Query: stroke

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Drug company claims fish oil cuts stroke and heart attack risks by 25% - but doctors are skeptical
Amarin claims that its prescription fish oil capsules reduce the risks of heart attack and stroke by 25% based on a global trial of more than 8,000 people, but doctors question the results.
Source: the Mail online | Health - September 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cell Volume Control in Healthy Brain and Neuropathologies.
Abstract Regulation of cellular volume is a critical homeostatic process that is intimately linked to ionic and osmotic balance in the brain tissue. Because the brain is encased in the rigid skull and has a very complex cellular architecture, even minute changes in the volume of extracellular and intracellular compartments have a very strong impact on tissue excitability and function. The failure of cell volume control is a major feature of several neuropathologies, such as hyponatremia, stroke, epilepsy, hyperammonemia, and others. There is strong evidence that such dysregulation, especially uncontrolled cell swe...
Source: Epilepsy Curr - September 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Wilson CS, Mongin AA Tags: Curr Top Membr Source Type: research

Drugmaker touts major heart benefits of fish oil derivative, experts reserve judgment
Irish pharmaceutical company Amarin sent a glowing announcement to investors Monday that its drug Vascepa, a purified fish oil derivative, was linked to a 25% reduced risk of major cardiovascular events such as heart attack and stroke.
Source: CNN.com - Health - September 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Fish Oil Drug May Reduce Heart Attack and Stroke Risks for Some
Large doses of an omega-3 fatty acid in fish oil sharply reduced the rate of cardiovascular events in people with a history of heart disease or Type 2 diabetes.
Source: NYT Health - September 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: ANAHAD O ’ CONNOR Tags: Heart Omega-3 Fatty Acids Diabetes Statins (Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs) Amarin Corp PLC Source Type: news

Ischemic stroke in atrial fibrillation patients: don't put the blame always on heart.
Authors: Tsioufis C PMID: 30243905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology - September 25, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Hellenic J Cardiol Source Type: research

Drugmaker touts major heart benefits of fish oil derivative
Irish pharmaceutical company Amarin sent a glowing announcement to investors Monday that its drug Vascepa, a purified fish oil derivative, was linked to a 25% reduced risk of major cardiovascular events such as heart attack and stroke.
Source: CNN.com - Health - September 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Epilepsia Partialis Continua of the Abdominal Musculature Caused by Acute Ischemic Stroke.
PMID: 30246670 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences - September 24, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Brigo F, Bratti A, Tavernelli V, Nardone R Tags: Can J Neurol Sci Source Type: research

Low Tri-iodothyronine Syndrome Is Associated With Cognitive Impairment in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Prospective Cohort Study.
CONCLUSION: Low T3 syndrome in the acute phase of ischemic stroke was associated with a higher prevalence of 1-month PSCI, independently of established risk factors. PMID: 30236902 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - September 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Need to Prioritize Education of the Public Regarding Stroke Symptoms and Faster Activation of the 9-1-1 System: Findings from the Florida-Puerto Rico CReSD Stroke Registry.
CONCLUSIONS: Following acute stroke onset, time elapsed for EMS response and transport is relatively short compared to the lengthy intervals elapsing between symptom onset and 9-1-1 system activation, regardless of demographics. Exploration of innovative strategies to improve public education regarding stroke symptoms and immediate 9-1-1 system activation are strongly recommended. PMID: 30239244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Prehospital Emergency Care - September 23, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Prehosp Emerg Care Source Type: research

Calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside reduces myocardial injury in heat stroke rats
ConclusionWe thus conclude that myocardial injury can be a pressing need for the design of diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for heat stroke. In particular, our data indicate that CG protects against heat stroke in rats by mitigating myocardial injury.
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - September 22, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Anticoagulation for Stroke Prevention in Older Adults with Atrial Fibrillation and Comorbidity: Current Evidence and Treatment Challenges.
Authors: Sabbag A, Yao X, Siontis KC, Noseworthy PA Abstract The burden of atrial fibrillation (AF) is projected to increase substantially over the next decade in parallel with the aging of the population. The increasing age, level of comorbidity, and polypharmacy will complicate the treatment of older adults with AF. For instance, advanced age and chronic kidney disease have been shown to increase the risk of both thromboembolism and bleeding in patients with AF. Frailty, recurrent falls and polypharmacy, while very common among elderly patients with AF, are often overlooked in the clinical decision making despite...
Source: Korean Circulation Journal - September 22, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Korean Circ J Source Type: research

Interventions involving repetitive practice improve strength after stroke: a systematic review
ConclusionInterventions involving repetitive practice improve strength after stroke, and these improvements are accompanied by improvements in activity.Review registrationPROSPERO CRD42017068658. [de Sousa DG, Harvey LA, Dorsch S, Glinsky JV (2018) Interventions involving repetitive practice improve strength after stroke: a systematic review. Journal of Physiotherapy XX: XX–XX]
Source: Journal of Physiotherapy - September 22, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Source Type: research

Invasive rhinocerebral mucormycosis in a patient with liver cirrhosis leading to fatal massive stroke
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2018Source: Medical Mycology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Taher Sabobeh, Kamran Mushtaq, Ahmed Elsotouhy, Adham A. Ammar, Sameera RashidAbstractImmunocompromised status is associated with invasive fungal infections including mucormycosis. These infections are challenging to treat and associated with high overall mortality.Here we report a fatal case of invasive mucormycosis in a cirrhotic, diabetic patient. Despite the swift diagnosis and management; the fungal invasion of the right internal carotid artery lead to massive ischemic stroke.Timely diagnosis and management is crucial f...
Source: Medical Mycology Case Reports - September 22, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Medical News Today: The Mediterranean diet reduces stroke risk, too
In the latest study to investigate the benefits of the Mediterranean diet, researchers identify a reduction in stroke risk for those who partake.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - September 22, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Nutrition / Diet Source Type: news

Improved quality of life following constraint-induced movement therapy is associated with gains in arm use, but not motor improvement.
CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that improved arm use during everyday activities is integral to maximizing quality of life gains during motor rehabilitation for chronic post-stroke UE hemiparesis. In contrast, gains in motor function were not associated with increases in quality of life. These findings further support the need to implement techniques into clinical practice that promote arm use during daily life if improving quality of life is a main goal of treatment. ClinicalTrials.gov Registration Numbers: NCT01725919 and NCT03005457. PMID: 30246613 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 22, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Kelly KM, Borstad AL, Kline D, Gauthier LV Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Endovascular intervention of acute ischemic stroke due to occlusion of fetal posterior cerebral artery.
We present two cases of successful endovascular intervention for emergent occlusion of a FPCA, one of which is only the second reported case of a mechanical thrombectomy of a FPCA. We review the embryology of FPCA, the controversy regarding its association with cerebral infarcts, and various approaches used in the treatment of such occlusive lesions. PMID: 30231797 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Interventional Neuroradiology - September 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Interv Neuroradiol Source Type: research

Intraosseous Administration of Tissue Plasminogen Activator on a Mobile Stroke Unit.
We describe 3 cases in which tPA was administered via IO access on a mobile stroke unit as part of the Benefits of Stroke Treatment Delivered Using a Mobile Stroke Unit Compared to Standard Management by Emergency Medical Services (BEST-MSU) trial. No adverse events were observed in the process of obtaining IO access or administering tPA. PMID: 30235055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Prehospital Emergency Care - September 21, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Prehosp Emerg Care Source Type: research

Perioperative ischaemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation after temporary cessation of anticoagulation for elective surgery.
Authors: Xu Y, Maddula M PMID: 30235195 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - September 21, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research

Mediterranean Diet Especially Protective Against Stroke in Women? Mediterranean Diet Especially Protective Against Stroke in Women?
Greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with lower risk for stroke in a UK population, with a stronger effect in women than in men.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - September 21, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Stroke: This diet may reduce the risk of the condition in women but not men
STROKE is a serious condition where the blood supply to the brain is cut off. It can have potential fatal consequences, but to prevent one happening experts recommend eating a healthy, balanced diet. A new study recommends following a particular diet, but it may be more effective for women rather than men.
Source: Daily Express - Health - September 21, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Stroke: This diet may reduce the risk of the condition happening in women but not men
STROKE is a serious condition where the blood supply to the brain is cut off. It can have potential fatal consequences, but to prevent one happening experts recommend eating a healthy, balanced diet. A new study recommends following a particular diet, but it may be more effective for women rather than men.
Source: Daily Express - Health - September 21, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Monitoring Acute Stroke in Mouse Model Using Laser Speckle Imaging-Guided Visible-Light Optical Coherence Tomography
Conclusion: This work suggests that integrated LSI and Vis-OCT is a promising tool for investigating ischemic stroke in mouse models. Significance: For the first time, LSI and Vis-OCT are integrated to investigate ischemic strokes in rodent models.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - September 21, 2018 Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research

Mediterranean Diet May Cut Stroke Risk for Women, But Not Men
Title: Mediterranean Diet May Cut Stroke Risk for Women, But Not MenCategory: Health NewsCreated: 9/20/2018 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 9/21/2018 12:00:00 AM
Source: MedicineNet Heart General - September 21, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Mediterranean Diet Protective Against Stroke
Mediterranean Diet Especially Protective Against Stroke in Women?
Source: eMedicineHealth.com - September 21, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Easing Sleep Apnea May Be Key to Stroke Recovery
Title: Easing Sleep Apnea May Be Key to Stroke RecoveryCategory: Health NewsCreated: 9/20/2018 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 9/21/2018 12:00:00 AM
Source: MedicineNet Sleep General - September 21, 2018 Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: news

Dr. Boukrina of Kessler Foundation examines reading deficit treatments after stroke
(Kessler Foundation) Olga Boukrina, PhD, research scientist in Stroke Rehabilitation Research at Kessler Foundation, has received a $10,000 grant from the Mabel H. Flory Charitable Trust.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Stroke in pediatric bacterial meningitis: Population-based epidemiology
Bacterial meningitis is a severe infection of the nervous system with a high complication rate including stroke. The purpose of this study is to assess the incidence, risk factors, patterns and outcomes in pediatric meningitis complicated by stroke.
Source: Pediatric Neurology - September 21, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Mary Dunbar, Hely Shah, Siddharth Shinde, Joseph Vayalumkal, Otto G. Vanderkooi, Xing-Chang Wei, Adam Kirton Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Safety and Feasibility of Argatroban, Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator, and Intra-Arterial Therapy in Stroke (ARTSS-IA Study)
A randomized trial of concurrent recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (r-tPA)  + thrombin-inhibition with Argatroban in stroke patients recently demonstrated safety and signal of efficacy compared to r-tPA alone, but patients having endovascular therapy (EVT) were excluded. The current study intended to study feasibility and safety of concurrent r-tPA and Argatroban in pa tients undergoing EVT.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 21, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Ketevan Berekashvili, Jazba Soomro, Loren Shen, Vivek Misra, Peng R. Chen, Spiros Blackburn, Mark Dannenbaum, James C. Grotta, Andrew D. Barreto Source Type: research

Magnetic Resonance Imaging White Matter Hyperintensity as a Predictor of Stroke Recurrence in Patients with Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source
This study aimed to investigate factors associated with stroke recurrence and new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS).
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 21, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Satoru Kashima, Takahiro Shimizu, Hisanao Akiyama, Yasuhiro Hasegawa Source Type: research

Long-term, telephone-based follow-up after stroke and TIA improves risk factors: 36-month results from the randomized controlled NAILED stroke risk factor trial
Strategies are needed to improve adherence to the blood pressure (BP) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level recommendations after stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA). We investigated whe...
Source: BMC Neurology - September 21, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Joachim Ögren, Anna-Lotta Irewall, Lars Söderström and Thomas Mooe Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor. Intracranial stenting in acute stroke.
PMID: 30239323 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - September 21, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Gross BA, Jadhav AP, Jankowitz BT, Jovin TG Tags: J Neurosurg Source Type: research

Implications for understanding ischemic stroke as a sexually dimorphic disease: The role of pial collateral circulations.
Abstract We investigated structural and functional differences in primary and pial collateral circulations in adult normotensive male and female Wistar rats. Male (n=10) and female (n=7) rats were subjected to middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion and changes in relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in MCA and pial collateral territories were measured by multi-site laser Doppler flowmetry. Rats were then transcardially perfused with a mixture of carbon black and latex, perfusion fixed and imaged to compare primary and pial collateral structure between males (n=4) and females (n=3), including lumen diameters and num...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology - September 21, 2018 Category: Physiology Authors: Li Z, Tremble SM, Cipolla MJ Tags: Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol Source Type: research

Pathological Laughter as a Symptom of Middle Cerebral Artery Stroke
Pathological laughter is defined as uncontrollable and inappropriate laughter unrelated to an emotion or a mood. This symptom can reveal a stroke.
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - September 21, 2018 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: G ülden Özel, David Maltête, Romain Lefaucheur Tags: Clinical Communications: Adult Source Type: research

Sleep Apnea Treatment Tied to Improved Stroke Outcomes Sleep Apnea Treatment Tied to Improved Stroke Outcomes
Use of continuous positive airway pressure after an acute stroke or transient ischemia attack may improve neurologic functioning in patients with sleep apnea, a new study found.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - September 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Stroke volume variation and intraoperative bleeding during functional endoscopic sinus surgery.
Authors: Dauri M, Di Mauro R, Lucci F, Martino F, Silvi MB, Gidaro E, Di Lorenzo S, Toschi N, Di Girolamo S PMID: 30226345 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - September 20, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research

Easing Sleep Apnea May Be Key to Stroke Recovery
The investigators found that, among stroke patients, "treatment of sleep apnea with CPAP therapy provides significant benefits, even greater than the benefits of tPA, the FDA-approved drug treatment for stroke," said study lead researcher Dr. Dawn Bravata.
Source: WebMD Health - September 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Mediterranean Diet May Cut Stroke Risk for Women
Women in a new study who followed a Mediterranean diet cut their risk for stroke, but the effect was not the same for men. The reason isn’t quite clear, researchers said.
Source: WebMD Health - September 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Ethical Challenges in Acute Evaluation of Suspected Psychogenic Stroke Mimics.
We present two cases of patients with suspected psychogenic stroke mimics to illustrate the ethical challenges faced in identifying and managing psychogenic stroke mimics. Further research is needed to demonstrate effective treatment strategies for patients with acute stroke symptoms of psychogenic etiology. PMID: 30226818 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Clinical Ethics - September 20, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Tags: J Clin Ethics Source Type: research

Insulin Resistance Index from Oral Glucose Tolerance Test Predicts Ischemic Stroke Outcomes in Non-Diabetic Patients with Different Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate Strata
Conclusions: An OGTT-derived estimate of insulin resistance with the composite ISI, but not HOMA-IR, was independently associated with increased risks of 1-year mortality and poor functional outcome in non-diabetic ischemic stroke patients with different eGFR strata.Cerebrovasc Dis 2018;46:140 –149
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 20, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The effect and associated factors of dispatcher recognition of stroke: A retrospective observational study
ConclusionThe dispatchers should spend more time identifying stroke patients by following the dispatch protocol. Recognition of stroke by dispatchers was associated with improved stroke care.
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - September 20, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Medical News Today: Stroke severity reduced in those who walk regularly
A study of people who had strokes finds that symptoms were less severe in those who did light to moderate exercise, such as 4 hours of walking per week.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - September 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Stroke Source Type: news

Association of serum lipids with clinical outcome in acute ischaemic stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis
This study aimed at assessing the association between serum lipid and clinical outcomes in acute ischaemic stroke. Relevant data were obtained from Cochrane Library, PubMed and Web of Science databases. The heterogeneity of pooled results was determined by the Cochran’s Q test and Higgins I-squared statistic. The random-effect model was performed to calculate the pooled results if PH < 0.05 for Q-test, otherwise the fixed-effect model was applied. The primary results were death, and the secondary were recurrence, dependency, mRS score ≥3, and early neurological deterioration. A total of 21 full-text studies was...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - September 20, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Women who eat a Mediterranean diet face a 22% lower risk of stroke
University of East Anglia, researchers compared the stroke risk of 23,000 participants, who were put into four different groups based on how closely they followed the diet, over a 17-year period.
Source: the Mail online | Health - September 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Easing Sleep Apnea May Be Key to Stroke Recovery
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- Sleep apnea is a known risk factor for stroke, and new research suggests that curbing the condition might also aid the recovery of people who ' ve suffered a stroke or mini-stroke. Patients in the study typically used the...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - September 20, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Mediterranean Diet May Cut Stroke Risk for Women, But Not Men
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- The Mediterranean diet may do more than help you reach and maintain a healthy weight: New research suggests that women who follow it also lower their stroke risk. But men did not reap the same benefit from the diet,...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - September 20, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

The imperative need to identify stroke risk stratification models for patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis
The optimal management of patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis (ACS) is controversial. The study by Klarin et  al1 provides important novel information that challenges the theory claiming that medical treatment (MT) alone is adequate for the management of all patients with ACS and that prophylactic carotid endarterectomy is not justified in any of these patients.2 Klarin et al1 showed that 112 of 219 pat ients (50%) with radiographically confirmed first-ever carotid-related strokes did actually receive antiplatelet therapy before their stroke, and 121 of 219 patients (55%) received lipid-lowering therapy (most ...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Kosmas I. Paraskevas, Jean-Baptiste Ricco Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Alarmingly high stroke and death rates after carotid artery stenting
Three recent studies report alarming results for carotid artery stenting (CAS).1-3 The first is a report of patients undergoing CAS (n  = 12,298) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA; n = 66,169) during 2009 to 2016 in the Vascular Quality Initiative (n = 18 regional quality groups).1 For asymptomatic patients, perioperative stroke/death rates after CEA were within the recommended thresholds by the American Heart Association (AHA) gu idelines (
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Kosmas I. Paraskevas Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Dysphagia and aspiration pneumonia in elderly hospitalization stroke patients: Risk factors, cerebral infarction area comparison.
CONCLUSION: In stroke inpatients over sixty years of age, it is necessary to distinguish the patients with multiple previous cerebral infarctions, high NIHSS score, masticatory muscle paralysis, abolition of gag reflex for early detection and rehabilitation of dysphagia. PMID: 30223382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 20, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Mediterranean-style diet may lower women's stroke risk
(University of East Anglia) Following a Mediterranean-style diet may reduce stroke risk in women over 40 but not in men -- according to new research led by the University of East Anglia.A new report, published today in the American Heart Association's journal Stroke, reveals that a diet high in fish, fruit, vegetables, nuts and beans, and lower in meat and dairy, reduces stroke risk among white adults who are at high risk of cardiovascular disease.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 20, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

A qualitative study exploring views and experiences of people with stroke undergoing transcranial direct current stimulation and upper limb robot therapy.
Conclusions This study provides new knowledge about the benefits and barriers associated with these technologies which are crucial to the future effective implementation of these tools in practice. PMID: 30236033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 20, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Tedesco Triccas L, Burridge JH, Hughes AM, Meadmore KL, Donovan-Hall M, Rothwell JC, Verheyden G Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research