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The effects of alcohol hangover on future drinking behavior and the development of alcohol problems.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Alcohol hangover experiences in young adulthood have been shown to predict more subsequent alcohol problems. Hangover susceptibility appears to be partially heritable and related to family history of alcohol use disorders. However, very little is known about the developmental course of these associations and whether they are accounted for by an individual's drinking history. The goal of this study is to investigate the prospective and unique relationships between family history of alcohol use disorders, severity of alcohol hangover experiences in adolescence, and later alcohol use and relate...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Courtney KE, Worley M, Castro N, Tapert SF Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Negative affectivity as a mechanism underlying perceived distress tolerance and cannabis use problems, barriers to cessation, and self-efficacy for quitting among urban cannabis users.
Abstract Cannabis use rates continue to rise in the United States and currently cannabis is among the most widely used substances in the world. Cannabis use is associated with several mental health problems, low educational attainment, low income, and underemployment. The current study explored the tendency to experience negative affect (negative affectivity) as a factor accounting for the association between perceived distress tolerance and problems related to the use of cannabis. Participants included 203 urban adult daily cannabis users (29.2% female, M=37.7years, 63% African American). Results indicated that t...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Manning K, Paulus DJ, Hogan JBD, Buckner JD, Farris SG, Zvolensky MJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Mobile phone sensors and supervised machine learning to identify alcohol use events in young adults: Implications for just-in-time adaptive interventions.
CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary evidence suggests that sensor data captured from mobile phones of young adults is useful in building accurate models to detect periods of high-risk drinking. Interventions using mobile phone sensor features could trigger delivery of a range of interventions to potentially improve effectiveness. PMID: 29217132 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 27, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Bae S, Chung T, Ferreira D, Dey AK, Suffoletto B Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

The Cigarette Dependence Scale and Heaviness of Smoking Index as predictors of smoking cessation after 10weeks of nicotine replacement therapy and at 6-month follow-up.
CONCLUSION: The HSI had similar or marginally better predictive ability with respect to quit outcome compared to the CDS-5 and CDS-12 in a sample motivated to make a quit attempt using NRT. PMID: 29220743 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 27, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Zawertailo L, Voci S, Selby P Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

A randomized, controlled pilot study of warm handoff versus fax referral for hospital-initiated smoking cessation among people living with HIV/AIDS.
CONCLUSIONS: Hospitalized smokers living with HIV/AIDS were highly engaged in quitline services. Warm handoff seems a promising intervention for hospitalized PLWHA that requires further exploration. Clinical Trials Registration NCT01305928. PMID: 29216569 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 26, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Mussulman LM, Faseru B, Fitzgerald S, Nazir N, Patel V, Richter KP Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Butt Why? Exploring factors associated with cigarette scavenging behaviors among adult smokers enrolling in a clinical trial for smoking cessation.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking is associated with many adverse health effects and is an important public health concern. Increased understanding of smokers' behavior is central to developing effective interventions. Cigarette scavenging, a behavior that involves smoking shared or previously used cigarettes has thus far only been shown to be prevalent among homeless or incarcerated populations. The current study examines whether cigarette scavenging is prevalent in a more general population of adult smokers enrolling in a smoking cessation clinical trial, and whether engagement in this behavior is associa...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 26, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Lantini R, Sillice MA, Fava JL, Jennings E, Rosen RK, Horowitz SM, Becker BM, Bock BC Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Opiate use disorders and overdose: Medical students' experiences, satisfaction with learning, and attitudes toward community naloxone provision.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest an unmet learning need in undergraduate training on opioid use disorder, with potential consequences for patient care. PMID: 29198489 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 22, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Tobin H, Klimas J, Barry T, Egan M, Bury G Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Measuring E-cigarette dependence: Initial guidance.
Abstract E-cigarette use rates are increasing among youth and adults, despite limited knowledge about the safety, risks, and potential for this product in substituting for or reducing other tobacco use. Understanding how to characterize and assess e-cigarette dependence will be important for evaluating the public health impact of e-cigarettes and considering prevention and intervention strategies. To provide an initial review of constructs to consider when assessing e-cigarette dependence, a content expert group within the Tobacco Center for Regulatory Science (TCORS) Measurement Workgroup engaged in a review of p...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 22, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Bold KW, Sussman S, O'Malley SS, Grana R, Foulds J, Fishbein H, Krishnan-Sarin S Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Trends and key correlates of prescription opioid injection misuse in the United States.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Despite concerns over increasing harms associated with prescription opioid injection misuse, there is a paucity of research on the magnitude, characteristics, injection practices, and syringe sources for people who inject prescription opioids; limiting the implementation of targeted policy and programmatic initiatives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the 2003 through 2014 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health were used to estimate prescription opioid injection trends and examine risky injection practices and syringe sources for people who inject prescription opioids. Multivariable logi...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 22, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Jones CM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Measuring perceptions related to e-cigarettes: Important principles and next steps to enhance study validity.
Abstract Measuring perceptions associated with e-cigarette use can provide valuable information to help explain why youth and adults initiate and continue to use e-cigarettes. However, given the complexity of e-cigarette devices and their continuing evolution, measures of perceptions of this product have varied greatly. Our goal, as members of the working group on e-cigarette measurement within the Tobacco Centers of Regulatory Science (TCORS) network, is to provide guidance to researchers developing surveys concerning e-cigarette perceptions. We surveyed the 14 TCORS sites and received and reviewed 371 e-cigarett...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 20, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Gibson LA, Creamer MR, Breland AB, Giachello AL, Kaufman A, Kong G, Pechacek TF, Pepper JK, Soule EK, Halpern-Felsher B Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Establishing consensus on survey measures for electronic nicotine and non-nicotine delivery system use: Current challenges and considerations for researchers.
Abstract The development and validation of survey measures for electronic nicotine and non-nicotine delivery system (ENDS) use has not kept pace with the burgeoning research on them. This, along with the diverse and evolving nature of ENDS, presents several unique measurement challenges and hampers surveillance and tobacco regulatory research efforts. In this commentary, we identify four important areas related to ENDS use (describing ENDS products; defining current use; evaluating frequency and quantity of use; and characterizing devices and e-liquids) and summarize a selective review of the measurement and defin...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 16, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Weaver SR, Kim H, Glasser AM, Sutfin EL, Barrington-Trimis J, Payne TJ, Saddleson M, Loukas A Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Combining ecological momentary assessment with objective, ambulatory measures of behavior and physiology in substance-use research.
Abstract Whereas substance-use researchers have long combined self-report with objective measures of behavior and physiology inside the laboratory, developments in mobile/wearable electronic technology are increasingly allowing for the collection of both subjective and objective information in participants' daily lives. For self-report, ecological momentary assessment (EMA), as implemented on contemporary smartphones or personal digital assistants, can provide researchers with near-real-time information on participants' behavior and mood in their natural environments. Data from portable/wearable electronic sensors...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 16, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Bertz JW, Epstein DH, Preston KL Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Witnessed overdoses and naloxone use among visitors to Rikers Island jails trained in overdose rescue.
This study sought to determine rates of overdose witnessing and naloxone use among overdose rescue-trained visitors to the NYC jails on Rikers Island. We conducted a six-month prospective study of visitors to NYC jails on Rikers Island who received ORT. We collected baseline characteristics of study participants, characteristics of overdose events, and responses to witnessed overdose events, including whether the victim was the incarcerated individual the participant was visiting on the day of training. Bivariate analyses compared baseline characteristics of participants who witnessed overdoses to those who did not, and of...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 16, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Huxley-Reicher Z, Maldjian L, Winkelstein E, Siegler A, Paone D, Tuazon E, Nolan ML, Jordan A, MacDonald R, Kunins HV Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Parachuting psychoactive substances: Pharmacokinetic clues for harm reduction.
CONCLUSIONS: An important message to harm reduction is that users must be aware that a parachute can have unexpected pharmacokinetics and have to avoid taking another parachute in the absence of an immediate-effect to avoid overdose. PMID: 29175294 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 16, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Daveluy A, Géniaux H, Baumevieille M, Létinier L, Matta MN, Lazès-Charmetant A, Haramburu F, Guéroult P Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Measuring E-cigarette use, dependence, and perceptions: Important principles and considerations to advance tobacco regulatory science.
PMID: 29175026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 15, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Halpern-Felsher B, Kim H Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Testing competing models of injunctive and descriptive norms for proximal and distal reference groups on alcohol attitudes and behavior.
CONCLUSIONS: A novel contribution of the study is the scrutiny of competing models of alcohol norms using the same multifaceted measures. Disparate implications emerge about the role of subjective norms as a function of the approach to compute the constructs. The most nuanced insights were obtained in the final comprehensive model involving the representation of norms at the finest level of specificity. PMID: 29175291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 14, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Lac A, Donaldson CD Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Depression symptoms and reasons for gambling sequentially mediate the associations between insecure attachment styles and problem gambling.
In this study, we aimed to evaluate this and to this end predicted that depression severity and coping motives for gambling would conjointly mediate the relations between insecure attachment styles and PG. Data came from a larger investigation of PG within mood disorders. Participants exhibited a lifetime depressive or bipolar disorder and endorsed a mood episode within the past ten years. Participants (N=275) completed self-report measures during a two-day assessment. Path analysis supported two main indirect effects. First, anxious attachment predicted elevated depression, which in turn predicted increased coping motives...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 14, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Keough MT, Penniston TL, Vilhena-Churchill N, Michael Bagby R, Quilty LC Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Understanding sexual assault risk perception in college: Associations among sexual assault history, drinking to cope, and alcohol use.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that alcohol use and drinking to cope with anxiety are associated with risk perception. Sexual assault history was associated with both perceived incapacitated sexual assault likelihood and when to leave a hypothetical scenario. Alcohol use and drinking to cope are two potential points of intervention for sexual assault risk reduction programs, but further examination is needed. PMID: 29179154 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 14, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Neilson EC, Bird ER, Metzger IW, George WH, Norris J, Gilmore AK Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Characteristics of prospectively identified negative alcohol-related events among college students.
CONCLUSION: The high peer involvement at all stages of the event suggest the potential for training college students to help each other avoid or prevent consequences. PMID: 29172106 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 14, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Meisel MK, Kenney SR, Barnett NP Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Who is watching user-generated alcohol posts on social media?
CONCLUSIONS: Students' potential inflated alcohol norms (originating from social media) should be addressed. The results suggest that exposure may be determined by high alcohol use and membership in demographical groups associated with high alcohol use, an increased attentiveness towards others' behavior, and excessive social media use. Future studies investigating the relationship between alcohol exposure on social media and later alcohol use should control for such factors. PMID: 29156446 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 14, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Erevik EK, Pallesen S, Andreassen CS, Vedaa Ø, Torsheim T Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Using ecological momentary assessment to assess the temporal relationship between sleep quality and cravings in individuals recovering from substance use disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: EMA methodology allowed for disentanglement of the temporal relationship between sleep and cravings. We found support for the resource depletion hypothesis, operationalized by linking sleep quality to cravings via willpower. However, the magnitude of the association between sleep quality and cravings was stronger at the between-person level, suggesting a potentially cumulative effect of poor sleep on cravings. These results suggest that clinicians should ask patients about chronic sleep problems, as these may pose a risk for relapse. PMID: 29137841 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 11, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Freeman LK, Gottfredson NC Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Prevalence and motives for drugged driving among emerging adults presenting to an emergency department.
CONCLUSIONS: In this clinical sample, using a conservative measure, DD, particularly following cannabis use, was relatively common among emerging adults. Based on these data, clinical interventions for cannabis and other drug use should include content on prevention of DD, with particular attention to motives such as planning ahead for alternatives to get home safely and weighing benefits and risks of DD. PMID: 29128710 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 9, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Bonar EE, Arterberry BJ, Davis AK, Cunningham RM, Blow FC, Collins RL, Walton MA Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Social media e-cigarette exposure and e-cigarette expectancies and use among young adults.
This study was conducted to test the hypotheses that 1) social media e-cigarette exposure is associated with e-cigarette use outcome expectancies and current e-cigarette use; and 2) the association between social media and e-cigarette use is linked via outcome expectancies. We collected cross-sectional data from a sample of 470 young adult college students in Hawaii. Hypotheses were tested by fitting a structural equation model to the data. The model accounted for the associations of demographic variables, cigarette smoking history, as well as e-cigarette use in individuals' actual social networks with expectancies and beh...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 8, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Pokhrel P, Fagan P, Herzog TA, Laestadius L, Buente W, Kawamoto CT, Lee HR, Unger JB Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Development and initial testing of the brief adolescent smoking curiosity scale (ASCOS).
The objective of the current study is to develop and provide initial evidence of reliability and validity of a short scale assessing smoking curiosity among adolescents (first measure of its kind). In particular, we developed and tested the adolescent smoking curiosity scale (ASCOS). METHODS: After scale development, 101 adolescents completed a survey on smoking-related measures, including ASCOS (June to August 2014). We conducted exploratory factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha calculation to inspect factor-structure and reliability. We conducted multiple linear regression models to examine the scale's capacity to pr...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 7, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Khalil GE, Calabro KS, Prokhorov AV Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Tobacco and alcohol use disorders: Evaluating multimorbidity.
Abstract There is growing interest in applying the multimorbidity model for mental health disorders - i.e. the interactive effects of co-occurring diagnoses. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and tobacco use disorder (TUD) often occur together, but distinctive correlates of their co-occurrence have not been studied. Veterans treated by the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) nationally in FY 2012 with diagnoses of both AUD and TUD were compared to those with only AUD or only TUD on socio-environmental factors, medical and psychiatric diagnoses, and service use. Multimorbid effects were defined as those in which patients...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 4, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: MacLean RR, Sofuoglu M, Rosenheck R Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Polysubstance use profiles among electronic dance music party attendees in New York City and their relation to use of new psychoactive substances.
Palamar JJ Abstract BACKGROUND: Electronic Dance Music (EDM) party attendees are often polysubstance users and are at high risk for use of new psychoactive substances (NPS). We sought to identify patterns of use of common illegal drugs among EDM party attendees, sociodemographic correlates, and use of NPS as a function of patterns of use of more common drugs to inform prevention and harm reduction. METHOD: Using time-space-sampling, 1045 individuals aged 18-40 were surveyed entering EDM parties in New York City. We queried past-year use of common illegal drugs and 98 NPS. We conducted latent class analysis t...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 4, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Fernández-Calderón F, Cleland CM, Palamar JJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Assessment of alcohol intake: Retrospective measures versus a smartphone application.
CONCLUSIONS: CNLab-A provided more nuanced information regarding quantity and pattern of alcohol intake than the retrospective measures. In particular, it revealed higher levels of drinking than retrospective reporting. This will have implications for how particular at-risk alcohol consumption patterns are identified in future and might enable a more sophisticated exploration of the causes and consequences of drinking behaviour. PMID: 29128148 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 3, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Poulton A, Pan J, Bruns LR, Sinnott RO, Hester R Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Vape pen product placement in popular music videos.
PMID: 29128149 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 3, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Allem JP, Escobedo P, Cruz TB, Unger JB Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Trends in self-efficacy to quit and smoking urges among homeless smokers participating in a smoking cessation RCT.
CONCLUSIONS: White participants experienced less increase in self-efficacy to refrain from smoking and lower confidence to quit and therefore may be a good target for efforts to increase self-efficacy to quit as part of homeless-targeted smoking cessation interventions. Sustaining high confidence to quit and low smoking urges throughout treatment could be key to promoting higher cessation rates among the homeless. PMID: 29125976 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - November 2, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Pinsker EA, Hennrikus DJ, Erickson DJ, Call KT, Forster JL, Okuyemi KS Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

A detailed examination of the longitudinal associations between individual and team sports and alcohol use.
This study examined the longitudinal associations between participation in individual and team sports and indicators of alcohol use during the high school years and beyond. A total of 310 youths were surveyed over six waves of data collection (ages 12, 14 to 17, and 19). Participation in individual and team sports was measured through phone interviews, whereas frequency of alcohol use, frequency of intoxication, and problematic alcohol use were self-reported. Control variables included participation in other types of organized activities, sex, family income and structure, parental education and knowledge, problem behaviors...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 31, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Denault AS, Poulin F Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

An ecological momentary intervention for smoking cessation: The associations of just-in-time, tailored messages with lapse risk factors.
le MS Abstract BACKGROUND: Smartphone apps can provide real-time, tailored interventions for smoking cessation. The current study examines the effectiveness of a smartphone-based smoking cessation application that assessed risk for imminent smoking lapse multiple times per day and provided messages tailored to current smoking lapse risk and specific lapse triggers. METHODS: Participants (N=59) recruited from a safety-net hospital smoking cessation clinic completed phone-based ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) 5 times/day for 3 consecutive weeks (1week pre-quit, 2weeks post-quit). Risk for smoking lapse ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Hébert ET, Stevens EM, Frank SG, Kendzor DE, Wetter DW, Zvolensky MJ, Buckner JD, Businelle MS Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Decreased pain tolerance before surgery and increased postoperative narcotic requirements in abstinent tobacco smokers.
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, smokers deprived of cigarettes exhibited decreased pain tolerance before surgery and required a larger quantity of postoperative extra morphine equivalent than non-smokers. Health care providers must be aware of the potential for increased narcotic requirements in smokers. PMID: 29121531 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Shen L, Wei K, Chen Q, Qiu H, Tao Y, Yao Q, Song J, Li C, Zhao L, Liu Y, Lu Z Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

The role of distress tolerance in the relationship between cognitive schemas and alcohol problems among college students.
CONCLUSIONS: Distress tolerance is a modifiable risk factor and the results of this study support the inclusion of emotional regulation strategies in the prevention and treatment of alcohol problems among young adults. PMID: 29121527 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 27, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Simons RM, Sistad RE, Simons JS, Hansen J Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

An examination of heavy drinking, depressed mood, drinking related constructs, and consequences among high-risk college students using a person-centered approach.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest the importance of assessing and addressing depressive symptoms among college students in order to reduce rates of risky drinking and alcohol-related consequences. PMID: 29121529 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 26, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Geisner IM, Mallett K, Varvil-Weld L, Ackerman S, Trager BM, Turrisi R Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Defining the phenotype of young adults with family histories of alcohol and other substance use disorders: Studies from the family health patterns project.
Abstract Individuals with a family history of alcohol and other drug use disorders (FH+) are at increased risk for developing substance use disorders themselves relative to those with no such histories (FH-). Here we sought to identify key characteristics associated with FH+ status and alcohol and other drug use disorder status in a large cohort of FH+ and FH- young adults. We conducted principal component analyses on demographic, temperament, and cognitive measures differentiating 506 FH+ and 528 FH- young adults. Three principal components were identified, and these component scores were then used to predict the...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 20, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Acheson A, Vincent AS, Cohoon AJ, Lovallo WR Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Cannabis use moderates the relationship between pain and negative affect in adults with opioid use disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that cannabis use strengthens, rather than weakens, the relationships between pain and depression and pain and anxiety. These effects appear to be driven by decreased self-efficacy in cannabis users. It is important to understand how self-efficacy can be improved through symptom self-management interventions and whether self-efficacy can improve distressing symptoms for people in MAT. PMID: 29078148 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 18, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Wilson M, Gogulski HY, Cuttler C, Bigand TL, Oluwoye O, Barbosa-Leiker C, Roberts MA Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Predictors of heroin abstinence in opiate substitution therapy in heroin-only users and dual users of heroin and crack.
CONCLUSIONS: Most of the predictors in the general model were found significant only in the buprenorphine but not in the methadone model, suggesting that a general model has little predictive value. Crack use was a significant predictor of heroin abstinence at follow up in all models, however for buprenorphine only when depression or cannabis use was present. Further research is needed to assess effective treatment approaches for the growing population of dual users. PMID: 29065377 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 18, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Heidebrecht F, MacLeod MB, Dawkins L Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Electronic medical record reminders and smoking cessation activities in primary care.
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of an EMR equipped with automated clinical reminders is a valuable resource in efforts to promote smoking cessation. Insurers, regulators, and organizations promulgating clinical guidelines should include the use of EMR technology as part of their programs. PMID: 29065376 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 16, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Bae J, Ford EW, Kharrazi HHK, Huerta TR Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Hormonal contraceptive use in smokers: Prevalence of use and associations with smoking motives.
DISCUSSION: These observations indicate that HC use remains prevalent in female smokers and may influence SMs. Additional research should replicate these observations and explore the implications on smoking cessation outcomes. PMID: 29055207 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 13, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Allen AM, Lundeen K, Eberly LE, Allen SS, al'Absi M, Muramoto M, Hatsukami D Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Measuring alcohol use across the transition to adulthood: Racial/ethnic, sexual identity, and educational differences.
CONCLUSIONS: Measurement testing is a critical step when utilizing multi-item measures of alcohol use. Studies that do not account for the effects of group or longitudinal measurement non-invariance may be statistically biased, such that recommendations for risk and prevention efforts could be misguided. PMID: 29055208 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 12, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Fish JN, Pollitt AM, Schulenberg JE, Russell ST Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Factors associated with alcohol consumption among medical cannabis patients with chronic pain.
CONCLUSIONS: High-risk drinking appears common among medical cannabis patients. Future research should examine whether such use is concurrent or consecutive, and the relationship of such co-use patterns to consequences. Nevertheless, individuals treating patients reporting medical cannabis use for pain should consider alcohol consumption, with data needed regarding the efficacy of brief alcohol interventions among medical cannabis patients. PMID: 29045928 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 12, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Davis AK, Walton MA, Bohnert KM, Bourque C, Ilgen MA Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Alcohol expectancies longitudinally predict drinking and the alcohol myopia effects of relief, self-inflation, and excess.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings support that the type of alcohol myopia experienced is a concurrent function of self-fulfilling alcohol prophecies and drinking levels. The interpreted measurement manifestation of expectancy yielded different prevention implications. PMID: 29049894 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 12, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Lac A, Brack N Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Delivering normative feedback to heavy drinking college students via text messaging: A pilot feasibility study.
Abstract Correcting misperceptions in drinking norms is an established method of reducing college student drinking; however, delivery of accurate norms has typically been limited to a single dose within the confines of an alcohol intervention. The present study tests the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of using text messages to promote pro-moderation descriptive and injunctive norms. Following a baseline survey, 68 heavy drinking college students were randomly assigned to receive 28 daily messages with either accurate norms information (experimental group, n=34) or fun facts (control group, n=...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 5, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Merrill JE, Boyle HK, Barnett NP, Carey KB Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Simultaneous alcohol & tobacco use expectancies in young adult co-users.
Simultaneous alcohol & tobacco use expectancies in young adult co-users. Addict Behav. 2017 Oct 02;77:96-99 Authors: Trim RS, Doran N PMID: 28992581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - October 2, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Trim RS, Doran N Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Rethinking indicators of problematic cannabis use in the era of medical cannabis legalization.
CONCLUSIONS: It is possible that existing cannabis problem screening tools are not equally valid across medical and recreational users, since individual screening items have different implications for recreational and medical users. For instance, items that measure use that deviates from common patterns of recreational use (use before midday and use alone) reflect normative assumptions that non-problematic recreational use will occur in contexts of parties or social gatherings. However, use before midday and alone are how people typically take medication for chronic medical health problems. There is thus a need to develop ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 30, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Sznitman SR, Room R Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Emerging role for the medial prefrontal cortex in alcohol-seeking behaviors.
Abstract The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) plays an important role in high-order executive processes and sends highly organized projections to sub-cortical regions controlling mood, motivation and impulsivity. Recent preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated alcohol-induced effects on the activity and composition of the PFC which are implicated in associative learning processes and may disrupt executive control over impulsivity, leading to an inability to self-limit alcohol intake. Animal studies have begun to dissect the role of the mPFC circuitry in alcohol-seeking behavior and withdrawal, and have id...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 30, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Klenowski PM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

E-cigarette use among treatment-seeking smokers: Moderation of abstinence by use frequency.
CONCLUSIONS: Results from this study of treatment-seekers support findings from studies of general population tobacco users that suggest frequency of e-cigarette use is an important moderating variable in the relationship between e-cigarette use and tobacco cessation. Future studies should employ more refined measures of e-cigarette use. PMID: 28992579 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 30, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Subialka Nowariak EN, Lien RK, Boyle RG, Amato MS, Beebe LA Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Testing weight motives and guilt/shame as mediators of the relationship between alcohol use and physical activity.
CONCLUSIONS: Heavy episodic drinking was related to vigorous but not to moderate physical activity in the subsequent 30-days. Furthermore, the results are consistent with weight motives as a mediator of the relationship between alcohol use and vigorous physical activity. PMID: 28992578 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 29, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Dodge T, Clarke P Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Efficacy and outcomes of a mobile app targeting alcohol use in young people.
Abstract Mobile apps provide a highly accessible way of reducing alcohol use in young people. This paper determines the 1-month efficacy and 2, 3 and 6month outcomes of the Ray's Night Out app, which aims to increase alcohol knowledge and reduce alcohol use in young people. User-experience design and agile development processes, informed by the Information-Motivation-Behavioral skills model and evidence-based motivational interviewing treatment approaches guided app development. A randomized controlled trial comparing immediate versus 1-month delayed access to the app was conducted in 197 young people (16 to 25yea...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 29, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Hides L, Quinn C, Cockshaw W, Stoyanov S, Zelenko O, Johnson D, Tjondronegoro D, Quek LH, Kavanagh DJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Organizational downsizing and alcohol use: A national study of U.S. workers during the Great Recession.
This study explored the association between exposure to organizational downsizing and four dimensions of alcohol use during the Great Recession. Also explored were the moderating influences of length of recession exposure, state drinking culture, gender, age, education, family income, and financial demands. Data for this study came from a national telephone survey of U.S. workers that was conducted from December 2008 to April 2011 (N=2296). The results revealed that exposure to organizational downsizing was positively associated with usual frequency of drinking, number of drinks consumed per usual drinking occasion, and bo...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - September 28, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Frone MR Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research