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How the first postpartum depression drug works
This week the Food and Drug Administration approved the first treatment specifically targeting postpartum depression, a condition that can impact women following childbirth, sometimes even starting during pregnancy. Symptoms can include sadness, loss of energy and feelings of guilt and worthlessness. Dr. David Agus joins "CBS This Morning: Saturday" to discuss how the new drug works and how a new personalized video game can help stroke victims.
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - March 23, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Angong Niuhuang Pill as adjuvant therapy for treating acute cerebral infarction and intracerebral hemorrhage: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
ConclusionsAdjuvant treatment with ANP appears to improve the total response rate and neurologic deficit score in patients with ACI and AIH. More well-designed trials are required due to the suboptimal methodological quality of the included trials.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - March 23, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Ischemic stroke of the “hand knob area”: A case series and literature review
In conclusion, in this series the most prevalent stroke mechanism was SUE, mainly embolic stroke of undetermined source. The outcome was excellent regardless of stroke mechanism.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - March 23, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

An Association Between Herpes Zoster Vaccination and Stroke Reduction Among Elderly Individuals.
Authors: Klaric JS, Beltran TA, McClenathan BM Abstract Herpes zoster (HZ, shingles) affects individuals (60+ years) by reactivation of varicella virus from primary infection. Approximately one-third of the general population will develop HZ and are at increased risk of stroke. Our objective was describing possible associations between self-reported HZ vaccination and stroke with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System, a cross-sectional nationwide telephone survey. Non-institutionalized U.S. adults answered items concerning health risk behaviors. 2014 survey dat...
Source: Military Medicine - March 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Additional early active repetitive motor training did not prevent contracture in adults receiving task-specific upper limb training after stroke: a randomised trial
ConclusionIn adults who are already receiving task-specific motor training for upper limb rehabilitation following stroke, 5 weeks of up to 1 hour of additional daily active repetitive motor training using the SMART Arm device did not prevent or reduce contracture in upper limb muscles.Trial registrationACTRN12614001162606.
Source: Journal of Physiotherapy - March 23, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Source Type: research

Goal-oriented instructions increase the intensity of practice in stroke rehabilitation compared with non-specific instructions: a within-participant, repeated measures experimental study
ConclusionGoal-oriented instructions can result in significant increases in the rate of repetitions of exercise in stroke rehabilitation. The use of goal-oriented instructions is a simple, no-cost strategy that can be used to increase the intensity of practice in stroke rehabilitation.Trial registrationACTRN12619000146190.
Source: Journal of Physiotherapy - March 23, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Source Type: research

Letter To The Editor Contralaterally controlled functional electrical stimulation improves wrist dorsiflexion in patients with early-phase stroke: A randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Jhandi SK, Goyal M, Tiwari A PMID: 30899962 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - March 23, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Developing interventions to address sexuality after stroke: findings from a four-panel modified Delphi study.
CONCLUSION: This study presents opinions from stroke survivors, partners of stroke survivors, clinicians and researchers. The information about content, timing and mode of delivery will be used to develop and evaluate a comprehensive sexuality rehabilitation programme. PMID: 30895327 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - March 23, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Can silicone models replace animal models in hands-on training for endovascular stroke therapy?
CONCLUSION: Even experienced participants benefit from silicone models. Silicone models are a good preparation for animal models but cannot replace them. Categorizing participants depending on their experience and their individual needs before practical training may allow for more efficient endovascular training. PMID: 30895839 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Interventional Neuroradiology - March 23, 2019 Category: Radiology Tags: Interv Neuroradiol Source Type: research

Features of Childhood Arterial Ischemic Stroke in China.
CONCLUSION: Infection was an important risk factor for children with AIS in China. Infection and thrombophilia risk factors were more likely to occur in isolation. The stroke lesions commonly occurred in the basal ganglia region. PMID: 30890011 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - March 22, 2019 Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research

Screening for atrial fibrillation following cryptogenic stroke: Efficacy of implantable Holter, risk factors
ConclusionImproved monitoring systems make them indispensable tools for detecting emboligenic arrhythmias in the aftermath of cryptogenic stroke. Other studies of greater powers are needed to make a finer selection of patients to benefit.
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - March 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Serum Albumin Is Negatively Associated with Hemorrhagic Transformation in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients
Conclusions: Higher serum albumin is associated with lower HT risk in a dose-dependent manner in AIS patients younger than 60 years.Cerebrovasc Dis 2019;47:88 –94
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 22, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

CBS promoter hypermethylation increases the risk of hypertension and stroke
CONCLUSION: Cystathionine β -synthase promoter hypermethylation increases the risk of hypertension and stroke, especially in male patients.
Source: Clinics - March 22, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Reliability and validity of a Chinese version of the Stigma Scale for Chronic Illness (SSCI) in patients with stroke.
Discussion The results provide initial evidence that the SSCI is a reliable and validated measure for evaluating stigma in stroke patients in China. PMID: 30900522 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 22, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Lu Q, Deng C, Fu L, Wu R, Chang L, Qi H, Wang K, Jiang L, Yang X, Wang Y, Li L, Zhao Y Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Neuronal activity-dependent myelin repair after stroke
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2019Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Wanyi Jia, Yasmine Kamen, Helena Pivonkova, Ragnhildur T. KáradóttirAbstractBrain tissue undergoes substantial activity-dependent reorganisation after stroke due to neuronal plasticity, leading to partial functional recovery in patients. Concurrent myelin repair is crucial for proper neuronal network function and reorganisation. Myelin repair after stroke might occur as myelin plasticity or as remyelination through the recruitment and differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs), which become myelin-forming oligodendrocyte...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - March 21, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

"Encephalopathy Only Stroke Codes" (EoSC) Rarely Result in Stroke as Final Diagnosis.
Authors: Chen PM, Meyer DM, Claycomb R, Agrawal K, Meyer BC Abstract Stroke codes prompted by isolated encephalopathy often result in nonstroke final diagnoses but require intensive stroke center resources. We assessed the likelihood of "Encephalopathy only Stroke Codes (EoSC)" resulting in a true stroke (EoSC CVA+) final diagnosis. 3860 patients were analyzed in a prospective stroke code registry from 2004 to 2016. EoSC was defined using a standard and an exploratory definition. Definition 1 included EoSC patients as stroke codes where NIHSS was nonzero for LOC questions (questions la, 1b, and lc) but remainder of...
Source: Neurology Research International - March 21, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Int Source Type: research

Trends and Racial Differences in First Hospitalization for Stroke and 30-Day Mortality in the US Medicare Population From 1988 to 2013
Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to determine whether there were temporal differences in the rates of first stroke hospitalizations and 30-day mortality after stroke between black and white Medicare enrollees. Methods: We used a 20% sample of Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years or older and described the annual rate of first hospitalization for ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes from years 1988 to 2013, as well as 30-day mortality after stroke hospitalization. We used linear tests of trend to determine whether stroke rates changed over time, and tested the interaction term between race and year to determine ...
Source: Medical Care - March 21, 2019 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Distinct Patterns of Fiber Type Adaptation in Rat Hindlimb Muscles 4 Weeks After Hemorrhagic Stroke
Conclusions Because slower myosin heavy chain fiber types are associated with weaker contractile force and slower contractile speed, this faster to slower fiber type shift in tibialis anterior muscles may contribute to weaker and slower muscle contraction in this muscle after stroke. This finding may indicate potential therapeutic benefit from treatments known to influence fiber type plasticity.
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 21, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Compendium of Physical Activities Strongly Underestimates the Oxygen Cost During Activities of Daily Living in Stroke Patients
Conclusions The metabolic equivalent tasks during activities were higher than Ainsworth's compendium. Stroke individuals are thus exposed to high oxygen requirements when performing activities of daily living, which could have a strong impact on their ability to perform these activities in real life.
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 21, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Depression Characterization and Race Among Stroke Survivors Receiving Inpatient Rehabilitation
Race and ethnicity play a significant role in poststroke outcomes. This brief report describes the presence of depression among stroke survivors who received inpatient rehabilitation and whether depression differs by race. Data from eRehabData and electronic medical records were analyzed for patients who received rehabilitation after an acute ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. Of 1501 stroke patients, 61.3% were white, 33.9% were African American, and 4.8% were of other race/ethnic backgrounds. By retrospective clinical review, depression was documented for 29.7% of stroke patients. Premorbid versus new onset of poststroke de...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 21, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

A COACHS Nomogram to Predict the Probability of Three-Month Unfavorable Outcome after Acute Ischemic Stroke in Chinese Patients
Conclusions: The COACHS nomogram may be used to predict unfavorable outcome at 3 months after acute ischemic stroke in Chinese population. It may be also a reliable tool that is effective in its clinical utilization to risk-stratify acute stroke patients.Cerebrovasc Dis 2019;47:80 –87
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 21, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The clinical management and rehabilitation of post stroke aphasia in Italy: evidences from the literature and clinical experience
AbstractAphasia is one of the most devastating symptoms in stroke survivors and severely affects patients ’ communication, quality of life, and social interactions. Several factors are critical to the prediction of aphasia recovery, including acute stroke management and subsequent language rehabilitation. A comprehensive assessment of language skills with appropriate instruments in different phases of post stroke months and years is needed in patients, in order to monitor their language improvement and to guide speech therapies over time. Beyond spontaneous recovery, the effects of speech and language therapy in terms of...
Source: Neurological Sciences - March 21, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Relationships between Alcohol Intake and Ischemic Stroke Severity in Sex Stratified Analysis for Japanese Acute Stroke Patients
The aim of this study is to evaluate in the relationships between alcohol intake and ischemic stroke severity in Japanese stroke patients.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 21, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Hiroyuki Shiotsuki, Yasuaki Saijo, Yoichi Ogushi, Shotai Kobayashi, The Japan Standard Stroke Registry Study Group Source Type: research

Constraint Induced Movement Therapy as a Rehabilitative Strategy for Ischemic Stroke —Linking Neural Plasticity with Restoration of Skilled Movements
Stroke leads to devastating impact on health as well as quality of life making it one of the leading causes of disability. Restoring the functions of upper extremities after ischemic (ISC) stroke is one of the challenges for rehabilitation. Lack of trained professionals and accessibility to rehabilitation centers are limited in many counties. Constraint induced movement therapy (CIMT) has been practiced in regaining the functional activity following stroke. CIMT can be practiced with minimum clinical set up which makes it cost effective.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 21, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Sibin Mathew Nesin, K.R. Sabitha, Anupam Gupta, T.R. Laxmi Source Type: research

Accelerated Risk of Premature Ischemic Stroke in 5-Year Survivors of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma.
CONCLUSION: Not only was the stroke risk in NPC survivors higher than that in the general population, but the onset age was also 10 years earlier. Future survivorship care should include ischemic stroke as a late complication, for its proper prevention and management. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is endemic in Taiwan, and its 5-year survival is 65.2%. With the increased 5-year cancer survivors, survivorship has become an important issue. However, research on NPC survivorship is very rare. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first population-based study on long-term NPC survivors. This s...
Source: The Oncologist - March 21, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Chen MC, Kuan FC, Huang SF, Lu CH, Chen PT, Huang CE, Wang TY, Chen CC, Lee KD Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research

Preeclampsia and future stroke risk in women: What NPs need to know
Abstract: Preeclampsia is a complication of pregnancy that affects approximately 4% of pregnancies. Preeclampsia is defined as new-onset hypertension after 20 weeks gestation often accompanied by new-onset proteinuria. Women who experience preeclampsia during pregnancy are at an increased risk for hypertension and stroke later in life. Healthcare providers should screen women appropriately to minimize risk.
Source: The Nurse Practitioner - March 20, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: Feature: WOMEN'S HEALTH: DNP SPECIAL ISSUE Source Type: research

NOMAS: Depression Tied to Increased Stroke Risk NOMAS: Depression Tied to Increased Stroke Risk
Post-stroke depression has been previously associated with poorer recovery, but new research suggests depression may also be a risk factor for stroke.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - March 20, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Fewer black, white Medicare patients dying within 30 days of stroke
The rate of older black and white people who receive Medicare benefits and die after an initial stroke has fallen over the last 25 years, a new study says.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - March 20, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Incidence, Risk factors, and Biomarkers Predicting Ischemic or Hemorrhagic Stroke Associated Acute Kidney Injury and Outcome: A Retrospective Study in a General Intensive Care Unit
Conclusions: Among stroke patients in ICU, we identified significant risk factors of stroke-associated AKI. Serum CysC level at ICU admission was an important biomarker for predicting AKI and 28-day mortality.Blood Purif
Source: Blood Purification - March 20, 2019 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Anesthetic Management of Emergency Endovascular Thrombectomy for Acute Ischemic Stroke, Part 2: Integrating and Applying Observational Reports and Randomized Clinical Trials.
This article concludes with a pragmatic approach to real-time anesthesia decision-making (sedation versus general anesthesia) and the goals and methods of acute phase anesthesia management of endovascular thrombectomy patients. PMID: 30883416 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - March 20, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Hindman BJ, Dexter F Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research

Anesthetic Management of Emergency Endovascular Thrombectomy for Acute Ischemic Stroke, Part 1: Patient Characteristics, Determinants of Effectiveness, and Effect of Blood Pressure on Outcome.
Abstract In the United States, stroke ranks fifth among all causes of death and is the leading cause of serious long-term disability. The 2018 American Heart Association stroke care guidelines consider endovascular thrombectomy to be the standard of care for patients who have acute ischemic stroke in the anterior circulation when arterial puncture can be made within 6 hours of symptom onset or within 6-24 hours of symptom onset when specific eligibility criteria are satisfied. The aim of this 2-part review is to provide practical perspective on the clinical literature regarding anesthesia care of patients treated ...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - March 20, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Hindman BJ Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research

Spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension is caused by a decrease in stroke volume in elderly patients.
Conclusion: CO and blood pressure decreased significantly after the onset of SA in elderly patients. This is mainly caused by a decrease in SV and not by a decrease in SVR. There was no difference in CO and blood pressure change between dosages of 10 or 15 mg bupivacaine. PMID: 30881108 [PubMed]
Source: Local and Regional Anesthesia - March 20, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Local Reg Anesth Source Type: research

Classifying Acute Ischemic Stroke Onset Time using Deep Imaging Features.
Authors: Ho KC, Speier W, El-Saden S, Arnold CW Abstract Models have been developed to predict stroke outcomes (e.g., mortality) in attempt to provide better guidance for stroke treatment. However, there is little work in developing classification models for the problem of unknown time-since-stroke (TSS), which determines a patient's treatment eligibility based on a clinical defined cutoff time point (i.e., <4.5hrs). In this paper, we construct and compare machine learning methods to classify TSS<4.5hrs using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features. We also propose a deep learning model to extract hidden rep...
Source: AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings - March 20, 2019 Category: Bioinformatics Tags: AMIA Annu Symp Proc Source Type: research

ACC: Catheter Ablation Does Not Cut Mortality, Stroke in A-Fib
WEDNESDAY, March 20, 2019 -- For patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), catheter ablation does not significantly reduce the risk for death, disabling stroke, serious bleeding, or cardiac arrest, but it does improve quality of life versus medical...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - March 20, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Be Prepared to Take FAST Action If You Suspect a Stroke
WEDNESDAY, March 20, 2019 -- Would you be able to recognize if you or someone close to you were having a stroke? A stroke is a 911 medical emergency and every second counts for survival. To help you recognize the signs of stroke, the National...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - March 20, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors With and Without Stroke History Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors With and Without Stroke History
Results of this study indicate that adults with history of stroke had higher odds of not engaging in healthy behaviors than their counterparts without a history of stroke.Preventing Chronic Disease
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - March 20, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Public Health & Prevention Journal Article Source Type: news

A Tablet-Based Tool for Accurate Measurement of Hand Proprioception After Stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Both the tablet-based tool and the custom PMDD performed better than manual assessment. The PMDD may be useful when the deficit is mild or assessment of dynamic proprioception is desired. As the tablet-based measure does not have the ceiling effect that is associated with the PMDD, it may be useful with any level of proprioceptive impairment, and may be preferable if testing or clinician training time needs to be minimized, or pain or spasticity is present.Video Abstract available for more insights from the authors (see the Video, Supplementary Digital Content 1, available at: http://links.lww.com/JNPT/A256). ...
Source: Physical Therapy - March 20, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Block HJ, Mirdamadi JL, Ryckman S, Lynch AK, Wilson R, Udayan D, Massie CL Tags: J Neurol Phys Ther Source Type: research

Commentary on: "Practice Structure and Locomotor Learning After Stroke".
PMID: 30883496 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Physical Therapy - March 20, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Leech KA, Holleran CL Tags: J Neurol Phys Ther Source Type: research

Practice Structure and Locomotor Learning After Stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that variable practice utilizing alternating belt speed ratios does not influence the ability of those with chronic stroke to adapt and retain a novel locomotor pattern. The effects of other forms of variable practice within other locomotor learning paradigms should be explored in those with chronic hemiparesis after stroke.Video Abstract available for more insights from the authors (see the Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, available at: http://links.lww.com/JNPT/A257). PMID: 30883495 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Physical Therapy - March 20, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Helm EE, Pohlig RT, Kumar DS, Reisman DS Tags: J Neurol Phys Ther Source Type: research

Stroke risk drops in both black and white older adults
(Wolters Kluwer Health) Recent reductions in hospitalization and death due to stroke extend to both black and white Medicare beneficiaries, reports a study in the April issue of Medical Care. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Fire-needle acupuncture for upper limb spastic paralysis after stroke: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
This study will evaluate the effects of fire-needle acupuncture for ULSP in the context of standardized clinical research and provide high-quality data to inform clinical procedures and future study design.Methods/DesignA randomized controlled trial will be carried out to evaluate the effects of fire-needle acupuncture therapy in patients with ULSP from stroke. ULSP patients (n = 120) will be recruited at Changhai Hospital in Shanghai, China. Patients will be randomly divided into three groups, including fire-needle acupuncture group (FAG), filiform-needle acupuncture group (FFAG) and rehabilitation treatment group (RTG). ...
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - March 20, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Characteristics of the shoulder in patients following acute stroke: a case series.
CONCLUSIONS: Given the severity of upper limb motor impairment, pain and reduced PROM were seen in a small number of participants. The clinical course of shoulder pain and PROM following stroke remains unclear. Large observational studies tracking shoulder characteristics from acute through to rehabilitation settings are needed. PMID: 30893022 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Gaitan M, Bainbridge L, Parkinson S, Cormack L, Cleary S, Harrold M Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Do patients with severe poststroke communication difficulties have a higher incidence of falls during inpatient rehabilitation? A retrospective cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that severe communication disorders may be under recognized as a falls risk factor after stroke. PMID: 30890038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Sullivan R, Harding K Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Targets, Treatments, and Outcomes Updates in Diabetic Stroke
Goal: Due to multiple failures to translate basic research, the need for novel therapeutic targets and strategies is still urgent to save a larger number of the stroke patients' population and to reduce the toxicity of the current stroke therapy. Method: We summarize the most recent, within past 5years, basic and clinical diabetic stroke research findings. Findings: We aim to examine the most current understanding of stroke and neurovascular unit integrity, especially in presence of hyperglycemia and/or diabetes mellitus.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Mostafa M. Elgebaly, Jennifer Arreguin, Niko Storke Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Tedium vitae in stroke survivors: a comparative cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: Tedium vitae is a common suicidal experience after stroke and may be among the earliest perceptible pointer to impending poststroke suicide. It is easy to assess and may be less costly to obtain an adequate sample size in studies aiming to understand the phenomenon of suicide in the stroke population. PMID: 30890043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Ojagbemi A, Bello T Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Impaired mechanical properties of Achilles tendon in spastic stroke survivors: an observational study.
CONCLUSION: There is a decrement in Achilles tendon morphological and mechanical properties of the affected limb in individuals with spasticity due to stroke. The contralateral limb had a thinner tendon more compliant likely to physical activity reduction. PMID: 30890042 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Dias CP, Freire B, Goulart NBA, Dias De Castro C, Lemos FA, Becker J, Arndt A, Vaz MA Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Content Reporting in Post-Stroke Therapeutic Circuit-Class Exercise Programs in randomized control trials.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate a lack of reporting from the 16 RCTs on post-stroke therapeutic circuit-class exercise programs. This presents a major barrier to knowledge translation and clinical implementation of effective exercise programs for stroke rehabilitation. PMID: 30888307 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: McEwen D, O'Neil J, Miron-Celis M, Brosseau L Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

External Validation of START nomogram to predict 3-Month unfavorable outcome in Chinese acute stroke patients
Recently, the NIHSS STroke Scale score, Age, pre-stroke mRS score, onset-to-treatment Time (START nomogram) predicts 3-month functional outcome after intravenous thrombolysis in ischemic stroke patients. However, this model has not yet been an external validation. We aim to validate the performance of START nomogram.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: BaiLi Song, XiangLiang Chen, Dan Tang, Mako Ibrahim, YuKai Liu, Linda Nyame, Teng Jiang, Wei Wang, Xiang Li, Chao Sun, Zheng Zhao, Jie Yang, JunShan Zhou, JianJun Zou Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Quality of Life in Stroke Patients: Focus on Eating Habits
This study aimed to identify lifestyle factors about eating habits that may affect the quality of life (QOL) in elderly stroke patients. Methods: Fifty elderly patients with a first-ever stroke were enrolled. QOL was assessed by the Stroke and Aphasia QOL Scale-39-J. Lifestyle factors about eating habits were collected using questionnaires (Questions 1-17) for the intake of salt, calcium, magnesium, potassium, taurine, fiber, and protein, and the frequency of breakfast.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Reina Chiba, Saya Tominaga, Kasumi Mikami, Maiko Kitajima, Mayumi Urushizaka, Toshiko Tomisawa, Junko Chiba, Joji Hagii, Minoru Yasujima, Tomohiro Osanai Source Type: research

Cardiac Biomarkers Predict Large Vessel Occlusion in Patients with Ischemic Stroke
Cardiac biomarkers may help identify stroke mechanisms and may aid in improving stroke prevention strategies. There is limited data on the association between these biomarkers and acute ischemic stroke (AIS) caused by large vessel occlusion (LVO). We hypothesized that cardiac biomarkers (cardiac troponin and left atrial diameter [LAD]) would be associated with the presence of LVO.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Andrew Chang, Brittany Ricci, Brian Mac Grory, Shawna Cutting, Tina Burton, Katarina Dakay, Mahesh Jayaraman, Alexander Merkler, Michael Reznik, Michael P. Lerario, Christopher Song, Hooman Kamel, Mitchell S.V. Elkind, Karen Furie, Shadi Yaghi Source Type: research