An Integrated Infant and Young Child Feeding and Small-Quantity Lipid-based Nutrient Supplementation Program Is Associated with Improved Gross Motor and Communication Scores of Children 6-18  Months in the Democratic Republic of Congo
To evaluate the impact of an infant, young child feeding practices –small-quantity lipid nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) intervention on child development scores in children aged 6-18 months in the Katanga Province, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: O. Yaw Addo, Katie Tripp, Simeon Nanama, Bope Albert, Fanny Sandalinas, Ambroise Nanema, Maria Elena Jefferds, Heather B. Clayton, Ralph D. Whitehead, Aashima Garg, Roland Kupka, Lindsey M. Locks Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Serial Measurements of N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Serum Level for Monitoring Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Children
To assess the association between serially measured N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) serum levels and disease severity in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and to assess its predictive value for death or (heart-)lung transplantation. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Fatema Said, Meindina G. Haarman, Marcus T.R. Roofthooft, Hans L. Hillege, Mark-Jan Ploegstra, Rolf M.F. Berger Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Reply
We appreciate Drs Anne and Oleti's interest in our article. First, to address the relevance and justifiability of our study, despite improved survival of preterm infants over the last several decades, there has not been a parallel decrease in the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). In addition, as stated in our paper, recent published data confirm that up to 9% of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants continue to be exposed to steroids for the treatment of evolving BPD. Despite research on postnatal steroid use, no definitive recommendations exist to guide this therapy, and  clinical applications vary widely...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bonnie L. Marr, Barbara B. Mettelman, Michelle M. Bode, Steven J. Gross Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Camptodactlyly in Pediatric Practice: Blau Syndrome
Blau syndrome, a rare monogenic autoinflammatory disease resulting from mutations of the NOD2/CARD15 gene on chromosome 16, is classically characterized by a clinical triad of granulomatous polyarthritis, uveitis, and skin involvement with an onset in early childhood.1,2 Skin manifestations are generally the first sign of the clinical Blau syndrome triad.3 Recognition of typical joint manifestations in children may aid in the differentiation between Blau syndrome and “classical” sarcoidosis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 26, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Julie Poline, Emmanuelle Bourrat, Ulrich Meinzer Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Biliary Excretion Noted on Hepatobiliary Iminodiacetic Acid Scan Does Not Exclude Diagnosis of Biliary Atresia
We present 6 cases of confirmed biliary atresia in infants who had biliary patency reported on HIDA scan. We demonstrate that misinterpreted HIDA scans led to delayed diagnosis and surgical intervention for biliary atresia. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 25, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Adebowale Adeyemi, Lisa States, Leslie Wann, Henry C. Lin, Elizabeth B. Rand Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Social Determinants of Cardiovascular Health: Early Life Adversity as a Contributor to Disparities in Cardiovascular Diseases
Social determinants of health (SDoH), factors related to the conditions in which people are born, live, work, play, age, and the systems that shape the conditions of daily life, have emerged as key drivers of health and health disparities.1,2 A strong body of research supports that SDoH are associated with cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes, independently or in conjunction with more traditionally recognized risk factors. As a result, efforts to improve cardiovascular health are predicated on improved understanding of the impact of SDoH on cardiovascular disease (CVD) over the life course. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 25, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Shakira F. Suglia, Rebecca A. Campo, Alison G.M. Brown, Catherine Stoney, Cheryl A. Boyce, Allison A. Appleton, Maria E. Bleil, Ren ée Boynton-Jarrett, Shanta R. Dube, Erin C. Dunn, Bruce J. Ellis, Christopher P. Fagundes, Nia J. Heard-Garris, Sara R. Ja Tags: Workshop/Symposium Summary Source Type: research

Altered Folate Homeostasis in Children with Down Syndrome: A Potential Basis for Enhanced Methotrexate Toxicity
Methotrexate is used to treat autoimmune and oncologic diseases in children with Down syndrome. However, increased methotrexate-related toxicity is reported in this population. We evaluated differences in the concentrations and distribution of erythrocyte folates in children with Down syndrome as a potential basis for this enhanced toxicity. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 25, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ryan S. Funk, Nasreen J. Talib, Kanecia O. Zimmerman, Leon van Haandel, Mara L. Becker Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Antibiotic Prescribing Patterns for Acute Otitis Media for Children 2  Years and Older
To determine the frequency that non-first-line antibiotics, safety-net antibiotic prescriptions (SNAPS), and longer than recommended durations of antibiotics were prescribed for children ≥2 years of age with acute otitis media and examine patient and system level factors that contributed to these outcomes. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 25, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Holly M. Frost, Lauren F. Becker, Bryan C. Knepper, Katherine C. Shihadeh, Timothy C. Jenkins Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Evaluation of Hematologic Screening and Perioperative Management in Patients with Noonan Syndrome: A Retrospective Chart Review
To assess the potential impact of using screening recommendations for bleeding disorders in patients with Noonan syndrome on perioperative bleeding complications. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 25, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Benjamin Briggs, Dipal Savla, Nanda Ramchandar, David Dimmock, Dzung Le, Courtney D. Thornburg Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Disparities in Preterm Infant Emergency Room Utilization and Rehospitalization by Maternal Immigrant Status
To evaluate the effects of immigrant mother status and risk factors on the rates of emergency room (ER) visits and rehospitalizations of preterm infants within 90  days after discharge. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 25, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Layla Abdulla, Elisabeth C. McGowan, Richard J. Tucker, Betty R. Vohr Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Utility of MyHEARTSMAP for Universal Psychosocial Screening in the Emergency Department
To evaluate the utility of universal psychosocial screening in the emergency department (ED) using MyHEARTSMAP, a digital self-assessment and management guiding tool. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Quynh Doan, Bruce Wright, Amanbir Atwal, Elizabeth Hankinson, Punit Virk, Hawmid Azizi, Rob Stenstrom, Tyler Black, Rebecca Gokiert, Amanda S. Newton Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Reverse Sequence Syphilis Screening and Discordant Results in Pregnancy
A “reverse sequence syphilis screening” algorithm is widely used for syphilis testing. This retrospective study showed that most (65%) pregnant women with discordant screening results (treponemal multiplex flow immunoassay IgG+/rapid plasma reagin-) had a nonreactive confirmatory Treponema pallidu m-particle agglutination assay, likely indicative of a false-positive reaction. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jessica E.P. Williams, Jos é A. Bazan, Abigail Norris Turner, Stephen F. Thung, Cory Hanlon, Tanisha R. Pettus, Pablo J. Sánchez Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Pets Are Associated with Fewer Peer Problems and Emotional Symptoms, and Better Prosocial Behavior: Findings from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children
To investigate the longitudinal association between pet ownership and children's social-emotional development. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hayley Christian, Francis Mitrou, Rebecca Cunneen, Stephen R. Zubrick Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Glucose, Insulin, and Lipids in Cord Blood of Neonates and Their Association with Birthweight: Differential Metabolic Risk of Large for Gestational Age and Small for Gestational Age Babies
To investigate the association of birthweight percentile with cord blood glucose, lipids, and insulin levels. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jingya Wang, Songying Shen, Malcolm James Price, Jinhua Lu, Dana Sumilo, Yashu Kuang, Konstantinos Manolopoulos, Huimin Xia, Xiu Qiu, Kar Keung Cheng, Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Acrodermatitis Enteropathica
A 6-month-old girl presented with recent onset skin lesions, hair loss, and diarrhea, which started at age 4  months. She was the first born child of a consanguineously married couple and was exclusively breast fed up to 3 month of age and was weaned thereafter. On examination, the child was irritable, weighed 5.5 kg and had a length of 60 cm ( (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sheetanshu Kumar, Vishal Thakur, Rajat Choudhary, Keshavamurthy Vinay Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Home Oxygen Use and 1-Year Readmission among Infants Born Preterm with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Discharged from Children's Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Units
To determine associations between home oxygen use and 1-year readmissions for preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) discharged from regional neonatal intensive care units. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Joanne Lagatta, Karna Murthy, Isabella Zaniletti, Stephanie Bourque, William Engle, Rebecca Rose, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, David Brousseau Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Gestational Age, Perinatal Characteristics, and Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Birth Cohort Study
To determine how gestational age relates to research-identified autism spectrum disorder (ASD-R) in the context of perinatal risk factors. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jane E. Brumbaugh, Amy L. Weaver, Scott M. Myers, Robert G. Voigt, Slavica K. Katusic Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effect of Early-Onset Preeclampsia on Offspring's Blood Pressure during the First Month of Life
To explore the effect of early-onset preeclampsia on the blood pressure of offspring during the first month of life. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Emmanouil Chourdakis, Sotirios Fouzas, Chrysanthi Papadopoulou, Nikoleta Oikonomou, George Hahalis, Gabriel Dimitriou, Ageliki A. Karatza Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Pediatric Antibiotic Prescribing in China According to the 2019 World Health Organization Access, Watch, and Reserve (AWaRe) Antibiotic Categories
To assess clinical indication-specific antibiotic prescribing in pediatric practice in China based on the World Health Organization (WHO) Access, Watch, and Reserve (AWaRe) metrics and to detect potential problem areas. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Chu-ning Wang, Benedikt D. Huttner, Nicola Magrini, Yibing Cheng, Jianning Tong, Shuangjie Li, Chaomin Wan, Qingxiong Zhu, Shiyong Zhao, Zhiqiang Zhuo, Daojiong Lin, Bin Yi, Qingwen Shan, Mei Long, Chunmei Jia, Dongchi Zhao, Xiaofeng Sun, Juan Liu, Yibo Z Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Nail Deformity in a Young Girl
A healthy 9-year-old girl presented with cosmetic concerns regarding fingernail changes for the preceding 9  months. There was no history of any associated pruritic skin eruptions, oral mucosal involvement, hair loss, or any preceding trauma. Examination revealed nail plate thinning, longitudinal ridging, distal splitting, and characteristic dorsal pterygium involving the fingernails (Figure, A). Other m ucocutaneous areas were spared. Dermoscopy (DermLite DL4, 10×, polarized mode) showed thinned out nail plate, longitudinal ridging, dorsal pterygium with elongated capillaries, and the pup tent sign (nail plate ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Abheek Sil, Avik Panigrahi, Dibyendu Bikash Bhanja, Sayantani Chakraborty Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Never Exposed to Nicotine - But Still Impacting Executive Function
It would be reasonable for the busy reader's initial response to the report1 in the current volume of The Journal, “Impact of Early Low-Level Tobacco Smoke Exposure on Executive Function at Age 8 Years” to be an exasperated sigh. “Haven't we known about the early developmental consequences of smoking since the 1964 Surgeon General's Report?”2 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 21, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Brian J. Piper, Brian D. Wilcox Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Fine RN, Korsh BM, Stiles Q, Riddell H, Edelbrock HH, Brennan LP, et  al. J Pediatr 1970;76:347-57. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lainie Friedman Ross Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Evans HE, Glass L, Mercado C. J Pediatr 1970;76:448-51. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Aleyda Monreal-Malacara, Angela Liliana Ruiz Barreto Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Weismann UN, Boat TF, Di Sant' Agnese PA. J Pediatr 1970;76:444-8 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Thomas F. Boat Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Chen ATL, Sergovich FR, McKim JS, Barr ML, Gruber D. J Pediatr 1970;76:393-8 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jannicke H. Andresen, Ola Didrik Saugstad Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Fienman NL, Yakovac WC. J Pediatr 1970; 76:339-46 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philip F. Giampietro Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Root AW, Bongiovanni AM, Eberlein WR. Inhibition of Thyroidal Radioiodine by Human Growth Hormone Uptake. J Pediatr 1970;76:422-9. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rasha Alradadi, John S. Fuqua Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Dehner LP, Leestma JE, Price EB Jr. Renal Cell Carcinoma in Children: A Clinicopathologic Study of 15 Cases and Review of the Literature. J Pediatr 1970;76:358-69. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kevin Campbell, Elizabeth Mullen Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Torphy DE, Ray CG, McAlister R, Du JN. Herpes simplex virus infection in infants: A spectrum of disease. J Pediatr 1970;76:405-8 and Charnock EL, Cramblett HG. 5-Iodo-2 ′-deoxyuridine in neonatal herpesvirus hominis encephalitis. J Pediatr 1970;76:459-63. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michal Paret, Rebecca Pellett Madan Source Type: research

Cardiac Valvular Lesions due to Kawasaki Disease: A Japanese Nationwide  Survey
To clarify the characteristics of valvular lesions after Kawasaki disease with a Japanese nationwide survey. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Etsuko Tsuda, Mayumi Yashiro, Yosikazu Nakamura Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Impact of Multiplex Testing on the Identification of Pediatric Clostridiodes Difficile
To evaluate whether the implementation of a multiplex gastrointestinal pathogen panel (GIP) was associated with changes in Clostridioides difficile (C difficile) testing and detection rates. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jillian M. Cotter, Jacob Thomas, Meghan Birkholz, Mark Brittan, Lilliam Ambroggio, Susan Dolan, Kelly Pearce, James Todd, Samuel R. Dominguez Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A Centralized Research Hub in a Pediatric Academic Center
Success in academic pediatrics extends beyond providing excellent and high-quality clinical care; it requires academic productivity that is typically reflected in grants and publications. Clinically focused faculty members need to show academic output for promotion while maintaining their clinical obligations. This commentary describes the evolution of a Pediatric Research Centralized Hub (the PoRCH) in the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Florida, Shands Children's Hospital, that provides infrastructure support for the academic mission of the faculty members, which has led to important contributions to academ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lindsay A. Thompson, Rebeccah E. Mercado, Matthew J. Gurka, Scott A. Rivkees Tags: Notes from the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, Inc. Source Type: research

Most babies born preterm survive into adulthood without comorbidities
Crump C, Winkleby MA, Sundquist J, Sundquist K. Prevalence of Survival Without Major Comorbidities Among Adults Born Prematurely. JAMA 2019;322:1580-8. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tonse N.K. Raju Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Measles infection leads to long-term immune suppression, not noted with MMR vaccine
Mina MJ, Kula T, Leng Y, Li M, de Vries RD, Knip M, et al. Measles virus infection diminishes preexisting antibodies that offer protection from other pathogens. Science 2019;366:599-606. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michelle Science, Shelly Bolotin Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Closed-loop insulin delivery system enhances type 1 diabetes glycemic control
Brown SA, Kovatchev BP, Raghinaru D, Lum JW, Buckingham BA, Kudva YC, et al. Six-Month Randomized, Multicenter Trial of Closed-Loop Control in Type 1 Diabetes. N Engl J Med 2019;381:1707-17. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Julia Fuchs, Roman Hovorka Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Sepsis prediction model derived from hospital-arrival clinical data
Scott HF, Colborn KL, Sevick CJ, Bajaj L, Kissoon N, Deakyne Davies SJ, et al. Development and Validation of a Predictive Model of the Risk of Pediatric Septic Shock Using Data Known at the Time of Hospital Arrival. J Pediatr 2019;217:146-52. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Fran Balamuth Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Variability among bronchiolitis guidelines
Kirolos A, Manti S, Blacow R, Tse G, Wilson T, Lister M, et al. A Systematic Review of Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Bronchiolitis. J Infect Dis 2019; jiz240. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philip N. Britton Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research

Who should care for children with Down syndrome?
Children with Down syndrome are known to have intellectual disability and a wide variety of malformations, such as congenital heart defects, small ears, small mouths, and other physical findings, along with medical conditions such as hypothyroidism, hip dislocation, hearing loss, cataracts, atlantoaxial instability, and leukemia. In 2011, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) updated its guidelines for health supervision of the child with Down syndrome to assist the pediatrician to care for the child with Down syndrome (https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/128/2/393). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Paul G. Fisher Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Improving our understanding of rare neonatal diseases: Neonatal arteriovenous brain malformations with cardiac failure
In the past decade, multidisciplinary centers for fetal medicine have multiplied; these  include not only maternal fetal medicine specialists and neonatologists but also pediatric surgical and medical subspecialists. Over time, these centers may accumulate sizeable cohorts of fetal and neonatal patients with rare diseases, allowing both the development of clinical expertise and the a bility to report outcomes on larger cohorts than in the past. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Raye-Ann deRegnier Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Tight glycemic control in critically ill children
Hyperglycemia is a common metabolic derangement in critically ill patients. In 2001, investigators from Leuven, Belgium published results of a randomized study conducted in an adult surgical ICU testing the benefit of intensive insulin therapy, with the goal of maintaining serum glucose 80-110 mg/deciliter (N Engl J Med 2001;345:1359-67). This strategy, labelled “tight glycemic control,” resulted in a statistically detectable survival benefit compared with the more conventional approach of maintaining serum glucose values near 200 mg/deciliter. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philip Toltzis Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Get the most out of your data
What is the best way to examine complex datasets involving large samples or patient groups with multiple confounding factors, many of which are inter-dependent? Traditional approaches have used multivariate regression that allows the investigator control over these confounding factors. Nonetheless, regression is less effective at using these inter-dependent interactions as part of the analysis. Latent class analysis (LCA) is a statistical approach to parse samples or patient subjects into class membership. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: James F. Padbury Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Mothers' knowledge about congenital cytomegalovirus infection is associated with desire for infants' screening
As the technology has arrived to test newborns' urine or saliva samples by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for congenital infection due to cytomegalovirus (cCMV), the “who” of screening is as yet unsettled. The “why” of screening would be to detect infants with extant or risk to develop hearing loss as a sequelae of cCMV infection. Should screening be universal, ie, to include all healthy newborns and all potential infections? Or should it be targeted, eg , to infants who fail the newborn screening test for hearing (NBHS), which would miss some infected infants who could lose hearing over time? With...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sarah S. Long Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Scurvy: Remember to obtain a dietary history in inflammatory “rheumatic” conditions
In this study from Seattle Children's Hospital, Perkins et al reported on 10 patients with scurvy who presented to the rheumatology service with symptoms and signs mimicking various rheumatic conditions, such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, vasculitis, and chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis. All patients had increased inflammatory markers and all tested patients had MRI findings of bone marrow edema and periostitis, resembling osteomyelitis. This resulted in a 3-month median delay of the correct diagnosis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philip Hashkes Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

An In  Vivo Assessment of Regional Brain Temperature during Whole-Body Cooling for Neonatal Encephalopathy
To assess differences in regional brain temperatures during whole-body hypothermia and test the hypothesis that brain temperature profile is nonhomogenous in infants with hypoxic –ischemic encephalopathy. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tai-Wei Wu, Jessica L. Wisnowski, Robert F. Geisler, Aaron Reitman, Eugenia Ho, Benita Tamrazi, Rachel Chapman, Stefan Bl üml Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Reply
Thank you for your interest in our study demonstrating a temporal association between implementation of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative and decreased deaths among infants (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Melissa Bartick, Barbara L. Philipp, Lori Feldman-Winter Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Evaluation of Home Phototherapy for Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia
To characterize home phototherapy treatment for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and assess the risk factors associated with the need for hospital admission during or after home phototherapy. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pearl W. Chang, Whitney M. Waite Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Parental Weight Status and Offspring Behavioral Problems and Psychiatric Symptoms
To assess relations of prepregnancy maternal and paternal obesity with offspring behavioral problems and psychiatric symptoms at 7-8  years in the Upstate KIDS study, a prospective cohort study. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - February 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sonia L. Robinson, Akhgar Ghassabian, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Mai-Han Trinh, Tzu-Chun Lin, Erin M. Bell, Edwina Yeung Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research