50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Freeman JM. J Pediatr 1969;75:590-603 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Paul Graham Fisher Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Plotkin SA. J Pediatr 1969;75:736-8. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Deepak Ugra, Krati Jain, Piyush Gupta Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Beal VA. J Pediatr 1969;75:690-2 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rhishikesh Thakre, Piyush Gupta Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Miller R. J Pediatr 1969;75:685-9 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lena Winestone, Michael D. Cabana Source Type: research

Corrigendum
In the commentary “AR101 prevents peanut allergy reactions in highly peanut-allergic children” by Rodríguez del Río included in the Current Best Evidence section (J Pediatr 2019;208:294-7), part of a sentence was not included. The full sentence should read “A single 300 mg peanut protein dose (secondary outco me) did not induce significant symptoms in 76.6% of actively treated subjects.” (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Corrigendum
In the article, “Higher Gestational Choline Levels in Maternal Infection Are Protective for Infant Brain Development” by Freedman et al (J Pediatr 2019;208:198-206.e2), the authors incorrectly described the Infant Behavioral Questionnaire Revised-Short (IBQ-R) Form as completed at 1 year of age. The IBQ-R was completed at 52 weeks gestational age, generally 3 months post birth. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: CORRECTIONS Source Type: research

Academic Advocacy and Promotion: How to Climb a Ladder Not Yet Built
Recent federal challenges to children's healthcare suggest an increased need for pediatric advocacy efforts to articulate a medical perspective on child health policy issues.1,2 Attempts to change the funding structure of Medicaid via block grants, reductions in funding for teen pregnancy prevention, delays in reauthorizing the Children's Health Insurance Program, and actions to undermine the Affordable Care Act threaten the pediatric population's access to care.3-5 Academic pediatricians, whose research and clinical work often closely relates to healthcare disparities and social determinants of health, are ideally poised ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Shetal Shah, Heather L. Brumberg, Alice Kuo, Vivek Balasubramaniam, Shale Wong, Valerie Opipari Tags: Notes from the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, Inc. Source Type: research

Diversity of Serotype Replacement After Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Implementation in Europe
Streptococcus pneumoniae is the leading cause of bacterial infections in children, including meningitis, bacteremia, bacteremic pneumonia, empyema, and mucosal infections such as otitis media and non-bacteremic pneumonia. After the implementation of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs), worldwide, the burden of invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPDs) and non-invasive pneumococcal diseases due to vaccine serotypes (VTs) greatly decreased in children.1 However, since 2015, several European countries have reported an increased incidence of IPDs due to non-vaccine serotypes (NVTs), which seemed variable across countries in ter...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Corinne Levy, Naim Ouldali, Laurence Caeymaex, Fran çois Angoulvant, Emmanuelle Varon, Robert Cohen Tags: European Paediatric Association Source Type: research

Child maltreatment and modifying factors in Shanghai, China
The risk of child abuse and neglect is greatest in early childhood and is associated with adverse psychosocial well-being over the lifespan. The true prevalence is difficult to quantify and there are often large discrepancies between actual maltreatment, reports to authorities, and confirmation by authorities. Shan et al attempt to determine the prevalence of maltreatment by collecting parental reports about 20 324 children aged 3-4 years who were enrolling into 191 kindergartens in Shanghai, China. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lainie Friedman Ross Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

May I please have your attention
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurodevelopmental disorder of childhood and adolescence affecting between 8% and 12% of all US children. The 2013 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), expanded the age for first symptoms from before 7 to before 12 years of age, and the 2015 to 2016 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) showed a significant increase from 6% to 10% in parent-reported diagnosis of ADHD in children between 4 and 17 years when compared with the 1997 to 1998 NHIS (JAMA Netw Open 2018;1:e181471). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jane A. Oski Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Pitfalls in genetic testing
Rapidly improving technology has allowed better, quicker, and cheaper evaluation of genetic abnormalities, including genetic analysis, which can be utilized in diagnosis and treatment decisions. However, despite the great promise of genetic testing, there remain limitations that are important for clinicians to understand. In this volume of The Journal, Wojcik et al describe a case where initial genetic testing for a child with phenotypic early onset Marfan Syndrome was negative. Ultimately, genome sequencing revealed a deletion that had been previously missed. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephen R. Daniels Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Quality qualitative research for family-centered care
Patient- and family-centered care is a term that resonates in nearly all children ’s hospitals and has been endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (www.pediatrics.org/cgi/doi/10.1542/peds.2011-3084). Although the Academy endorses the principle that “Pediatricians should advocate for and participate in research on outcomes and implementation of patient- and family-cent ered care in all venues of care,” such research is all too often undervalued or not undertaken. Sometimes outcomes are considered too hard to measure, and pediatricians, nurses, and hospital staff arbitrarily implement practices that...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Paul G. Fisher Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Patient selection bias in randomized controlled trials
Clyman et al recently published an international multicenter patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) trial —the Tolerate Trial—to evaluate routine PDA pharmacologic treatment of PDA or delayed treatment for increasing findings of PDA related abnormalities (J Pediatr 2019:205:41–8.e6). The early treatment to achieve closure did not improve overall outcomes, a clear indication that a conservative app roach may be preferable. However, despite agreement at the clinical sites that there was equipoise for the 2 approaches to PDA management, 137 infants were not enrolled into the trial that included 202 enrolled infants ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alan H. Jobe Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Wolff-Parkinson-White pattern and risk of sudden death
In this volume of The Journal, Chubb et al report the results of a survey of pediatric cardiac electrophysiologists on the management of patients identified with the Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) pattern on electrocardiogram (ECG) with no symptoms. They report that many electrophysiologists are being more aggressive about using invasive electrophysiology studies with subsequent ablation as treatment than the most current guidelines would suggest. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephen R. Daniels Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Cohort and Individual Neurodevelopmental Stability between 1 and 6  Years of Age in Children with Congenital Heart Disease
To assess cohort and individual neurodevelopmental stability in children with congenital heart disease across childhood. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nadja Naef, Flavia Wehrle, Valentin Rousson, Beatrice Latal Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Phase I/IIa Trial of Atorvastatin in Patients with Acute Kawasaki Disease with Coronary Artery Aneurysm
To determine the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and immunomodulatory effects of a 6-week course of atorvastatin in patients with acute Kawasaki disease with coronary artery (CA) aneurysm (CAA). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Adriana H. Tremoulet, Sonia Jain, Pei-Ni Jone, Brookie M. Best, Elizabeth H. Duxbury, Alessandra Franco, Beth Printz, Samuel R. Dominguez, Heather Heizer, Marsha S. Anderson, Mary P. Glod é, Feng He, Robert L. Padilla, Chisato Shimizu, Emelia Bainto, Joa Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Human Milk Use in the Preoperative Period Is Associated with a Lower Risk for Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Neonates with Complex Congenital Heart Disease
To evaluate the hypothesis that feeding volumes exceeding 100  mL/kg/d and exposure to cow's milk formula preoperatively increase the risk for preoperative necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in infants with complex congenital heart disease. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Acacia Cognata, Jasmeet Kataria-Hale, Pamela Griffiths, Shiraz Maskatia, Danielle Rios, Andrea O'Donnell, Dantin J. Roddy, Amy Mehollin-Ray, Joseph Hagan, Jennifer Placencia, Amy B. Hair Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Nutrition, Growth, Brain Volume, and Neurodevelopment in Very Preterm Children
To explore the associations between nutrition in the first 28  days after birth with somatic growth from birth to term-equivalent age, brain volumes at term-equivalent age, and neurodevelopment at 24 months of corrected age. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Victoria A. Power, Alicia J. Spittle, Katherine J. Lee, Peter J. Anderson, Deanne K. Thompson, Lex W. Doyle, Jeanie L.Y. Cheong Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A Neonate with Knotted Lanugo
A term 12-day-old girl was admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit for the assessment of speckled black small spines on her back with accompanying consistent skin erythema and low-grade fever. The child's family had repeatedly rubbed the child's back with raw egg whites on the day before her presentation. The back was covered in diffuse erythema with clear boundaries and needle tip-sized black spots evenly distributed on the skin surface. Palpation revealed that these structures were mainly located in the skin layer (Figure, A). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bin Zhang, Lin Ma, Shasha Jiang, Huixin Wang, Mingyan Hei Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Age-Stratified Risk of Critical Illness in Young Children Presenting to the Emergency Department with Suspected Influenza
To investigate the risk of critical illness by age group among young children without a chronic condition presenting to the emergency department (ED) with suspected influenza. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pradip P. Chaudhari, Michael C. Monuteaux, Pia S. Pannaraj, Robinder G. Khemani, Richard G. Bachur Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Stay the Course: Targeted Evaluation, Accurate Diagnosis, and Treatment of Streptococcal Pharyngitis Prevent Acute Rheumatic Fever
Controversy has arisen during the past decade or so regarding the medical and public health management of acute group A streptococcal pharyngitis (GAS) in children and adolescents. In particular, as the incidence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in many developed countries has declined, the need for testing throat swabs for GAS as an essential part of the routine evaluation of acute pharyngitis in childhood has been called into question.1 In a recent “Perspective” published in Circulation, Berkley argued that the currently recommended approach in the US of “extensive throat swabbing and antibiotic administr...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Robert R. Tanz, Michael H. Gewitz, Edward L. Kaplan, Stanford T. Shulman Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Adverse Events of Antibiotics Used to Treat Acute Otitis Media in Children: A Systematic Meta-Analysis
To characterize the incidence of adverse events (AEs) associated with antibiotics used to treat acute otitis media in children. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephanie W. Hum, Kai J. Shaikh, Samar S. Musa, Nader Shaikh Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effect of Pooling Practices and Time Postpartum of Milk Donations on the Energy, Macronutrient, and Zinc Concentrations of Resultant Donor Human Milk Pools
To characterize the macronutrient, energy, and zinc composition of pasteurized donor human milk pools and evaluate how composition varies based on pooling practices and “time postpartum” (ie, elapsed time from parturition to expression date) of individual milk donations. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 23, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bridget E. Young, Laraine L. Borman, Rebecca Heinrich, Julie Long, Sarah Pinney, Jamie Westcott, Nancy F. Krebs Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A Newborn with a Wrist Drop and a Skin Marking
A boy was born to a gravida 1 para 0 mother at 39  weeks of gestation via normal vaginal delivery after rupture of membranes greater than 24 hours, following an uneventful pregnancy. The baby weighed 3380 g, and Apgar scores were 9 and 10 at 1 and 5 minutes, respectively. Upon examination soon after birth, a left wrist drop was observed, presen ting with absent wrist and finger extension and intact left deltoid, biceps, and triceps function (Figure 1 and Video [available at www.jpeds.com]). Bruising and erythema were noted over the distal left lateral upper extremity (Figure 2; available at ww...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 19, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Valentina Carrato, Angela Troisi, Irene Berti, Laura Travan, Meta Starc, Francesco Maria Risso Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

The benefits of internal grant reviews can extend beyond positively impacting research funding success rates without incurring additional costs
Although the Opipari et  al program published in The Journal allows reviewer anonymity, our internal grant review protocol is typically conducted in an open forum allowing others to observe, participate, and learn.1,2 It provides an opportunity for group discussion and more closely models National Institutes of Health gra nt reviews. This approach promotes a culture of transparency and collegiality, the breakdown of research silos, interdisciplinary collaboration, and an attitude of support.2 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 19, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kristine M. Kulage, Elaine L. Larson Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Increase of body mass index is a useful predictor of childhood obesity
This study outlines where we are and how to think about the next steps for identi fying and treating childhood obesity. In this respect, we believe that a simple method for recognition of a high risk of childhood obesity is required. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 18, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Go Ichikawa, Osamu Arisaka, Koryo Nakayama, Satomi Koyama, Shigemi Yoshihara Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Umbilical cord blood sampling versus admission blood sampling on requirement of blood transfusion in extremely preterm infants
Balasubramanian et  al have addressed an intervention that is feasible and easy doable.1 However, we have a few queries. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 18, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rohit Sasidharan, Bharti Yadav, Neeraj Gupta Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply
We thank Sasidharan et  al for their observations. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 18, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Haribalakrishna Balasubramanian, Lakshmi Srinivasan, Nandkishor Kabra Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Sugar-sweetened beverages and screen time: partners in crime for adolescent obesity
Belay et  al evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and perception among practicing pediatricians toward childhood obesity and the relevant risk factors. They found, compared with 2006, pediatricians in 2017 were more likely to discuss family behaviors related to sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and screen time (P  (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 18, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Aditi Shukla, Zakia Jabarkheel Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Trachyonychia
A healthy 7-year-old girl presented with progressive discoloration and roughness of her fingernails and toenails that began 8  months earlier. The dystrophic changes in the nails gradually increased over time. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 18, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alexander K.C. Leung, Kin Fon Leong, Benjamin Barankin Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

The Road to Precision Medicine for Children: Resilience, Vulnerability, and Gene Polymorphism
Resilience in children in the face of adversity has been an elusive target of our scientific investigations. Why do some children who experience significant adversity, such as poverty and food insecurity, do well despite serious hardship, while others do not? The term resilience is used in a variety of ways —sometimes to reflect internal processes or capacities within the individual, sometimes as a process to take advantage of resources in the environment, and sometimes as an outcome of both genetic and environment influences. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 18, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Benard P. Dreyer Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Acute Management of Pediatric Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome: A Systematic Review
To synthesize quantitative and qualitative data on pharmacologic interventions of pediatric cyclic vomiting syndrome and their effectiveness in disease management in the acute care setting. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Shannon Gui, Nimita Patel, Robert Issenman, April J. Kam Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Variation in Hospitalization Rates Following Emergency Department Visits in Children with Medical Complexity
To evaluate factors associated with admission from emergency department (ED) encounters for children with medical complexity (CMC) and to quantify the hospital admission rate as well as variation in adjusted hospital admission rates across EDs. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ryan J. Coller, Jonathan Rodean, Deborah E. Linares, Paul J. Chung, Christian Pulcini, Matt Hall, Elizabeth Alpern, Ricardo Mosquera, Elizabeth Casto, Jay G. Berry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Cerebral Oxygenation During Respiratory Events in Children with Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Associated Disorders
To evaluate changes in cerebral oxygenation by means of near-infrared spectroscopy during respiratory events in children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and associated disorders. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Laurence Tabone, Sonia Khirani, Jorge Olmo Arroyo, Alessandro Amaddeo, Abdelkebir Sabil, Brigitte Fauroux Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Pediatric Hemoptysis without Bronchiectasis or Cardiac Disease: Etiology, Recurrence, and Mortality
To describe the etiologies of hemoptysis in patients without pre-existing bronchiectasis or cardiac disease; to assess odds of recurrent hemoptysis by diagnostic category; and to assess odds of mortality by diagnostic category. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Laura Chiel, Sebastian Welsh, Kristofer Andren, Jessica Mecklosky, Peta M.A. Alexander, Alicia Casey, Martha P. Fishman Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Bioactive ingredients in infant formula: The value for a robust interdisciplinary discussion on safety assessment paradigm
Abrams and Daniels, in a commentary, noted that the recent trend of adding novel ingredients with biological activity to infant formula is not supported by robust scientific literature on their long-term safety or benefits.1 We would like to expand on the authors ’ observations. A review of the current literature shows a widely held presumption that the presence of bioactive constituents in human and other mammalian milks implies anticipated beneficial effects from exposure, and further that this presence, together with traditional toxicologic testing and anthropometric clinical studies, constitutes sufficient eviden...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kotaro J. Kaneko, Jeremiah Fasano, Supratim Choudhuri Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The Contribution of the Adipose Tissue-Liver Axis in Pediatric Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease after Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy
To evaluate the histopathologic modifications in liver and visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and to correlate these changes with clinical measures, adipokine production, and proinflammatory cytokines in a population of adolescents with obesity with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 13, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Antonio Franchitto, Guido Carpino, Anna Alisi, Francesco De Peppo, Diletta Overi, Cristiano De Stefanis, Ilaria Romito, Rita De Vito, Romina Caccamo, Battaglia Sonia, Salvatori Alessandra, Antonella Mosca, Arianna Alterio, Paolo Onori, Eugenio Gaudio, Val Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The Impact of Severe Maternal Morbidity on Very Preterm Infant Outcomes
To estimate the prevalence of severe maternal morbidity among very preterm births and determine its association with very preterm infant mortality and morbidity. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 10, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jennifer Zeitlin, Natalia N. Egorova, Teresa Janevic, Paul L. Hebert, Elodie Lebreton, Amy Balbierz, Elizabeth A. Howell Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Bone Health in Children and Youth with Cystic Fibrosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Matched Cohort Studies
To assess the evidence regarding the differences in areal bone mineral density (aBMD) between children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF) compared with their healthy peers, based on data from longitudinal studies. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 10, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Esther Ubago-Guisado, Iv án Cavero-Redondo, Celia Alvarez-Bueno, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Luis Gracia-Marco Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The Effect of Extended Continuous Positive Airway Pressure on Changes in Lung Volumes in Stable Premature Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial
To compare changes in lung volumes, as measured by functional residual capacity (FRC), through to discharge in stable infants randomized to 2  weeks of extended continuous positive airway pressure CPAP (eCPAP) vs CPAP discontinuation (dCPAP). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 10, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ryan Lam, Diane Schilling, Brian Scottoline, Astrid Platteau, Meike Niederhausen, Kelli C. Lund, Robert L. Schelonka, Kelvin D. MacDonald, Cindy T. McEvoy Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Chronology and Determinants of Respiratory Function Changes Following Administration of Systemic Postnatal Corticosteroids in Extremely Preterm Infants
To describe the effect of systemic corticosteroids administered to treat evolving bronchopulmonary dysplasia on oxygen diffusion and ventilation efficiency. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 6, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Theodore Dassios, Ourania Kaltsogianni, Ann Hickey, Ravindra Bhat, Anne Greenough Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Developmental Outcomes of Extremely Preterm Infants with a Need for Child Protective Services Supervision
To evaluate neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants with need for Child Protective Services (CPS) supervision at hospital discharge compared with those discharged without CPS supervision. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 6, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Elisabeth C. McGowan, Abbot. R. Laptook, Jean Lowe, Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, Dhuly Chowdhury, Rosemary D. Higgins, Susan R. Hintz, Betty R. Vohr, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Children with Elevated Serum Gamma Glutamyltransferase Levels
To assess the characteristics of inflammatory bowel disease and disease prognosis among children with elevated gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC)-ulcerative colitis (UC). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 6, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Abin Chandrakumar, Rachael Loeppky, Mark Deneau, Wael El-Matary Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Longitudinal Changes in Weight Status from Childhood and Adolescence to Adulthood
To study the change in body mass index (BMI) from childhood and adolescence and development of obesity into adulthood. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Justin R. Ryder, David R. Jacobs, Alan R. Sinaiko, Annabel P. Kornblum, Julia Steinberger Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Detection of Cytomegalovirus in Intestinal Tissue of Infants with Necrotizing Enterocolitis or Spontaneous Intestinal Perforation
To determine the frequency of detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in surgical or autopsy intestinal tissue from infants with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) or spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) of the small bowel. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Santiago Panesso-G ómez, Masako Shimamura, Miriam Conces, Maria M. Talavera, Mohannad Moallem, Pablo J. Sánchez, Daniel T. Malleske Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Predicting Long-Term Survival Without Major Disability for Infants Born Preterm
To describe the long-term neurodevelopmental and cognitive outcomes for children born preterm. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jenny Bourke, Kingsley Wong, Ravisha Srinivasjois, Gavin Pereira, Carrington C.J. Shepherd, Scott W. White, Fiona Stanley, Helen Leonard Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Clinical Features, Molecular Genetics, and Long-Term Outcome in Congenital Chloride Diarrhea: A Nationwide Study in Japan
To clarify clinical and genetic features of Japanese children with congenital chloride diarrhea (CCD). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 30, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ken-ichiro Konishi, Tatsuki Mizuochi, Tadahiro Yanagi, Yoriko Watanabe, Kazuhiro Ohkubo, Shouichi Ohga, Hidehiko Maruyama, Ichiro Takeuchi, Yuji Sekine, Kei Masuda, Nobuyuki Kikuchi, Yuka Yotsumoto, Yasufumi Ohtsuka, Hidenori Tanaka, Takahiro Kudo, Atsuko Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research