Impact of Maternal Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Detection on Breastfeeding Due to Infant Separation at Birth
To assess the impact of separation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-positive mother –newborn dyads on breastfeeding outcomes. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 8, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephanie Popofsky, Asif Noor, Jill Leavens-Maurer, Maria Lyn Quintos-Alagheband, Ann Mock, Alexandra Vinci, Eileen Magri, Meredith Akerman, Estela Noyola, Mona Rigaud, Billy Pak, Jennifer Lighter, Adam J. Ratner, Nazeeh Hanna, Leonard Krilov Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Impact of Maternal SARS-CoV-2 Detection on Breastfeeding Due to Infant Separation at Birth
To assess the impact of separation of SARS-CoV-2 PCR-positive mother –newborn dyads on breastfeeding outcomes. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 8, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephanie Popofsky, Asif Noor, Jill Leavens-Maurer, Maria Lyn Quintos-Alagheband, Ann Mock, Alexandra Vinci, Eileen Magri, Meredith Akerman, Estela Noyola, Mona Rigaud, Billy Pak, Jennifer Lighter, Adam J. Ratner, Nazeeh Hanna, Leonard Krilov Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

An Infant Presenting with Large, Asymmetric Tongue
A one-month-old girl was referred to pediatric neurology clinic for evaluation of left facial weakness. She was born to a 25-year-old G1, P0-1 mom after a full-term, uncomplicated pregnancy. She had a difficult delivery, but no forceps or vacuum were used. Her birth weight was 3.75kg (75-90%tile). She had a left-sided cephalohematoma with left facial swelling, and a left facial droop, which all resolved in the weeks after birth. However, after discharge home, her parents noticed her large, asymmetric tongue, larger on the right, and her coughing with some feeds. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 6, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Meredith R. Golomb, Rupa Radhakrishnan, Theodore E. Wilson Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Willingness to Vaccinate Children against Influenza after the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic
To determine factors associated with parents who plan to vaccinate their children against influenza next year, especially those who did not vaccinate against influenza last year using a global survey. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 5, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ran D. Goldman, Sophie McGregor, Shashidhar R. Marneni, Tomohiro Katsuta, Mark A. Griffiths, Jeanine E. Hall, Michelle Seiler, Eileen J. Klein, Cristina Parra Cotanda, Renana Gelernter, Julia Hoeffe, Adrienne L. Davis, Gianluca Gualco, Ahmed Mater, Sergio Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Willingness to Vaccinate Children against Influenza after the COVID-19 Pandemic
To determine factors associated with parents who plan to vaccinate their children against influenza next year, especially those who did not vaccinate against influenza last year using a global survey. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 5, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ran D. Goldman, Sophie McGregor, Shashidhar R. Marneni, Tomohiro Katsuta, Mark A. Griffiths, Jeanine E. Hall, Michelle Seiler, Eileen J. Klein, Cristina Parra Cotanda, Renana Gelernter, Julia Hoeffe, Adrienne L. Davis, Gianluca Gualco, Ahmed Mater, Sergio Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Is Rapid Exome Sequencing Standard of Care in the Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care Units?
In this volume of The Journal, Freed et  al report the results of a 3-year trial of the clinical utility of rapid exome sequencing in critically ill children in the neonatal, pediatric, and cardiac intensive care units of a tertiary children's hospital.1 The authors conclude that rapid exome sequencing should be considered standard of ca re for some such children. For readers who are not—yet—aficionados of rapid genomic medicine, let me provide some context for this provocative statement. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 4, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephen F. Kingsmore Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

The Diversity of Pediatric Residency Programs across Europe: Quality Assurance of Training, Night Shifts, and Wages
Debating the activities of the European Young Pediatricians Association2 (EURYPA) and the issue of diversity of pediatric residency programs across Europe, we discussed the diversity in admission procedures, duration and pediatric training curricula of residency courses in Europe.(1) We now discuss the issues of quality assurance of training, night shifts and wages, which are of great importance for pediatric residents in Europe. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 4, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ruya Meric, Roy Gavin Stone, Vasile Valeriu Lupu, S øren Lomholt, Marija Slobodanac, Balázs Andras Maár, Enrica Manca Source Type: research

Is rapid exome sequencing standard of care in the NICU and PICU?
In this volume of The Journal, Freed report results of a 3-year trial of the clinical utility of rapid exome sequencing (rES) in critically ill children in the neonatal, pediatric and cardiac intensive care units (ICU) of a tertiary children ’s hospital. The authors conclude that rES should be considered standard of care for some such children. For readers who are not – yet – aficionados of rapid genomic medicine, let me provide some context for this provocative statement. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 4, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephen F. Kingsmore Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Transparency and accountability of pediatric trials: should consent rate reporting be mandatory?
Funded in part by the grant from the Croatian Science Foundation, Professionalism in Health – Decision making in practice and research, ProDeM, under Grant agreement No. IP-2019-04-4882. The funder had no role in the current manuscript. The authors declare no conflicts of interest. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 4, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ana Maru šić, Ivan Buljan Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Tracheal Buckling in a Young Child
A 1-year-old girl was referred to our emergency room with a fever and barking cough for 2 days. She was administered a single dose of adrenaline inhalation by her previous doctor, which did not improve her symptoms. She had inspiratory stridor and moderate chest wall retraction on crying; however, no cyanosis was observed and her blood oxygen saturation was normal. Her symptoms were suggestive of croup, however, there was no improvement with adrenaline inhalation treatment and moderate inspiratory stridor persisted. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 4, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Manabu Miyamoto, Sayuri Kajitani, Go Ichikawa, Shigemi Yoshihara Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Bedside Airway Ultrasound in the Evaluation of Neonatal Stridor
A female infant was born at term after an uneventful gestation. Immediately after birth she presented inspiratory stridor and cyanosis requiring respiratory support with CPAP and oxygen supplementation. After stabilization she was admitted to the neonatal unit. Physical exam was unremarkable. Stridor worsened with vigorous breathing, crying was dysphonic, and she presented severe episodes of airway obstruction during oral feedings. Differential diagnosis included laryngomalacia, congenital vocal cord palsy, tracheoesophageal fistula and a vascular ring. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 4, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ignacio Oulego-Erroz, Sandra Terroba-Seara, Paula Alonso-Quintela, Roger Benavent-Torres, Pilar De Castro-P érez, Jorge Martínez-Saez de Jubera Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children Associated with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2: A  Systematic Review
To develop a more comprehensive description of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), a novel syndrome linked to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, by conducting a systematic analysis of studies from different settings that used various inclusion criteria. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 3, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Joseph Y. Abrams, Shana E. Godfred-Cato, Matthew E. Oster, Eric J. Chow, Emilia H. Koumans, Bobbi Bryant, Jessica W. Leung, Ermias D. Belay Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Safety of Enalapril in Infants: Data from the Pediatric Heart Network Infant Single Ventricle Trial
To assess the safety profile of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy in infants with single ventricle. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 3, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kanika Mathur, Daphne T. Hsu, Jacqueline M. Lamour, Scott I. Aydin Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Safety of Enalapril in Infants: Data from the Pediatric Heart Network Infant with Single Ventricle Trial
To assess the safety profile of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy in infants with single ventricle (ISV). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 3, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kanika Mathur, Daphne T. Hsu, Jacqueline M. Lamour, Scott I. Aydin Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Longitudinal Echocardiographic Assessment of Coronary Arteries and Left Ventricular Function Following Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C)
Myocardial dysfunction and coronary artery dilation have been reported in the acute setting of SARS-CoV-2 related multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). Through a longitudinal echocardiographic single-center study of 15 children, we report the short-term outcomes of cardiac dysfunction and coronary artery dilation in MIS-C. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 3, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Simone Jhaveri, Neha Ahluwalia, Shubhi Kaushik, Rebecca Trachtman, Shanna Kowalsky, Scott Aydin, Kenan Stern Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) Associated with SARS-CoV-2: A Systematic Review
To develop a more comprehensive description of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), a novel syndrome linked to SARS-CoV-2, by conducting a systematic analysis of studies from different settings which used various inclusion criteria. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - August 3, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Joseph Y. Abrams, Shana E. Godfred-Cato, Matthew E. Oster, Eric J. Chow, Emilia H. Koumans, Bobbi Bryant, Jessica W. Leung, Ermias D. Belay Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Evolution of Muscular Oxygenation during a Walking Test in Preterm Children
To explore measures of peripheral muscular oxygenation, coupled to gait characteristics, between preterm and full-term children during a 6-minute walking test (6MWT). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Zoey Owen-Jones, Anaick Perrochon, Eric Hermand, Laure Ponthier, Laurent Fourcade, Benoit Borel Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Evolution of Muscular Oxygenation during a Walking Test in Pre-Term Children
to explore measures of peripheral muscular oxygenation, coupled to gait characteristics, between premature and full-term children during a 6-minute walking test (6MWT). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Z. Owen-Jones, A. Perrochon, E. Hermand, L. Ponthier, L. Fourcade, B. Borel Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Idiopathic Eruptive Macular Pigmentation
A 9-year-old girl presented with multiple, asymptomatic pigmented skin eruptions over the trunk and face which had been present for3 months. There was no prior history of skin lesions or relevant drug intake Cutaneous examination revealed multiple discrete, dark brown, round-to-oval macules, patches (0.5 to 2 cm in diameter) and flat-topped velvety plaques over the trunk, back, face and extremities sparing the palms and soles (Figure). Lesional Darier sign was negative. The remainder of the mucocutaneous sites and systemic examination was negative. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 30, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Dibyendu Bikash Bhanja, Abheek Sil, Surajit Kumar Biswas Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Outcomes Following Post-Hemorrhagic Ventricular Dilatation among Infants of Extremely Low Gestational Age
To assess outcomes following post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) among infants born at ≤26 weeks of gestation. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Seetha Shankaran, Monika Bajaj, Girija Natarajan, Shampa Saha, Athina Pappas, Alexis S. Davis, Susan R. Hintz, Ira Adams-Chapman, Abhik Das, Edward F. Bell, Barbara J. Stoll, Michele C. Walsh, Abbot R. Laptook, Waldemar A. Carlo, Krisa P. Van Meurs, Pablo Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Management of Post-hemorrhagic Ventricular Dilatation in the Infant  Born Preterm
Severe forms of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) continue to occur in up to 15% of infants born extremely premature,1 and more than one-half of these infants develop post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD).2 PHVD is a term that represents the progressive ventricular dilatation caused by IVH and encompasses other terms, such as post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus. PHVD is associated with a high risk for subsequent adverse motor and cognitive neurodevelopmental outcomes. Despite many decades of investigations, there is no consensus among neonatologists, pediatric neurologists, and pediatric neurosurgeons as to the best ma...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mohamed El-Dib, David D. Limbrick, Terrie Inder, Andrew Whitelaw, Abhaya V. Kulkarni, Benjamin Warf, Joseph J. Volpe, Linda S. de Vries Tags: Medical Progress Source Type: research

Management of Post-hemorrhagic Ventricular Dilatation in the Preterm Infant
Severe forms of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) continue to occur in up to 15% of extremely premature infants,1 and more than half of these infants develop post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD).2 PHVD is a term that represents the progressive ventricular dilatation caused by IVH and encompasses other terms, such as post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus. PHVD is associated with a high risk for subsequent adverse motor and cognitive neurodevelopmental outcomes. Despite many decades of investigations, there is no consensus among neonatologists, pediatric neurologists, and pediatric neurosurgeons as to the best management ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mohamed El-Dib, David D. Limbrick, Terrie Inder, Andrew Whitelaw, Abhaya V. Kulkarni, Benjamin Warf, Joseph J. Volpe, Linda S. de Vries Tags: Medical Progress Source Type: research

Outcomes Following Post-Hemorrhagic Ventricular Dilatation among Extremely Low Gestational Age Infants
To assess outcomes following post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) among infants born at ≤26 weeks of gestation. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Seetha Shankaran, Monika Bajaj, Girija Natarajan, Shampa Saha, Athina Pappas, Alexis S. Davis, Susan R. Hintz, Ira Adams-Chapman, Abhik Das, Edward F. Bell, Barbara J. Stoll, Michele C. Walsh, Abbot R. Laptook, Waldemar A. Carlo, Krisa P. Van Meurs, Pablo Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Sequential Retinal Hemorrhages in an Asymptomatic Child
An asymptomatic 4-year-old girl with an unremarkable past medical history was seen in the pediatric ophthalmology clinic after failing her school vision test. On examination, her visual acuity was 20/32 and 20/25 in right and left eyes, respectively. The left retina appeared healthy, and the right macula showed intra-retinal hemorrhage. One week later, her right acuity decreased to 20/125. Widefield fundus photography showed multiple white-centered hemorrhages with tortuous retinal vessels in both eyes (Figure). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Derek K-H. Ho, Sami Khan, Raina Goyal Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection in Children with Pre-Existing Heart Disease
We present 7 children with congenital heart disease and coronavirus disease 2019. Of these, 5 were younger than 1  year of age and 3 had atrioventricular canal defect and trisomy 21. All 7 developed acute decompensation, with 1 death in an 18-year-old with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and other comorbidities. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 26, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Megan Simpson, Catherine Collins, Dustin B. Nash, Laurie E. Panesar, Matthew E. Oster Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Infection in Children with Pre-Existing Heart Disease
We present 7 children with congenital heart disease and coronavirus disease 2019. Of these, 5 were younger than 1  year of age and 3 had atrioventricular canal defect and trisomy 21. All 7 developed acute decompensation, with 1 death in an 18-year-old with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and other comorbidities. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 26, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Megan Simpson, Catherine Collins, Dustin B. Nash, Laurie E. Panesar, Matthew E. Oster Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

COVID-19 Infection in Children with Pre-existing Heart Disease
We present seven children with congenital heart disease and coronavirus disease-2019. Of these, five were under one-year-of-age and three had atrioventricular canal defect and trisomy 21. All seven developed acute decompensation, with one death in an 18-year-old with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and other co-morbidities. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 26, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Megan Simpson, Catherine Collins, Dustin B. Nash, Laurie E. Panesar, Matthew E. Oster Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Correction
In the article “Mortality Among Children with Down syndrome in Hong Kong: A Population-Based Cohort Study from Birth” by Chua et al (J Pediatr 2020;218:138-45), there was a typographical error for the overall 5-year survival probability as published in the Abstract and Results section. The overall 5-year surv ival probability should be 91.8%. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 25, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Cortical Hyperostosis after Long-Lasting Prostaglandin E1 Treatment in a Newborn with Complex Congenital Heart Disease
A newborn girl was affected by a “ductal-dependent” complex congenital heart disease, which necessitated a long period of prostaglandin (prostaglandin E1) infusion; during this treatment, she developed cortical hyperostosis of the long bones. The patient was originally treated with antibiotics for a neonatal Staphylococcus aure us infection complicated with endocarditis and conjunctivitis. After 2 months of prostaglandin infusion, she presented with an antalgic position of the legs and was suspected to have a septic articular complication of the hip joints. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Antonio Celona, Claudio Giardina, Salvatore Pappalardo, Aurelio Secinaro, Lilia Oreto, Salvatore Agati, Placido Romeo Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Epiphyseal Cleft: A Misleading Radiologic Finding
A 2-year-old boy was referred to the emergency department because of temporary limping after falling from a wall ( ∼80 cm). At admission, his physical examination was unremarkable; neither abnormal gait, pain, nor joint limitation in passive and active range of motion were observed. Due to the high-energy trauma, he underwent plain radiography, which showed a small, bipartite, and irregular epiphyseal nucleus of the right femoral head (Figure 1, A). Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed (Figure 1, B and C). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Matteo Trevisan, Pierandrea Elefante, Elisabetta Cattaruzzi, Marco Rozzo, Marco Carbone, Egidio Barbi, Andrea Magnolato Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Epiphyseal cleft: a misleading radiological finding
The authors declare no conflicts of interest. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Matteo Trevisan, Pierandrea Elefante, Elisabetta Cattaruzzi, Marco Rozzo, Marco Carbone, Egidio Barbi, Andrea Magnolato Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Corrigendum
In the article “Mortality Among Children with Down syndrome in Hong Kong: A Population-Based Cohort Study from Birth” by Chua et al (J Pediatr 2020;218:138-45), there was a typographical error for the overall 5-year survival probability as published in the Abstract and Results section. The overall 5-year surv ival probability should be 91.8%. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Correction Source Type: research

A Comprehensive Clinical Genetics Approach to Critical Congenital Heart Disease in Infancy
To investigate the frequency of genetic diagnoses among infants with critical congenital heart disease (CHD) using a comprehensive cardiovascular genetics approach and to identify genotype-phenotype correlations. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Amy R. Shikany, Benjamin J. Landis, Ashley Parrott, Erin M. Miller, Alyxis Coyan, Lauren Walters, Robert B. Hinton, Paula Goldenberg, Stephanie M. Ware Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Cortical Hyperostosis after Long Lasting PGE1 Treatment in a Newborn with Complex Congenital Heart Disease
Salvatore Agati MD (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Antonio Celona, Claudio Giardina, Salvatore Pappalardo, Aurelio Secinaro, Lilia Oreto, Placido Romeo Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Epidemiologic trends in Kawasaki disease during coronavirus disease-19 in Singapore
We read with interest the clinical profile of 33 children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children by Kaushik et  al from 3 New York City tertiary care children's hospitals.1 There have been similar reports of a surge in children presenting with systemic inflammation, including Kawasaki-like disease from Europe and other parts of the US but not from Asia to date.2-5 We compared the epidemiologic trends in Kaw asaki disease at the only public specialist children's hospital in Singapore before coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) (January 1, 2017, to December 31, 2019) and during COVID-19 (January 1, 2020, to Apr...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Chee Fu Yung, Karen Donceras Nadua, Bee Khiam Oh, Koh Cheng Thoon Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Epidemiological trends in Kawasaki disease during COVID-19 in Singapore
We read with interest the clinical profile of 33 children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) by Kaushik et al from three New York City tertiary care children ’s hospitals [1]. There have been similar reports of a surge in children presenting with systemic inflammation, including Kawasaki-like disease from Europe and other parts of the United States but not from Asia to date [2-5]. We compared the epidemiologic trends in Kawasaki disease at the only pub lic specialist children’s hospital in Singapore pre-COVID-19 (January 1, 2017-December 31, 2019) and during COVID-19 (January 1, 2020-Apr...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Chee Fu Yung, Karen Donceras Nadua, Bee Khiam Oh, Koh Cheng Thoon Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Coronary Dilatation and Endothelial Inflammation in Neonates born to mothers with Preeclampsia
To investigate the cardiovascular features and endothelium in neonates born to mothers with preeclampsia. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: I-Chun Lin, Te-Yao Hsu, You-Lin Tain, Ching-Chang Tsai, Hsin-Chun Huang, Yun-Ju Lai, Ming-Huei Chou, Chien-Fu Huang, Hong-Ren Yu, Li-Tung Huang Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Reply
We agree with Letouchzey et al, that no one should jump to the conclusion that a short course of antibiotics after birth in very low birth weight infants will be protective against necrotizing enterocolitis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gorm Greisen, Rene ́ Liang Shen, Per Torp Sangild Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children Associated with Status Epilepticus
A 12-year-old male presented to the emergency department with findings concerning for multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). After clinical stabilization following treatment with antibiotics, remdesivir, and anakinra, the patient was noted to have episodes of altered mentation. Video EEG revealed status epilepticus, which was subsequently controlled with antiepileptic medications. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jennifer Shenker, Brit Trogen, Laura Schroeder, Adam J. Ratner, Philip Kahn Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Reply
We read with interest the well-founded observation made by Yung et al regarding no change in epidemiology or cases of Kawasaki disease in Singapore amid the current ongoing SARS-Coronavirus-2 pandemic. When it was initially recognized, there was uncertainty whether the SARS-CoV-2 associated multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) represented Kawasaki disease. Evidence and evolving understanding suggest it to be a separate clinical entity. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Shubhi Kaushik, Kim R. Derespina, Shivanand S. Medar Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Automated Office Blood Pressure Measurement for the Diagnosis of Hypertension
Accurate blood pressure measurements are important for the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in children and adolescents. Hypertension is a significant risk factor for a number of chronic conditions in children and adults, including cerebrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, congestive heart, renal failure and strokes. The prevalence of paediatric hypertension has significantly increased as a result of the childhood obesity epidemic.1 Hypertension is routinely diagnosed using office blood pressure (OBP) measurements, which should be interpreted using the Task Force OBP reference thresholds guidelines. (Source:...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Guido Filler, Maria E. D íaz-González de Ferris Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Time Well Spent: Resident Promotion of Microcompetency-Based Medical Education During Inpatient Pediatric Experiences
It is March and a new group of medical students have matched into our residency, but as a current resident, my role remains fixed. I am the senior resident on an inpatient pediatrics night rotation, charged with supervising Jack, a pediatric intern. Over the first few nights of the rotation, I directly observed Jack as he performed several complete history and physical examinations. He was thorough and demonstrated excellent communication with families. Afterward, he explained his medical reasoning to me, and it was clear that he had a strong knowledge base and sound medical reasoning. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Laura Chiel, Brian Hasselfeld, Carolyn H. Marcus, Ariel S. Winn Tags: Notes from the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, Inc. Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Giles CL. Detection of amblyopia in the preschool child. J Pediatr 1970;77:309-10. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jose M. Gonzalez, Mariana Urdapilleta Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Carnelutti M, del Guercio MJ, Chiumello G. Influence of growth hormone on the pathogenesis of obesity in children. J Pediatr 1970;77:285-93. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Connor Corcoran, Diane E.J. Stafford, David M. Maahs Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Litt IF, Cohen MI. Drug use among adolescents. J Pediatr 1970;77:195-202. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nancy Dodson, Elizabeth Alderman Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Goldstein DE, Drash A, Gibbs J, Blizzard RM. Diabetes mellitus: the incidence of circulating antibodies against thyroid, gastric, and adrenal tissue. J Pediatr 1970;77:304-6. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hilary H. Seeley, David M. Maahs Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Danus VO, Urbina AM, Valenzuela I, Solimano G. The effect of refeeding on pancreatic exocrine function in marasmic infants. J Pediatr 1970;77:334-7. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Moinak Sen Sarma, Piyush Gupta Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Sisson TRC, Glauser EM, Kuwabara T. Retinal changes produced by phototherapy. J Pediatr 1970;77:221-7. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jannicke H. Andresen, Ola Didrik Saugstad Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Bartsocas CS, Weber AL, Crawford JD Acrocephalosyndactyly type III: Chotzen's syndrome. J Pediatr 1970; 77:267-72. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philip F. Giampietro Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Schaller J, Beckwith B, Wedgwood RJ. Hepatic involvement in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. J Pediatr 1970;77:203-10. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Batul Kaj-Carbaidwala Source Type: research