Assessment of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Deaf Adults with Intellectual Disability: Feasibility and Psychometric Properties of an Adapted Version of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS-2)
This study describes the adaptation of the autism diagnostic observation schedule (ADOS-2) to assess autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in adults with intellectual disability (ID) and hearing loss who communicate primarily visually. This adapted ADOS-2 was applied to residents of specialized therapeutic living communities (n = 56). The internal consistency of the adapted ADOS-2 was excellent for the Social Affect of modules 2 and 3 and acceptable for Restricted and Repetitive Behaviors subscale of module 2, but poor for module 3. Interrater reliability was comparable to standard ADOS-2 modules 1-3. Results suggest that autism ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: D Holzinger C Weber S B ölte J Fellinger J Hofer Source Type: research

Psychological Stress and Perceived School Success Among Parents of Children with Developmental Disabilities During the COVID-19 Pandemic
This study mainly explored psychological stress caused by the COVID-19 among parents in developmental disabilities and how it was related to parents' views of school success in mainland China. The Psychological Stress Questionnaire and Views of Social and Academic Success were administered to 1919 parents of children with developmental disabilities. Results showed that parent characteristics including gender, age, educational level, family income and job nature and children characteristics (i.e., disability types) were related to psychological stress caused by the COVID-19, and that psychological stress caused by the COVID...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sanyin Cheng Yuqin Yang Meng Deng Source Type: research

Parenting an Autistic Child: Experiences of Parents with Significant Autistic Traits
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 28. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05182-7. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDespite autism being highly heritable, this study is the first to investigate the experiences of parents of autistic children who have significant autistic traits themselves. Eight parents of autistic children with significant autistic traits themselves were interviewed regarding their parenting experiences. In line with what has previously been reported by parents of autistic children, participants described difficulties with parental mental health and navigating professional services. Novel participant experiences included th...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elise Marriott James Stacey Olivia Mary Hewitt Nienke E Verkuijl Source Type: research

Cerebellar Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Sham-Controlled Pilot Study
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 27. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05202-6. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTEvidence-based therapeutic options for children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) are scarce. This work explored the effects of cerebellar anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (atDCS) on three 48 h-apart motor sequence learning and upper limb coordination sessions in children with DCD. The results revealed that, as compared to a Sham intervention (n = 10), cerebellar atDCS (n = 10) did not meaningfully improve execution speed but tended to reduce the number of execution errors during motor sequence learni...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Haifa Akremi Rapha ël Hamel Anne Dumas Chantal Camden H élène Corriveau Jean-Francois Lepage Source Type: research

Supporting Social Play Skill Acquisition and Generalization of Children with Autism Through Video Modeling
This study assessed the effects of portable video modeling on social interactions of four children with autism, three boys and one girl, 4- to 5-year-olds, in preschools in Iceland. Participants were shown 1-min videos on a small handheld device where a peer model initiated social interactions and played with two peers. A multiple-probe-across-participants design showed that video modeling reduced latency to social initiation and increased reciprocal play and language use per 5-min play sessions. Improvements generalized to other peers, a larger group, and to the main classroom and were maintained post intervention. These ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anna-Lind Petursdottir Thorhalla Gudmundsdottir Source Type: research

Brief Report: Health Expenditures for Children with Autism and Family Financial Well-Being in China
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 27. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05214-2. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLittle is known on the financial well-being of families raising children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Family financial well-being has important impacts on the development of children with ASD. The study uses a 2019 survey collected from Chinese families raising a child with ASD (N = 3064) to examine their financial well-being and its association with health expenditures for children. Extensive control variables (i.e., demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of children, respondents, and their families) are adjust...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ling Zhou Jiebiao Wang Jin Huang Source Type: research

Revisiting the Relationship between Cybercrime, Autistic Traits, and Autism
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 27. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05207-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTReports of cybercrime being committed by people on the autism spectrum often imply that autism may be more prevalent among cybercriminals than the general population, although this remains unproven. In an online survey of 302 participants, we found that autistic individuals (n = 25) were more likely to report engagement in cybercrime than non-autistic individuals, but this relationship was not mediated by advanced digital skills or deficits in theory of mind. Furthermore, independent of autism diagnosis, autistic traits were no...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alliyza Lim Neil Brewer Robyn L Young Source Type: research

Meta-Analysis of RCTs of Technology-Assisted Parent-Mediated Interventions for Children with ASD
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 27. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05206-2. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTechnology-assisted parent-mediated interventions improve accessibility and are acceptable but not proven to be effective. We conducted a systematic search of 6 databases. We included and analysed results from studies on social and communication outcomes. Sixteen Randomised-Controlled-Trials (RCTs) with 748 participants were included. Most studies were rated as of good quality. Meta-analysis suggested that interventions were probably effective in improving emotion recognition. No significant differences were found in social com...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hong Ji Pi Kannan Kallapiran Shashidhara Munivenkatappa Preeti Kandasamy Richard Kirubakaran Paul Russell Valsamma Eapen Source Type: research

Goal Attainment Scaling: An Idiographic Measure Sensitive to Parent and Teacher Report of IEP Goal Outcome Assessment for Students with ASD
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 28. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05213-3. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTYoung students with ASD have instructional needs in social, communication, and learning skills that should be reflected in their Individualized Education Program (IEP). Research suggests that many of these goal areas present a challenge for special educators because of problems with measurability. The current study utilized an idiographic approach called Goal attainment scaling (GAS) for measuring IEP progress of individualized skills. Cross-sectional analysis of the associations between GAS ratings from an independent observer...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lisa Ruble John McGrew Brittany Dale Madison Yee Source Type: research

Cerebellar Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Sham-Controlled Pilot Study
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 27. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05202-6. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTEvidence-based therapeutic options for children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) are scarce. This work explored the effects of cerebellar anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (atDCS) on three 48 h-apart motor sequence learning and upper limb coordination sessions in children with DCD. The results revealed that, as compared to a Sham intervention (n = 10), cerebellar atDCS (n = 10) did not meaningfully improve execution speed but tended to reduce the number of execution errors during motor sequence learni...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Haifa Akremi Rapha ël Hamel Anne Dumas Chantal Camden H élène Corriveau Jean-Francois Lepage Source Type: research

Supporting Social Play Skill Acquisition and Generalization of Children with Autism Through Video Modeling
This study assessed the effects of portable video modeling on social interactions of four children with autism, three boys and one girl, 4- to 5-year-olds, in preschools in Iceland. Participants were shown 1-min videos on a small handheld device where a peer model initiated social interactions and played with two peers. A multiple-probe-across-participants design showed that video modeling reduced latency to social initiation and increased reciprocal play and language use per 5-min play sessions. Improvements generalized to other peers, a larger group, and to the main classroom and were maintained post intervention. These ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anna-Lind Petursdottir Thorhalla Gudmundsdottir Source Type: research

Brief Report: Health Expenditures for Children with Autism and Family Financial Well-Being in China
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 27. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05214-2. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLittle is known on the financial well-being of families raising children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Family financial well-being has important impacts on the development of children with ASD. The study uses a 2019 survey collected from Chinese families raising a child with ASD (N = 3064) to examine their financial well-being and its association with health expenditures for children. Extensive control variables (i.e., demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of children, respondents, and their families) are adjust...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ling Zhou Jiebiao Wang Jin Huang Source Type: research

Revisiting the Relationship between Cybercrime, Autistic Traits, and Autism
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 27. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05207-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTReports of cybercrime being committed by people on the autism spectrum often imply that autism may be more prevalent among cybercriminals than the general population, although this remains unproven. In an online survey of 302 participants, we found that autistic individuals (n = 25) were more likely to report engagement in cybercrime than non-autistic individuals, but this relationship was not mediated by advanced digital skills or deficits in theory of mind. Furthermore, independent of autism diagnosis, autistic traits were no...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alliyza Lim Neil Brewer Robyn L Young Source Type: research

Meta-Analysis of RCTs of Technology-Assisted Parent-Mediated Interventions for Children with ASD
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 27. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05206-2. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTechnology-assisted parent-mediated interventions improve accessibility and are acceptable but not proven to be effective. We conducted a systematic search of 6 databases. We included and analysed results from studies on social and communication outcomes. Sixteen Randomised-Controlled-Trials (RCTs) with 748 participants were included. Most studies were rated as of good quality. Meta-analysis suggested that interventions were probably effective in improving emotion recognition. No significant differences were found in social com...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hong Ji Pi Kannan Kallapiran Shashidhara Munivenkatappa Preeti Kandasamy Richard Kirubakaran Paul Russell Valsamma Eapen Source Type: research

Goal Attainment Scaling: An Idiographic Measure Sensitive to Parent and Teacher Report of IEP Goal Outcome Assessment for Students with ASD
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 28. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05213-3. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTYoung students with ASD have instructional needs in social, communication, and learning skills that should be reflected in their Individualized Education Program (IEP). Research suggests that many of these goal areas present a challenge for special educators because of problems with measurability. The current study utilized an idiographic approach called Goal attainment scaling (GAS) for measuring IEP progress of individualized skills. Cross-sectional analysis of the associations between GAS ratings from an independent observer...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lisa Ruble John McGrew Brittany Dale Madison Yee Source Type: research

Brief Report: Sentencing Outcomes for Offenders on the Autism Spectrum
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 27. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05212-4. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlthough people diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are not more likely to commit crimes, they are overrepresented in the criminal justice system as reported by Howlin (Autism and Asperger syndrome: Preparing for adulthood, Routledge, 2004). This may, in part, be due to unfavourable interactions with the criminal judiciary. Evidence suggests the autistic population are perceived unfavourably in adjudicative proceedings resulting in harsher penalties. The present study explores whether ASD offenders (ASD-O) receive lon...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tammie R Foster Robyn L Young Source Type: research

The Early Start Denver Model Intervention and Mu Rhythm Attenuation in Autism Spectrum Disorders
We examined the relationship between the Early start Denver model (ESDM) intervention and mu rhythm attenuation, an EEG paradigm reflecting neural processes associated with action perception and social information processing. Children were assigned to either receive comprehensive ESDM intervention for two years, or were encouraged to pursue resources in the community. Two years after intervention, EEG was collected during the execution and observation of grasping actions performed by familiar and unfamiliar agents. The ESDM group showed significantly greater attenuation when viewing a parent or caregiver executing a graspi...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Benjamin Aaronson Annette Estes Sally J Rogers Geraldine Dawson Raphael Bernier Source Type: research

Correction to: Factors Contributing to Psychological Ill#Effects and Resilience of Caregivers of Children with Developmental Disabilities During a Nation#wide Lockdown During the COVID#19 Pandemic
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 26:1. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05201-7. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34309744 | PMC:PMC8311628 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05201-7 (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tammy S H Lim Mae Yue Tan Ramkumar Aishworiya Ying Qi Kang Magdalena Yvonne Koh Liang Shen Shang Chee Chong Source Type: research

The Early Start Denver Model Intervention and Mu Rhythm Attenuation in Autism Spectrum Disorders
We examined the relationship between the Early start Denver model (ESDM) intervention and mu rhythm attenuation, an EEG paradigm reflecting neural processes associated with action perception and social information processing. Children were assigned to either receive comprehensive ESDM intervention for two years, or were encouraged to pursue resources in the community. Two years after intervention, EEG was collected during the execution and observation of grasping actions performed by familiar and unfamiliar agents. The ESDM group showed significantly greater attenuation when viewing a parent or caregiver executing a graspi...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Benjamin Aaronson Annette Estes Sally J Rogers Geraldine Dawson Raphael Bernier Source Type: research

Correction to: Factors Contributing to Psychological Ill#Effects and Resilience of Caregivers of Children with Developmental Disabilities During a Nation#wide Lockdown During the COVID#19 Pandemic
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 26. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05201-7. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34309744 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05201-7 (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tammy S H Lim Mae Yue Tan Ramkumar Aishworiya Ying Qi Kang Magdalena Yvonne Koh Liang Shen Shang Chee Chong Source Type: research

Long-Term Treatment Outcomes of PEERS < sup > ® < /sup > for Preschoolers: A Parent-Mediated Social Skills Training Program for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
This study examined the durability of PEERS® for Preschoolers, a parent-mediated social skills training program for preschool-aged children with ASD and other social challenges. Twenty-nine parents reported on child and family outcomes 1-5 years following treatment. Results demonstrated maintenance of treatment gains on measures of ASD-related social impairments including social communication, social responsiveness, social motivation, and peer engagement. Post-treatment improvements in problem behaviors and parenting stress were not maintained at long-term follow-up. Implications of these results are discussed.PMID:343...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Isita Tripathi Jasper A Estabillo Christine T Moody Elizabeth A Laugeson Source Type: research

Long-Term Treatment Outcomes of PEERS < sup > ® < /sup > for Preschoolers: A Parent-Mediated Social Skills Training Program for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
This study examined the durability of PEERS® for Preschoolers, a parent-mediated social skills training program for preschool-aged children with ASD and other social challenges. Twenty-nine parents reported on child and family outcomes 1-5 years following treatment. Results demonstrated maintenance of treatment gains on measures of ASD-related social impairments including social communication, social responsiveness, social motivation, and peer engagement. Post-treatment improvements in problem behaviors and parenting stress were not maintained at long-term follow-up. Implications of these results are discussed.PMID:343...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Isita Tripathi Jasper A Estabillo Christine T Moody Elizabeth A Laugeson Source Type: research

Long-Term Treatment Outcomes of PEERS < sup > ® < /sup > for Preschoolers: A Parent-Mediated Social Skills Training Program for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
This study examined the durability of PEERS® for Preschoolers, a parent-mediated social skills training program for preschool-aged children with ASD and other social challenges. Twenty-nine parents reported on child and family outcomes 1-5 years following treatment. Results demonstrated maintenance of treatment gains on measures of ASD-related social impairments including social communication, social responsiveness, social motivation, and peer engagement. Post-treatment improvements in problem behaviors and parenting stress were not maintained at long-term follow-up. Implications of these results are discussed.PMID:343...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Isita Tripathi Jasper A Estabillo Christine T Moody Elizabeth A Laugeson Source Type: research

The Effect of Teaching Initiations on the Communication of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial
This study examined the effect of Pivotal response treatment (PRT) to improve verbal initiations in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, age 6-12 years old, using a Randomized Clinical Trial design. Intervention was conducted three times a week for 2 months, for a total of 24 one-hour sessions. The PRT intervention taught a variety of questions and attention/assistance-seeking initiations. The treatment as usual (TAU) group received standard language intervention. Results showed that the PRT group made significant improvements in their number of verbal initiations as well as collateral gains in general communicative ski...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fereshteh Mohammadzaheri Lynn Kern Koegel Enayatollah Bakhshi Reza Khosrowabadi Zahra Soleymani Source Type: research

The Cost of Raising Individuals with Fragile X or Chromosome 15 Imprinting Disorders in Australia
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 22. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05193-4. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe study characterised differences in costs associated with raising a child between four rare disorders and examined the associations between these costs with clinical severity. Caregivers of 108 individuals with Prader-Willi, Angelman (AS), Chromosome 15q Duplication and fragile X (FXS) syndromes completed a modified Client Services Receipt Inventory and participants completed intellectual/developmental functioning and autism assessments. AS incurred the highest yearly costs per individual ($AUD96,994), while FXS had the lowe...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emma K Baker Sheena Arora David J Amor Perrin Date Meagan Cross James O'Brien Chloe Simons Carolyn Rogers Stephen Goodall Jennie Slee Chris Cahir David E Godler Source Type: research

Brief Report: The Effectiveness of Hugging a Huggable Device Before Having a Conversation with an Unfamiliar Person for Autism Spectrum Disorders
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 22. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05173-8. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSensory overresponsivity (SOR) emerges before anxiety and positively predicts subsequent increasing levels of anxiety in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Sensory seeking behavior occurs as compensation for SOR, and individuals may seek sensory input in one sensory domain to compensate for SOR. Tactile seeking behavior is sufficient to decrease social anxiety in communicating with unfamiliar people. We assessed the effectiveness of hugging a huggable device before a conversation for reducing the psychological str...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hirokazu Kumazaki Hidenobu Sumioka Taro Muramatsu Yuichiro Yoshikawa Jiro Shimaya Ryoichiro Iwanaga Hiroshi Ishiguro Tomiki Sumiyoshi Masaru Mimura Source Type: research

Eating Problems in Autistic Females and Males: A Co-twin Control Study
This study investigated the association between autism and self-reported eating problems and the influence of gender on the association, in a sample of adolescent and adult twins (N = 192). Autistic traits and autism diagnosis were associated with both total and specific eating problems, including selective eating and sensory sensitivity during mealtimes. Interaction effects indicated a stronger association between autistic traits and total eating problems in females, as well as more difficulties with eating in social contexts among autistic females. In within-pair analyses, where unmeasured confounders including genes and...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Karl Lundin Remn élius Janina Neufeld Johan Isaksson Sven B ölte Source Type: research

The Cost of Raising Individuals with Fragile X or Chromosome 15 Imprinting Disorders in Australia
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 22. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05193-4. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe study characterised differences in costs associated with raising a child between four rare disorders and examined the associations between these costs with clinical severity. Caregivers of 108 individuals with Prader-Willi, Angelman (AS), Chromosome 15q Duplication and fragile X (FXS) syndromes completed a modified Client Services Receipt Inventory and participants completed intellectual/developmental functioning and autism assessments. AS incurred the highest yearly costs per individual ($AUD96,994), while FXS had the lowe...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emma K Baker Sheena Arora David J Amor Perrin Date Meagan Cross James O'Brien Chloe Simons Carolyn Rogers Stephen Goodall Jennie Slee Chris Cahir David E Godler Source Type: research

Brief Report: The Effectiveness of Hugging a Huggable Device Before Having a Conversation with an Unfamiliar Person for Autism Spectrum Disorders
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 22. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05173-8. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSensory overresponsivity (SOR) emerges before anxiety and positively predicts subsequent increasing levels of anxiety in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Sensory seeking behavior occurs as compensation for SOR, and individuals may seek sensory input in one sensory domain to compensate for SOR. Tactile seeking behavior is sufficient to decrease social anxiety in communicating with unfamiliar people. We assessed the effectiveness of hugging a huggable device before a conversation for reducing the psychological str...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hirokazu Kumazaki Hidenobu Sumioka Taro Muramatsu Yuichiro Yoshikawa Jiro Shimaya Ryoichiro Iwanaga Hiroshi Ishiguro Tomiki Sumiyoshi Masaru Mimura Source Type: research

Eating Problems in Autistic Females and Males: A Co-twin Control Study
This study investigated the association between autism and self-reported eating problems and the influence of gender on the association, in a sample of adolescent and adult twins (N = 192). Autistic traits and autism diagnosis were associated with both total and specific eating problems, including selective eating and sensory sensitivity during mealtimes. Interaction effects indicated a stronger association between autistic traits and total eating problems in females, as well as more difficulties with eating in social contexts among autistic females. In within-pair analyses, where unmeasured confounders including genes and...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Karl Lundin Remn élius Janina Neufeld Johan Isaksson Sven B ölte Source Type: research

The Impact of COVID-19 Restrictions on Psychological Distress in Family Caregivers of Children with Neurodevelopmental Disability in the UK
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 20:1-15. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05132-3. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCaregivers of a child with a neurodevelopmental disability are more vulnerable to mental health difficulties. These difficulties are influenced by the child's challenging behaviours, and the caregiver's coping strategies; factors impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. An online mixed methods survey was conducted on caregivers of children with neurodevelopmental disabilities (n = 43) and children who are typically developing (n = 67). The results showed that presence of challenging behaviours related to neurodevelopmental disab...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Karri Gillespie-Smith Doug McConachie Carrie Ballantyne Bonnie Auyeung Karen Goodall Source Type: research

Comparing the Executive Function Ability of Autistic and Non-autistic Adolescents with a Manualised Battery of Neuropsychological Tasks
This study used a manualised battery of EF tasks to derive individual task scores and latent EF scores. Seventy-nine adolescents aged between 11 and 19 years, including 37 autistic and 42 non-autistic participants, matched on cognitive ability, completed the battery. Autistic adolescents had moderate global EF difficulties and had significantly more difficulties on some individual tasks. However, the samples did not differ on any of the specific individual subcomponents of EF (fluency, cognitive control and working memory).PMID:34286393 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05034-4 (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lorcan Kenny Anna Remington Elizabeth Pellicano Source Type: research

Individuals with Autistic Traits Exhibit Heightened Alexithymia But Intact Interoceptive-Exteroceptive Sensory Integration
This study administered the behavioural paradigms of the HTT and the IESJ as well as other self-report scales to 119 typically-developing youths. Individuals with lower autistic traits (n = 30) showed comparable interoceptive accuracy, exteroceptive accuracy, and balancing scores as their higher autistic traits counterparts (n = 33). Taken together, the high autistic traits subgroup exhibited higher levels of alexithymia but not empathy or interoception than the low autistic traits subgroup.PMID:34286394 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05199-y (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Han-Xue Yang Han-Yu Zhou Hong Zheng Yi Wang Yan-Yu Wang Simon S Y Lui Raymond C K Chan Source Type: research

Correction to: Concerns About ABA-Based Intervention: An Evaluation and Recommendations
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 20. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05200-8. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34286395 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05200-8 (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Justin B Leaf Joseph H Cihon Ronald Leaf John McEachin Nicholas Liu Noah Russell Lorri Unumb Sydney Shapiro Dara Khosrowshahi Source Type: research

Correction to: "Best Things": Parents Describe Their Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Over Time
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 20. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05144-z. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34286396 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05144-z (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katherine T Cost Anat Zaidman-Zait Pat Mirenda Eric Duku Lonnie Zwaigenbaum Isabel M Smith Wendy J Ungar Connor Kerns Theresa Bennett Peter Szatmari Stelios Georgiades Charlotte Waddell Mayada Elsabbagh Tracy Vaillancourt Source Type: research

Treatment Acceptability for Interventions Addressing Challenging Behavior Among Chinese Caregivers of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 21. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05196-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe present study evaluated treatment acceptability for behavioral interventions addressing challenging behaviors with Chinese caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder. Factors influencing treatment acceptability (i.e., severity of challenging behavior and Chinese child-rearing values) were investigated. Caregivers of children aged 2-12 years (N = 216) participated in this survey study. Results suggest that caregivers found positive strategies including noncontingent reinforcement and positive reinforcement the most...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Qi Wei Wendy Machalicek Jinlan Zhu Source Type: research

Clothes, Sensory Experiences and Autism: Is Wearing the Right Fabric Important?
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 21. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05140-3. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTactile defensiveness in autistic individuals is the least investigated sensory modality. The current multi-component, explorative study aimed to understand the experiences of ten autistic adults regarding tactile defensiveness and fabrics, using semi-structured, one-to-one interviews. Participants were asked to discuss the effects of seven provided samples of fabrics and were also asked to bring their 'favourite' fabric (s) and express their thoughts about their choices. Using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis and Conte...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chrysovalanto Kyriacou Rachel Forrester-Jones Paraskevi Triantafyllopoulou Source Type: research

Sensory Processing in Williams Syndrome: Individual differences and changes over time
This study examined individual differences as well as the development of sensory processing difficulties in children with Williams syndrome (WS) using a cross-sectional (Experiment 1) and longitudinal design (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, a clustering approach of sensory processing scores suggested two groups. Experiment 2 showed that the clusters identified in Experiment 1 were not stable across development, especially for those with high sensory impairments at either time point. Yet, most children experienced high impairments in sensory registration at both time points, suggesting impaired registration is a core phenot...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bradley Powell Jo Van Herwegen Source Type: research

The Impact of COVID-19 Restrictions on Psychological Distress in Family Caregivers of Children with Neurodevelopmental Disability in the UK
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 20. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05132-3. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCaregivers of a child with a neurodevelopmental disability are more vulnerable to mental health difficulties. These difficulties are influenced by the child's challenging behaviours, and the caregiver's coping strategies; factors impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. An online mixed methods survey was conducted on caregivers of children with neurodevelopmental disabilities (n = 43) and children who are typically developing (n = 67). The results showed that presence of challenging behaviours related to neurodevelopmental disability...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Karri Gillespie-Smith Doug McConachie Carrie Ballantyne Bonnie Auyeung Karen Goodall Source Type: research

Comparing the Executive Function Ability of Autistic and Non-autistic Adolescents with a Manualised Battery of Neuropsychological Tasks
This study used a manualised battery of EF tasks to derive individual task scores and latent EF scores. Seventy-nine adolescents aged between 11 and 19 years, including 37 autistic and 42 non-autistic participants, matched on cognitive ability, completed the battery. Autistic adolescents had moderate global EF difficulties and had significantly more difficulties on some individual tasks. However, the samples did not differ on any of the specific individual subcomponents of EF (fluency, cognitive control and working memory).PMID:34286393 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05034-4 (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lorcan Kenny Anna Remington Elizabeth Pellicano Source Type: research

Individuals with Autistic Traits Exhibit Heightened Alexithymia But Intact Interoceptive-Exteroceptive Sensory Integration
This study administered the behavioural paradigms of the HTT and the IESJ as well as other self-report scales to 119 typically-developing youths. Individuals with lower autistic traits (n = 30) showed comparable interoceptive accuracy, exteroceptive accuracy, and balancing scores as their higher autistic traits counterparts (n = 33). Taken together, the high autistic traits subgroup exhibited higher levels of alexithymia but not empathy or interoception than the low autistic traits subgroup.PMID:34286394 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05199-y (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Han-Xue Yang Han-Yu Zhou Hong Zheng Yi Wang Yan-Yu Wang Simon S Y Lui Raymond C K Chan Source Type: research

Correction to: Concerns About ABA-Based Intervention: An Evaluation and Recommendations
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 20. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05200-8. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34286395 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05200-8 (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Justin B Leaf Joseph H Cihon Ronald Leaf John McEachin Nicholas Liu Noah Russell Lorri Unumb Sydney Shapiro Dara Khosrowshahi Source Type: research

Correction to: "Best Things": Parents Describe Their Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Over Time
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 20. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05144-z. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34286396 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05144-z (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katherine T Cost Anat Zaidman-Zait Pat Mirenda Eric Duku Lonnie Zwaigenbaum Isabel M Smith Wendy J Ungar Connor Kerns Theresa Bennett Peter Szatmari Stelios Georgiades Charlotte Waddell Mayada Elsabbagh Tracy Vaillancourt Source Type: research

Treatment Acceptability for Interventions Addressing Challenging Behavior Among Chinese Caregivers of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 21. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05196-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe present study evaluated treatment acceptability for behavioral interventions addressing challenging behaviors with Chinese caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder. Factors influencing treatment acceptability (i.e., severity of challenging behavior and Chinese child-rearing values) were investigated. Caregivers of children aged 2-12 years (N = 216) participated in this survey study. Results suggest that caregivers found positive strategies including noncontingent reinforcement and positive reinforcement the most...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Qi Wei Wendy Machalicek Jinlan Zhu Source Type: research

Clothes, Sensory Experiences and Autism: Is Wearing the Right Fabric Important?
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 21. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05140-3. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTactile defensiveness in autistic individuals is the least investigated sensory modality. The current multi-component, explorative study aimed to understand the experiences of ten autistic adults regarding tactile defensiveness and fabrics, using semi-structured, one-to-one interviews. Participants were asked to discuss the effects of seven provided samples of fabrics and were also asked to bring their 'favourite' fabric (s) and express their thoughts about their choices. Using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis and Conte...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chrysovalanto Kyriacou Rachel Forrester-Jones Paraskevi Triantafyllopoulou Source Type: research

Sensory Processing in Williams Syndrome: Individual differences and changes over time
This study examined individual differences as well as the development of sensory processing difficulties in children with Williams syndrome (WS) using a cross-sectional (Experiment 1) and longitudinal design (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, a clustering approach of sensory processing scores suggested two groups. Experiment 2 showed that the clusters identified in Experiment 1 were not stable across development, especially for those with high sensory impairments at either time point. Yet, most children experienced high impairments in sensory registration at both time points, suggesting impaired registration is a core phenot...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bradley Powell Jo Van Herwegen Source Type: research

Case Reports: Clozapine for the Treatment of Catatonia in Autism Spectrum Disorder
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 20. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05149-8. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCatatonia is a severe clinical syndrome which has been increasingly reported in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The prevalence of catatonia in ASD is unknown. Diagnosing catatonia in ASD is complicated by overlapping clinical features such as mutism, stereotypies, and echophenomena. Here, we present the clinical histories of two individuals with ASD and catatonia who were successfully treated with clozapine. We have reported on a novel potential treatment option for catatonia in ASD. Additional studies are needed to evaluate th...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Robyn P Thom Christopher J McDougle Source Type: research

Autism Tsunami: the Impact of Rising Prevalence on the Societal Cost of Autism in the United States
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 18. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05120-7. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe cost of ASD in the U.S. is estimated using a forecast model that for the first time accounts for the true historical increase in ASD. Model inputs include ASD prevalence, census population projections, six cost categories, ten age brackets, inflation projections, and three future prevalence scenarios. Future ASD costs increase dramatically: total base-case costs of $223 (175-271) billion/year are estimated in 2020; $589 billion/year in 2030, $1.36 trillion/year in 2040, and $5.54 (4.29-6.78) trillion/year by 2060, with subs...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mark Blaxill Toby Rogers Cynthia Nevison Source Type: research

Autism Tsunami: the Impact of Rising Prevalence on the Societal Cost of Autism in the United States
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 18. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05120-7. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe cost of ASD in the U.S. is estimated using a forecast model that for the first time accounts for the true historical increase in ASD. Model inputs include ASD prevalence, census population projections, six cost categories, ten age brackets, inflation projections, and three future prevalence scenarios. Future ASD costs increase dramatically: total base-case costs of $223 (175-271) billion/year are estimated in 2020; $589 billion/year in 2030, $1.36 trillion/year in 2040, and $5.54 (4.29-6.78) trillion/year by 2060, with subs...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mark Blaxill Toby Rogers Cynthia Nevison Source Type: research

Sex Differences in Functional Connectivity Between Resting State Brain Networks in Autism Spectrum Disorder
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Jul 16. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05191-6. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFunctional brain connectivity (FBC) has previously been examined in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) between-resting-state networks (RSNs) using a highly sensitive and reproducible hypothesis-free approach. However, results have been inconsistent and sex differences have only recently been taken into consideration using this approach. We estimated main effects of diagnosis and sex and a diagnosis by sex interaction on between-RSNs FBC in 83 ASD (40 females/43 males) and 85 typically developing controls (TC; 43 females/42 males). ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - July 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: V ânia Tavares Lu ís Afonso Fernandes Mar ília Antunes Hugo Ferreira Diana Prata Source Type: research