Recurrent Vulvar Ulcers and “Cradle Cap” in a 2-Year-Old
A 2-year-old white female with recurrent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus otitis media and persistent “cradle cap” was referred for dermatologic evaluation of recurrent, painful vaginal ulcers present for 10 months. The symptoms began with severe vaginal pain during urination and diaper changes. She subsequently developed painful, solitary, bilateral ulcers on the labia majora that responded min imally to topical menthol-zinc oxide and clobetasol. Observation without treatment led to resolution of the ulcers within 3 weeks; the ulcers reoccurred 2 months later. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 12, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Victor A. Teran, Nitin Tiwari, William C. Petersen, Barrett J. Zlotoff Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

HIV Exposure and Formula Feeding Predict Under-2 Mortality in HIV-Uninfected Children, Botswana
To prospectively assess rates and detailed predictors of morbidity and mortality among HIV-exposed uninfected children and HIV-unexposed children in Botswana in a more recent era. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 11, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gbolahan Ajibola, Jean Leidner, Gloria K. Mayondi, Erik van Widenfelt, Tebogo Madidimalo, Chipo Petlo, Sikhulile Moyo, Mompati Mmalane, Paige L. Williams, Adam R. Cassidy, Roger Shapiro, Betsy Kammerer, Shahin Lockman Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Action in the face of uncertainty?
We read with interest the commentary by child neurologists Drs Gilbert, Mink, and Singer, who have been “personally involved in the evaluation and care of many children with suspected PANDAS or PANS” striving to facilitate “a clear and balanced approach when dealing with these controversial diagnoses.”1 We appreciate their efforts toward aiding clinicians with clinical decision-making. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 11, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Margo Thienemann, Jennifer Frankovich Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Risk of Serious Infections Associated with Biologic Agents in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses
To assess whether treatment with biologic response modifying agents during clinical trial study periods increases the risk of serious infections in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 11, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Florence A. Aeschlimann, Shu-Ling Chong, Todd W. Lyons, Beate C. Beinvogl, Lina Maria G óez-Mogollón, Sally Tan, Ronald M. Laxer Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Screening and Serial Neutrophil Counts Do Not Contribute to the Recognition or Diagnosis of Late-Onset Neonatal Sepsis
To determine the validity of screening and serial neutrophil counts in predicting the absence/presence of late-onset sepsis (LOS) in infants with central venous catheters. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 11, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Charles R. Rosenfeld, Grant Shafer, Lisa M. Scheid, L. Steven Brown Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Intra-Abdominal Cystic Lymphangioma
A term baby boy was delivered by elective caesarean delivery owing to increasing size of a cystic mass in the abdomen, which had been first detected antenatally using ultrasound examination. The differential diagnosis based on this antenatal scan was lymphangioma, mesenteric cyst, meconium peritonitis, meconium cyst, or bowel obstruction secondary to perforation. Fetal magnetic resonance imaging (T1-weighted) showed possible free fluid in the anterior abdominal cavity extending to the left side of the abdomen where umbilical vessels were seen traversing the fluid. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 11, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bryan Jun Wei Chew, Haitham Dagash, Manjiri Milind Khare Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Reply
We thank Dr Weinberger for his thoughts regarding our commentary. As he notes, there are limitations to the literature to date including a high rate of wheeze resolution in preschoolers with milder symptoms. We agree with Dr Weinberger's comment that preschool-age children have high hospitalization rates for asthma and that a “strong case” can be made for oral corticosteroid use in children at risk of either an emergency department visit or hospitalization. In our commentary we recommend use of oral corticosteroid therapy in those preschoolers at high risk of a more severe exacerbation (such as those with a his...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 11, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Elissa M. Abrams, Allan B. Becker, Stanley J. Szefler Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Oral corticosteroids for asthma exacerbations in preschool-age children: to treat or not to treat and when?
Abrams et  al carefully considered the use of oral corticosteroids for asthma symptoms in toddlers.1 They recommend oral corticosteroids for these young children in the emergency department and hospital. However, they concluded that there is little evidence that administration of an oral corticosteroid is be neficial if administered earlier at home by a parent. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 11, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Miles Weinberger Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of Anti-D Immunoglobulins versus Intravenous Immunoglobulins for Immune Thrombocytopenia in Children: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
To compare the efficacy and safety of intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) and anti-D immunoglobulin (anti-D) in pediatric immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 9, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bertrand Lioger, Fran çois Maillot, David Ternant, Christophe Passot, Gilles Paintaud, Theodora Bejan-Angoulvant Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2B Presents Early in Childhood but Often Is Undiagnosed for Years
We describe the presenting symptoms and signs of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B in a cohort of children. Improved awareness of the early nonendocrine signs of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B could lead to earlier diagnosis before the development of medullary thyroid cancer and possibly its metastasis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 9, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Angeliki Makri, Srivandana Akshintala, Claudia Derse-Anthony, Brigitte Widemann, Constantine A. Stratakis, John Glod, Maya Lodish Tags: Clinical and laboratory observations Source Type: research

Pulse Oximeter Saturation Targeting and Oximeter Changes in the Benefits of Oxygen Saturation Targeting (BOOST)-II Australia and BOOST-II UK Oxygen Trials
Infants in the Australian and UK Benefits of Oxygen Saturation Targeting-II trials treated using revised oximeters spent more time within their planned pulse oximeter saturation target ranges than infants treated using the original oximeters (P   (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 9, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Benjamin J. Stenson, Mark Donoghoe, Peter Brocklehurst, Peter G. Davis, Edmund Juszczak, Ian C. Marschner, John Simes, William O. Tarnow-Mordi Tags: Clinical and laboratory observations Source Type: research

When Do Clinicians Decide to Screen Children for Mental Health-Behavioral-Developmental Delays/Disorders: Is it Time to Reconsider Policy Recommendations?
To determine at which ages providers choose to screen for mental, behavioral, and developmental disorder/delay (MBDD), and what they find; and which, if any, public and professional guidelines are most effective at identification. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 9, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Frances Page Glascoe, Patricia Gellasch, Victoria Chen Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Relationship of Weight Outcomes, Co-Occurring Conditions, and Severity of Autism Spectrum Disorder in the Study to Explore Early Development
To assess contributing factors to increased obesity risk, by comparing children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), developmental delays/disorders, and general population controls in weight status, and to examine associations between weight status and presence of co-occurring medical, behavioral, developmental, or psychiatric conditions across groups and ASD severity among children with ASD. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 9, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Susan E. Levy, Jennifer A. Pinto-Martin, Chyrise B. Bradley, Jesse Chittams, Susan L. Johnson, Juhi Pandey, Alison Pomykacz, AnnJosette Ramirez, Ann Reynolds, Eric Rubenstein, Laura A. Schieve, Stuart K. Shapira, Aleda Thompson, Lisa Young, Tanja V.E. Kra Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Cancer Prevention Education for Providers, Staff, Parents, and Teens Improves Adolescent Human Papillomavirus Immunization Rates
To develop a program to educate providers, office staff, patients, and parents on life-long cancer prevention strategies, including the use of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to improve adolescent HPV vaccination rates. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 9, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Manika Suryadevara, Cynthia A. Bonville, Donald A. Cibula, Joseph B. Domachowske Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Predicting Maintenance of Any Breastfeeding from Exclusive Breastfeeding Duration: A Replication Study
To predict the duration of any breastfeeding using the duration of exclusive breastfeeding in a socioeconomically heterogeneous sample of mothers using receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ann M. Dozier, Elizabeth A. Brownell, Kelly Thevenet-Morrison, Hayley Martin, James I. Hagadorn, Cynthia Howard Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Predominance of Rotavirus G8P[8] in a City in Chile, a Country Without Rotavirus Vaccination
Rotavirus G8P[8] infection has been common in Africa, but rare in the Americas. Among 23 rotavirus episodes observed during 18 months of surveillance of 100 families in Chile, 11 (48%) were identified as G8P[8]. Genotypes from these strains shared>99% identity with rotavirus sequences described in Asia, and may be misclassified as mixed G8/G12. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Yalda Lucero, Miguel O'Ryan, Giulia Liparoti, Nicole Huerta, Nora Mamani, Sasirekha Ramani, Anne J. Lagomarcino, Felipe Del Canto, Jorge Quense Tags: Clinical and laboratory observations Source Type: research

Birth Hospitalization Costs and Days of Care for Mothers and Neonates in California, 2009-2011
To provide population-based estimates of the hospital-related costs of maternal and newborn care, and how these vary by gestational age and birth weight. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ciaran S. Phibbs, Susan K. Schmitt, Matthew Cooper, Jeffrey B. Gould, Henry C. Lee, Jochen Profit, Scott A. Lorch Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Airway Microbiome and Development of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review
To summarize evidence regarding microbial dysbiosis of the airway associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and to explore heterogeneity among studies. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mohan Pammi, Charitharth Vivek Lal, Brandie D. Wagner, Peter M. Mourani, Pablo Lohmann, Ruth Ann Luna, Amy Sisson, Binoy Shivanna, Emily B. Hollister, Steven H. Abman, James Versalovic, Gary J. Connett, Vineet Bhandari, Namasivayam Ambalavanan Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Adverse Outcomes among Febrile Young Infants with Invasive Bacterial Infections
To determine factors associated with adverse outcomes among febrile young infants with invasive bacterial infections (IBIs) (ie, bacteremia and/or bacterial meningitis). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Christopher M. Pruitt, Mark I. Neuman, Samir S. Shah, Veronika Shabanova, Christopher Woll, Marie E. Wang, Elizabeth R. Alpern, Derek J. Williams, Laura Sartori, Sanyukta Desai, Rianna C. Leazer, Richard D. Marble, Russell J. McCulloh, Adrienne G. DePorre Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Rib Fractures Incidentally Identified by Chest Radiograph among Infants and Toddlers
To determine the prevalence of incidental rib fractures identified by chest radiograph (CXR) obtained for indications unrelated to accidental trauma or nonaccidental trauma (NAT), and describe the histories associated with cases of incidental rib fractures and their proposed etiologies. It is hypothesized that incidental rib fractures are rare and alternative explanations for rib fractures occasionally used in a medico-legal context such as minor accidental trauma, undiagnosed medical conditions, and transient metabolic bone disturbances are unlikely to be the etiology of incidental rib fractures. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephanie Ruest, Ghid Kanaan, Jessica L. Moore, Amy P. Goldberg Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effects of Prone Sleeping on Cerebral Oxygenation in Preterm Infants
To determine the effect of prone sleeping on cerebral oxygenation in preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kelsee L. Shepherd, Stephanie R. Yiallourou, Alexsandria Odoi, Nadine Brew, Emma Yeomans, Stacey Willis, Rosemary S.C. Horne, Flora Y. Wong Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Screening for Toxic Stress Risk Factors at Well-Child Visits: The Addressing Social Key Questions for Health Study
To determine the prevalence of and demographic characteristics associated with toxic stress risk factors by universal screening, the impact of screening on referral rates to community resources, and the feasibility and acceptability of screening in a medical home setting. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kavitha Selvaraj, Melissa J. Ruiz, Jean Aschkenasy, Jan D. Chang, Anthony Heard, Mark Minier, Amanda D. Osta, Melissa Pavelack, Monica Samelson, Alan Schwartz, Margaret A. Scotellaro, Alisa Seo-Lee, Stan Sonu, Audrey Stillerman, Barbara W. Bayldon Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Occipital Dermal Sinus: The Tip of the Iceberg
A 2-year-old girl presented with a congenital occipital lump centered by a tuft of coarse hair with a small orifice (Figure, A); this had grown and developed a purulent flow over 1 year. She had no neurologic symptoms and no history of fever. Her general practitioner prescribed topical antiseptic and antibiotic, but the lump recurred. An ultrasound scan revealed a subcutaneous fistulous tract communicating with a deeper mass lysing the occipital bone. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans documented a dermal sinus connected to an intradiploic occipital dermoid cyst (Figure, B-E).The full lesion was resec...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Serge Pacome Yameogo, Khalil Ghedira Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Assessment of Body Mass Index in Infancy: It Is Time to Revise Our Guidelines
Infancy, a time of substantial growth, is also a critical period for the development of obesity risk. Many studies have identified that rapid or excessive weight gain during infancy is associated with increased risk for childhood obesity,1 as well as later-life obesity and cardiometabolic dysregulation.2,3 Weight gain during infancy does not fully capture growth during this time, however, because the amount and pace of growth in length also have implications for infants' body proportionality, body composition,4 and obesity risk5 in early childhood. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jessica G. Woo, Stephen R. Daniels Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Sharing Data to Accelerate Medicine Development and Improve Neonatal Care: Data Standards and Harmonized Definitions
The development and testing of the majority of medicine prescribed for newborn infants has been inadequate, with multiple barriers despite multiple legislative initiatives to encourage studies.1 One impediment is our current limited capacity to share standardized data that would facilitate the evaluation of the effectiveness and risks of medicine given to newborn infants. Neonatal drug development requires data sharing2-4 and in this commentary, we will discuss the importance and feasibility of defining standards for definitions when sharing neonatal data in a context that meets the needs of multiple stakeholders. (Source:...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 4, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kate Costeloe, Mark A. Turner, Michael A. Padula, Prakesh S. Shah, Neena Modi, Roger Soll, Dominique Haumont, Satoshi Kusuda, Wolfgang G öpel, Yun Sil Chang, P. Brian Smith, Kei Lui, Jonathan M. Davis, Lynn D. Hudson, International Neonatal Consortium Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Breastfeeding Initiation and Continuation: A Meta-Analysis
To use a quantitative approach to evaluate the literature for quantity, quality, and consistency of studies of maternal and infant characteristics in association with breastfeeding initiation and continuation, and to conduct a meta-analysis to produce summary relative risks (RRs) for selected factors. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 4, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sarah S. Cohen, Dominik D. Alexander, Nancy F. Krebs, Bridget E. Young, Michael D. Cabana, Peter Erdmann, Nicholas P. Hays, Carla P. Bezold, Elizabeth Levin-Sparenberg, Marco Turini, Jose M. Saavedra Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Risk of Developmental Disorders in Children of Immigrant Mothers: A Population-Based Data Linkage Evaluation
To evaluate the prevalence and risks of developmental disability (autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, and cerebral palsy) in Western Australian children of different groups of foreign-born women. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 4, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ifrah Abdullahi, Kingsley Wong, Raewyn Mutch, Emma J. Glasson, Nicholas de Klerk, Sarah Cherian, Jenny Downs, Helen Leonard Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Thoraco-Abdominal Abnormalities in Bardet-Biedl Syndrome: Situs Inversus and Heterotaxy
To characterize the diversity and prevalence of thoraco-abdominal abnormalities in Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS), a model ciliopathy for understanding the role of cilia in human health. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 4, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Andrew J. Olson, Anthony D. Krentz, Kathleen M. Finta, Uzoma C. Okorie, Robert M. Haws Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Estimating Risk of Pneumonia in a Prospective Emergency Department Cohort
To improve the prediction of pediatric pneumonia by developing a series of models based on clinically distinct subgroups. We hypothesized that these subgroup models would provide superior estimates of pneumonia risk compared with a single pediatric model. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 4, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alexander W. Hirsch, Michael C. Monuteaux, Mark I. Neuman, Richard G. Bachur Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Understudied and Under-Reported: Fertility Issues in Transgender Youth —A Narrative Review
Infertility, or the concern for infertility, has been shown in many studies to be associated with psychosocial distress among affected adults,1,2 and may result from numerous genetic or pediatric conditions and treatments.3 Fertility preservation technologies have been developed to expand future parenthood options for youth and others at risk for infertility.3 Although these rapid technological advances have facilitated improvements in clinical care, significant knowledge gaps exist with regard to who is at risk and could benefit from fertility preservation technologies, which methods have adequate evidence to support inte...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 4, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Leena Nahata, Diane Chen, Molly B. Moravek, Gwendolyn P. Quinn, Megan E. Sutter, Julia Taylor, Amy C. Tishelman, Veronica Gomez-Lobo Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

New-Onset Blistering Eruption in a Young Child
A 7-year-old previously well girl presented to dermatology with a chief complaint of blisters. The family stated that the eruption started 4 weeks previously and that she had been developing 5-6 new itchy blisters per week on the fingers and hands that healed with a scar. On physical examination, there were multiple vesicles, erosions, and scars on the face and hands (Figure  1). The conjunctiva and oral cavity were unaffected. Two biopsies were performed for both histology and direct immunofluorescence. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 4, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Travis J. Kuemmet, Olayemi Sokumbi, Yvonne E. Chiu Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Risk of Serious Bacterial Infection in Infants Aged ≤60 Days Presenting to Emergency Departments with a History of Fever Only
To compare the risk of serious bacterial infection between infants aged ≤60 days who are febrile in the emergency department (ED) and those who have only a history of fever and are afebrile on arrival to the ED. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sriram Ramgopal, Stephen Janofsky, Noel S. Zuckerbraun, Octavio Ramilo, Prashant Mahajan, Nathan Kuppermann, Melissa A. Vitale Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Antenatal Detection of Treatable Critical Congenital Heart Disease Is Associated with Lower Morbidity and Mortality
To establish the impact that timing of diagnosis and place of birth have on neonatal outcomes in those with readily treatable critical congenital heart disease. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Elza Cloete, Frank H. Bloomfield, Lynn Sadler, Monique W.M. de Laat, A. Kirsten Finucane, Thomas L. Gentles Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Behavioral Deficits at 18-22 Months of Age Are Associated with Early Cerebellar Injury and Cognitive and Language Performance in Children Born Extremely Preterm
To investigate associations in toddlers born extremely preterm ( (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Andrea F. Duncan, Carla M. Bann, Allison Dempsey, Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, Susan Hintz, National Institute of Child Health and Development Neonatal Research Network Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Long-Term Cardiovascular Morbidity in Children Born Following Fertility Treatment
To determine the risk of long-term cardiovascular disease (CVD) among children born following in vitro fertilization (IVF) and compared with spontaneous pregnancies. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sivan Reut Shiloh, Eyal Sheiner, Tamar Wainstock, Asnat Walfisch, Idit Segal, Daniella Landau, Avi Harlev Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Prognostic Factors and Management of Patients with Choanal Atresia
To analyze prognostic factors in the management of patients with choanal atresia. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Eric Moreddu, Marie-Eva Rossi, Richard Nicollas, Jean-Michel Triglia Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Parent Perspectives on Readiness for Discharge Home after Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Admission
To explore the parent perspective on discharge home from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Loren Berman, Mehul V. Raval, Madelene Ottosen, Anne Kim Mackow, Maria Cho, Adam B. Goldin Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Predicting Successful Neonatal Retro-Transfer to a Lower Level of Care
In this study, we developed and validated a prediction rule (The Rule for Elective Transfer between Units for Recovering Neonates [RETURN]) to identify clinical characteristics of infants at risk for failing retro-transfer. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sarah N. Kunz, Dmitry Dukhovny, Jochen Profit, Wenyang Mao, David Miedema, John A.F. Zupancic Tags: Clinical and laboratory observations Source Type: research

Role of Genetic Susceptibility in the Development of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
To assess heritable contributions to bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) risk in a twin cohort restricted to gestational age at birth (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 1, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Richard B. Parad, Abigail B. Winston, Leslie A. Kalish, Munish Gupta, Ivana Thompson, Yvonne Sheldon, Joann Morey, Linda J. Van Marter Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Intermittent Hypoxemia in Infants Born Late Preterm: A Prospective Cohort Observational Study
To determine if late preterm infants are at increased risk of intermittent hypoxemic events compared with term infants. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 1, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Logan Zane John Williams, David McNamara, Jane Marie Alsweiler Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Weight Status among Adolescents
To investigate the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and weight status among adolescents. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 1, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Laurel Davis, Andrew J. Barnes, Amy C. Gross, Justin R. Ryder, Rebecca J. Shlafer Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Persistent Facial Swelling in an 8-Year-Old
An 8-year-old previously healthy girl presented with acute swelling and scaling of the right side of the face overlying the mandible. She had a 2-year history of intermittent bilateral facial swelling, with prior episodes resolving without treatment in 4-6 weeks. These episodes had not responded to topical corticosteroid or antifungal therapy. On examination, the patient was afebrile with age-appropriate vital signs. She had firm, nontender facial edema extending from the right oral commissure to the cheek, with overlying red-purple scaling plaques (Figure). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 28, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Shoshana Blumenthal, Jos é Cabrera, Beth A. Drolet, James Nocton, Cecille Sulman, Heather Toth, Sarah Vepraskas Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Daily Intake of Soft Drinks and Moderate-to-Severe Acne Vulgaris in Chinese Adolescents
To investigate the association of soft drink consumption and the intake of sugar from soft drinks with the prevalence of acne in adolescents. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 28, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Xiaoyan Huang, Jianglin Zhang, Jie Li, Shuang Zhao, Yi Xiao, Yuzhou Huang, Danrong Jing, Liping Chen, Xingyu Zhang, Juan Su, Yehong Kuang, Wu Zhu, Mingliang Chen, Xiang Chen, Minxue Shen Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Use of Mother's Milk Feeding for Very Low Birth Weight Infants in Massachusetts
To examine the extent to which maternal race/ethnicity is associated with mother's milk use among hospitalized very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and maternal receipt of hospital breastfeeding support practices (human milk prenatal education, first milk expression (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 28, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Margaret G. Parker, Munish Gupta, Patrice Melvin, Laura A. Burnham, Adriana M. Lopera, James M. Moses, Jonathan L. Litt, Mandy B. Belfort Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Intravenous Immunoglobulin Versus Anti-D Immunoglobulin: When Better Treatment May Not Be the Best Treatment
In this volume of The Journal, Lioger et  al report on a systematic review comparing the efficacy and safety of anti-D immunoglobulin (anti-D) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in the treatment of pediatric immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).1 The methodology of the authors is meticulous, and this work clearly highlights the significant ga ps in evidence that persist in the management of ITP despite the fact that it is one of the most common diseases encountered in pediatric hematology. The authors performed a search for randomized controlled trials that enrolled children (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 28, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sarah H. O'Brien, Jenny M. Despotovic, Cindy E. Neunert Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Longitudinal Associations between Neurodevelopment and Psychosocial Health Status in Patients with Repaired D-Transposition of the Great Arteries
To examine associations between measurements of neurodevelopment and psychosocial health status at age 8 and 16 years in patients with repaired dextro-transposition of the great arteries. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 28, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Victoria K. Robson, Christian Stopp, David Wypij, Carolyn Dunbar-Masterson, David C. Bellinger, David R. DeMaso, Leonard A. Rappaport, Jane W. Newburger Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

All Aboard Meal Train: Can Child-Friendly Menu Labeling Promote Healthier Choices in Hospitals?
To evaluate patient meal orders and consumption with a revised menu design that includes child-friendly labeling. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 28, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sanjukta Basak, Alissa Steinberg, Alison Campbell, Annie Dupuis, Shiyi Chen, Alisa Bar Dayan, Susan Dello, Jill Hamilton Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Composite Health Outcomes in Pediatric and Young Adult Kidney Transplant Recipients
To assess composite health outcomes in pediatric and young adult kidney transplant recipients following kidney transplantation. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 28, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Veronica A. Taylor, Cassie L. Kirby, Edward J. Nehus, Jens Goebel, David K. Hooper Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Opioid Prescribing Practices for Pediatric Headache
To characterize the frequency of opioid prescribing for pediatric headache in both ambulatory and emergency department (ED) settings, including prescribing rates by provider type. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 28, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Garth D. Meckler, David C. Sheridan, Christina J. Charlesworth, Nicoleta Lupulescu-Mann, Hyunjee Kim, Benjamin C. Sun Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Mycoplasma pneumoniae-Induced Red Fingers
An 11-year-old girl presented with a 4-day history of erythema of her distal fingers. The lesions appeared on all fingers simultaneously after 1 week of fever and a nonproductive cough. She had received only acetaminophen, and her medical history was unremarkable. At presentation, she had intense, well-delineated erythematous macules in the periungual and pulp areas of all fingers (Figure), but not her toes, and without associated pain, tenderness, swelling, numbness, or Raynaud's phenomenon. The nail plates were normal, and there was no periungual telangiectasia. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 28, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Patrick M. Meyer Sauteur, Martin Theiler, Christa Relly, Patrik Schimert, Christoph Berger Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research