Sleep Disturbances and Sensory Sensitivities Co-Vary in a Longitudinal Manner in Pre-School Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Apr 9. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04973-2. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPrevious research has demonstrated that sleep disturbances are positively correlated with sensory sensitivities in children with ASD. Most of these studies, however, were based on cross-sectional analyses, where the relationship across symptom domains was examined at a single time-point. Here, we examined the development of 103 pre-school children with ASD over a 1-3-year period. The results revealed that spontaneous longitudinal changes in sleep disturbances were specifically correlated with changes in sensory sensitivities and...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Liora Manelis-Baram Gal Meiri Michal Ilan Michal Faroy Analya Michaelovski Hagit Flusser Idan Menashe Ilan Dinstein Source Type: research

A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of a Daily Living Skills Intervention for Adolescents with Autism
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Apr 9. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04993-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAdolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without an intellectual disability have daily living skills (DLS) impairments. An initial feasibility pilot of Surviving and Thriving in the Real World (STRW), a group intervention that targets DLS, demonstrated significant improvements. A pilot RCT of STRW was conducted to extend these findings. Twelve adolescents with ASD were randomized to the treatment or waitlist groups. The treatment group had significant DLS improvements on the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, 3rd Edition ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Amie Duncan Jareen Meinzen-Derr Lisa A Ruble Carrie Fassler Lori J Stark Source Type: research

Difficulties in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in China
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Apr 7. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04997-8. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33826037 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-04997-8 (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rong-Yi Zhou Bing-Xiang Ma Jiao-Jiao Wang Source Type: research

Moderators of Response to Personalized and Standard Care Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Comorbid Anxiety
This study evaluated predictors and moderators of standard CBT and adapted CBT. Youth (N = 167) ages 7-13 were randomized to standard or adapted CBT, or treatment-as-usual. Age, IQ, ASD severity, and emotional-behavioral symptom severity were examined. More severe internalizing and emotional-behavioral problems predicted poorer treatment outcomes especially in standard versus personalized CBT. Elevated repetitive behaviors and restricted interests predicted poorer treatment outcomes across treatments, though youth with "moderate" repetitive behaviors and restricted interested experienced poorer outcomes only in s...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eric A Storch Jeffrey J Wood Andrew G Guzick Brent J Small Connor M Kerns D Luis Ordaz Sophie C Schneider Philip C Kendall Source Type: research

Brief Report: Examining Test-Retest Reliability of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS-2) Calibrated Severity Scores (CSS)
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Apr 7. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04952-7. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDescribing the relative severity and change in autism symptoms is crucial for the appropriate characterization of clinical and research populations. The calibrated severity score (CSS) of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-2 (ADOS-2; Lord et al., 2012) was created to better describe autism symptom severity consistently across different ages and language levels. The CSS has been widely used to quantify and compare symptom severity on a 10-point scale across Modules; however, its test re-test reliability has not been studi...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Denisse Janvier Yeo Bi Choi Claire Klein Catherine Lord So Hyun Kim Source Type: research

Difficulties in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in China
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Apr 7. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04997-8. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33826037 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-04997-8 (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rong-Yi Zhou Bing-Xiang Ma Jiao-Jiao Wang Source Type: research

Moderators of Response to Personalized and Standard Care Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Comorbid Anxiety
This study evaluated predictors and moderators of standard CBT and adapted CBT. Youth (N = 167) ages 7-13 were randomized to standard or adapted CBT, or treatment-as-usual. Age, IQ, ASD severity, and emotional-behavioral symptom severity were examined. More severe internalizing and emotional-behavioral problems predicted poorer treatment outcomes especially in standard versus personalized CBT. Elevated repetitive behaviors and restricted interests predicted poorer treatment outcomes across treatments, though youth with "moderate" repetitive behaviors and restricted interested experienced poorer outcomes only in s...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eric A Storch Jeffrey J Wood Andrew G Guzick Brent J Small Connor M Kerns D Luis Ordaz Sophie C Schneider Philip C Kendall Source Type: research

Brief Report: Examining Test-Retest Reliability of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS-2) Calibrated Severity Scores (CSS)
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Apr 7. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04952-7. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDescribing the relative severity and change in autism symptoms is crucial for the appropriate characterization of clinical and research populations. The calibrated severity score (CSS) of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-2 (ADOS-2; Lord et al., 2012) was created to better describe autism symptom severity consistently across different ages and language levels. The CSS has been widely used to quantify and compare symptom severity on a 10-point scale across Modules; however, its test re-test reliability has not been studi...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Denisse Janvier Yeo Bi Choi Claire Klein Catherine Lord So Hyun Kim Source Type: research

Maternal Pragmatic Language Difficulties in the FMR1 Premutation and the Broad Autism Phenotype: Associations with Individual and Family Outcomes
This study investigated the relationship between pragmatic difficulties and indicators of maternal well-being and family functioning. Pragmatic difficulty was associated with loneliness in mothers of children with ASD or FXS, and with depression, decreased life satisfaction, and poorer family relationship quality in mothers of children with FXS only. Results inform subtle maternal pragmatic language difficulties as a risk factor that that may contribute to reduced health and well-being, informing tailored support services to better meet the unique needs of families of children with ASD or FXS.PMID:33813684 | DOI:10.1007/s1...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jessica Klusek Angela John Thurman Leonard Abbeduto Source Type: research

Maternal Pragmatic Language Difficulties in the FMR1 Premutation and the Broad Autism Phenotype: Associations with Individual and Family Outcomes
This study investigated the relationship between pragmatic difficulties and indicators of maternal well-being and family functioning. Pragmatic difficulty was associated with loneliness in mothers of children with ASD or FXS, and with depression, decreased life satisfaction, and poorer family relationship quality in mothers of children with FXS only. Results inform subtle maternal pragmatic language difficulties as a risk factor that that may contribute to reduced health and well-being, informing tailored support services to better meet the unique needs of families of children with ASD or FXS.PMID:33813684 | DOI:10.1007/s1...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jessica Klusek Angela John Thurman Leonard Abbeduto Source Type: research

Maternal Pragmatic Language Difficulties in the FMR1 Premutation and the Broad Autism Phenotype: Associations with Individual and Family Outcomes
This study investigated the relationship between pragmatic difficulties and indicators of maternal well-being and family functioning. Pragmatic difficulty was associated with loneliness in mothers of children with ASD or FXS, and with depression, decreased life satisfaction, and poorer family relationship quality in mothers of children with FXS only. Results inform subtle maternal pragmatic language difficulties as a risk factor that that may contribute to reduced health and well-being, informing tailored support services to better meet the unique needs of families of children with ASD or FXS.PMID:33813684 | DOI:10.1007/s1...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jessica Klusek Angela John Thurman Leonard Abbeduto Source Type: research

Measuring the Functional Impact of Behavioral Inflexibility in Children with Autism Using the Behavioral Inflexibility Scale: Clinical Interview (BIS-CI)
The objective of this study was to develop and validate a clinical interview version of the Behavioral Inflexibility Scale. Trained interviewers conducted interviews with parents of 144 children with ASD and 70 typically developing children (ages: 3-17 years). Using exploratory factor analysis, the Behavioral Inflexibility Scale-Clinical Interview (BIS-CI) was found to be unidimensional. Reliability data indicated the measure was internally consistent (α = 0.80), achieved excellent inter-rater reliability (ICC = 0.97) and test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.87). These findings demonstrate that the BIS-CI is a reliable a...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: James W Bodfish Luc Lecavalier Clare Harrop Aaron Dallman Sahana Nagabhushan Kalburgi Jill Hollway Richard Faldowski Brian A Boyd Source Type: research

Contagion of Temporal Discounting Value Preferences in Neurotypical and Autistic Adults
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Apr 2. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04962-5. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNeuroeconomics paradigms have demonstrated that learning about another's beliefs can make you more like them (i.e., contagion). Due to social deficits in autism, it is possible that autistic individuals will be immune to contagion. We fit Bayesian computational models to a temporal discounting task, where participants made decisions for themselves before and after learning the distinct preferences of two others. Two independent neurotypical samples (N = 48; N = 98) both showed a significant contagion effect; however the strength...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Louisa Thomas Patricia L Lockwood Mona M Garvert Joshua H Balsters Source Type: research

Measuring the Functional Impact of Behavioral Inflexibility in Children with Autism Using the Behavioral Inflexibility Scale: Clinical Interview (BIS-CI)
The objective of this study was to develop and validate a clinical interview version of the Behavioral Inflexibility Scale. Trained interviewers conducted interviews with parents of 144 children with ASD and 70 typically developing children (ages: 3-17 years). Using exploratory factor analysis, the Behavioral Inflexibility Scale-Clinical Interview (BIS-CI) was found to be unidimensional. Reliability data indicated the measure was internally consistent (α = 0.80), achieved excellent inter-rater reliability (ICC = 0.97) and test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.87). These findings demonstrate that the BIS-CI is a reliable a...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: James W Bodfish Luc Lecavalier Clare Harrop Aaron Dallman Sahana Nagabhushan Kalburgi Jill Hollway Richard Faldowski Brian A Boyd Source Type: research

Contagion of Temporal Discounting Value Preferences in Neurotypical and Autistic Adults
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Apr 2. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04962-5. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNeuroeconomics paradigms have demonstrated that learning about another's beliefs can make you more like them (i.e., contagion). Due to social deficits in autism, it is possible that autistic individuals will be immune to contagion. We fit Bayesian computational models to a temporal discounting task, where participants made decisions for themselves before and after learning the distinct preferences of two others. Two independent neurotypical samples (N = 48; N = 98) both showed a significant contagion effect; however the strength...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Louisa Thomas Patricia L Lockwood Mona M Garvert Joshua H Balsters Source Type: research

Weight Management Outcomes of Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder Seeking Treatment from a Multidisciplinary Team
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 31:1-9. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04982-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTYouth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are at an increased risk for developing obesity when compared to their typically developing peers. Given higher prevalence of obesity in youth with ASD, understanding factors relating to success in obesity treatment provides insight into implementing efficacious treatments for youth. The current study examines age, sleep, and metabolic factors potentially affecting success in 74 youth (Mage = 11.66) attending a multidisciplinary weight management treatment program over a year. Multi...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Haley J Killian Isabella K Pallotto Brooke R Sweeney Meredith L Dreyer Gillette Source Type: research

Eating Challenges in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Development and Validation of the "Aut-Eat" Questionnaire (AEQ)
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Apr 1. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04978-x. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe Aut-Eat Questionnaire (AEQ) provides a novel and comprehensive assessment of eating problems and patterns in children with ASD. To establish the internal consistency and discriminant validity of the AEQ, parents of children with ASD (n = 105, Mage = 40.85, SD = 15.67 months) or typical development (TD; n = 98, Mage = 50.33, SD = 16.50 months) completed the AEQ. Questionnaire construction, content validity, factor analysis, internal consistency and discriminant validity are reported. The AEQ was reliable with high internal co...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eynat Gal Rotem Gal-Mishael Roni Enten Vissoker Darren Hedley Simon M Bury Orit Stolar Source Type: research

Brief Report: Sources of Sexuality and Relationship Education for Autistic and Neurotypical Adults in the U.S. and a Call to Action
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Apr 1. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04992-z. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSexuality and relationship education (SRE) occurs in many formats. In order to inform best practices, current trends of SRE sources must be characterized. Using an online survey of autistic and neurotypical adults in the United States, we compared eleven potential sources of SRE across nine content areas. Source use did not differ significantly across five of the content areas. Same-aged peers were consulted less often by the autistic adults for flirting, dating, and consent. For partnered sexual behavior, neurotypical adults re...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eileen T Crehan Jessica Rocha Simone Dufresne Source Type: research

Brief Report: Parents' Declarative Use of Deictic Gestures Predict Vocabulary Development in Infants at High and Low Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder
We examined the communicative intentions behind parents' deictic gesture use with high-risk infants later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 17), high-risk infants who were not diagnosed with ASD (n = 25), and low-risk infants (n = 28) at 12 months and assessed the extent to which the parental deictic gesture intentions predicted infants' later vocabulary development. We found that parents in the three groups produced similar numbers of declarative and imperative gestures during a 10-minute parent-child interaction in the lab at 12 months and that 12-month parental declarative gesture use was significantly, ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Boin Choi Lauren Castelbaum Riley McKechnie Meredith L Rowe Charles A Nelson Helen Tager-Flusberg Source Type: research

Weight Management Outcomes of Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder Seeking Treatment from a Multidisciplinary Team
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 31:1-9. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04982-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTYouth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are at an increased risk for developing obesity when compared to their typically developing peers. Given higher prevalence of obesity in youth with ASD, understanding factors relating to success in obesity treatment provides insight into implementing efficacious treatments for youth. The current study examines age, sleep, and metabolic factors potentially affecting success in 74 youth (Mage = 11.66) attending a multidisciplinary weight management treatment program over a year. Multi...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Haley J Killian Isabella K Pallotto Brooke R Sweeney Meredith L Dreyer Gillette Source Type: research

Eating Challenges in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Development and Validation of the "Aut-Eat" Questionnaire (AEQ)
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Apr 1. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04978-x. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe Aut-Eat Questionnaire (AEQ) provides a novel and comprehensive assessment of eating problems and patterns in children with ASD. To establish the internal consistency and discriminant validity of the AEQ, parents of children with ASD (n = 105, Mage = 40.85, SD = 15.67 months) or typical development (TD; n = 98, Mage = 50.33, SD = 16.50 months) completed the AEQ. Questionnaire construction, content validity, factor analysis, internal consistency and discriminant validity are reported. The AEQ was reliable with high internal co...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eynat Gal Rotem Gal-Mishael Roni Enten Vissoker Darren Hedley Simon M Bury Orit Stolar Source Type: research

Brief Report: Sources of Sexuality and Relationship Education for Autistic and Neurotypical Adults in the U.S. and a Call to Action
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Apr 1. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04992-z. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSexuality and relationship education (SRE) occurs in many formats. In order to inform best practices, current trends of SRE sources must be characterized. Using an online survey of autistic and neurotypical adults in the United States, we compared eleven potential sources of SRE across nine content areas. Source use did not differ significantly across five of the content areas. Same-aged peers were consulted less often by the autistic adults for flirting, dating, and consent. For partnered sexual behavior, neurotypical adults re...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eileen T Crehan Jessica Rocha Simone Dufresne Source Type: research

Brief Report: Parents' Declarative Use of Deictic Gestures Predict Vocabulary Development in Infants at High and Low Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder
We examined the communicative intentions behind parents' deictic gesture use with high-risk infants later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 17), high-risk infants who were not diagnosed with ASD (n = 25), and low-risk infants (n = 28) at 12 months and assessed the extent to which the parental deictic gesture intentions predicted infants' later vocabulary development. We found that parents in the three groups produced similar numbers of declarative and imperative gestures during a 10-minute parent-child interaction in the lab at 12 months and that 12-month parental declarative gesture use was significantly, ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Boin Choi Lauren Castelbaum Riley McKechnie Meredith L Rowe Charles A Nelson Helen Tager-Flusberg Source Type: research

Weight Management Outcomes of Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder Seeking Treatment from a Multidisciplinary Team
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 31. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04982-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTYouth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are at an increased risk for developing obesity when compared to their typically developing peers. Given higher prevalence of obesity in youth with ASD, understanding factors relating to success in obesity treatment provides insight into implementing efficacious treatments for youth. The current study examines age, sleep, and metabolic factors potentially affecting success in 74 youth (Mage = 11.66) attending a multidisciplinary weight management treatment program over a year. Multileve...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - April 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Haley J Killian Isabella K Pallotto Brooke R Sweeney Meredith L Dreyer Gillette Source Type: research

A Survey of Autistic Adults from New Zealand on the Autism Diagnostic Process During Adolescence and Adulthood
This study describes the diagnostic experiences of 70 autistic adults living in New Zealand and explores how these experiences are related to satisfaction during three stages of the diagnostic process. The results show that autistic adults were reasonably satisfied with the early query and diagnostic assessment stages, but were dissatisfied with the post-diagnostic support stage, with significant unmet needs. Dissatisfaction during the post-diagnostic support stage was also related to satisfaction during previous stages and poor coordination of supports. Suggestions are made on how to improve the autism diagnostic pathway ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 31, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kiah Evans Larah van der Meer Matthew J F Eggleston Lauren J Taylor Hiran Thabrew Hannah Waddington Andrew J O Whitehouse Source Type: research

Understanding Camouflaging as a Response to Autism-Related Stigma: A Social Identity Theory Approach
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 31. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04987-w. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCamouflaging refers to strategies used by autistic people to mask or hide social difficulties. The current study draws on Social Identity Theory to examine the relationship between camouflaging and autism-related stigma, testing the hypothesis that camouflaging represents an individualistic strategy in response to stigma. Two hundred and twenty-three autistic adults completed an online survey measuring perceived autism-related stigma, individualistic and collective strategies, camouflaging and mental wellbeing. Results indicate...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 31, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ella Perry William Mandy Laura Hull Eilidh Cage Source Type: research

Alexithymia and Autistic Traits as Contributing Factors to Empathy Difficulties in Preadolescent Children
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 31. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04986-x. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRecent evidence suggests that, contrary to traditional views, empathy difficulties may not be a core feature of autism; but are rather due to co-occurring alexithymia. Empathy, alexithymia and autistic traits have yet to be examined concurrently in children. Therefore, we examined the co-occurrence of empathy difficulties and alexithymia in 59 typically developing and 5 autistic children. Multiple measures (self-report, parent-report and a behavioural task) were used to evaluate empathy and to assess differences in self- and pa...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 31, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lydia Gabriela Speyer Ruth Harriet Brown Lorna Camus Aja Louise Murray Bonnie Auyeung Source Type: research

Resilience Intervention for Parents of Children with Autism: Findings from a Randomized Controlled Trial of the AMOR Method
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 28. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04977-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTParents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience elevated stress, yet parent-specific interventions are sparse. Thirty-five parents of children with ASD were randomized to the novel 8-week AMOR (Acceptance, Mindfulness, Optimism, Resilience) Method parent group or waitlist control group. Significant gains in resilience were reported by AMOR parents only (d = 1.42, p
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jessica M Schwartzman Maria Estefania Millan Mirko Uljarevic Grace W Gengoux Source Type: research

Resilience Intervention for Parents of Children with Autism: Findings from a Randomized Controlled Trial of the AMOR Method
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 28. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04977-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTParents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience elevated stress, yet parent-specific interventions are sparse. Thirty-five parents of children with ASD were randomized to the novel 8-week AMOR (Acceptance, Mindfulness, Optimism, Resilience) Method parent group or waitlist control group. Significant gains in resilience were reported by AMOR parents only (d = 1.42, p
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jessica M Schwartzman Maria Estefania Millan Mirko Uljarevic Grace W Gengoux Source Type: research

Resilience Intervention for Parents of Children with Autism: Findings from a Randomized Controlled Trial of the AMOR Method
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 28. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04977-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTParents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience elevated stress, yet parent-specific interventions are sparse. Thirty-five parents of children with ASD were randomized to the novel 8-week AMOR (Acceptance, Mindfulness, Optimism, Resilience) Method parent group or waitlist control group. Significant gains in resilience were reported by AMOR parents only (d = 1.42, p
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jessica M Schwartzman Maria Estefania Millan Mirko Uljarevic Grace W Gengoux Source Type: research

Social Inferences in Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum and Autism: Semantic Analysis and Topic Modeling
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 25. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04957-2. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTImpoverished capacity for social inference is one of several symptoms that are common to both agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This research compared the ability of 14 adults with AgCC, 13 high-functioning adults with ASD and 14 neurotypical controls to accurately attribute social meaning to the interactions of animated triangles. Descriptions of the animations were analyzed in three ways: subjective ratings, Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count, and topic modeling (Latent Dirichlet Alloca...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tiffany Renteria-Vazquez Warren S Brown Christine Kang Mark Graves Fulvia Castelli Lynn K Paul Source Type: research

Brief Report: Linguistic Mazes and Perseverations in School-Age Boys with Fragile X Syndrome and Autism Spectrum Disorder and Relationships with Maternal Maze Use
This study examined specific pragmatic difficulties (i.e., linguistic mazes and perseverations) in boys (9-18 years) with idiopathic ASD (n = 26) and FXS+ASD (n = 29), and relationships with maternal maze use. Language samples were obtained separately for boys and mothers. Nonparametric analyses suggested that boys largely did not differ in their rates of mazes, but that boys with FXS+ASD exhibited more perseverations. Mazes were correlated between fragile X dyads. Maternal mazes were correlated with child perseverations among idiopathic ASD dyads. These findings have implications for the etiological significance of ASD-re...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nell Maltman Laura Friedman Emily Lorang Audra Sterling Source Type: research

Brief Report: Autism-Specific College Support Programs: Differences Across Geography and Institutional Type
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04958-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMany postsecondary institutions have begun their own Autism-Specific College Support Programs (ASPs) to integrate the emergence of autistic students into college and offer supports aiding their success (Longtin in J Postsecond Educ Disabil 27(1):63-72, 2014), yet little is known about these programs. We conducted an exhaustive, year-long search of all postsecondary institutions in the United States to identify all ASPs. Although we identified a total of 74 programs located in 29 states, our analyses suggest these are unavailabl...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brett Ranon Nachman Catherine Tobin McDermott Bradley E Cox Source Type: research

Convergent Validity of Behavioural and Subjective Sensitivity in Relation to Autistic Traits
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04974-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSensory issues are highly prevalent in autism and previous findings support a relationship between questionnaires of sensitivity and autistic symptoms and traits, whereas studies that examine this relationship through behavioural assessments of sensitivity are less consistent. The current study explores these differences and suggests that behavioural thresholds for sensitivity and subjective sensitivity are distinct constructs. One hundred and eighteen adults completed a visual and auditory detection task and questionnaires on ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S E Schulz R A Stevenson Source Type: research

Social Inferences in Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum and Autism: Semantic Analysis and Topic Modeling
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 25. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04957-2. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTImpoverished capacity for social inference is one of several symptoms that are common to both agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This research compared the ability of 14 adults with AgCC, 13 high-functioning adults with ASD and 14 neurotypical controls to accurately attribute social meaning to the interactions of animated triangles. Descriptions of the animations were analyzed in three ways: subjective ratings, Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count, and topic modeling (Latent Dirichlet Alloca...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tiffany Renteria-Vazquez Warren S Brown Christine Kang Mark Graves Fulvia Castelli Lynn K Paul Source Type: research

Brief Report: Linguistic Mazes and Perseverations in School-Age Boys with Fragile X Syndrome and Autism Spectrum Disorder and Relationships with Maternal Maze Use
This study examined specific pragmatic difficulties (i.e., linguistic mazes and perseverations) in boys (9-18 years) with idiopathic ASD (n = 26) and FXS+ASD (n = 29), and relationships with maternal maze use. Language samples were obtained separately for boys and mothers. Nonparametric analyses suggested that boys largely did not differ in their rates of mazes, but that boys with FXS+ASD exhibited more perseverations. Mazes were correlated between fragile X dyads. Maternal mazes were correlated with child perseverations among idiopathic ASD dyads. These findings have implications for the etiological significance of ASD-re...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nell Maltman Laura Friedman Emily Lorang Audra Sterling Source Type: research

Brief Report: Autism-Specific College Support Programs: Differences Across Geography and Institutional Type
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04958-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMany postsecondary institutions have begun their own Autism-Specific College Support Programs (ASPs) to integrate the emergence of autistic students into college and offer supports aiding their success (Longtin in J Postsecond Educ Disabil 27(1):63-72, 2014), yet little is known about these programs. We conducted an exhaustive, year-long search of all postsecondary institutions in the United States to identify all ASPs. Although we identified a total of 74 programs located in 29 states, our analyses suggest these are unavailabl...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brett Ranon Nachman Catherine Tobin McDermott Bradley E Cox Source Type: research

Convergent Validity of Behavioural and Subjective Sensitivity in Relation to Autistic Traits
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04974-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSensory issues are highly prevalent in autism and previous findings support a relationship between questionnaires of sensitivity and autistic symptoms and traits, whereas studies that examine this relationship through behavioural assessments of sensitivity are less consistent. The current study explores these differences and suggests that behavioural thresholds for sensitivity and subjective sensitivity are distinct constructs. One hundred and eighteen adults completed a visual and auditory detection task and questionnaires on ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S E Schulz R A Stevenson Source Type: research

Social Inferences in Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum and Autism: Semantic Analysis and Topic Modeling
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 25. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04957-2. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTImpoverished capacity for social inference is one of several symptoms that are common to both agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This research compared the ability of 14 adults with AgCC, 13 high-functioning adults with ASD and 14 neurotypical controls to accurately attribute social meaning to the interactions of animated triangles. Descriptions of the animations were analyzed in three ways: subjective ratings, Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count, and topic modeling (Latent Dirichlet Alloca...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tiffany Renteria-Vazquez Warren S Brown Christine Kang Mark Graves Fulvia Castelli Lynn K Paul Source Type: research

Brief Report: Linguistic Mazes and Perseverations in School-Age Boys with Fragile X Syndrome and Autism Spectrum Disorder and Relationships with Maternal Maze Use
This study examined specific pragmatic difficulties (i.e., linguistic mazes and perseverations) in boys (9-18 years) with idiopathic ASD (n = 26) and FXS+ASD (n = 29), and relationships with maternal maze use. Language samples were obtained separately for boys and mothers. Nonparametric analyses suggested that boys largely did not differ in their rates of mazes, but that boys with FXS+ASD exhibited more perseverations. Mazes were correlated between fragile X dyads. Maternal mazes were correlated with child perseverations among idiopathic ASD dyads. These findings have implications for the etiological significance of ASD-re...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nell Maltman Laura Friedman Emily Lorang Audra Sterling Source Type: research

Brief Report: Autism-Specific College Support Programs: Differences Across Geography and Institutional Type
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04958-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMany postsecondary institutions have begun their own Autism-Specific College Support Programs (ASPs) to integrate the emergence of autistic students into college and offer supports aiding their success (Longtin in J Postsecond Educ Disabil 27(1):63-72, 2014), yet little is known about these programs. We conducted an exhaustive, year-long search of all postsecondary institutions in the United States to identify all ASPs. Although we identified a total of 74 programs located in 29 states, our analyses suggest these are unavailabl...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brett Ranon Nachman Catherine Tobin McDermott Bradley E Cox Source Type: research

Convergent Validity of Behavioural and Subjective Sensitivity in Relation to Autistic Traits
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 26. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04974-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSensory issues are highly prevalent in autism and previous findings support a relationship between questionnaires of sensitivity and autistic symptoms and traits, whereas studies that examine this relationship through behavioural assessments of sensitivity are less consistent. The current study explores these differences and suggests that behavioural thresholds for sensitivity and subjective sensitivity are distinct constructs. One hundred and eighteen adults completed a visual and auditory detection task and questionnaires on ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S E Schulz R A Stevenson Source Type: research

A Decade Review of Two Potential Analysis Altering Variables in Graph Construction
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 24. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04959-0. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn single-case research designs (SCDs) to determine a functional relation a time-series graph is constructed. Preliminary evidence suggest the approach used to scale the vertical axis and the data points per x- to y-axis ratio (DPPXYR) impact visual analysts' decisions. We conducted a systematic review to evaluate time-series graphs published in the last decade in four premier journals in the field of autism. We included 348 articles including 2675 graphs. We identified large variation across and within types of SCDs when evalu...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Corey Peltier Reem Muharib April Haas Art Dowdy Source Type: research

Brain and Language Associations in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Scoping Review
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 25. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04975-0. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTExamining brain and behaviour associations for language in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may bring us closer to identifying neural profiles that are unique to a subgroup of individuals with ASD identified as language impaired (e.g. ASD LI+). We conducted a scoping review to examine brain regions that are associated with language performance in ASD. Further, we examined methodological differences across studies in how language ability was characterized and what neuroimaging methods were used to explore brain regions. Seventeen ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Carly A Cermak Spencer Arshinoff Leticia Ribeiro de Oliveira Anna Tendera Deryk S Beal Jessica Brian Evdokia Anagnostou Teenu Sanjeevan Source Type: research

A Decade Review of Two Potential Analysis Altering Variables in Graph Construction
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 24. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04959-0. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn single-case research designs (SCDs) to determine a functional relation a time-series graph is constructed. Preliminary evidence suggest the approach used to scale the vertical axis and the data points per x- to y-axis ratio (DPPXYR) impact visual analysts' decisions. We conducted a systematic review to evaluate time-series graphs published in the last decade in four premier journals in the field of autism. We included 348 articles including 2675 graphs. We identified large variation across and within types of SCDs when evalu...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Corey Peltier Reem Muharib April Haas Art Dowdy Source Type: research

Brief Report: The Benefits of an Employer-Based Work-Experience Program for Participants with ASD
This study observes the impact of participation for people with ASD in establishing employment (with or without a competitive salary). A quasi-experimental design constructed a control group that can be considered similar to the group of participants in the employer-based program, except for supported-employment entitlement. Results indicate a 29% increase in post-five-year employment for participants than the control group, but no effect was found on employment with a competitive salary, only for the post-second year. Inclusivity enhances the careers of people with ASD, but their potential to establish employment with a c...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Roy Peijen Manon Carola Maria Bos Source Type: research

Adapting and validating the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule Version 2 for use with deaf children and young people
We report a Delphi Consensus modification and first validation study of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule - 2 with deaf children and young people (ADOS-2 Deaf adaptation). Validation included 122 deaf participants (aged 2-18 years), 63 with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This was compared to a National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guideline standard clinical assessment by blinded independent specialist clinicians. Results showed overall sensitivity 73% (95%CI 60%, 83%); specificity 71% (95%CI 58%, 82%), and for the more common modules 1-3 (combined as in previous studies) sensitivity 79%...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Helen Phillips Barry Wright Victoria Allgar Helen McConachie Jennifer Sweetman Rebecca Hargate Rachel Hodkinson Martin Bland Hannah George Anna Hughes Emily Hayward Victoria Fernandez Garcia De Las Heras Ann Le Couteur Source Type: research

Brief Report: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Music to Obtain More Accurate Blood Pressure Readings in Children with Williams Syndrome
This study examined if listening to music will improve the accuracy of blood pressure (BP) readings in children with Williams syndrome (WS). Fifty-two participants (7-12 years) were randomly assigned to a music or non-music group. BPs were obtained at two time points. There was a significant decrease in both systolic and diastolic BP from Time 1 to Time 2 for everyone. Participants from the music group had lower systolic BP readings at Time 2 than participants in the non-music group (Cohen's d = 0.33). Systolic BP readings were approximately 3.8 mmHg lower in the music group. Music may be beneficial in obtaining more accur...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jennifer R Walton Marilee A Martens Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel Source Type: research

Evaluating the Feasibility of The NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery for Autistic Children and Adolescents
This study evaluates the feasibility of the NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery (NIH-TCB) for use in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). 116 autistic children and adolescents and 80 typically developing (TD) controls, ages 3-17 years, completed four NIH-TCB tasks related to inhibitory control, cognitive flexibility, processing speed, and episodic memory. While the majority of autistic and TD children completed all four tasks, autistic children experienced greater difficulties with task completion. Across autistic and TD children, performance on NIH-TCB tasks was highly dependent on IQ, but significant performance differences related...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Desiree R Jones Aaron Dallman Clare Harrop Allison Whitten Jill Pritchett Luc Lecavalier James W Bodfish Brian A Boyd Source Type: research

Knowledge about Autism among Graduate Students in Togo
J Autism Dev Disord. 2021 Mar 23. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-04972-3. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTGraduate students in healthcare or education programs should have adequate knowledge about autism as they could become professionals in that field. However, we were unable to locate any published studies that examined knowledge about autism among graduate students in francophone sub-Saharan Africa. Thus, the goal of this study was to describe knowledge about autism among 254 graduate psychology, medical, and education students in Togo. Results suggested that only 5% of graduate students had good knowledge about autism. Although...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - March 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Komlantse M Gossou Akounda Koudema Kodzo Kpoffon Visseho Adjiwanou Source Type: research