Relative Frequency of Psychiatric, Neurodevelopmental, and Somatic Symptoms as Reported by Mothers of Children with Autism Compared with ADHD and Typical   Samples.
Relative Frequency of Psychiatric, Neurodevelopmental, and Somatic Symptoms as Reported by Mothers of Children with Autism Compared with ADHD and Typical  Samples. J Autism Dev Disord. 2020 Sep 19;: Authors: Mayes SD, Calhoun SL, Baweja R, Waschbusch DA Abstract No study has analyzed the relative occurrence of a broad range of symptoms reported by mothers of children with autism, ADHD-Combined, and ADHD-Inattentive and typical controls. Mothers rated 1436 children with autism, 1056 with ADHD without autism, and 186 controls, 2-17 years, on 41 internalizing, externalizing, neurodevelopmental,...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mayes SD, Calhoun SL, Baweja R, Waschbusch DA Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Insomnia and Treatment Strategies: Improving Quality of Life in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
en ML PMID: 32949314 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vitti-Ruela BV, Dokkedal-Silva V, Morelhão PK, Xavier SD, Tufik S, Andersen ML Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Employing Evidence-Based Practices for Children with Autism in Elementary Schools.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of a comprehensive program model originally developed by the National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorder (NPDC). Sixty elementary schools with 486 participants were randomly assigned to an NPDC and services as usual condition (SAU). Significantly greater changes in program quality occurred in the inclusive NPDC programs as compared with the SAU schools. Teachers in NPDC schools reported using more evidence-based practices (EBPs) and implemented EBPs with significantly greater fidelity than teachers in SAU schools. Autistic student...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sam AM, Odom SL, Tomaszewski B, Perkins Y, Cox AW Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Children on the Autism Spectrum are Challenged by Complex Word Meanings.
Abstract The current work suggests that two factors conspire to make vocabulary learning challenging for youth on the Autism spectrum: (1) a tendency to focus on specifics rather than on relationships among entities and (2) the fact that most words are associated with distinct but related meanings (e.g. baseball cap, pen cap, bottle cap). Neurotypical (NT) children find it easier to learn multiple related meanings of words (polysemy) in comparison to multiple unrelated meanings (homonymy). We exposed 60 NT children and 40 verbal youth on the Autism spectrum to novel words. The groups' performance learning homonyms...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Floyd S, Jeppsen C, Goldberg AE Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Neuroimaging Endophenotypes of Social Robotic Applications in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract A plethora of neuroimaging studies have focused on the discovery of potential neuroendophenotypes useful to understand the etiopathogenesis of autism and predict treatment response. Social robotics has recently been proposed as an effective tool to strengthen the current treatments in children with autism. However, the high clinical heterogeneity characterizing this disorder might interfere with behavioral effects. Neuroimaging is set to overcome these limitations by capturing the level of heterogeneity. Here, we provide a preliminary evaluation of the neural basis of social robotics and how extracting ne...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cerasa A, Ruta L, Marino F, Biamonti G, Pioggia G Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Distributional Properties and Criterion Validity of a Shortened Version of the Social Responsiveness Scale: Results from the ECHO Program and Implications for Social Communication Research.
J, Pandey J, Sathyanarayana S, Schultz RT, St John T, Schmidt R, Volk H, Newschaffer CJ, program collaborators for Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes Abstract Prior work proposed a shortened version of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), a commonly used quantitative measure of social communication traits. We used data from 3031 participants (including 190 ASD cases) from the Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Program to compare distributional properties and criterion validity of 16-item "short" to 65-item "full" SRS scores. Results demonstrated highly ove...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lyall K, Hosseini M, Ladd-Acosta C, Ning X, Catellier D, Constantino JN, Croen LA, Kaat AJ, Botteron K, Bush NR, Dager SR, Duarte CS, Fallin MD, Hazlett H, Hertz-Picciotto I, Joseph RM, Karagas MR, Korrick S, Landa R, Messinger D, Oken E, Ozonoff S, Piven Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Genetic Advances in Autism.
Abstract In the last 40 years, there has been a huge increase in autism genetics research and a rapidly growing number of discoveries. We now know autism is one of the most highly heritable disorders with negligible shared environmental contributions. Recent discoveries also show that rare variants of large effect size as well as small effect common gene variants all contribute to autism risk. These discoveries challenge traditional diagnostic boundaries and highlight huge heterogeneity in autism. In this review, we consider some of the key findings that are shaping current understanding of autism and what th...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thapar A, Rutter M Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Effects of an Inclusive Physical Activity Program on the Motor Skills, Social Skills and Attitudes of Students with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder.
In conclusion, the IPA program increased the motor and social skills of the ASD students and improved the motor skills of the TD students and positively affected their attitudes towards the ASD students. PMID: 32940823 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sansi A, Nalbant S, Ozer D Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Examining Environmental Predictors of Community Participation for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS).
Abstract A geographic information system (GIS) approach systematically assessed whether population density and distribution of community resources contributed to caregiver reported community participation outcomes for 124 adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Regression analyses examined whether GIS measures predicted community participation in areas of social activities and use of services, while also accounting for adult age, conversation ability, and daily living skills (DLS). Results indicated that in addition to person factors of greater DLS and better conversation ability, access to specific community ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chan DV, Klinger MR, Adkisson KA, Klinger LG Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

A Longitudinal Study of Features Associated with Autism Spectrum in Clinic Referred, Gender Diverse Adolescents Accessing Puberty Suppression Treatment.
This study examined scores on the Social Responsiveness Scale, Second Edition (SRS-2) over time in a group of clinic referred, gender diverse adolescents accessing gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRHa) to supress puberty. Primary caregivers of 95 adolescents presenting to the Gender Identity Development Service (GIDS) completed the SRS-2 prior to receiving endocrine input (mean age: 13.6 ± SEM: 0.11) and after approximately one year of accessing GnRHa (mean age: 14.6 ± SEM: 0.13). No significant differences in SRS-2 scores over time and between birth assigned sex were fo...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Russell I, Pearson B, Masic U Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Using a Virtual-Representational-Abstract Integrated Framework to Teach Multiplicative Problem Solving to Middle School Students with Developmental Disabilities.
This study reports effects of a Virtual-Representational-Abstract Integrated framework on the mathematical problem solving skills of three middle school students with developmental disabilities (autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability). All participants improved in their problem solving accuracy when solving multiplicative comparison word problems using realistic double and triple multipliers. Additionally, all participants maintained their mathematical problem solving accuracy after visual supports (graphic organizer) were removed. Detailed findings and implications for future research and practitioners are d...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Root JR, Cox SK, Gilley D, Wade T Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Correction to: Early Word Reading of Preschoolers with ASD, Both With and Without Hyperlexia, Compared to Typically Developing Preschoolers.
Abstract The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in Table 6. The column headings was repeated in the first column along with the text. The corrected Table 6 is given below. PMID: 32930892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Macdonald D, Luk G, Quintin EM Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Planning in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Role of Verbal Mediation.
This study examined verbal mediation during planning in school-age children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) relative to age- and nonverbal IQ- matched typically developing peers using a dual-task paradigm. Analyses showed no group differences in performance. However, in the condition intended to disrupt verbal mediation, language skills were associated with planning performance for the TD group, but not the ASD group. Upon examining ASD subgroups with versus without comorbid structural language impairment, children with ASD and normal language appeared to rely on verbal mediation to a greater degree than children with ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Larson C, Gangopadhyay I, Prescott K, Kaushanskaya M, Ellis Weismer S Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Identification of Native Vowels in Normal and Whispered Speech by Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract The present study aims to investigate the identification of native vowel categories by adult individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and estimate their reaction times in both normal and whisper registers; their responses were compared with those of typically developing individuals. The results demonstrated that there was no deficit for individuals with ASD in normal speech, but their responses in the whispered speech were impaired. Also, individuals with ASD responded quicker than controls in normal speech but slower in the whispered speech; still, their responses were quicker than the responses o...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Georgiou GP Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

How Robust is the Evidence for a Role of Oxidative Stress in Autism Spectrum Disorders and Intellectual Disabilities?
Abstract Growing interest in the pathogenesis of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and other intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) has led to emerging evidence implicating a role for oxidative stress. However, understanding the strength of this association is made challenging by the use of a variety of purported biomarkers of oxidative stress, many of which have either uncertain specificity or flawed methods of analysis. This review aims to address this issue, which is widespread in the ASD and IDD literature, by providing readers with information concerning the strengths and limitations of the choice a...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Burke SL, Cobb J, Agarwal R, Maddux M, Cooke MS Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Social Camouflaging in Females with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review.
In this study, we aimed to systematically review evidence on the camouflage effect in females with ASD. Following the PRISMA guidelines, we reviewed empirical research published from January 2009 to September 2019 on PubMed, Web of Science, PsychInfo and Scopus databases. Thirteen empirical articles were included in this review. Overall, evidence supports that camouflaging seems to be an adaptive mechanism for females with ASD, despite the negative implications of these behaviours in their daily life. PMID: 32926304 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tubío-Fungueiriño M, Cruz S, Sampaio A, Carracedo A, Fernández-Prieto M Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Evaluating a Postsecondary Education Program for Students with Intellectual Disabilities: Leveraging the Parent Perspective.
Abstract Postsecondary education (PSE) programs serving individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) aim to improve life outcomes by increasing skills in three key areas: academics, independent living, and employment. To ensure that PSE programs are successful, ongoing evaluations are necessary. It is particularly important to gather parental perspectives given the integral role they play regarding decision making for students with ID. This qualitative study analyzed data from 58 interviews conducted with parents whose child was enrolled in a PSE program nested within a large public university. Thematic analysi...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Agarwal R, Heron L, Burke SL Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

School-Based Autism Rates by State: An Analysis of Demographics, Political Leanings, and Differential Identification.
Abstract We reviewed federal special education data to determine school-identified prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and other disability categories by U.S. state. We also examined whether state-level policies, demographic factors, and rates of other eligibility categories are predictive of these state ASD rates. Results indicate that overall, 1 of 81 school-aged children are served under an ASD special education eligibility. State-level demographic factors, such as socioeconomic status and political leanings were highly predictive of rates of ASD. States with higher rates of ASD had lower rates of inte...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Safer-Lichtenstein J, Hamilton J, McIntyre LL Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Autonomic and Electrophysiological Evidence for Reduced Auditory Habituation in Autism.
We report data from two independent studies. The first study, was conducted with 13 autistic and 13 age-matched neurotypical young adults and used GSR to assess response to an extended metronomic sequence. The second study involved 24 participants (12 with an ASD diagnosis), different from those in study 1, spanning the pre-adolescent to young adult age range, and used MEG. Both studies reveal consistent patterns of reduced habituation in autistic participants. These results suggest that autism, through mechanisms that are yet to be elucidated, compromises a fundamental aspect of sensory processing, at least in the auditor...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gandhi TK, Tsourides K, Singhal N, Cardinaux A, Jamal W, Pantazis D, Kjelgaard M, Sinha P Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effects of RECALL (Reading to Engage Children with Autism in Language and Learning) for Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
This study investigated the effects of a parent-implemented dialogic reading approach-Reading to Engage Children with Autism in Language and Learning (RECALL)-on the engagement in reading and inference-making ability for preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Thirty-one preschoolers (mean age = 5.90 years, SD = 0.69; 26 boys, 5 girls) were randomly assigned to a treatment or control group. Six weeks of RECALL significantly enhanced story comprehension, emotion knowledge, and reading engagement among preschoolers in the treatment group. This might be the first randomized controlle...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lo JYT, Shum KK Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Are Mental Health, Family and Childhood Adversity, Substance Use and Conduct Problems Risk Factors for Offending in Autism?
Abstract Mental health difficulties, family and childhood adversity factors, substance use and conduct problems have all been linked to offending behaviour in the general population. However, no large-scale study with comparison groups has investigated these risk factors in relation to autistic offenders. The current research included 40 autistic offenders, 40 autistic non-offenders, 40 typically developed (TD) offenders and 39 TD non-offenders. Conduct problems risk factors differentiated autistic offenders from both non-offender groups (autistic and TD) and mental health risk factors differentiated autistic offe...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Payne KL, Maras KL, Russell AJ, Brosnan MJ Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Executive Functioning: A Mediator Between Sensory Processing and Behaviour in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
aio A Abstract Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in social interaction, executive functioning, sensory-perceptual abilities and behaviour, such as anxious/depressed states, attention problems, aggression, or somatic complains. However, the dynamic relationship between these dimensions remains to be addressed. Therefore, we explored the link between executive functions, sensory processing and behaviour in 79 children and adolescents with ASD. Results showed significant associations between all dimensions-executive functions, sensory processing and behaviour...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fernandez-Prieto M, Moreira C, Cruz S, Campos V, Martínez-Regueiro R, Taboada M, Carracedo A, Sampaio A Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Socioeconomic Factors Associated with Minimally Verbal Status in Individuals with ASD.
Abstract About 30% of adults with autism are minimally verbal. Past research suggested that after age five, few gain verbal fluency, but studies have rarely investigated whether family environmental factors contribute to the acquisition of verbal fluency. The present study utilized data from the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised to compare changes in verbal fluency for 404 individuals with autism from childhood to adolescence and adulthood. Socioeconomic factors were examined across fluency groups (i.e., those who did/did not achieve verbal fluency). Findings indicated that fully 60% of those who were minimally ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maltman N, DaWalt LS, Hong J, Mailick M Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

The Relationships Among Autism Spectrum Disorder Traits, Loneliness, and Social Networking Service Use in College Students.
This study aimed to explore the relationships among autism spectrum disorder (ASD) traits, loneliness, and social networking services (SNS) use. We created a questionnaire to evaluate manners during LINE use, which included five factors: "low literacy," "inactive use," "low responsiveness," "lack of consideration," and "low group activity." Structural equation modeling revealed that difficulties in attention switching and low communication skills were associated with low literacy, low social skills were associated with inactive use, and low literacy and inactive use were as...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Suzuki K, Oi Y, Inagaki M Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Autistic Traits Mediate Reductions in Social Attention in Adults with Anorexia Nervosa.
This study examined attention to faces and facial features in AN, recovered AN (REC), and healthy controls, as well as relationships with comorbid psychopathology. One hundred and forty-eight participants' eye movements were tracked while watching a naturalistic social scene. Anxiety, depression, alexithymia, and autistic traits were assessed via self-report questionnaires. Participants with AN spent significantly less time looking at faces compared to REC and controls; patterns of attention to individual facial features did not differ across groups. Autistic traits mediated the relationship between group and time spent lo...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kerr-Gaffney J, Mason L, Jones E, Hayward H, Harrison A, Murphy D, Tchanturia K Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Parent-Teacher Disagreement on Ratings of Behavior Problems in Children with ASD: Associations with Parental School Involvement Over Time.
We examined parent-teacher disagreement on ratings of behavior problems among children with ASD during the fall and spring of the school year. When child, teacher, and class characteristics were considered simultaneously, only ASD symptom severity predicted informant disagreement on internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. We also examined associations between informant disagreement and parent school involvement. Cross-lagged panel analyses revealed that higher informant disagreement on children's behavior problems in the fall predicted lower parent school involvement in the spring, suggesting that greater inform...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Levinson S, Neuspiel J, Eisenhower A, Blacher J Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Mutual Gaze: An Active Ingredient for Social Development in Toddlers with ASD: A Randomized Control Trial.
We examined the efficacy of an early autism intervention for use in early childhood intervention (ECI) and mutual gaze as a contributor to social development. Seventy-eight families were randomly assigned to one of three 12-week interventions: Pathways (with a mutual gaze component), communication, or services-as-usual (SAU). The Pathways/SAU comparison concerned the efficacy of Pathways for ECI, and the Pathways/communication comparison, mutual gaze. The Pathways group made significantly more change on social measures, communicative synchrony, and adaptive functioning compared with the SAU group and on social measures com...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rollins PR, De Froy A, Campbell M, Hoffman RT Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Interaction of Blood Manganese Concentrations with GSTT1 in Relation to Autism Spectrum Disorder in Jamaican Children.
Abstract Using data from 266 age- and sex-matched pairs of Jamaican children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing (TD) controls (2-8 years), we investigated whether glutathione S-transferase theta 1 (GSTT1) modifies the association between blood manganese concentrations (BMC) and ASD. After adjusting conditional logistic regression models for socioeconomic status and the interaction between GSTT1 and GSTP1 (glutathione S-transferase pi 1), using a recessive genetic model for GSTT1 and either a co-dominant or dominant model for GSTP1, the interaction between GSTT1 and BMC was significan...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rahbar MH, Samms-Vaughan M, Saroukhani S, Lee M, Zhang J, Bressler J, Hessabi M, Shakespeare-Pellington S, Grove ML, Loveland KA Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Validation of the Health-Related Independence for Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder Measure- Caregiver Version.
This study describes the validation of a health care transition measure for YA-ASD, the Health-Related Independence (HRI). We collected data from caregivers (n = 490) at five Autism Treatment Network sites and compared the psychometric properties of HRI to the gold standard (STARx) and other validated measures. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis and item culling resulted in 30 items addressing six subscales. Content, criterion, and construct validity and internal consistency indicated high validity and reliability for the scale and subscales. HRI is a validated caregiver-report measure of YA-ASD's self-management...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cheak-Zamora N, Petroski G, La Manna A, Beversdorf D, Farmer J Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Application of Latent Class Analysis to Identify Subgroups of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders who Benefit from Social Skills Training.
Abstract With Latent Class Analysis applied on data of 98 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (9-12 years; 17 girls) participating in social skills training (SST) in a randomized controlled trial (Dekker et al. 2019), four subgroups were detected, based on social-communicative skills before, and response patterns to training. Two subgroups improved after SST. Characterizing the subgroups based on participant and intervention characteristics showed that improvement was related to lower parent-reported perceived difficulty of social-communicative skills at start, higher verbal ability, younger age and ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dekker V, Nauta MH, Timmerman ME, Mulder EJ, Hoekstra PJ, de Bildt A Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Autism does not Dictate Children's Lack of Sharing in a Prosocial Choice Test.
We presented 18 neurotypical children and 33 children with autism with the Dictator Game. Children had the opportunity to allocate toys in recipient present and absent conditions. Both groups donated more items in the recipient present versus absent condition and chose the prosocial option at above chance levels. Children with autism behave as prosocially as neurotypical children do in this paradigm. PMID: 32892236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Townsend L, Robeson A, Vonk J, Rohrbeck K Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Development of the Social Motor Function Classification System for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Psychometric Study.
Abstract To examine reliability and validity of the new Social Motor Function Classification System for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (SMFCS-ASD). The SMFCS-ASD reliability was examined on 25 children (62.4 months SD 7.8) with ASD among six physical therapists. The validity study involved 1001 children (57.0 months, SD 9.9) with ASD using the gross motor scale (GMS) of the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales (PDMS-2). The indices of agreement and reliability across six examiners were moderate to substantial (Cohen's κ ≤ 0.65 and ICC > 0.90, all p 
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pin TW, So VKK, Siu CSH, Yip SSN, Cheung SS, Kan JY Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Predictors of Teacher-Rated Academic Competence in a Clinic Sample of Children With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract The rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) necessitates a greater understanding of the academic experience of diagnosed children. The present study investigates several predictors of teacher-reported academic competence among a sample of elementary school children. All children in the sample were referred for an ASD evaluation and approximately half received a diagnosis. Children with and without ASD did not differ on overall academic competence, social skills, or problem behaviors. Regression analyses indicated that cognitive ability, social skills, and problem behaviors accounted for signif...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Milgramm A, Christodulu KV, Rinaldi ML Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Objective and Subjective Measurement of Alexithymia in Adults with Autism.
In this study, we compared objective and subjective measures of alexithymia in adults with ASD and typically developing adults. We found significantly higher levels of alexithymia in the ASD sample as measured by both self-report on the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and by the observer rated Alexithymia Provoked Response Scale (APRQ). However, the two measures did not correlate with each other. We explore the different facets of the alexithymia construct that these two measures may be distinguishing. PMID: 32888165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ryan C, Cogan S, Phillips A, O'Connor L Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of a School-Based Social Cognitive Intervention on the Social Participation of Chinese Children with Autism.
This study evaluates the efficacy of a school-based social cognitive intervention for children with autism. Seventy-four children and adolescents were taught visually scaffolded, theory of mind-based social skills program. Using a mixed-methods approach, children's social competence was assessed at pre-test and post-test. Compared to a waitlist control group, children in the intervention group demonstrated significantly greater gains on theory-of-mind and social skill measures. Focus groups and interviews were conducted to explore parents' views and generalization of children's social skills across settings. Children's soc...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cheung PPP, Brown T, Yu ML, Siu AMH Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Delayed Diagnosis of Treatable Inborn Errors of Metabolism in Children with Autism and Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders.
The objective of our study was to evaluate the frequency of treatable inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) in a clinical sample of Mexican children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD). Amino acids and acylcarnitines in blood samples of 51 unrelated children and adolescents were analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry to detect treatable IEM of small molecules. One patient with isovaleric acidemia and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and another with beta-ketothiolase deficiency and ASD/intellectual disability/attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were diagnosed, indicating an IEM frequency of 3.9% (1:...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Márquez-Caraveo ME, Ibarra-González I, Rodríguez-Valentín R, Ramírez-García MÁ, Pérez-Barrón V, Lazcano-Ponce E, Vela-Amieva M Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

The Impact of Anxiety in Children on the Autism Spectrum.
Abstract The recognition of anxiety as one of the most commonly co-occurring diagnoses for individuals on the autism spectrum has led to increased research on symptomatology and treatment, but there is limited research documenting the impact of this anxiety. To address this, this study reports on the Child Anxiety Life Interference Scale (CALIS, parent version) in a community sample of 121 parents of children on the autism spectrum. Scores indicate that the anxiety is impacting upon the child's engagement in activities both in and outside of home as well as impacting upon parent life. Explanatory variables differe...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Adams D, Emerson LM Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Parent Training for Youth with Autism Served in Community Settings: A Mixed-Methods Investigation Within a Community Mental Health System.
Abstract Parent training programs focus on parent knowledge and/or skill development regarding strategies to improve child outcomes. Parent training programs are considered evidenced-based treatments for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Yet little is known about parent training use for youth with ASD served in community settings. This mixed methods project examined parent training for Medicaid-enrolled youth with ASD under age 21. Data were obtained from Medicaid claims for 879 youth and surveys from 97 applied behavior analysis (ABA) providers. Open-ended survey items were analyzed with content analysis. Results d...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Straiton D, Groom B, Ingersoll B Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Can I Learn to Play? Randomized Control Trial to Assess Effectiveness of a Peer-Mediated Intervention to Improve Play in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Abstract Play is often used in interventions to improve social outcomes for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Play is a primary occupation of childhood and, therefore, an important outcome of intervention. The Ultimate Guide to Play, Language and Friendship (PLF) is a peer-mediated intervention for 6-11-year-old children with ASD. A total of 68 dyads were randomized to either a 10-week treatment first or waitlist control group. Results revealed a significant moderate intervention effect from pre- to post-intervention, which was maintained to the 3-month follow-up clinic session and generalized to the ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kent C, Cordier R, Joosten A, Wilkes-Gillan S, Bundy A Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Personal Growth Experience among Parents of Children with Autism Participating in Intervention.
Abstract Guided by Pals' (in: McStay (ed) Identity and story: Creating self in narrative, American Psychological Association, Washington DC, 2006) model of self-making through a narrative lens in the context of adversity, this study investigated not only the difficulties but also the personal growth that parents have experienced while participating in the interventions with their children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in mainland China. Based on interviews with 16 purposively sampled parents, thematic analysis revealed themes concerning the parents' acknowledgment of stressful events and their emotional reac...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - September 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Liu XY, To SM Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Parent Perspectives on Sensory-Based Interventions for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
We examined parents' perceptions of the uptake and acceptability of such interventions. An online survey was sent to 399 families; response rate was 39%. The most frequently therapist-recommended interventions were trampoline (54.6%), massage (47.8%), and oral-motor tools (43.8%). Highest use was reported for massage (96.3%), trampoline (89.2%) and joint compressions and brushing (89.2%). The majority of parents viewed these interventions to be very important /important, (74.8%) but barriers to their use were identified. High acceptability of SBIs was reported by parents of children with ASD. PMID: 32852638 [PubMed - ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Peña M, Ng Y, Ripat J, Anagnostou E Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

The Association Between Autistic Traits and Disordered Eating is Moderated by Sex/Gender and Independent of Anxiety and Depression.
We present the findings of an online survey of 691 participants who completed the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26). Following a pre-registered analysis plan, we observed positive correlations between AQ and EAT-26 in males and females, with the association being significantly stronger in females. AQ also remained a significant predictor of EAT-26 when anxiety and depression were controlled for statistically. These findings may be relevant when considering therapeutic interventions in disordered eating populations that exhibit autistic traits....
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Barnett A, Edwards K, Harper R, Evans E, Alexander D, Choudhary M, Richards G Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Correction to: Describing the Profile of Diagnostic Features in Autistic Adults Using an Abbreviated Version of the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders (DISCO-Abbreviated).
Abstract The original version of this article unfortunately contained two labelling errors in Fig. 3 and Figure S4. PMID: 32852640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Carrington SJ, Barrett SL, Sivagamasundari U, Fretwell C, Noens I, Maljaars J, Leekam SR Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Brief Report: Facial Asymmetry and Autistic-Like Traits in the General Population.
Abstract Atypical facial morphology, particularly increased facial asymmetry, has been identified in some individuals with Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC). Many cognitive, behavioural and biological features associated with ASC also occur on a continuum in the general population. The aim of the present study was to examine subthreshold levels of autistic traits and facial morphology in non-autistic individuals. Facial asymmetry was measured using three-dimensional facial photogrammetry, and the Autism-spectrum Quotient was used to measure autistic-like traits in a community-ascertained sample of young adults (n&t...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Boutrus M, Gilani Z, Maybery MT, Alvares GA, Tan DW, Eastwood PR, Mian A, Whitehouse AJO Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Composite Sleep Problems Observed Across Smith-Magenis Syndrome, MBD5-Associated Neurodevelopmental Disorder, Pitt-Hopkins Syndrome, and ASD.
Abstract Caregivers of preschool and elementary school age children with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS), MBD5-associated neurodevelopmental disorder (MAND), and Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PTHS) were surveyed to assess sleep disturbance and to identify disorder-specific sleep problems. Because of overlapping features of these rare genetic neurodevelopmental syndromes, data were compared to reports of sleep disturbance in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). While similarities were observed with ASD, specific concerns between disorders differed, including mean nighttime sleep duration, daytime sleepiness, night w...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gandhi A, Zhou D, Alaimo J, Chon E, Fountain MD, Elsea SH Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

The Development and Preliminary Psychometric Evaluation of the Theory of Mind Inventory: Self Report-Adult (ToMI:SR-Adult).
This study describes the development and psychometric evaluation of a new self-report measure of social cognition: the Theory of Mind Inventory:Self-report-Adult (ToMI:SR-Adult). Adults with autism (or a suspicion of autism; n = 111) and typically developing adults (n = 109) completed a demographic questionnaire and the ToMI:SR-Adult online. Both quantitative and qualitative self-reports of one's own theory of mind functioning were collected. The ToMI:SR-Adult performed well under all examinations of reliability and validity (internal consistency, accuracy of classification, contrasting-groups)....
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hutchins TL, Lewis L, Prelock PA, Brien A Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

The Self of Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Qualitative Study.
Abstract Self-development is a central developmental issue in adolescence, there are few studies describing the experiences related to the self in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We conducted semi-structural interviews with 14 adolescents with ASD and three with ADHD to describe the self. As a result of inductive continuous comparison analysis, three concepts "Interest in self and self-realization", "Intentionality and self-transformation", "Unrealized/unnoticed self" were generated. It was suggested that the characte...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hanai F, Narama M, Tamakoshi K Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

'I Felt Like I was Floating in Space': Autistic Adults' Experiences of Low Mood and Depression.
Abstract It is recognised that a high proportion of adults on the autism spectrum experience depressive symptoms. However, limited research has explored autistic peoples' experiences of low mood and depression. The aim of this study was to explore the lived experiences of low mood and depression for adults on the autism spectrum. The study employed Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis to investigate the experiences of 8 adults (7 males and 1 female), aged between 19 and 51, who had a diagnosis of autism without co-occurring learning disabilities, and experienced low mood or depression. All participants recorded ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jordan AL, Marczak M, Knibbs J Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Case Report: Complicated Molecular Diagnosis of MECP2 Gene Structural Rearrangement in a Proband with Rett Syndrome.
PMID: 32816169 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders)
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Beskorovainaya T, Konovalov F, Demina N, Shchagina O, Pashchenko M, Kanivets I, Pyankov D, Ryzhkova O, Polyakov A Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research

Including Children with Developmental Disabilities in the Equation During this COVID-19 Pandemic.
Abstract Amidst the ongoing novel Coronavirus disease pandemic, children with developmental disabilities warrant specific attention to minimise having disproportionate consequences. These children are especially vulnerable to the effects of the pandemic due to (1) Greater healthcare needs, (2) Dependency on community-based services and (3) Mental health concerns. Healthcare professionals, public health systems and the society needs to come together to advocate for these children by optimising access to healthcare and community intervention services, promoting mental well-being and caregiver welfare. The consequenc...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - August 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aishworiya R, Kang YQ Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research