Diabetes remission after bariatric surgery is characterized by high glycemic variability and high oxidative stress
To evaluate glycemic variability (GV) and oxidative stress in patients who achieved type 2 diabetes (T2DM) remission after bariatric surgery (BS). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 18, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Nosso, R. Lupoli, G. Saldalamacchia, E. Griffo, M. Cotugno, G. Costabile, G. Riccardi, B. Capaldo Source Type: research

A systematic review on the relations between pasta consumption and cardio-metabolic risk factors
The traditional Italian dish pasta is major food source of starch with low glycemic index (GI), and also an important low-GI component of the Mediterranean diet. This systematic review aimed at assessing comprehensively and in-depth the potential benefit of pasta on cardio-metabolic disease risk factors. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 18, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Huang, J. Li, M.-A. Ha, G. Riccardi, S. Liu Tags: Review Source Type: research

Replacement therapy with levothyroxine modulates platelet activation in recent-onset post-thyroidectomy subclinical hypothyroidism
In this study, we analyzed the relationship between thyroid hormones and circulating levels of sCD40L and 8-iso-PGF2α in patient with recent-onset post-thyroidectomy subclinical hypothyroidism under replacement therapy. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Desideri, R. Bocale, A. D'Amore, S. Necozione, M. Boscherini, G. Carnassale, A. Barini, A. Barini, R. Bellantone, C.P. Lombardi Source Type: research

Branched-chain amino acid catabolism rather than amino acids plasma concentrations is associated with diet-induced changes in insulin resistance in overweight to obese individuals
3-hydroxyisobutyrate (3-HIB), a catabolic intermediate of the BCAA valine, which stimulates muscle fatty acid uptake, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. We tested the hypothesis that circulating 3-HIB herald insulin resistance and that metabolic improvement with weight loss are related to changes in BCAAs and 3-HIB. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Haufe, S. Engeli, J. Kaminski, H. Witt, D. Rein, B. Kamlage, W. Utz, J.C. Fuhrmann, V. Haas, A. M ähler, J. Schulz-Menger, F.C. Luft, M. Boschmann, J. Jordan Source Type: research

Replacement therapy with levothyroxine modulates platelet activation in recently onset post-thyroidectomy subclinical hypothyroidism
Subclinical hypothyroidism has been linked to increased risk of atherosclerotic disease. Soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), mainly derived from activated platelets, and the lipid peroxidation product 8-iso-prostaglandin F2 α (8-iso-PGF2α) are known to play a relevant pathophysiological role in atherogenesis. Herein we analyzed the relationship between thyroid hormones and circulating levels of sCD40L and 8-iso-PGF2α in patient with recently onset post-thyroidectomy subclinical hypothyroidism under replacement thera py. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Giovambattista Desideri, Raffaella Bocale, Annamaria D ’Amore, Stefano Necozione, Mauro Boscherini, Giulia Carnassale, Angelina Barini, Antonella Barini, Rocco Bellantone, Celestino Pio Lombardi Source Type: research

Platelet indices and glucose control in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus: A case-control study
The relationship between platelet indices and glucose control may differ in type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 (T2DM) diabetes. We aimed to investigate differences in mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet count, and platelet mass between patients with T1DM, T2DM, and healthy controls and to explore associations between these platelet indices and glucose control. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: F. Zaccardi, B. Rocca, A. Rizzi, A. Ciminello, L. Teofili, G. Ghirlanda, V. De Stefano, D. Pitocco Source Type: research

Associations between dietary salt, potassium and blood pressure in  South African adults: WHO SAGE Wave 2 Salt & Tobacco
In June 2016, South Africa implemented legislation mandating maximum sodium levels in a range of processed foods with a goal of reducing population salt intake and disease burden from hypertension. Our aim was to explore the relationship between salt and blood pressure (BP) in a subsample of the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) Wave 2 before implementation of legislation in South Africa. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: L.J. Ware, K. Charlton, A.E. Schutte, M. Cockeran, N. Naidoo, P. Kowal Source Type: research

High intake of dietary advanced glycation end-products is associated with increased arterial stiffness and inflammation in subjects with type 2 diabetes
Modern diets are high in advanced glycation end-products (dAGEs), derived from processing methods, exerting a pivotal role in promoting atherosclerotic risk. In this cross-sectional study we investigate the relationship between dAGE intake, arterial stiffness, inflammatory profile and macronutrient composition, in subjects with type 2 diabetes without overt cardiovascular disease. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Di Pino, W. Currenti, F. Urbano, R. Scicali, S. Piro, F. Purrello, A.M. Rabuazzo Source Type: research

Visceral adiposity index and 10-year Cardiovascular Disease incidence: the ATTICA Study
/Aims: Visceral adiposity index (VAI) has been proposed as a marker of visceral adipose tissue accumulation/dysfunction. Our aim was to evaluate potential associations between the VAI and the 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Georgia-Maria Kouli, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos, Ioannis Kyrou, Ekavi N. Georgousopoulou, Christina Chrysohoou, Constantine Tsigos, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christos Pitsavos Source Type: research

Platelet indices and glucose control in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus: a case –control study
The relationship between platelet indices and glucose control may differ in type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 (T2DM) diabetes. We aimed to investigate differences in the mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet count, and platelet mass among patients with T1DM, T2DM, and healthy controls and to explore associations between these platelet indices and glucose control. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: F. Zaccardi, B. Rocca, A. Rizzi, A. Ciminello, L. Teofili, G. Ghirlanda, V. De Stefano, D. Pitocco Source Type: research

Associations between dietary salt, potassium and blood pressure in South African adults: WHO SAGE Wave 2 Salt & Tobacco
In June 2016, South Africa implemented legislation mandating maximum sodium levels in a range of processed foods with a goal of reducing population salt intake and disease burden from hypertension. Our aim was to explore the relationship between salt and blood pressure (BP) in a subsample of the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) Wave 2 before implementation of legislation in South Africa. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: L.J. Ware, K. Charlton, A.E. Schutte, M. Cockeran, N. Naidoo, P. Kowal Source Type: research

Sagittal abdominal diameter predicts cardiovascular events
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: H.S. Kahn Source Type: research

Effects of early overnutrition on the renal response to Ang II and expression of RAAS components in rat renal tissue
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of early overnutrition (EON) on the expression of the renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) components in renal cortex, renal arteries and renal perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT), as well as the vascular response of renal arteries to Angiotensin II (Ang II). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Granado, S. Amor, N. Fern ández, G. Carreño-Tarragona, M.C. Iglesias-Cruz, B. Martín-Carro, L. Monge, A.L. García-Villalón Source Type: research

Single-species versus Dual-species Probiotic Supplementation as an Emerging Therapeutic Strategy for Obesity; Focus on Molecular and Biochemical Mechanisms
Recent studies have reported beneficial effects of specific probiotics on obesity. However, the difference in anti-obesity effects of probiotics as single species and dual species is still uncertain. Therefore, we aimed to compare the efficacy of single and dual species of bacteria on markers of obesity in high fat diet-induced obese rats. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Golgis Karimi, Rosita Jamaluddin, Norhafizah Mohtarrudin, Zuraini Ahmad, Huzwah Khazaai, Maria Parvaneh Source Type: research

Seasonality of sodium and potassium consumption in Switzerland. Data from three cross-sectional, population-based studies
Blood pressure displays a seasonal pattern. Whether this pattern is related to high sodium and/or low potassium intakes has not been investigated. We assessed if sodium and potassium consumption present a seasonal pattern. We also simulated the impact of seasonality of sodium consumption on systolic blood pressure levels. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 3, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: H. Marti-Soler, C. Pommier, M. Bochud, I. Guessous, B. Ponte, M. Pruijm, D. Ackermann, V. Forni Ogna, F. Paccaud, M. Burnier, A. Pech ère-Bertschi, Swiss Survey on Salt Group, O. Devuyst, P. Marques-Vidal Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A new index to simplify the screening of hypertension in overweight or obese youth
Hypertension (HTH) is a frequent complication in pediatric obesity. To simplify the screening of HTH in overweight/obese (Ow/Ob) youth, we compared the performance of a new index (High Blood Pressure index, HBPi) with respect to the standard criteria of the IV Report [systolic BP (SBP) and/or diastolic BP (DBP) ≥95th percentile for age, gender and height]. We also compared the performance of HBPi with other simplified indices such as the BP/height ratio and the absolute height-specific BP thresholds. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 30, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: P. Di Bonito, G. Valerio, L. Pacifico, C. Chiesa, C. Invitti, A. Morandi, C. Maffeis, M.R. Licenziati, M. Manco, E. Miraglia del Giudice, M.G. Baroni, S. Loche, G. Tornese, M. Tomat, G. de Simone, the CARITALY Study group Source Type: research

Cholesterol lowering treatment restores blood global DNA methylation in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by increased oxidative stress (OS). In consideration of the well-known link between OS and DNA methylation we assessed DNA methylcytosine (mCyt) concentrations in CKD patients at baseline and during cholesterol lowering treatment. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 28, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Angelo Zinellu, Salvatore Sotgia, Elisabetta Sotgiu, Stefano Assaretti, Angela Baralla, Arduino A. Mangoni, Andrea E. Satta, Ciriaco Carru Source Type: research

Impact of polymorphism rs7041 and rs4588 of Vitamin D Binding Protein on the extent of coronary artery disease
25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency represents a widespread social problem but also an emerging risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Genetic variants of the Vitamin D Binding Protein (VDBP), the main transporter of vitamin D in the bloodstream, have been shown to account for a significant variability in the levels and systemic effects of vitamin D. We investigated whether the single nucleotide polymorphisms, rs7041 and rs4588, of VDBP are associated to the prevalence and extent of coronary artery disease. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 24, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Veronica Daffara, Monica Verdoia, Roberta Rolla, Matteo Nardin, Paolo Marino, Giorgio Bellomo, Alessandro Carriero, Giuseppe De Luca, the Novara Atherosclerosis Study Group (NAS) Source Type: research

Italian national guidelines for the screening of gestational diabetes: time for a critical appraisal?
In 2011, the Italian National Health System guidelines introduced a selective screening for gestational diabetes (GDM) based on risk factors, recommending early evaluation in high risk women. The present study examined to which extent guidelines are applied and analyzed the effectiveness of GDM diagnosis according to risk profile. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 22, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cristina Bianchi, Giovanni de Gennaro, Matilde Romano, Lorella Battini, Michele Aragona, Marisa Corfini, Stefano Del Prato, Alessandra Bertolotto Source Type: research

Fluidity of the dietary fatty acid profile and risk of coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke: results from the EPIC-Netherlands cohort study
The fluidity of dietary fatty acids consumed has been suggested to inversely affect coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Lipophilic index (LI) represents overall fluidity of the dietary fatty acid profile. Lipophilic load (LL) represents a combination of overall fluidity and absolute intake of dietary fatty acids. We investigated the relations of dietary LI and LL with risk of CHD and ischemic stroke (iStroke). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: I. Sluijs, J. Praagman, J.M.A. Boer, W.M.M. Verschuren, Y.T. van der Schouw Source Type: research

Intensive lifestyle intervention is particularly advantageous in poorly controlled type 2 diabetes
It is unknown whether lifestyle change is effective in people with type 2 diabetes with inadequate glucose control. The aim of this study was to asses, in a group of people with type 2 diabetes, the impact of baseline values of glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) on the effects of an intensive lifestyle intervention on metabolic, clinical and strength parameters. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: E. Sbroma Tomaro, R. Pippi, E. Reginato, C. Aiello, L. Buratta, C. Mazzeschi, C. Perrone, C. Ranucci, A. Tirimagni, A. Russo, C. Fatone, C. Fanelli, P. De Feo Source Type: research

Low-grade endotoxemia, gut permeability and platelet activation in patients with impaired fasting glucose
impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease but the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Aim of the study was to investigate the interplay between platelet activation, lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and markers of oxidative stress in patients with IFG and control subjects. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 19, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: R. Carnevale, D. Pastori, C. Nocella, V. Cammisotto, F. Baratta, M. Del Ben, F. Angelico, S. Sciarretta, S. Bartimoccia, M. Novo, G. Targher, F. Violi Source Type: research

Physical activity and blood pressure in 10,000 Mediterranean adults: The EPIC-Florence cohort
The relevant role of physical activity (PA) in cardiovascular risk prevention is widely agreed. We aimed to evaluate, in a large Mediterranean population, the influence of PA on systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), taking into account individual characteristics and lifestyle habits. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 15, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Masala, B. Bendinelli, D. Occhini, R.M. Bruno, S. Caini, C. Saieva, A. Ungar, L. Ghiadoni, D. Palli Source Type: research

Physical activity and blood pressure in 10,000 Mediterranean adults: the EPIC-Florence cohort.
The relevant role of physical activity (PA) in cardiovascular risk prevention is widely agreed. We aimed to evaluate, in a large Mediterranean population, the influence of PA on systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), taking into account individual characteristics and lifestyle habits. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 15, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Masala, B. Bendinelli, D. Occhini, R.M. Bruno, S. Caini, C. Saieva, A. Ungar, L. Ghiadoni, D. Palli Source Type: research

Lower risk of progression from prediabetes to diabetes with health checkup with lifestyle education: Japan Ningen Dock Study
To investigate whether the progression from prediabetes to diabetes is lower among those who undertake Ningen Dock (comprehensive health checkups with lifestyle education and doctor ’s consultation) than those who undertake basic mandatory occupational health checkups. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 15, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: R. Okada, K. Tsushita, K. Wakai, Y. Ishizaka, K. Kato, T. Wada, K. Watanabe Source Type: research

Associations of Tissue Transglutaminase Antibody Seropositivity with Coronary Heart Disease: Findings from a Prospective Cohort Study
Clinical experience and observational studies suggest that individuals with coeliac disease are at increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), but the precise mechanism for this is unclear. Laboratory studies suggest that it may relate to tissue transglutaminase antibodies (tTGAs). Our aim was to examine whether seropositivity for tTGA and endomysial antibodies (EMAs) are associated with incident CHD in humans. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 15, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Katriina Heikkila, Harri Rissanen, Markku Heli övaara, Paul Knekt, Markku Mäki, Katri Kaukinen Source Type: research

Sun exposure influences the prognostic power of components of mineral metabolism in patients with coronary artery disease
Calcidiol (vitamin D metabolite) plasma levels vary with sun exposure (SE). However, it is not known if SE influences its prognostic ability. We have studied the effect of SE on plasma levels of the components of mineral metabolism (calcidiol, fibroblast growth factor-23 [FGF-23], parathormone [PTH], and phosphate [P]) and on their prognostic value in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 15, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Ace ña, J.A. Franco-Peláez, C. Gutierrez-Landaluce, A.M. Pello, C. Cristóbal, N. Tarín, A. Huelmos, R. Carda, M.L. Martín-Mariscal, J. Alonso, E. González-Parra, M.L. González-Casaus, Óscar Lorenzo, Lorenzo López Bescós, Jesús Egido, José T Source Type: research

Opposite effects of β2-adrenoceptor gene deletion on insulin signaling in liver and skeletal muscle
β2-Adrenoceptors (β2-ARs) are G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) expressed in the major insulin target tissues. The interplay between β2-AR and insulin pathways is involved in the maintenance of glucose homeostasis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 14, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ersilia Cipolletta, Carmine Del Giudice, Gaetano Santulli, Bruno Trimarco, Guido Iaccarino Source Type: research

Is low iodine a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in Americans without thyroid dysfunction? Findings from NHANES
This study examined the association between urine iodine levels and presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and stroke in adults without thyroid dysfunction. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 14, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: H.V. Tran, N.A. Erskine, C.I. Kiefe, B.A. Barton, K.L. Lapane, V.T.H. Do, R.J. Goldberg Source Type: research

The PREDIMED trial, Mediterranean diet and health outcomes: How strong is the evidence?
We address potential controversies on the health benefits of the MedDiet after PREDIMED, a randomized trial of Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) for primary cardiovascular prevention. We have focused on: a) the PREDIMED study design, b) analysis of PREDIMED data and c) interpretation of its results. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Guasch-Ferr é, J. Salas-Salvadó, E. Ros, R. Estruch, D. Corella, M. Fitó, M.A. Martínez-González, the PREDIMED Investigators, F. Arós, E. Gómez-Gracia, M. Fiol, J. Lapetra, R.M. Lamuela-Raventos, J. Tur, J.A. Martinez, L. Serra-Majem, X. Pintó Source Type: research

Novel Atherogenic Pathways from the Differential Transcriptome Analysis of Diabetic Epicardial Adipose Tissue
To evaluate the epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) transcriptome in comparison to subcutaneous fat (SAT) in coronary artery disease (CAD) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Vladimir Camarena, David Sant, Mahshid Mohseni, Tomas Salerno, Megan L. Zaleski, Gaofeng Wang, Gianluca Iacobellis Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Self-reported adherence to diet and preferences towards type of meal plan in patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
In this study, we aimed to evaluate: i) the self-reported adherence of T2DM patients to the prescribed diets; ii) the use of other types of diet schemes; iii) the patients ’ preferences towards the type of meal plans. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: V. Ponzo, R. Rosato, E. Tarsia, I. Goitre, F. De Michieli, M. Fadda, T. Monge, A. Pezzana, F. Broglio, S. Bo Source Type: research

The long-term relationship between dietary pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) intake and C-reactive protein concentration in adults aged 40 years and older
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the long-term relationship of PA intake to CRP concentration in healthy adults aged 40 years or older living in a rural area of South Korea. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sukyoung Jung, Mi Kyung Kim, Bo Youl Choi Source Type: research

Epicardial Fat Thickness Correlates with P-wave Duration, Left Atrial Size and Decreased Left Ventricular Systolic Function in Morbid Obesity.
Epicardial fat (EF) is increased in obese and has important interactions with atrial and ventricular myocardium. Most of the evidence in this scenario can be confused by the presence of comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia, which are very common in this population. The influence of EF on atrial remodeling and cardiac function demands further investigation on morbidly obese without these comorbidities. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ac ácio Fernandes Cardoso, Meive Santos Furtado, José Grindler, Leandro Augusto Ferreira, José Lázaro Andrade, Marco Aurélio Santo Source Type: research

Carotid plaque instability is not related to quantity but to elemental composition of calcification
In this study we investigated the relationship between the chemical composition of calcification and atherosclerotic plaque stability in carotid arteries. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 30, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Bischetti, M. Scimeca, E. Bonanno, M. Federici, L. Anemona, R. Menghini, S. Casella, M. Cardellini, A. Ippoliti, A. Mauriello Source Type: research

Carotid plaque unstability is not related to quantity but to elemental composition of calcification
In this study we investigated the relationship between the chemical composition of calcification and atherosclerotic plaque stability in carotid arteries. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 30, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Bischetti, M. Scimeca, E. Bonanno, M. Federici, L. Anemona, R. Menghini, S. Casella, M. Cardellini, A. Ippoliti, A. Mauriello Source Type: research

Maternal Pre-gravid Cardiometabolic Health and Infant Birthweight: A Prospective Pre-conception Cohort Study
Both low birthweight and high birthweight have been associated with the development of cardiometabolic disease in adulthood, possibly reflecting the effect of intrauterine fetal programming. As developmental programming can begin before conception, pre-gravid factors that predict birthweight may be relevant in this context. However, little is known about such factors. Thus, we established a pre-conception cohort to identify maternal pre-gravid cardiometabolic determinants of infant birthweight. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: R. Retnakaran, S.W. Wen, H. Tan, S. Zhou, C. Ye, M. Shen, G.N. Smith, M.C. Walker Source Type: research

Impact of dietary intake, lifestyle and biochemical factors on metabolic health in obese adolescents
- Obesity devoid of metabolic abnormalities is known as metabolically healthy obesity (MHO). The aim of the study was to examine determinants of MHO at adolescence. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 15, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: I. Aldhoon-Hainerov á, V. Hainer, H. Zamrazilová Source Type: research

Contribution of dietary amino acids composition to incidence of cardiovascular outcomes: A prospective population-based study
Considering the limited data on cardiovascular effects of dietary amino acid intakes, we assessed possible association of dietary amino acids with the risk of cardiovascular (CVD) events in a prospective population-based study. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 15, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Parvin Mirmiran, Zahra Bahadoran, Asghar Ghasemi, Fereidoun Azizi Source Type: research

Muscular Fitness, adherence to the Southern European Atlantic Diet and cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents
Muscular fitness and an adherence to the Southern European Atlantic Diet (SEADiet) have been inversely associated with cardiometabolic risk. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 11, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: C ésar Agostinis-Sobrinho, Sandra Abreu, Carla Moreira, Luís Lopes, Antonio García-Hermoso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos Source Type: research

Is there a connection between postprandial hyperglycemia and IGT related sensory nerve dysfunction?
To assess the risk factors for sensory nerve dysfunction in subjects with isolated impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 11, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: N. N émeth, Z. Putz, I. Istenes, A.E. Körei, O.E. Vági, M. Kempler, R. Gandhi, G. Jermendy, S. Tesfaye, Á.G. Tabák, P. Kempler Source Type: research

Metformin effects on the heart and the cardiovascular system: A  review of experimental and clinical data
Metformin, the eldest and most widely used glucose lowering drug, is likely to be effective also on cardiac and vascular disease prevention. Nonetheless, uncertainty still exists with regard to its effects on the cardiovascular system as a whole and specifically on the myocardium, both at the organ and cellular levels. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: L. Nesti, A. Natali Tags: Review Source Type: research

Metformin effects on the heart and the cardiovascular system: a review of experimental and clinical data
Metformin, the eldest and most widely used glucose lowering drug, is likely to be effective also on cardiac and vascular disease prevention. Nonetheless, uncertainty still exists with regard to its effects on the cardiovascular system as a whole and specifically on the myocardium, either at the organ and cellular level. We reviewed the available data on the cardiac and vascular effects of metformin, encompassing both in vitro, either tissue or isolated organ, and in vivo studies in experimental animals and humans, as well as the evidence generated by major clinical trials. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 10, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lorenzo Nesti, Andrea Natali Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 28, 2017 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Compliance in weight control reduces atrial fibrillation worsening: a retrospective cohort study
Obesity plays a dominant role in the etiology of Atrial Fibrillation (AF) and the maintenance of a normal BMI seems preventing and even reducing the incidence of the arrhythmia ’s recurrence. We selected 270 patients (pts) to assess whether this therapeutic effect was statistically significant even in Mediterranean patients. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: F. Fioravanti, D. Brisinda, A.R. Sorbo, G. Lombardi, L. La Brocca, R. Fenici Source Type: research

Adiposity as a Full Mediator of the Influence of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Inflammation in Schoolchildren: The FUPRECOL Study
Studies in the paediatric population have shown inconsistent associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and inflammation independently of adiposity. The purpose of this study was (i) to analyse the combined association of cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and (ii) to determine whether adiposity acts as a mediator on the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and hs-CRP in children and adolescents. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Garcia-Hermoso, C. Agostinis-Sobrinho, J. Mota, R. Santos, J.E. Correa-Bautista, R. Ram írez-Vélez Source Type: research

Does fitness improve the cardiovascular risk profile in obese subjects?
Good cardiorespiratory fitness has been suggested to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in obesity. We explored the association of fitness with the prevalences of major cardiovascular risk factor like hypertension (HT), diabetes and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in overweight and obese subjects. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: H. Halland, M.T. L ønnebakken, S. Saeed, H. Midtbø, D. Cramariuc, E. Gerdts Source Type: research

Hemorheological alterations in adults with prediabetes identified by hemoglobin A1c levels
A link between increased blood viscosity and type 2 diabetes has been previously reported. Herein, we investigated the association of blood viscosity with prediabetes, identified by glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) according to the new American Diabetes Association criteria, and subclinical atherosclerosis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.A. Marini, T.V. Fiorentino, F. Andreozzi, G.C. Mannino, E. Succurro, A. Sciacqua, F. Perticone, G. Sesti Source Type: research