50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Garces LY, Kenny FM, Drash A, Preeyasombat C. J Pediatr 1969;74:517-22. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Holly C. Cooper, David M. Maahs Tags: 50 Years Ago Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Behrman RE. J Pediatr 1969;74:632-7. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jannicke H. Andresen, Ola Didrik Saugstad Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Loggie J. J Pediatr 1969;74:640-54 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Karla Lorena Chavez Caraza, Oscar Garcia Valencia Tags: 50 Years Ago Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Rogers LE, Porter FS, Sidbury JB. J Pediatr 1969;74:494-504 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Dolores Mullikin, Amanda Bell Grimes Tags: 50 Years Ago Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Smits HL, Oski FA, Brody JI. J Pediatr 1969; 74: 544-51 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Megan Askew, Jane Oski Tags: 50 Years Ago Source Type: research

Beyond a Seat at the Table: The Added Value of Family Stakeholders to Improve Care, Research, and Education in Neonatology
To analyze activities involving veteran resource parents and patients in a family partnership program; their perspectives were also explored. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sonia Dahan, Claude Julie Bourque, Martin Reichherzer, Moussa Ahmed, Prince Jos ée, Ginette Mantha, Fanny Labelle, Annie Janvier Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Analysis of the Seasonal Trend of Congenital Heart Defects
To determine the seasonal trend of congenital heart defects (CHDs) in China using hospital-based clinical data. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Yuanyuan Dong, Yunting Zhang, Shilu Tong, Zhongyi Jiang, Zhiwei Xu, Xinyue Li, Wei Wang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Virtual Reality: New Insights Regarding the Prevalence of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Children and Adolescents with Obesity Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Often referred to as the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely linked to obesity.1 Lean subjects can have NAFLD2; however, the majority of patients with NAFLD are overweight or obese; however, not all overweight/obese patients have NAFLD.3 Although this observation is not entirely understood, it highlights the fact that obesity is not inextricably linked to the development of hepatic steatosis. Other factors, such as ethnicity and genetic predisposition (eg, PNPLA-3),3-5 body composition (eg, sarcopenia, subcutaneous adipose tissue function),6,7 feeding and die...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Marialena Mouzaki, Andrew T. Trout Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Newborn Imperforate Hymen Resulting in Hydronephrosis
A girl was born at 39  weeks of gestation with a birthweight of 3325 g and an Apgar score of 9 and 10 at 1 and 5 minutes, respectively. Examination revealed a bulge of the introitus (Figure, A) characteristic of imperforate hymen. She was able to urinate spontaneously. A magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated hydr ometrocolpus (Figure, B, open arrow) with a 7.5-cm uterus. The enlarged uterus caused pressure on the left ureter, resulting in left hydronephrosis (Figure, B, solid arrow). An hymenectomy was performed with expression of approximately 25 mL of mucous and cultures of this fluid...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: David Peleg, Eric S. Shinwell Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Retinal Hemorrhages in Shaken Baby Syndrome
A 4-month-old boy was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit after the emergency medical service had been called by the father to respond to his unconscious and pulseless child and successful resuscitation had been performed. A chest radiograph revealed old, already consolidated serial rib fractures. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain showed multiple parenchymal, intraventricular, and subdural hemorrhages. Funduscopic examination demonstrated numerous panretinal, both preretinal (subhyloidal) and intraretinal hemorrhages in both eyes (Figure, A and B). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Luping Wang, Michael Petrak, Frank G. Holz, Andreas M üller, Tim U. Krohne Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Expanding the Pipeline for Pediatric Physician-Scientists
Academic departments of pediatrics strive to improve care for children and recognize that sustained progress requires creating new knowledge about childhood diseases and translating this knowledge into new care paradigms. Pediatric physician-scientists are central to this process, reflecting that they are uniquely equipped to pose clinically relevant questions that link biomedical research to clinical care for children. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Terence S. Dermody, Raphael Hirsch, Margaret K. Hostetter, Jordan S. Orange, Joseph W. St. Geme Tags: Notes from the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, Inc Source Type: research

The Evolution of the European Young Pediatricians Association (EURYPA)
The European Young Pediatricians Association (EURYPA) is a pan-European scientific association created with the vision to support the efforts of young European pediatricians, residents, and trainees to promote children's health, equity, and social justice through mutual collaboration in science, clinical research, and education.1 The strength of this association lies in the diversity of interests, experience, and training of its members and ongoing collaboration to work toward these common goals. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ancuta Lupu, Erkan Erfidan, Manuel Ferreira-Magalhaes, Sarah Lewis, Vasile Valeriu Lupu, Michael Fitzgerald, Enrica Manca, Ömer Faruk Beșer Tags: European Paediatric Association Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Point-of-care EEG?
Point-of-care testing brings diagnostics rapidly to the bedside of patients. A variety of instruments and test kits have gradually made their way into pediatric practice. Transcutaneous bilirubin measurement has been popularized in the newborn nursery. Pulse oximetry and portable ultrasonography are mainstays in the pediatric emergency department (ED). Is there a role in the ED for reduced-lead electroencephalography (EEG), somewhat akin to amplitude integrated EEG in the neonatal intensive care unit? (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Paul G. Fisher Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Expanding the evidence basis for use of cerebral near infrared spectroscopy in preterm infants
Perturbations in cerebral blood flow in preterm infants can be captured using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), and a randomized trial has shown that these perturbations can be stabilized using an algorithm to respond clinically to high or low values (BMJ 2015;350:g7635). It is hoped that stabilizing cerebral blood flow in critically ill infants will reduce brain injury and improve later brain function, but on our way to this goal, we must know what constitutes pathologically low or high NIRS values in preterm infants. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Raye-Ann deRegnier Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Engaging family stakeholders in post-discharge NICU missions
In the past few decades, there has been a cultural shift from physician-centered to patient- and family-centered engagement in both health care and research. Patient- and family-centered health care encourages collaboration and shared decision making between patients and families and their health care team. Patients and families are engaged at both the patient and system levels. Likewise, research participants and other community stakeholders are now encouraged to participate alongside of scientists and researchers during all phases of clinical and translational research —from setting the agenda to analyzing the data...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lainie Friedman Ross Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Children's Oral Health and Academic Performance: Evidence of a Persisting Relationship Over the Last Decade in the United States
To assess the association between children's oral health and academic performance using the most recent US national data, a decade after the last assessment using similar previous data. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Carol Cristina Guarnizo-Herre ño, Wei Lyu, George L. Wehby Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Ongoing Challenges to Understanding and Interrupting Environmental Enteric Dysfunction
In this volume of The Journal, Lauer et  al report the results of a rigorously performed, placebo-controlled secondary analysis of the effects of zinc or multivitamins on markers of systemic inflammation and environmental enteric dysfunction (EED).1 They carefully analyzed 590 and 162 Tanzanian infants (of 2400 initially enrolled in 2007 -2011) followed at 6 weeks (enrollment), 6 and 12 months (respectively) during daily zinc and/or multivitamins over 18 months for biomarkers of EED (immunoglobulins to flagellin or lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) and for systemic inflammation (C-reactive protein, alpha1-acid ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mark D. DeBoer, Richard L. Guerrant Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Temporal Association between Vaccination and Subdural Hematoma in Infants
To investigate a temporal association between vaccination and subdural hematoma, the main feature of abusive head trauma. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 22, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Juliette Fleury, Pauline Scherdel, Eric Frampas, Nathalie Vabres, Caroline Rey-Salmon, Marie Blot, Elise Launay, Martin Chalumeau, Christ èle Gras-Le Guen Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Host and Bacterial Markers that Differ in Children with Cystitis and Pyelonephritis
To determine whether treatment for urinary tract infections in children could be individualized using biomarkers for acute pyelonephritis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 21, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nader Shaikh, Judith M. Martin, Alejandro Hoberman, Megan Skae, Linette Milkovich, Andrew Nowalk, Christi McElheny, Robert W. Hickey, Diana Kearney, Massoud Majd, Eglal Shalaby-Rana, George Tseng, John F. Alcorn, Jay Kolls, Marcia Kurs-Lasky, Zhiguang Huo Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Montelukast and Neuropsychiatric Events in Children with Asthma: A Nested Case –Control Study
To examine the association between montelukast prescription and neuropsychiatric events in children with asthma. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 21, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: S. Dresden Glockler-Lauf, Yaron Finkelstein, Jingqin Zhu, Laura Y. Feldman, Teresa To Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Promoting Cardiovascular Health in Early Childhood and Transitions in Childhood through Adolescence: A Workshop Report
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number one cause of death in developed countries around the world.1 Although the mortality rate from CVD has declined since the middle of the last century, in recent years, this decline has slowed substantially.1 The Framingham Study in adults, the Bogalusa and Muscatine studies in US children, and international studies, such as the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, have identified important risk factors for CVD, including hypertension, high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, obesity, and diabetes. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephen R. Daniels, Charlotte A. Pratt, Emily B. Hollister, Darwin Labarthe, Deborah A. Cohen, Jenelle R. Walker, Bettina M. Beech, P. Babu Balagopal, Dean W. Beebe, Matthew W. Gillman, Jaclyn M. Goodrich, Cashell Jaquish, Brian Kit, Alison L. Miller, Dav Tags: Workshop/Symposium Summary Source Type: research

Physical Fitness, Physical Activity, and the Executive Function in Children with Overweight and Obesity
To examine the associations of physical fitness and physical activity with executive function in children with overweight and obesity. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 19, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Jairo H. Migueles, Pablo Molina-Garcia, Mar ía Rodriguez-Ayllon, Pontus Henriksson, Matthew B. Pontifex, Andrés Catena, Francisco B. Ortega Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Ultrasound Elastography to Quantify Liver Disease Severity in Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease
To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound elastography with acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) to detect congenital hepatic fibrosis and portal hypertension in children with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 19, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Erum A. Hartung, Jessica Wen, Laura Poznick, Susan L. Furth, Kassa Darge Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

High-Dose Vitamin D Supplementation Does Not Prevent Allergic Sensitization of Infants
To investigate the effect of vitamin D supplementation dose on allergic sensitization and allergic diseases in infants, and to evaluate whether vitamin D status in pregnancy and at birth are associated with infant allergy outcomes. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 19, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jenni Rosendahl, Anna S. Pelkonen, Otto Helve, Helena Hauta-alus, Elisa Holmlund-Suila, Saara Valkama, Maria Enlund-Cerullo, Heli Viljakainen, Timo Hytinantti, Outi M äkitie, Sture Andersson, Mika J. Mäkelä Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Blood Utilization and Transfusion Reactions in Pediatric Patients Transfused with Conventional or Pathogen Reduced Platelets
To assess the safety and efficacy of a Food and Drug Administration-approved pathogen-reduced platelet (PLT) product in children, as ongoing questions regarding their use in this population remain. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wade L. Schulz, Jacob McPadden, Eric A. Gehrie, Burak Bahar, Amit Gokhale, Rebecca Ross, Nathaniel Price, Bryan R. Spencer, Edward Snyder Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Day-Night Activity in Hospitalized Children after Major Surgery: An Analysis of 2271 Hospital Days
To characterize the day-night activity patterns of children after major surgery and describe differences in children's activity patterns between the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and inpatient floor setting. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sapna R. Kudchadkar, Othman Aljohani, Jordan Johns, Andrew Leroux, Eman Alsafi, Ebaa Jastaniah, Allan Gottschalk, Nehal J. Shata, Ahmad Al-Harbi, Daniel Gergen, Anisha Nadkarni, Ciprian Crainiceanu Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

A Pilot Study of School-Based Comprehensive Cardiovascular Screening in Middle School Children
We report a pilot of universal screening for diabetes, lipid abnormalities, and hypertension in the middle-school setting. Of 45 children screened, 34.8% had lipid or hemoglobin A1c abnormalities and 2 had hemoglobin A1c values in the diabetes range. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Robert M. Siegel, Kathleen Strasser, Michelle Faust, Michelle Hudgens, Debora Robison, Elaine M. Urbina Tags: Clinical and Laboratory Observations Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Complications in Children with Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia
To determine risk factors for complications in children with Staphylococcus aureus (S aureus) bacteremia, including methicillin resistance. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rana F. Hamdy, Daniele Dona, Marni B. Jacobs, Jeffrey S. Gerber Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Association of Language Skills with Other Developmental Domains in Extremely, Very, and Moderately Preterm Children: EPIPAGE 2 Cohort Study
To analyze language skills in children born at 24-34  weeks of gestation at 2 years of corrected age and the association between language and other developmental domains. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Marie-Laure Charkaluk, Jessica Rousseau, Val érie Benhammou, Valérie Datin-Dorrière, Cyril Flamant, Catherine Gire, Sophie Kern, Véronique Pierrat, Monique Kaminski, Stéphane Marret Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Prospective Study of Physical Activity of Preterm Born Children from Age 5 to 14  Years
To investigate whether level of prematurity (very, moderate, late preterm, vs full term) is associated with physical activity from childhood to adolescence and to identify factors in childhood that predict moderate-vigorous physical activity in early adolescence. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Juliane Spiegler, Marina Mendonca, Dieter Wolke Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Clamping the Umbilical Cord in Premature Deliveries (CUPiD): Neuromonitoring in the Immediate Newborn Period in a Randomized, Controlled Trial of Preterm Infants Born at < 32  Weeks of Gestation
To compare cerebral activity and oxygenation in preterm infants ( (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Daragh Finn, Deirdre Hayes Ryan, Andreea Pavel, John M. O'Toole, Vicki Livingstone, Geraldine B. Boylan, Louise C. Kenny, Eugene M. Dempsey Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Silvery Gray Hair: A Clue to Diagnosing Ch édiak–Higashi Syndrome
A 20-month-old girl presented to our department with silvery gray hair and skin hyperpigmentation. According to her parents, the hair color had gradually turned to silvery gray, and hyperpigmentation of the cheeks and limbs emerged at about 1  year of age. On examination, hyperpigmentation with bleaching spots were seen on her cheeks and limbs (Figure 1, A), and the color of her trunk was normal. The color of her hair was silvery gray (Figure 1, B), and the color of her eyebrows and eyelashes were normal. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Zhaoyang Wang, Yuan Liang, Zigang Xu Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

The Protective Effect of Prenatal Social Support on Infant Adiposity in the First 18  Months of Life
To determine whether prenatal social support was associated with infant adiposity in the first 18  months of life in a low-income, Hispanic sample, known to be at high risk of early child obesity. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michelle Katzow, Mary Jo Messito, Alan L. Mendelsohn, Marc A. Scott, Rachel S. Gross Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Higher Gestational Choline Levels in Maternal Infection Are Protective for Infant Brain Development
To assess whether maternal choline decreases effects of mothers' infections  on fetal brain circuit development and on expression of infant behavior at 1 year of age. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Robert Freedman, Sharon K. Hunter, Amanda J. Law, Brandie D. Wagner, Angelo D'Alessandro, Uwe Christians, Kathleen Noonan, Anna Wyrwa, M. Camille Hoffman Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Assessment of Brain Injury and Brain Volumes after Posthemorrhagic Ventricular Dilatation: A Nested Substudy of the Randomized Controlled ELVIS Trial
To compare the effect of early and late intervention for posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation on additional brain injury and ventricular volume using term-equivalent age-MRI. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 13, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mehmet N. Cizmeci, Nadieh Khalili, Nathalie H.P. Claessens, Floris Groenendaal, Kian D. Liem, Axel Heep, Isabel Benavente-Fern ández, Henrica L.M. van Straaten, Gerda van Wezel-Meijler, Sylke J. Steggerda, Jeroen Dudink, Ivana Išgum, Andrew Whitelaw, Ma Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Ursodeoxycholic Acid Therapy in Pediatric Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis: Predictors of Gamma Glutamyltransferase Normalization and Favorable Clinical Course
To investigate patient factors predictive of gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT) normalization following ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) therapy in children with primary sclerosing cholangitis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 13, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mark Deneau, Emily Perito, Amanda Ricciuto, Nitika Gupta, Binita M. Kamath, Sirish Palle, Bernadette Vitola, Vratislav Smolka, Federica Ferrari, Achiya Z. Amir, Tamir Miloh, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Parvathi Mohan, Cara Mack, Kaija-Leena Kolho, Raffaele Io Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Benefits of Physical Activity for Depression and Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis: A Longitudinal Analysis
To examine the longitudinal relationship between physical activity and fatigue and depression among youth with demyelinating conditions. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 13, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Samantha Stephens, Shahriar Shams, Joshua Lee, Stephanie A. Grover, Giulia Longoni, Tara Berenbaum, Marcia Finlayson, Robert W. Motl, E. Ann Yeh Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Offspring of Preeclamptic Pregnancies —Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
To evaluate evidence for increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in children exposed to preeclampsia in utero. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Prabha H. Andraweera, Zohra S. Lassi Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Infant Psychosocial Environment Predicts Adolescent Cardiometabolic Risk: A Prospective Study
To prospectively assess whether the infant psychosocial environment was associated with cardiometabolic risk as early as adolescence. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jenalee R. Doom, Brie M. Reid, Estela Blanco, Raquel Burrows, Betsy Lozoff, Sheila Gahagan Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Breastfeeding Persistence at 6  Months: Trends and Disparities from 2008 to 2015
To assess trends and disparities in breastfeeding by maternal characteristics (race and ethnicity, age at delivery, obesity, parity, and level of education) and the relative importance among these for breastfeeding at 6  months. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Anny. H. Xiang, Ting Chow, Janet Mora-Marquez, Mayra P. Martinez, Xinhui Wang, Wei Yu, Mariflor B. Panganiban, Paula M. Richter, Danielle I. Schneider Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Acute Vasoreactivity Testing during Cardiac Catheterization of Neonates with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia-Associated Pulmonary Hypertension
To assess whether better baseline pulmonary hemodynamics or positive acute vasoreactivity testing (AVT) during cardiac catheterization are associated with improved outcomes in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and pulmonary hypertension (PH). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 11, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Benjamin S. Frank, Michal Sch äfer, Alicia Grenolds, D. Dunbar Ivy, Steven H. Abman, Jeffrey R. Darst Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Acute Kidney Injury in Pediatric Cancer Patients
To analyze the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in the first year after cancer diagnosis in children and to evaluate the short-term and long-term effects on renal function and proteinuria. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 11, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Peong Gang Park, Che Ry Hong, Eunjeong Kang, Minsu Park, Hajeong Lee, Hyoung Jin Kang, Hee Young Shin, Il-Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Hyung Jin Yoon, Hee Gyung Kang Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Associations of Preeclampsia with Expiratory Airflows in School-Age Children Born Either at < 28  Weeks or Weighing < 1000  g
To assess whether preeclampsia was associated with expiratory airflow at school-age in children born either extremely preterm ( (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 11, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lex W. Doyle, Sarath Ranganathan, Anjali Haikerwal, Jeanie L.Y. Cheong, Victorian Infant Collaborative Study Group Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Manifestations as Presenting Symptoms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Children and Adolescents
A comparison of 23 children with inflammatory bowel disease presenting with musculoskeletal symptoms and 46  children with arthritis of other causes yielded significantly higher rates in the inflammatory bowel disease group of sacroiliitis, arthralgia, additive and recurrent arthritis, microcytic anemia, elevated inflammatory markers, and hypoalbuminemia. Clinical awareness of these findings could exped ite diagnosis and treatment. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 8, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rachel Levy, Gil Amarilyo, Rotem Tal, Jacob Amir, Amit Assa, Firas Rinawi, Liora Harel Tags: Clinical and Laboratory Observations Source Type: research

Respiratory Medications in Infants < 29  Weeks during the First Year Postdischarge: The Prematurity and Respiratory Outcomes Program (PROP) Consortium
To determine patterns of respiratory medications used in neonatal intensive care unit graduates. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 8, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rita M. Ryan, Roberta L. Keller, Brenda B. Poindexter, Carl T. D'Angio, Pamela A. Shaw, Scarlett L. Bellamy, Paul E. Moore, Christopher McPherson, James M. Greenberg, PROP Investigators Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Central Line-Associated Blood Stream Infections and Non –Central Line-Associated Blood Stream Infections Surveillance in Canadian Tertiary Care Neonatal Intensive Care Units
To determine if the reported reduction in hospital-acquired infections is due to reduced central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSI) or non-CLABSIs. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 8, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Amy R. Zipursky, Eugene W. Yoon, Julie Emberley, Valerie Bertelle, Jaideep Kanungo, Shoo K. Lee, Prakesh S. Shah, Canadian Neonatal Network Investigators Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Incidence and Prevalence of Central Precocious Puberty in Korea: An Epidemiologic Study Based on a National Database
To investigate the prevalence and incidence of central precocious puberty in Korea using claims data provided by the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service in Korea as the population-based epidemiologic study. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 8, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ye Jin Kim, Ahreum Kwon, Mo Kyung Jung, Ki Eun Kim, Jungwhan Suh, Hyun Wook Chae, Duk Hee Kim, Sangmi Ha, Gi Hyeon Seo, Ho-Seong Kim Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research