Craving and emotional responses to trauma and cannabis cues in trauma-exposed cannabis users: Influence of PTSD symptom severity
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 27;125:107126. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107126. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTConditioned craving to trauma cues and avoidance learning have both been implicated in the high concurrence of trauma-related distress and substance misuse. Using a cue-exposure paradigm involving personalized trauma, cannabis, and neutral cues, we examined if conditioned craving and/or elevated negative affect to trauma cues are mechanisms linking PTSD and cannabis use disorder. Fifty-one trauma-exposed cannabis users were randomly presented the three cue types. Craving and emotional responses were evaluated after each c...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Pablo Romero-Sanchiz Ioan T Mahu Sean P Barrett Joshua P Salmon Mohammed Al-Hamdani Jennifer E Swansburg Sherry H Stewart Source Type: research

Modeling alcohol use disorder as a set of interconnected symptoms - Assessing differences between clinical and population samples and across external factors
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 29;125:107128. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107128. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol use disorder is argued to be a highly complex disorder influenced by a multitude of factors on different levels. Common research approaches fail to capture this breadth of interconnecting symptoms. To address this gap in theoretical assumptions and methodological approaches, we used a network analysis to assess the interplay of alcohol use disorder symptoms. We applied the exploratory analysis to two US-datasets, a population sample with 23,591 individuals and a clinical sample with 483 individuals seeking treatme...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: K B S Huth J Luigjes M Marsman A E Goudriaan R J van Holst Source Type: research

Craving and emotional responses to trauma and cannabis cues in trauma-exposed cannabis users: Influence of PTSD symptom severity
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 27;125:107126. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107126. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTConditioned craving to trauma cues and avoidance learning have both been implicated in the high concurrence of trauma-related distress and substance misuse. Using a cue-exposure paradigm involving personalized trauma, cannabis, and neutral cues, we examined if conditioned craving and/or elevated negative affect to trauma cues are mechanisms linking PTSD and cannabis use disorder. Fifty-one trauma-exposed cannabis users were randomly presented the three cue types. Craving and emotional responses were evaluated after each c...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Pablo Romero-Sanchiz Ioan T Mahu Sean P Barrett Joshua P Salmon Mohammed Al-Hamdani Jennifer E Swansburg Sherry H Stewart Source Type: research

Modeling alcohol use disorder as a set of interconnected symptoms - Assessing differences between clinical and population samples and across external factors
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 29;125:107128. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107128. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol use disorder is argued to be a highly complex disorder influenced by a multitude of factors on different levels. Common research approaches fail to capture this breadth of interconnecting symptoms. To address this gap in theoretical assumptions and methodological approaches, we used a network analysis to assess the interplay of alcohol use disorder symptoms. We applied the exploratory analysis to two US-datasets, a population sample with 23,591 individuals and a clinical sample with 483 individuals seeking treatme...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: K B S Huth J Luigjes M Marsman A E Goudriaan R J van Holst Source Type: research

Craving and emotional responses to trauma and cannabis cues in trauma-exposed cannabis users: Influence of PTSD symptom severity
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 27;125:107126. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107126. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTConditioned craving to trauma cues and avoidance learning have both been implicated in the high concurrence of trauma-related distress and substance misuse. Using a cue-exposure paradigm involving personalized trauma, cannabis, and neutral cues, we examined if conditioned craving and/or elevated negative affect to trauma cues are mechanisms linking PTSD and cannabis use disorder. Fifty-one trauma-exposed cannabis users were randomly presented the three cue types. Craving and emotional responses were evaluated after each c...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Pablo Romero-Sanchiz Ioan T Mahu Sean P Barrett Joshua P Salmon Mohammed Al-Hamdani Jennifer E Swansburg Sherry H Stewart Source Type: research

Modeling alcohol use disorder as a set of interconnected symptoms - Assessing differences between clinical and population samples and across external factors
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 29;125:107128. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107128. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol use disorder is argued to be a highly complex disorder influenced by a multitude of factors on different levels. Common research approaches fail to capture this breadth of interconnecting symptoms. To address this gap in theoretical assumptions and methodological approaches, we used a network analysis to assess the interplay of alcohol use disorder symptoms. We applied the exploratory analysis to two US-datasets, a population sample with 23,591 individuals and a clinical sample with 483 individuals seeking treatme...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: K B S Huth J Luigjes M Marsman A E Goudriaan R J van Holst Source Type: research

Craving and emotional responses to trauma and cannabis cues in trauma-exposed cannabis users: Influence of PTSD symptom severity
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 27;125:107126. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107126. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTConditioned craving to trauma cues and avoidance learning have both been implicated in the high concurrence of trauma-related distress and substance misuse. Using a cue-exposure paradigm involving personalized trauma, cannabis, and neutral cues, we examined if conditioned craving and/or elevated negative affect to trauma cues are mechanisms linking PTSD and cannabis use disorder. Fifty-one trauma-exposed cannabis users were randomly presented the three cue types. Craving and emotional responses were evaluated after each c...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Pablo Romero-Sanchiz Ioan T Mahu Sean P Barrett Joshua P Salmon Mohammed Al-Hamdani Jennifer E Swansburg Sherry H Stewart Source Type: research

Modeling alcohol use disorder as a set of interconnected symptoms - Assessing differences between clinical and population samples and across external factors
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 29;125:107128. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107128. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol use disorder is argued to be a highly complex disorder influenced by a multitude of factors on different levels. Common research approaches fail to capture this breadth of interconnecting symptoms. To address this gap in theoretical assumptions and methodological approaches, we used a network analysis to assess the interplay of alcohol use disorder symptoms. We applied the exploratory analysis to two US-datasets, a population sample with 23,591 individuals and a clinical sample with 483 individuals seeking treatme...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: K B S Huth J Luigjes M Marsman A E Goudriaan R J van Holst Source Type: research

Craving and emotional responses to trauma and cannabis cues in trauma-exposed cannabis users: Influence of PTSD symptom severity
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 27;125:107126. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107126. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTConditioned craving to trauma cues and avoidance learning have both been implicated in the high concurrence of trauma-related distress and substance misuse. Using a cue-exposure paradigm involving personalized trauma, cannabis, and neutral cues, we examined if conditioned craving and/or elevated negative affect to trauma cues are mechanisms linking PTSD and cannabis use disorder. Fifty-one trauma-exposed cannabis users were randomly presented the three cue types. Craving and emotional responses were evaluated after each c...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Pablo Romero-Sanchiz Ioan T Mahu Sean P Barrett Joshua P Salmon Mohammed Al-Hamdani Jennifer E Swansburg Sherry H Stewart Source Type: research

Modeling alcohol use disorder as a set of interconnected symptoms - Assessing differences between clinical and population samples and across external factors
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 29;125:107128. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107128. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol use disorder is argued to be a highly complex disorder influenced by a multitude of factors on different levels. Common research approaches fail to capture this breadth of interconnecting symptoms. To address this gap in theoretical assumptions and methodological approaches, we used a network analysis to assess the interplay of alcohol use disorder symptoms. We applied the exploratory analysis to two US-datasets, a population sample with 23,591 individuals and a clinical sample with 483 individuals seeking treatme...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: K B S Huth J Luigjes M Marsman A E Goudriaan R J van Holst Source Type: research

Craving and emotional responses to trauma and cannabis cues in trauma-exposed cannabis users: Influence of PTSD symptom severity
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 27;125:107126. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107126. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTConditioned craving to trauma cues and avoidance learning have both been implicated in the high concurrence of trauma-related distress and substance misuse. Using a cue-exposure paradigm involving personalized trauma, cannabis, and neutral cues, we examined if conditioned craving and/or elevated negative affect to trauma cues are mechanisms linking PTSD and cannabis use disorder. Fifty-one trauma-exposed cannabis users were randomly presented the three cue types. Craving and emotional responses were evaluated after each c...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Pablo Romero-Sanchiz Ioan T Mahu Sean P Barrett Joshua P Salmon Mohammed Al-Hamdani Jennifer E Swansburg Sherry H Stewart Source Type: research

Modeling alcohol use disorder as a set of interconnected symptoms - Assessing differences between clinical and population samples and across external factors
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 29;125:107128. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107128. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol use disorder is argued to be a highly complex disorder influenced by a multitude of factors on different levels. Common research approaches fail to capture this breadth of interconnecting symptoms. To address this gap in theoretical assumptions and methodological approaches, we used a network analysis to assess the interplay of alcohol use disorder symptoms. We applied the exploratory analysis to two US-datasets, a population sample with 23,591 individuals and a clinical sample with 483 individuals seeking treatme...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: K B S Huth J Luigjes M Marsman A E Goudriaan R J van Holst Source Type: research

Boredom and problematic Facebook use in adolescents: What is the relationship considering trait or state boredom?
This study aimed at exploring a possible mechanism through which TB, PFU, and SB are related. We hypothesised and tested the mediating role of PFU in the relationship between TB and SB. Participants were 204 Italian adolescents (57% male, Mage = 17.13, SD = 1.61). Analyses showed a significant positive indirect effect of TB on SB through PFU that acted as a mediator. Specifically, individual sensitivity to boredom may enhance the likelihood that teenagers employ Facebook excessively and in addictive way; in turn, PFU may enhance adolescents' situational experience of boredom. Although preliminary, findings indicate the nee...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 15, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Maria Anna Donati Carola Beccari Caterina Primi Source Type: research

Psychometric validation of the desire thinking questionnaire in a Turkish adolescent sample: Associations with internet gaming disorder
CONCLUSIONS: The 8-item DTQ-T was found to be a reliable and valid measure of desire thinking among Turkish adolescents. Desire thinking may be a feasible target for mental health workers to alleviate the symptoms of IGD.PMID:34649063 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107129 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 14, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: O Ayd ın P Ünal-Aydın G Caselli D C Kolubinski C Marino M M Spada Source Type: research

Psychometric validation of the desire thinking questionnaire in a Turkish adolescent sample: Associations with internet gaming disorder
CONCLUSIONS: The 8-item DTQ-T was found to be a reliable and valid measure of desire thinking among Turkish adolescents. Desire thinking may be a feasible target for mental health workers to alleviate the symptoms of IGD.PMID:34649063 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107129 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 14, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: O Ayd ın P Ünal-Aydın G Caselli D C Kolubinski C Marino M M Spada Source Type: research

Is irregular time estimation a common factor in smoking behavior and delay discounting?
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence for the hypothesis that an acceleration of the internal clock might lead to time over-estimation which could lead towards delayed consequence sensitivity and addiction. The study also found further evidence for the hypothesis that distortions in time estimation (i.e., autocorrelation) may be related to delay discounting and smoking. Smoking and delay discounting were associated with faster estimations of time and differences in autocorrelation.PMID:34634639 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107123 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: C Henrico Stam Frederik M van der Veen Ingmar H A Franken Source Type: research

Intranasal as needed naloxone in the treatment of gambling disorder: A randomised controlled trial
CONCLUSIONS: This study found no difference between the as-needed administration of intranasal naloxone and placebo in reducing gambling urge in persons with GD. Intranasal naloxone was safe and well tolerated.PMID:34634640 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107127 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Hannu Alho Niklas M äkelä Jarkko Isotalo Lilianne Toivonen Jyrki Ollikainen Sari Castr én Source Type: research

Is irregular time estimation a common factor in smoking behavior and delay discounting?
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence for the hypothesis that an acceleration of the internal clock might lead to time over-estimation which could lead towards delayed consequence sensitivity and addiction. The study also found further evidence for the hypothesis that distortions in time estimation (i.e., autocorrelation) may be related to delay discounting and smoking. Smoking and delay discounting were associated with faster estimations of time and differences in autocorrelation.PMID:34634639 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107123 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: C Henrico Stam Frederik M van der Veen Ingmar H A Franken Source Type: research

Intranasal as needed naloxone in the treatment of gambling disorder: A randomised controlled trial
CONCLUSIONS: This study found no difference between the as-needed administration of intranasal naloxone and placebo in reducing gambling urge in persons with GD. Intranasal naloxone was safe and well tolerated.PMID:34634640 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107127 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Hannu Alho Niklas M äkelä Jarkko Isotalo Lilianne Toivonen Jyrki Ollikainen Sari Castr én Source Type: research

Is irregular time estimation a common factor in smoking behavior and delay discounting?
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence for the hypothesis that an acceleration of the internal clock might lead to time over-estimation which could lead towards delayed consequence sensitivity and addiction. The study also found further evidence for the hypothesis that distortions in time estimation (i.e., autocorrelation) may be related to delay discounting and smoking. Smoking and delay discounting were associated with faster estimations of time and differences in autocorrelation.PMID:34634639 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107123 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: C Henrico Stam Frederik M van der Veen Ingmar H A Franken Source Type: research

Intranasal as needed naloxone in the treatment of gambling disorder: A randomised controlled trial
CONCLUSIONS: This study found no difference between the as-needed administration of intranasal naloxone and placebo in reducing gambling urge in persons with GD. Intranasal naloxone was safe and well tolerated.PMID:34634640 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107127 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 11, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Hannu Alho Niklas M äkelä Jarkko Isotalo Lilianne Toivonen Jyrki Ollikainen Sari Castr én Source Type: research

Binge drinking in early adulthood: A machine learning approach
Addict Behav. 2022 Jan;124:107122. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107122. Epub 2021 Sep 20.ABSTRACTBinge drinking among young adults (18-25) has been recognized as a public health concern. Considerable variation among drinking behaviors have been found among this group. Several statistical methods are available to identify theoretically and empirically meaningful correlates of binge drinking. The present study evaluated three methods for identifying correlates of binge drinking, comparing logistic regression to two machine learning methods-classification tress and random forests. While each model identified similar correlates ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Nathaniel A Dell Sweta Prasad Srivastava Michael G Vaughn Christopher Salas-Wright Audrey Hang Hai Zhengmin Qian Source Type: research

E-cigarette use and change in plans to quit cigarette smoking among adult smokers in the United States: Longitudinal findings from the PATH Study 2014-2019
CONCLUSIONS: Among adult daily cigarette smokers initially not planning to ever quit, subsequent daily e-cigarette use is associated with subsequent plans to quit smoking. Population-level research on e-cigarette use that is focused on smokers already motivated to quit may limit a complete evaluation of the smoker population.PMID:34598012 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107124 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Karin A Kasza Kathryn C Edwards Andrew Anesetti-Rothermel MeLisa R Creamer K Michael Cummings Raymond S Niaura Akshika Sharma Stephanie R Pitts Sara K Head Colm D Everard Dorothy K Hatsukami Andrew Hyland Source Type: research

Binge drinking in early adulthood: A machine learning approach
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 20;124:107122. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107122. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBinge drinking among young adults (18-25) has been recognized as a public health concern. Considerable variation among drinking behaviors have been found among this group. Several statistical methods are available to identify theoretically and empirically meaningful correlates of binge drinking. The present study evaluated three methods for identifying correlates of binge drinking, comparing logistic regression to two machine learning methods-classification tress and random forests. While each model identified similar cor...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Nathaniel A Dell Sweta Prasad Srivastava Michael G Vaughn Christopher Salas-Wright Audrey Hang Hai Zhengmin Qian Source Type: research

E-cigarette use and change in plans to quit cigarette smoking among adult smokers in the United States: Longitudinal findings from the PATH Study 2014-2019
CONCLUSIONS: Among adult daily cigarette smokers initially not planning to ever quit, subsequent daily e-cigarette use is associated with subsequent plans to quit smoking. Population-level research on e-cigarette use that is focused on smokers already motivated to quit may limit a complete evaluation of the smoker population.PMID:34598012 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107124 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Karin A Kasza Kathryn C Edwards Andrew Anesetti-Rothermel MeLisa R Creamer K Michael Cummings Raymond S Niaura Akshika Sharma Stephanie R Pitts Sara K Head Colm D Everard Dorothy K Hatsukami Andrew Hyland Source Type: research

Binge drinking in early adulthood: A machine learning approach
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 20;124:107122. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107122. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBinge drinking among young adults (18-25) has been recognized as a public health concern. Considerable variation among drinking behaviors have been found among this group. Several statistical methods are available to identify theoretically and empirically meaningful correlates of binge drinking. The present study evaluated three methods for identifying correlates of binge drinking, comparing logistic regression to two machine learning methods-classification tress and random forests. While each model identified similar cor...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Nathaniel A Dell Sweta Prasad Srivastava Michael G Vaughn Christopher Salas-Wright Audrey Hang Hai Zhengmin Qian Source Type: research

E-cigarette use and change in plans to quit cigarette smoking among adult smokers in the United States: Longitudinal findings from the PATH Study 2014-2019
CONCLUSIONS: Among adult daily cigarette smokers initially not planning to ever quit, subsequent daily e-cigarette use is associated with subsequent plans to quit smoking. Population-level research on e-cigarette use that is focused on smokers already motivated to quit may limit a complete evaluation of the smoker population.PMID:34598012 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107124 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Karin A Kasza Kathryn C Edwards Andrew Anesetti-Rothermel MeLisa R Creamer K Michael Cummings Raymond S Niaura Akshika Sharma Stephanie R Pitts Sara K Head Colm D Everard Dorothy K Hatsukami Andrew Hyland Source Type: research

Binge drinking in early adulthood: A machine learning approach
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 20;124:107122. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107122. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBinge drinking among young adults (18-25) has been recognized as a public health concern. Considerable variation among drinking behaviors have been found among this group. Several statistical methods are available to identify theoretically and empirically meaningful correlates of binge drinking. The present study evaluated three methods for identifying correlates of binge drinking, comparing logistic regression to two machine learning methods-classification tress and random forests. While each model identified similar cor...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Nathaniel A Dell Sweta Prasad Srivastava Michael G Vaughn Christopher Salas-Wright Audrey Hang Hai Zhengmin Qian Source Type: research

E-cigarette use and change in plans to quit cigarette smoking among adult smokers in the United States: Longitudinal findings from the PATH Study 2014-2019
CONCLUSIONS: Among adult daily cigarette smokers initially not planning to ever quit, subsequent daily e-cigarette use is associated with subsequent plans to quit smoking. Population-level research on e-cigarette use that is focused on smokers already motivated to quit may limit a complete evaluation of the smoker population.PMID:34598012 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107124 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Karin A Kasza Kathryn C Edwards Andrew Anesetti-Rothermel MeLisa R Creamer K Michael Cummings Raymond S Niaura Akshika Sharma Stephanie R Pitts Sara K Head Colm D Everard Dorothy K Hatsukami Andrew Hyland Source Type: research

Binge drinking in early adulthood: A machine learning approach
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 20;124:107122. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107122. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBinge drinking among young adults (18-25) has been recognized as a public health concern. Considerable variation among drinking behaviors have been found among this group. Several statistical methods are available to identify theoretically and empirically meaningful correlates of binge drinking. The present study evaluated three methods for identifying correlates of binge drinking, comparing logistic regression to two machine learning methods-classification tress and random forests. While each model identified similar cor...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Nathaniel A Dell Sweta Prasad Srivastava Michael G Vaughn Christopher Salas-Wright Audrey Hang Hai Zhengmin Qian Source Type: research

E-cigarette use and change in plans to quit cigarette smoking among adult smokers in the United States: Longitudinal findings from the PATH Study 2014-2019
CONCLUSIONS: Among adult daily cigarette smokers initially not planning to ever quit, subsequent daily e-cigarette use is associated with subsequent plans to quit smoking. Population-level research on e-cigarette use that is focused on smokers already motivated to quit may limit a complete evaluation of the smoker population.PMID:34598012 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107124 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Karin A Kasza Kathryn C Edwards Andrew Anesetti-Rothermel MeLisa R Creamer K Michael Cummings Raymond S Niaura Akshika Sharma Stephanie R Pitts Sara K Head Colm D Everard Dorothy K Hatsukami Andrew Hyland Source Type: research

Binge drinking in early adulthood: A machine learning approach
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 20;124:107122. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107122. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBinge drinking among young adults (18-25) has been recognized as a public health concern. Considerable variation among drinking behaviors have been found among this group. Several statistical methods are available to identify theoretically and empirically meaningful correlates of binge drinking. The present study evaluated three methods for identifying correlates of binge drinking, comparing logistic regression to two machine learning methods-classification tress and random forests. While each model identified similar cor...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Nathaniel A Dell Sweta Prasad Srivastava Michael G Vaughn Christopher Salas-Wright Audrey Hang Hai Zhengmin Qian Source Type: research

E-cigarette use and change in plans to quit cigarette smoking among adult smokers in the United States: Longitudinal findings from the PATH Study 2014-2019
CONCLUSIONS: Among adult daily cigarette smokers initially not planning to ever quit, subsequent daily e-cigarette use is associated with subsequent plans to quit smoking. Population-level research on e-cigarette use that is focused on smokers already motivated to quit may limit a complete evaluation of the smoker population.PMID:34598012 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107124 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Karin A Kasza Kathryn C Edwards Andrew Anesetti-Rothermel MeLisa R Creamer K Michael Cummings Raymond S Niaura Akshika Sharma Stephanie R Pitts Sara K Head Colm D Everard Dorothy K Hatsukami Andrew Hyland Source Type: research

Binge drinking in early adulthood: A machine learning approach
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 20;124:107122. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107122. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBinge drinking among young adults (18-25) has been recognized as a public health concern. Considerable variation among drinking behaviors have been found among this group. Several statistical methods are available to identify theoretically and empirically meaningful correlates of binge drinking. The present study evaluated three methods for identifying correlates of binge drinking, comparing logistic regression to two machine learning methods-classification tress and random forests. While each model identified similar cor...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Nathaniel A Dell Sweta Prasad Srivastava Michael G Vaughn Christopher Salas-Wright Audrey Hang Hai Zhengmin Qian Source Type: research

E-cigarette use and change in plans to quit cigarette smoking among adult smokers in the United States: Longitudinal findings from the PATH Study 2014-2019
CONCLUSIONS: Among adult daily cigarette smokers initially not planning to ever quit, subsequent daily e-cigarette use is associated with subsequent plans to quit smoking. Population-level research on e-cigarette use that is focused on smokers already motivated to quit may limit a complete evaluation of the smoker population.PMID:34598012 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107124 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Karin A Kasza Kathryn C Edwards Andrew Anesetti-Rothermel MeLisa R Creamer K Michael Cummings Raymond S Niaura Akshika Sharma Stephanie R Pitts Sara K Head Colm D Everard Dorothy K Hatsukami Andrew Hyland Source Type: research

Cognitive and emotional responses to pictorial warning labels and their association with quitting measures after continued exposure
This study examines smokers' responses towards PWLs after 10 days of use and their associations with changes in quitting attitudes, beliefs, and intentions during this period.METHODS: Non-treatment-seeking, daily smokers completed a randomized, parallel design trial. Participants were randomized to either a PWL or control (i.e., text only or no warning label) group and received their preferred brand cigarettes affixed with their assigned label for 10 days. We assessed quitting attitudes, intentions, and beliefs at the onset and end of the study. At study end, smokers rated their PWL on a 5-point scale for 8 cognitive and e...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Anupreet K Sidhu Andrea C Johnson Valentina Souprountchouk Olivia Wackowski Andrew A Strasser Melissa Mercincavage Source Type: research

Simultaneous use of marijuana and alcohol: Potential prevention targets among young adults who use alcohol
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 13;124:107118. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107118. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSimultaneous alcohol and marijuana use (SAM) such that their effects overlap has emerged as a behavior that is riskier than using either substance separately. It has been associated with high-risk binge drinking and driving while intoxicated during young adulthood, and it has been demonstrated to cause greater physical and mental impairment than use of alcohol or marijuana separately. To identify intervention and prevention targets specific to SAM, we examined the relationships between alcohol- and marijuana-specific beli...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Martie L Skinner Katarina Guttmannova Sabrina Oesterle Margaret R Kuklinski Source Type: research

Cognitive and emotional responses to pictorial warning labels and their association with quitting measures after continued exposure
This study examines smokers' responses towards PWLs after 10 days of use and their associations with changes in quitting attitudes, beliefs, and intentions during this period.METHODS: Non-treatment-seeking, daily smokers completed a randomized, parallel design trial. Participants were randomized to either a PWL or control (i.e., text only or no warning label) group and received their preferred brand cigarettes affixed with their assigned label for 10 days. We assessed quitting attitudes, intentions, and beliefs at the onset and end of the study. At study end, smokers rated their PWL on a 5-point scale for 8 cognitive and e...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Anupreet K Sidhu Andrea C Johnson Valentina Souprountchouk Olivia Wackowski Andrew A Strasser Melissa Mercincavage Source Type: research

Simultaneous use of marijuana and alcohol: Potential prevention targets among young adults who use alcohol
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 13;124:107118. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107118. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSimultaneous alcohol and marijuana use (SAM) such that their effects overlap has emerged as a behavior that is riskier than using either substance separately. It has been associated with high-risk binge drinking and driving while intoxicated during young adulthood, and it has been demonstrated to cause greater physical and mental impairment than use of alcohol or marijuana separately. To identify intervention and prevention targets specific to SAM, we examined the relationships between alcohol- and marijuana-specific beli...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Martie L Skinner Katarina Guttmannova Sabrina Oesterle Margaret R Kuklinski Source Type: research

Cognitive and emotional responses to pictorial warning labels and their association with quitting measures after continued exposure
This study examines smokers' responses towards PWLs after 10 days of use and their associations with changes in quitting attitudes, beliefs, and intentions during this period.METHODS: Non-treatment-seeking, daily smokers completed a randomized, parallel design trial. Participants were randomized to either a PWL or control (i.e., text only or no warning label) group and received their preferred brand cigarettes affixed with their assigned label for 10 days. We assessed quitting attitudes, intentions, and beliefs at the onset and end of the study. At study end, smokers rated their PWL on a 5-point scale for 8 cognitive and e...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Anupreet K Sidhu Andrea C Johnson Valentina Souprountchouk Olivia Wackowski Andrew A Strasser Melissa Mercincavage Source Type: research

Simultaneous use of marijuana and alcohol: Potential prevention targets among young adults who use alcohol
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 13;124:107118. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107118. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSimultaneous alcohol and marijuana use (SAM) such that their effects overlap has emerged as a behavior that is riskier than using either substance separately. It has been associated with high-risk binge drinking and driving while intoxicated during young adulthood, and it has been demonstrated to cause greater physical and mental impairment than use of alcohol or marijuana separately. To identify intervention and prevention targets specific to SAM, we examined the relationships between alcohol- and marijuana-specific beli...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 28, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Martie L Skinner Katarina Guttmannova Sabrina Oesterle Margaret R Kuklinski Source Type: research

Have we overlooked the influence of "wine-mom" culture on alcohol consumption among mothers?
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 14;124:107119. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107119. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34571460 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107119 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 27, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Rachel Sayko Adams Emily Ledingham Katherine M Keyes Source Type: research

Have we overlooked the influence of "wine-mom" culture on alcohol consumption among mothers?
Addict Behav. 2021 Sep 14;124:107119. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107119. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34571460 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107119 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 27, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Rachel Sayko Adams Emily Ledingham Katherine M Keyes Source Type: research

Health literacy and healthcare service utilisation in the 12-months prior to entry into residential alcohol and other drug treatment
CONCLUSIONS: This study was the first to use a multidimensional health literacy tool to examine health literacy and general healthcare service utilisation for people attending residential substance use disorder treatment. This population access high levels of healthcare services, however the role that health literacy may play in helping reduce acute healthcare use requires further investigation.PMID:34562775 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107111 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 25, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Tayla J Degan Peter J Kelly Laura D Robinson Frank P Deane Amanda L Baker Source Type: research

Co-use among confidants: An examination of polysubstance use and personal relationships in southeastern Nebraska
This study examines the relationship between personal networks and polysubstance use among people who use drugs (PWUD) in a medium sized city in the Midwest. A large body of work has demonstrated that personal relationships have an ambivalent association with substance use. On the one hand, a supportive network is associated with safer drug use practices and dramatically improves the outlook for recovery. However, individuals whose personal networks are composed of co-drug use partners are more likely to engage in risky practices. We argue that this notion of "supportive" social contacts and "risky" soc...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 25, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: G Robin Gauthier Kelly Markowski Jeffrey A Smith Sela Harcey Bergen Johnston Source Type: research

Health literacy and healthcare service utilisation in the 12-months prior to entry into residential alcohol and other drug treatment
CONCLUSIONS: This study was the first to use a multidimensional health literacy tool to examine health literacy and general healthcare service utilisation for people attending residential substance use disorder treatment. This population access high levels of healthcare services, however the role that health literacy may play in helping reduce acute healthcare use requires further investigation.PMID:34562775 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107111 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 25, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Tayla J Degan Peter J Kelly Laura D Robinson Frank P Deane Amanda L Baker Source Type: research

Co-use among confidants: An examination of polysubstance use and personal relationships in southeastern Nebraska
This study examines the relationship between personal networks and polysubstance use among people who use drugs (PWUD) in a medium sized city in the Midwest. A large body of work has demonstrated that personal relationships have an ambivalent association with substance use. On the one hand, a supportive network is associated with safer drug use practices and dramatically improves the outlook for recovery. However, individuals whose personal networks are composed of co-drug use partners are more likely to engage in risky practices. We argue that this notion of "supportive" social contacts and "risky" soc...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 25, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: G Robin Gauthier Kelly Markowski Jeffrey A Smith Sela Harcey Bergen Johnston Source Type: research

Pre-game drinking among young adults and its association with positive and negative alcohol consequences
CONCLUSION: The unique association between pre-gaming and positive consequences may help explain why pre-gaming is linked with heavy drinking and other risky behaviors as positive consequences have been shown to reinforce such behaviors. Findings suggest pre-gaming may be a useful intervention point for alcohol reduction programs.PMID:34560423 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107120 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 24, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Brian H Calhoun Ashley N Linden-Carmichael Source Type: research

Pre-game drinking among young adults and its association with positive and negative alcohol consequences
CONCLUSION: The unique association between pre-gaming and positive consequences may help explain why pre-gaming is linked with heavy drinking and other risky behaviors as positive consequences have been shown to reinforce such behaviors. Findings suggest pre-gaming may be a useful intervention point for alcohol reduction programs.PMID:34560423 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107120 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 24, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Brian H Calhoun Ashley N Linden-Carmichael Source Type: research

E-cigarette device and liquid characteristics and E-cigarette dependence: A pilot study of pod-based and disposable E-cigarette users
CONCLUSION: Results support the hypothesis that nicotine flux is positively associated with nicotine dependence in a sample of current users of pod-based and disposable e-cigarettes.PMID:34555560 | DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107117 (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 23, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Elizabeth K Do Katie O'Connor Siobhan N Perks Eric K Soule Thomas Eissenberg Michael S Amato Amanda L Graham Corby K Martin Christoph H öchsmann Bernard F Fuemmeler Source Type: research