Information for Readers
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Should families acquire pets to promote child development?
Families have no doubt debated over several centuries the benefits of pet ownership, and sometimes have even brought their pediatrician into the fray. Does pet ownership improve a child's social-emotional development? In this volume of The Journal Christian et al reported a secondary analysis of a large, population-based sample from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. The investigators found that pet ownership, particularly of dogs, rises substantially around the time a child enters full-time elementary school, especially in households where children had no siblings. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Paul G. Fisher Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Behold electronic alerts!
In this volume of The Journal, Gubb et al report on an approach to the identification of acute kidney injury (AKI) in children using electronic health record information that has been implemented in Wales. The authors report that over a 4 year period, 1719 children had 2472 alerts and 84% of the children had stage 1 AKI as defined by an increase in creatinine by 0.3mg/dl or to 1.5-1.9 times the reference range. Very interestingly, 58% of the AKI cases had elevations of creatinine that were within the reported normal laboratory range. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sharon P. Andreoli Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Intravenous magnesium for asthma exacerbation
Intravenous magnesium is suggested as an adjunctive therapy for the management of children with asthma exacerbation. However, the evidence for its use is weak and based on small randomized clinical trials (RCTs). It is, thus, unsurprising that in this volume of The Journal, Johnson et al from the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) report significant variability in the use of intravenous magnesium in the management of asthma exacerbations in children managed in the PECARN's emergency departments. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: E. Vincent S. Faustino Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Should I stay or should I go?
When a child presents to the emergency department (ED) with anaphylaxis the first priority is immediate stabilization. Shortly thereafter, though, the clinician must decide whether a prolonged period of monitoring, including hospitalization, is warranted. And although concomitant asthma is a recognized risk factor for severe anaphylaxis (Allergy 2014;69:1026-45), it may not be a strong predictor (Allergy 2016;71:1241-55) and little is certain as to whether a co-existing diagnosis of asthma should, in and of itself, enter into that decision to admit. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Denise M. Goodman Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Youth concussion usually ends well
Although there is increasingly widespread concern and research about the effects of concussion, what do we know about the recovery from concussion for most child athletes? Much prior work has focused on adults or relied upon self-report regarding recovery from symptoms. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Paul G. Fisher Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Oral Paracetamol vs Oral Ibuprofen in Patent Ductus Arteriosus: A Randomized, Controlled, Noninferiority Trial
To test the hypothesis that oral paracetamol is non-inferior to oral ibuprofen in closing hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) with an a priori noninferiority (NI) margin of 15%. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ashutosh Kumar, Rahul Subhash Gosavi, Venkataseshan Sundaram, Tejo Pratap Oleti, Arun Krishnan, Sai Kiran, Jogender Kumar, Srinivas Murki, Mangalabharathi Sundaram, Shiv Sajan Saini, Sourabh Dutta Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Diagnostic Accuracy of QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus Assays in Children and Adolescents with Tuberculosis Disease
In 2016, a new interferon-gamma release assay, QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus, was introduced. We conducted a cross-sectional multicenter study, involving 158 children and adolescents with tuberculosis disease. The overall sensitivity of the assay was 82.9% (IQR 77.0%-88.8%), indicating that in children this test does not have higher sensitivity than previous generation interferon-gamma release assays. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Aleix Soler-Garcia, Anna Gamell, Bego ña Santiago, Manuel Monsonís, Cristina Calvo, Elvira Cobo, Elena Colino, María Espiau, Carmelo Guerrero-Laleona, Zulema Lobato, Andrea Martín-Nalda, Beatriz Pérez-Gorricho, Tomas M. Perez-Porcuna, Ana Isabel Piqu Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Managing Asthma during Coronavirus Disease-2019: An Example for Other Chronic Conditions in Children and Adolescents
The novel coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), caused by the pathogen severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus (SARS-CoV-2), has now spread around the globe with more than 1.8 million  individuals affected and more than 110 000 deaths internationally.1-4 As of April 12, 2020, there are 530 830 cases in the US with more than 20 000 deaths.2,3 The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation has predicted that this pandemic could exceed current healthcare capacity in the US with a total of 81 114 deaths (95% CI, 38 242-162 106) through August 2020. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Elissa M. Abrams, Stanley J. Szefler Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Managing Asthma during COVID-19: An Example for Other Chronic Conditions in Children and Adolescents
E.M Abrams is a collaborator with the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, is on the National Advisory Board for Food Allergy Canada, has received moderator fees from Novartis, and is on the National Food Allergy Action Plan Action Steering Team for Food Allergy Canada. S.J. Szefler has consulted for Astra Zeneca, Boehringer-Ingelheim, GlaxoSmithKline, Novartis, Propeller Health, Regeneron and Sanofi and has received research support from the National Institutes of Health, the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute and the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment Cancer, Cardiovascular and Pulmonary D...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Elissa M. Abrams, Stanley J. Szefler Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Self-Limiting Sternal Tumor of Childhood: A “Do Not Touch” Lesion
A 9-month-old boy was admitted to the emergency department with a 2-week history of progressive left parasternal swelling, irritability, and local pain. No fever or other symptom was observed. No trauma was reported and the patient's medical record was unremarkable. Physical examination revealed left parasternal swelling with an elastic consistency (Figure, A). No discoloration of the skin was observed. Laboratory investigation showed slightly elevated values for C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bruno Lima Moreira, Edson Marchiori Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

A Core Outcome Set for Clinical Trials in Pediatric Functional Abdominal Pain Disorders
To ensure consistency and reduce outcome measure reporting heterogeneity in clinical trials on pediatric functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs), a core outcome set (COS) was developed for pediatric FAPD trials. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Judith Zeevenhooven, Robyn Rexwinkel, Vera W.A. Van Berge Henegouwen, Usha Krishnan, Yvan Vandenplas, Caterina Strisciuglio, Annamaria Staiano, Niranga M. Devanarayana, Shaman Rajindrajith, Marc A. Benninga, Merit M. Tabbers, Consensus Group on Outcome Me Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Management of Myocardial Infarction in Children with Giant Coronary Artery Aneurysms after Kawasaki Disease
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in Kawasaki disease, and patients with large or giant coronary aneurysms (z-score of ≥10 or absolute lumen diameter of ≥8 mm) are at greatest risk.1 For this reason, systemic anticoagulation together with antiplatelet therapy is recommended for all patients with Kawasaki disease with large/giant aneurysms.1 Even in the presence of therapeutic levels of anticoagulant medications and antiplatelet therapy, thrombosis in giant aneurysms can occur owing to unfavorable flow mechanics and decreased wall sheer stress in the ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jane C. Burns, Howaida El-Said, Adriana H. Tremoulet, Kevin Friedman, John B. Gordon, Jane W. Newburger Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Biallelic Mutations in the LSR Gene Cause a Novel Type of Infantile Intrahepatic Cholestasis
We identified biallelic pathogenic mutations in the Lipolysis-stimulated lipoprotein receptor (LSR) gene in a patient with infantile intrahepatic cholestasis. We established that mutations in the LSR gene, which encodes a protein which is critical for the formation of tricellular tight junctions in the liver, are a novel cause of pediatric cholestasis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tomoko Uehara, Mamiko Yamada, Shuichiro Umetsu, Hiroshi Nittono, Hisato Suzuki, Tomoo Fujisawa, Toshiki Takenouchi, Ayano Inui, Kenjiro Kosaki Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Is acute rheumatic fever causally associated with a 6-day antibiotics therapy for pharyngitis?
Fabi et  al present 98 consecutive cases of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) observed in a single hospital in the Emilia-Romagna Region of Italy.1 They concluded that 49% of the patients developed ARF despite having received antibiotic treatment for pharyngitis and that a 10-day course of antibiotics is needed to prevent ARF. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Simona Di Mario, Carlo Gagliotti, Luca Barbieri, Maria Luisa Moro Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Reply
Di Mario et  al raised concerns about our finding showing that acute rheumatic fever (ARF) develops in 49% of patients despite the antibiotic treatment and debate 1 potential explanation of these results. Because we documented that the mean duration of antibiotic treatment for primary prophylaxis was 5.9 ±  3.1 days, we speculated that the duration could partially explain the fact that ARF develops despite antibiotic treatment and, considering the incidence of ARF in our area, we suggested 10 days of antibiotic treatment, according to American Academy of Pediatrics1 and Infectious Disease So...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Marianna Fabi, Marcello Lanari Tags: Letters to the editor Source Type: research

Behavioral and Emotional Disorders in Children during the COVID-19 Epidemic
Since December 2019, health systems around the globe have struggled with an increasing number of cases of a viral respiratory syndrome that emerged in China. The cause is a new strain in the coronavirus family, provisionally named 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)1, SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19.2 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 3, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wen Yan Jiao, Lin Na Wang, Juan Liu, Shuan Feng Fang, Fu Yong Jiao, Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani, Eli Somekh Tags: European Paediatric Association Source Type: research

A Bidirectional Analysis of Feeding Practices and Eating Behaviors in Parent/Child Dyads from Low-Income and Minority Households
To prospectively examine the bidirectional relationship between parental feeding practices (eg, instrumental feeding, encouragement to eat) and child eating behaviors (eg, food responsiveness, emotional eating) in low-income, ethnically diverse preschool children over a 3-year period. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - April 1, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jerica M. Berge, Jonathan Miller, Sara Veblen-Mortenson, Alicia Kunin-Batson, Nancy E. Sherwood, Simone A. French Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Early Electroencephalogram Background Could Guide Tailored Duration of Monitoring for Neonatal Encephalopathy Treated with Therapeutic Hypothermia
To evaluate whether features of the early electroencephalographic (EEG) background could guide the optimal duration of continuous video EEG monitoring for seizure detection in newborn infants treated with therapeutic hypothermia for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 25, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Giulia M. Benedetti, Rebecca J. Vartanian, Harlan McCaffery, Ren ée A. Shellhaas Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Heart Rate Determination in Newborns at Risk for Resuscitation in a Low-Resource Setting: A Randomized Controlled Trial
To compare 2 different methods (auscultation with a stethoscope and umbilical cord palpation) of heart rate (HR) estimation in newborns at risk for resuscitation in a low-resource setting. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 25, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Francesco Cavallin, Maria Sofia Cori, Senait Negash, Gaetano Azzimonti, Giovanni Vento, Giovanni Putoto, Daniele Trevisanuto Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Dabbous IA, Idriss HM. J Pediatr 1970;76:617-20. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philip J. Hashkes Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Strauss RG, McAdams AJ. Dissecting Aneurysm in Childhood. J Pediatr 1970;76:578-84. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philip J. Hashkes Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Overall JC, Jr. Neonatal Bacterial Meningitis: Analysis of Predisposing Factors and Outcome Compared with Matched Control Subjects J Pediatr 1970;76:499-511 and Fulginiti VA. Bacterial Infections in the Newborn Infants (Editorial). J Pediatr 1970;76:646-8 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sarah S. Long Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Chernick V, Reed MH. Pneumothorax and Chylothorax in the Neonatal Period. J Pediatr 1970;76:624-2 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jannicke H. Andresen, Ola Didrik Saugstad Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Weber FM, Dooley RR, Sparkes RS. Anal Atresia, Eye Anomalies, and an Additionally Small Abnormal Acrocentric Chromosome (47,XX mar+): Report of a Case. J Pediatr 1970;76:594-97 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philip F. Giampietro Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Grosfeld JL, Kilman JW, Frye TR. Spontaneous Pneumopericardium in the Newborn Infant. J Pediatr 1970;76:614-6. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Shashi Kant Dhir, Piyush Gupta Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Arbeter, AM, RA Courtney, MF Gaynor Jr. Diffuse gastrointestinal polyposis associated with chronic blood loss, hypoproteinemia, and anasarca in an infant. J Pediatr 1970;76:609-11. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Allison D. Ta Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Nammacher MA, Willemin M, Hartmann JR, Gaston LW. Vitamin K deficiency in infants beyond the neonatal period. J Pediatr 1970;76:549-54. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Malika D. Shah Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
James JA. The treatment of poisonings –aggressive or conservative? J Pediatr 1970;76:651-2 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Reny Joseph, Jijo Joseph John, Piyush Gupta Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
B. J. Rosenstein. Accuracy of throat cultures processed in physicians' offices. J Pediatr 1970;76:606-9. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Luis F. Sanchez-Espino, Cynthia A. Salinas-Silva Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Drash AJ, Sherman F, Hartmann WH, Blizzard RM. A syndrome of pseudohermaphroditism ofWilm's tumor, hypertension, and degenerative renal disease. J Pediatr 1970;76:585-93 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jared H. Rowe Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Leading from the Middle: Benefits of a Physician Leadership Program
Physician leadership represents a critical component for the success of academic medical institutions, ensuring a physician perspective regarding clinical, education, and research programs, as well as administrative activities. Physicians play an especially important role in leading change in academic institutions because of the implications of change for other physicians at the institution and the direct influence of physicians on patient care and academic missions. For physicians to lead effectively, a variety of leadership competencies are essential. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Patricia A. DeRusso, William J. Greeley, Joseph W. St. Geme Tags: Notes from the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, Inc. Source Type: research

Reduced Physical Activity Levels in Children after a First Episode of Acute Venous Thromboembolism
To assess physical activity in children following acute venous thromboembolism (VTE), examine predictors of reduced physical activity and its relationship to post-thrombotic syndrome. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ayesha Zia, Zhuo Yang, Song Zhang, Tony Babb Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Developmental and behavioral outcomes of children with neonatal abstinence syndrome
As part of the opioid epidemic in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that the incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome quadrupled between 1999 and 2014 (CDC Grand Rounds: Public Health Strategies to Prevent Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66:242 –5). Although there is a great deal of concern about how maternal opioid use during pregnancy and subsequent treatment for neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) may affect brain development and later child outcomes, this topic is understudied. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Raye-Ann deRegnier Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Syphilis screening in pregnant women: Discordant results require careful confirmation
In the past 15 years, many high volume clinical laboratories implemented reverse sequence syphilis screening. Reverse sequence screening uses an automated treponemal immunoassay as the initial screening step, instead of the traditional rapid plasma reagin. Reverse sequence screening is economical for high volume laboratories but has led to diagnostic difficulties when the testing algorithm yields discordant results, particularly for pregnant women. In this volume of The Journal, Williams et al evaluated 35 108 reverse sequence syphilis screening events among pregnant women in Ohio from 2011-2018. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rebecca Pellett Madan Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Underserved immigrants and resettled refugees need special attention
Of all refugees admitted to the United States, approximately 32% are below the age of 18 years. Immigrant children represent the fastest growing segment of the US population. Immigrant/resettled refugee families face barriers when assessing pediatric subspecialty healthcare. These barriers are multifactorial and complicated. This population is therefore vulnerable and may have serious health issues. When these children see healthcare providers, one cannot assume that a diagnosis of a potential serious problem has been made or adequately treated. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Reginald Washington Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Hyperbilirubinemia: Not always as simple as plugging numbers into an app
It would not be unreasonable to suggest that every pediatrician has used the hour-specific Bhutani nomogram and the AAP treatment guidelines for hyperbilirubinemia in the care of newborn infants. Critical to the appropriate use of these tools is a thorough understanding of individual risk factors that increase the likelihood that an intervention will be required to prevent bilirubin encephalopathy and kernicterus. Known risk factors include hemolysis and concurrent illness, and these variables drastically change the clinical approach to neonates with these risk factors. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Clyde J. Wright Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Differences in Tonsillectomy Use by Race/Ethnicity and Type of Health Insurance Before and After the 2011 Tonsillectomy Clinical Practice  Guidelines
To evaluate whether differences in pediatric tonsillectomy use by race/ethnicity and type of insurance were impacted by the American Academy of Otolaryngology –Head and Neck Surgery's 2011 tonsillectomy clinical practice guidelines. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 11, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Margaret A. Heller, Meredith N. Lind, Emily F. Boss, Jennifer N. Cooper Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Hydroxyurea Exposure in Lactation: a Pharmacokinetics Study (HELPS)
Lactation is contraindicated for women with sickle cell anemia receiving hydroxyurea therapy, despite sparse pharmacokinetics data. In 16 women who were lactating volunteers, we documented hydroxyurea transferred into breastmilk with a relative infant dosage of 3.4%, which is below the recommended 5%-10% safety threshold. Breastfeeding should be permitted for women taking daily oral hydroxyurea. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 11, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Russell E. Ware, Anu Marahatta, Julie L. Ware, Kathryn McElhinney, Min Dong, Alexander A. Vinks Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Community Associated Clostridioides difficile in Children
To assess which risk factors are associated with community-associated Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) in children. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 11, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Margot Miranda-Katz, Deepika Parmar, Rebecca Dang, Amy Alabaster, Tara L. Greenhow Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Management of Atopic Dermatitis in Children Younger Than Two Years of Age by Community Pediatricians: A Survey and Chart Review
To characterize primary care providers' (PCPs) practice patterns for atopic dermatitis (AD) in children (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 11, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Anna B. Fishbein, Noor Hamideh, Jennifer Lor, Sharon Zhao, Lacey Kruse, Maryann Mason, Adolfo Ariza, Liliana Bolanos, Jonathan Necheles, Bennett Kaye Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Maternal Autoimmune Disorders and Risk of Kawasaki Disease in Offspring
We assessed the association between maternal autoimmune disorders and offspring risk of Kawasaki disease in a longitudinal cohort of 792 108 newborns. We found that maternal autoimmune disorders, especially autoimmune thyroiditis, may be risk factors for Kawasaki disease in children, particularly young children. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 11, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sabrina Belkaibech, Brian J. Potter, Harb Kang, Ga Eun Lee, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, Nathalie Auger Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

A Plum-Colored Reticular Birthmark in a Neonate
A healthy, full-term girl presented at age 16  days for assessment of a birthmark. The mother had a normal pregnancy and took no medications. She denied arthralgias or other symptoms concerning for connective tissue disease. By history, the birthmark was asymptomatic, and its appearance remained unchanged despite alterations in ambient tempera ture. On physical examination, the right leg was encompassed by a marbled, plum-colored vascular pattern with scattered areas of atrophy; the affected leg had a smaller girth than the normal lower extremity, but leg lengths were equivalent (Figure). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 11, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michael A. Cardis, Robert A. Silverman Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Periocular Tinea Faciei
A 6-year-old boy living in a farming household presented to dermatology clinic for evaluation of worsening rash on the right eyelid. He had developed an erythematous plaque with a peripheral scale on the right lower eyelid 2  months prior (Figure 1, A). He was initially diagnosed with eyelid eczema and treated with hydrocortisone and moisturizer. The rash worsened and he was subsequently treated with topical erythromycin and systemic cephalexin, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, clindamycin, and valacyclovir without improv ement. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 11, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Morgan Amigo, Nima Milani-Nejad, Joy Mosser-Goldfarb Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Looking at the Future, Learning from the Past: Current Activities and Upcoming Goals of the European Paediatric Association, the Union of National European Paediatric Societies and Associations
Presidents and delegates of the European pediatric societies and associations gathered in Istanbul, Turkey, in December 2019 to renew the Board of Directors of the European Paediatric Association (EPA), which is the Union of National European Paediatric Societies and Associations (EPA/UNEPSA)1 (Table I; available at www.jpeds.com). Following a discussion among the delegates of the EPA/UNEPSA member organizations, the newly elected Board will engage proactively in leading the union of European pediatric organizations toward the challenges facing the discipline of pediatrics in the areas of research, education, knowledge tra...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 6, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani, Julije Mestrovic, Mehmet Vural, Leyla Namazova-Baranova Tags: European Paediatric Association Source Type: research

Objectively Diagnosed Diffuse White Matter Abnormality at Term Is an Independent Predictor of Cognitive and Language Outcomes in Infants Born Very Preterm
To externally validate the independent value of objectively diagnosed diffuse white matter abnormality (DWMA; also known as diffuse excessive high signal intensity) volume to predict neurodevelopmental outcomes in very preterm infants ( ≤31 weeks of gestational age). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 5, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nehal A. Parikh, Lili He, Venkata Sita Priyanka Illapani, Mekibib Altaye, Alonzo T. Folger, Keith O. Yeates Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A Collaborative Learning Assessment of Developmental Care Practices for Infants in the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit
Assess differences in approaches to and provision of developmental care for infants undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 5, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Thomas A. Miller, Amy J. Lisanti, Madolin K. Witte, Justin J. Elhoff, William T. Mahle, Karen C. Uzark, Nneka Alexander, Samantha C. Butler Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research