Correct determination of glycemia in the diagnosis and management of diabetes: recommendations for the optimization of the pre-analytical phase
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - October 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Graziella Bonetti, Mariarosa Carta, Annunziata Lapolla, Roberto Miccoli, Roberto Testa, Andrea Mosca, SIBioC-SIPMeL working group on Diabetes Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

High genetic risk scores of SLIT3, PLEKHA5 and PPP2R2C variants increased insulin resistance and interacted with coffee and caffeine consumption in middle-aged adults
Insulin resistance is a common feature of metabolic syndrome that may be influenced by genetic risk factors. We hypothesized that genetic risk scores (GRS) of SNPs that influence insulin resistance and signaling interact with lifestyles to modulate insulin resistance in Korean adults. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - September 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: James W. Daily, Meiling Liu, Sunmin Park Source Type: research

The Impact Of A Nutritional Intervention Based On Egg White For Phosphorus Control In Hemodialyis Patients
Here we describe a dietary intervention for hyperphosphatemia in dialysis patients based on the partial replacement of meat and fish, which are one of the main sources of alimentary phosphorous, with egg white, a virtually phosphorous-free protein source. This intervention aims to reduce phosphorous intake without causing protein wasting. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - September 28, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bruna Guida, Sara Parolisi, Mario Coco, Tiziana Ruoppo, Roberta Veccia, Rossella Trio, Andrea Memoli, Mauro Cataldi Source Type: research

Caloric restriction attenuates aging-induced cardiac insulin resistance in male Wistar rats through activation of PI3K/Akt pathway
Caloric restriction (CR) improves insulin sensitivity and is one of the dietetic strategies most commonly used to enlarge life and to prevent aging induced cardiovascular alterations. The aim of this study was to analyze the possible beneficial effects of caloric restriction (CR) preventing the aging-induced insulin resistance in the heart of male Wistar rats. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - September 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Miriam Granado, Sara Amor, Beatriz Mart ín-Carro, Lucía Guerra-Menéndez, Daniel Gonzalez-Hedström, Carmen Rubio, Jose M. Carrascosa, Ángel Luis García-Villalón Source Type: research

Lipoprotein-X fifty years after its original discovery
The conversion of cholesterol to bile acids is regulated by several mechanisms including cholesterol 7 alpha hydroxylase, fibroblast growth factor 19, and farnesoid X receptors. During cholestasis these mechanisms are altered and there is an accumulation of bile acids and cholesterol in plasma. The hypercholesterolemia observed in cholestasis is due to the presence of an anomalous lipoprotein called lipoprotein-X (Lp-X).Lp-X is a lipoprotein rich in phospholipid and free cholesterol present in plasma of patients affected by extra- and intra-hepatic cholestasis and, with some variations, in patients with lecithin-cholestero...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - September 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: R. Fellin, E. Manzato Source Type: research

Association between long-term exposure of ambient air pollutants and cardiometabolic diseases: A 2012 Korean Community Health Survey
The associations between long-term exposure to particulate matter (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - September 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jinyoung Shin, Jaekyung Choi, Kyoung Jin Kim Source Type: research

Ethnic differences in metabolic cardiovascular risk among normal weight individuals: implications for cardiovascular risk screening. The HELIUS study
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors may occur among a substantial proportion of normal weight individuals, particularly among some ethnic minorities. It is unknown how many of these individuals would be missed by commonly applied eligibility criteria for cardiovascular risk screening. Thus, we aim to determine cardiovascular risk and eligibility for cardiovascular risk screening among normal weight individuals of different ethnic backgrounds. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - September 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: W. Perini, A.E. Kunst, M.B. Snijder, R.J.G. Peters, I.G.M. van Valkengoed Source Type: research

Arginine bioavailability and endothelin-1 system in the regulation of vascular function of umbilical vein endothelial cells from intrauterine growth restricted newborns
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a major risk factor of perinatal morbidity and mortality, leading to long-term adverse cardiovascular outcomes. The present study aimed to investigate the potential mechanisms in IUGR-associated vascular endothelial dysfunction. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - September 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Q. He, X. Liu, Y. Zhong, S.S. Xu, Z.M. Zhang, L.L. Tang, L.Y. Zhang, L.Z. Du Source Type: research

Gender differences in homocysteine concentrations, a population-based cross-sectional study
High concentrations of homocysteine are considered a risk factor for atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to assess whether or not there are gender differences in the plasma concentrations of homocysteine. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - September 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: E. Cohen, I. Margalit, T. Shochat, E. Goldberg, I. Krause Source Type: research

Long-term effects of coffee and caffeine intake on the risk of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes: Findings from a population with low coffee consumption
Here, we examined the potential effect of coffee consumption and total caffeine intake on the occurrence of pre-diabetes and T2D, in a population with low coffee consumption. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - September 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Parvin Mirmiran, Mattias Carlstr öm, Zahra Bahadoran, Fereidoun Azizi Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - September 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Adipose tissue polyunsaturated fatty acids and metabolic syndrome among adult parents and their children
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) may play a role in the etiology of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of the study was to examine the associations of adipose tissue PUFA biomarkers with MetS among parents and children in Mesoamerica. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - September 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: K.S. Flannagan, M. Ramirez-Zea, A.V. Roman, A.K. Das, E. Villamor, For the Nine Mesoamerican Countries Metabolic Syndrome Study (NiMeCoMeS) Group Source Type: research

Preclinical Signs Of Liver And Cardiac Damage In Youth With Metabolically Healthy Obese Phenotype
We aimed to evaluate whether the metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype was associated with hepatic steatosis (HS) or left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in young people with overweight (OW), obesity (OB) and morbid obesity (MOB) and whether the prevalence of these comorbidities was affected by OB severity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - September 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: P. Di Bonito, E. Miraglia del Giudice, C. Chiesa, M.R. Licenziati, M. Manco, F. Franco, G. Tornese, M.G. Baroni, A. Morandi, C. Maffeis, L. Pacifico, G. Valerio, CARITALY Study, Childhood Obesity Study Group of the Italian Society of Pediatric Endocrinolo Source Type: research

Is lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol associated with lower androgen and erectile dysfunction in men?
Therapeutic possibilities now exist to lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) to very low levels. However, substantial controversy remains in clinical practice with regard to its safety, and the question of whether low LDL-C levels per se may provoke adverse effects in humans arises. We aimed to explore the association of LDL-C with androgen and erectile dysfunction (ED) in a general population of men. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chi Chen, Hualing Zhai, Guolan Huang, Jing Cheng, Fangzhen Xia, Li Zhao, Yi Chen, Yingchao Chen, Bing Han, Qin Li, Boren Jiang, Ningjian Wang, Yingli Lu Source Type: research

Comparison of a Mediterranean to a low-fat diet intervention in adults with type 1 diabetes and metabolic syndrome: A 6 –month randomized trial
The metabolic syndrome (MS) is an emerging complication in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), with no preventive or therapeutic treatment reported yet. We wanted to compare the impact of two 6-month nutritional interventions, based on a Mediterranean (MED) or a low-fat diet, on waist circumference, anthropometric and metabolic outcomes in patients with both T1D and the MS. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - August 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Fortin, R. Rabasa-Lhoret, S. Lemieux, M.-E. Labont é, V. Gingras Tags: Review Source Type: research

Inflammation and ventricular-vascular coupling in hypertensive patients with metabolic syndrome
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is currently considered to raise the risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular events. It has been suggested that part of this risk excess may be due to a cluster of additional factors associated with MetS. We aimed to investigate the role of inflammation on the ventricular-vascular coupling in patients with MetS. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - August 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: L. Zanoli, A. Di Pino, V. Terranova, S. Di Marca, M. Pisano, R. Di Quattro, V. Ferrara, R. Scicali, A.M. Rabuazzo, P. Fatuzzo, P. Castellino, S. Piro, F. Purrello, L. Malatino Source Type: research

Weight loss but not gains in cardiorespiratory fitness after exercise-training predicts improved health risk factors in metabolic syndrome
To examine the relationship between changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF; estimated by VO2max) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) after an exercise training intervention to confirm/contradict the high association found in cross-sectional observational studies. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - August 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez, Juan Fernando Ortega, Felix Morales-Palomo, Miguel Ramirez-Jimenez Source Type: research

Prevalence of the cardiovascular health status in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
The American Heart Association has outlined seven cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics, including smoking, body mass index, physical activity, dietary pattern, total cholesterol, and fasting plasma glucose, to define and monitor CVH status. Our study was to evaluate the global CVH in adults. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - August 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Y. Peng, S. Cao, Z. Yao, Z. Wang Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - August 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Platelet number is negatively and independently associated with carotid intima-media thickness in apparetly healthy overweight/obese subjects
A significant change of platelet number may be a risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.Objective: to investigate the association between platelet number and early signs of atherosclerosis, evaluated by carotid intima-media thickness (c-IMT), in a apparently healthy population mainly represented by obese subjects. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - August 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Giovanni De Pergola, Roberta Zupo, Annagrazia Cecere, Nicola Bartolomeo, Vincenzo Triggiani, Silvia Paradiso, Luisa Lampignano, Franco Silvestris, Marco Matteo Ciccone Source Type: research

Brain imaging correlates of mild cognitive impairment and early dementia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
The risk of mild cognitive impairment and dementia is increased in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We aimed to identify the neuroanatomical correlates of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early dementia in patients with T2DM, using advanced multimodal MRI. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - August 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: O. Groeneveld, Y. Reijmer, R. Heinen, H. Kuijf, P. Koekkoek, J. Janssen, G. Rutten, L. Kappelle, G. Biessels, COG-ID study group Source Type: research

Endogenous Secretory RAGE Increases with Improvements in Body Composition and is Associated with Markers of Adipocyte Health
The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is implicated in obesogenesis. Conversely, soluble RAGE (sRAGE) competitively inhibit RAGE. Our aim was to determine the effects of weight-loss via alternate day fasting (ADF) on sRAGE isoforms and evaluate potential relationships with body composition. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - August 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Edwin R. Miranda, Kelly N.Z. Fuller, Ryan K. Perkins, Cynthia M. Kroeger, John F. Trepanowski, Krista A. Varady, Jacob M. Haus Source Type: research

The relationship between oily fish intake and arterial stiffness in older adults living in rural coastal Ecuador
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - August 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: O.H. Del Brutto, R.,M. Mera, E. Pe ñaherrera, R. Peñaherrera, A.F. Costa Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Elevated high density lipoprotein cholesterol and low grade systemic inflammation is associated with increased gut permeability in normoglycemic men
Serum lipids and lipoproteins are established biomarkers of cardiovascular disease risk that could be influenced by impaired gut barrier function via effects on the absorption of dietary and biliary cholesterol. The aim of this study was to examine the potential relationship between gut barrier function (gut permeability) and concentration of serum lipids and lipoproteins, in an ancillary analysis of serum samples taken from a previous study. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - August 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.D. Robertson, C. Pedersen, P.J. Hinton, A.S.J.R. Mendis, P.D. Cani, B.A. Griffin Source Type: research

Remembering Gerald M. Reaven, MD, Endocrinologist, Emeritus Professor of Medicine, Stanford University
Jerry Reaven, (he far preferred it to Gerald) passed away peacefully, surrounded by his family, on Monday, February 12, 2018, after a short illness. In Memoriam, a celebration of his life was held at Stanford University on May 24. The scientific community lost a major figure. For his contribution to understanding the role of insulin resistance and the link between insulin resistance, related metabolic conditions and cardiovascular disease, Jerry is credited with being the “father of insulin resistance.” In the 1950s, when Jerry began his research career, current thinking held that there was only one type of dia...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ivana Zavaroni, Elisabetta Dall'Aglio Tags: Obituary Source Type: research

Body mass index and mortality in people with and without diabetes: a UK Biobank study
To investigate the association of body mass index with all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality in individuals with and without diabetes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: N.N. Dhalwani, F. Zaccardi, M.J. Davies, K. Khunti Source Type: research

Diabetes mellitus, blood glucose and the risk of heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies
The strength of the association between diabetes and risk of heart failure has differed between previous studies and the available studies have not been summarized in a meta-analysis. We therefore quantified the association between diabetes and blood glucose and heart failure in a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dagfinn Aune, Sabrina Schlesinger, Manuela Neuenschwander, TingTing Feng, Imre Janszky, Teresa Norat, Elio Riboli Source Type: research

A J-shaped relation of BMI and stroke: systematic review and dose –response meta-analysis of 4.43 million participants
Many studies have shown increased risk of stroke with greater adiposity as measured by body mass index (BMI), but questions remain about the shape of the dose –response relation. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies to clarify the strength and shape of the dose–response relation between BMI and risk of stroke. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: X. Liu, D. Zhang, Y. Liu, X. Sun, Y. Hou, B. Wang, Y. Ren, Y. Zhao, C. Han, C. Cheng, F. Liu, Y. Shi, X. Chen, L. Liu, G. Chen, S. Hong, M. Zhang, D. Hu Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Effect of synbiotic pomegranate juice on glycemic, sex hormone profile and anthropometric indices in PCOS: A randomized, triple blind, controlled trial
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a common reproductive, endocrine, and metabolic disease in women. Pomegranate juice, known as a rich source of phytochemicals with high antioxidant activity, enriched with probiotic may improve PCOS. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 16, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zahra Esmaeilinezhad, Siavash Babajafari, Zahra Sohrabi, Mohammad-Hadi Eskandari, Sedigheh Amooee, Reza Barati-Boldaji Source Type: research

Association between diet and measures of arterial stiffness in type 1 diabetes – focus on dietary patterns and macronutrient substitutions
Increased arterial stiffness contributes to diabetic vascular complications. We identified dietary factors related to arterial stiffness in individuals with type 1 diabetes, a population with high risk of cardiovascular disease. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 16, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: A.J. Ahola, D. Gordin, C. Forsblom, P.-H. Groop, FinnDiane Study Group Source Type: research

The ‘scent’ and ‘flavour’ of hypertension
Raised blood pressure (or hypertension) is the commonest underlying cause of cardiovascular disease, responsible for the most deaths, morbidity and disability in the world [1]. The natural development of hypertension is determined by a complex interaction between a polygenic background of risk which is modulated by epigenetic interactions with a number of clearly identified environmental and behavioural – yet modifiable – factors. The latter include metabolic and nutritional influences like positive energy balance and obesity, and excessive salt consumption. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: F.P. Cappuccio Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

Viewpoint: The ‘scent’ and ‘flavour’ of hypertension
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Francesco P. Cappuccio Source Type: research

Are the dietary habits of treated individuals with celiac disease adherent to a Mediterranean diet?
The only treatment for celiac disease (CD) is strict, lifelong adherence to a gluten-free (GF) diet. To date, there are contrasting data concerning the nutritional adequacy of GF products and diet. There have been no studies that have assessed the adherence of individuals with CD to a Mediterranean diet (MD), a protective dietary regimen against major non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Therefore, we examined the adherence to an MD of a group of Italian individuals with CD and compared it with that of a healthy control group. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: F. Morreale, C. Agnoli, L. Roncoroni, S. Sieri, V. Lombardo, T. Mazzeo, L. Elli, M.T. Bardella, C. Agostoni, L. Doneda, A. Scriciolo, F. Brighenti, N. Pellegrini Source Type: research

Small dense LDL cholesterol in human subjects with different chronic inflammatory diseases
Chronic inflammatory diseases (CID) are associated with a profound increase in cardiovascular (CV) risk resulting in reduced life expectancy. However, LDL-cholesterol is reported to be low in CID patients which is referred to as the “LDL paradoxon”. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether LDL-particles in CID exhibit an increased content of the highly atherogenic small-dense LDL subfraction (sdLDL). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: D.M. Schulte, K. Paulsen, K. T ürk, B. Brandt, S. Freitag-Wolf, I. Hagen, R. Zeuner, J.O. Schröder, W. Lieb, A. Franke, S. Nikolaus, U. Mrowietz, S. Gerdes, S. Schreiber, M. Laudes Source Type: research

( −)-epicatechin inhibits development of dilated cardiomyopathy in δ sarcoglycan null mouse
This study aimed to evaluate the impact of (−)-epicatechin on the development of dilated cardiomyopathy in a δ sarcoglycan null mouse model. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. De los Santos, C. Palma-Flores, A. Zentella-Dehesa, P. Canto, R.M. Coral-V ázquez Source Type: research

( −)-Epicatechin Inhibits Development Of Dilated Cardiomyopathy In Δ Sarcoglycan Null Mouse
Several studies propose that ( −)-epicatechin, a flavonol present in high concentration in the cocoa, has cardioprotective effects. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sergio De los Santos, Carlos Palma-Flores, Alejandro Zentella-Dehesa, Patricia Canto, Ram ón M. Coral-Vázquez Source Type: research

Leptin to Adiponectin ratio – a surrogate biomarker for early detection of metabolic disturbances in obesity
To study if the leptin to adiponectin (L:A) ratio, can be a potential biomarker for postprandial triglyceride clearance, insulin resistance (IR) or leptin resistance (LR) in apparently healthy obese, and obese individuals with established metabolic disease. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.A. Larsen, V.T. Isaksen, O.S. Moen, L. Wilsgaard, M. Remijn, E.J. Paulssen, J. Florholmen, R. Goll Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Light wine consumption is associated with a lower odd for cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease
To examine the association between wine consumption and the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tiana Jespersen, Nicholas Kruse, Tapan Mehta, Masanari Kuwabara, Lama Noureddine, Diana Jalal Source Type: research

The suppression of ox-LDL-induced inflammatory cytokine release and apoptosis of HCAECs by long non-coding RNA-MALAT1 via regulating microRNA-155/SOCS1 pathway
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease. Accumulating evidence suggests that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs have emerged as critical regulators of atherosclerosis, however, whether they have crosstalk on this issue remains elusive. Here, we investigated the potential associations between lncRNA-MALAT1 and miR-155 on the regulation of atherosclerosis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shundong Li, Yehai Sun, Liying Zhong, Zhilin Xiao, Mei Yang, Meifang Chen, Cong Wang, Xiumei Xie, Xiaobin Chen Source Type: research

The association between subclinical inflammation and abnormal glucose and lipid metabolisms in normal-weight Korean individuals
We aimed to reveal the association between subclinical inflammation and metabolic risk factors and to determine the difference in the association between normal-weight and obese Korean individuals. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.-H. Kim, H.-N. Kim, W.-S. Choi Source Type: research

Prevalence and Cardiometabolic Risks of Normal Weight Obesity in Chinese Population: A Nationwide Study
Several studies have reported increased cardiovascular risks in normal weight obesity (NWO) populations. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of NWO and its relationships with cardiometabolic risks in Chinese patients. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aihua Jia, Shaoyong Xu, Ying Xing, Wencheng Zhang, Xinwen Yu, Yanfeng Zhao, Jie Ming, Qiuhe Ji Source Type: research

The Association between Subclinical inflammation and Abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism in Normal weight individuals in Korea
We aimed to reveal the association between subclinical inflammation and metabolic risk factors and to determine the difference in these associations between normal and obese Korean individuals. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Min-Hee Kim, Ha-Na Kim, Whan-Seok Choi Source Type: research

Thiamine Deficiency and Cardiovascular Disorders
Thiamine, also known as vitamin B1, functions as a co-factor in the metabolism of carbohydrates and amino acids. Thiamine deficiency has been suggested to be associated with many cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and risk factors; type one and type two diabetes (T1D and T2D), obesity, chronic vasculature inflammation, dyslipidemia, heart failure (HF), myocardial infarction (MI), and depression. This review explores the evidence of thiamine deficiency among subjects with CVDs or risk factors, illustrates the theories explaining the thiamine-CVDs associations, and describes the effect of thiamine supplementation. (Source: Nutri...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ehab S. Eshak, Ahmed E. Arafa Tags: Review Source Type: research

Diet Quality and Its Association with Type 2 Diabetes and Major Cardiometabolic Risk Factors among Adults in China
We examined the association between diet quality and diabetes and major cardiometabolic risks among adults in China. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhihong Wang, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Jianwen Cai, Linda S. Adair, Bing Zhang, Barry M. Popkin Source Type: research

Sex differences in subclinical cardiac disease in overweight and obesity (the FATCOR study)
Subclinical cardiac disease, like abnormal left ventricular (LV) geometry or left atrial (LA) dilatation, is common in obesity. Less is known about sex differences in the prevalence and type of subclinical cardiac disease in obesity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: H. Halland, M.T. L ønnebakken, N. Pristaj, S. Saeed, H. Midtbø, E. Einarsen, E. Gerdts Source Type: research

Serum uric acid potentially links metabolic health to measures of fuel use in lean and obese individuals
Uric acid (UA) is a byproduct of the high-energy purine metabolism and is conventionally regarded as a marker of cardio-metabolic impairment. Its potential relationship with energy homeostasis is unknown to date. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: C. Mele, M.A. Tagliaferri, G. Saraceno, S. Mai, R. Vietti, M. Zavattaro, G. Aimaretti, M. Scacchi, P. Marzullo Source Type: research

Incidence of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia in metabolically healthy obese and non-obese
Metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals are devoid of many metabolic abnormalities, but how this condition is maintained over time remains debated. We assessed the prevalence of MHO over time and the incidence of hypertension (HTN), dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in MHO as compared with metabolically healthy non obese (MHNO). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Fingeret, P. Marques-Vidal, P. Vollenweider Source Type: research

Validation of a short questionnaire to record Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet: an Italian experience
A greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet has been associated with a reduced risk of major chronic diseases and cancer. The aim of the study was to assess the validity of a new short self-administered 15-item questionnaire (QueMD) to measure adherence to the Mediterranean diet in Italy. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gnagnarella Patrizia, Drag à Daniele, Misotti Alessandro Maria, Sieri Sabina, Spaggiari Lorenzo, Cassano Enrico, Baldini Federica, Soldati Laura, Maisonneuve Patrick Source Type: research

Physical performance measures in screening for reduced lean body mass in adult females with obesity
Little is known about the reduction of lean body mass (LBM) in obesity, or how to identify it in standard clinical settings. We therefore aimed to assess the prevalence of low LBM in adult females with obesity, and to identify the reliability of simple tools for its screening in this population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - June 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marwan El Ghoch, Andrea P. Rossi, Simona Calugi, Sofia Rubele, Fabio Soave, Mauro Zamboni, Elisa Chignola, Gloria Mazzali, Paola Vittoria Bazzani, Riccardo Dalle Grave Source Type: research