Serotonergic influence on depressive symptoms and trait anxiety is mediated by negative life events and frontal activation in children and adolescents
In this study, we examined the effect of the5-HTTLPR/rs25531 genotype on depressive symptoms and trait anxiety under the consideration of the amount of negative life events in healthy children and adolescents (N = 389). In a subsample of 49 subjects, we performed fMRI to add fronto-limbic brain activation as a second interacting factor. Across all subjects, negative life events moderated the influence of the5-HTTLPR/rs25531 genotype on both depressive symptoms and trait anxiety. In the fMRI subsample,5-HTTLPR/rs25531 S  + S/LG + S/LA + LGLA + LGLG genoty...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Identifying child temperament risk factors from 2 to 8 years of age: validation of a brief temperament screening tool in the US, Europe, and China
AbstractDespite ample evidence linking particular child temperament characteristics to behavior disorders later in life, there is currently a lack of temperament measures that can be used early, easily, and widely for screening purposes. To redress this gap, the current research aimed at developing a very brief scale of child temperament characteristics that have been found to predict behavior problems over the long term, are represented across models of temperament, and have the potential to exhibit measurement invariance over different countries and childhood periods. The new scale was derived from the Integrative Child ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Disentangling the effects of intergenerational transmission of depression from adolescence to adulthood: the protective role of self-esteem
This study aimed to disentangle time-stable and time-varying effects of maternal and paternal depression on trajectories of adolescent depression from ages 13 to 23 and examined whether self-esteem moderates the examined associations. Sex differences in the direct effects of parental depression and its interacted effects with self-esteem were further explored. Data were collected from a sample of 2502 adolescents and their parents participating in a panel study spanning from the year 2000 to 2009 in northern Taiwan. Multilevel modeling was conducted to disentangle the time-stable and time-varying effects of parental depres...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Seeking and accessing professional support for child anxiety in a community sample
This study aimed to provide current data on the frequency and type of parental help-seeking, professional support received, and parent-reported barriers/facilitators in the context of child anxiety, and to explore factors associated with help-seeking, and parent-reported barriers among help-seekers and non help-seekers. We conducted a  survey of help-seeking in parents of 222 children (aged 7–11) with elevated anxiety symptoms identified through screening in schools, 138 children of whom met diagnostic criteria for an anxiety disorder. Almost two-thirds (64.5%) of parents of children with an anxiety disorder rep...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Maternal depression in early childhood and child emotional and behavioral outcomes at school age: examining the roles of preschool childcare quality and current maternal depression symptomatology
AbstractRecent studies have shown that the association between maternal depression and child outcome can be moderated by children's experience of childcare (e.g., daycare) during early childhood (0 –5 years). We also know that maternal depression in the child's early years has long-term associations with child development. However, the moderating role of childcare quality on long-term associations between maternal depression and child outcome has not been thoroughly investigated. This artic le examined longitudinal associations between probable maternal depression (PMD) during early childhood (0–5 yea...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Does the Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management programme improve child –teacher relationships in childcare centres? A 1-year universal intervention in a Norwegian community sample
AbstractThe Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management (IY TCM) programme has shown promise in reducing behaviour problems among high-risk children in childcare. However, at present, we do not know whether the IY TCM successfully improves the child –teacher relationship in childcare and whether the effects manifest in both the population and in high-risk groups. Hence, we conducted a quasi-experimental pre-post study with a matched control condition to examine the changes in child–teacher relationships in a sample of 1085 children aged 3– 6 years after implementing the IY TCM programme. Linear mix...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Aggressive symptoms in children with tic disorders
This study suggests that there is no difference in aggressive behavior between children with tics without comorbidities and healthy children. It is possible that aggressive behavior in children with tic disorders is predominantly associated with comorbid attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. (Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of mental health problems in preschoolers and the impact of maternal depression
This study aimed to evaluate the impact of maternal depression on the mental health of 4 –5-year-old children of adolescent mothers, according to the hypotheses generated from the model of accumulation. Between October 2009 and March 2011, all pregnant adolescents who received prenatal care from the public health system in Pelotas (southern Brazil) were invited to participate in the s tudy and have been prospectively followed. Of these individuals, 413 participants were evaluated in the postpartum period and when the child was 2–3 years old and 4–5 years old (current stage). The Strengths and Di...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Metacognitive and motivation deficits, exposure to trauma, and high parental demands characterize adolescents with late-onset ADHD
The objective of this study is to evaluate support for three hypotheses about the etiology of adolescent-onset ADHD symptoms: (1) a “cool” cognitive load hypothesis, (2) a “hot” rewards processing hypothesis, and (3) a trauma exposure hypothesis. Participants (N = 50) were drawn from two public high schools in a culturally diverse metropolitan area. A detailed procedure for identifying and confirming late-onset ADHD cases is described. Adolescents with late-onset ADHD (n = 15) were identified and compared to childhood-onset (n = 17) and non-ADHD classmates (...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A patient-centered perspective on the future of tic disorder diagnosis: response to “Tic disorders revisited: introduction to the term ‘tic spectrum disorders” by Müller-Vahl et al.
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Improving school attendance by enhancing communication among stakeholders: establishment of the International Network for School Attendance (INSA)
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The first account of the syndrome Asperger described? Part 2: the girls
AbstractTranslation of G. E. Sukhareva ’s “Die Besonderheiten der schizoiden Psychopathien bei den Mädchen”, which appeared in 1927 in Monatsschrift für Psychiatrie und Neurologie as a continuation of “Die schizoiden Psychopathien”, previously translated by Sula Wolff. This second paper comprises five case studies of girls an d a discussion of the sex differences in the presentation of schizoid psychopathy, potentially what we would now consider part of the autism spectrum. (Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Current issues in the scientific cooperation in Europe
AbstractThe excessive bureaucracy and complexity of the Horizon calls appears to be an obstacle to research cooperation in Europe. Funding agencies of the European Union emphasize competitiveness, but do not recognize that publishing scientific papers increases competitiveness. Even the distribution of funds appears very far from recognizing the proper value of scientific publications. In this context, I am not surprised that some (not all) UK researchers have no confidence in European cooperative research. (Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The relationship between multiple exposures to violence and war trauma,  and mental health and behavioural problems among Palestinian children and adolescents
AbstractThe current study aims to investigate the effect of cumulative exposure to violence on mental health amongst children and adolescents living in the Gaza Strip. The sample consists of 1029 children and adolescents aged 11 –17 years. Of them, 533 (51.8%) were female and 496 (48.2%) were male. War-traumatic events were measured using the War-Traumatic Events Checklist (W-TECh). Violence was derived from the Multicultural Events Schedule for Adolescents (M.E.S.A.) containing three domains: violence at home, violence in the neighbourhood, and violence at school. Emotional and behavioural problems were measure...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The 2019 ESCAP research academy workshop: how novel technologies are impacting child and adolescent psychiatry
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Home-based parent training for school-aged children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and behavior problems with remaining impairing disruptive behaviors after routine treatment: a randomized controlled trial
In conclusion, children with ADHD and residual behavioral problems after routine treatment may benefit from home-based behavioral parent training. (Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Evidence for efficacy of parent-based interventions on parental characteristics
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Binge drinking during pregnancy and psychosis-like experiences in the child at age 11
AbstractIncreased frequency of psychosis-like experiences (PLEs) has been previously reported in children born to mothers with high general levels of alcohol intake during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to examine whether the risk of PLEs was likewise elevated in children prenatally exposed to binge drinking. Participants were 44,326 children and their mothers enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort from 1996 –2002. Information on maternal binge drinking was collected twice in pregnancy by telephone interview and PLEs in the children were ascertained in a Web-based questionnaire at age 11. Analyses were ca...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Maternal serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and offspring attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
This study aims to examine the association between early gestational maternal C-reactive protein (CRP), prospectively assayed in stored maternal sera and the risk of ADHD in offspring. This study is based on the Finnish Prenatal studies of ADHD (FIPS-ADHD) with a nested case –control design. It includes all singleton-born children in Finland between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 1999 and diagnosed with ADHD. A total of 1079 cases and equal number of controls were matched on date of birth, sex and place of birth. Maternal CRP levels were assessed using a latex immun oassay from archived maternal serum specimens, co...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Long-term mental health in unaccompanied refugee minors: pre- and post-flight predictors
In the original publication, the Table  1 was published. (Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parent –youth conflict as a predictor of depression in adulthood: a 15-year follow-up of a community-based cohort
In conclusion, ma jor parent–youth conflict during upbringing seems to be linked with an increased risk of depression in adulthood. These findings underscore the need to consider contextual/familial factors in the prevention and clinical management of early-life depression. (Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Post-traumatic stress disorder, emotional and behavioral difficulties in children and adolescents 2 years after the 2012 earthquake in Italy: an epidemiological cross-sectional study
AbstractDespite the occurrence of several earthquakes, only a few studies were conducted in Italy on the psychological impact in children and adolescents, with data mostly collected within one year after the disaster. This cross-sectional study aimed at exploring the prevalence of both post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and emotional/behavioral difficulties, as well as at identifying their main predictors, among youths 2 years after the earthquake that hit Northern Italy in 2012. 682 children and adolescents (9 –14 years) living in two districts (earthquake zone vs control zone) were administered an exposure ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Negative impact of maternal antenatal depressive symptoms on neonate ’s behavioral characteristics
AbstractPrenatal maternal depression is associated with developmental disorders in offspring. However, the specific effects of the intensity of prenatal depressive symptoms on infant behavior remain poorly explored. The aim of this work is to explore the links between early neonatal behavior and maternal prenatal depressive symptoms, independently from maternal pre- and postnatal anxiety and early postnatal maternal depressive symptoms. Five hundred and ninety-eight women and their newborns from the MATQUID cohort were prospectively evaluated during the 8th month of pregnancy (T1) and at day 3 postpartum (T2). We analyzed ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Perspectives on clinical guidelines for severe behavioural problems in children across Europe: a qualitative study with mental health clinicians
AbstractClinical guidelines for severe behavioural problems (SBPs) in children have recently been developed in several European countries. However, questions emerged regarding their applicability to practice. Our study aimed to provide a first European insight into guidelines ’ fitness-for-purpose by exploring mental health clinicians’ familiarity with, use and perceived value of guidelines for SBPs in children. Participants included 161 clinicians, primarily psychiatrists, from 24 countries. Clinicians completed a semi-structured qualitative questionnaire on existin g SBPs guidelines and development of new gui...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Understanding anhedonia: a qualitative study exploring loss of interest and pleasure in adolescent depression
AbstractAnhedonia (or loss of interest and pleasure) is a core symptom of depression and may predict poor treatment outcome. However, little is known about the subjective experience of anhedonia, and it is rarely targeted in psychological treatment for depression. The aim of this study is to examine how young people experience anhedonia in the context of depression. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 34 adolescents with a primary diagnosis of depression (N = 12) or elevated depressive symptoms (N = 22). Thematic analysis was used to identify important aspects of adolescents’ ex...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Is children ’s mental illness “a family affair”?
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effects of BDNF Val66Met polymorphisms on brain structures and behaviors in adolescents with conduct disorder
AbstractAccumulating evidence suggests that neural abnormalities in conduct disorder (CD) may be subject to genetic influences, but few imaging studies have taken genetic variants into consideration. The Val66Met polymorphism of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has emerged as a high-interest genetic variant due to its importance in cortical maturation, and several studies have implicated its involvement in neurodevelopmental disorders. Thus, it is unclear how this polymorphism may influence brain anatomy and aberrant behaviors in CD. A total of 65 male adolescents with CD and 69 gender-, IQ- and socioeconomic statu...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Child mental health and resilience in the context of socioeconomic disadvantage: results from the Born in Bradford cohort study
AbstractSocioeconomic disadvantage has been linked to mental health difficulties in children and adolescents, although many children appear to do well despite exposure to financial adversity in childhood. Our study looked at the effects of family financial difficulty on children ’s mental health outcomes (n = 636) at 4–5 years in a multi-ethnic UK cohort, the Born in Bradford cohort. We considered potential parent and child variables promoting resilience in this population. Univariate linear regression was used to identify associations between family financial difficulty measured antenatally ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Child and adolescent psychiatry training and mental health care in Southeast Europe
The objective of this study was to fill in this gap by presenting descriptive data on CAP training and national mental health services for children and adolescent in 11 SEE countries. On the initiative of World Psychiatric Association —CAP section, national CAP association boards from each SEE country allocated one member to the Consortium on Academic Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in SEE (CACAP SEE) in 2018. Using an internally distributed questionnaire, CACAP SEE members provided information on the CAP training structure and mental health care. Ten out of eleven SEE countries recognized CAP as a separate specialty...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Text mining analysis of teachers ’ reports on student suicide in South Korea
AbstractA teacher as a suicide prevention gatekeeper has an important role in identifying suicide risks and warning signs in students. After a student ’s suicide, teachers in Korea have to write a student suicide case report based on their direct and indirect observations. In particular, the section ’characteristic of student suicide’ of this report contains valuable information about the suicide; however, it is unstructured, and thus cannot be analyzed using conventional statistical methods. We aimed to identify the characteristics of observed Korean students, who have committed suicide, using text minin...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The role of emotion regulation in socially anxious children and adolescents: a systematic review
AbstractWhile numerous studies suggest that emotion dysregulation is important in maintaining social anxiety among adults, the role of emotion regulation in children and adolescents with social anxiety is not yet well understood. In this systematic review, we use the process model of emotion regulation as a framework for understanding emotion regulation in children and adolescents with social anxiety. We performed a systematic literature search in the electronic data bases Medline and PsycINFO. Additional studies were identified by hand search. We identified 683 studies, screened their titles and abstracts, viewed 142 stud...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Child and adolescent psychiatry training and services in the Middle East region: a current status assessment
AbstractMental health is a key component of health, yet appropriate care is limited. Evidence concerning child and adolescent mental health has predominantly come from western countries, while the Middle East region, with a large youth population, has reported very little on it. This original, cross-sectional study of child and adolescent psychiatry in the Middle East provides an assessment of current postgraduate programs, services and what is needed to build workforce capacity. Academic psychiatrists from 16 Middle East countries were invited to form a Consortium to map current postgraduate training as one of the  d...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Affective lability in offspring of parents with major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia
AbstractAffective lability, defined as the propensity to experience excessive and unpredictable changes in mood, has been proposed as a potential transdiagnostic predictor of major mood and psychotic disorders. A parental diagnosis of bipolar disorder has been associated with increased affective lability in offspring. However, the association between affective lability and family history of other mood and psychotic disorders has not been examined. We measured affective lability using the self- and parent-reported Children ’s Affective Lability Scale in a cohort of 320 youth aged 6–17 years, including 137 o...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A systematic review of interventions for treatment resistant major depressive disorder in adolescents
AbstractTo update a comparative effectiveness review (1980 –2011) of treatments for adolescents whose depressive episode or disorder (MDE/MDD) did not respond to one or more trials of SSRI antidepressants. MEDLINE, Cochrane Central, PsychINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE, CINAHL, and AMED were searched in addition to the grey literatur e. We spanned May 2011 to September 1, 2017 and included only articles in English. 11 new studies were reviewed based on the criteria of having tested a comparative treatment in adolescents with MDD or MDE who were confirmed to have failed one or more SSRI trials. D...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suggestive diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in indigenous children and adolescents from the Brazilian Amazon
The objective of the study is to estimate the prevalence of suggestive diagnosis of ADHD among indigenous children and adolescents from villages in the Amazon. This is an analytical cross-sectional study using instruments to track ADHD symptoms (the Child Behaviour Checklist for ages 6 –18: CBCL/6–18 and the teacher report form for ages 6–18: TRF/6–18) and to investigate their negative impact on the patients (using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire—SDQ). The prevalence of a suggestive ADHD diagnosis according to the CBCL/TRF DSM-IV ADHD subscale without and wi th negative impact as ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The nature and extent of emotion recognition and empathy impairments in children showing disruptive behaviour referred into a crime prevention programme
AbstractChildhood disruptive behaviour has been linked to later antisocial and criminal behaviour. Emotion recognition and empathy impairments, thought to be caused by inattention to the eye region, are hypothesised to contribute to antisocial and criminal behaviour. This is the first study to simultaneously examine emotion recognition and empathy impairments, their relationship, and the mechanism behind these impairments, in children with disruptive behaviour. We hypothesised that children with disruptive behaviour would exhibit negative emotion recognition and cognitive and affective empathy impairments, but that these i...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Comparing the genetic architecture of childhood behavioral problems across socioeconomic strata in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom
AbstractSocioeconomic status (SES) affects the development of childhood behavioral problems. It has been frequently observed that children from low SES background tend to show more behavioral problems. There also is some evidence that SES has a moderating effect on the causes of individual differences in childhood behavioral problems, with lower heritability estimates and a stronger contribution of environmental factors in low SES groups. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the genetic architecture of childhood behavioral problems suggests the presence of protective and/or harmful effects across socioeconom...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Self-views and aggression in boys referred for disruptive behavior problems: self-esteem, narcissism, and their interaction
AbstractHow do children with aggressive behavior problems view themselves? The present research seeks to answer this question by examining the self-views (i.e., self-esteem and narcissism) of boys referred for disruptive behavior problems. In Study 1 (N  =  85, Mage= 10.8 years), we examined relations between self-views and self-reported and parent-reported aggression; in Study 2 (N  =  73, Mage= 11.8 years), we examined relations between self-views and teacher-reported aggression. We found narcissism to be related with self-reported aggression, but not with parent- and t...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Investigating the interplay between parenting dimensions and styles, and the association with adolescent outcomes
AbstractResearch has indicated that a strictly dimensional or parental style approach does not capture the full complexity of parenting. To better understand this complexity, the current study combined these two approaches using a novel statistical technique, i.e., subspace K-means clustering. Four objectives were addressed. First, the study tried to identify meaningful groups of parents in longitudinal adolescent reports on parenting behaviour. Second, the dimensional structure of every cluster was inspected to uncover differences in parenting between and within clusters. Third, the parenting styles were compared on sever...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neuro-physiological correlates of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms in school-aged children
This study was the first to examine the relationship between neurophysiological abnormalities and symptoms of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in children. Thirty children aged 6 –12 years were recruited. Their heart rate variability (HRV) was measured under resting and warning signal conditions. At rest, the children’s SCT symptoms were found to be positively associated with their HRV (indicated by the standard deviation of the Poincaré plot along the line of identity in normalized units, SD2 nu). SCT symptoms were also positively associated with a change in SD2 nu between the resting and warning sig...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

EUREXIT? High time to consider the merits of European collaboration in child and adolescent psychiatry
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

What do error patterns in processing facial expressions, social interaction scenes and vocal prosody tell us about the way social cognition works in children with 22q11.2DS?
AbstractImpairments in social cognition have been frequently described in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) and are thought to be a hallmark of difficulties in social interactions. The present study addresses aspects that are critical for everyday social cognitive functioning but have received little attention so far. Sixteen children with 22q11.2DS and 22 controls completed 1 task of facial expression recognition, 1 task of attribution of facial expressions to faceless characters involved in visually presented social interactions, and 1 task of attribution of facial expressions to characters involved in aurally presen...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gut microbiota and dietary patterns in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
In conclusion, we suggest that the gut microbiome community is associated with dietary patterns, and linked to the susceptibility to ADHD. (Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Depression-related distortions in maternal reports of child behaviour problems
In this study, we compared the agreement between maternal, teacher and child ratings of hyperactivity/inattention (H/I), conduct (CD) and emotional (EM) problems measured with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in a population with depressed and non-depressed mothers. The sample of 12,961 11-year-old children was drawn from the Danish National Birth Cohort. We also examined the association between maternal depression before and during the child ’s life and child H/I, CD and EM problems when reported by the different informants. Agreement between the informants was assessed with the Bland–Altman limits...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Performance and brain activity during the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in adolescents with obsessive –compulsive disorder and adolescents with weight-restored anorexia nervosa
This study provides exploratory analyses to address this gap by measuring brain activity with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during a computerized version of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in female adolescents with weight-restored AN (WR-AN) (n = 14), OCD (n = 11), and healthy controls (n = 24). Results revealed greater perseverative errors in the OCD group than healthy controls and WR-AN, but no difference between WR-AN and healthy controls. Greater activity in the right front pole, inferior frontal gyrus, and middle frontal gyrus during the task (compared t...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Genetic and environmental influences on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in Chinese adolescents: a longitudinal twin study
This study investigated changes of genetic and environmental influences and their contributions to the stability and change of ADHD symptoms of hyperactivity/impulsivity and inattention in Chinese adolescent twins. A prospective sample of 602 twin pairs (48% male) self-reported both DSM-IV ADHD symptom subscales three times at the approximate age of 12, 13, and 15  years. Longitudinal multivariate genetic analyses through structural equation modelling examined genetic and environmental contributions to the developmental course of ADHD symptoms. From early (time 1 and 2) to middle adolescence (time 3), both symptoms sh...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

QTc dispersion and interval changes in drug-free borderline personality disorder adolescents
AbstractEmotional instability and dysregulation represent a core feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and abnormal patterns of sympathetic/parasympathetic activity have been repeatedly investigated in individuals with this disorder. Such abnormalities may represent the substrate for an arrhythmogenic risk that could materialize the following specific drug exposure. In this work, we decided to assess basal-corrected QT interval and dispersion (QTc and QTcd) for estimating such risk in a sample of drug-free adolescents with diagnosis of BPD. In this cross-sectional comparative study, we recruitedn =&thinsp...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: is there a connection with the immune system?
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Specific traumatic events elevate the risk of a suicide attempt in a 10-year longitudinal community study on adolescents and young adults
We examined associations between (a) a range of prior TEs (physical attack, rape/sexual abuse, serious accident, and witnessing somebody else experiencing a TE) and a subsequent SA, and (b) the number of prior TEs and an SA, and (c) we estimated attributable proportions of SAs, in relation to each TE. Over a 10-year period, the Early Developmental Stages of Psychopathology (EDSP) study prospectively assessed community members, aged 14 –24 years at baseline. Starting with 3021 subjects, each individual was assessed up to four times. Assessment was based on the Munich-Composite International Diagnostic Interview. ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Emotional disorder and absence from school: findings from the 2004 British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey
AbstractEmotional disorder may be associated with absence from school, but the existing evidence is methodologically weak. We studied the relationships between anxiety, depression and emotional difficulties, and school absence (total, authorised and unauthorised) using data from the 2004 British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey (BCAMHS). The BCAMHS was a cross-sectional, community survey of 7977 5- to 16-year-olds. Emotional disorder was assessed using the Development and Wellbeing Assessment (DAWBA), and emotional difficulties using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) completed by teachers and pare...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research