Next generation Europe: a recovery plan for children, adolescents and their families
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - April 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sleep duration trajectory during the transition to adolescence and subsequent risk of non-suicidal self-harm
We examined to identify sleep duration trajectories from childhood to adolescence and their associations with subsequent risk of NSSH. A cohort of children around the period of pubertal onset (7 –9 years old) were followed from 2013 over 6 years. Group-based trajectory modeling was recruited to identify sleep duration trajectories derived from 5 repeated measures. Association between sleep duration trajectories with the risk of NSSH was examined using multivariate logistic regression mo del. Nonlinear dose–response associations between sleep duration and NSSH risk were also assessed using restricted c...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - April 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Response (minimum clinically relevant change) in ASD symptoms after an intervention according to CARS-2: consensus from an expert elicitation procedure
AbstractThe lack of consensual measures to monitor core change in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or response to interventions leads to difficulty to prove intervention efficacy on ASD core symptoms. There are no universally accepted outcome measures developed for measuring changes in core symptoms. However, the CARS (Childhood Autism Rating Scale) is one of the outcomes recommended in the EMA Guideline on the clinical development of medicinal products for the treatment of ASD. Unfortunately, there is currently no consensus on the response definition for CARS among individuals with ASD. The aim of this elicitation process w...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - April 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Burden of mental disorders in children in the general population and in health facilities: discrepancies in years lived with disability based on national prevalence estimates between populations receiving care or not
AbstractLittle is known about the discrepancies in the burden of child mental disorders based on differences in prevalence between populations with and without care. Identifying such discrepancies may help to elucidate the unmet needs related to child mental disorders. We compared the years lived with disability (YLD) between children with and without care for mental disorders using a representative national survey, Taiwan ’s National Epidemiological Study of Child Mental Disorders (TNESCMD), and a national health facility database, the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (TNHIRD). The comorbidity-adju...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - April 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Characterizing the heterogeneous course of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity from childhood to young adulthood
AbstractTo advance understanding of the heterogeneity in the course of ADHD, joint symptom trajectories of inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity from childhood to young adulthood were modelled and associated with genetic, demographic, and clinical characteristics. Data were obtained from the NeuroIMAGE cohort which includes 485 individuals with ADHD, their 665 siblings, and 399 typically developing children. Trajectories were based on scores of the Conners Parent Rating Scale Revised and estimated over seven homogeneous age bins (from 5 to 28  years) using parallel process latent class growth analysis on data coll...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - April 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Extending the “Worst of Both Worlds” hypothesis to the developmental antecedents of crime and substance use: school bullying and alcohol experimentation
AbstractThe “Worst of Both Worlds” (WBW) hypothesis holds that individuals who both commit crime and misuse drugs are at significantly greater risk for future crime and drug problems than individuals who only commit crime or only misuse drugs. In the current investigation, two developmental antecedents of c rime and substance use—school bullying and alcohol experimentation—were used to form four WBW conditions (no bullying or alcohol experimentation, alcohol experimentation without bullying, bullying without alcohol experimentation, and bullying with alcohol experimentation). Analyzing data from 38 ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - April 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Diagnostic overlap and exploration of risk factors in child psychiatry
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - April 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Minding the gap between clinical guidelines and real-life clinical work
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - April 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Explaining psychosocial care among unaccompanied minor refugees: a realist review
AbstractResearch on the psychosocial care (PSC) of unaccompanied minor refugees (UMRs) has mainly taken a socioepidemiological approach and has focused on the perspectives of experts in the field. In contrast, the knowledge concerning the differing context factors and the underlying mechanisms of current PSC which could inform policy recommendations is scant. The study aims at unravelling the contexts, mechanisms and outcomes of PSC for UMRs. For a realist review (RR), scientific evidence and gray literature were synthesised consistent with the RAMESES publication standards for realist synthesis. Based on an iterative keyw...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Need for psychiatric phenotyping in patients with rare genetic disorders
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The impact of school closure and social isolation on children in vulnerable families during COVID-19: a focus on children ’s reactions
AbstractFor children the consequences of the COVID-19 public health measures may have long-term effects into adulthood. By exploring children ’s reactions more broadly, we are better placed to understanding the breadth of implications of home school and social isolation under COVID-19. The present study explored how COVID-19 related variables, namely, home school experience, child perceived family stress and instability, screen time use , missing friends and worry about virus infection are associated with children’s emotional, somatic/cognitive and worry reactions, respectively. A total of 442 children (M&thins...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Building the mental health management system for children post COVID-19 pandemic: an urgent focus in China
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Visual search in neurodevelopmental disorders: evidence towards a continuum of impairment
AbstractDisorders with neurodevelopmental aetiology such as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Schizophrenia share commonalities at many levels of investigation despite phenotypic differences. Evidence of genetic overlap has led to the concept of a continuum of neurodevelopmental impairment along which these disorders can be positioned in aetiological, pathophysiological and developmental features. This concept requires their simultaneous comparison at different levels, which has not been accomplished so far. Given that cognitive impairments are core to the pathophysiology o...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adolescent attendance at transcultural psychotherapy: a retrospective cohort study
This study aims to assess adolescents ’ attendance rates to this form of psychotherapy and to explore the association of these rates with demographic, cultural, and clinical variables. We conducted a retrospective clinical cohort study of 148 adolescents aged from 11 to 20 years treated between 2008 and 2018 at two transcultural psyc hotherapy centers in Paris. Statistical analyses tested demographic, cultural, and clinical hypotheses. The main result was the high attendance rate at transcultural psychotherapy sessions among adolescents (77.8%). Attendance rates were not associated with age, gender, family ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: ESCAP CovCAP survey of heads of academic departments to assess the perceived initial (April/May 2020) impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on child and adolescent psychiatry services
A correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-021-01754-1 (Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Harsh parenting and child conduct and emotional problems: parent- and child-effects in the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort
AbstractIn high-income countries, links between harsh and abusive parenting and child conduct and emotional problems are well-documented. However, less is known about these relationships in low- and middle-income countries, where harsh parenting may be more widely accepted and higher rates of conduct or emotional problems may exist which could influence the strength of these associations. We sought to investigate these relationships in a large population-based, prospective longitudinal study from Brazil, which also allowed us to test for sex differences. Using data from the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study (N =&thins...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Relationship between cognitive flexibility and subsequent course of mood symptoms and suicidal ideation in young adults with childhood-onset bipolar disorder
The original article was published with incorrect funding information. (Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A risk algorithm that predicts alcohol use disorders among college students
AbstractThe first year of college may carry especially high risk foronset of alcohol use disorders. We assessed the one-year incidence of alcohol use disorders (AUD) among incoming first-year students, predictors of AUD-incidence, prediction accuracy and population impact. A prospective cohort study of first-year college students (baseline: N  = 5843; response rate = 51.8%; 1-year follow-up:n = 1959; conditional response rate = 41.6%) at a large university in Belgium was conducted. AUD were evaluated with the AUDIT and baseline predictors with the Composite Internatio...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Evaluation of a structured skills training group for adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a randomised controlled trial
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and acceptance of an age-adapted structured skills training group (SSTG) for adolescents with ADHD. Adolescents (n = 184, ages 15–18 years) with a diagnosis of ADHD were randomly assigned to either the SSTG, which is based on dialectical behavioural therapy, or an active control group based on psychoeducation. Symptoms of ADHD, behavioural and emotional problems, functional impairment, and health-related outcomes were assessed with self-ratings and parental ratings two weeks before, two weeks after, and six months after treatment. All pa...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Headache and mental disorders in a nationally representative sample of American youth
The objective of this study is to examine the association between headache and mental disorders in a nationally representative sample of American youth. We used the National Comorbidity Survey –Adolescent Supplement to assess sex-specific prevalence of lifetime migraine and non-migraine headache using modified International Headache Society criteria and examine associations between headache subtypes and DSM-IV mental disorders. Adolescent report (n = 10,123) was used to identify headache subtypes and anxiety, mood, eating, and substance use disorders. ADHD and behavior disorder were based on parent repo...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Influence of motivational placebo-related factors on the effects of exercise treatment in depressive adolescents
AbstractRecent meta-analyses reveal a moderate effect of physical activity (PA) in the treatment of adolescent depression. However, not only the underlying neurobiological mechanisms, also the influences of placebo-related motivational factors (beliefs and expectancies in sporting, enjoyment and prior sports experiences), are still unclear. Based on the data of our prior study “Mood Vibes”, we hypothesized that placebo-inherent factors like positive prior sports experiences and motivational factors, (positive beliefs, expectancies, and enjoyment related to PA), would increase the effects of an add-on exercise-t...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Early signs of autism in infants whose mothers suffered from a threatened preterm labour: a 30-month prospective follow-up study
This study aimed to (i) ascertain the presence and autistic symptom load in TPL infants aged age 30  months relative to non-TPL infants, regardless of preterm birth; (ii) explore the association between early (at 6 months) psychomotor development and temperament features with the autistic symptom load of TPL infants at age 30 months and (iii) examine the association among perinatal risk factors for ASD development with the autistic symptom load of TPL infants at age 30 months. A group of 111 mother–infant pairs recruited at TPL diagnosis and a group of 47 healthy mother–infant controls compl...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The cost-effectiveness of treatments for attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder in children and adolescents: a systematic review
AbstractEconomic evaluations can help decision makers identify what services for children with neurodevelopmental disorders provide best value-for-money. The aim of this paper is to review the best available economic evidence to support decision making for attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children and adolescents. We conducted a systematic review of economic evaluations of ADHD and ASD interventions including studies published 2010 –2020, identified through Econlit, Medline, PsychINFO, and ERIC databases. Only full economic evaluations comparing two or more options...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Risk and protective factors related to children ’s symptoms of emotional difficulties and hyperactivity/inattention during the COVID-19-related lockdown in France: results from a community sample
ConclusionChildren's emotional and behavioural difficulties are associated with parental mental health and socioeconomic difficulties. In the unprecedented situation of the COVID-19 epidemic, parents and professionals involved in caring for children should pay special attention to their mental health needs. (Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Pandemic-related emergency psychiatric presentations for self-harm of children and adolescents in 10 countries (PREP-kids): a retrospective international cohort study
We examined data on 2073 acute hospital presentations by 1795 unique children and adolescents through age 18. We examined the total number of emergency psychiatric hospital presentations and the proportion of children and adolescents presenting with severe self-harm as our two main outcome measures. In addition, we examined sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and clinical management variables for those presenting with self-harm. To compare the number of hospital presentations between 2020 and 2019 a negative binomial model was used. For other variables, individual participant data (IPD) meta-analyses were carried...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predictive validity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder from ages 3 to 5 Years
This study is part of the longitudinal, population-based Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study. Parents of 3-year-old children (n = 1195) were interviewed about ADHD and impairment, and teachers rated child ADHD symptoms by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire or the Early Childhood Inventory-4. At 5 years of age, the children (n = 957) were classified as ADHD-positive or -negative using Conners’ Parent Rating Scale. Relying solely on parent-rated ADHD or impairment at age 3 years did moderately well in identifying children with persistent elevation of ADHD symp...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A longitudinal exploratory study of changes in sensory processing in children with ASD from the ELENA cohort
AbstractAtypical sensory processing (SP) is a diagnostic criterion of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, little is known about its course during development. In this exploratory longitudinal study, we aimed to investigate the course of SP among children with ASD and identify clinical variables associated with changes. We used a subsample of 51 children with confirmed ASD, aged from 3 to 10  years, recruited from the ELENA cohort. SP was assessed using the Sensory Profile questionnaire at baseline and three years later. Our preliminary results highlight the heterogeneity of the evolution of SP during the children...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Children ’s use of psychosocial care in a population-based longitudinal study: less likely for girls, children with a non-Western background and children with a high quality of life
This study examined the independent contributions of need and predisposing factors to psychosocial care use in 9-year-old children, guided by the Gateway Provider Model. Data of the Generation R Study, a prospective cohort of c hildren born in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, were analysed using multivariable logistic regression (n = 4714). Need (quality of life, presence and type of emotional/behavioural problems) and predisposing factors (sex, ethnic background and maternal educational level) were measured using parent questionnaires at multiple time points between ages 1.5 and 9 years. Psychosocial care us...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Families in the COVID-19 pandemic: parental stress, parent mental health and the occurrence of adverse childhood experiences —results of a representative survey in Germany
This study aimed to (1) generate representative data on pandemic-related stress, parental stress, general stress, parental subjective and mental health, and the occurrence of ACEs; (2) identify risk factors for an increase in ACEs, and (3) provide qualitative data on parents ’ experiences. A representative survey was conducted in Germany in August 2020 with 1024 parents of underage children (Mage = 41.70, 50.9% female). More than 50% of parents reported being stressed by social distancing and the closure of schools and childcare facilities. Parental stress increased significantly during the pandemic (d&...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reported autism diagnosis is associated with psychotic-like symptoms in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development cohort
AbstractAlthough the schizophrenia (SCZ) rate is increased in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), it is difficult to identify which ASD youth will develop psychosis. We explored the relationship between ASD and emerging psychotic-like experiences (PLS) in a sample of 9127 youth aged 9 –11 from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) cohort. We predicted that parent-reported ASD would be associated with PLS severity, and that ASD youth with PLS (ASD+/PLS+) would differ from ASD youth without PLS (ASD+/PLS−) and youth with PLS but not ASD (ASD−/PLS+) in cognitive fu nction. We fit regression models th...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The association between adverse childhood experiences and common mental disorders and suicidality: an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses
AbstractAdverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are related to increased risk of common mental disorders. This umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses aimed to identify the key ACEs that are consistently associated with increased risk of mental disorders and suicidality. We searched PsycINFO, PubMed, and Google Scholar for systematic reviews and meta-analyses on the association between ACEs and common mental disorders or suicidality published from January 1, 2009 until July 11, 2019. The methodological quality of included reviews was evaluated using the AMSTAR2 checklist. The effect sizes reported in each meta...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Schizophrenia polygenic risk is associated with child mental health problems through early childhood adversity: evidence for a gene –environment correlation
This study was embedded in the population-based Generation R Study, includingN = 1901 participants with genotyping for schizophrenia polygenic risk, maternal reporting of childhood adversity, and Child Behaviour Checklist measurement of mental health problems. Independent replication was attempted in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC;N = 3641). Associations were analysed with Poisson regression and statistical mediation analysis. Higher burden of schizophrenia polygenic risk was associated with greater exposure to childhood adversity (P-value threshold  
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mostly worse, occasionally better: impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of Canadian children and adolescents
AbstractThis large cross-sectional study examined the impact of COVID-19 emergency measures on child/adolescent mental health for children/adolescents with and without pre-existing psychiatric diagnoses. Using adapted measures from the CRISIS questionnaire, parents of children aged 6 –18 (N = 1013; 56% male; 62% pre-existing psychiatric diagnosis) and self-reporting children/adolescents aged 10–18 (N = 385) indicated changes in mental health across six domains: depression, anxiety, irritability, attention, hyperactivity, and obsessions/compulsions. Changes in anxiety, irritability, a...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Systematic review and meta-analysis: relationships between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and urinary symptoms in children
AbstractLower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), e.g., urinary frequency, pressure, urgency, and overactive bladder syndrome, are commonly reported in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Understanding the co-occurrence of these conditions has implications regarding clinical approaches, treatments, and improved quality of life. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the relationships between LUTS and ADHD in children. We searched for articles published between January 1990 and July 2019, in PubMed, CENTRAL, and PsycNet. Two authors independently screened all articles and extract...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sleep duration and problem behaviour in 8-year-old children in the Childhood Obesity Project
AbstractThere is growing evidence that insufficient sleep has negative effects on the mental health of children. The aim of this study is to examine the associations between device-measured sleep duration and internalizing and externalizing problems in 8-year-old children. The study is a secondary analysis of data from the Childhood Obesity Project conducted in five European countries. Nocturnal sleep duration was measured with the SenseWear ™ Armband 2. Parents rated their child’s internalizing and externalizing problems on the Child Behaviour Checklist. Behaviour scores were dichotomized at the 90th percentil...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Is interpretation bias for threat content specific to youth anxiety symptoms/diagnoses? A systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractAnxiety is the most common mental health problem in youth. Numerous studies have identified that youth anxiety is associated with interpretation bias or the attribution of threatening meaning to ambiguity. Interpretation bias has been proposed as a mechanism underlying the development and maintenance of pediatric anxiety. Theoretically, interpretation bias should be content-specific to individual youth anxiety symptom domains. However, extant studies have reported conflicting findings of whether interpretation bias is indeed content specific to youth anxiety symptoms or diagnoses. The present meta-analysis aimed to...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The longitudinal association of eating behaviour and ADHD symptoms in school age children: a follow-up study in the RHEA cohort
AbstractPrevious evidence suggests a link between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and disordered eating behaviours; however, the direction of the causal association remains unclear. Building on our previous research, we aimed to examine the longitudinal association between eating behaviours at 4  years, ADHD symptoms at 6 years of age, and the role of body mass index (BMI). We included children from the RHEA mother–child cohort in Greece, followed up at 4 and 6 years (n = 926). Parents completed the Children’s Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) to assess ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Did we take the right train in promoting the concept of “Neurodevelopmental disorders”?
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health and use of health care services in opioid-exposed school-aged children compared to foster children
AbstractGiven the concerns raised regarding the effects of prenatal exposure to methadone and buprenorphine on the developmental outcomes of the children, this study assessed mental health and use of services in a national sample of school-aged children (N = 78) born to women enrolled in opioid maintenance treatment during pregnancy, compared with a group of foster children (N = 140). The majority of the opioid-exposed children lived with their birth parent(s) at the time of assessment (N = 62), while 16 lived in foster homes. Caregivers completed the Strengths and Difficulties Que...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Emotional regulation and psychomotor development after threatening preterm labor: a prospective study
AbstractA threatened preterm labor (TPL) represents an adverse prenatal event that may affect fetal neurodevelopment, even in absence of prematurity. Indeed, late-preterm infants, without neurological complications, also exhibit neurodevelopment impairment with psychomotor delay as well as emotional regulation disturbances, considered early manifestations of neuropsychiatric disorders. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of TPL on infant ’s psychomotor development and temperament. This prospective cohort study recruited mothers who suffered from a TPL and a control group of mothers without TPL and full-ter...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Which factors determine clinicians ’ policy and attitudes towards medication and parent training for children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?
AbstractBehavioral parent and teacher training and stimulant medication are recommended interventions for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, not all children with ADHD receive this evidence-based care, and the aim of the current study was to find out why. More specifically, we investigated clinicians ’ policy, guideline use, and attitudes towards medication and parent training when treating children with ADHD, as well as several factors that could affect this. A total of 219 Dutch clinicians (mainly psychologists, psychiatrists and educationalists) completed a survey. Clinicians w...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adolescents ’ mental health problems increase after parental divorce, not before, and persist until adulthood: a longitudinal TRAILS study
AbstractParental divorce is one of the most stressful life events for youth and is often associated with (long-lasting) emotional and behavioral problems (EBP). However, not much is known about the timing of the emergence of these EBP in adolescents relative to the moment of parental divorce, and its longitudinal effects. We therefore assessed this timing of EBP in adolescents of divorce and its longitudinal effects. We used the first four waves of the TRacking Adolescent ’s Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS) cohort, which included 2230 10–12 years olds at baseline. EBP were measured through the Youth Self-R...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Emotional and behavioral problems in Japanese preschool children with motor coordination difficulties: the role of autistic traits
This study examined whether coordination difficulties are associated with emotional and behavioral problems (emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity/inattention, peer problems, reduced prosocial behavior) in preschool children and the role of autistic traits in this association. Data (N = 1042, age 58–71 months) were analyzed from the Tama Children’s Survey (TCS). The Little Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire (LDCDQ) was used to measure coordination difficulty symptoms. Information was obtained on emotional/behavioral problems using the Strengths and Diffic ulties Q...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Heterogeneity of social cognitive and language functions in children at familial high-risk of severe mental illness; The Danish High Risk and Resilience Study VIA 7
This study aimed to investigate heterogeneity across social cognitive and language functions in children at familial high-risk of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, i.e. severe mental illness (FHR-SMI). This may help designate subgroups in need of intervention initiatives. A data-driven, hierarchical cluster analysis was applied across a sample of 322 children at FHR-SMI (FHR-SZ,n = 200; FHR-BP,n = 120) on measures of Theory of Mind, facial emotion recognition, social cognitive processing speed, receptive and pragmatic language. We examined differences between subgroups as well as differences be...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health screening in adolescents with CFS/ME
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations of childhood sociability and responsibility with cannabis use trajectories during adolescence: results from a prospective population-based birth cohort study
This study aims to identify distinct trajectories of cannabis use during adolescence and examine whether Sociability (ability to relate to others) and Responsibility (ability to integrate a community setting) during childhood are associated with these trajectories, accounting for individual and familial confounders. Population-based cohort study (1998 –2019): 1511 children from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development were followed between ages 5 months and 19 years. We identified developmental trajectories of adolescent cannabis use (assessed biyearly between ages 12 and 19 years) using a gr...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Development of internalizing symptoms during adolescence in three countries: the role of temperament and parenting behaviors
This study advances knowledge of the normative development of internalizing symptoms during adolescence across cultures while highlighting the predictive v alue of early adolescent temperament and parenting. (Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Acute myocardial infarction due to spontaneous coronary artery dissection in a 6-year-old boy with ADHD on the third day of treatment with methylphenidate
We report on a 6-year-old boy who presented with typical angina symptoms occurring several hours after intake of an increased dose of MPH, which had been initiated for ADHD treatment 2 days earlier. Despite typical angina symptoms, the diagnosis of myocardial infarction due to spontaneous coronary artery dissection of the right coronary artery was delayed. Most epidemiological studies could not detect an increased risk for cardiovascular events in association with ADHD medications. However, the direct temporal relationship in our case indicates the possibility that MPH may trigger spontaneous coronary artery dissectio...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parent training in non-violent resistance for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a controlled outcome study
This study is a randomized controlled trial designed to assess the efficacy of NVR in the treatment of childhood ADHD. Participants were Israeli parents of children with primary ADHD diagnosis (N = 101; 5–13 years old; 79% male participants) randomly assigned to either 12-session NVR (N = 50) or waiting list (N = 51). Measures were administered before and after treatment and at a 4-month follow-up. ADHD outcomes included the Conners and Child Behavior Checklist. Parenting outcomes included parental helplessness, emotional regulation, anchoring function, and family chaos....
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Potential lethality of suicide attempts in youth
We examined these questions in a sample of children and adolescents admitted to a psychiatric inpatient unit following a sui cide attempt. Over 70% of youth who made serious suicide attempts would have been misclassified by assessments relying on only actual lethality. Although several variables relevant to the construct of actual lethality significantly predicted potential lethality (e.g., male sex, substance use disorde r), others did not. In addition, we found that the subset of youth who would have been misclassified as low risk based on actual lethality had a disproportionately high need for healthcare resources due t...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research