Chasing the desire: An investigation on the role of craving, time perspective, and alcohol use in adolescent gambling.
Abstract Chasing, or continuing to gamble to recoup losses, is a behavioral marker and a diagnostic criterion for gambling disorder. Research on chasing has focused mainly on adults, whereas the analysis of chasing behavior among adolescents has not received empirical attention in the gambling literature. The aim of the present study was to first investigate the interplay between chasing behavior, craving, temporal perspective, alcohol use, and gambling severity among Italian adolescents. Three hundred and sixty-four adolescents took part in the study. Participants completed the South Oaks Gambling Screen Revised ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Cosenza M, Matarazzo O, Ciccarelli M, Nigro G Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Post-college changes in the association between drinking motives and drinking-related problems.
Abstract Evidence suggests that drinking cope (DTC) motivation becomes a greater risk factor for drinking-related problems as individuals progress through young adulthood. To test this, we examined how the effect of DTC motivation on a variety of drinking-related problems, controlling for drinking level, changed as individuals made the transition from college life to post-college life. We also included social, enhancement and conformity motives in our models to examine how their unique effects on drinking-related problems change across this developmental period. College students (N = 939) reported their ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Shank F, Armeli S, Hamilton HR, Tennen H Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Upward social comparison and state anxiety as mediators between passive social network site usage and online compulsive buying among women.
Abstract Although Social Network Site (SNS) usage has been shown to be related to online compulsive buying among women, little is known about the mediating mechanisms underlying this association. Based on the Interaction of Person-Affect-Cognition-Execution model (I-PACE) for addictive behaviors and social comparison theory, the present study examined the mediating roles of upward social comparison and state anxiety in the link between passive SNS usage and online compulsive buying among female undergraduate students. A sample of 799 Chinese female undergraduate students (mean age = 19.86 years, SD&...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Zheng Y, Yang X, Zhou R, Niu G, Liu Q, Zhou Z Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Toward a better understanding of the influence of repetitive negative thinking in alcohol use disorder: An examination of moderation effect of metacognitive beliefs and gender.
Abstract Repetitive negative thinking (RNT), the most studied forms of which are depressive ruminations and anxious worry, is a unique transdiagnostic process responsible for the development and maintenance of many mental disorders. Over the past decade, studies have shown that RNT could be involved in the development and maintenance of alcohol use disorder (AUD). However, to date, little is known about the factors that can influence this relationship, even though some theoretical and empirical arguments suggest that variables such as gender or metacognitive beliefs may determine the role of RNT in the onset of sy...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Hamonniere T, Laqueille X, Vorspan F, Dereux A, Illel K, Varescon I Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Evaluating the effect of retail marijuana legalization on parent marijuana use frequency and norms in U.S. States with retail marijuana legalization.
CONCLUSIONS: An increase in marijuana use frequency associated with RML among parents poses risk to both parents' well-being and the health of their children. A faster pace of increase in pro-marijuana norms in RML states may signal continued increases in use in the future. PMID: 32739591 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Epstein M, Bailey JA, Kosterman R, Furlong M, Hill KG Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Self-medicating low mood with alcohol use: Examining the role of frequency of alcohol use, quantity consumed and context of drinking.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this paper indicate that the behaviour of self-medication may be a factor in why people may be more hazardous drinkers, and that these individuals are drinking to relieve their mood, more likely than someone who does not use alcohol for this purpose. The findings also provide clinical insight, as the behaviour of self-medication could be used as a target for intervention. PMID: 32721645 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Mc Hugh R, McBride O Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Association between income and education with quit attempts, use of cessation aids, and short-term success in tobacco smokers: A social gradient analysis from a population-based cross-sectional household survey in Germany (DEBRA study).
CONCLUSIONS: In the German healthcare system without free access to evidence-based cessation therapy, low-income smokers are more likely to make a quit attempt but less likely to use cessation medication than high-income smokers. Equitable access to such medication is crucial to reduce SES-related health disparities. PMID: 32717499 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Kastaun S, Brown J, Kotz D Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Is self-compassion negatively associated with alcohol and marijuana-related problems via coping motives?
Abstract Alcohol and marijuana misuse is prevalent on many university campuses, with high rates of undergraduate students reporting experiencing alcohol and/or marijuana-related problems, which have been consistently associated with coping-motivated use. While previous studies have found dispositional mindfulness to be negatively associated with coping motives and alcohol-related problems, the present two-part study examines self-compassion, a complementary construct to mindfulness. Study One examines whether dispositional self-compassion is negatively associated with alcohol-related problems via drinking to cope ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Wisener M, Khoury B Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Examining the neighborhood-level socioeconomic characteristics associated with fatal overdose by type of drug involved and overdose setting.
CONCLUSIONS: An index of socioeconomic disadvantage was generally predictive of overdose, regardless of the setting in which the overdose occurred (in-home vs. out-of-home). The associations between neighborhood-level socioeconomic characteristics and fatal overdose can be tailored by substance type to create targeted interventions. Overdose setting may be an important consideration for future policy efforts, as overdoses were nearly twice as likely to occur at-home. PMID: 32717498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Chichester K, Drawve G, Sisson M, McCleskey B, Dye DW, Cropsey K Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Effects of smartphone addiction on sleep quality among Chinese university students: The mediating role of self-regulation and bedtime procrastination.
Abstract The steep rise of smartphone use has raised public concerns about smartphone addiction and its associated negative health consequences, such as poor sleep quality; however, limited research has examined the psychological mechanisms underlying these associations. The current study tested the effects of smartphone addiction on poor sleep quality, through self-regulation and bedtime procrastination, among 427 Chinese undergraduate students, aged 18 or older (M = 19.36; female = 66%), who voluntarily completed an anonymous online questionnaire. The results showed that 1/3 of participants r...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Zhang MX, Wu AMS Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Gender and racial/ethnic differences in physiologic responses in the Stimulant Reduction Intervention using Dosed Exercise Study.
Abstract Exercise may be beneficial for individuals in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment given the higher rates of both medical and psychiatric comorbidity, namely mood and anxiety disorders, compared to the general population. Gender and/or racial/ethnic differences in health benefits and response to prescribed exercise have been reported and may have implications for designing exercise interventions in SUD programs. METHOD: Data are from the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (NIDA/CTN) Stimulant Reduction Intervention using Dosed Exercise (STRIDE) trial. Gender differences across ra...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Killeen TK, Wolf B, Greer TL, Carmody T, Rethorst CD, Trivedi MH Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
College alcohol beliefs and negative alcohol-related consequences: A moderated mediation model of enhancement drinking motives and restricted eating.
Abstract College alcohol beliefs (CABs; i.e., beliefs that alcohol use is an integral feature of college life) have been shown to be positively associated with negative alcohol-related consequences among college students. Given this information, the present study examined restricted eating before consuming alcohol to increase intoxication as one drinking behavior mechanism through which CABs relate to negative alcohol-related consequences. Additionally, we examined whether the indirect association of CABs and negative alcohol-related consequences through restricted eating differed as a function of enhancement drin...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Herchenroeder L, Bravo AJ, Protective Strategies Study Team Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Waterpipe use and associated consumer characteristics in the German population: Data from a national representative survey (DEBRA study).
CONCLUSIONS: In Germany, the use of WP is popular and most strongly associated with migration background and use of tobacco and e-cigarettes. These aspects should be considered when designing future target group-specific prevention strategies. PMID: 32688228 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Klosterhalfen S, Kotz D, Boeckmann M, Kastaun S Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Validation of smartphone addiction scale - Short version (SAS-SV) in Brazilian adolescents.
The objectives of this study were to analyze the psychometric properties of the Smartphone Addiction Scale - Short Version (SAS-SV) as follows: (i) the factor structure of the SAS-SV using different statistical methods; (ii) the evidence of convergence; (iii) the temporal stability of the SAS-SV; and (iv) predictive SAS-SV validity. A total of 451 adolescents participated in this study (age M = 13.1; SD = 1.22) by completing a sociodemographic questionnaire (including items evaluating the perception of smartphone use), the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), and the SAS-SV. It was found that 53.2% demonstrat...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Andrade ALM, Scatena A, Martins GDG, Pinheiro BO, Becker da Silva A, Enes CC, de Oliveira WA, Kim DJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Sweetening the pot: Exploring differences between frequent gamblers who do and do not gamble under the influence of cannabis.
This study provides one of the first explorations into who uses cannabis while gambling. Future experimental studies are required to investigate the direct effects of cannabis on gambling behaviors. PMID: 32682270 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 27, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: McPhail A, Whelan JP, Peter SC, Li Q, Winters KC, Meyers AW Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Drinking to cope with the pandemic: The unique associations of COVID-19-related perceived threat and psychological distress to drinking behaviors in American men and women.
Abstract The 2019 Coronavirus pandemic has brought about significant and unprecedented changes to the modern world, including stay-at-home orders, high rates of unemployment, and more than a hundred thousand deaths across the United States. Derived from the self-medication hypothesis, this research explored how perceived threat and psychological distress related to the COVID-19 pandemic are associated with drinking behavior among an American sample of adults. We also evaluated whether links between COVID-19-related perceived threat and psychological distress with drinking behavior are different for men and women. ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 27, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Rodriguez LM, Litt DM, Stewart SH Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Substance use and abuse associated with the behavioral immune system during COVID-19: The special case of healthcare workers and essential workers.
PMID: 32622026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 27, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: McKay D, Asmundson GJG Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Drinking motives mediate the associations between urgency and hazardous/harmful alcohol use among moderate-to-heavy drinking men who have sex with men (MSM).
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate urgency may be an important risk factor for hazardous/harmful drinking among adult MSM that may operate in part through its effects on coping and enhancement motives. PMID: 32622024 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Anderson KR, Palfai TP, Maisto SA, Simons JS Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Affect and alcohol: The moderating role of episode-specific drinking motives.
Abstract Findings regarding the moderating influence of drinking motives on the association between affect and alcohol consumption have been inconsistent. The current study extended previous work on this topic by examining episode-specific coping, enhancement, conformity, and social drinking motives as moderators of the association between daytime experiences of positive and negative affect and evening social and solitary alcohol consumption. Nine hundred and six participants completed daily diary surveys measuring their daily affect and evening drinking behavior each day for 30 days during college and again ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Hamilton HR, Armeli S, Tennen H Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Substance use disorders among youth with chronic physical illness.
This study estimated prevalence of substance use disorder in youth with chronic physical illness; quantified magnitudes of association between different chronic physical illnesses with substance use disorder; and, tested whether mental disorder moderates these associations. Data come from 6,377 individuals aged 15-30 years in the Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health. Alcohol, cannabis, or other drug use disorder measured using the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0. Individuals with chronic physical illness were more likely to have other drug use disorder compared to healthy controls (2.4% vs. 1.3%; p
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Luther AWM, Reaume SV, Qadeer RA, Thompson K, Ferro MA Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Extended-release naltrexone versus buprenorphine-naloxone to treat opioid use disorder among black adults.
Abstract Few studies examine the effectiveness of treatments for opioid use disorder (OUD) among Black individuals despite recent evidence suggesting opioid overdose death rates are, in some cases, highest and increasing at a faster rate among Black people compared to other racial/ethnic groups. This secondary analysis study investigated treatment preference, retention, and relapse rates amongst a subgroup of 73 Black participants with OUD (81% male, mean age 39.05, SD = 11.80) participating in a 24-week multisite randomized clinical trial ("X:BOT") comparing the effectiveness of extended-relea...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Haeny AM, Montgomery L, Burlew AK, Campbell ANC, Scodes J, Pavlicova M, Rotrosen J, Nunes E Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Higher incentive amounts do not appear to be associated with greater quit rates in financial incentive programmes for smoking cessation.
CONCLUSIONS: While higher FI amounts were not associated with greater quitting within this review, the limited data available and variations in target populations and programme designs unrelated to the amount have undoubtedly influenced results. Findings suggest information on this relationship and optimal FI amounts are not determinable through current evidence. As this information is important for cost-effectiveness evaluations and real-world viability, further investigation is necessary. Laboratory research could provide valuable initial insight. Trials comparing programme efficacy under the identified amounts could the...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Breen RJ, Ferguson SG, Palmer MA Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Framing effects on financial and health problems in gambling disorder.
Abstract Gambling disorder (GD) patients show excessively risky decision-making in the financial domain. We aimed to clarify whether GD patients show risky decision-making in domain-general or in domain-specific. Furthermore, we also investigated the effect of the well-known cognitive bias, the framing effect on GD's decision-making under risk. Sixty-two male GD patients and 74 age-matched healthy male controls (HC) conducted a risky choice task in which they should choose solutions for difficult situations between a sure and a risky option that had the same expectations. Six situations were prepared for each fina...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 10, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Takeuchi H, Tsurumi K, Murao T, Mizuta H, Kawada R, Murai T, Takahashi H Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Depression and its association with adverse childhood experiences in people with substance use disorders and comorbid medical illness recruited during medical hospitalization.
Abstract AIMS: People who have experienced adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are more susceptible to substance use disorder (SUD) and depression. The present study examined depression prevalence in hospitalized patients with SUD and examined the association of individual ACEs with major depression. Depression rates 3 months after discharge were also examined. METHODS: Medical inpatients with SUD were recruited from Temple University Hospital. Depression was assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) at baseline and 3 months post-discharge. Participants were also assessed using an A...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Philogene-Khalid HL, Cunningham E, Yu D, Chambers JE, Brooks A, Lu X, Morrison MF Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Associations of personality and clinical characteristics with excessive Internet and smartphone use in adolescents: A structural equation modeling approach.
This study identified relevant psychological factors that affect excessive Internet use (EIU) and excessive smartphone use (ESU) in adolescents using structural equation modeling (SEM). A sample of 714 individuals drawn from lists of middle school students in South Korea completed self-administered questionnaires, including Young's Internet Addiction Test (Y-IAT), the Smartphone Addiction Scale (SAS), and various clinical and psychological scales measuring depression, anxiety, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), aggression, expression of anger, and the behavioral inhibition system (BIS)/activation system (BAS)...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Jeong B, Lee JY, Kim BM, Park E, Kwon JG, Kim DJ, Lee Y, Choi JS, Lee D Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Understanding alcohol-specific antecedents among Chinese vocational school adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol use norms and beliefs among Chinese vocational school students have distinct predictive relationships with alcohol use intentions. Alcohol use prevention programs designed for this population need to address normative beliefs (descriptive, injunctive, and personal norms) and the perceived benefit of alcohol use. PMID: 32540631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Bo A, Wu S, Chen DG, Marsiglia FF, Zhu Y, Zhang L, Zhu B Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Gambling motives: Association with addictive disorders and negative and positive mood in youth.
This study aims at examining the association between gambling disorder, comorbid addictive disorders (i.e., alcohol, drugs, spending, and videogames), positive and affective mood, and gambling motives in a community sample. A sample of 1099 adolescents and young adults was recruited from educational centres, from which 569 (51.7%) scored as non-problem gamblers, 42 (3.8%) as at-risk gamblers, and 53 (4.8%) as problem gamblers. Results suggest that enhancement, social, and coping motives are greater among problem gamblers and at-risk gamblers as compared to non-problem gamblers. Problem gamblers scored higher in gambling an...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Jauregui P, Estevez A, Macía L, López-González H Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Metacognitions about problematic Smartphone use: Development of a self-report measure.
CONCLUSIONS: The MSUQ might be a promising self-report measure and further support research into the role of metacognition in technological addictions. PMID: 32497956 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Casale S, Caponi L, Fioravanti G Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Estimates of Caffeine Use Disorder, Caffeine Withdrawal, Harm and Help-seeking in New Zealand: A cross-sectional survey.
CONCLUSIONS: High rates of CUD and caffeine withdrawal amongst moderate caffeine users, women and smokers suggests caffeine consumption guidelines may need refinement. Caffeine-related harm that is not clinically meaningful may still be of concern to individuals and warrants further investigation. PMID: 32485545 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Booth N, Saxton J, Rodda SN Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Distinct psychological profiles among college students with substance use: A cluster analytic approach.
Abstract Substance use in youth is a central public health concern, related to deleterious consequences at psychological, social, and cognitive/cerebral levels. Previous research has identified impulsivity and consumption motives as key factors in the emergence of excessive substance use among college students. However, most studies have focused on a specific substance and have considered this population as a unitary group, ignoring the potential heterogeneity in psychological profiles. We used a cluster analytic approach to explore the heterogeneity in a large sample (N = 2741) of substance users (i.e.,...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Lannoy S, Mange J, Leconte P, Ritz L, Gierski F, Maurage P, Beaunieux H Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Effects of couple conflict on alcohol craving: Does intimate partner violence play a role?
CONCLUSIONS: Findings from this exploratory study suggest that in this sample, relationship conflict and IPV in one's current relationship played a more impactful role on acute alcohol craving among men compared to women. Future studies should examine the role of specific conflict behaviors on alcohol craving and relapse risk, and patterns of communication that might increase or reduce risk for exacerbated alcohol craving. PMID: 32485550 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Flanagan JC, Jarnecke AM, Leone RM, Oesterle DW Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Evaluating alcohol demand, craving, and depressive symptoms among women in alcohol treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that demand may reflect unique risk for drinking relative to craving or depressive symptoms. These findings provide support for the utility of the APT within a clinical setting to assess individualized valuation of alcohol. PMID: 32480282 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Meshesha LZ, Aston ER, Teeters JB, Blevins CE, Battle CL, Marsh E, Feltus S, Stein MD, Abrantes AM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Stigmatization of opioid addiction based on prescription, sex and age.
Abstract With opioid abuse becoming a nationwide epidemic, it is important to understand what is contributing to societal views of opioid dependence. Difference in stigmatization of drug users may exist between sexes, ages and type of drugs being used. Social perceptions may impact drug use and recovery. To assess which opioid users are stigmatized most, we administered an experimenter-created vignette that experimentally manipulated the type of opioid (Prescribed Vicodin vs. Non-prescribed Vicodin vs. heroin) as well as the sex of the opioid user (Male vs. Female) and the age of the user (23 years-old vs. 53...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 19, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Weeks C, Stenstrom DM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
ENDS use among college students: Salivary biomarkers and persistent cough.
Abstract Though e-cigarette aerosol has been associated with altered lung cell function, few studies have examined the effects of use on immune response and respiratory symptoms. The purpose of this study was to examine if recent persistent cough or cytokine levels are related to Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) use in college students. In April 2019, 61 undergraduate students at the University of Kentucky completed surveys and provided a salivary sample to evaluate cytokine levels (Interleukin (IL-) 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 13 and TNFα, INFγ), using quota sampling to obtain comparable numbers of...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Ashford K, McCubbin A, Rayens MK, Wiggins A, Dougherty K, Sturgill J, Ickes M Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Positive and negative metacognitions about alcohol: Validity of the Norwegian PAMS and NAMS.
Abstract A growing body of research has demonstrated that metacognitions are associated with alcohol use and other addictive behaviours. In the present study (N = 588), we investigated the validity of the Positive Alcohol Metacognitions Scale (PAMS) and the Negative Alcohol Metacognitions Scale (NAMS). The results supported two-factor solutions for both the PAMS and NAMS, but three items from the PAMS were deleted. These metacognitive measures distinguished between participants in low, moderate, and high-risk groups. Significant correlations were observed with alcohol use, and both PAMS and NAMS were uni...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Janssen AG, Kennair LEO, Hagen R, Hjemdal O, Havnen A, Solem S Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
The role of Experiential Avoidance in transdiagnostic compulsive behavior: A structural model analysis.
e R Abstract Compulsivity is recognized as a transdiagnostic phenotype, underlying a variety of addictive and obsessive-compulsive behaviors. However, current understanding of how it should be operationalized and the processes contributing to its development and maintenance is limited. The present study investigated if there was a relationship between the affective process Experiential Avoidance (EA), an unwillingness to tolerate negative internal experiences, and the frequency and severity of transdiagnostic compulsive behaviors. A large sample of adults (N = 469) completed online questionnaires measuri...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Den Ouden L, Tiego J, Lee RSC, Albertella L, Greenwood LM, Fontenelle L, Yücel M, Segrave R Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
E-cigarette use and associated factors among smokers with severe mental illness.
CONCLUSIONS: Ever use of an e-cigarette was associated with education levels and recent quit attempts. Future trials could explore the effectiveness of e-cigarettes as a cessation aid in this participant group. PMID: 32388396 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Peckham E, Mishu M, Fairhurst C, Robson D, Bradshaw T, Arundel C, Bailey D, Heron P, Ker S, Gilbody S Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Longitudinal trends in e-cigarette devices used by Californian youth, 2014-2018.
This study analyzed data from 400 California AYA to examine trends in e-cigarette usage by device type (disposables, large-size rechargeables, vape/hookah pens, JUUL/pod-based). Participants were asked about their ever, past 30-day, and past 7-day use of e-cigarettes; their usual e-cigarette device used; and co-use of devices in seven surveys administered approximately biannually from 2014 to 2018. During this time period, total e-cigarette ever-usage in our cohort increased linearly from 14.1% to 46.2% (ptrend
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Lin C, Baiocchi M, Halpern-Felsher B Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Orbitofrontal, dorsal striatum, and habenula functional connectivity in psychiatric patients with substance use problems.
Abstract Substance abuse is commonly defined as the persistence of drug use despite negative consequences. Recent preclinical work has shown that higher input from the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) to the dorsal striatum was associated with compulsive reward-seeking behavior despite negative effects. It remains unknown whether drug use is associated with the connectivity between the OFC and dorsal striatum in humans. We studied the resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) between the OFC, dorsal striatum, and habenula (and the whole brain in a separate analysis) in psychiatric inpatients with high (PU, problem us...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 27, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Oh H, Lee J, Gosnell SN, Patriquin M, Kosten T, Salas R Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Alcohol use severity among hispanic emerging adults: Examining the roles of bicultural self-efficacy and acculturation.
CONCLUSIONS: Considering that the U.S. orientation was associated with alcohol use severity only in Arizona highlights the need for multisite studies on acculturation. Our findings demonstrate that other sociocultural processes such as acculturation can impact bicultural self-efficacy; and that the association between bicultural self-efficacy and alcohol merits further investigation. However, more thorough assessments of bicultural self-efficacy are needed to better understand its effects on alcohol. PMID: 32353693 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Cano MÁ, Sánchez M, De La Rosa M, Rojas P, Ramírez-Ortiz D, Bursac Z, Meca A, Schwartz SJ, Lorenzo-Blanco EI, Zamboanga BL, Garcini LM, Roncancio AM, Arbona C, Sheehan DM, de Dios MA Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Implicit memory associations and video gaming.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a robust relationship between memory associations for video gaming with level of video gaming involvement and problem video gaming. The results suggest that implicit associations may have utility in the assessment of problem video gaming. PMID: 32335397 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Russell GEH, Sanders JL, Williams RJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Approach bias for erotic stimuli among heterosexual female college students who use pornography.
This study assessed whether an approach bias for erotic stimuli exists among heterosexual college-aged females who report using pornography. We tested 121 female undergraduates using an approach-avoidance task (AAT) employing both erotic and neutral stimuli, during which participants were instructed to push or pull a gaming joystick in response to image orientation. To simulate approach and avoidance movements, pulling the joystick enlarged the image and pushing shrunk the image. Severity of pornography use was assessed using the Brief Pornography Screener (BPS) and the Problematic Pornography Use Scale (PPUS). Participant...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Sklenarik S, Potenza MN, Gola M, Astur RS Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Lower levels of bodily pain increase risk for non-medical use of prescription drugs among current US reserve soldiers.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our findings indicate that bodily pain is longitudinally associated with NMUPD among male soldiers, but not with illicit drugs. Significantly, our results stem from a non-clinical sample of soldiers with overall lower levels of pain. This indicates that pain may be important, even at lower levels, and underscores the importance of early non-pharmacologic interventions for pain. PMID: 32315933 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Vest BM, Hoopsick RA, Homish DL, Homish GG Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
History of sexual assault, past-year alcohol use, and alcohol-related problems in American Indian adolescents.
Abstract American Indian (AI) adolescents have been found to experience higher rates of sexual violence, alcohol misuse, and alcohol-related consequences compared to other racial and ethnic groups. Adolescent alcohol use and sexual assault experiences have been linked to increased negative consequences across physical and mental health, school, work, and legal domains. The purpose of the present study was to examine the associations among endorsing a history of experiencing sexual assault, past-year alcohol use, and experiences of alcohol-related problems, and to examine how these associations differed across sex,...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Kirk-Provencher KT, Schick MR, Spillane NS, Tobar-Santamaria A Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Predicting relapse in patients with severe alcohol use disorder: The role of alcohol insight and implicit alcohol associations.
In this study, we tested the hypothesis that an implicit preference for alcohol over abstinence predicts relapse in patients with low, but not high, alcohol insight. Participants consisted of 77 patients who had received treatment for severe alcohol use disorder in a hospital in France. During hospitalization, they completed a self-report measure of insight and an implicit association test to assess implicit preference for alcohol over abstinence. The primary outcome was relapse assessed one month after discharge. Control variables were gender, age, cognitive deficit, anxiety, depression, craving, and impulsivity. Data wer...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 7, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Dandaba M, Serra W, Harika-Germaneau G, Silvain C, Langbour N, Solinas M, Noël X, Jaafari N, Chatard A Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Fear of missing out and problematic social media use as mediators between emotional support from social media and phubbing behavior.
Abstract Recent research has identified some risk factors for phubbing behavior. However, scarce research has examined the potential influence of emotional support from social media on phubbing behavior, and little is known regarding the mediating mechanisms underlying this relationship. The present study examined the predictive role of emotional support from social media on phubbing behavior among college students and investigated whether fear of missing out and problematic social media use both mediated the relationship between emotional support from social media and phubbing behavior. A sample of 501 Chinese co...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 7, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Fang J, Wang X, Wen Z, Zhou J Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Alcohol consumption and risk for feeding and eating disorders in adolescence: The mediating role of drinking motives.
CONCLUSIONS: Results demonstrated that risk for FEDs was positively associated with internal drinking motives and alcohol use. An indirect effect of risk for FEDs on alcohol consumption via internal drinking motives was discriminated over the impact of depressive symptoms. However, the latter relationship was only found among females which may highlight the gender differences in the relationship between risk for FEDs and alcohol use. PMID: 32289746 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Horváth Z, Román N, Elekes Z, Griffiths MD, Demetrovics Z, Urbán R Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Gaming disorder and internet addiction: A systematic review of resting-state EEG studies.
Abstract Neurophysiological studies of Gaming Disorder (GD) and internet addiction (IA) are providing important insight into neurocognitive mechanisms underpinning these disorders, which will enable more accurate diagnostic classification. Electroencephalography (EEG) has been widely used to investigate addictive behaviours, and offers advantages of accessibility, low cost, and excellent temporal resolution. The present systematic review evaluates resting-state EEG studies in GD and IA. Papers (n = 7293) were identified in the PsychARTICLES, PsychINFO, Scopus, and Pubmed databases. Following inclusion/ex...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 5, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Burleigh TL, Griffiths MD, Sumich A, Wang GY, Kuss DJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Change in implicit alcohol associations over time: Moderation by drinking history and gender.
We examined these questions with data from a larger study of first and second year U.S. college students. We investigated how these implicit alcohol associations change over time and potential moderators of those changes (gender, lifetime drinking history, family history of problem drinking, and class standing). A sample of 506 students (57% women) completed baseline demographic measures and implicit measures (variants of the Implicit Association Test [IAT]) assessing associations with drinking and the self [drinking identity], alcohol and excite [alcohol-excite], and alcohol and approach [alcohol-approach]). IATs were com...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Lindgren KP, Baldwin SA, Peterson KP, Wiers RW, Teachman BA Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Metadehumanization in severe alcohol-use disorders: Links with fundamental needs and clinical outcomes.
This study's goal is thus to investigate if patients with severe alcohol-use disorders (SAUD) feel dehumanized by others and to reveal factors linked to metadehumanization. METHODS: A cross-sectional study in 120 patients with SAUD as diagnosed by their psychiatrist using DSM-IV criteria. RESULTS: Participants reported significant levels of metadehumanization, which were directly or indirectly linked to fundamental needs threat (γ = 0.41, p
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Fontesse S, Stinglhamber F, Demoulin S, Chevallereau T, de Timary P, Cappeliez B, Bon F, Geus C, Talent J, Ayache L, Maurage P Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research