Sodium Nitrate Supplementation Improves Blood Pressure Reactivity in Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of eight-weeks of sodium nitrate (NaNO3) supplementation on indices of BP in PAD patients. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: William E. Hughes, David P. Treichler, Kenichi Ueda, Joshua M. Bock, Darren P. Casey Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Discovery of analogues of non-β oxidizable long-chain dicarboxylic fatty acids as dual inhibitors of fatty acids and cholesterol synthesis: Efficacy of lead compound in hyperlipidemic hamsters reveals novel mechanism” [Nutr Metabol Cardiovasc Dis 31 (2021) 2490–2703]
When this paper was originally published, there were errors in Figures 3, 4, 5 and 6. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rai Ajit K. Srivastava, Timothy R. Hurley, Daniela Oniciu, Khosrow Adeli, Roger S. Newton Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Association of serum growth differentiation factor-15 levels with the risks of death and vascular events in patients with ischemic stroke: the role of diabetes
Researchers have not determined whether the association between growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) levels and stroke outcomes is modified by the diabetes status. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of GDF-15 among patients with ischemic stroke stratified by diabetes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pinni Yang, Zhengbao Zhu, Mengyao Shi, Jieyun Yin, Yuhan Zang, Chongke Zhong, Aili Wang, Hao Peng, Tian Xu, Daoxia Guo, Tan Xu, Jing Chen, Yonghong Zhang, Jiang He Source Type: research

The Role of Adiposity, Diet and Inflammation on the Discordance between LDL-C and Apolipoprotein B
While low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a good predictor of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, apolipoprotein B (ApoB) is superior when the two markers are discordant. We aimed to determine the impact of adiposity, diet and inflammation upon ApoB and LDL-C discordance. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Richard J. Webb, Mohsen Mazidi, Gregory Y.H. Lip, Andre P. Kengne, Maciej Banach, Ian G. Davies Source Type: research

Comparison of triglyceride-glucose index and HOMA-IR for predicting prevalence and incidence of metabolic syndrome
This study aims to compare the predictive powers of TyG index and HOMA-IR for the prevalence and incidence of MetS in a large, community-based, prospective cohort over 12 years of follow-up. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 6, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Da-Hye Son, Hye Sun Lee, Yong-Jae Lee, Jun-Hyuk Lee, Jee-Hye Han Source Type: research

Female fragile X premutation carriers are at increased risk for metabolic syndrome from early adulthood
Women with primary ovarian insufficiency exhibit an unfavorable cardiovascular risk profile. A common cause for primary ovarian insufficiency is fragile X premutation (FXPC), and data on the cardiovascular risk factors in women with FXPC are scarce. We aimed to assess the prevalences of abnormal metabolic components among FXPC. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 6, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Noah Gruber, Lilach Marom Haham, Hila Raanani, Yoram Cohen, LidiaV. Gabis, Michal Berkenstadt, Liat. Ries-Levavi, Shai Elizur, Orit Pinhas-Hamiel Source Type: research

Relationship between Vitamin D and cholesterol levels in STEMI patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention
Special interest has been raised on its association with the metabolic profile, potentially interfering with lipid parameters and lipid-lowering therapies. The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of vitamin D on cholesterol levels among patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary PCI. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 4, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Monica Verdoia, Filippo Viglione, Annalisa Boggio, Daniele Stefani, Nicol ò Panarotto, Aurelio Malabaila, Roberta Rolla, Pier Luigi Soldà, Alessandro Stecco, Alessandro Carriero, Giuseppe De Luca, Novara Atherosclerosis Study Group (NAS) Source Type: research

Genetically Predicted Childhood Obesity and Adult Atrial Fibrillation: a Mendelian Randomization Study
It is unclear whether the association of childhood obesity with adult atrial fibrillation observed in observational studies reflects causal effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of childhood obesity with adult atrial fibrillation using genetic instruments. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 4, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Weiqi Chen, Dongxiao Yao, Hongyi Yan, Mengxing Wang, Yuesong Pan Source Type: research

Synergistic actions between angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and statins in atherosclerosis
Hypertension and hypercholesterolemia are independent risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) by acting directly on the endothelium and activating the renin-angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) and mevalonate pathways. This review examines how the severity and duration of these risk factors may influence the cardiovascular risk through a reciprocal interplay leading to oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory response. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 30, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Claudio Borghi, Bernard I. Levy Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

Cardiovascular disease burden attributable to dietary risk factors from 1990 to 2019: a systematic analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study
This article aimed to provide an updated and comprehensive view of the spatial, temporal and sexual heterogeneity in diet-attributable CVD burdens from 1990 to 2019. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 29, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Caijuan Dong, Xiang Bu, Jing Liu, Linyan Wei, Aiqun Ma, Tingzhong Wang Source Type: research

Sex-specific endothelial dysfunction-induced by high-cholesterol diet in rats: The role of protein tyrosine kinase and nitric oxide
This study was aimed to investigate vascular responses in HC-fed rats. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zomorrod Ataie, Zahra Fatehi-Hassanabad, Samaneh Nakhaee, Mohsen Foadoddini, Khadijeh Farrokhfall Source Type: research

Sex differences in cardiovascular risk factors of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a role for diet?
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Cardiovascular risk is higher in women with diabetes than in men. With this study we wanted to determine whether female children and adolescents with T1DM are more prone to cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) and an atherogenic diet than boys. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 25, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Claudio Maffeis, Francesca Olivieri, Paola Peverelli, Margherita Cendon, Francesca Tomasselli, Mara Tommasi, Tatiana Trandev, Elena Fornari, Claudia Piona, Anita Morandi, Alice Maguolo Source Type: research

Maternal pregnancy weight or gestational weight gain and offspring's blood pressure: A systematic review
An increasing number of studies suggest that maternal weight parameters in pregnancy are associated with offspring ’s blood pressure (BP). The aim of this systematic review – following the updated Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement – was to assess and judge the evidence for an association between maternal pregnancy weight/body mass index (BMI) or gestation al weight gain (GWG) with offspring’s BP in later life. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 24, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Helena Ludwig-walz, Juliana Nyasordzi, Katharina S. Weber, Anette E. Buyken, Anja Kroke Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Education inequalities in cardiovascular and coronary heart disease in Italy and the role of behavioral and biological risk factors
Behavioral and biological risk factors (BBRF) explain part of the variability in socioeconomic differences in health. The present study aimed at evaluating education differences in incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) in Italy and the role of BBRF. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 24, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Alessio Petrelli, Gabriella Sebastiani, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Macciotta, Paola Di Filippo, Elena Strippoli, Concetta Mirisola, Angelo d ’Errico Source Type: research

Effects of individualized dietary advice compared with conventional dietary advice for adults with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial
To investigate the superiority of individualized dietary advice based on dietary assessment for patients with type 2 diabetes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 24, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yuka Omura, Kentaro Murakami, Keiichiro Matoba, Rimei Nishimura, Satoshi Sasaki Source Type: research

Level of Understanding and Consumption of Ultra-processed Food in a Mediterranean Population: A Cross-Sectional Study
Since the population may not be aware of UPF consumption as a result of ignorance or non-recognition, this study aimed to ascertain the main characteristics of subjects regarding their knowledge of different easily-acquired foods through a questionnaire in Google Forms format with 52 questions. Secondary objectives were to determine whether the profile of UPF consumers can be defined based on sex, age, sociodemographic factors and lifestyle. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Laura Pedro-Botet, Maria D. Muns, Rosa Sol à, Laia Fontané, Elisenda Climent, David Benaiges, Juana A. Flores-Le Roux, Juan Pedro-Botet Source Type: research

Causal associations between COVID-19 and Atrial Fibrillation: A bidirectional Mendelian randomization study
Observational studies showed that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) attacks universally and its most menacing progression uniquely endangers the elderly with cardiovascular disease (CVD). The causal association between COVID-19 infection or its severity and susceptibility of atrial fibrillation (AF) remains unknown. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 20, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xiaoyu Zhang, Biyan Wang, Tao Geng, Di Liu, Qiuyue Tian, Xiaoni Meng, Qiaoyun Zhang, Mengyang Jiang, Yiqiang Zhang, Manshu Song, Wei Wang, Youxin Wang, Baoguo Wang Source Type: research

Association between estimated glomerular filtration rate and 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk among community residents in Shanghai, China
Background and aims: The association between the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk is unknown. We aimed to evaluate whether eGFR can be used as a predictor in ASCVD risk assessment. Methods and results: Using baseline data from 28,187 participants from Shanghai Suburban Adult Cohort and Biobank study, we adopted Pooled Cohort Equations (PCEs) and Prediction for ASCVD Risk in China (China-PAR) to estimate 10-year ASCVD risk. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between 10-year ASCVD risk and eGFR. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolis...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 20, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yue Zhang, Yuting Yu, Junjie Zhu, Qi Zhao, Yun Qiu, Shuheng Cui, Yu Xiang, Yiling Wu, Nawi Ng, Weibing Wang, Yonggen Jiang, Genming Zhao Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 18, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio and cardiovascular events in the general population: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies
The ratio of triglyceride (TG) to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) has been regarded as a novel surrogate indicator of insulin resistance and the atherogenic index of plasma. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between the TG/HDL-C ratio and the incidence of cardiovascular events in the general population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 17, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yuxiong Chen, Zhen ’ge Chang, Yijie Liu, Yakun Zhao, Jia Fu, Yongqiao Zhang, Yanbo Liu, Zhongjie Fan Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Total and differential white blood cell count and cause-specific mortality in 436 750 Taiwanese adults
White blood cell (WBC) count is an easily obtainable biomarker of systematic inflammation. Our study aimed to investigate the associations of differential WBC count with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in a general Asian population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 14, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shin Heng Teresa Chan, Tsung Yu, Zilong Zhang, Ly-yun Chang, Cui Guo, Yacong Bo, Tony Tam, Alexis K.H. Lau, Xiang Qian Lao Source Type: research

Effects of Fresh Mango Consumption on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Overweight and Obese Adults
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of fresh mango consumption compared to an isocaloric control snack on body weight, glucose, insulin, lipid profiles, liver function enzymes, inflammation, and antioxidant activity in overweight and obese adults (BMI ≥ 26 kg/m2). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 12, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Martin Rosas, Sherry Pinneo, Celeste O ’Mealy, Michelle Tsang, Changqi Liu, Mark Kern, Shirin Hooshmand, Mee Young Hong Source Type: research

Association between causative mutations and response to PCSK9 inhibitor therapy in subjects with Familial Hypercholesterolemia: a single center real-world study
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant disease that leads to cardiovascular (CV) disease. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitors (PCSK9-I) demonstrated efficacy in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reduction and in prevention of CV events. The aim of our study is to evaluate the relationship between LDL receptor (LDLR) mutations and response to PCSK9-I therapy. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gabriella Iannuzzo, Alessio Buonaiuto, Ilenia Calcaterra, Marco Gentile, Francesco Forte, Maria Tripaldella, Maria Donata Di Taranto, Carola Giacobbe, Giuliana Fortunato, Paolo Osvaldo Rubba, Matteo Nicola Dario Di Minno Source Type: research

The influence of CYP2R1 polymorphisms and gene-obesity interaction with hypertension risk in Chinese rural population
Several studies have reported that variants in CYP2R1 have been linked with an increased risk of hypertension. However, the interaction between CYP2R1 variants and environmental factors on the susceptibility of hypertension remained unclear. Therefore, this study evaluated the influence of CYP2R1 polymorphisms on hypertension susceptibility, and explored the interaction effect of CYP2R1 variations and obesity on the disease. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ze Xu, Dongdong Zhang, Jiankui Lin, Xing Li, Yaping Liu, Jiaojiao Gao, Yuan Xue, Yujing Zhang, Runrong Ding, Guoyu Huang, Tong Zhao, Haoyue Huang, Chenxi Gu, Wenjie Li Source Type: research

The association between Chinese visceral adipose index and coronary heart disease: a cohort study in China
The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between Chinese visceral adipose index (CVAI) and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in Chinese through a large cohort study. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yilin Xie, Yanyan Zhang, Pei Qin, Zhao Ping, Changyi Wang, Xiaolin Peng, Hongen Chen, Dan Zhao, Shan Xu, Li Wang, Pengfei Wei, Fulan Hu, Yanmei Lou, Dongsheng Hu Source Type: research

Fresh Fruit Consumption, Physical Activity and Five-year Risk of Mortality among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Follow-up Study
We explored the associations among fruit consumption, physical activity and their dose-response relationship with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in type 2 diabetic patients. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yijia Chen, Jian Su, Yu Qin, Pengfei Luo, Chong Shen, Enchun Pan, Yan Lu, Dandan Miao, Ning Zhang, Jinyi Zhou, Xiaojin Yu, Ming Wu Source Type: research

Trends in Television Viewing and Overweight /Obesity among Nepalese Women: Findings from 2006, 2011 and 2016 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys
This study examined the trends and correlates of television viewing and overweight/obesity among Nepalese women between 2006 and 2016. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Susan Paudel, Alice J. Owen, Neville Owen, Ben J. Smith Source Type: research

Impact of low-starch high-fiber pasta on postprandial blood glucose
In this study, we investigated the ingestion of LSHFP on the postprandial glucose response as a breakfast meal. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 6, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chiho Oba-Yamamoto, Jun Takeuchi, Akinobu Nakamura, Hiroshi Nomoto, Hiraku Kameda, Kyu Yong Cho, Tatsuya Atsumi, Hideaki Miyoshi Source Type: research

Association of diet quality, physical activity, and abdominal obesity with metabolic syndrome z-score in black and white adolescents in the US.
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 6, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Suzanne S. Summer, Todd Jenkins, Thomas Inge, Ranjan Deka, Jane C. Khoury Source Type: research

Association between hemoglobin glycation index and subclinical myocardial injury in the General Population Free from Cardiovascular Disease
The relationship between hemoglobin glycation index (HGI) and the diagnosis and prognosis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been verified by previous studies. However, it remains unknown whether HGI has a predictive effect on subclinical myocardial injury (SC-MI). The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship between HGI and SC-MI in the general population free from CVD. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhenwei Wang, Yihai Liu, Jing Xie, Nai-Feng Liu Source Type: research

The BMSC-derived exosomal lncRNA Mir9-3hg suppresses cardiomyocyte ferroptosis in ischemia-reperfusion mice via the Pum2/PRDX6 axis
The exosomal long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to have cardioprotective effects on ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury by hindering ferroptosis, but the role of lncRNA Mir9-3 host gene (Mir9-3hg) in cardiac I/R injury remains unclear. Exosomes were extracted from mouse bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and identified by detecting the exosome specific marker levels, and the results showed that Mir9-3hg was highly expressed in BMSCs-Exo. Hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-treated HL-1 mouse cardiomyocytes were incubated with exosomes extracted from BMSCs transfected with Mir9-3hg siRNA. (Source: Nutrition, Met...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jian-Kai Zhang, Zhi Zhang, Zi-ao Guo, Yuan Fu, Xiao-Jia Chen, Wei-Jie Chen, Hong-Fu Wu, Xiao-Jun Cui Source Type: research

ALL-CAUSE mortality and cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with alpha-glucosidase inhibitors: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors are approved drugs for treating type 2 diabetes (T2DM); however, their effects on mortality and cardiovascular safety are unclear. This meta-analysis was aimed at evaluating the effects of alpha-glucosidase inhibitors on all-cause mortality and major cardiovascular events (MACE). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Edoardo Mannucci, Marco Gallo, Basilio Pintaudi, Giovanni Targher, Riccardo Candido, Andrea Giaccari, Matteo Monami, SID-AMD joint panel for Italian Guidelines on Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Three minutes moderate-intensity stair walking improves glucose and insulin but not insulin sensitivity or total antioxidant capacity
This study examined the effect of moderate intensity stair stepping exercise on the glycemic response, and antioxidant capacity (TAC) during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 28, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jeff Moore, Eric M. Bartholomae, Kathryn Ward, Shirin Hooshmand, Jochen Kressler Source Type: research

Lipoprotein(a) and aortic valve stenosis: A casual or causal association?
This review aims to provide an update of available methods for imaging calcification activity and potential therapeutic options. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 27, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gloria Santangelo, Andrea Faggiano, Nicola Bernardi, Stefano Carugo, Antonella Giammanco, Pompilio Faggiano Tags: Review Source Type: research

Females with type 2 diabetes are at higher risk for accelerated cognitive decline than males: CAROLINA-COGNITION study
Cognitive dysfunction is increasingly recognized as an important comorbidity of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We aimed to establish if the risk of accelerated cognitive decline (ACD) is higher in females with T2D than males. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 27, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chlo ë Verhagen, Jolien Janssen, Geert Jan Biessels, Odd Erik Johansen, Lieza G. Exalto Source Type: research

Lipoprotein(a) and aortic valve stenosis: a casual or causal association ?
Aims This review aims to provide an update of available methods for imaging calcification activity and potential therapeutic options.Data Synthesis: Aortic valve calcification represents the most common heart valve condition requiring treatment among adults in Western societies. No medical therapies are proven to be effective in treating symptoms or reducing disease progression. Therefore, surgical or transcatheter aortic valve replacement remains the only available treatment option. Elevated circulating concentrations of lipoprotein(a) is strongly associated with degenerative aortic stenosis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolis...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 27, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gloria Santangelo, Andrea Faggiano, Nicola Bernardi, Stefano Carugo, Antonella Giammanco, Pompilio Faggiano Tags: Review Source Type: research

An upward trajectory in adherence to Mediterranean diet is associated with favourable changes in inflammation biomarkers
Introduction: Worldwide trends indicate a progressive decline in adherence to Mediterranean diet (MD) but data on longitudinal changes at an individual-level are still limited. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Bonaccio, S. Costanzo, A. Di Castelnuovo, A. Gialluisi, A. De Curtis, M. Persichillo, E. Ruggiero, C. Tabolacci, F. Facchiano, C. Cerletti, M.B. Donati, G. De Gaetano, L. Iacoviello Source Type: research

Butyrate against paediatric obesity: results of the BAPO trial
Introduction: Paediatric obesity is global public health challenges. Preclinical studies have shown that the short chain fatty acid butyrate could exert beneficial effects against obesity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Coppola, R. Nocerino, L. Paparo, C. Di Scala, L. Voto, A. Luzzetti, V. Giglio, R. Berni Canani Source Type: research

Plasma TMAO increase after healthy diets: results from two randomized controlled trials with dietary fish, polyphenols, and whole grain cereals
Introduction: Plasma trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) has drawn a lot of attention as a marker of several chronic diseases. Data on the relationship between diet and TMAO are discordant and few human intervention studies assessed the causality of this association. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Costabile, C. Vetrani, L. Bozzetto, R. Giacco, L. Bresciani, D. Del Rio, M. Vitale, G. Della Pepa, F. Brighenti, G. Riccardi, A.A. Rivellese, G. Annuzzi Source Type: research

How is the nutritional quality of plant-based meat analogues sold in the Italian market?
Introduction: A meat substitute (or meat analogue) is a plant-derived food product that mimics meat also in terms of flavor and texture. The global market for meat substitutes was worth 4.6 billion (USD) in 2020 and it is expected to reach over 6 billion (USD) within four years. These products are perceived by the consumer as nutritionally better than meat products, but their nutritional quality has not been explored yet. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Cutroneo, D. Martini, T. Tedeschi, N. Pellegrini Source Type: research

Effects of a meat-based diet versus pesco-vegetarian diet on biochemical parameters: results from the MeaTIc Study
Introduction: Only a few randomized dietary intervention studies that investigated the effects of a meat-based diet (MBD) in clinically healthy subjects are available. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Dinu, G. Pagliai, I. Giangrandi, S. Lotti, B. Colombini, F. Cesari, G. Caderni, F. Vitali, C. De Filippo, S. Ristori, L. Giovannelli, F. Sofi Source Type: research

Association of a traditional Mediterranean diet and non-Mediterranean dietary patterns with biological age: cross-sectional findings from the Moli-sani Study cohort
Introduction: Biological age (BA) represents the actual underlying age of an organism, which can differ from its chronological age (CA); the resulting discrepancy ( Δage) represents a robust indicator of healthy aging and mortality risk. This parameter is highly susceptible to lifestyle modifications, including diet. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Esposito, A. Gialluisi, S. Costanzo, A. Di Castelnuovo, E. Ruggiero, A. De Curtis, M. Persichillo, C. Cerletti, M.B. Donati, G. De Gaetano, L. Iacoviello, M. Bonaccio Source Type: research

Changes in ultra-processed food consumption during the first Italian lockdown following the COVID-19 pandemic and major correlates: results from two population-based cohorts
Introduction: Accumulating evidence from studies conducted worldwide during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic indicated an increase in the intake of unhealthy foods (e.g., snacks, sugary drinks, chocolate), although a global assessment of changes in diet quality is often lacking with many studies reporting either increases or decreases of unhealthy foods. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Esposito, S. Costanzo, E. Ruggiero, M. Persichillo, M. Olivieri, A. Di Castelnuovo, C. Cerletti, M.B. Donati, G. De Gaetano, L. Iacoviello, M. Bonaccio Source Type: research

Metabolomic changes after coffee consumption: new paths on the block
Introduction: Several studies suggest that regular coffee consumption may help preventing chronic diseases, but the impact of daily intake and the contribution of coffee metabolites in disease prevention are still unclear. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: C. Favari, L. Righetti, M. Tassotti, L.A. Gethings, D. Martini, A. Rosi, M. Antonini, J. Rubert, C. Manach, A. Dei Cas, R. Bonadonna, F. Brighenti, C. Dall'Asta, P. Mena, D. Del Rio Source Type: research

Prevalence of orthorexia nervosa in a group of ungraduates: dieting and physical activity role
Introduction: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is defined as the excessive fixation on healthy eating, especially focused on food quality rather than food quantity. It can either be associated to dietary restriction or not. Different possible risk factors for ON onset have been investigated, including gender, BMI, dieting and physical activity. ON prevalence in Italy is about 6.9% among the general population, while it can be extremely variable (1-76.6%) in ungraduates. Nutrition and sport sciences students appear to have an increased risk of ON. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Guglielmetti, O.E. Ferraro, A. Tagliabue, I.S.R. Gorrasi, E. Carraro, G. Abbate Daga, S. Bo, C. Ferraris Source Type: research

Iodine Intake Estimated by 24h Urine Collection in the Italian Adult Population: a 2008-2012 Survey
Introduction: Monitoring the population iodine status is essential for iodine deficiency elimination. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: P. Iaccarino Idelson, R. Iacone, P. Formisano, O. Russo, S. Lo Noce, C. Donfrancesco, P.E. Macchia, L. Palmieri, D. Galeone, A. Di Lenarda, S. Giampaoli, P. Strazzullo Source Type: research

Relationship between salt consumption and iodine intake in a pediatric population
Introduction: The World Health Organization recommends reduction of salt intake to (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: P. Iaccarino Idelson, R. Iacone, A. Campanozzi, I. Rutigliano, O. Russo, P. Formisano, D. Galeone, P.E. Macchia, P. Strazzullo Source Type: research

Is there a relationship between chronotype, energy intake and cardiometabolic risk factors? A systematic review with meta-analysis
Introduction: In the last years, several studies have suggested a relationship between individual chronotype (morningness or eveningness), dietary habits, and the risk of developing obesity and other cardiometabolic conditions. Although the most accredited hypothesis is that evening individuals have higher obesity risk and worse metabolic profile, no conclusive data have been obtained, and no systematic reviews and meta-analyses have been conducted to date. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Lotti, M. Dinu, G. Pagliai, B. Colombini, I. Giangrandi, F. Sofi Source Type: research

Nutritional status in children with non-IgE mediated gastrointestinal food allergy: the impact of nutritional counseling provided by a multidisciplinary team
Introduction: Non-IgE mediated gastrointestinal food allergies (non-IgE-GIFA) could have a negative impact on the nutritional status as consequence of inappropriate elimination diet and gastrointestinal tract dysfunction. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Luzzetti, L. Carucci, P. Capasso, V. Giglio, S. Coppola, R. Nocerino, R. Berni Canani Source Type: research

Absence of uncoupling protein-3 promotes visceral adipose tissue lipolysis and insulin resistance
Introduction and objectives: Uncoupling protein-3 (UCP3) is localized in the mitochondrial inner membrane. The involvement of UCP3 in metabolic homeostasis is progressively emerging, however if and how it regulates visceral gonadic adipose tissue (gWAT) functionality is not known. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: N. Magnacca, A. Gentile, R. De Matteis, T. Peluso, A. Lombardi Source Type: research