A latent class analysis of drug and substance use patterns among patients treated in emergency departments for suspected drug overdose.
CONCLUSIONS: Medication-assisted treatment could be initiated in the emergency department following overdose for patients with opioid use disorder, and post-overdose protocols, such as naloxone provision and linkage to treatment and harm reduction services, have the potential to prevent future overdose for those at risk. PMID: 31639639 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Liu S, Vivolo-Kantor A Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Fluctuations in progesterone moderate the relationship between daily mood and alcohol use in young adult women.
CONCLUSIONS: Women's likelihood to drink increased when they experienced negative mood in the context of decreasing levels of progesterone, whereas the negative-mood/drinking association was mitigated among those with increasing levels of progesterone. However, compared to women who on average had an overall more positive mood, women with an overall lower mood (and corresponding higher levels of depression and anxiety at baseline) did not experience the protective effects of rising progesterone levels on drinking. PMID: 31639640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Holzhauer CG, Wemm SE, Wulfert E, Cao ZT Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Green space and substance use and addiction: A new frontier.
PMID: 31640883 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Wiley ER, Seabrook JA, Gilliland JA, Anderson KK, Stranges S Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Recent tobacco use has widespread associations with adolescent white matter microstructure.
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: It is important to note that recent tobacco use, particularly given the popularity of e-tobacco/vaping in this age group, had widespread associations with brain structure in this sample of adolescents. PMID: 31639638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 11, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Thayer RE, Hansen NS, Prashad S, Karoly HC, Filbey FM, Bryan AD, Feldstein Ewing SW Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

African American adolescent substance use: The roles of racial discrimination and peer pressure.
Abstract Peer pressure to use drugs and alcohol is one of the strongest predictors of adolescent substance use. In addition to this normative adolescent stressor, African American adolescents often also face race-related stress in the form of racial discrimination, which has been linked to maladaptive coping responses such as substance use. The interaction of these stressors may help explain substance using behaviors for African American adolescents. The present study explored the relationship between eighth-grade school-based racial discrimination experiences, peer pressure to use drugs and alcohol, and gender to...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 11, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Jelsma E, Varner F Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Relations among motives, negative urgency, and mindfulness skills in college drinkers.
Abstract Heavy alcohol use continues to be a common problem among the college student population, and numerous negative consequences can be attributed to student drinking. Several factors, including drinking motives and impulsivity, have been studied to better understand college drinking behaviors. Research has identified that coping motives (i.e., drinking to reduce negative affect) and negative urgency (i.e., the tendency for rash reaction in response to negative affect) are both closely linked to alcohol-related problems and to one another. The primary purpose of this study was to test if mindfulness skills mod...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Hoyer D, Correia CJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Is the use of e-cigarettes for smoking cessation associated with alcohol consumption? A population-level survey of successful quitters in England.
CONCLUSIONS: Recent ex-smokers who used e-cigarettes to help them quit consumed around two more units of alcohol each week than those who quit unaided, but their alcohol consumption was similar to those who quit with NRT. Data on differences in high-risk drinking and attempts to cut down alcohol consumption among high-risk drinkers were inconclusive. PMID: 31645002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Jackson SE, Beard E, Michie S, West R, Brown J Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Parents modelling, peer influence and peer selection impact on adolescent smoking behavior: A longitudinal study in two age cohorts.
This study examined the impact of parent modelling, peer influence and peer selection on adolescent smoking behavior in two Portuguese cohorts followed for three years. A questionnaire was delivered in classes and schools randomly selected, three times, one per year (cohort1: time1-7th, time2-8th, time3-9th; cohort2: time1-10th, time2-11th, time3-12th graders). The sample included a total of 656 students (402 younger [time1 Mage = 13.17, SD = 0.53, 63.7% girls;] and 254 older [time 1 Mage = 16.20, SD = 0.53, 65% girls]). Longitudinal data were examined through an autoregressive cross-lagged model (ARCL). Th...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 15, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Vitória P, Pereira SE, Muinos G, Vries H, Lima ML Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Attentional bias, craving and cannabis use in an inpatient sample of adolescents and young adults diagnosed with cannabis use disorder: The moderating role of cognitive control.
This study highlights the unique role of craving in relation to cannabis use and extends previous findings that cognitive control appears to have no moderating role regarding cannabis use disorder. Based on our results, it might well be that the underlying mechanisms of cannabis use disorder differ from those in other substance use disorders. PMID: 31605838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Van Kampen AD, Cousijn J, Engel C, Rinck M, Dijkstra BAG Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Characteristics of us adults attempting tobacco use cessation using e-cigarettes.
CONCLUSION: Findings from this study suggest that both health behaviors and sociodemographic factors predict use of e-cigarettes for the purpose of tobacco cessation. Furthermore, the relationship between use of e-cigarettes as a cessation device and being advised to quit tobacco use by a healthcare professional calls for additional investigation. PMID: 31605837 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 9, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Chido-Amajuoyi OG, Mantey D, Cunningham S, Yu R, Kelder S, Hawk E, Cinciripini P, Shete S Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Routes of cannabis administration among females in the year before and during pregnancy: Results from a pilot project.
This study examined self-reported modes of cannabis administration among women in the year before and during pregnancy, and their association with self-reported cannabis use frequency using data from 585 women screened in 2018-2019 for cannabis use during standard prenatal care in two medical centers in Northern California. The prevalence of cannabis use was 12% before pregnancy and 3% during pregnancy. Among the 71 women who reported cannabis use before pregnancy and the 19 women who reported cannabis use during pregnancy, smoking was the most common mode of administration (58% and 42%), followed by edibles (27% and 16%),...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 9, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Young-Wolff KC, Adams SR, Wi S, Weisner C, Conway A Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Distress tolerance in relation to cessation history and smoking characteristics among adult daily smokers.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that perceived tolerance of smoking-specific distress may be the most robust indicator of cessation history and smoking characteristics. PMID: 31600646 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 7, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Mathew AR, Zhou M Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Free-viewing multi-stimulus eye tracking task to index attention bias for alcohol versus soda cues: Satisfactory reliability and criterion validity.
Abstract Cognitive -motivational models point to attention bias (AB) as an important factor in the persistence of problematic drinking behavior. Unfortunately, the measures that have been used to examine AB in addiction typically showed poor psychometric properties. To bring research on AB a critical step further it would be crucial to develop tasks with acceptable reliability and construct validity. Recently, Lazarov and colleagues (2016) developed a multi-stimulus free-viewing task (participants were free to look at any part of the screen and there was no secondary task involved) that showed excellent psychometr...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Soleymani A, Ivanov Y, Mathot S, de Jong PJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Brief handgrip and isometric exercise intervention for smoking cessation: A pilot randomized trial.
CONCLUSIONS: The brief handgrip/isometric exercise intervention was feasible and achieved modest adherence without offering incentives or mandatory reminders. Preliminary evidence of benefits was observed in the intervention group if the exercises were done when craving. IMPLICATIONS: Our study indicates that a brief exercise intervention, including a free handgrip and educational video, was feasible for smokers receiving smoking cessation treatment. It was particularly efficacious in increasing tobacco abstinence when exercise adherence was high. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrial.gov (NCT02844296). PMID: 31...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Cheung YT, Lam TH, Chan CHH, Ho KS, Fok WYP, Wang MP, Li WHC Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Commentary on : Caution is needed when using self-reported alcohol use disorder screening tools.
PMID: 31494525 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 31, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Baggio S, Iglesias K Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Prevalence of binge drinking and its association with mental health conditions and quality of life in Singapore.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of binge drinking is low in Singapore compared to global estimates; most binge drinkers in Singapore were infrequent binge drinkers. However, binge drinking was found to be associated with a myriad of mental health conditions, and a decline in quality of life was noted among binge drinkers. PMID: 31493692 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 28, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Lee YY, Wang P, Abdin E, Chang S, Shafie S, Sambasivam R, Tan KB, Tan C, Heng D, Vaingankar J, Chong SA, Subramaniam M Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Higher smoking prevalence among United States adults with co-occurring affective and drug use diagnoses.
CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 30% of the population had a past-year drug use or affective disorder, 17% of whom report both. The combination of both diagnoses produced a 1.5 to 3-fold higher correlation with smoking than either alone. PMID: 31476691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 26, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Parker MA, Sigmon SC, Villanti AC Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Protective behavioral strategies and alcohol-related outcomes: The moderating effects of drinking refusal self-efficacy and sex.
Abstract The investigation of drinking refusal self-efficacy and alcohol protective behavioral strategies (PBSA) has revealed inconsistent results. Sex may be one factor that plays a role in these results given the demonstrable differences between the alcohol use behaviors of men and women. The current study examined the moderating effects of drinking refusal self-efficacy and sex on the relationships that PBSA subtypes have with alcohol outcomes for traditional age undergraduate students (18-25 years of age; 81% women; 60% White). Results showed negative associations between manner of drinking PBSA and alcohol ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 26, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Miller CM, Whitley RB, Scully KA, Madson MB, Zeigler-Hill V Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Piloting a clinical laboratory method to evaluate the influence of potential modified risk tobacco products on smokers' quit-related motivation, choice, and behavior.
Abstract Research methods are needed that can predict whether the availability of potential modified risk tobacco products (MRTPs) may influence smokers' quit-related motivation, choice, and behavior. This pilot study assessed the primary outcomes of feasibility and adherence to address this need using an electronic cigarette (ECIG) as a model MRTP. Cigarette smokers were randomly assigned to use only their own brand of cigarettes (OB-only) or a second-generation ECIG (18 ng/ml nicotine) plus their OB cigarettes (ECIG+OB) ad libitum for four weeks. Participants logged products using a mobile device, collected us...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 21, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Ozga-Hess JE, Felicione NJ, Ferguson SG, Dino G, Elswick D, Whitworth C, Turiano N, Blank MD Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Cannabis use and leisure-time sedentary behavior among 94,035 adolescents aged 12-15  years from 24 low- and middle-income countries.
Cannabis use and leisure-time sedentary behavior among 94,035 adolescents aged 12-15 years from 24 low- and middle-income countries. Addict Behav. 2019 Aug 20;99:106104 Authors: Vancampfort D, Firth J, Smith L, Stubbs B, Rosenbaum S, Van Damme T, Christiaansen L, Ashdown-Franks G, Koyanagi A Abstract Adolescents spend a high proportion of their leisure time in sedentary behavior, which is associated with adverse physical and mental health outcomes. Exploring factors associated with leisure-time sedentary behavior (LTSB) is important for the development of targeted interventions. The aim of this stud...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 20, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Vancampfort D, Firth J, Smith L, Stubbs B, Rosenbaum S, Van Damme T, Christiaansen L, Ashdown-Franks G, Koyanagi A Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

At risk alcohol consumption with smoking by national background: Results from the Hispanic community health study/study of Latinos.
CONCLUSIONS: Puerto Rican and Dominican Latinas and Central American and South American men have a higher prevalence of co-use. PMID: 31466016 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Bandiera FC, Pérez-Stable EJ, Atem F, Caetano R, Vidot DC, Gellman MD, Navas-Nacher EL, Cai J, Talavera G, Schneiderman N, Kaplan R Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Patterns of alternative tobacco product use among youth experiencing homelessness.
CONCLUSIONS: Rates of poly-tobacco experimentation and current use among youth experiencing homelessness are high. This suggests that efforts to reduce the use of tobacco products in this population should focus on the combined use of these products, and further, that users with the greatest poly-use may have competing unmet needs such as substance use disorders and more severe homelessness. PMID: 31445484 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Golinelli D, Siconolfi D, Shadel WG, Seelam R, Tucker JS Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

The role of gender in the associations among posttraumatic stress disorder symptom, severity, difficulties regulating emotions, and alcohol misuse.
CONCLUSIONS: Results highlight gender-specific intervention targets for reducing alcohol misuse among trauma-exposed individuals who experience PTSD symptoms. PMID: 31445483 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Goncharenko S, Weiss NH, Contractor AA, Dixon-Gordon KL, Forkus SR Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Leveraging copresence to increase the effectiveness of gamified personalized normative feedback.
This study builds on previous PNF gamification work to investigate whether specific copresence features (visual and text-based information about peers) increase PNF's ability to reduce alcohol use relative to a standard PNF condition and a gamified PNF condition. Copresence and perceptions of drinking norms (average drinks, peak drinks, and binge episodes) were assessed during a 3-week period following random assignment of college students (N = 235) to 1 of the 4 web-based PNF conditions (Standard PNF, Gamified PNF Only, Gamified PNF + Visual Copresence, and Gamified PNF + Maximum Copresence). These conditions ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 9, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: LaBrie JW, de Rutte JL, Boyle SC, Tan CN, Earle AM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Trait self-control predicts drinking patterns during treatment for alcohol use disorder and recovery up to three years following treatment.
This study aimed to identify whether trait self-control, which has previously been associated with alcohol treatment outcomes, was a predictor of drinking patterns during treatment as well as three years following treatment. Latent variable mixture modeling was used to identify seven classes of drinking patterns during treatment and four profiles of drinking and psychosocial function after treatment. We found that membership in the low-risk drinking class was predicted by greater trait self-control than several of the other classes, including the consistent abstinence class. Furthermore, we found that greater trait self-co...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 8, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Stein E, Witkiewitz K Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Automatic detection advantage of problematic Internet users for Wi-Fi signal cues and the moderating effect of negative affect: An event-related potential study.
Abstract Cognitive bias toward Internet-related cues is an important factor of the formation and maintenance of the addictive behavior of problematic Internet users (PIUs). The development of fiber-optic communication and smartphones has ushered human society into the era of wireless networks. The Wi-Fi signal, the symbol of wireless network connection, represents not only network access but also a channel for communication with others anywhere at any time. Therefore, the Wi-Fi signal cues should be an effective inducer of the addictive behaviors of PIUs. We used images of Wi-Fi signal as Internet-related cues to ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 8, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Nie Y, Pan T, Zheng Y, He J Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Cannabis use among women of reproductive age in the United States: 2002-2017.
In this study of cannabis use in large nationally representative samples of United States (US) women aged 12-44 years, we evaluate variation by pregnancy month and by trimester. We also evaluate cannabis dependence, which might explain why some women continue using cannabis during pregnancy. METHODS: Large nationally representative samples drawn for the US National Surveys on Drug Use and Health included 12-44-year-old women asked about pregnancy month, cannabis use, and cannabis dependence (n = 381,199). For this research, we produced month-specific estimates across four-time intervals (2002-2005, 2006-2009, 20...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 7, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Alshaarawy O, Anthony JC Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

A framework for integrating young peers in recovery into adolescent substance use prevention and early intervention.
This article describes the value of young adult peer roles in expanding youth substance use prevention and early intervention, and features Project Amp as an example. Project Amp was designed as an extended, four-session brief intervention for low to moderate risk adolescents, delivered by trained young adult peers. Project Amp draws on best practices from peer recovery support and prevention and early intervention approaches such as SBIRT. PMID: 31430622 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Paquette KL, Pannella Winn LA, Wilkey CM, Ferreira KN, Donegan LRW Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Associations between frequency of cigarette and alternative tobacco product use and depressive symptoms: A longitudinal study of young adults.
This study examined whether increased frequency of use of these products was associated with depressive symptoms in a cohort of n = 5236 Texas college students followed from 2014 to 2017. To analyze the longitudinal data, a hierarchical model was used. Model results showed that increased frequency of single product use of cigarettes, refillable e-cigarettes and hookah was associated with depressive symptoms. Refillable and disposable e-cigarettes were examined separately and results did not provide evidence of a different association for each type of e-cigarette when cigarettes were not also used. Dual use of cigarette...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 2, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Marsden DG, Loukas A, Chen B, Perry CL, Wilkinson AV Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Association between cannabis use and sexual behavior among adolescents aged 12-15  years in 21 low- and middle-income countries.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents from LMIC who use cannabis are more likely to have ever had sexual intercourse than those who do not. Among those who have had sexual intercourse, those who use cannabis are more likely to have had multiple sexual partners. PMID: 31421584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Smith L, Jackson SE, Jacob L, Grabovac I, Nisbet LA, López-Sánchez GF, McDermott D, Salmeron AG, Yang L, Koyanagi A Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Identification with drug use among young adults who are at risk of transitioning to more serious use.
Abstract Understanding the drug use trajectories for at risk young adults can help reduce harms associated with serious drug use. This longitudinal study tracked young people to assess whether implicit and explicit identification with substance use predicts changes in use over time and whether patterns of use impacts identification with drugs. Two hundred and twenty-eight participants were initially recruited from homeless shelters, youth centers, drug health services, and parks where young people who use drugs are known to frequent. Over a 20-month period, 78 of these original participants were successfully recon...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Horwitz R, Brener L, Meissner F, Rothermund K, von Hippel W, von Hippel C Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Purpose in life, social support, and internet gaming disorder among Chinese university students: A 1-year follow-up study.
Abstract AIMS: Given the high prevalence of Internet gaming disorder (IGD) among university students and the beneficial effects of positive psychological factors on mental illness, the present longitudinal research aimed to investigate whether purpose in life and social support yields long-term results in protecting university students from IGD. METHODS: We recruited 469 Chinese university students to voluntarily fill out an anonymous questionnaire at baseline, and 283 of them were followed up and given similar measures after one year. RESULTS: The prevalence of probable IGD at the baseline and follow-up...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - August 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Zhang MX, Wang X, Yu SM, Wu AMS Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Retail outlets prompt associative memories linked to the repeated use of nicotine and tobacco products among alternative high school students in California.
Abstract Numerous studies have examined how youth are influenced by the presence of tobacco retail outlets that use point-of-sale marketing tactics to promote nicotine and tobacco products. The current investigation extends this research by assessing whether tobacco retail outlets function as environmental cues that prompt associative memories linked to the repeated use of cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, and cigars. Students (N = 1060) from 29 alternative high schools in California were recruited into a three-year cohort study. A repeated measures latent profile analysis was conducted to identify latent sub...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 30, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Pike JR, Shono Y, Tan N, Xie B, Stacy AW Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Lack of utility of cigarettes per day cutoffs for clinical and laboratory smoking research.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Most clinical and laboratory smoking research studies require that participants smoke at a certain level to be eligible for enrollment. However, there is limited evidence that use of these cutoffs differentiates groups of smokers along clinically meaningful criteria. METHODS: Using receiver operating characteristic curves, we analyzed data from daily smokers in the National Epidemiologic Study of Alcohol Use and Related Conditions - III (NESARC-III) to examine the utility of smoking rates for determining whether participants met DSM-5 criteria for tobacco use disorder, experienced nicotin...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 30, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Oliver JA, Pacek LR, Locey EN, Fish LM, Hendricks PS, Pollak KI Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Why are caffeinated alcoholic beverages especially risky?
CONCLUSIONS: These findings do not support the masking hypothesis. Caffeine was strongly associated with ARCs when consumed at high doses and this effect does not appear to be the result of drinking more alcohol or underestimating one's blood alcohol content. Efforts to reduce caffeinated alcohol beverage use are greatly needed. PMID: 31377447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 26, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Norberg MM, Newins AR, Crone C, Ham LS, Henry A, Mills L, Dennis PA Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

A prospective longitudinal relation between elevated use of electronic devices and use of electronic nicotine delivery systems.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support the hypothesis that EUED prospectively predicts ENDS use among youth. The use of DIT framework helps understand the link between EUED and ENDS use. PMID: 31377448 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 26, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Lee S, Han DH, Chow A, Seo DC Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Inclusion of electronic nicotine delivery systems in indoor smoke-free air policies and associated vaping behavior.
CONCLUSIONS: The results supported enforcement of prohibiting ENDS as well as traditional tobacco product indoor areas as a means of ENDS use prevention. Our findings also confirmed that young adults should be a priority target population for ENDS use prevention policies and programming efforts. PMID: 31377449 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 26, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Lee B, Lin HC, Seo DC Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Demographic differences in perceived social norms of drug and alcohol use among Hispanic/Latinx and non-Hispanic White college students.
This study sought to examine the role of descriptive social norms of two peer reference groups (close friend and acquaintance) in relation to personal substance use among four substances (opioids, alcohol, cannabis, and stimulants), and if these relations may be moderated by gender or race/ethnicity in a sample of Hispanic/Latinx (H/L) and Non-Hispanic White (NHW) students. Participants were primarily H/L (58%), women (70%), and freshman (47%). Findings indicated that higher perceived peer substance use was associated with higher personal use for alcohol and cannabis. Higher perceived close friend stimulant use was associa...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 24, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Edwards KA, Witkiewitz K, Vowles KE Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Specificity of personality relationships to particular forms of concurrent substance use among methadone maintenance therapy clients.
CONCLUSION: Personality is associated with substance use patterns and may be an appropriate target for intervention for those undergoing MMT to reduce opioid use, and potentially dangerous concurrent use of other drugs, while receiving methadone. PMID: 31351326 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Mahu IT, Conrod PJ, Barrett SP, Sako A, Swansburg J, Lawrence M, Laroque F, Morin JF, Chinneck A, Nogueira-Arjona R, Stewart SH Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Development and psychometric properties of the tobacco and nicotine consequences scale (TANCS) to screen for cigarette and e-cigarette misuse in community settings.
CONCLUSIONS: The TANCS is a brief, reliable measure of tobacco and nicotine misuse that is correlated to tobacco and nicotine expectancies, use, and dependence. Future work should explore the test-retest reliability and incremental validity of the scale for tobacco use disorder. PMID: 31330469 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 16, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Grigsby TJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Excessive substance use screening to encourage behaviour change among young people in primary care: Pilot study in preparation for a randomized trial.
CONCLUSION: The study procedures proved to be feasible in primary care practices and acceptable to young people who were readily available to participate. The main challenge for the future full-sized trial will be to ensure that recruitment targets can be met. PMID: 31330465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 12, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Pfarrwaller E, Meynard A, Reyre A, Sommer J, Haller DM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Who cares if college and drinking are synonymous? Identification with typical students moderates the relationship between college life alcohol salience and drinking outcomes.
Abstract There is considerable research demonstrating that college life alcohol salience is associated with alcohol use among undergraduates. However, the strength of this association may depend on whether students self-identify with other students on their campus; self-identification with other students may indicate how influential other students are on an individuals' drinking. As such, the current research investigated whether identification with the "typical student" moderated the relationship between college life alcohol salience beliefs and alcohol-related outcomes. Five-hundred and eleven undergra...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 6, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Angosta J, Steers MN, Steers K, Lembo Riggs J, Neighbors C Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Alcohol demand moderates brief motivational intervention outcomes in underage young adult drinkers.
CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that BMI may be particularly beneficial for those with a high reinforcing value of alcohol. The mechanism for this effect is unclear, and determining the process by which BMI confers increased benefit for these individuals is a fruitful area for future work. PMID: 31330464 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Cassidy RN, Bernstein MH, Magill M, MacKillop J, Murphy JG, Colby SM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Examining the role of menthol cigarettes in progression to established smoking among youth.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Menthol, a flavoring compound added to cigarettes, makes cigarettes more appealing to youth and inexperienced smokers and increases cigarettes' abuse liability. However, limited studies are available on menthol's role in smoking progression. METHODS: To assess the association between menthol in cigarettes and progression to established smoking, we used five waves of data from the Evaluation of Public Education Campaign on Teen Tobacco Cohort Study, a nationally representative longitudinal survey of U.S. youth conducted as part of "The Real Cost" evaluation. We used discrete time...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Nonnemaker J, Feirman SP, MacMonegle A, Ambrose BK, Jackson KJ, Schroeder MJ, Smith AA, Ridgeway W, Rass O Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Online personalized feedback intervention for cannabis-using college students reduces cannabis-related problems among women.
Abstract There is growing evidence that college cannabis use is associated with use-related problems, yet efforts to reduce cannabis-related problems via online personalized feedback interventions (PFIs) have had limited success in significantly reducing risky cannabis use among college students. However, men and women may respond differently to such interventions and failure to examine effects of gender may obfuscate intervention effects. Thus, the current study tested intervention effects (moderated by gender) of an online, university-specific PFI for high-risk cannabis users (i.e., past-month cannabis users wit...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - July 2, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Walukevich-Dienst K, Neighbors C, Buckner JD Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Microstructural changes and internet addiction behaviour: A preliminary diffusion MRI study.
Abstract Internet addiction (IA) is a major health problem and is associated with comorbidities like insomnia and depression. These consequences frequently confound neuroanatomical correlates of IA in those suffering from it. We enrolled a number of 123 healthy native German-speaking adults (53 male, mean age: 36.8 ± 18.86) from the Leipzig Study for Mind-Body-Emotion Interactions (LEMON) database, for whom diffusion MRI data, internet addiction test, brief self-control scale (SCS), coping orientations to problems experienced (COPE), and depression scores were available. DMRI connectometry was used to i...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 27, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Rahmani F, Sanjari Moghaddam H, Aarabi MH Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Systematic review of addiction recovery mutual support groups and Indigenous people of Australia, New Zealand, Canada, the United States of America and Hawaii.
CONCLUSION: There is a lack of empirical knowledge on the acceptability and outcomes of addiction recovery mutual support groups for Indigenous peoples of Australia, New Zealand, Canada, United States of America and Hawaii. This review suggests recommendations for future research. PMID: 31302311 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 26, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Dale E, Kelly PJ, Lee KSK, Conigrave JH, Ivers R, Clapham K Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

The therapeutic role of emotion regulation and coping strategies during a stand-alone DBT Skills training program for alcohol use disorder and concurrent substance use disorders.
Abstract Clinical trials on Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Training (DBT-ST) as a stand-alone intervention for alcohol use disorder (AUD) showed promising outcomes. Improvements in difficulties with emotion regulation (DER) played a mediating role on abstinence maintenance. However, the effect of DER, together with specific coping strategies, have not been considered yet in the treatment of clinical features associated to AUD and concurrent substance use disorders (CO-SUDs). The current study aims at investigating changes in the number of consecutive days of abstinence (CDA), severity of AUD and CO-SUDs (Shor...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 25, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Cavicchioli M, Movalli M, Vassena G, Ramella P, Prudenziati F, Maffei C Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Correlates of smoker identity among intermittent and light daily young adult smokers: Findings from Wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study.
This study compared correlates of identifying as a 'smoker' and measurement strategies for non-daily cigarette consumption among young-adult intermittent and light daily smokers. Using data from Wave 1 of the PATH Study, different measurements of past 30-day non-daily cigarette use were evaluated. Weighted logistic regression models were used to compare associations with self-identification as a smoker among 18-24 year-old intermittent and light daily smokers (n = 1531). Use of other smoked products (combustible tobacco, cannabis) and other documented correlates of smoker identity were evaluated. As frequency of mont...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 24, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Smith DM, O'Connor RJ, Collins RL, Hyland AJ, Kozlowski LT Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Pregnant women in treatment for opioid use disorder: Material hardships and psychosocial factors.
CONCLUSIONS: Even in women receiving prenatal care and treatment for OUD, food/housing material hardships and associated psychosocial factors are of major concern, requiring screening and remediation. PMID: 31301645 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 20, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Rose-Jacobs R, Trevino-Talbot M, Vibbert M, Lloyd-Travaglini C, Cabral HJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research