IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1402: Can Work Engagement Be a Resource for Reducing Workaholism ’s Undesirable Outcomes? A Multiple Mediating Model Including Moderated Mediation Analysis
This study aimed to explore a possible process explaining the relationship between workaholism and sleep disorders, including two mediators: work–family conflict and emotional exhaustion. Moreover, since a possible buffering role of work engagement was recently proposed against the detrimental effects of workaholism, the aim was to examine the moderating role of work engagement in the relationship between workaholism and several outcomes such as work–family conflict, emotional exhaustion, and sleep disorders. Two models were tested using conditional process analysis for testing direct and indire...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liliya Scafuri Kovalchuk Carmela Buono Emanuela Ingusci Francesco Maiorano Elisa De Carlo Andreina Madaro Paola Spagnoli Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1403: Early Lifestyle Interventions in People with Impaired Glucose Tolerance in Northern Colombia: The DEMOJUAN Project.
Conclusions: Our study did not find any statistically significant differences in reversion to normoglycemia or the development of type 2 diabetes between the intervention groups and the control group in this population. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Barengo Acosta Arrieta Ricaurte Smits Florez Tuomilehto Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1404: A Survey of Work-Related Pain Prevalence Among Construction Workers in Hong Kong: A Case-Control Study
ert P.C. Chan Construction workers undertake demanding physical work and face high risk of injuries in poor working environments. This case-control study investigated the extent of their musculoskeletal pain incidence at work. A total of 2021 construction workers in different trades were interviewed on-site in a survey from December 2017 to December 2018. The survey results revealed that the pain prevalence of the subjects in the last 24 h was 10.6 %. The worst and top most common pain spots caused by work were central lower back, left/right shoulders, and knees. Regarding pain management, their most common method was ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Joanne W.Y. Chung Henry C.F. So Vincent C.M. Yan Phoebe S.T. Kwok Bonny Y.M. Wong Jackie Y. Yang Albert P.C. Chan Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1405: The Influence of Using a Footstool during a Prolonged Standing Task on Low Back Pain in Office Workers
na Johnston While many office workers experience low back pain (LBP), little is known about the effect of prolonged standing on LBP symptoms. This repeated-measures within-subjects study aimed to determine whether office workers with LBP are able to work at a standing workstation for one hour without exacerbating symptoms and whether using a footstool affects LBP severity. Sixteen office workers with LBP performed computer work at a standing workstation for one hour under the following two conditions, one week apart: with a footstool and without a footstool. The intensity of LBP was recorded at 10 min intervals. Maxima...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Michelle D. Smith Chun Shing Johnson Kwan Sally Zhang Jason Wheeler Tennille Sewell Venerina Johnston Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1406: Predicting Methane Concentration in Longwall Regions Using Artificial Neural Networks
The objective of the paper is to develop an effective method for forecasting methane concentration in the mining industry. The application of neural networks for this purpose represents one of the first attempts in this respect. The method developed makes use of direct methane concentration values measured by a system of sensors located in the exploitation area. The forecasting model was built on the basis of a Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) network. The corresponding calculations were performed using a three-layered network with non-linear activation functions. The results obtained in the form of methane concentration predic...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tutak Brodny Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1407: Breeding Site Characteristics and Associated Factors of Culex pipiens Complex in Lhasa, Tibet, P. R. China
In this study, a cross-sectional study concerning the breeding site characteristics and associated factors of the Cx. pipiens complex was carried out in Lhasa, Tibet from 2013–2016. Chi-square analysis and binary logistic regression analysis were applied to identify the key factors associated with the presence of Cx. pipiens complex larvae. Using a standard dipping method, 184 water bodies were examined and Cx. pipiens complex larvae were observed in 36 (19.57%) of them. There were significant differences in the composition of Cx. pipiens complex larvae among the breeding site stability (χ2 = 19.0...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liu Baimaciwang Wu Pengcuociren Guo Cirenwangla Ren Danzenggongga Dazhen Yang Zhaxisangmu Li Cirendeji Zhao Sun Li Wang Cirendunzhu Liu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1395: Classroom Furniture Mismatch and Back Pain Among Adolescent School-Children in Abha City, Southwestern Saudi Arabia
Conclusions: There is a prevalent mismatch between students’ dimensions and existing schools’ furniture. School furniture providers should take in consideration the average Saudi students’ dimensions, while designing school furniture especially for males, and at intermediate schools, or provide schools with adjustable seats and desks. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Abdullah Assiri Ahmed A. Mahfouz Nabil J. Awadalla Ahmed Y. Abolyazid Medhat Shalaby Ahmed Abogamal Abdullah Alsabaani Fatima Riaz Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1396: Wuqinxi Qigong as an Alternative Exercise for Improving Risk Factors Associated with Metabolic Syndrome: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Conclusions: Wuqinxi may be an effective intervention to alleviate the cardiovascular disease risk factors of metabolic syndrome. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liye Zou Yangjie Zhang Jeffer Eidi Sasaki Albert S. Yeung Lin Yang Paul D. Loprinzi Jian Sun Shijie Liu Jane Jie Yu Shengyan Sun Yuqiang Mai Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1397: Learning by Doing and Training Satisfaction: An Evaluation by Health Care Professionals
sabel Gil-Lacruz As one of the training methodologies employed in the health care context, ‘Learning by Doing’ prioritizes the transference of competence, control, and workplace motivation. However, there are few published works that consider the opinions of health care professionals in relation to the effects of this kind of training on their workplace competence. The goal of this research was to evaluate the level of satisfaction and impact on quality of care, as perceived by the health care professionals that participated in this training program (Formative Focus). The evaluation utilized...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Marta Gil-Lacruz Mar ía Luisa Gracia-Pérez Ana Isabel Gil-Lacruz Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1399: A Comparative Analysis of Lifetime Medical Conditions and Infectious Diseases by Sexual Identity, Attraction, and Concordance among Women: Results from a National U.S. Survey
This study sought to compare the prevalence/odds of having 10 medical conditions/infectious diseases among women, assessing for differences associated with sexual identity, sexual attraction, and the degree of concordance between sexual identity and attraction. Data from 67,648 adult female participants in the 2015–2017 NSDUH survey were analyzed using bivariate and multivariable logistic regression models to assess for differences in prevalence/odds of seven medical conditions. Multivariable models adjusted for demographics, substance abuse/dependence, and mental illness. We found significant differences by ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kelly Horn James A. Swartz Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1398: Health-Related Quality of Life and Its Determinants among Criminal Police Officers
zhuan Tan Criminal police officers are viewed as having a very tiring and stressful job, one that is closely correlated with work disability and other factors that might impair quality of life. Few studies have addressed the issue of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in this population. Thus, this study aimed to assess the HRQoL of criminal police officers compared with the general adult population and identify determinants associated with HRQoL. Based on a cross-sectional study of 281 criminal police officers in China, we used the EuroQol five-dimension three-level (EQ-5D-3L) scale, the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xinrui Wu Qian Liu Qi Li Zhengwen Tian Hongzhuan Tan Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1401: A Cognitive Reserve and Social Support-Focused Latent Class Analysis to Predict Self-Reported Confusion or Memory Loss among Middle-Aged World Trade Center Health Registry Enrollees
In this study, we: (1) estimated the incidence of CML in our study sample; (2) identified indicators of cognitive reserve (e.g., indicators of educational attainment, social support); and (3) determined whether CML is associated with cognitive reserve level, stratified by PSTD status. First, we described demographics of the study sample (n = 14,574) and probable PTSD status, also stratifying by CML. Next, we conducted a latent class analysis on two groups: those with probable PTSD and those without probable PTSD, creating classes with varying cognitive reserve levels. Finally, using adjusted log binomial models, we predict...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kacie Seil Shengchao Yu Howard Alper Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1400: Demographic Forecasts Using the Game Theory
n;arkienė This paper offers certain predictions concerning the demographic population of the cities Vilnius and Olsztyn. The authors used a method of analyzing and synthesizing data sources, and comparing the actual data with the forecast between the years 1997–2014. Each prediction was prepared in connection with its use in various areas of life, particularly for all studies involving spatial planning. The data collected on the basis of the forecasts were used by spatial planners to devise strategies for local development at the city, municipality, and provincial levels. In this sense, they created basi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Marek Ogryzek Krzysztof Rz ąsa Edita Šarkienė Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1377: Beyond Broadway: Analysis of Qualitative Characteristics of and Individual Responses to Creatively Able, a Music and Movement Intervention for Children with Autism
ehli Andrew Palermo Movement in response to music represents one of the natural social environments in which physical activity occurs. The study of music and movement, including dance, requires a careful, holistic consideration of many features, which may include music, physical activity, motor learning, social engagement, emotion, and creativity. The overarching goal of this manuscript is to examine qualitative characteristics of and individual responses to a music and movement intervention (Creatively Able) for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). We provide a description of Creatively Able, illustrating h...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kimberley D. Lakes Ross Neville Spyridoula Vazou Sabrina E. B. Schuck Katherine Stavropoulos Kavita Krishnan Irene Gonzalez Kayla Guzman Arya Tavakoulnia Annamarie Stehli Andrew Palermo Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1378: Measuring Environmental and Economic Performance of Air Pollution Control for Province-Level Areas in China
ao Yang This paper proposes an improved three-stage data envelopment analysis (DEA) model to measure the environmental-economic efficiency (EEE) of air pollution control for 30 province-level areas of China during the period of 2012 to 2016. In this model, capital, labor, and total energy consumption are the three inputs, while gross domestic product (GDP) and waste gas emissions represent the desirable and undesirable outputs, respectively. This model allows the weights of economic growth and environmental protection to be adjusted as needed by policymakers; the model is adopted to evaluate the effects of government m...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xiao Gong Jianing Mi Chunyan Wei Ruitao Yang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1379: Influence of Straw Burning on Urban Air Pollutant Concentrations in Northeast China
Shijun Wang Northeast China is China’s primary grain production base. A large amount of crop straw is incinerated every spring and autumn, which greatly impacts air quality. To study the degree of influence of straw burning on urban pollutant concentrations, this study used The Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer/Terra Thermal Anomalies & Fire Daily L3 Global 1 km V006 (MOD14A1) and The Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer/Aqua Thermal Anomalies and Fire Daily L3 Global 1 km V006 (MYD14A1) data from 2015 to 2017 to extract fire spot data on arable land burning and to study t...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhenzhen Wang Jianjun Zhao Jiawen Xu Mingrui Jia Han Li Shijun Wang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1381: Evaluation of Secondhand Smoke Using PM2.5 and Observations in a Random Stratified Sample in Hospitality Venues from 12 Cities
Conclusions: There were unhealthy levels of smoking-caused PM2.5 concentrations, not only indoors, but also in the patios of hospitality venues. Legislative efforts to expand the smoke-free legislation to outdoor areas adjacent to indoor public places and an action plan to increase compliance with the smoke-free policy are urgently needed in Turkey. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bekir Kaplan Asli Carkoglu Gul Ergor Mutlu Hayran Xisca Sureda Joanna E Cohen Ana Navas-Acien Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1382: Preventable Mortality in Regions of Slovakia —Quantification of Regional Disparities and Investigation of the Impact of Environmental Factors
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1382: Preventable Mortality in Regions of Slovakia—Quantification of Regional Disparities and Investigation of the Impact of Environmental Factors International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16081382 Authors: Beata Gavurova Peter Toth Environmental health is among the priority areas of public health, and the current professional communities are intensively engaged with it. The main objective of the study is to quantify regional disparities of preventable mortality in Slovakia and to study the extent of the influence of selected environmental fa...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Beata Gavurova Peter Toth Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1380: Reply to Comments on the Study “The Sensitivity, Specificity and Accuracy of Warning Signs in Predicting Severe Dengue, the Severe Dengue Prevalence and its Associated Factors”
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1380: Reply to Comments on the Study “The Sensitivity, Specificity and Accuracy of Warning Signs in Predicting Severe Dengue, the Severe Dengue Prevalence and its Associated Factors” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16081380 Authors: Mohd Hanief Ahmad Mohd Ismail Ibrahim Zeehaida Mohamed Nabilah Ismail Muhammad Amiruddin Abdullah Rafidah Hanim Shueb Mohd Nazri Shafei Thank you for the comments received on the article “The Sensitivity, Specificity and Accuracy of Warning Signs in Predicting Severe Dengue,...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mohd Hanief Ahmad Mohd Ismail Ibrahim Zeehaida Mohamed Nabilah Ismail Muhammad Amiruddin Abdullah Rafidah Hanim Shueb Mohd Nazri Shafei Tags: Reply Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1383: Who Should Play a Key Role in Preventing Common Mental Disorders that Affect Employees in the Workplace? Results of a Survey with Occupational Health Physicians, Primary Care Physicians, Psychotherapists, and Human Resource Managers
r Eva Rothermund The rising burden of common mental disorders (CMDs) in employees requires strategies for prevention. No systematic data exist about how those involved perceive their roles, responsibilities, and interactions with other professional groups. Therefore, we performed a multi-professional standardized survey with health professionals in Germany. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 133 occupational health physicians (OHPs), 136 primary care physicians (PCPs), 186 psychotherapists (PTs), and 172 human resource managers (HRMs). Inter alia, they were asked which health professionals working in ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Martina Michaelis Elisabeth Maria Balint Florian Junne Stephan Zipfel Harald G ündel Rahna Lange Monika A. Rieger Eva Rothermund Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1384: Perceived Neighborhood Environment and Its Association with Health Screening and Exercise Participation amongst Low-Income Public Rental Flat Residents in Singapore
Conclusion: Despite sharing the same built environment, differences in the perception of the neighborhood environment between low-socioeconomic status (SES) and high-SES communities persist. Perceived neighborhood disadvantage is associated with lower participation in regular exercise and diabetes screening. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liang En Wee Yun Ying Tammy Tsang Sook Muay Tay Andre Cheah Mark Puhaindran Jaime Yee Shannon Lee Kellynn Oen Choon Huat Gerald Koh Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1385: Impact of the Global Budget Payment System on Expenditure of Cardiovascular Diseases: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis in Shanghai, China
In conclusion, we considered the GBPS is an effective solution to control the expenditure of CVDs by decreasing the discharge number, and a focus on the drug and cure expenditures lead to greater spend reduction than other types of expenditures. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Guanshen Dou Yilin Zhang Yunzhen He Qiaoyun Huang Yingfeng Ye Xinyu Zhang Weibing Wang Xiaohua Ying Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1386: Surgical Risk on Patients with Coagulopathies: Guidelines on Hemophiliac Patients for Oro-Maxillofacial Surgery
Conclusions: Despite the research of literature has produced few results, it was nevertheless possible to draw up a guideline thanks to additional information extrapolated from textbooks and other scientific articles. According to the guidelines, it is possible to proceed to the treatment of these patients, if with appropriate therapy in a safe and risk-free manner. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Laino Cicci ù Fiorillo Crimi Bianchi Amoroso Monte Herford Cervino Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1387: Systemic Barriers and Equitable Interventions to Improve Vegetable and Fruit Intake in Children: Interviews with National Food System Actors
rtos Waterlander Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is declining in New Zealand, and over half of New Zealand’s children do not meet the recommendation of two serves of fruit and three serves of vegetables daily (with even lower adherence among children in high-deprivation neighbourhoods). The aim of this study was to map the potential causal pathways explaining this decline and possible actions to reverse it. Semi-structured interviews were held in April–May 2018 with 22 national actors from the produce industry, food distribution and retail sector, government, and NGO health organisations....
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gerritsen Harr é Swinburn Rees Renker-Darby Bartos Waterlander Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1388: Temporal and Cartographic Analyses of the Distribution within Spain of Mortality Due to Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (1984 –2016)
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1388: Temporal and Cartographic Analyses of the Distribution within Spain of Mortality Due to Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (1984–2016) International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16081388 Authors: Sánchez-Díaz Escobar Villaverde-Hueso de la Paz Alonso-Ferreira The aim is to conduct a descriptive, population-based study in order to assess temporal and spatial changes in mortality due to granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) in Spain from 1984 to 2016. Mortality data were obtained from the Spanish Annual Death Regist...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: S ánchez-Díaz Escobar Villaverde-Hueso de la Paz Alonso-Ferreira Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1389: Relationship between Community or Home Gardening and Health of the Elderly: A Web-Based Cross-Sectional Survey in Japan
In conclusion, promising positive relationships between community or home gardening and health or healthy lifestyles were indicated. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Daisuke Machida Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1390: Sounds of Nature in the City: No Evidence of Bird Song Improving Stress Recovery
In this study, while respondents (n = 117) watched a 360° virtual reality (VR) photograph of a park, they were exposed to different soundscapes and mild electrical shocks. The soundscapes—“bird song”, “bird song and traffic noise”, and “traffic noise”—were played during a 10 min recovery period while their skin conductance levels were assessed as a measure of arousal/stress. No significant difference in stress recovery was found between the soundscapes although a tendency for less stress in &l...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hedblom Gunnarsson Schaefer Knez Thorsson Lundstr öm Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1391: Modeling the Impact of an Indoor Air Filter on Air Pollution Exposure Reduction and Associated Mortality in Urban Delhi Household
Clasen Indoor exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is a prominent health concern. However, few studies have examined the effectiveness of long-term use of indoor air filters for reduction of PM2.5 exposure and associated decrease in adverse health impacts in urban India. We conducted 20 simulations of yearlong personal exposure to PM2.5 in urban Delhi using the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s CONTAM program (NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA). Simulation scenarios were developed to examine different air filter efficiencies, use schedules, and the influence of a smoker at home. We quanti...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jiawen Liao Wenlu Ye Ajay Pillarisetti Thomas F. Clasen Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1392: Are Daycare Workers at a Higher Risk of Parvovirus B19 Infection? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusions: Our findings suggest a higher risk of parvovirus B19 infection for daycare workers compared to an unexposed comparison population, which necessitate preventative efforts. Considering the underestimation of the occupational seroconversion risk by prevalence-based estimators, parvovirus B19 infections among daycare workers might mostly be occupationally acquired. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Romero Starke Kofahl Freiberg Schubert Gro ß Schmauder Hegewald K ämpf Stranzinger Nienhaus Seidler Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1394: Physical Activity of Children with Physical Disabilities: Associations with Environmental and Behavioral Variables at Home and School
Elean Leung The purpose of this study was to examine the physical activity (PA) of children with physical disabilities (PD) and its associated environmental and behavioral factors at home and at school. One hundred and forty-seven Hong Kong children (mean age = 13.5 ± 2.5 years) with PD from three special schools participated. We used BEACHES (Behaviors of Eating and Activity for Children’s Health: Evaluation System) to assess their PA and associated variables at home (before dinner) and during four school settings (before classes, recess, lunch breaks, after classes) on four school days....
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cindy Sit Ru Li Thomas L. McKenzie Ester Cerin Stephen Wong Raymond Sum Elean Leung Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1393: Flooding in Townsville, North Queensland, Australia, in February 2019 and Its Effects on Mosquito-Borne Diseases
ahman In February 2019, a major flooding event occurred in Townsville, North Queensland, Australia. Here we present a prediction of the occurrence of mosquito-borne diseases (MBDs) after the flooding. We used a mathematical modelling approach based on mosquito population abundance, survival, and size as well as current infectiousness to predict the changes in the occurrences of MBDs due to flooding in the study area. Based on 2019 year-to-date number of notifiable MBDs, we predicted an increase in number of cases, with a peak at 104 by one-half month after the flood receded. The findings in this study indicate that Tow...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Adeshina I. Adekunle Oyelola A. Adegboye Kazi Mizanur Rahman Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1376: Job Crafting as a Mediator between Work Engagement and Wellbeing Outcomes: A Time-Lagged Study
riela Topa This time-lagged study, using the framework of the JD-R model, tested the mediating role of job crafting measuring: at T1, work engagement, workaholism and emotional exhaustion; at T2, job crafting; and, at T3, flourishing, job performance and job satisfaction. Respondents were 443 Spanish employees working in different companies. Results show that job crafting mediates the relationship between work engagement and some of its outcomes (job performance and flourishing). In particular, the job crafting component ‘increasing structural job resources’ mediates the positive effect of w...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Enrique Robledo Salvatore Zappal à Gabriela Topa Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1375: Bioaerosols Play a Major Role in the Nasopharyngeal Microbiota Content in Agricultural Environment
Conclusion: Nasopharynx sampling and microbiota could be used as a proxy of air sampling for exposure assessment studies or for the determination of exposure markers in highly contaminated agricultural environments. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mbareche Veillette Pilote L étourneau Duchaine Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1373: Comment on Di Marco, N., Kaufman, J., Rodda, C.P. Shedding Light on Vitamin D Status and Its Complexities during Pregnancy, Infancy and Childhood: An Australian Perspective. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16 (4), 538, doi:10.3390/ijerph16040538
r In their report on the roles of vitamin D status during early life development in Australia, Di Marco et al [...] (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Barbara Boucher Tags: Comment Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1358: Feasibility and Acceptability of ‘Opt-In’ Referrals for Stop Smoking Support in Pregnancy
Conclusions: ‘Opt-in’ referrals in later pregnancy result in significant numbers of women who smoke indicating interest in smoking cessation support. Additional training and support is necessary to motivate reception staff to oversee self-referral pen-and-paper procedures effectively. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Katarzyna Anna Campbell Sophie Orton Katharine Bowker Sue Cooper Tim Coleman Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1359: Environmental Effects of the Livestock Industry: The Relationship between Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior among Students in Israel
vitch The livestock industry has numerous and diverse impacts on the environment. In a cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire, 361 students were asked about their knowledge, attitudes, and behavior related to the environmental impact caused by livestock industry. The data were analyzed using correlations, t-tests for independent samples, and linear regression models. We found that students have almost no knowledge about the environmental impact of the food they consume, their attitudes are moderately pro-environmental, yet they are not strict about pro-environmental behavior. Students with higher levels of...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Keren Dopelt Pnina Radon Nadav Davidovitch Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1360: Effects of Bucket Type and Angle on Downstream Nappe Wind Caused by a Turbulent Jet
jie Ran The downstream nappe wind caused by flood discharge has a great influence on the rainfall distribution, the operational safety of dams, and their surrounding ecological environments. A physical experiment was conducted to measure the spatial distribution of the downstream nappe wind and the splash for a continuous bucket (CB) and a tongue-shaped bucket (TB) for five bucket angles (40°, 45°, 50°, 55°, and 60°). The experimental results demonstrate that the trajectory width and height of the nappe increase as the angles increase, but the effect on the le...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jijian Lian Junling He Wenjuan Gou Danjie Ran Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1362: Effect of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Patients in the Department of Long-Term Care: A Pilot Study
; Ivona Svobodová Ilja Kotík Long-term hospital stays might have a negative psychosocial impact on our patients. One way to positively activate hospitalized patients is to introduce animal-assisted therapy (AAT). A total of 72 individuals participated in this research. The experimental group comprised 33 patients (8 males, 25 females), while the control group contained 39 patients (11 men, 28 women). The participants in the control group were aged from 58 to 100 years and the experimental group featured participants aged from 51 to 95, for whom AAT was included alongside standard care. Blood pressure,...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Krist ýna Machová Radka Proch ázková Petra Eretov á Ivona Svobodov á Ilja Kot ík Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1361: Children ’s Transport Built Environments: A Mixed Methods Study of Associations between Perceived and Objective Measures and Relationships with Parent Licence for Independent Mobility in Auckland, New Zealand
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1361: Children’s Transport Built Environments: A Mixed Methods Study of Associations between Perceived and Objective Measures and Relationships with Parent Licence for Independent Mobility in Auckland, New Zealand International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16081361 Authors: Melody Smith Rebecca Amann Alana Cavadino Deborah Raphael Robin Kearns Roger Mackett Lisa Mackay Penelope Carroll Euan Forsyth Suzanne Mavoa Jinfeng Zhao Erika Ikeda Karen Witten Children’s independent mobility is declining internationall...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Melody Smith Rebecca Amann Alana Cavadino Deborah Raphael Robin Kearns Roger Mackett Lisa Mackay Penelope Carroll Euan Forsyth Suzanne Mavoa Jinfeng Zhao Erika Ikeda Karen Witten Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1363: Investigation into Micropollutant Removal from Wastewaters by a Membrane Bioreactor
ianghong Qian Direct potable reuse of wastewater is attractive as the demand for potable water increases. However, the presence of organic micropollutants in industrial and domestic wastewater is a major health and environmental concern. Conventional wastewater treatment processes are not designed to remove these compounds. Further many of these emerging pollutants are not regulated. Membrane bioreactor based biological wastewater treatment has recently become a preferred method for treating municipal and other industrial wastewaters. Here the removal of five selected micropollutants representing different classes of e...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mohanad Kamaz S. Ranil Wickramasinghe Satchithanandam Eswaranandam Wen Zhang Steven M. Jones Michael J. Watts Xianghong Qian Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1364: Maternal Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution and Birth Outcomes
L. Hall There is a growing body of research on the association between ambient air pollution and adverse birth outcomes. However, people in high income countries spend most of their time indoors. Pregnant women spend much of that time at home. The aim of this study was to investigate if indoor air pollutants were associated with poor birth outcomes. Pregnant women were recruited prior to 18 weeks gestation. They completed a housing questionnaire and household chemical use survey. Indoor pollutants, formaldehyde (HCHO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), were monitored in the women&rsq...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Peter Franklin Mark Tan Naomi Hemy Graham L. Hall Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1365: Effects of Socio-Environmental Factors on Malaria Infection in Pakistan: A Bayesian Spatial Analysis
ihua Zhuang The role of socio-environmental factors in shaping malaria dynamics is complex and inconsistent. Effects of socio-environmental factors on malaria in Pakistan at district level were examined. Annual malaria cases data were obtained from Directorate of Malaria Control Program, Pakistan. Meteorological data were supplied by Pakistan Meteorological Department. A major limitation was the use of yearly, rather than monthly/weekly malaria data in this study. Population data, socio-economic data and education score data were downloaded from internet. Bayesian conditional autoregressive model was used to find the s...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Muhammad Farooq Umer Shumaila Zofeen Abdul Majeed Wenbiao Hu Xin Qi Guihua Zhuang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1366: Distribution and Dietary Predictors of Urinary Phthalate Metabolites among Pregnant Women in Shanghai, China
Wenjing Wang The exposure of pregnant women to phthalates is a major concern due to their adverse effect on developmental outcomes. Diet is an important pathway for exposure to phthalate compounds. Nevertheless, studies on dietary exposure of pregnant women to phthalates in China are limited. We aimed to assess the distribution and dietary predictors of phthalate exposure among pregnant women in China. We measured the levels of 10 urinary phthalate metabolites using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry in 210 pregnant women as part of the 2015 China National Chronic Disease an...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xin He Jiajie Zang Ping Liao Yang Zheng Ye Lu Zhenni Zhu Yan Shi Wenjing Wang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1367: Prevalence of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Among Tanzanian Iron and Steel Workers: A Cross-Sectional Study
aring;tveit Iron and steel factory workers in Tanzania are likely to develop noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) due to exposure to high sound levels. Studies on hearing status in this population are lacking. The aims of this study were to determine prevalence of NIHL among iron and steel workers and compare hearing thresholds at different frequencies with a control group. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 221 iron and steel workers exposed to average noise level of 92 dB(A), compared with 107 primary school teachers recruited as controls and exposed to average noise level of 79.7 dB(A). We used a questionnaire-...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Israel P. Nyarubeli Alexander M. Tungu Bente E. Moen Magne Br åtveit Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1368: The Potential Environmental Impact of PAHs on Soil and Water Resources in Air Deposited Coal Refuse Sites in Niangziguan Karst Catchment, Northern China
In this study, the occurrence and release/mobilization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in coal waste and coal spoils fire gas mineral (CSFGM) were evaluated by field and indoor investigations at Yangquan city, one of the major coal mining districts in the karst areas of northern China. Field investigations showed that dumping of coal waste over decades has resulted in soil and water pollution via spontaneous combustion and leaching of coal spoil piles. Indoor analysis revealed that the 2-ring and 3-ring PAHs contribute to 65–80% of the total PAHs in coal spoils, with naphthalene (Nap), Chrysene (Ch...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chengcheng Li Xin Zhang Xubo Gao Shihua Qi Yanxin Wang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1369: Investigating the Aftershock of a Disaster: A Study of Health Service Utilization and Mental Health Symptoms in Post-Earthquake Nepal
Conclusions: Mental health symptoms can last long after a disaster occurs. Access to quality mental health care in the primary health care settings is critical to help individuals and communities recover immediately and during the long-term recovery. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tara Powell Shang-Ju Li Yuan Hsiao Chloe Ettari Anish Bhandari Anne Peterson Niva Shakya Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1370: The Effects of Short-Term Immunosuppressive Therapy on Redox Parameters in the Livers of Pregnant Wistar Rats
Wiszniewska Immunosuppressive drugs are widely used to avoid graft rejection, but they are also known to be strongly hepatotoxic. The goal of the current study was to determine: (i) the immunoexpression of SOD1, CAT, GPX1; (ii) the concentration of MDA, GSH; (iii) the activity of SOD, CAT, GPX, in the native liver of a pregnant female rats undergoing immunosuppressive therapy. The study was based on archival material obtained from Department of Nephrology, Transplantology and Internal Medicine of the Independent Public Clinical Hospital No. 2 at the Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Poland. The study was carri...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Szypulska-Koziarska Wilk Kabat-Koperska Kolasa-Wo łosiuk Wolska Wiszniewska Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1371: 137Cs-Based Variation of Soil Erosion in Vertical Zones of a Small Catchment in Southwestern China
In this study, Liangshan Town catchment, a typical catchment in the Hengduan Mountains region, southwest China, was selected to investigate the variation of soil erosion in different vertical zones using the 137Cs tracing technique. The mean 137Cs reference inventories varied between 573.51 and 705.54 Bq/m2, with the elevation increasing from 1600 to 2600 m. The rates of soil erosion exhibited a significant variation. Under the same land cover condition, the average annual soil erosion modulus of high-elevation forest (elevation > 2200 m) was 400.3 t/(km2·a). However, the average annual soil erosi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jiacun Chen Zhonglin Shi Anbang Wen Dongchun Yan Taili Chen Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1372: Longitudinal Associations Between Life Satisfaction and Cannabis Use Initiation, Cessation, and Disorder Symptom Severity in a Cohort of Young Swiss Men
This study aims to assess whether life satisfaction (SWLS) at age 21 is associated with cannabis initiation and cessation between the ages of 21 and 25, and with cannabis use severity (CUDIT) at age 25. Data were drawn from a cohort of young Swiss males. Associations of life satisfaction with initiation, cessation, and severity were assessed with logistic and zero-truncated negative binomial regressions. Age, family income, education, alcohol, and tobacco use at age 21 were used as adjustment variables. From a sample of 4778 males, 1477 (30.9%) reported cannabis use at age 21, 456 (9.5%) initiated use between age 21 and 25...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Deligianni Studer Daeppen Gmel Bertholet Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1374: Transcriptional Analysis of Chlorella Pyrenoidosa Exposed to Bisphenol A
In this study, the effects of BPA on Chlorella pyrenoidosa were assessed based on growth inhibition and transcriptome analysis. We have focused on two exposure scenarios as follows: (1) exposure to a low stimulation concentration (0.1 mg.L−1, 19.35% promotion in cell density on the 3rd day); (2) exposure to a high inhibition concentration (10 mg.L−1, 64.71% inhibition in cell density on the 3rd day). Transcriptome analysis showed enrichment in nucleotide transport, single-organism transport, cellular respiration. Among them, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase and Nicotinamide adenine dinucleo...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Duan Chen Duan Tags: Article Source Type: research