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IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1550: Effective Partnership in Community-Based Health Promotion: Lessons from the Health Literacy Partnership
Protheroe This paper aims to explore key elements needed to successfully develop healthy partnerships and collaborative working in community-based health promotion. It draws upon the lessons learned from a case study with the Health Literacy Partnership in Stoke-on-Trent, UK in developing the health literacy strategy in the area. The process was underpinned by respect for diverse yet complementary perspectives and skills from the grassroots up. This involved engagement with key stakeholders, development and support for community projects, and sharing of good practice with other national and local organizations. Stakeho...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 11, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Emee Estacio Mike Oliver Beth Downing Judy Kurth Joanne Protheroe Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1551: Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Acceptance among Pregnant Women in Zhejiang Province, China: Evidence Based on Health Belief Model
Conclusions: Poor knowledge and negative attitude towards SIV were associated with the poor acceptance of SIV. Health providers’ recommendations were important to pregnant women’s acceptance of SIV. Health education and direct communication strategies on SIV vaccination and influenza infection are necessary to improve the acceptance of SIV vaccination among pregnant women. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 11, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yu Hu Ying Wang Hui Liang Yaping Chen Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1552: Same Abbreviated Injury Scale Values May Be Associated with Different Risks to Mortality in Trauma Patients: A Cross-Sectional Retrospective Study Based on the Trauma Registry System in a Level I Trauma Center
This study found that the risks to mortality in the patients with a given AIS value of serious to critical injury in different injured body regions were not the same, even after controlling for confounding variables such as sex, age, comorbidities, and ISS. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 11, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cheng-Shyuan Rau Shao-Chun Wu Pao-Jen Kuo Yi-Chun Chen Peng-Chen Chien Hsiao-Yun Hsieh Ching-Hua Hsieh Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1549: Practicing Dentists ’ Self-Efficacy and Associated Factors in Managing the Treatment of Adults with Mental and Physical Disabilities: An Exploratory Cross-Sectional Study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Conclusions: The findings of the present study highlight that a large percentage of dentists reported “Low/Moderate” self-efficacy in managing AMPD, particularly among female dentists. However, further studies are required to verify the factors associated with self-efficacy in the present study, and to identify other factors that may influence self-efficacy in managing AMPD. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 11, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sakher AlQahtani Ebtissam Zakaria Murshid Hani Talal Fadel Saba Kassim Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1553: Effects of Weight Loss on Advanced Glycation End Products in Subjects with and without Diabetes: A Preliminary Report
Clifton Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) are formed endogenously as a normal ageing process and during food processing. High levels of AGEs have been implicated in the development of both macrovascular disease and microvascular disease. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to determine whether a major AGE species, Nε-carboxymethyllysine (CML), was reduced after weight loss. CML values decreased by 17% after weight loss. Participants with diabetes and pre-diabetes had a lower CML values at baseline and a smaller change in CML than overweight participants without diabetes. We conclude that, in additio...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 11, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Permal Deo Jennifer Keogh Naomi Price Peter Clifton Tags: Communication Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1534: Rapid Assessment of Stakeholder Concerns about Public Health. An Introduction to a Fast and Inexpensive Approach Applied on Health Concerns about Intensive Animal Production Systems
ebret To effectively manage environmental health risks, stakeholders often need to act collectively. Stakeholders vary in their desire to act due to many factors, such as knowledge, risk perception, interests, and worldviews. Understanding their perceptions of the issues at stake is crucial to support the risk governance process. Even though concern assessment is a pivotal element of risk governance, few tools for rapid assessment are reported in the literature. We tested a rapid and relatively cheap approach, taking the Dutch debate on Intensive Animal Production Systems (IAPS) and health as an example. Dutch policy-o...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 11, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Marleen Kraaij-Dirkzwager Joost van der Ree Erik Lebret Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1555: Exploratory Temporal and Spatial Analysis of Myocardial Infarction Hospitalizations in Calgary, Canada
zon Spatial and temporal analyses are critical to understand the pattern of myocardial infarction (MI) hospitalizations over space and time, and to identify their underlying determinants. In this paper, we analyze MI hospitalizations in Calgary from 2004 to 2013, stratified by age and gender. First, a seasonal trend decomposition analyzes the seasonality; then a linear regression models the trend component. Moran’s I and hot spot analyses explore the spatial pattern. Though exploratory, results show that most age and gender groups feature a statistically significant decline over the 10 years, consistent with prev...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 11, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xiaoxiao Liu Stefania Bertazzon Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1556: Investigating Lushan Earthquake Victims ’ Individual Behavior Response and Rescue Organization
This study examined this relationship along with effectiveness of earthquake rescue measures. The six most severely destroyed townships during the Lushan earthquake were examined; 28 villages and three earthquake victims’ settlement camp areas were selected as research areas. Inclusion criteria comprised living in Lushan county for a longtime, living in Lushan county during the 2013 Lushan earthquake, and having one’s home destroyed. Earthquake victims with an intellectual disability or communication problems were excluded. The earthquake victims (N (number) = 5165, male = 2396) completed a questionnaire (respo...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 11, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Peng Kang Yipeng Lv Qiangyu Deng Yuan Liu Yi Zhang Xu Liu Lulu Zhang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1554: Food (In)Security in Rapidly Urbanising, Low-Income Contexts
i Urbanisation in low and middle-income nations presents both opportunities and immense challenges. As urban centres grow rapidly, inadequate housing and the lack of basic infrastructure and services affect a large and growing proportion of their population. There is also a growing body of evidence on urban poverty and its links with environmental hazards. There is, however, limited knowledge of how these challenges affect the ways in which poor urban residents gain access to food and secure healthy and nutritious diets. With some important exceptions, current discussions on food security continue to focus on productio...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 11, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cecilia Tacoli Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1548: Differences in Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage Cases between Urban and Rural Regions of Taiwan: Big Data Analytics of Government Open Data
This study evaluated the differences in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) between rural and urban areas of Taiwan with big data analysis. We used big data analytics and visualization tools to examine government open data, which included the residents’ health medical administrative data, economic status, educational status, and relevant information. The study subjects included sICH patients of Taipei region (29,741 cases) and Eastern Taiwan (4565 cases). The incidence of sICH per 100,000 population per year in Eastern Taiwan (71.3 cases) was significantly higher than that of the Taipei region (42.3 cases). T...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 10, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hsien-Wei Ting Ting-Ying Chien K. Lai Ren-Hao Pan Kuan-Hsien Wu Jun-Min Chen Chien-Lung Chan Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1547: Does the Short-Term Effect of Air Pollution Influence the Incidence of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Different Patient Groups? Big Data Analysis in Taiwan
This study used big data analysis to explore the impact of air pollution on the risk of sICH in patients of differing age and geographic location. 39,053 cases were included in this study; 14,041 in the Taipei region (Taipei City and New Taipei City), 5537 in Taoyuan City, 7654 in Taichung City, 4739 in Tainan City, and 7082 in Kaohsiung City. The results of correlation analysis indicated that there were two pollutants groups, the CO and NO2 group and the PM2.5 and PM10 group. Furthermore, variations in the correlations of sICH with air pollutants were identified in different age groups. The co-factors of the influence of ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 10, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ting-Ying Chien Hsien-Wei Ting Chien-Lung Chan Nan-Ping Yang Ren-Hao Pan K. Lai Su-In Hung Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1545: Urinary Concentrations of Triclosan, Benzophenone-3, and Bisphenol A in Taiwanese Children and Adolescents
Tsai The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of urinary triclosan (TCS), benzophenone-3 (BP-3), and bisphenol A (BPA) in 52 children and 71 adolescents. The effects of age and sex on the levels of urinary TCS, BP-3, and BPA were explored, respectively. Results demonstrated the overall detection rates of urinary TCS, BP-3, and BPA were 18.7%, 8.1%, and 49.6%, respectively. The females had higher TCS concentrations than males (p = 0.051). The detection rate of urinary BP-3 in females (12.3%) was higher than that in males (0%) (p = 0.015). Moreover, the detection rate of urinary BP-3 in adolescents (14.1%) ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 10, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Fu-Kuei Chang Jentaie Shiea Hsin-Jen Tsai Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1546: Race, Ethnicity, Income Concentration and 10-Year Change in Urban Greenness in the United States
Conclusions: Census tracts with a higher proportion of racial/ethnic minorities, compared to a higher proportion of White residents, had less greenness in 2001 and lost more greenness between 2001 and 2011. Policies are needed to increase greenness, a health-promoting neighborhood asset, in disadvantaged communities. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 10, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Joan Casey Peter James Lara Cushing Bill Jesdale Rachel Morello-Frosch Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1544: An Exploration of Intent to Use Telehealth at Home for Patients with Chronic Diseases
Lun Kuo Telecare is defined as care practiced at a distance. It is an effective strategy for improving the self-health care management of home-patients with chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to explore the intent to use of telehealth patients. The correlation between the self-care behaviors, the intent to use of telehealth, and the effects on physiological indicators of patients with chronic disease at home were studied. A cross-sectional study design employing purposive sampling was selected. The structured questionnaire ‘Telecare Usage Intention Scale and Self-Care Behavior Scale’ were used,...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 9, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shu-Lin Uei Yu-Ming Kuo Chung-Hung Tsai Yu-Lun Kuo Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1542: Setting Housing Standards to Improve Global Health
sholm Developing World Health Organization international guidelines is a highly formal process. Yet the resulting guidelines, which Member States are encouraged, but not required to adopt, are a powerful way of developing rigorous policy and fostering implementation. Using the example of the housing and health guidelines, which are currently being finalised, this paper outlines the process for developing WHO guidelines. This includes: forming a Guidelines Review Group that represents all regions of the world, and ensures gender balance and technical expertise; identifying key health outcomes of interest; commissioning ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 9, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Philippa Howden-Chapman Nathalie Roebbel Elinor Chisholm Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1543: Individual Data Linkage of Survey Data with Claims Data in Germany —An Overview Based on a Cohort Study
IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1543: Individual Data Linkage of Survey Data with Claims Data in Germany—An Overview Based on a Cohort Study International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph14121543 Authors: Stefanie March Research based on health insurance data has a long tradition in Germany. By contrast, data linkage of survey data with such claims data is a relatively new field of research with high potential. Data linkage opens up new opportunities for analyses in the field of health services research and public health. Germany has comprehensive rules and regulations of data pr...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 9, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Stefanie March Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1532: Prevalence and Determinants of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-Sectional Study in China
Conclusions: Women in the second pregnancy do not appear to predict an increased risk for developing GDM than women in the first pregnancy. High-risk groups of GDM included women in their late pregnancy, aged 36–45 years old, and with hypertension. The findings will contribute to an improved understanding of social and behavioral determinants of GDM in Chinese population and contribute to the development of health-prevention promotion interventions to address GDM. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xianglong Xu Ying Liu Dengyuan Liu Xiaoming Li Yunshuang Rao Manoj Sharma Yong Zhao Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1541: Cumulative IT Use Is Associated with Psychosocial Stress Factors and Musculoskeletal Symptoms
This study aimed to examine the relationship between cumulative use of electronic devices and musculoskeletal symptoms. Smartphones and tablet computers are very popular and people may own or operate several devices at the same time. High prevalence rates of musculoskeletal symptoms associated with intensive computer use have been reported. However, research focusing on mobile devices is only just emerging in recent years. In this study, 285 persons participated including 140 males and 145 females (age range 18–50). The survey consisted of self-reported estimation of daily information technology (IT) exposure hours, ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Billy So Andy Cheng Grace Szeto Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1537: A Meta-Analysis of Risk Factors for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults and Children after Earthquakes
ulu Zhang PTSD is considered the most common negative psychological reactions among survivors following an earthquake. The present study sought to find out the determinants of PTSD in earthquake survivors using a systematic meta-analysis. Four electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and PsycInfo) were used to search for observational studies about PTSD following earthquakes. The literature search, study selection, and data extraction were conducted independently by two authors. 52 articles were included in the study. Summary estimates, subgroup analysis, and publication bias tests were performed on the da...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bihan Tang Qiangyu Deng Deborah Glik Junqiang Dong Lulu Zhang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1536: Using Grey Relational Analysis to Evaluate Energy Consumption, CO2 Emissions and Growth Patterns in China ’s Provincial Transportation Sectors
IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1536: Using Grey Relational Analysis to Evaluate Energy Consumption, CO2 Emissions and Growth Patterns in China’s Provincial Transportation Sectors International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph14121536 Authors: Changwei Yuan Dayong Wu Hongchao Liu The transportation sector is a complex system. Collecting transportation activity and the associated emissions data is extremely expensive and time-consuming. Grey Relational Analysis provides a viable alternative to overcome data insufficiency and gives insights for decision makers into such a compl...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Changwei Yuan Dayong Wu Hongchao Liu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1538: Spatiotemporal Variations and Driving Factors of Air Pollution in China
ianhui Yu In recent years, severe and persistent air pollution episodes in China have drawn wide public concern. Based on ground monitoring air quality data collected in 2015 in Chinese cities above the prefectural level, this study identifies the spatiotemporal variations of air pollution and its associated driving factors in China using descriptive statistics and geographical detector methods. The results show that the average air pollution ratio and continuous air pollution ratio across Chinese cities in 2015 were 23.1 ± 16.9% and 16.2 ± 14.8%. The highest levels of air pollution ratio and continuous a...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Dongsheng Zhan Mei-Po Kwan Wenzhong Zhang Shaojian Wang Jianhui Yu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1531: A Qualitative Study of Secondary School Teachers ’ Perception of Social Network Analysis Metrics in the Context of Alcohol Consumption among Adolescents
This study tries to understand how teachers perceive SNA metrics from an intuitive point of view. Using this information, useful tools could be created that allow teachers to use SNA techniques to improve their understanding of student relationships. A number of interviews with different teachers were held in secondary schools in Spain, allowing SNA concepts to be related to the everyday terms used by the teachers to characterize their students. Results from the study have an impact on questionnaire design for gathering data from students in order to perform an SNA analysis and on the design of software applications that c...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Enedina Quiroga Isa ías García Jos é Benítez-Andrades Carmen Benavides Vicente Mart ín Pilar Marqu és-Sánchez Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1530: Do Emotional Components of Alexithymia Mediate the Interplay between Cyberbullying Victimization and Perpetration?
Wright A substantial amount of research has revealed that cyberbully-victims have more emotional and behavioral problems than either cyberbullying victims or perpetrators. However, until now, little research has been conducted into the factors that contribute to the interplay between cyberbullying victimization and perpetration. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between cyberbullying victimization, perpetration, and two emotional components of alexithymia, namely difficulties in identifying and describing one’s own feelings. Self-report questions were administered to 1549 adolescents betw...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sebastian Wachs Ludwig Bilz Saskia Fischer Michelle Wright Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1535: Tackling Health Disparities for People Who Are Homeless? Start with Social Determinants
Conclusions: Treating homelessness as a combined health and social issue is critical to improving the abysmal health outcomes of people experiencing homelessness. In addition, the enormous economic costs of hospital care for people who are homeless can be reduced when housing and other social determinants are taken into account. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Amanda Stafford Lisa Wood Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1539: WHO Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region: A Systematic Review on Environmental Noise and Annoyance
uemer Background: This paper describes a systematic review and meta-analyses on effects of environmental noise on annoyance. The noise sources include aircraft, road, and rail transportation noise as well as wind turbines and noise source combinations. Objectives: Update knowledge about effects of environmental noise on people living in the vicinity of noise sources. Methods: Eligible were published studies (2000–2014) providing comparable acoustical and social survey data including exposure-response functions between standard indicators of noise exposure and standard annoyance responses. The systematic literatur...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rainer Guski Dirk Schreckenberg Rudolf Schuemer Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1540: The Family Affluence Scale as an Indicator for Socioeconomic Status: Validation on Regional Income Differences in the Czech Republic
Clercq The Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study (HBSC) uses the Family Affluence Scale (FAS) as a tool to identify the socioeconomic status of children and adolescents. Even though it is now widely applied in research studies, the external criterion validation of FAS has not been verified in terms of objective economic indicators in Central Europe. The aim of this study is to validate FAS in terms of disposable income per capita in 14 Czech administrative regions. Regional differences in the FAS score were analyzed using Pearson correlation and linear regression to measure the dependency of the aggregated me...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Vladimir Hobza Zdenek Hamrik Jens Bucksch Bart De Clercq Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1533: Class and Health Inequality in Later Life: Patterns, Mechanisms and Implications for Policy
o The growth of the post-retirement population, which has occurred as a result of rapid growth in life expectancy coupled with the ageing of the baby boomer cohort, has led to significant concern. This concern, however, typically neglects the heterogeneity of later life experiences and how these are patterned by inequalities that reflect how process of social stratification continue to operate into later life. This paper draws on a programme of work, based on analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, to empirically examine questions of inequality in later life. It begins by illustrating the patterning of he...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: James Nazroo Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1526: Pets, Purity and Pollution: Why Conventional Models of Disease Transmission Do Not Work for Pet Rat Owners
ristley In the United Kingdom, following the emergence of Seoul hantavirus in pet rat owners in 2012, public health authorities tried to communicate the risk of this zoonotic disease, but had limited success. To explore this lack of engagement with health advice, we conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews with pet rat owners and analysed them using a grounded theory approach. The findings from these interviews suggest that rat owners construct their pets as different from wild rats, and by elevating the rat to the status of a pet, the powerful associations that rats have with dirt and disease are removed. Removi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 7, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Charlotte Robin Elizabeth Perkins Francine Watkins Robert Christley Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1517: The Effect of Branding to Promote Healthy Behavior: Reducing Tobacco Use among Youth and Young Adults
This study examines whether positive brand equity for the national truth® campaign is associated with lower likelihood of cigarette use over time using the nationally representative Truth Longitudinal Cohort of youth and young adults, aged 15–21. Logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between brand equity and the likelihood of reporting past 30-day smoking over a 12-month period. Respondents who reported positive brand equity were significantly less likely to report past 30-day smoking 12 months later (OR = 0.66, p < 0.05), controlling for covariates known to influence tobacco...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 7, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Donna Vallone Marisa Greenberg Haijun Xiao Morgane Bennett Jennifer Cantrell Jessica Rath Elizabeth Hair Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1528: Adsorption of Pb(II) and Cu(II) by Ginkgo-Leaf-Derived Biochar Produced under Various Carbonization Temperatures and Times
This study evaluated the physicochemical properties and adsorption characteristics of gingko-leaf-derived biochar samples produced under different carbonization conditions regarding Pb(II) and Cu(II). The biochar samples that were produced at 800 °C for 90 and 120 min contained the highest oxygen- and nitrogen-substituted carbons, which might contribute to a high metal-adsorption rate. The intensity of the phosphate bond was increased with the increasing of the carbonization temperature up to 800 °C and after 90 min of carbonization. The Pb(II) and Cu(II) adsorption capacities were the highest when the gingko-leaf-...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 7, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Myoung-Eun Lee Jin Park Jae Chung Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1527: Stress-Induced Hyperglycemia in Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Analysis to Explore the Definition Based on the Trauma Registry Data
Conclusions: In this study, a cut-off glucose level of 250 mg/dL was selected to provide a better definition of SIH in DM than glucose levels of 300 mg/dL or 350 mg/dL. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 7, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cheng-Shyuan Rau Shao-Chun Wu Yi-Chun Chen Peng-Chen Chien Hsiao-Yun Hsieh Pao-Jen Kuo Ching-Hua Hsieh Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1529: Response to Comments on Zheng et al. “Association between Promoter Methylation of Gene ERCC3 and Benzene Hematotoxicity” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1393
IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1529: Response to Comments on Zheng et al. “Association between Promoter Methylation of Gene ERCC3 and Benzene Hematotoxicity” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1393 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph14121529 Authors: Caihong Xing Min Zheng We would like to thank Moshammer and Poteser for their comments [...] (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 7, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Caihong Xing Min Zheng Tags: Reply Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1525: Nature Cure and Non-Communicable Diseases: Ecological Therapy as Health Care in India
Nair With rapidly increasing rates of non-communicable diseases, India is experiencing a dramatic public health crisis that is closely linked to changing lifestyles and the growth of the middle-class. In this essay we discuss how the practice of Nature Cure provides a way of understanding the scale and scope of the crisis, as it is embodied, and a way to understand key elements of a solution to problems that the crisis presents for institutionalized health care. As institutionalized in contemporary India, Nature Cure involves treatment and managed care using earth, air, sunlight, and water as well as a strict dietary ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 7, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Joseph Alter R. Nair Rukmani Nair Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1519: Health Co-Benefits of Green Building Design Strategies and Community Resilience to Urban Flooding: A Systematic Review of the Evidence
ado Climate change is increasingly exacerbating existing population health hazards, as well as resulting in new negative health effects. Flooding is one particularly deadly example of its amplifying and expanding effect on public health. This systematic review considered evidence linking green building strategies in the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design® (LEED) Rating System with the potential to reduce negative health outcomes following exposure to urban flooding events. Queries evaluated links between LEED credit requirements and risk of exposure to urban flooding, environmental determinants of health...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 6, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Adele Houghton Carlos Castillo-Salgado Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1518: Exploring Determinants of Spatial Variations in the Dengue Fever Epidemic Using Geographically Weighted Regression Model: A Case Study in the Joint Guangzhou-Foshan Area, China, 2014
In this study, the neighboring Guangzhou and Foshan (GF) cities were considered as a joint area for characterizing the spatial variations in the 2014 DF epidemic at various grid levels from 1 × 1 km2 to 6 × 6 km2. On an appropriate scale, geographically weighted regression (GWR) models were employed to interpret the influences of socioeconomic and environmental factors on this epidemic across the GF area. DF transmissions in Guangzhou and Foshan cities presented synchronous temporal changes and spatial expansions during the main epidemic months. Across the GF area, this epidemic was obviously spatially featured...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 6, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hongyan Ren Lan Zheng Qiaoxuan Li Wu Yuan Liang Lu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1523: Prevalence of Self-Reported Diagnosed Cataract and Associated Risk Factors among Elderly South Africans
e Sokhela This paper estimates the prevalence of self-reported cataract and associated risk factors among individuals aged ≥50 years in South Africa. Data from a nationally-representative cross-sectional Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE) (N = 3646) conducted in South Africa from 2007–2008 was analyzed. The primary outcome was self-reported cataract, and exposures included socio-demographics, self-reported co-morbidities, and behavioral factors. Linearized multivariate logistic regression models were used. The weighted prevalence of self-reported diagnosed cataract was 4.4% (95%CI: 3.4–5.8). ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 6, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya Karl Peltzer Amelia Crampin Edmund Ahame Zinhle Sokhela Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1522: Association of Social Support and Medication Adherence in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
This study aims to examine whether social support is associated with medication adherence in patients with T2DM. This study was conducted in the First Affiliated Hospital of the General Hospital of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). In Beijing, a systematic random sample of 412 patients with T2DM over 18 years was recruited at baseline, and demographic characteristics, clinical data and their assessment of social support were collected from medical records and self-reported questionnaires. 330 of these patients completed a self-report measure of medication adherence at the sixth month after baseline data collection....
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 6, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Linni Gu Shaomin Wu Shuliang Zhao Huixuan Zhou Shengfa Zhang Min Gao Zhiyong Qu Weijun Zhang Donghua Tian Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1520: Promoting Long-Term Health among People with Spinal Cord Injury: What ’s New?
This study used a scoping review methodology to survey peer-reviewed journal articles and clinical guidelines published between January 2012 to June 2016. This search strategy identified 153 articles across 20 topics. A prevention framework is used to identify five primary, nine secondary, four tertiary, and two quaternary prevention issues about which family physicians require current information. Major changes in the management of SCI in primary care were noted for 8 of the 20 topics, specifically in the areas of pharmacological management of neuropathic pain and urinary tract infection; screening for bowel and bladder c...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 6, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mary McColl Shikha Gupta Karen Smith Alexander McColl Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1514: How to Obtain Forty Percent Less Environmental Impact by Healthy, Protein-Optimized Snacks for Older Adults
This study investigates the diversity in environmental impacts associated with snack production based on 20 common recipes optimized for protein content, energy content and sensory aspects for older adults. The purpose is to improve sustainability of public procurement by serving more sustainable snack-meals. Public procurement serves Danish older adults over millions of snack-meals every year, and millions more are served in countries with a similar social service. The environmental impact of snack production was estimated by consequential life cycle assessment. The average impact of producing the 10 least environmentally...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 6, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Henrik Saxe Signe Loftager Okkels J ørgen Jensen Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1521: Building-Based Analysis of the Spatial Provision of Urban Parks in Shenzhen, China
This study designed a solution based on the spatial association between urban parks and buildings where people live or work to identify whether people in different buildings have nearby urban parks available for their daily lives. A building density map based on building floor area (BFA) was used to illustrate the spatial distribution of urban parks and five indices were designed to measure the scales, service coverage and potential service loads of urban parks and reveal areas lacking urban park services in an acceptable walking distance. With such solution, we investigated the provision of urban parks in ten districts of...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 6, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wenxiu Gao Qiang Lyu Xiang Fan Xiaochun Yang Jiangtao Liu Xirui Zhang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1524: Impacts of Small-Scale Industrialized Swine Farming on Local Soil, Water and Crop Qualities in a Hilly Red Soil Region of Subtropical China
This study investigated 168 small-scale pig farms and 29 example pig farms in Yujiang County of China to examine current and potential impacts of pig wastes on soil, water and crop qualities in the hilly red soil region, China. The results indicated that the small-scale pig farms produced considerable annual yields of wastes, with medians of 216, 333 and 773 ton yr−1 per pig farm for manure, urine and washing wastewater, respectively, which has had significant impact on surface water quality. Taking NH4+-N, total nitrogen (TN) or total phosphorus (TP) as a criterion to judge water quality, the proportions of Class II...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 6, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Di Zhang Xingxiang Wang Zhigao Zhou Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1509: Pollution Emissions, Environmental Policy, and Marginal Abatement Costs
Ou Pollution emissions impose serious social negative externalities, especially in terms of public health. To reduce pollution emissions cost-effectively, the marginal abatement costs (MACs) of pollution emissions must be determined. Since the industrial sectors are the essential pillars of China’s economic growth, as well as leading energy consumers and sulfur dioxide (SO2) emitters, estimating MACs of SO2 emissions at the industrial level can provide valuable information for all abatement efforts. This paper tries to address the critical and essential issue in pollution abatement: How do we determine the MACs ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ling-Yun He Jia-Jia Ou Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1510: The Relationships between PM2.5 and Meteorological Factors in China: Seasonal and Regional Variations
In this study, the relationships between PM2.5 concentration and meteorological factors were investigated in 68 major cities in China for a continuous period of 22 months from February 2013 to November 2014, at season, year, city, and regional scales, and the spatial and seasonal variations were analyzed. The meteorological factors were relative humidity (RH), temperature (TEM), wind speed (WS), and surface pressure (PS). We found that spatial and seasonal variations of their relationships with PM2.5 exist. Spatially, RH is positively correlated with PM2.5 concentration in north China and Urumqi, but the relationship turns...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Qianqian Yang Qiangqiang Yuan Tongwen Li Huanfeng Shen Liangpei Zhang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1512: Gaming Device Usage Patterns Predict Internet Gaming Disorder: Comparison across Different Gaming Device Usage Patterns
This study was designed to explore gaming behaviors and clinical characteristics across different gaming device usage patterns and the role of the patterns on Internet gaming disorder (IGD). Responders of an online survey regarding smartphone and online game usage were classified by different gaming device usage patterns: (1) individuals who played only computer games; (2) individuals who played computer games more than smartphone games; (3) individuals who played computer and smartphone games evenly; (4) individuals who played smartphone games more than computer games; (5) individuals who played only smartphone games. Dat...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Soo-Hyun Paik Hyun Cho Ji-Won Chun Jo-Eun Jeong Dai-Jin Kim Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1511: The Metal Neurotoxins: An Important Role in Current Human Neural Epidemics?
d Many published studies have illustrated that several of the present day neurological epidemics (autism, attention deficit disorder, Alzheimer’s) cannot be correlated to any single neurotoxicant. However, the present scientific examination of the numerous global blood monitoring databases for adults that include the concentrations of the neurotoxic elements, aluminum (Al), arsenic (As), lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), and selenium (Se) clearly indicate that, when considered in combination, for some, the human body may become easily over-burdened. This can be explained by changes in modern lifestyles. Si...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Keith Schofield Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1515: Evaluation of Chronic Disease Prevention and Control Public Service Advertisement on the Awareness and Attitude Change among Urban Population in Chongqing, China: A Cross-Sectional Study
This study did not show significant differences on chronic disease related knowledge between the participants who have seen the advertisement and who have not seen the advertisement. The public service advertisement may help participants improve the attitude of future behavior change. Further researches combining the sustained intervention and support through clinical and community health programs media campaigns are needed to support public health. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tingting Wu Ping Hu Hao Huang Chengbin Wu Zhirong Fu Lei Du Xianglong Xu Zumin Shi Yong Zhao Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1516: Psychological Distress and Zika, Dengue and Chikungunya Symptoms Following the 2016 Earthquake in Bah ía de Caráquez, Ecuador
IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1516: Psychological Distress and Zika, Dengue and Chikungunya Symptoms Following the 2016 Earthquake in Bahía de Caráquez, Ecuador International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph14121516 Authors: Anna Stewart-Ibarra Anita Hargrave Avriel Diaz Aileen Kenneson David Madden Moory Romero Juan Molina David Macias Saltos On 16 April 2016, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck coastal Ecuador, resulting in significant mortality and morbidity, damages to infrastructure, and psychological trauma. This event coincided with the first outbreak...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Anna Stewart-Ibarra Anita Hargrave Avriel Diaz Aileen Kenneson David Madden Moory Romero Juan Molina David Macias Saltos Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1513: Associations between Urinary Phthalate Metabolites and Serum Anti-M üller Hormone Levels in U.S. Men Based on National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003–2004
This study aimed to explore the relationship between urinary phthalate metabolites and serum AMH level in the general male population. Cross-sectional analyses were performed with a population of 489 men aged more than 12 years who participated in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003–2004 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the United States. NHANES public data (demographic and socioeconomic information, examinations, and laboratory tests) were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test, Wilcoxon test and multivariable regression. Results showed that the urine concentration of mono (3-car...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 5, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ningning Li Yaqi Li Hao Meng Hanqing Sun Di Wu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1502: The Synergetic Effect of Cash Transfers for Families, Child Sensitive Social Protection Programs, and Capacity Building for Effective Social Protection on Children ’s Nutritional Status in Nepal
Conclusions: Targeted resource transfers for families, augmented with a child sensitive social protection program and capacity building for social protection can address effectively child malnutrition. To increase the intervention effectiveness on younger children, the child cash payment amount needs to be revisited and closely embedded into infant and young child feeding initiatives, but also adjusted to equate to 20% of household expenditure or more to maximize the diversity of food available to young children. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 4, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Andre Renzaho Stanley Chitekwe Wen Chen Sanjay Rijal Thakur Dhakal Pradiumna Dahal Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 14, Pages 1508: Study on Spatial Spillover Effects of Logistics Industry Development for Economic Growth in the Yangtze River Delta City Cluster Based on Spatial Durbin Model
ang The overall entropy method is used to evaluate the development level of the logistics industry in the city based on a mechanism analysis of the spillover effect of the development of the logistics industry on economic growth, according to the panel data of 26 cities in the Yangtze River delta. On this basis, the paper uses the spatial durbin model to study the direct impact of the development of the logistics industry on economic growth and the spatial spillover effect. The results show that the direct impact coefficient of the development of the logistics industry in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration on ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 4, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xinxing Xu Yuhong Wang Tags: Article Source Type: research