I ’m not alone,’ said the boy. ‘I’ve got a puppy
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - September 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Potential traumatic events and symptoms of post-traumatic stress in unaccompanied refugee minors —a comparison with youth in foster care
We present relative risks (RR) and standardized mean differences (SMD) for the PTEs and the PTSD subscale and total score between the groups in forest plots. URMs had experienced a mean (standard deviation) of 6.4 (3.4) PTEs and 43.9% reported to have PTSD-symptoms at or above the clinical cut off. Compared to the foster youth, URMs reported more exposures of interpersonal violence outside of the family (RRs ranging from 66.4 [95%CI 18.1; 243.5) to 1.3 (1.0, 1.5)], and more PTSD-symptoms in the re-experiencing subscale [SMD  = 0.3 (95% CI 0.1, 0.6)]. The frequency and types of PTEs and the PTSD-symptom load a...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - September 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sustained social withdrawal behavior and ‘difficult’ temperament among infants, in relation to maternal affectivity in a low-income area of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo
AbstractLittle is known about the relationship between maternal affectivity, social withdrawal and temperament in infants in low-income countries. The goal of the study was to assess the prevalence of social withdrawal behavior in infants aged 8  ± 2.3 months and to explore associations between maternal affectivity during pregnancy and postpartum, infant social withdrawal (as a sign of stress) and ‘difficult’ temperament as assessed by the mothers. 458 mother–infant dyads were recruited in the city’s public mother and child he alth-care centers. The eight items of the Alarm...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - September 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Post-traumatic stress disorder in refugee minors in an outpatient care center: prevalence and associated factors
This study aimed to assess the prevalence of PTSD in a clinical outpatient sample of refugee minors, and to evaluate the association of different risk factors with a PTSD diagnosis.N = 417 refugee minors were recruited from an outpatient clinical center in Hamburg, Germany. The median age was 15.4 years and 74.6% of the minors were male. As part of the standard diagnostic process, their social history and a potential PTSD diagnosis using the Module K of the Mini-Internatio nal Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID) was assessed. The predictive value of age, gender, number of i...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - September 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Characteristics of young people accessing recently implemented Community Forensic Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (F:CAMHS) in England: insights from national service activity data
AbstractChildren and young people in contact with forensic child and adolescent mental health services present with more complex needs than young people in the general population. Recent policy in child and adolescent mental health has led to the implementation of new workstreams and programmes to improve service provision. This research examines the characteristics of children and young people referred to recently commissioned Community Forensic Child and Adolescent Services (F:CAMHS) and service activity during the first 24  months of service. The study is a national cohort study to describe the population and inves...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - September 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: European clinical guidelines for Tourette Syndrome and other tic disorders: patients ’ perspectives on research and treatment
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - September 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Examining the influence of irritability and ADHD on domains of parenting stress
AbstractParents of children with ADHD typically report higher levels of parenting stress than parents of typically developing children. Children with ADHD display developmentally inappropriate levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention. Some children with ADHD are also prone to particularly high levels of tonic irritability that may explain some of the impairments typically found in ADHD. The present study sought to determine the unique impact of ADHD and tonic irritability on child-related parenting stress domains (e.g., difficult child, parent –child dysfunctional interactions). 145 mothers of children w...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - September 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Longitudinal changes in quality of life and psychosocial problems of primary school children in a deprived urban neighborhood over the course of a school-based integrated approach
This study shows that integrated approa ches can be beneficial for children’s quality of life and psychosocial health, but continued investments may be needed to maintain established improvements.Trial registration NTR6571  (NL6395), August 4 2017 retrospectively registered. (Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - September 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between age of first exposure and heavy internet use in a representative sample of 317,443 adolescents from 52 countries
AbstractInternet usage among adolescents has increased substantially over the last years, concurrently with emerging concerns that an abusive use is associated with detrimental health outcomes. Our objective was to examine the association between age of first exposure and heavy Internet usage in different domains. Data from the 2018 wave of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) were retrieved. This included a total of 317,443 participants (49.2% boys) aged 15 and 16  years from 52 countries. Data from both Internet use and age of first exposure were retrieved and used to conduct metanalyses with ra...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - September 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Comparing self-report and parental report of psychopathologies in adolescents with substance use disorders
AbstractBoth internalizing and externalizing psychopathologies interfere with the treatment of substance use disorders (SUD) in adolescents. Self-reports of psychopathologies are likely biased and may be validated with parental reports. We comparedN = 70 standardized self-reports of adolescents entering outpatient SUD treatment (13.2–18.6 years old, 43% female) to parental reports on the same psychopathologies, and explored biases due to gender, age, SUD diagnoses and SUD severity. Bivariate bootstrapped Pearson correlation coefficients revealed several small to moderate correlations between both r...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - September 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Response (minimum clinically relevant change) in ASD symptoms after an intervention according to CARS-2: consensus from an expert elicitation procedure
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Child, parent, and family mental health and functioning in Australia during COVID-19: comparison to pre-pandemic data
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic presents significant risks to population mental health. Despite evidence of detrimental effects for adults, there has been limited examination of the impact of COVID-19 on parents and children specifically. We aim to examine patterns of parent and child (0 –18 years) mental health, parent substance use, couple conflict, parenting practices, and family functioning during COVID-19, compared to pre-pandemic data, and to identify families most at risk of poor outcomes according to pre-existing demographic and individual factors, and COVID-19 stressors. Participants were Australian mothe...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Informative value of referral letters from general practice for child and adolescent mental healthcare
AbstractAlthough referral letters (RLs) form a nodal point in a patient ’s care journey, little is known about their informative value in child and adolescent mental healthcare. To determine the informative value of RLs to child and adolescent psychiatry, we conducted a chart review in medical records of minors registered at specialized mental healthcare between Janua ry 2015 and December 2017 (The Netherlands). Symptoms indicated in RLs originating from general practice (N = 723) were coded and cross-tabulated with the best estimate clinical classifications made in psychiatry. Results revealed that ove...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Child, parent, and family mental health and functioning in Australia during COVID-19: comparison to pre-pandemic data
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic presents significant risks to population mental health. Despite evidence of detrimental effects for adults, there has been limited examination of the impact of COVID-19 on parents and children specifically. We aim to examine patterns of parent and child (0 –18 years) mental health, parent substance use, couple conflict, parenting practices, and family functioning during COVID-19, compared to pre-pandemic data, and to identify families most at risk of poor outcomes according to pre-existing demographic and individual factors, and COVID-19 stressors. Participants were Australian mothe...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Informative value of referral letters from general practice for child and adolescent mental healthcare
AbstractAlthough referral letters (RLs) form a nodal point in a patient ’s care journey, little is known about their informative value in child and adolescent mental healthcare. To determine the informative value of RLs to child and adolescent psychiatry, we conducted a chart review in medical records of minors registered at specialized mental healthcare between Janua ry 2015 and December 2017 (The Netherlands). Symptoms indicated in RLs originating from general practice (N = 723) were coded and cross-tabulated with the best estimate clinical classifications made in psychiatry. Results revealed that ove...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Does #Tamojunto alter the dynamic between drug use and school violence among youth? Secondary analysis from a large cluster-randomized trial
AbstractThe present study investigated how intervention might alter the relationship between perpetrating violence and later drug use. A cluster-randomized controlled trial design involving 72 schools (38 intervention, 34 control) and 6390 students attending grades 7 and 8 was employed in Brazil. Drug use and violence were assessed at three points. A random-intercept cross-lagged panel model examined the reciprocal association between drug use and school violence domains across the three data collection waves. For both groups, we found that the cross-lagged effect of perpetration on further drug use in adolescents was stro...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The impact of COVID-19 lockdown on child and adolescent mental health: systematic review
This study aimed to review the existing literature on the effects of the lockdown measures established as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of children and adolescents. Embase, Ovid, Global Health, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and pre-print databases were searched in this PRISMA-compliant systematic review (PROSPERO: CRD42021225604). We included individual studies reporting on a wide range of mental health outcomes, including risk and protective factors, conducted in children and adolescents (aged  ≤ 19 years), exposed to COVID-19 lockdown. Data extraction and quality appraisal wer...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Risk of attention deficit hyperactivity and autism spectrum disorders among the children of parents with autoimmune diseases: a nationwide birth cohort study
AbstractStudies have suggested that maternal autoimmune diseases are associated with an increased risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, research on the association of paternal autoimmune diseases with ADHD and ASD risk has remained inconclusive. Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we selected 708,517 family triads (father –mother–child) between 2001 and 2008 and followed them until the end of 2011. Parental autoimmune diseases as well as ADHD and ASD in children were identified during the study period. Increased ADHD risk i...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social inequalities in children ’s mental health: isn’t it time for action?
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

European clinical guidelines for Tourette Syndrome and other tic disorders: patients ’ perspectives on research and treatment
AbstractThe formation of a new umbrella organisation called Tics and Tourette Across the Globe (TTAG) representing Tic and Tourette Syndrome (TS) patient associations around the world has led to a clearer voice for patients with Tourette Syndrome (TS). An opportunity has been created for this group to bridge research, clinical work and shared decision-making between researchers, clinicians and patients across Europe, with the result of improving the treatment and management of TS. A survey was sent out to capture the patients ’ perspective on research and treatment, and 2269 participants responded. 71% of participant...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Preventing suicide in post-secondary students: a scoping review of suicide prevention programs
This study reviewed the literature on suicide prevention programs for post-secondary students, exploring and identifying those elements likely contributing to their effectiveness. A scoping review process was undertaken exploring suicide prevention programs for post-secondary students. Methodological quality of the articles was assessed, and content analysis was used to explore the programs and their effective elements. Twenty seven articles were included in this review, covering a variety of approaches. Gatekeeper training programs were the most common type of suicide prevention program. Programs for post-secondary studen...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prediction of clinical anxious and depressive problems in mid childhood amongst temperamentally inhibited preschool children: a population study
This study followed a population-based sample of temperamentally inhibited preschool children into mid childhood to explore the aetiology of clinical-level anxious and depressive problems. Amongst inhibited preschool children, we aimed to predict each of clinical child anxiety and depressive problems in mid childhood from a broad range of potential risks (demographics, traumatic events and broader recent stressors, parents ’ well-being, and parenting practices). This study is based on data from a wider population trial of Cool Little Kids that recruited a representative sample of inhibited preschool children enrolled...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

European clinical guidelines for Tourette Syndrome and other tic disorders: patients ’ perspectives on research and treatment
AbstractThe formation of a new umbrella organisation called Tics and Tourette Across the Globe (TTAG) representing Tic and Tourette Syndrome (TS) patient associations around the world has led to a clearer voice for patients with Tourette Syndrome (TS). An opportunity has been created for this group to bridge research, clinical work and shared decision-making between researchers, clinicians and patients across Europe, with the result of improving the treatment and management of TS. A survey was sent out to capture the patients ’ perspective on research and treatment, and 2269 participants responded. 71% of participant...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Preventing suicide in post-secondary students: a scoping review of suicide prevention programs
This study reviewed the literature on suicide prevention programs for post-secondary students, exploring and identifying those elements likely contributing to their effectiveness. A scoping review process was undertaken exploring suicide prevention programs for post-secondary students. Methodological quality of the articles was assessed, and content analysis was used to explore the programs and their effective elements. Twenty seven articles were included in this review, covering a variety of approaches. Gatekeeper training programs were the most common type of suicide prevention program. Programs for post-secondary studen...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prediction of clinical anxious and depressive problems in mid childhood amongst temperamentally inhibited preschool children: a population study
This study followed a population-based sample of temperamentally inhibited preschool children into mid childhood to explore the aetiology of clinical-level anxious and depressive problems. Amongst inhibited preschool children, we aimed to predict each of clinical child anxiety and depressive problems in mid childhood from a broad range of potential risks (demographics, traumatic events and broader recent stressors, parents ’ well-being, and parenting practices). This study is based on data from a wider population trial of Cool Little Kids that recruited a representative sample of inhibited preschool children enrolled...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Decreased risk for substance use disorders in individuals with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder
The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk for developing a substance use disorder (SUD, alcohol or drug abuse or dependence) in individuals with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Subjects with high-functioning ASD were derived from consecutive referrals to a specialized ambulatory program for ASD at a major academic center from 2007 to 2016. Age-matched controls and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) comparison subjects were derived from three independent studies of children and adults with and without ADHD using identical assessment methodology. Cox proportional hazard models were us...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Risk factors and pattern of weight gain in youths using antipsychotic drugs
AbstractAntipsychotic-induced weight gain is a major health concern in children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for weight gain during short-, middle- and long-term treatment with antipsychotic drugs in this young population. We analysed a combined prospective and a retrospective observational cohort of Dutch children and adolescents, starting with risperidone, aripiprazole or pipamperone treatment. Linear mixed models were used to test whether sex, age, baseline body-mass-index (BMI)zscore, type of antipsychotic, dose equivalent/kg, duration of use, previous antipsychotic use, ethnicity...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

High-frequency ecological momentary assessment of emotional and interpersonal states preceding and following self-injury in female adolescents
AbstractNon-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a considerable health problem among adolescents. Affect regulation by means of self-injury may promote the maintenance of NSSI. However, existing findings have limited ecological validity. The present study aimed to assess emotional and interpersonal states preceding and following incidents of NSSI in female adolescents. Adolescents with NSSI-disorder completed ecological momentary assessments of affective and interpersonal states on an hourly basis for multiple days. Multilevel mixed-effect regression analyses were conducted to assess antecedences and consequences of acts of self...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicidal behaviors in gender non-conforming youths: a meta-analysis
AbstractGender identity represents a topic of growing interest in mental health research. People with non-conforming gender identity are prone to suffer from stigmatization and bullying and often present psychiatric issues, which may in turn lead to a high prevalence of suicidal ideation and behaviors. The present meta-analysis aimed to estimate the prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicidal behaviors in gender non-conforming children, adolescents and young adults. A systematic search was performed in Web of Science and PsycINFO from inception to December 2018. We selected cross-sectional and cohort studies including you...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Environmental changes to reduce self-harm on an adolescent inpatient psychiatric ward: an interrupted time series analysis
AbstractExisting interventions to reduce self-harm in adolescents admitted to psychiatric wards are usually focused on individual psychological treatments. However, the immediate ward environment in which treatment takes place is an important factor in the success of the treatment and can also influence the likelihood of self-harming behaviours. The aim of the current study was to evaluate changes made to a psychiatric ward environment on incidence of self-harm in adolescents. A quasi-experimental interrupted time series study was conducted on one child and adolescent psychiatric ward. An intervention was developed alongsi...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mood, activity, and sleep measured via daily smartphone-based self-monitoring in young patients with newly diagnosed bipolar disorder, their unaffected relatives and healthy control individuals
AbstractDiagnostic evaluations and early interventions of patients with bipolar disorder (BD) rely on clinical evaluations. Smartphones have been proposed to facilitate continuous and fine-grained self-monitoring of symptoms. The present study aimed to (1) validate daily smartphone-based self-monitored mood, activity, and sleep, against validated questionnaires and clinical ratings in young patients with newly diagnosed BD, unaffected relatives (UR), and healthy controls persons (HC); (2) investigate differences in daily smartphone-based self-monitored mood, activity, and sleep in young patients with newly diagnosed BD, UR...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effect of early screen media multitasking on behavioural problems in school-age children
This study aim ed to investigate the association between SMM from age 6 months to 4 years and behavioural problems in 6-year-old children. Two hundred and ninety-one (52.6% girls) healthy children were enrolled since age 6 months and 259 participants were followed-up until age 6 years. SMM was obtained at age 6, 12, 18, 24 months, 3 and 4 years. Behavioural concerns were assessed at age 4 years by the Child Behaviour Checklist and by both the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire with the Conners Kiddie Continuous Performance Test at age 6 years. Parenting style, cognitive ability...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mother –child attachment challenged by prison
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Taming the chaos?! Using eXplainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) to tackle the complexity in mental health research
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Perceived impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on child and adolescent psychiatric services after 1 year (February/March 2021): ESCAP CovCAP survey
AbstractIn April 2020, the European Society for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (ESCAP) Research Academy and the ESCAP Board launched the first questionnaire of the CovCAP longitudinal survey to estimate the impact of COVID-19 on child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) services in Europe. In this brief report, we present the main findings from the second questionnaire of the survey, one year after the COVID-19 pandemic began to hit Europe (i.e., February/March 2021). While service delivery to patients and their families was affected in a major way (reported by 68%) at the beginning of the pandemic, the majority of respondent...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of binge-eating disorder among children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis
The objective is to estimate the prevalence of binge-eating disorder (BED) and subclinical BED in children and adolescents. Relevant articles were searched in the databases of PubMED and PsycINFO. Articles were included if they measured BED, subclinical BED, binge eating and/or loss of control (LOC) eating in samples of up to 20  years of age or with a mean age below 20 years. Subclinical BED covers participants with 
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

European clinical guidelines for Tourette syndrome and other tic disorders —version 2.0. Part II: psychological interventions
AbstractPart II of the European clinical guidelines for Tourette syndrome and other tic disorders (ECAP journal, 2011) provides updated information and recommendations for psychological interventions for individuals with tic disorders, created by a working group of the European Society for the Study of Tourette Syndrome (ESSTS). A systematic literature search was conducted to obtain original studies of psychological interventions for tic disorders, published since the initial European clinical guidelines were issued. Relevant studies were identified using computerized searches of the MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases for the ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Poverty, social exclusion, and mental health: the role of the family context in children aged 7 –11 years INMA mother-and-child cohort study
AbstractMental health problems are common in childhood and tend to be more frequent in populations at risk of poverty or social exclusion (AROPE). The family environment can play a role in reducing the impact of economic hardship on these problems. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of multidimensional poverty on the mental health of children aged 7 –11 years and the role of the family environment in two areas of Spain. Participants were 395 and 382 children aged 7 and 11 from Gipuzkoa and Valencia, respectively. Internalizing and externalizing problem scales of the child behaviour checklist (CBCL) w...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Child and family factors associated with child mental health and well-being during COVID-19
This study aimed to identify the most salient child (i.e., connectedness to caregivers, screen time, sleep, physical activity, peer relationships, and recreational activities) and family (i.e., COVID-19 financial impact, maternal depression and anxiety) factors associated with children ’s mental health and well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic, after controlling for pre-pandemic mental health. This study included 846 mother–child dyads (child age 9–11) from the All Our Families cohort. Mothers reported on the child’s pre-pandemic mental health at age 8 (2017–2019) and during COVID-19 (May&nd...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychotropic medication among children who experience parental death to cancer
AbstractThe psychological consequences of losing a parent to cancer are unclear. We investigated whether experiencing parental death to cancer before 18  years of age increases the risk of psychotropic medication. We used register data of all children born in Denmark between 1 January 1987 and 31 December 2016 (N = 1,488,846). We assessed rate ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for first redeemed prescription of antidepressants, anxiolytics and hypnotics according to parental death status using Poisson multi-state models. We further examined whether the associations differed according to t ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of hoarding behavior and hoarding disorder in children and adolescents
This study aims to estimate the prevalence of hoarding disorder (HD) in children and adolescents. The present study was planned as a two-stage epidemiological research. In the first stage, the Children ’s Saving Inventory (CSI) and informed consent forms were delivered to a group of students’ parents. In the second stage, one-on-one psychiatric interviews with a physician were planned with the families and children who had hoarding behavior (HB), as described by their parents. The DSM-5-based HD interview and the Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA) diagnostic tool were used to detect prevalence of HD ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parental rejection in early adolescence predicts a persistent ADHD symptom trajectory across adolescence
AbstractDespite a general decrease of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms during adolescence, these may persist in some individuals but not in others. Prior cross-sectional studies have shown that parenting style and their interaction with candidate genes are associated with ADHD symptoms. However, there is a lack of longitudinal research examining the independent and interactive effects of parenting and plasticity genes in predicting the course of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms across adolescence. Here, we investigated how children perceived their parents ’ parenting st...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

What treatment outcomes matter most? A Q-study of outcome priority profiles among youth with lived experience of depression
This study used Q-methodology to identify outcome priority profiles among youth with lived experience of service use for depression. A purposive sample of 28 youth (aged 16 –21 years) rank-ordered 35 outcome statements by importance and completed brief semi-structured interviews eliciting their sorting rationales. By-person principal component analysis was used to identify outcome priority profiles based on all Q-sort configurations. Priority profiles were describe d and interpreted with reference to the qualitative interview data. Four distinct outcome priority profiles were identified: “Relieving di...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research