IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7958: Sociodemographic Determinants of Nonadherence to Depression and Anxiety Medication among Individuals Experiencing Homelessness
This study examined 200 adults with depression diagnoses and active anti-depressant prescriptions (Mage = 43.98 ± 12.08, 59.4% Caucasian, 58.5% male, 70% uninsured, 89.5% unemployed) and 181 adults with anxiety diagnoses and active anti-anxiety prescriptions (Mage = 43.45 ± 11.02, 54.4% Caucasian, 57.5% male, 66.3% uninsured, 88.9% unemployed) recruited from six homeless-serving agencies in Oklahoma City. Self-reported sociodemographic variables included: age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, monthly income, employment status, and health insurance status. Adjusted logistic regression analyses revealed that emp...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sahar S. Eshtehardi Ashley A. Taylor Tzuan A. Chen Marcel A. de Dios Virmarie Correa-Fern ández Darla E. Kendzor Michael S. Businelle Lorraine R. Reitzel Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7960: Muscle Damage Biomarkers in Congestion Weeks in English Premier League Soccer Players: A Prospective Study for Two Consecutive Seasons
oacute;pez Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca The current study was conducted to compare muscle damage biomarkers in single- vs. multi-match weeks in elite soccer players for two consecutive seasons. A secondary objective was to analyze the influence of playing position and exposure time on muscle damage in single- vs. multi-match weeks. This is a prospective cohort study performed in a professional elite soccer club in the English Premier League during the 2018–2019 and 2019–2020 seasons up until the lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were collected in the Medical Department Room of an English Prem...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Álvaro García-Romero-Pérez Francisco Javier Ordonez Fernando Reyes-Gil Elena Sonsoles Rodr íguez-López Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7959: Association of Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption with Depression Severity in the Oldest Old. Results from the Age Different Old Age Cohort Platform
This study aimed to examine the association of alcohol and tobacco use with severity of depression in older age. Analyses were performed on a pooled data set (n = 3724) from two German old-age cohort studies (LEILA 75+, 6 follow-ups and AgeCoDe/AgeQualiDe, 9 follow-ups). Depressive symptoms were assessed via two screening scales for depression (CES-D and GDS-15) which were harmonized for pooled analysis. A mixed-effects linear regression model for the total sample and additional stratified models for men and women were used. Smoking at baseline was significantly associated with a higher level of depression severity (β...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Janine Quittschalle Alexander Pabst Margrit L öbner Melanie Luppa Kathrin Heser Michael Wagner Hendrik van den Bussche Andr é Hajek Hans-Helmut K önig Birgitt Wiese Matthias C. Angermeyer Wolfgang Maier Martin Scherer Steffi G. Riedel-Heller Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7961: Effects of Functional Fitness Enhancement through Taekwondo Training on Physical Characteristics and Risk Factors of Dementia in Elderly Women with Depression
-Kab Park The purpose of this research is to identify the correlations between functional fitness enhancement through a long-term Taekwondo training program and the physical characteristics and risk factors of dementia among elderly women with depression. The study has found that conducting three 60-min Taekwondo training sessions a week for the duration of 12 weeks has enhanced a number of functional fitness indexes, including hand grip strength/weight (p < 0.01), 4-m gait speed (p < 0.001), 3-m timed up and go (p < 0.05), and figure-of-eight track (p < 0.05), and significan...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sun-Hong Baek Ga-Ram Hong Do-Kyum Min Eun-Hee Kim Sang-Kab Park Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7963: Impact of COVID-19 on Dental Care during a National Lockdown: A Retrospective Observational Study
This study analyzes its impact on urgent dental care in the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology, University Hospital Munich and Bavaria, Germany. Patient numbers without and with positive/suspected COVID-19 infection, their reasons for attendance, and treatments were retrospectively recorded (February–July 2020) and linked to local COVID-19 infection numbers, control measures, and numbers/reasons for closures of private dental practices in Bavaria, Germany. Patient numbers decreased within the urgent care unit and the private dental practices followed by a complete recovery by the end of July. Whi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Elias Walter Leonard von Bronk Reinhard Hickel Karin Christine Huth Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7967: VCI-Based Analysis on Spatiotemporal Variations of Spring Drought in China
In this study, the spring vegetative drought conditions in China were analyzed by using the vegetation condition index (VCI) as an indicator to reveal the drought characteristics in China from 1981–2015. The results suggest that spring vegetative drought (especially moderate drought) occurs frequently in China, and drought conditions have obvious geographical differences and are highly affected by monsoons. The frequency of spring vegetative drought is relatively high in the southern and northern regions, which are greatly affected by monsoons, and is relatively low in the northwestern and Qinghai-Tibet regions, whic...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liang Liang Siyi Qiu Juan Yan Yanyan Shi Di Geng Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7968: Acute and Delayed Effects of Time-Matched Very Short “All Out” Efforts in Concentric vs. Eccentric Cycling
Conclusions: These results suggest the appropriateness of the eccentric cycling protocol used as a time-efficient (i.e., ~60 kJ in 10 min) and safe (i.e., without exercise-induced muscle damage) alternative to be used with different populations in future longitudinal interventions. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Daniel Boullosa Boris Dragutinovic Jan-Philip Deutsch Steffen Held Lars Donath Wilhelm Bloch Moritz Schumann Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7965: Exploring the Role of Visual Design in Digital Public Health Safety Education
an Mo In this research, the positive role of interface visual design in digital safety education was verified taking COVID-19 prevention and control knowledge as the content of public health safety education, where interface emotion (positive, negative, and neutral) and interface layout (waterfall typed and juxtaposition typed) were regarded as independent variables, and readers’ understanding, course evaluation and system usability score were dependent variables. As revealed in the results of a 3 × 2 two-factor experiment in which 252 college students participated: first, different interface emotion can ca...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Minzhe Yi Defu Bao Yifan Mo Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7969: Spatio-Temporal Distribution and Influencing Factors of Human and Veterinary Pharmaceuticals in the Tributary Surface Waters of the Han River Watershed, South Korea
This study observed the effect of human and animal populations, usage, purchasing criteria (prescription vs. non-prescription), and land use to identify the spatio-temporal distribution of eight pharmaceuticals at twenty-four sites of the tributaries of the Han River watershed. In rural areas, the mean concentration (detection frequency) of non-prescription pharmaceuticals (NPPs) was higher (lower) compared to that of prescription pharmaceuticals (PPs); in urban areas, a reverse trend was observed. Pharmaceutical concentrations in urban and rural areas were mainly affected by wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and non-poi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jong Kwon Im Sang Hun Kim Young Seok Kim Soon Ju Yu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7966: Surveillance of the Incidence and Mortality of Oral and Pharyngeal, Esophageal, and Lung Cancer in Nevada: Potential Implications of the Nevada Indoor Clean Air Act
This study analysis revealed that oral cancer incidence rates are no longer increasing in Nevada and that mortality rates have started to decline, although not as rapidly as the overall national rates. However, rapid decreases in both the incidence and mortality from esophageal and lung cancer were observed in Nevada, which strongly suggest the corresponding changes in oral cancer may be part of a larger epidemiologic shift resulting from improved public health policies that include indoor smoking restrictions and bans. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kevin Foote David Foote Karl Kingsley Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7970: Association of Vital Pulp Therapy Outcomes with Tooth Type, Arch Location, Treatment Type, and Number of Surfaces Destroyed in Deciduous Teeth: A Retrospective Study
In conclusion, second deciduous molars and maxillary deciduous molars had a better overall prognosis, and indirect pulp therapy was revealed to be more highly associated with successful treatment outcomes in comparison to ferric sulfate pulpotomy in our setting. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Manahil Maqbool Tahir Yusuf Noorani Norsamsu Arni Samsudin Mohamad Arif Awang Nawi Giampiero Rossi-Fedele Mohmed Isaqali Karobari Pietro Messina Giuseppe Alessandro Scardina Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7972: Introducing Copula as a Novel Statistical Method in Psychological Analysis
ente Kovacs During the past decades, the relationship between various psychological parameters had been studied in detail. However, the dependency structure of correlated parameters was rarely investigated. Knowing the dependence structure helps in finding the probability matrix of the interaction between the parameters. In this research, a novel approach was introduced in psychological analysis using copula functions. For this purpose, the self-esteem and anxiety of 141 university students in Iran were extracted using the Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory and the Zang Anxiety Scale. Then the dependence structure of se...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Elham Dehghani Somayeh Hadad Ranjbar Moharram Atashafrooz Hossein Negarestani Amir Mosavi Levente Kovacs Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7971: Impact of COVID-19 on the Mental Health and Well-Being of Latinx Caregivers of Children with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
In this study, we used a mixed methods approach to explore the impact of the pandemic on the mental health and well-being of Latinx caregivers of children with IDD. Specifically, we (1) identified which social determinants of health are correlated with maternal caregivers perceived general health, mental health, and well-being; (2) explored the impact of the pandemic on families’ overall eating and physical activity routines; and (3) identified emergent themes from caregivers’ experiences during the pandemic. Thirty-seven Latinx caregivers participated in three interviews in which several validated instruments ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar Mansha Mirza Vanessa L. Errisuriz Weiwen Zeng Jasmine P. Brown Sandra Vanegas Nazanin Heydarian Deborah Parra-Medina Paula Morales Hilda Torres Sandy Maga ña Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7973: Longitudinal Associations between the Neighborhood Built Environment and Cognition in US Older Adults: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
This study provides limited evidence for an association between greater neighborhood walking destinations and maintained/improved processing speed in older age and no evidence for associations between the other BE characteristics and cognition. Future studies with finer grained BE and cognitive measures and longer-term follow up may be required. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lilah M. Besser Lun-Ching Chang Jana A. Hirsch Daniel A. Rodriguez John Renne Stephen R. Rapp Annette L. Fitzpatrick Susan R. Heckbert Joel D. Kaufman Timothy M. Hughes Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7962: The Brief Form of the Test of Gross Motor Development-3 for Individuals with Visual Impairments
We examined three different models using confirmatory factor analyses on the relationships between the motor skills and latent traits across the models. Scores from all three brief versions had acceptable global fit. Although further research should be conducted, practitioners can adopt a brief version of the TGMD to assess children with VI. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ali S. Brian Angela Starrett Adam Pennell Pamela Haibach Beach Sally Taunton Miedema Alexandra Stribing Emily Gilbert Matthew Patey Lauren J. Lieberman Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7974: “Better If They Laugh with Me than at Me”: The Role of Humor in Coping with Obesity-Related Stigma in Women
This study investigated the role of perceived stigmatization in the relationship between humor styles and coping with stress among young women suffering from stigma due to obesity. In the 21st century, obesity is an increasing global health issue with many physical and mental consequences for obese women. As a chronic stigmatizing disease, it requires that the affected individuals cope with social consequences; women with obesity are more prone to such consequences than men. Humor fosters the breaking of stereotypes and alleviating the consequences of stigmatization. A total of 127 young adult women (age M = 25.74, SD = 2....
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Natalia Mazurkiewicz Mariusz Lipowski Jaros ław Krefta Ma łgorzata Lipowska Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7964: Evaluating the Implementation of a Multicomponent Intervention Consisting of Education and Feedback on Reducing Benzodiazepine Prescriptions by General Practitioners: BENZORED Hybrid Type I Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions: We identified constructs that could explain differences in the efficacy in implementation of the intervention. This information is relevant for the design of successful strategies for implementation of the intervention. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Isabel Socias Alfonso Leiva Haizea Pombo-Ramos Ferran Bejarano Ermengol Sempere-Verd ú Raquel Mar ía Rodríguez-Rincón Francisca Fiol Marta Mengual Asunci ón Ajenjo-Navarro Fernando Do Pazo Catalina Mateu Silvia Folch Santiago Alegret Jose Maria Coll Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7977: Effect of Practicing Health Behaviors on Unmet Needs among Patients with Chronic Diseases: A Longitudinal Study
In this study, we investigated the effect of practicing health behaviors on unmet needs among patients with chronic diseases, using data from the Korea Health Panel Survey conducted between 2014–2017. Participants (n = 4069) aged 19 or older, with at least one chronic disease (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, or arthrosis) and with existing follow up data were selected. Health behaviors combined three variables: not presently smoking, not belonging to high-risk drinking group, and indulging in moderate- or high-intensity exercise. Those who met all three criteria were classified as the practicing health...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bich-Na Jang Hwi-Jun Kim Bo-Ram Kim Seon-Yeong Woo Woo-Jin Lee Eun-Cheol Park Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7978: Protocol Paper: Conducting Life History Interviews to Explore the Journeys of People with Disability from Syrian and Iraqi Refugee Backgrounds Settling in Australia
This study has the potential to foreground the voices and experiences of people with disability from refugee backgrounds who are often absent, silenced or excluded in research and, in so doing, hopefully impact Australian refugee policy. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Angela Dew Tags: Protocol Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7979: Exploring Social Media Recruitment Strategies and Preliminary Acceptability of an mHealth Tool for Teens with Eating Disorders
Conclusion: Use of social media for recruitment of teens with EDs is feasible and may connect with groups who may be more difficult to reach using traditional recruitment methods. Among the Discovery Group there was high acceptability of and interest in an app to support ED recovery, and characteristics of both groups demonstrated need for support in other mental health domains. Future studies should evaluate the preliminary efficacy of such tools among teens to determine the effects of such interventions on ED symptoms and other mental health outcomes. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Erin Kasson Melissa M. V ázquez Christine Doroshenko Ellen E. Fitzsimmons-Craft Denise E. Wilfley C. Barr Taylor Patricia A. Cavazos-Rehg Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7975: Comprehensive Evaluation of Differential Methylation Analysis Methods for Bisulfite Sequencing Data
Conclusions: Data analysis and interpretation should be performed with great care, especially when the number of replicates or sequencing depth is limited. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yongjun Piao Wanxue Xu Kwang Ho Park Keun Ho Ryu Rong Xiang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7981: Assessment of Color Perception and Preference with Eye-Tracking Analysis in a Dental Treatment Environment
This study aimed to investigate gaze characteristics based on a color preference survey of the dental unit chair, which has the most influence on spatial perception in the dental treatment environment, using an eye tracking technique for color. The results of this study showed that the color perception by eye tracking and the color preference by survey did not tend to match. The color most viewed by a majority of subjects was pink, which attracted a high level of attention, regardless of personal preference. In addition, for the psychological color images associated with color preference, the subjects tended to prefer imag...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Song Kim Lee Han Lee Kim Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7976: What Are University Professors ’ Motivations? A Realistic Approach to Self-Perception of a Group of Spanish University Professors Belonging to the G-9 Group of Universities
IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7976: What Are University Professors’ Motivations? A Realistic Approach to Self-Perception of a Group of Spanish University Professors Belonging to the G-9 Group of Universities International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph18157976 Authors: Luis Espejo-Antúnez Mario Corrales-Serrano Francisco Zamora-Polo Miguel González-Velasco María de los Ángeles Cardero-Durán Universities face challenges on a number of levels. In this scenario, university professors play an important role as facilitators of knowledge. ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Luis Espejo-Ant únez Mario Corrales-Serrano Francisco Zamora-Polo Miguel Gonz ález-Velasco Mar ía de los Ángeles Cardero-Durán Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7980: Rapid Discovery and Detection of Haemaphysalis longicornis through the Use of Passive Surveillance and Collaboration: Building a State Tick-Surveillance Network
pplegate Joy Sweaney Sterling Daniels Samantha Beaty Douglas Balthaser James D. Freye James W. Mertins Denise L. Bonilla Kevin Lahmers Between March 2019 and February 2020, Asian long-horned ticks (Haemaphysalis longicornis Neumann, 1901) were discovered and collected for the first time in one middle and seven eastern Tennessee counties, facilitated by a newly developed passive and collaborative tick-surveillance network. Network collaborators included federal, state, county, university, and private resource personnel working with companion animals, livestock, and wildlife. Specimens were collected prim...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rebecca T. Trout Fryxell Den é N. Vann Rebecca A. Butler Dave J. Paulsen Jennifer G. Chandler Micah P. Willis Heidi M. Wyrosdick John J. Schaefer Richard W. Gerhold Daniel M. Grove Jennie Z. Ivey Kevin W. Thompson Roger D. Applegate Joy Sweaney Sterling Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7984: Room Size Influences Flow in Robotic-Assisted Surgery
This study aimed to explore the impact of OR size on the environmental causes of surgical flow disruptions (FDs) occurring during RAS. Fifty-six RAS procedures were observed at two academic hospitals between July 2019 and January 2021 across general, urologic, and gynecologic surgical specialties. A multiple regression analysis demonstrated significant effects of room size in the pre-docking phase (t = 2.170, df = 54, β = 0.017, p = 0.035) where the rate of FDs increased as room size increased, and docking phase (t = −2.488, df = 54, β = −0.017, p = 0.016) where the rate of FDs increased as room size ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Falisha Kanji Tara Cohen Myrtede Alfred Ashley Caron Samuel Lawton Stephen Savage Daniel Shouhed Jennifer T. Anger Ken Catchpole Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7982: Lessons for Workforce Disaster Planning from the First Nosocomial Outbreak of COVID-19 in Rural Tasmania, Australia: A Case Study
rancis The identification and announcement of the COVID-19 pandemic has been a global issue. Disaster preparedness for internal and external threats is inherent within health care environments and requires agile thinking and swift remediation. Nosocomial infection is a risk for recipients of care, especially in hospital settings, which has implications for workforce planning. The aim of this case study was to examine the community response to the internal disaster of the first nosocomial COVID-19 outbreak within an Australian rural health care environment. A critical discourse analysis method was adopted to generate an...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hammersley Mather Francis Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7985: Family Functioning in Families Affected by Parental Mental Illness: Parent, Child and Clinician Ratings
This study aims to gain a better understanding of family functioning in affected families by comparing ratings among family members and by analyzing associations with clinician-rated family functioning. The cross-sectional sample comprised 210 families with ratings of 207 patients, 139 partners, and 100 children. Parents with a mental illness as well as their partners and children completed the German version of the Family Assessment Measure (FAM). Clinician ratings were obtained by the Global Assessment of Relational Functioning Scale (GARF). We conducted several mixed models to compare ratings of family functioning while...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sell Daubmann Zapf Adema Busmann Stiawa Winter Lambert Wegscheider Wiegand-Grefe Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7986: Examining Social Media Crisis Communication during Early COVID-19 from Public Health and News Media for Quality, Content and Corresponding Public Sentiment
padopoulos Rising COVID-19 cases in Canada in early 2021, coupled with pervasive mis- and disinformation, demonstrate the critical relationship between effective crisis communication, trust, and risk protective measure adherence by the public. Trust in crisis communication is affected by the communication’s characteristics including transparency, timeliness, empathy, and clarity, as well as the source and communication channels used. Crisis communication occurs in a rhetorical arena where various actors, including public health, news media, and the public, are co-producing and responding to messages. Rhetorical a...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: MacKay Colangeli Gillis McWhirter Papadopoulos Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7989: Parental Attitudes toward Consent for Music Intervention Studies in Preterm Infants: A Cross-Sectional Study
Conclusions: When recruiting parents and preterm infants for music therapy intervention studies, one should highlight potential contributions to the child’s health, future children’s health and medical knowledge. Stressing music as a potential tool for brain development and augmenting bonding is important. The best time to recruit is when improvements are still anticipated. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sofia Bauer Shulamit Epstein Łucja Bieleninik Dana Yakobson Cochavit Elefant Shmuel Arnon Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7987: Dental and Periodontal Care at the Bedside Using a Portable Dental Unit in Hospitalized Special Needs Patients: The Experience of an Italian Pediatric Hospital
din Callea Raponi Patients with special needs (SNPs) include individuals who are disabled due to physical limitations, medical complications, developmental problems, and cognitive impairments. SNPs may be at an increased risk of oral diseases throughout their lifetime. These patients have difficulties in accessing traditional dental studios or clinics. Moreover, orodental problems may cause local and generalized infections, leading to worrisome complications when not properly treated. In this paper, we describe the preliminary experience of treating dental problems in a series of nine hospitalized patients with s...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Galeotti Cirib è Matarazzo Antonielli Festa Inserra Garret-Bernardin Callea Raponi Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7991: Mental Illness Stigma and Associated Factors among Arabic-Speaking Religious and Community Leaders
This study uses a subset of data from an evaluation trial of mental health literacy training for Arabic-speaking religious and community leaders. Our dataset contains the pre-intervention survey responses for 52 Arabic-speaking leaders (69.2% female; mean age = 47.1, SD = 15.3) on the ability to recognise a mental disorder, beliefs about causes for developing mental illness, and two stigma measures, personal stigma, and social distance. Being female was associated with a decrease in personal stigma. An increase in age was associated with an increase in personal stigma. Correct recognition of a mental disorder was associate...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Krstanoska-Blazeska Thomson Slewa-Younan Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7993: Do Current Measures of Social Exclusion Depict the Multidimensional Challenges of Marginalized Urban Areas? Insights, Gaps and Future Research
Sianes According to the United Nations, 70% of the world’s population will live in cities by 2050, increasing the proliferation of areas of social exclusion and thus polarization and segregation. The establishment of multidimensional measures seeks to identify such situations of social exclusion to inform social policies and interventions. However, some concerns emerge: Are these measures catching the needs of people living in particularly disadvantages areas? Do they offer a human-centred approach or a territorial focus? Is the multidimensionality of such measures reflecting nonmaterial aspects such as health...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Vela-Jim énez Sianes Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7994: Analysis of Sexual Inhibition and Satisfaction from a Gender Perspective among University Students
da García-Martínez University is characterized by a critical stage where students experience their sexuality, across a range of relationships. From these experiences, university students consolidate their personality and their sexual role. Factors such as age, sex, or traumatic experiences of violence or sexual abuse can affect their sexual role. The present study aims to analyze how the variables age, sex and having suffered abuse or violence may predict sexual satisfaction and inhibition. In addition, we analyze the mediating effect that sexual role plays on these relationships. For this purpose, Bem...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Le ón Abeng ózar Sánchez Augusto-Landa Garc ía-Martínez Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7995: The Influence of Traffic-Related Air Pollution (TRAP) in Primary Schools and Residential Proximity to Traffic Sources on Histone H3 Level in Selected Malaysian Children
This study aimed to investigate the association between traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) exposure and histone H3 modification among school children in high-traffic (HT) and low-traffic (LT) areas in Malaysia. Respondents’ background information and personal exposure to traffic sources were obtained from questionnaires distributed to randomly selected school children. Real-time monitoring instruments were used for 6-h measurements of PM10, PM2.5, PM1, NO2, SO2, O3, CO, and total volatile organic compounds (TVOC). Meanwhile, 24-h measurements of PM2.5-bound black carbon (BC) were performed using air sampling pumps....
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Suhaimi Jalaludin Abu Bakar Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7996: Association of Short-Term Particulate Matter Exposure among 5-Year Cancer Survivors with Incident Cardiovascular Disease: A Time-Stratified Case-Crossover Study
ho Lee Son Park The association of short-term particulate matter concentration with cardiovascular disease (CVD) among cancer survivors is yet unclear. Using the National Health Insurance Service database from South Korea, the study population consisted of 22,864 5-year cancer survivors with CVD events during the period 2015–2018. Using a time-stratified case-crossover design, each case date (date of incident CVD) was matched with three or four referent dates, resulting in a total of 101,576 case and referent dates. The daily average particulate matter 10 (PM10), 2.5 (PM2.5), and 2.5–10 (PM2.5&ndas...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Choi Kim Choi Jeong Kim Chang Kim Kim Cho Lee Son Park Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7997: Predicting Arsenic (As) Exposure on Human Health for Better Management of Drinking Water Sources
hirotdin Chemical pollution in the transboundary Langat River in Malaysia is common both from point and non-point sources. Therefore, the water treatment plants (WTPS) at the Langat River Basin have experienced frequent shutdown incidents. However, the Langat River is one of the main sources of drinking water to almost one-third of the population in Selangor state. Meanwhile, several studies have reported a high concentration of Arsenic (As) in the Langat River that is toxic if ingested via drinking water. However, this is a pioneer study that predicts the As concentration in the Langat River based on time-series data ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ahmed Lim Mokhtar Khirotdin Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7999: Bi-Directional, Day-to-Day Associations between Objectively-Measured Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior and Sleep among Office Workers
This study investigated these associations and whether they varied by weekday or weekend day. Among 324 Swedish office workers (mean age 42.4 years; 33.3% men), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and sedentary behaviors and sleep (total sleep time (TST) and sleep efficiency (SE)) were ascertained by using accelerometers (Actigraph GT3X) over 8 days. Multilevel linear mixed models were used to assess the bi-directional, day-to-day, within-person associations. Additional analyses stratified by weekend/weekday were performed. On average, participants spent 6% (57 min) of their day in MVPA and 59% (9.5 h) sedentary...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Heiland Ekblom Bojsen-M øller Larisch Blom Ekblom Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7998: Full Zirconia Implant-Born Prosthetic Rehabilitation with CAD/CAM Technology after Accurate Digital Planning. A Case Report
This reported clinical case highlights the advantages of this approach in resolving particularly functionally and aesthetically complex situations. A 40-year-old patient with permanent canine impaction and the persistence of a deciduous tooth compromised by caries was successfully rehabilitated with the surgical removal of the enclosed tooth, the seating of a mono-phase zirconia implant after the deciduous extraction and its loading with a zirconia single crown, without any clinical or radiographical alteration up to seven years follow-up. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Riccardo Scaringi Michele Nannelli Alessio Franchina Giuseppe Lizio Luigi V. Stefanelli Michele Pagliarulo Francesca De Angelis Gerardo Pellegrino Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7990: Reducible Nonunited Type II Odontoid Fracture with Atlantoaxial Instability: Outcomes of Two Different Fixation Techniques
This study aimed to demonstrate the results of two surgical fixation techniques for the treatment of reducible nonunited type II odontoid fracture with atlantoaxial instability. Medical records of patients with reducible nonunited type II odontoid fracture hospitalized for spinal fusion between April 2007 and April 2018 were reviewed. For each patient, specific surgical fixation, either Magerl’s C1-C2 transarticular screw fixation technique augmented with supplemental wiring or Harms-Goel C1-C2 screw-rod fixation technique, was performed according to our management protocol. We reported the fusion rate, fusion period...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Torphong Bunmaprasert Vorapop Trirattanapikul Nantawit Sugandhavesa Areerak Phanphaisarn Wongthawat Liawrungrueang Phichayut Phinyo Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 8000: Microblog Topic-Words Detection Model for Earthquake Emergency Responses Based on Information Classification Hierarchy
hang Chen Social media data are constantly updated, numerous, and characteristically prominent. To quickly extract the needed information from the data to address earthquake emergencies, a topic-words detection model of earthquake emergency microblog messages is studied. First, a case analysis method is used to analyze microblog information after earthquake events. An earthquake emergency information classification hierarchy is constructed based on public demand. Then, subject sets of different granularities of earthquake emergency information classification are generated through the classification hierarchy. A dete...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Su Ma Qiu Shi Zhang Chen Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 8001: Shooting Your Accuracy in the Foot? Examining the Short-Term Effect of Playing an Action or Strategy Video Game on Cognitive Control
Bailey The current study examined the effects of brief video game exposure on cognitive control using event-related potentials (ERPs). Cognitive control was assessed by ERP components associated with the ability to detect (N2) and resolve (SP) conflict when the conflict was either expected or unexpected. After playing either an action or strategy video game, participants completed a counting Stroop task while ERPs were recorded. The proportion of congruent to incongruent trials was manipulated across blocks to create conditions where conflict was expected or unexpected. While visual inspection of the behavioral and n...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rice Lease Walker Bailey Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 8003: Are We Ready to Build Back “Healthier?” An Exploratory Analysis of U.S. State-Level Disaster Recovery Plans
This study sought to assess public health activities in state disaster recovery implementation plans. In this exploratory, descriptive study, state-wide disaster recovery implementation plans were collected from emergency management agency websites and verified (n = 33). We reviewed and coded the recovery plans to identify health-related activities. While 70% and 64% of reviewed plans included activities to address short-term healthcare and behavioral health needs, respectively, one-third or less of the plans included activities to address long-term healthcare and behavioral health needs. Further, plans have limited descri...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kennedy Gonick Errett Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 8004: Unsupervised Exercise Training Was Not Found to Improve the Metabolic Health or Phenotype over a 6-Month Dietary Intervention: A Randomised Controlled Trial with an Embedded Economic Analysis
Taeymans Ectopic fat leads to metabolic health problems. This research aimed to assess the effectiveness of a hypocaloric diet intervention together with an unsupervised exercise training program in comparison with a hypocaloric diet alone to reduce ectopic fat deposition. Sixty-one premenopausal women with overweight or obesity participated in this controlled trial and were each randomised into either a usual care group (hypocaloric diet) or intervention group (hypocaloric diet + unsupervised exercise training). Ectopic fat deposition, metabolic parameters, incremental costs from a societal perspective and increme...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hens Vissers Verhaeghe Gielen Van Gaal Taeymans Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 8005: Effect of Virtual Reality Exercises on the Cognitive Status and Dual Motor Task Performance of the Aging Population
Pérez-Gómez Aging is a global phenomenon affecting numerous developed and developing countries. During this process, the functional state of the body, especially the cognitive state, declines. This research investigated the impact of virtual reality exercises on the cognitive status and dual-task performance in the elderly of Tabriz city, Iran. Forty men with a mean age of 71.5 were selected and assigned to either the experimental (n = 20) or control groups (n = 20). Both groups completed the Mini-Mental State Examination for cognitive status. The pre-test was performed through the Timed Up and Go test (...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nobari Rezaei Sheikh Fuentes-Garc ía P érez-Gómez Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 8007: Wearable Inertial Measurement Unit to Accelerometer-Based Training Monotony and Strain during a Soccer Season: A within-Group Study for Starters and Non-Starters
oacute;mez Suzuki Zouhal The purpose of this study was to analyze the intragroup differences in weekly training monotony (TM) and training strain (TS) between starter and non-starter male professional soccer players at accelerometry based variables throughout the periods of a season. TM and TS of different accelerations and decelerations zones for twenty-one players were followed for forty-eight weeks. Regardless of group, players obtained the highest mean TM (starters = 3.3 ± 0.6, non-starters = 2.2 ± 1.1, in arbitrary unit, AU) and TS (starters = 1288.9 ± 265.2, non-starters = 765.4 &plusm...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nobari S ögüt Oliveira P érez-Gómez Suzuki Zouhal Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7983: COVID-19 Preparedness and Perceived Safety in Nursing Homes in Southern Portugal: A Cross-Sectional Survey-Based Study in the Initial Phases of the Pandemic
Conclusions: To strengthen how nursing homes cope with upcoming phases of the COVID-19 pandemic or future public health emergencies, nursing homes’ preparedness and safety culture should be fostered and closely monitored. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Óscar Brito Fernandes Pedro Lobo Juli ão Niek Klazinga Dionne Kringos Nuno Marques Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 8006: Hierarchical Regression of Wellbeing and Self-Rated Health among Older Adults in Abu Dhabi
This study investigates the wellbeing factors related to self-rated health for older adults in Abu Dhabi (≥55 years). The purpose is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the determinants of self-rated health, considering various wellbeing factors, controlling for factors such as gender, nationality and long-standing illness if present. This research drew from a sample of 2375 older adults who participated in the Abu Dhabi Quality-of-Life Survey (QoL) conducted in 2018. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was employed where the first two models corresponded to gender, nationality and having a long-standing illnes...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Masood A. Badri Guang Yang Mugheer Al Khaili Muna Al Bahar Asma Al Rashdi Layla Al Hyas Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7992: Development of a Fitness Test Battery for Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) Operators —A Pilot Study
IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7992: Development of a Fitness Test Battery for Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) Operators—A Pilot Study International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph18157992 Authors: Megan Sax van der Weyden Christopher D. Black Daniel Larson Brian Rollberg Jason A. Campbell This investigation examined relationships between a Special Weapons and Tactics-specific fitness test (SORT) and an obstacle course (OC) used for qualification in fourteen male SWAT members from three local, regional police departments. The SORT included: squat, pushup, and lunge i...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Megan Sax van der Weyden Christopher D. Black Daniel Larson Brian Rollberg Jason A. Campbell Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7988: Effectiveness of the Functional and Cognitive Occupational Therapy (FaCoT) Intervention for Improving Daily Functioning and Participation of Individuals with Mild Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions: FaCoT intervention is effective to improve daily functioning, participation and satisfaction of individuals with mild stroke compared with standard care, therefore FaCoT should be implemented in community rehabilitation settings. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tal Adamit Jeffrey Shames Debbie Rand Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7954: Physical Literacy Assessment Tools: A Systematic Literature Review for Why, What, Who, and How
hou Physical literacy (PL) has been acknowledged to be an individual journey, in view of this contention, objective assessment of such a developing construct has become a debatable issue for the last couple of decades apart from physical domain of observable domain. The purpose of this systematic review was to scrutinise what is currently known regarding the PL assessment tools—the existing PL assessment tools, their pioneers and year of publication, the philosophy behind their initiation, what they have been assessing (assessment domains), the category of population being assessed in relation to their age group,...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Habyarimana Jean de Dieu Ke Zhou Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research