xuedi An Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1281: Seasonal Variations in Water-Quality, Antibiotic Residues, Resistant Bacteria and Antibiotic Resistance Genes of Escherichia coli Isolates from Water and Sediments of the Kshipra River in Central India
Conclusions: Antibiotic pollution, resistance and resistance genes in the Kshipra River showed significant seasonal variation. Guidelines and regulatory standards are needed to control environmental dissemination of these “pollutants” in this holy river. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 17, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Vishal Diwan Nada Hanna Manju Purohit Salesh Chandran Emilia Riggi Vivek Parashar Ashok J. Tamhankar Cecilia St ålsby Lundborg Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1282: Farming for Life Quality and Sustainability: A Literature Review of Green Care Research Trends in Europe
ierrez-Briceño Green care is an innovative approach that combines simultaneously caring for people and caring for land through three elements that have not been previously connected: (1) multifunctional agriculture and recognition of the plurality of agricultural system values; (2) social services and health care; and (3) the possibility of strengthening the farming sector and local communities. The current research provides a comprehensive overview of green care in Europe as a scientific discipline through a literature review (n = 98 studies). According to our results, the Netherlands, the UK, Norway and Sweden...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 17, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Marina Garc ía-Llorente Radha Rubio-Olivar In és Gutierrez-Briceño Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1283: A US/Mexico Study of Joint Associations of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior on Anthropometric Indicators, Migration Status, Country of Birth and Country of Residence
Conclusions: Joint categories of PA and SB were associated with BMI and WC by migration status, nativity and country of residence among populations with Mexican ethnicity. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 17, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Katia Gallegos-Carrillo Britni R. Belcher Genevieve F. Dunton Jonathan M. Samet Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1284: Antimicrobial Resistance in Food Animals and the Environment in Nigeria: A Review
so Oludayo Fasina Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has emerged as a global health threat, which has elicited a high-level political declaration at the United Nations General Assembly, 2016. In response, member countries agreed to pay greater attention to the surveillance and implementation of antimicrobial stewardship. The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control called for a review of AMR in Nigeria using a “One Health approach”. As anecdotal evidence suggests that food animal health and production rely heavily on antimicrobials, it becomes imperative to understand AMR trends in food animals and th...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 17, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nurudeen Olalekan Oloso Shamsudeen Fagbo Musa Garbati Steve O. Olonitola Emmanuel Jolaoluwa Awosanya Mabel Kamweli Aworh Helen Adamu Ismail Ayoade Odetokun Folorunso Oludayo Fasina Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1285: Association between Access to Public Open Spaces and Physical Activity in a Mediterranean Population at High Cardiovascular Risk
Conclusions: Although living near POS was not associated to total LTPA, higher levels of moderate-vigorous LTPA were associated to distances to the nearest park. Future work should be conducted on a larger sample size, integrating a longitudinal design, and greater heterogeneity in POS access and introducing objective measures of physical activity. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 17, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Antoni Colom Miguel Fiol Maurici Ruiz Montserrat Compa Marga Morey Manuel Mo ñino Dora Romaguera Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1275: Screen Time, Physical Activity and Self-Esteem in Children: The Ulm Birth Cohort Study
ch Rothenbacher Screen time is a central activity of children’s daily life and jeopardizes mental health. However, results appear inconclusive and are often based on small cross-sectional studies. We aimed to investigate the temporal sequence of the association between screen time and self-esteem taking into account further indirect effects through family or friendship relationship. In our population-based birth cohort study (baseline November 2000–November 2001, Ulm, Germany), these relationships were explored in n = 519 11- and 13-year-old children and their parents who both provided infor...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 16, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Stefanie Braig Jon Genuneit Viola Walter Stephanie Brandt Martin Wabitsch Lutz Goldbeck Hermann Brenner Dietrich Rothenbacher Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1276: Influence of Ammonium Ions, Organic Load and Flow Rate on the UV/Chlorine AOP Applied to Effluent of a Wastewater Treatment Plant at Pilot Scale
alf Minke This work investigates the influence of ammonium ions and the organic load (chemical oxygen demand (COD)) on the UV/chlorine AOP regarding the maintenance of free available chlorine (FAC) and elimination of 16 emerging contaminants (ECs) from wastewater treatment plant effluent (WWTE) at pilot scale (UV chamber at 0.4 kW). COD inhibited the FAC maintenance in the UV chamber influent at a ratio of 0.16 mg FAC per mg COD (kHOCl–COD = 182 M−1s−1). An increase in ammonium ion concentration led to a stoichiometric decrease of the FAC concentration in the UV chamber influen...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 16, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Eduard Rott Bertram Kuch Claudia Lange Philipp Richter Ralf Minke Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1277: Lateral Sinus Floor Elevation Performed with Trapezoidal and Modified Triangular Flap Designs: A Randomized Pilot Study of Post-Operative Pain Using Thermal Infrared Imaging
Conclusions: The results of this clinical study show the significant effectiveness of the modified triangular flap in the sinus lift procedure for reducing pain and swelling. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 16, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Antonio Scarano Felice Lorusso Merla Arcangelo Camillo D ’Arcangelo Renato Celletti Pablo Santos de Oliveira Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1278: Spatiotemporal Assessment of PM2.5-Related Economic Losses from Health Impacts during 2014 –2016 in China
Conclusions: Exploration of spatiotemporal variations in PM2.5-related economic losses from long-term health impacts could provide new information for policymakers regarding priority areas for PM2.5 pollution prevention and control in China. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 16, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yang Yang Liwen Luo Chao Song Hao Yin Jintao Yang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1279: The Role of Communities in Mental Health Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Meta-Review of Components and Competencies
ngla Vikram Patel Community-based mental health services are emphasized in the World Health Organization’s Mental Health Action Plan, the World Bank’s Disease Control Priorities, and the Action Plan of the World Psychiatric Association. There is increasing evidence for effectiveness of mental health interventions delivered by non-specialists in community platforms in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). However, the role of community components has yet to be summarized. Our objective was to map community interventions in LMIC, identify competencies for community-based providers, and hi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 16, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Brandon A. Kohrt Laura Asher Anvita Bhardwaj Mina Fazel Mark J. D. Jordans Byamah B. Mutamba Abhijit Nadkarni Gloria A. Pedersen Daisy R. Singla Vikram Patel Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1267: Traditional Chinese Medical Care and Incidence of Stroke in Elderly Patients Treated with Antidiabetic Medications
Conclusions: In this study, in older patients receiving Western medicine treatments for diabetes, TCM use was not associated with an increased risk of developing ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yun-Wen Chiao Yu-Jen Chen Yu-Hsien Kuo Chung-Yen Lu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1268: Moving towards a Comprehensive Approach for Health Literacy Interventions: The Development of a Health Literacy Intervention Model
Winter Low health literacy (HL) is associated with many negative health outcomes, and is a major challenge in public health and healthcare. Interventions to improve outcomes associated with HL are needed. In this paper, we aim to develop a comprehensive HL intervention model. We used a multimethod approach, consisting of (1) a literature review of articles listed in MEDLINE, presenting HL intervention models, (2) online consultation of international HL experts, and (3) two consensus meetings with members (n = 36 and 27) of a consortium studying HL among older adults (50+) in Europe. In our literature review, we identi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bas Geboers Sijmen A. Reijneveld Jaap A. R. Koot Andrea F. de Winter Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1269: The Influence of Phosphogypsum Addition on Phosphorus Release in Biochemical Treatment of Sewage Sludge
an Demcak The paper is focused on the research of biochemical treatment of sewage sludge and phosphogypsum under sulphate-reducing conditions with a phosphorus release process. The theoretical foundations of the work were based on the biochemical formalization using the principles of autocatalysis of natural systems. During the experimental research for the control of physicochemical parameters of the process spectroquantic, X-ray fluorescence analysis and other techniques were used. A schematic model of the dephosphatation process under anaerobic stabilization of sewage sludge and phosphogypsum was developed. The incr...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yelizaveta Chernysh Magdalena Balintova Leonid Plyatsuk Marian Holub Stefan Demcak Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1270: Areas with High Hazard Potential for Autochthonous Transmission of Aedes albopictus-Associated Arboviruses in Germany
ein Klaus Stark The intensity and extent of transmission of arboviruses such as dengue, chikungunya, and Zika virus have increased markedly over the last decades. Autochthonous transmission of dengue and chikungunya by Aedes albopictus has been recorded in Southern Europe where the invasive mosquito was already established and viraemic travelers had imported the virus. Ae. albopictus populations are spreading northward into Germany. Here, we model the current and future climatically suitable regions for Ae. albopictus establishment in Germany, using climate data of spatially high resolution. To highlight areas where ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Stephanie Margarete Thomas Nils Benjamin Tjaden Christina Frank Anja Jaeschke Lukas Zipfel Christiane Wagner-Wiening Mirko Faber Carl Beierkuhnlein Klaus Stark Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1271: The Impact of Road Construction on Subjective Well-Being in Communities in Madre de Dios, Peru
h Valerie A. Paz-Soldan The interoceanic highway (IOH) in Madre de Dios, Peru has driven dramatic change in the Peruvian Amazon basin. We conducted a mixed methods study to examine the impact of these changes on the subjective well-being (SWB) of four communities on the IOH. Themes that emerged qualitatively included changing health threats, environmental degradation, and the impact of increased migration. To achieve a higher level of SWB, respondents emphasized the need for higher incomes, opportunities to learn new skills, and a better education for their children. Potential threats to SWB included marital problems...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Amy R. Riley-Powell Gwenyth O. Lee Nehal S. Naik Kelly E. Jensen Christina O ’Neal Gabriela Salm ón-Mulanovich Stella M. Hartinger Daniel G. Bausch Valerie A. Paz-Soldan Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1272: Taking One ’s Own Life in Hospital? Patients and Health Care Professionals Vis-à-Vis the Tension between Assisted Suicide and Suicide Prevention in Switzerland
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1272: Taking One’s Own Life in Hospital? Patients and Health Care Professionals Vis-à-Vis the Tension between Assisted Suicide and Suicide Prevention in Switzerland International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15061272 Authors: Stella Reiter-Theil Charlotte Wetterauer Irena Anna Frei In Switzerland, the practice of lay right-to-die societies (RTDS) organizing assisted suicide (AS) is tolerated by the state. Patient counseling and accompaniment into the dying process is overtaken by RTDS lay members, while the role of physicians may be r...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Stella Reiter-Theil Charlotte Wetterauer Irena Anna Frei Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1273: Observing Maternal Restriction of Food with 3 –5-Year-Old Children: Relationships with Temperament and Later Body Mass Index (BMI)
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1273: Observing Maternal Restriction of Food with 3–5-Year-Old Children: Relationships with Temperament and Later Body Mass Index (BMI) International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15061273 Authors: Claire V. Farrow Emma Haycraft Jacqueline M. Blissett Overt parental restriction of food has previously been associated with child weight; however, most research has relied on self-reported feeding behaviour, or observations which give little opportunity to observe restriction of food. Using a novel lab-based observational technique to increase the...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Claire V. Farrow Emma Haycraft Jacqueline M. Blissett Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1274: Prevalence and Consequences of Aggression and Violence towards Nursing and Care Staff in Germany —A Survey
The objective of the survey was to study the frequency and nature of violence and the handling of aggressive behavior by facility management. The cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017, 81 different healthcare facilities and 1984 employees participated. The questionnaire encompassed socio-demographic details, the frequency of physical violence and verbal abuse, consequences of violence and the stress of employees. In the previous twelve months, 94.1% of the employees in the survey had experienced verbal abuse and 69.8% had experienced physical aggression. Acts of aggression were most commonly encountered in hospitals ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Anja Schablon Dana Wendeler Agnessa Kozak Albert Nienhaus Susanne Steinke Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1266: Vibrio Species in Wastewater Final Effluents and Receiving Watershed in South Africa: Implications for Public Health
I. Okoh Wastewater treatment facilities in South Africa are obliged to make provision for wastewater effluent quality management, with the aim of securing the integrity of the surrounding watersheds and environments. The Department of Water Affairs has documented regulatory parameters that have, over the years, served as a guideline for quality monitoring/management purposes. However, these guidelines have not been regularly updated and this may have contributed to some of the water quality anomalies. Studies have shown that promoting the monitoring of the current routinely monitored parameters (both microbial and phys...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Allisen N. Okeyo Nolonwabo Nontongana Taiwo O. Fadare Anthony I. Okoh Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1265: Comparison of Wearable Trackers ’ Ability to Estimate Sleep
This study examined the comparability of wearable trackers for estimating sleep measurement with a sleep diary (SD) for three full nights. A convenience sample of 78 adults were recruited in this research with a mean age of 27.6 ± 11.0 years. Comparisons between wearable trackers and sleep outcomes were analyzed using the mean absolute percentage errors, Pearson correlations, Bland–Altman Plots, and equivalent testing. Trackers that showed the greatest equivalence with the SD for total sleep time were the Jawbone UP3 and Fitbit Charge Heart Rate (effect size = 0.09 and 0.23, respectively). The ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jung-Min Lee Wonwoo Byun Alyssa Keill Danae Dinkel Yaewon Seo Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1261: Urban Resources Selection and Allocation for Emergency Shelters: In a Multi-Hazard Environment
This study explores how emergency shelters can adapt to a multi-hazard environment by geographic information system (GIS) and takes Guangzhou as a case for analysis. The physical suitability of the overall urban resources was first assessed by aiming to select the suitable resources and safe locations for emergency shelters in the context of multiple disasters. Afterward, by analyzing the scale and spatial distribution of affected areas and populations under different types of disaster scenarios, the demand for different kinds of shelters were predicted. Lastly, taking into account the coverage of the affected people, shel...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 14, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wei Chen Guofang Zhai Chongqiang Ren Yijun Shi Jianxin Zhang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1262: Research on the Relationship between Water Diversion and Water Quality of Xuanwu Lake, China
Dahao Song Water diversion is often used to improve water quality to reach the standard of China in the short term. However, this large amount of water diversion can not only improve the water quality, but also lead to a decline in the water quality (total phosphorus, total nitrogen) of Xuanwu Lake. Through theoretical analysis, the relationship between water quality and water diversion is established. We also found that the multiplication of the pollutant degradation coefficient (K) and the water residence time (T) is a constant (N), K⋅T=N. The water quality changed better at first, with the increase of ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 14, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Weiwei Song Qing Xu Xingqian Fu Peng Zhang Yong Pang Dahao Song Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1263: Tuberculosis Specific Interferon-Gamma Production in a Current Refugee Cohort in Western Europe
Conclusion: Observed LTBI frequencies are lower than previously reported in similar refugee cohorts. However, as elderly people are at higher risk for developing active tuberculosis, the observed high rate of LTBI in senior refugees emphasizes the need for new policies on the detection and treatment regimens in this group. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 14, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Alexandra Jablonka Christian Dopfer Christine Happle Georgios Sogkas Diana Ernst Faranaz Atschekzei Stefanie Hirsch Annabelle Sch äll Adan Jirmo Philipp Solbach Reinhold Ernst Schmidt Georg M. N. Behrens Martin Wetzke Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1264: Influence of Health Behaviors and Occupational Stress on Prediabetic State among Male Office Workers
This study examined the influence of health behaviors and occupational stress on the prediabetic state of male office workers, and identified related risks and influencing factors. The study used a cross-sectional design and performed an integrative analysis on data from regular health checkups, health questionnaires, and a health behavior-related survey of employees of a company, using Spearman’s correlation coefficients and multiple logistic regression analysis. The results showed significant relationships of prediabetic state with health behaviors and occupational stress. Among health behaviors, a diet wit...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 14, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hosihn Ryu Jihyeon Moon Jiyeon Jung Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1260: A Novel Environmental Justice Indicator for Managing Local Air Pollution
romar Environmental justice efforts in the United States seek to provide equal protection from environmental hazards, such as air pollution, to all groups, particularly among traditionally disadvantaged populations. To accomplish this objective, the U.S. EPA has previously required states to use an environmental justice screening tool as part of air quality planning decision-making. The generally utilized approach to assess potential areas of environmental justice concern relies on static comparisons of environmental and demographic information to identify areas where minority and low income populations experience elev...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 14, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jing Zhao Laura Gladson Kevin Cromar Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1257: Impacts of Water Stress on Forest Recovery and Its Interaction with Canopy Height
n Gao Xia Liu Global climate change is leading to an increase in the frequency, intensity, and duration of drought events, which can affect the functioning of forest ecosystems. Because human activities such as afforestation and forest attributes such as canopy height may exhibit considerable spatial differences, such differences may alter the recovery paths of drought-impacted forests. To accurately assess how climate affects forest recovery, a quantitative evaluation on the effects of forest attributes and their possible interaction with the intensity of water stress is required. Here, forest recovery following ext...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Peipei Xu Tao Zhou Chuixiang Yi Hui Luo Xiang Zhao Wei Fang Shan Gao Xia Liu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1258: Duty of Notification and Aviation Safety —A Study of Fatal Aviation Accidents in the United States in 2015
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1258: Duty of Notification and Aviation Safety—A Study of Fatal Aviation Accidents in the United States in 2015 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15061258 Authors: Alpo Vuorio Bruce Budowle Antti Sajantila Tanja Laukkala Ilkka Junttila Stein E. Kravik Robin Griffiths After the Germanwings accident, the French Safety Investigation Authority (BEA) recommended that the World Health Organization (WHO) and European Community (EC) develop clear rules for the duty of notification process. Aeromedical practitioners (AMEs) face a dil...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Alpo Vuorio Bruce Budowle Antti Sajantila Tanja Laukkala Ilkka Junttila Stein E. Kravik Robin Griffiths Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1259: Comparison of a 10-Year Cumulative Age-Standardized Incidence Rate of Lung Cancer among Metropolitan Cities in Korea (During the 2000 –2009 Period): Review of Occupational and Environmental Hazards Associated with Lung Cancer
In conclusion, the occupational and environmental hazards have an effect on lung cancer. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Joo Hyun Sung Chang Sun Sim Minsu Ock Inbo Oh Kyoung Sook Jeong Cheolin Yoo Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1252: Vertical Distribution of Total Mercury and Mercury Methylation in a Landfill Site in Japan
ji Yanase Mercury is a neurotoxin, with certain organic forms of the element being particularly harmful to humans. The Minamata Convention was adopted to reduce the intentional use and emission of mercury. Because mercury is an element, it cannot be decomposed. Mercury-containing products and mercury used for various processes will eventually enter the waste stream, and landfill sites will become a mercury sink. While landfill sites can be a source of mercury pollution, the behavior of mercury in solid waste within a landfill site is still not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to determine the depth profi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jing Yang Masaki Takaoka Akira Sano Akito Matsuyama Ryuji Yanase Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1253: Reducing Food Poverty and Vulnerability among the Rural Elderly with Chronic Diseases: The Role of the New Rural Pension Scheme in China
inson Vulnerability to food poverty is the probability of an individual falling below the food poverty line in the near future, which provides a forward-looking welfare analysis. Applying a nationally representative survey dataset, this study investigates the role of the New Rural Pension Scheme (NRPS) in reducing food poverty and vulnerability among the rural elderly with chronic diseases. By designing province-specific food poverty lines to account for variations in the elderly’s needs, as well as the prices across provinces using a least-cost linear programming approach, the food poverty incidences amo...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhaohua Zhang Yuxi Luo Derrick Robinson Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1254: The Urban Gradient in Malaria-Endemic Municipalities in Acre: Revisiting the Role of Locality
;nio Miguel Vieira Monteiro Urbanization has altered the distribution of diseases of public health importance along gradients of human occupation. Adopting dichotomous urban/rural categories to explain differences in the risk of exposure, as well as the prevention of diseases is insufficient. In this paper, we present the potential of representations based on the gradient perspective to characterize the living spaces of municipalities where malaria is endemic in northwest Acre. Inventoried data in 40 localities in the Mâncio Lima and Rodrigues Alves municipalities and information on land use and land cove...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ana Paula Dal ’Asta Raquel Martins Lana Silvana Amaral Cl áudia Torres Codeço Ant ônio Miguel Vieira Monteiro Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1255: Cost and Affordability of Diets Modelled on Current Eating Patterns and on Dietary Guidelines, for New Zealand Total Population, M āori and Pacific Households
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1255: Cost and Affordability of Diets Modelled on Current Eating Patterns and on Dietary Guidelines, for New Zealand Total Population, Māori and Pacific Households International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15061255 Authors: Sally Mackay Tina Buch Stefanie Vandevijvere Rawinia Goodwin Erina Korohina Mafi Funaki-Tahifote Amanda Lee Boyd Swinburn The affordability of diets modelled on the current (less healthy) diet compared to a healthy diet based on Dietary Guidelines was calculated for population groups in New Zealand. Diets using comm...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sally Mackay Tina Buch Stefanie Vandevijvere Rawinia Goodwin Erina Korohina Mafi Funaki-Tahifote Amanda Lee Boyd Swinburn Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1256: Impact of Indoor Physical Environment on Learning Efficiency in Different Types of Tasks: A 3 × 4 × 3 Full Factorial Design Analysis
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1256: Impact of Indoor Physical Environment on Learning Efficiency in Different Types of Tasks: A 3 × 4 × 3 Full Factorial Design Analysis International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15061256 Authors: Lilin Xiong Xiao Huang Jie Li Peng Mao Xiang Wang Rubing Wang Meng Tang Indoor physical environments appear to influence learning efficiency nowadays. For improvement in learning efficiency, environmental scenarios need to be designed when occupants engage in different learning tasks. However, how learning efficiency is affected by...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 13, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lilin Xiong Xiao Huang Jie Li Peng Mao Xiang Wang Rubing Wang Meng Tang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1247: Antibiotic Resistance Characterization of Environmental E. coli Isolated from River Mula-Mutha, Pune District, India
annaz Birdi In the current study, ceftazidime- and ciprofloxacin-resistant—or dual drug-resistant (DDR)—E. coli were isolated from river Mula-Mutha, which flows through rural Pune district and Pune city. The DDR E. coli were further examined for antibiotic resistance to six additional antibiotics. The study also included detection of genes responsible for ceftazidime and ciprofloxacin resistance and vectors for horizontal gene transfer. Twenty-eight percent of the identified DDR E. coli were resistant to more than six antibiotics, with 12% being resistant to all eight antibiotics tested. Qui...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rutuja Dhawde Ragini Macaden Dhananjaya Saranath Kayzad Nilgiriwala Appasaheb Ghadge Tannaz Birdi Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1248: Residential Greenness and Birthweight in the State of Massachusetts, USA
Peter James Natural vegetation, or greenness, may benefit maternal health and consequently, fetal growth, by providing opportunities for physical activity and psychological restoration, and decreasing detrimental environmental exposures. We retrieved Massachusetts Birth Registry data from 2001–2013 and investigated the association between residential greenness and birthweight in full-term births (≥37 weeks gestation). We calculated average residential greenness during pregnancy using 250 m normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) from satellites. We estimated associations between greenne...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kelvin C. Fong Itai Kloog Brent A. Coull Petros Koutrakis Francine Laden Joel D. Schwartz Peter James Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1249: Charitable Food Systems ’ Capacity to Address Food Insecurity: An Australian Capital City Audit
This study audits the organisational capacity of the CFS within the 10.9 square kilometres of inner-city Perth, Western Australia. A desktop analysis of services and 12 face-to-face interviews with representatives from CFS organisations was conducted. All CFS organisations were not-for–profit and guided by humanitarian or faith-based values. The CFS comprised three indirect services (IS) sourcing, banking and/or distributing food to 15 direct services (DS) providing food to recipients. DS offered 30 different food services at 34 locations feeding over 5670 people/week via 16 models including mobile and seated...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Christina M. Pollard Bruce Mackintosh Cathy Campbell Deborah Kerr Andrea Begley Jonine Jancey Martin Caraher Joel Berg Sue Booth Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1250: Maternal Serum and Breast Milk Adiponectin: The Association with Infant Adiposity Development
Jan Mohamed The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing at an alarming rate in Malaysia. Metabolic changes during pregnancy are critical to the development of infant adiposity, due to imbalanced adipokines production. Hence, we aimed to investigate the association of maternal serum and breast milk adipokines with infant adiposity development. The study was conducted from April 2010 until December 2012. A total of 155 healthy pregnant mothers aged 19 to 40 years were recruited during the first and second trimester in Kelantan, Malaysia. Data consisted of maternal sociodemographic details, anthropometry and clinica...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Marhazlina Mohamad See Ling Loy Poh Ying Lim Yu Wang Kah Leng Soo Hamid Jan Jan Mohamed Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1251: Cardiovascular Health of Construction Workers in Hong Kong: A Cross-Sectional Study
Conclusions: The findings highlighted the importance of promoting cardiovascular health in the construction industry. This study provided some insights for future interventions, which should include increasing fish and seafood intake, decreasing soft drink consumption, and enhancing the health literacy amongst older, less educated, and male construction workers. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Joanne Wai-Yee Chung Bonny Yee-Man Wong Vincent Chun-Man Yan Louisa Ming-Yan Chung Henry Chi-Fuk So Albert Chan Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1236: Factors Associated with Maternal Worry about Her Young Child Exhibiting Choosy Feeding Behaviour
aylor Choosiness in young children is a normal behaviour that sometimes worries parents. The study aimed to investigate factors that are associated with a mother being worried about her child’s choosy feeding behaviour. Parents of singleton children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (n = 5710) completed a questionnaire assessing perception of their child’s choosy feeding behaviour at 15 months of age and whether this choosiness worried them. Feeding behaviours and practices throughout the first 15 months were captured. Multinomial logistic regression models with three ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pauline M. Emmett Nicholas P. Hays Caroline M. Taylor Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1237: Molecular Characterization and Antimicrobial Resistance Pattern of Escherichia coli Recovered from Wastewater Treatment Plants in Eastern Cape South Africa
Okoh Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are designed to eliminate organic matter and pathogens but most WWTPs discharges antimicrobial resistance pathogens into aquatic milieu. The study aimed to examine the antibiotics resistant patterns and the presence of some resistance genes among E. coli isolates from WWTPs effluents. Water were collected from WWTPs final effluents, filtered through nitrocellulose membrane and the filter papers were placed on chromogenic agar plates, incubated for 24 h at 37 °C. Presumptive E. coli isolates (173) were obtained from the culture method. From the presumptive E. coli is...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Aboi Igwaran Benson Chuks Iweriebor Anthony Ifeanyi Okoh Tags: Article Source Type: research