Trajectories of impulsivity by sex predict substance use and heavy drinking.
Abstract Although impulsivity and sensation seeking have been consistently associated with substance use, few studies have analyzed the relationship between changes in these variables and substance use in early adolescents. The aim of this study was to identify trajectories of impulsivity and sensation seeking and explore their relationship with substance use and heavy drinking. A total of 1342 non-user adolescents (53.6% males; mean age = 12.98, SD = 0.50) annually completed the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, the Zuckerman's Impulsive Sensation Seeking scale and a delay discounting task, over a total period...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 14, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Martinez-Loredo V, Fernandez-Hermida JR, De La Torre-Luque A, Fernandez-Artamendi S Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

The correspondence between transdermal alcohol monitoring and daily self-reported alcohol consumption.
Abstract Alcohol consumption is typically assessed via self-report methods, though there are concerns over the accuracy of this information. Transdermal alcohol monitoring can passively and continuously measure alcohol consumption with minimal interference in daily life. The current study examines the correspondence between daily self-reported alcohol consumption and transdermal alcohol monitors. Thirty-two healthy men (n = 16) and women (n = 16) wore a transdermal alcohol monitor for 28 days. Participants were instructed to drink as they usually do and prompted daily with a survey link to report yesterd...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 11, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Karns-Wright TE, Dougherty DM, Hill-Kapturczak N, Mathias CW, Roache JD Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Situational fears: Association with negative affect-related smoking cognition among treatment seeking smokers.
Abstract Despite the consistent clinically-significant relation between smoking and anxiety and its disorders, there is limited understanding of how specific fears relate to smoking processes. To isolate therapeutic targets for smoking-anxiety treatment development, there is a need to identify the underlying situational fears most related to smoking processes. Thus, the present study examined the association between interoceptive, agoraphobic, and social fears in terms of clinically significant negative affect-related smoking cognitions including negative affect reduction expectancies, coping motives, and perceive...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Bakhshaie J, Rogers AH, Kauffman BY, Fasteau M, Buckner JD, Schmidt NB, Zvolensky MJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Impulsivity and tobacco product use over time.
Abstract Impulsivity has been consistently associated with greater likelihood and intensity of cigarette smoking, but most studies have been cross-sectional. Additionally, while some initial studies are suggestive, less is known about links between impulsivity and use of e-cigarettes or hookah tobacco. The goal of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the urgency and sensation seeking aspects of impulsivity would be prospectively associated with patterns of cigarette, e-cigarette, and hookah tobacco use over time. Young adults (n = 335; 56% male) aged 18-24 who were non- and never-daily cigarette s...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Doran N, Tully L Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

A retrospective analysis of the association between providing nicotine replacement therapy at admission and motivation to quit and nicotine withdrawal symptoms during an inpatient psychiatric hospitalization.
CONCLUSIONS: Among psychiatric patients, providing NRT at admission is associated with greater severity of NW. The provision of NRT for NW management may be considered as standard practice during tobacco-free psychiatric stays. Future studies may consider the effect of other tobacco treatment medications (such as varenicline, bupropion) on managing NW. PMID: 29908433 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 7, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Okoli CTC, Al-Mrayat YD, Shelton CI, Khara M Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Anthropometric and body composition changes in smokers vs abstainers following an exercise-aided pharmacotherapy smoking cessation trial for women.
CONCLUSIONS: Abstainers gain modest weight compared to smokers. This weight gain is related to increases in lean mass and not total, android, or visceral fat. PMID: 29902683 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 7, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Prapavessis H, De Jesus S, Fitzgeorge L, Rollo S Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Psychometric evaluation of the drinking refusal self-efficacy scale - revised with college students in the United States.
Abstract Drinking refusal self-efficacy has recently emerged as a potential factor related to reduced alcohol consumption and alcohol-related negative consequences in college students. The Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy Questionnaire-Revised (DRSEQ-R) has been commonly used to assess for drinking refusal self-efficacy. However, psychometric evaluation of the measure with college students from the United States is needed to enhance its research and clinical utility. The goal of the present study was to confirm the factor structure of the DRSEQ-R with a sample of traditional aged college students from the United Sta...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - June 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Scully KA, Mohn RS, Madson MB Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Viral suppression among HIV-infected methadone-maintained patients: The role of ongoing injection drug use and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART).
CONCLUSION: Overall, our findings highlight unaddressed HIV-related treatment challenges faced by certain group of methadone-maintained patients. These findings have significant implications for the HIV treatment as prevention efforts and, thus, indicate the need for comprehensive efforts to promote viral suppression in this risk population. PMID: 29879611 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 31, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Shrestha R, Copenhaver MM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Discrimination of nicotine content in electronic cigarettes.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Behavioral discrimination of nicotine has only recently been assessed in humans, administered mostly by nasal spray before the newly available Spectrum research cigarettes differing in nicotine content. Here we wanted to explore applicability of these procedures to assess discrimination of nicotine administered by e-cigarettes. METHODS: In this feasibility study, 16 adult smokers were tested on ability to discriminate e-cigarettes with nicotine concentrations of 36, 24, and 12 mg/ml, one per session (in that order), from a placebo (0 mg/ml), each identified only by letter code. Reli...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 29, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Perkins KA, Herb T, Karelitz JL Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Disability status and prescription drug misuse among U.S. adults.
CONCLUSION: Findings indicated that disability status is a significant correlate of prescription drug misuse. However, this relationship was largely mediated by measures associated with poor health and social engagement/isolation. PMID: 29852357 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 28, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Ford JA, Hinojosa MS, Nicholson HL Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Metacognitive beliefs in addictive behaviours: A systematic review.
This article provides a systematic review of empirical studies that have examined metacognitive beliefs and addictive behaviours. Thirty-eight studies were included, with results showing a significant positive association between metacognitive beliefs and addictive behaviours. These results are consistent with the metacognitive model of addictive behaviour that supports the central role of metacognitive beliefs in the development and maintenance of addictive behaviours. However, our review highlights the paucity of longitudinal and experimental studies, preventing the determination of the causal status of metacognitive bel...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 25, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Hamonniere T, Varescon I Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Perceived family relationship quality and use of poly-tobacco products during early and late adolescence.
We examined the associations of perceived family relationship quality with current use of poly-tobacco products including cigarettes, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), waterpipe and smokeless tobacco in adolescents. METHODS: Data from a representative sample of 42,250 US grade 7-12 equivalent students (mean ± SD age 14.6 ± 1.9 years; 51.3% boys) from 75 randomly selected secondary schools in Hong Kong (2012-13) were analysed. Logistic regressions yielded adjusted odds ratios (AORs) for current (past 30-day) use of cigarettes, e-cigarettes, waterpipe, smokeless tobacco and poly-tobacco (≥...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 24, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Luk TT, Wang MP, Leung LT, Chen J, Wu Y, Lam TH, Ho SY Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Oral and non-oral routes of administration among prescription opioid users: Pathways, decision-making and directionality.
PMID: 29807800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 22, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Cicero TJ, Ellis MS Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

The role of depressive symptoms in treatment of adolescent cannabis use disorder with N-Acetylcysteine.
Abstract Relative to adults, adolescents are at greater risk of developing a cannabis use disorder (CUD) and risk may be exacerbated by co-occurring depressive symptoms. N-Acetylcysteine (NAC), an over-the-counter antioxidant, is thought to normalize glutamate transmission. Oxidative stress and glutamate transmission are disrupted in both depression and CUD. Thus, NAC may be particularly effective at promoting cannabis abstinence among adolescents with elevated depressive symptoms. Secondary analyses were conducted using a sub-sample of adolescents with CUD (N = 74) who participated in an 8-week randomized pla...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 21, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Tomko RL, Gilmore AK, Gray KM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Healthcare provider counseling to quit smoking and patient desire to quit: The role of negative smoking outcome expectancies.
CONCLUSION: Results suggest that the time devoted to counseling patients about smoking should include providing some assistance to quit, such as recommending a product, prescription or program. Regardless of smoking level, this counseling should incorporate techniques to elicit patients' negative health and psychosocial expectancies of smoking. PMID: 29793182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 21, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Tucker JS, Stucky BD, Edelen MO, Shadel WG, Klein DJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

The association between perceived distress tolerance and cannabis use problems, cannabis withdrawal symptoms, and self-efficacy for quitting cannabis: The explanatory role of pain-related affective distress.
Abstract Rates of cannabis use and related problems continue to rise, ranking as the third most common substance use disorder in the United States, behind tobacco and alcohol use. Past work suggests that perceived distress tolerance is related to several clinically significant features of cannabis use (e.g., coping-oriented use). However, there has been little exploration of the mechanisms that may underlie relations between perceived distress tolerance and cannabis use problems, withdrawal severity, and self-efficacy for quitting. The current study sought to examine the experience of pain, which frequently co-occ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 19, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Manning K, Rogers AH, Bakhshaie J, Hogan JBD, Buckner JD, Ditre JW, Zvolensky MJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Trends in non-medical prescription opioids and heroin co-use among adults, 2003-2014.
This study aims to quantify, describe, and explore trends in co-use. METHODS: Using data from the 2003-2014 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, we compared co-use to NMPO- and heroin-only use across demographic, substance use and mental health characteristics with chi-squared tests. Logistic regression models assessed trends in opioid use overall, and among co-users. RESULTS: From 2003 to 2014, the prevalence of all opioid use (NMPO-only, heroin-only, and co-use) and NMPO-only use decreased 6.08% (p 
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Mital S, Windle M, Cooper HLF, Crawford ND Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Predictors of reduced smoking quantity among recovering alcohol dependent men in a smoking cessation trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Smokers with AD can achieve large reductions in smoking quantity during treatment, and factors that predict smoking outcomes in the general population also predict greater smoking reductions in AD smokers. Treatment providers can use severity of nicotine dependence and AD, motivation to quit, smoking-related cognitions, and severity of depression to guide treatment and improve outcomes among AD smokers. PMID: 29763835 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Worley MJ, Isgro M, Heffner JL, Lee SY, Daniel BE, Anthenelli RM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Role preferences of patients with alcohol use disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients' preference for an active role in decision-making underscores the importance of involving patients in their treatment planning. Patients' desire for help seems to be an important determinant of paternalistic decision making. However, further research is needed to determine whether patients' role preferences are related to their behavior during their treatment referral and recovery. PMID: 29754065 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 4, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Friedrichs A, Silkens A, Reimer J, Kraus L, Scherbaum N, Piontek D, Röhrig J, Hempleman J, Härter M, Buchholz A Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Predicting risky health behaviors 35  years later: Are parents or teacher's reports of childhood behavior problems a better judge of outcomes?
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that it is important to consider additive information from multiple informants when examining the life-course effects of childhood behavioral problems on risky health behaviors in adulthood. PMID: 29754066 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 4, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Stuart J Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Posttraumatic stress disorder and tobacco use: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
This study aimed to systematically review the most recent literature examining the comorbidity of PTSD and tobacco use to provide prevalence rates, as well as summarize the literature exploring other factors associated with tobacco use among individuals with PTSD. Studies were identified using a systematic search of keywords related to tobacco use and PTSD within the following databases: PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Knowledge, CINAHL, PsycARTICLES, and Cochrane Clinical Trials Library. The studies included in this review (N = 66) showed that the prevalence of current use of tobacco products in individuals with PTSD was 24....
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 3, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Pericot-Valverde I, Elliott RJ, Miller ME, Tidey JW, Gaalema DE Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

The role of nicotinic receptor genes (CHRN) in the pathways of prenatal tobacco exposure on smoking behavior among young adult light smokers.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Prenatal tobacco exposure (PTE) is associated with more frequent smoking among young, light smokers. Little is known about how nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (CHRN) genes may contribute to this relationship. METHODS: Data were drawn from a longitudinal cohort of young light smokers of European ancestry (N = 511). Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) among offspring, rs16969968 and rs6495308 in CHRNA5A3B4 and rs2304297 in CHRNB3A6, were analyzed with respect to whether they 1) predict PTE status; 2) confound the previously-reported effects of PTE on future smoking; 3) have ef...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 3, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Selya AS, Cannon DS, Weiss RB, Wakschlag LS, Rose JS, Dierker L, Hedeker D, Mermelstein RJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Young adults' opioid use trajectories: From nonmedical prescription opioid use to heroin, drug injection, drug treatment and overdose.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Recent research has begun to explore the transition from nonmedical use of prescription opioids (POs) to heroin and injection drug use, adding to earlier literature identifying factors that influence the transition from intranasal to injection use of heroin. However, little research has explored how these transitions are embedded within young people's broader opioid use trajectories - individual pathways that may also include experiences of nonfatal overdose and drug treatment. METHODS: Data are from a study of 539 18-29 year-old New York City residents, recruited via Respondent-Drive...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - May 1, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Guarino H, Mateu-Gelabert P, Teubl J, Goodbody E Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Income as a moderator of psychological stress and nicotine dependence among adult smokers.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Perceived stress and psychological distress are associated with more cigarette craving and withdrawal, higher nicotine dependence, and less success during quit attempts. Low income smokers have disproportionately higher rates of smoking and may be particularly vulnerable to the effects of stress on smoking dependence. The aim of the current study was to assess if lower income smokers have a stronger association between stress and nicotine dependence than higher income smokers. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Pennsylvania Adult Smoking Study, which included 351 daily smokers. Subjects...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 27, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Hobkirk AL, Krebs NM, Muscat JE Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Engagement in online pain self-management improves pain in adults on medication-assisted behavioral treatment for opioid use disorders.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest the online pain self-management program content may be helpful for managing physical and emotional symptoms experienced by individuals with co-occurring pain and opioid use disorders. To improve online engagement, more support is necessary to assist with technology access and completion of online activities. PMID: 29731244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 27, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Wilson M, Finlay M, Orr M, Barbosa-Leiker C, Sherazi N, Roberts MLA, Layton M, Roll JM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Development and psychometric evaluation of the Pornography Purchase Task.
Abstract Excessive pornography use and hypersexuality are frequently evaluated via direct self-report of problem severity and negative consequences associated with these behaviors. These face-valid assessments may be less sensitive to problems of hypersexuality in persons with low insight into their condition or in persons with motivation to minimize the negative impact of their pornography use. Demand for addictive substances has been effectively evaluated through a behavioral economic framework using a hypothetical purchase task, in which respondents are asked to report their degree of engagement with the substa...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Mulhauser K, Miller Short E, Weinstock J Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Familial alcohol supply, adolescent drinking and early alcohol onset in 45 low and middle income countries.
CONCLUSION: There were large variations in the prevalence of familial alcohol supply and adolescent alcohol use among LMICs. Adolescents in countries with higher prevalence of familial alcohol supply were more likely to start using alcohol at an earlier age, to have used alcohol in the past 30 days and experience intoxication. PMID: 29723800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 24, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Chan GCK, Leung J, Kelly AB, Connor J, Edward S, Hall W, Degenhardt L, Chiu V, Patton G Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent internet addiction: A moderated mediation model.
Abstract Substantial research has found that positive parent-adolescent relationship is associated with low levels of adolescent Internet addiction (IA). However, little is known about the mediating and moderating mechanisms underlying this relation. The present study examined a moderated mediation model that included the parent-adolescent relationship (predictor variable), emotion regulation ability (mediator), stressful life events (moderator), and IA (outcome variable) simultaneously. A total of 998 (Mage = 15.15 years, SD = 1.57) Chinese adolescents completed the Parent-Adolescent Relationship Scale,...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 24, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Wang W, Li D, Li X, Wang Y, Sun W, Zhao L, Qiu L Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Poor mental health, peer drinking norms, and alcohol risk in a social network of first-year college students.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides strong evidence that perceiving that close peers drink heavily is particularly risk-enhancing for anxious and depressed college students, and offers implications about alcohol intervention targeted at these subgroups. PMID: 29684764 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Kenney SR, DiGuiseppi GT, Meisel MK, Balestrieri SG, Barnett NP Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Military status and alcohol problems: Former soldiers may be at greater risk.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that male previous soldiers are at greater risk of alcohol problems than both current soldiers and civilian spouses. Health care and service providers should consider screening and monitoring soldiers who separate from the military, as alcohol use may increase. PMID: 29679924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 13, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Vest BM, Homish DL, Fillo J, Homish GG Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Declining trends in drug dealing among adolescents in the United States.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: The link between drug selling and other delinquent behaviors in adolescence is well established. Less is known regarding the trends in drug selling among youth in the US and whether they are consistent with the recently observed decline in problem behaviors among this population. METHODS: Data were collected between 2002 and 2015 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Participants included 233,435 US youth aged 12-17. The primary variable of interest was self-reported past year drug-selling. Logistic regression assessed trends in drug-selling among male and femal...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Vaughn MG, AbiNader MA, Salas-Wright CP, Oh S, Holzer KJ Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Methodological factors as a potential source of discordance between self-report and behavioral measures of impulsivity and related constructs.
Abstract There is a consistent but poorly understood finding that self-report and behavioral measures of impulsivity are weakly correlated or uncorrelated. There are many possible explanations for this observation, including differences in how these instruments are administered and scored. The present study examined the utility of alternative scoring algorithms for self-report measures that aim to identify participants' peak impulsivity (or self-control), informed by estimates of item difficulty from Item Response Theory (IRT) analyses. College students were administered self-report questionnaires (Zuckerman Sensa...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Ellingson JM, Potenza MN, Pearlson GD Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Mindfulness as a mediator of the association between adverse childhood experiences and alcohol use and consequences.
Abstract One-third of college students report past-year heavy episodic drinking, making college student alcohol use an important area for continued research. Research has consistently linked early experiences of adversity to problematic substance use in adolescence and adulthood. Given the negative health consequences associated with heavy episodic drinking, it is imperative to identify mechanisms that contribute to this relation. Low levels of mindfulness have been linked to early adversity as well as impulsivity and alcohol use, therefore, the current study aims to examine the mediating role of mindfulness in th...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 4, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Brett EI, Espeleta HC, Lopez SV, Leavens ELS, Leffingwell TR Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Negative attentional bias for positive recovery-related words as a predictor of treatment success among individuals with an alcohol use disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that positive change-related words are a better predictor of treatment outcome than are either alcohol-related words or negative change-related words. PMID: 29631095 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 3, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Rettie HC, Hogan LM, Cox WM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

The association between e-cigarette use characteristics and combustible cigarette consumption and dependence symptoms: Results from a national longitudinal study.
CONCLUSIONS: Exclusive smokers who start using e-cigarettes do indeed change the frequency and quantity with which they smoke cigarettes. E-cigarette use may also help reduce dependence symptoms. PMID: 29627636 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - April 3, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Buu A, Hu YH, Piper ME, Lin HC Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

E-cigarette- specific symptoms of nicotine dependence among Texas adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to demonstrate that adolescent e-cigarette users are experiencing symptoms of dependence specific to e-cigarettes. In addition, symptoms of dependence may be barriers to e-cigarette cessation. Future research is needed to determine if characteristics of e-cigarette use (e.g. frequency and intensity) are associated with dependence. PMID: 29627634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 30, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Case KR, Mantey DS, Creamer MR, Harrell MB, Kelder SH, Perry CL Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Naloxone formulation for overdose reversal preference among patients receiving opioids for pain management.
CONCLUSIONS: Two independent cohorts of respondents who were receiving opioid medications for pain management reported a preference for noninjectable over injectable formulations of naloxone to reverse an opioid overdose. Though initial preference is only one of many factors that impacts ultimate public acceptance and uptake of a new product, these results support the additional research and development of noninjectable naloxone formulations. PMID: 29625751 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 28, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Dunn KE, Barrett FS, Bigelow GE Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Difficulties regulating positive emotions and alcohol and drug misuse: A path analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: If replicated, findings may suggest the utility of targeting difficulties regulating positive emotions in treatments aimed at reducing alcohol and drug misuse among college students. PMID: 29625262 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 27, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Weiss NH, Forkus SR, Contractor AA, Schick MR Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Parents' drinking motives and problem drinking predict their children's drinking motives, alcohol use and substance misuse.
In conclusion, parental drinking styles relate to their children's alcohol use and substance misuse through problem drinking and drinking motives. PMID: 29621681 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 27, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Marino C, Moss AC, Vieno A, Albery IP, Frings D, Spada MM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Electrophysiological activity is associated with vulnerability of Internet addiction in non-clinical population.
This study investigated the electrophysiological activity associated with vulnerability of problematic Internet use in non-clinical population. The resting EEG spectrum of alpha (8-13 Hz) rhythm was measured in 22 healthy subjects who have used the Internet for recreational purpose. The vulnerability of Internet addiction was assessed using Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and Assessment for Computer and Internet Addiction-Screener (AICA-S) respectively. Depression and impulsivity were also measured with Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Barratt Impulsiveness Scale 11(BIS-11) respectively. The IAT was positively c...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 27, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Wang GY, Griskova-Bulanova I Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Varenicline for smoking reduction in smokers not yet ready to quit: A double-blind, proof-of-concept randomized clinical trial.
CONCLUSIONS: These data support the proof-of-concept that smokers not ready to quit are willing to use varenicline while reducing the number of cigarettes smoked per day, and that successful reduction is associated with increased self-efficacy for later quitting. PMID: 29604474 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Steinberg ML, Lu SE, Williams JM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Mindfulness-based relapse prevention for substance craving" [Addictive Behaviors 38 (2013) 1563-1571].
Corrigendum to "Mindfulness-based relapse prevention for substance craving" [Addictive Behaviors 38 (2013) 1563-1571]. Addict Behav. 2018 Mar 21;: Authors: Witkiewitz K, Bowen S, Douglas H, Hsu SH PMID: 29573890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 21, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Witkiewitz K, Bowen S, Douglas H, Hsu SH Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Adolescents' perceptions of flavored tobacco products, including E-cigarettes: A qualitative study to inform FDA tobacco education efforts through videogames.
CONCLUSIONS: These data can help inform the development of tobacco control strategies, novel interventions (such as videogames), and future FDA efforts to prevent adolescent tobacco product use through education and risk communication. PMID: 29573891 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 13, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Camenga DR, Fiellin LE, Pendergrass T, Miller E, Pentz MA, Hieftje K Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Correlates of specialty substance use treatment among adults with opioid use disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest a need for the following efforts: strategies to increase individuals' recognition of their need for OUD treatment, expansion of insurance coverage for substance use treatment, expansion of earlier intervention services, adoption of a chronic care approach to substance use treatment, and an expansion of treatment capacity for rural communities. PMID: 29551551 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 11, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Romo E, Ulbricht CM, Clark RE, Lapane KL Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Anxiety sensitivity components in relation to alcohol and cannabis use, motives, and problems in treatment-seeking cigarette smokers.
Abstract Anxiety sensitivity (AS)- fear of anxiety symptoms and their potential negative consequences-has been implicated in the development of substance use problems and motivation to use substances for coping with distress, though the AS components (physical, cognitive, and social concerns) have not been studied extensively in relation to alcohol- and cannabis-related variables. In a cross-sectional design, self-report measures of AS and alcohol and cannabis use, motives, and problems were administered to 364 treatment-seeking cigarette smokers with a history of alcohol and cannabis use. In both adjusted and una...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 8, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Guillot CR, Blumenthal H, Zvolensky MJ, Schmidt NB Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Personality profiles of substance and behavioral addictions.
This study suggests that different addictions may, to some extent, stem from distinct processes that are involved in personality development. These findings may provide a useful framework for understanding why different people develop different addictions. PMID: 29547799 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Zilberman N, Yadid G, Efrati Y, Neumark Y, Rassovsky Y Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Adolescent precursors of young adult drinking motives.
CONCLUSIONS: Common and unique adolescent factors predicted trait-like drinking motives during young adulthood. These findings suggest the utility of intervening during the teen years to prevent or interrupt the development of cognitive motivations that encourage alcohol use for the purpose of affect regulation. PMID: 29533846 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Windle RC, Windle M Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

The additive effects of depressive symptoms and polysubstance use on HIV risk among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men.
CONCLUSION: An interaction effect between polysubstance use (defined by using 3 or more substances in the past six months) and depressive symptoms (defined by HADS scores) revealed that the combination of these factors was associated with increased risk for high-risk sex - supporting a syndemic understanding of the production of HIV risk. PMID: 29533847 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Card KG, Lachowsky NJ, Armstrong HL, Cui Z, Wang L, Sereda P, Jollimore J, Patterson TL, Corneil T, Hogg RS, Roth EA, Moore DM Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Personality traits and facets linked with self-reported alcohol consumption and biomarkers of liver health.
CONCLUSIONS: This study adds multi-method evidence in support of a link between personality and health behaviors. PMID: 29525559 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Luchetti M, Sutin AR, Delitala A, Stephan Y, Fiorillo E, Marongiu M, Masala M, Schlessinger D, Terracciano A Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research

Problem-gambling severity, suicidality and DSM-IV Axis II personality disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest a complex relationship between suicidality, problem-gambling severity and personality disorders. The stronger relationship between problem-gambling severity and personality disorders in people with no suicidality as compared to some suicidality suggests that some of the relationship between greater problem-gambling severity and Axis II psychopathology is accounted for by increased suicidality. The findings have implications for clinical interventions targeting suicidality in individuals with gambling disorders. PMID: 29529554 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Addictive Behaviors)
Source: Addictive Behaviors - March 5, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Ronzitti S, Kraus SW, Hoff RA, Clerici M, Potenza MN Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research