Relationship of a Body Shape Index and Body Roundness Index, with carotid atherosclerosis in arterial hypertension
A Body Shape Index (ABSI) and Body Roundness Index (BRI) are two; new anthropometric adiposity indices that have shown to be associated better than BMI with adipose abdominal tissue, with the onset of diabetes and the risk of premature death. Little is known about the influence of ABSI and BRI on subclinical vascular damage. The study was aimed to assess the relationship between ABSI and BRI with carotid atherosclerosis damage in subjects with arterial hypertension. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Giulio Geraci, Marta Zammuto, Rossella Gaetani, Alessandro Mattina, Francesco D ’Ignoto, Calogero Geraci, Davide Noto, Maurizio Averna, Santina Cottone, Giuseppe Mulè Source Type: research

Impact of Severe and Symptomatic Hypoglycemia on Quality of Life and Fear of Hypoglycemia in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes. Results of the Hypos-1 Observational Study
Hypoglycemia represents a relevant burden in people with diabetes. Consequences of hypoglycemia/fear of hypoglycemia on quality of life (QoL) and behaviors of patients with T1DM and T2DM were assessed. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.C. Rossi, A. Nicolucci, A. Ozzello, S. Gentile, A. Aglialoro, A. Chiambretti, F. Baccetti, F.M. Gentile, F. Romeo, G. Lucisano, C.B. Giorda, the HYPOS-1 Study Group of AMD Source Type: research

WITHDRAWN: Soy isoflavones (from Glycine max) preserves hepatocellular free radical defense system potential and ameliorates inflammatory response in high fat fed ovariectomised Wistar rats: The  molecular mechanisms
This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause.The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sankar Panneerselvam, Rajaa M. Packirisamy, Zachariah Bobby, Magadi G. Sridhar Source Type: research

Soy isoflavones (from Glycine max) preserves hepatocellular free radical defense system potential and ameliorates inflammatory response in high fat fed ovariectomised Wistar rats: The molecular mechanisms
Postmenopausal women are more prone to develop metabolic syndrome (MetS) components; insulin resistance, type2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis and obesity than premenopausal women. Oxidative stress (OxS) and inflammation (INF) are emerged as major triggers for these metabolic consequences. However, the pathogenesis of OxS and inflammation after menopause is only partially understood which is yet to be elucidated. The lack of safe/effective conventional treatments for postmenopausal women has changed the focus to natural products as the alternative remedy. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: P. Sankar, P. Rajaa Muthu, Zachariah Bobby, M.G. Sridhar Source Type: research

Breakfast association with arterial stiffness and carotid atherosclerotic burden. Insights from the ‘Corinthia’ study
Τhe role of dietary patterns, in cardiovascular diseases has been challenged. The role of breakfast as an element of balance energy intake has gained research interest. However, the effects of dietary patterns related to breakfast consumption on vascular function are unknown. We explored the associ ation of breakfast consumption habits with arterial wall elastic properties and carotid atherosclerosis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - May 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Evangelos Oikonomou, George Lazaros, Evangelia Christoforatou, Christos Chasikidis, Georgina Vavouranaki, Georgia Vogiatzi, George Angelos Papamikroulis, Sotirios Tsalamandris, Georgios Gergiopoulos, Savvas Mazaris, Panagiotis Theofilis, Myriam Anastasiou Source Type: research

Association of elective cesarean delivery with metabolic measures in childhood: a prospective cohort study in China
Cesarean delivery may increase the risk of childhood obesity, a precursor of metabolic syndrome (MetS). We aimed to investigate the association of elective cesarean delivery (ElCD) with MetS and its components in a Chinese birth cohort. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Y.-B. Zhou, H.-T. Li, K.-Y. Si, Y.-L. Zhang, L.-L. Wang, J.-M. Liu Source Type: research

Dietary assessment methods in surveillance systems targeted to adolescents: a review of the literature
The present paper aims to identify on-going multinational surveillance systems (SURSYSs) assessing diet and nutrition targeted to adolescents, including European surveys involving multiple countries and similar initiatives conducted in non-European countries with developed economies, and to describe the dietary assessment methods used. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Tabacchi, F. Garbagnati, T.M.A. Wijnhoven, G. Cairella, SINU Working Group on Nutritional Surveillance in Adolescents Tags: Review Source Type: research

Association of serum proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 with early atherosclerosis in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is rapidly gaining attention as a potential risk of developing atherosclerosis due to its crucial role in the regulation of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) metabolism. The present study investigated the relationship between serum PCSK9 levels and early atherosclerosis as assessed by carotid intimal-medial thickness (CIMT) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (ba-PWV) in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wen Guo, Yingyun Gong, Jie Li, Pei Qin, Jing Lu, Xiaona Li, WenfangZhu, Nianzhen Xu, Hongwen Zhou, Qun Zhang Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Impact of Whole Egg Intake on Blood Pressure, Lipids and Lipoproteins in Middle-Aged and Older Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Effects of whole egg consumption on cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk in the middle-aged and older population remain unclear due to inconsistent findings from observational and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This meta-analysis aimed to assess the impacts of whole egg and egg category (whole eggs versus egg substitutes) intake quantity on CVD risk factors from systematically searched RCTs. Egg substitutes were hypothesized to have minimal effects of the blood lipid and lipoprotein profile as they are void of dietary cholesterol. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.X. Wang, C.H. Wong, J.E. Kim Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Statin use and site-specific risk of colorectal cancer in individuals with hypercholesterolemia from the National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort (NHIS-HEALS)
We investigated the association between statin use and site-specific risk of colorectal cancer in individuals with hypercholesterolemia. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jae-Woo Lee, Na-Young You, Yeseul Kim, Yonghwan Kim, Joungyoun Kim, Hee-Taik Kang Source Type: research

Statin Use and the Site-Specific Risk of Colorectal Cancer in Individuals with Hypercholesterolemia from the National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort (NHIS-HEALS)
We investigated the association between statin use and site-specific risk of colorectal cancer in individuals with hypercholesterolemia. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jae-woo Lee, Na-Young You, Yeseul Kim, Yonghwan Kim, Joungyoun Kim, Hee-Taik Kang Source Type: research

Beneficial effects of non-quinazoline α1-adrenolytics on hypertension and altered metabolism in fructose-fed rats. A comparison with prazosin
Metabolic syndrome associated with insulin resistance and hypertension is often caused by excessive fructose consumption. Treatment of hypertension in patients with metabolic syndrome is a difficult task as many antihypertensive drugs have adverse effects on the metabolic profile. We investigated if MH-76 and MH-79, non-quinazoline α1-adrenoceptor antagonists with an additional ability to stimulate NO/cGMP/K+ pathway, ameliorates metabolic syndrome in fructose-fed rats. As reference compound prazosin was used. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Monika Kubacka, Magdalena Kota ńska, Małgorzata Szafarz, Krzysztof Pociecha, Anna Maria Waszkielewicz, Henryk Marona, Barbara Filipek, Szczepan Mogilski Source Type: research

The Association Between Body Mass Index and In-hospital Outcome Among Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction —Insights from China Acute Myocardial Infarction (CAMI) Registry
The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and in-hospital mortality risk among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains controversial. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 10, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chenxi Song, Rui Fu, Jingang Yang, Haiyan Xu, Xiaojin Gao, Lei Feng, Yang Wang, Xiaoxue Fan, Bin Ning, Shuping Wan, Kefei Dou, Yuejin Yang, CAMI Registry study group Beijing, China; MA, and NC, USA Source Type: research

Effect of fitness on cardiac structure and function in overweight and obesity (the FATCOR study)
Obesity is associated with reduced left ventricular (LV) systolic myocardial function. We aimed to explore whether this effect is offset in the presence of good fitness. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - April 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: H. Halland, K. Matre, E. Einarsen, H. Midtb ø, S. Saeed, N. Pristaj, M.T. Lønnebakken, E. Gerdts Source Type: research

The Role Of Inflammation In The Association Between Overall And Visceral Adiposity And Subclinical Atherosclerosis
Inflammation may underlie the association between obesity, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. We investigated to what extent markers of inflammation mediate associations between overall and visceral body fat and subclinical atherosclerosis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Christen T, Trompet S, Rensen PCN, Willems van Dijk K, Lamb HJ, Jukema JW, Rosendaal FR, le Cessie S, de Mutsert R Source Type: research

Skeletal muscle mass in acute coronary syndrome prognosis: gender-based analysis from Hellenic Heart Failure cohort
Predictive and prognostic ability of muscle mass in CVD settings is increasingly discussed. The gender-specific effect of skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) on 10-year recurrent fatal/non fatal cardiovascular disease (CVD) event of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients was evaluated. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Kouvari, C. Chrysohoou, P. Dilaveris, G. Georgiopoulos, N. Magkas, Panagiotis Aggelopoulos, D.B. Panagiotakos, Dimitris Tousoulis Source Type: research

Dietary acid load and risk of hypertension: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of observational studies
Previous studies have assessed diet-induced mild metabolic acidosis in relation to blood pressure, however, data are conflicting. Current systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis aimed to summarize earlier findings from observational studies on the association between dietary acid load and hypertension. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mohammad Parohan, Alireza Sadeghi, Morteza Nasiri, Vahid Maleki, Mahmoud Khodadost, Aliyar Pirouzi, Omid Sadeghi Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Methodological approach to the assessment of the obesogenic environment in children and adolescents: a review of the literature
Childhood and adolescent obesity has been defined as a planetary epidemic by WHO "globesity". The obesogenic environment, defined as a life environment promoting a high-energy intake and a sedentary lifestyle, significantly contributes to the genesis and the diffusion of the globesity. In the last decades, several authors and working groups tried to develop methodological instruments in order to guarantee a reliable analysis of an obesogenic environment. Their efforts have led to the production of a relatively large number of questionnaires with different characteristics. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardi...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Domenico Rendina, Angelo Campanozzi, Gianpaolo De Filippo, the SINU Working Group on Nutritional Surveillance in Adolescents Tags: Review Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Mediterranean alcohol-drinking pattern, low to moderate alcohol intake and risk of atrial fibrillation in the predimed study
There is ongoing controversy about the effect of a low to moderate alcohol consumption on atrial fibrillation (AF). Our aim is to assess the association between adherence to a Mediterranean alcohol drinking pattern and AF incidence. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: P. Bazal, A. Gea, M.A. Mart ínez-González, J. Salas-Salvadó, E.M. Asensio, C. Muñoz-Bravo, M. Fiol, M.A. Muñoz, J. Lapetra, L.L. Serra-Majem, X. Pintó, J.I. González, N. Becerra-Tomás, M. Fitó, E. Ros, A. Alonso-Gómez, M. Ruiz-Canela Source Type: research

Longitudinal association of adiposity and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein from adolescence into early adulthood
Longitudinal studies relating adiposity with low-grade inflammation are scarce. We aimed to examine the longitudinal association between the cumulative exposure to adiposity and low –grade inflammation from adolescence into early adulthood. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Cabral, M. Severo, H. Barros, J.T. Guimar ães, E. Ramos Source Type: research

Assessment of the American Heart Association's “Life's simple 7” score in French-speaking adults from Québec
The “Life's Simple 7” (LS7) metrics were developed by the American Heart Association (AHA) to assess and promote cardiovascular health in the American population. The purpose of this study was to assess the overall cardiovascular health of French-speaking adults from the Province of Quebec using the LS7 score. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Harrison, C. Couillard, J. Robitaille, M.-C. Vohl, M. B élanger, S. Desroches, V. Provencher, R. Rabasa-Lhoret, L. Bouchard, M.-F. Langlois, J. Houle, S. Lemieux, B. Lamarche Source Type: research

Assessment Of The American Heart Association ’s “Life’s Simple 7” Score In French-Speaking Adults From Québec
The “Life’s Simple 7” (LS7) metrics were developed by the American Heart Association (AHA) to assess and promote cardiovascular health in the American population. The purpose of this study was to assess the overall CV health of French-speaking adults from the Province of Quebec using the LS7 score . (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Harrison, C. Couillard, J. Robitaille, M.-C. Vohl, M. B élanger, S. Desroches, V. Provencher, R. Rabasa-Lhoret, L. Bouchard, M.-F. Langlois, J. Houle, S. Lemieux, B. Lamarche Source Type: research

Body mass index and body fat distribution and new-onset atrial fibrillation: Substudy of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition in Norfolk (EPIC-Norfolk) study
Obesity is a recognized risk factor for new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF). The association between body fat distribution, which is measured by body mass index (BMI) and waist –hip ratio (WHR), its changes, and new-onset AF is conflicting. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: J. Neefs, S.M. Boekholdt, K.-T. Khaw, R. Luben, R. Pfister, N.J. Wareham, E.R. Meulendijks, P. Sanders, J.R. de Groot Source Type: research

Body Mass Index and Body Fat Distribution and New-Onset Atrial Fibrillation. Sub study of The European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition in Norfolk (EPIC-Norfolk) Study
Obesity is a recognized risk factor for new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF).The association between body fat distribution, measured by body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR), its changes, and new-onset AF are conflicting. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: J. Neefs, S.M. Boekholdt, K.-T. Khaw, R. Luben, R. Pfister, N.J. Wareham, E.R. Meulendijks, P. Sanders, J.R. de Groot Source Type: research

MicroRNA-24 attenuates vascular remodeling in diabetic rats through PI3K/Akt signaling pathway
In this study, we intended to explore the effects and potential mechanisms of microRNA-24 (miR-24) on vascular remodeling under diabetic conditions. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wanyin Cai, Jing Zhang, Jun Yang, Zhixing Fan, Xiaowen Liu, Wenqi Gao, Ping Zeng, Mengting Xiong, Cong Ma, Jian Yang Source Type: research

Dietary habits of adolescents living in North America, Europe or Oceania: a review on fruit, vegetable and legume consumption, sodium intake, and adherence to the Mediterranean Diet
This review aimed at investigating fruit, vegetable and legume consumption, salt/sodium intake, and the adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern in adolescents, three key aspects towards the adoption of a healthy diet. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rosi A, Paolella G, Biasini B, Scazzina F, SINU Working Group on Nutritional Surveillance in Adolescents Tags: Review Source Type: research

Notch3 signaling activation in smooth muscle cells promotes extrauterine growth restriction-induced pulmonary hypertension
Early postnatal life is a critical developmental period that affects health of the whole life. Extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR) causes cardiovascular development problems and diseases, including pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). PAH is characterized by proliferation, migration, and anti-apoptosis of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). However, the role of PASMCs in EUGR has not been studied. Thus, we hypothesized that PASMCs dysfunction played a role in EUGR-induced pulmonary hypertension. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yu Wang, Shuxin Dai, Xinyu Cheng, Eric Prado, Lingling Yan, Jun Hu, Qi He, Yao Lv, Ying Lv, Lizhong Du Source Type: research

Consumption of whole grain food and its determinants in a general Italian population: results from the INHES Study
Whole grain (WG) food consumption is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and neurological diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the consumption of WG food and its major demographic, socioeconomic, psychosocial and behavioral determinants in a general Italian population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Emilia Ruggiero, Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Americo Bonanni, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Francesca Bracone, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello, INHES Study Investigators Source Type: research

Maternal psychological distress during pregnancy and childhood cardio-metabolic risk factors
We examined the associations of maternal overall psychological distress, depression and anxiety during pregnancy with cardio-metabolic risk factors in 10-year-old children and explore potential sex-specific differences. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: C.C.V. Silva, F.O.L. Vehmeijer, H. El Marroun, J.F. Felix, V.W.V. Jaddoe, S. Santos Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation limits diet-induced weight gain, increases liver triglycerides and prevents the early signs of cardiovascular disease in mice
Sunlight exposure is associated with a number of health benefits including protecting us from autoimmunity, cardiovascular disease, obesity and diabetes. Animal studies have confirmed that ultraviolet (UV)-B radiation, independently of vitamin D, can limit diet-induced obesity, metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis. The aim of this study is investigate whether exposure to the UV radiation contained in sunlight impacts on these disease parameters. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Angela L. Ferguson, Lai Fong Kok, Jason K. Luong, Maros Van Den Bergh, Kim S. Bell-Anderson, Daniel J. Fazakerley, Scott N. Byrne Source Type: research

Early vs. standard screening and treatment of gestational diabetes in high-risk women – An attempt to determine relative advantages and disadvantages
Screening for Gestational Diabetes (GDM) is usually recommended between 24-28 weeks of pregnancy, however available evidence suggests that GDM may be already present before recommended time for screening, in particular among high-risk women as those with prior GDM or obesity. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate whether early screening (16-18 weeks) and treatment of GDM may improve maternal and fetal outcomes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bianchi C, de Gennaro G, Romano M, Battini L, Aragona M, Corfini M, Del Prato S, Bertolotto A Source Type: research

Mediterranean, but not lacto-ovo-vegetarian, diet positively influence circulating progenitor cells for cardiovascular prevention: the CARDIVEG study
To evaluate the possible association between dietary habits and progenitor cells using data obtained from a randomized crossover trial using two different diets, lacto-ovo-vegetarian (VD) and Mediterranean (MD), the CARDIVEG study. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Francesca Cesari, Monica Dinu, Giuditta Pagliai, Angela Rogolino, Betti Giusti, Anna Maria Gori, Alessandro Casini, Rossella Marcucci, Francesco Sofi Source Type: research

Dietary Patterns and Management Of Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review Of Randomised Clinical Trials
The aim of the present review is to examine evidence from published studies on the effectiveness of six or more months of low carbohydrate, macrobiotic, vegan, vegetarian, Mediterranean and intermittent fasting (IF) diets compared to low fat diets on diabetes control and management. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dimitra Papamichou, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos, Catherine Itsiopoulos Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

A within-sibling pair analysis of lifestyle behaviours and BMI z-score in the multi-centre I.Family study
By investigating differences in lifestyle behaviours and BMI in sibling pairs, family-level confounding is minimized and causal inference is improved, compared to cross-sectional studies of unrelated children. Thus, we aimed to investigate within-sibling pair differences in different lifestyle behaviours and differences in BMI z-scores in children and adolescents. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: L.H. Bogl, K. Mehlig, T. Intemann, G. Masip, A. Keski-Rahkonen, P. Russo, N. Michels, L. Reisch, V. Pala, L. Johnson, D. Moln ár, M. Tornaritis, T. Veidebaum, L. Moreno, W. Ahrens, L. Lissner, J. Kaprio, A. Hebestreit, I.Family Consortium Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Differential Effect of Short-Term Popular Diets on TMAO and Other Cardio-metabolic Risk Markers
Dietary nutrient intake and its metabolism by the gut microbiome have recently been implicated in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. In particular, trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a metabolite of the gut microbiota, has been shown to be a predictor of incident CVD events. Elevated levels of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) have also been associated with an increased propensity for insulin resistance. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ji Eun Park, Michael Miller, Jeffrey Rhyne, Zeneng Wang, Stanley L. Hazen Source Type: research

Selectivity of beta-blockers, cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in people with hypoglycaemia: an observational study
The association of beta-blockers and their selectivity with mortality and cardiovascular events in patients with and without hypoglycaemia is unknown. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: F. Zaccardi, L.L. Nystrup Husemoen, B.L. Thorsted, D.R. Webb, S.K. Paul, M.J. Davies, K. Khunti Source Type: research

OLIVE oil intake and risk of atrial fibrillation in the SUN cohort
A Mediterranean-type diet enriched with extra virgin olive oil has been associated with a reduction in the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in a population at high cardiovascular risk. However, no study has replicated these findings. In our study, we analysed the association between olive oil consumption and AF in the SUN project, a cohort with young Spanish adults at low cardiovascular risk. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bazal P, Gea A, de la Fuente-Arrillaga C, M.T. Barrio-L ópez, M.A. Martinez-González, M. Ruiz-Canela Source Type: research

Comparative Effectiveness of Gastric Bypass versus Gastric Banding on Acute Care Use for Cardiovascular Disease in Adults with Obesity
The objective was to examine whether adults with obesity and CVD who underwent gastric bypass have a lower rate of acute care use (emergency department [ED] visit or unplanned hospitalization) for CVD than those with gastric banding. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Y.J. Shimada, T. Goto, Y. Tsugawa, E.W. Yu, K. Yoshida, S. Homma, D.F.M. Brown, K. Hasegawa Source Type: research

The use of continuous glucose monitoring or flash glucose monitoring in the management of diabetes: a consensus view of Italian diabetes experts using the Delphi method
Until recently, in Italy, the use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems has been limited, but is now rapidly increasing, including the so-called real-time CGM (rtCGM) and the intermittently viewed CGM (iCGM), also called Flash Glucose Monitoring (FGM). These technologies overcome many of the limitations of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) by fingerprick and allow to go beyond HbA1c to check glucose control in diabetes. However, standardized protocols for applying and interpreting rtCGM and FGM data are lacking. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Daniela Bruttomesso, Luigi Laviola, Angelo Avogaro, Enzo Bonora, Stefano Del Prato, Simona Frontoni, Emanuela Orsi, Ivana Rabbone, Giorgio Sesti, Francesco Purrello, Italian Society for the Study of Diabetes (SID) Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

The use of real time continuous glucose monitoring or flash glucose monitoring in the management of diabetes: A consensus view of Italian diabetes experts using the Delphi method
Until recently, in Italy, the use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems has been limited, but is now rapidly increasing, including the so-called real-time CGM (rtCGM) and the intermittently viewed CGM (iCGM), also called Flash Glucose Monitoring (FGM). These technologies overcome many of the limitations of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) by fingerprick and allow to go beyond HbA1c to check glucose control in diabetes. However, standardized protocols for applying and interpreting rtCGM and FGM data are lacking. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: D. Bruttomesso, L. Laviola, A. Avogaro, E. Bonora, S. Del Prato, S. Frontoni, E. Orsi, I. Rabbone, G. Sesti, F. Purrello, of the Italian Diabetes Society (SID) Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

Italian Titration Approach Study (ITAS) with Insulin Glargine 300 U/mL in insulin-na ïve type 2 diabetes: design and population
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: R.C. Bonadonna, A. Giaccari, R. Buzzetti, G. Aimaretti, D. Cucinotta, A. Avogaro, G. Perseghin, M. Larosa, G.B. Bolli, C.G. Fanelli Source Type: research

Italian Titration Approach Study (ITAS) with insulin glargine 300  U/mL in insulin-naïve type 2 diabetes: Design and population
Fostering patient's self-managing of basal insulin therapy could improve glucose control, by removing patient's and physician's barriers to basal insulin initiation, titration and glucose monitoring. The Italian Titration Approaches Study (ITAS) aims at demonstrating non-inferiority ( (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: R.C. Bonadonna, A. Giaccari, R. Buzzetti, G. Aimaretti, D. Cucinotta, A. Avogaro, G. Perseghin, M. Larosa, G.B. Bolli, C.G. Fanelli Source Type: research

Non alcoholic fatty liver disease and risk of incident diabetes in subjects who are not obese
It is not known whether non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a risk factor for diabetes in non obese, non centrally-obese subjects. Our aim was to investigate relationships between fatty liver, insulin resistance and a biomarker score for liver fibrosis with incident diabetes at follow up, in subjects who were neither obese nor centrally-obese. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ki-Chul Sung, Dae-Chul Seo, Seung-Jae Lee, Mi-Yeon Lee, Sarah H. Wild, Christopher D. Byrne Source Type: research

Dietary calcium intake and adiposity in children and adolescents: cross-sectional and longitudinal results from IDEFICS/I.Family cohort
Studies in children and adolescents suggested that higher dairy consumption may exert a protective effect on adiposity. However, only few studies examined the association between dietary calcium intake and body mass measures with conflicting results. We evaluated the association between total dietary calcium, calcium from dairy and non-dairy sources and anthropometric indices in a large European cohort of children and adolescents. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 5, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Annunziata Nappo, Sonia Sparano, Timm Intemann, Yannis A. Kourides, Lauren Lissner, Denes Molnar, Luis A. Moreno, Valeria Pala, Isabelle Sioen, Toomas Veidebaum, Maike Wolters, Alfonso Siani, Paola Russo Source Type: research

Increased fiber intake predicts the decrease in 2nd phase glucose-induced hyperinsulinemia following a hypocaloric diet in obese subjects
We examined whether increased fiber intake predicts the amelioration in IS and GIIS following a hypocaloric-diet. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: V. Provost, V. Lamantia, S. Bissonnette, Y. Cyr, M. Faraj Source Type: research

Vegetarians have a lower fasting insulin level and higher insulin sensitivity compared with matched omnivores: a cross-sectional study
Potential associations between vegetarian diet patterns and fasting insulin and insulin sensitivity remain unclear. We aimed to investigate if vegetarian diets were associated with fasting insulin and insulin sensitivity in a cross-sectional study in Chinese vegetarians and matched omnivores, then to test if it is independent of body mass index (BMI). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: X. Cui, B. Wang, Y. Wu, L. Xie, P. Xun, Q. Tang, W. Cai, X. Shen Source Type: research

Racial Differences in Myocardial Deformation in Obese Children: Significance of Inflammatory State
The association between racial differences in myocardial deformation and cardiometabolic risk factors is unknown in obese children. Our objective was to: 1) investigate for racial differences in myocardial deformation between white and black obese children and 2) identify biomarkers associated with these observed racial differences. We hypothesized that decreased myocardial deformation observed in black obese children could be accounted for by the differences in the markers of metabolic syndrome between the groups. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: T.J. Popp, M.H. Henshaw, J. Carter, T.N. Thomas, S.M. Chowdhury Source Type: research