Validity Evidence for the General Pediatrics Board Certification Examinations: A Practice Analysis
The American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) is responsible for certifying that general pediatricians and pediatric subspecialists have met and continue to meet standards of excellence that lead to the high-quality health care of infants, children, and adolescents. Board certification involves 2 primary components: successfully completing an accredited training program and taking and passing a written examination. The ABP uses a process known as practice analysis to ensure that its exams measure the knowledge required for safe and effective clinical practice. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 20, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Andrew C. Dwyer, Linda A. Althouse Tags: Notes from the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, Inc. Source Type: research

Turning a negative into a positive
In this volume of The Journal, Tester et  al described the results of a large study employing whole exome sequencing for rare variants in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). These investigators carried out whole exome sequencing on 278 cases of SIDS and compared the results to 973 ethnic-matched controls. One Reviewer remarked, “Many o f us have been waiting for this paper after its initial presentation in oral form. There was a sharp intake of breath around the room as an essentially negative report came out.” Indeed, while no exome-wide significant differences (P  (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 20, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: James F. Padbury Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Lean use of antibiotics in fragile neonates as well as children in the community: we can do better
Studies published in this volume of The Journal show that community prescribing practices for antibiotics according to national guidelines are uneven across provider types, and are not lean enough, and receipt of antibiotic(s) in the early neonatal period in infants born under 33 weeks of gestation is associated with substantial risk of morbidity or even fatal outcome. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 20, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sarah S. Long Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Trends in PDA treatment: is less really more?
A patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occurs in the majority of extremely preterm infants, yet optimal management practices for the PDA remain uncertain. Some retrospective cohort studies have suggested that a “less is more approach” reduces the morbidity of therapies such as ductal ligation without increasing the consequences of persistent ductal patency. In the absence of large randomized trials, longitudinal databases can be valuable in testing these assumptions. In this volume of The Journal, Haga dorn et al took advantage of the large database maintained by the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborati...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 20, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Robin H. Steinhorn Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

A difficult decision, illuminated
Parents of children with complex medical problems face many difficult decisions, and these touchpoints persist even after initial diagnosis and stabilization. One of the most fraught is whether to pursue tracheostomy. The context is usually one of worsening clinical status; the caregivers may feel this represents an unanticipated progression of disease or an irrevocable step limiting future options. Many times the child is acutely ill, leading to a sense that there is really no choice at all. In view of this, the study by Nageswaran et  al in this volume of The Journal provides invaluable insight into the lived experi...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 20, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Denise M. Goodman Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Sleep and obesity
There is an emerging literature on the relationship between sleep and obesity in children and adolescents. Most studies have focused on the duration of sleep, with shorter duration associated with increased risk of obesity. In this volume of The Journal, Jansen et  al evaluated both duration of sleep and the variability of duration measured by actigraphy in children from Mexico City. They created 4 sleep categories: sufficient stable, sufficient variable, insufficient stable, and insufficient variable. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 20, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephen R. Daniels Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 20, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 20, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 20, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Korean Youth with Comorbid Allergic Disease and Obesity Show Heightened Psychological Distress
To explore psychological distress in Korean adolescents having allergic disease comorbid with obesity. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 19, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Soo Yeon Kim, Sun Ha Choi, Jong Deok Kim, In Suk Sol, Min Jung Kim, Yoon Hee Kim, Young-Chul Jung, Myung Hyun Sohn, Kyung Won Kim Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Caution Is Required When Using Non-Food and Drug Administration-Cleared Assays to Diagnose Sexually Transmitted Infections in Children
We present 3 pediatric cases in which testing resulted in probable false-positive results. Clinicians should avoid tests without clearance from a regulatory agency and should maintain consistent communication with laboratories. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 19, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Amanda D. Brownell, Robert A. Shapiro, Margaret R. Hammerschlag Tags: Clinical and laboratory observations Source Type: research

Mechanisms of Aerodigestive Symptoms in Infants with Varying Acid Reflux Index Determined by Esophageal Manometry
To test whether symptom generation in infants is related to the severity of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms as determined by the Acid Reflux Index (ARI), stimulus media, and stimulus volume during provocative esophageal manometry. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 19, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Carissa R. Collins, Kathryn A. Hasenstab, Saira Nawaz, Sudarshan R. Jadcherla Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Pediatric Idiopathic Intervertebral Disc Calcification: Single-Center Series and Review of the Literature
To review pediatric idiopathic intervertebral disc calcification (PIIVDC) within a single center and within the literature to outline the disease course, management, and outcome. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 19, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Molly J. Dushnicky, Hidehiro Okura, Manohar Shroff, Ronald M. Laxer, Abhaya V. Kulkarni Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Patterns of Pain in Adolescents with Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis
To prospectively characterize pain locations in slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) and evaluate pain locations as predictors of a delay in diagnosis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 16, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mason Uvodich, Richard Schwend, Ognjen Stevanovic, Will Wurster, Julia Leamon, Alec Hermanson Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Oxygen saturation targeting in extremely preterm infants —more progress needed
In a recent Medical Progress article Stenson and Saugstad discuss guidelines for oxygen saturation targeting published in 2016 by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee on Fetus and Newborn.1 As co-authors of those guidelines, we believe their commentary misstates important points and may mislead the reader. The goal of this letter is to correct these inaccuracies. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 16, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: James J. Cummings, Richard A. Polin Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Parental Cannabis Use Is Associated with Cannabis Initiation and Use in Offspring
To assess, before legalization in Canada, whether parental cannabis use is associated with initiation of use in adolescent offspring or with use in young-adult offspring. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 16, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jennifer L. O'Loughlin, Erika N. Dugas, Erin K. O'Loughlin, Jonathan P. Winickoff, Annie Montreuil, Robert J. Wellman, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Nancy Hanusaik Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Association of Provider Recommendation and Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Initiation among Male Adolescents Aged 13-17 Years —United States
To assess human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage among adolescents by provider recommendation status. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 15, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Peng-Jun Lu, David Yankey, Benjamin Fredua, Alissa C. O'Halloran, Charnetta Williams, Lauri E. Markowitz, Laurie D. Elam-Evans Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Trends and Predictors of Clostridium difficile Infection among Children: A Canadian Population-Based Study
To assess time trends in Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) rates, and predictors of CDIs, including recurrent CDIs, in children. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 15, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wael El-Matary, Zoann Nugent, B. Nancy Yu, Lisa M. Lix, Laura E. Targownik, Charles N. Bernstein, Harminder Singh Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Autism Spectrum Disorder Severity, Developmental Delays, and Overweight/Obese Weight Status
In this volume of The Journal, Levy et al contribute to the emerging reports that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have disproportionately elevated rates of overweight and obesity in comparison the general population of children in the US.1-3 Although 2 recent large studies yielded consistent results to demonstrate this trend, both studies obtained their sample of children with ASD from the Autism Speaks Autism Treatment Network and their matched control sample of typically developing children from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 15, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jack Dempsey, Allison G. Dempsey Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Practice Variation in Umbilical Hernia Repair Demonstrates a Need for Best Practice Guidelines
To evaluate and better understand variations in practice patterns, we analyzed ambulatory surgery claims data from 3 demographically diverse states to assess the relationship between age at umbilical hernia repair and patient, hospital, and geographic characteristics. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 15, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tiffany J. Zens, Randi Cartmill, Bridget L. Muldowney, Sara Fernandes-Taylor, Peter Nichol, Jonathan E. Kohler Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Identifying and Managing Developmental and Behavioral Health Concerns within Primary Care: A Push for Change
Difficulties with emotional and behavioral functioning are common among children and adolescents in the US. National data suggest that 1 in 7 children under the age of 8 years have been diagnosed with a mental, behavioral, or developmental disorder or delay.1 Nearly 1 in 4 adolescents have experienced severe impairment or distress owing to a mental health disorder, and symptoms often emerge early, with the median age of onset for anxiety disorder symptoms reported at age 6 years, behavior at age 11 years, and mood at age 13 years. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 15, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kelly L. Donahue, Matthew C. Aalsma Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Reply
Cummings and Polin believe that we have misstated important points regarding the American Academy of Pediatrics report1 and may mislead the readers. We, therefore, wish to emphasize that we agree with much of the content of this American Academy of Pediatrics report, which we find very valuable. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 15, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ben Stenson, Ola Didrik Saugstad Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Physiological Effect of Prone Position in Children with Severe Bronchiolitis: A Randomized Cross-Over Study (BRONCHIO-DV)
To assess the effect of the prone position on physiological measures, including inspiratory effort, metabolic cost of breathing, and neural drive to the diaphragm as compared with the supine position in infants with severe bronchiolitis requiring noninvasive ventilation. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 14, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Florent Baudin, Guillaume Emeriaud, Sandrine Essouri, Jennifer Beck, Aurelie Portefaix, Etienne Javouhey, Claude Guerin Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Influence of Fathers' Early Parenting on the Development of Children Born Very Preterm and Full Term
To examine factors associated with fathers' early parenting behaviors (including very preterm [VPT] birth, familial social risk, child sex, and child medical risk), and the relationship between fathers' early parenting behaviors and later child development. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 14, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Grace E. McMahon, Megan M. Spencer-Smith, Carmen C. Pace, Alicia J. Spittle, Paulina Stedall, Kate Richardson, Jeanie L.Y. Cheong, Lex W. Doyle, Peter J. Anderson, Karli Treyvaud Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Adolescence and Socioeconomic Factors: Key Factors in the Long-Term Impact of Leukemia on Scholastic Performance —A LEA Study
To evaluate the association between medical and social environmental factors and the risk of repeating a grade in childhood leukemia survivors. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 13, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jacinthe Bonneau, Julie Berbis, Gerard Michel, Camille Vercasson, Yves Bertrand, Sophie Ansoborlo, Jean-Hugues Dalle, Andre Baruchel, Marie Dominique Tabone, Catherine Paillard, Audrey Contet, Maryline Poir ée, Nicolas Sirvent, Sandrine Thouvenin, Justyn Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Using Digital Droplet Polymerase Chain Reaction to Detect the Mosaic GNAS Mutations in Whole Blood DNA or Circulating Cell-Free DNA in Fibrous Dysplasia and McCune-Albright Syndrome
The GNAS postzygotic mosaic activating mutations involved in fibrous dysplasia and McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) are not detectable in leukocytes by Sanger sequencing. Digital droplet polymerase chain reaction detects GNAS mutations in 7 of 12 patients (58.3%) suspected to have fibrous dysplasia/MAS from whole blood DNA, and in 4 of 5 patients (80%) from circulating cell-free DNA. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 13, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pauline Romanet, Pascal Philibert, Fr édéric Fina, Thomas Cuny, Catherine Roche, L'houcine Ouafik, Françoise Paris, Rachel Reynaud, Anne Barlier Tags: Clinical and laboratory observations Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Autonomic Control Is Altered in Children Born Preterm with Sleep Disordered Breathing
To assess if the effects of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) on heart rate (HR) and HR variability, as a measure of autonomic control, were more severe in a group of children born preterm compared with a group of children born at term referred to our sleep laboratory for assessment of SDB. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 13, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Blessy Thomas, Kamsajini Thillainathan, Maeve Delahunty, Aidan Weichard, Margot J. Davey, Gillian M. Nixon, Lisa M. Walter, Rosemary S.C. Horne Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Health Indicators of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Other Sexual Minority (LGB+) Youth Living in Rural Communities
To investigate whether the intersectionality of being lesbian, gay, bisexual, and other sexual minority youth (LGB+) and living in a rural community may portend worse concurrent health indicators than identifying as heterosexual and/or living in a nonrural community. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 12, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Myeshia Price-Feeney, Michele L. Ybarra, Kimberly J. Mitchell Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Association of Mediterranean Diet during Pregnancy with Longitudinal Body Mass Index Trajectories and Cardiometabolic Risk in Early Childhood
To evaluate the associations between maternal adherence to the Mediterranean diet during pregnancy and their offspring's longitudinal body mass index (BMI) trajectories and cardiometabolic risk in early childhood. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 12, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: S ílvia Fernández-Barrés, Martine Vrijheid, Cyntia B. Manzano-Salgado, Damaskini Valvi, David Martínez, Carmen Iñiguez, Ana Jimenez-Zabala, Isolina Riaño-Galán, Eva Maria Navarrete-Muñoz, Loreto Santa-Marina, Adonina Tardón, Jesús Vioque, Victor Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Normative Trends in Physically Aggressive Behavior: Age-Aggression Curves from 6 to 24 Months
To investigate age-related trends in physically aggressive behaviors in children before age 2 years. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 12, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michael F. Lorber, Tamara Del Vecchio, Amy M.S. Slep, Seth J. Scholer Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Initial Emergency Department Visit and Follow-Up Care for Concussions among Children with Medicaid
To describe the rates and patterns of initial emergency department (ED) encounters and follow-up care for concussions among Medicaid-insured children before and after the 2013 enactment of Ohio concussion law. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 12, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Anirudh Tarimala, Bhavna Singichetti, Honggang Yi, Lihong Huang, Rachel Doerschuk, Michael Tiso, Jingzhen Yang Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Pediatric Erythromelalgia and SCN9A Mutations: Systematic Review and Single-Center Case Series
To evaluate the clinical features of erythromelalgia in childhood associated with gain-of-function SCN9A mutations that increase activity of the Nav1.7 voltage-gated sodium channel, we conducted a systematic review of pediatric presentations of erythromelalgia related to SCN9A mutations, and compared pediatric clinical presentations of symptomatic erythromelalgia, with or without SCN9A mutations. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 9, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Luke Arthur, Kirsty Keen, Madeleine Verriotis, Judy Peters, Alison Kelly, Richard F. Howard, Sulayman D. Dib-Hajj, Stephen G. Waxman, Suellen M. Walker Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Variability of Tidal Breathing Parameters in Preterm Infants and Associations with Respiratory Morbidity during Infancy: A Cohort Study
To test whether low variability of tidal volume (VT) and capnographic indices are predictive of subsequent respiratory morbidity in preterm infants. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 8, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jakob Usemann, Andrea Suter, Emanuela Zannin, Elena Proietti, Sotirios Fouzas, Sven Schulzke, Philipp Latzin, Urs Frey, BILD study group Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effect of Prophylaxis for Early Adrenal Insufficiency Using Low-Dose Hydrocortisone in Very Preterm Infants: An Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis
To assess the effect of prophylaxis for early adrenal insufficiency using low-dose hydrocortisone on survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in very preterm infants using an individual patient data meta-analysis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 8, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michele L. Shaffer, Olivier Baud, Thierry Lacaze-Masmonteil, Outi M. Peltoniemi, Francesco Bonsante, Kristi L. Watterberg Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Thirteen-Year Outcomes in Very Preterm Children Associated with Diffuse Excessive High Signal Intensity on Neonatal Magnetic Resonance Imaging
To investigate the association between white matter diffuse excessive high signal intensity (DEHSI) on neonatal magnetic resonance imaging in very preterm infants and neurobehavioral outcomes at the age of 13 years. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 7, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ines M. M ürner-Lavanchy, Hiroyuki Kidokoro, Deanne K. Thompson, Lex W. Doyle, Jeanie L.Y. Cheong, Rod W. Hunt, Terrie E. Inder, Peter J. Anderson Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Child and Adolescent Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts: Evidence from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project
To examine the trends associated with child and adolescent suicidal ideation and suicide attempts and to compare these trends to those among the adult population. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 7, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jason T. Carbone, Katherine J. Holzer, Michael G. Vaughn Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Neonatal Lung Disease Associated with TBX4 Mutations
Variable lung disease was documented in 2 infants with heterozygous TBX4 mutations; their clinical presentations, pathology, and outcomes were distinct. These findings demonstrate that TBX4 gene mutations are associated with neonatal respiratory failure and highlight the wide spectrum of clinicopathological outcomes that have implications for patient diagnosis and management. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 7, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kristen Suhrie, Nathan M. Pajor, Shawn K. Ahlfeld, D. Brian Dawson, Kevin R. Dufendach, Joseph A. Kitzmiller, Daniel Leino, Rachel C. Lombardo, Teresa A. Smolarek, Pamela A. Rathbun, Jeffrey A. Whitsett, Christopher Towe, Kathryn A. Wikenheiser-Brokamp Tags: Clinical and laboratory observations Source Type: research

Muscle Fitness Cut Points for Early Assessment of Cardiovascular Risk in Children and Adolescents
To study the cross-sectional and longitudinal (2-year follow-up) association between muscle fitness and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in youth; whether there are muscle fitness cut points associated with CVD risk (cross-sectional); and whether the health-related muscle fitness cut points identified at baseline are associated with CVD risk 2 years later. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 7, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jos é Castro-Piñero, Alejandro Perez-Bey, Magdalena Cuenca-Garcia, Verónica Cabanas-Sanchez, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Oscar L. Veiga, Ascensión Marcos, Jonatan R. Ruiz, UP & DOWN Study Group Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Adenovirus-Associated Central Nervous System Disease in Children
To characterize the spectrum and salient clinical features of adenovirus-associated neurologic disease in immunocompetent children. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 6, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kevin L. Schwartz, Susan E. Richardson, Daune MacGregor, Sanjay Mahant, Kamini Raghuram, Ari Bitnun Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Taiwan National Newborn Screening Program by Tandem Mass Spectrometry for Mucopolysaccharidoses Types I, II, and VI
To evaluate the initial cutoff values, rates of screen positives, and genotypes for the large-scale newborn screening program for multiple mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) in Taiwan. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 6, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Min-Ju Chan, Hsuan-Chieh Liao, Michael H. Gelb, Chih-Kuang Chuang, Mei-Ying Liu, Hsiao-Jan Chen, Shu-Min Kao, Hsiang-Yu Lin, You-Hsin Huang, Arun Babu Kumar, Naveen Kumar Chennamaneni, Nagendar Pendem, Shuan-Pei Lin, Chuan-Chi Chiang Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Prospective Cohort Study of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection during Pregnancy with Fetal Growth Restriction: Serologic Analysis and Placental Pathology
To investigate prospectively the prevalence of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and the pathologic features of the placenta in cases of fetal growth restriction (FGR). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 6, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mitsuru Tsuge, Akira I. Hida, Toshio Minematsu, Naotoshi Honda, Yumi Oshiro, Mikifumi Yokoyama, Yoichi Kondo Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System and Quality of Life in Neurological Disorders Measurement System to Evaluate Quality of Life for Children and Adolescents with Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Associated Plexiform Neurofibroma
To assess the health-related quality of life of children with neurofibromatosis type 1-related plexiform neurofibromas (pNF) using a battery of patient-reported outcome measures selected based on a conceptual framework derived from input by patients, parents, and clinicians regarding the most important pNF symptoms and concerns. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 6, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jin-Shei Lai, Sally E. Jensen, Joel Charrow, Robert Listernick Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Different Growth Patterns Persist at 24 Months of Age in Formula-Fed Infants Randomized to Consume a Meat- or Dairy-Based Complementary Diet from 5 to 12 Months of Age
To test the long-term effect on growth status at 24 months of age in formula-fed infants who were randomized to consume a meat- or dairy-based complementary diet from 5 to 12 months of age. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 6, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Minghua Tang, Vivianne Andersen, Audrey E. Hendricks, Nancy F. Krebs Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Obesity is Associated with Higher Blood Pressure and Higher Levels of Angiotensin II but Lower Angiotensin-(1-7) in Adolescents Born Preterm
To evaluate if obesity is associated with increased angiotensin II (Ang II) and decreased angiotensin-(1-7) or Ang-(1-7) in the circulation and urine among adolescents born prematurely. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Andrew M. South, Patricia A. Nixon, Mark C. Chappell, Debra I. Diz, Gregory B. Russell, Hossam A. Shaltout, T. Michael O'Shea, Lisa K. Washburn Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Impact of Time Interval between Extubation and Reintubation on Death or Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Extremely Preterm Infants
To explore the relation between time to reintubation and death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in extremely preterm infants. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wissam Shalish, Lara Kanbar, Lajos Kovacs, Sanjay Chawla, Martin Keszler, Smita Rao, Bogdan Panaitescu, Alyse Laliberte, Doina Precup, Karen Brown, Robert E. Kearney, Guilherme M. Sant'Anna Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Living with Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia —Parental Views of Their Child's Quality of Life
To assess parents' views of their children's health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and the association between neonatal morbidities and HRQoL in children with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) who survived to 18-36 months of corrected age. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 5, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jennifer M. Brady, Huayan Zhang, Haresh Kirpalani, Sara B. DeMauro Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Breath-Enhanced to Conventional Nebulizers in the Treatment of Children with Acute Asthma
To compare the efficacy of a breath-enhanced and a conventional jet nebulizer in the treatment of children with moderate to severe acute asthma. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 2, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mike A. Gardiner, Matthew H. Wilkinson Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Sildenafil Use in Children with Pulmonary Hypertension
To assess the demographics, treatment algorithm, and outcomes in a large cohort of children treated with sildenafil. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 2, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jennifer L. Cohen, Shannon N. Nees, Gerson A. Valencia, Erika B. Rosenzweig, Usha S. Krishnan Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Urban-Rural Residence and Child Physical Abuse Hospitalizations: A National Incidence Study
To determine if child physical abuse hospitalization rates vary across urban-rural regions overall and after accounting for race/ethnicity and poverty demographics. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 2, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Henry T. Puls, Jessica L. Bettenhausen, Jessica L. Markham, Jacqueline M. Walker, Brett Drake, Kathryn E. Kyler, Mary Ann Queen, Matthew Hall Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Drowsy Driving, Sleep Duration, and Chronotype in Adolescents
To determine whether self-reported drowsy driving was associated with an evening chronotype, a biologically-based difference in circadian sleep-wake timing, and shorter school-night sleep duration in a sample of high school drivers. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - November 2, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Judith A. Owens, Tracy Dearth-Wesley, Allison N. Herman, Robert C. Whitaker Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research