High dose steroids for prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia —Recommended?
We have read with interest the report by Marr et  al.1 Their study was well conducted with excellent follow-up rates at 7 years of enrollment. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rajendra Prasad Anne, Tejo Pratap Oleti Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Behrman RE. J Pediatr 1970;76:169-73. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Augusto F. Schmidt, Alan H. Jobe Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Parks CR. J Pediatr 1970;76:305-13 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pawankalyan Pinnamaneni, Piyush Gupta Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Fisher RI, Johnstone WT, Fisher WH Jr, Goldkamp OG. J Pediatr 1970;76:255-61 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philip F. Giampietro, Judith G. Hall Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Fomon S, Thomas LN, Filer LJ. J Pediatr 1970;76:242-6 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Erealda Prendaj, Michael D. Cabana Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Abramowicz M, Edelmann CM Jr, Spitzer A. J Pediatr 1970;76:336-8 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sriram Krishnamurthy, Piyush Gupta Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Costin G, Kaplan SA, Ling SM. J Pediatr 1970;76;2:277-82. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ming Yeh Lee, David M. Maahs Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Helmrath TA, Hodson WA, Oliver TK. J Pediatr 1970;76:202-7. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jannicke H. Andresen, Ola Didrik Saugstad Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Myhre SA, Almutlaq N, and Fuqua JS. J Pediatr 1970;76:267-76. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nourah Almutlaq, John S. Fuqua Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Gruber HS, Klaus MH. J Pediatr 1970;76:194-201. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jorge A. Mart ínez Cardona, Ramón Alanis Álvarez Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics
Heese HV, Harrison VC, Klein M, Malan AF. J Pediatr 1970;76:183-93. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ryan J. Carpenter Source Type: research

Roles, Responsibilities, and Value of a Vice Chair of Education in Academic Pediatric Departments
The leadership structure within many academic departments often includes faculty members in dedicated educational leadership positions who are responsible for providing oversight to a diverse population of specialty-specific learners and programs. These individuals provide leadership for medical education programs that span the continuum from undergraduate to graduate and continuing medical education. The term “Vice Chair of Education” (VCE) first appeared in the medical literature in 2010 to describe this leadership function. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Allison McBride, Su-Ting T. Li, Teri L. Turner, Robert J. Vinci Tags: Notes from the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, Inc. Source Type: research

The eye of the beholder: Periviable outcomes in Iowa
This study captured the attention of the lay press that subsequently reported the commitment to active management at the University of Iowa and highlighted the case of a healthy outcome of an infant born at 22 weeks of gestation at that center (Belluck P. Premature babies may survive at 22 weeks if treated, study finds. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Raye-Ann deRegnier Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Prolonged QT interval in oncology
As we have learned more about the relationship of some medications to prolonged QT interval and the risk a prolonged QT interval presents for torsade de pointes, ventricular tachycardia, and sudden death, there is more concern about which patients are at highest risk and how to prevent arrhythmia. There are medications used in oncology patients that are associated with prolongation of the QT interval. In this volume of The Journal, Lim et al reviewed a single center experience with respect to these issues in hospitalized oncology patients. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Stephen R. Daniels Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Do gastrostomies prevent hospitalizations?
Children with intellectual disability frequently undergo gastrostomy in order to continue enteral feeds. Indications for gastrostomy include failure to thrive, dysphagia and pulmonary aspiration, or even oral aversion. These children often have complex, comorbid conditions, such as cerebral palsy, seizures, or cardiopulmonary dysfunction. Parents are thus often challenged by the decision whether to proceed with gastrostomy, as a feeding tube will change daily care and long-term outcome for their child. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Paul G. Fisher Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Predicting septic shock upon arrival to the emergency department
Sepsis continues to kill children around the world. The death of a child with sepsis in New York State resulted in a state-wide mandate for sepsis care in 2013 (JAMA 2018;320:358-67). This mandate was later found to be associated with lower risk of mortality from pediatric sepsis. Since then, other states have promulgated similar mandates. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: E. Vincent S. Faustino Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

All children should be active —Even those with congenital heart disease
Physical activity is established as being instrumental in improving physical as well as mental health of not only healthy children but also children with chronic diseases. When good physical activity habits are established in childhood they become habitual and help the development of long-term cardiovascular health in adults. All children should be physically active in order to reduce or perhaps even help prevent childhood obesity. The current recommendations of the WHO call for at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity daily. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Reginald Washington Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Clinical Evaluation of Inflammatory and Blood Parameters in the Workup of Pediatric Chronic Abdominal Pain
To investigate the additional value of blood parameters (hemoglobin, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate) to anti-tissue transglutaminase (anti-tTG), fecal calprotectin, and Giardia lamblia when discriminating a functional from an organic cause in the clinical evaluation of children with chronic abdominal pain. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Judith Zeevenhooven, Robyn Rexwinkel, Ellen Tromp, Bart Haver, Michael Groeneweg, Marc A. Benninga, Arine M. Vlieger Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental Outcomes of Neonates Randomized to Morphine or Methadone for Treatment of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
To evaluate the effects of pharmacologic treatment of neonatal abstinence syndrome on neurodevelopmental outcome from a randomized, controlled trial. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Adam J. Czynski, Jonathan M. Davis, Lynne M. Dansereau, Barbara Engelhardt, Peter Marro, Debra L. Bogen, Mark L. Hudak, Jeffrey Shenberger, Elisha M. Wachman, Erica L. Oliveira, Barry M. Lester Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Are Children with a History of Asthma More Likely to Have Severe Anaphylactic Reactions? A Retrospective Cohort Study
To assess whether a history of asthma was associated with anaphylaxis severity in children hospitalized for anaphylaxis. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Timothy E. Dribin, Kenneth A. Michelson, Yin Zhang, David Schnadower, Mark I. Neuman Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

What Parents Know Matters: Parental Knowledge at Birth Predicts Caregiving Behaviors at 9  Months
To examine the mediating role of socioeconomically disadvantaged parents' knowledge of early cognitive and language development at the first postpartum visit in the relation between education and caregiving behaviors at 9  months. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Christy Y.Y. Leung, Dana L. Suskind Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Bridging the Cardiac Needs of a Large, Underserved Immigrant and Resettled Refugee Population
To describe a monthly outreach pediatric cardiology clinic established to better understand the cardiac needs of immigrant/resettled refugee children. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hitesh Agrawal, Gunjan Dokania, Hugh D. Allen, Stephanie Acosta, Andrea Caracostis, Luke M. Havemann, Anna Lara, Alan F. Riley, Thomas J. Seery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Slowly Progressive Elbow Swelling
A 9-year-old boy was brought to us with the complaint of a lump over the lateral side of the right elbow for the past 1  month. The swelling was slowly progressive and tender to touch, accompanied by a low-grade fever. There was no history of trauma, weight loss, cough, or dyspnea. Contact history with tuberculosis was negative. Examination revealed a 9 × 8 × 8 cm swelling over the proximal and lateral aspect of the right forearm without any obvious joint involvement, slightly tender on palpation with no other signs of inflammation. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Indar Kumar Sharawat, Prateek Kumar Panda, Rishi Kumar Bolia, Yash Shrivastava Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Maternal Gestational Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes During Pregnancy and Risk of Childhood Asthma in Offspring
To examine maternal preexisting type 2 diabetes (T2D) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on risk of childhood asthma. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mayra P. Martinez, Jane Lin, Ting Chow, Joanie Chung, Xinhui Wang, Anny H. Xiang Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Reciprocal Regulation of HSD11B1 and HSD11B2 Predicts Glucocorticoid Sensitivity in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
There are few biomarkers to predict efficacy of glucocorticoid treatment in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) at diagnosis. Here, we demonstrate reciprocal regulation of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 β-HSD), may predict the apoptotic response of ALL to glucocorticoid treatment. Our data may be useful to refine glucocorticoid treatment, to retain benefit while minimizing side effects. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Shuji Sai, Cristina Esteves, Val Kelly, Kimiyoshi Sakaguchi, Rachel McAndrew, Sandra Chudleigh, Alison Spence, Brenda Gibson, Angela Thomas, Karen E. Chapman Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Use of cross-sectional design for determining Baby-Friendly success
The publication by Bass, Gartley, and Kleinman relating breastfeeding rates and Baby-Friendly penetration among states found no correlation, and concluded that the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) has been unsuccessful in improving US breastfeeding rates.1 However, we suggest that such a conclusion is incorrect because a cross-sectional study design cannot determine the effectiveness of an intervention. This goal is best accomplished using a randomized control trial, such as PROBIT, which showed a marked improvement in exclusive breastfeeding rates at 3 and 6  months. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lori Feldman-Winter, Melissa Bartick Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Contemporary Outcomes for Infants with Necrotizing Enterocolitis —A Systematic Review
To develop an accurate understanding of outcomes for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) to inform parental counseling, clinical care, and research agendas. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ian H. Jones, Nigel J. Hall Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Nutritional Status in Adolescents with Esophageal Atresia
To examine factors that may affect nutritional status in adolescents with esophageal atresia. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kjersti Birketvedt, Audun Mikkelsen, Louise L. Klingen, Christine Henriksen, Ingrid B. Helland, Ragnhild Emblem Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Twenty-Four-Hour Movement Guidelines and Body Weight in Youth
To examine the prevalence of youth meeting the 24-hour healthy movement guidelines (ie, ≥60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, ≤2 hours of screen time, age-appropriate sleep duration), and which combination of meeting these guidelines was most associated with bodyweight status, in a nationally representative US sample. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Xihe Zhu, Sean Healy, Justin A. Haegele, Freda Patterson Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Latent Class Analysis of Low Birth Weight and Preterm Delivery among Australian Women
To identify patterns of health, socioeconomic, behavioral, and psychosocial indicators that may be associated with low birth weight delivery or preterm birth. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michael Hendryx, Catherine Chojenta, Julie E. Byles Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders, Autonomic Nervous System Dysfunction, and Joint Hypermobility in Children: Are They Related?
To evaluate the prevalence of orthostatic intolerance and joint hypermobility in schoolchildren with and without functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) and to assess autonomic nervous system dysfunction in children with FGIDs and joint hypermobility. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Carlos Alberto Velasco-Benitez, Cara Axelrod, Lilibet Fernandez Valdes, Miguel Saps Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Acute Kidney Injury in Children Based on Electronic Alerts
To define the incidence and outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI) in pediatrics using data collected from a national electronic alert system. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Samuel Gubb, Jennifer Holmes, Graham Smith, John Geen, John Williams, Kieron Donovan, Aled O. Phillips Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Seamless Management of Juvenile Autoimmune Liver Disease: Long-Term Medical and Social Outcome
To report baseline features and long-term medical/social outcomes of juvenile autoimmune liver disease, including autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis (ASC), managed in a single tertiary center. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Angelo Di Giorgio, Nedim Hadzic, Anil Dhawan, Maesha Deheragoda, Michael A. Heneghan, Diego Vergani, Giorgina Mieli-Vergani, Marianne Samyn Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Associations Between Early Low-Level Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Executive Function at Age 8 Years
To investigate whether exposure to tobacco smoke during early brain development is linked with later problems in behavior and executive function. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Karin Oh, Yingying Xu, Brandon F. Terrizzi, Bruce Lanphear, Aimin Chen, Amy E. Kalkbrenner, Kimberly Yolton Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis in Children without Obesity
To evaluate rates and characteristics of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) in children who are not obese to prevent missed diagnoses and subsequent complications. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kyle K. Obana, Ali A. Siddiqui, Alexander M. Broom, Kody Barrett, Lindsay M. Andras, Michael B. Millis, Rachel Y. Goldstein Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Differences in Early Childhood Maltreatment by Maternal Birthplace and Child Sex
To identify patterns of health system-identified early childhood maltreatment by maternal birthplace and child sex, within a multicultural society with universal access to healthcare. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ariel Pulver, Astrid Guttmann, Joel G. Ray, Patricia O'Campo, Marcelo L. Urquia Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Spreading Vesicles in a Neonate
A 13-day-old girl with no past medical history presented for evaluation of pus bumps since birth. The rash initially appeared on her hands, then gradually spread to her limbs and torso, with crusting of the oldest lesions. Parents deny complications during pregnancy and delivery. The mother of the patient was diagnosed with incontinentia pigmenti as a child. Physical examination revealed a calm, well-developed, and well-nourished infant with multiple vesicles in a linear and Blaschkoid pattern with underlying erythema to all 4 extremities and a few scattered lesions to the back, scalp, and right labia majora (Figure  ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Daniel C. Glade, Amreen Z. Sitabkhan, Sandra S. Osswald Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Implications of late adiposity rebound
The increased risk of obesity with early adiposity rebound is well documented, but the clinical significance of late adiposity rebound is not fully understood.1-3 Moon concluded that late adiposity rebound ( ≥7 years of age) was significantly associated with a decreased risk of obesity and an increased probability of reversing obesity among kindergarteners.4 Thus, in considering the transition of the risk of obesity during early childhood, the progress of late adiposity rebound is important.4 (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Osamu Arisaka, Go Ichikawa, George Imataka, Satomi Koyama, Toshimi Sairenchi Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Reply
Although early adiposity rebound has been closely linked to the risk of obesity, the same is not true for late adiposity rebound. My study suggested that late adiposity rebound was also closely —and inversely—associated with future obesity. Arisaka et al reported that children with late adiposity rebound also experienced puberty at a later age and that their lipid profiles showed a less atherogenic pattern than their peers with early adiposity rebound, indicating that maturation and m etabolic health were associated with not only “early” but also “late” adiposity rebound. (Source: T...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Rena C. Moon Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Tongue Discoloration in a Young Girl
A 12-year-old girl presented with an asymptomatic pigmentation on her tongue of 8  months' duration. Examination revealed multiple discrete tan-brown pinhead papules on the anterolateral aspect and tip of the dorsum of her tongue, representing fungiform papillae (Figure, A). There was no other mucocutaneous or systemic involvement. Routine laboratory investigations were unremark able. Dermoscopy (DermLite DL4, polarized mode with 10× magnification; 3Gen, San Juan Capistrano, California) revealed ovoid hyperpigmented projections with dichotomized vessels originating at its base, giving the appearance of “ro...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Abheek Sil, Avik Panigrahi, Dibyendu Bikash Bhanja Tags: Rediscovering the Physical Exam Source Type: research

Necrotizing Enterocolitis: Updates on Morbidity and Mortality Outcomes
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a well-described condition, primarily affecting infants born premature, that continues to burden healthcare systems with associated morbidities and mortality. Although the pathophysiology of NEC remains incompletely understood, NEC is known to cause an inflammatory bowel necrosis, with infants at risk for developing myriad clinical sequelae, including neurodevelopment impairment, short bowel syndrome with or without intestinal failure (IF), intestinal structuring, and cholestatic liver disease driven by chronic parenteral nutrition (PN) use and the inflammatory cascade. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 16, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Colleen Flahive, Amy Schlegel, Ethan A. Mezoff Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Illicit Drug Exposures in Young Pediatric Patients Reported to the National Poison Data System, 2006-2016
This retrospective review of poison center calls found that there were 9122 illicit drug exposures reported in children (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jessica Graham, Jan Leonard, Shireen Banerji, George Sam Wang Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Clinically Asymptomatic Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Infants with Single-Ventricle Physiology
To assess clinically asymptomatic infants with single-ventricle physiology (SVP) for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in the supine and car seat positions using polysomnography. Polysomnography results also were compared with results of a standard Car Seat Challenge to measure the dependability of the standard Car Seat Challenge. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Robyn W. Stamm, Brandon M. Henry, Hemant Sawnani, Narong Simakajornboon, Geoffrey Rulong, Nicholas J. Ollberding, Samuel P. Hanke, Thomas J. Dye, David S. Cooper Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Three-Variate Longitudinal Patterns of Metabolic Control, Body Mass Index, and Insulin Dose during Puberty in a Type 1 Diabetes Cohort: A Group-Based Multitrajectory Analysis
To analyze the interrelationship of metabolic control, age- and sex-adjusted body mass index, and daily insulin dose and to identify heterogeneous multivariate developmental curves from childhood to young adulthood in a large cohort of children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Anke Schwandt, Oliver Kuss, Desiree Dunstheimer, Beate Karges, Thomas Kapellen, Thomas Meissner, Michael Witsch, Monika Flury, Stefanie Straubinger, Reinhard W. Holl, Diabetes-Patienten-Verlaufsdokumentation (DPV) Initiative Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Dysbiosis Signatures of Fecal Microbiota in South African Infants with Respiratory, Gastrointestinal, and Other Diseases
To determine the association between the fecal microbiota diversity of the infants with different disease conditions, and vitamin A supplementation, antibiotic, and deworming therapies. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Srinivasan Krishnamoorthy, Vinet Coetzee, Johanita Kruger, Hanneke Potgieter, Elna M. Buys Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Is It Time for a Randomized Controlled Trial of Hypothermia for Mild Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy?
The time is right to perform a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of neuroprotection for neonates with mild hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). According to published reports, more than 600 infants with mild HIE have undergone hypothermia at 33.5 °C for 72 hours.1-6 Data on neuroimaging findings following cooling for mild HIE from these reports are now becoming available. Depending on the cohort evaluated, whether retrospective or prospective, and whether infants received cooling or not, 11%-40% of infants with mild HIE have brain injury a nd watershed injury is seen more frequently than basal ganglia or thalamu...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sanjay Chawla, Sara V. Bates, Seetha Shankaran Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

A Cross-Sectional Study of Caregiver Perceptions of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection: Knowledge and Attitudes about Screening
To understand caregiver knowledge of and attitudes toward congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) testing in Utah. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - January 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Marissa L. Diener, Kevin Shi, Albert H. Park Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research