Machines Treating Patients? It ’s Already Happening
Rayfield Byrd knows when it’s time to wake up every morning. The 68-year-old Oakland, Cal., resident hears a voice from the living room offering a cheery good morning. Except Byrd lives alone. A little after 8 a.m. each day, a small yellow robot named Mabu asks Byrd how he’s doing. Byrd has Type 2 diabetes and congestive heart failure, and about three years ago, he had surgery to implant a microvalve in his heart to keep his blood flowing properly. To stay healthy, he takes four medications a day and needs to exercise regularly. To make sure his heart is still pumping effectively, his doctor needs to stay on top of whether Byrd gets short of breath. But instead of checking in with his doctor all the time, Byrd now talks with Mabu every morning — and sometimes again later in the day. “Mabu keeps me on my toes about remembering to take my medicine,” says Byrd. “And she asks if I’ve had any shortness of breath and other questions pertaining to my health. She keeps me aware of my breathing.” Byrd has been living with Mabu as part of a study for more than a year now, and he’s gotten used to having a daily conversation with the wide-eyed robot, whose eyelids blink like human eyes do to enhance Byrd’s perception that he’s having a conversation with an intelligent machine and not just answering pre-set questions from a computer. Mabu is among the latest examples of what machine learning, or artificial intelligence (AI...
DiscussionOur starting hypothesis was confirmed for the complication rate and clinical outcomes. The benefits of dual mobility cups are emphasized. While the indications for TFR are rare, they will likely increase in the coming years.Level of evidence: IV, Retrospective cohort studyâ€¦
Conclusion: Tacrolimus may be associated with optic neuropathy and PRES at the initial presentation to an ophthalmologist.Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019;10:140 –144
This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of folic acid (FA) on diabetic retinopathy (DR) in a genetic mouse model of obese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). C57BL/KsJ-db/db(db/db) T2D mice were divided into control, FA, metformin (MET), and FA plus MET groups (n = 10/group). Serum levels of glucose, glycated hemoglobin, and insulin were determined weekly. The retinal thickness was measured using optical coherence tomography (OCT) at 4 weeks after treatments. The retinal expression and serum levels of vascular formation, inflammation, and oxidative stress-associated molecules were examined. Our results demonstrated...
Conclusions: Eyes from diabetic patients in the initial stages of DR with different Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study gradings show similar prevalence of SCME and CIME, independent of the severity of the retinopathy. Retinal edema is located mainly in the INL and appears to be mostly extracellular except in the earliest stages of diabetic retinal disease where intracellular edema predominates.Ophthalmic Res
Conclusion: The majority of patients operated for primary RRD achieved a reasonable long-term visual outcome. Notably, female gender was associated with poor visual outcome, indicating a need for closer follow-up.Ophthalmic Res
Conclusions: Baseline DRIL has been shown to be predictive of postoperative visual outcome in patients with iERM, treated with PPV.Ophthalmic Res
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): Brooke Liang, Sara S. Lange, L. Stewart Massad, Rebecca Dick, Kathryn A. Mills, Andrea R. Hagemann, Carolyn K. McCourt, Premal H. Thaker, Katherine C. Fuh, David G. Mutch, Matthew A. Powell, Lindsay M. KurokiAbstractObjectiveTo assess the renal outcomes of gynecologic oncology patients who present with hydronephrosis and acute kidney injury (AKI), have
In conclusion, STH have shown a chemo-preventive action on different colon cancer cell models.Graphical abstract
Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 57Author(s): Kamesh Venkatakrishnan, Hui-Fang Chiu, Chin-Kun WangAbstractDiabetes mellitus (DM) and its related complications are the serious public health concern globally. This is the first review highlight on major functional foods and herbs with anti-diabetic activity particularly focus on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with special reference to clinical trials and their proposed anti-diabetic mechanisms. This contribution summarizes the current prevalence of DM, etiology and pathophysiology, complications related to DM, current conventional treatm...
Background: The circadian timing system or circadian clock plays a crucial role in many biological processes, such as the sleep-wake cycle, hormone secretion, cardiovascular health, glucose homeostasis, and body temperature regulation. Energy balance is also one of the most important cornerstones of metabolic processes, whereas energy imbalance is associated with many diseases (i.e., obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease). Circadian clock is the main regulator of metabolism, and this analysis provides an overview of the bidirectional effect of circadian rhythm on metabolic processes and energy balance.Summary: The circ...
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