Growth, Varietal Scenario and Seed Production of Sugarcane in India: Status, Impact and Future Outlook
AbstractSugarcane (Saccharum species complex) is an important industrial crop in India, and it contributed 6.8% to the total export earnings from agricultural products during 2020 –21. India ranked second after Brazil in terms of area and production of sugarcane and accounted for 17.5% and 19.4% of the global acreage and production, respectively. This paper presents the scenario of sugarcane growth in India during 1950–51 to 2020–21, varietal development, diversity in s eed chain and breeder seed production during the last 11 years. The area under sugarcane cultivation increased by 184.2% (1.71 mha in 1950–51 to...
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 27, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Efficiency of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi for the Growth Promotion of Sugarcane Under Pot Conditions
This study aimed to investigate the plant growth-promoting ability of the four most abundant AMF species isolated from the sugarcane rhizosphere,Acaulospora denticulata (ACD),Racocetra fulgida (RAF),Rhizophagus clarus (RHC) andGlomus sp.7 (GLS), on the cultivation of sugarcane under pot conditions. The results showed that GLS and RHC significantly increased root colonization, root morphology (root length, root surface area, root volume), P uptake, plant height and diameter, leaf area, relative water content, photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, transpiration rate and total biomass. In contrast, ACD and RAF only affec...
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 27, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Long-Term Cultivation of Sugar Beet: Effect on Rhizosphere Micro-flora, Soil Fertility and Beet Productivity
In conclusion, long-term rotation of sugar beet worsened the diversity, composition and function of the rhizosphere soil fungal communities, which was the primary variable responsible for soil health of long-term rotation fields. The study provided a theoretical basis for impr oving the sugar beet productivity by ameliorating soil microbial community. (Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology)
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 27, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Establishment of DRIS Standards and Indices for Ratoon Cane Production in the Southern Region of Goi ás, Brazil
This study aimed to determine DRIS standards and indices in commercial sugarcane plantations through soil, leaf, and stem samples collected in the southern region of the state of Goi ás, Brazil. The experiment was arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial design with two cultivation systems (with or without vinasse application) and two sugarcane varieties (CTC 4 and RB 867515), both with 50 sampling points. The database was created using the total amount of soil samples collected at a depth of 0–0.20 m for chemical analysis, leaves collected in the period of greatest vegetative development of the crop (240 days after ratoon ...
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 27, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Assessment of Phenotypic and Genotypic Diversity in Elite Temperate and Tropical Sweet Sorghum Cultivars
The objective of this study was to assess phenotypic and genotypic diversity among 75 selected diverse sweet sorghum genotypes available at ICRISAT-Patancheru. Genotyping-by-sequencing generated 135,162 SNPs having minor allele frequencies  >  0.20. Cluster analysis grouped the genotypes into three distinct clusters, with some of the sweet sorghum lines falling in distinct clusters. This grouping pattern was in conformity with available race and pedigree information. Mean performance and analysis of variance for sugar yield-related tra its shows considerable variability. The results also revealed close genetic relat...
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 27, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Active warm-up and time-of-day effects on repeated-sprint performance and post-exercise recovery
ConclusionWarming-up and time-of-day effects in enhancing muscular power are independent. Although warm-up ensured further beneficial effects on performance than the time-of-day variation, a faster post-exercise recovery was observed in the late afternoon. (Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology)
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 24, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Lessons learned from designing a curriculum analytics tool for improving student learning and program quality
AbstractCurriculum Analytics (CA) emerged as a sub-field of Learning Analytics, aiming to use large amounts of educational data to drive curriculum decision-making and program improvement. However, it is still an open question how the use of CA tools impacts student learning and program quality. To advance this field, this paper describes the lessons learned from having designed and implemented a CA tool to help managers and teaching staff reflect on curriculum and teaching practices. This CA tool was developed under a design-based research approach called The Integrative Learning Design Framework. We implemented a two-cyc...
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 23, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Abundance cannot represent antibiotic resistance risk
(Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology)
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 23, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Exploring the acceptance for e-learning among higher education students in India: combining technology acceptance model with external variables
AbstractThe concept of e-learning has now become fundamental in student learning process. This concept becomes even more relevant in situations of global crisis such as that arising from COVID-19. Since this pandemic there have been tectonic shifts in the education sector. Effective implementation of e-learning in higher education depends on students ’ adoption of this technology. So, this study aimed to identify the factors influencing the behavioral intentions and actual usage of students in adopting e-learning. Additionally, it also examined the mediation effects among different latent constructs. Based on technology ...
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 23, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Can we do real inquiry online? Influence of real-time data collection on students ’ views of inquiry in an online, multi-site masters’ degree on environmental education
AbstractIn a previous study we detected that a number of inquiry stages (data collection, analysis and conclusions) went unnoticed by the students of an in situ joint online/onsite master ’s degree via online teaching. In this paper we analyse the effect of improved instruction, in which students fully experienced and became aware of all the stages that comprise the inquiry-based teaching approach. In the article we show the differences between the initial and improved instruction. The comparison of student comments as exhibited in the onlineclass diary forum between the initial and improved instruction has allowed us to...
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 23, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Methods for cleaning turbid nematode suspensions collected from different land-use types and soil types
In this study, the following three methods for cleaning turbid suspensions obtained from Baermann funnels were assessed: repeated centrifugation at 692.5 ×g for 1 min, repeated settling at low-temperature (4 °C) for 24 h, and a combination of low-temperature settling and centrifugation. Nematodes were extracted with Baermann funnels from soil samples collected from four land-use types (since land-use type can affect the turbidity of nematode suspensions), and the resulting suspensions were cleaned by t he three methods before nematode abundance was assessed. As a control, samples (i.e., suspensions) were simply diluted w...
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 23, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Non-pharmacological interventions for vascular health and the role of the endothelium
AbstractThe most common non-pharmacological intervention for both peripheral and cerebral vascular health is regular physical activity (e.g., exercise training), which improves function across a range of exercise intensities and modalities. Numerous non-exercising approaches have also been suggested to improved vascular function, including repeated ischemic preconditioning (IPC); heat therapy such as hot water bathing and sauna; and pneumatic compression. Chronic adaptive responses have been observed across a number of these approaches, yet the precise mechanisms that underlie these effects in humans are not fully understo...
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 23, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Interrater reliability of a customized submaximal cycle ergometer test
ConclusionsThe CSET is a reliable and valid procedure and\(\dot{S}m{O}_{2}\) is a useful tool for corroborating the second stage is in the heavy-intensity domain. (Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology)
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 22, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Vibrational Structure of a High-Resolution UV Absorption Spectrum of Methyl Vinyl Ketone in the Gas Phase
AbstractThe resolved vibrational structure of a UV absorption spectrum of the molecule in the gas phase is obtained. The (0 –0) bands of the isomers are found. The fundamental vibrational frequencies and (0–v) torsional vibration transitions for thes-trans ands-cis isomers of the molecule are found in the ground (S0) and excited (S1) electronic states. The 68 absorption bands are assigned completely. (Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology)
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 21, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Effect of the Components of a Buffer Solution on the Catalytic Activity of the NAD+-Dependent Formate Dehydrogenase from the Bacterium Staphylococcus aureus
AbstractNAD+-dependent formate dehydrogenase (FDH, EC 1.2.1.2) from bacteriumStaphylococcus aureus (SauFDH) is the most active enzyme among FDHs of this group; however, the high values ofKM of the enzyme with NAD+ and formate in the standard 0.1 M phosphate buffer result in lower catalytic efficiencykcat/KM than for other FDHs. Here, we study the effect of different buffers on the catalytic properties of SauFDH. Sodium phosphate (NaPB) is used as the base buffer component and Tris, Gly and citrate (Cit) are added to NaPB to prepare double, ternary, and quaternary buffer systems with different concentrations. It is found th...
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - September 21, 2022 Category: Physiology Source Type: research