Pre-clinical atherosclerosis is associated with low coffee consumption and low adherence to Mediterranean Diet in pre-menopausal women
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Anna Vittoria Mattioli, Matteo Ballerini Puviani Source Type: research

Head-To-Head Comparison of the accuracy of Abbott FreeStyle Libre and Dexcom G5 Mobile
The study was registered in ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02734745) April 12, 2016. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Federico Boscari, Silvia Galasso, Giada Acciaroli, Andrea Facchinetti, Maria C. Marescotti, Angelo Avogaro, Daniela Bruttomesso Source Type: research

Mortality from infectious diseases in diabetes
To investigate the risk of mortality from infections by comparing the underlying causes of death versus the multiple causes of death in known diabetic subjects living in the Veneto region of Northern Italy. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 17, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Zoppini, U. Fedeli, E. Schievano, M. Dauriz, G. Targher, E. Bonora, M.C. Corti Source Type: research

Mortality from infectious diseases in diabetes
to investigate the risk of mortality from infections by comparing the underlying causes of death versus the multiple causes of death in known diabetic subjects living in the Veneto Region, Northern Italy. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 17, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Giacomo Zoppini, Ugo Fedeli, Elena Schievano, Marco Dauriz, Giovanni Targher, Enzo Bonora, Maria Chiara Corti Source Type: research

Diet And Primary Prevention Of Stroke: Systematic Review And Dietary Recommendations By The Ad Hoc Working Group Of The Italian Society Of Human Nutrition
To systematically review the latest evidence on established and emerging nutrition-related risk factors for incidence of and mortality from total, ischemic and haemorrhagic strokes.The present review was conducted in the framework of the work carried out through 2015 and 2016 for the preparation of the Italian Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Stroke, 8th Edition, by ISO-SPREAD (Italian Stroke Organization and the Stroke Prevention and Educational Awareness Diffusion). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Licia Iacoviello, Marialaura Bonaccio, Giulia Cairella, Maria Valeria Catani, Simona Costanzo, Rosalba Giacco, Domenico Rendina, Paola Sabino, Isabella Savini, Pasquale Strazzullo, Working Group for Nutrition and Stroke Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Elevated serum uric acid concentration at discharge confers additive prognostic value in elderly patients with acute heart failure
Elevated serum uric acid (sUA) concentrations have been associated with worse prognosis in heart failure (HF) but little is known about elderly patients. We aimed to assess long-term additive prognostic value of sUA in elderly patients hospitalized for HF. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stefano Coiro, Erberto Carluccio, Paolo Biagioli, Gianfranco Alunni, Adriano Murrone, Antonella D ’Antonio, Cinzia Zuchi, Anna Mengoni, Nicolas Girerd, Claudio Borghi, Giuseppe Ambrosio Source Type: research

Association of free-living physical activity measures with metabolic phenotypes in type 2 diabetes at the time of diagnosis. The Verona Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Study (VNDS)
Lifestyle is considered a major determinant of risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We investigated whether daily physical activity (DPA) is associated with beta-cell function (BF) and/or insulin sensitivity (IS) in patients with T2D at the time of diagnosis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marco Dauriz, Elisabetta Bacchi, Linda Boselli, Lorenza Santi, Carlo Negri, Maddalena Trombetta, Riccardo C. Bonadonna, Enzo Bonora, Paolo Moghetti Source Type: research

Amino acid profiles of young adults differ by sex, body mass index and insulin resistance
An increase in plasma branched-chain amino acids is associated with a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about the basal plasma amino acid concentrations in young adults. Our aim was to determine the plasma amino acid profiles of young adults and to evaluate how these profiles were modified by sex, body mass index (BMI) and insulin resistance (IR). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Guevara-Cruz, J.M. Vargas-Morales, A.L. M éndez-García, A.M. López-Barradas, O. Granados-Portillo, G. Ordaz-Nava, A.K. Rocha-Viggiano, C.A. Gutierrez-Leyte, E. Medina-Cerda, J.L. Rosado, J.C. Morales, N. Torres, A.R. Tovar, L.G. Noriega Source Type: research

Effects of aerobic or resistance exercise training on cardiovascular autonomic function of subjects with type 2 diabetes: a pilot study
Both aerobic (AER) and resistance (RES) training improve metabolic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, information on the effects of these training modalities on cardiovascular autonomic control is limited. Our aim was to compare the effects of AER and RES training on cardiovascular autonomic function in these subjects. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: F. Bellavere, V. Cacciatori, E. Bacchi, M.L. Gemma, D. Raimondo, C. Negri, K. Thomaseth, M. Muggeo, E. Bonora, P. Moghetti Source Type: research

Effect of adding B-vitamins to vitamin D and calcium supplementation on CpG methylation of epigenetic aging markers
B-vitamins may influence DNA methylation. We studied the effects of vitamin D+Ca+B versus D+Ca on epigenetic age markers and biological age. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 28, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rima Obeid, Ulrich H übner, Marion Bodis, Stefan Graeber, Jürgen Geisel Source Type: research

Welcome from the new Editor-in-Chief
I am pleased to write this Welcome Editorial for the first issue of 2018, and my first as Editor-in-Chief of Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases. Thanks to the outgoing Editor-in-Chief, Andrea Giaccari, the co-Editors, a strong Editorial Board, and a committed and enthusiastic staff, the journal is changing hands in good health. I am not a newcomer to NMCD: the journal has been a constant presence in my scientific life since 2000, when I was appointed Assistant Editor, then Co-Editor up to 2014 and, finally, Deputy Editor-in-Chief. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Siani Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 23, 2017 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Prevalence of and secular trends in diagnosed diabetes in Italy: 1980 –2013
The aim of this research was to examine the prevalence of diabetes in Italy over a 34-year period. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: R. Gnavi, A. Migliardi, M. Maggini, G. Costa Source Type: research

Prevalence of and secular trends in diagnosed diabetes in Italy: 1980 - 2013
To examine the prevalence of diabetes in Italy over a 34-year period. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: R. Gnavi, A. Migliardi, M. Maggini, G. Costa Source Type: research

Prediabetes is Associated with Microalbuminuria, Reduced Kidney Function and Chronic Kidney Disease in the General Population
We investigated the associations of serum fasting (FG) and 2-hour postload (2HG) glucose from an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting insulin and the homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) with urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.R.P. Markus, T. Ittermann, S.E. Baumeister, C. Huth, B. Thorand, C. Herder, M. Roden, U. Siewert-Markus, W. Rathmann, W. Koenig, M. D örr, H. Völzke, S. Schipf, C. Meisinger, The KORA (Cooperative Health Research in the Augsburg Region) F4-Study Source Type: research

Trajectories of BMI change impact glucose and insulin metabolism
The aim of this study was to examine, in a community setting, whether trajectory of weight change over twelve years is associated with glucose and insulin metabolism at twelve years. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 15, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: E.I. Walsh, J. Shaw, N. Cherbuin Source Type: research

Metabolic control and complications in Italian people with diabetes treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate degree of glycemic control and frequency of diabetic complications in Italian people with diabetes treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 9, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Lepore, R. Bonfanti, L. Bozzetto, V. Di Blasi, A. Girelli, G. Grassi, D. Iafusco, L. Laviola, I. Rabbone, R. Schiaffini, D. Bruttomesso, the Italian Study Group on the Diffusion of CSII Source Type: research

Management of diabetes in older adults
Type 2 diabetes prevalence is high in older adults and is expected to rise in the next decades. Diabetes in the population of frail older adults is accompanied by functional disability, several comorbidities, and premature mortality. A comprehensive geriatric assessment, including functional, cognitive, mental and social status, is advisable for identifying the glycemic targets and glucose-lowering therapies, focused on patient preferences, needs, and risks. The therapeutic options for older adults with diabetes are like those for the adult population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Giorgio Sesti, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Enzo Bonora, Agostino Consoli, Andrea Giaccari, Stefania Maggi, Giuseppe Paolisso, Francesco Purrello, Gianluigi Vendemiale, Nicola Ferrara Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

Serum Vitamin D Deficiency and Risk of Hospitalization for Heart Failure: Prospective Results from the Moli-sani Study
Evidence indicates that Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, however findings on risk of heart failure (HF) are controversial. We investigated the relationship between serum Vitamin D and the incidence of hospitalization for HF in a large prospective cohort of Italian adults. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Costanzo, A. De Curtis, A. Di Castelnuovo, M. Persichillo, M. Bonaccio, G. Pounis, C. Cerletti, M.B. Donati, G. de Gaetano, L. Iacoviello, Moli-sani Study Investigators Source Type: research

Inverse association between plasma homocysteine concentrations and type 2 diabetes mellitus among a middle-aged and elderly Chinese population
Plasma homocysteine concentrations have been reported to be associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with controversial findings. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between plasma homocysteine concentrations and T2DM. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Caizheng Yu, Jing Wang, Fei Wang, Xu Han, Hua Hu, Jing Yuan, Xiaoping Miao, Ping Yao, Sheng Wei, Youjie Wang, Yuan Liang, Weihong Chen, Xiaomin Zhang, Huan Guo, Handong Yang, Yuhan Tang, Dan Zheng, Tangchun Wu, Meian He Source Type: research

Vitamin D Receptor Activation By Paricalcitol and Insulin Resistance in CKD
The nature of the link (causal vs non-causal) between low 1,25-OH vitamin D and insulin resistance (IR) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains elusive. We have now made a post hoc analysis of the effect of vitamin D receptor activation by paricalcitol on IR in the complete dataset of a double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial, the Paracalcitol and ENdothelial fuNction in chronic kidneY disease (PENNY). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 7, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: B. Spoto, P. Pizzini, S. Cutrupi, G. Tripepi, G. Curatola, F. Mallamaci, C. Zoccali Source Type: research

Differential lipid metabolism outcomes associated with ADRB2 gene polymorphisms in response to two dietary interventions in overweight/obese subjects.
A precise nutrigenetic management of hypercholesterolemia involves the understanding of the interactions between the individual ´s genotype and dietary intake. The aim of this study was to analyze the response to two dietary energy-restricted interventions on cholesterol changes in carriers of two ADRB2 polymorphisms. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 4, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: O. Ramos-Lopez, J.I. Riezu-Boj, F.I. Milagro, L. Goni, M. Cuervo, J.A. Martinez Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Publish and perish
With this issue I will be concluding my three-year term as Editor-in-Chief of NMCD. It has been an intense, interesting and constructive experience, but also very different from what I had imagined. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Andrea Giaccari Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Long-term clinical impact of serum albumin in coronary artery disease patients with preserved renal function
Low serum albumin level is reportedly associated with worse clinical outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, associations between decreased serum albumin level and outcomes in non-CKD patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) remain unclear. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of serum albumin concentrations in stable CAD patients with preserved renal function. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: H. Wada, T. Dohi, K. Miyauchi, J. Shitara, H. Endo, S. Doi, H. Konishi, R. Naito, S. Tsuboi, M. Ogita, T. Kasai, A. Hassan, S. Okazaki, K. Isoda, S. Suwa, H. Daida Source Type: research

Molecular analysis of three known and one novel LPL variants in patients with type I hyperlipoproteinemia
Type I hyperlipoproteinemia, also known as familial chylomicronemia syndrome (FCS), is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by variants in LPL, APOC2, APOA5, LMF1 or GPIHBP1 genes. The aim of this study was to identify novel variants in the LPL gene causing lipoprotein lipase deficiency and to understand the molecular mechanisms. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Caddeo Andrea, Mancina Rosellina Margherita, Pirazzi Carlo, Russo Cristina, Sasidharan Kavitha, Sandstedt Joakim, Maurotti Samantha, Montalcini Tiziana, Pujia Arturo, Trond P. Leren, Romeo Stefano, Pingitore Piero Source Type: research

Comment on “Diabetes remission after bariatric surgery is characterized by high glycemic variability and high oxidative stress”
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 21, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aldo Bonaventura, Fabrizio Montecucco Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Effects of dark chocolate on endothelial function in patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in inducing endothelial dysfunction and progression from simple fatty liver steatosis (FLD) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Polyphenols could reduce oxidative stress and restore endothelial function by inhibiting the nicotinamide-adenine-dinucleotide-phosphate (NADPH) oxidase isoform Nox2. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 13, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lorenzo Loffredo, Francesco Baratta, Perri Ludovica, Simona Battaglia, Roberto Carnevale, Cristina Nocella, Marta Novo, Gaetano Pannitteri, Fabrizio Ceci, Francesco Angelico, Francesco Violi, Maria Del Ben Source Type: research

Hypertriglyceridemia and omega-3 fatty acids: their often overlooked role in cardiovascular disease prevention
This review aims to describe the pathogenic role of triglycerides in cardiometabolic risk, and the potential role of omega-3 fatty acids in the management of hypertriglyceridemia and cardiovascular disease. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 13, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Arca, C. Borghi, R. Pontremoli, G.M. De Ferrari, F. Colivicchi, G. Desideri, P.L. Temporelli Tags: Review Source Type: research

The relationship of health/food literacy and salt awareness to daily sodium and potassium intake among a workplace population in Switzerland
This study explored the associations of health literacy (HL), food literacy (FL), and salt awareness with salt intake, K intake, and Na/K ratio in a workplace intervention trial in Switzerland. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 13, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: X. Luta, S. Hayoz, C. Gr éa Krause, K. Sommerhalder, E. Roos, P. Strazzullo, S. Beer-Borst Source Type: research

Freestyle Libre and Dexcom G4 Platinum sensors: accuracy comparisons during two weeks of home use and use during experimentally induced glucose excursions.
This study compared the accuracy of the FreeStyle Libre (Abbott, Alameda, CA) and Dexcom G4 Platinum (DG4P, Dexcom, San Diego, CA) CGM sensors. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 11, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: F. Boscari, S. Galasso, A. Facchinetti, M. Marescotti, V. Vallone, A. Amato, A. Avogaro, D. Bruttomesso Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and the risk of coronary heart disease among Jordanians: A case –control study
This study aimed to evaluate several dietary choices and their potential association with CHD. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 8, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: R.F. Tayyem, A.E. Al-Shudifat, A. Johannessen, H.A. Bawadi, S.S. AbuMweis, L.M. Agraib, S.S. Allhedan, I. Haj-Husein, M. Azab Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and the risk of coronary heart disease among Jordanians
This study aimed to evaluate several dietary choices and their potential association with CHD. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 8, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Reema F. Tayyem, Abdel-Ellah Al-Shudifat, Asgeir Johannessen, Hiba A. Bawadi, Suhad S. AbuMweis, Lana M. Agraib, Sabika S. Allhedan, Isra'a Haj-Husein, Mohammed Azab Source Type: research

Longitudinal association of metabolic syndrome and dietary patterns: A 13-year prospective population-based cohort study
Diet is a potential factor contributing to the development of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). This longitudinal study with repeated measurements of dietary intake was thus conducted to examine the longitudinal association between major dietary patterns and risk of MetS. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 6, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: R. Hassannejad, I. Kazemi, M. Sadeghi, N. Mohammadifard, H. Roohafza, N. Sarrafzadegan, M. Talaei, M. Mansourian Source Type: research

Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio is a strong predictor of atherosclerotic carotid plaques in older adults
This study aims to assess this association which gives additional value to this biomarker, with respect to the main risk factors, in the prediction of carotid atherosclerosis in older adults. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 5, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: T. Corriere, S. Di Marca, E. Cataudella, A. Pulvirenti, S. Alaimo, B. Stancanelli, L. Malatino Source Type: research

Neutrophil To Lymphocyte Ratio Is A Strong Predictor Of Atherosclerotic Carotid Plaques In Older Adults
This study aims to assess this association which gives additional value to this biomarker, with respect to the the main risk factors, in the prediction of carotid atherosclerosis in older adults. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 5, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: T. Corriere, S. Di Marca, E. Cataudella, A. Pulvirenti, S. Alaimo, B. Stancanelli, L. Malatino Source Type: research

Different protein composition of low-calorie diet differently impacts adipokine profile irrespective of weight loss in overweigh and obese women
High protein (HP) diets have shown benefits in cardiometabolic markers such as insulin or triglycerides but the responsible mechanisms are not known. We aimed to assess the effect of three energy-restricted diets with different protein content (20, 27 and 35%; ∼80% coming from animal source) on plasma adipokine concentration and its association with changes in cardiometabolic markers. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 4, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Roc ío Mateo-Gallego, Itziar Lamiquiz-Moneo, Sofía Perez-Calahorra, Victoria Marco-Benedí, Ana M. Bea, Lucía Baila-Rueda, Martín Laclaustra, José L. Peñalvo, Fernando Civeira, Ana Cenarro Source Type: research

Relationship between spicy flavor, spicy food intake frequency, and general obesity in a rural adult Chinese population: The RuralDiab study
The purpose of this study was to explore the association between spicy flavor, spicy food frequency, and general obesity in Chinese rural adults. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 2, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: K. Yang, Y. Li, Z. Mao, X. Liu, H. Zhang, R. Liu, Y. Xue, R. Tu, X. Liu, X. Zhang, W. Li, C. Wang Source Type: research

Relationship between spicy flavor, spicy food intake frequency and general obesity in a rural adult Chinese population: the RuralDiab Study
The purpose of this study was to explore the association between the spicy flavor, spicy food frequency and general obesity in Chinese rural adults. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 2, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kaili Yang, Yuqian Li, Zhenxing Mao, Xiaotian Liu, Honglei Zhang, Ruihua Liu, Yuan Xue, Runqi Tu, Xinxin Liu, Xiaofeng Zhang, Wenjie Li, Chongjian Wang Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Position Paper on Vegetarian Diets from the Working Group of the Italian Society of Human Nutrition
Interest in eating a vegetarian diet is growing in Italy and elsewhere, as government agencies and health and nutrition organizations are emphasizing that regular consumption of plant foods may provide health benefits and help prevent certain diseases. The studies reviewed in this position paper make it clear that vegetarian diets that include a wide variety of plant products and a reliable source of vitamin B12 provide adequate nutrient intake for people of all ages. Vegetarians should, however, be encouraged to supplement their diets with a reliable source of vitamin B12 (vitamin-fortified foods or supplements). (Source:...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 31, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Claudia Agnoli, Luciana Baroni, Iacopo Bertini, Salvatore Ciappellano, Alessandra Fabbri, Mattia Papa, Nicoletta Pellegrini, Rosella Sbarbati, Maria Laura Scarino, Vincenzino Siani, Sabina Sieri Source Type: research

Correlates of ideal cardiovascular health in European adolescents: The HELENA study
The ideal cardiovascular health (iCVH) construct consists of 4 health behaviors (smoking status, body mass index, physical activity and diet) and 3 health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure and fasting glucose). A greater number of iCVH components in adolescence is related to better cardiovascular health, but little is known about the correlates of iCVH in adolescents. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine correlates of iCVH in European adolescents. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 27, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pontus Henriksson, Hanna Henriksson, Idoia Labayen, Inge Huybrechts, Luis Gracia-Marco, Francisco B. Ortega, Vanesa Espa ña-Romero, Yannis Manios, Marcela González-Gross, Ascensión Marcos, Luis A. Moreno, Ángel Gutiérrez, Jonatan R. Ruiz, HELENA stud Source Type: research

The association between serum uric acid and asymptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis in middle-aged Koreans
Intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) is one of the most common causes of stroke, especially in Asians. Hyperuricemia has been associated with an increased risk of comorbidities such as metabolic syndrome or cardiovascular diseases. However, there are few studies focusing on the association between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and asymptomatic ICAS. The aim of this study was to explore the association between SUA and the prevalence of ICAS in middle-aged Korean health screening examinees. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 27, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: J.K. Ahn, J. Hwang, J.H. Hwang, W.T. Yoon, P.W. Chung, S. Ryu Source Type: research

Gut microbiome composition in lean patients with NASH is associated with liver damage independent of caloric intake: A  prospective pilot study
The aim of the study was to compare the gut microbiomes from obese and lean patients with or without NASH to outline phenotypic differences. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: S.M.B. Duarte, J.T. Stefano, L. Miele, F.R. Ponziani, M. Souza-Basqueira, L.S.R.R. Okada, F.G. de Barros Costa, K. Toda, D.F.C. Mazo, E.C. Sabino, F.J. Carrilho, A. Gasbarrini, C.P. Oliveira Source Type: research

Familial diabetes of adulthood: A bin of ignorance that needs to be addressed
The aim of this article was to share with a wide readership some data and related reasoning about a multigenerational form of diabetes mellitus of adulthood. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Prudente, O. Ludovico, V. Trischitta Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Aging process, adherence to Mediterranean diet and nutritional status in a large cohort of nonagenarians: effects on endothelial progenitor cells
Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) has been associated with a longer and better life. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of adherence to the MD, and of nutritional habits on endothelial progenitor (EPCs) and circulating progenitor (CPCs) cells in a cohort of nonagenarians enrolled within the Mugello Study, an epidemiological study aimed at investigating both clinically relevant geriatric items and various health issues, including those related to nutritional status. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Francesca Cesari, Francesco Sofi, Raffaello Molino Lova, Federica Vannetti, Guido Pasquini, Francesca Cecchi, Rossella Marcucci, Anna Maria Gori, Claudio Macchi, The MUGELLO STUDY WORKING GROUP Source Type: research

Gut microbiome composition in lean patients with NASH is associated with liver damage independent from caloric intake: a prospective pilot study
/Aim: The aim of the study was to compare the gut microbiomes from obese and lean patients with or without NASH to outline phenotypic differences. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sebasti ão Mauro Bezerra Duarte, José Tadeu Stefano, Luca Miele, Francesca Romana Ponziani, Marcela de Souza, Lívia Rodrigues, Fernando Gomes de Barros Costa, Karla Toda, Daniel Ferraz Campos Mazo, Ester Cerdeira Sabino, Flair José Carrilho, Antonio G Source Type: research

The Clinical Potential of Adipogenesis and Obesity-related MicroRNAs
Obesity is a growing health problem commonly associated with numerous metabolic disorders including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and some forms of cancer. The burden of obesity and associated cardiometabolic diseases are believed to arise through complex interplay between genetics and epigenetics predisposition, nutrition, environment, and lifestyle. However, the molecular basis and the repertoire of obesity-affecting factors are still unknown. Emerging evidence is connecting microRNAs (miRNAs) dysregulation with adipogenesis and obesity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mohamed Zaiou, Hamid El Amri, Ahmed Bakillah Tags: Review Source Type: research

Familial diabetes of the adulthood: a bin of ignorance that need to be addressed
The aim of this article was to share with a wide readership some data and related reasoning about a multigenerational form of diabetes mellitus of the adulthood. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sabrina Prudente, Ornella Ludovico, Vincenzo Trischitta Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

Low vitamin D status in relation to cardiovascular disease and mortality in Swedish women – Effect of extended follow-up
The impact of vitamin D concentrations on subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD) and overall mortality has been generally examined for periods under two decades. The magnitude of the association may depend on follow-up length. We aimed to investigate the relationship between baseline vitamin D and risk of total CVD, stroke and all-cause mortality over three decades of follow-up. Secondly, we aimed to assess how follow-up affects the associations. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Leu Agelii, S. Lehtinen-Jacks, H. Zetterberg, V. Sundh, C. Bj örkelund, L. Lissner Source Type: research