Noma in a boy with septic shock: a case report
Noma is a rare disease, which is characterized by rapid progression and a high rate of mortality; however, relatively few cases of noma infection accompanied by septic shock in children have been described. Fu... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lili Xu, Wanrui Wei, Xiaohua Ge, Sibei Wan, Jing Yu and Xiaodong Zhu Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Associations between number of pain sites and sleep, sports participation, and quality of life: a cross-sectional survey of 1021 youth from the Midwestern United States
The objective of this study was to compare pain characteristics, quality of ... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: David M. Bazett-Jones, Michael S. Rathleff and Sinead Holden Tags: Research article Source Type: research

GTP-Cyclohydrolase I deficiency presenting as malignant hyperphenylalaninemia, recurrent hyperthermia and progressive neurological dysfunction in a South Asian child – a case report
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) deficiencies are disorders affecting phenylalanine homeostasis, and catecholamine and serotonin biosynthesis. GTP-Cyclohydrolase I deficiency (OMIM 600225) is an extremely rare variant o... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kavinda Chandimal Dayasiri, Nayani Suraweera, Deepal Nawarathne, U. E. Senanayake, B. K. T. P. Dayanath, Eresha Jasinge and Kumudu Weerasekara Tags: Case report Source Type: research

A clinical scoring system to predict the need for extensive resuscitation at birth in very low birth weight infants
To analyze the risk factors for extensive cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the delivery room and develop a prediction model for outcomes in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Juyoung Lee and Jung Hyun Lee Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Immunization coverage of 12 –23 months old children and its associated factors in Minjar-Shenkora district, Ethiopia: a community-based study
Childhood vaccinations have been shown to be effective in protecting children against vaccine-preventable diseases. The systematic investigation of the causes of incomplete immunization is critical for the ful... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alemayehu Gonie Mekonnen, Alebachew Demelash Bayleyegn and Esubalew Tesfahun Ayele Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Effects of particulate matter (PM) on childhood asthma exacerbation and control in Xiamen, China
The short-term effects of particulate matter (PM) exposure on childhood asthma exacerbation and disease control rate is not thoroughly assessed in Chinese population yet. The previous toxic effects of PM expos... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 13, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jinzhun Wu, Taoling Zhong, Yu Zhu, Dandan Ge, Xiaoliang Lin and Qiyuan Li Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Evaluation of long-term effectiveness of the use of carglumic acid in patients with propionic acidemia (PA) or methylmalonic acidemia (MMA): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Propionic acidemia (PA) and methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) are rare autosomal recessive inborn errors of metabolism characterized by hyperammonemia due to N-acetylglutamate synthase (NAGS) dysfunction. Carglumic... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 13, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Marwan Nashabat, Abdulrahman Obaid, Fuad Al Mutairi, Mohammed Saleh, Mohammed Elamin, Hind Ahmed, Faroug Ababneh, Wafaa Eyaid, Abdulrahman Alswaid, Lina Alohali, Eissa Faqeih, Majed Aljeraisy, Mohamed A. Hussein, Ali Alasmari and Majid Alfadhel Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Transfer hospitalizations for pediatric severe sepsis or septic shock: resource use and outcomes
Sepsis is a major cause of child mortality and morbidity. To enhance outcomes, children with severe sepsis or septic shock often require escalated care for organ support, sometimes necessitating interhospital ... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 13, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Folafoluwa O. Odetola and Achamyeleh Gebremariam Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Rotavirus antigenemia as a common event among children hospitalised for severe, acute gastroenteritis in Bel ém, northern Brazil
In this study we examined the association between ... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Maria Cleonice A. Justino, Erika A. Campos, Joana D ’arc P. Mascarenhas, Luana S. Soares, Sylvia de Fátima S. Guerra, Ismari P. Furlaneto, Manoel Jaime C. Pavão Jr, Tassio S. Maciel, Fredison P. Farias, Orvácio M. Bezerra, Caio Breno G. Vinente, Rodr Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Learning disability nurse provision in children ’s hospitals: hospital staff perceptions of whether it makes a difference
In response to multiple United Kingdom investigations and inquiries into the care of adults with learning disabilities, Mencap produced the Getting it Right Charter which campaigned for the appointment of a Le... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 11, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kate Oulton, Jo Wray, Angela Hassiotis, Charlotte Kenten, Jessica Russell, Irene Tuffrey-Wijne, Mark Whiting and Faith Gibson Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial to test “¡Míranos! Look at Us, We Are Healthy!” – an early childhood obesity prevention program
One in three Head Start children is either overweight or obese. We will test the efficacy of an early childhood obesity prevention program, “¡Míranos! Look at Us, We Are Healthy!” (¡Míranos!), which promotes heal... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 10, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Zenong Yin, Sarah L. Ullevig, Erica Sosa, Yuanyuan Liang, Todd Olmstead, Jeffrey T. Howard, Vanessa L. Errisuriz, Vanessa M. Estrada, Cristina E. Martinez, Meizi He, Sharon Small, Cindy Schoenmakers and Deborah Parra-Medina Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Assessment of Cow ’s milk-related symptom scores in early identification of cow’s milk protein allergy in Chinese infants
The diagnosis of cow ’s milk protein allergy(CMPA) may be easily misdiagnosed due to its lack of specific symptoms. Thus, experts have proposed the use of Cow’s milk-related symptom scores (CoMiSS) to predict C... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 10, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Yongmei Zeng, Jiyong Zhang, Guoqing Dong, Peihui Liu, Fei Xiao, Weiyan Li, Liting Wang and Qianzhen Wu Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Association between television viewing and early childhood overweight and obesity: a pair-matched case-control study in China
Television (TV) viewing may affect children ’s obesity status. In the present study the association between TV viewing and early childhood overweight/obese status was investigated as well as the association bas... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 8, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jiajin Hu, Ning Ding, Liu Yang, Yanan Ma, Ming Gao and Deliang Wen Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Probiotics may not prevent the deterioration of necrotizing enterocolitis from stage I to II/III
Probiotic therapy can reduce the incidence of NEC. Therapeutic use of probiotics after NEC diagnosis reduces the severity of NEC in preterm infants or full-term infants is unclear. To evaluate the effect of pr... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 8, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Zheng-Li Wang, Li Liu, Xiao-Yu Hu, Lu Guo, Qiu-Yu Li, Yao An, Ya-Jun Jiang, Shi Chen, Xue-Qiu Wang, Yu He and Lu-Quan Li Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its association with metabolic derangements among children with obesity
It is known that obesity is associated with vitamin D deficiency and observational studies have shown vitamin D deficiency to be linked with the development of type 2 diabetes. There are no comprehensive data ... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 8, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: S. G. S. Adikaram, D. B. D. L. Samaranayake, N. Atapattu, K. M. D. L. D. Kendaragama, J. T. N. Senevirathne and V. Pujitha Wickramasinghe Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Rate and factors for scabies recurrence in children in Saudi Arabia: a retrospective study
This study aimed to estimate... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 8, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Anwar E. Ahmed, Hoda Jradi, Doaa A. AlBuraikan, Bashayr I. ALMuqbil, Monirah A. Albaijan, Ali M. Al-Shehri and Hamdan AL-Jahdali Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Current phototherapy practice on Java, Indonesia
In Indonesia, the burden of severe hyperbilirubinemia is higher compared to other countries. Whether this is related to ineffective phototherapy (PT) is unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the per... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 8, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mahendra T. A. Sampurna, Kinanti A. Ratnasari, Darto Saharso, Arend F. Bos, Pieter J. J. Sauer, Peter H. Dijk and Christian V. Hulzebos Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Low head circumference during early childhood and its predictors in a semi-urban settlement of Vellore, Southern India
Stunting in developing countries continues to be a major public health problem. Measuring head circumference (HC) during clinical anthropometric assessment can help predict stunting. The aim of this study was ... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 6, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kulandaipalayam Natarajan Sindhu, Prashanth Ramamurthy, Karthikeyan Ramanujam, Ankita Henry, Joseph Dian Bondu, Sushil Mathew John, Sudhir Babji, Beena Koshy, Anuradha Bose, Gagandeep Kang and Venkata Raghava Mohan Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Thrombophlebitis hiding under a KILT – case report on 40 years long-term follow-up of neonatal renal vein thrombosis
Neonatal renal vein thrombosis is a recognised cause of renal and inferior caval vein atresia (IVCA). However, the long-term impact of the condition is underrecognized with a high burden of morbidity for the p... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 6, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stefan Lauener, Anne B ütikofer, Sandra Eigenheer and Robert Escher Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Baseline cardiac output and its alterations during ibuprofen treatment for patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants
Infants with hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) may physiologically compensate with a supranormal cardiac output (CO). As such, a supranormal CO may be a surrogate marker for a signific... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 5, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kai-Hsiang Hsu, Tai-Wei Wu, I-Hsyuan Wu, Mei-Yin Lai, Shih-Yun Hsu, Hsiao-Wen Huang, Tze-Yee Mok, Cheng-Chung Lee and Reyin Lien Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Head ultrasound, CT or MRI? The choice of neuroimaging in the assessment of infants with congenital cytomegalovirus infection
Despite growing interest in universal screening for congenital CMV infection (cCMV), and data to support treatment for cases with central nervous system (CNS) involvement, there is limited regarding the optima... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 5, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mina Smiljkovic, Christian Renaud, Bruce Tapiero, Val érie Lamarre and Fatima Kakkar Tags: Research article Source Type: research

A multi-center clinical investigation on invasive Streptococcus pyogenes infection in China, 2010 –2017
This study aimed at characterizing clinic... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 5, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Chun-Zhen Hua, Hui Yu, Hong-Mei Xu, Lin-Hai Yang, Ai-Wei Lin, Qin Lyu, Hong-Ping Lu, Zhi-Wei Xu, Wei Gao, Xue-jun Chen, Chuan-Qing Wang and Chun-mei Jing Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Anemia in disadvantaged children aged under five years; quality of care in primary practice
Anemia rates are over 60% in disadvantaged children yet there is little information about the quality of anemia care for disadvantaged children. (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Casey Mitchinson, Natalie Strobel, Daniel McAullay, Kimberley McAuley, Ross Bailie and Karen M. Edmond Tags: Research article Source Type: research

The associations between injury mechanism and extended hospital stay among pediatric patients: findings from a trauma Center in Saudi Arabia
A hospitalized patient ’s length of stay (LOS) can have a significant impact on the performance and operating costs of a healthcare facility. Among pediatric patients, traumatic injuries are common causes of em... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 3, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Suliman Alghnam, Jawaher Ali Towhari, Ibrahim Al Babtain, Muhannad Al Nahdi, Mohammed Hamad Aldebasi, Mahna Alyami and Hamad Alkhalaf Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Glandular amputation by strangulating tied suture: a case report of late-onset complication in the Plastibell circumcision technique
Circumcision is considered to be a procedure with minimal morbidity but may be associated with catastrophic complications in inexpert hands. (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jalil Hosseini, Saeid Haghdani and Nima Narimani Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Determinants of stunting among under-five children in Ethiopia: a multilevel mixed-effects analysis of 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey data
Childhood stunting is the most widely prevalent among under-five children in Ethiopia. Despite the individual-level factors of childhood stunting are well documented, community-level factors have not been give... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - June 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: K. Fantay Gebru, W. Mekonnen Haileselassie, A. Haftom Temesgen, A. Oumer Seid and B. Afework Mulugeta Tags: Research article Source Type: research

A novel UGT1A1 gene mutation causing severe unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia: a case report
Crigler-Najjar syndrome (CNs) presents as unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia, as a result of UGT1A1 deficiency, and can be categorized in a severe (type I) and mild (type II) phenotype. CNs type II patients usual... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 29, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Xiaoxia Shi, Sem Aronson, Ahmed Sharif Khan and Piter J. Bosma Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Impact of a standardized protocol for the Management of Prolonged Neonatal Jaundice in a regional setting: an interventional quasi-experimental study
Prolonged neonatal jaundice (PNNJ) is often caused by breast milk jaundice, but it could also point to other serious conditions (biliary atresia, congenital hypothyroidism). When babies with PNNJ receive a rou... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 29, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hui-Siu Tan, Inthira-Sankari Balasubramaniam, Amar-Singh HSS, May-Luu Yeong, Chii-Chii Chew, Ranjit-Kaur Praim Singh, Ai-Yuin Leow, Fatimahtuz-Zahrah Muhamad Damanhuri and Santhi Verasingam Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Down boy! A case of acute abdomen following a dog bite to the scrotum
Dog bite injuries are an ongoing concern in pediatrics. The majority of these occur in low- and middle-income countries where resources, especially subspecialty support services, are limited. Scrotal bites are... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Edwin S. Palmer, Phitsavanh Saysamoneyeu, Jennifer M. Siu, Annkham Thammaseng and Indi Trehan Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Minoxidil versus placebo in the treatment of arterial wall hypertrophy in children with Williams Beuren Syndrome: a randomized controlled trial
Insufficient elastin synthesis leads to vascular complications and arterial hypertension in children with Williams-Beuren syndrome. Restoring sufficient quantity of elastin should then result in prevention or ... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Behrouz Kassai, Philippe Bouy é, Brigitte Gilbert-Dussardier, François Godart, Jean-Benoit Thambo, Massimiliano Rossi, Pierre Cochat, Pierre Chirossel, Stephane Luong, André Serusclat, Isabelle Canterino, Catherine Mercier, Muriel Rabilloud, Christine Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Accuracy of motor assessment in the diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
To evaluate the accuracy of motor assessment tools listed in Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: a guideline for diagnosis across the lifespan (Canadian Guideline) for the purpose of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder ... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Danielle Johnston, Erin Branton, Leah Rasmuson, Sylvia Schell, Douglas P. Gross and Lesley Pritchard-Wiart Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Correction to: Delayed appearance of mature ganglia in an infant with an atypical presentation of total colonic and small bowel aganglionosis: a case report
Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported error on the images/figures used which also resulted in un-sequential order. The updated figures and captions are provided below. (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Fereshteh Salimi Jazi, Julia M. Chandler, Chad M. Thorson, Tiffany J. Sinclair, Florette K. Hazard, John A. Kerner, Sanjeev Dutta, James C. Y. Dunn and Stephanie D. Chao Tags: Correction Source Type: research

An outcome-based definition of low birthweight for births in low- and middle-income countries: a secondary analysis of the WHO global survey on maternal and perinatal health
2500  g has been used worldwide as the definition of low birthweight (LBW) for almost a century. While previous studies have used statistical approaches to define LBW cutoffs, a LBW definition using an outcome-... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 27, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Malinee Laopaiboon, Pisake Lumbiganon, Siwanon Rattanakanokchai, Warut Chaiwong, Jo ão Paulo Souza, Joshua P. Vogel, Rintaro Mori and Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Socioeconomic status and breastfeeding in China: an analysis of data from a longitudinal nationwide household survey
Socioeconomic status is an important factor affecting the initiation and cessation of breastfeeding. However, limited evidence exists regarding the association between socioeconomic status and breastfeeding be... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 27, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Chu Chen, Guo Cheng and Jay Pan Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Distal and lateral subungual onychomycosis of the finger nail in a neonate: a rare case
Onychomycosis is extremely rare in neonates, infrequently reported in children and is considered to be exclusively a disease of adults. (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 27, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Supram Hosuru Subramanya, Saujan Subedi, Yang Metok, Ajay Kumar, Peralam Yegneswaran Prakash and Niranjan Nayak Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Quality of life in children and adolescents with migraine: an Austrian monocentric, cross-sectional questionnaire study
Migraine is a disabling primary headache disorder that occurs in about 10 % of children and might lead to a lower quality of life. There are several possible migraine triggers in a patient ’s environment, which... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lydia Stella Koller, Susanne C. Diesner and Peter Voitl Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Prevalence and associated factors of supine sleep position in 3-month-old infants: findings from the 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort
Non-supine infant sleep position is an important modifiable risk factor for sudden unexpected death in infancy. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of supine sleep position and associated factor... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bruna Gon çalves C. da Silva, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira, Paula Duarte de Oliveira, Marlos Rodrigues Domingues, Nelson Arns Neumann, Fernando C. Barros and Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Effect of a participatory intervention in women ’s self-help groups for the prevention of chronic suppurative otitis media in their children in Jumla Nepal: a cluster-randomised trial
Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) causes preventable deafness and disproportionately affects children living in poverty. Our hypothesis was that health promotion in women ’s groups would increase their kn... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 23, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Susan Clarke, Robyn Richmond, Heather Worth, Rajendra Wagle and Andrew Hayen Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Effect of aspiration on the lungs in children: a comparison using chest computed tomography findings
Detecting and addressing aspiration early in children with dysphagia, such as those with cerebral palsy, is important for preventing aspiration pneumonia. The current gold standards for assessing aspiration ar... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 22, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nobukazu Tanaka, Kanji Nohara, Akihito Ueda, Tamami Katayama, Miyuki Ushio, Nami Fujii and Takayoshi Sakai Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Effect of passive exposure to cigarette smoke on blood pressure in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies
Hypertension is an emerging disease in children and adolescents resulting in future morbidities. Cigarette smoking is one of the most studied contributing factors in this regard; however, there are contradicto... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 21, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mahshid Aryanpur, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Alireza Oraii, Gholamreza Heydari, Mehdi Kazempour-Dizaji, Hooman Sharifi, Mostafa Hosseini and Hamidreza Jamaati Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Epidemiology of childhood overweight, obesity and their related factors in a sample of preschool children from Central Iran
Childhood overweight and obesity are strongly associated with the psychological and physical health of those for the duration of the lifetime. The purpose of this study was to assess the epidemiology of childh... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 20, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bahram Armoon and Mahmood Karimy Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Assistance for parents with unsettled infants in Central Vietnam: a qualitative investigation of health professionals ’ perspectives
Unsettled infant behaviours are a common concern for parents internationally, and have been associated with maternal stress, reduced parenting confidence, and postnatal mental health problems among parents. Li... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 20, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Linda Murray, Thach Tran, Vo Van Thang, Nicole McDonald, Sean Beggs and Jane Fisher Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Severe diaphragmatic dysfunction with preserved activity of accessory respiratory muscles in a critically ill child: a case report of failure of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) and successful support with pressure support ventilation (PSV)
Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is an alternative to pressure support ventilation (PSV) potentially improving patient-ventilator interaction. During NAVA, diaphragmatic electrical activity (EAdi) i... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Thomas Langer, Serena Baio, Giovanna Chidini, Tiziana Marchesi, Giacomo Grasselli, Antonio Pesenti and Edoardo Calderini Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Association of physical activity, vitamin E levels, and total antioxidant capacity with academic performance and executive functions of adolescents
Although various studies have shown the effect of vigorous physical activity on academic achievements, no studies have investigated the effect of vitamin E levels on academic performance. The present study aim... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ahmad H. Alghadir, Sami A. Gabr, Zaheen A. Iqbal and Einas Al-Eisa Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Schoolbag weight carriage in Portuguese children and adolescents: a cross-sectional study comparing possible influencing factors
Schoolbags and the consequences of carrying them, particularly those associated with overload, are often studied as a health concern. Modifications in gait and posture were reported when children carried loads... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jo ão Barbosa, Mário C. Marques, Mikel Izquierdo, Henrique P. Neiva, Tiago M. Barbosa, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Alicia M. Alonso-Martínez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Roberto Aguado-Jimenez and Daniel A. Marinho Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Indirect-comparison meta-analysis of treatment options for patients with refractory Kawasaki disease
There is limited information available regarding the clinical management of intravenous immunoglobulin-resistant Kawasaki disease (KD). We aimed to evaluate the optimal treatment options for patients with refr... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Han Chan, Huan Chi, Hui You, Mo Wang, Gaofu Zhang, Haiping Yang and Qiu Li Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Correction to: Is vitamin C enough? A case report of scurvy in a five-year-old girl and review of the literature
Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that an out-of-date version of Figure 1 had been incorporated in the published article. (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 16, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Timothy Hahn, Whitney Adams and Keith Williams Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Challenges of training and delivery of pediatric surgical services in developing economies: a perspective from Pakistan
As the pediatric population requiring health services rises globally, developing countries are struggling to cater to the growing burden of non-communicable diseases - particularly those requiring specialized ... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 16, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Amir Humza Sohail, Muhammad Hassaan Arif Maan, Mohammed Sachal and Muhammad Soban Tags: Debate Source Type: research

Vaccination status of resident pediatricians and the potential risk for their patients - a cross-sectional questionnaire study in pediatric practices in Vienna
Pediatricians are advised by the Austrian ministry of health to be vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis, measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, meningococcus ... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 16, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Susanne C. Diesner, Sarah Peutlberger and Peter Voitl Tags: Research article Source Type: research

High sedentary time in children is not only due to screen media use: a cross-sectional study
Sedentary behaviour has become a growing public health concern. Currently, it is a common belief that screen time (SCT) is a key factor in high overall sedentary time (ST) and is often used as a primary outcom... (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - May 16, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Belinda Hoffmann, Susanne Kobel, Olivia Wartha, Sarah Kettner, Jens Dreyhaupt and J ürgen M. Steinacker Tags: Research article Source Type: research