Short Stature in Patients with Diamond-Blackfan Anemia: A Cross-Sectional Study
To systematically describe the short stature of patients with Diamond-Blackfan anemia and to explore factors affecting the height development of patients with DBA. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 17, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Yang Wan, Xiaowen Gong, Siqi Cheng, Zixi Yin, Yangyang Gao, Jun Li, Suyu Zong, Yingchi Zhang, Yumei Chen, Rongxiu Zheng, Xiaofan Zhu Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Presentation of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Is Not Influenced by the Presence or Absence of Joint Hypermobility
To examine demographic and clinical characteristics of individuals with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) with and without joint hypermobility We hypothesized that JH+ patients would have an earlier onset of ME/CFS symptoms as well as increased severity, greater number of co-morbid conditions, and lower health related quality of life. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 16, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sarah K. Vogel, Isabelle R. Primavera, Colleen L. Marden, Samantha E. Jasion, Erica M. Cranston, Marissa A.K. Flaherty, Richard L. Violand, Peter C. Rowe Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Healthcare Experiences Of Gender Diverse Youth Across Clinical Settings
We explored gender diverse youth ’s experiences seeking and receiving gender-affirming care in various health system locations. Results provide evidence for system-, clinic-, and provider-level improvements to promote the development of affirming environments and to improve health outcomes for gender diverse youth. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 15, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gina M. Sequeira, Taylor Boyer, Robert W.S. Coulter, Elizabeth Miller, Nicole F. Kahn, Kristin N. Ray Source Type: research

Non-pharmacological Treatment for Children With Functional Constipation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of non-pharmacological interventions for the treatment of childhood functional constipation functional constipation. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 15, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Carrie A.M. Wegh, Desiree F. Baaleman, Merit M. Tabbers, Hauke Smidt, Marc A. Benninga Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Viewpoint of the European pediatric societies over SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination in Children under age 12 amid return to school and the surging virus variants.
Since its first appearance in the Wuhan region of China in December 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a public health and a socio-economic crisis worldwide1. According to the WHO Coronavirus (COVID-19) dashboard, as of September 2021, there have been more than 217 million confirmed cases and 4.5 million deaths reported2. Mass vaccination campaigns against SARS-CoV-2 are ongoing worldwide. Currently, 5.38 billion doses have been administered globally, 39.9% of the world population has received at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine and about 40 million are administered each day. ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 15, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani, Angel Carrasco-Sanz, Gottfried Huss, Julije Mestrovic, Mehmet Vural, Tudor Lucian Pop, Pietro Ferrara, Eli Somekh, Aida Mujkic, Hilary Hoey, Leyla Namazova-Baranova Source Type: research

The “Keyhole” Pupil Clinical significance of Ocular Coloboma
A 13-year-old girl was referred to our clinic for evaluation of a “keyhole” abnormality of her left eye. The patient’s past medical and ocular history was unremarkable. Ocular examination revealed a best-corrected visual acuity of 20/20 in the right eye and 20/200 in the left eye. The ocular exam of the right eye was unremarkable. The left eye revealed an in feronasal defect of the iris in the left eye (Figure 1). Intraocular pressure was 13mmHg in both eyes. Funduscopic exam in the left eye revealed a white, scarred area in the inferior quadrant with pigment deposition scattered through the lesion and it...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 13, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stylianos A. Kandarakis, Konstantina Chronopoulou, Petros petrou, Ilias Georgalas Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Going Home with a Patent Ductus Arteriosus: Is it Benign?
In this volume of The Journal, Tolia et al1 report a large cohort of premature infants discharged home with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). The study highlights a low rate of spontaneous ductal closure in the first 12 to 18 months of age (47% to 58%), which is lower than previous reports.2,3. Importantly, they also report that three infants died during the study period; two of these had documented evidence of progressive pulmonary hypertension (PH). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 13, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Adrianne Rahde Bischoff, Stephania Cavallaro Moronta, Patrick J. McNamara Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Reply
One of the ongoing challenges with regard to the outcome and treatment of juvenile sclerosing cholangitis (JSC) is the limited number of published series, with the majority coming from small single-centre studies. Whereas the multi-centre study of Deneau et al (1) addressed the sample size, limitations are the lack of a consensus on diagnostic tests including liver histology, radiology and treatment in the various centres. We feel that one of the strengths of our study is that patients with JSC , were managed following an identical diagnostic and therapeutic protocol, thereby addressing these limitations. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 13, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: M. Samyn, K. Hensel, N. Hadzic, G. Mieli-Vergani Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Does early diagnosis and management improve liver-related outcomes in children with inflammatory bowel disease and sclerosing cholangitis ?
Hensel et al compared outcomes of children diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease and sclerosing cholangitis (IBD-SC) at 2 centere in the UK and found that patients with IBD-SC have better clinical outcomes if the liver disease is diagnosed at a shorter interval after the IBD diagnosis.(1) The difference between the mean time from IBD to SC diagnosis was ∼6 months (2.7±6.1 vs. 9.3±19.4) between both cohorts. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 13, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rishi Bolia Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Depression in Adolescent Females With Heavy Menstrual Bleeding
To assess the degree to which heavy menstrual bleeding is associated with depression, independent of hormonal contraception. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 10, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Angela C. Weyand, Kate D. Fitzgerald, Mary McGrath, Vibhuti Gupta, Thomas M. Braun, Elisabeth H. Quint, Sung W. Choi Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Prenatal cannabis use and infant birth outcomes in the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System
To examine the association of prenatal cannabis use and adverse infant outcomes in a nationally representative cohort and consider the impact of concurrent cigarette exposure. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 8, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Victoria H. Nguyen, Kim G. Harley Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Systemic Inflammation in the First 2 Weeks After Birth as a Determinant of Physical Growth Outcomes in Hospitalized Infants With Extremely Low Gestational Age
To examine associations of systemic inflammation with growth outcomes at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge/transfer among infants with extremely low gestational ages. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 8, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mandy B. Belfort, Sara E. Ramel, Camilia R. Martin, Raina Fichorova, Karl C.K. Kuban, Timothy Heeren, Rebecca C. Fry, T. Michael O ’Shea Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Maternal Periconceptional Folic Acid Supplementation and Risk for Fetal Congenital Heart Defects
To determine the effects of maternal periconceptional supplementation with folic acid or multiple micronutrients containing FA on the prevention of fetal congenital heart defects (CHDs). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 7, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Di Wang, Lei Jin, Jie Zhang, Wenying Meng, Aiguo Ren, Lei Jin Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Maternal Smoking and Congenital Heart Defects, National Birth Defects Prevention Study, 1997-2011
To assess associations between maternal smoking and congenital heart defects (CHDs) in offspring. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 7, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Elijah H. Bolin, Yevgeniya Gokun, Paul A. Romitti, Sarah C. Tinker, April D. Summers, Paula K. Roberson, Charlotte A. Hobbs, Sadia Malik, Lorenzo D. Botto, Wendy N. Nembhard, the National Birth Defects Prevention Study Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

In-Hospital Morbidities for Neonates With Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: The Impact of Defect Size and Laterality
To determine in-hospital morbidities for neonates with right-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (R-CDH) compared with those with left-sided defects (L-CDH) and to examine the differential effect of laterality and defect size on morbidities. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 6, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Valerie Y. Chock, Enrico Danzer, Sukyung Chung, Caroline Y. Noh, Ashley H. Ebanks, Matthew T. Harting, Kevin P. Lally, Krisa P. Van Meurs, Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental Trajectories of Preterm Born Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome Survivors: From Birth to 5 Years of Age
To investigate the neurodevelopmental outcome at two and five years of age in survivors of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) treated with fetoscopic laser surgery and born premature- and/or small for gestational age. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 6, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Patricia J.C. Knijnenburg, Marjolijn S. Spruijt, Lisette Jansen, Monique Rijken, Ratna N.G.B. Tan, Femke Slaghekke, Johanna M. Middeldorp, Enrico Lopriore, Jeanine M.M. van Klink Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Childhood Educational Outcomes of Children Born with Gastroschisis
To compare third grade literacy and mathematics test proficiency among children born with gastroschisis vs. unaffected controls and identify predictors of academic proficiency among these children. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 6, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nahed O. ElHassan, Megha Sharma, Chary Akmyradov, Jeffrey R. Kaiser, Anthony Goudie, Wendy N. Nembhard Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Improving Pediatric Readiness and Clinical Care in General Emergency Departments: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study
To evaluate the impact of a collaborative initiative between general emergency departments and the pediatric academic medical center on the process of clinical care in a group of general EDs. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 5, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kamal Abulebda, Travis Whitfill, Manahil Mustafa, Erin E. Montgomery, Riad Lutfi, Samer Abu-Sultaneh, Mara E. Nitu, Marc A. Auerbach, Improving Pediatric Acute Care Through Simulation (ImPACTS) Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Limb Overgrowth with Vascular Anomalies
A 17-year-old girl presented with progressive overgrowth in the right lower extremity, varicose veins, and ecchymosis. She had been followed up in another medical center for eight years with a diagnosis of vascular malformations and Kasabach –Merritt syndrome. Physical examination revealed significantly enlarged right lower extremity with a port-wine stain and varicosities. Laboratory evaluation revealed normal results, except for thrombocytopenia (thrombocyte count, 88000; normal range, 150000-400000). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 5, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Furkan Ufuk Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Septopreoptic Holoprosencephaly in an Adolescent Presenting with Hypodipsia and Hypernatremia
The authors declare no conflicts of interest. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 3, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sabitha Sasidharan Pillai, Jerrold L. Boxerman, Lisa Swartz Topor Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Variability in Oral DDAVP Dose Requirements in Children with Central Diabetes Insipidus.
There is inconsistency in the amount of oral desmopressin (DDAVP) that children with central diabetes insipidus (CDI) require. We investigated whether clinical characteristics influenced DDAVP dose requirements in 100 children with CDI. Extremely large doses were associated with acquired etiology (P=0.04), higher BMI z-score, intact thirst and additional pituitary hormone deficiencies (P (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 3, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nourah Almutlaq, Erica A. Eugster Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Healthcare Burden and Cost in Children with Anorectal Malformation During the First 5 Years of Life
To identify cumulative 5-year healthcare costs and healthcare days in children with anorectal malformation (ARM) and to compare the cumulative 5-year healthcare costs and healthcare days in children with ARM to three control cohorts: healthy, premature, and congenital heart disease (CHD). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 3, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michael D. Rollins, Brian T. Bucher, Justin C. Wheeler, Joshua J. Horns, Niraj Paudel, James M. Hotaling Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Corrigendum
After publication of the article “The Association of the Body Composition of Children with 24-Hour Activity Composition” by Dumuid et al (J Pediatr 2019;208:43-9.e9) the authors were informed that there was an error in how the accelerometry data were processed in the CheckPoint module of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Ch ildren. Incorrect cut-points were used, resulting in shorter physical activity estimates and longer sedentary time estimates. Further details can be found in the July 2021 Child Health CheckPoint Data Issues Paper (https://doi.org/10.25374/MCRI.5821230.v2). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 2, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Infliximab Concentrations During Induction Are Predictive for Endoscopic Remission in Pediatric Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease Under Combination Therapy
To study infliximab (IFX) pharmacokinetics in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during induction therapy to predict outcome and explore if other covariates influenced outcome. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 2, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Karen van Hoeve, Nasim Sadat Seyed Tabib, Erwin Dreesen, Sophie Tops, Ilse Hoffman, Ann Gils, Marc Ferrante, S éverine Vermeire Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Improving the Quality of Clinical Care of Children with Diabetic Ketoacidosis in General Emergency Departments Following a Collaborative Improvement Program with an Academic Medical Center
To evaluate the impact of a collaborative initiative between a group of general emergency departments (EDs) and an academic medical center on the process of care provided to patients with Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) across these EDs. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 2, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hani Alsaedi, Riad Lutfi, Samer Abu-Sultaneh, Erin E. Montgomery, Kellie J. Pearson, Elizabeth Weinstein, Travis Whitfill, Marc A. Auerbach, Kamal Abulebda Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Medication Use in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and Changes from 2010-2018
To provide up-to-date medication prescribing patterns in United States NICUs and to examine trends in prescribing patterns over time. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 1, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ashley Stark, P. Brian Smith, Christoph P. Hornik, Kanecia O. Zimmerman, Chi D. Hornik, Sidart Pradeep, Reese H. Clark, Daniel K. Benjamin, Matthew Laughon, Rachel G. Greenberg Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Timing of Introduction to Solid Food, Growth and Nutrition Risk in Later Childhood
To evaluate the relationship between the timing of infant cereal introduction between 4 and 6 months of age and growth and dietary intake in later childhood. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 1, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Curtis J. D ’Hollander, Charles D.G. Keown-Stoneman, Catherine S. Birken, Deborah L. O’Connor, Jonathon L. Maguire, TARGet Kids! collaboration Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Sociodemographic Correlates of Contemporary Screen Time Use among 9-10-Year-Old Children
To determine sociodemographic correlates of contemporary screen time use among a diverse population-based sample of 9-10-year-old children. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 1, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jason M. Nagata, Kyle T. Ganson, Puja Iyer, Jonathan Chu, Fiona C. Baker, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Andrea K. Garber, Stuart B. Murray, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Geographic distribution of congenital heart disease: a single surgical center experience
To determine presence of spatial clustering or dispersion of pre and postnatally detected hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and transposition of the great arteries (TGA) cases. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 1, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jennifer Klein, Gina Dwyer, Mary T. Donofrio, Anita Krishnan Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Neighborhood Socioeconomic Deprivation and Youth Assault Injuries in Vancouver, Canada
To examine the degree to which neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation influences youth assault injury risk. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 31, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tanjot K. Singh, Mayesha Khan, Gavin Tansley, Herbert Chan, Jeffrey R. Brubacher, John A. Staples Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Adverse Events and Associated Factors During Intra-hospital Transport of Newborn Infants
To determine the frequency, type, and severity of adverse events during intra-hospital transport of newborn infants, and to identify associated factors. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 31, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Romaine Delacr étaz, Céline J. Fischer Fumeaux, Corinne Stadelmann, Adriana Rodriguez Trejo, Alice Destaillats, Eric Giannoni Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Association of Race/Ethnicity and Social Determinants with Rehospitalization for Mental Health Conditions at Acute Care Children ’s Hospitals
To evaluate associations of race/ethnicity and social determinants with 90-day rehospitalization for mental health conditions to acute care non-psychiatric children ’s hospitals. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 31, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alison R. Carroll, Matt Hall, Charlotte M. Brown, David P. Johnson, James W. Antoon, Heather Kreth, My-Linh Ngo, Whitney Browning, Maya Neeley, Alison Herndon, Swati B. Chokshi, Gregory Plemmons, Jakobi Johnson, Sarah R. Hart, Derek J. Williams Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Clinical Interpretation of Self-Reported Pain Scores in Children with Acute Pain
To identify self-reported pain scores that best represent categories of no pain, mild, moderate, and severe pain in children, and a pain score that accurately represents a child ’s perceived need for medication (PNM), i.e. a minimum pain score at which a child would want an analgesic. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 31, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Daniel S. Tsze, Gerrit Hirschfeld, Peter S. Dayan Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Undiagnosed PKU Can Exist Everywhere: Results From an International Survey
NBS programs for Phenylketonuria (PKU; OMIM 261600) have been successfully implemented in many countries for over 50 years, however, globally there are still countries without NBS or with an ineffective NBS program (1, 2). Consequently, late diagnosis of PKU still occurs in countries with no NBS programs or without national coverage (3, 4). Immigrants or refugees from countries without NBS or recently implemented NBS programs are at risk for missed diagnoses (4-6). In addition to the lack of national NBS programs, technical issues like false-negative results (5, 7, 8), failures in follow-up procedures (8-10) and cultural c...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 30, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: A.M.J. van Wegberg, F. Trefz, M. Gizewska, S. Ahmed, L. Chabraoui, M.S. Zaki, F. Maillot, F.J. van Spronsen, Study Group on missed PKU and missed to follow-up Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Variation in Pharmacological Management of Kawasaki Patients with Coronary Artery Aneurysms
To evaluate practice variation in pharmacological management in the International Kawasaki Disease Registry (IKDR). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 30, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Elif Seda Selamet Tierney, Kyle Runeckles, Adriana H. Tremoulet, Nagib Dahdah, Michael A. Portman, Andrew S. Mackie, Ashraf S. Harahsheh, Sean M. Lang, Nadine F. Choueiter, Jennifer S. Li, Cedric Manlhiot, Tisiana Low, Mathew Mathew, Kevin G. Friedman, Ge Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Risk Factors of Coronary Artery Aneurysms in Kawasaki Disease with a Low Risk of Intravenous Immunoglobulin Resistance: An Analysis of Post  RAISE
To detect risk factors of coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) development in patients with Kawasaki disease determined to have a low risk for resistance to primary intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment based on the Kobayashi score. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 27, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kazuki Iio, Yoshihiko Morikawa, Koichi Miyata, Tetsuji Kaneko, Masahiro Misawa, Hiroyuki Yamagishi, Masaru Miura Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Antibiotic Use in Neonatal Intensive Care Units in China: A Multicenter Cohort Study
To provide national-level antibiotic use data from Chinese neonatal intensive care units to inform future antimicrobial stewardship using a large contemporary cohort of preterm infants in China. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 27, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Siyuan Jiang, Lan Zhang, Weili Yan, Shujuan Li, Junyan Han, Qi Zhou, Yi Yang, Shoo K. Lee, Yun Cao, REIN-EPIQ Study Group Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Surgery-Associated Infections among Infants Born Prematurely
To assess the burden of invasive infection following surgery (surgery-associated infections, SAI) among extremely premature infants. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 27, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Andi L. Shane, Nellie I. Hansen, Mohannad Moallem, Myra H. Wyckoff, Pablo J. S ánchez, Barbara J. Stoll, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Risk factors of coronary artery aneurysms in Kawasaki disease with a low risk of IVIG resistance: an analysis of Post RAISE
To detect risk factors of coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) development in patients with Kawasaki disease determined to have a low risk for resistance to primary IVIG treatment based on Kobayashi score. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 27, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kazuki Iio, Yoshihiko Morikawa, Koichi Miyata, Tetsuji Kaneko, Masahiro Misawa, Hiroyuki Yamagishi, Masaru Miura Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Behavioral Health Diagnoses in Youth With Difference of Sex Development or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Compared With Controls: A PEDSnet Study
To evaluate the odds of a behavioral health diagnosis among youth with a difference of sex development (DSD) or congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) compared with matched controls in the PEDSnet database. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 27, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rachel Sewell, Cindy L. Buchanan, Shanlee Davis, Dimitri A. Christakis, Amanda Dempsey, Anna Furniss, Anne E. Kazak, Anna J. Kerlek, Brianna Magnusen, Nathan M. Pajor, Laura Pyle, Louise C. Pyle, Hanieh Razzaghi, Beth I. Schwartz, Maria G. Vogiatzi, Natal Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Antibiotic Use in Neonatal Intensive Care Units in China: A Multi-center Cohort Study
To provide national-level antibiotic use data from Chinese neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) to inform future antimicrobial stewardship using a large contemporary cohort of preterm infants in China. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 27, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Siyuan Jiang, Lan Zhang, Weili Yan, Shujuan Li, Junyan Han, Qi Zhou, Yi Yang, Shoo K. Lee, Yun Cao, REIN-EPIQ Study Group Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Screen Time in the COVID Era: International Trends of Increasing Use Among 3- to 7-Year-Old Children
To evaluate changes in electronic screen-based media use in 3- to 7-year-old children across six countries as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 27, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Andrew D. Ribner, Linsah Coulanges, Samantha Friedman, Melissa E. Libertus, I-FAM-Covid Consortium Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Prevalence and Clinical Significance of Autoantibodies in Children with Overweight and Obesity with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
To evaluate the prevalence and clinical significance of autoantibodies in children with overweight and obesity with non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL), and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in comparison with those with autoimmune liver disease (ALD). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 26, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ammar Khayat, Bernadette Vitola Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental Outcome of Children With Congenital Heart Disease: A Cohort Study From Infancy to Preschool Age
To characterize the neuropsychological outcome of children with CHD at age 5; the stability of cognitive and language abilities across childhood; and to identify early neurodevelopmental markers of neuropsychological outcomes in these children. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 26, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Isabelle Gaudet, Natacha Paquette, Catherine Bernard, Am élie Doussau, Julien Harvey, Laurence Beaulieu-Genest, Elana Pinchefsky, Natacha Trudeau, Nancy Poirier, Marie-Noëlle Simard, Anne Gallagher, CINC interdisciplinary team Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Mortality and Major Neonatal Morbidity in Preterm Infants with Serious Congenital Heart Disease
To investigate the trend of 1-year mortality and neonatal morbidities in preterm infants with serious congenital heart disease (CHD). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 26, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Martina A. Steurer, Rebecca J. Baer, Christina D. Chambers, Jean Costello, Linda S. Franck, Safyer McKenzie-Sampson, Tania L. Pacheco-Werner, Satish Rajagopal, Elizabeth E. Rogers, Larry Rand, Laura L. Jelliffe-Pawlowski, Shabnam Peyvandi Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Association between Term Equivalent Brain MRI and 2 Year Outcomes in Extremely Preterm Infants: A Report from the PENUT Trial Cohort
To compare the term equivalent) brain MRI findings between erythropoietin (Epo) treated and placebo control groups in infants 24-0/7 to 27-6/7 weeks ’ gestational age (GA) and to assess the associations between MRI findings and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years corrected age (CA). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 26, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Dennis E. Mayock, Semsa Gogcu, Mihai Puia-Dumitrescu, Dennis W.W. Shaw, Jason N. Wright, Bryan A. Comstock, Patrick J. Heagerty, Sandra E. Juul, PENUT Trial Consortium Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

An Unintended Consequence of Pandemic Control Measures: Fewer Cases of Kawasaki Disease
Shortly after the contours of the COVID-19 pandemic became apparent in early 2020, specific measures to reduce the risk of person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 were implemented. By mid- to late- March, 2020, recommendations for masking, social distancing and school closures were in place in many areas, with other regions adopting these precautions later . By June 2020, it had been recognized that these measures appeared to be impacting the transmission of other infectious agents of childhood, especially those spread by the respiratory route. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 26, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stanford T. Shulman, Anne H. Rowley Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Treatment of Catheter-Related Arterial Thrombosis in Children: A 15-Year Single- Center Experience
To investigate treatment modalities for children with extremity indwelling catheter (EIC)- or cardiac catheter-related arterial thrombosis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 24, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ornella Crameri, Barbara Brotschi, Federica Achini, Mattia Rizzi, Manuela Albisetti Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Influenza Infections: The Brain is Also Susceptible
Viruses are a ubiquitous part of childhood, and though commonly mild, there is a more perilous side to common childhood viral infections. Childhood “viral syndromes” may begin with fever, cough, and rash; however, by poorly understood mechanisms, the generally mild viral infection can progress to cause severe neurologic complications. Important endemic respiratory infections—respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza occur each fall and winter. These 2 viruses cause significant respiratory morbidity and are leading causes of hospitalization for respiratory failure in pediatric hospitals each yea...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 24, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nicolas R. Chiriboga-Salazar, Sue J. Hong Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Pediatricians ’ Knowledge and Practices Related to Mumps Diagnosis and Prevention
To assess pediatricians ’ mumps knowledge and testing practices, to identify physician and practice characteristics associated with mumps testing practices, and to assess reporting and outbreak response knowledge and practices. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 24, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jessica R. Cataldi, Sean T. O ’Leary, Mariel A. Marlow, Brenda L. Beaty, Laura P. Hurley, Lori A. Crane, Michaela Brtnikova, Carol Gorman, Huong T. Pham, Megan C. Lindley, Allison Kempe Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research