Impact of different types of olive oil on cardiovascular risk factors: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
This network meta-analysis (NMA) compares the effects of different types of olive oil (OO) on cardiovascular risk factors. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lukas Schwingshackl, Marc Krause, Christine Schmucker, Georg Hoffmann, Gerta R ücker, Joerg J. Meerpohl Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Statins and risk of thromboembolism: A meta-regression to disentangle the efficacy-to-effectiveness gap using observational and trial evidence
and aims; Meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies indicate a lower risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) associated with statin treatment. We aimed to compare the effect of statin therapy in these two settings and to identify and quantify potential factors to explain statin efficacy and effectiveness. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Joanne K. Miksza, Francesco Zaccardi, Setor K. Kunutsor, Samuel Seidu, Melanie J. Davies, Kamlesh Khunti Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Malnutrition status in patients of very advanced age with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and its impact on clinical outcomes
Malnutrition is associated with adverse outcomes in patients with chronic disease. We screened malnutrition among patients of very advanced age with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) by malnutrition scores and investigated the associations between malnutrition and clinical outcomes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nan Cheng, Aimin Dang, Naqiang Lv, Yanru He, Xiao Wang Source Type: research

Polyvascular subclinical atherosclerosis in familial hypercholesterolemia: the role of cholesterol burden and gender
Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) is a genetic disease characterized by a heterogeneous phenotype. The assessment of cardiovascular (CV) risk is challenging for HeFH. Cholesterol burden (CB) allows to estimate the lifelong exposure to high levels of cholesterol. The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution of subclinical atherosclerosis and the relationship between atherosclerosis and the CB in a sample of HeFH patients, focusing on sex-related differences. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Alessandro Mattina, Antonina Giammanco, Philippe Giral, David Rosenbaum, Alain Carri é, Philippe Cluzel, Alban Redheuil, Randa Bittar, Sophie Béliard, Davide Noto, Angelo Quartarone, Maurizio Averna, Éric Bruckert, Antonio Gallo Source Type: research

Malnutrition Status in Patients of Very Advanced Age with Non-valvular Atrial Fibrillation and Its Impact on Clinical Outcomes
Malnutrition is associated with adverse outcomes in patients with chronic disease. We screened malnutrition among patients of very advanced age with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) by malnutrition scores and investigated the associations between malnutrition and clinical outcomes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: N. Cheng, A.M. Dang, N.Q. Lv, Y.R. He, X. Wang Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Italian Titration Approach Study (ITAS) with insulin glargine 300 U/mL in insulin-naïve type 2 diabetes: Design and population” [Nutr Metabol Cardiovasc Dis 29 (5) (May 2019) 496–503]
The authors regret that the Conflict of Interest statement is incorrect and should read as follows: (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: R.C. Bonadonna, A. Giaccari, R. Buzzetti, G. Aimaretti, D. Cucinotta, A. Avogaro, G. Perseghin, M. Larosa, G.B. Bolli, C.G. Fanelli Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Uric acid within the “normal” range predict 9-year cardiovascular mortality in older individuals. The InChianti study
Increased uric acid levels correlate with cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular/overall mortality. To identify an uric acid threshold above which cardiovascular mortality rises, we studied the relationship between uric acid concentration and overall/cardiovascular mortality. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Brombo, F. Bonetti, S. Volpato, M.L. Morieri, E. Napoli, S. Bandinelli, A. Cherubini, M. Maggio, J. Guralnik, L. Ferrucci, G. Zuliani Source Type: research

Relevance of physical function in the association of red and processed meat intake with all –cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality
This study examined the associations of red and processed meat consumption with all –cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality and investigated whether markers of physical function modified the associations. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Argyridou, F. Zaccardi, M.J. Davies, K. Khunti, T. Yates Source Type: research

Evaluating causal associations between chronotype and fatty acids and between fatty acids and type 2 diabetes: a Mendelian randomization study
Preference for activity in the morning or evening (chronotype) may impact type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk factors. Our objective was to use Mendelian randomization (MR) to evaluate whether there are causal links between chronotype and one potential T2D risk factor, total fatty acids (TOTFA), and between TOTFA and T2D. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Charleen D. Adams, Susan L. Neuhausen Source Type: research

Eosinopenia and post-hospital outcomes in critically ill non-cardiac vascular surgery patients
Eosinopenia is a marker for acute inflammation. We hypothesized that eosinopenia at Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission in vascular surgery patients who receive critical care, would be associated with increased mortality following hospital discharge. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gerdine C.I. von Meijenfeldt, Sowmya Chary, M.J. van der Laan, C.J.A.M. Zeebregts, Kenneth B. Christopher Source Type: research

The net clinical benefits of febuxostat versus allopurinol in patients with gout or asymptomatic hyperuricemia – a systematic review and meta-analysis
Systemic reviews and meta-analyses suggest hyperuricemia is a cardiovascular risk factor. The effects of xanthine oxidase inhibitors on cardiac outcomes remain unclear. We assessed the effects of febuxostat and allopurinol on mortality and adverse reactions in adult patients with hyperuricemia. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cheng-Wei Liu, Wei-Cheng Chang, Chiao-Chin Lee, Wen-Yi Shau, Fu-Shun Hsu, Man-Ling Wang, Tsung-Chih Chen, Chiao Lo, Juey-Jen Hwang Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Relationship Between Endothelium-Dependent Vasodilation And Fat Distribution Using The New “Imiomics” Image Analysis Technique
We investigated how vasoreactivity in the brachial artery and the forearm resistance vessels were related to fat distribution and tissue volume, using both traditional imaging analysis and a new technique, called “Imiomics”, whereby vasoreactivity was related to each of the>2M 3D image elements included in the whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lars Lind, Robin Strand, Karl Michaelsson, Joel Kullberg, Hakan Ahlstr öm Source Type: research

Non-Invasive Assessment of Hepatic Lipid Subspecies Matched with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Phenotype
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by excessive hepatic fat accumulation. Increased hepatic saturated fats and decreased hepatic polyunsaturated fats may be particularly lipotoxic, contributing to metabolic dysfunction. We compared hepatic lipid subspecies in adults with and without NAFLD, and examined links with hallmark metabolic and clinical characteristics of NAFLD. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.L. Erickson, J.M. Haus, S.K. Malin, C.A. Flask, A.J. McCullogh, J.P. Kirwan Source Type: research

The different roles for the advanced glycation end products axis in heart failure and acute coronary syndrome settings
This work aimed to compare the behavior of the advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their soluble receptor (sRAGE) in two cohorts of patients: those with heart failure (HF) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Beatriz Paradela-Dobarro, Rosa M. Agra, Leyre Álvarez, Alfonso Varela-Román, José M. García-Acuña, José R. González-Juanatey, Ezequiel Álvarez, Francisco J. García-Seara Source Type: research

Relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, intracerebral hemorrhage, and its location
Although some authors evaluated the relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MeDi) and both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke alone is not yet examined. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Antonino Tuttolomondo, Domenico Di Raimondo, Alessandra Casuccio, Mariachiara Velardo, Giovanni Salamone, Valentina Arnao, Rosaria Pecoraro, Vittoriano Della Corte, Vincenzo Restivo, Francesca Corpora, Carlo Maida, Irene Simonetta, Anna Cirrincione, Valer Source Type: research

High plasma glutamate and low glutamine-to-glutamate ratio are associated with Type 2 Diabetes: case-cohort study within the PREDIMED trial
Glutamate, glutamine are involved in energy metabolism, and have been related to cardiometabolic disorders. However, their roles in the development of type-2 diabetes (T2D) remain unclear. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xiaoran Liu, Yan Zheng, Marta Guasch-Ferr é, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Estefanía Toledo, Clary Clish, Liming Liang, Cristina Razquin, Pharm D. Dolores Corella, Ramón Estruch, Montserrat Fito, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Fernando Arós, Emilio Ros, José Lapetra, Source Type: research

Relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, intracerebral haemorrhage and its location
Although some authors evaluated the relationship between adherence to Mediterranean Diet (MeDi) and both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke was not yet examined alone. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Antonino Tuttolomondo, Domenico Di Raimondo, Alessandra Casuccio, Mariachiara Velardo, Giovanni Salamone, Valentina Arnao, Rosaria Pecoraro, Vittoriano Della Corte, Vincenzo Restivo, Francesca Corpora, Carlo Maida, Irene Simonetta, Anna Cirrincione, Valer Source Type: research

Loss of MD1 increases vulnerability to ventricular arrhythmia in diet-induced obesity mice via enhanced activation of the TLR4/MyD88/CaMKII signaling pathway
This study aims to investigate the regulatory role of MD1 in VA caused by diet-induced obesity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wei Shuai, Bin Kong, Hui Fu, Caijie Shen, He Huang Source Type: research

Moderate alcohol consumption and total mortality risk: Do not advocate drinking for ‘health benefits’
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Annie Britton Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

Long-term body weight trajectories and metabolic control in type 1 diabetes patients on insulin pump or multiple daily injections: A 10-year retrospective controlled study
Overweight/obesity is a clinical concern also in patients with Type 1 diabetes (T1DM). These patients ’ body weight may vary depending on whether treatment consists in continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) or multiple daily injections (MDI), as these treatments lead to different blood glucose control, insulin doses, and eating behaviors. We compared long-term body weight trajectories in persons with diabetes on CSII or MDI regimens. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Antonio Alderisio, Lutgarda Bozzetto, Luca Franco, Gabriele Riccardi, Angela Albarosa Rivellese, Giovanni Annuzzi Source Type: research

Dietary Protein Intake in Older Adults Undergoing Cardiac Surgery
Older adults undergoing major surgery have increased protein requirements in the postoperative period, but there are limited data describing actual protein intake following cardiac surgery. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Michael Goldfarb, Yamileth Marcano, Donna Schafer, Julia Chronopoulos, Victoria Hayman, Amanda Trnkus, Jonathan Afilalo Source Type: research

Indexes of adiposity and body composition in the prediction of metabolic syndrome in obese children and adolescents: which is the best?
There is no agreement about which index of adiposity and/or body composition is the most accurate in identifying the metabolic syndrome (METS). The aim of our study was to compare the accuracy of the different indexes in order to recognize the most reliable. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Radetti, A. Fanolla, G. Grugni, F. Lupi, A. Sartorio Source Type: research

Dysfunctional eating in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A multicenter Italian study of socio-demographic and clinical associations
Dysfunctional eating might impact on the management and metabolic control of type 2 diabetes (T2DM), modifying adherence to healthy diet and food choices. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 18, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Maria Letizia Petroni, Francesca Alessandra Barbanti, Riccardo Bonadonna, Graziella Bruno, Maria Turchese Caletti, Marina Croci, Chiara D ’Eusebio, Alessandra Dei Cas, Cecilia Invitti, Fabio Merlo, Alberto Molteni, Antonio Pontiroli, Marina Trento, Anna Source Type: research

PNPLA3 gene polymorphism in Brazilian patients with type 2 diabetes: a prognostic marker beyond liver disease?
Genetic factors may impact non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) severity. We aimed to assess the prevalence of patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing 3 protein (PNPLA3) gene rs738409 C>G polymorphism in Brazilian type 2 diabetes individuals and to investigate its association with liver disease severity, diabetic chronic degenerative complications and metabolic control. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Machado CM, Leite NC, Fran ça PH, Cardoso CR, Salles GF, Villela- Nogueira CA Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Differential effects of red yeast rice, Berberis aristata and Morus alba extracts on PCSK9 and LDL uptake
The novel nutraceutical combination containing red yeast rice (monacolin K 3.3 mg), Berberis aristata cortex extract (Berberine 531.25 mg) and Morus alba leaves extract (1-deoxynojirimycin 4 mg) is effective in the management of elevated plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of the three components on proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), a key regulator of LDL receptor (LDLR) expression, in hepatocyte cell lines and comparing their effects on LDL cellular uptake. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Maria Giovanna Lupo, Chiara Macchi, Silvia Marchian ò, Riccardo Cristofani, Maria Francesca Greco, Stefano Dall’Acqua, Haixia Chen, Cesare R. Sirtori, Alberto Corsini, Massimiliano Ruscica, Nicola Ferri Source Type: research

Serum lipid profile as a biomarker of intra-pancreatic fat deposition: A nested CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY
The relationship between intra-pancreatic fat deposition (IPFD) and lipid profile has been investigated in individuals with obesity and/or type 2 diabetes, but not in healthy non-obese individuals and those after acute pancreatitis. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between serum lipid profile and IPFD in the latter individuals and to determine the effect of abdominal fat distribution and other covariates. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ruma G. Singh, Ngoc Nhu Nguyen, Aya Cervantes, Jaelim Cho, Maxim S. Petrov Source Type: research

Relationship between albuminuric CKD and Diabetic Retinopathy in a real-world setting of type 2 diabetes. Findings from No Blind study
Recently the albuminocentric view of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) has been changing. Therefore, the relationship between diabetic retinopathy (DR) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) has to be addressed according to this new clinical presentation of DKD. Aim of this study was to evaluate, in a real-world setting, the correlation DR –DKD in T2DM. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ferdinando Carlo Sasso, Pia Clara Pafundi, Aldo Gelso, Valeria Bono, Ciro Costagliola, Raffaele Marfella, Celestino Sardu, Luca Rinaldi, Raffaele Galiero, Carlo Acierno, Alfredo Caturano, Chiara de Sio, Luca De Nicola, Teresa Salvatore, Riccardo Nevola, L Source Type: research

Adult height and risk of death from all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer-specific disease: The Rural Chinese Cohort Study
We aimed to evaluate the sex-specific association of height and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in rural Chinese adults. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yang Zhao, Ming Zhang, Yu Liu, Haohang Sun, Xizhuo Sun, Zhaoxia Yin, Honghui Li, Yongcheng Ren, Dechen Liu, Feiyan Liu, Xu Chen, Leilei Liu, Cheng Cheng, Qionggui Zhou, Dongsheng Hu Source Type: research

Central and peripheral body fat distribution: different associations with low-grade inflammation in young adults?
Evidence regarding the impact of regional body fat distribution on low-grade inflammation is limited. The current study examined the association of central and peripheral body fat distribution and low-grade inflammation levels in young adults, taking into account collinearity between variables. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Maria Cabral, Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, Milton Severo, Jo ão Tiago Guimarães, Luísa Nogueira, Elisabete Ramos Source Type: research

Adult height and risk of death from all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer specific disease: The Rural Chinese Cohort Study
We aimed to evaluate the sex-specific association of height and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in rural Chinese adults. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yang Zhao, Ming Zhang, Yu Liu, Haohang Sun, Xizhuo Sun, Zhaoxia Yin, Honghui Li, Yongcheng Ren, Dechen Liu, Feiyan Liu, Xu Chen, Leilei Liu, Cheng Cheng, Qionggui Zhou, Dongsheng Hu Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 31, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The number and phenotype of myocardial and adipose tissue CD68+ cells is associated with cardiovascular and metabolic disease in heart surgery patients
CD68+ cells are a potent source of inflammatory cytokines in adipose tissue and myocardium. The development of low-grade inflammation in adipose tissue is implicated in the pathogenesis of obesity-associated disorders including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease. The main aim of the study was to characterize and quantify myocardial and adipose tissue CD68+ cells and adipose tissue crown-like structures (CLS) in patients with obesity, coronary artery disease (CAD) and T2DM. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Pierzynov á, J. Šrámek, A. Cinkajzlová, H. Kratochvílová, J. Lindner, M. Haluzík, T. Kučera Source Type: research

Parathormone, Vitamin D and the Risk of Atrial Fibrillation in Older Adults: a prospective study
Vitamin D and parathormone (PTH) have been associated with cardiovascular outcomes, but their impact on atrial fibrillation (AF) onset is still unclear. We explored the influence of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) and PTH on AF risk in older adults. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Trevisan C, Piovesan F, Lucato P, Zanforlini BM, De Rui M, Maggi S, Noale M, Corti MC, Perissinotto E, Manzato E, Sergi G Source Type: research

Moderate alcohol consumption and lower total mortality risk: justified doubts or established facts?
For almost a century, the scientific community is aware of the J-shaped curve between alcohol consumption and all-cause mortality. Moderate drinkers seem to live longer than both abstainers and heavy drinkers. These epidemiological observations regarding moderate alcohol consumption and beneficial health effects have been incessantly scrutinised for confounding and bias. This viewpoint discusses previous and recent criticisms regarding the J-shaped curve between alcohol consumption and total mortality risk. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Costanzo, G. de Gaetano, A. Di Castelnuovo, L. Djouss é, A. Poli, D.P. Van Velden Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

Lifestyle and awareness of cholesterol blood levels among 29159 community school children in Italy
Lifestyle habits including indoor and outdoor activities among community school children, adherence to the Mediterranean diet and awareness about total cholesterol blood levels represent determinant factors in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean diet, total cholesterol blood levels, body composition and hours per day spent in in-house or outdoor among 29159 Italian 6-14 years-old community school children (50% boys). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Francesco Martino, Eliana Martino, Paolo Versacci, Tarcisio Niglio, Cristina Zanoni, Paolo Emilio Puddu Source Type: research

Physical activity attenuates the association between the IRS1 genotype and childhood obesity in Chinese children
s and Aims: The insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) rs2943650 was found to be associated with obesity in adults, but the association has not been evaluated in children. The present study aimed to examine whether IRS1 rs2943650 was associated with obesity in Chinese children, and explore the interaction between rs2943650 and physical activity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 18, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Q.Y. Song, J.Y. Song, C.X. Li, Z. Liu, Yang Wang, L. Qi, Yan Wang, H.J. Wang Source Type: research

Associations between anthropometric indicators in early life and low-grade inflammation, insulin resistance and lipid profile in adolescence
The long-term relations between excessive adiposity in early childhood and unfavourable cardiometabolic profiles in later ages are not yet completely understood. We aimed to assess the associations between birth weight (BW) and BMI from 6 months to 6 years of age, with biomarkers indicative of low-grade inflammation, insulin resistance and lipid profiles in adolescence. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: J. Oliveira –Santos, R. Santos, C. Moreira, S. Abreu, L. Lopes, C. Agostinis–Sobrinho, G. Stratton, J. Mota Tags: Review Source Type: research

Dietary fat intake and Metabolic Syndrome in adults: a systematic review
The Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of coexisting cardiovascular risk factors. The role of specific dietary fats was reemphasized by dietary recommendations. This systematic review aims to assess the evidence on the effect of dietary fat intake on MetS occurrence and reversion in adults. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Alicia Julibert, Maria del Mar Bibiloni, Josep A. Tur Tags: Review Source Type: research

Prevalence of Obesity and Obesity-Associated Muscle Wasting In Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis
A progressive decrease in muscle mass till full blown sarcopenia may occur in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and worsen their life quality and expectancy. Here we investigate the prevalence of obesity and obesity-associated muscle wasting in PD patients. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bruna Guida, Rossella Trio, Martina Di Maro, Andrea Memoli, Teresa Di Lauro, Annamaria Belfiore, Mariarosaria Santillo, Mauro Cataldi Source Type: research

Relationship between serum levels of immunoglobulins and metabolic syndrome in an adult population: A population study from the TCLSIH cohort study
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a combination of metabolic disorders that increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, and inflammation is considered as a pathological basis for MetS. Immunoglobulins (Igs) are the major secretory products of the adaptive immune system. However, no large-scale population study has focused on a possible relationship between Igs and MetS. We designed a cross-sectional study to investigate the relationship between Igs and prevalence of MetS in a large-scale adult population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xiaotong Wang, Jingzhu Fu, Yeqing Gu, Vu Thi Q. Chi, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Ge Meng, Zhanxin Yao, Hongmei Wu, Xue Bao, Shunming Zhang, Mingyue Liu, Yanyan Wang, Zuolin Lu, Liu Wang, Lixiao Zheng, Xiaona Wang, Chunling Tian, Shaomei Sun, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Source Type: research

Effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting on lipid and lipoprotein parameters: An updated meta-analysis
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify several aspects of intermittent fasting during the month of Ramadan on lipid and lipoprotein levels in apparently healthy subjects. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Parvin Mirmiran, Zahra Bahadoran, Zahra Gaeini, Nazanin Moslehi, Fereidoun Azizi Tags: Review Source Type: research

The relationship between Serum Levels of Immunoglobulins and Metabolic Syndrome in an Adult Population: A population study from the TCLSIH cohort study
and Amis: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a combination of metabolic disorders that increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, and inflammation is considered as a pathological basis of MetS. Immunoglobulins are the major secretory products of the adaptive immune system. However, no large-scale population study has focused on a possible relationship between immunoglobulins and MetS. We designed a cross-sectional study to investigate the relationships between immunoglobulins and prevalence of MetS in a large-scale adult population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: X. Wang, J. Fu, Y. Gu, V. Chi, Q. Zhang, L. Liu, G. Meng, Z. Yao, H. Wu, X. Bao, S. Zhang, M. Liu, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, L. Wang, L. Zheng, X. Wang, C. Tian, S. Sun, M. Zhou, Q. Jia, K. Song, K. Niu Source Type: research

Evaluation of Body Composition in Renal Transplant Patients: an unsolved problem
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Massimo Sabbatini, Bruna Guida Source Type: research

Effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting on lipid and lipoproteins parameters: An updated meta-analysis
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify several aspects of intermittent fasting during month of Ramadan on lipid and lipoprotein levels in apparently healthy subjects. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Parvin Mirmiran, Zahra Bahadoran, Zahra Gaeini, Nazanin Moslehi, Fereidoun Azizi Tags: Review Source Type: research

Putative Nox2 Inhibitors Worsen Homocysteine-Induced Impaired Acetylcholine-Mediated Relaxation
Increased homocysteine (Hcy) is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). Hcy increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) via NADPH oxidases (Nox), reducing acetylcholine-mediated vasorelaxation. We aimed to determine if putative Nox2 inhibitors prevent Hcy-impaired acetylcholine-mediated vasorelaxation. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Renee M. Smith, Sudarshan Rai, Peter Kruzliak, Alan Hayes, Anthony Zulli Source Type: research

Long-term association of nut consumption and cardiometabolic risk factors
Long-term associations between nut consumption and cardiometabolic risk factors are not well known. We investigated the relationship between nut consumption and cardiometabolic risk factors including dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM), and obesity in a cohort of Iranian adults. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Noushin Mohammadifard, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Marjan Mansourian, Razieh Hassannejhad, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Firouzeh Sajjadi, Maryam Maghroun, Hassan Alikhasi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan Source Type: research

Markers of iron status, blood pressure and incident hypertension among Chinese adults
The evidence on the relationship between markers of iron, blood pressure and hypertension are limited and inconsistent. This prospective cohort study aimed to investigate the relationship of serum ferritin (SF), transferrin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTFR) and haemoglobin on blood pressure and incident hypertension in the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) study. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yongjian Zhu, Gaiyun Chen, Yacong Bo, Yanhua Liu Source Type: research

Long term association of nut consumption and cardiometabolic risk factors
The long term associations between nuts consumption and cardiometabolic risk factors are not well-known. We investigated the relationship between nuts and cardiometabolic risk factors, including dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity in a cohort of Iranian adults. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Noushin Mohammadifard, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Marjan Mansourian, Razieh Hassannejhad, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Firouzeh Sajjadi, Maryam Maghroun, Hassan Alikhasi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan Source Type: research

Relationship of a Body Shape Index and Body Roundness Index with carotid atherosclerosis in arterial hypertension
A Body Shape Index (ABSI) and Body Roundness Index (BRI) are two new anthropometric adiposity indices that have shown to be associated better than BMI with adipose abdominal tissue, with the onset of diabetes and the risk of premature death. Little is known about the influence of ABSI and BRI on subclinical vascular damage. The study was aimed to assess the relationship between ABSI and BRI with carotid atherosclerosis damage in subjects with arterial hypertension. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Giulio Geraci, Marta Zammuto, Rossella Gaetani, Alessandro Mattina, Francesco D'Ignoto, Calogero Geraci, Davide Noto, Maurizio Averna, Santina Cottone, Giuseppe Mul è Source Type: research