Strongyloides stercoralis Hyperinfection and Intractable Pulmonary Hemorrhage
A 10-year-old previously healthy boy, hailing from an Indian village had a history of hematuria, proteinuria, and generalized swelling for 3  months. This was diagnosed as crescentic glomerulonephritis on renal biopsy, and the patient was started on steroids. He presented with hypotensive shock and respiratory distress after a massive episode of hemoptysis following recurrent episodes of hemoptysis of small amounts for a month prior to this episode. Evaluation for causes of recurrent hemoptysis such as tuberculosis and pulmonary vasculitis were inconclusive. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jhuma Sankar, Samriti Gupta, Raghavendra Lingaiah Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

The Role of Healthy Lifestyle Promotion, Counseling, and Follow-up in Noncommunicable Diseases Prevention
Several countries worldwide recently have experienced considerable transition in demography and disease epidemiology, characterized by falling rates of preventable communicable diseases and increased life expectancy. However, various factors, including the economy, education, food security, and access to proper healthcare and immunization programs, have led to unhealthy behaviors, inappropriate diets, and lack of physical activity, which have favored the development of noncommunicable diseases (NCD). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tudor Lucian Pop, Leyla Namazova-Baranova, Julije Mestrovic, Luigi Nigri, Mehmet Vural, Michele Sacco, Ida Giardino, Pietro Ferrara, Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani Tags: European Paediatric Association Source Type: research

Risk Assessment and Monitoring of Chronic Pulmonary Hypertension in Premature Infants
The original description of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) included the finding that pulmonary vascular disease and right ventricular hypertrophy are associated with the high mortality of the disease.1 Today, chronic pulmonary hypertension persists as a major cause of morbidity and mortality of extremely premature infants.2,3 Although pulmonary hypertension can present in premature infants at different stages with varying hemodynamic signatures during the neonatal course, chronic pulmonary hypertension is characterized by late, sustained, and often progressive elevation of pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) that is diagnose...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philip T. Levy, Amish Jain, Hythem Nawaytou, David Teitel, Roberta Keller, Jeffery Fineman, Robin Steinhorn, Steven H. Abman, Patrick J. McNamara, Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension Network (PPHNet) Tags: Workshop/Symposium Summary Source Type: research

Parent Perspectives on Family-Based Psychosocial Interventions for Congenital Heart Disease
To identify parents' preferences for goals and structure of intervention programs to support the psychosocial needs of families impacted by congenital heart disease (CHD). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Colette Gramszlo, Allison Karpyn, Abigail C. Demianczyk, Amanda Shillingford, Erin Riegel, Anne E. Kazak, Erica Sood Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Development and Validation of a Predictive Model of the Risk of Pediatric Septic Shock Using Data Known at the Time of Hospital Arrival
To derive and validate a model of risk of septic shock among children with suspected sepsis, using data known in the electronic health record at hospital arrival. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 13, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Halden F. Scott, Kathryn L. Colborn, Carter J. Sevick, Lalit Bajaj, Niranjan Kissoon, Sara J. Deakyne Davies, Allison Kempe Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Newborn Screening for Mucopolysaccharidoses: Results of a Pilot Study with 100  000 Dried Blood Spots
To test, in a newborn screening (NBS) laboratory, the performance of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to assay 5 enzymatic activities in dried blood spots (DBS) for NBS of 5 lysosomal storage diseases (mucopolysaccharidosis [MPS]-II, MPS-IIIB, MPS-IVA, MPS-VI, and MPS-VII). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Clifford Ronald Scott, Susan Elliott, Xinying Hong, Jie-Yu Huang, Arun Babu Kumar, Fan Yi, Nagendar Pendem, Naveen Kumar Chennamaneni, Michael H. Gelb Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Physiotherapy for Children with Functional Constipation: A Pragmatic Randomized Controlled Trial in Primary Care
To determine the effectiveness of physiotherapy plus conventional treatment compared with conventional treatment alone for the treatment of functional constipation in children age 4-17  years in primary care. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jojanneke J.G.T. van Summeren, Gea A. Holtman, Boudewijn J. Kollen, Yvonne Lisman-van Leeuwen, Alice H.C. van Ulsen-Rust, Merit M. Tabbers, Janny H. Dekker, Marjolein Y. Berger Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

A Bayesian Analysis to Determine the Prevalence of Barth Syndrome in the Pediatric Population
To determine the prevalence of Barth syndrome in the pediatric population. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Paighton C. Miller, Mindong Ren, Michael Schlame, Matthew J. Toth, Colin K.L. Phoon Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Birth Weight Gradient in Parent-Reported Special Healthcare Needs among Children Born Preterm
To characterize the association of birth weight with parent-reported special healthcare needs (SHCN) and unmet healthcare needs among children born prematurely. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jaclyn Havinga, Dmitry Tumin, Leslie Peedin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Disorders of Adjustment, Mood, and Anxiety in Children and Adolescents Undergoing Heart Transplantation and the Association of Ventricular Assist Device Support
To assess the prevalence of psychiatric disorders and associated therapies in children during their heart transplantation admission. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Isaura Diaz, Cary Thurm, Matt Hall, Scott Auerbach, David W. Bearl, Debra A. Dodd, Bret A. Mettler, Andrew H. Smith, D. Catherine Fuchs, Justin Godown Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Red Blood Cell Transfusions in Children Undergoing Cardiac Catheterization
To identify risk factors associated with risk of red blood cell transfusions (RBCTs) following pediatric cardiac catheterizations. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: R. Allen Ligon, Laura A. Downey, David L. Gruenewald, Holly D. Bauser-Heaton, Dennis W. Kim, Meredith F. Roman, Robert N. Vincent, Christopher J. Petit Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Reply
We thank Sodhi and Hussain for their interest in our  work. We appreciate their acknowledgement of the benefit of education in electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation to improve ECG reading skills and confidence in those who do not use ECGs extensively in their daily practices. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Victoria L. Vetter, Sahil Khanna, V. Ramesh Iyer Tags: Letters to the editor Source Type: research

Heart Transplantation in Children with Mitochondrial Disease
To compare the outcomes and comorbidities of children with mitochondrial disease undergoing heart transplantation with children without mitochondrial disease. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 8, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jeffrey G. Weiner, Andrea N. Lambert, Cary Thurm, Matt Hall, Jonathan H. Soslow, Tyler E. Reimschisel, David W. Bearl, Debra A. Dodd, Brian Feingold, Justin Godown Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Tracheomegaly among Extremely Preterm Infants on Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation
By using phantom radiographs, the accuracy of tracheal measurements was established. Preterm infants ( ≤29 weeks) were enrolled in short ( (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 8, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hussnain Mirza, Laura Varich, William F. Sensakovic, Kharina Guruvadoo, Ivey Royall, Chelsea Britt, Rebecca Vicenti, William Oh Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Association between Age and Umbilical Hernia Repair Outcomes in Children: A Multistate Population-Based Cohort Study
To evaluate whether patient age or other sociodemographic and clinical characteristics are associated with recurrence or unplanned related hospital revisits after pediatric umbilical hernia repair. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 8, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Devin R. Halleran, Peter C. Minneci, Jennifer N. Cooper Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Standardizing Safety Assessment and Reporting for Neonatal Clinical Trials
Despite numerous pediatric legislative initiatives worldwide, neonates are largely treated with medicines that have not been specifically approved or indicated for this population.1-5 Some of the reasons cited for why so few products have been developed for neonates include gaps in understanding complex pathophysiology, a small market with unique conditions, challenges in the design and execution of clinical trials, and difficulties with the assessment of safety and efficacy. Evaluation of drug safety in neonates is frequently complicated by exposure to multiple drugs, high rates of comorbidities, and complex assessments o...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 7, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jonathan M. Davis, Gerri R. Baer, Susan McCune, Agnes Klein, Junko Sato, Laura Fabbri, Alexandra Mangili, Mary A. Short, Susan Tansey, Barry Mangum, Isamu Hokuto, Hidefumi Nakamura, Thomas Salaets, Karel Allegaert, Lynne Yao, Michael Blum, Joseph Toerner, Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Correction
In the article “Screening for Toxic Stress Risk Factors at Well-Child Visits: The Addressing Social Key Questions for Health Study” by Selvaraj et al (J Pediatr 2019;205:244-9.e4), attribution was inadvertently omitted for 2 questions in the ASK Tool questionnaire. The corrected questionnaire appears below. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 7, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Surrogate Decision Making for Children: Who Should Decide?
To identify caregivers' views on preferred surrogate decision makers for their children. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 7, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michael Fishman, Erin Talati Paquette, Rupali Gandhi, Tricia Rae Pendergrast, Michelle Park, Erin Flanagan, Lainie Friedman Ross Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Correct interpretation of pediatric electrocardiograms
We would like to thank Khanna et  al for their recent article highlighting the impact of educational modules on improving interpretation of pediatric electrocardiograms (ECGs).1 Their study demonstrated an improvement in determining abnormal from normal ECGs after just an hour-long educational module. It is hoped that, with the im plementation of such modules, it would increase practitioner's confidence in using ECGs as a screening tool to help with early identification of serious pediatric cardiac pathologies. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 7, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jaskiran K Sodhi, Samiha S Hussain Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Current and Future Perspectives of Child's Health Care in China
Within the framework of membership in the International Pediatric Association representing the European national societies of pediatrics, the European Paediatric Association/Union of National European Paediatric Societies and Associations (EPA/UNEPSA) actively interacts globally with similar organizations and centers of excellence of other continents. The aim is to create a world where all children, regardless of age, location, or family situation, can live healthy lives. EPA/UNEPSA has established an active collaboration with colleagues of a few key Chinese academic institutions and medical centers with the purpose of fac...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 7, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wenyan Jiao, Rui Li, Hua Guo, Jianping Chen, Fuyong Jiao, Jieming Wang, Alhaji Adam Abubakari, Eli Somekh Tags: European Paediatric Association Source Type: research

Inhaled Nitric Oxide Is Associated with Improved Oxygenation in a Subpopulation of Infants with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia and Pulmonary Hypertension
To determine which patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and pulmonary hypertension (PH) benefit from inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) treatment by comparing characteristics and outcomes of iNO responders to nonresponders. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 6, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kendall M. Lawrence, Stylianos Monos, Samantha Adams, Lisa Herkert, William H. Peranteau, David A. Munson, Rachel K. Hopper, Catherine M. Avitabile, Natalie E. Rintoul, Holly L. Hedrick Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A Celiac Care Index Improves Care of Pediatric Patients Newly Diagnosed with Celiac Disease
To describe quality improvement efforts to reduce variability in the care of children diagnosed with celiac disease through use of an institutional patient registry and a chronic care index. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 6, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Brandon Sparks, Salman Salman, Mary Shull, Anne Trout, Ashley Kiel, Ivor Hill, Tracy Ediger, Brendan Boyle Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Periventricular Hemorrhagic Infarction in Very Preterm Infants: Characteristic Sonographic Findings and Association with Neurodevelopmental Outcome at Age 2  Years
To describe the sonographic characteristics of periventricular hemorrhagic infarction (PVHI) and their association with mortality and neurodevelopmental disability in very preterm infants born in 2008-2013. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 6, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mehmet N. Cizmeci, Linda S. de Vries, Linh G. Ly, Ingrid C. van Haastert, Floris Groenendaal, Edmond N. Kelly, Jeffrey Traubici, Hilary E. Whyte, Lara M. Leijser Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A Stroke Alert Protocol Decreases the Time to Diagnosis of Brain Attack Symptoms in a Pediatric Emergency Department
To determine whether a stroke alert system decreases the time to diagnosis of children presenting to the emergency department (ED) with acute-onset focal neurologic deficits. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 5, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Dana B. Harrar, Catherine L. Salussolia, Kush Kapur, Amy Danehy, Monica E. Kleinman, Rebekah Mannix, Michael J. Rivkin Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Paradoxical Response of Parathyroid Hormone to Vitamin D –Calcium Supplementation in Indian Children
To investigate the effect of oral vitamin D –calcium supplementation on serum intact parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium, phosphorous, and alkaline phosphatase (ALK-P) concentrations in children with habitually low calcium intakes. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 5, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rubina M. Mandlik, Zulf M. Mughal, Anuradha V. Khadilkar, Veena H. Ekbote, Neha A. Kajale, Vivek G. Patwardhan, Vaman V. Khadilkar, Raja Padidela Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Longitudinal Analysis of Ventilation Perfusion Mismatch in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Survivors
To determine the natural history of pulmonary function for survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 5, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Duy T. Dao, Ali Kamran, Jay M. Wilson, Catherine A. Sheils, Virginia S. Kharasch, Mary P. Mullen, Samuel E. Rice-Townsend, Jill M. Zalieckas, Donna Morash, Mollie Studley, Steven J. Staffa, David Zurakowski, Ronald E. Becker, Charles J. Smithers, Terry L. Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Longitudinal Analysis of Pulmonary Function in Survivors of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
To analyze longitudinal trends of pulmonary function testing in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) followed in our multidisciplinary clinic. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 5, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Duy T. Dao, Lystra P. Hayden, Terry L. Buchmiller, Virginia S. Kharasch, Ali Kamran, Charles J. Smithers, Samuel E. Rice-Townsend, Jill M. Zalieckas, Ronald Becker, Donna Morash, Mollie Studley, Jay M. Wilson, Catherine A. Sheils Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Predictors of Parenting Readiness in Fathers of High-Risk Infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
To evaluate discharge readiness perceptions among mother –father dyads, parents of infants in the neonatal intensive care unit completed a parenting readiness survey. Fathers had more favorable perceptions than their partners. Maternal perceptions and social risk, but not infant morbidities, predicted paternal perceptions. Discharge support should focus on the mother–father dyad. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 5, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Catherine O. Buck, Richard Tucker, Betty Vohr, Elisabeth C. McGowan Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Let's fix it at the source! The disappearing clinician scientist
We read with interest the article by Somekh et  al on the disappearing entity that is the “clinician scientist” and would like to thank them for highlighting this issue and applaud the European Paediatric Association/Union of National European Paediatric Societies for tackling it.1 The role of doctors in medical research is critical; the in sight and knowledge they add through lived experience can help identify gaps in medical science. As medical students, we are the doctors of the future and take this opportunity to provide our perspectives as invited by the authors. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 5, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ryan Jayesinghe, Harriet Lewis Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

It's Time to Get Serious about Pediatric Readiness
Mismatches between needs and resources abound in health care. There is no greater example than the mismatch between the huge volume of pediatric emergency visits and the paucity of facilities fully prepared to provide such care. Although 34 million emergency department (ED) visits for pediatric illness or injury occur annually, two-thirds of children live more than 30  minutes from the most prepared hospitals.1,2 Children and their families should be able to rely on the nearest ED to be ready to provide outstanding care for their emergencies, but it is unclear how to encourage hospitals to improve their own pediatric ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 5, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kenneth A. Michelson Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Minimally Invasive Endoscopic Surgery for Infantile Craniosynostosis: A Longitudinal Cohort Study
To evaluate patient outcomes of minimally invasive endoscopic strip craniectomy (ESC) for craniosynostosis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Coleman P. Riordan, David Zurakowski, Petra M. Meier, Georgios Alexopoulos, John G. Meara, Mark R. Proctor, Susan M. Goobie Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Association between Serum Ferritin and Cognitive Function in Early Childhood
In infants 1-3  years of age, we found higher serum ferritin values associated with higher cognitive function, as measured by the Mullen Scales of Early Learning (P = .02 for the nonlinear relationship). A serum ferritin of 17 μg/L corresponded to the maximum level of cognition, beyond which there was no mean ingful improvement. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Patricia C. Parkin, Christine Koroshegyi, Eva Mamak, Cornelia M. Borkhoff, Catherine S. Birken, Jonathon L. Maguire, Kevin E. Thorpe, TARGet Kids! Collaboration Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Changes in Ambulatory Blood Pressure Phenotype over Time in Children and Adolescents with Elevated Blood Pressures
To determine the stability of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) over time in children referred for evaluation of elevated BPs and assess for factors predicting change. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Coral D. Hanevold, Yosuke Miyashita, Anna V. Faino, Joseph T. Flynn Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Insurance Coverage for Children Impacts Reporting of Child Maltreatment by Healthcare Professionals
Children's insurance coverage, through increased access and use of the healthcare system, may increase the likelihood that healthcare professionals (HCPs) will detect and report child maltreatment. We sought to estimate the association between insurance coverage for children and reporting of child maltreatment by HCPs. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Henry T. Puls, Matthew Hall, James D. Anderst, John M. Leventhal, Paul J. Chung Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Acute Periorbital Rash
A 7-year-old girl presented with a sudden onset, asymptomatic rash around the eyes for the past 3  days. She was receiving treatment for an upper respiratory tract infection, characterized by severe paroxysms of nonproductive cough. The lesions had appeared spontaneously and was not associated with any prior trauma. Physical examination revealed bilaterally symmetrical, erythematous, nonblancha ble macules distributed over both the upper and lower eyelids (Figure). There were no similar lesions and the systemic examination was unremarkable. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Abheek Sil, Dibyendu Bikash Bhanja, Avik Panigrahi, Sayantani Chakraborty Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Congenital Onychodysplasia of Index Fingers: Iso-Kikuchi Syndrome
A 4-year-old girl presented for evaluation of partial nail growth of the bilateral index fingers. There was no history of trauma, complications during pregnancy, family history of similar eruption, or any other inciting event. Further history revealed that this nail dystrophy was present at birth and it had been unchanged. Examination showed that the nail plate was present only in the ulnar one-third of the index fingers bilaterally (Figure, A; white arrows). There was complete absence of the nail plate, matrix, and apparatus on the radial two-thirds of the affected fingernails (Figure, A; black arrowheads). (Source: The J...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nima Milani-Nejad, Joy Mosser-Goldfarb Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Osteonecrosis (Avascular Necrosis) of Knee and Tibia
A 14-year-old boy presented with bilateral knee pain. He had acute lymphoblastic leukemia, B precursor, and had received chemotherapy for 2  years. Following induction and consolidation therapy, maintenance therapy with methotrexate, mercaptopurine, dexamethasone, and vincristine was given. The patient complained of bilateral knee pain in week 103 of maintenance therapy. Physical examination yielded unremarkable findings, and an radiog raphs showed intact bony structures. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed bone infarction with a “map”-like appearance of bilateral femurs and tibias (Figures 1, 2, ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ting-Huan Huang, Hsi-Che Liu, Ting-Chi Yeh, Jen-Yin Hou, Chien-Yu Lin Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Self-Efficacy in Children with Functional Constipation Is Associated with  Treatment Success
To assess the relationship between self-efficacy, the belief that an individual can succeed at a goal, and short-term treatment outcome in children with functional constipation. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 31, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Neha R. Santucci, Lauren E. Rein, Miranda A. van Tilburg, Aryn Karpinski, Allan Rosenberg, Amir Amado-Feeley, Eva Stoops, Rachel E. Herdes, Paul E. Hyman Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Reply
We agree with the authors that our definition of “mild” and “severe” PPHN is not used in the clinical setting or in clinical research studies. There are other, more accurate ways to define the severity of PPHN such as echocardiography or the Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology-Version II mentioned in their letter. Unfortunately, such clini cal details are not available in an administrative dataset. Although using a population-based administrative dataset has advantages such as lower risk of selection bias, large case numbers, and available data after hospital discharge, it also has significant limit...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 31, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Martina A. Steurer Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

A 6-Year-Old Boy with a Frontal Mass: Pott Puffy Tumor
A 6-year-old boy was treated with sultamicillin for 6 days for frontal sinusitis. Upon clinical improvement, he was discharged with oral antibiotics to be continued for another week. Within 24 hours, he presented with a newly developed, nontender subtle frontal swelling. His general condition was not compromised, and there were no signs of local inflammation or a history of recent trauma. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 31, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nasenien Nourkami-Tutdibi, Stefan Linsler, Umut Yilmaz, Jochen Pfeifer, Christoph Derouet, Prof. S ören L. Becker, Prof. Michael Zemlin, Prof. Sascha Meyer, Philipp Kulas Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Reply
Thank you for sharing the comments from the medical students. We would like to thank them for their response and suggestions. We are happy that our report helped in raising awareness among the future generation of physicians who are interested in pursuing a dual career as clinician –scientists. We strongly agree that there may be an added value in the implementation of a medical student research program taught alongside clinical sciences. It should be discussed whether research programs should be taught from day 1 or apparently later, beginning at the second year of medical school. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 31, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ido Somekh, Eli Somekh, Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani, Raz Somech Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Corrigendum
In the article “Morbidity of Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn in the First Year of Life” by Steurer et al (J Pediatr 2019;213:58-65.e4), an error occurred in the second sentence of the Results section of the abstract. The correct sentence should read “Infants with congenital diaphragmatic h ernia as the etiology for PPHN had an aRR of 8.2 (95% CI, 6.7-10.2) and infants with meconium aspiration syndrome had an aRR of 4.2 (95% CI, 3.7-4.6) compared with infants without PPHN.” (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 30, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Late Adiposity Rebound and the Probability of Developing and Reversing Childhood Obesity
To evaluate the associations between late adiposity rebound (at or after 7.0  years of age) and the probability of developing and reversing obesity during elementary school years. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 29, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rena C. Moon Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Correction
In the article “Dietary Treatment with Extensively Hydrolyzed Casein Formula Containing the Probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG Prevents the Occurrence of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders in Children with Cow's Milk Allergy” by Nocerino et al (J Pediatr 2019;213:137-42), there was an error in a sentence in the Methods section under Sample Size. The correct sentence should read “We calculated that 110 subjects with a previous double-blind placebo-controlled food-challenge–confirmed CMA diagnosis per group were needed to detect a difference of 0.18 in the incidence of FGIDs in the EHCF+LGG ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 29, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Improved Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Associated with Bovine Milk Fat Globule Membrane and Lactoferrin in Infant Formula: A Randomized, Controlled Trial
To evaluate neurodevelopment, growth, and health outcomes in infants receiving bovine milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) and lactoferrin in infant formula. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Fei Li, Steven S. Wu, Carol Lynn Berseth, Cheryl L. Harris, James D. Richards, Jennifer L. Wampler, Weihong Zhuang, Geoffrey Cleghorn, Colin D. Rudolph, Bryan Liu, D. Jill Shaddy, John Colombo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Outcomes for Ectopia Cordis
To utilize a large multicenter neonatal cohort to describe survival and clinical outcomes of very low birth weight (VLBW) or preterm infants with ectopia cordis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Benjamin J. Smith, Jonathan N. Flyer, Erika M. Edwards, Roger F. Soll, Jeffrey D. Horbar, Scott B. Yeager Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Disseminated Cysticercosis —A Tropical Curse
A 7-year-old boy from rural northern India presented with complaints of fever, headache, and vomiting for the last 4  months. His headache was moderate to severe in intensity and associated with nonprojectile vomiting. There was no history of seizures, altered sensorium, or blurring of vision. Examination revealed pallor, bilateral proptosis, normal fundoscopy, and multiple palpable, nontender, pinhead-sized, sub cutaneous nodules over extremities. There were no signs of meningeal irritation. The remainder of the systemic examination was unremarkable. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bhanudeep Singanamalla, Bikramjit Singh, Lokesh Saini, Chirag Kamal Ahuja, Sanjay Verma, Priyanka Madaan, Naveen Sankhyan Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Humbert JR, Abelson H, Hathaway WE, Battaglia FC. J Pediatr 1969;75:812-9. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 23, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jannicke H. Andresen, Ola Didrik Saugstad Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
McCracken GH Jr, Eichenwald HF, Nelson JD. J Pediatr 1969;75:742-57 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 23, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sarah S. Long Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Bass JW, Klenk EL, Kotheimer JB, Linnemann CC, Smith MH. J Pediatr 1969;75:768-81. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 23, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nidhi Bedi, Piyush Gupta Source Type: research