IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5088: Prevalence and Predictors of Insulin Resistance in Non-Obese Healthy Young Females in Qatar
This study aims to compare the prevalence of insulin resistance in apparently healthy non-obese and obese participants from Qatar and identify the predictors of insulin resistance in different body mass index (BMI)-groups. In this cross-sectional study, 150 young healthy females from Qatar were dichotomized into four groups (underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese) based on their BMI. Anthropometric measures as well as fasting plasma levels of lipids, adipokines, blood glucose and insulin were recorded. The prevalence of insulin resistance as per homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was est...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mohamed A. Elrayess Nasser M. Rizk Amina S. Fadel Abdelhamid Kerkadi Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5089: Association between the Genetic Variants of Glutathione Peroxidase 4 and Severity of Endometriosis
In conclusion, the relationship between endometriosis and SNP of antioxidant enzymes, GPX4 and TXN2, was confirmed by the present study. According to the result, we suggested that the GPX4 might contribute to the pathogenesis of endometriosis. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yun-Yao Huang Cheng-Hsuan Wu Chung-Hsien Liu Shun-Fa Yang Po-Hui Wang Long-Yao Lin Tsung-Hsien Lee Maw-Sheng Lee Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5090: Linking Cooperative Learning and Emotional Intelligence in Physical Education: Transition across School Stages
al Damián Iglesias Gallego The present research had two complementary aims: (a) to examine the associations between cooperative learning (CL) and emotional intelligence (EI) in physical education (PE) and (b) to explore and compare the use of CL in PE in primary education (PED), secondary education (SED) and baccalaureate (BA). A total of 1332 students (682 males, 650 females) took part in the study. All participants were aged between 10 and 20 years old (M = 13.09; SD = 2.47) and belonged to 13 different schools in Southwest Spain. They completed the cooperative learning questionnaire (CLQ), referring to the ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sergio Rivera-P érez Benito Le ón-del-Barco Javier Fernandez-Rio Jer ónimo J. González-Bernal Dami án Iglesias Gallego Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5091: Long-Term Combined Training in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: A Case Study
Santalla A supervised combined training program was applied to a sedentary 56-year-old man with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) along three years, until lung transplantation. It included: (a) aerobic continuous (CT) and interval training (IT), (b) high load resistance training (RT) and (c) inspiratory muscle training (IMT). IT and IMT were applied for two years, while CT and RT could be maintained until transplantation using supplemental oxygen. Maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) kept above 180 cm H2O and forced vital capacity (FVC) remained stable until lung transplantation. Peak oxygen uptake VO2 increased during...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jos é Naranjo-Orellana Alfredo Santalla Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5093: Designing a Participatory Total Worker Health ® Organizational Intervention for Commercial Construction Subcontractors to Improve Worker Safety, Health, and Well-Being: The “ARM for Subs” Trial
Conclusions: The use of a theory-driven participatory approach to developing an integrated organizational intervention for commercial construction subcontracting companies was important and necessary. It allowed us to consider the empirical evidence and relevant theories and tailor these to meet the needs of our target population. This study gives pragmatic insight into the early development of a complex intervention, with practical experience of how we adapted our intervention at each stage. This intervention will be tested in a future randomized trial. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Susan E. Peters Hao D. Trieu Justin Manjourides Jeffrey N. Katz Jack T. Dennerlein Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5092: Putting Knowledge into Practice: Low-Income Women Talk about Food Choice Decisions
. Shelley Insights into barriers and facilitators for healthy eating are needed to improve low-income women’s diets and to decrease disease risk. The study objectives were to explore women’s qualitative perceptions of influences on their food choices such as food security, their knowledge of nutrition-related health risk factors and self-efficacy for diet change, and their dietary intakes in practice. Thirty-six women, aged 19–50, who were eligible to receive income-based assistance were recruited in central Iowa. Focus group discussions on defining healthy foods, influences on...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shelly M. Palmer Simon T. Knoblauch Donna M. Winham Molly B. Hiller Mack C. Shelley Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5094: Prevalence and Socio-Demographic, Academic, Health and Lifestyle Predictors of Illicit Drug/s Use among University Undergraduate Students in Finland
minen Illicit drug/s use (IDU) among university students is a public health concern. We assessed the associations between socio-demographic, academic, and health and lifestyle characteristics (independent variables) and regular, occasional or never IDU (dependent variables). Data were collected across seven faculties (1177 students) at the University of Turku (Finland) via an online questionnaire. About 1.5% of the sample had regular IDU, 19% occasional IDU, and 79% never IDU. Independent predictors of ever (lifetime) IDU included males [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.82, P = 0.001], not living with parents (AOR 2.59, P &...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Walid El Ansari Abdul Salam Sakari Suominen Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5095: Cross-Sectional Association between Behaviors Related to Sugar-Containing Foods and Dental Outcomes among Hispanic Immigrants
Maupomé : A cross-sectional, self-administered survey was used to gather information about dental outcomes, sugar-containing food behaviors and intake, and sociodemographic characteristics of adults of Mexican and Central-American (Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras) origin (n = 517). Bivariate and multiple-variable logistic regressions were used to examine the associations of behaviors related to added sugar-containing foods/beverages (overall intake and consumption before bed) with dental outcomes. Outcome measures involved dental outcomes, dental self-care practices, and added sugar intake. Estimated daily ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Vega-L ópez Armenta Eckert Maupom é Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5096: Role of Work and Family Factors in Predicting Career Satisfaction and Life Success
amy The mediating roles of work-family balance, job satisfaction and family satisfaction in work-family dynamics research has not been explored fully to delineate their probable intervening effects. Using spillover theory as the basis, the current study tests a model to identify the role of these factors in work-family conflict (and work-role ambiguity), career satisfaction and perception of life success. Responses obtained through an online survey from a final sample of 344 academic faculty, across different educational institutions in India, tend to suggest that work-family balance mediated work-family conflict and i...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Neena Gopalan Murugan Pattusamy Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5097: Analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Heregova čki pršut—Traditionally Smoked Prosciutto
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5097: Analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Heregovački pršut—Traditionally Smoked Prosciutto International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17145097 Authors: Mastanjević Puljić Kartalović Grbavac Jukić Grbavac Nadaždi Habschied Hercegovački pršut as a traditional dry-cured smoked ham (prosciutto) produced by using an open fire that can be potentially contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and can pose a health risk for consumers. The aim of this research was to identify th...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mastanjevi ć Pulji ć Kartalovi ć Grbavac Juki ć Grbavac Nada ždi Habschied Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5098: On the Way to the Marathon —Motivation for Participating in Mass Running Events Among Children and Adolescents: Results of the Poznan Half Marathon Pilot Study
This article contains the results obtained from the Poznan Half Marathon pilot study and recommendations for future lines of research. Such results will allow us to understand the motivation behind modern young amateur athletes and to better manage mass sports events that target children and adolescents. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ewa Malchrowicz-Mo śko Arkaitz Casta ñeda-Babarro Patxi Le ón Guereño Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5099: Multidimensional Models of Perfectionism and Procrastination: Seeking Determinants of Both
Conclusions: Many previous findings regarding the multidimensional model of perfectionism were replicated, along with new contributions focusing on the dual-process model and temporal orientation. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Allison P. Sederlund Lawrence R. Burns William Rogers Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5100: The Validity of Connecting Conversations: A Narrative Method to Assess Experienced Quality of Care in Nursing Homes from the Resident ’s Perspective
In conclusion, Connecting Conversations shows promising results for its use as a valid narrative method to assess experienced quality of care. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sion Verbeek Aarts Zwakhalen Odekerken-Schr öder Schols Hamers Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5101: Brazilian Children ’s Understanding of the Quality of Life in Their Living Environment: A Qualitative Study
Conclusion: The children presented the meaning of an environment with QoL, pointing out essential items to have this ideal environment. The social environment and the physical environment were perceived interdependently; that is, any change in one of these aspects may affect children’s QoL. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Camilla Aparecida Silva de Oliveira Andr éa Maria Duarte Vargas Fernanda de Morais Ferreira Efig ênia Ferreira e Ferreira Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5102: Perceived Threat of COVID-19 Contagion and Frontline Paramedics ’ Agonistic Behaviour: Employing a Stressor–Strain–Outcome Perspective
This study also theorized the concept of human agonistic behaviour, which has key implications for future researchers. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Fakhar Shahzad Jianguo Du Imran Khan Adnan Fateh Muhammad Shahbaz Adnan Abbas Muhammad Umair Wattoo Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5103: Characterizing the Heart Rate Response to the 4 × 4 Interval Exercise Protocol
This study identified the HR and power output response to the 4 × 4 protocol in 39 active men and women (age and VO2 max = 26.0 ± 6.1 years and 37.0 ± 5.4 mL/kg/min). Initially, participants completed incremental cycling to assess VO2 max, HR max, and peak power output (PPO). They subsequently completed the 4 × 4 protocol, during which HR and power output were monitored. Data showed that 12.9 ± 0.4 min of 16 min were spent between 85 and 95% HR max, with time spent significantly lower in interval 1 (2.7 ± 0.6 min) versus intervals 2&...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Justin J. Acala Devyn Roche-Willis Todd A. Astorino Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5104: Health Surveillance and Response to SARS-CoV-2 Mass Testing in Health Workers of a Large Italian Hospital in Verona, Veneto
This study presents health surveillance data for SARS-CoV-2 in 6100 health workers (HW) employed in a large public hospital. Workers underwent oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal swabs, with a total of 5942 participants (97.5% of the population). A total of 11,890 specimens were tested for SARS-CoV-2 infection using PCR, identifying the viral genes E, RdRP, and N. Positive tests were returned for 238 workers (cumulative incidence of 4.0%, similar in both COVID and nonCOVID units). SARS-CoV-2 risk was not affected by gender, age, or job type, whereas work setting and occupation were both predictors of infection. The risk was h...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Stefano Porru Angela Carta Maria Grazia Lourdes Monaco Giuseppe Verlato Andrea Battaggia Marco Parpaiola Giuliana Lo Cascio Manuela Pegoraro Valentina Militello Francesca Moretti Stefano Tardivo Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5106: Acculturative Stress among Arab Students in Israel: The Roles of Sense of Coherence and Coping Strategies
Conclusions: This article underscores the significance of gender and academic-year differences in pathways involving acculturative stress. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sarah Abu-Kaf Enas Khalaf Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5107: Antimicrobial Efficacy of Fruit Peels Eco-Enzyme against Enterococcus Faecalis: An In Vitro Study
This study aimed to assess the antimicrobial efficacy of M-EE and P-EE at different concentrations and fermentation periods against EF, compared to 2.5% NaOCl. Fermented M-EE and P-EE (3 and 6 months) at various concentrations were mixed with EF in a 96-well plate incubated for 24 h anaerobically. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of M-EE and P-EE were determined via EF growth observation. EF inhibition was quantitatively measured and compared between different irrigants using the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and different fermentation periods using the independent...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hetal Ashvin Kumar Mavani In Meei Tew Lishen Wong Hsu Zenn Yew Alida Mahyuddin Rohi Ahmad Ghazali Edmond Ho Nang Pow Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5109: Effect of Viewing Video Representation of the Urban Environment and Forest Environment on Mood and Level of Procrastination
äinen A common problem among students is the problem of delaying important work activities, which is conceptualized as procrastination. Since procrastination can cause considerable costs for society, we would like to find a method to effectively alleviate the symptoms of this conditioning. It has been proven in an earlier study that staying in the forest environment increases vitality and reduces anxiety, and the negative state of these features can be associated with the intensification of procrastination symptoms. Therefore, it is likely that watching a forest video may decrease the probability or intensity of p...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ernest Bielinis Jenni Simkin Pasi Puttonen Liisa Tyrv äinen Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5110: The Talent Development Pathway for Elite Basketball Players in China
Alberto Lorenzo A large portion of previous sport talent development research has been conducted using Western countries study subjects such as Canadian, Swedish, Spanish, British, or American athletes. However, the factors that affect oriental culture athletes remain an unexplored field. The aims of this investigation were to consolidate the exploration of the pilot study that studied the key factors for Chinese elite basketball players’ careers and understand what facts have helped them to achieve the highest sportive level through qualitative research. The pathway to excellence of 11 Chinese elite bask...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jose Ram ón Bonal Sergio Lorenzo Jim énez Alberto Lorenzo Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5108: Acculturation and Its Effects on Health Risk Behaviors Among Myanmar Migrant Workers: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Chiang Mai, Northern Thailand
Nyein Aung Thailand hosts many workers who have migrated from neighboring countries and is facing a large burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Health screening for migrant workers routinely emphasizes infectious diseases but overlooks NCDs. We surveyed prevalent health behaviors for NCDs and their influencing factors, particularly cultural adaptation patterns among Myanmar migrant workers in Chiang Mai, Northern Thailand. A total of 414 migrant workers consented to participate in the study. Lack of exercise (75.8%), current alcohol consumption (40.8%), current smoking (26.9%), and central obesity (24.3%) were ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Aung Shirayama Moolphate Lorga Yuasa Nyein Aung Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5111: Patient Satisfaction in the Peruvian Health Services: Validation and Application of the HEALTHQUAL Scale
a Antonio Leal-Millán During recent years, public–private partnerships (PPPs) in the health sector have been an attractive alternative for improving healthcare services in developing countries such as Peru. Therefore, it is fundamental to consider a comprehensive set of healthcare qualities, like the HEALTHQUAL scale, when we measure dimensions of healthcare service quality. Currently, no studies have applied HEALTHQUAL in Peruvian hospitals. The purposes of this study were to (1) validate and evaluate the application of the HEALTHQUAL scale to measure user satisfaction in outpatient services at ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Fernando Barrios-Ipenza Arturo Calvo-Mora F élix Velicia-Martín Fernando Criado-Garc ía Antonio Leal-Mill án Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5112: Increase in Video Consultations During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Healthcare Professionals ’ Perceptions about Their Implementation and Adequate Management
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5112: Increase in Video Consultations During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Healthcare Professionals’ Perceptions about Their Implementation and Adequate Management International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17145112 Authors: Diana Jiménez-Rodríguez Azucena Santillán Santillán García Jesús Montoro Montoro Robles María del Mar Rodríguez Rodríguez Salvador Francisco José Muñoz Muñoz Ronda Oscar Arrogante In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, health care modalitie...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Diana Jim énez-Rodríguez Azucena Santill án Santillán García Jes ús Montoro Montoro Robles Mar ía del Mar Rodríguez Rodríguez Salvador Francisco Jos é Muñoz Muñoz Ronda Oscar Arrogante Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5105: Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Tick-Borne Diseases in North-Central Wisconsin from 2000 –2016
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5105: Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Tick-Borne Diseases in North-Central Wisconsin from 2000–2016 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17145105 Authors: Austin Rau Claudia Munoz-Zanzi Anna M. Schotthoefer Jonathan D. Oliver Jesse D. Berman Lyme disease is a well-recognized public health problem in the USA, however, other tick-borne diseases also have major public health impacts. Yet, limited research has evaluated changes in the spatial and temporal patterns of non-Lyme tick-borne diseases within endemic regions. Using laboratory dat...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Austin Rau Claudia Munoz-Zanzi Anna M. Schotthoefer Jonathan D. Oliver Jesse D. Berman Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5113: Understanding the Problem of Access to Public Health Insurance Schemes among Cross-Border Migrants in Thailand through Systems Thinking
The objective of this study was to apply systems thinking to explore contextual factors affecting access to public health insurance among cross-border migrants in Thailand. A group model building approach was applied. Participants (n = 20) were encouraged to share ideas about underlying drivers and barriers of migrants’ access to health insurance. The causal loop diagram and stock and flow diagram were synthesised to identify the dynamics of access to migrant health insurance. Results showed that nationality verification is an important mechanism to deal with the precarious citizenship status of undocumented ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Watinee Kunpeuk Pard Teekasap Hathairat Kosiyaporn Sataporn Julchoo Mathudara Phaiyarom Pigunkaew Sinam Nareerut Pudpong Rapeepong Suphanchaimat Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5115: Forecasting Covid-19 Dynamics in Brazil: A Data Driven Approach
Marcos Garcia Gonçalves The contribution of this paper is twofold. First, a new data driven approach for predicting the Covid-19 pandemic dynamics is introduced. The second contribution consists in reporting and discussing the results that were obtained with this approach for the Brazilian states, with predictions starting as of 4 May 2020. As a preliminary study, we first used an Long Short Term Memory for Data Training-SAE (LSTM-SAE) network model. Although this first approach led to somewhat disappointing results, it served as a good baseline for testing other ANN types. Subsequently, in order to identify re...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Igor Gadelha Pereira Joris Michel Guerin Andouglas Gon çalves Silva Júnior Gabriel Santos Garcia Prisco Piscitelli Alessandro Miani Cosimo Distante Luiz Marcos Garcia Gon çalves Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5116: Association Between the Location of Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Depressive Symptoms among South Korean Adolescents
In Jang The incidence of depression among adolescents has gradually increased, leading to adult psychological outcomes and suicide. Although the rate of secondhand smoke exposure (SHSE) has recently decreased, SHSE remains high in children. We aimed to determine the association between depressive symptoms in adolescents and the locations of SHSE using an extensive population survey. Using data from the 14th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, we assessed self-reported data of depressive symptoms and SHSE among non-smokers. SHSE locations were classified into four groups: only at school, only at home, at both sc...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bich Na Jang Wonjeong Jeong Soo Hyun Kang Sung-In Jang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5117: Modelling the Transference of Trace Elements between Environmental Compartments in Abandoned Mining Areas
Bárbara Biosca Eduardo De Miguel An openly accessible cellular automaton has been developed to predict the preferential migration pathways of contaminants by surface runoff in abandoned mining areas. The site where the validation of the results of the Contaminant Mass Transfer Cellular Automaton (CMTCA) has been carried out is situated on the steep flank of a valley in the Spanish northwestern region of Asturias, at the foot of which there is a village with 400 inhabitants, bordered by a stream that flows into a larger river just outside the village. Soil samples were collected from the steep valley flank whe...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Fernando Barrio-Parra Miguel Izquierdo-D íaz Luis Jes ús Fernández-Gutiérrez del Álamo B árbara Biosca Eduardo De Miguel Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5119: The Association between Race and Survival among Pediatric Patients with Neuroblastoma in the US between 1973 and 2015
Conclusions: No association between race and survival time was found. However, survival improved among all patients treated during 2000–2004 and 2005–2015 compared with those treated before the year 2000, leading to a narrowing of the racial disparity based on survival. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Farouk S. Farouk Omar A. Viqar Zaid Sheikh Grettel Castro No ël C. Barengo Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5118: The Feasibility of Connecting Conversations: A Narrative Method to Assess Experienced Quality of Care in Nursing Homes from the Resident ’s Perspective
This study presents how to use Connecting Conversations and its feasibility. Feasibility was assessed as performance completeness, protocol adherence and interviewers’ experiences. Conversations were conducted by trained nursing home staff (n = 35) who performed 275 Connecting Conversations in another nursing home than where they were employed (learning network). Findings show it is feasible to perform separate appreciative conversations with resident–family–caregiver triads by an interviewer employed in another nursing home; however, protocol adherence was sometimes challenging in...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sion Verbeek de Vries Zwakhalen Odekerken-Schr öder Schols Hamers Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5120: Evaluation of Changes in Gut Microbiota in Patients with Crohn ’s Disease after Anti-Tnfα Treatment: Prospective Multicenter Observational Study
In this study, massive sequencing, a reliable new tool, will be applied to identify early biomarkers of response to anti-TNF treatment in patients with Crohn’s disease to improve clinical management of these patients, reduce morbidity rates and improve efficiency. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sanchis-Artero Mart ínez-Blanch Manresa-Vera Cort és-Castell Rodriguez-Morales Cort és-Rizo Tags: Project Report Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5121: Prevalence Rates of Loneliness and Its Impact on Lifestyle in the Healthy Population of Madrid, Spain
Conclusions: People with perceived loneliness do not have worse lifestyle habits. However, women living with other people have a higher perception of loneliness than those living alone. Specifically, the perception of loneliness in young adult women could suggest a low level of moderate physical exercise. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cuesta-Lozano Sim ón-López Mir ón-González Garc ía-Sastre Bonito-Samino Asenjo-Esteve Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5122: Light Cigarette Smoking Increases Risk of All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality: Findings from the NHIS Cohort Study
This study indicates that light cigarette smoking increases risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality in US adults. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 15, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Qin Magnussen LI Steffen Xi Zhao Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5050: Doing What We Know, Knowing What to Do: Californians Linking Action with Science for Prevention of Breast Cancer (CLASP-BC)
C. Brownson Given the lack of progress in breast cancer prevention, the California Breast Cancer Research Program (CBCRP) plans to apply current scientific knowledge about breast cancer to primary prevention at the population level. This paper describes the first phase of Californians Linking Action with Science for Prevention of Breast Cancer (CLASP-BC). The foci of Phase 1 are building coalitions and coalition capacity building through community engagement in community-based participatory research (CBPR) and dissemination and implementation (D&I) research training. Based on the successful implementation a...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jon F. Kerner Marion H. E. Kavanaugh-Lynch Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati Christopher Politis Aviva Prager Ross C. Brownson Tags: Concept Paper Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5051: Perspectives of Health Care Providers on the Role of Culture in the Self-Care of Patients with Chronic Heart Failure: A Qualitative Interview Study
Conclusions: Cultural-specific barriers for self-care were perceived by health care providers and they identified that their own cultural background shapes their experiences and their practices. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Adam J önsson Emilie Cewers Tuvia Ben Gal Jean Marc Weinstein Anna Str ömberg Tiny Jaarsma Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5053: Phenomenal Bombardment of Antibiotic in Poultry: Contemplating the Environmental Repercussions
Jae-Wook Oh Antibiotics have constantly been added at an unprecedented rate in order to enhance poultry meat production. Such antibiotics impose a negative impact on human health directly through meat and egg consumption. On the other hand, they also affect humans indirectly by affecting the normal key microbial processes in the agricultural environments, when used as poultry compost. For many years, farmers have been turning poultry litter into compost for agricultural use. Very few studies have addressed the fate of the unmetabolized antibiotic residues in poultry litter that could potentially affect microbial commun...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Muthu Manikandan Sechul Chun Zakayo Kazibwe Judy Gopal Udai Bhan Singh Jae-Wook Oh Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5056: Food and Beverage Advertising Aimed at Spanish Children Issued through Mobile Devices: A Study from a Social Marketing and Happiness Management Perspective
Coronil Ravina-Ripoll Eating Disorders (ED) and obesity are a pandemic in developed and developing societies. In 2018, Spanish Ministry of Health and Consumption reported data on obesity (15%) and ED (12%). Spain thus ranks fifth among European countries in childhood obesity, with the highest incidence in the 6–12-year-age group. Many studies point to media as one of the contributing elements to this growth. In this sense, it should be noted that Spanish children are exposed to an average of 9000 television commercials per year and the vast majority of these are for food and beverage products of little...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jim énez-Marín El ías Zambrano Galiano-Coronil Ravina-Ripoll Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5057: The Use of Different Modes of Post-Activation Potentiation (PAP) for Enhancing Speed of the Slide-Step in Basketball Players
Conclusion: Findings of the study show that a light load assisted CA (5% of body mass) effectively elicits a potentiation response among basketball players. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mariola Gepfert Artur Golas Tomasz Zajac Michal Krzysztofik Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5058: A System Model of Post-Migration Risk Factors Affecting the Mental Health of Unaccompanied Minor Refugees in Austria —A Multi-Step Modeling Process Involving Expert Knowledge from Science and Practice
In this study, system models of post-migration risk factors for mental health and their interactions were developed in the case of Austria. In three consecutive interactive workshops with scientists and practitioners, fuzzy-logic cognitive mapping techniques were used to integrate the experts’ knowledge. The resulting final system model consists of 11 risk factors (e.g., social contacts in the host country, housing situation, or professional health care services). The model provides a deeper insight into the complexity of interrelated direct, indirect, and reciprocal relations, as well as self-reinforcing tri...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nicole Hynek Arleta Franczukowska Lydia R össl G ünther Schreder Anna Faustmann Eva Krczal Isabella Skrivanek Isolde Sommer Lukas Zenk Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5059: Mental Health and Work Attitudes among People Resuming Work during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study in China
Hao Li The unprecedented outbreak of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused an economic downturn and increased the unemployment rate in China. In this context, employees face health and social economic stressors. To assess their mental health (i.e., anxiety, depression, insomnia and somatization) and work attitudes (i.e., work engagement, job satisfaction and turnover intention) as well as the associated factors, we conducted a cross-sectional study among people who resumed work after the Spring Festival holiday during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results show that the prevalence of anxiety, depression, insomn...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lili Song Yong Wang ZhengLin Li Ying Yang Hao Li Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5052: Effects of Technology Use on Ageing in Place: The iZi Pilots
. Chavannes In the iZi study in The Hague, use and acceptance of commercially available technology by home-dwelling older citizens was studied, by comparing self-efficacy and perceived physical and mental Quality of Life (QoL)-related parameters on an intervention location of 279 households and a control location of 301 households. Technology adoption was clinically significantly associated with increased perceived physical QoL, as compared with control group, depending on the number of technology interventions that were used. A higher number of adopted technologies was associated with a stronger effect on perceived Qo...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Helen A.M. Silvius Erwin C.P.M. Tak Dennis O. Mook-Kanamori Hedwig M.M. Vos Mattijs E. Numans Niels H. Chavannes Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5060: Is It Weird to Enjoy Solitude? Relationship of Solitude Capacity with Personality Traits and Physical and Mental Health in Junior College Students
Conclusions: The results verified the correlations between capacity for solitude and personality traits and did not show a positive association with negative personality traits (i.e., neuroticism). Moreover, the solitude coping capacity correlated positively with anxiety levels and negatively with depression. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pin-Hsuan Lin Po-Yu Wang Ying-Lien Lin Shang-Yu Yang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5063: Identifying the Impact of Landscape Pattern on Ecosystem Services in the Middle Reaches of the Yangtze River Urban Agglomerations, China
en Ye Clarifying the impact mechanisms of landscape patterns on ecosystem services is highly important for effective ecosystem protection, policymaking, and landscape planning. However, previous literature lacks knowledge about the impact mechanisms of landscape patterns on ecosystem services from a spatial perspective. Thus, this study measured landscape patterns and the ecosystem services value (ESV) using a series of landscape pattern metrics and an improved benefit transfer method based on land-use data from 2015. It explores the impact mechanisms of the landscape pattern metrics on the ESV using the ordinary le...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liu Chen Chen Ye Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5064: Health Impacts from Ambient Particle Exposure in Southern Sweden
In this study, we performed a quantitative HIA for the population of Scania (1,247,993), the southernmost county in Sweden, in 2016. The impact of annual mean concentrations of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter <2.5 µm (PM2.5), modeled at their home residences for the year 2011, on mortality, asthma, dementia, autism spectrum disorders, preeclampsia and low birth weight (LBW) was explored. Concentration–response (C-R) functions were taken from epidemiological studies reporting meta-analyses when available, and otherwise from single epidemiological studies. The average le...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ralf Rittner Erin Flanagan Anna Oudin Ebba Malmqvist Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5065: Spatiotemporal Evolution of Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions Transferring via Trade: Influencing Factors and Policy Implications
Gao Global climate change caused by greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) from anthropogenic activities have already become the focus of the world. A more systematic and comprehensive analysis on the factors influencing the changes of global GHGs transferring via trade have not been fully discussed. To this end, employing spatial econometric regression models and multi-regional input-output models, this paper reveals factors influencing the GHGs transferring via trade changes in 39 major economies, so as to develop the relevant GHGs reduction policies. The results indicate that regions with the highest net outflow of GHGs...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhong Zhang Gao Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5054: Comprehensive Assessment of Water Quality and Pollution Source Apportionment in Wuliangsuhai Lake, Inner Mongolia, China
chen Wang Water quality is a key indicator of human health. Wuliangsuhai Lake plays an important role in maintaining the ecological balance of the region, protecting the local species diversity and maintaining agricultural development. However, it is also facing a greater risk of water quality deterioration. The 24 water quality factors that this study focused on were analyzed in water samples collected during the irrigation period and non-irrigation period from 19 different sites in Wuliangsuhai Lake, Inner Mongolia, China. Principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) were conducted to ev...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rui Shi Jixin Zhao Wei Shi Shuai Song Chenchen Wang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5066: Reclaiming ʻĀina Health in Waimānalo
eth Ho H. Ilima Ho-Lastimosa Kānaka Maoli (Native Hawaiian) worldviews of health emphasize pono (righteousness) and lōkahi (balance), which extends to include relationships with other people, akua (spiritual realm), and ʻāina (land). The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the role of ʻāina and ʻāina connection in health and resilience based on the perspectives of 12 Kānaka Maoli adults from the Waimānalo community. Three major themes were identified: ʻĀina is everything, ʻāina is health, and community healing through community-led initiatives. A better understanding of ʻāina connection i...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: LeShay Keli ‘iholokai Samantha Keaulana Mapuana C. K. Antonio Ikaika Rogerson Kirk Deitschman Joseph Awa Kamai Luana Albinio Kilauea Wilson Dawn Kepa Kuaiwi Laka Makua J. Kahaulahilahi Vegas Jane J. Chung-Do Kenneth Ho H. Ilima Ho-Lastimosa Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5068: Benefits and Costs of a Community-Led Total Sanitation Intervention in Rural Ethiopia —A Trial-Based ex post Economic Evaluation
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5068: Benefits and Costs of a Community-Led Total Sanitation Intervention in Rural Ethiopia—A Trial-Based ex post Economic Evaluation International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17145068 Authors: Cha Jung Bizuneh Abera Doh Seong Ross We estimated the costs and benefits of a community-led total sanitation (CLTS) intervention using the empirical results from a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Ethiopia. We modelled benefits and costs of the intervention over 10 years, as compared to an existing local government program...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cha Jung Bizuneh Abera Doh Seong Ross Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5069: Shale Gas Development and Community Distress: Evidence from England
itchie Gill This research examines psychosocial stress associated with shale gas development through the narratives of residents and the Revised Impact of Event Scale (IES-R). We carried out our research in three of England’s communities impacted by shale gas development. To gather data, we conducted qualitative interviews and engaged in participant observation in all three communities and conducted a quantitative survey of residents. From our qualitative interviews it was apparent that the residents we spoke with experienced significant levels of stress associated with shale gas development in each co...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Aryee Szolucha Stretesky Short Long Ritchie Gill Tags: Article Source Type: research