Environmental Factors Associated with Physical Activity and Screen Time Among Children With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder.
This study aimed to examine how environmental factors are associated with physical activity (PA) and screen-time (ST) among children with and without ASD (n = 1380 and 1411, respectively). For TD children, the absence of a bedroom television and neighborhood support were associated with PA. For children with ASD, no environmental factors were associated with PA. Regarding ST, the presence of a bedroom television, absence of limits on ST, lack of neighborhood amenities and support, and adverse neighborhood factors were all associated with ST among TD children. For children with ASD, the presence of a bedroom t...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Healy S, Garcia JM, Haegele JA Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Gender Difference in the Association Between Executive Function and Autistic Traits in Typically Developing Children.
Abstract Autistic traits and executive function (EF) were assessed in 413 typically developing children aged 6-9 years. The children were divided into the high- autistic-trait (HAT) and low-autistic-trait (LAT) groups based on their total autistic traits. Results suggested that there were gender differences in specific autistic traits in children with LAT. There were gender-specific associations between EF and autistic traits in children with HAT: the set shifting of EF predicted difficulties in social awareness in boys; whereas all the EF components predicted difficulties in social communication and social c...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dai M, Lin L, Liang J, Wang Z, Jing J Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Life Satisfaction in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract We provided evidence regarding the reliability and validity of measures of assets and life satisfaction (LS) for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We identified levels of LS within this population, compared these levels to those of typically developing adolescents, and described the relation between assets and LS. Forty-six adolescents with ASD and their caregivers completed questionnaires assessing LS and assets. Preliminary support was provided for the internal consistency reliability and validity of these measures in adolescents with ASD. Youth with ASD reported moderate to high levels o...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Franke KB, Hills K, Huebner ES, Flory K Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Gender Differences and Similarities: Autism Symptomatology and Developmental Functioning in Young Children.
This study examined gender differences in ASD symptoms and developmental functioning, using the Baby and Infant Screen for Children with aUtism Traits, Part 1 (BISCUIT-Part 1) and the Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition (BDI-2), amongst children aged 17-37 months meeting ASD diagnostic criteria (n = 1317). No gender differences were found in regards to overall symptom severity or symptom domains on the BISCUIT-Part 1 when gender groups were matched by cognitive ability. Females with ASD had greater motor deficits and less communication impairment compared to their male counterparts as...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Matheis M, Matson JL, Hong E, Cervantes PE Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Regional Variations in Characteristics of ASD Hospitalizations in the U.S.
Abstract Regional differences in ASD inpatient care remain understudied. We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample to examine contributory causes and potential determinants associated with regional variations in ASD hospitalizations. We performed univariate and multivariate analyses to identify differences in ASD hospitalizations across four U.S. Census Bureau-defined regions. Our results revealed considerable variations in ASD hospitalizations across U.S. regions. Compared with patients in the Northeast, those in the Midwest, South, and West were less likely to be hospitalized for ASD. Significant differences were ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zhang W, Eshghi M Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Autistic-Like Traits in Pena-Shokeir Syndrome.
kinci N Abstract Pena-Shokeir syndrome (PSS) is a rare, early lethal disease. PSS is characterized by fetal growth restriction, craniofacial deformities, multiple ankyloses and pulmonary hypoplasia. Because of the primary concern of physical health problems, psychiatric evaluation is frequently underestimated in PSS patients. Our case report describes a child with PSS who presented with autistic spectrum disorder symptoms. PMID: 30430318 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kalınlı M, Ekinci Ö, Güneş S, Ekinci N Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Digital Books with Dynamic Text and Speech Output: Effects on Sight Word Reading for Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
This study used a single-subject, multiple-probe, across-participants design, to investigate the effects of a new software feature, dynamic text and speech output, on the acquisition of sight words by three pre-literate preschoolers with ASD during shared digital book reading experiences. All participants demonstrated successful acquisition of the target sight words with minimal exposure to the words. Limitations and future research directions are discussed, including the importance of investigating how the new software feature can be integrated into a more comprehensive literacy curriculum. PMID: 30430319 [PubMed - a...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mandak K, Light J, McNaughton D Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Prevalence and Predictors of Anxiety Disorders in Adolescent and Adult Males with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Fragile X Syndrome.
This study directly compares rates, predictors, and medication of anxiety disorders between age-matched, male adolescents with FXS (n = 31) or ASD (n = 20). Results indicate that 51.6% of FXS and 50.0% of ASD adolescents met criteria for an anxiety disorder. Cognitive scores and ASD severity did not predict anxiety. Of those with anxiety, ~ 40% of the FXS and 20% of the ASD participants were prescribed medications for anxiety. PMID: 30430320 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ezell J, Hogan A, Fairchild A, Hills K, Klusek J, Abbeduto L, Roberts J Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Social Conformity in Autism.
Abstract Humans are extremely susceptible to social influence. Here, we examine whether this susceptibility is altered in autism, a condition characterized by social difficulties. Autistic participants (N = 22) and neurotypical controls (N = 22) completed a memory test of previously seen words and were then exposed to answers supposedly given by four other individuals. Autistic individuals and controls were as likely to alter their judgements to align with inaccurate responses of group members. These changes reflected both temporary judgement changes (public conformity) and long-lasting...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lazzaro SC, Weidinger L, Cooper RA, Baron-Cohen S, Moutsiana C, Sharot T Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Sleep Problems and Their Correlates in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Indian Study.
Abstract Sleep problems were studied in both typically developing (TD) children and those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children. Factors associated with these problems were also studied in children with ASD. Seventy-three children with ASD and their age and sex matched TD controls in age group of 3-12 years were enrolled in the study. Higher sleep problems were found in children with ASD than TD children. Most common sleep problem reported in children with ASD was Sleep Wake Transition Disorders, followed by Disorder of Initiation and Maintenance; while in TD contr...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tyagi V, Juneja M, Jain R Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Outpatient Psychotherapy for Adults with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Condition: Utilization, Treatment Satisfaction, and Preferred Modifications.
This study compared reasons for seeking PT, experiences with PT, and modifications preferred with respect to PT of individuals with ASC to non-autistic individuals with depression (MDD). Furthermore, factors predictive for treatment satisfaction were identified in individuals with ASC. A total of 262 adults with ASC without intellectual impairment and 304 non-autistic controls with MDD were surveyed. In this pilot study both groups predominantly sought treatment for depressiveness. A low level of expertise with autism was the main reason for being declined by therapists and a contributing factor to the overall treatment di...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lipinski S, Blanke ES, Suenkel U, Dziobek I Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Supporting Parents of a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder: The French Awakening.
pe É Abstract After being wrongfully blamed for their child's disturbances, French parents of a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are now perceived as essential partners of care professionals. This shift in perspective has encouraged the development of parent training programs in the field of autism. In this paper, we present three programs currently implemented in France for parents of a child with ASD. We investigated their social validity, from the parents' perspective. All three programs showed good social validity: attendance rate was good and parents were satisfied. In France, like elsewhere, ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sankey C, Derguy C, Clément C, Ilg J, Cappe É Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Social Connectedness and Loneliness Mediate the Association Between Autistic Traits and Internalizing Symptoms Among Young Adults.
Abstract Adults with autism and subclinical autistic traits report greater internalizing problems than their peers, but the psychological processes underlying these associations are not well understood. The current study used structural equation modeling to examine whether social experiences (social connectedness and loneliness) mediate the link between autistic traits and internalizing symptoms among 821 college students. Those with higher total Broader Autism Phenotype Questionnaire (BAPQ) scores reported lower social connectedness, which related to greater loneliness, and, in turn, greater anxious and depressiv...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stice LV, Lavner JA Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Effects of Delay, Question Type, and Socioemotional Support on Episodic Memory Retrieval by Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract Twenty-seven autistic children and 32 typically developing (TD) peers were questioned about an experienced event after a two-week delay and again after a two-month delay, using the Revised National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Investigative Interview Protocol. Recall prompts elicited more detailed and more accurate responses from children than recognition prompts. Autistic children recalled fewer correct narrative details than TD peers when questioned using open invitations, cued invitations, and directive questions. Nonetheless, they were as accurate as TD peers when responding...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Almeida TS, Lamb ME, Weisblatt EJ Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Anxiety and Interpretation of Ambiguity in Autistic Children, Typical Children and Their Mothers.
Abstract Anxiety is highly prevalent in autistic children. Yet interpretation biases implicated in anxiety in non-autistic individuals have received little research attention in this group. Twenty-two autistic children and 25 typical children completed an ambiguous scenarios interview and questionnaire-based measures of anxiety. A subsample of mothers completed parent-report and adult relevant versions of the interview and anxiety questionnaires. Autistic children self-reported similar interpretations of ambiguous scenarios, and similar levels of anxiety, to their typical peers. In contrast, mothers of autistic ch...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Neil L, White H, Warren K, Pellicano E Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Motion-Capture Patterns of Voluntarily Mimicked Dynamic Facial Expressions in Children and Adolescents With and Without ASD.
Abstract Research shows that neurotypical individuals struggle to interpret the emotional facial expressions of people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The current study uses motion-capture to objectively quantify differences between the movement patterns of emotional facial expressions of individuals with and without ASD. Participants volitionally mimicked emotional expressions while wearing facial markers. Recorded marker movement was grouped by expression valence and intensity. We used Growth Curve Analysis to test whether movement patterns were predictable by expression type and participant group. Results ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zane E, Yang Z, Pozzan L, Guha T, Narayanan S, Grossman RB Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test in Autism-Spectrum Disorders Comparison with Healthy Controls: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test in Autism-Spectrum Disorders Comparison with Healthy Controls: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Autism Dev Disord. 2018 Nov 07;: Authors: Peñuelas-Calvo I, Sareen A, Sevilla-Llewellyn-Jones J, Fernández-Berrocal P Abstract We conducted a meta-analysis of 18 studies to establish whether a relation exists between Reading the Mind in the Eye Test (RMET) performance and intelligence quotient (IQ) in individuals diagnosed with autism-spectrum disorders (ASD) and controls, taking into account relevant characteristics such as age, gender...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Peñuelas-Calvo I, Sareen A, Sevilla-Llewellyn-Jones J, Fernández-Berrocal P Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

The Association of the Broader Autism Phenotype with Emotion-Related Behaviors in Mothers of Children With and Without Autism Spectrum Traits.
Abstract Broader autism phenotype (BAP) characteristics (pragmatic language deficits, aloofness, and rigidity) are prevalent in families of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and may influence emotion-related behaviors. The current study analyzed associations among BAP characteristics with emotion-related behaviors in mothers of children with and without ASD. Twenty-seven mothers completed BAP and emotion regulation (ER) questionnaires. Maternal affect was coded during an interaction task. BAP rigidity negatively correlated with the ER strategy reappraisal. BAP total and pragmatic scores positively co...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rea HM, Factor RS, Swain DM, Scarpa A Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children with Low Mental Age.
Abstract Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) diagnostic tools are not designed for mental ages (MA) below 12 months. Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) were examined in 2-year-olds with ASD-low MA (n = 53), Global Developmental Delay (GDD; n = 175), and ASD-higher MA (n = 425). ADOS and CARS demonstrated similar agreement with clinical diagnosis, but ADOS over-classified ASD in low MA, whereas CARS both over- and under-classified. All ADOS items differentiated GDD from ASD. Elementary social behaviors (e.g., eye contact, ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Miller LE, Burke JD, Robins DL, Fein DA Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Life After an Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis: A Comparison of Stress and Coping Profiles of African American and Euro-American Caregivers.
This study used discriminate function analysis to contrast the stress and coping profiles of Euro-American caregivers who are more acculturated with the majority culture with African American caregivers who ascribe to more traditional values. A sample of 103 families was recruited (52 Euro-American, 51 African American). African American families reported significantly more stress and utilizing more varied coping strategies than their Euro-American counterparts. Additional differences were found between the high and low acculturated African American groups such that low acculturated African Americans were more likely ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Williams TV, Hartmann K, Paulson JF, Raffaele CT, Urbano MR Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Thinking Ahead: Incremental Language Processing is Associated with Receptive Language Abilities in Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
This study examined incremental language processing and receptive language in young children with ASD with a range of language skills. Children showed a head start when presented with semantically-constraining verbs (e.g., Read the book) compared to neutral verbs (e.g., Find the book). Children with weaker receptive language showed a smaller head start than children with stronger receptive language skills, suggesting continuity between typical development and ASD. PMID: 30390172 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Venker CE, Edwards J, Saffran JR, Ellis Weismer S Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Robert Naseef: Autism in the Family: Caring and Coping Together : Brookes Publishing; 1st Edition, USA 2012, 356  pp, ISBN-13: 978-1598572414, $24.58 (Paper).
Robert Naseef: Autism in the Family: Caring and Coping Together : Brookes Publishing; 1st Edition, USA 2012, 356 pp, ISBN-13: 978-1598572414, $24.58 (Paper). J Autism Dev Disord. 2018 Nov 01;: Authors: Shtayermman O Abstract PMID: 30386952 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - November 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shtayermman O Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

ASD Comorbidity in Fragile X Syndrome: Symptom Profile and Predictors of Symptom Severity in Adolescent and Young Adult Males.
This study was designed to (1) describe ASD symptoms in adolescent and young adult males with FXS (n = 44) and (2) evaluate the contributions to ASD severity of cognitive, language, and psychiatric factors, as well as FMRP (the protein deficient in FXS). A few ASD symptoms on the ADOS-2 were universal in the sample. There was less impairment in restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRB) than in the social affective (SA) domain. The best predictor of overall ASD severity and SA severity was expressive syntactic ability. RRB severity was best predicted by the psychiatric factors. Implications for clinical practi...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Abbeduto L, Thurman AJ, McDuffie A, Klusek J, Feigles RT, Ted Brown W, Harvey DJ, Adayev T, LaFauci G, Dobkins C, Roberts JE Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Cannabidiol-Rich Cannabis in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Severe Behavioral Problems-A Retrospective Feasibility Study.
Abstract Anecdotal evidence of successful cannabis treatment in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are accumulating but clinical studies are lacking. This retrospective study assessed tolerability and efficacy of cannabidiol-rich cannabis, in 60 children with ASD and severe behavioral problems (age = 11.8 ± 3.5, range 5.0-17.5; 77% low functioning; 83% boys). Efficacy was assessed using the Caregiver Global Impression of Change scale. Adverse events included sleep disturbances (14%) irritability (9%) and loss of appetite (9%). One girl who used higher tetrahydrocannabinol had a trans...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aran A, Cassuto H, Lubotzky A, Wattad N, Hazan E Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Mock Juror Perceptions of Credibility and Culpability in an Autistic Defendant.
Abstract One-hundred-and-sixty jury-eligible participants read a vignette describing a male who was brought to the attention of police for suspicious and aggressive behaviours and displayed atypical behaviours in court. Half of participants were informed that he had autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and were given background information about ASD; the other half received no diagnostic label or information. The provision of a label and information led to higher ratings of the defendant's honesty and likeability, reduced blameworthiness, and resulted in fewer guilty verdicts, and more lenient sentencing. Thematic analy...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maras K, Marshall I, Sands C Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Designing a Serious Game for Youth with ASD: Perspectives from End-Users and Professionals.
Abstract Recent years have seen an emergence of social emotional computer games for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). These games are heterogeneous in design with few underpinned by theoretically informed approaches to computer-based interventions. Guided by the serious game framework outlined by Whyte et al. (Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 45(12):1-12, 2014), this study aimed to identify the key motivating and learning features for serious games targeting emotion recognition skills from the perspectives of 11 youth with ASD and 11 experienced professionals. Results demonstrated that ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tang JSY, Falkmer M, Chen NTM, Bӧlte S, Girdler S Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Healthy Mothers Healthy Families Workshop Intervention: A Preliminary Investigation of Healthy Lifestyle Changes for Mothers of a Child with a Disability.
CONCLUSION: Coupled with qualitative findings, these results suggest that HMHF is effective at improving health and wellbeing outcomes for mothers of children with a disability. PMID: 30377884 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bourke-Taylor HM, Jane F, Peat J Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Enhanced Early Visual Responses During Implicit Emotional Faces Processing in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract Research on Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has focused on processing of socially-relevant stimuli, such as faces. Nonetheless, before being 'social', faces are visual stimuli. The present magnetoencephalography study investigated the time course of brain activity during an implicit emotional task in visual emotion-related regions in 19 adults with ASD (mean age 26.3 ± 4.4) and 19 typically developed controls (26.4 ± 4). The results confirmed previously-reported differences between groups in brain responses to emotion and a hypo-activation in the ASD group in the r...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kovarski K, Mennella R, Wong SM, Dunkley BT, Taylor MJ, Batty M Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Therapists' Adaptations to an Intervention to Reduce Challenging Behaviors in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in Publicly Funded Mental Health Services.
Abstract Publicly funded mental health services play an important role in serving children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Previous research indicates a high likelihood of adaptations when therapists deliver evidence based practices to non-ASD populations, though less is known about therapists' use of adaptations for children with ASD receiving mental health services. The current study uses a mixed quantitative and qualitative approach to characterize the types and reasons therapists adapted a clinical intervention [An Individualized Mental Health Intervention for Children with ASD (AIM HI)] for delivery with...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dyson MW, Chlebowski C, Brookman-Frazee L Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Should Heritage Languages be Incorporated into Interventions for Bilingual Individuals with Neurodevelopmental Disorders? A Systematic Review.
Abstract Special education policies recognize the need for developing and preserving the heritage languages of individuals with disabilities. Yet there seems to be a disconnect between policy and practice. Should the heritage languages of bilingual individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders be incorporated into interventions? This review evaluated 18 studies that examined the effects of heritage language instruction on treatment outcomes for individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders. Overall, results suggest a small effect favoring interventions delivered in the heritage language versus interventions delive...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lim N, O'Reilly MF, Sigafoos J, Ledbetter-Cho K, Lancioni GE Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

The Role of Child Problem Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Symptoms and Parenting Stress: A Primary School-Based Study.
Abstract Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) reported higher stress than those of typically developing children. The role of child problem behaviors in the relationship between autism spectrum symptoms and parenting stress is little known. A total of 731 parents of 177 children with ASD and 554 typically developing children in primary schools (6-11 years old) completed an ASD screening survey containing measures of parenting stress and child problem behaviors. While autism spectrum symptoms were positively associated with parenting stress, the relationship was mediated by child problem be...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Siu QKY, Yi H, Chan RCH, Chio FHN, Chan DFY, Mak WWS Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the Stepping Stones Triple P Group Parenting Program as an Additional Intervention in the Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders: Effects on Parenting Variables.
Abstract Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) often are faced with the challenges of difficult parenting situations. We explored the effectiveness of the Stepping Stones Triple P (SSTP) group parent training as an additional intervention in the treatment of ASD. Parents (n = 23) went through a waiting period and participated afterwards in the training program. We assessed parenting variables via self-report measures. After the intervention, there was a significant reduction of over-reactive parenting behaviors, role restriction and an increase in parental self-efficacy. At follow-...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Schrott B, Kasperzack D, Weber L, Becker K, Burghardt R, Kamp-Becker I Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Personal Growth Experiences of Parents to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract Experiences of parenting a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have mostly been studied in relation to hardship. The current study explored personal growth experiences of Israeli parents to children with ASD, specifically in relation to Tedeschi and Calhoun's crisis-related growth model. Nineteen parents were interviewed, and qualitative categorical content analysis was performed. Four major growth themes emerged: Empowerment and personal strength, Existential perspective/spiritual-emotional experience, Interpersonal and Expertise, professional or political involvement. Themes were largely consisten...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Waizbard-Bartov E, Yehonatan-Schori M, Golan O Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Assessing intelligence at autism diagnosis: mission impossible? Testability and cognitive profile of autistic preschoolers.
res I Abstract Intelligence in minimally verbal children on the autism spectrum (AS) is at risk of being underestimated. The present study investigated testability and cognitive profile of preschool autistic children using conventional tools and strength-informed tools. Fifty-two AS children and fifty-four typical children matched on age (31-77 months) were assessed. Testability increased with age in both groups, was generally lower in AS children, but not related to their test performance. Typical children performed significantly better than AS children on conventional tools, but performance of both groups was si...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Courchesne V, Girard D, Jacques C, Soulières I Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Development and Validation of the Camouflaging Autistic Traits Questionnaire (CAT-Q).
Abstract There currently exist no self-report measures of social camouflaging behaviours (strategies used to compensate for or mask autistic characteristics during social interactions). The Camouflaging Autistic Traits Questionnaire (CAT-Q) was developed from autistic adults' experiences of camouflaging, and was administered online to 354 autistic and 478 non-autistic adults. Exploratory factor analysis suggested three factors, comprising of 25 items in total. Good model fit was demonstrated through confirmatory factor analysis, with measurement invariance analyses demonstrating equivalent factor structures across...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hull L, Mandy W, Lai MC, Baron-Cohen S, Allison C, Smith P, Petrides KV Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Perception of Cry Characteristics in 1-Month-Old Infants Later Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
This study investigates parental perceptions of cries of 1-month-old infants later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and non-ASD controls. Parents of children with and without ASD listened to cry recordings of infants later diagnosed with ASD and comparison infants and rated them on cry perception scales. Parents completed the Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire (BAPQ) to assess the potential relations between traits associated with autism and cry perception. Across parents, ASD infant cries were rated as more distressed, less typical, and reflecting greater pain, with no significant differences between parent...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: English MS, Tenenbaum EJ, Levine TP, Lester BM, Sheinkopf SJ Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Depression, Anxiety, and Hyperactivity in Youth with HFASD: A Replication and Extension of Symptom Level Differences in Self-Report Versus Parent Report.
Abstract The present study compared parent ratings to self-report ratings of depression, anxiety, hyperactivity, attention problems, and atypical behaviors in youth with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) and typically developing (TD) controls. Measures included parent and self-report forms from the Behavioral Assessment System for Children-Second Edition (BASC-2), and self-report forms from the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) and the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC). Results across all five BASC-2 scales indicated parent ratings for the HFASD condition were significantly hig...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Taylor JM, Volker MA, Rispoli KM, Rodgers JD, Thomeer ML, Lopata C, Chow SY, Toomey JA, Smerbeck A Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Supporting Minimally Verbal Autistic Girls with Intellectual Disabilities Through Puberty: Perspectives of Parents and Educators.
In this study, ten parents and ten educators were interviewed about their views and experiences of supporting these girls through puberty. Results demonstrated that many parents had concerns prior to the onset of puberty in these girls. Yet, for most girls, experiences of puberty were felt to be positive, with the girls coping well with changes that they were experiencing (e.g. menstruation, breast development and developing body hair). Thematic analysis of interview data highlighted three main themes: a range of individual experiences and needs; the importance of promoting dignity and respect; and identifying ways to supp...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cummins C, Pellicano E, Crane L Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

State-Level Variation in Vocational Rehabilitation Service Use and Related Outcomes Among Transition-Age Youth on the Autism Spectrum.
We examined inter-state variation in VR service use and outcomes among TAY-ASD in 2014-2016, finding significant differences in the percentage of TAY-ASD who received VR services, entered VR services during secondary school, had timely development of an employment plan, and were employed at VR exit. Inter-state differences remained significant after adjusting for the influence of individual-level demographics and state-level unemployment and fiscal capacity, suggesting other factors influence variation. Future research should monitor whether changes in the VR program, via the 2014 Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Roux AM, Rast JE, Shattuck PT Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Descriptive Analysis of Law Enforcement Officers' Experiences with and Knowledge of Autism.
Abstract Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may interact with law enforcement officers (LEOs) as victims of crime, witnesses to crime, or suspects of crime. Interactions between LEOs and those with ASD may go awry which raises questions about levels of training, experiences, and knowledge acquired by LEOs. Seventy-two LEOs reported on their experiences and training related to ASD and completed a survey of autism knowledge. The majority (72.2%) of LEOs reported no formal training for interacting with individuals with ASD. For LEOs responding to calls involving ASD, officers with prior training reported...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gardner L, Campbell JM, Westdal J Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Autism Scientists' Reflections on the Opportunities and Challenges of Public Engagement: A Qualitative Analysis.
This article draws upon qualitative interviews in order to examine how UK based research psychologists understand public engagement activities and interactions with autistic advocates. Researchers describe public engagement as difficult and understand these difficulties as stemming from autistic impairments. In particular, it is reported that a heterogeneity of autism impairments means there is little agreement on the form research should take, while socio-communicative impairments make interactions difficult. Conversely, researchers describe autistic individuals as having the capacity to positively influence research. In ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hollin G, Pearce W Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Development of a Brief Parent-Report Screen for Common Gastrointestinal Disorders in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
This study describes the development of a brief, parent-report screen that relies minimally upon the child's ability to report or localize pain for identifying children with ASD at risk for one of three common gastrointestinal disorders (functional constipation, functional diarrhea, and gastroesophageal reflux disease). In a clinical sample of children with ASD, this 17-item screen identified children having one or more of these disorders with a sensitivity of 84%, specificity of 43%, and a positive predictive value of 67%. If found to be valid in an independent sample of children with ASD, the screen will be useful in bot...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Margolis KG, Buie TM, Turner JB, Silberman AE, Feldman JF, Murray KF, McSwiggan-Hardin M, Levy J, Bauman ML, Veenstra-VanderWeele J, Whitaker AH, Winter HS Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Neurocognitive and Neurobehavioral Phenotype of Youth with Schaaf-Yang Syndrome.
Abstract Truncating variants of the MAGEL2 gene, one of the protein-coding genes within the Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) critical region on chromosome 15q11, cause Schaaf-Yang syndrome (SYS)-a neurodevelopmental disorder that shares several clinical features with PWS. The current study sought to characterize the neurobehavioral phenotype of SYS in a sample of 9 patients with molecularly-confirmed SYS. Participants received an assessment of developmental/intellectual functioning, adaptive functioning, autism symptomatology, and behavioral/emotional functioning. Compared to individuals with PWS, patients with SYS man...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thomason MM, McCarthy J, Goin-Kochel RP, Dowell LR, Schaaf CP, Berry LN Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Correction to: Physical health in children with neurodevelopmental disorders.
säter H Abstract The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in Fig. 2 part labels, the label "d" was incorrectly labelled as "c" and the subsequent labels should be corrected as d, e, and f. The corrected Fig. 2 is given below. PMID: 30341628 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alabaf S, Gillberg C, Lundström S, Lichtenstein P, Kerekes N, Råstam M, Anckarsäter H Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Testing the Psychometric Properties of the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) and the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract Anxiety is a prevalent and impairing co-morbidity among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet assessment measures, including screening tools, are seldom validated with autism samples. We explored the psychometric properties of the child and parent reports of the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) and the Screen for Anxiety Related Disorder-71 (SCARED-71) with 49 males with ASD (10-16 years, 63% co-occurring anxiety). Both measures had excellent internal consistency and fair-good parent-child agreement. The SCAS has a higher proportion of items evaluating observable behaviors. ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Carruthers S, Kent R, Hollocks MJ, Simonoff E Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Cross-Cultural Validation and Normative Data of the Social Responsiveness Scale in a Group of Iranian General Child Population.
This study aimed to assess the validity and normative statistics of the Farsi version of the Social Responsiveness Scale-2 (SRS-2). Among the mainstream elementary schools, 191 boys and 342 girls with a mean age of 9.46 (+ 1.72) years were recruited. Teachers and parents completed the SRS-2. The parents also answered the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) and the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale (VABS). There were not any significant differences regarding the parents' and teachers' ratings of the SRS mean scores in terms of gender, academic level, and age. The SRS was significantly correlated with the SCQ (0.4...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tehrani-Doost M, Shahrivar Z, Torabi N, Ansari S, Haji-Esmaeelzadeh M, Saeed-Ahmadi S Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Spanish Cultural Validation of the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised.
This study supports Spanish National Health System policy makers to consider a universal ASD screening program. PMID: 30328577 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Magán-Maganto M, Canal-Bedia R, Hernández-Fabián A, Bejarano-Martín Á, Fernández-Álvarez CJ, Martínez-Velarte M, Martín-Cilleros MV, Flores-Robaina N, Roeyers H, Posada de la Paz M Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Transition to University Programme for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract Applying to university can be an anxiety-provoking time for many autistic students, though enrolment can be increased by actively involving them in transition planning. We provide an evaluation of a transition to university pilot programme (Autism Summer School) for autistic students (16-19 years) who are seeking to apply/attend university. The content focused on introducing students to various aspects of university life including academic (sample lectures), social (e.g., clubs and societies), and daily living (eating in university canteen and staying in student accommodation). Students' quantitative...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lei J, Calley S, Brosnan M, Ashwin C, Russell A Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Age of Initial Identification of Autism Spectrum Disorder in a Diverse Urban Sample.
Abstract This paper examines age of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) identification and related factors in a diverse urban sample, focusing on ASD identification in the East African Somali community. The overall average age of initial ASD identification was 4.8 years. Somali children received an initial clinical diagnosis of Autistic Disorder later than White children, and Somali children diagnosed with ASD born outside of Minnesota (MN) received their first comprehensive evaluation later than Somali children diagnosed with ASD born in MN. Most children had noted developmental concerns before age 3, with no sig...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hall-Lande J, Esler AN, Hewitt A, Gunty AL Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Automatic Recognition of Posed Facial Expression of Emotion in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract Facial expression is impaired in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but rarely systematically studied. We focus on the ability of individuals with ASD to produce facial expressions of emotions in response to a verbal prompt. We used the Janssen Autism Knowledge Engine (JAKE®), including automated facial expression analysis software (FACET) to measure facial expressions in individuals with ASD (n = 144) and a typically developing (TD) comparison group (n = 41). Differences in ability to produce facial expressions were observed between ASD and TD groups, demonstrated by activati...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - October 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Manfredonia J, Bangerter A, Manyakov NV, Ness S, Lewin D, Skalkin A, Boice M, Goodwin MS, Dawson G, Hendren R, Leventhal B, Shic F, Pandina G Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research