Table of Contents
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Early clinical evidence regarding multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C)
By April 2020 physicians in the UK/France and the US recognized a unique hyperinflammatory syndrome characterized by fever, cardiovascular shock, and suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection and public health authorities published advisories concerning this entity. In the US, this has been called multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). Two publications in this volume of The Journal of Pediatrics report data collected between April and July and results published following peer review online in early October 2020 that reflect the beginning of what would be a rapid transition from clinical experience to clinical evidence...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sarah S. Long Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Can we diagnose concussion easily?
Concussion is generally defined as a traumatic, impulsive force transmitted to the head that results in rapid onset of transiently impaired neurological function. This straightforward definition does not result, however, in an easily reproducible diagnosis of concussion, as prior studies in The Journal (J Pediatr 2015;166;1214-20) have shown. A number of proprietary tests have been deployed for diagnosis, yet those all have limitations in regard to sensitivity, reliability, and expense. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Paul G. Fisher Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Analysis of temporal clusters: A new approach to unraveling the mystery of Kawasaki disease
Kawasaki disease is an acute vasculitis of childhood characterized by high fever, rash, bilateral nonexudative conjunctival injection, erythema of the oral mucosa, unilateral cervical lymphadenopathy, and erythema and edema of the hands and feet in the acute phase, or periungual desquamation in the subacute phase. Patients who lack full features of Kawasaki disease may have incomplete Kawasaki disease. Whereas the presenting signs of Kawasaki disease are transient, long-term morbidity and mortality may ensue because of an associated necrotizing arteritis that causes coronary artery aneurysms. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jane W. Newburger Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Kawasaki disease in African American children
It is well known that Kawasaki disease has racial and ethnic variations in prevalence, response to intravenous gamma globulin, and outcomes. However, relatively little is known about African American children. In this volume of The Journal, Padilla et al report on comparisons between African American and white children with respect to Kawasaki Disease outcomes. They found that African American children were more likely to be refractory to IVIG treatment, have more severe inflammation, and had a greater proportion of persistent coronary artery abnormalities at follow-up compared with white children. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephen R. Daniels Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

A long road to go: Rural inpatient mental health research
In the United States, it is estimated that approximately 1 in 10 children will require mental health services; however, there is also a shortage in the supply of pediatric mental health care providers in the country. This shortage is further exacerbated in rural areas, which forces families and patients to travel even greater distances for needed mental health care. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michael D. Cabana Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

When Pneumonia Is Not Resolved with Antibiotics: The Incomplete Border Sign
A 12-year-old boy was admitted to the emergency department with a 2-week history of right thoracic back pain that worsened with breathing and was accompanied by low-grade fever (37.4 °C). No other symptoms were observed. No trauma was reported. His past history and family history were unremarkable. Physical examination revealed decreased breath sounds in the right lower lobe. No discoloration of the skin or chest swelling were present. White blood cells and neutrophil count wer e sightly elevated. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Maria Rosario P érez-Torres Lobato, Soumia Fillal Kilch, Pablo Gómez Millán, Ignacio Pérez-Torres Lobato, Catalina Márquez Vega, Jose Ignacio Gutiérrez Carrasco Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Pseudohyperkalemia and Pseudohyponatremia in Two Children with T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
We describe two children with leukemia presenting with both disturbances to highlight the importance of correlating electrolyte results from plasma with those from whole blood before intervening. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Zelda Ghersin, Neil D. Fernandes, Amanda Winkler, Phoebe Yager Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

In the Wake of a Pandemic: Revisiting School Approaches to Nonmedical Exemptions to Mandatory Vaccination in the US
Mandatory school vaccination policies with exclusion of unvaccinated students can be a powerful tool in ensuring high vaccination rates. Some parents may object to mandatory vaccination policies, claiming exemptions based on medical, religious, or philosophical reasons. Individual schools, school systems, or local or regional governments have different policies with respect to whether, and what kind of, exemptions may be allowed. In the setting of the current pandemic, questions regarding the acceptability of exemptions have resurfaced, as schools and local governments struggle with how to safely return children to school....
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 20, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Erin Talati Paquette Tags: eflections on thics and dvocacy in hild ealth Source Type: research

Adolescent Consent for Human Papillomavirus Vaccine: Ethical, Legal, and Practical Considerations
We address ethical, legal, and practical issues related to adolescent self-consent for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. HPV vaccination coverage continues to lag well behind the national goal of 80% series completion. Structural and behavioral interventions have improved vaccination rates, but attitudinal, behavioral, and access barriers remain. A potential approach for increasing access and improving vaccination coverage would be to permit adolescents to consent to HPV vaccination for themselves. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 20, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gregory D. Zimet, Ross D. Silverman, Robert A. Bednarczyk, Abigail English Tags: eflections on Ethics and Advocacy in Child Health Source Type: research

Diagnostic Accuracy of the Panbio Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Antigen Rapid Test Compared with Reverse-Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction Testing of Nasopharyngeal Samples in the Pediatric Population
We conducted a multicenter clinical validity study of the Panbio  coronavirus disease 2019 Antigen Rapid Test of nasopharyngeal samples in pediatric patients with coronavirus disease 2019–compatible symptoms of ≤5 days of evolution. Our study showed limited accuracy in nasopharyngeal antigen testing: overall sensitivity was 45.4%, and 99.8% of specificity, positive-predictive value was 92.5%. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 20, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Serena Villaverde, Sara Dom ínguez-Rodríguez, Gema Sabrido, Conchita Pérez-Jorge, Marta Plata, María Pilar Romero, Carlos Daniel Grasa, Ana Belén Jiménez, Elena Heras, Antonio Broncano, María del Mar Núñez, Marta Illán, Paloma Merino, Beatriz So Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Global Ethical Considerations Regarding Mandatory Vaccination in  Children
Whether children should be vaccinated against coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) (or other infectious diseases such as influenza) and whether some degree of coercion should be exercised by the state to ensure high uptake depends, among other things, on the safety and efficacy of the vaccine. For COVID-19, these factors are currently unknown for children, with unanswered questions also on children's role in the transmission of the virus, the extent to which the vaccine will decrease transmission, and the expected benefit (if any) to the child. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 20, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Julian Savulescu, Alberto Giubilini, Margie Danchin Tags: eflections on Ethics and Advocacy in Child Health Source Type: research

Adolescent Consent for Human Papillomavirus Vaccine: Ethical, Legal, and Practical Considerations,
We address ethical, legal, and practical issues related to adolescent self-consent for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. HPV vaccination coverage continues to lag well behind the national goal of 80% series completion. Structural and behavioral interventions have improved vaccination rates, but attitudinal, behavioral, and access barriers remain. A potential approach for increasing access and improving vaccination coverage would be to permit adolescents to consent to HPV vaccination for themselves. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 20, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gregory D. Zimet, Ross D. Silverman, Robert A. Bednarczyk, Abigail English Tags: eflections on Ethics and Advocacy in Child Health Source Type: research

The Impact of Erythropoietin on Short- and Long-Term Kidney-Related Outcomes in Neonates of Extremely Low Gestational Age. Results of a Multicenter, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial
To evaluate whether extremely low gestational age neonates (ELGANs) randomized to erythropoietin have better or worse kidney-related outcomes during hospitalization and at 22-26  months of corrected gestational age (cGA) compared with those randomized to placebo. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 20, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: David J. Askenazi, Patrick J. Heagerty, Robert H. Schmicker, Patrick Brophy, Sandra E. Juul, Stuart L. Goldstein, Sangeeta Hingorani, the PENUT Trial Consortium Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Diagnostic Accuracy of the Panbio SARS-CoV-2 Antigen Rapid Test Compared with Rt-Pcr Testing of Nasopharyngeal Samples in the Pediatric Population
We conducted a multicenter clinical validity study of the Panbio COVID-19 Antigen Rapid Test of nasopharyngeal samples in pediatric patients with COVID-19 compatible symptoms of ≤5 days of evolution. Our study showed limited accuracy in nasopharyngeal antigen testing: overall sensitivity was 45.4%, and 99.8% of specificity, positive-predictive value was 92.5%. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 20, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: S. Villaverde, S. Dom ínguez-Rodríguez, G. Sabrido, C. Pérez-Jorge, M. Plata, M.P. Romero, C. Grasa, A.B. Jiménez, E. Heras, A. Broncano, M. Núñez, M. Illán, P. Merino, B. Soto, D. Molina-Arana, A. Bermejo, P. Mendoza, M. Gijón, B. Pérez-Moneo, C Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Timing of temporizing neurosurgical treatment in relation to shunting and neurodevelopmental outcomes in post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation of prematurity: a meta-analysis
To determine the relationship between timing of initiation of temporizing neurosurgical treatment and rates of ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS) and neurodevelopmental impairment in premature infants with post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 20, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Grace Y. Lai, William Chu-Kwan, Annie B. Westcott, Abhaya V. Kulkarni, James M. Drake, Sandi Lam Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Global Ethical Considerations regarding Mandatory Vaccination in Children
Whether children should be vaccinated against COVID-19 (or other infectious diseases such as influenza) and whether some degree of coercion should be exercised by the state to ensure high uptake depends, among other things, on the safety and efficacy of the vaccine. For COVID-19 these are currently unknown for children, with unanswered questions also on children ’s role in transmission of the virus, the extent to which the vaccine will reduce transmission, and the expected benefit (if any) to the child. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 20, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Julian Savulescu, Alberto Giubilini, Margie Danchin Source Type: research

In the Wake of a Pandemic: Revisiting School Approaches to Non-Medical Exemptions to Mandatory Vaccination in the United States
Mandatory school vaccination policies with exclusion of unvaccinated students can be a powerful tool in ensuring high vaccination rates . Some parents may object to mandatory vaccination policies, claiming exemptions based on medical, religious, or philosophical reasons. Individual schools, school systems, or local or regional governments have different policies with respect to whether, and what kind of exemptions may be allowed. In the setting of the current pandemic, questions regarding the acceptability of exemptions have resurfaced, as schools and local governments struggle with how to safely return children to school....
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 20, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Erin Talati Paquette Source Type: research

Adolescent Consent for HPV Vaccine: Ethical, Legal, and Practical Considerations
Healthy People 2020 set a goal of 80% series completion for HPV vaccine.1 The 2019 National Immunization Survey-Teen shows that 54.2% of adolescents aged 13-17 years were up-to-date with the vaccine series.2 Although this coverage level represents an incremental increase over 2018, it remains well-below the Healthy People goal. Furthermore, HPV vaccine ordering and administration have dropped dramatically during the COVID-19 pandemic.2-4 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 20, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gregory D. Zimet, Ross D. Silverman, Robert A. Bednarczyk, Abigail English Source Type: research

The Impact of Erythropoietin on Short and Long-term Kidney-Related Outcomes in Extremely Low Gestational Age Neonates. Results of a Multi-center Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial
To evaluate whether extremely low gestational age neonates (ELGANs) randomized to erythropoietin have better or worse kidney-related outcomes during hospitalization and at 22-26 months corrected gestational age (cGA) compared with those randomized to placebo. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 20, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: David J. Askenazi, Patrick J. Heagerty, Robert H. Schmicker, Patrick Brophy, Sandra E. Juul, Stuart L. Goldstein, Sangeeta Hingorani, PENUT Trial Consortium Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Treatment Practices and Outcomes in Continuous Spike and Wave during Slow Wave Sleep: A Multicenter Collaboration
To determine how continuous spike and wave during slow wave sleep (CSWS) is currently managed and to compare the effectiveness of current treatment strategies using a database from 11 pediatric epilepsy centers in the US. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 19, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Fiona M. Baumer, Nancy A. McNamara, Anthony L. Fine, Elia Pestana-Knight, Ren ée A. Shellhaas, Zihuai He, Daniel H. Arndt, William D. Gaillard, Sarah A. Kelley, Margot Nagan, Adam P. Ostendorf, Nilika S. Singhal, Laura Speltz, Kevin E. Chapman Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Treatment Practices and Outcomes in Continuous Spike and Wave During Slow Wave Sleep (CSWS): A Multicenter Collaboration
To determine how Continuous Spike and Wave during Slow Wave Sleep (CSWS) is currently managed and to compare the effectiveness of current treatment strategies using a database from 11 pediatric epilepsy centers in the United States. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 19, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Fiona M. Baumer, Nancy A. McNamara, Anthony L. Fine, Elia Pestana-Knight, Ren ée A. Shellhaas, Zihuai He, Daniel H. Arndt, William D. Gaillard, Sarah A. Kelley, Margot Nagan, Adam P. Ostendorf, Nilika S. Singhal, Laura Speltz, Kevin E. Chapman Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Intergenerational Influences between Maternal Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Offspring: An Updated Overview
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common heterogeneous endocrine disorder. Affecting 5-10%1 of reproductive-aged women, PCOS is characterized by hyperandrogenemia, anovulation and insulin resistance (IR), with long-term effects throughout the different stages of a woman ’s life. During gestation, women with PCOS have higher androgen concentrations2. Intrauterine exposure to high androgen concentrations may cause fetal reprogramming or placental changes through epigenetic regulation or other mechanisms, thus causing changes in multiple systems in the offspring and ultimately affecting growth and development...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 19, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Fang-Fang Zhang, Qing Zhang, Yuan-Lin Wang, Fang-Fang Wang, Paul J. Hardiman, Fan Qu Tags: Medical Progress Source Type: research

Transitional Leadership: Three Leader's Perspectives on an Increasingly Common Position
This report also describes an annual turnover rate of 17% in departmental leadership.1 A 25-year review o f chairs in academic obstetrics and gynecology departments published by Rayburn et al showed similar data, with an annual turnover rate that doubled through this time period to 12.7%. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 18, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Allison S. McBride, Evelyn Y. Anthony, Julie A. Freischlag Tags: Notes from the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, Inc. Source Type: research

Deaf Children of Hearing Parents Have Age-Level Vocabulary Growth When Exposed to American Sign Language by 6  Months of Age
To examine whether children who are deaf or hard of hearing who have hearing parents can develop age-level vocabulary skills when they have early exposure to a sign language. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 18, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Naomi Caselli, Jennie Pyers, Amy M. Lieberman Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Ashkar F, et  al. A new rapid technique for the localization of abnormalities in migration of the thyroid gland. J Pediatr 1971:870-3. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 18, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Liane Eng, Leslie Lam Source Type: research

Elevated Serum Concentrations of Remnant Cholesterol Associate with Increased Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in Children and Adolescents
To evaluate the relationship between remnant cholesterol and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), a surrogate marker for atherosclerosis, in children and adolescents. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 18, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alessia Di Costanzo, Francesco Massimo Perla, Laura D ’Erasmo, Marcello Arca, Claudio Chiesa, Lucia Pacifico Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Deaf Children of Hearing Parents Have Age-Level Vocabulary Growth When Exposed to ASL by Six-Months
To examine whether deaf or hard of hearing children who have hearing parents can develop age-level vocabulary skills when they have early exposure to a sign language. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 18, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Naomi Caselli, Jennie Pyers, Amy M. Lieberman Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Evolution of Imaging for Diagnosis of Abnormal Migration of the Thyroid Gland
In May 1971, Ashkar et al introduced a novel technique of dynamic imaging to identify malformed or ectopic thyroid tissue. They emphasized the benefits of technetium-99m (Tc-99m) over the conventional I-131 for this diagnostic purpose. Tc-99m has low-energy gamma emissions with almost no beta emissions, a shorter half-life which allows for a faster study, and less production cost than conventional I-131. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 18, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Liane Eng, Leslie Lam Tags: 50 Years Ago Source Type: research

Reflections on Ethics and Advocacy in Child Health (REACH): Creating a forum for ethical dialogue
We are pleased to announce a new section of The Journal of Pediatrics entitled REACH: Reflections on Ethics and Advocacy in Child Health. REACH themed articles will be published quarterly and feature articles that examine a pediatric ethics or child health policy issue from multiple perspectives. The first installment features 3 articles that address the ethics and policy questions about mandatory vaccination. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 18, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lainie Friedman Ross, Mary Ott Source Type: research

Transitional Leadership: Perspectives of a Dean and an Interim Chair on an Increasingly Common Position
This report also describes an annual turnover rate of 17% in departmental leadership1. A 25-year review of chairs in academic obstetrics and gynecology departments published by Rayburn et al, showed similar data with an annual turnover rate that doubled through this time period to 12.7%2. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 18, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Allison S. McBride, Evelyn Y. Anthony, Julie A. Freischlag Tags: AMSPDC Source Type: research

Evolution over Time of Leg Length Discrepancy in Patients with Syndromic and Isolated Lateralized Overgrowth
To provide information on evolution over time of leg length discrepancy in patients with syndromic and isolated lateralized overgrowth. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 16, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Diana Carli, Maurizio De Pellegrin, Luisa Franceschi, Federica Zinali, Matteo Paonessa, Simone Spolaore, Simona Cardaropoli, Mattia Cravino, Lorenzo Marcucci, Antonio Andreacchio, Nicoletta Resta, Giovanni Battista Ferrero, Alessandro Mussa Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Acute Delivery Room Resuscitation of Neonates Exposed to Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
To determine whether full-term neonates with in utero exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) require respiratory support in the delivery room, as indicated by the standardized Neonatal Resuscitation Program algorithm, significantly more often than nonexposed neonates. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 13, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kendall A. Ulbrich, Katelyn Zumpf, Jody D. Ciolino, Malika Shah, Emily S. Miller, Katherine L. Wisner Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Associations Between Early Structural Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination, and General Movements Assessment in Infants Born Very Preterm
To evaluate the prevalence and associations between structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) injury/abnormality at term-equivalent age and absent fidgety General Movements Assessment (GMA) and abnormal Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE) scores among infants born very preterm at 3-4  months of corrected age. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 13, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Karen Harpster, Stephanie Merhar, Venkata Sita Priyanka Illapani, Colleen Peyton, Beth Kline-Fath, Nehal A. Parikh Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Association of Bacteremia with Vaccination Status in Children Aged 2 to 36  Months
To determine the association between bacteremia and vaccination status in children aged 2-36  months presenting to a pediatric emergency department. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 13, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jennifer Dunnick, Maia Taft, Robert T. Tisherman, Andrew J. Nowalk, Robert W. Hickey, Paria M. Wilson Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Encouraging Parental Reading for High-Risk Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Infants
To assess whether a citywide structured book-sharing program (NICU Bookworms) designed to promote reading to infants while admitted in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) would increase parental reading behaviors ( ≥3-4 days/week) in the NICU and after discharge home, including high-risk parents who do not themselves enjoy reading. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 13, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Viral G. Jain, Christy Kessler, Linda Lacina, Greg A. Szumlas, Clare Crosh, John S. Hutton, Robert Needlman, Thomas G. Dewitt Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Associations Between Early Structural MRI, Hammersmith Infant Neurological Exam, and General Movements Assessment in Very Preterm Infants
To evaluate the prevalence and associations between structural MRI (sMRI) injury/abnormality at term equivalent age and absent fidgety General Movements Assessment (GMA) and abnormal Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE) scores among very preterm infants at 3-4 months corrected age. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 13, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Karen Harpster, Stephanie Merhar, Venkata Sita Priyanka Illapani, Colleen Peyton, Beth Kline-Fath, Nehal A. Parikh Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Association of Bacteremia with Vaccination Status in Children Aged 2 to 36 Months
To determine the association between bacteremia and vaccination status in children aged 2-36 months presenting to a pediatric emergency department. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 13, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jennifer Dunnick, Maia Taft, Robert T. Tisherman, Andrew J. Nowalk, Robert W. Hickey, Paria M. Wilson Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Multiple Emergency Department visits for a diagnosis of Kawasaki Disease: An Examination of Risk Factors and Outcomes
To determine predictors of more than one emergency department (ED) visit for a Kawasaki disease diagnosis in a quaternary care pediatric hospital and compare outcomes between patients with 1 versus> 1 visit for KD diagnosis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 13, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jeffrey Lo, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Annette L. Baker, Sarah D. de Ferranti, Kevin G. Friedman, Mindy S. Lo, Fatma Dedeoglu, Robert P. Sundel, Jane W. Newburger, Mary Beth F. Son Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Diffusion Tensor Imaging in Very Preterm, Moderate-Late Preterm and Term-Born Neonates: A Systematic Review
To examine white matter abnormalities, measured by Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI), in very preterm ( (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 13, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Megan Dibble, Jin Zhe Ang, Liam Mariga, Eleanor J. Molloy, Arun L.W. Bokde Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Encouraging parental reading for high-risk NICU infants
To assess whether a citywide structured book-sharing program (NICU Bookworms) designed to promote reading to infants while admitted in the NICU would increase parental reading behaviors ( ≥3-4 days/week) in the NICU and after discharge home, including high-risk parents who do not themselves enjoy reading. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 13, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Viral G. Jain, Christy Kessler, Linda Lacina, Greg A. Szumlas, Clare Crosh, John S. Hutton, Robert Needlman, Thomas G. Dewitt Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Acute Delivery Room Resuscitation of SSRI Exposed Neonates
To determine whether full-term neonates with in utero exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) require respiratory support in the delivery room, as indicated by the standardized Neonatal Resuscitation Program [NRP] algorithm, significantly more often than non-exposed neonates. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 13, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kendall A. Ulbrich, Katelyn Zumpf, Jody D. Ciolino, Malika Shah, Emily S. Miller, Katherine L. Wisner Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Mortality, Risk Factors and Disparities Associated with Esophageal Variceal Bleeding in Children's Hospitals in the US
To use a large administrative database to determine the mortality, risk factors, and comorbidities of esophageal variceal bleeding in children. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 12, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jean P. Molleston, William E. Bennett Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Tele-Clinic Visits in Pediatric Patients with Marfan Syndrome Using Parentally Acquired Echocardiography
To test feasibility of tele-clinic visits using parentally acquired vital signs and focused echocardiographic images in patients with Marfan syndrome. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 12, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Angela Chen, Rajesh Punn, R. Thomas Collins, Jonathan H. Chen, Katie Jo Stauffer, Rena Wang, Samantha Alexander, Kirstie MacMillen Lechich, Daniel Jerome Murphy, Sukyung Chung, Elif Seda Selamet Tierney Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Tele-Clinic Visits in Pediatric Patients with Marfan Syndrome using Parentally-Acquired Echo
To test feasibility of tele-clinic visits using parentally-acquired vital signs and focused echocardiographic (echo) images in patients with Marfan syndrome. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 12, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Angela Chen, Rajesh Punn, R. Thomas Collins, Jonathan H. Chen, Katie Jo Stauffer, Rena Wang, Samantha Alexander, Kirstie MacMillen Lechich, Daniel Jerome Murphy, Sukyung Chung, Elif Seda Selamet Tierney Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Antenatal Risk Factors Associated with Spontaneous Intestinal Perforation in Preterm Infants Receiving Post-natal Indomethacin
To determine if antenatal variables affect the risk of spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) among preterm infants when prophylactic indomethacin is used. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 12, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tamara I. Arnautovic, Jami L. Longo, Elizabeth J. Trail-Burns, Richard Tucker, Martin Keszler, Abbot R. Laptook Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Mortality, Risk Factors and Disparities Associated with Esophageal Variceal Bleeding in Children ’s Hospitals in the United States
To use a large administrative database to determine the mortality, risk factors, and co-morbidities of esophageal variceal bleeding in children. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 12, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jean P. Molleston, William E. Bennett Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Reply
We want to address their disagreement with our determination to allow only children>10  years old to self-report. In their arguments, the authors ignore that our methods followed the Rome IV Committee guidelines for the use of the official questionnaire for the diagnosis of functional gastrointestinal disorders (Questionnaire on Pediatric Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders, QPGS-I V).1 This document recommended using the self-report questionnaire in children>10  years of age (as opposed to parental report for children (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 11, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Amanda C. Fifi, Carlos Velasco-Benitez, Miguel Saps Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research