Body Mass Index Changes in Early Childhood
To longitudinally investigate body mass index (BMI) in young children in Ireland and identify factors and critical time points associated with changes in BMI. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Samira Barbara Jabakhanji, Fiona Boland, Mark Ward, Regien Biesma Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Echocardiographic estimation of elevated right ventricular afterload in preterm infants at risk for pulmonary hypertension: next steps
We read with interest the report by Levy et  al,1 in which the authors use sophisticated echocardiographic variables as surrogates for right ventricular (RV) afterload (or pulmonary hemodynamic measures) and provide data on RV abnormalities in a cohort of infants born preterm with or without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) vs healthy infant s born at term, at age 1 year. They report that right heart Doppler-derived echocardiographic indices of pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) (eg, pulmonary artery acceleration time [PAAT]) are inversely correlated with gestational age. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Martin Koestenberger, Georg Hansmann Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal Of Pediatrics
Vald és-Dapena M, Birle LJ, McCovern JA, McGillen JF, Colwell FH. J Pediatr 1968;73:387-94. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ola Didrik Saugstad Tags: 50 Years Ago Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal Of Pediatrics
Neerhout RC. J Pediatr 1968;73:364-73. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Simon Lam Tags: 50 Years Ago Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Fisch RO, Gravem HJ, Engel RR. J Pediatr 1968;73:395-403. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephannie M.B. Voller Tags: 50 Years Ago Source Type: research

An Appeal for Implementing Social Assistance and Welfare Programs for European Children Challenged by Parental Loss
The loss of a parent is a severe crisis for children and adolescents. According to the life cycle model, the crisis originates from different roots and causes and leads to a large spectrum of acute psychomental and physical effects on child health and later may induce long-term effects on adult health. There are several scenarios that involve the separation of children and adolescents from their mothers and fathers (Table  I; available at www.jpeds.com), and there are short- and long-term effects of parental loss on health (Tables II and III; available at www.jpeds.com). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jochen Ehrich, Pietro Ferrara, Giovanni Corsello, Giulia Franceschini, Annamaria Sbordone, Ida Giardino, Tudor Lucian Pop, Luigi Nigri, Fugen Cullu, Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani Tags: European Paediatric Association Source Type: research

Family Planning in Pediatrics: An Appeal for Enhanced Training
As a third-year medical student wrapping up my obstetrics and gynecology rotation, I prepared for my final clinic patient: a 6-week postpartum visit for a woman who was interested in a contraceptive implant. I gathered the supplies as I awaited her arrival —only to return them to the supply closet an hour later. She became yet another name on the lengthy list of postpartum no-shows. I wondered about the reproductive fate of this woman and of the numerous others who missed this key visit for re-initiation of contraception, particularly as I had learn ed that, for many of our uninsured patients, this would be the last ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lee A. Trope, Jayme L. Congdon, Lauren Brown, Barry Zuckerman Tags: Notes from the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, Inc. Source Type: research

UTICalc may enhance UTI risk-estimation in young children
Shaikh N, Hoberman A, Hum SW, Alberty A, Muniz G, Kurs-Lasky M, et  al. Development and Validation of a Calculator for Estimating the Probability of Urinary Tract Infection in Young Febrile Children. JAMA Pediatr 2018;172:550-6. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alastair D. Hay Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Quintupling inhaled fluticasone at first sign of exacerbation
Jackson DJ, Bacharier LB, Mauger DT, Boehmer S, Beigelman A, Chmiel JF, et  al. Quintupling Inhaled Glucocorticoids to Prevent Childhood Asthma Exacerbations. N Engl J Med 2018;378:891-901. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tim W. Harrison Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Adolescent electric cigarette use is associated with subsequent marijuana use
Dai H, Catley D, Richter KP, Goggin K, Ellerbeck EF. Electronic Cigarettes and Future Marijuana Use: A Longitudinal Study. Pediatrics 2018;141:pii: e20173787. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jonathan Klein Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Mass azithromycin distribution reduces sub-Saharan childhood deaths
Keenan JD, Bailey RL, West SK, Arzika AM, Hart J, Weaver J, et  al. Azithromycin to Reduce Childhood Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. N Engl J Med 2018;378:1583-92. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Patricia B. Pavlinac, Judd L. Walson Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

USMLE scores, more than one's residency program, correlate with ABP board scores
Welch TR, Olson BG, Nelsen E, Beck Dallaghan GL, Kennedy GA, Botash A. United States Medical Licensing Examination and American Board of Pediatrics Certification Examination Results: Does the Residency Program Contribute to Trainee Achievement. J Pediatr 2017;188:270-4.e3. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alan Schwartz Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

The role of gender and gender equity in The Journal of Pediatrics
Williams et  al examined the gender of corresponding authors, reviewers, and editors to determine if there were differences in publication recommendations and outcomes for manuscripts submitted to The Journal of Pediatrics in 2015-2016. Female corresponding authors submitted a proportional number of manuscript s to The Journal and these manuscripts were accepted at equal rates, regardless of the editor's or the reviewer's gender. However, women received fewer invitations to review manuscripts and were less likely to accept or complete reviews. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Meghan McDevitt, William F. Balistreri Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Helping NICU parents face the future
One of the biggest questions weighing on NICU parents' minds is what the future will bring, and a sense of optimism about the future is important to enduring a lengthy hospitalization. Will their child be healthy with good quality of life? Will their child be happy with a circle of friends? Neonatologists and NICU providers spend a great deal of time supporting and counseling families as they wrestle with these important questions. We clinicians tend to focus on the medical condition of the infant to predict long-term physical and neurodevelopmental outcomes. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Robin H. Steinhorn Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

More evidence for the importance of early life nutritional status on child health outcomes
A concept that continues to gain ground is that the in utero environment —including maternal health, nutritional status, diet, environmental exposures to medications, toxins, and more—can have an important influence on long-term health outcomes. Supported by numerous epidemiologic, clinical, and biological observations, the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease is a field of discovery that promises to shed new light on disease prevention and health promotion. The report in this volume of The Journal by Abera et al adds another important data point that underscores the importance of fetal growth and n...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Christopher Duggan Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Modern compilation of etiology of invasive bacterial infection in infants < 60 days of age
Woll et  al present the compilation of bacteriologically confirmed bloodstream infection (BSI) and meningitis in infants (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sarah S. Long Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Confused about what tests to order for altered mental status?
Many readers of The Journal who practiced prior to the advent of the electronic medical record (EMR) will remember charting by hand the chief complaint of “ΔMS” for the child who presented to the emergency department with unexplained delirium, altered mentation, or encephalopathy. ΔMS has now given way to “altered mental status” or “AMS” in the EMR, but has the approach to evaluating the child changed or improved? (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Paul G. Fisher Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Amplitude-Integrated Electroencephalography for Early Recognition of Brain Injury in Neonates with Critical Congenital Heart Disease
To study perioperative amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) as an early marker for new brain injury in neonates requiring cardiac surgery for critical congenital heart disease (CHD). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nathalie H.P. Claessens, Lotte Noorlag, Lauren C. Weeke, Mona C. Toet, Johannes M.P.J. Breur, Selma O. Algra, Antonius N.J. Schouten, Felix Haas, Floris Groenendaal, Manon J.N.L. Benders, Nicolaas J.G. Jansen, Linda S. de Vries Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Conflicting Guidelines on Young Children's Screen Time and Use of Digital Technology Create Policy and Practice Dilemmas
Across the globe, many children live in a digitally enmeshed world. Education and industry authorities encourage the use of digital technology by children to prepare them to thrive in a digital world. Health authorities, in contrast, discourage young children's use of digital technology and raise concerns about the potential negative effects on children's physical, cognitive, emotional, and social well-being. This paper articulates the differing perspectives of education and health authorities that result in a dilemma for those charged with providing for young children's health, care, education, development, and well-being...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 20, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Leon Straker, Juliana Zabatiero, Susan Danby, Karen Thorpe, Susan Edwards Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Regulations of Night Shifts of Pediatric Residents: Review of Responses to a European Survey
The regulation of residents' night shifts and weekly working hours increasingly is being questioned and investigated to better understand the benefits and harms. Studies on the effects of fatigue on function appeared in the media in the early 1970s in the US (Table  I; available at www.jpeds.com); one of the first studies demonstrated that interns “deprived of sleep were significantly less able to recognize arrhythmias on the electrocardiographic task” and “judged themselves to have abnormalities in cognitive, perceptual, and physiologic areas of funct ion.”5 A review of the current literatur...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 16, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Elad Machtey, Jochen Ehrich, Eli Somekh Tags: European Paediatric Association Source Type: research

Target Organ Abnormalities in Pediatric Hypertension
In 2013, the US Preventive Services Task Force, in an update of their 2003 report, concluded that there was insufficient evidence to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for primary hypertension in children and adolescents to prevent subsequent cardiovascular disease in childhood or adulthood.1 The US Preventive Service Task Force used a review of published evidence to come to their conclusion. Their review produced an “I” Statement. This means that, based on their key questions, there is insufficient evidence for or against blood pressure screening in children and adolescents. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 16, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Elaine M. Urbina, Marc B. Lande, Stephen R. Hooper, Stephen R. Daniels Tags: Medical progress Source Type: research

Scholarly Activity Training during Residency: Ensuring a Meaningful Experience for All Graduates
Learning the basic principles of scientific research and participating in scholarly activity are critical parts of the residency experience and are mandated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME).1 Participating in scholarly activity may benefit residents by helping cultivate their skills in appraising scientific literature critically and fostering self-directed learning.2-4 A robust experience may also help residents to develop meaningful relationships with faculty mentors and nurture an interest in pursuing a fellowship and academic career. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 16, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Erika L. Abramson, Jennifer I. DiPace, Gerald M. Loughlin Tags: Notes from the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, Inc. Source Type: research

Relationship of Patent Ductus Arteriosus Size to Echocardiographic Markers of Shunt Volume
To define the technique of estimating ductal diameter (DD) that best correlates with echocardiographic markers of transductal shunt volume in preterm infants>7 days old with persistent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 13, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Fernando de Freitas Martins, Daniel Ibarra Rios, Maura Helena F. Resende, Henna Javed, Dany Weisz, Amish Jain, Jose Maria de Andrade Lopes, Patrick J. McNamara Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Excessive Screen Time and Psychosocial Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Body Mass Index, Sleep Duration, and Parent-Child Interaction
To examine the relationship between excessive screen time and psychosocial well-being in preschool children, and the potential mediating role of body mass index, sleep duration, and parent-child interaction. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 9, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jin Zhao, Yunting Zhang, Fan Jiang, Patrick Ip, Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Yuning Zhang, Hong Huang Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Assessing Positive Child Health among Individuals Born Extremely Preterm
To assess the development of a Positive Child Health Index (PCHI) based on 11 adverse outcomes and evaluate the association of PCHI with quality of life (QoL) scores in a preterm cohort. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 2, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jacqueline T. Bangma, Evan Kwiatkowski, Matthew Psioda, Hudson P. Santos, Stephen R. Hooper, Laurie Douglass, Robert M. Joseph, Jean A. Frazier, Karl C.K. Kuban, Thomas M. O'Shea, Rebecca C. Fry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Association between Household Food Insecurity and Body Mass Index: A Prospective Growth Curve Analysis
To examine the association between food insecurity and body mass index (BMI) from early adolescence to adulthood. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 30, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Brenda J. Lohman, Tricia K. Neppl, Yoojin Lee, Olivia N. Diggs, Daniel Russell Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Grip Strength Is Associated with Longitudinal Health Maintenance and Improvement in Adolescents
To assess the effects of muscle strength, as determined by grip strength, on changes in health status in adolescents. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 30, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mark D. Peterson, Paul M. Gordon, Sonja Smeding, Paul Visich Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Disparities in Care for Children with Chronic Kidney Disease
Pediatricians and health policy experts are increasingly concerned about disparities in child health care, not only on a global basis but also nationally and regionally as well. Much attention has been paid to the role of poverty in generating these disparities; children living in poverty may have less access to care, poorer care coordination, suboptimal care, and worse outcomes. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 30, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Thomas R. Welch Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Body Composition during Early Infancy and Mental Health Outcomes at 5 Years of Age: A Prospective Cohort Study of Ethiopian Children
To examine the relationship between body composition —specifically fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM)—in early infancy, and mental health outcomes in early childhood. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 27, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mubarek Abera, Markos Tesfaye, Charlotte Hanlon, Bitiya Admassu, Tsinuel Girma, Jonathan C. Wells, Pernille K æstel, Christian Ritz, Rasmus Wibaek, Kim F. Michaelsen, Henrik Friis, Gregers S. Andersen Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Restricted, Repetitive, and Reciprocal Social Behavior in Toddlers Born Small for Gestation Duration
To characterize restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) and reciprocal social behaviors (RSBs) in a large sample of toddlers who represent a range of birth weights and gestation durations. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 27, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Robin Sifre, Carolyn Lasch, Angela Fenoglio, Michael K. Georgieff, Jason J. Wolff, Jed T. Elison Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Megaloblastic Anemia Progressing to Severe Thrombotic Microangiopathy in Patients with Disordered Vitamin B12 Metabolism: Case Reports and Literature Review
We describe 2 children with cobalamin G disease, a disorder of vitamin B12 metabolism with normal serum B12 levels. They presented with megaloblastic anemia progressing rapidly to severe thrombotic microangiopathy. In infants presenting with acute thrombotic microangiopathy, cobalamin disorders should be considered early as diagnosis and targeted treatment can be lifesaving. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 26, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Dolores Mullikin, Nishitha Pillai, Rossana Sanchez, Anne H. O'Donnell- Luria, Amy Kritzer, Leyat Tal, Mohammed Almannai, Gerard T. Berry, Michael J. Gambello, Hong Li, Brett Graham, Lakshmi Srivaths, Vernon Reid Sutton, Amanda Grimes Tags: Clinical and laboratory observations Source Type: research

Safety of Adalimumab in Pediatric Patients with Polyarticular Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, Enthesitis-Related Arthritis, Psoriasis, and Crohn's Disease
To evaluate the safety of adalimumab in pediatric patients who participated in clinical trials of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis and pediatric enthesitis-related arthritis), psoriasis, and Crohn's disease. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 25, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gerd Horneff, Marieke M.B. Seyger, Dilek Arikan, Jasmina Kalabic, Jaclyn K. Anderson, Andreas Lazar, David A. Williams, Chen Wang, Rita Tarzynski-Potempa, Jeffrey S. Hyams Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Enhancing the Development and Retention of Physician-Scientists in Academic Pediatrics: Strategies for Success
The physician-scientist, defined as an individual with a doctor of medicine (MD) degree who devotes significant effort to biomedical inquiry, plays an essential role in the translation of laboratory discoveries into novel therapies to improve outcomes of human disease, yet the “vanishing physician-scientist” remains a persistent problem.1-5 Despite much discussion on approaches to enhance the development, recruitment, and retention of physician-scientists, decreasing numbers in this vital group continue to be a major challenge within academic medicine. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 25, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Cristina M. Alvira, Robin H. Steinhorn, William F. Balistreri, Jeffrey R. Fineman, Peter E. Oishi, James F. Padbury, John P. Kinsella, Steven H. Abman Tags: Workshop/Symposium Summary Source Type: research

Language Trajectories of Children Born Very Preterm and Full Term from Early to Late Childhood
To identify distinct language trajectories of children born very preterm and full term from 2 to 13 years of age and examine predictors for the identified trajectories. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 25, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Thi-Nhu-Ngoc Nguyen, Megan Spencer-Smith, Kristina M. Haebich, Alice Burnett, Shannon E. Scratch, Jeanie L.Y. Cheong, Lex W. Doyle, Joshua F. Wiley, Peter J. Anderson Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Imperative to Vaccinate
Human beings are almost certainly the most diseased species on earth. By one accounting, there are at least 1400 human pathogens, including bacteria, fungi, prions, protozoa, viruses, and worms, and of these, 100-150 appear capable of causing human epidemics.1,2 Even this is likely to be an underestimate, as new and sensitive sequencing techniques continue to uncover new viruses at a steady rate.3 We human beings are remarkable in many ways, but why are we remarkable for playing host to so many infectious agents? Why is it that we must maintain high levels of vaccine coverage to prevent infectious agents from sickening or ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 25, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephen M. Hedrick Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Long-Term Outcomes of Free Gracilis Muscle Transfer for Smile Reanimation in Children
To evaluate long-term outcomes of free gracilis muscle transfer (FGMT) for smile reanimation on smile excursion, facial symmetry, and quality of life in a cohort of children with facial palsy. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 25, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jacqueline J. Greene, Joana Tavares, Suresh Mohan, Nate Jowett, Tessa Hadlock Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Neonatal Sepsis of Early Onset, and Hospital-Acquired and Community-Acquired Late Onset: A Prospective Population-Based Cohort Study
To assess the epidemiology of blood culture-proven early- (EOS) and late-onset neonatal sepsis (LOS). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 24, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Eric Giannoni, Philipp K.A. Agyeman, Martin Stocker, Klara M. Posfay-Barbe, Ulrich Heininger, Ben D. Spycher, Sara Bernhard-Stirnemann, Anita Niederer-Loher, Christian R. Kahlert, Alex Donas, Antonio Leone, Paul Hasters, Christa Relly, Thomas Riedel, Clau Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Hessel SJ, Haggerty RJ. J Pediatr 1968;73:271-9 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Budd N. Shenkin, Michael D. Cabana Tags: 50 Years Ago Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Magenis RE, Hecht F, Milham Jr S. J Pediatr 1968;73:222-8 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: R. Thomas Collins, Katya Kosiv Tags: 50 Years Ago Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Lapatsanis P, Deliyanni V, Doxiadis S. J Pediatr 1968;73:195-202. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Deepika Harit, Piyush Gupta Tags: 50 Years Ago Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in the Journal of Pediatrics
Katz M, Plotkin SA. J Pediatr 1968;73:267-70 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philip Toltzis Tags: 50 Years Ago Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal Of Pediatrics
Hustu HO, Holton C, James D, Pinkel D. J Pediatr 1968;73:249-51. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Emily Heikamp Tags: 50 Years Ago Source Type: research

Subjectively and Objectively Assessed Behavioral, Social, and Physical Environmental Correlates of Sedentary Behavior in Preschoolers
To investigate associations between preschoolers' objective leisure-time sedentary behavior and a comprehensive set of subjective and objective potential correlates of sedentary behavior across the behavioral, social, and physical environmental domains on both the family and community level. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michael Eichinger, Sven Schneider, Freia De Bock Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

How to Calculate the Risk of Shortage and Surplus of Pediatric Workforce?
This article provides further equations for calculating dynamically the risk of shortage and surplus in numbers of pediatricians, and its impact on child healthcare services. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jochen Ehrich, Jana Fruth, Danielle Jansen, Andreas Gerber-Grote, Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani Tags: European Paediatric Association Source Type: research

Faculty Members' Self-Awareness, Leadership Confidence, and Leadership Skills Improve after an Evidence-Based Leadership Training Program
Preparing academic faculty for leadership roles has become increasingly important given the challenges created by new healthcare delivery systems and payment structures, a deeper focus on quality and patient safety, higher standards for medical education, and greater competition for research funding.1,2 However, many faculty leaders have not had the opportunity to develop the confidence or skills they need to lead others through the challenges facing academic medical centers today. A limited number of studies have been published evaluating programs designed to address the specific leadership development needs of academic f...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jamilah Hackworth, Scott Steel, Erika Cooksey, Mallory DePalma, Jessica A. Kahn Tags: Notes from the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, Inc. Source Type: research

The Journal's updated policy on reporting guidelines and data sharing statements
Reporting guidelines have been developed to assist researchers in the writing of their studies in an effort to improve the reliability, transparency, and reproducibility in published health research. Additionally, reporting guideline checklists serve as a tool used by reviewers and editors to evaluate the completeness and accuracy of the research reported. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Meghan McDevitt, Denise M. Goodman, William F. Balistreri Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

FODMAPs for FGIDs —just alphabet soup or therapy for real?
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are characterized by persistent or recurrent gastrointestinal symptoms related to any combination of motility disturbances, visceral hypersensitivity, altered mucosal and immune function, gut microbiota, and/or central nervous system processing that cannot be attributed to another medical condition after appropriate medical evaluation. Perhaps the best known FGID is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with a prevalence of 8% to 12% in children across the United States. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ivor D. Hill Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research