Higher protein intake is associated with increased risk for incident end-stage renal disease among blacks with diabetes in the Southern Community Cohort Study
Diabetes, a risk factor for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is associated with impaired protein metabolism. We investigated whether protein intake is associated with ESRD and whether the risk is higher among blacks with diabetes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 21, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: R. Malhotra, K.L. Cavanaugh, W.J. Blot, T.A. Ikizler, L. Lipworth, E.K. Kabagambe Source Type: research

Dietary fat intake modifies the influence of the FTO rs9939609 polymorphism on adiposity in adolescents; the HELENA cross-sectional study
The fat mass and obesity associated gene (FTO) has been associated with obesity and dietary intake. The aims were: (i) To assess whether energy and macronutrient intakes were different across the FTO rs9939609 genotypes in adolescents, and (ii) to explore whether dietary fat intake modified the association of the rs9939609 polymorphism with adiposity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 21, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: I. Labayen, J.R. Ruiz, I. Huybrechts, F.B. Ortega, L. Arenaza, M. Gonz ález-Gross, K. Widhalm, D. Molnar, Y. Manios, S. DeHenauw, A. Meirhaegue, L.A. Moreno Source Type: research

Hypolipidemic drugs in elderly subjects: Indications and limits
Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death worldwide. Safety and efficacy of lipid lowering therapy have been clearly established for either primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events in adults. Nevertheless, the use of hypolipidemic drugs in elderly individuals, especially in the oldest ones, still raises some concerns. Aim of this paper is to review indications and limits of lipid lowering in advanced age, furnishing a practical medical attitude tempered by clinical and geriatric competences. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 21, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Katia Gazzola, Giovanni B. Vigna Tags: Review Source Type: research

Higher protein intake is associated with increased risk for incident end-stage renal disease among blacks with diabetes in the Southern Community Cohort Study
Diabetes, a risk factor for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is associated with impaired protein metabolism. We investigated whether protein intake is associated with ESRD and whether the risk is higher among blacks with diabetes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 21, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: R. Malhotra, K.L. Cavanaugh, W.J. Blot, T.A. Ikizler, L. Lipworth, E.K. Kabagambe Source Type: research

Dietary fat intake modifies the influence of the FTO rs9939609 polymorphism on adiposity in adolescents; the HELENA cross-sectional study
The fat mass and obesity associated gene (FTO) has been associated with obesity and dietary intake. The aims were: (i) To assess whether energy and macronutrient intakes were different across the FTO rs9939609 genotypes in adolescents, and (ii) to explore whether dietary fat intake modified the association of the rs9939609 polymorphism with adiposity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 21, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: I. Labayen, J.R. Ruiz, I. Huybrechts, F.B. Ortega, L. Arenaza, M. Gonz ález-Gross, K. Widhalm, D. Molnar, Y. Manios, S. DeHenauw, A. Meirhaegue, L.A. Moreno Source Type: research

The Association of Calcium Supplementation and Incident Cardiovascular Events in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
In this study, we examined associations between baseline calcium supplement use and incident myocardial infarction (MI) (n=208 events) and CVD events (n=641 events) over 10.3 years in men and women from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) cohort (n=6,236), with dietary calcium intake at baseline also examined as a supplementary objective. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 14, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: L.M. Raffield, S. Agarwal, F.C. Hsu, I.H. de Boer, J.H. Ix, D. Siscovick, M. Szklo, G.L. Burke, A.C. Frazier-Wood, D.M. Herrington Source Type: research

Baseline metabolic disturbances and the twenty-five years risk of incident cancer in a Mediterranean population.
Obesity is predictive of metabolic syndrome (metS), type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular (CV) disease and cancer. The aim of the study is to assess the risk of incident cancer connected to obesity and metS in a Mediterranean population characterized by a high prevalence of obesity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 12, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: D. Noto, A.B. Cefal ù, C.M. Barbagallo, A. Ganci, G. Cavera, F. Fayer, O. Palesano, R. Spina, V. Valenti, G.I. Altieri, R. Caldarella, A. Giammanco, R. Termini, M. Burrascano, G. Crupi, A. Falletta, V. Scafidi, D. Sbordone, F. La Seta, M.R. Averna, the V Source Type: research

Challenges to the mediterranean diet at a time of economic crisis
The traditional Mediterranean diet is reportedly associated with lower risk of major chronic diseases and long considered to contribute to the reduced rates of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events and to the highest life expectancy in adults who lived near the Mediterranean Sea.But despite its widely documented health benefits, adherence to this pattern has been rapidly declining over the last decades and a clear socioeconomic pattern has been established. According to ecological evidence, the Mediterranean Countries that used to have the highest adherence to the Mediterranean pattern in the Sixties more recently expe...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 12, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marialaura Bonaccio, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello Tags: Review Source Type: research

Baseline metabolic disturbances and the twenty-five years risk of incident cancer in a Mediterranean population.
Obesity is predictive of metabolic syndrome (metS), type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular (CV) disease and cancer. The aim of the study is to assess the risk of incident cancer connected to obesity and metS in a Mediterranean population characterized by a high prevalence of obesity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 12, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: D. Noto, A.B. Cefalù, C.M. Barbagallo, A. Ganci, G. Cavera, F. Fayer, O. Palesano, R. Spina, V. Valenti, G.I. Altieri, R. Caldarella, A. Giammanco, R. Termini, M. Burrascano, G. Crupi, A. Falletta, V. Scafidi, D. Sbordone, F. La Seta, M.R. Averna, the Ve Source Type: research

Challenges to the mediterranean diet at a time of economic crisis
The traditional Mediterranean diet is reportedly associated with lower risk of major chronic diseases and long considered to contribute to the reduced rates of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events and to the highest life expectancy in adults who lived near the Mediterranean Sea.But despite its widely documented health benefits, adherence to this pattern has been rapidly declining over the last decades and a clear socioeconomic pattern has been established. According to ecological evidence, the Mediterranean Countries that used to have the highest adherence to the Mediterranean pattern in the Sixties more recently expe...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 12, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marialaura Bonaccio, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello Tags: Review Source Type: research

Physical fitness as a mediator between objectively measured physical activity and clustered metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents: the UP & DOWN study.
The extent to which physical fitness (PF) attenuates or modifies the association between physical activity (PA) and clustered metabolic syndrome risk factors (CMetSRF) is controversial. We aimed: i) To examine the independent and combined association of objectively measured PA and PF with CMetSRF in children and adolescents; ii) To test the mediating effect of PF in the association of PA with CMetSRF. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 11, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: V íctor Segura-Jiménez, Fernando Parrilla-Moreno, Jorge del Rosario Fernández-Santos, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, David Martínez-Gómez, Ascensión Marcos, José Castro-Piñero Source Type: research

Association between a Dietary Carbohydrate Index and Cardiovascular Disease in the Sun (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) project
We examined the association between a carbohydrate quality index (CQI) and the risk of CVD. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 11, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: I. Zazpe, S. Santiago, A. Gea, M. Ruiz-Canela, S. Carlos, M. Bes-Rastrollo, M.A. Mart ínez-González Source Type: research

Lp(a) and cardiovascular risk: investigating the hidden side of the moon
This article reports current evidence on the association between Lp(a) and cardiovascular (CV) disease and on pathophysiological mechanisms. The available information on therapy for reduction of lipoprotein(a) is also discussed. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 11, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marco Bucci, Claudio Tana, Maria Adele Giamberardino, Francesco Cipollone Tags: Review Source Type: research

Genitourinary infections in diabetic patients in the new era of diabetes therapy with sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors
To review prevalence and significance of urinary tract (UTI) and genital infections (GI) in diabetes and the effects of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors on these complications. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 11, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marco Rizzi, Roberto Trevisan Tags: Review Source Type: research

Physical fitness as a mediator between objectively measured physical activity and clustered metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents: the UP&DOWN study.
The extent to which physical fitness (PF) attenuates or modifies the association between physical activity (PA) and clustered metabolic syndrome risk factors (CMetSRF) is controversial. We aimed: i) To examine the independent and combined association of objectively measured PA and PF with CMetSRF in children and adolescents; ii) To test the mediating effect of PF in the association of PA with CMetSRF. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 11, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Víctor Segura-Jiménez, Fernando Parrilla-Moreno, Jorge del Rosario Fernández-Santos, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, David Martínez-Gómez, Ascensión Marcos, José Castro-Piñero Source Type: research

Association between a Dietary Carbohydrate Index and Cardiovascular Disease in the Sun (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) project
We examined the association between a carbohydrate quality index (CQI) and the risk of CVD. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 11, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: I. Zazpe, S. Santiago, A. Gea, M. Ruiz-Canela, S. Carlos, M. Bes-Rastrollo, M.A. Martínez-González Source Type: research

Lp(a) and cardiovascular risk: investigating the hidden side of the moon
This article reports current evidence on the association between Lp(a) and cardiovascular (CV) disease and on pathophysiological mechanisms. The available information on therapy for reduction of lipoprotein(a) is also discussed. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 11, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marco Bucci, Claudio Tana, Maria Adele Giamberardino, Francesco Cipollone Tags: Review Source Type: research

Genitourinary infections in diabetic patients in the new era of diabetes therapy with sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors
To review prevalence and significance of urinary tract (UTI) and genital infections (GI) in diabetes and the effects of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors on these complications. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 11, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marco Rizzi, Roberto Trevisan Tags: Review Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 3, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Comments on “Impact of lifestyle interventions on depressive symptoms in individuals at-risk of, or with, type 2 diabetes mellitus: Clinical importance of lifestyle interventions”
We were interested to read the paper by Cezaretto A and colleagues published in Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis in Apr 2016 [1]. The authors aimed to evaluate the influence of lifestyle interventions on depressive symptoms scores in individuals at risk of or with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). They found that totally standardized mean difference (95% CI) in depression scores between control and intervention groups was −0.165 (−0.265, −0.064) and when limited to individuals with T2DM it was −0.202 (−0.288, −0.079) [1]. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Sani, E. Ayubi Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Comment on “Costs associated with emergency care and hospitalization for severe hypoglycemia”
Hypoglycemia is an urgent problem in diabetic patients because of an increased rate of deaths and comorbidities, especially in patients on insulin and secretagogue treatments [1]. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Bonaventura, F. Montecucco, F. Dallegri Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Comment on G. Veronese and colleagues. Costs associated with emergency care and hospitalization for severe hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia is an urgent problem in diabetic patients because of an increased rate of deaths and comorbidities, especially in patients on insulin and secretagogue treatments [1]. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Bonaventura, F. Montecucco, F. Dallegri Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on glucose homeostasis in type 2 diabetic patients
Literature data suggest an association between Helicobacter pylori infection and glucose homeostasis. However, a causative link between them has not been demonstrated yet. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on glucose homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: A.R. Bonfigli, M. Boemi, R. Festa, P. Bonazzi, G. Brandoni, L. Spazzafumo, F. Olivieri, A. Ceriello, S. Genovese, R. Testa Source Type: research

Impact of lifestyle interventions on depressive symptoms in individuals at-risk of, or with, type 2 diabetes mellitus: clinical importance of lifestyle interventions
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mohadeseh Sani, Erfan Ayubi Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Editorial on G. Veronese and colleagues. Costs Associated With Emergency Care and Hospitalization for Severe Hypoglycemia
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aldo Bonaventura, Fabrizio Montecucco, Franco Dallegri Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of linagliptin according to patient baseline characteristics: A pooled analysis of three phase 3 trials
We aimed to determine if patient baseline characteristics affect responses to linagliptin and identify relevant predictors of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) reduction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Del Prato, S. Patel, S. Crowe, M. von Eynatten Source Type: research

Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on glucose homeostasis in type 2 diabetic patients
Literature data suggest an association between Helicobacter pylori infection and glucose homeostasis. However, a causative link between them has not been demonstrated yet. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on glucose homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: A.R. Bonfigli, M. Boemi, R. Festa, P. Bonazzi, G. Brandoni, L. Spazzafumo, F. Olivieri, A. Ceriello, S. Genovese, R. Testa Source Type: research

Impact of lifestyle interventions on depressive symptoms in individuals at-risk of, or with, type 2 diabetes mellitus: clinical importance of lifestyle interventions
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mohadeseh Sani, Erfan Ayubi Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Editorial on G. Veronese and colleagues. Costs Associated With Emergency Care and Hospitalization for Severe Hypoglycemia
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aldo Bonaventura, Fabrizio Montecucco, Franco Dallegri Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of linagliptin according to patient baseline characteristics: A pooled analysis of three phase 3 trials
We aimed to determine if patient baseline characteristics affect responses to linagliptin and identify relevant predictors of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) reduction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 1, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Del Prato, S. Patel, S. Crowe, M. von Eynatten Source Type: research

Hyperuricemia is associated with increased hospitalization risk and healthcare costs: evidence from an administrative database in Italy
Chronic hyperuricemia is responsible for a relevant burden of articular diseases and cardio-nephro-metabolic disorders. We evaluated the impact of high serum uric acid levels on hospitalization risk and mortality and on healthcare costs in a real-life setting. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 29, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Esposti L. Degli, G. Desideri, S. Saragoni, S. Buda, R. Pontremoli, C. Borghi Source Type: research

Daytime napping, sleep duration and increased 8-year risk of type 2 diabetes in a British population
Few studies have prospectively examined the relationship between daytime napping and risk of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to study the effects of daytime napping and the joint effects of napping and sleep duration in predicting type 2 diabetes risk in a middle- to older-aged British population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 28, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Y. Leng, F.P. Cappuccio, P.G. Surtees, R. Luben, C. Brayne, K.-T. Khaw Source Type: research

Calciotropic and phosphaturic hormones in heart failure
Despite adherence to evidence-based guidelines, heart failure [HF] still results in 5-year mortality rates of 50%, indicating a need to implement additional preventive/intervention strategies. This review summarizes data on alterations in the calciotropic and phosphaturic hormones 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] and fibroblast growth factors-23 [FGF-23] in HF and discusses non-pharmacological measures for targeting these hormones. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 28, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Zittermann, J.B. Ernst Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

The role of prenatal exposures on body fat patterns at 7 years: Intrauterine programming or birthweight effects?
It remains unknown whether the effects of prenatal exposures on child's adiposity reflect entirely intrauterine programming. We aimed to assess the effects of maternal gestational weight gain, diabetes and smoking on the child's body fat patterns, disentangling the direct (through intrauterine programming) and indirect (through birthweight) effects. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 28, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Santos, M. Severo, R. Gaillard, A.C. Santos, H. Barros, A. Oliveira Source Type: research

The association of lean and fat mass with all-cause mortality in older adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study
Understanding contributions of lean and fat tissue to cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular mortality may help clarify areas of prevention in older adults. We aimed to define distributions of lean and fat tissue in older adults and their contributions to cause-specific mortality. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 28, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aferdita Spahillari, Kenneth Mukamal, Jorge R. Kizer, John S. Gottdiener, Luc Djouss é, Mary F. Lyles, Traci M. Bartz, Venkatesh L. Murthy, Ravi V. Shah Source Type: research

Daytime napping, sleep duration and increased 8-year risk of type 2 diabetes in a British population
Few studies have prospectively examined the relationship between daytime napping and risk of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to study the effects of daytime napping and the joint effects of napping and sleep duration in predicting type 2 diabetes risk in a middle- to older-aged British population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 28, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Y. Leng, F.P. Cappuccio, P.G. Surtees, R. Luben, C. Brayne, K.-T. Khaw Source Type: research

Calciotropic and phosphaturic hormones in heart failure
Despite adherence to evidence-based guidelines, heart failure [HF] still results in 5-year mortality rates of 50%, indicating a need to implement additional preventive/intervention strategies. This review summarizes data on alterations in the calciotropic and phosphaturic hormones 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] and fibroblast growth factors-23 [FGF-23] in HF and discusses non-pharmacological measures for targeting these hormones. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 28, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Zittermann, J.B. Ernst Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

The role of prenatal exposures on body fat patterns at 7 years: intrauterine programming or birthweight effects?
It remains unknown whether the effects of prenatal exposures on child´s adiposity reflect entirely intrauterine programming. We aimed to assess the effects of maternal gestational weight gain, diabetes and smoking on child´s body fat patterns, disentangling the direct (through intrauterine programming) and indirect (through birthweight) effects. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 28, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Santos, M. Severo, R. Gaillard, A.C. Santos, H. Barros, A. Oliveira Source Type: research

The association of lean and fat mass with all-cause mortality in older adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study
Understanding contributions of lean and fat tissue to cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular mortality may help clarify areas of prevention in older adults. We aimed to define distributions of lean and fat tissue in older adults and their contributions to cause-specific mortality. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 28, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aferdita Spahillari, Kenneth Mukamal, Jorge R. Kizer, John S. Gottdiener, Luc Djoussé, Mary F. Lyles, Traci M. Bartz, Venkatesh L. Murthy, Ravi V. Shah Source Type: research

Comments on “Association of consumption of dairy products and meat with retinal vessel calibers in subjects at increased cardiovascular risk”
I have read the article by Karatzi et  al. [1] with interest, which was recently published online in the journal. The authors conducted a cross-sectional study on the association between consumption of dairy products and meat with retinal vessel calibers in 181 subjects with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk but without CVD a nd diabetes mellitus. The consumption of dairy products and meat was assessed through 24-h recalls, and digital left and right retinal images were assessed by the central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE), central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE), and the arteriolar-to-venular ratio...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 25, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: T. Kawada Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Consumption of dairy products and red meat in relation to retinal vessel calibers and metabolic syndrome
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 25, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tomoyuki Kawada Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D predicts early recurrent stroke in ischemic stroke patients
This study was conducted to determine 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH) D] levels in serum, and to investigate their associations with stroke recurrence events in a 3-month follow-up study in Chinese patients with first-ever ischemic stroke. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 24, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: H. Huang, T. Zheng, S. Wang, L. Wei, Q. Wang, Z. Sun Source Type: research

Subclinical hypothyroidism is associated with higher carotid intima-media thickness in cross-sectional analysis of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
Although subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is associated with cardiovascular risk, there is scarce data about subclinical atherosclerosis in subjects with SCH. We aimed to analyze the association between SCH and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) using baseline data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 21, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: É.J.F. Peixoto de Miranda, M.S. Bittencourt, A.C. Pereira, A.C. Goulart, I.S. Santos, P.A. Lotufo, I.M. Bensenor Source Type: research

Subclinical Hypothyroidism is Associated with Higher Carotid Intima-media Thickness in Cross-sectional Analysis of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
Although subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is associated with cardiovascular risk, there is scarce data about subclinical atherosclerosis in subjects with SCH. We aimed to analyze the association between SCH and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) using baseline data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 21, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Érique José F. Peixoto de Miranda, Márcio Sommer Bittencourt, Alexandre C. Pereira, Alessandra C. Goulart, Itamar S. Santos, Paulo A. Lotufo, Isabela M. Bensenor Source Type: research

Reply from the authors to “Comments on ‘Association of consumption of dairy products and meat with retinal vessel calibers in subjects at increased cardiovascular risk’”
We would like to thank Dr. Kawada for his interest in our research [1]. We agree that there might be an interrelation between retinal microvascular changes, dairy product consumption, and metabolic syndrome; however, this is not yet elucidated. To our knowledge, no relative studies have been conducted. Additionally, based on existing data, there are many inconsistent findings regarding the individual associations of (i) dairy products with metabolic syndrome, (ii) dairy products with retinal microvascular changes, and (iii) retinal microcirculation with metabolic syndrome. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 17, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: K. Karatzi, E.K. Aissopou, C. Tsirimiagou, E. Fatmeli, P.P. Sfikakis, A.D. Protogerou Tags: Response Source Type: research

Reply to: Associations of dairy products and meat consumption with retinal vessel calibers in subjects at increased cardiovascular risk
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 17, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: K. Karatzi, E.K. Aissopou, C. Tsirimiagou, E. Fatmeli, P.P. Sfikakis, A.D. Protogerou Tags: Response Source Type: research