IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10925: Potentially Toxic Element Contaminations and Lead Isotopic Fingerprinting in Soils and Sediments from a Historical Gold Mining Site
g Ji Fei Wang Lead (Pb) isotopes have been widely used to identify and quantify Pb contamination in the environment. Here, the Pb isotopes, as well as the current contamination levels of Cu, Pb, Zn, Cr, Ni, Cd, As, and Hg, were investigated in soil and sediment from the historical gold mining area upstream of Miyun Reservoir, Beijing, China. The sediment had higher 206Pb/207Pb ratios (1.137 ± 0.0111) than unpolluted soil did (1.167 ± 0.0029), while the soil samples inside the mining area were much more variable (1.121 ± 0.0175). The mean concentrations (soil/sediment in mg·kg−1) of P...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lei Tang Yiyue Zhang Shuai Ma Changchun Yan Huanhuan Geng Guoqing Yu Hongbing Ji Fei Wang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10927: Effect of External Feedback on Bimanual Coordination Control in Patients with Parkinson ’s Disease
IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10927: Effect of External Feedback on Bimanual Coordination Control in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph182010927 Authors: Eonho Kim Chang-Ha Im Yong-Gwan Song Bimanual coordination control requires task-specific control of the spatial and temporal characteristics of the coupling of both upper limbs. The present study examined the effects of external feedback (i.e., auditory signal) on bimanual coordination movement during patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Twelve PD patients in advanced...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Eonho Kim Chang-Ha Im Yong-Gwan Song Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10926: Comment on Zhong et al. Sugar-Sweetened and Diet Beverage Consumption in Philadelphia One Year after the Beverage Tax. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1336
ichieri In February 2020, the paper “Sugar-Sweetened and Diet Beverage Consumption in Philadelphia One Year after the Beverage Tax” was published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health [...] (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wesley de Souza do Vale Izabel Monteiro Dhyppolito Silvana Chagas Rosely Sichieri Tags: Comment Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10928: The Influence of Endurance Training on the Lipid Profile, Body Mass Composition and Cardiovascular Efficiency in Middle-Aged Cross-Country Skiers
icz Monitoring the training of amateur long-distance cross-country skiers (XCS) can help athletes’ achieve a higher exercise capacity and protect their health. The aim of this study was to assess body composition changes and lipid profiles in middle-aged amateur long-distance XCS after four months of training, including specialized roller ski training. The results of the time-to-exhaustion (TTE) test and blood tests and changes in body composition were analyzed with basic descriptive statistics: the paired Wilcoxon test was used to compare the results (initial and final). Spearman’s rank correlation coeffic...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Natalia Grzebisz-Zato ńska Tomasz Grzywacz Zbigniew Wa śkiewicz Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10930: Reply to Vale et al. Comment on “Zhong et al. Sugar-Sweetened and Diet Beverage Consumption in Philadelphia One Year after the Beverage Tax. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1336”
IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10930: Reply to Vale et al. Comment on “Zhong et al. Sugar-Sweetened and Diet Beverage Consumption in Philadelphia One Year after the Beverage Tax. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1336” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph182010930 Authors: Yichen Zhong Amy H. Auchincloss Brian K. Lee Ryan M. McKenna Brent A. Langellier Thank you for the opportunity to respond to the recent letter to the editor regarding our paper “Sugar-Sweetened and Diet Beverage Consumption in Philadelphia One Year after the Beverage T...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yichen Zhong Amy H. Auchincloss Brian K. Lee Ryan M. McKenna Brent A. Langellier Tags: Reply Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10929: Survival Analysis of Symptomatic COVID-19 in Phuentsholing Municipality, Bhutan
This study aimed to identify the risk factors for developing symptoms among COVID-19 positive patients in this ward. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the data regarding COVID-19 positive cases in the Phuentsholing COVID-19 isolation ward from 28 May 2020 to 31 May 2021. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to identify the risk factors of developing COVID-19 symptoms. There were 521 patients in the study; 368 (70.6%) were males and 153 (29.4%) were females. The mean age was 32 years (with a range of 1–78 years), and 290 (56.0%) reported at least one symptom. The median length of isola...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kinley Gyeltshen Tsheten Tsheten Sither Dorji Thinley Pelzang Kinley Wangdi Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10932: An Empirical Study on Hazardous Chemicals Risk of Urban Residents in China: Analysis of Mediating Effect and Channel Preference of Response Action Decision Model
g Liu Because urban residents do not have a strong understanding of hazardous chemicals, they cannot effectively make response action decisions to ensure safety, protect lives, and reduce property damage. This paper constructs the Response Action Decision Model of hazardous chemicals, and analyzes the mediating effect of Information Processing and Threat Perception, as well as channel preferences of urban residents with different demographic characteristics. A total of 1700 questionnaires were collected in Chongqing, Tianjin, Fujian Zhangzhou, Shandong Zibo and Lanzhou, where there are significant hazardous chemicals f...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ziwei Wang Yongkui Liu Tiezhong Liu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10933: Changes in Alcoholic Beverage Choice and Risky Drinking among Adolescents in Europe 1999 –2019
IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10933: Changes in Alcoholic Beverage Choice and Risky Drinking among Adolescents in Europe 1999–2019 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph182010933 Authors: Johanna K. Loy Nicki-Nils Seitz Elin K. Bye Paul Dietze Carolin Kilian Jakob Manthey Kirsimarja Raitasalo Renate Soellner Björn Trolldal Jukka Törrönen Ludwig Kraus This paper explores trends in beverage preference in adolescents, identifies related regional differences, and examines cluster differences in key drinking measures. Data were obtained fro...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Johanna K. Loy Nicki-Nils Seitz Elin K. Bye Paul Dietze Carolin Kilian Jakob Manthey Kirsimarja Raitasalo Renate Soellner Bj örn Trolldal Jukka T örrönen Ludwig Kraus Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10924: Clustering of Physical Activity, Diet and Sedentary Behavior among Youth from Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries: A Scoping Review
Conclusions: High SB and unhealthy diet (SSB) were more prevalent in clusters, mainly in high-income countries. The results support the need for multi-component actions targeting more than one behavior at the same time. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gabrielli Thais de Mello Marcus Vinicius Veber Lopes Giseli Minatto Rafael Martins da Costa Thiago Sousa Matias Paulo Henrique Guerra Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho Kelly Samara Silva Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10893: Anthropometric Characterization and Physical Performance by Age and Biological Maturation in Young Tennis Players
The objective was to analyze anthropometric and physical performance variables as a function of chronological age and biological maturity in young Chilean tennis players. The study was observational, cross-sectional, with descriptive and analytical characteristics. Eighty-seven tennis players were evaluated (58 men 15.1 ± 0.8 years and 29 women, 15.3 ± 0.8 years). The measured anthropometric variables were a sprint test of 20m; a modified agility test; a sit-and-reach test and shoulder flexibility; manual grip strength; horizontal jump in feet; a medicine ball throw; a countermovement vertical jump; an abalak...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pablo Luna-Villouta Marcelo Paredes-Arias Carol Flores-Rivera Claudio Hern ández-Mosqueira Ricardo Souza de Carvalho C ésar Faúndez-Casanova Jaime V ásquez-Gómez Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10895: Optimization Strategy of Traditional Block Form Based on Field Investigation —A Case Study of Xi’an Baxian’an, China
This study can provide data and support for improving the planning and design standards of traditional residential areas. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wei Feng Wei Ding Yingdi Yin Qixian Lin Meng Zheng Miaomiao Fei Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10894: High Perceived Susceptibility to and Severity of COVID-19 in Smokers Are Associated with Quitting-Related Behaviors
We examined the associations of quitting-related behaviors with perceived susceptibility to and severity of COVID-19 in smokers. We conducted a telephone survey of 659 community-based adult smokers (81.7% male) in Hong Kong, where there was no lockdown. Exposure variables were perceptions that smoking can increase the risk of contracting COVID-19 (perceived susceptibility) and its severity if infected (perceived severity). Outcome variables were quit attempts, smoking reduction since the outbreak of the pandemic, and intention to quit within 30 days. Covariates included sex, age, education, heaviness of smoking, psychologi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yajie Li Tzu Tsun Luk Yongda Wu Derek Yee Tak Cheung William Ho Cheung Li Henry Sau Chai Tong Vienna Wai Yin Lai Sai Yin Ho Tai Hing Lam Man Ping Wang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10897: Effects of Regular Long-Term Circuit Training (Once per Week) on Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Previously Sedentary Adults
Burtscher The purpose of the study was (1) to investigate the effects of regular long-term circuit training (once per week) on cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in sedentary adults and (2) to compare training progress with the effects of continued exercise participation by regularly active age-matched individuals. Ten sedentary, middle-aged (51 ± 6 years) individuals (sedentary group, SG) of both sexes performed 32 weeks (1 training session/week) of supervised circuit training and 10 weeks of self-managed training. Effects were compared to an age-matched group (51 ± 8 years; n = 10) of regularly active indi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Verena Menz Hannes Gatterer Sachin B. Amin Reinhard Huber Martin Burtscher Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10905: Smoking Behaviors, Mental Health, and Risk Perceptions during the Beginning of the COVID-19 Pandemic among Mexican Adult Smokers
This study of an open cohort of smokers recruited from a consumer panel (n = 2753) examined changes in cigarettes per day (CPD), daily vs. non-daily smoking, recent quit attempts, perceived stress, depression, and perceived severity of COVID-19 at two points during the pandemic: March and July 2020. Differences in CPD between waves were estimated with Poisson regression using generalized estimating equations (GEE). Differences in perceived stress were estimated with linear regression using GEE, and differences in recent quit attempts, depression, and perceived severity of COVID-19 were estimated using separate logistic reg...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Emily E. Loud Katia Gallegos-Carrillo Inti Barrientos-Guti érrez Edna Arillo-Santill án Victoria C. Lambert Luis Zavala-Arciniega James F. Thrasher Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10907: Towards a Parsimonious Pathway Model of Modifiable and Mediating Risk Factors Leading to Diabetes Risk
n Thumboo Modifiable risk factors are of interest for chronic disease prevention. Few studies have assessed the system of modifiable and mediating pathways leading to diabetes mellitus. We aimed to develop a pathway model for Diabetes Risk with modifiable Lifestyle Risk factors as the start point and Physiological Load as the mediator. As there are no standardised risk thresholds for lifestyle behaviour, we derived a weighted composite for Lifestyle Risk. Physiological Load was based on an index using clinical thresholds. Sociodemographics are non-modifiable risk factors and were specified as covariates. We used struct...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yi-Ching Lynn Ho Vivian Shu Yi Lee Moon-Ho Ringo Ho Gladis Jing Lin Julian Thumboo Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10903: Factors Associated with Health-Related Quality of Life amongst Employees in a Malaysian Public University
This study aimed to determine the factors associated with HRQoL among university employees in a Malaysian public university. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 397 employees from the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) between April and June 2019. A self-administered questionnaire that consisted of socio-demographic items, risky health behaviors, health-related information, and validated scales for measuring employees’ physical inactivity, psychological states, and HRQoL was utilized. Descriptive and inferential statistics were calculated using SPSS version 23.0. Hierarchical multiple linear regression m...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf Azmawati Mohammed Nawi Noorlaili Mohd Tauhid Hanita Othman Mohd Rizam Abdul Rahman Hanizah Mohd Yusoff Nazarudin Safian Pei Yuen Ng Zahara Abdul Manaf Nor Ba ’yah Abdul Kadir Kevina Yanasegaran Siti Munirah Abdul Basir Sowmya Rama Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10906: The Relationship between Sustainable Built Environment, Art Therapy and Therapeutic Design in Promoting Health and Well-Being
smani At present, a smart city from the perspective of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) emphasizes the importance of providing citizens with promising health and well-being. However, with the continuous impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the increase of city population, the health of citizens is facing new challenges. Therefore, this paper aims to assess the relationship between building, environment, landscape design, art therapy (AT), and therapeutic design (TD) in promoting health within the context of sustainable development. It also summarizes the existing applied research are...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhen Liu Zulan Yang Mohamed Osmani Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10909: Artificial Intelligence and Computer Vision in Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review
palia Vincenzo Denaro Chronic Low Back Pain (LBP) is a symptom that may be caused by several diseases, and it is currently the leading cause of disability worldwide. The increased amount of digital images in orthopaedics has led to the development of methods related to artificial intelligence, and to computer vision in particular, which aim to improve diagnosis and treatment of LBP. In this manuscript, we have systematically reviewed the available literature on the use of computer vision in the diagnosis and treatment of LBP. A systematic research of PubMed electronic database was performed. The search strategy was s...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Federico D ’Antoni Fabrizio Russo Luca Ambrosio Luca Vollero Gianluca Vadal à Mario Merone Rocco Papalia Vincenzo Denaro Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10911: COVID-19 Infection in Academic Dental Hospital Personnel; A Cross-Sectional Survey in Saudi Arabia
Conclusions: One in five of clinical dental students and their faculty had COVID-19. Most cases were symptomatic, and a large proportion developed long COVID or adverse socioeconomic consequences. Regardless of the severity of symptoms encountered during the acute stage of COVID-19 infection, all infected dental healthcare personnel should be followed, especially those who report long COVID. Continuous follow-up and assistance for infected students may be warranted to mitigate the potential academic and mental drawbacks caused by the pandemic. Dental schools should adopt clear policies regarding COVID-19 transmission and p...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Osama Abu-Hammad Ahmad Alnazzawi Hamzah Babkair Safa Jambi Maher Mirah Ismail Abdouh Rahaf Saeed Aljohani Rahaf Ayeq Layan Ghazi Heba Al-subhi Najla Dar-Odeh Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10908: Public Perception and Reception of Robotic Applications in Public Health Emergencies Based on a Questionnaire Survey Conducted during COVID-19
This study is based on a questionnaire survey on the perception and reception of robots used for medical care in the pandemic among the Chinese population. A total of 1667 people participated in the survey, 93.6% of respondents were pursuing or had completed a bachelor, master or even doctorate degree. The results show that Chinese people generally held positive attitudes towards “anti-pandemic robots” and affirmed their contribution to reducing the burden of medical care and virus transmission. A few respondents were concerned about the issues of robots replacing humans and it was apparent that their ethical v...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hui Jiang Lin Cheng Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10913: Home Se-Cure: A Home Care Service for Cancer Patients during the COVID-19 Pandemic
ozza Monica Boitano Mattia Alessio-Mazzola Isabella Cevasco Andrea DeCensi Cancer patients are exposed to a greater risk of COVID-19 infection, resulting in treatment delays and unnecessary hospitalizations. International authorities have suggested reducing visits to hospitals and guarantee continuity of care. We developed a home care project called Home Se-Cure (HSC) to guarantee the continuity of oral, intramuscular, and subcutaneous cancer therapy during COVID-19. The Home Se-Cure project included cancer patients living near Galliera Hospital. Patients received home visits by registered nurses (RNs), whoperf...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tania Buttiron Webber Silvia Giuliano Carlotta Patrone Irene Maria Briata Maria Franconeri Francesca Marceca Monica Magnani Fortuna Paciolla Nicoletta Provinciali Carlotta Defferrari Matteo Clavarezza Mauro D ’Amico Alberto Gozza Monica Boitano Mattia A Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10914: Informal Payments by Patients in Central and Eastern Europe during the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Institutional Perspective
ltarau Confronted with a global pandemic, public healthcare systems are under pressure, making access to healthcare services difficult for patients. This provides fertile ground for using illegal practices such as informal payments to gain access. This paper aims to evaluate the use of informal payments by patients during the COVID-19 pandemic and the institutions that affect the prevalence of this practice. Various measurements of formal and informal institutions are here investigated, namely the acceptability of corruption, the level of trust, transparency, and performance of the healthcare system. To do so, a logist...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Adrian V. Horodnic Colin C. Williams R ăzvan Ionuț Drugă Cristian Incaltarau Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10915: Association between Breastfeeding Attitudes and Postpartum Depression among Mothers with Premature Infants during COVID-19 Pandemic
Juliana Breastfeeding is the best form of feeding for premature infants. However, mothers with premature delivery are frequently reported to be depressed, and this has been especially the case during the Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. We aimed to measure the level of breastfeeding attitude and its association with postpartum depression among mothers with premature infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 248 mothers with a premature infant were observed in this cross-sectional study from the chosen NICUs of government hospitals in Selangor, Malaysia. Th...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yahya Teng Shafiee Juliana Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10910: Moving Forward: Understanding Correlates of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour during COVID-19 —An Integrative Review and Socioecological Approach
IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10910: Moving Forward: Understanding Correlates of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour during COVID-19—An Integrative Review and Socioecological Approach International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph182010910 Authors: Rachel L. Knight Melitta A. McNarry Liba Sheeran Adam W. Runacres Rhys Thatcher James Shelley Kelly A. Mackintosh on behalf of the Welsh Institute of Physical Mackintosh Population-level physical activity (PA) and sedentary time/behaviour estimates represent a significant public health issue exacerbated by restricti...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rachel L. Knight Melitta A. McNarry Liba Sheeran Adam W. Runacres Rhys Thatcher James Shelley Kelly A. Mackintosh on behalf of the Welsh Institute of Physical Mackintosh Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10898: Association between Adjusted Handgrip Strength and Metabolic Syndrome in Arab Men
Conclusion: HGS could have protective potential for increased levels of glucose and systolic blood pressure, and using adjusted HGS rather than HGS alone is recommended for the association of MetS in Arab men. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shaea Alkahtani Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10919: The Mediation Effect of Phobic Anxiety on the Treatment Outcome of Activity and Participation across Age: Comparison between Online and Face-to-Face Rehabilitation Aftercare of an RCT
ia Lippke The efficacy of internet and mobile-based interventions (IMIs) has been demonstrated with different mental health disorders, but little is known about the mediating effect of phobic anxiety on activity and participation and the differential effect of age. The current study tested a moderated mediation model with short-term change in phobic anxiety mediating between treatment (IMI vs. face-to-face, F2F) and long-term change in activity and participation, and age of patients moderating this mediation. Participants (N = 142) were recruited from psychosomatic rehabilitation clinics and randomized into the IMI psy...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lingling Gao Alina Dahmen Franziska Maria Keller Petra Becker Sonia Lippke Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10901: Relationships among COVID-19 Prevention Practices, Risk Perception and Individual Characteristics: A Temporal Analysis
This study contributes to the literature on COVID-19 by incorporating a temporal perspective in conceptualizing prevention predictors. It provides crucial insights for developing timely public health strategies to improve infectious disease prevention at different stages and for individuals with varying backgrounds. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lu Wang Jie Yu Dongmei Chen Lixia Yang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10918: Gender Self-Perception and Psychological Distress in Healthcare Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Conclusions: University degree, anxiety, depression, and stress determined self-identification with gender stereotypes. The results of this study indicate that gender roles influence the possibility of developing mental disorders and should be taken into account in future studies. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Beatriz Rodr íguez-Roca Ana Bel én Subirón-Valera Ángel Gasch-Gallén Estela Calatayud Isabel G ómez-Soria Yolanda Marc én-Román Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10920: Air Quality in a Dental Clinic during Er:YAG Laser Usage for Cavity Preparation on Human Teeth —An Ex-Vivo Study
The objective of this study was the evaluation of indoor air quality during the application of an Er:YAG laser, as a dentin removal instrument, in a Dental Clinic. Particulate Matter (PM) was measured using the standard method of EN legislation. In order to measure total Volatile Organic compounds (VOCs), a portable monitor was used. In the first experiment, PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations were increased by approximately 10 and 15 times, respectively. From the second experiment it can be concluded that neither of the measured particle concentrations exceeded the recommended indoor limit values while windows were open, althou...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Angeliki Karveli Ioannis G. Tzoutzas Panagiotis Ioannis Raptis Emmanouil-George C. Tzanakakis Eleftherios Terry R. Farmakis Constantinos G. Helmis Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10916: A Systematic Review on Foster Parents ’ Psychological Adjustment and Parenting Style—An Evaluation of Foster Parents and Foster Children Variables
IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10916: A Systematic Review on Foster Parents’ Psychological Adjustment and Parenting Style—An Evaluation of Foster Parents and Foster Children Variables International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph182010916 Authors: Elisa Mancinelli Gaia Dell’Arciprete Silvia Salcuni The current systematic review aimed to evaluate the variables influencing foster parents’ parenting stress, distress and parenting style, thereby supporting their adjustment and well-being as well as that of foster children. A PRISMA-guided search was conducted ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Elisa Mancinelli Gaia Dell ’Arciprete Silvia Salcuni Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10912: Association of BMI, Physical Activity with Academic Performance among Female Students of Health Colleges of King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia
awash Body mass index (BMI) is an indicator to detect weight category and known to influence the academic achievements of students. The present study assesses the association of BMI, physical activity with academic performance among undergraduate female students of health colleges, King Khalid University (KKU). Responses from 379 participants were analyzed in the study. Data collection was done by administering an online questionnaire using the university website portal. The questionnaire consists of two sections: the first section includes demographic information along with cumulative Grade point average (GPA) and ano...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Amani Alhazmi Farah Aziz Manal Mohammed Hawash Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10921: Social Physique Anxiety Scale: Psychometric Evaluation and Development of a Chinese Adaptation
This study assessed the psychometric properties of the 12-, 9-, 8- and 7-item versions of the SPAS. Two cross-sectional studies recruited 466 Chinese university students. Study 1 (n = 273) evaluated the construct validity and internal consistency of the SPAS. Study 2 (n = 193) further assessed the construct validity, factorial validity, internal consistency, convergent validity and divergent validity of the SPAS. The results indicated that none of the existing SPAS versions possess good psychometric properties suitable for the Chinese student population. In short, a new 7-item version of the SPAS that is more suitable for ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jiahui Jin Sai-fu Fung Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10896: Climate Change and Child Health Inequality: A Review of Reviews
Nicholas Spencer There is growing evidence on the observed and expected consequences of climate change on population health worldwide. There is limited understanding of its consequences for child health inequalities, between and within countries. To examine these consequences and categorize the state of knowledge in this area, we conducted a review of reviews indexed in five databases (Medline, Embase, Web of Science, PsycInfo, Sociological Abstracts). Reviews that reported the effect of climate change on child health inequalities between low- and high-income children, within or between countries (high- vs low–m...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Emmanuelle Arpin Karl Gauffin Meghan Kerr Anders Hjern Angela Mashford-Pringle Aluisio Barros Luis Rajmil Imti Choonara Nicholas Spencer Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10900: Trends in The Regulation of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS): A Scoping Review
on Holst Products containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been used for decades in industrial and consumer products. These compounds are persistent in the environment, bioaccumulative, and some are toxic to humans and other animals. Since the early 2000s, laws, policies, and regulations have been implemented to reduce the prevalence of PFAS in the environment and exposures to PFAS. We conducted a scoping literature review to identify how PFAS are regulated internationally, at the U.S. national level, and at the U.S. state level, as well as drivers of and challenges to implementing PFAS regulations in...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nicole Marie Brennan Abigail Teresa Evans Meredith Kate Fritz Stephanie Allison Peak Haley Elizabeth von Holst Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10904: The Use of Digital Portfolio in Higher Education before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic
This study is focused on the advantages and disadvantages of using a digital portfolio to improve the learning and evaluation processes in the initial teacher training of 4th-year students in the University of Seville (Spain). One of the interests of this research was to compare the learning capacities perceived by the students to improve their learning process before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. A qualitative, descriptive methodology was applied, identifying the most relevant dimensions, categories and codes for the analysis, management and interpretation of the opinions of the students, with a research triangulation...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Soledad Domene-Martos Margarita Rodr íguez-Gallego David Caldevilla-Dom ínguez Almudena Barrientos-B áez Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10902: Social Network Correlates of Mental Health among Rural-to-Urban Migrants in China
g Internal rural-to-urban migrants in China are facing a high risk of mental disorders. Previous research on mental health correlates and predictors among this population focused on individual-level characteristics, neglecting network-level indicators, and migrant–urbanite intergroup relationship. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Beijing, China from December 2018 to January 2019. A convenience sample of 420 rural-to-urban migrants completed the Chinese 12-item General Health Questionnaire and reported their relationship with urbanites in the past six months. Multivariate linear regression models were use...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wenqing Wang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10917: “Nobody Listened”. Mothers’ Experiences and Needs Regarding Professional Support Prior to Their Admission to an Infant Mental Health Day Clinic
This study aims to retrospectively explore the experiences and needs regarding professional support of mothers with difficulties in mother-infant interaction prior to their admission to an infant mental health day clinic. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 mothers who had accessed an infant mental health day clinic because of persistent severe infant regulatory problems impairing the wellbeing of the infant and the family. Data were transcribed and analyzed using the Qualitative Analysis Guide of Leuven (QUAGOL). Three themes were identified: ‘experience of pregnancy, birth, and parenthood&rsq...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tinne Nuyts Sarah Van Haeken Neeltje Crombag Binu Singh Susan Ayers Susan Garthus-Niegel Marijke Anne Katrien Alberta Braeken Annick Bogaerts Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10922: Anemia among Men in Malaysia: A Population-Based Survey in 2019
In conclusion, older men were more affected by anemia than younger men in this study. Anemia among older men in Malaysia is at the level of moderate to severe public health significance. The likelihood of developing anemia is increased among older men with diabetes compared to older men without diabetes. These often-overlooked issues among men need to be detected and treated early in order to prevent complications and improve their quality of life. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: S Maria Awaluddin Nik Adilah Shahein Norsyamlina Che Abdul Rahim Nor Azian Mohd Zaki Nur Hamizah Nasaruddin Thamil Arasu Saminathan Nazirah Alias Shubash Shander Ganapathy Noor Ani Ahmad Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10899: Effects of a Home-Based Exercise Intervention (E-Fit) on Bone Density, Muscle Function, and Quality of Life in Girls with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusion: The present results provided some evidence to support the positive benefits of E-Fit for bone health and muscle function in AIS girls. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rufina Wing-Lum Lau Ka-Yee Cheuk Bobby Kin-Wah Ng Elisa Man-Shan Tam Alec Lik-Hang Hung Jack Chun-Yiu Cheng Stanley Sai-Chuen Hui Tsz-Ping Lam Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10923: Effect of Different Exercise Types on the Cross-Sectional Area and Lumbar Lordosis Angle in Patients with Flat Back Syndrome
This study aimed to compare the effects of different exercise programs on the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the lumbar muscles, lumbar lordosis angle (LLA), lumbar disability, and flexibility in patients with FBS. Thirty-six females with flexible FBS were randomly allocated to the corrective exercise group (CEG, n = 12), resistance exercise group (REG, n = 12), and physical therapy group (PTG, n = 12). CEG and REG patients participated in a 12-week exercise intervention for 60 min three times per week. The CSA, LLA, Oswestry disability index (ODI), and sit-and-reach test were measured before and after intervention. CSA sho...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Won-Moon Kim Yong-Gon Seo Yun-Jin Park Han-Su Cho Chang-Hee Lee Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10892: Disturbed Lipid Metabolism in Diabetic Patients with Manifest Coronary Artery Disease Is Associated with Enhanced Inflammation
Conclusion: Dyslipidemia and myocardial inflammation seem to be the major determinants of diabetic CAD complications. Dysregulation in pro-oxidative enzymes might be attributable to the severity of CAD and oxidative stress levels in all included patients undergoing CABG. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 17, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Katja Buschmann Yves Gramlich Ryan Chaban Matthias Oelze Ulrich Hink Thomas M ünzel Hendrik Treede Andreas Daiber Georg Daniel Duerr Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10887: The Route of Stress in Parents of Young Children with and without Autism: A Path-Analysis Study
Giovanni Pioggia Liliana Ruta We provide a conceptual model on the complex interaction between stress, psychological predisposition, and personality traits, accounting for gender, in parents of children with and without autism. We performed a path analysis using a structural equation modeling approach in a sample of parents including 60 ASD and 53 TD couples. In parents of typically developing children (TD), depression level and age are the main direct predictors of stress through the mediating effect of anxiety. Otherwise, in the ASD parent group, the personality trait ‘openness’ directly predicts the...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Elisa Leonardi Antonio Cerasa Rocco Servidio Angela Costabile Francesca Isabella Fam à Cristina Carrozza Letteria Spadaro Renato Scifo Sabrina Baieli Stefania Aiello Flavia Marino Gennaro Tartarisco David Vagni Giovanni Pioggia Liliana Ruta Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10890: Generalized Anxiety as a Risk Factor for Dysfunctional Eating Behavior after Obesity Surgery during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Conclusion: On a trend level, obesity surgery appears to attenuate symptoms of generalized anxiety and depression. Yet, surgery patients with high levels of generalized anxiety exhibit even higher levels of dysfunctional eating during the COVID-19 pandemic. It is therefore particularly important to support people at risk. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pfeiffer Schweda Sch üren Niedergethmann Steinbach Rentrop Robitzsch D örrie B äuerle Teufel Skoda Weism üller Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10889: Efficacy of Communication Techniques and Health Outcomes of Bushfire Smoke Exposure: A Scoping Review
rdoulakis Public health officials communicate the relevant risks of bushfire smoke exposure and associated health protection measures to affected populations. Increasing global bushfire incidence in the context of climate change motivated this scoping review. English-language publications related to adverse health outcomes following bushfire smoke exposure and publications relating to communication during natural disasters were included. Bushfire smoke events potentially increase healthcare contact, especially presentations triggered by respiratory illness. At-risk populations include those with underlying cardiorespir...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Emily Heaney Laura Hunter Angus Clulow Devin Bowles Sotiris Vardoulakis Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10891: The Interplay between Housing Environmental Attributes and Design Exposures and Psychoneuroimmunology Profile —An Exploratory Review and Analysis Paper in the Cancer Survivors’ Mental Health Morbidity Context
IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10891: The Interplay between Housing Environmental Attributes and Design Exposures and Psychoneuroimmunology Profile—An Exploratory Review and Analysis Paper in the Cancer Survivors’ Mental Health Morbidity Context International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph182010891 Authors: Hernandez-Garcia Chrysikou Kalea Adult cancer survivors have an increased prevalence of mental health comorbidities and other adverse late-effects interdependent with mental illness outcomes compared with the general population. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hernandez-Garcia Chrysikou Kalea Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10872: Knowledge and Lifestyle Behaviors Related to COVID-19 Pandemic in People over 65 Years Old from Southern Italy
Conclusions: Participants in this study showed a good level of knowledge regarding COVID-19 and its prevention. Nevertheless, they reported an increase in unhealthy habits that may have important health consequences in the long term and should be addressed by public health interventions targeted at older people. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Francesca Gall è Elita Anna Sabella Paolo Roma Stefano Ferracuti Giovanna Da Molin Giusy Diella Maria Teresa Montagna Giovanni Battista Orsi Giorgio Liguori Christian Napoli Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10873: Environmental Risk Factors and Their Different Effects in Depressive Symptoms of Left-Behind Children in Rural China Compared with Non-Left-Behind Children
This study explores the effects of environmental risk factors (i.e., peer victimization, perceived discrimination, and stressful life events) on depressive symptoms of left-behind children (LBC) and examines whether these risk factors have a higher impact on LBC compared with that of non-left-behind children (NLBC). Data collected involve 1548 first and second-year middle school students. Logistic regressions were conducted to examine the associations between environmental risk factors and LBC’s depressive symptoms, the moderating effect of the parental separation duration on these associations, and to compare if the...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xiaoqing Zhang Sharon A. Ray Wei Hou Xia Liu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10874: Feature Paper in Environmental Chemistry and Technology
a Attention to the environment and its problems has undergone unprecedented growth in recent years [...] (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Daniela Varrica Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10876: Challenges for Workplace Risk Assessment in Home Offices —Results from a Qualitative Descriptive Study on Working Life during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Latvia
The objective of this qualitative study was to analyze practical experience of employers and occupational safety and health experts performing workplace risk assessment in Latvia during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings suggest that employers have not sufficiently implemented their legal obligations related to workplace risk assessment which can result in an increased number of physical and mental health problems of teleworkers in the short term and in the future. Work from home has shown how different working conditions can be for the same type of work (office work); therefore, the promotion of persona...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Linda Matis āne Linda Paegle L āsma Akūlova Ivars Vanadzi ņš Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10875: Medical, Health and Wellness Tourism Research —A Review of the Literature (1970–2020) and Research Agenda
IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10875: Medical, Health and Wellness Tourism Research—A Review of the Literature (1970–2020) and Research Agenda International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph182010875 Authors: Lina Zhong Baolin Deng Alastair M. Morrison J. Andres Coca-Stefaniak Liyu Yang Medical, health and wellness tourism and travel represent a dynamic and rapidly growing multi-disciplinary economic activity and field of knowledge. This research responds to earlier calls to integrate research on travel medicine and tourism. It critically reviews the literature publ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lina Zhong Baolin Deng Alastair M. Morrison J. Andres Coca-Stefaniak Liyu Yang Tags: Article Source Type: research