A Longitudinal RCT of P-ESDM With and Without Parental Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction: Impact on Child Outcomes
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 18. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05399-6. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis randomized controlled trial (NCT03889821) examined Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) in conjunction with the Parent-implemented Early Start Denver Model (P-ESDM). A previous report described improved metrics of parental distress (Weitlauf et al. in Pediatrics 145(Supplement 1):S81-S92, 2020). This manuscript examines child outcomes. 63 children with ASD (
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 18, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Amy S Weitlauf Neill Broderick J Alacia Stainbrook James C Slaughter Julie Lounds Taylor Catherine G Herrington Amy G Nicholson Madeline Santulli Kristin Dorris LaTamara Jackson Garrett Michelle Hopton Amy Kinsman Mary Morton Ashley Vogel Elisabeth M Dyke Source Type: research

Positive Parenting Styles Tied to Less Unmet Dental Needs in Children with Developmental Disabilities
This study aimed to identify factors, particularly positive parenting styles, associated with unmet dental needs, defined as no dental visit for the past 12 months, in children with developmental disabilities (DD). Participants included 263 primary caregivers of children with DD. Children exposed to less positive parenting styles were more than two times (aOR, 2.19, 95%CI, 1.12-4.32) more likely to have unmet dental needs. Children who were male (aOR, 1.88, 95%CI, 1.04-3.41), aged
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 17, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yamolporn Polprapreut Stephen J Kerr Pon Trairatvorakul Source Type: research

Exploration of Treatment Response in Parent Training for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Moderate Food Selectivity
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 15. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05406-w. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTManaging Eating Aversions and Limited Variety (MEAL) Plan is a structured parent-mediated intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder and moderate food selectivity. Our previously reported group-based clinical trial revealed a positive treatment response rate of 47.3%. Although encouraging, this response rate raises questions about factors that may affect treatment outcomes. Here, we examine the impact of child and parent characteristics and feeding behaviors on treatment response. Higher maternal education and high...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: T Lindsey Burrell Lawrence Scahill Nadratu Nuhu Scott Gillespie William Sharp Source Type: research

Exploration of Treatment Response in Parent Training for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Moderate Food Selectivity
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 15. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05406-w. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTManaging Eating Aversions and Limited Variety (MEAL) Plan is a structured parent-mediated intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder and moderate food selectivity. Our previously reported group-based clinical trial revealed a positive treatment response rate of 47.3%. Although encouraging, this response rate raises questions about factors that may affect treatment outcomes. Here, we examine the impact of child and parent characteristics and feeding behaviors on treatment response. Higher maternal education and high...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: T Lindsey Burrell Lawrence Scahill Nadratu Nuhu Scott Gillespie William Sharp Source Type: research

Exploration of Treatment Response in Parent Training for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Moderate Food Selectivity
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 15. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05406-w. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTManaging Eating Aversions and Limited Variety (MEAL) Plan is a structured parent-mediated intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder and moderate food selectivity. Our previously reported group-based clinical trial revealed a positive treatment response rate of 47.3%. Although encouraging, this response rate raises questions about factors that may affect treatment outcomes. Here, we examine the impact of child and parent characteristics and feeding behaviors on treatment response. Higher maternal education and high...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: T Lindsey Burrell Lawrence Scahill Nadratu Nuhu Scott Gillespie William Sharp Source Type: research

Theory of Mind Among Swedish Children with ASD, Down Syndrome and Typically Developing Group
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 14. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05366-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe present study examined the role of IQ and the Theory of Mind understanding in children with an autism spectrum disorder and down syndrome. Sixty-six Swedish children with ASD (n = 26), DS (n = 18), and typically developed group (n = 22) ranged between 6 and 12 years old were compared on ToM tasks consisted of standard ToM and IQ tasks. SPSS 25 program was used to analyze data. The results indicated that individuals with ASD reach a better understanding of first-order ToM tasks than children with DS. This picture was the sam...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nazila Shojaeian Zeyun Li Rahul Pratap Singh Kaurav Ashraf Atta M S Salem Source Type: research

Factorial Validity of the Theory of Mind Inventory-2 in Typically Developing Children
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 13. doi: 10.1007/s10803-022-05426-0. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe Theory of Mind Inventory-2 (ToMI-2) is a promising measure for assessing theory of mind (ToM) and social-related functions. However, limited evidence on its factorial validity hampers score interpretation. To examine the factorial validity, confirmatory factor analysis for two currently-available structures was performed in 420 typically developing children aged three to seven years. One, the development-based structure, contains three stages of ToM development: the early, basic, and advanced ToM stages. The other, the soci...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shih-Chieh Lee I-Ning Fu Meng-Ru Liu Tzu-Ying Yu Kuan-Lin Chen Source Type: research

Parent, Teacher and Observational Reports of Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Young Autistic Children
This study aimed to explore child and informant characteristics are associated with reported child EBPs across settings. Participants were 83 4-8-year-old autistic children and their parents and teachers in the Autism Spectrum Treatment and Resilience (ASTAR) study. Questionnaires of child EBPs were completed by parents and teachers, and self-reported parenting stress and wellbeing measures were obtained. An observation of parent-child/researcher-child interaction was also completed. Parents reported more EBPs than teachers and parent-teacher agreement was low, particularly for emotional problems. Greater parenting stress ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Melanie Palmer Joanne Tarver Virginia Carter Leno Juan Paris Perez Margot Frayne Vicky Slonims Andrew Pickles Stephen Scott Tony Charman Emily Simonoff Source Type: research

Theory of Mind Among Swedish Children with ASD, Down Syndrome and Typically Developing Group
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 14. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05366-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe present study examined the role of IQ and the Theory of Mind understanding in children with an autism spectrum disorder and down syndrome. Sixty-six Swedish children with ASD (n = 26), DS (n = 18), and typically developed group (n = 22) ranged between 6 and 12 years old were compared on ToM tasks consisted of standard ToM and IQ tasks. SPSS 25 program was used to analyze data. The results indicated that individuals with ASD reach a better understanding of first-order ToM tasks than children with DS. This picture was the sam...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nazila Shojaeian Zeyun Li Rahul Pratap Singh Kaurav Ashraf Atta M S Salem Source Type: research

Factorial Validity of the Theory of Mind Inventory-2 in Typically Developing Children
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 13. doi: 10.1007/s10803-022-05426-0. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe Theory of Mind Inventory-2 (ToMI-2) is a promising measure for assessing theory of mind (ToM) and social-related functions. However, limited evidence on its factorial validity hampers score interpretation. To examine the factorial validity, confirmatory factor analysis for two currently-available structures was performed in 420 typically developing children aged three to seven years. One, the development-based structure, contains three stages of ToM development: the early, basic, and advanced ToM stages. The other, the soci...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shih-Chieh Lee I-Ning Fu Meng-Ru Liu Tzu-Ying Yu Kuan-Lin Chen Source Type: research

Parent, Teacher and Observational Reports of Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Young Autistic Children
This study aimed to explore child and informant characteristics are associated with reported child EBPs across settings. Participants were 83 4-8-year-old autistic children and their parents and teachers in the Autism Spectrum Treatment and Resilience (ASTAR) study. Questionnaires of child EBPs were completed by parents and teachers, and self-reported parenting stress and wellbeing measures were obtained. An observation of parent-child/researcher-child interaction was also completed. Parents reported more EBPs than teachers and parent-teacher agreement was low, particularly for emotional problems. Greater parenting stress ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Melanie Palmer Joanne Tarver Virginia Carter Leno Juan Paris Perez Margot Frayne Vicky Slonims Andrew Pickles Stephen Scott Tony Charman Emily Simonoff Source Type: research

A Randomized, Community-Based Feasibility Trial of Modified ESDM for Toddlers with Suspected Autism
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 13:1-20. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05390-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTA randomized feasibility trial of a parent coaching (PC) intervention was conducted across 16 community agencies in a Canadian province. Parents of toddlers with suspected autism were assigned to either a PC group (n = 24) or an enhanced community treatment (ECT) group (n = 25). PC participants received 24 weeks of coaching support from community service providers trained in the project. Children in both groups also received available community services and supplementary materials. PC children made significantly greater ga...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pat Mirenda Paola Colozzo Veronica Smith Ed Kroc Karen Kalynchuk Sally J Rogers Wendy J Ungar Source Type: research

General Measurement Tools for Assessing Mental Health Problems Among Children and Adolescents with an Intellectual Disability: A Systematic Review
In this study, we systematically reviewed and evaluated the psychometric properties of instruments used to assess general mental health problems in this population. Following PRISMA guidelines, we reviewed empirical research published from 1980 through February 2020 with an updated search in March 2021 in Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Health and Psychological Instruments, CINAHL, ERIC, and Web of Science databases. Forty-nine empirical articles were included in this review. Overall, the review indicated consistently better documentation of the reliability and validity of instruments designed for the ID population compared to ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marianne Berg Halvorsen Sissel Berge Helverschou Brynhildur Axelsdottir Per H åkan Brøndbo Monica Martinussen Source Type: research

Dimensions of Self-Reported Driving Difficulty in Autistic and Non-Autistic Adults and their Relationship with Autistic Traits
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 12. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05420-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTA survey asked autistic and non-autistic people about the driving difficulties they experience and their autistic traits. Principle components analysis was used to identify how reported difficulties clustered together in each group, and regression was used to determine which subscales of the Autism Spectrum Quotient predict these factors. For autistic drivers three factors of driving difficulty emerged: a Driving Executive factor, predicted by Attention Switching; a Driving Understanding factor, predicted by Communication; and ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elizabeth Sheppard Editha van Loon Danielle Ropar Source Type: research

"You Feel Like You Kind of Walk Between the Two Worlds": A Participatory Study Exploring How Technology Can Support Emotion Regulation for Autistic People
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 11. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05392-z. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAn increasing amount of technological solutions aiming to support emotion regulation are being developed for Autistic people. However, there remains a lack of understanding of user needs, and design factors which has led to poor usability and varied success. Furthermore, studies assessing the feasibility of emotion regulation technology via physiological signals for autistic people are increasingly showing promise, yet to date there has been no exploration of views from the autistic community on the benefits/challenges such tec...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lauren Gillies-Walker Naeem Ramzan Jean Rankin Emy Nimbley Karri Gillespie-Smith Source Type: research

Characterizing Daily-Life Social Interactions in Adolescents and Young Adults with Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Comparison Between Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders and 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome
This study highlights distinct social functioning profiles in daily-life in 22q11DS and ASD that points towards different therapeutic targets.PMID:35018586 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05423-9 (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cl émence Feller Laura Ilen Stephan Eliez Maude Schneider Source Type: research

Workplace Adjustments for Autistic Employees: What is 'Reasonable'?
This study sought a definition of 'reasonable' and explored facilitators and barriers to employers making reasonable adjustments. 98 employers and employees across a UK city completed a survey; 15% identified as being autistic. Qualitative data were analysed using framework analysis. Reasonable adjustments were defined as having a positive impact on autistic employees' wellbeing and work outputs without being detrimental to non-autistic employees or the organisation; they were low cost and easily implemented. Recommendations were for autism awareness training, low-stimulus work spaces, clear instructions and flexible worki...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stephanie Petty Lydia Tunstall Hannah Richardson Niamh Eccles Source Type: research

Parent-Led Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Children with Autism Spectrum Conditions. A Pilot Study
This article reports on a pilot study of a parent-only cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programme for parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and anxiety difficulties. Twenty-one parents of anxious children with ASD (5-11 of age) completed the From Timid to Tiger intervention. Parent outcome measures were assessed at post-intervention and at 3-month follow-up. Analysis indicated significant reductions in both parent and clinician reports of child anxiety symptoms. Specifically, 38% of children were free of their primary diagnosis at treatment end and this increased to 57% when measured at 3-month follow...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gary Byrne Áine Ní Ghráda Teresa O'Mahony Source Type: research

Improving Efficiency and Equity in Early Autism Evaluations: The (S)TAAR Model
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 12:1-10. doi: 10.1007/s10803-022-05425-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis paper describes the (Sin Exclusión) Transdisciplinary Autism Assessment and Resources ([S]TAAR) model and presents early metrics tracking efficiency and equity in access to high-quality comprehensive autism evaluations for young children. Retrospective chart reviews over one year (08/2018-08/2019) with n = 173 children were reviewed. Through care coordination with community providers, the model was developed to meet local needs by increasing throughput of children (
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Meredith I Brinster Briana H Brukilacchio Autumn Fikki-Urbanovsky Jeffrey D Shahidullah Sheri Ravenscroft Source Type: research

"You Feel Like You Kind of Walk Between the Two Worlds": A Participatory Study Exploring How Technology Can Support Emotion Regulation for Autistic People
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 11. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05392-z. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAn increasing amount of technological solutions aiming to support emotion regulation are being developed for Autistic people. However, there remains a lack of understanding of user needs, and design factors which has led to poor usability and varied success. Furthermore, studies assessing the feasibility of emotion regulation technology via physiological signals for autistic people are increasingly showing promise, yet to date there has been no exploration of views from the autistic community on the benefits/challenges such tec...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lauren Gillies-Walker Naeem Ramzan Jean Rankin Emy Nimbley Karri Gillespie-Smith Source Type: research

Characterizing Daily-Life Social Interactions in Adolescents and Young Adults with Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Comparison Between Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders and 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome
This study highlights distinct social functioning profiles in daily-life in 22q11DS and ASD that points towards different therapeutic targets.PMID:35018586 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05423-9 (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cl émence Feller Laura Ilen Stephan Eliez Maude Schneider Source Type: research

Workplace Adjustments for Autistic Employees: What is 'Reasonable'?
This study sought a definition of 'reasonable' and explored facilitators and barriers to employers making reasonable adjustments. 98 employers and employees across a UK city completed a survey; 15% identified as being autistic. Qualitative data were analysed using framework analysis. Reasonable adjustments were defined as having a positive impact on autistic employees' wellbeing and work outputs without being detrimental to non-autistic employees or the organisation; they were low cost and easily implemented. Recommendations were for autism awareness training, low-stimulus work spaces, clear instructions and flexible worki...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stephanie Petty Lydia Tunstall Hannah Richardson Niamh Eccles Source Type: research

Parent-Led Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Children with Autism Spectrum Conditions. A Pilot Study
This article reports on a pilot study of a parent-only cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programme for parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and anxiety difficulties. Twenty-one parents of anxious children with ASD (5-11 of age) completed the From Timid to Tiger intervention. Parent outcome measures were assessed at post-intervention and at 3-month follow-up. Analysis indicated significant reductions in both parent and clinician reports of child anxiety symptoms. Specifically, 38% of children were free of their primary diagnosis at treatment end and this increased to 57% when measured at 3-month follow...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gary Byrne Áine Ní Ghráda Teresa O'Mahony Source Type: research

Improving Efficiency and Equity in Early Autism Evaluations: The (S)TAAR Model
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 12:1-10. doi: 10.1007/s10803-022-05425-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis paper describes the (Sin Exclusión) Transdisciplinary Autism Assessment and Resources ([S]TAAR) model and presents early metrics tracking efficiency and equity in access to high-quality comprehensive autism evaluations for young children. Retrospective chart reviews over one year (08/2018-08/2019) with n = 173 children were reviewed. Through care coordination with community providers, the model was developed to meet local needs by increasing throughput of children (
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Meredith I Brinster Briana H Brukilacchio Autumn Fikki-Urbanovsky Jeffrey D Shahidullah Sheri Ravenscroft Source Type: research

Obituary Professor Sir Michael Rutter
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 11. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05386-x. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:35013865 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05386-x (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Catherine Lord Fred R Volkmar Irving B Harris Source Type: research

Randomized Controlled Trial of Omega-3 and -6 Fatty Acid Supplementation to Reduce Inflammatory Markers in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 11. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05396-9. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis double-blind, randomized controlled trial, tested fatty acid (FA) supplementation in children (ages 2-
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sarah A Keim Abigail Jude Katie Smith Aiman Q Khan Daniel L Coury Joseph Rausch Shivika Udaipuria Megan Norris Lindsay R Bartram Anita R Narayanan Lynette K Rogers Source Type: research

The Impact of School Strategies and the Home Environment on Home Learning Experiences During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Children With and Without Developmental Disorders
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 11:1-31. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05383-0. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTUsing the Opportunity-Propensity Model (Byrnes in Dev Rev 56:100911, 2020; Byrnes & Miller in Contemp Educ Psychol 32(4);599-629, 2007), the current study investigated which factors helped predicting children's home learning experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic, thereby examining differences between children with (DD; n = 779) and without (TD; n = 1443) developmental disorders. MANCOVA results indicated more negative experiences for DD children and their parents. SEM-results revealed the alignment between different...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elke Baten Fieke Vlaeminck Marjolein Mu és Martin Valcke Annemie Desoete Petra Warreyn Source Type: research

Theory of Mind Development in Italian Children with Specific Language Impairment and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Delay, Deficit, or Neither?
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 11. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05389-8. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSome studies report delayed theory of mind (ToM) development in children with specific language impairment (SLI), while others do not. A ToM delay is acknowledged in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), while whether these children also display a deficit is still under debate. In the current study, we drew on a developmental trajectory approach to assess whether children with SLI or ASD displayed delays or deficits in their ToM performance. Forty-three children with SLI (age 4-10 years), 44 children with ASD (age 5-12 ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Daniela Bulgarelli Silvia Testa Paola Molina Source Type: research

Obituary Professor Sir Michael Rutter
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 11. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05386-x. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:35013865 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05386-x (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Catherine Lord Fred R Volkmar Irving B Harris Source Type: research

Randomized Controlled Trial of Omega-3 and -6 Fatty Acid Supplementation to Reduce Inflammatory Markers in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 11. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05396-9. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis double-blind, randomized controlled trial, tested fatty acid (FA) supplementation in children (ages 2-
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sarah A Keim Abigail Jude Katie Smith Aiman Q Khan Daniel L Coury Joseph Rausch Shivika Udaipuria Megan Norris Lindsay R Bartram Anita R Narayanan Lynette K Rogers Source Type: research

The Impact of School Strategies and the Home Environment on Home Learning Experiences During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Children With and Without Developmental Disorders
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 11. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05383-0. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTUsing the Opportunity-Propensity Model (Byrnes in Dev Rev 56:100911, 2020; Byrnes & Miller in Contemp Educ Psychol 32(4);599-629, 2007), the current study investigated which factors helped predicting children's home learning experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic, thereby examining differences between children with (DD; n = 779) and without (TD; n = 1443) developmental disorders. MANCOVA results indicated more negative experiences for DD children and their parents. SEM-results revealed the alignment between different teac...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elke Baten Fieke Vlaeminck Marjolein Mu és Martin Valcke Annemie Desoete Petra Warreyn Source Type: research

Theory of Mind Development in Italian Children with Specific Language Impairment and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Delay, Deficit, or Neither?
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 11. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05389-8. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSome studies report delayed theory of mind (ToM) development in children with specific language impairment (SLI), while others do not. A ToM delay is acknowledged in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), while whether these children also display a deficit is still under debate. In the current study, we drew on a developmental trajectory approach to assess whether children with SLI or ASD displayed delays or deficits in their ToM performance. Forty-three children with SLI (age 4-10 years), 44 children with ASD (age 5-12 ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Daniela Bulgarelli Silvia Testa Paola Molina Source Type: research

Teaching Metaphorical Generation via Tact and Match-to-Sample Instructions: A Brief Report
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 10. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05391-0. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe purpose of the study was to examine the effects of an instructional sequence involving simple tact, category tact, and match-to-sample instructions on the emergence of metaphorical extensions about emotions for children with autism spectrum disorder. Three Chinese children (1 girl, 2 boys, 7-8 years old) with autism spectrum disorder participated. Results indicate that the participants' intraverbal responses for metaphorical extensions about emotions emerged or increased without direct training after completion of the instr...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 10, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gabrielle T Lee Xiaoyi Hu Shuiling Liu Source Type: research

Case Report: Autism Risk Within the Context of Two Chromosome 15 Syndromes
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 7. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05422-w. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34997429 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05422-w (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ashleigh M Kellerman Mehreen Z Hassan Emily A Abel Molly Reilly Rebecca McNally Keehn A J Schwichtenberg Source Type: research

Exploring the Experiences of Parents Whose Child has Received a Diagnosis of Autistic Spectrum Disorder in Adulthood
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 8. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05296-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThere is a growing trend of adult diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Research has found that diagnosis can prompt a process of sense-making which may be disrupted by lack of post-diagnostic support. Given the continued involvement of many parents in supporting their adult son or daughter with ASD, it is vital to understand their experiences to meet their needs in adapting to the diagnosis. Eleven parents of recently diagnosed adults participated in semi-structured interviews which were analysed thematically. Findings d...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hannah Legg Anna Tickle Alinda Gillott Sarah Wilde Source Type: research

Use of a Best Practice Alert (BPA) to Increase Diversity Within a US-Based Autism Research Cohort
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 8:1-8. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05407-9. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWe evaluated the success of a best practice alert (BPA) in recruiting underrepresented families into an autism spectrum disorder research cohort by comparing BPA-response outcomes (Interested, Declined, Enrolled, Dismissed) in pediatric primary care practices (TCPs) serving diverse communities with those of subspecialty clinics. Compared to subspecialty clinics, TCPs had higher proportions of Interested responses for patients with private insurance (60.9% vs. 46.2%), Dismissed responses for patients with public insurance (30...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gabrielle F Duhon Andrea R Simon Danica L Limon Kelli L Ahmed Gabriela Marzano Robin P Goin-Kochel Source Type: research

Case Report: Autism Risk Within the Context of Two Chromosome 15 Syndromes
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 7. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05422-w. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34997429 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05422-w (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ashleigh M Kellerman Mehreen Z Hassan Emily A Abel Molly Reilly Rebecca McNally Keehn A J Schwichtenberg Source Type: research

Exploring the Experiences of Parents Whose Child has Received a Diagnosis of Autistic Spectrum Disorder in Adulthood
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 8. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05296-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThere is a growing trend of adult diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Research has found that diagnosis can prompt a process of sense-making which may be disrupted by lack of post-diagnostic support. Given the continued involvement of many parents in supporting their adult son or daughter with ASD, it is vital to understand their experiences to meet their needs in adapting to the diagnosis. Eleven parents of recently diagnosed adults participated in semi-structured interviews which were analysed thematically. Findings d...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hannah Legg Anna Tickle Alinda Gillott Sarah Wilde Source Type: research

Use of a Best Practice Alert (BPA) to Increase Diversity Within a US-Based Autism Research Cohort
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 8. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05407-9. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWe evaluated the success of a best practice alert (BPA) in recruiting underrepresented families into an autism spectrum disorder research cohort by comparing BPA-response outcomes (Interested, Declined, Enrolled, Dismissed) in pediatric primary care practices (TCPs) serving diverse communities with those of subspecialty clinics. Compared to subspecialty clinics, TCPs had higher proportions of Interested responses for patients with private insurance (60.9% vs. 46.2%), Dismissed responses for patients with public insurance (30.1% ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gabrielle F Duhon Andrea R Simon Danica L Limon Kelli L Ahmed Gabriela Marzano Robin P Goin-Kochel Source Type: research

Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Adult Outpatient Psychiatry
In this study, all new patients referred to an adult psychiatric outpatient clinic in Sweden between November 2019 and October 2020 (n = 562) were screened for autism spectrum disorders using the Ritvo Autism and Asperger Diagnostic Scale Screen (RAADS-14). Out of the 304 (58%) responders, 197 who scored above the cut off (14) were invited to participate in an in-depth assessment. Twenty-six of the 48 that participated in the assessment met criteria for ASD and an additional eight had subthreshold ASD symptoms. We estimated the prevalence of ASD in this population to at least 18.9%, with another 5-10% having subthreshold s...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 7, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Johan Nyrenius Jonas Eberhard Mohammad Ghaziuddin Christopher Gillberg Eva Billstedt Source Type: research

Story Comprehension Monitoring Across Visual, Listening, and Written Modalities in Children with and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder
This study evaluated story comprehension monitoring across visual, listening, and written modalities and assessed predictors in two closely matched groups (age, socioeconomic status, language, nonverbal cognition, and word reading) of children and adolescents (8-14 years) with ASD (n = 20) and typical development (typically developing [TD]; n = 20). The results of mixed-effects models indicated that story comprehension monitoring was low overall, and performance was comparable across visual, listening, and written modalities for participants with ASD. Age, vocabulary, nonverbal working memory, response and distractor inhib...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 7, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Meghan M Davidson Kandace K Fleming Source Type: research

Dyadic Effect of Coping on the Perceived Impact of ASD of Children on Parental Quality of Life: Report from the ELENA Cohort
This study aimed to examine, for parents of children with ASD, the dyadic effect of each parent's coping strategy on the perception of the impact of ASD on their QoL. In total, 164 couples completed self-report questionnaires, including the Par-DD-QoL, to evaluate the parental perception of QoL. Results from the actor-partner interdependence model showed that, in addition to the effect of the mothers' and fathers' emotion-focused coping on their own perception of QoL, the mothers' emotion-focused coping plays a key role in the fathers' perception of QoL. These findings suggest that both parents of children with ASD would b...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 7, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Le ïla Brillet Marianne Peries Christelle Vernhet C écile Rattaz C écile Michelon Amaria Baghdadli ELENA study group Source Type: research

Brief Report: Evaluating the Diagnostic Yield of Commercial Gene Panels in Autism
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 7. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05417-7. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAutism is a prevalent neurodevelopmental condition, highly heterogenous in both genotype and phenotype. This communication adds to existing discussion of the heterogeneity of clinical sequencing tests, "gene panels", marketed for application in autism. We evaluate the clinical utility of available gene panels based on existing genetic evidence. We determine that diagnostic yields of these gene panels range from 0.22% to 10.02% and gene selection for the panels is variable in relevance, here measured as percentage overl...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 7, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fiana N í Ghrálaigh Ellen McCarthy Daniel N Murphy Louise Gallagher Lorna M Lopez Source Type: research

Determinants of Inclusion in Mainstream School for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders from the EpiTED Study: A 10-Year Follow-up Cohort
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 6. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05404-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTInclusion of students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in mainstream schools has a positive impact on their social and daily living behaviors. Our objective was to identify clinical and socio-demographic variables promoting or limiting inclusion in mainstream school through childhood and adolescence. The EpiTED study is a long-term, prospective, multicenter cohort of 281 ASD children included before the age of 7, with a 10-year follow-up in France. Variables significantly linked to inclusion in mainstream school were identifi...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 6, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Charlotte Lafont Henri Panjo C écile Michelon Bruno Falissard Mario Speranza Marie-Christine Picot Amaria Baghdadli Alexandra Rouquette Source Type: research

Classification of Preschoolers with Low-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder Using Multimodal MRI Data
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 4. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05368-z. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMultimodal imaging studies targeting preschoolers and low-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) patients are scarce. We applied machine learning classifiers to parameters from T1-weighted MRI and DTI data of 58 children with ASD (age 3-6 years) and 48 typically developing controls (TDC). Classification performance reached an accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 88.8%, 93.0%, and 83.8%, respectively. The most prominent features were the cortical thickness of the right inferior occipital gyrus, mean diffusivity of the mi...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 5, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Johanna Inhyang Kim Sungkyu Bang Jin-Ju Yang Heejin Kwon Soomin Jang Sungwon Roh Seok Hyeon Kim Mi Jung Kim Hyun Ju Lee Jong-Min Lee Bung-Nyun Kim Source Type: research

Brief Report: Above and Beyond Safety: Psychosocial and Biobehavioral Impact of Autism-Assistance Dogs on Autistic Children and their Families
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 4:1-16. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05410-0. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAutism-Assistance Dogs (AADs) are highly-skilled service animals trained primarily to ensure the safety of an autistic child by preventing elopement and mitigating 'meltdowns'. Although anecdotal accounts and case-studies have indicated that AADs confer benefits above and beyond safety, empirical support anchored in validated clinical, behavioral, and physiological measures is lacking. To address this gap, we studied children and their families before and after receiving a well-trained AAD using a within-subject, repeated-m...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 5, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Angela Tseng Source Type: research

Specific Global-Local Visual Processing Abilities Mediate the Influence of Non-social Autistic-like Traits on Mental Rotation
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 4. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05412-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTInconsistent data are available on mental rotation performance in neurotypicals with high autistic-like traits. Here, we tested whether global-local visual processing abilities mediate the influence of specific autistic-like trait domains (social skill, attention switching, attention-to-detail, communication, and imagination) on mental rotation. Neurotypical participants (N = 128) underwent an assessment of autistic-like traits, a flanker task with hierarchical stimuli, and a mental rotation task. Path analysis showed that React...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 5, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Isa Zappullo Vincenzo Paolo Senese Rosa Milo Monica Positano Roberta Cecere Gennaro Raimo Massimiliano Conson Source Type: research

Trends in Geographic Access to Board Certified Behavior Analysts Among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, 2018-2021
In this study we examined trends in geographic access to BCBAs among children with ASD between 2018 and 2021. The sample included all U.S. counties in 50 states and D.C. (N = 3138). Using GIS software we examined change in county-level access to BCBAs between 2018 and 2021 and mapped ASD/BCBA ratios across all counties in both years. Study results indicate that despite modest improvements (e.g., 266 counties added BCBAs), inequitable access persists.PMID:34985719 | PMC:PMC8727480 | DOI:10.1007/s10803-021-05402-0 (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 5, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marissa E Yingling Matthew H Ruther Erick M Dubuque Source Type: research

Defining in Detail and Evaluating Reliability of DSM-5 Criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Among Children
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 4. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05377-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis paper describes a process to define a comprehensive list of exemplars for seven core Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and report on interrater reliability in applying these exemplars to determine ASD case classification. Clinicians completed an iterative process to map specific exemplars from the CDC Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network criteria for ASD surveillance, DSM-5 text, and diagnostic assessments to each of the core DSM-5 ASD ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 4, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C E Rice L A Carpenter M J Morrier C Lord M DiRienzo A Boan C Skowyra A Fusco J Baio A Esler W Zahorodny N Hobson A Mars A Thurm S Bishop L D Wiggins Source Type: research

Perceptions of the Professionals and Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders About Autism Services; A Qualitative Study
J Autism Dev Disord. 2022 Jan 4. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05388-9. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn this qualitative study, we aimed to explore the challenges of providing services and supports for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and their families from the perceptions of professionals and parents of children with ASD. We classified the results of the study into three key categories including shortcomings in the management of children with ASD; shortcomings of supportive programs and facilities for children with ASD and their families; and organizational challenges in providing services for these children. We ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 4, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kamal Gholipour Akbar Ghiasi Hassan Shahrokhi Zeinab Dadashi Simin Javanmard Seyyed Hasan Tabatabaei Shabnam Iezadi Source Type: research