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IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 394: Content of Heavy Metal in the Dust of Leisure Squares and Its Health Risk Assessment —A Case Study of Yanta District in Xi’an
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 394: Content of Heavy Metal in the Dust of Leisure Squares and Its Health Risk Assessment—A Case Study of Yanta District in Xi’an International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15030394 Authors: Tianjie Shao Lihuan Pan Zhiqing Chen Ruiyuan Wang Wenjing Li Qing Qin Yuran He Taking Yanta District in Xi’an as the research object, the present study measures the contents of Cadmium (Cd), Lead (Pb), Copper (Cu), Nickel (Ni), and Chromium (Cr) in dust samples and further assesses the health risk of heavy metals intake through dust b...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 25, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tianjie Shao Lihuan Pan Zhiqing Chen Ruiyuan Wang Wenjing Li Qing Qin Yuran He Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 395: The Association between Maternal Stress and Childhood Eczema: A Systematic Review
ang Ka Chow Eczema is a chronic atopic disease that is highly prevalent among children worldwide. Identification of factors that may contribute to childhood eczema is needed in order to develop strategies in its prevention. Over the past decade, accumulating evidence has suggested a potential correlation between the experience of stress by mothers and the risk of eczema development in their child. The present review attempts to provide an overview of the studies that contribute data on this correlation. The literature search was conducted using five databases, resulting in the inclusion of eleven studies in the revie...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 25, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Carmen Chan Bernard Law Yun-Hong Liu Alexandra Ambrocio Natasha Au Melody Jiang Ka Chow Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 391: Sharply Reduced but Still Heavy Self-Harm Burdens in Hubei Province, China, 1990 –2015
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 391: Sharply Reduced but Still Heavy Self-Harm Burdens in Hubei Province, China, 1990–2015 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15020391 Authors: Jingju Pan Lan Zhang Yumeng Tang Qian Li Chuanhua Yu Tianjing He The aims of this study were to describe fatal and non-fatal self-harm burdens, as well as burdens from the main preventable risk factors, and to investigate the different suicide methods in Hubei province in central China utilizing data from both Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 and Hubei Disease Surveillance Points sys...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 24, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jingju Pan Lan Zhang Yumeng Tang Qian Li Chuanhua Yu Tianjing He Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 392: Preparing Physical and Occupational Therapists to Be Health Promotion Practitioners: A Call for Action
ins Experts around the world support the integration of health promotion and wellness (HPW) services into traditional health care services. If successfully executed, the addition of HPW services would reduce rates of death and disability and significantly reduce health care costs. While all health care providers should be engaged in providing HPW services, many believe that physical therapists (PTs) and occupational therapists (OTs) are uniquely positioned to provide these services. However, research suggests that clinicians in both fields may fall short in doing so. Likewise, research indicates that entry-level educat...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 24, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: David Morris Gavin Jenkins Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 393: Investigation of a Brownfield Conflict Considering the Strength of Preferences
Pei By employing the Graph Model for Conflict Resolution methodology, this paper models and analyzes a brownfield conflict that occurred at the Changzhou Foreign Language School in Jiangsu, China, in 2016. This conflict made national headlines when news reports revealed that a large number of students and staff suffered from health issues after the school moved to a new site that is built on recently restored land adjacent to the original “Chang Long Chemical” block. Since stakeholders in the conflict hold different strengths of preference, a new option prioritization technique is employed to elicit both cr...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 24, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jing Yu Ling-Ling Pei Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 384: Australia ’s Ongoing Legacy of Asbestos: Significant Challenges Remain Even after the Complete Banning of Asbestos Almost Fifteen Years Ago
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 384: Australia’s Ongoing Legacy of Asbestos: Significant Challenges Remain Even after the Complete Banning of Asbestos Almost Fifteen Years Ago International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15020384 Authors: Matthew Soeberg Deborah Vallance Victoria Keena Ken Takahashi James Leigh The most effective way of reducing the global burden of asbestos-related diseases is through the implementation of asbestos bans and minimising occupational and non-occupational exposure to respirable asbestos fibres. Australia’s asbestos consumption peaked ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 23, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Matthew Soeberg Deborah Vallance Victoria Keena Ken Takahashi James Leigh Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 385: Immune Responses to Dengue and Zika Viruses —Guidance for T Cell Vaccine Development
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 385: Immune Responses to Dengue and Zika Viruses—Guidance for T Cell Vaccine Development International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15020385 Authors: Claude Roth Félix Delgado Etienne Simon-Lorière Anavaj Sakuntabhai Despite numerous efforts to identify the molecular and cellular effectors of the adaptive immunity that induce a long-lasting immunity against dengue or Zika virus infection, the specific mechanisms underlying such protective immunity remain largely unknown. One of the major challenges lies in the high level of d...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 23, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Claude Roth F élix Delgado Etienne Simon-Lori ère Anavaj Sakuntabhai Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 386: Qualification of Food Intake by the Roma Population in the Region of South Bohemia
a Vera Adamkova The article presents the results of a correlation study, aimed at quantifying the food intake of the Roma population in the South Bohemian Region. To achieve the goal, we applied the method of one-day dietary recall and frequency food analysis (non-standardized). The quantification was carried out by analysis in the Nutridan program. The study involved 302 Roma persons and 298 persons in the control group. Both groups had the same representation of males and females (50:50). The age categories of both sets differed; the average age of the Roma was lower (39.2 years) (p < 0.001). The proband...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 23, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lenka Sedova Valerie Tothova Dita Novakova Vera Olisarova Sylva Bartlova Frantisek Dolak Alena Kajanova Radka Prokesova Vera Adamkova Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 388: Comparative Analysis of Major Mosquito Vectors Response to Seed-Derived Essential Oil and Seed Pod-Derived Extract from Acacia nilotica
Shivakumar Botanical metabolites are increasingly realized as potential replacements to chemical insecticides. In the present study, Acacia nilotica seed essential oil and seed pod solvent extracts were tested for bioefficacy against three important types of mosquitoes. Mortality was recorded 24 h post-treatment, while smoke toxicity of adult mosquitoes was recorded at 10 min intervals for 40 min. Seed pod powder was extracted with different solvents and hydrodistilled seed oil chemical constituents were determined by using Gas chromatography mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) -. Larvicidal and adulticidal efficacy of seed hyd...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 23, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Perumal Vivekanandhan Raji Venkatesan Govindaraju Ramkumar Sengodan Karthi Sengottayan Senthil-Nathan Muthugoundar Shivakumar Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 387: Advances in Residential Design Related to the Influence of Geomagnetism
chez-Ostiz Since the origin of the Modern Movement, there has been a basic commitment to improving housing conditions and the well-being of occupants, especially given the prediction that 2/3 of humanity will reside in cities by 2050. Moreover, a compact model of the city with tall buildings and urban densification at this scale will be generated. Continuous constructive and technological advances have developed solid foundations on safety, energy efficiency, habitability, and sustainability in housing design. However, studies on improving the quality of life in these areas continue to be a challenge for architects an...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 23, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Francisco Glaria Israel Arnedo Ana S ánchez-Ostiz Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 389: The Role of Culex pipiens L. (Diptera: Culicidae) in Virus Transmission in Europe
Nicholas Johnson Over the past three decades, a range of mosquito-borne viruses that threaten public and veterinary health have emerged or re-emerged in Europe. Mosquito surveillance activities have highlighted the Culex pipiens species complex as being critical for the maintenance of a number of these viruses. This species complex contains morphologically similar forms that exhibit variation in phenotypes that can influence the probability of virus transmission. Critical amongst these is the choice of host on which to feed, with different forms showing different feeding preferences. This influences the ability of the ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 23, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Victor A. Brugman Luis M. Hern ández-Triana Jolyon M. Medlock Anthony R. Fooks Simon Carpenter Nicholas Johnson Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 390: Assessment of Pressure Sources and Water Body Resilience: An Integrated Approach for Action Planning in a Polluted River Basin
ich The present study develops an integrated methodology combining the results of the water-quality classification, according to the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC—WFD, with those of a mathematical integrity model. It is able to analyse the potential anthropogenic impacts on the receiving water body and to help municipal decision-makers when selecting short/medium/long-term strategic mitigation actions to be performed in a territory. Among the most important causes of water-quality degradation in a river, the focus is placed on pollutants from urban wastewater. In particular, the proposed approach evaluates...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 23, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Domenica Mirauda Marco Ostoich Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 380: Prevalence of Oral Clefts among Live Births in Gansu Province, China
Conclusions: The prevalence of OCs among live births in Gansu Province in 2008 was higher than the prevalence of OCs in other provinces in China. The high prevalence may reflect the need for further etiological studies to explore the potential risk factors in this region. In addition, more subtype information needs to be collected in future prevalence studies for better understanding of the epidemiologic pattern of the disease. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 23, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mengying Wang Ruogu Meng Zhuqing Wang Dongjing Liu Hui Huang Chuyun Kang Hongtian Li Tao Wu Siyan Zhan Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 381: Applicability of the Nordic Occupational Skin Questionnaire for Screening Contact Dermatological Disorders in Sea Fishers
In conclusion, the administration of the NOSQ can be useful in preliminary screening for dermatitis in fishermen, although it could show a possible overestimation of the prevalence of transient itchy wheals. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 23, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Piero Lovreglio Rossana Rotondi Patrizia Chiarappa Paolo Romita Ignazio Drago Fabrizio Guarneri Antonella Basso Leonardo Soleo Caterina Foti Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 382: Prevalence and Gender-Specific Influencing Factors of Hypertension among Chinese Adults: A Cross-Sectional Survey Study in Nanchang, China
g Yuanan Lu Hypertension has become the leading cause of death worldwide; data on hypertension among Nanchang adults are sparse. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and gender-specific influencing factors of hypertension in adults in Nanchang, China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a representative sample of 2722 Chinese residents aged 18 years and above between May and September 2016, with a response rate of 92.4% (2516/2722). A stratified cluster sampling method was adopted in this study. Data on prevalence and influencing factors were obtained from a standard questionnaire and physi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 23, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hui Zhou Kai Wang Xiaojun Zhou Shiying Ruan Shaohui Gan Siyuan Cheng Yuanan Lu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 383: New Evidence on the Effect of Medical Insurance on the Obesity Risk of Rural Residents: Findings from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS, 2004 –2011)
This study aims to investigate the impact of health insurance on the risk of obesity in rural China using longitudinal data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). We employed pooled ordinary least squares (OLS), probit estimation, and pooled two-stage least squares (2SLS) for an instrumental variable (IV). The IV model revealed that New rural cooperative medical insurance (NRCMS) participation had a significant positive impact on people’s tendency towards unhealthy lifestyles, for instances, high-fat food (8.01% for female and 7.35% for male), cigarette smoking (25% for male), heavy drinking (25% for fema...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 23, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jian Zhao Chang Su Huijun Wang Zhihong Wang Bing Zhan Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 373: Young Women ’s Perspectives of Their Adolescent Treatment Programs: A Qualitative Study
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 373: Young Women’s Perspectives of Their Adolescent Treatment Programs: A Qualitative Study International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15020373 Authors: Miriam Clark Rohanna Buchanan Leslie Leve The perspectives of at-risk adolescent clients can play an important role in informing treatment services. The current study examines qualitative interview data from 15 young women with histories of maltreatment. Using a semi-structured qualitative interview approach, we asked the women to think retrospectively about their treatment experiences as ad...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Miriam Clark Rohanna Buchanan Leslie Leve Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 374: Monitoring Heavy Metal Contents with Sphagnum Junghuhnianum Moss Bags in Relation to Traffic Volume in Wuxi, China
ming Fang Despite its small size, a moss bag can reveal the different temporal and spatial deposition patterns of pollutants at a particular site; therefore, researchers can use moss bags to determine pollution sources and to put forward strategies for pollution control. Although the use of moss bags to monitor atmospheric pollution has been widely reported in Europe, there are few such empirical studies in China. Thus, in this study, bags containing the moss Sphagnum junghuhnianum were used to assess the concentrations of heavy metals (chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), vanadium (V), and zinc (Zn)) at five samplin...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rong Hu Yun Yan Xiaoli Zhou Yanan Wang Yanming Fang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 375: Empirical Examinations of Effects of Three-Level Green Exercise on Engagement with Nature and Physical Activity
ang Green exercise can be classified into three levels based on engagement with nature. Although this classification was proposed more than a decade ago, few studies have investigated it since. The present study examined the effects of green exercise levels on engagement with nature and physical activity (PA) through a field experiment. A questionnaire was distributed to 95 students from a technology university in Central Taiwan to measure their level of engagement with nature in people-environment transactions, while their PA was measured using three instruments. In addition, because social interaction may distract in...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ke-Tsung Han Po-Ching Wang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 376: Determinants of Quality of Life and Satisfaction with Life in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Palus The purpose of the study was to assess the quality of life (QoL) and satisfaction with life (SwL) of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in comparison with those of healthy controls, and to identify and analyze factors determining QoL and SwL in women with PCOS. The cross-sectional study was performed between January and November 2016 in 504 women using health care services in Poland. The study group comprised women with PCOS, the control group women without PCOS. The study used a diagnostic survey with questionnaires. Research instruments included the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQO...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ewa Rzo ńca Agnieszka Bie ń Artur Wdowiak Ryszard Szyma ński Gra żyna Iwanowicz-Palus Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 377: Exploring the Barriers: A Qualitative Study about the Experiences of Mid-SES Roma Navigating the Spanish Healthcare System
adell Whereas the topic of the ‘cultural sensitivity’ of healthcare systems has been addressed extensively in the US and the UK, literature on the subject in most European countries, specifically looking at the situation of Roma, is still scarce. Drawing on qualitative research conducted mainly in the city of Barcelona under the communicative approach with Roma subjects who have stable socioeconomic positions and higher cultural capitals (end-users, professionals of the healthcare system, and key informants of a regional policy oriented to the improvement of Roma living conditions), the present study aims t...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Emilia Aiello Ainhoa Flecha Olga Serradell Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 378: The Impacts of Regulations and Financial Development on the Operations of Supply Chains with Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Yuan To establish a micro foundation to understand the impacts of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission regulations and financial development levels on firms’ GHG emissions, we build a two-stage dynamic game model to incorporate GHG emission regulations (in terms of an emission tax) and financial development (represented by the corresponding financing cost) into a two-echelon supply chain. With the subgame perfect equilibrium, we identify the conditions to determine whether an emission regulatory policy and/or financial development can affect GHG emissions in the supply chain. We also reveal the impacts of the strictnes...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhuang Xiao Yixiang Tian Zheng Yuan Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 379: WHO Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region: A Systematic Review on Environmental Noise and Cardiovascular and Metabolic Effects: A Summary
a Foraster To update the current state of evidence and assess its quality, we conducted a systematic review on the effects of environmental noise exposure on the cardio-metabolic systems as input for the new WHO environmental noise guidelines for the European Region. We identified 600 references relating to studies on effects of noise from road, rail and air traffic, and wind turbines on the cardio-metabolic system, published between January 2000 and August 2015. Only 61 studies, investigating different end points, included information enabling estimation of exposure response relationships. These studies were used for ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Elise van Kempen Maribel Casas G öran Pershagen Maria Foraster Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 372: Adolescents ’ Sexual Wellbeing in Southwestern Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Assessment of Body Image, Self-Esteem and Gender Equitable Norms
The objective of this study was to assess sexual wellbeing in its broad sense—i.e., body image, self-esteem, and gender equitable norms—and associated factors in young adolescents in Uganda. A cross-sectional survey of adolescents ages 10–14 years in schools was carried out between June and July 2016. Among 1096 adolescents analyzed, the median age was 12 (Inter-Quartile Range (IQR): 11, 13) and 58% were female. Self-esteem and body image scores were high with median 24 (IQR: 22, 26, possible range: 7–28) and median 22 (IQR: 19, 24, possible range: 5–25) respectively. Gender equitable norms me...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Elizabeth Kemigisha Viola Nyakato Katharine Bruce Gad Ndaruhutse Ruzaaza Wendo Mlahagwa Anna Ninsiima Gily Coene Els Leye Kristien Michielsen Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 370: The Use of Manual Vacuum Aspiration in the Treatment of Incomplete Abortions: A Descriptive Study from Three Public Hospitals in Malawi
sabeth Darj Malawi has a high maternal mortality rate, of which unsafe abortion is a major cause. About 140,000 induced abortions are estimated every year, despite there being a restrictive abortion law in place. This leads to complications, such as incomplete abortions, which need to be treated to avoid further harm. Although manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) is a safe and cheap method of evacuating the uterus, the most commonly used method in Malawi is curettage. Medical treatment is used sparingly in the country, and the Ministry of Health has been trying to increase the use of MVA. The aim of this study was to investi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 21, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Maria Lisa Odland Gladys Membe-Gadama Ursula Kafulafula Geir W. Jacobsen James Kumwenda Elisabeth Darj Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 371: The Interrelationship between Family Violence, Adolescent Violence, and Adolescent Violent Victimization: An Application and Extension of the Cultural Spillover Theory in China
In conclusion, adolescents who had experienced violence in their family system were more likely to be exposed to violent peer influences and to accept violent norms, which increased the likelihood of violence perpetration and victimization later in their life. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 21, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yiwei Xia Spencer Li Tzu-Hsuan Liu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 367: Managing Risk Aversion for Low-Carbon Supply Chains with Emission Abatement Outsourcing
He Reducing carbon emissions, including emission abatement outsourcing at the supply-chain level, is becoming a significant but challenging problem in practice. Confronting this challenge, we therefore break down the practice to focus on a low-carbon supply chain consisting of one supplier, one manufacturer and one third-party emission-reducing contractor. The contractor offers a carbon reduction service to the manufacturer. In view of the increasing proportion of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions and absence of carbon reduction policies in developing countries, we adopt the prospect of consumers’ low-carbon pref...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 21, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Qinpeng Wang Longfei He Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 368: The Impact of Brain Breaks Classroom-Based Physical Activities on Attitudes toward Physical Activity in Polish School Children in Third to Fifth Grade
l Bronikowski The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Brain Breaks® Physical Activity Solutions in changing attitudes toward physical activity of school children in a community in Poland. In 2015, a sample of 326 pupils aged 9–11 years old from 19 classes at three selected primary schools were randomly assigned to control and experimental groups within the study. During the classes, children in the experimental group performed physical activities two times per day in three to five minutes using Brain Breaks® videos for four months, while the control group did not use the videos d...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 21, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Agata Glapa Joanna Grzesiak Ida Laudanska-Krzeminska Ming-Kai Chin Christopher Edginton Magdalena Mo Ching Mok Michal Bronikowski Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 369: Different Risk Factors for Very Low Birth Weight, Term-Small-for-Gestational-Age, or Preterm Birth in Japan
Ogasawara Reiko Kishi From 1985 to 2013, the mean birth weight of infants in Japan decreased from 3120 g to 3000 g, and the low-birth-weight rate among live births increased from 6.3% to 9.6%. No prospective study has elucidated the risk factors for poor fetal growth and preterm birth in recent Japanese parents, such as increased parental age, maternal body figure, assisted reproductive technology (ART), and socioeconomic status. Participants were mother–infant pairs (n = 18,059) enrolled in a prospective birth cohort in Hokkaido, Japan from 2002 to 2013. Parental characteristics were obtained via self-reported...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 21, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Naomi Tamura Tomoyuki Hanaoka Kumiko Ito Atsuko Araki Chihiro Miyashita Sachiko Ito Hisanori Minakami Kazutoshi Cho Toshiaki Endo Kazuo Sengoku Katsuhiko Ogasawara Reiko Kishi Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 364: Bullying as a Stressor in Mid-Adolescent Girls and Boys –Associations with Perceived Stress, Recurrent Pain, and Salivary Cortisol
In conclusion, this study demonstrated that being bullied was related to both subjective and objective stress markers among mid-adolescent girls and boys, pointing to the necessity of continuously working against bullying. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Viveca Östberg Sara B. L åftman Bitte Modin Petra Lindfors Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 365: Heavy Metals in Notifications of Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed
Heavy metals represent the fourth most often notified hazard category in the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) from 1980–2016. The goal of the study was to examine the similarities in notifications of particular heavy metals within the RASFF year, product category, notifying country, country of origin, notification basis, notification type, distribution status, risk decision, and action taken, taking into account the particular product type, such as food, food contact material, and feed. The data originated from the RASFF database. Cluster analysis on pivot tables was applied using joining and two-way...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Marcin Pig łowski Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 366: Parental Education and Pre-School Children ’s Objectively Measured Sedentary Time: The Role of Co-Participation in Physical Activity
IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 366: Parental Education and Pre-School Children’s Objectively Measured Sedentary Time: The Role of Co-Participation in Physical Activity International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15020366 Authors: Suvi Määttä Carola Ray Henna Vepsäläinen Elviira Lehto Riikka Kaukonen Anna Ylönen Eva Roos Parental co-participation in physical activity (PA) may be a beneficial parenting practice for diminishing children’s sedentary time (ST). Less information is available, however, on the explanatory role of co-part...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Suvi M äättä Carola Ray Henna Veps äläinen Elviira Lehto Riikka Kaukonen Anna Yl önen Eva Roos Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 363: Associations between Ambient Particulate Matter and Nitrogen Dioxide and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases in Adults and Effect Modification by Demographic and Lifestyle Factors
This study was undertaken to investigate the associations between chronic exposure to particulate matter of medium aerodynamic diameter ≤10 or ≤2.5 µm (PM10 or PM2.5) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels and lung function and to examine a possible change in these relationships by demographic and lifestyle factors. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was defined using the Global Initiative for COPD criteria (forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) of <70%). Associations of lung function and COPD with PM10 or PM2.5 or NO2 were examined using linear and logistic reg...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 19, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Dirga Kumar Lamichhane Jong Han Leem Hwan Cheol Kim Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 362: Disaster Reintegration Model: A Qualitative Analysis on Developing Korean Disaster Mental Health Support Model
This study sought to describe the mental health problems experienced by Korean disaster survivors, using a qualitative research method to provide empirical resources for effective disaster mental health support in Korea. Participants were 16 adults or elderly adults who experienced one or more disasters at least 12 months ago recruited via theoretical sampling. Participants underwent in-depth individual interviews on their disaster experiences, which were recorded and transcribed for qualitative analysis, which followed Strauss and Corbin’s (1998) Grounded theory. After open coding, participants’ experiences we...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 18, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yun-Jung Choi Hwa-Bok Choi Meaghan O ’Donnell Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 360: Health Differences between Roma and Non-Roma in the Slovak Dialyzed Population
van Dijk Background: Roma health has not been studied systematically. Thus far, it has been shown that Roma compared to non-Roma have a significantly higher likelihood of getting end-stage renal disease and that their chances for survival on dialysis are lower. Evidence is lacking regarding morbidity between Roma and non-Roma. The aim was to compare the health status of dialyzed Roma and non-Roma using the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI). All Slovak dialysis centers for adults were asked to fill in a questionaire with demographic and clinical data, including comorbidity. Cross-sectional analysis of 2082 patients with...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 18, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gabriel Kolvek Zuzana Straussova Maria Majernikova Jaroslav Rosenberger Jitse P. van Dijk Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 361: Dynamics of Bacterial and Fungal Communities during the Outbreak and Decline of an Algal Bloom in a Drinking Water Reservoir
ulin Li Xinxin Ma The microbial communities associated with algal blooms play a pivotal role in organic carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in freshwater ecosystems. However, there have been few studies focused on unveiling the dynamics of bacterial and fungal communities during the outbreak and decline of algal blooms in drinking water reservoirs. To address this issue, the compositions of bacterial and fungal communities were assessed in the Zhoucun drinking water reservoir using 16S rRNA and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) gene Illumina MiSeq sequencing techniques. The results showed the algal bloom was domi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 18, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Haihan Zhang Jingyu Jia Shengnan Chen Tinglin Huang Yue Wang Zhenfang Zhao Ji Feng Huiyan Hao Sulin Li Xinxin Ma Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 355: A Theoretical and Empirical Linkage between Road Accidents and Binge Eating Behaviors in Adolescence
This study aimed at identifying specific clusters of maladaptive emotional–behavioral symptoms in adolescent victims of motorbike collisions considering their scores on alexithymia and impulsivity in addition to examining the prevalence of clinical binge eating behaviors (respectively through the Youth Self-Report (YSR), Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 (TAS-20), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11), and Binge Eating Scale (BES)). Emotional–behavioral profiles, difficulties in identifying and describing feelings, impulsivity, and binge eating behaviors have been assessed in 159 adolescents addressing emergency d...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 17, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Silvia Cimino Alessandra Simonelli Micol Parolin Giulia Ballarotto Paola Carbone Luca Cerniglia Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 356: I Can Stand Learning: A Controlled Pilot Intervention Study on the Effects of Increased Standing Time on Cognitive Function in Primary School Children
rs Donath Sedentarism is considered an independent cardiovascular risk factor. Thus, the present study investigated the effects of employing standing desks in classrooms on cognitive function. The intervention class (IG; n = 19) was supplied with standing desks and balance pads for 11 weeks. The control class (CG; n = 19) received lessons as usual. Standing time was assessed objectively (accelerometers) and subjectively (self-report sheets, external classroom observers). The impact of standing on the digit span task and Eriksen flanker task was analysed. The standing time of the IG was higher during the school day in c...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 17, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Katharina Wick Oliver Faude Susanne Manes Lukas Zahner Lars Donath Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 357: Mechanisms of Phosphorus Removal by Recycled Crushed Concrete
This study has shown that larger sizes (2–5 mm) of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) removed more than 90% of P from effluent when at pH 5. Analysis of the data, using equilibrium models, indicated a best fit with the Langmuir which predicated an adsorption capacity of 6.88 mg/g. Kinetic analysis indicated the equilibrium adsorption time was 12 h, with pseudo second-order as the best fit. The thermal dynamic tests showed that the adsorption was spontaneous and, together with the evidence from the sequential extraction and desorption experiments, indicated the initial mechanism was physical attraction to the surface f...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 17, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yihuan Deng Andrew Wheatley Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 358: Exploration of Rice Husk Compost as an Alternate Organic Manure to Enhance the Productivity of Blackgram in Typic Haplustalf and Typic Rhodustalf
Diby Paul The present study was aimed at using cellulolytic bacterium Enhydrobacter and fungi Aspergillus sp. for preparing compost from rice husk (RH). Further, the prepared compost was tested for their effect on blackgram growth promotion along with different levels of recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF) in black soil (typic Haplustalf) and red soil (typic Rhodustalf) soil. The results revealed that, inoculation with lignocellulolytic fungus (LCF) Aspergillus sp. @ 2% was considered as the most efficient method of composting within a short period. Characterization of composted rice husk (CRH) was examined through sc...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 17, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Subramanium Thiyageshwari Pandurangan Gayathri Ramasamy Krishnamoorthy Rangasamy Anandham Diby Paul Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 359: Improving Behavioral Support for Smoking Cessation in Pregnancy: What Are the Barriers to Stopping and Which Behavior Change Techniques Can Influence These? Application of Theoretical Domains Framework
s Tim Coleman Behavioral support interventions are used to help pregnant smokers stop; however, of those tested, few are proven effective. Systematic research developing effective pregnancy-specific behavior change techniques (BCTs) is ongoing. This paper reports contributory work identifying potentially-effective BCTs relative to known important barriers and facilitators (B&Fs) to smoking cessation in pregnancy; to detect priority areas for BCTs development. A Nominal Group Technique with cessation experts (n = 12) elicited an expert consensus on B&Fs most influencing women’s smoking ce...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 17, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Katarzyna A. Campbell Libby Fergie Tom Coleman-Haynes Sue Cooper1 Fabiana Lorencatto Michael Ussher Jane Dyas Tim Coleman Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 349: “I Wouldn’t Be Friends with Someone If They Were Liking Too Much Rubbish”: A Qualitative Study of Alcohol Brands, Youth Identity and Social Media
This study explored how alcohol brands are used by young people to develop their desired identities and how these acts of consumption extend to young people’s profiles on social media. It also deepens understanding of how alcohol brands are connected to young peoples’ concerns about image and peer group dynamics. This involved qualitative focus groups with young people aged 14–17 in Central Scotland. Certain alcohol brands were approved and viewed as socially acceptable by young people, while others were rejected. Children as young as 14 were selecting products to portray a drinking identity that was appr...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 16, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Richard I. Purves Martine Stead Douglas Eadie Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 350: Diversity of Concerns in Recovery after a Nuclear Accident: A Perspective from Fukushima
This study reviews government reports, academic papers, newspaper articles and conference presentations with the aim of obtaining a better understanding of issues which relate to radiation concerns in the recovery process in the aftermath of the accident. It looks extensively at: (1) the current status of the post-accident operations and existing radiation issues in Fukushima, and (2) approaches taken to engage the public during recovery from five previous comparable nuclear and radiological events: Three Mile Island, Buenos Aires (RA-2 facility), Chernobyl, Goiânia and Tokai-mura. The findings indicate that the limi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 16, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Akiko Sato Yuliya Lyamzina Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 351: Working towards More Effective Implementation, Dissemination and Scale-Up of Lower-Limb Injury-Prevention Programs: Insights from Community Australian Football Coaches
hagen Disseminating lower-limb injury-prevention exercise programs (LL-IPEPs) with strategies that effectively reach coaches across sporting environments is a way of preventing lower-limb injuries (LLIs) and ensuring safe and sustainable sport participation. The aim of this study was to explore community-Australian Football (community-AF) coaches’ perspectives on the strategies they believed would enhance the dissemination and scale-up of LL-IPEPs. Using a qualitative multiple case study design, semi-structured interviews with community-AF coaches in Victoria, Australia, were conducted. Overall, coaches believed ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 16, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Angela McGlashan Glenda Verrinder Evert Verhagen Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 352: Socioeconomic Inequality in One-Year Mortality of Elderly People with Hip Fracture in Taiwan
This study aims to investigate whether socioeconomic inequality in one-year mortality exists among Taiwanese elderly people. This population-based cohort study included 193,158 elderly patients (≥65 years) admitted for hip fracture between 2000 and 2012. With over a one-year follow-up, 10.52% of the participants died from all causes. The mortality rate was low in the northern part of Taiwan and in urban and high-family-income areas. Multiple Poisson regression models further suggested that the level of >Q1–Q3 and >Q3–Max showed significantly reduced odds ratio of one-year mortality at 0...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 16, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: I-Lin Hsu Chia-Ming Chang Deng-Chi Yang Ya-Hui Chang Chia-Chun Li Susan C. Hu Chung-Yi Li Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 353: Is the Definition of Roma an Important Matter? The Parallel Application of Self and External Classification of Ethnicity in a Population-Based Health Interview Survey
ute;ny János Sándor The Roma population is typified by a poor and, due to difficulties in ethnicity assessment, poorly documented health status. We aimed to compare the usefulness of self-reporting and observer-reporting in Roma classification for surveys investigating differences between Roma and non-Roma populations. Both self-reporting and observer-reporting of Roma ethnicity were applied in a population-based health interview survey. A questionnaire was completed by 1849 people aged 18–64 years; this questionnaire provided information on 52 indicators (morbidity, functionality, lifestyle, soci...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 16, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Eszter Anna Janka Ferenc Vincze R óza Ádány J ános Sándor Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 354: The Use of Biomass for Electricity Generation: A Scoping Review of Health Effects on Humans in Residential and Occupational Settings
Seidler The utilization of biomass for power generation has become more prevalent globally. To survey the status of evidence concerning resulting health impacts and to depict potential research needs, a scoping-review was conducted. Biomass life cycle phases of interest were the conversion and combustion phases. Studies from occupational and residential settings were considered. The scoping review was conducted systematically, comprising an extensive literature search, a guided screening process, in-duplicate data extraction, and critical appraisal. Two reviewers executed most review steps. Nine articles of relevance w...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 16, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Alice Freiberg Julia Scharfe Vanise C. Murta Andreas Seidler Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 343: Physical Health Care for People with Severe Mental Illness: the Attitudes, Practices, and Training Needs of Nurses in Three Asian Countries
Richard Gray People with severe mental illness (SMI) have considerable unmet physical health needs and an increased risk of early mortality. This cross-sectional survey utilized the Physical Health Attitude Scale (PHASe) to examine the attitudes, practices, and training needs of nurses towards physical health care of people with SMI in three Asian countries (Hong Kong, Japan, Qatar). Cross-country differences were explored and linear regression was used to investigate if nurses’ attitudes and confidence were associated with their level of involvement in physical health care. A total of 481 questionnaires were re...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Daniel Bressington Ashish Badnapurkar Sachiko Inoue Hin Yeung Ma Wai Tong Chien Deborah Nelson Richard Gray Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 344: Work-Family Conflict, Perceived Organizational Support and Professional Commitment: A Mediation Mechanism for Chinese Project Professionals
Wu Projects are characterized by long working hours, complex tasks and being a kind of temporary organization. As such, work-family conflict is particularly prominent for project employees. This research examined whether and how work-family conflict affects professional commitment among Chinese project professionals. Research hypotheses were developed to explore the relationship between work-family conflict, professional commitment to the project and the mediating effects of perceived organizational support. Data were collected from 327 project managers or professionals working in construction enterprises in China; da...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Junwei Zheng Guangdong Wu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 345: Evaluating the Impacts of Health, Social Network and Capital on Craft Efficiency and Productivity: A Case Study of Construction Workers in China
i Zhang The construction industry has been recognized, for many years, as among those having a high likelihood of accidents, injuries and occupational illnesses. Such risks of construction workers can lead to low productivity and social problems. As a result, construction workers’ well-being should be highly addressed to improve construction workers’ efficiency and productivity. Meanwhile, the social support from a social network and capital (SNC) of construction workers has been considered as an effective approach to promote construction workers’ physical and mental health (P&M health), a...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 15, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jingfeng Yuan Wen Yi Mengyi Miao Lei Zhang Tags: Article Source Type: research