50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Qaqundah BY, Taylor WF. Miller Fisher Syndrome in a 22-Month-Old Child. J Pediatr 1970;77:868-70. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ava Yun Lin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Miller OJ, Breg WR, Warburton D, Miller DA, DeCapoa A, Allerdice PW, et  al. Partial Deletion of the Short Arm of Chromosome No 4(4p-): Clinical Studies in Five unrelated Patients. J Pediatr 1970;77:792-801. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jannicke H. Andresen, Ola Didrik Saugstad Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Khan EJ. Obesity in Children: Identification Risk of a Group at Risk in a New York Ghetto. J Pediatr 1970;77:771-4. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: John L. Lyles, Stephanie B. Oliveira Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Steele RW, Tanaka PT, Lara RP, Bass JW. Evaluation of sponging and of oral antipyretic therapy to reduce fever. J Pediatr 1970;77:824-9. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Vikram Bhaskar, Piyush Gupta Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Apgar score in premature infants associated with neonatal death prediction
Cnattingius S, Johansson S, Razaz N. Apgar Score and Risk of Neonatal Death among Preterm Infants. N Engl J Med 2020;383:49-57. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mehreen Zaigham, Karel Mar šál Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Underweight is the highest PICU mortality risk factor among all other weight categories
Ayalon I, Woo JG, Basu RK, Kaddourah A, Goldstein SL, Kaplan JM; AWARE Investigators. Weight as a Risk Factor for Mortality in Critically Ill Patients. Pediatrics 2020;146:e20192829. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Patrick A. Ross, Christopher J.L. Newth Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Pets associated with enhanced early-childhood social-emotional development
Christian H, Mitrou F, Cunneen R, Zubrick SR. Pets Are Associated with Fewer Peer Problems and Emotional Symptoms, and Better Prosocial Behavior: Findings from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. J Pediatr 2020;220:200-6.e2. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Monique A.R. Udell Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Down Syndrome associated with early hyperbilirubinemia
Bahr TM, Henry E, Hulse W, Baer VL, Prchal JT, Bhutani VK, et al. Early Hyperbilirubinemia in Neonates with Down Syndrome. J Pediatr 2020;219:140-5. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jon F. Watchko Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Delayed-intervention management of ingested Hijab pins
Yogev D, Mahameed F, Gileles-Hillel A, Millman P, Davidovics Z, Hashavya S, et al. Hijab Pin Ingestions. Pediatrics 2020;145:e20193472. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Dan Turner, Baruch Yerushalmi Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Public health and criminal justice are intertwined
The United States (US) has the largest prison population in the world and the highest per-capita incarceration rate. The incarceration exposed population is not representative of the US public but is disproportionately male, black, unmarried, and earns less than $50 000/year. Many are parents. Not surprisingly, incarceration of pregnant women and/or their partners has adverse health consequences for infants. Using data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), 2009-2017, Testa and Jackson found that the incarceration of a pregnant woman or her partner is associated with low birth weight and preterm birt...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lainie Friedman Ross Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Disentangling the pathways of parent screen time and child behavior
The topic of digital device usage is a growing area of importance as devices are increasingly becoming a part of daily life for people of all ages worldwide. The medical field has made recommendations on limiting screen use for young children. However, new data are emerging that goes beyond focusing on just child screen time. In this volume of The Journal, Wong et al disentangle the factors of parent screen time, distracted parenting, parent-child interactions, and child behaviors. They used data from 1254 parent-child dyads (mean child age 3.4 years) from disadvantaged backgrounds in Hong Kong and evaluated the use of par...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jennifer L. Vande Voort Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Non-diagnostic results from rapid exome sequencing can change clinical management in the critical care setting
Exome sequencing, the simultaneous sequencing of the ∼20 000 genes in the human genome, has helped elucidate the molecular etiology of disease and is increasingly used as a diagnostic test. In this volume of The Journal, Freed et al discuss how 46 individuals were selected for rapid exome sequencing (rES) in critical care units of a single hospital and how the results led to a change in clinical management in over 50% of cases. Even though a molecular diagnosis was made in ∼40% of cases, a “negative” or non-diagnostic exome, helped change management in 5 cases. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michael H. Duyzend Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

The continuing problem of post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilation in infants born prematurely
In this volume of The Journal of Pediatrics, 3 articles are devoted to a life-altering condition in infants born prematurely: severe brain hemorrhage with post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilation (PHVD). Infants with extreme prematurity are particularly vulnerable to this condition and Shankaran et al assembled a cohort of 815 infants born in 2011-2015 at ≤26 weeks of gestation with PHVD and followed them to 18-26 months. The high rates of death or neurodevelopmental impairment reported in this cohort obligate us to find new approaches to help infants recover from severe brain injury and improve outcomes. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Raye-Ann deRegnier Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Neural tube defects persist despite fortification
Many pediatricians assume that neural tube defects (NTDs) are disorders of past times, prior to the introduction of prenatal vitamins in the 1970s and 1980s and then fortification of cereal grain products with folic acid in the late 1990s. However, in this volume of The Journal, Dean et al show that such thinking is simply wrong. The investigators examined the incidence of NTDs —spina bifida, anencephaly, and encephalocele—with and without other associated anomalies in South Carolina over 6 years before fortification and during 20 years with fortification (Figure). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Paul G. Fisher Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

The relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and childhood-onset arthritis
Rubinstein et al examined the relationship of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and childhood-onset chronic arthritis by using a sample of youth from the 2016 US National Survey of Children's Health. They found a significant association when children with chronic arthritis (most also had other chronic physical conditions) were compared with healthy children or children with other chronic physical conditions without arthritis. The odds ratio of chronic arthritis increased with a greater number of ACEs; those having ≥4 ACEs had an odds ratio of 9.4. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philip J. Hashkes Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Autoimmune Hepatitis: Predictors of Native Liver Survival in Children and Adolescents
To determine predictors of native liver survival (NLS) in children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gilda Porta, Elisa de Carvalho, Jorge L. Santos, Jorge Gama, A.J. Bezerra, Brazilian Group for the Study of Pediatric Liver Diseases Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Seizure rescue medications for out-of-hospital use in children
For the past two decades, rectal diazepam (Diastat) has been the sole US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved medication for treatment of bouts of seizures in the out-of-hospital setting for patients with epilepsy. Clonazepam has also been used frequently off-label for acute, repetitive seizures, as well as other indications. In the past year, the FDA has approved two new formulations as seizure rescue medications: intranasal midazolam (Nayzilam), and intranasal diazepam (Valtoco). Seizure rescue medications are rapidly acting antiepileptic drugs that help to stop a seizure quickly before it progresses to a medical ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Erin M. Fedak Romanowski, Nancy A. McNamara, Erin E. Neil, Rachel Gottlieb-Smith, Louis T. Dang Tags: Medical Progress Source Type: research

Percutaneous Closure of Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Infants 1.5  kg or Less: A Meta-Analysis
To investigate technical success and safety of percutaneous patent ductus arteriosus closure in infants ≤1.5 kg. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Adrianne Rahde Bischoff, Bonny Jasani, Shyam K. Sathanandam, Carl Backes, Dany E. Weisz, Patrick J. McNamara Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Surgical Procedures, Anesthesia, and Imaging Studies by Gestational Age during the First Year of Life in Medicaid-Insured Infants
To evaluate the rate of surgical procedures, anesthetic use, and imaging studies by prematurity status for the first year of life we analyzed data for Texas Medicaid-insured newborns. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Andreas H. Taenzer, Reto M. Baertschiger, Cecilia Ganduglia Cazaban, Rebecca E. Evans, Megan Murphy, Jared Wasserman, David C. Goodman Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Surgical Procedures, Anesthesia and Imaging Studies by Gestational Age during the First Year of Life in Medicaid-Insured Infants
To evaluate the rate of surgical procedures, anesthetic use and imaging studies by prematurity status for the first year of life we analyzed data for Texas Medicaid-insured newborns. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Andreas H. Taenzer, Reto M. Baertschiger, Cecilia Ganduglia Cazaban, Rebecca E. Evans, Megan Murphy, Jared Wasserman, David C. Goodman Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Percutaneous Closure of Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Infants ≤1.5 kg: A Meta-Analysis
To investigate technical success and safety of percutaneous patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure in infants ≤1.5kg. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Adrianne Rahde Bischoff, Bonny Jasani, Shyam K. Sathanandam, Carl Backes, Dany E. Weisz, Patrick J. McNamara Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Proximal Interphalangeal Hyperextension Injuries in Children: The Development of a Clinical Decision Guide
To develop a clinical decision guide for the diagnosis and treatment of hyperextension injuries of long fingers. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Christina N. Steiger, Romain Dayer, Anne Tabard-Foug ère, Dimitri Ceroni Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Giant Urticaria and Acral Peeling in a Child with Coronavirus Disease 2019
A healthy 6-year-old girl presented with pruritic skin eruptions. The child was on the sixth day of isolation, with her mother suffering from a mild form of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with ageusia and a single febrile episode. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gioacchino Andrea Rotulo, Sara Signa, Silvia Rosina, Carlotta Pastorino, Elisabetta Bondi, Mohamad Maghnie Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Auditory Brainstem Response Pass Rates Correlate with Newborn Hour of Life and Delivery Mode
To determine whether hour of life and mode of delivery affect auditory brainstem response (ABR) results in healthy infants with gestational age>35 weeks. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Annemarie F. Kelly, Patrick K. Kelly, Malika Shah Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

PIP Hyperextension Injuries in Children: The Development of a Clinical Decision Guide
to develop a clinical decision guide for the diagnosis and treatment of Hyperextension injuries of long fingers (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Christina N. Steiger, Romain Dayer, Anne Tabard-Foug ère, Dimitri Ceroni Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Giant Urticaria and Acral Peeling in a Child with COVID-19
A healthy 6-year-old girl presented with pruritic skin eruptions. The child was on the sixth day of isolation with her mother suffering from a mild form of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) with ageusia and a single febrile episode. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gioacchino Andrea Rotulo, Sara Signa, Silvia Rosina, Carlotta Pastorino, Elisabetta Bondi, Mohamad Maghnie Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Implementation of a Rapid Evidence Assessment Infrastructure during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic to Develop Policies, Clinical Pathways, Stimulate Academic Research, and Create Educational Opportunities
In early 2020, hospitals across the US, including Children's Hospital Colorado (CHCO), began preparing for the regional impact of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic via an Incident Command Team (ICT), a unified approach to hospital operations including the command, control, and coordination of incident management.1-3 The ICT at CHCO recognized the need for a scientific partnership for rapid uptake and synthesis of quickly accruing medical and public health literature to inform institutional policies and clinical care. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 19, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Suchitra Rao, Bethany M. Kwan, Donna J. Curtis, Angela Swanson, Leigh Anne Bakel, Lalit Bajaj, Juri Boguniewicz, Justin M. Lockwood, Kaleigh Ogawa, Katherine Pemberton, Robert C. Fuhlbrigge, David Brumbaugh, Patricia Givens, Eva S. Nozik, Marion R. Sills Tags: Notes from the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, Inc. Source Type: research

Implementation of a Rapid Evidence Assessment Infrastructure during the COVID-19 Pandemic to Develop Policies, Clinical Pathways, Stimulate Academic Research, and Create Educational Opportunities
In early 2020, hospitals across the United States, including Children ’s Hospital Colorado (CHCO), began preparing for the regional impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic via an Incident Command Team (ICT)--a unified approach to hospital operations including the command, control, and coordination of incident management (1-3). The ICT at CHCO recognized the need for a sci entific partnership for rapid uptake and synthesis of quickly accruing medical and public health literature to inform institutional policies and clinical care. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 19, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Suchitra Rao, Bethany M. Kwan, Donna Curtis, Angela Swanson, Leigh Anne Bakel, Lalit Bajaj, Juri Boguniewicz, Justin Lockwood, Kaleigh Ogawa, Pemberton Katherine, Robert C. Fuhlbrigge, David Brumbaugh, Patricia Givens, Eva Nozik Grayck, Marion R. Sills Tags: AMSPDC Source Type: research

The Impact of Primary Mentors and Career Development Committees on Junior Faculty Productivity in a Pediatric Academic Health Center
Access to quality mentorship is an important factor in determining junior faculty members ’ career development, job satisfaction, and success, as well as a key component of institutions’ endeavors to build the next generation of diverse faculty members and leaders in academic medicine. 1-7 However, few studies have rigorously evaluated the longitudinal association between mentorship initiatives and measures of academic productivity such as manuscripts and grants. 8,9 Furthermore, little is known about the effectiveness of mentorship programs by sex or academic track (eg, clinical vs research) among academic fac...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 19, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jamilah M. Hackworth, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Mallory DePalma, Margaret Hostetter, Melissa Klein, Jennifer K. O ’Toole, Jessica Kahn Source Type: research

Declines in the Number of Lumbar Punctures Performed at United States Children's Hospitals, 2009-2019
To evaluate trends in lumbar puncture (LP) performance among US children's hospitals to assess how these trends may impact pediatric resident trainee exposure to LP. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alexandra T. Geanacopoulos, John J. Porter, Kenneth A. Michelson, Rebecca S. Green, Vincent W. Chiang, Michael C. Monuteaux, Mark I. Neuman Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Declines in the number of Lumbar Punctures performed at U.S. Children ’s Hospitals: 2009-2019
to evaluate trends in LP performance among U.S. children ’s hospitals to assess how risk stratification algorithms impact pediatric resident trainee exposure to lumbar puncture (LP). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alexandra T. Geanacopoulos, John J. Porter, Kenneth A. Michelson, Rebecca S. Green, Vincent W. Chiang, Michael C. Monuteaux, Mark I. Neuman Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Development and Validation of a Model to Predict Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
To develop and validate clinical risk prediction tools for neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephen W. Patrick, James C. Slaughter, Frank E. Harrell, Peter R. Martin, Katherine Hartmann, Judith Dudley, Shannon Stratton, William O. Cooper Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children: Survey of Protocols for Early Hospital Evaluation and Management
To describe the similarities and differences in the evaluation and treatment of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) at hospitals in the United States. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Matthew L. Dove, Preeti Jaggi, Michael Kelleman, Mayssa Abuali, Jocelyn Y. Ang, Wassim Ballan, Sanmit K. Basu, M. Jay Campbell, Sathish M. Chikkabyrappa, Nadine F. Choueiter, Katharine N. Clouser, Daniel Corwin, Amy Edwards, Shira J. Gertz, Rod Ghassemzad Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Hepatitis C in Young Children: To Treat or Not to Treat – Is It Cost-Effective?
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, one of the most important public health problems in modern medicine, is responsible for approximately 71 million infections worldwide. The global disease burden of children with HCV infection aged 0-18 years old is estimated to be 0.13%, corresponding to 3.26 million children.1 In 2018, the prevalence of Hchildren with HCV infection in the United States and Europe was estimated to be 0.05%-0.36%.2 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 15, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Norberto Rodriguez-Baez Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of Early Targeted Patent Ductus Arteriosus Treatment Using a Risk Based Severity Score (The PDA RCT)
To evaluate the feasibility of recruiting preterm infants to a randomized controlled trial of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) treatment based on a PDA severity score (PDAsc) and to characterize challenges in obtaining consent, compliance with the protocol, and PDA closure rates. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 15, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Afif EL-Khuffash, Neid ín Bussmann, Colm R. Breatnach, Aisling Smith, Elizabeth Tully, Joanna Griffin, Naomi McCallion, John David Corcoran, Elena Fernandez, Claudia Looi, Brian Cleary, Orla Franklin, Patrick J. McNamara Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Development and Assessment of a Pictographic Pediatric Constipation Action Plan
To assess the Uniformed Services Constipation Action Plan (USCAP) as an evidence-based, personalized, clinical action tool with pictograms to aid clinicians and families in the management of functional constipation. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Patrick T. Reeves, Nathan T. Kolasinski, H. Shonna Yin, Sofia Echelmeyer, Bruno P. Chumpitazi, Philip Rogers, Carolyn Sullivan Burklow, Cade M. Nylund Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

A Battery of Easily Accessible, Simple Tools for the Assessment of Concussion in Children
Abstract (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: William D. Brown, Janette Baird, Peter K. Kriz Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Family Experiences Deciding For and Against Pediatric Home Ventilation
To understand what considerations drive family decisions for, and against, pediatric home ventilation. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Renee D. Boss, Carrie M. Henderson, Jessica C. Raisanen, Nicholas A. Jabre, Kelly Shipman, Benjamin S. Wilfond Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

One Size Does Not Fit All: Implementation of an Equitable and Inclusive Strategic Response to Address Needs of Pediatric Resident Physicians during the COVID-19 Crisis
The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis has the potential to amplify an already unequal stress on resident physicians who belong to groups underrepresented in medicine (based on race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, LGBTQIA+ identity, or disability).1,2,3 These groups experience challenges in residency training, including incidences of microaggressions and bias; feelings of isolation; and personal, professional, and financial hardships, all of which may be exacerbated in times of crisis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Marcella Luercio, Valerie L. Ward, Theodore C. Sectish, Camila M. Mateo, Catherine D. Michelson Tags: AMSPDC Source Type: research

Outcomes After Introduction of Minimally Invasive Surfactant Therapy in Two Australian Tertiary Neonatal Units
To assess the procedural and clinical outcomes associated with the introduction of minimally invasive surfactant therapy (MIST) into standard care at two tertiary Australian neonatal intensive care units. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Calum T. Roberts, Ikhwan Halibullah, Risha Bhatia, Elys A. Green, C. Omar F. Kamlin, Peter G. Davis, Brett J. Manley Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Discriminating Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children Requiring Treatment from Common Febrile Conditions in Outpatient Settings
To examine whether patients with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) demonstrated well-defined clinical features distinct from other febrile outpatients, given the difficulties of seeing acute care visits during the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic and the risks associated with both over- and underdiagnosis of MIS-C. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 13, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rebecca F. Carlin, Avital M. Fischer, Zachary Pitkowsky, Dori Abel, Taylor B. Sewell, Erika Grun Landau, Steve Caddle, Laura Robbins-Milne, Alexis Boneparth, Josh D. Milner, Eva W. Cheung, Philip Zachariah, Melissa S. Stockwell, Brett R. Anderson, Mark Go Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Discriminating MIS-C Requiring Treatment from Common Febrile Conditions in Outpatient Settings
To examine whether patients with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) demonstrated well-defined clinical features distinct from other febrile outpatients given the difficulties of seeing acute care visits during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and the risks associated with both over and underdiagnosis of MIS-C. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 13, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rebecca F. Carlin, Avital M. Fischer, Zachary Pitkowsky, Dori Abel, Taylor B. Sewell, Erika Grun Landau, Steve Caddle, Laura Robbins-Milne, Alexis Boneparth, Josh D. Milner, Eva W. Cheung, Philip Zachariah, Melissa S. Stockwell, Brett R. Anderson, Mark Go Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Survival and Developmental Outcomes of Neonates Treated with Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: A 10-year Single Center Experience
To evaluate the associations between the primary indication for ECMO in neonates and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 12 and 24 months of age. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 12, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Faith Kim, Judy Bernbaum, James Connelly, Marsha Gerdes, Holly Hedrick, Casey Hoffman, Natalie Rintoul, Kristina Ziolkowski, Sara B. DeMauro Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Outcomes of Infants with Very Low Birth Weight Associated with Birthplace Difference: A Retrospective Cohort Study of Births in Japan and California
To determine whether outcomes among infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) vary according to the birthplace (Japan or California) controlling for maternal ethnicity. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 12, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Satoshi Kusuda, Mihoko Bennett, Jeffrey Gould, Neonatal Research Network of Japan and the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Dark Side of the Web —A Risk for Children and Adolescents Challenged by Isolation during the Novel Coronavirus 2019 Pandemic
In response to the global novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, many countries around the world adopted social isolation measures to contain the spread of the virus.1 For children and adolescents, limitations in face-to-face activities and interactions with their traditional peer groups has been a frustrating experience. After disease containment measures, which included school closures, social distancing, and home quarantine, children and adolescents faced a prolonged state of physical isolation from their peers, teachers, extended family, and community networks that affects their emotional and behavioral he...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 10, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pietro Ferrara, Giulia Franceschini, Giovanni Corsello, Julije Mestrovic, Ida Giardino, Mehmet Vural, Tudor Lucian Pop, Leyla Namazova-Baranova, Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani Tags: European Paediatric Association Source Type: research

The Dark Side of the Web —A Risk for Children and Adolescents Challenged by Isolation during the COVID-19 Pandemic
In response to the global pandemic of COVID-19, many countries around the world adopted social isolation measures to contain the spread of the virus1. For children and adolescents, limitations in face-to-face activities and interactions with their traditional peer groups has been a frustrating experience. Following disease containment measures, which included school closures, social distancing, and home quarantine, children and adolescents faced a prolonged state of physical isolation from their peers, teachers, extended family, and community networks that affects their emotional and behavioral health2. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 10, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pietro Ferrara, Giulia Franceschini, Giovanni Corsello, Julije Mestrovic, Ida Giardino, Mehmet Vural, Tudor Lucian Pop, Leyla Namazova-Baranova, Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani Source Type: research

Corrigendum
Discussion section. The correct sentence should read “In this retrospective 2-center study, we found that 47% of our patients demonstrated a different ABPM phenotype on follow up study.” (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 9, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Correction Source Type: research