The Association between Subclinical inflammation and Abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism in Normal weight individuals in Korea
We aimed to reveal the association between subclinical inflammation and metabolic risk factors and to determine the difference in these associations between normal and obese Korean individuals. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Min-Hee Kim, Ha-Na Kim, Whan-Seok Choi Source Type: research

Thiamine Deficiency and Cardiovascular Disorders
Thiamine, also known as vitamin B1, functions as a co-factor in the metabolism of carbohydrates and amino acids. Thiamine deficiency has been suggested to be associated with many cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and risk factors; type one and type two diabetes (T1D and T2D), obesity, chronic vasculature inflammation, dyslipidemia, heart failure (HF), myocardial infarction (MI), and depression. This review explores the evidence of thiamine deficiency among subjects with CVDs or risk factors, illustrates the theories explaining the thiamine-CVDs associations, and describes the effect of thiamine supplementation. (Source: Nutri...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ehab S. Eshak, Ahmed E. Arafa Tags: Review Source Type: research

Diet Quality and Its Association with Type 2 Diabetes and Major Cardiometabolic Risk Factors among Adults in China
We examined the association between diet quality and diabetes and major cardiometabolic risks among adults in China. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhihong Wang, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Jianwen Cai, Linda S. Adair, Bing Zhang, Barry M. Popkin Source Type: research

Sex differences in subclinical cardiac disease in overweight and obesity (the FATCOR study)
Subclinical cardiac disease, like abnormal left ventricular (LV) geometry or left atrial (LA) dilatation, is common in obesity. Less is known about sex differences in the prevalence and type of subclinical cardiac disease in obesity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: H. Halland, M.T. L ønnebakken, N. Pristaj, S. Saeed, H. Midtbø, E. Einarsen, E. Gerdts Source Type: research

Serum uric acid potentially links metabolic health to measures of fuel use in lean and obese individuals
Uric acid (UA) is a byproduct of the high-energy purine metabolism and is conventionally regarded as a marker of cardio-metabolic impairment. Its potential relationship with energy homeostasis is unknown to date. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: C. Mele, M.A. Tagliaferri, G. Saraceno, S. Mai, R. Vietti, M. Zavattaro, G. Aimaretti, M. Scacchi, P. Marzullo Source Type: research

Incidence of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia in metabolically healthy obese and non-obese
Metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals are devoid of many metabolic abnormalities, but how this condition is maintained over time remains debated. We assessed the prevalence of MHO over time and the incidence of hypertension (HTN), dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in MHO as compared with metabolically healthy non obese (MHNO). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Fingeret, P. Marques-Vidal, P. Vollenweider Source Type: research

Validation of a short questionnaire to record Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet: an Italian experience
A greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet has been associated with a reduced risk of major chronic diseases and cancer. The aim of the study was to assess the validity of a new short self-administered 15-item questionnaire (QueMD) to measure adherence to the Mediterranean diet in Italy. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gnagnarella Patrizia, Drag à Daniele, Misotti Alessandro Maria, Sieri Sabina, Spaggiari Lorenzo, Cassano Enrico, Baldini Federica, Soldati Laura, Maisonneuve Patrick Source Type: research

Physical performance measures in screening for reduced lean body mass in adult females with obesity
Little is known about the reduction of lean body mass (LBM) in obesity, or how to identify it in standard clinical settings. We therefore aimed to assess the prevalence of low LBM in adult females with obesity, and to identify the reliability of simple tools for its screening in this population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marwan El Ghoch, Andrea P. Rossi, Simona Calugi, Sofia Rubele, Fabio Soave, Mauro Zamboni, Elisa Chignola, Gloria Mazzali, Paola Vittoria Bazzani, Riccardo Dalle Grave Source Type: research

Low-carbohydrate diet and the risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean adults
The association of low-carbohydrate diet with weight loss and the risk of cardiovascular diseases has recently been the focus of increasing research attention. However, studies on low-carbohydrate diet in the Asian population are limited. The present study was aimed to examine the association between low-carbohydrate diet and metabolic syndrome among Korean adults. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 16, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kyungho Ha, Hyojee Joung, YoonJu Song Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

In memoriam Lars A. Carlson
Professor Lars A Carlson died at the age of almost 90 years. His closest relatives are his wife Anette and their children, Carolina and David, and children from previous marriages. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: Obituary Source Type: research

Association between bone metabolism regulators and arterial stiffness in type 2 diabetes patients
Osteopontin (OPN), osteonectin (ON) and osteocalcin (OC) play an important role in the development of vascular calcifications, but it is unclear whether these bone metabolism regulators contribute to the development of arterial stiffness in type 2 diabetes patients. We therefore aim to determine the relationship between plasma concentrations of OPN, ON, OC and arterial stiffness in type 2 diabetes patients. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shahnam Sharif, Michiel L. Bots, Casper Schalkwijk, Coen D.A. Stehouwer, Frank L.J. Visseren, Jan Westerink, SMART study group Source Type: research

Treatment with crocin improves cardiac dysfunction by normalizing autophagy and inhibiting apoptosis in STZ-induced diabetic cardiomyopathy
The association of diabetes mellitus (DM) and poor metabolic control with high incidence of cardiovascular diseases is well established. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential cardioprotective effect of crocin (Crocus sativus L. extract) on diabetic heart dysfunction and to elucidate the mediating molecular mechanisms. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: K. Feidantsis, K. Mellidis, E. Galatou, Z. Sinakos, A. Lazou Source Type: research

Oral antioxidant therapy for prevention and treatment of preeclampsia: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
to determine whether oral antioxidant therapies, of various types and doses, are able to prevent or treat women with preeclampsia. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.B. Ten ório, R.C. Ferreira, F.A. Moura, N.B. Bueno, M.O.F. Goulart, A.C.M. Oliveira Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Food intake and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels in adolescents
Diet comprises factors with anti and pro-inflammatory potential that can contribute to modulate obesity-induced inflammation. We aimed to assess the association between food intake and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels in adolescents. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Cabral, J. Ara újo, C. Lopes, E. Ramos Source Type: research

Impact of respiratory function on the progression from metabolically healthy non-overweight to metabolically abnormal phenotype
Recent studies identified that metabolically abnormal non-obese phenotype is a risk of cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about risk factors for progression from metabolically healthy non-overweight (MHNO) to metabolically abnormal phenotype. We investigated the impact of respiratory function on the progression from MHNO to metabolically abnormal phenotype. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Takuro Okamura, Masahide Hamaguchi, Akihiro Obora, Takao Kojima, Michiaki Fukui Source Type: research

Fish consumption is associated with a decreased risk of death among adults with diabetes: 18-year follow-up of a national cohort
There is a paucity of studies examining the beneficial effects of fish consumption on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) among adults with diabetes, who experience a substantially high risk of CVDs. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Deng, S. Pattanaik, A. Bhattacharya, J. Yin, L. Ross, C. Liu, J. Zhang Source Type: research

Moderate coffee intake and cardiovascular health; no grounds for  concern
Understanding the health effects of coffee intake is of great public health importance as it is amongst the most commonly consumed beverages worldwide [1]. Coffee is the major source of caffeine, one of the most studied food components [2]. Beyond caffeine, coffee drinking also provides exposure to>100 biologically active compounds such as chlorogenic acid, and diterpenes, whose concentration in coffee varies according to coffee preparation methods, coffee type, or blend [3]. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: I. Tzoulaki Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

Moderate coffee intake and cardiovascular health; no grounds for concern
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ioanna Tzoulaki Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

Fish consumption is associated with a decreased risk of death among adults with diabetes: 18- year follow-up of a national cohort
There is a paucity of studies examining the beneficial effects of fish consumption on cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among adults with diabetes, who experience a substantially high risk of CVD. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Deng, S. Pattanaik, A. Bhattacharya, J. Yin, L. Ross, C. Liu, J. Zhang Source Type: research

Fruit, vegetable consumption and blood pressure in healthy adolescents: a longitudinal analysis from the LabMed Study
The associations between fruit and vegetable consumption and high blood pressure among adults are well studied. Nonetheless, the influence of a low consumption of fruit and vegetable on cardiovascular disease risk, particularly blood pressure, among healthy adolescents are scarce. Therefore, we aim to analyse the associations between fruit and/or vegetable intake and blood pressure over a two-year period in healthy adolescents. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: R. Ros ário, R. Santos, L. Lopes, C. Agostinis-Sobrinho, C. Moreira, J. Mota, S. Póvoas, A. Oliveira, P. Padrão, P. Moreira, S. Abreu Source Type: research

Body mass index, waist circumference, body fat mass, and risk of developing hypertension in normal-weight children and adolescents
We prospectively examined the association between three adiposity indices, including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and percentage of body fat (PBF), and risk of hypertension in normal-weight Chinese children. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: R.Y. Xu, Y.Q. Zhou, X.M. Zhang, Y.P. Wan, X. Gao Source Type: research

Excess mortality for people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in 2012  – Estimates based on claims data from 70 million Germans
The hazard ratio (HR) is a meaningful concept for comparing the mortality of people with and without type 2 diabetes (T2D). Nevertheless, there is only one German study estimating age-specific HRs. Thus, this study aimed to provide population-wide age-specific HRs for Germany using a novel method based on aggregated population data. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: T. T önnies, A. Hoyer, R. Brinks Source Type: research

Excess mortality for people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in 2012 – estimates based on claims data from 70 million Germans
The hazard ratio (HR) is a meaningful concept for comparing the mortality of people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and without T2D. Nevertheless, there is only one German study estimating age-specific HRs. Thus, this study aimed to provide population-wide age-specific HRs for Germany using a novel method based on aggregated population data. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: T önnies T, Hoyer A, Brinks B Source Type: research

Direct bilirubin is associated with low-density lipoprotein subfractions and particle size in overweight and centrally obese women
In this study, we aimed to determine whether direct bilirubin is more strongly correlated with small, dense low-density lipoprotein (sdLDL) compared to other bilirubin subtypes. We also investigated which LDL subfractions exhibited the highest correlation with direct bilirubin. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yu-Jin Kwon, Hye-Sun Lee, Ji-Won Lee Source Type: research

Elevated lipoprotein (a) levels are associated with the presence and severity of coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
The role of lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] in coronary artery diseases (CAD) with special clinical background such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has not been fully determined. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation of Lp(a) to type 2 diabetic patients with or without CAD. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hui-Wen Zhang, Xi Zhao, Yuan-Lin Guo, Ying Gao, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Na-Qiong Wu, Jian-Jun Li Source Type: research

Longitudinal Association between Ideal Cardiovascular Health Status and Muscular Fitness in Adolescents: the LabMed Physical Activity Study
This study aimed to examine the longitudinal association between ideal cardiovascular health index and muscular fitness. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: C ésar Agostinis-Sobrinho, Antonio García-Hermoso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Carla Moreira, Luís Lopes, José Oliveira-Santos, S.C. Póvoas, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos Source Type: research

Regular Brief Interruptions to Sitting after a High-Energy Evening Meal Attenuate Glycemic Excursions in Overweight/Obese Adults
Modern Western lifestyles are characterized by consumption of approximately 45% of total daily energy intake at the evening meal, followed by prolonged sitting while watching television (TV), which may deleteriously impact glycemic control. After a high-energy evening meal (dinner), we examined whether regular, brief activity bouts during TV commercial breaks could acutely lower postprandial glucose and insulin responses in overweight/obese adults, compared to prolonged uninterrupted sitting. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Red Climie, Ms Grace, Rl Larsen, Pc Dempsey, J. Oberoi, Nd Cohen, N. Owen, Ba Kingwell, Dw Dunstan Source Type: research

In memoriam Alberto Zanchetti (Parma July 27, 1926 – Milan March 24, 2018)
Professor Alberto Zanchetti passed away on March 24, 2018  at the age of almost 92 years. He had been in an excellent physical and a brilliant mental shape until a month before. Unfortunately, soon after returning from a lecture tour in Latin America, he accidentally fell and suffered a brain trauma from which he did not recover. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Mancia, F. Magrini, A. Morganti, A. Stella, P.J. Schwartz, C. Cuspidi, C. Giannattasio, G. Grassi, G. Parati, Alberto Zanchetti's pupils Tags: Obituary Source Type: research

Effects of preadipocytes derived from mice fed with high fat diet on the angiogenic potential of endothelial cells
Obesity promotes a persistent inflammatory process in the adipose tissue, activating the endothelium and leading to vascular dysfunction. Preadipocytes can interact with endothelial cells in a paracrine way stimulating angiogenesis. However, the potential of preadipocytes from adipose tissue of high fat diet (HFD) fed animal to stimulate angiogenesis has not been evaluated yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of such diet on the angiogenic potential of preadipocytes in a mice model. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rc Castiglione, Cml Barbosa, Lf Prota, Sr Marques-Neto, M. Perri-Oliveira, E. Helal-Neto, V. Morandi, C. Barja-Fidalgo, E. Bouskela Source Type: research

Fermented dairy products, diet quality, and cardio –metabolic profile of a Mediterranean cohort at high cardiovascular risk
Fermented dairy products have been associated with a better diet quality and cardio-metabolic profile. However, in Mediterranean populations, these associations have not been well characterized.The aim of this study was to assess the diet quality and the associations between the consumption of total fermented dairy products and their subtypes and the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) components in a Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Mena-S ánchez, N. Babio, M.Á. Martínez-González, D. Corella, H. Schröder, J. Vioque, D. Romaguera, J.A. Martínez, J. Lopez-Miranda, R. Estruch, J. Wärnberg, A. Bueno-Cavanillas, L. Serra-Majem, J.A. Tur, F. Arós, F.J. Tinahones, V.M. Sánchez, Source Type: research

Fermented dairy products, diet quality and cardio-metabolic profile in a Mediterranean cohort at high cardiovascular risk
Fermented dairy products have been associated with a better diet quality and cardio-metabolic profile. However, in Mediterranean populations, these associations have not been well characterized. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Guillermo Mena-S ánchez, Nancy Babio, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Dolores Corella, Helmut Schröder, Jesus Vioque, Dora Romaguera, J. Alfredo Martínez, José Lopez-Miranda, Ramon Estruch, Julia Wärnberg, Aurora Bueno-Cavanillas, Luís Serra-Maje Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Vitamin D replacement ameliorates serum lipoprotein functions, adipokine profile and subclinical atherosclerosis in pre-menopausal women
Low vitamin D (vitD) has been linked to increased cardiovascular (CV) risk, but the effects of vitD supplementation are not clarified. We evaluated the impact of vitD normalization on HDL cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), which inversely correlates with CV risk, the proatherogenic serum cholesterol loading capacity (CLC), adipokine profile and subclinical atherosclerosis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: D. Greco, D. Kocyigit, M.P. Adorni, C. Marchi, N. Ronda, F. Bernini, K.M. Gurses, H. Canpinar, D. Guc, S.H. Oguz, A. Gurlek, A. Strazzella, S. Simonelli, L. Tokgozoglu, F. Zimetti Source Type: research

A longitudinal study of altered taste and smell perception and change in blood pressure
Previous studies suggest that olfactory receptors, which mediate smell chemosensation, are located in the kidney and involved in blood pressure regulation. Mammalian epithelial sodium channels located in taste receptor cells are also found to participate in blood pressure regulation. However, there is currently no human study that has examined the association between taste and smell function and blood pressure. We thus conducted a longitudinal study to examine whether participants with altered taste and smell perception had larger increases in blood pressure compared with those without altered perception in a community-bas...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yi-Hsuan Liu, Zhe Huang, Anand Vaidya, Junjuan Li, Gary C. Curhan, Shouling Wu, Xiang Gao Source Type: research

Ideal cardiovascular health and its association with sedentary behaviour and fitness in psychiatric patients. The PsychiActive project
Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) was defined as meeting ideal levels of 4 health behaviours (smoking, body mass index, physical activity, and diet) and 3 biological factors (blood pressure, total cholesterol, and glucose) and is inversely related to cardiovascular disease and mortality. However, the prevalence of ideal CVH in patients with severe mental illness and the possible independent associations of sedentary behaviour and fitness with CVH score are unexplored. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: J. Bueno-Antequera, M.A. Oviedo-Caro, D. Mungu ía-Izquierdo Source Type: research

Adipose tissue palmitoleic acid is inversely associated with nonfatal acute myocardial infarction in Costa Rican adults
Animal models have shown that adipose-derived palmitoleic acid may act as a lipokine by conferring resistance to diet-induced obesity; however, human epidemiologic studies investigating this relationship thus far have not provided data in support of this hypothesis. Because metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease are intricately linked with the former being a major risk factor for the latter, we hypothesized that adipose-derived palmitoleic acid may be inversely associated with myocardial infarction. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: D. Luan, D. Wang, H. Campos, A. Baylin Source Type: research

Dietary quality and carotid intima media thickness in type 1 and type 2 diabetes: follow-up of a randomised controlled trial
The relationship between dietary intake and carotid intima media thickness (IMT) and pulse wave velocity (PWV) in individuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes has not been well studied. We investigated the association between dietary intake and common carotid artery intima media thickness (CCA IMT) and PWV in a cohort with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 8, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kristina S. Petersen, Jennifer B. Keogh, Natalie B. Lister, Peter M. Clifton Source Type: research

The association of the dietary approach to stop hypertension (DASH) diet with blood pressure, glucose and lipid profiles in the Malaysian and Philippines populations
We examined cross-sectional associations between DASH diet and cardio-metabolic risk factors among 1,837 Malaysian and 2,898 Philippines participants in a multi-national cohort. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: X.T. Tiong, A. Nursara Shahirah, V.C. Pun, K.Y. Wong, A.Y.Y. Fong, R.G. Sy, N.T. Castillo-Carandang, E.E.K. Nang, M. Woodward, R.M. van Dam, E.S. Tai, K. Venkataraman Source Type: research

Is increased uric acid a risk factor or a defensive response? The  Campania Salute Network
Circulating uric acid (UA) is positively associated with body mass index (BMI), blood glucose, blood pressure (BP), markers of inflammation, and altered lipid profile. UA has also anti-oxidative properties which might be beneficial for cardiovascular (CV) system. It is still debated whether or not UA is independently associated with increased CV morbidity and/or mortality. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: C. Mancusi, R. Izzo, L.A. Ferrara, F. Rozza, M.A. Losi, G. Canciello, M. Pepe, N. de Luca, B. Trimarco, G. de Simone Source Type: research

Associations of Multiple Unhealthy Lifestyle Behaviors With Overweight/Obesity And Abdominal Obesity Among Brazilian Adolescents: A Country-Wide Survey
Physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, smoking and heavy drinking are four key unhealthy lifestyle behaviors (ULB) that may influence body weight and obesity development. More recently, sedentary time has been recognized as another potentially emerging ULB related to obesity. We therefore investigated the association of multiple ULB with overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity among Brazilian adolescents. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Felipe Vogt Cureau, Karen Sparrenberger, Katia Vergetti Bloch, Ulf Ekelund, Beatriz D. Schaan Source Type: research

Is increased uric acid a risk factor or a defensive response? The Campania Salute Network
Circulating uric acid (UA) is positively associated with body mass index (BMI), blood glucose, blood pressure (BP), markers of inflammation, and altered lipid profile. UA has also anti-oxidative properties which might be beneficial for cardiovascular (CV) system. It is still debated whether or not UA is independently associated with increased CV morbidity and/or mortality. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: C. Mancusi, R. Izzo, L.A. Ferrara, F. Rozza, M.A. Losi, G. Canciello, M. Pepe, N. De Luca, B. Trimarco, G. de Simone Source Type: research

REPLY TO Dr. Rezaei and Dr. Gholami
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pasquale Strazzullo, Domenico Rendina, Marialaura Bonaccio, Licia Iacoviello Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Letter to the editor about “Diet and primary prevention of stroke: Systematic review and dietary recommendations by the ad hoc Working Group of the Italian Society of Human Nutrition”
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shahabeddin Rezaei, Ali Gholami Source Type: research

Obesity, weight change, and mortality in older adults with metabolic abnormalities
It is expected that older adults with metabolic abnormalities may benefit from weight loss, but data on this population are limited. Our study was to assess the effect of obesity and weight change on mortality risk in older adults with metabolic abnormalities. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sheng-Yong Dong, Man-Liu Wang, Zhi-Bing Li, Zhe Dong, Yong-Quan Liu, Rong-Jian Lu, Jin-Ming Li, Ru Tang Source Type: research

High Irisin Levels in Overweight/Obese Children and Its Positive Correlation with Metabolic Profile, Blood Pressure and Endothelial Progenitor Cells
This study aimed to investigate the association between irisin level and anthropometric data, metabolic parameters, blood pressure, and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) level among children with overweight/obesity. This study included 24 children with overweight/obesity (9 girls and 15 boys) and 63 children with normal weight (25 girls and 38 boys). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Franciele De Meneck, Livia Victorino de Souza, Vanessa Oliveira, Maria do Carmo Franco Source Type: research

Glucose lowering strategies and cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes – teachings from the TOSCA.IT study
TOSCA.IT is an institutional, non-industry-supported, head-to-head study comparing long term cardiovascular effects, efficacy and safety of two antidiabetes drugs (pioglitazone vs sulphonylureas) used in combination with metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study results show that in the absence of clinically evident cardiovascular disease both treatment strategies represent suitable alternatives; however, in consideration of the greater durability of the metabolic effects, the lower risk of hypoglycemia and the potential benefit on atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, the combination of metformin an...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: O. Vaccaro, M. Masulli, G. Riccardi Tags: View point Source Type: research

Glucose lowering strategies and cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes- Teachings from the TOSCA.IT study
TOSCA.IT is an institutional, non-industry-supported, head-to-head study comparing long term cardiovascular effects, efficacy and safety of two antidiabetes drugs (pioglitazone vs sulphonylureas) used in combination with metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study results show that in the absence of clinically evident cardiovascular disease both treatment strategies represent suitable alternatives; however, in consideration of the greater durability of the metabolic effects, the lower risk of hypoglycemia and the potential benefit on atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, the combination of metformin an...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: O. Vaccaro, M. Masulli, G. Riccardi Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Olive oil and prevention of chronic diseases: summary of an International conference
Olive oil is the foremost source of fat in the Mediterranean area and, among other features, sets the Mediterranean diet apart from other dietary regimens. In January 2018, the International Olive Council convened several worldwide experts at the Robert Mondavi Institute (Davis, CA), to discuss and summarize the available data on the effects of olive oil consumption on human health. In this paper, we critically provide a synthesis of the main reported findings, which underscore how and why consuming this oil as part of a balanced diet and healthful lifestyle improves prognosis and extends life- and health-spans. (Source: N...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Francesco Visioli, Manuel Franco, Estefan ía Toledo, José Luchsinger, Walter C. Willett, Frank B. Hu, Miguel A. Martinez-Gonzalez Tags: Review Source Type: research