IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4027: A Scoping Review and Conceptual Model of Social Participation and Mental Health among Refugees and Asylum Seekers
Conclusions: There is a need for policies to enable and support the participation of refugees and asylum seekers in various dimensions of social structures in host societies. Social participation enhances resilience, re-establishes social lives, and acts as a protective factor against poor mental health outcomes. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Maria Niemi H élio Manhica David Gunnarsson G öran Ståhle Sofia Larsson Fredrik Saboonchi Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4028: The Association Between Health Conditions, Consciousness, Involvement, and Knowledge and Dietary Supplement Intake among University Students in South Korea
i Dietary supplements (DSs) are typically used by the elderly in a population, but younger age groups are increasingly purchasing these products. In consideration of this issue, the present study investigated the DS-related behaviors and general lifestyles of university students in South Korea. The health conditions, consciousness, involvement, and knowledge, as well as the future behavioral intentions, of DS users and non-users were determined and compared. A survey was administered to the respondents, and measurements were adapted and rephrased to suit the Korean context. Results showed that although the behaviors of...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jinkyung Choi Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4029: Physicochemical and Biological Effects on Activated Sludge Performance and Activity Recovery of Damaged Sludge by Exposure to CeO2 Nanoparticles in Sequencing Batch Reactors
i Jiashun Cao Recently, the growing release of CeO2 nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) into sewage systems has attracted great concern. Several studies have extensively explored CeO2 NPs’ potential adverse impacts on wastewater treatment plants; however, the impaired activated sludge recovery potentials have seldom been addressed to date. To explore the physicochemical and biological effects on the activated sludge performance and activity recovery of damaged sludge by exposure to CeO2 NPs in sequencing batch reactors (SBRs), four reactors and multiple indicators including water quality, key enzymes, microbial me...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Qian Feng Yaqing Sun Yang Wu Zhaoxia Xue Jingyang Luo Fang Fang Chao Li Jiashun Cao Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4030: Influence of Two-Stage Combinations of Constructed Wetlands on the Removal of Antibiotics, Antibiotic Resistance Genes and Nutrients from Goose Wastewater
g Zhu Chao Wang Antibiotic and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) have been considered as emerging environmental contaminants and possess potential crisis to global public health. However, little is known about the differences between various configurations of two-stage combinations of constructed wetlands (CWs) on antibiotics and ARG removal from wastewater. In the study, three configurations of two-stage hybrid CWs (horizontal subsurface flow-down-flow vertical subsurface flow CWs, HF-DVF; horizontal subsurface flow-up-flow vertical subsurface flow CWs, HF-UVF; down-flow vertical subsurface flow-up-flow vertical su...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xiaofeng Huang Yi Luo Zuolan Liu Changlian Zhang Hang Zhong Jiajia Xue Qigui Wang Zhiping Zhu Chao Wang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4031: Work-Related Stress, Physio-Pathological Mechanisms, and the Influence of Environmental Genetic Factors
Plescia Work-related stress is a growing health problem in modern society. The stress response is characterized by numerous neurochemicals, neuroendocrine and immune modifications that involve various neurological systems and circuits, and regulation of the gene expression of the different receptors. In this regard, a lot of research has focused the attention on the role played by the environment in influencing gene expression, which in turn can control the stress response. In particular, genetic factors can moderate the sensitivities of specific types of neural cells or circuits mediating the imprinting of the enviro...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cannizzaro Ramaci Cirrincione Plescia Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4032: Analysis of the Association between Running Performance and Game Performance Indicators in Professional Soccer Players
This study aimed to identify associations between RP and GPI in professional soccer players and to compare RP and GPI among soccer playing positions. One hundred one match performances were observed over the course of half of a season at the highest level of national competition in Croatia. Players (mean ± SD, age: 23.85 ± 2.88 years; body height: 183.05 ± 8.88 cm; body mass: 78.69 ± 7.17 kg) were classified into five playing positions (central defenders (n = 26), full-backs (n = 24), central midfielders (n = 33), wide midfielders (n = 10), and forwards (n = 8). R...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Modric Versic Sekulic Liposek Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4033: Levels of Physical Activity, Obesity and Related Factors in Young Adults Aged 18 –30 during 2009–2017
Conclusions: In the period 2011/2012–2017, the sedentary lifestyle of young adults wasreduced and physical activity was increased, with men being more active than women. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Laredo-Aguilera Cobo-Cuenca Santacruz-Salas Martins Rodr íguez-Borrego L ópez-Soto Carmona-Torres Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4034: Latent Profiles Based on Light Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, Perceived Body Shape, and Body Mass Index in Patients with Dyslipidemia Influence Their Quality of Life
We examined data from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI 2015), collected in 2015 by the Korean Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The analysis included 534 individuals with dyslipidemia out of 7380 survey participants. Latent profile analysis identified three latent classes of individuals based on their physical profiles. Class 1 patients (active; n = 48) were more active, possessed more positive views of their body shape, were less sedentary, and had a lower BMI than Class 3 patients (inactive; n = 154). Class 2 patients (moderate; n = 331) had profiles in between the o...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Saengryeol Park So-Youn Park Gapjin Oh In-Hwan Oh Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4035: Community-Based Healthcare Programs Sustainability Impact on the Sustainability of Host Organizations: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis
eanu The sustainability of community-based programs represents a major focus of the literature on community-based interventions in the last few decades. However, without sustainable host organizations to effectively implement them, many are prone to failure. This paper analyzes the influence of the sustainability factors of healthcare community-based programs on the host organization’s sustainability. Based on a sample of 11 community-based healthcare programs and 401 respondents and using structural equation modeling, the study investigated if program specific, organization specific, and community specif...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ceptureanu Ceptureanu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4036: Dairy Production under Climatic Risks: Perception, Perceived Impacts and Adaptations in Punjab, Pakistan
a Ullah The changing climatic conditions coupled with fodder availability have posed severe challenges and threats for the dairy sector in Pakistan. The current paper determines the influence of climate change on the dairy sector in Pakistan. Comprehensive data set was collected from 450 farmers. The majority of farmers experienced the climate change and its variability and explained that severity and frequency of climatic extreme events such as droughts, heat waves, floods, pests and diseases and humidity is increasing. The study found that farmers considered drought as one of the major climatic risks which severely a...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Qasir Abbas Jiqin Han Adnan Adeel Raza Ullah Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4020: Two Approaches to Increase Physical Activity for Preschool Children in Child Care Centers: A Matched-Pair Cluster-Randomized Trial
istakis Early childhood education settings are critical for promoting physical activity (PA) but intervention effects are often small. The aim of this study was to develop, test, and compare two approaches to increasing physical activity among preschoolers at child care centers: one focused on a teacher-led PA curriculum (Active Play!) and the other on increasing outdoor child-initiated free play time (Outdoor Play!). We conducted a matched-pair cluster-randomized study in 10 centers in and around Seattle, WA, USA (n = 97 children, mean age 4.6). Pre- and post-intervention data were collected from observations and acce...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pooja S. Tandon Katherine L. Downing Brian E. Saelens Dimitri A. Christakis Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4019: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Comprehensive Smoke-Free Legislation in Indoor Public Places in Shanghai, China
This study evaluated compliance with the comprehensive smoke-free law in public indoor places introduced in Shanghai in March 2017. Observations and PM2.5 monitoring over 30 min intervals in 8 types of the venue were conducted three times: within a month before implementation and 3- and 12-months post implementation. Observations of evidence of smoking decreased from 66.2% before legislation to 52.8% three months after (p = 0.002) and 49.7% one year after (p < 0.001). The density of lit cigarettes also reduced significantly after implementation (p < 0.001). When adjusting for outdoor, indoor PM2.5 lev...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yanxia Wei Ron Borland Pinpin Zheng Hua Fu Fan Wang Jingyi He Yitian Feng Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4021: Premature Mortality for Chronic Diseases in the EU Member States
ska Premature mortality, and especially premature mortality for chronic diseases, is a very important topic of public health, health care, or lifestyle of population. The main aim of countries is to reduce premature mortality, and therefore an analysis of the development and status of premature standardized death rates (SDR) is key for disclosure of successes or failures in this topic. A boxplot chart was used to detect extremes of SDR for both sexes. The gender ratio revealed the differences of mortality rates between men and women. Premature mortality declined steadily in the EU between 2000 and 2016. The men&amp...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Silvia Megyesiova Vanda Lieskovska Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4022: Target, Suspect and Non-Target Screening of Silylated Derivatives of Polar Compounds Based on Single Ion Monitoring GC-MS
This study is significant for Africa, where the studies of emerging contaminants are limited and not usually prioritized. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bhekumuzi Prince Gumbi Brenda Moodley Grace Birungi Patrick Gathura Ndungu Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4023: Mediating Effect of Social Support in the Relationship Between Childhood Abuse and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Among Chinese Undergraduates: The Role of Only-Child Status
Yuhui Wan Previous research has found a relationship between child abuse and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). However, few studies have examined the role of social support underlying this association. Moreover, the influence of the only child status on the mediating effect of social support has not been studied yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of social support on the association between specific forms of child abuse and NSSI as well as the role of the only child status on the mediated pathways, among undergraduates. A total of 4799 participants were selected from two medical colleges ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Huiqiong Xu Xianbing Song Shanshan Wang Shichen Zhang Shaojun Xu Yuhui Wan Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4025: ‘There You Enjoy Life, Here You Work’: Brazilian and Dominican Immigrants’ Views on Work and Health in the U.S.
This article explores how Brazilian and Dominican immigrants feel about their experiences working in the U.S. and how the relationship between work and culture might impact their health. In partnership with the Dominican Development Center and the Brazilian Worker Center, we held five cultural conversations (CCs) with Brazilians (n = 48) and five with Dominicans (n = 40). CCs are participatory, unstructured groups facilitated by representatives from or embedded in the community. Brazilian immigrants focused on physical health and the American Dream while Dominicans immigrants emphasized concerns about the influence of work...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cristina Araujo Brinkerhoff C. Eduardo Siqueira Rosalyn Negr ón Natalicia Tracy Magalis Troncoso Lama Linda Sprague Martinez Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4024: A Bibliometric Analysis of the Health Field Regarding Social Networks and Young People
This study aimed to map the trends in publications focused on social networks, health, and young people over the last 40 years. Scopus and the program VOSviewer were used to map the frequency of the publications, keywords, and clusters of researchers active in the field internationally. A structured keyword search using the Scopus database yielded 11,966 publications. The results reveal a long history of research on social networks, health, and young people. Research articles were the most common type of publication (68%), most of which described quantitative studies (82%). The main discipline represented in this literatur...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pilar Aparicio-Martinez Alberto-Jesus Perea-Moreno Mar ía Pilar Martinez-Jimenez Mar ía Dolores Redel-Macías Manuel Vaquero-Abellan Claudia Pagliari Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4026: Assessing the Spatial Distribution of Biodiversity in a Changing Temperature Pattern: The Case of Catalonia, Spain
cute; Marc Saez The impacts that climate change and land-use dynamics have on biodiversity are already visible in the distribution and behaviour of a large number of species. By using a Bayesian framework, including land-use, meteorological, topography and other variables as explanatory variables, such as distance to roads and urban centres, we modeled a number of species within each cell of a regular lattice for Catalonia, Spain, in the period of 2004 to 2010. We estimated a slight increase in daily maximum temperature and a more significant increase in minimum temperature (a 5-year increase of 0.159 °C ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Diego Varga Mariona Roig é Josep Pint ó Marc Saez Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4016: The Contextual Effect of Area-Level Unemployment Rate on Lower Back Pain: A Multilevel Analysis of Three Consecutive Surveys of 962,586 Workers in Japan
In conclusion, a significant association between the unemployment rate and lower back pain was observed in the Japanese working population. Women were more sensitive to the unemployment rate. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 20, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Takaaki Ikeda Kemmyo Sugiyama Jun Aida Toru Tsuboya Ken Osaka Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4017: Effects of Slope Ecological Restoration on Runoff and Its Response to Climate Change
Hanjiang Nie Slope ecological restoration and climate change are important factors affecting the hydrological processes of the Huangshui River Basin in Qinghai province, China. How to quantitatively identify the impact of slope ecological restoration on runoff and whether slope ecological restoration can mitigate the impact of future climate change on runoff are both very important. In this paper, the Huangshui River above the center of Minhe county was taken as the research area, and the Pinus tabulaeformis and shrubs were taken as the main forest land types of slope ecological restoration. First, based on the law of...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 20, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shan He Tianling Qin Fang Liu Shanshan Liu Biqiong Dong Jianwei Wang Hanjiang Nie Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4018: Health Inequality Among the Elderly in Rural China and Influencing Factors: Evidence from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey
Deng Based on data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS), this paper calculates the health distribution of the elderly using the Quality of Well-Being Scale (QWB) score, and then estimates health inequality among the elderly in rural China using the Wagstaff index (WI) and Erreygers index (EI). Following this, it compares health inequalities among the elderly in different age groups, and finally, uses the Shapley and recentered influence function-index-ordinary least squares (RIF-I-OLS) model to decompose the effect of four factors on health inequality among the elderly in rural China. The ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 20, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pan Fan Yang Deng Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4014: Parental Approach to the Management of Childhood Fever: Differences between Health Professional and Non-Health Professional Parents
iacute;guez-Martín Fever is responsible for 30% of pediatric consultations at primary care services. The aim of this study was to explore the parental approach to fever in children aged between 0 and 12 years old by both health professional and non-health professional parents. A qualitative study based on grounded theory was performed. Focus groups were conducted, segmented by sex, place of residence, and healthcare training, using a triangulated sample (theoretical and snowball sampling) of parents of children aged between 0 and 12 years who were treated for fever at primary care emergency services. The constan...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 20, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mar ía Gloria Villarejo-Rodríguez Beatriz Rodr íguez-Martín Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4015: Future Temperature Extremes Will Be More Harmful: A New Critical Factor for Improved Forecasts
i A There is increasing evidence that extreme weather events such as frequent and intense cold spells and heat waves cause unprecedented deaths and diseases in both developed and developing countries. Thus, they require extensive and immediate research to limit the risks involved. Average temperatures in Europe in June–July 2019 were the hottest ever measured and attributed to climate change. The problem, however, of a thorough study of natural climate change is the lack of experimental data from the long past, where anthropogenic activity was then very limited. Today, this problem can be successfully res...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 20, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Varotsos Costas A Mazei Yuri A Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3998: Measuring the Fate of Compost-Derived Phosphorus in Native Soil below Urban Gardens
dam Kay The heavy reliance on compost inputs in urban gardening provides opportunities to recycle nutrients from the urban waste stream, but also creates potential for buildup and loss of soil phosphorus (P). We previously documented P in leachate from raised-bed garden plots in which compost had been applied, but the fate of this P is not known. Here, we measured P concentrations in soils below four or six-year-old urban garden plots that were established for research. We hypothesize that the soil P concentration and depth of P penetration will increase over time after gardens are established. Soil cores were collecte...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gaston E. Small Sara Osborne Paliza Shrestha Adam Kay Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3999: The Development and Validation of the Healthcare Professional Humanization Scale (HUMAS) for Nursing
Conclusions: The new HUMAS scale may be an easily administered and coded instrument for approaching the humanization of care, not only in research, but also in practice. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mar ía del Carmen Pérez-Fuentes Iv án Herera-Peco Mar ía del Mar Molero Jurado Nieves F átima Oropesa Ruiz Diego Ayuso-Murillo Jos é Jesús Gázquez Linares Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4000: Toileting Behaviors Related to Urination in Women: A Scoping Review
almer This scoping review explores the state of science regarding women’s toileting behaviors, gaps in knowledge, and areas for future research. Online databases were searched to identify papers published in English between January 2010 through July 2019; the search identified 25 articles. The Toileting Behaviors–Women’s Elimination Behaviors scale has been published in four validated language versions and used in 17 of the 25 studies. The most frequent behaviors include concern about public toilet cleanliness, delaying urination when busy or away from home, and using different...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chen Wu Kaikai Xue Mary H. Palmer Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4002: Men ’s Intentions to Recommend Professional Help-Seeking to Their Partners in the Postpartum Period: the Direct and Indirect Effects of Gender-Role Conflict
This study aimed to examine the sociodemographic and clinical correlates of men’s intentions to recommend professional help-seeking to their partners if they display postpartum mood and anxiety disorders and to explore the relationship between gender-role conflict and the intention to recommend help-seeking. A cross-sectional study included 214 adult men in a heterosexual relationship with a partner within the reproductive age. Men presented a high intention to recommend professional help to their partners. All dimensions of gender-role conflict were directly associated with the intention to recommend profess...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Catarina Lu ís Maria Cristina Canavarro Ana Fonseca Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4003: Diet Education as a Success Factor of Glycemia Regulation in Diabetes Patients: A Prospective Study
Conclusions: Education has a positive effect on adherence to recommended diet and glycemia regulation in diabetes patients after four-week follow-ups. However, after two years, participants showed a decrease in adherence to recommended diet and increased glycemia. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zvjezdana Gvozdanovi ć Nikolina Far čić Harolt Placento Robert Lovri ć Željka Dujmić Ana Juri ć Bla ženka Miškić Nada Prli ć Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4001: Removal of Pollutants in Mine Wastewater by a Non-Cytotoxic Polymeric Bioflocculant from Alcaligenes faecalis HCB2
amini Bioflocculation is a physicochemical technique often employed to efficiently remove colloidal water pollutants. Consequently, in this study, a bioflocculant was produced, characterised and applied to remove pollutants in mine wastewater. The maximum flocculation activity of 92% was recorded at 30 °C, pH 9.0 when maltose and urea were used as energy sources and 72 h of fermentation at the inoculum size of 1% (v/v). K+ proved to be a favourable cation. The bioflocculant yield of 4 g/L was obtained. Scanning electron microscopy illustrated a hexagonal-like structure of the bioflocculant. It is composed o...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tsolanku Sidney Maliehe Albertus Kotze Basson Nkosinathi Goodman Dlamini Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4004: Identifying Driving Factors of Jiangsu ’s Regional Sulfur Dioxide Emissions: A Generalized Divisia Index Method
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4004: Identifying Driving Factors of Jiangsu’s Regional Sulfur Dioxide Emissions: A Generalized Divisia Index Method International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16204004 Authors: Junliang Yang Haiyan Shan The Chinese government has made some good achievements in reducing sulfur dioxide emissions through end-of-pipe treatment. However, in order to implement the stricter target of sulfur dioxide emission reduction during the 13th “Five-Year Plan” period, it is necessary to find a new solution as quickly as possible. Th...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Junliang Yang Haiyan Shan Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4006: Factors Influencing Unintended Pregnancies amongst Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Cambodia
Conclusion: The burden of unintended pregnancies is associated with young age, multiparity, history of abortions, unemployment, and low autonomy for accessing healthcare. Multi-pronged, holistic reproductive and sexual health program interventions are needed to increase literacy and accessibility to modern contraception and to raise awareness about women’s health and status in Cambodia. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Farwa Rizvi Joanne Williams Elizabeth Hoban Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4007: A Risk-Averse Shelter Location and Evacuation Routing Assignment Problem in an Uncertain Environment
a Tinta Disasters such as hurricanes, earthquakes and floods continue to have devastating socioeconomic impacts and endanger millions of lives. Shelters are safe zones that protect victims from possible damage, and evacuation routes are the paths from disaster zones toward shelter areas. To enable the timely evacuation of disaster zones, decisions regarding shelter location and routing assignment (i.e., traffic assignment) should be considered simultaneously. In this work, we propose a risk-averse stochastic programming model with a chance constraint that takes into account the uncertainty in the demand of disaster sit...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bian Liang Dapeng Yang Xinghong Qin Teresa Tinta Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4008: Environmental Impact of Burning Composite Materials Used in Aircraft Construction on the Air
This article deals with air pollution caused by the combustion of composite materials commonly used in general aviation. Samples of composite materials of aircraft registered in the Czech Republic were selected. These samples of composite materials were tested for flammability, according to ISO 5660-1:2002 Reaction to fire tests—Heat Release, smoke production and mass loss rate (ISO—International Organization for Standardization). Total smoke release and total oxygen consumed were assessed in this study, both of which have a significant impact on air quality in the case of an air incident. Based...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Iveta Vajdov á Edina Jen čová Stanislav Szabo Lucia Meln íková Jozef Galanda Malgorzata Dobrowolska Jind řich Ploch Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4009: Distributional Regression Techniques in Socioeconomic Research on the Inequality of Health with an Application on the Relationship between Mental Health and Income
This study addresses the much-discussed issue of the relationship between health and income. In particular, it focuses on the relation between mental health and household income by using generalized additive models of location, scale and shape and thus employing a distributional perspective. Furthermore, this study aims to give guidelines to applied researchers interested in taking a distributional perspective on health inequalities. In our analysis we use cross-sectional data of the German socioeconomic Panel (SOEP). We find that when not only looking at the expected mental health score of an individual but also at other ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Alexander Silbersdorff Kai Sebastian Schneider Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4005: Parental Socialization, School Adjustment and Cyber-Aggression among Adolescents
The objective of the present study is to analyse the relationships between parental socialization styles—indulgent, authoritarian, authoritative and negligent, school adjustment (social integration, academic competence and family involvement) and cyber-aggression (direct and indirect) in adolescents. Participating in this study were 1304 Spanish students of both sexes (53.1% girls), aged between 12 and 18 years (M = 13.87, SD = 1.33). Multivariate analyses of variance were performed. The results showed significant relationships between parental socialization styles, school adjustment and cyber-aggression. It ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bel én Martínez-Ferrer Celeste Le ón-Moreno Daniel Musitu-Ferrer Ana Romero-Abrio Juan Evaristo Callejas-Jer ónimo Gonzalo Musitu-Ochoa Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4010: Working with Institutional Stakeholders: Propositions for Alternative Approaches to Community Engagement
z Dearing Community engagement is a vital aspect of addressing environmental contamination and remediation. In the United States, the Superfund Research Program (SRP) forms groups of academic researchers from the social and physical sciences into Community Engagement Cores (CECs) and Research Translation Cores (RTCs), which focus on various aspects of informing and working with communities during and through the resolution of environmental crises. While this work typically involves engaging directly with members of affected communities, no two situations are the same. In some cases, alternative approaches to communi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cox Chung Hamm Zwickle Cruz Dearing Tags: Communication Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4011: Periodontal Treatment Experience Associated with Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients with Poor Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes: A Case-Control Study
Yen Huang Severe periodontitis is a risk factor for poor glycemic control. The appropriate medicaltreatment and plaque control of periodontitis positively affects blood-sugar control in diabetespatients. We aimed to identify the factors associated with glycemic control and examine theperiodontal treatment (PT) experience and oral health-related quality of life (OHQoL) for patientswith poor glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This multicenter case–control studyrecruited 242 patients with poor glycemic control and 198 patients with good glycemic control. Wecollected patients&rs...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hsu Lin Chen Lee Lin Yen Huang Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4012: Improved Estimates of Population Exposure in Low-Elevation Coastal Zones of China
This study also showed the considerable potential in combining geospatial big data for high-resolution population estimation. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yang Yao Chen Ye Jin Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4013: Frailty and Sarcopenia as a Geriatric Syndrome in Community-Dwelling Older Adults
ko n/a (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 19, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Makizako Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3982: Public Health Risks Associated with Heavy Metal and Microbial Contamination of Drinking Water in Australia
et Whiley Recently in Australia concerns have been raised regarding the contamination of municipal drinking water supplies with lead. This is of particular concern to children due to the impact of lead exposure on cognitive development and as such these findings have received much media attention. The response from legislators has been swift, and The Victorian School Building Authority has announced that all new schools and school upgrade works will only use lead-free tapware and piping systems. However, while the immediate replacement of lead-containing brass fittings may seem a logical and obvious response, it does n...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Paul J Molino Richard Bentham Michael J Higgins Jason Hinds Harriet Whiley Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3983: Towards a People ’s Social Epidemiology: Envisioning a More Inclusive and Equitable Future for Social Epi Research and Practice in the 21st Century
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3983: Towards a People’s Social Epidemiology: Envisioning a More Inclusive and Equitable Future for Social Epi Research and Practice in the 21st Century International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16203983 Authors: Ryan Petteway Mahasin Mujahid Amani Allen Rachel Morello-Frosch Social epidemiology has made critical contributions to understanding population health. However, translation of social epidemiology science into action remains a challenge, raising concerns about the impacts of the field beyond academia. With so much focus on issues ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ryan Petteway Mahasin Mujahid Amani Allen Rachel Morello-Frosch Tags: Concept Paper Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3984: Beyond Binary: (Re)Defining “Gender” for 21st Century Disaster Risk Reduction Research, Policy, and Practice
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3984: Beyond Binary: (Re)Defining “Gender” for 21st Century Disaster Risk Reduction Research, Policy, and Practice International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16203984 Authors: Ashleigh Rushton Lesley Gray Justin Canty Kevin Blanchard The dominant discourse of gender focuses on the binary of woman/man, despite the known additional risks for diverse sexualities and gender minorities in disasters. Given the small but growing body of literature concerning gender minorities in disasters, this paper sets out to explore the place of sex and...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ashleigh Rushton Lesley Gray Justin Canty Kevin Blanchard Tags: Review Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3985: Ecological Risk and Restoration Measures Relating to Heavy Metal Pollution in Industrial and Mining Wastelands
In this study, we applied an integrated approach to an ecological risk evaluation of heavy metal pollution in industrial and mining wastelands in Yangxin County, China. A total of 72 sampling sites were designated in the study area. The results show that the potential ecological risk levels of Hg and Cd are higher, and the coefficient of variation of mercury levels is large. Cr, Cu, Zn, Pb, Ni, and As are all at low potential ecological risk. The land types with relatively high ecological risks are alum and coal mines. In the soil of alum mines, the risk due to mercury is higher, while in coal mine soil, the risk due to ca...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Huangxin Cheng Lei Huang Pengtu Ma Yi Shi Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3986: Natural Landscape, Infrastructure, and Health: The Physical Activity Implications of Urban Green Space Composition among the Elderly
Schipperijn Guillem Vich Urban green spaces (UGS) have been linked with a series of benefits for the environment, and for the physical health and well-being of urban residents. This is of great importance in the context of the aging of modern societies. However, UGS have different forms and characteristics that can determine their utilization. Common elements in UGS such as the type of vegetation and the type of surface are surprisingly understudied in regard to their relationship with the type of activity undertaken in UGS. This paper aims to explore the relationship between landscape diversity and the type of surfa...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Carme Miralles-Guasch Javier Dopico Xavier Delcl òs-Alió Pablo Knobel Oriol Marquet Roser Maneja-Zaragoza Jasper Schipperijn Guillem Vich Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3987: The Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity, Hypertension, and Diabetes in India: Analysis of the 2015 –2016 National Family Health Survey
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3987: The Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity, Hypertension, and Diabetes in India: Analysis of the 2015–2016 National Family Health Survey International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16203987 Authors: Vishal Vennu Tariq A. Abdulrahman Saad M. Bindawas Overweight, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes increase the risk of non-communicable diseases and all-cause mortality worldwide. Previous studies have not determined the prevalence of these conditions/diseases throughout India. Therefore, this study was aimed to address this limitation. Data on ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Vishal Vennu Tariq A. Abdulrahman Saad M. Bindawas Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3988: Exploring the Impact of a Telehealth Care System on Organizational Capabilities and Organizational Performance from a Resource-Based Perspective
This study explored the effects of information technology (IT) resources—in conjunction with IT infrastructure and organizational resources—on organizational capabilities and performance. The study further analyzed the mediating effect of organizational capabilities on the relationship between IT resources and organizational performance. A cross-sectional research design was adopted, and questionnaire copies were administered to senior care supervisors of Taiwanese day care centers, care institutions, and hospitals. In total, 328 valid questionnaire responses were obtained. The study results are...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chun-Hsun Chen Yu-Li Lan Wei-Pang Yang Fang-Ming Hsu Chin-Lon Lin Hsing-Chu Chen Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3989: Removal of High Concentrations of Ammonium from Groundwater in a Pilot-Scale System through Aeration at the Bottom Layer of a Chemical Catalytic Oxidation Filter
This study provides a novel method for removing high concentrations of ammonium from groundwater. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhang Zhang Yang Huang Wen Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3990: Women in Refugee Camps: Which Coping Resources Help Them to Adapt?
l-Said : The present study aimed to explore the coping resources and mental health of women who have fled Syria to a neighboring European country. To that end, we examined the roles of sociodemographic factors, situational factors, and personal and community sense of coherence (SOC and ComSOC, respectively) in mental-health outcomes. One hundred and eleven refugee women aged 19–70 filled out self-reported questionnaires during August 2018 in a refugee camp in Greece. The questionnaires asked the participants for demographic information (i.e., age, level of education level, and time spent in the camp) and ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Braun-Lewensohn Abu-Kaf Al-Said Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3991: Influence of Neighborhood Environment on Korean Adult Obesity Using a Bayesian Spatial Multilevel Model
Choi Previous studies using spatial statistical modeling that account for spatial associations between geographic areas are scarce. Therefore, this study examines the association between neighborhood environment and obesity using a Bayesian spatial multilevel model. Data from 78,014 adults living in Gyeonggi province in Korea were drawn from the 2013–2014 Korean Community Health Survey. Korean government databases and ArcGIS software (version 10.1, ESRI, Redlands, CA) were used to measure the neighborhood environment for 546 administrative districts of Gyeonggi province. A Bayesian spatial multilevel ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lee Lee Choi Choi Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3992: Associations between Witnessing and Perpetrating Online Hate in Eight Countries: The Buffering Effects of Problem-Focused Coping
In conclusion, our findings suggest that, if effective, prevention and intervention programs that target online hate should consider educating young people about problem-focused coping strategies, self-assertiveness, and media skills. Implications for future research are discussed. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 18, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sebastian Wachs Michelle F. Wright Ruthaychonnee Sittichai Ritu Singh Ramakrishna Biswal Eun-mee Kim Soeun Yang Manuel G ámez-Guadix Carmen Almendros Katerina Flora Vassiliki Daskalou Evdoxia Maziridou Tags: Article Source Type: research