Anxiety sensitivity and substance use: Differential levels across individuals primarily using opioids, cannabis, or stimulants.
CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these findings call into question the notion that AS may be negatively related to the use of substances that have anxiogenic properties. PMID: 33497865 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - January 23, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Raines AM, Ennis CR, Allan NP, McGrew SJ, Walton JL, Rogers AH, Zvolensky MJ, Schmidt NB, Laurel Franklin C Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Exposure to cigar Point-of-Sale marketing and use of cigars and cigarettes among young adults.
CONCLUSION: Findings suggest a substantial influence of LCC marketing exposure at the POS. Regulations on LCC marketing at the POS, especially around college campuses, should be considered. PMID: 33482429 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - January 9, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Zhu Y, Pasch KE, Loukas A, Sterling KL, Perry CL Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

A measure of expectancies for alcohol analgesia: Preliminary factor analysis, reliability, and validity.
Abstract Rates of alcohol consumption are substantially higher among persons with pain, and recent research has focused on elucidating bidirectional pain-alcohol effects. Expectancies for alcohol analgesia could influence the degree to which alcohol confers acute pain-relieving effects, and may amplify the propensity to respond to pain with drinking behavior. However, no validated measures of expectancies for alcohol analgesia are available. Therefore, we developed a five-item measure of Expectancies for Alcohol Analgesia (EAA), which assesses the perceived likelihood that alcohol will reduce pain. The goal of thi...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - January 8, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: LaRowe LR, Maisto SA, Ditre JW Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Altered functional connectivity of the dorsal attention network among problematic social network users.
Abstract Many smartphone users spend excessive amounts of time online and cannot control their behavior, and the addictive overuse of social-networking services has been shown to be associated with diminished executive control. Attentional control is a cognitive process crucial to exerting executive functions. The purpose of this study was to investigate functional connectivity (FC) characteristics of attention networks in problematic social-network users. We performed seed-based resting-state FC analyses for 29 males and 10 females with excessive social network use and 32 healthy males and 17 healthy females. The...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - January 8, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Lee D, Lee J, Namkoong K, Jung YC Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Do schizotypy features predict cannabis problems in partnered community adults?
Abstract Schizotypy and its associated features-negative schizotypy, disorganization, and positive schizotypy-are correlated with increased cannabis use. Yet, it is unclear whether cannabis users with schizotypy are at greater risk of developing cannabis problems. Individuals with elevated schizotypy may be particularly vulnerable to cannabis problems. It is important to understand this association given the unknown harms of chronic cannabis use. Data for these analyses were drawn from a larger investigation of cannabis use in adult romantic relationships. Participants were community adults (N = 366; M A...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - January 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Brown WC, Leonard K, Stasiewicz PR, Testa M Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Trends in cannabis views and use among American adults: Intersections with alcohol consumption, 2002-2018.
CONCLUSION: Cannabis disapproval has decreased and cannabis use increased among alcohol abstainers, non-binge drinkers, and binge drinkers between 2002 and 2018. The impact of cannabis disapproval on use attenuated during the study period among drinkers but not among abstainers, suggesting that the effect of anti-cannabis attitudes may be weakening among those most likely to use cannabis. PMID: 33453586 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - January 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Salas-Wright CP, Hai AH, Oh S, Alsolami A, Vaughn MG Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Value, drug addiction and the brain.
Abstract Over the years, various models have been proposed to explain the psychology and biology of drug addiction, built primarily around the habit and compulsion models. Recent research indicates drug addiction may be goal-directed, motivated by excessive valuation of drugs. Drug consumption may initially occur for the sake of pleasure but may transition to a means of escaping withdrawal, stress and negative emotions. In this hypothetical paper, we propose a value-based neurobiological model for drug addiction. We posit that during dependency, the value-based decision-making system in the brain is not inactive b...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - January 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Loganathan K, Ho ETW Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Relationship between delay discounting and depression in cigarette smokers and non-smokers" [Addict. Behav. 103 (2020) 106251].
Corrigendum to "Relationship between delay discounting and depression in cigarette smokers and non-smokers" [Addict. Behav. 103 (2020) 106251]. Addict Behav. 2021 Jan 07;:106809 Authors: García-Pérez Á, Weidberg S, González-Roz A, Alonso-Pérez F, Secades-Villa R PMID: 33423793 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - January 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: García-Pérez Á, Weidberg S, González-Roz A, Alonso-Pérez F, Secades-Villa R Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

A gender comparative analysis of post-traumatic stress disorder among a community-based cohort of people who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada.
Abstract BACKGROUND: While exposure to traumatic events and subsequent post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common among people who use drugs (PWUD), little is known about gender-based differences associated with PTSD in this population. We explore gender-based differences in factors associated with a probable PTSD diagnosis in a cohort of PWUD from Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Data were collected through the Vancouver Injection Drug Users Study (VIDUS) and the AIDS Care Cohort to Evaluate Exposure to Survival Services (ACCESS), two community-recruited cohorts of PWUD. Participants were administered the P...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - January 5, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Mitra S, Lee W, Hayashi K, Boyd J, Milloy MJ, Dong H, Wood E, Kerr T Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Trajectories and determinants of adolescents' nicotine product use risk among U.S. adolescents in a nationally representative sample of longitudinal cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: The current study findings imply that the majority of adolescents who initiated any nicotine product use have an elevated risk of transitioning to poly users. Risk and protective factors for different risk patterns are discussed. PMID: 33421749 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Kwon E, Adams Z, Seo DC Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Association of dual and poly tobacco use with depressive symptoms and use of antidepressants.
CONCLUSIONS: Study findings call for primary care providers and psychiatrists to expand screening of individuals experiencing depressive symptoms and using medication for depression, to include assessment for dual/poly tobacco product use. PMID: 33387979 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Chido-Amajuoyi OG, Mantey DS, Omega-Njemnobi O, Yu RK, Shete S Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Examining the effects of problematic alcohol use on cigarette abstinence in recently diagnosed cancer patients enrolled in a cessation trial: A secondary analysis.
CONCLUSION: Newly diagnosed cancer patients reporting problematic alcohol use were not less likely to quit smoking than those without. Additional research is needed to investigate whether problematic alcohol users may benefit from smoking and alcohol behavior change interventions at the time of cancer diagnosis. PMID: 33385757 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Streck JM, Hyland KA, Regan S, Muzikansky A, Rigotti NA, Ponzani CJ, Perez GK, Kalkhoran S, Ostroff JS, Park ER Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Differences in use of inhalants among sexual minorities in the USA in 2015-2018.
CONCLUSION: LGB population is at elevated risk of inhalant use and of concurrent use with other drugs. Gay men had significantly higher odds of inhalant use compared to lesbians and bisexuals. Informative and in-site harm reduction measures are warranted to prevent harms from inhalant use. PMID: 33370604 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 25, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Tardelli VS, Martins SS, Fidalgo TM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Preliminary impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on smoking and vaping in college students.
We examined tobacco use changes in young adult college students in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on smoking and vaping. First, we evaluated changes in tobacco use from pre to post campus closure focusing on smoking and electronic nicotine vaping frequency (days) and quantity (cigarettes/cartridges per day). Also, given the potential protective effects of pausing (temporarily or permanently discontinuing) smoking or vaping, we evaluated its predictors. We hypothesized that generalized anxiety and moving home would increase the odds of pausing. We also explored effects of COVID-related news exposure and seek...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Sokolovsky AW, Hertel AW, Micalizzi L, White HR, Hayes KL, Jackson KM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

How is intolerance of uncertainty related to negative affect in individuals with substance use disorders? The role of the inability to control behaviors when experiencing emotional distress.
Abstract We used structural equation modeling to assess the role of impaired emotional awareness and clarity (Impaired Awareness/Clarity) and inability to control behaviors when experiencing emotional distress (Inability to Control Behaviors) as an account for the relationship between intolerance of uncertainty (IU) and negative affect (NA) in individuals with Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) and healthy controls (HCs) used for comparison. One-hundred and thirty-one individuals with SUDs (42.75% female; mean age = 39.74 ± 11.83) and 131 sex-matched HCs (mean age = 40.02 &plu...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Bottesi G, Ghisi M, Caggiu I, Lauriola M Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Examining moment to moment affective determinants of smoking rate following a quit attempt among homeless daily smokers.
CONCLUSIONS: Homeless smokers may be more likely to decrease their cigarette consumption during periods of greater PA throughout the post-quit week. Relationship between positive affect and reduction in CPD suggest focus on affective variables with homeless smokers may be an effective avenue for change in smoking behaviors, particularly in the days immediately following a quit attempt. Time effects should be further investigated to determine when these interventions might best be implemented. PMID: 33360279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Savoy EJ, Businelle MS, Nguyen N, Chen TA, Neighbors C, Norton PJ, Taing M, Reitzel LR Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Stigma and policy preference toward individuals who transition from prescription opioids to heroin.
This study aimed to investigate stigmatization of an opioid addiction and support for publicly funded drug treatment. A randomized, between-subjects case vignette study (N = 1998) was conducted with a nation-wide online survey. To assess public perceptions of stigma and support for publicly funded drug treatment, participants rated a hypothetical individual who became addicted to prescription opioids across three conditions: 1) male or female, 2) an individual who was prescribed prescription painkillers or took prescription painkillers from a friend and 3) an individual who transitioned to using heroin or who con...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Goodyear K, Chavanne D Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Difficulties regulating positive and negative emotions in relation to coping motives for alcohol use and alcohol problems among hazardous drinkers.
CONCLUSIONS: Difficulties regulating emotions - both positive and negative - carry a heightened risk of engaging in coping-oriented alcohol use during drinking episodes and this maladaptive means of self-regulation may explain a common pathway to experiencing alcohol-related problems. Notably, difficulties regulating positive emotions appear to offer incremental, explanatory value over and above difficulties regulating negative emotions. Such findings offer important clinical and theoretical implications. PMID: 33341531 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Paulus DJ, Heggeness LF, Raines AM, Zvolensky MJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Identifying message content to reduce vaping: Results from online message testing trials in young adult tobacco users.
CONCLUSIONS: Messages conveying the harms of vaping may be best for reducing vaping in young adult tobacco users; flavor and social themes may diminish their effectiveness. PMID: 33341530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Villanti AC, LePine SE, West JC, Cruz TB, Stevens EM, Tetreault HJ, Unger JB, Wackowski OA, Mays D Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Electronic cigarette use and risk of cigarette and smokeless tobacco initiation among adolescent boys: A propensity score matched analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescent boys who used e-cigarettes had increased risk of later initiating traditional tobacco products when compared to similar boys who had never used e-cigarettes. PMID: 33316588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Keller-Hamilton B, Lu B, Roberts ME, Berman ML, Root ED, Ferketich AK Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Opioid use at the transition to emerging adulthood: A latent class analysis of non-medical use of prescription opioids and heroin use.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings from this study underscore the variability of youth who engage in opioid use in late adolescence. Results also indicate that opioid use during adolescence is likely indicative of a broader set of substance use and mental health issues. PMID: 33310393 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Barton AW, Reinhart CA, Campbell CC, Smith DC, Albarracin D Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Substance use and abuse, COVID-19-related distress, and disregard for social distancing: A network analysis.
Abstract Research shows that there has been a substantial increase in substance use and abuse during the COVID-19 pandemic, and that substance use/abuse is a commonly reported way of coping with anxiety concerning COVID-19. Anxiety about COVID-19 is more than simply worry about infection. Research provides evidence of a COVID Stress Syndrome characterized by (1) worry about the dangers of COVID-19 and worry about coming into contact with coronavirus contaminated objects or surfaces, (2) worry about the personal socioeconomic impact of COVID-19, (3) xenophobic worries that foreigners are spreading COVID-19, (4) COV...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Taylor S, Paluszek MM, Rachor GS, McKay D, Asmundson GJG Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Impacts of childhood adversity forms and drinker self-schema on undergraduate drinking behaviors and depression.
CONCLUSIONS: Different forms of childhood adversity are differently associated with drinker self-schema, drinking behaviors, and depression. Drinker self-schema serves as an underlying mechanism linking psychological maltreatments to drinking behaviors. PMID: 33310693 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Lee CK, Feng JY Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

The relationship between delay discounting and Internet addiction: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Abstract AIMS: To estimate the difference in delay discounting (DD) between subjects with Internet addiction (IA) and those without as well as to identify significant variables involved in DD. METHODS: Using the keywords related to IA (e.g., "excessive Internet use", "Internet dependence") AND "delayed reward discounting" OR "delay discounting" OR "temporal discounting" OR "delayed gratification" OR time discounting OR intertemporal choice OR impulsive choice, the PubMed, Embase, and PsycINFO databases were searched from inception to June 2020 for En...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 2, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Cheng YS, Ko HC, Sun CK, Yeh PY Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Conjoint adolescent developmental trajectories of alcohol and marijuana use and early adult outcomes among North American Indigenous people.
CONCLUSION: Co-use of marijuana and alcohol was associated with poorer outcomes in early adulthood, particularly for the group with an earlier age of onset. Abstaining from either substance in adolescence was associated with better outcomes. PMID: 33316589 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 2, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Sittner KJ, Hautala DS, Walls ML Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A review about its efficacy in the treatment of alcohol, tobacco and cocaine addiction.
Abstract Substance Use Disorder (SUD) is a chronic and relapsing disease characterized by craving, loss of control, tolerance and physical dependence. At present, the combination of pharmacotherapy and psychosocial intervention is the most effective management strategy in preventing relapse to reduce dropout rates and promote abstinence in SUD patients. However, only few effective medications are available. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that modulates the cellular activity of the cerebral cortex through a magnetic pulse applied on selected brain areas. Recent...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - December 2, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Antonelli M, Fattore L, Sestito L, Di Giuda D, Diana M, Addolorato G Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Perceived reward from using cigarettes with alcohol or cannabis and concurrent use: A smartphone-based daily diary study.
CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that perceived reward from concurrently using cigarettes with alcohol or cannabis is associated with the extent of concurrent use. Findings can inform tailored smoking cessation interventions. PMID: 33307406 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Thrul J, Gubner NR, Nguyen N, Nguyen C, Goodell EA, Holmes LM, Vandrey RG, Ling PM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Understanding pathways to e-cigarette use across sexual identity: A multi-group structural equation model.
This study explored the relationships between sexual violence, smoking behaviors, suicidality and past 30-day e-cigarette use under the theoretical framework of Minority Stress Theory. The 2017 National Youth Risk Behavioral Survey was utilized to study a nationally representative sample of sexual minority (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and unsure) and heterosexual high school students (N = 7882). Multi-group structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to examine whether sexual violence and suicidality had a direct effect on e-cigarette use, after controlling for prior smoking behaviors (cigarette, cigar, and marij...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Doxbeck CR, Jaeger JA, Bleasedale JM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Evaluating a school-based science program that teaches the physiological effects of nicotine.
Abstract School-based drug prevention programs represent a widely endorsed public health goal, with an important aspect of knowledge-based curricula being education about the physiological effects of drugs. Nicotine is one of the world's most addictive substances and in this program we have used nicotine-induced mammalian-like behaviors in flatworms called planarians to successfully teach students (4th-12th grade; n = 1,616 students) about the physiological and addictive effects of nicotine. An initial study tested the change in knowledge about addictive substances in 6th-12th grade students after they c...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Cameron JL, Brasch K, Strong D, Paul B, Cavanaugh E, Thakur S, Watson MN, Jennings T, Nayak SU, Rawls SM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Predictors of substance use in a clinical sample of youth seeking treatment for Trauma-related mental health problems.
This study examined associations between substance use and risk and protective factors measured across multiple ecological levels among a unique sample of youth seeking treatment for trauma-related mental health problems in child advocacy centers. Participants were adolescents (N = 135; 85% female; 60% white, 31% black) aged 13-17 years (M = 15.4) with ≥ 1 experience of child maltreatment or other interpersonal violence, current substance use, and ≥5 PTSD symptoms. Youth and caregivers completed validated questionnaires and clinical interviews at a pre-treatment assessment in a rand...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Adams ZW, Hahn AM, McCart MR, Chapman JE, Sheidow AJ, Walker J, de Arellano M, Danielson CK Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Fun/intoxication pre-drinking motives lead indirectly to more alcohol-related consequences via increased alcohol consumption on a given night.
CONCLUSION: This study shows that predominantly 'fun/intoxication' predrinkers are at increased risk for alcohol consumption and consequences, but not those who predrink for conviviality or facilitation motives. The outcomes thus suggest the importance of specific PDM in preventing alcohol use for instance by tailoring interventions based on individuals' PDM in order to curb drinking and its associated consequences among young adults on weekend nights out. PMID: 33276233 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 27, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Smit K, Kuntsche E, Anderson-Luxford D, Labhart F Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Assessing barriers to providing tobacco use disorder treatment in community mental health settings with a revised version of the Smoking Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (S-KAP) instrument.
CONCLUSIONS: Enhancing community mental health clinician TUD treatment skills and commitment to providing such services may reduce TUD rates among people with SMI. Future studies should evaluate interventions that target these factors. PMID: 33248743 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 19, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Siegel SD, Laurenceau JP, Hill N, Bauer AM, Flitter A, Ziedonis D, Stevens N, Hosie Quinn M, Leone F, Beidas R, Kimberly J, Schnoll RA Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

How do high school seniors get marijuana? Prevalence and sociodemographic differences.
DISCUSSION: Understanding the prevalence of different modes of getting marijuana among adolescents and which subgroups are most susceptible to riskier means of getting marijuana will allow drug use prevention efforts to be tailored appropriately so as to maximize effectiveness. PMID: 33234360 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Wagner AC, Parks MJ, Patrick ME Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Automatic cognitions as mediators of parental influence on adolescent cannabis use.
CONCLUSION: The results of the study are discussed and interpreted through the lens of dual-process theories. PMID: 33234361 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Pilin MA, Robinson JM, Dow-Fleisner S, Sanchez TA, Krank MD Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Depression and substance use: The CES-D's utility in predicting treatment outcomes in a longitudinal multi-site study of residential treatment centers.
Abstract This investigation utilized a large sample of individuals undergoing substance use treatment to examine the CES-D's structural validity and establish its predictive utility relative to treatment discharge. The sample included 5750 individuals who were receiving substance abuse treatment at 19 different residential treatment facilities. The CES-D was administered to participants over the course of their time in a residential inpatient substance use treatment program. The present study used a split sample method to conduct both exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory (CFA) factor analyses. Results of both the EF...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Morris NM, Fulton JA, Youngren WA, Schumacher JR, Ingram PB Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Those who believe they can, do: The relationship between smoking avoidance beliefs, perceived risks of smoking, and behavior in a sexual and gender minority young adult sample.
Abstract An individual's beliefs in their perceived risk and ability to resist smoking have been found to be associated with smoking behavior. The current study explores the effects of confidence in one's ability to avoid smoking, measured by avoidance beliefs, on the relationship between perceived risks of smoking and behavior. This analysis was done using 2016 baseline data collected among 4057 participants aged 18-24 for the evaluation of a large-scale public education campaign in the U.S. aimed at reducing tobacco use among sexual and gender minority young adults. The analytic sample included roughly 3493 part...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Navarro MA, Hoffman L, Ganz O, Guillory J, Crankshaw EC Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

The impact of emotional face stimuli on working memory performance among men and women with alcohol use disorder.
In this study, we examined working memory performance when attending to and ignoring facial stimuli among adults with and without AUD. We anticipated poorer performance in the AUD group, particularly when task demands involved ignoring facial stimuli. Whether this relationship was moderated by facial emotion or participant sex were explored as empirical questions. METHODS: Fifty-six controls (30 women) and 56 treatment-seekers with AUD (14 women) completed task conditions in which performance was advantaged by either attending to or ignoring facial stimuli, including happy, neutral, or fearful faces. Group, sex, and t...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Lewis B, Price JL, Garcia CC, Ebner NC, Nixon SJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Associations between the Brief Assessment of Alcohol Demand (BAAD) questionnaire and alcohol use disorder severity in UK samples of student and community drinkers.
Abstract Value based choice and compulsion theories of addiction offer distinct explanations for the persistence of alcohol use despite harms. Choice theory argues that problematic drinkers ascribe such high value to alcohol that costs are outweighed, whereas compulsion theory argues that problematic drinkers discount costs in decision making. The current study evaluated these predictions by testing whether alcohol use disorder (AUD) symptom severity (indexed by the AUDIT) was more strongly associated with the intensity item (maximum alcohol consumption if free, indexing alcohol value) compared to the breakpoint i...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Hardy L, Bakou AE, Shuai R, Acuff SF, MacKillop J, Murphy CM, Murphy JG, Hogarth L Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Gambling and military Service: Characteristics, comorbidity, and problem severity in an epidemiological sample.
Abstract Active military members and veterans both show elevated risk of Gambling Disorder. However, research comparing these groups to civilians in epidemiological samples is sparse. There is also some research suggesting that there is a stronger association between military service and poor mental outcomes for women. The current study applies bivariate analyses and generalized linear modelling predicting Problem Gambling Severity Index scores to a representative, complex survey sample of 2176 New Jersey adult residents. The results show that problem gambling scores for past and current military service members w...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: van der Maas M, Nower L Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Metacognitions about Smartphone Use Questionnaire (MSUQ) in a sample of iranians.
This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties (i.e., factor structure, reliability, and predictive validity) of the Persian Metacognitions about Smartphone Use Questionnaire (Persian MSUQ). A community sample of 618 participants (63.6% female, mean age = 27.31 ± 8.95 years; age range: 15-67 years) was recruited in Iran. The results of exploratory factor analysis revealed that the Persian MSUQ had a three-factor structure, similar to the parent version, named positive metacognitions about emotional and cognitive regulation, negative metacognitions about uncontrollability and c...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 26, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Akbari M, Zamani E, Fioravanti G, Casale S Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Measurement invariance of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale across black and white adults with cocaine use disorder.
This study tests for measurement invariance of impulsivity assessed by the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) across Black and White adults with cocaine use disorder and examines the association of BIS impulsivity with treatment retention and outcomes. Data from four clinical trials were combined providing a total sample of 302 participants with cocaine abuse/dependence (42% Black, 58% White, 44% female, agemean = 40.22, SD = 9.26). We used multi-group confirmatory factor analyses to test for measurement invariance across race and examined bivariate correlations between BIS impulsivity and treatment rete...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Haeny AM, Kiluk BD, Nich C, LaPaglia DM, Carroll KM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

The association between reinforcement sensitivity and substance use is mediated by individual differences in dispositional affectivity in adolescents.
JM, Ulbert I, Bunford N Abstract BACKGROUND: Adolescence marks the onset of substance use experimentation and adolescents are particularly vulnerable to certain negative effects of substances. Some evidence indicates reinforcement sensitivity is associated with substance use, though little is known about mechanisms underlying such association. AIMS: in the current study were to examine, (1) associations between behavioral activation (BAS) and behavioral inhibition (BIS) system sensitivity, positive (PA) and negative affectivity (NA), and alcohol use and alcohol problems as well as tobacco, and marijuana use, ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Rádosi A, Pászthy B, Welker TÉ, Zubovics EA, Réthelyi JM, Ulbert I, Bunford N Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Training emotion regulation processes in alcohol-abstinent individuals: A pilot study.
Abstract The study aimed to assess whether abstinent individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUD) would benefit from enhanced emotional regulation (ER) strategies using the affect regulation training (ART) program based on weekly sessions comprising psycho-education, muscle and respiratory relaxation, awareness, acceptance and tolerance, compassionate personal support, emotion analysis and modification. Seventy-two participants with AUD benefited from ART and were compared on their ER ability, mindfulness, and their experience of abstinence to 40 participants not receiving the program, before it, at the end, and 6...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Nandrino JL, Claisse C, Duprez C, Defrance L, Brunelle E, Naassila M, Gandolphe MC Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Activation level as a mediator between behavioral activation, sex, and depression among treatment-seeking smokers.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to tailor interventions by sex when treating smokers with depression. It is recommended to assess symptoms such as mental rumination or self-consciousness, which tend to be more pronounced in women. PMID: 33131968 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Weidberg S, González-Roz A, García-Fernández G, Secades-Villa R Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Social interaction anxiety and perceived coping efficacy: Mechanisms of the association between minority stress and drinking consequences among sexual minority women.
Abstract Sexual minority women (SMW; individuals who identify as women and as lesbian, bisexual, or with another sexual minority identity) are at increased risk for problematic alcohol use compared to their heterosexual counterparts. This increased risk has been attributed to minority stress. However, longitudinal research examining associations between minority stress and alcohol use outcomes is extremely limited and examinations of these associations at the daily level are nearly non-existent. Further, few longitudinal studies have examined mechanisms through which minority stress may impact alcohol use. We util...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Dyar C, Dworkin ER, Pirog S, Kaysen D Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Smoke in the air - Associations between experimentation with cannabis and the use of tobacco and nicotine products among 15-16-year-old school students.
CONCLUSIONS: Experimentation with cannabis has previously been concentrated predominantly on adolescents who smoke, but recently non-smokers are increasingly trying cannabis. It is possible that alternative ways of using cannabis may have increased its use. Despite the strict cannabis policy in Finland, its use has increased, which may be an indication that youth cultures and images of different substances play a significant role in adolescents experimenting with cannabis. PMID: 33139144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Raitasalo K, Karjalainen K, Ollila H, Ruokolainen O, Hakkarainen P Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Cue-based treatment for light smokers: A proof of concept pilot.
CONCLUSIONS: Results from this proof-of-concept study demonstrated that a cue-based intervention is feasible and acceptable among light smokers and suggests the need for a fully powered study to assess this approach. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT03416621. PMID: 33109394 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Pollak KI, Oliver JA, Pieper C, Davis JM, Gao X, Noonan D, Kennedy D, Granados I, Fish LJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Financial strain and electronic nicotine delivery systems use among U.S. young adults: A longitudinal panel analysis, 2013-2018.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the current study indicate the need for distinctly different approaches for non-daily ENDS users from daily users. Our findings further suggest that ENDS use prevention and cessation efforts should consider financial strain of young adults particularly for non-daily users to thwart them from progressing towards nicotine dependence and long-term use. PMID: 33109395 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Han DH, Seo DC Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Profiles of lifetime substance use are differentiated by substance of choice, affective motivations for use, and childhood maltreatment.
This study took a person-centered approach to identify profiles of lifetime substance use and discern the psychosocial differences among them. To survey a spectrum of drug use severity, 1106 adults (43.4% women) were recruited from forensic and community samples. Participants reported on the frequency of lifetime substance use across multiple drug categories (sedatives, stimulants, marijuana, heroin, hallucinogens, misuse of prescription drugs) and alcohol use. Latent profile analysis was used to identify distinct profiles of substance use that were then compared on potential risk and maintenance factors for substance use....
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Sadeh N, Miglin R, Bounoua N, Beckford E, Estrada S, Baskin-Sommers A Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "The psychometric properties of the Chinese version internet gaming disorder scale" [Addictive Behaviors 106 (2020) 106392].
Corrigendum to "The psychometric properties of the Chinese version internet gaming disorder scale" [Addictive Behaviors 106 (2020) 106392]. Addict Behav. 2020 Oct 14;:106670 Authors: Lei W, Liu K, Zeng Z, Liang X, Huang C, Gong K, He W, Xiang B, Zhang J, Zheng X, Chen J PMID: 33069484 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Lei W, Liu K, Zeng Z, Liang X, Huang C, Gong K, He W, Xiang B, Zhang J, Zheng X, Chen J Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research