50 Years Ago in THE Journal of Pediatrics
Pochedly C, Collipp PJ, Wolman SR, Suwansirikul S, Rezvani I. J Fanconi's anemia with growth hormone deficiency. J Pediatr 1971;79:93-6. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philip F. Giampietro Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in THE Journal of Pediatrics
South, MA. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli disease: new developments and perspectives. J Pediatr 1971;79:1-11. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Adam W. Cohen, Mitchell B. Cohen Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in THE Journal of Pediatrics
Sims NH, Seidel HM, Cooke RE. A structured approach to the use of physician extenders in well-child evaluations. J Pediatr 1971;79:151-63. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ariel Sugarman, Michael D. Cabana Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in THE Journal of Pediatrics
Brodsky SJ, Mirowski M, Krovetz LJ, Rowe RD. Recordings of His bundle and other conduction tissue potentials in children. J  Pediatr 1971;61:61-7. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sakshi Sachdeva, Piyush Gupta Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in THE Journal of Pediatrics
Christen AG. Persistent cutaneous fistulas of dental origin in children: report of two cases. J Pediatr 1971;79:51-4. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sarah S. Long Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Kornreich H, Malouf NN, Hanson V. Acute hepatic dysfunction in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. J Pediatr 1971;79:27-35. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Limor Ashkenazi, Philip J. Hashkes Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Wallace PD, Silber DL. Analysis of a straight pediatric internship. J Pediatr 1971;79:110-4. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Elena Fuentes-Afflick Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
O ’Brien RT, Pearson HA. Physiologic anemia of the newborn infant. J Pediatr 1971;789:132-8. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Anne Lee Solev åg, Jannicke H. Andresen, Ola Didrik Saugstad Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Passwell J, Theodor E, Cohen BE. Chronic active hepatitis with unusual histologic features. J Pediatr 1971;79:36-41. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Milad Rezvani Source Type: research

Lipid supplement reduced ROP in premature infants
Hellstr öm A, Nilsson AK, Wackernagel D, Pivodic A, Vanpee M, Sjöbom U, et al. Effect of Enteral Lipid Supplement on Severe Retinopathy of Prematurity: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Pediatr 2021:e205653. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5653 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Edward H. Wood, Clio Armitage Harper Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Automated emergency department sepsis screening appears superior to manual screening
Eisenberg M, Freiman E, Capraro A, Madden K, Monuteaux MC, Hudgins J, et al. Comparison of Manual and Automated Sepsis Screening Tools in a Pediatric Emergency Department. Pediatrics 2021;147(2):e2020022590. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-022590 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Halden F. Scott, Tellen D. Bennett Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Sex trafficking screening tool in the emergency department
Hurst IA, Abdoo DC, Harpin S, Leonard J, Adelgais K. Confidential Screening for Sex Trafficking Among Minors in a Pediatric Emergency Department. Pediatrics 2021:e2020013235. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-013235 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Felicia Scott-Wellington Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Obesity in both boys and girls associated with earlier pubertal timing
Chen LK, Wang G, Bennett WL, Ji Y, Pearson C, Radovick S, et al. Trajectory of Body Mass Index from Ages 2 to 7 Years and Age at Peak Height Velocity in Boys and Girls. J Pediatr 2021;230:221-9.e5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.11.047 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nis Brix, Cecilia H øst Ramlau-Hansen Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

The buck stops with us
In this volume of The Journal, Bickel et al compare 2 time epochs bracketing a change made by a public insurance payer that eliminated coverage of beclomethasone diproprionate, or BDP, by metered-dose inhaler (MDI) in favor of mometasone furoate (MF), available as MDI or dry powder inhaler (DPI). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Denise M. Goodman Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Developmental service referrals for foster children with delays
This study identifies gaps in referrals for children who are delayed, but also frequent lack of completion of referrals that were placed, with more kinship caregivers declining services. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jennifer Accardo Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Early-onset neonatal sepsis: Finding a needle in a haystack
Sepsis is an uncommon disease, especially in infants ≥35 weeks' gestation when the incidence in the general population is 0.5-1.0/1000 live births. Although the incidence is higher in symptomatic infants and those with risk factors, sepsis evaluations are far more common than infants with proven sepsis. How can practitioners identify the one baby wi th sepsis from the many infants with risk factors or clinical signs (finding a needle in a haystack)? For many decades, clinicians have relied on laboratory testing to decide which well appearing infants require antibiotics at birth. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Richard A. Polin Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Performance of the early-onset-sepsis calculator in Israeli newborns
Riskin et al report a 2-year single-center prospective surveillance of performance of the early-onset-sepsis (EOS) calculator in Israeli infants born at 34 weeks' gestational age with one or more peripartum risk factors for EOS. The impact of use of the calculator in Israel compared with use in the US where it was invented and validated is of special interest because currently there is no recommendation for screening or intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) for group B Streptococcus (GBS) in Israel. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sarah S. Long Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Incidental findings – knowing when they matter
Radiologists occasionally find something incidentally on ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI that is not related to the reason for the study. Examples include an isolated renal cyst or small focus of calcification in the liver. Many of these findings are of no consequence, but the radiologist's report often results in referral to a subspecialist, thus incurring unnecessary costs. Alternatively, incidental findings can identify conditions that have significant health implications and early recognition of these has the potential to improve health outcomes. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ivor D. Hill Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Thanks to our Valued Reviewers —2020
The Editors gratefully acknowledge all reviewers who completed reviews for The Journal in  2020. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Tags: List of Reviewers Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Impact of Social Determinants and Digital Literacy on Telehealth Acceptance for Pediatric Cardiology Care Delivery during the Early Phase of the COVID-19 Pandemic
To determine if telehealth acceptance by parents of children with heart disease is predicted by sociodemographic and/or by parental digital literacy; and to assess parental perceptions of TH usability and reliability. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 23, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Carissa M. Baker-Smith, Erica Sood, Carol Prospero, Varsha Zadokar, Shubhika Srivastava Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Growth and Nutritional Intake of Infants with Univentricular Circulation
To evaluate the nutritional status and early nutritional intake of infants with univentricular congenital heart disease. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 22, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Anne Marie Shine, Leah Foyle, Emma Gentles, Fiona Ward, Colin J. McMahon Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Long-term Neurodevelopmental Outcomes after Moderate and Late Preterm Birth: A Systematic Review
To systematically review and perform meta-analyses on the long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes of moderate and late preterm (MLPT) born adults in relation to cognitive functioning and psychiatric disorders. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 22, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lexuri Fern ández de Gamarra-Oca, Natalia Ojeda, Ainara Gómez-Gastiasoro, Javier Peña, Naroa Ibarretxe-Bilbao, M. Acebo García-Guerrero, Begoña Loureiro, Leire Zubiaurre-Elorza Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Associations of Nutrient Intake Changes During Childhood With Adolescent Hepatic Fat: The Exploring Perinatal Outcomes Among CHildren (EPOCH) Study
To examine associations of dietary changes from childhood to adolescence with adolescent hepatic fat and whether the PNPLA3 rs738409 risk allele, a strong genetic risk factor for HF, modifies associations. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 22, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Catherine C. Cohen, Wei Perng, Katherine A. Sauder, Brandy M. Ringham, Anna Bellatorre, Ann Scherzinger, Maggie A. Stanislawski, Leslie A. Lange, Kartik Shankar, Dana Dabelea Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Growth and Nutrition Intakes of Infants with Univentricular Circulation:
This study aims to evaluate the nutrition status and early nutrition intakes of infants with univentricular CHD. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 22, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Anne Marie Shine, Leah Foyle, Emma Gentles, Fiona Ward, Colin J. McMahon Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Bloodstream Infections in Preterm Neonates and Mortality-Associated Risk  Factors
To investigate the association of early ( ±4 hours after onset of bloodstream infection) clinical and laboratory variables with episode-related mortality ( (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michelle Baczynski, Ashraf Kharrat, Faith Zhu, Xiang Y. Ye, Prakesh S. Shah, Dany E. Weisz, Amish Jain Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Recurrence of Acute Myocarditis Temporally Associated with Receipt of the mRNA Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Vaccine in a Male Adolescent
We report a case of a 17-year-old male adolescent with a recurrence of acute myocarditis 4  months after an initial episode of acute myocarditis negative for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 and 48 hours after receiving his second dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus disease 2019 messenger ribonucleic acid vaccine. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Prashant K. Minocha, Donna Better, Rakesh K. Singh, Tasneem Hoque Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Sources of unease about the use of genome sequencing for diagnosing rare diseases in children
There is a mystery surrounding the uptake of genome sequencing (GS) as a diagnostic tool in critical care pediatrics. On the one hand, GS offers the promise of quicker and more precise diagnoses of rare diseases in children than is possible with other technologies.1 This allows the possibility of innovative and personalized treatment for children with mysterious ailments.2 Furthermore, some studies suggest that such testing, although expensive, actually saves money.3 Fears that ambiguous results would lead to increased anxiety and depression among parents have been shown by careful study to be exaggerated. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: John D. Lantos Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Bloodstream Infections in Preterm Neonates and Mortality Associated Risk Factors
To investigate the association of early ( ±4 hours blood stream infection-onset) clinical and laboratory variables with episode-related mortality ( (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michelle Baczynski, Ashraf Kharrat, Faith Zhu, Xiang Y. Ye, Prakesh S. Shah, Dany E. Weisz, Amish Jain Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Recurrence of Acute Myocarditis Temporally Associated With Receipt of the mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine in an Adolescent Male
We report a Case of a 17-year-old male with a recurrence of acute myocarditis 4 months after an initial episode of SARS-CoV-2 negative acute myocarditis and 48 hours after receiving his second dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) vaccine. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Prashant K. Minocha, Donna Better, Rakesh K. Singh, Tasneem Hoque Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Sources of unease about the use of genome sequencing for diagnosing rare diseases in children.
There is a mystery surrounding the uptake of genome sequencing (GS) as a diagnostic tool in critical care pediatrics. On the one hand, GS offers the promise of quicker and more precise diagnoses of rare diseases in children than is possible with other technologies.1 This allows the possibility of innovative and personalized treatment for children with mysterious ailments.2 Furthermore, some studies suggest that such testing, although expensive, actually saves money.3 Fears that ambiguous results would lead to increased anxiety and depression among parents have been shown by careful study to be exaggerated.4 Parents, for th...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 21, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: John D. Lantos Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Growth Rates of Infants Randomized to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure or Intubation After Extremely Preterm Birth
To evaluate the effects of early treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on nutritional intake and in-hospital growth rates of extremely preterm (EPT) infants. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 19, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ariel A. Salas, Waldemar A. Carlo, Barbara T. Do, Edward F. Bell, Abhik Das, Krisa P. Van Meurs, Brenda B. Poindexter, Seetha Shankaran, Noelle Younge, Kristi L. Watterberg, Rosemary D. Higgins, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Ne Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Long-term Neurodevelopmental Outcomes of Children with Congenital Heart Defects
To assess whether children with symptomatic CHD at birth (cyanosis and/or heart failure) are at greater risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes at 8 years of age. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 19, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Neil Derridj, Romain Guedj, Johanna Calderon, Lucile Houyel, Nathalie Lelong, Nathalie Bertille, Francois Goffinet, Damien Bonnet, Babak Khoshnood Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Growth Rates of Infants Randomized to CPAP or Intubation After Extremely Preterm Birth
To evaluate the effects of early treatment with CPAP on nutritional intake and in-hospital growth rates of extremely preterm (EPT) infants. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 19, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ariel A. Salas, Waldemar A. Carlo, Barbara T. Do, Edward F. Bell, Abhik Das, Krisa P. Van Meurs, Brenda B. Poindexter, Seetha Shankaran, Noelle Younge, Kristi L. Watterberg, Rosemary D. Higgins, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health an Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Outcomes for Infants Born in Perinatal Centers Performing Fewer Surgical Ligations for Patent Ductus Arteriosus: A Swiss Population-Based Study
To assess patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) treatment variation between Swiss perinatal centers and to determine its effect on outcome in a population-based setting. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 19, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mark Adams, Sven M. Schulzke, Giancarlo Natalucci, Juliane Schneider, Thomas Riedel, Cristina Borradori Tolsa, Riccardo Pfister, Dirk Bassler, Swiss Neonatal Network & Follow-Up Group Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Metabolic Control and “Ideal” Outcomes in Liver Transplantation for Maple Syrup Urine Disease
To assess outcomes following liver transplantation for maple syrup urine disease by determining attainment and sustainability of metabolic control and apply an “ideal” outcome composite in long-term survivors. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 17, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Caroline B. Ewing, Kyle A. Soltys, Kevin A. Strauss, Rakesh Sindhi, Jerry Vockley, Patrick McKiernan, Robert H. Squires, Geoffrey Bond, Armando Ganoza, Ajai Khanna, George V. Mazariegos, James E. Squires Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Kawasaki Disease Risk Model for Predicting Coronary Artery Aneurysms in a Japanese Population: An Analysis of Post RAISE
To test the performance of the Son risk score which was created to predict coronary artery abnormalities from baseline variables in North American patients with Kawasaki disease. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 17, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Koichi Miyata, Masaru Miura, Tetsuji Kaneko, Yoshihiko Morikawa, Takahiro Matsushima, Hiroshi Sakakibara, Masahiro Misawa, Tohru Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Yamagishi Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Adverse Childhood Experiences are Associated with Cardiometabolic Risk among Hispanic American Adolescents
To assess the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and cardiometabolic risk among Hispanic adolescents. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 17, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Joanne L. Andrade, Young-Rock Hong, Alexandra M. Lee, Darci R. Miller, Charlette Williams, Lindsay A. Thompson, Melissa A. Bright, Michelle I. Cardel Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Trends in Pediatric Intestinal Failure: A Multicenter, Multinational Study
To assess the natural history and outcomes of children with intestinal failure in a large, multicenter and geographically diverse contemporary cohort (2010-2015) from 6 pediatric intestinal failure programs. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 17, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Daniela Gattini, Amin J. Roberts, Paul W. Wales, Sue V. Beath, Helen M. Evans, Jonathan Hind, David Mercer, Theodoric Wong, Jason Yap, Christina Belza, Koen Huysentruyt, Yaron Avitzur Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Metabolic Control and ‘Ideal’ Outcomes in Liver Transplantation for Maple Syrup Urine Disease
To assess outcomes following liver transplantation for maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) by determining attainment and sustainability of metabolic control and apply an ‘ideal’ outcome composite in long-term survivors. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 17, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Caroline B. Ewing, Kyle A. Soltys, Kevin A. Strauss, Rakesh Sindhi, Jerry Vockley, Patrick McKiernan, Robert H. Squires, Geoffrey Bond, Armando Ganoza, Ajai Khanna, George V. Mazariegos, James E. Squires Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Posterior Hairline Eruption Secondary to Simulium Bites
A 5-year-old girl presented with multiple punctate lesions on the posterior neck. One lesion presented with bleeding as the sentinel symptom. Initially a solitary punctate lesion was noted, with 7 new lesions emerging over one week. The lesions were pruritic; she proceeded to excoriate the lesions (Figure 1). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 17, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Beth Mittelstet, Sonja Colianni, Leslie King Schultz, Ashley Bjorklund, Carey LaMere, Vinod E. Nambudiri, Krishnan Subrahmanian Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Pulmonary Hemorrhage Revealing Multiple Vascular Malformations in a Child With KCNT1 Developmental Epileptic Encephalopathy
A 3-year-old girl was followed for a history of epilepsy since infancy with migrating focal seizures (EIMFS), a rare developmental and epileptic encephalopathy (1). She was born to unrelated parents of Caribbean origin after a pregnancy obtained by in vitro fertilization (IVF)/ intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with the parents ’ gametes. Her mother and maternal grandfather had ruptured cerebral aneurysms. The seizures were repeated motor focal episodes with either eye deviation, oral automatism, or head turning, which sometimes progressed to generalized tonic convulsions. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 17, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Julie Cassibba, Lauren Bitton, Cyril Mignot, Diane Doummar, Benedicte Heron, Hubert Ducou Le Pointe, Philippe Brenot, Harriet Corvol Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Plastic bronchitis associated with influenza
Funded by NCCHD30E-1 (to I.M.). The authors declare no conflicts of interest. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 17, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michiko Yoshida, Keiko Funata, Goro Koinuma, Isao Miyairi Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Neuroimaging of the Preterm Brain: Review and Recommendations
The American Academy of Pediatrics ’ (AAP) recommendations for “Routine neuroimaging of the preterm brain” focuses on cranial ultrasound (cUS) screening, initially for the diagnosis of germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (GMH-IVH) and subsequently for detection of brain injury for preterm infants within the neonatal int ensive care unit (NICU).1 The report does not recommend routine use of MRI, but offers evidence-based indications for each modality and discusses offering MRI to high-risk infants at term equivalent age (TEA) after a conversation with the family concerning the ability of this imagi...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 16, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Terrie E. Inder, Linda S. de Vries, Donna M. Ferriero, P. Ellen Grant, Laura R. Ment, Steven P. Miller, Joseph J. Volpe Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Neuroimaging of the Preterm Brain – Review and Recommendations
The American Academy of Pediatrics ’ (AAP) recommendations for “Routine neuroimaging of the preterm brain” focuses on cranial ultrasound(cUS) screening, initially for the diagnosis of germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (GMH-IVH) and subsequently for detection of brain injury for preterm infants within the neonatal inte nsive care unit (NICU).1 The report does not recommend routine use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), but offers evidence-based indications for each modality and discusses offering MRI to high-risk infants at term equivalent age (TEA) after a conversation with the family concerni...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 16, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Terrie E. Inder, Linda S. de Vries, Donna M. Ferriero, P. Ellen Grant, Laura R. Ment, Steven P. Miller, Joseph J. Volpe Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Additive Prognostic Impact of Gastrointestinal Involvement in Severe Multisystem Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
To evaluate the prognostic impact of gastrointestinal involvement (GI-LCH) on the survival of children with Langerhans cell histiocytosis registered on the international clinical trials of the Histiocyte Society. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 16, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Milen Minkov, Ulrike P ötschger, Nirav Thacker, Itziar Astigarraga, Jorge Braier, Jean Donadieu, Jan-Inge Henter, Thomas Lehrnbecher, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, Elena Sieni, Vasanta Nanduri, Cor van den Bos, Oussama Abla, LCH Study Group of the Histiocyte Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Respiratory Distress in a Newborn With Severe Birth Asphyxia
A male neonate was born to primigravida mother at 38+2 weeks of gestation by vaginal delivery, weighing 4060 grams. The delivery process was complicated by shoulder dystocia owing to his macrosomic status. The neonate was limp and apneic at birth and required positive pressure ventilation and brief intubation in the delivery room, with Apgar scores of 3, 5 and 8 at 1, 5 and 10 minutes, respectively. He was referred to our center for further management. On admission, the neonate had respiratory distress with tachypnea, chest retractions, nasal flaring and thoracoabdominal asynchrony during respiration. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 16, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Shamnad Madathil, Mayank Priyadarshi, Surya Antony, Abdul Rauf KK, Shaji Thomas John Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Acute and Chronic Placental Abnormalities in a Multicenter Cohort of Newborn Infants with Hypoxic –Ischemic Encephalopathy
To examine the frequency of placental abnormalities in a multicenter cohort of newborn infants with hypoxic –ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and to determine the association between acuity of placental abnormalities and clinical characteristics of HIE. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - June 15, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lina Chalak, Raymond W. Redline, Amy M. Goodman, Sandra E. Juul, Taeun Chang, Toby D. Yanowitz, Nathalie Maitre, Dennis E. Mayock, Andrea L. Lampland, Ellen Bendel-Stenzel, David Riley, Amit M. Mathur, Rakesh Rao, Krisa P. Van Meurs, Tai-Wei Wu, Fernando Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research