Effect Of Body Mass Index On Bone Mineral Density Is Age-specific
Obesity and osteoporosis are two important and growing public health problems worldwide. Body mass index (BMI) has been found to be inversely related to the risk of osteoporotic fracture. We aimed to assess the association of BMI with thoracic vertebral bone mineral density (BMD) measured from a quantitative computed tomography (QCT). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 4, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lavanya Cherukuri, April Kinninger, Divya Birudaraju, Suvasini Lakshmanan, Dong Li, Ferdinand Flores, Song S. Mao, Matthew J. Budoff Source Type: research

The risk of metabolic derangements is higher in children and adolescents with overweight or obesity born small for gestational age
Birth weight (BW) has been associated with the risk of obesity and metabolic derangements in children and adults. The aims of this study were: i. to evaluate the distribution of BW in a sample of overweight and obese children and adolescents compared with the general reference population; ii. to explore the relationship between the BW and insulin resistance and other cardiometabolic derangements in a population of children and adolescents with overweight and obesity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 4, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Alice Maguolo, Francesca Olivieri, Chiara Zusi, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice, Anita Morandi, Claudio Maffeis Source Type: research

Real-world outcomes with different technology modalities in type 1 diabetes
Several treatment modalities are available for type 1 diabetes (T1D), including continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and flash glucose monitoring (FGM) with MDI, sensor-augmented pumps with predictive low-glucose suspend function (SAP-PLGS) and hybrid closed-loop systems (HCL). The aim of the study was to evaluate the real-world benefits obtained with these treatment modalities. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pilar Isabel Beato-V íbora, Fabiola Gallego-Gamero, Ana Ambrojo-López Source Type: research

Authors ’ reply to Kahn’s comment
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Grith M øller, Christian Ritz, Louise Kjølbæk, Stine Vuholm, Sanne Kellebjerg Korndal, Thomas Meinert Larsen, Oluf Pedersen, Wim Saris, Arne Astrup, Lotte Lauritzen, Mette Kristensen, Mads Vendelbo Lind Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Cellular FADD-like IL-1 β-converting enzyme-inhibitory protein attenuates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury via suppressing apoptosis and autophagy simultaneously
This study aimed to determine the effects of cFLIP on apoptosis and autophagy in MI/RI. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Di Liu, Hui Wu, Yun Zhao Li, Jun Yang, Jian Yang, Jia Wang Ding, Gang Zhou, Jing Zhang, Xin ’ an Wang, Zhi Xing Fan Source Type: research

Neuronal Differentiation 1 gene Ala45Thr polymorphism and type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of 7,940 subjects
Previous studies have shown that there was a possible relationship between human Neuronal Differentiation 1 (NEUROD1) gene Ala45Thr polymorphism and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) susceptibility. Nevertheless, no public opinion has been formed because of the conflicting results in the past studies. In order to illuminate the potential association of human NEUROD1 gene Ala45Thr polymorphism and T2DM, the present meta-analysis was conducted. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yan-yan Li, Hui Wang, Yang-yang Zhang Source Type: research

Dairy consumption and subclinical atherosclerosis: a cross-sectional study among middle-aged Mexican women
We examined the association between the intake of total dairy and different types of dairy and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, in Mexican women. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Adrian Cort és-Valencia, Adriana Monge, Marcela Tamayo-Ortiz, Ruy Lopez-Ridaura, Beatriz L. Rodriguez, Carlos Cantú-Brito, Andres Catzin-Kuhlmann, Martin Lajous Source Type: research

A Mediterranean Lifestyle Reduces the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in the "Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra" (SUN) Cohort
A healthy lifestyle is essential to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, beyond dietary habits, there is a scarcity of studies comprehensively assessing the typical traditional Mediterranean lifestyle with a multi-dimensional index. We assessed the association between the Mediterranean lifestyle (measured with the MEDLIFE index including diet, physical activity, and other lifestyle factors) and the incidence of CVD. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 27, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Mata-Fern ández, M.S. Hershey, J.C. Pastrana-Delgado, M. Sotos-Prieto, M. Ruiz-Canela, S.N. Kales, M.A. Martínez-González, A. Fernandez-Montero Source Type: research

Statin and outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression
This study aims to analyze the association between statin use and composite poor outcomes of COVID-19. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Timotius Ivan Hariyanto, Andree Kurniawan Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Effect of Dietary Sodium Restriction on Blood Pressure in Type 2 Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Although current guidelines recommend reduction of salt intake in patients with diabetes, the benefits of reducing salt intake in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) lack clear evidence. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis of available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of sodium restriction and blood pressure (BP) in patients with T2DM. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jingyi Ren, Liqiang Qin, Xiang Li, Ran Zhao, Zhixing Wu, Yuxia Ma Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Dietary selenium intake and risk of hospitalization for type 2 diabetes in the Moli-sani Study cohort
Experimental and non-experimental human studies have consistently shown a positive association between exposure to the trace element selenium, which occurs primarily through diet, and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Plausible biological mechanisms include adverse effects of selenium and selenium-containing proteins on glucose metabolism. However, the levels of exposure above which risk increases are uncertain. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 25, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marco Vinceti, Marialaura Bonaccio, Tommaso Filippini, Simona Costanzo, Lauren A. Wise, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Emilia Ruggiero, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello, the Moli-sani Study Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 24, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Repetitive deep TMS for the reduction of body weight: bimodal effect on the functional brain connectivity in “diabesity”
Deep repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (deep rTMS) over the bilateral insula and prefrontal cortex (PFC) can promote weight-loss in obesity, preventing cardiometabolic complications as Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). To investigate the changes in the functional brain integration after dTMS, we conducted a resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) study in obesity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 24, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Francantonio Devoto, Anna Ferrulli, Laura Zapparoli, Stefano Massarini, Giuseppe Banfi, Eraldo Paulesu, Livio Luzi Source Type: research

The HSD17B13 rs72613567 variant is associated with lower levels of albuminuria in patients with biopsy-proven nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Several susceptibility gene variants predisposing to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have been identified in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Evidence supports that 17-beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 13 (HSD17B13) rs72613567 plays a role in NAFLD development by affecting lipid homeostasis. Since lipid droplets may accumulate in the kidneys and contribute to renal injury, we investigated the association between the HSD17B13 rs72613567 variant and markers of renal function/injury in NAFLD. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 24, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dan-Qin Sun, Ting-Yao Wang, Kenneth I. Zheng, Hao-Yang Zhang, Xiao-Dong Wang, Giovanni Targher, Christopher D. Byrne, Yong-Ping Chen, Wei-Jie Yuan, Yan Jin, Ming-Hua Zheng Source Type: research

Low skeletal muscle density combined with muscle dysfunction predicts adverse events after adult cardiovascular surgery
This study examined whether SMDs can strengthen the predictive ability of muscle dysfunctions for adverse events in patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 23, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Masashi Yamashita, Kentaro Kamiya, Atsuhiko Matsunaga, Tadashi Kitamura, Nobuaki Hamazaki, Kohei Nozaki, Takafumi Ichikawa, Emi Maekawa, Kentaro Meguro, Minako Yamaoka-Tojo, Junya Ako, Kagami Miyaji Source Type: research

How well does anthropometry identify cardiometabolic risks among treated patients?
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 23, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Henry S. Kahn Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Effect of extra virgin olive oil consumption on glycemic control: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Several health benefits is contributed to extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO). The polyphenol fraction of EVOO may be responsible for its cardioprotective impacts. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the effect of EVOO intake on glycemic parameters. Electronic literature searched through 1st September 2020 across MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science, and SCOPUS databases to find all clinical trials that reported the effect of EVOO intake on glycemic parameters [FBS(fasting blood glucose), Insulin, HOMA-IR (Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance) and HbA1c (Glycated hemoglobin)] vs. (Source: Nutri...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 23, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fereshteh Dehghani, Mojgan Morvaridzadeh, Ana Beatriz Pizarro, Tohid Rouzitalab, Masoud Khorshidi, Azimeh Izadi, Farzad Shidfar, Amirhosein Omidi, Javad Heshmati Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Tri-Ponderal Mass Index vs Body Mass Index in Discriminating Central Obesity and Hypertension in Adolescents with Overweight
Recently, it has been hypothesized that Tri-Ponderal Mass Index (TMI) may be a valid alternative to Body Mass Index (BMI) when measuring body fat in adolescents. We aimed to verify whether TMI has better accuracy than BMI in discriminating central obesity and hypertension in adolescents with overweight. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Alexis E. Malavazos, Gloria Capitanio, Valentina Milani, Federico Ambrogi, Irene A. Matelloni, Sara Basilico, Carola Dubini, Francesca M. Sironi, Elisabetta Stella, Silvana Castaldi, Francesco Secchi, Lorenzo Menicanti, Gianluca Iacobellis, Massimiliano M Source Type: research

Causal effects of plasma lipids on the risk of atrial fibrillation: A multivariable mendelian randomization study
Observational studies have suggested that plasma lipids contribute substantially to cardiovascular disease, but “cholesterol paradox” in atrial fibrillation (AF) remains. We sought to investigate the causal effects of lipid profiles on the risk of AF. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 19, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Qi Jiang, Dingxin Qin, Ling Yang, Yongping Lin, Lishang Zhai, Yuli Zhang, Gang Yang, Kexin Wang, Debing Tong, Xintao Li, Zijun Chen, Kai Huang, Tianhong Yu, Xue Xiang, Chang Cui, Cheng Cai, Jiaojiao Shi, Mingfang Li, Minglong Chen Source Type: research

Fruit consumption and cardiometabolic risk in the PREDIMED-plus study: a cross-sectional analysis
Total fruit consumption is important for cardiovascular disease prevention, but also the variety and form in which is consumed. The aim of the study was to assess the associations between total fruit, subgroups of fruits based on their color and fruit juices consumption with different cardiometabolic parameters. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 16, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nerea Becerra-Tom ás, Indira Paz-Graniel, Anna Tresserra-Rimbau, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Laura Barrubés, Dolores Corella, Júlia Muñoz-Martínez, Dora Romaguera, Jesús Vioque, Ángel M. Alonso-Gómez, Julia Wärnberg, J. Alfredo Martínez, Source Type: research

Health service use and health system costs associated with diabetes during pregnancy in Australia
In the context of the rising rate of diabetes in pregnancy in Australia, this study aims to examine the health service and resource use associated with diabetes during pregnancy. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 16, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Haylee K. Fox, Emily J. Callander Source Type: research

The APOB polymorphism rs1801701 A/G (p.R3638Q) is an independent risk factor for early-onset coronary artery disease: data from a Spanish cohort
This study was aimed to determine the effect of two APOB gene variants in the risk of developing early-onset coronary artery disease (EO-CAD) in a Spanish population. The association of these polymorphisms with hypercholesterolemia was also analysed. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 16, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Eliecer Coto, Rebeca Lorca, Juli án Rodríguez-Reguero, María Martín, Isaac Pascual, Pablo Avanzas, Elías Cuesta-Lavona, Daniel Vázquez-Coto, Carmen Díaz-Corte, Salvador Tranche, Belén Alonso, Sara Iglesias, César Morís, Juan Gómez Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

The Association of Blood Lipid Parameters Variability with Ischemic Stroke in Hypertensive Patients
The relationship between lipid variability and stroke among patients with hypertension were inconclusive. We aimed to investigate the association of lipid variability with ischemic stroke in hypertensive patients. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 14, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yu-qing Huang, Lin Liu, Xiao-cong Liu, Kenneth Lo, Song-tao Tang, Ying-qing Feng, Bin Zhang Source Type: research

On the association between circulating biomarkers and atherosclerotic calcification in a cohort of arterial disease participants
This study aims to determine whether circulating levels of a local/systemic calcification inhibitor or a marker of bone formation correlate with measures of coronary or extracoronary calcification. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 14, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rachel M. Cahalane, Hilary E. Barrett, Aisling M. Ross, John JE. Mulvihill, Helen Purtill, Logeswaran Selvarajah, Julie O ’Brien, Eamon G. Kavanagh, Michael A. Moloney, Siobhan M. Egan, Fiona C. Leahy, Tomás P. Griffin, Md. Nahidul Islam, Paula M. O’ Source Type: research

The safety outcomes of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors in patients with different renal function: a systematic review and meta-analysis
We aimed to assess whether the safety outcomes exerted by sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors were associated with different renal function at baseline. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 13, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yaling Bai, Jingjing Jin, Wei Zhou, Shenglei Zhang, Jinsheng Xu Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Red meat and processed meat consumption and the risk of dyslipidemia in Korean adults: A prospective cohort study based on the Health Examinees (HEXA) study
This study aimed to investigate the association between red and processed meat consumption and the dyslipidemia risk by sex among Koreans. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 13, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Seong-Ah Kim, Sangah Shin Source Type: research

May the In-Hospital Mortality Gap between STEMI Patients with and without Diabetes Mellitus Be Reduced? The Cardio-Renal Hypothesis
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a frequent comorbidity in ST-elevation-myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients and carries a higher risk of in-hospital mortality. We recently demonstrated that the higher in-hospital mortality of STEMI patients with DM, when compared to that of patients without DM, is mainly associated with their more frequent cardiac and renal dysfunction. These exploratory results prompted us to hypothesize that this higher risk in DM patients is mediated by their lower cardio-renal functional reserve. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 12, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nicola Cosentino, Alice Bonomi, Jeness Campodonico, Fabrizio Veglia, Gaetano M. De Ferrari, Stefano Genovese, Giancarlo Marenzi Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Serum creatinine to cystatin C ratio is associated with major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with obstructive coronary artery disease
Sarcopenia is a clinical syndrome that features muscle atrophy and weakness, and has been associated with cardiovascular events and poor clinical outcomes. Recently, the sarcopenia index (SI) was developed as a simple screening tool based upon the serum creatinine to cystatin C (CysC) ratio. We investigated the association between SI and the prevalence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with obstructive CAD. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 12, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ya-Wen Lu, Yi-Lin Tsai, Ruey-Hsing Chou, Chin-Sung Kuo, Chun-Chin Chang, Po-Hsun Huang, Shing-Jong Lin Source Type: research

A genome-wide methylation study of body fat traits in the Norfolk Island Isolate
Natural variation in body fat is explained by both genetic and environmental effects. Epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation can mediate these effects causing changes in gene expression leading to onset of obesity. Studies of genetic isolates have the potential to provide new epigenetic insights with advantages in reduced genetic diversity and environmental exposures. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 11, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Van T. Cao, Rodney A. Lea, Heidi G. Sutherland, Miles C. Benton, Reza S. Pishva, Larisa M. Haupt, Lyn R. Griffiths Source Type: research

Low Mediterranean Diet scores are associated with reduced kidney function and health related quality of life but not other markers of cardiovascular risk in adults with diabetes and chronic kidney disease
How Mediterranean-style diets impact cardiovascular and health outcomes in patients with both diabetes and kidney disease is not well known. Our aim was to investigate the association between diet quality, using Mediterranean Diet Scores (MDS) and health outcomes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kelly Picard, Peter A. Senior, Stephany Adame Perez, Kailash Jindal, Caroline Richard, Diana R. Mager Source Type: research

CA.ME.LI.A. An epidemiological study on the prevalence of cardiovascular, metabolic, liver and autoimmune diseases in Northern Italy
This report focuses on the description and presentation of baseline characteristics of the population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Monica Bignotto, Michele Dei Cas, Rita Paroni, Elena Bianco, Paola Zermiani, Maria Grazia Gangale, Valentina Zadro, Margherita Maregatti, Alessandra Piagnani, Antonio Russo, Damiano Baldassarre, Franco Folli, Pier Maria Battezzati, Massimo Zuin Source Type: research

Changes in the profile of circulating HDL subfractions in severe obese adolescents following a weight reduction program
Epidemiological studies show that obese adolescents are candidates to suffer cardiovascular pathologies in adulthood. In order to detect subfractions with diagnostic value for future cardiovascular disorders, we analysed the complete lipoprotein profile of severely obese adolescents. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: David Montero, Fr édéric Dutheil, Guillaume Walther, Antonia Perez-Martin, Laura Soto-Esclapez, Agnès Vinet, Enrique Roche Source Type: research

Statin use in patients with elevated serum hepatic transaminases at baseline: A meta-analysis
The objectives of this meta-analysis were to analyze the liver safety and cardiovascular benefit when using a statin-based lipid-lowering treatment compared to a less intensive treatment or placebo, in subjects with abnormal liver tests at baseline. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Walter Masson, Mart ín Lobo, Gerardo Masson, Graciela Molinero, Paola Casciato Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of carotid baroreceptor stimulation on aortic remodeling in obese rats
In this study, we explore effects of CBS on aortic remodeling in obese rats. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Qiao Yu, Ling Shu, Lang Wang, Kaile Gao, Jing Wang, Mingyan Dai, Quan Cao, Yijie Zhang, Qiang Luo, Bangwang Hu, Dilin Dai, Jie Chen, Mingwei Bao Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in estimated cardiovascular risk in patients with type 2 diabetes
Seasonal variations in several risk factors for cardiovascular events (CVD) were described. Here, we evaluate the impact of seasonal variations in blood pressure (BP), lipid profile and glycemic control on estimated CVD risk in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 6, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stefano Ciardullo, Emanuele Muraca, Rosa Cannistraci, Giuseppina Manzoni, Silvia Perra, Eleonora Bianconi, Alice Oltolini, Francesca Zerbini, Guido Grassi, Giuseppe Mancia, Guido Lattuada, Gianluca Perseghin Source Type: research

Uric acid in chronic coronary syndromes: relationship with coronary artery disease severity and left ventricular diastolic parameter
Uric Acid (UA) has been related to the development of Cardio-Vascular (CV) events in patients affected by Chronic Coronary Syndromes (CCS). Among various hypothesis, two arise: UA may negatively act on coronary artery determining a higher degree of atherosclerotic disease, and/or on heart determining a higher prevalence of diastolic dysfunction. Both the above hypothesized effects are object of our investigation. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Maloberti, I. Bossi, E. Tassistro, P. Rebora, A. Racioppi, S. Nava, F. Soriano, E. Piccaluga, G. Piccal ò, J. Oreglia, P. Vallerio, R. Pirola, B. De Chiara, F. Oliva, A. Moreo, M.G. Valsecchi, C. Giannattasio Source Type: research

Changes in serum uric acid and the risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in the general population
Longitudinal evidence on change in serum (SUA) with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality is limited, as many prior studies focused on baseline SUA. Further, the optimal threshold range of SUA change is unclear. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 4, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xue Tian, Anxin Wang, Yingting Zuo, Shuohua Chen, Yihan Ma, Xu Han, Licheng Zhang, Shouling Wu, Yanxia Luo Source Type: research

Association between MBOAT7 rs641738 polymorphism and non-alcoholic fatty liver in overweight or obese children
We examined whether there is an association between this genetic variant and NAFL in a large multicentre, hospital-based cohort of Italian overweight/obese children. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 3, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chiara Zusi, Anita Morandi, Alice Maguolo, Massimiliano Corradi, Silvia Costantini, Antonella Mosca, Annalisa Crudele, Alessandro Mantovani, Anna Alisi, Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice, Giovanni Targher, Claudio Maffeis Source Type: research

Bone fragility in patients with diabetes mellitus: a consensus statement from the Working Group of the Italian Diabetes Society (SID), Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE), Italian Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics (SIGG), Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology (SIOT)
Bone fragility is one of the possible complications of the diabetes, either type 1 (T1D) or type 2 (T2D). Bone fragility can affect patients of different age and with different disease severity depending on type of diabetes, disease duration and the presence of other complications. Fracture risk assessment should be started at different stages in the natural history of the disease depending on the type of diabetes and other risk factors. The risk of fracture in T1D is higher than in T2D, imposing a much earlier screening and therapeutic intervention that should also take into account a patient's life expectancy, diabetes c...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 3, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nicola Napoli, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Giovanni De Gennaro, Claudio Marcocci, Raffaele Marfella, Rocco Papalia, Francesco Purrello, Carmelinda Ruggiero, Umberto Tarantino, Flavia Tramontana, Caterina Conte Tags: Review Source Type: research

rs629301 CELSR2 polymorphism confers a ten years equivalent risk of critical stenosis assessed by coronary angiography
This study is aimed to investigate the rs629301 polymorphism association with the extent of CAD evaluated by coronary angiography (CAG), and to evaluate its associations on an extensive panel of lipid and lipoprotein measurements in a large Italian cohort of 2429 patients. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 2, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Davide Noto, Angelo B. Cefal ù, Nicola Martinelli, Antonina Giammanco, Rossella Spina, Carlo M. Barbagallo, Marco Caruso, Salvatore Novo, Filippo Sarullo, Vincenzo Pernice, Federica Brucato, Valeria Ingrassia, Francesca Fayer, Grazia Ida Altieri, Chiara Source Type: research

Revascularisation Of Type 2 Diabetics With Coronary Artery Disease: Insights And Therapeutic Targeting Of O-Glcnacylation
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) using autologous saphenous vein continues to be a gold standard procedure to restore the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscles in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, CAD patients with T2DM are at higher risk of graft failure. While failure rates have been reduced through improvements in procedure-related factors, much less is known about the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which T2DM initiates vein graft failure. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Israel Olapeju Bolanle, Kirsten Riches-Suman, Mahmoud Loubani, Ritchie Williamson, Timothy M. Palmer Tags: Review Source Type: research

Does a high intake of green leafy vegetables protect from NAFLD? Evidence from a large population study
We examined the association of GLV intake with NAFLD in a large-scale adult population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Huiping Li, Xuena Wang, Mingxu Ye, Shunming Zhang, Qing Zhang, Ge Meng, Li Liu, Hongmei Wu, Yeqing Gu, Yawen Wang, Tingjing Zhang, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Kun Song, Yaogang Wang, Kaijun Niu Source Type: research

LDL/Apo B ratio Predict Coronary Heart Disease in Type2 Diabetes Independent of ASCVD Risk Score: A Case-Cohort Study
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a major mortality risk factor in patients with diabetes. LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) is a major risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. There is one apolipoprotein B (ApoB) molecule in each LDL particle. We aimed to evaluate the predictive value of the LDL-C/ApoB ratio for CHD in patients with type2 diabetes (T2D). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Soghra Rabizadeh, Armin Rajab, Jeffrey I. Mechanick, Fatemeh Moosaie, Yekta Rahimi, Manouchehr Nakhjavani, Alireza Esteghamati Source Type: research

Plasma fatty acids and kidney function decline in post-myocardial infarction patients of the Alpha Omega Cohort
We examined plasma fatty acids (FAs) as novel biomarkers of kidney function decline after myocardial infarction (MI). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 28, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Anniek C. van Westing, Marion R. Eckl, Leanne K. K üpers, Kamalita Pertiwi, Ellen K. Hoogeveen, Johanna M. Geleijnse Source Type: research

Effect of dietary macronutrients on intestinal cholesterol absorption and endogenous cholesterol synthesis: a randomized crossover trial
Extensive research showed a diurnal rhythm of endogenous cholesterol synthesis, whereas recent research reported no diurnal rhythm of intestinal cholesterol absorption in males who consumed low-fat meals. Little is known about the acute effect of macronutrient consumption on cholesterol metabolism, and hence if meal composition may explain this absence of rhythmicity in cholesterol absorption. Therefore, we examined the effect of a high-fat, high-carbohydrate, and high-protein meal on postprandial intestinal cholesterol absorption and endogenous cholesterol synthesis in apparently healthy overweight and slightly obese male...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 28, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Maite M. Schroor, Jogchum Plat, Maurice C.J.M. Konings, Ellen T.H.C. Smeets, Ronald P. Mensink Source Type: research

Associations between calf, thigh, and arm circumference and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in NHANES 1999-2004
Prior studies have described an association between calf circumference and cardiovascular disorders. We evaluated the associations between calf, thigh, and arm circumference and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 28, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Abreo AP, Bailey SR, Abreo K Source Type: research

Impact of statin therapy on LDL and non-HDL cholesterol levels in subjects with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia
Cardiovascular risk in heterozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (HeFH) is driven by LDL cholesterol levels. Since lipid response to statin therapy presents individual variation, this study aimed to compare mean LDL and non-HDL cholesterol reductions and their variability achieved with different types and doses of the most frequently prescribed statins. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 28, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Elisenda Climent, Victoria Marco-Bened í, David Benaiges, Xavier Pintó, Manuel Suárez-Tembra, Núria Plana, Hannia Lafuente, Emilio Ortega-Martínez de Victoria, Ángel Brea-Hernando, Àlex Vila, Fernando Civeira, Juan Pedro-Botet Source Type: research

Calculated values of serum LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) – for better or worse?
This study aimed to evaluate this. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 28, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jagadish Ramasamy, Victoria Job, Thenmozhi Mani, Molly Jacob Source Type: research

Overweight, obesity and coronary artery lesions among Kawasaki disease patients
Overweight is associated with increased cardiovascular disease in general populations. However, a similar relationship among Kawasaki Disease (KD) patients was unclear. The study aimed to investigate the relation between weight-for-height and coronary artery lesions (CAL) among KD patients, and whether laboratory indices modified this relation. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 27, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hongying Shi, Fengfeng Weng, Chen Li, Zengyou Jin, Junyong Hu, Maoping Chu, Huixian Qiu Source Type: research