Query: stroke

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Prediction of vibration and exhaust gas emission characteristics using palm oil with nano particle diesel fuel
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): V. Velmurugan, S.M. Aathif Akmal, V. Paramasivam, S. ThanikaikarasanAbstractThe usage of biodiesel is one of the current trends in the development of reducing the environmental pollution due to the emission of toxic gases and annoying noise and vibration which affects the health of the automobile end users. Though many of the alternate bio fuels have been used by the research in the view of improving the performance of the diesel engines still some residual problems like to low frequency noise and emission in diesel engines a...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - September 22, 2019 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Periodontitis and cerebrovascular disease: a new novel in medicine.
In conclusion, patients with stroke have a higher prevalence of periodontitis. PMID: 31538460 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - September 21, 2019 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research

Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for ARUBA-Eligible Patients with Unruptured Brain Arteriovenous Malformations.
CONCLUSION: GKS was shown to achieve a favorable outcome with low procedure-related morbidity in majority of the ARUBA-eligible patients. The outcome after GKS in our patients was not inferior to that of medical care alone in the ARUBA study. It is suggested that GKS is rather superior to medical care considering the short follow-up duration of the ARUBA study. PMID: 31538418 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - September 21, 2019 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Six Months Later: Final Helistroke Pilot Time Analysis
The 2015 trials for interventional management of stroke yielded high rates of recanalization and good functional outcome. The DAWN (DWI or CTP Assessment with Clinical Mismatch in the Triage of Wake-up and Late Presenting Strokes Undergoing Neurointervention with Trevo; NCT02142283) and DEFUSE 3 (Endovascular Therapy Following Imaging Evaluation for Ischemic Stroke 3; NCT02586415) trials (1,2) demonstrated effectiveness for up to 24 hours (2). The workflow analysis of the SWIFT-PRIME (Solitaire with the Intention for Thrombectomy as PRIMary Endovascular Treatment; NCT01657461) trial data showed that there was a 91% probabi...
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - September 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Abhishek Srinivas, Nikhil Bhagat, John Lynch, Amgad El Mekabaty, Kelvin Hong, Zurab Nadareishvili, Harjit Singh, Ferdinand K. Hui Tags: Letter Section Source Type: research

Oral Anticoagulation in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation and a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1A current opinion of the European Society of Cardiology Working Group on Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy and European Society of Cardiology Council on Stroke
Source: European Heart Journal - September 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Major Amputation Rates in Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease Aged 50  Years and Over in Denmark during the period 1997-2014 and their Relationship with Demographics, Risk Factors, and Vascular Services.
CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of major amputations decreased, while general cardiovascular prevention and revascularisation rates increased. Despite that, few patients had revascularisation prior to amputation, leaving room for improvements. PMID: 31551135 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: PubMed: Eur J Vasc Endovasc ... - September 21, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Londero LS, Hoegh A, Houlind K, Lindholt J Tags: Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg Source Type: research

Familiarity with visual forms contributes to a left-lateralized and increased N170 response for Chinese characters
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Licheng Xue, Urs Maurer, Xuchu Weng, Jing ZhaoAbstractWhile skilled readers produce an increased and left-lateralized event-related-potential (ERP) component, known as N170, for strings of letters compared to strings of less familiar units, it remains unclear whether perceptual familiarity plays an important role in driving increased and left-lateralized N170 for print. The present study addressed this issue by examining N170 responses for regular Chinese characters and cursive Chinese characters which are visually less familiar regardin...
Source: Neuropsychologia - September 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The Future of Minor Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack: The RAVEN Approach Is Promising but Not Ready for Prime Time
Publication date: October 2019Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine, Volume 74, Issue 4Author(s): Tracy E. Madsen, Charles R. Wira
Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine - September 20, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of stent-retriever thrombectomy in large vessel occlusion strokes of the anterior circulation: Analysis from the French societal perspective.
CONCLUSION: SRT was dominant from a French societal perspective, from 9 years post-stroke onwards. Cost-effectiveness of SRT added to SOC becomes undisputable with evidences from payer and societal viewpoints. PMID: 31526554 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue Neurologique - September 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research

A pilot evaluation of simulation-based interprofessional education for occupational therapy, speech pathology and dietetic students: improvements in attitudes and confidence.
Authors: Mills B, Hansen S, Nang C, McDonald H, Lyons-Wall P, Hunt J, O'Sullivan T Abstract Many higher education institutions struggle to provide interprofessional practice opportunities for their pre-licensure students due to demanding workloads, difficulties with timetabling, and problems with sourcing suitable placements that provide appropriate practice opportunities. A series of complex unfolding video-based simulation scenarios involving a patient who had experienced a stroke was utilized as a case study for a three-hour interprofessional practice workshop. 69 occupational therapy (OT), speech pathology (SP)...
Source: Journal of Interprofessional Care - September 20, 2019 Category: Health Management Tags: J Interprof Care Source Type: research

Prediction of noise, vibration and exhaust gas emission characteristics using palm oil in a four stroke diesel
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): V. Velmurugan, C. Naveen kumar, V. Paramasivam, S. ThanikaikarasanAbstractIn the today’s world of transport usage by passenger and the driver, Noise and vibration of the diesel engine vehicles are an important issue to be addressed by the automotive industries. This issue is not only makes the occupants fatigue but also increases the environmental noise and smoke pollution from the Diesel engine vehicle. As the usage of the diesel fuelled passenger cars are increasing due to its more mileage, better performance efficiency. ...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - September 20, 2019 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Novel Models for the Prediction of Left Atrial Appendage Thrombus in Patients with Chronic Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation.
In this study, we sought to develop new and simpler models for LAAT prediction in chronic nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. The study enrolled 144 patients with chronic nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who underwent transesophageal echocardiography for LAAT detection. We examined the association of LAAT incidence with the CHA2DS2-VASc score and echocardiographic parameters pertaining to the left atrium (LA), including diameter, volume index, strain, and strain rate measured on speckle tracking echocardiography. LAAT was found in 24.3% of patients (39/144). The following parameters had good diagnostic performance for LAAT: LA...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - September 20, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Van Chien D, Thai Giang P, Son PT, Truong LV, Nguyen Son P Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Exercise Interventions for Individuals With Neurological Disorders: A Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews
Fall prevention requires a multifaceted approach that should include individual risk assessment and intervention strategies. Exercise interventions may mitigate most risk factors for falls (eg, balance impairment, gait impairment, and muscle weakness). Numerous systematic reviews or meta-analyses have assessed the effectiveness of exercise interventions among people with various types of neurological disorders; however, the evidence obtained has not been synthesized into an overview. Therefore, the present systematic review assessed systematic reviews of exercise intervention for fall prevention among people with neurologi...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - September 20, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Literature Review Source Type: research

A left ventricular phantom for 3D echocardiographic twist measurements.
Authors: Hjertaas JJ, Matre K Abstract Traditional two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) studies have shown a wide range of twist values, also for normal hearts, which is due to the limitations of short-axis 2D ultrasound. The same limitations do not apply to three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound, and several studies have shown 3D ultrasound to be superior to 2D ultrasound, which is unreliable for measuring twist. The aim of this study was to develop a left ventricular twisting phantom and to evaluate the accuracy of 3D STE twist measurements using different acquisition methods and vol...
Source: Biomedizinische Technik/Biomedical Engineering - September 20, 2019 Category: Biomedical Engineering Tags: Biomed Tech (Berl) Source Type: research

The Impact of Preoperative Clopidogrel on Outcomes After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
ConclusionsCABG can be safely performed in patients with recent clopidogrel exposure with no increased risk of early or late mortality. However, CABG should be delayed for at least 5 days, if clinically feasible, to minimize transfusions and reoperation risk. In patients with more urgent indications, delaying CABG at least 3 days can mitigate but not eliminate the increased bleeding risk.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - September 20, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Automated Estimation of Acute Infarct Volume from Noncontrast Head CT Using Image Intensity Inhomogeneity Correction.
Authors: Cauley KA, Mongelluzzo GJ, Fielden SW Abstract Identification of early ischemic changes (EIC) on noncontrast head CT scans performed within the first few hours of stroke onset may have important implications for subsequent treatment, though early stroke is poorly delimited on these studies. Lack of sharp lesion boundary delineation in early infarcts precludes manual volume measures, as well as measures using edge-detection or region-filling algorithms. We wished to test a hypothesis that image intensity inhomogeneity correction may provide a sensitive method for identifying the subtle regional hypodensity ...
Source: International Journal of Biomedical Imaging - September 20, 2019 Category: Radiology Tags: Int J Biomed Imaging Source Type: research

Aortic valve stenosis awareness in Austria —results of a nationwide survey in 1001 subjects
SummaryDespite the prognostic significance of severe aortic valve stenosis, knowledge is limited in the general population. To document the status quo for Austria, knowledge about valvular heart disease/aortic valve stenosis was documented in 1001 participants>60  years of age. 6.7% of respondents were knowledgeable of aortic valve stenosis, with 1.6% being concerned about the condition (24.1% cancer, 18.8% Alzheimer’s disease, 15.1% stroke). 29.5% were familiar with valvular heart disease (76.7% heart attack, 36.9% stroke). Only 1/3 reported auscultatio n by their general practitioner (GP) at least every third visi...
Source: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift - September 20, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Possible synergistic effect of apoE and LRP1 genotypes on metabolic syndrome development in Serbian patients.
Abstract The modern way of life contributes to the higher frequency of a complex state medically called metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is an inevitable consequence of several most common diseases of modern civilization. Patients with MetS have three times higher risk of experiencing a heart attack or a stroke and twice higher possibility to die from them. Serbia holds the infamous third place in Europe in mortality from heart disease, just behind Russia and Ukraine. The study explores the correlation of every combination of genotypes of apoE (apolipoprotein E) and LRP1 (low density receptor- related protein 1) g...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - September 20, 2019 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Vučinić N, Stankov K, Đan M, Barjaktarović I, Stokić E, Strajnić LJ, Obreht D, Đan I Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research

Levels of physical activity and quality of life among community-dwelling adults with stroke in a developing country
Source: European Journal of Physiotherapy - September 20, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pradeepa Nayak Senthil D. Kumaran Abraham Samuel Babu Arun G. Maiya John M. Solomon Source Type: research

Randomized Controlled Trials on Intracerebral Hemorrhage: A Cross Sectional Retrospective Analysis of CONSORT Item Adherence
Conclusions: Over 20 years after its inception there is still weak adherence to the CONSORT statement. As a consequence, conclusions are hampered by inadequate planning and/or reporting. Particularly with respect to pathologies as ICH lacking clear, evidence-based guidelines adherence to the CONSORT statement might improve research quality in order to define valuable treatment strategies.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - September 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Levels of physical activity and quality of life among community-dwelling adults with stroke in a developing country
Source: European Journal of Physiotherapy - September 20, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pradeepa Nayak Senthil D. Kumaran Abraham Samuel Babu Arun G. Maiya John M. Solomon Source Type: research

Natural Tolerance to Ischemia and Hypoxemia in Diving Mammals: A Review
Reperfusion injury follows ischemia/reperfusion events occurring during myocardial infarction, stroke, embolism, and other peripheral vascular diseases. Decreased blood flow and reduced oxygen tension during ischemic episodes activate cellular pathways that upregulate pro-inflammatory signaling and promote oxidant generation. Reperfusion after ischemia recruits inflammatory cells to the vascular wall, further exacerbating oxidant production and ultimately resulting in cell death, tissue injury, and organ dysfunction. Diving mammals tolerate repetitive episodes of peripheral ischemia/reperfusion as part of the cardiovascula...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - September 20, 2019 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Alternative ultrasound modalities to attempt to assess high risk asymptomatic carotid plaques
Duplex ultrasound examination, computed tomography scans, and magnetic resonance angiography have traditionally been used as noninvasive methods to assess carotid stenosis severity. The degree of stenosis in asymptomatic patients has often been used as the main criterion to assess risk for plaque embolization and stroke. There has been an effort to find alternate methods to assess vulnerable plaques. This has included many modalities, including magnetic resonance imaging and other ultrasound techniques.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - September 19, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Jeffrey J. Siracuse Tags: Invited commentary Source Type: research

Relationship between upper limb function and functional neural connectivity among motor related-areas during recovery stage after stroke.
Conclusions: The FCs recorded at rest, as well as during the finger motor task, by the five electrodes placed on motor-related areas could be used to predict the motor function and recovery of the upper limb affected by stroke. The results indicate the possibility of using FCs recorded by conventional EEG with electrodes as biomarkers to predict motor recovery after stroke. PMID: 31535592 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Hoshino T, Oguchi K, Inoue K, Hoshino A, Hoshiyama M Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Economic evaluation of transferring first-stroke survivors to rehabilitation wards: A 10-year longitudinal, population-based study.
Conclusions: The 10-year post-stroke follow-up showed that transferring patients to the rehabilitation ward is more cost effective than rehabilitation without transfer to the rehabilitation ward and no rehabilitation. PMID: 31535585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Chen CM, Yang YH, Lee M, Chen KH, Huang SS Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Association of Ultrasonography and MRI Findings with Stroke Recurrence: Differences Between Patients with Past Histories of Atherothrombotic Versus Lacunar Infarctions
This study investigated the association of MRI and ultrasonography findings with stroke recurrence in patients with past histories of atherothrombotic infarctions (ATIs) or lacunar infarctions (LIs). Methods: We prospectively analyzed the incidence of stroke recurrence. Deep and lobar cerebral microbleeds (MBs), asymptomatic lacunae, asymptomatic intracerebral hemorrhages (ICHs), severe white matter lesions (WML), and intima-media thickness (IMT) were investigated on enrollment. Stroke recurrence rates were compared by using the log-rank test.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 18, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Toshio Imaizumi, Shigeru Inamura, Aya Kanno, Tatsufumi Nomura, Sang Nyon Kim Source Type: research

Effects of the Interaction among Motor Functions on Self-care in Individuals with Stroke
No study to date has focused on what combinations of motor functions are strongly associated with self-care independence in individuals with stroke. The purpose of this study is to clarify the impact of motor function interactions on self-care independence in individuals with stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 18, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Takaaki Fujita, Kazuaki Iokawa, Toshimasa Sone, Kazuhiro Yamane, Yuichi Yamamoto, Yoko Ohira, Koji Otsuki Source Type: research

Potential Clinical and Radiographic Horizontal Gaze Deviation an Early Sign of Stroke
The recent article from Jiang et al “Degree of Conjugate Gaze Deviation on CT Predicts Proximal Vessel Occlusion and May Expedite Endovascular Therapy,” Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease 2019; 28:1093-10981 provides valuable information that may lead to early stroke intervention. They found that radiographic horizontal gaze deviation (h-CGD) detected by CTA is frequently associated with a proximal arterial occlusion (either ICA or proximal segments of the MCA); the h-CGD was always ipsilesional.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 17, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Jorge C. Kattah Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Mechanical Recanalization after Transfer from a Distant Primary Stroke Center: Effectiveness and Future Directions
Introduction: Little is known about the effectiveness of endovascular treatment (EVT) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) due to large vessel occlusion (LVO) admitted to a primary stroke center (PSC). The aim of this study was to assess EVT effectiveness after transfer from a PSC to a distant (156 km apart; 1.5 hour by car) comprehensive stroke center (CSC), and to discuss perspectives to improve access to EVT, if indicated. Patients and Method: Analysis of the data collected in a 6-year prospective registry of patients admitted to a PSC for AIS due to LVO and selected for transfer to a distant CSC for EVT.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 16, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Geoffroy Farouil, Denis Sablot, Franck Leibinger, Laur ène Van Damme, Francis Coll, Nicolas Gaillard, Majo Ibanez, Philippe Smadja, Laurent Benayoun, Anais Dutray, Maxime Tardieu, Ludovic Nguyen Them, Jean-Marie Bonnec, Snejana Jurici, Zoubir Mourad Bens Source Type: research

Association between Common Genetic Variants in ESR1 and Stroke Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Objectives: The associations between estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) polymorphisms and stroke risk have been investigated in various studies, but remain controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the relationships between ESR1 rs2234693 and rs9340799 polymorphisms and the risk of stroke. Methods: Electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP database, and WanFang database were searched for eligible studies up to March 2019. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the strength of associations under different genetic models.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 16, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Rong Fu, Yin Shen, Jin Zheng Source Type: research

Immune Responses and Anti-inflammatory Strategies in a Clinically Relevant Model of Thromboembolic Ischemic Stroke with Reperfusion
AbstractThe poor clinical relevance of experimental models of stroke contributes to the translational failure between preclinical and clinical studies testing anti-inflammatory molecules for ischemic stroke. Here, we (i) describe the time course of inflammatory responses triggered by a thromboembolic model of ischemic stroke and (ii) we examine the efficacy of two clinically tested anti-inflammatory drugs: Minocycline or anti-CD49d antibodies (tested in stroke patients as Natalizumab) administered early (1  h) or late (48 h) after stroke onset. Radiological (lesion volume) and neurological (grip test) outcomes were evalu...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - September 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The First 10 Thrombolysis for Acute Ischemic Stroke in Lao People's Democratic Republic under Teleconsultation from Thailand
This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of thrombolytic therapy administration at Mittaphab Hospital, Lao PDR under the international telestroke consultation system from King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thailand. Methods: Acute ischemic stroke patients who presented at Mittaphab Hospital within 4.5 hours after the onset and received thrombolytic therapy between December 2016 and June 2017 were studied.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Aurauma Chutinet, Saysavath Keosodsay, Pongpat Vorasayan, Jitlada Samajarn, Wasan Akarathanawat, Naruchorn Kijpaisalratana, Naly Norsakpeseuth, Ketmany Phetsiriseng, Snong Thongsna, Pakkawan Vongvasinkul, Nijasri C. Suwanwela Source Type: research

Use of 3-Dimensional, Black-Blood, Contrast-Enhanced, T1-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Identify Vascular Occlusion in the Posterior Circulation After Acute Ischemic Stroke
Background: Three-dimensional, black-blood, contrast-enhanced, T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (3D-BB-ceT1-MRI) could play a role in detection of thrombi and symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis. We investigated the role of 3D-BB-ceT1-MRI in patients with acute ischemic stroke in the posterior circulation, and compared our findings with those from susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 3D-BB-ceT1-MRI for patients between January 2017 and August 2018 with acute ischemic symptoms in the posterior circulation.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 13, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Gyung Ho Chung, Seung Bae Hwang, Hyo Sung Kwak Source Type: research

Beneficial Effects of Theta-Burst Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Stroke Injury via Improving Neuronal Microenvironment and Mitochondrial Integrity
We report that rTMS significantly attenuated behavioral deficits and infarct volume after PT stroke. Fur ther investigation demonstrated that rTMS remarkably reduced synaptic loss and neuronal degeneration in the peri-infarct cortical region. Mechanistic studies displayed that beneficial effects of rTMS were associated with robust suppression of reactive micro/astrogliosis and the overproduction of pro -inflammatory cytokines, as well as oxidative stress and oxidative neuronal damage especially at the late stage following PT stroke. Intriguingly, rTMS could effectively induce a shift in microglial M1/M2 phenotype activatio...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - September 12, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Subclinical Peripheral Arterial Disease in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Study with Ultrasonography
Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an advanced form of atherosclerosis defined by an abnormal ankle-brachial index (ABI). However, the ABI provides no information about the location of atherosclerosis. We investigated the clinical implication of PAD confirmed using lower-extremity ultrasonography (LEUS), with consideration of the atherosclerosis location. Methods: Patients with acute ischemic stroke who underwent LEUS were enrolled. Patients with PAD were further divided into those with PAD at the proximal (above-popliteal artery, PADP) and distal (below-tibialis artery, PADD) segments.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 12, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Yu Yong Shin, Sang Hee Ha, Ho Geol Woo, Sung Hyuk Heo, Dae-il Chang, Bum Joon Kim Source Type: research

Napping Once Or Twice A Week Could Lower Heart Attack & Stroke Risk, Study Finds
By Amy Woodyatt, CNN (CNN) — Some good news for nap fanatics — a new study has found that a daytime nap taken once or twice a week could lower the risk of heart attacks or strokes. Researchers from the University Hospital of Lausanne, Switzerland studied the association between napping frequency and duration and the risk of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular disease complications. Tracking 3,462 people between the ages of 35 and 75 for just over five years, the report authors found that those who indulged in occasional napping — once or twice a week, for between five minutes to an hour — were 48% ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - September 10, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Heart Attack Stroke Source Type: news

Prediction of Gait without Physical Assistance after Inpatient Rehabilitation in Severe Subacute Stroke Subjects
This study is aimed at describing the frequency of achievement of gait without physical assistance in poststroke subacute patients by the time of discharge from a rehabilitation hospitalized program. Secondarily, our goal is to identify gait without physical assistance predictors in this same population based on the admission's clinical and demographic conditions. Methods: Data from 185 first unilateral hemispheric stroke patients that need physical assistance to walk at admission were analyzed.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 10, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: M.G. Gianella, C.F. Gath, L. Bonamico, L.E. Olmos, M.J. Russo Source Type: research

Acute changes in cortical activation during active ankle movement after whole-body vibration for spasticity in hemiplegic legs of stroke patients: a functional near-infrared spectroscopy study.
Conclusions: In patients with stroke-related spastic-hemiplegic legs, WBV might result not only in clinical improvement but also in acute increase in sensorimotor cortical activation. PMID: 31483746 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 4, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Miyara K, Kawamura K, Matsumoto S, Ohwatashi A, Itashiki Y, Uema T, Noma T, Ikeda K, Shimodozono M Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Association between caregiver engagement and patient-reported healthcare utilization after stroke: a mixed-methods study.
Conclusions: Higher rates of healthcare utilization by SSs with engaged CGs may be driven by greater stroke severity and greater need for services. Interestingly, the presence of an engaged CG did not facilitate more care for the SS after adjusting for stroke severity. PMID: 31483738 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 4, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Liu C, Marino V, Sheehan OC, Huang J, Roth DL, Haley WE Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of using Gait Exercise Assist Robot (GEAR) on gait pattern in stroke patients: a cross-sectional pilot study.
Conclusions: Gait training using the GEAR had effects on reducing abnormal gait patterns and improving gait velocity, stride, and unaffected-side step length compared to conventional gait training alone in individuals recovering from stroke-induced hemiplegia. PMID: 31483736 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 4, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Katoh D, Tanikawa H, Hirano S, Mukaino M, Yamada J, Sasaki S, Ohtsuka K, Katoh M, Saitoh E Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of proprioceptive stimulation induced by footplate during center of pressure movement tracking training on the balance abilities of patients with chronic hemiplegic stroke: a randomized, controlled, pilot study.
Conclusion: COP movement tracking training in dynamic mode was found to be a more effective intervention for improving the static balancing abilities of stroke patients than training in static mode. PMID: 31480897 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 4, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Cha JH, Kim NH, Cha YJ Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Non-pharmacological interventions for post-stroke emotionalism (PSE) within inpatient stroke settings: a theory of planned behavior survey.
Conclusions: Our survey data reveal that stroke clinicians report regular use of non-pharmacological interventions for PSE. There is a pressing need for well-conducted clinical trials to evaluate the effectiveness of these approaches. PMID: 31461389 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 28, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Gillespie DC, Cadden AP, West RM, Broomfield NM Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Daytime physical activity at admission is associated with improvement of gait independence 1 month later in people with subacute stroke: a longitudinal study.
Conclusions: To promote recovery of gait independence in first month from admission, increasing daytime physical activity, especially LIPA during daytime or non-therapy time, is an important treatment target in subacute stroke. PMID: 31405344 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 12, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Shimizu N, Hashidate H, Ota T, Yatsunami M Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Medical Mobile Applications for Stroke Survivors and Caregivers
Recent studies estimate nearly half of the US population can access mobile medical applications (apps) on their smartphones. The are no systematic data available on apps focused on stroke survivors/caregivers.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 12, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Pirouz Piran, Jinu Thomas, Saroj Kunnakkat, Abhishek Pandey, Nadege Gilles, Sarah Weingast, Dee Burton, Clotilde Balucani, Steven R. Levine, The Mobile Applications for Stroke (MAPPS) Investigators Source Type: research

The post-stroke upper limb improvement effort survey (IMPETUS): asurvey of individuals with chronic stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Participants desired more arm/hand strength, function, and recovery that they perceived they had achieved. Impairment - level factors posed more barriers to arm recovery than socioeconomic ones. Most participants were interested in using arm/hand training devices; the most important device characteristic is functional gain. PMID: 31386604 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 6, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Sullivan JE, Drogos J, Carmona C, Yao J Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Very early cognitive screening and return to work after stroke.
Conclusions: Screening for cognitive impairments at 36-48-h post stroke is apparently too early for predicting RTW, and thus cannot be the sole basis for discharge planning after stroke. Additional research is needed to further analyze cognitive function early after stroke and RTW. PMID: 31369365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Westerlind E, Abzhandadze T, Rafsten L, Persson HC, Sunnerhagen KS Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Audiovisual speech segmentation in post-stroke aphasia: a pilot study.
Conclusion: Our findings show that speech segmentation disorder may exist in PWA. This points to the importance of assessing and training speech segmentation after stroke. Further studies should investigate the characteristics of PWA who use visual speech cues during sentence processing. PMID: 31369358 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Basirat A, Allart É, Brunellière A, Martin Y Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Impact of transitional care for discharged elderly stroke patients in China: an application of the Integrated Behavioral Model.
Conclusions: This study provided evidence of concurrent self-reported and objective clinical indicators in discharged elderly stroke patients for the impact of the IBM-based 3-month TC intervention, which can be recommended for clinical practice. PMID: 31369355 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Geng G, He W, Ding L, Klug D, Xiao Y Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Improving balance with wobble board exercises in stroke patients: single-blind, randomized clinical trial.
Conclusions: Wobble board exercises, when combined with the conventional physiotherapy, are safe and effective in restoring functional balance in patients with hemiplegia following ischemic strokes. PMID: 31348727 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 26, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Madhuranga PVH, Mathangasinghe Y, Anthony DJ Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Motor imagery as a complementary technique for functional recovery after stroke: a systematic review.
Conclusions: The use of MI combined with conventional rehabilitation is an effective method for the recovery of functionality after stroke. Due to the great heterogeneity in the scientific literature available, new lines of research are necessary, in order to include well-designed studies of good methodological quality and to establish a consensus regarding the most appropriate protocols. PMID: 31347992 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 26, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: López ND, Monge Pereira E, Centeno EJ, Miangolarra Page JC Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research