Query: stroke

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Total 92412 results found since Jan 2013.

A scoping review of psychoeducational interventions for people after transient ischemic attack and minor stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Definitions of stroke severity are not adequately reported. There are a variety of interventions including education about a range of stroke-specific topics. Many interventions are not adequately described, thus making it difficult to determine if the aim was to provide information or support post-TIA/minor stroke. There is a need for an in-depth systematic review to develop a clear definition of psychoeducation. PMID: 32996432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 29, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Kontou E, Kettlewell J, Condon L, Thomas S, Lee AR, Sprigg N, Watkins DC, Walker MF, Shokraneh F Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Subacute ischemic stroke rehabilitation outcomes in working-age adults: The role of aphasia in cognitive functional independence.
CONCLUSIONS: We identified no significant differences in C-FIM outcomes (gain, efficiency and effectiveness) either in LOS between PWA and patients without aphasia, though C-FIM differences were significant at admission and discharge. Aphasia was a significant predictor of C-FIM gain and C-FIM at discharge. PMID: 32967590 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: García-Rudolph A, García-Molina A, Cegarra B, Opisso E, Saurí J, Tormos JM, Bernabeu M Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Verbal feedback enhances motor learning during post-stroke gait retraining.
CONCLUSIONS: Addition of individualized verbal feedback (FF+PT) to a single session of gait training may enhance within- and across-session learning of targeted gait variables in people post-stroke, and merits more investigation. PMID: 32942960 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 17, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Rendos NK, Zajac-Cox L, Thomas R, Sato S, Eicholtz S, Kesar TM Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Reliability and validity of the incremental shuttle walking test in individuals after stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: The ISWT demonstrated adequate reliabilities and construct validity for exercise capacity assessment. However, the concurrent validity of the ISWT as an estimation of cardiopulmonary fitness still requires further research. PMID: 32924882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Quintino LF, Aguiar LT, de Brito SAF, Pereira AS, Teixeira-Salmela LF, de Morais Faria CDC Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Re. Alcantara et al. Cryotherapy reduces muscle hypertonia, but does not affect lower limb strength or gait kinematics post-stroke: a randomized controlled crossover study. Top Stroke Rehabil 2019; 26(4): 267-280.
PMID: 32886572 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 3, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Couto MCD Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of detraining on cardiorespiratory fitness of individuals with chronic stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Detraining on cardiorespiratory fitness of individuals after chronic stroke occurred within only 1 month. Therefore, it is important to maintain aerobic training throughout life. PMID: 32881640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 2, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Pereira AS, Aguiar LT, Quintino LF, de Brito SAF, Britto RR, Faria CDCM Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Electroacupuncture with rehabilitation training for limb spasticity reduction in post-stroke patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: EA with rehabilitation training could be a good strategy for reducing limb spasticity after stroke and is better than EA alone or rehabilitation training alone. However, its effectiveness remains to be further verified by large-sample and high-quality RCTs. PMID: 32845210 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 25, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Zhang J, Zhu L, Tang Q Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Changes in electroencephalography complexity and functional magnetic resonance imaging connectivity following robotic hand training in chronic stroke.
Conclusion: In conclusion, robotic hand training significantly facilitated stroke motor recovery, and FD, along with connectivity analysis can detect neuroplasticity changes. PMID: 32799771 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 16, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Khan A, Chen C, Yuan K, Wang X, Mehra P, Liu Y, Tong KY Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Australian health professionals' perceptions about the management of return to driving early after stroke: A mixed methods study.
CONCLUSIONS: Education of health professionals in RTD guidelines is recommended to improve the processes of care after stroke. PMID: 32787668 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Frith J, James C, Hubbard I, Warren-Forward H Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Assessing adherence to physical activity programs post-stroke at home: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review revealed suboptimal reporting of RCTs of physical activity interventions. The use of a diary with the post-stroke population at home was common, despite the lack of an objective method of adherence assessment. Stricter compliance to CONSORT guidelines and complementary direct adherence measurement is advised to improve activity adherence research. PMID: 32787644 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Lu R, Lloyd-Randolfi D, Jones H, Connor LT, AlHeresh R Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of two different robot-assisted arm training on upper limb motor function and kinematics in chronic stroke survivors: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Improvements of upper limb motor function occurred during robot-assisted arm training with robotic systems. Low inertia robot arm was more effective in improving the motor function of the hand and wrist. The results may be useful for robot-assisted training for upper limb impairment. PMID: 32791945 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Cho KH, Song WK Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Augmented exercise pressor response during maximal treadmill exercise is not related to systemic inflammation in stroke survivors.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, stroke survivors exhibit greater increases in systolic blood pressure during maximal treadmill exercise compared to controls. These responses do not appear to be related to systemic inflammation. Future work should seek to delineate the mechanisms responsible for exaggerated blood pressure responses during exercise in stroke. PMID: 32783602 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Sprick JD, Serra MC, Ryan AS, Li Y, Park J Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Predicting independence of gait by assessing sitting balance through sitting posturography in patients with subacute hemiplegic stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Sitting posturography parameters is clinically useful because they can quantitatively assess post-stroke balance and neurological impairment and predict post-stroke independence of gait even when patients cannot reach their arms forward or stand upright. PMID: 32783510 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Lee HH, Lee JW, Kim BR, Jung HJ, Choi DH, Lee J Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for treating post-stroke depressive symptoms: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
CONCLUSIONS: Complementary and alternative therapy and psychosocial therapy appear to be promising strategies for improving post-stroke depression. Future studies target  a personalized approach for people with specific conditions such as cognitive impairment. PMID: 32783504 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Lee Y, Chen B, Fong MWM, Lee JM, Nicol GE, Lenze EJ, Connor LT, Baum C, Wong AWK Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Clinical factors associated with trunk control after stroke: A prospective study.
CONCLUSION: Greater NIHSS and mRS scores at hospital discharge increase the chance of unsatisfactory trunk control at 90 days after stroke. PMID: 32772828 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 9, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Martins LG, Molle da Costa RD, Alvarez Sartor LC, Thomaz de Souza J, Winckler FC, Regina da Silva T, Modolo GP, Nunes HRC, Bazan SGZ, Martin LC, Luvizutto GJ, Bazan R Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Social and physical environmental factors in daily stepping activity in those with chronic stroke.
CONCLUSION: Social and physical environmental factors predicted daily stepping and should be considered when setting expectations relative to the effects of rehabilitation on daily stepping in individuals poststroke. PMID: 32772823 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 9, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Miller A, Pohlig RT, Reisman DS Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Therapeutic effect of AiWalker on balance and walking ability in patients with stroke: A pilot study.
CONCLUSION: The novel robot-assisted gait training system may elicit greater improvement of balance and walking ability in patients with stroke compared to conventional interventions. Lower limb somatosensory function may be improved by AiWalker, and its improvement might represent one of the possible mediating factors for the therapeutic effect of AiWalker on balance and walking ability. PMID: 32772812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 7, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Zhang F, Li K, Wu D, Chen P, Dou Z Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Deficits underlying handgrip performance in mildly affected chronic stroke persons.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide evidence that handgrip performance remain impaired after 6 months after stroke, and may serve as a target for interventions to improve these abilities after stroke. PMID: 32758034 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Prados-Román E, Cabrera-Martos I, López-López L, Rodríguez-Torres J, Torres-Sánchez I, Ortiz-Rubio A, Valenza MC Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Physical activity after ischemic stroke and its association with adverse outcomes: A nationwide population-based cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Achieving a sufficient PA level after ischemic stroke appears to significantly reduce major adverse events. Further effort is needed to promote the PA level after ischemic stroke. PMID: 32726190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 28, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Kang SM, Kim SH, Han KD, Paik NJ, Kim WS Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

FeetMe ® Monitor-connected insoles are a valid and reliable alternative for the evaluation of gait speed after stroke.
CONCLUSION: FeetMe® Monitor is an accurate and reliable system for measurement of gait velocity, stride length, cadence, and stance duration in chronic hemiparesis. PMID: 32654627 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Farid L, Jacobs D, Do Santos J, Simon O, Gracies JM, Hutin E Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Inpatient rehabilitation facilities' hospital readmission rates for medicare beneficiaries treated following a stroke.
CONCLUSION: Results suggest it is feasible to assess hospital readmission rates among a stroke-cohort treated in IRFs. Stroke-focused quality measures would be useful to patients in selecting a provider and for providers in evaluating their stroke rehabilitation program outcomes. Secondary results suggest that admission function (FIM) capture stroke severity, a limitation with other claims-based stroke measures. PMID: 32657256 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Daras LC, Deutsch A, Ingber MJ, Hefele JG, Perloff J Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Inclusion of relatives in stroke rehabilitation: Perception of quality of services they received in the context of early supported discharged (ESD), in- and out-patient services.
CONCLUSION: Despite quantitative high scores, qualitative data allowed the identification of concrete avenues for improvement to truly and systematically include relatives in stroke rehabilitation. PMID: 32657250 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Rochette A, Dugas A, Morissette-Gravel AS Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Stroke survivors' priorities for research related to life after stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Life after stroke is perceived differentely with aging. Future research should address strategies to face challenges such as imbalance and walking difficulties and post-stroke-fatigue. PMID: 32627722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 4, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Rudberg AS, Berge E, Laska AC, Jutterström S, Näsman P, Sunnerhagen KS, Lundström E Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Muscle changes after stroke and their impact on recovery: time for a paradigm shift? Review and commentary.
Abstract In stroke rehabilitation there is a growing body of evidence that not all patients have the same potential to recover. Understanding the processes that give rise to the heterogeneous treatment responses in stroke survivors will lay foundations for any conceivable advance in future rehabilitation interventions. This review was set out to shine new light on the debate of biomarkers in stroke rehabilitation by linking fundamental insights from biogerontological sciences to neurorehabilitation sciences. In particular, skeletal muscle changes and inflammation are addressed as two potential constructs from whic...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - June 25, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Beckwée D, Lefeber N, Bautmans I, Cuypers L, De Keersmaecker E, De Raedt S, Kerckhofs E, Nagels G, Njemini R, Perkisas S, Scheys E, Swinnen E Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Knowledge and application of upper limb prediction models and attitude toward prognosis among physiotherapists and occupational therapists in the clinical stroke setting.
CONCLUSIONS: Results from this study indicate that prediction models for UL function after stroke are not yet a part of daily practice in Danish stroke rehabilitation. At the same time, knowledge of prognosis seems to be relevant for most therapists in their clinical work. PMID: 32583731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - June 24, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Kiær C, Lundquist CB, Brunner I Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Sedentary time and activity behaviors after stroke rehabilitation: Changes in the first 3 months home.
CONCLUSIONS: Sedentary time reduced and walking activity increased between discharge home and 3 months later. Interventions targeting mood and physical function may warrant testing to reduce sedentary behavior 3 months following discharge. PMID: 32578523 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - June 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Simpson DB, Breslin M, Cumming T, de Zoete SA, Gall SL, Schmidt M, English C, Callisaya ML Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Relationship between trunk control, core muscle strength and balance confidence in community-dwelling patients with chronic stroke.
CONCLUSION: A significant and strong positive association exists among trunk control, core muscles strength and balance confidence in community-dwelling patients with chronic stroke, warranting further investigation of the effect of targeted trunk rehabilitation strategies on functional balance. PMID: 32574524 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - June 22, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Karthikbabu S, Verheyden G Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Boxing training in patients with stroke causes improvement of upper extremity, balance, and cognitive functions but should it be applied as virtual or real?
CONCLUSION:  The study showed that virtual and real boxing training methods, in addition to neurodevelopmental treatment, are effective in improving upper extremity, balance, and cognitive functions in patients with hemiparetic stroke. The training effects were higher on bilateral punching time and balance functions for both groups. There was no superiority of either approach. PMID: 32574096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - June 22, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Ersoy C, Iyigun G Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

The fourier M2 robotic machine combined with occupational therapy on post-stroke upper limb function and independence-related quality of life: A randomized clinical trial.
This study has been registered at the ISRCTN registry, https://doi.org/10.1186/ISRCTN84804731. PMID: 32434454 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - May 20, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Chinembiri B, Ming Z, Kai S, Xiu Fang Z, Wei C Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Cognition assessments to predict inpatient falls in a subacute stroke rehabilitation setting.
Conclusions: Cognition assessments, i.e., one FIM item, one RAVLT item, or a one-minute verbal fluency test are significant falls predictors. PMID: 32431244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - May 19, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: García-Rudolph A, García-Molina A, Opisso E, Tormos JM, Bernabeu M Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Genetic polymorphisms for BDNF, COMT, and APOE do not affect gait or ankle motor control in chronic stroke: A preliminary cross-sectional study.
Conclusions: In these preliminary findings, genetic polymorphisms for BDNF, COMT, and APOE do not appear to affect walking speed, walking symmetry, or ankle motor performance in chronic stroke. PMID: 32378476 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - May 6, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Aljuhni R, Cleland BT, Roth S, Madhavan S Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Dry eye in chronic stroke patients with hemiplegia: A cross-sectional study.
Conclusion: We found lower Schirmer test and tear breakup time results and similar OSDI scores in hemiplegia patients compared to controls. Hemiplegia patients may have dry eye without typical symptoms. This should be taken into consideration in the follow-up and rehabilitation of post-stroke hemiplegia patients. PMID: 32342768 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - April 27, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Küçük EB, Küçük E, Kaydok E, Zor KR, Biçer GY Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of aquatic physical therapy in patients with stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Conclusion: Aquatic physical therapy may be a valid means for the rehabilitation of people affected by stroke. The integration of this methodological approach with conventional physical therapy should be considered. However, more studies; a larger number of participants; and varying lengths of follow-up times are necessary. PMID: 32340581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - April 26, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Giuriati S, Servadio A, Temperoni G, Curcio A, Valente D, Galeoto G Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Perceived social support and social constraints in Hausa women stroke survivors: A cross-sectional study.
Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest that adequate social support potentially limits the level of social constraint encountered by women who suffered stroke. The Hausa culture seems to be impressive in characteristically demonstrating high level of social support as found in this study. It is recommended that physiotherapist should assist by providing educative programs that would increase caregiver's knowledge of social support and how to develop it and cultural values that emphasize positive social interaction should be encouraged. PMID: 32338588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - April 26, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Lawal IU, Ali MY, Badaru UM Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Association Between Onset-to-Door Time and Clinical Outcomes After Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Early hospital arrival within 6 hours after stroke onset is associated with favorable outcomes after ischemic stroke, regardless of reperfusion treatment or stroke severity.
Source: Stroke - October 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Ryu Matsuo, Yuko Yamaguchi, Tomonaga Matsushita, Jun Hata, Fumi Kiyuna, Kenȷi Fukuda, Yoshinobu Wakisaka, Junya Kuroda, Tetsuro Ago, Takanari Kitazono, Masahiro Kamouchi, on behalf of the Fukuoka Stroke Registry Investigators† Tags: Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Characteristics and Outcomes of Very Elderly Enrolled in a Prehospital Stroke Research Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Inclusion of the very elderly population in acute stroke clinical trials would both significantly increase study participation and generalizability of future acute stroke clinical trials. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00059332.
Source: Stroke - October 23, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Sanossian, N., Apibunyopas, K. C., Liebeskind, D. S., Starkman, S., Burgos, A. M., Conwit, R., Eckstein, M., Pratt, F., Stratton, S., Hamilton, S., Saver, J. L., FAST-MAG (Field Administration of Stroke Therapy-Magnesium) Investigators and Coordinators Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Neuroprotectants Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Underutilization of Ambulatory ECG Monitoring After Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack: Missed Opportunities for Atrial Fibrillation Detection Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Less than one third of patients in our cohort received guideline-recommended 24-hour Holter monitoring, and <1% received prolonged ambulatory ECG monitoring. These findings highlight a modifiable evidence-practice gap that likely contributes to an overdiagnosis of strokes as cryptogenic, an underdiagnosis of atrial fibrillation, and missed anticoagulant treatment opportunities for secondary stroke prevention.
Source: Stroke - July 24, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Edwards, J. D., Kapral, M. K., Fang, J., Saposnik, G., Gladstone, D. J., Investigators of the Registry of the Canadian Stroke Network Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Secondary Prevention, Electrocardiology (ECG), Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Smoking-Thrombolysis Relationship Depends on Ischemic Stroke Subtype Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— In patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis, smoking could be related to a better chance of functional independence if their subtype of stroke was noncardioembolic, and a lower risk of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and mortality in those with large artery atherosclerosis.
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Tong, X., Wang, C., Liao, X., Pan, Y., Yan, H., Cao, Y., Liu, L., Zheng, H., Zhao, X., Wang, C., Li, H., Wang, D., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., on behalf of the Thrombolysis Implementation and Monitor of Acute Ischemic Stroke in China (TIMS-China) Investigators* Tags: Clinical Studies, Risk Factors, Pharmacology, Treatment, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Arterial Tortuosity: An Imaging Biomarker of Childhood Stroke Pathogenesis? Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— In children with dissection and transient cerebral arteriopathy, cerebral arteries demonstrate increased tortuosity. Quantified arterial tortuosity may represent a clinically relevant imaging biomarker of vascular biology in pediatric stroke.
Source: Stroke - April 24, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Wei, F., Diedrich, K. T., Fullerton, H. J., deVeber, G., Wintermark, M., Hodge, J., Kirton, A., the Vascular Effects of Infection in Pediatric Stroke (VIPS) Investigators, Dowling, Benedict, Bernard, Fox, Friedman, Lo, Ichord, Tan, Mackay, Hernandez, Hump Tags: Risk Factors, Angiography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Ischemic Stroke, Vascular Disease Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Ischemic Stroke Risk in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and CHA2DS2-VASc Score of 1: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Brief Reports
Conclusions— Our meta-analysis of ischemic stroke risk in atrial fibrillation patients suggests that those with CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 may be considered for a novel oral anticoagulant, but because of high heterogeneity, the decision should be based on individual patient characteristics.
Source: Stroke - April 24, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Joundi, R. A., Cipriano, L. E., Sposato, L. A., Saposnik, G., on behalf of the Stroke Outcomes Research Working Group Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Meta Analysis, Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Use of Warfarin at Discharge Among Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation in China Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— The rate of warfarin use remains low among patients with ischemic stroke and known nonvalvular atrial fibrillation in China. Hospital size and academic status together with patient age, heart failure, heavy alcohol drinking, international normalized ratio in hospital, and stroke severity on admission were each independently associated with the use of warfarin at discharge. There is much room for improvement for secondary stroke prevention in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients in China.
Source: Stroke - January 25, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Yang, X., Li, Z., Zhao, X., Wang, C., Liu, L., Wang, C., Pan, Y., Li, H., Wang, D., Hart, R. G., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., on behalf of the China National Stroke Registry II Investigators Tags: Anticoagulants, Treatment, Quality and Outcomes, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Enrollment Yield and Reasons for Screen Failure in a Large Prehospital Stroke Trial Brief Reports
Conclusions— In this large, multicenter prehospital trial, nearly 40% of every calls from the field to physician-investigators resulted in trial enrollments. The most common reasons for nonenrollment were out of window last known well time, prestroke confounding medical condition, and absence of a consent provider. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00059332.
Source: Stroke - December 28, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Kim, D.-H., Saver, J. L., Starkman, S., Liebeskind, D. S., Ali, L. K., Restrepo, L., Kim-Tenser, M., Valdes-Sueiras, M., Eckstein, M., Pratt, F., Stratton, S., Hamilton, S., Conwit, R., Sanossian, N., on behalf of the Field Administration of Stroke Therap Tags: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiac Care, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke, Neuroprotectants Brief Reports Source Type: research

Mechanical Thrombectomy in and Outside the REVASCAT Trial: Insights From a Concurrent Population-Based Stroke Registry Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— REVASCAT enrolled nearly all eligible patients representing one third of all patients treated with EVT. Patients treated with EVT within and outside REVASCAT had similar outcomes, reinforcing the therapeutic value of EVT. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01692379.
Source: Stroke - November 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Urra, X., Abilleira, S., Dorado, L., Ribo, M., Cardona, P., Millan, M., Chamorro, A., Molina, C., Cobo, E., Davalos, A., Jovin, T. G., Gallofre, M., Catalan Stroke Code and Reperfusion Consortium, Catalan Stroke Code and Reperfusion Consortium Stroke Prog Tags: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiac Care, Treatment, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Cerebrovascular Procedures, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Differential Effect of Baseline Computed Tomographic Angiography Collaterals on Clinical Outcome in Patients Enrolled in the Interventional Management of Stroke III Trial Clinical Sciences
Conclusion— Using data from a large randomized controlled trial (IMS III), we show that baseline computed tomographic angiography collaterals are a robust determinant of final clinical outcome and could be used to select patients for endovascular therapy. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/. Unique identifier: 0020NCT00359424.
Source: Stroke - April 27, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Menon, B. K., Qazi, E., Nambiar, V., Foster, L. D., Yeatts, S. D., Liebeskind, D., Jovin, T. G., Goyal, M., Hill, M. D., Tomsick, T. A., Broderick, J. P., Demchuk, A. M., for the Interventional Management of Stroke III Investigators Tags: Acute Cerebral Infarction, Emergency treatment of Stroke, Computerized tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Implementing a Simple Care Bundle Is Associated With Improved Outcomes in a National Cohort of Patients With Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Achieving a care bundle for ischemic stroke is associated with reduced mortality at 30 days and 6 months and increased likelihood of discharge to usual residence at 6 months.
Source: Stroke - March 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Turner, M., Barber, M., Dodds, H., Murphy, D., Dennis, M., Langhorne, P., Macleod, M.-J., on behalf of the Scottish Stroke Care Audit Tags: Acute Cerebral Infarction, Emergency treatment of Stroke, Other Stroke Treatment - Medical Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Effects of Stroke Education of Junior High School Students on Stroke Knowledge of Their Parents: Tochigi Project Brief Reports
Conclusions— Improvement of stroke knowledge immediately after the stroke lesson was observed in parents as well as their children, which indicated that our teaching materials using the Manga was effective in delivering the stroke knowledge to parents through their children.
Source: Stroke - January 26, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Matsuzono, K., Yokota, C., Takekawa, H., Okamura, T., Miyamatsu, N., Nakayama, H., Nishimura, K., Ohyama, S., Ishigami, A., Okumura, K., Toyoda, K., Miyamoto, Y., Minematsu, K., on behalf of the Tochigi Junior High School Stroke Education Group, Participa Tags: Behavioral Changes and Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Phase II Trial of the Sigma-1 Receptor Agonist Cutamesine (SA4503) for Recovery Enhancement After Acute Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Cutamesine was safe and well tolerated at both dosage levels. Although no significant effects on functional end points were seen in the population as a whole, greater improvement in National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores among patients with greater pretreatment deficits seen in post hoc analysis warrants further investigation. Additional studies should focus on the patient population with moderate-to-severe stroke. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00639249. Unique identifier: NCT00639249. The EudraCT number is 2007-004840-60 (https://www.clinicaltr...
Source: Stroke - October 27, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Urfer, R., Moebius, H. J., Skoloudik, D., Santamarina, E., Sato, W., Mita, S., Muir, K. W., for the Cutamesine Stroke Recovery Study Group Tags: Other Stroke Treatment - Medical Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Blood Pressure-Lowering Treatment With Candesartan in Patients With Acute Hemorrhagic Stroke Brief Reports
Conclusions— There was no evidence that blood pressure–lowering treatment with candesartan is beneficial during the first week of hemorrhagic stroke. Instead, there were signs that such treatment may be harmful, but this needs to be verified in larger studies. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00120003.
Source: Stroke - October 27, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Jusufovic, M., Sandset, E. C., Bath, P. M. W., Berge, E., on behalf of the Scandinavian Candesartan Acute Stroke Trial Study Group Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage, Other Stroke Treatment - Medical Brief Reports Source Type: research

Geomagnetic Storms Can Trigger Stroke: Evidence From 6 Large Population-Based Studies in Europe and Australasia Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Geomagnetic storms are associated with increased risk of stroke and should be considered along with other established risk factors. Our findings provide a framework to advance stroke prevention through future investigation of the contribution of geomagnetic factors to the risk of stroke occurrence and pathogenesis.
Source: Stroke - May 27, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Feigin, V. L., Parmar, P. G., Barker-Collo, S., Bennett, D. A., Anderson, C. S., Thrift, A. G., Stegmayr, B., Rothwell, P. M., Giroud, M., Bejot, Y., Carvil, P., Krishnamurthi, R., Kasabov, N., for the International Stroke Incidence Studies Data Pooling P Tags: Behavioral/psychosocial - stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Impaired Glucose Regulation Predicted 1-Year Mortality of Chinese Patients With Ischemic Stroke: Data From Abnormal Glucose Regulation in Patients With Acute Stroke Across China Brief Reports
Conclusions— IGR was an independent predictor for the mortality of patients with ischemic stroke. IGR should be highlighted and intervened actively in the patients with ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - April 28, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Jia, Q., Liu, G., Zheng, H., Zhao, X., Wang, C., Wang, Y., Liu, L., Wang, Y., on behalf of the Investigators for the Survey on Abnormal Glucose Regulation in Patients With Acute Stroke Across China Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Glucose intolerance, Risk Factors for Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research