A Retrospective Chart Review of Children with ASD's Individual Education Plans Compared to Subsequent Independent Psychological Evaluations.
This article summarizes the results of a retrospective chart review from an outpatient diagnostic center. Researchers collected data from IEPs and subsequent psychological evaluations of 75 individuals diagnosed with ASD. The implications of these results for future research and practice are discussed. PMID: 29909497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gelbar NW, Bruder MB, DeBiase E, Molteni JD Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Leisure Participation Patterns for School Age Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Findings from the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health.
This study examined similarities and differences between typically developing children and those with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) from 6 to 17 years old in physical, recreational, social, skill, and jobs/chores activities from a large national database. Findings revealed that children with ASD had significantly lower participation levels than those without ASD between 11 and 17 years old. They suggest an increasing disparity among many types of leisure participation for children and youth with ASD as they age, eventually leading to limited participation in adult activities. They reinforce the importance of in...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ratcliff K, Hong I, Hilton C Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a SCERTS Model-Based Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Hong Kong: A Pilot Study.
Abstract A SCERTS model-based intervention with different durations (5-month vs. 10-month) was provided to 122 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (age = 53.43 ± 9.05 months) in Hong Kong. Before and after the intervention, the children were assessed with the Chinese Psychoeducational Profile-Third Edition (CPEP-3) and the Developmental Assessment Chart (DAC). Educators and parents expressed their views toward the intervention in focus groups. Results showed that participating children improved significantly in their social communication and emotional behavior after the ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yu L, Zhu X Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Clusters and Trajectories Across the Autism and/or ADHD Spectrum.
This study aimed to identify predictors of severity and need of healthcare within this spectrum. 39 families with multiple individuals affected by ASD/ADHD were recruited from a psychiatric clinic. Diagnoses, functional and demographic characteristics were retrieved from journals while hospital admissions were identified in the Danish health register. An estimated fraction of 31% ASD/ADHD patients had never been hospitalized and 35% remained undiagnosed despite hospitalization. Cluster analysis identified trajectories that discriminate age of diagnosis, educational attainment to degree of severity, need of hospitalization ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: LaBianca S, Pagsberg AK, Jakobsen KD, Demur AB, Bartalan M, LaBianca J, Werge T Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Adults with Autism and Adults with Depression Show Similar Attentional Biases to Social-Affective Images.
Abstract Individuals with ASD have increased rates of depression compared to the general population. Repetitive cognition is a core feature of ASD; in typically developing adults, repetitive cognition has been associated with attentional biases to negative emotional material and increased prospective depression risk. We compared adults with ASD to typically developing adults with depression and never-depressed controls, using a paired preference paradigm sensitive to affective biases in the context of repetitive cognition. Both clinical cohorts oriented faster to negative social-emotional material and spent less t...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Unruh KE, Bodfish JW, Gotham KO Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Effect of Visual Information on Postural Control in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract Sensory processing difficulties affect the development of sensorimotor skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the effect of sensory information on postural control is unclear in the ASD adult population. The present study examined the effect of visual information on postural control as well as the attentional demands associated with postural control in fourteen adults with ASD and seventeen typically developed adults. The results showed that postural sway and attention demands of postural control were larger in adults with ASD than in typically developed adults. These findings...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lim YH, Lee HC, Falkmer T, Allison GT, Tan T, Lee WL, Morris SL Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Using Progressive Time Delay to Increase Levels of Peer Imitation During Sculpting Play.
Abstract A multiple probe across participants with an embedded withdrawal single case research design was used to examine the effectiveness of a progressive time delay (PTD) procedure to teach preschoolers with disabilities to imitate their peers during a sculpting play activity. Data indicated the presence of a functional relation between the use of PTD and contingent reinforcement on increased levels of peer imitation across participants; levels also decreased when PTD was withdrawn, although not to baseline levels. Overall levels of peer imitation had a greater magnitude of change than demonstrated in previous ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sweeney E, Barton EE, Ledford JR Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

The Effects of a Shared Reading Intervention on Narrative Story Comprehension and Task Engagement of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a shared reading intervention on narrative story comprehension and task engagement of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A single-case multiple baseline design was used, and three elementary-aged students with ASD participated in this study. The shared reading intervention included before, during, and after reading strategies (i.e., topic anticipation, dynamic reading, story retelling). Results of this study indicated that all participants demonstrated noticeable improvements in reading comprehension. Despite the longer duration of int...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kim SY, Rispoli M, Lory C, Gregori E, Brodhead MT Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Commentary: Measuring Language Change Through Natural Language Samples.
Abstract The role of language in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), more specifically, its function in social communication and strong predictive power on future outcomes, warrants language assessments that have good psychometric properties that capture the heterogeneity of language ability found among diagnosed individuals. Given the rapid growth in intervention and treatment research, there is an urgent need for the development and implementation of outcome measures that are easily obtained and sensitive to change. In this commentary, we argue for the use of natural language samples as measures of expressive langua...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Barokova M, Tager-Flusberg H Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties and Utility of the Social Vulnerability Questionnaire for Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.
This study examined the psychometric structure of the SVQ (exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis), and the utility of the factors of the SVQ as predictors of diagnostic category (through discriminate function analysis). Results provide psychometric support for use of the SVQ and its factors for further research and as part of a clinical assessment battery to assess social vulnerability and to develop interventions. PMID: 29873017 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fisher MH, Shivers CM, Josol CK Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Exploring Engagement in Shared Reading Activities Between Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Their Caregivers.
Abstract Reading aloud to children is a valued practice to promote emergent literacy and language skills that form the foundation for future reading success. We conducted a descriptive study of shared book reading practices between caregivers and their children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 17) and caregivers and their typically developing children (n = 20) to identify factors that can promote or inhibit children's engagement in reading. Caregivers and their children read nine books (familiar, non-fiction, fiction). Children with ASD demonstrated lower levels of passive engagement ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fleury VP, Hugh ML Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Student Perceptions of College-Readiness, College Services and Supports, and Family Involvement in College: An Exploratory Study.
We report mixed-methods findings from participants and provide implications for policy and practice. PMID: 29869028 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Francis GL, Duke J, Brigham FJ, Demetro K Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Neural Correlates of Reflection on Present and Past Selves in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract Previous studies indicate that autobiographical memory is impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Successful recollection of information referring to one's own person requires the intact ability to re-activate representation of the past self. In the current fMRI study we investigated process of conscious reflection on the present self, the past self, and a close-other in the ASD and typically developing groups. Significant inter-group differences were found in the Past-Self condition. In individuals with ASD, reflection on the past self was associated with additional engagement of the...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cygan HB, Marchewka A, Kotlewska I, Nowicka A Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Randomized Control Trial of COMPASS for Improving Transition Outcomes of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract The postsecondary outcomes of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are significantly worse than peers with other disabilities. One problem is the lack of empirically-supported transition planning interventions to guide services and help produce better outcomes. We applied an implementation science approach to adapt and modify an evidence-based consultation intervention originally tested with young children called the Collaborative Model for Promoting Competence and Success (COMPASS; Ruble et al., The collaborative model for promoting competence and success for students with ASD. Springer, New Y...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ruble LA, McGrew JH, Toland M, Dalrymple N, Adams M, Snell-Rood C Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Parent-Child Interaction Synchrony for Infants At-Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder.
This study investigated interactions between parents and 12-month-old infants at high (HR-SIBS; n = 27) and low (LR-SIBS; n = 14) familial risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The contributions of parental variables, as well as child's autism symptom severity and verbal skills, to the parent interaction style were examined. Parents of HR-SIBS exhibited a higher level of synchronous-demanding behaviors, which was associated with parental report of atypical mood in the infant, but not with autism symptom severity, verbal skills, or parental depressive symptoms. These preliminary...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - June 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Steiner AM, Gengoux GW, Smith A, Chawarska K Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Statistical Learning is Associated with Autism Symptoms and Verbal Abilities in Young Children with Autism.
Abstract Statistical learning-extracting regularities in the environment-may underlie complex social behavior. 124 children, 56 with autism and 68 typically developing, ages 2-8 years, completed a novel visual statistical learning task on an iPad. Averaged together, children with autism demonstrated less learning on the task compared to typically developing children. However, multivariate classification analyses characterized individual behavior patterns, and demonstrated a subset of children with autism had similar learning patterns to typically developing children and that subset of children had less severe auti...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jones RM, Tarpey T, Hamo A, Carberry C, Brouwer G, Lord C Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

The Estimated Prevalence of Autism in School-Aged Children Living in Rural Nepal Using a Population-Based Screening Tool.
Abstract Few data exist on the prevalence of autism in low-income countries. We translated, adapted and tested the acceptability of a Nepali-language version of a screening tool for autism (Autism Quotient-10). Using this tool, we estimated autism prevalence in 4098 rural Nepali children aged 9-13 years. Fourteen children scored> 6 out of 10, indicative of elevated autistic symptomatology, of which 13 also screened positive for disability. If the AQ-10 screening tool is as sensitive and specific in the Nepali population as it is in the UK, this would yield an estimated true prevalence of 3 in 1000 (...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Heys M, Gibbons F, Haworth E, Medeiros E, Tumbahangphe KM, Wickenden M, Shrestha M, Costello A, Manandhar D, Pellicano E Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Risk-Aversion and Rationality in Autism Spectrum Disorders.
This study tested whether risk-aversion is related to rational decision-making in ASD individuals. ASD and matched control adults completed a decision-making task that discriminated between the use of risk-averse and rational strategies. Results showed that overall, ASD participants were more risk-averse than control participants. Specifically, both groups made similar choices when risk-aversion was the less rational strategy but ASD participants chose more rational options than control participants when risk-aversion was the most rational strategy. This study confirmed that risk-aversion is a core feature of ASD and revea...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gosling CJ, Moutier S Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Correlates of DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder Levels of Support Ratings in a Clinical Sample.
Abstract The DSM-5 features level of support ratings for social communication (SC) and restrictive and repetitive behaviors (RRB) for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We contrasted cognitive, adaptive, and autism severity scores across SC and RRB groups for 158 individuals with ASD diagnosed in a developmental disabilities clinic. Roughly 46% of individuals were identified by licensed psychologists' clinical judgement as needing Level 2 SC support and 49% were identified as needing Level 2 RRB support. No individuals were rated as needing a combination of Level 1/Level 3 supports across domains. MA...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gardner LM, Campbell JM, Keisling B, Murphy L Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Reading Comprehension in Children With and Without ASD: The Role of Word Reading, Oral Language, and Working Memory.
This study examined the role of three parallel WM N-back tasks using abstract shapes, familiar objects, and written words in children (8-14 years) with ASD (n = 19) and their typically developing peers (n = 24). All three types of WM were significant predictors of reading comprehension when considered alone. However, these relationships were rendered non-significant with the addition of age, word reading, vocabulary, and group entered into the models. Oral vocabulary emerged as the strongest predictor of reading comprehension. PMID: 29802485 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source:...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Davidson MM, Kaushanskaya M, Ellis Weismer S Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Cerebro-Cerebellar Functional Connectivity is Associated with Cerebellar Excitation-Inhibition Balance in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract Atypical functional connectivity (FC) and an imbalance of excitation-to-inhibition (E/I) have been previously reported in cerebro-cerebellar circuits in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current investigation used resting state fMRI and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) to examine the relationships between E/I (glutamate + glutamine/GABA) and FC of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and posterolateral cerebellar hemisphere from 14 adolescents/adults with ASD and 12 age/sex/IQ-matched controls. In this pilot sample, cerebro-cerebellar FC was positively associated with cerebell...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hegarty JP, Weber DJ, Cirstea CM, Beversdorf DQ Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Correction to: Externalizing and Internalizing Symptoms Moderate Longitudinal Patterns of Facial Emotion Recognition in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. In the heading "Data Analytic Plan", under "Level 2" the following equations were published incorrectly. PMID: 29796961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rosen TE, Lerner MD Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Superior Visual Search and Crowding Abilities Are Not Characteristic of All Individuals on the Autism Spectrum.
We examined whether performance on these tasks changed as a function of motor proficiency in children with varying levels of ASD symptomology. Children with high ASD symptomology outperformed all others on complex visual search tasks, but only if their motor skills were rated at, or above, age expectations. For the visual crowding task, children with high ASD symptomology and superior motor skills exhibited enhanced target discrimination, whereas those with high ASD symptomology but poor motor skills experienced deficits. These findings may resolve some of the discrepancies in the literature. PMID: 29790002 [PubMed - ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lindor E, Rinehart N, Fielding J Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Uneven Expressive Language Development in Mandarin-Exposed Preschool Children with ASD: Comparing Vocabulary, Grammar, and the Decontextualized Use of Language via the PCDI-Toddler Form.
Abstract Data from children with ASD who are learning Indo-European languages indicate that (a) they vary hugely in their expressive language skills and (b) their pragmatic/socially-based language is more impaired than their structural language. We investigate whether similar patterns of language development exist for Mandarin-exposed children with ASD. Parent report data of the Putonghua Communicative Development Inventory-Toddler Form were collected from 160 17-83-month-old children with ASD. These children with ASD demonstrated similar levels of variability as Western children with ASD. In particular, they coul...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Su YE, Naigles LR, Su LY Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

The Association Between Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Psychological Distress in Their Parents: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
Abstract This review (Prospero Registration Number: CRD42017057915) aimed to systematically identify and summarize existing research on the relationship between additional emotional and behavioral problems (EBP) in children with autism, and parenting stress (PS) and mental health problems (MHP) in their parents. Sixty-seven studies met criteria for inclusion in the review, 61 of which were included in the meta-analysis. Pooled correlation coefficients were in the low to moderate range ([Formula: see text]). Some evidence for moderation by measurement characteristics was found. Narrative review of concurrent adjust...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yorke I, White P, Weston A, Rafla M, Charman T, Simonoff E Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Circumscribed Interests and Attention in Autism: The Role of Biological Sex.
Abstract Recent studies suggest that circumscribed interests (CI) in females with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may align more closely with interests reported in typical female development than those typically reported for ASD males. We used eye-tracking to quantify attention to arrays containing combinations of male, female and neutral images in elementary-aged males and females with and without ASD. A number of condition × sex effects emerged, with both groups attending to images that corresponded with interests typically associated with their biological sex. Diagnostic effects reported in s...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Harrop C, Jones D, Zheng S, Nowell S, Boyd BA, Sasson N Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Interoceptive Accuracy in Youth with Tic Disorders: Exploring Links with Premonitory Urge, Anxiety and Quality of Life.
Abstract Aberrant interoceptive accuracy could contribute to the co-occurrence of anxiety and premonitory urge in chronic tic disorders (CTD). If it can be manipulated through intervention, it would offer a transdiagnostic treatment target for tics and anxiety. Interoceptive accuracy was first assessed consistent with previous protocols and then re-assessed following an instruction attempting to experimentally enhance awareness. The CTD group demonstrated lower interoceptive accuracy than controls but, importantly, this group difference was no longer significant following instruction. In the CTD group, better inte...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pile V, Lau JYF, Topor M, Hedderly T, Robinson S Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Autism-Specific Workplace Tool for Employers: A Randomised Controlled Trial.
Abstract A randomised controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of the Integrated Employment Success Tool (IEST™) in improving employers' self-efficacy in modifying the workplace for individuals on the autism spectrum. Employers (N = 84) were randomised to the IEST™ or support as usual groups. Measurements of self-efficacy, knowledge and attitudes towards disability in the workplace were obtained at baseline and post-test. Results revealed a significant improvement in self-efficacy within the IEST™ group between baseline and post-test (p = 0.016). At post-test, ther...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Scott M, Falkmer M, Falkmer T, Girdler S Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Variability in Verbal and Nonverbal Communication in Infants at Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Predictors and Outcomes.
Abstract Early communication impairment is among the most-reported first concerns in parents of young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Using a parent-report questionnaire, we derived trajectory groups for early language and gesture acquisition in siblings at high risk for ASD and in children at low risk, during their first 2 years of life. Developmental skills at 6 months were associated with trajectory group membership representing growth in receptive language and gestures. Behavioral symptoms also predicted gesture development. All communication measures were strongly related to clinical and de...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Franchini M, Duku E, Armstrong V, Brian J, Bryson SE, Garon N, Roberts W, Roncadin C, Zwaigenbaum L, Smith IM Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Parental First Concerns and Timing of Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis.
Abstract Specific developmental concerns can distinguish between an early versus later diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Caregiver survey responses of children ≥ 9 years-of-age (2012) with ASD were used to evaluate developmental concerns and associations with age of diagnosis [early (
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Becerra-Culqui TA, Lynch FL, Owen-Smith AA, Spitzer J, Croen LA Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Potentially Reversible Social Deficits Among Transgender Youth.
Abstract Recently, there has been increased attention to a putative relationship between Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and gender dysphoria, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) diagnosis for those whose gender assigned at birth does not match their gender identity. Studies have shown an over-representation of ASD symptoms among transgender youth. These studies, however, have used scales that are non-specific for ASD. These ASD symptoms may represent social deficits that are secondary to social stress and deprivation, as transgender youth suffer high rates of peer and fam...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Turban JL Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Gender and Age of Diagnosis Time Trends in Children with Autism Using Australian Medicare Data.
Abstract Recent evidence suggests the male predominance in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may be decreasing. Secondary analyses of Australian Medicare data (paediatrician/child psychiatrist items for diagnosing ASD before age 13) were used (N = 73,463 unique children from 1-July-2008 to 30-June-2016). Cumulative incidence of ASD in 4-year-olds in 2015/2016 was 1.10% [95% CI 1.06-1.14], males 1.66% [95% CI 1.60-1.72] and females 0.51% [95% CI 0.47-0.55]. New diagnoses significantly increased in older (5-12 years) males and females but not younger (0-4 years) children, from 2010/2011 to 2015/...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: May T, Williams K Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Correction to: Adults with Autism Tend to Underestimate the Hidden Environmental Structure: Evidence from a Visual Associative Learning Task.
, Schmitz C Abstract The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the article title. PMID: 29744705 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sapey-Triomphe LA, Sonié S, Hénaff MA, Mattout J, Schmitz C Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

The Interoception Sensory Questionnaire (ISQ): A Scale to Measure Interoceptive Challenges in Adults.
Abstract Increasing attention is being paid to how adults on the autism spectrum perceive and interpret the interoceptive sense. This 20-item Interoception Sensory Questionnaire represents a single factor scale that can be interpreted as representing confusion about interoceptive bodily states unless these states are extreme (Alexisomia), and has been designed to discriminate across populations (total sample 511 participants). Findings showed that 74% of adults with autism reported interoceptive confusion. Another finding of the study was that as autistic traits increased, interoceptive confusion increased, with a...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fiene L, Ireland MJ, Brownlow C Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

A Comparison of a Behavioral Feeding Intervention With and Without Pre-meal Sensory Integration Therapy.
This study compared a behavioral feeding intervention with and without pre-meal sensory integration therapy (SIT) in two boys with autism spectrum disorder and severe food selectivity. For both participants, child bite and drink consumption and total intake increased to similar levels with corresponding decreases in inappropriate mealtime behavior (IMB) in both conditions. The SIT condition was then discontinued and both participants continued to exhibit high levels of bite and drink consumption with corresponding low levels of IMB during a non-SIT phase. Caregivers of both participants were then trained in the behavioral ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Seiverling L, Anderson K, Rogan C, Alaimo C, Argott P, Panora J Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Autism and the University Experience: Narratives from Students with Neurodevelopmental Disorders.
Abstract Relatively limited research has been devoted to understanding the postsecondary experience from the students' perspectives. In the current study, individual interviews were conducted with university students with autism spectrum disorder (n = 13) and students with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (n = 18) to investigate likely factors impeding meaningful postsecondary experiences. Through an iterative coding process, nine themes were identified, and direct narratives exemplifying each are included. Overall, both diagnostic groups reported significant social, emotional, ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bolourian Y, Zeedyk SM, Blacher J Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in Relation to Longitudinal Cortical Thickness Changes in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
This study examines the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in relation to the longitudinal development of cortical thickness. Participants (N = 91 ASD, N = 56 TDC; 3-39 years at first scan) were scanned up to three times over a 7-year period. Mixed-effects models examined cortical thickness in relation to SRS score. ASD participants with higher SRS scores showed regionally increased age-related cortical thinning. Regional thickness differences and reduced age-related cortical thinning were found in predominantly right lateralized regions in ASD with decreasing SRS scores over time. Our findi...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Prigge MBD, Bigler ED, Travers BG, Froehlich A, Abildskov T, Anderson JS, Alexander AL, Lange N, Lainhart JE, Zielinski BA Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Lack of Privileged Access to Awareness for Rewarding Social Scenes in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract Reduced social motivation is hypothesised to underlie social behavioural symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The extent to which rewarding social stimuli are granted privileged access to awareness in ASD is currently unknown. We use continuous flash suppression to investigate whether individuals with and without ASD show privileged access to awareness for social over nonsocial rewarding scenes that are closely matched for stimulus features. Strong evidence for a privileged access to awareness for rewarding social over nonsocial scenes was observed in neurotypical adults. No such privileged access ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gray KLH, Haffey A, Mihaylova HL, Chakrabarti B Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Aging Well on the Autism Spectrum: An Examination of the Dominant Model of Successful Aging.
Abstract There is a gap in our knowledge of aging with autism. The present study examined the applicability of the popular gerontology concept of "aging well" to autistic adults. Using survey data, a model of "aging well" was operationalised and applied to 92 autistic adults and 60 controls. A very small proportion (3.3%) of autistic adults were found to be aging well. Significantly less autistic adults were "maintaining physical and cognitive functioning" and "actively engaging with life" in comparison to controls. Whilst important differences in health and functioning stat...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hwang YI, Foley KR, Trollor JN Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Their Parents in the Transition into Higher Education: Impact on Dynamics in the Parent-Child Relationship.
This study examined how 34 senior students and first-year college students with autism spectrum disorder, their mothers (n = 34) and fathers (n = 26) navigate the higher education transition, and how this context impacts on dynamics in the parent-child relationships. Semi-structured interviews were analyzed based on grounded theory and dyadic analysis principles. Both parties were confronted with an abundance of challenges and experienced strong feelings of ambivalence, stress and anxiety. Differences in perspectives occurred regarding the construction of adulthood, the acquisition of autonomy, ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - May 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Van Hees V, Roeyers H, De Mol J Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Comparison of DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 Criteria in Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorders in Singapore.
Abstract Our study examines the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) when applied concurrently against the best estimate clinical diagnoses for 110 children (5.1-19.6 years old) referred for diagnostic assessments of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in a Singaporean outpatient speciality clinic. DSM-IV-TR performed slightly better, yielding sensitivity of 0.946 and specificity of 0.889, compared to DSM-5 (sensitivity = 0.837; specificity = 0.833). When considering the ASD sub-categories...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sung M, Goh TJ, Tan BLJ, Chan JS, Liew HSA Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Gender Identity in Autism: Sex Differences in Social Affiliation with Gender Groups.
In conclusion, autistic people, particularly natal females, had lower social identification with and more negative feelings about a gender group. PMID: 29705922 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cooper K, Smith LGE, Russell AJ Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Patterns and Predictors of Language Development from 4 to 7  Years in Verbal Children With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder.
This study used a prospective community-based sample to describe patterns and predictors of language development from 4 to 7 years in verbal children (IQ ≥ 70) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 26-27). Children with typical language (TD; n = 858-861) and language impairment (LI; n = 119) were used for comparison. Children with ASD and LI had similar mean language scores that were lower on average than children with TD. Similar proportions across all groups had declining, increasing and stable patterns. Language progressed at a similar rate for all groups...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brignell A, Williams K, Jachno K, Prior M, Reilly S, Morgan AT Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

2D:4D Ratio in Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Twin Study.
e S Abstract The second to fourth digit (2D:4D) ratio is of interest in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Studies on the relationship of this ratio with other neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are lacking. Investigating the association between the ratio and NDDs in twins can provide insight into genetic and/or environmental factors driving the ratio. Hand images were collected in N = 238 twins with NDDs or typical development from 70 monozygotic and 49 dizygotic pairs to examine ratios and their associations to DSM-5 defined categorical NDDs, autistic traits, zygosity, and sex. There were small assoc...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Myers L, Van't Westeinde A, Kuja-Halkola R, Tammimies K, Bölte S Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Systematic Review of Problem Behavior Interventions: Outcomes, Demographics, and Settings.
Abstract Interventions designed to decrease problem behavior for students with ASD are critical and may be differentially important for students from minority groups as those students tend to be assigned more negative outcomes related to problem behavior (e.g., suspensions). School-based interventions intended to decrease problem behavior for individuals with ASD were reviewed; 46 articles including 84 single case designs and 87 participants were analyzed regarding participant demographics, settings and implementers, intervention components, and study characteristics. We assessed outcomes for 55 demonstration desi...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Severini KE, Ledford JR, Robertson RE Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Parent Perceptions of Community Autism Spectrum Disorder Stigma: Measure Validation and Associations in a Multi-site Sample.
In this study we developed a brief, English/Spanish bilingual parent-reported scale of perceived community autism spectrum disorder (ASD) stigma and tested it in a multi-site sample of Latino and non-Latino white parents of children with ASD. Confirmatory factor analysis of the scale supported a single factor solution with 8 items showing good internal consistency. Regression modeling suggested that stigma score was associated with unmet ASD care needs but not therapy hours or therapy types. Child public insurance, parent nativity, number of children with ASD in the household, parent-reported ASD severity, and family struc...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zuckerman KE, Lindly OJ, Reyes NM, Chavez AE, Cobian M, Macias K, Reynolds AM, Smith KA Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Sex Differences in Parental Concerns for Toddlers with Autism Risk.
Abstract Research on sex differences in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) suggests both higher prevalence and a more easily observable presentation of core ASD symptomology in males, which may lead to sex differences in parental concerns. The current study examined whether sex and diagnosis relate to the timing, number, and types of pre-diagnosis concerns for 669 (Nmale = 468) toddlers who screened at risk for ASD. No sex differences in parents' concerns emerged for toddlers diagnosed with ASD; however, in the overall at-risk sample, parents of boys endorsed ASD symptoms, including restricted and ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ramsey RK, Nichols L, Ludwig NN, Fein D, Adamson LB, Robins DL Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Differences Between the Childhood Autism Rating Scale and the Social Responsiveness Scale in Assessing Symptoms of Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder.
This study aimed to compare symptoms of autism spectrum disorder using the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) and the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS™-2) and to investigate their influencing factors. The diagnostic agreement was 92.7%, but with a fair Kappa value (0.247). Children's verbal comprehension was related to the CARS scores, and no variables were related to the SRS™-2 scores. Generally, significant small correlations were found between the two measures in children with normal or borderline to below average verbal comprehension (rs = 0.32 ~ 0.49, p 
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chen KL, Lin CH, Yu TY, Huang CY, Chen YD Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Attentional Cueing to Images of Social Interactions is Automatic for Neurotypical Individuals But Not Those with ASC.
We examined the influence of action cueing in social (man throwing toward a human) and non-social (man throwing toward a tree) contexts in observers with and without autism spectrum condition (ASC). Results suggested that a social interaction enhanced the cueing effect for neurotypical participants. Participants with ASC did not benefit from non-predictive cues and were slower in social contexts, although they benefitted from reliably predictive cues. Social orienting appears to be automatic in the context of an implied social interaction for neurotypical observers, but not those with ASC. Neurotypical participants' behavi...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Morrisey MN, Reed CL, McIntosh DN, Rutherford MD Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Parent-Teacher Agreement on Social Skills and Behavior Problems Among Ethnically Diverse Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract Parents and teachers provide complimentary information in the assessment of preschoolers so it is important to understand parent-teacher agreement, especially for children with autism. Parents and teachers rated an ethnically diverse sample of preschoolers with autism (N = 257; 67% Latino) on the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (LeBuffe and Naglieri in Devereux Early Childhood Assessment: User's guide, Kaplan Press, Lewisville, 1999). Correlations between parent and teacher ratings were moderate and significant for social skills (r = 0.20-0.37) but near zero for behavioral ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thompson B, Winsler A Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research