Letter to the editor about “Value of triglyceride-glucose index for the estimation of ischemic stroke risk: Insights from a general population”
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Javad Alizargar, Nan-Chen Hsieh, Shu-Fang Vivienne Wu Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Circulating electrolytes and the prevalence of atrial fibrillation and supraventricular ectopy: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
Evaluating associations of circulating electrolytes with atrial fibrillation (AF) and burden of supraventricular arrhythmias can give insights into arrhythmia pathogenesis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Alvaro Alonso, Mary R. Rooney, Lin Yee Chen, Faye L. Norby, Amy K. Saenger, Elsayed Z. Soliman, Wesley T. O ’Neal, Katie C. Hootman, Elizabeth Selvin, Pamela L. Lutsey Source Type: research

Oxidized LDL induces procoagulant profiles by increasing lysophosphatidylcholine levels, lysophosphatidylethanolamine levels, and Lp-PLA2 activity in borderline hypercholesterolemia
The increased risk of cardiovascular disease under hypercholesterolemia is due to associations between oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and between ox-LDL and coagulant profiles. We investigated the impact of different ox-LDL levels on coagulation time and plasma metabolomes in subjects with borderline hypercholesterolemia. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Minjoo Kim, Hye Jin Yoo, Dahyoung Lee, Jong Ho Lee Source Type: research

Association between Abdominal Fat Distribution and Coronary Plaque Instability in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome
This study aimed to assess possible association of detailed abdominal fat profiles with coronary plaque characteristics in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kozo Okada, Kiyoshi Hibi, Yasuhiro Honda, Peter J. Fitzgerald, Kouichi Tamura, Kazuo Kimura Source Type: research

Race- and Sex-specific Association between Alcohol Consumption and Hypertension in 22 Cohort Studies: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
The alcohol-hypertension relation has been well documented, but whether women have protective effect or race and type of beverage consumed affect the association remain unclear. To quantify the relation between total or beverage-specific alcohol consumption and incident hypertension by considering the effect of sex and race. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Feiyan Liu, Yu Liu, Xizhuo Sun, Zhaoxia Yin, Honghui Li, Kunpeng Deng, Yang Zhao, Bingyuan Wang, Yongcheng Ren, Xuejiao Liu, Dongdong Zhang, Xu Chen, Cheng Cheng, Leilei Liu, Dechen Liu, Guozhen Chen, Shihao Hong, Chongjian Wang, Ming Zhang, Dongsheng Hu Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Serum adiponectin levels are associated with presence of carotid plaque in women with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with accelerated atherogenesis. Traditional risk factors do not seem to fully explain this process in patients with SLE and no other imaging/serum biomarkers have so far improved risk stratification. Here, we focused on the role of adiponectin in women with SLE. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Federico Carbone, Fabrizio Montecucco, Alessandro Poggi, Flavio Nobili, Fabio Cacciapaglia, Antonella Afeltra, Tiziano Moccetti, Barbara Maria Colombo Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Major cardiovascular events, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation in patients treated with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists: an updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Glucagon-like Peptide 1 Receptor Agonists (GLP1-RA) has been associated with a reduction of major cardiovascular events (MACE) and mortality on the basis of the results of cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOT). Several meta-analyses on this issue have been recently published; however, they were all restricted to CVOT, with the exclusion of all studies designed for other endpoints; moreover, other cardiovascular endpoints, such as atrial fibrillation and heart failure have not been fully explored. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Besmir Nreu, Ilaria Dicembrini, Federico Tinti, Giorgio Sesti, Edoardo Mannucci, Matteo Monami Source Type: research

Association of glomerular hyperfiltration with serum chemokine levels and metabolic features in prepubertal children with overweight/obesity
Glomerular hyperfiltration (GH) is proposed as one of the earliest events in obesity (OB)-associated renal disease. Children with GH and type-1 diabetes showed increased chemokine levels. Chemokine associations with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and metabolic features in prepubertal children with overweight(OW)/OB are unknown. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mar ía Luz Muzzio, María Laura Kabakian, Yanina Morosán-Allo, Silvia Ferrari, Poupak Fallahi, Jorgelina Fernández, María Pía Santucci, Cristina Andrés-Lacueva, Alessandro Antonelli, Gabriela Brenta, Tomás Meroño Source Type: research

Response to “Letter to the editor about ‘Value of triglyceride-glucose index for the estimation of ischemic stroke risk: Insights from a general population’ ”
We are glad to receive comments from the readers regarding our published work [1]. From the letter of Alizargar et. Al, we realized that there are still some misunderstandings and drawbacks in our previous work. Therefore, we believe it is our duty to provide more analysis and further interpretations (see Table 1). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wenrui Shi, Liying Xing, Shuang Liu Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Trunk muscle quality and quantity predict the development of metabolic syndrome and the increase in the number of its components in individuals without metabolic syndrome
The metabolic syndrome has been reported by cross-sectional studies to have an association with skeletal muscle quality and quantity. Using a longitudinal study design, this study aimed to explicate the association between muscle characteristics assessed with computed tomography (CT) and the incidence and progression of metabolic syndrome. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Muhei Tanaka, Hiroshi Okada, Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Muneaki Kumagai, Hiromi Nishimura, Michiaki Fukui Source Type: research

Monocyte to high-density lipoprotein ratio and cardiovascular events in patients on peritoneal dialysis
The monocyte to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (MHR) is associated with multiple cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of the MHR in predicting cardiovascular diseases in patients on peritoneal dialysis remains unclear. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xiaojiang Zhan, Dan Pan, Xin Wei, Dan Wen, Caixia Yan, Jun Xiao Source Type: research

Response to “Letter to the editor about “Value of triglyceride-glucose index for the estimation of ischemic stroke risk: Insights from a general population” ”
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wenrui Shi, Liying Xing, Shuang Liu Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Methodological considerations for the meta-analysis of metabolic syndrome in sub-Saharan Africa
We thank Kunutsor and Seidu [1] for their interest and comments on our systematic review on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). We are grateful to Kunutsor and Seidu for highlighting the strengths and the relevance of the review and for emphasizing the need for further studies on non-communicable diseases in SSA. In brief, our review aimed to estimate the burden of MS in the entire SSA region. By doing so, we found an overall prevalence of MS ranging from 11.1% according to the WHO-criteria to 23.9% according to the JIS-criteria [2]. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hester Jaspers Faijer-Westerink, Andr é Pascal Kengne, Karlijn A.C. Meeks, Charles Agyemang Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Methodological considerations for the meta-analysis of metabolic syndrome in sub-Saharan Africa: Reply to Drs. Kunutsor and Seidu
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hester Jaspers Faijer-Westerink, Andre-Pascal Kengne, Karlijn A.C. Meeks, Charles Agyemang Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Dietary Intake of Heme Iron is Associated With Increased Cardiovascular Disease Risk: Reply to Dr. Bitterman
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xuexian Fang, Jiayu Wei, Junxia Min, Fudi Wang Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Associations of dietary protein intake with all-cause, cardiovascular disease, and cancer mortality: A systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies
The relationships between dietary protein intake and risk of all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and cancer mortality are still unclear. We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis of cohort studies to summarize the evidence. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xiang-Xiu Qi, Peng Shen Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Association Between Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup Variation and Coronary Artery Disease
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups have been associated with the development of coronary artery disease (CAD) in European populations. However, the specific mtDNA haplogroups associated with CAD have not been investigated in Chinese populations. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fangyi Xiao, Meinan Li, Junyi Wang, Jiangtao Liu, Jin Li, Hezhi Fang, Jianxin Lyu, Lijun Shen Source Type: research

Efficacy of dietary intervention or in combination with exercise on primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: A systematic review
Lifestyle factors heavily influence the development of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD); therefore, interventions delivering adequate lifestyle changes may improve the prognosis among patients at cardiovascular (CV) risk. Recently published research on the effectiveness of dietary and exercise intervention programs, alone or combined, on reducing risk factors associated with CVD as well as preventing CV events have been now assessed. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Manuela Abbate, Laura Gallardo Alfaro, Maria del Mar Bibiloni, Josep A. Tur Tags: Review Source Type: research

Awareness of major cardiovascular risk factors and its relationship with markers of vascular aging: data from the Brisighella Heart Study
General population awareness about cardiovascular risk factors is usually low. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the vascular aging of subjects aware and not aware to be hypertensive, hypercholesterolemic, hypertriglyceridemic or diabetics in a general population sample. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Arrigo Francesco Giuseppe Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Giuliano Tocci, Fulvio Ventura, Vivianne Presta, Elisa Grandi, Elisabetta Rizzoli, Sergio D ’Addato, Claudio Borghi, Brisighella Heart Study group Source Type: research

Associations of dietary protein intake with all-cause, cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies
The relationships between dietary protein intake and risk of all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer mortality are still unclear. We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis of cohort studies to summarize the evidence. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xiang-Xiu Qi, Peng Shen Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Further case for cohort studies of non-communicable diseases in sub-Saharan Africa
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Setor K. Kunutsor, Samuel Seidu Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Growth differentiating factor-15 and its association with traditional cardiovascular risk factors: The African-PREDICT study
Growth differentiating factor-15 (GDF-15) is a stress-induced and cardio-protective cytokine, reported to be influenced by a number of cardiovascular risk factors. In older adults, GDF-15 associated with age, black ethnicity and smoking. It is important to determine if GDF-15 could potentially be used as an early marker of cardiovascular disease, especially in young populations. We investigated whether GDF-15 associated with traditional cardiovascular risk factors (age, sex, ethnicity, blood pressure (BP), socio-economic status, waist-to-hip ratio, cholesterol, physical inactivity, smoking and alcohol use) in young apparen...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bridget Vermeulen, Aletta E. Schutte, Lebo F. Gafane-Matemane, Ruan Kruger Source Type: research

Heme Iron and Cardiovascular Disease: Required Refinements
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Avi Bitterman Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The associations of plant-based protein intake with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in patients on peritoneal dialysis
Plant-based protein intake is associated with all-cause and/or cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in general population, but such data are scarce in dialysis patients. Thus, we examined the associations of plant-based protein-total protein ratio with all-cause and CVD mortality in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xihui Liu, Zhao Hu, Xiao Xu, Ziqian Li, Yuan Chen, Jie Dong Source Type: research

Protective effects of luteolin against oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in endothelial cells
Luteolin is a common flavonoid that is abundantly present in various edible plants, it is known to exhibit beneficial effects on cardiovascular system. However, the mechanisms which underlie the protective effects of luteolin on endothelial cell damage caused by oxidative stress remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis which states that luteolin protects against H2O2-induced oxidative stress via modulating ROS-mediated P38 MAPK/NF- κB and calcium-evoked mitochondrial apoptotic signalling pathways. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hsiu-I. Chen, Weii-Syuun Hu, Meng-Yu Hung, Hsiu-Chung Ou, Su-Hua Huang, Pei-Tzu Hsu, Cecilia-Hsuan Day, Kuan-Ho Lin, Vijaya Padma Viswanadha, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chih-Yang Huang Source Type: research

High levels of adiponectin attenuate the detrimental association of adiposity with insulin resistance in adolescents
This study aimed to: i) examine the differences in insulin resistance (IR) across adiposity levels; and ii) ascertain whether high levels of adiponectin attenuate the detrimental association of adiposity with IR in adolescents. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cesar Agostinis-Sobrinho, Sofia Emanuelle de Castro Ferreira Vicente, Justina Kievi šienė, Luís Lopes, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso, Sigute Norkiene, Rafaela Rosário, Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Robinson Ramirez-Velez, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos Source Type: research

Roles of the kisspeptin/GPR54 system in pathomechanisms of atherosclerosis
Kisspeptin-10 (KP-10), a potent vasoconstrictor and inhibitor of angiogenesis, and its receptor, GPR54, have currently received much attention with respect to atherosclerosis, since both KP-10 and GPR54 are expressed at high levels in atheromatous plaques and restenotic lesions after wire-injury. The present review introduces the emerging roles of the KP-10/GPR54 system in atherosclerosis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Takuya Watanabe, Kengo Sato Tags: Review Source Type: research

Changes in carotid stiffness in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia treated with Evolocumab ®: A prospective cohort study
Protein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK-9) inhibitors demonstrated efficacy in cholesterol reduction and in the prevention of cardiovascular events. We evaluated changes in lipid profile and carotid stiffness in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia during 12 weeks of treatment with a PCSK-9 inhibitor, Evolocumab ®. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Matteo Nicola Dario Di Minno, Marco Gentile, Alessandro Di Minno, Gabriella Iannuzzo, Ilenia Calcaterra, Alessio Buonaiuto, Maria Donata Di Taranto, Carola Giacobbe, Giuliana Fortunato, Paolo Osvaldo Federico Rubba Source Type: research

Randomized trials of diet and persistent organic pollutants: Reply to Drs. Lee and Lee
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Serena Tonstad, Tor Ole Klemsdal, Sasa Dusanov, Hanne Gulseth Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Healthcare Resource Utilization and Costs of Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Patients with Advanced Liver Disease in Italy
This study characterized comorbidities, healthcare resource utilization (HCRU) and associated costs among hospitalized patients with AdvLD due to NASH in Italy. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Salvatore Petta, Jie Ting, Stefania Saragoni, Luca Degli Esposti, Sanatan Shreay, Maria Letizia Petroni, Giulio Marchesini, a LHUs group Source Type: research

Serum Uric Acid Is Independently Associated with Aortic Arch Calcification in a Cross-Sectional Study of Middle-aged and Elderly Women
The increased serum uric acid (SUA) level is associated with the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks. Aortic arch calcification (AAC) reflects subclinical coronary atherosclerosis and is linked to subsequent cardiovascular morbidity and mortality risks closely. To better understand the role of SUA on arteriosclerosis and CVD, we aim to determine the association between SUA and the presence of AAC. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - March 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wei Yan, Guoming Sun, Aishu Luo, Shiyu Lin, Jianan Wang, Qiande Zhang, Jintao Jiang, Miaojia Zhang, Fang Wang, Wenfeng Tan Source Type: research

Association of  FTO rs1421085 with obesity, diet, physical activity, and socioeconomic status: A longitudinal birth cohort study
Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) variants are among genetic variants frequently associated with obesity. We analyzed the association between FTO rs1421085 polymorphism and obesity, dietary intake, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), physical activity, and socioeconomic status (SES) from the age of 9 –25 years. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Urmeli Katus, Inga Villa, Inge Ringmets, Mariliis Vaht, Evelin M äestu, Jarek Mäestu, Toomas Veidebaum, Jaanus Harro Source Type: research

Association of  FTO rs1421085 with obesity, diet, physical activity” as short title.
Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) variants are among genetic variants frequently associated with obesity. We analyzed the association between FTO rs1421085 polymorphism and obesity, dietary intake, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), physical activity, and socioeconomic status (SES) from the age of 9 –25 years. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Urmeli Katus, Inga Villa, Inge Ringmets, Mariliis Vaht, Evelin M äestu, Jarek Mäestu, Toomas Veidebaum, Jaanus Harro Source Type: research

Association of FTO rs1421085 with obesity, diet, physical activity and socioeconomic status: a longitudinal birth cohort study
FTO variants are among genetic variants frequently associated with obesity. We analyzed the association between FTO rs1421085 polymorphism and obesity, dietary intake, cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity and socioeconomic status (SES) from age 9 to 25 years. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Urmeli Katus, Inga Villa, Inge Ringmets, Mariliis Vaht, Evelin M äestu, Jarek Mäestu, Toomas Veidebaum, Jaanus Harro Source Type: research

The Association of Social and Behavioral Factors with Dietary Risks in Adults: evidence from the Kardiovize Brno 2030 study
Uncovering the main determinants of diet quality is one of the greatest challenges for Public Health, since it could guide future strategies and interventions against cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The present cross-sectional analysis of the Kardiovize cohort evaluates the prevalence of dietary risk factors for CVDs and their association with social and behavioural characteristics in a random sample of 1536 adults (aged 25-64 years) from Brno, Czech Republic. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Andrea Maugeri, Martina Barchitta, Sarka Kunzova, Hana Bauerova, Antonella Agodi, Manlio Vinciguerra Source Type: research

Evaluating the confounding effects of medical therapies on potassium intake assessment in patients with heart failure
The objective was to determine the strength of association between 24-h urine collections and weighed food records in assessing potassium intake in HF patients stratified by LD usage and spironolactone usage. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bridve Sivakumar, Daniela Malta, Susanna Mak, Sarah Dash, Gary E. Newton, JoAnne Arcand Source Type: research

Impact of metabolically healthy obesity on carotid intima-media thickness - The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health
This study evaluates the association between MHO and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), an early marker of subclinical atherosclerosis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Carla Romagnolli, Isabela M. Bensenor, Itamar S. Santos, Paulo A. Lotufo, Marcio S. Bittencourt Source Type: research

Body weight of individuals with obesity decreases after a 6-month high pasta or low pasta Mediterranean diet weight-loss intervention
The effect of pasta consumption within a low-energy Mediterranean diet on body weight regulation has been scarcely explored. This paper investigates the effect of two Mediterranean diets, which differed for lower or higher pasta intake, on body weight change in individuals with obesity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Alice Rosi, Margherita Tesan, Annalaura Cremonini, Beatrice Biasini, Lorenza Bicchieri, Marta Cossu, Furio Brighenti, Elisabetta Dall ’Aglio, Francesca Scazzina Source Type: research

Dynapenia and alterations of physical performance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Introduction: The evaluation of physical fitness (PF) has been gaining importance over the last years in the assessment of nutritional status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: P. Alicante, F. Monfrecola, A. Di Gregorio, F. de Blasio, B. Bellofiore, F. de Blasio, L. Scalfi Source Type: research

Nutritional quality of biscuits, breakfast cereals and sweet snacks sold in Italy: the Food Labelling of Italian Products (FLIP) study
Introduction: In Europe, the label information on food is regulated by the Reg. (EU) n. 1169/2011, but many other regulated declarations (e.g. nutrition or health claims (NHC), presence of gluten) can be provided on the pack. Several studies pointed out that the nutritional information on the food label are able to influence the customer perception of food quality and, in turn, their intention-to-buy. However, to date, there is a lack of evidence concerning the comparison of the nutritional quality of food products with different characteristics, e.g. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: D. Angelino, A. Rosi, M. Dall'Asta, N. Pellegrini, D. Martini Source Type: research

Food education project for young footballers in the federal center of Verano Brianza: evaluation of adherence to the Mediterranean diet and nutrition knowledge
Introduction: Adolescence is a phase in the life in which numerous changes take place which and help to lay the foundations for creating the identity of an adult and provide numerous opportunities to promote the awareness of healthy nutritional behaviors. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: C. Battistini, E. Meroni, D. Erba Source Type: research

Adopting a sustainable diet in Italy: an online survey on adult population
Introduction: A growing body of evidence indicates the need for a huge transformation of the food system to mitigate climate change and preserve human health, the promotion of which is strictly linked to lifestyle and dietary habits. The investigation of factors able to affect consumers ’ dietary behaviour plays a primary role in fostering sustainable and nutritionally balanced food choices. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: B. Biasini, A. Rosi, F. Scazzina, D. Menozzi Source Type: research

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and socio-behavioral variables in the child. "The Good Habits ” project
Introduction: Adherence to a healthy eating style is a fundamental measure to be adopted from childhood to prevent the development of chronic non-communicable diseases. The traditional Mediterranean diet (DM) has proved to be an effective dietary model able to reduce the risk of these diseases. The aim of this study is to evaluate the socio-demographic and behavioral risk factors correlated with low adherence to DM in primary school children. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: F. Brocadello, A. Buja, G. Girotto, V. Baldo Source Type: research

Vitamin D deficiency in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and relationships with body composition and physical performance
Introduction: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a chronic and progressive respiratory disease, commonly associated with alterations of nutritional status. Among these, low Vitamin D levels are frequent and related to disease severity, risk of exacerbations and annual hospitalizations and general health status of individual patients. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: F. de Blasio, L. Garello, M. Comune, A. Oliva, C. Bucca Source Type: research

Effectiveness of nutritional counselling to increase fruit and vegetable daily intake and make dietary changes long term habits: an observational study on the population afferent in the nutritional outpatient of the Food Hygiene and Nutrition Unit of Department of Prevention Local Health Authority n. 5 – Turin 2018
Introduction: Fruit and vegetable daily intake is one of the most important modifiable risk factors of obesity and chronic diseases. The Food Hygiene and Nutrition Unit (FHNU) of Local Health Authority n. 5 in Turin provides nutritional counselling to healthy people with the purpose to make and maintain the correct dietary changes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: I. De Luca, C. Di Mari, M. Mortara, E. Strona, A. Dimartino, M. Minutolo, M. Gulino Source Type: research

Food waste: assessment of the appreciation of meals and leftovers in dishes in a sample of school catering facilities of ASL TO5
Introduction: Food waste in school catering services cannot be an undervalued phenomenon given the number of users, the economic, environmental, social and nutritional costs, which must entail to review the tender dossiers, the organizational and management methods of the service, the indicators to monitor. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: I. De Luca, M. Mortara, M. Minutolo, C. Di Mari, A. Dimartino, E. Strona, A. Aldrighetti, L. Ingignoli, M. Gulino Source Type: research

Alterations of physical fitness in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)
Introduction: The evaluation of health-related physical fitness (EF) has gained an increasing importance for assessing nutritional status in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Few data are available in the literature in this regard. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: A. Di Gregorio, M. Bocchino, A.A. Stanziola, L. Capitelli, L. Gallotta, P. Alicante, A. Sanduzzi Zamparelli, L. Scalfi Source Type: research

Body composition and segmental phase angle (BIA) in elite athletes
Introduction: Sports performance is associated with body composition (BC). Therefore, an accurate evaluation of Fat Free Mass (FFM) and Fat Mass (FM) is essential to achieve the best performance in different sports. Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) is one of the most widely methods used to evaluate BC and one of its parameters, phase angle (PhA), is considered useful for assessing the quality of lean mass. In fact, some studies have shown its close relationship with the performance. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: O. Di Vincenzo, D. Morlino, E. Speranza, M. Marra, L. Scalfi, F. Pasanisi Source Type: research

Is there an obesity paradox in the elderly? Body mass index, functional status and cognitive function in a cohort of nonagenarians: results from the MUGELLO study
Introduction: In recent years, the study of the relationship between body weight and geriatric syndromes has attracted increasing interest. Although greater weight is generally associated with functional limitations, in fact, some studies have suggested that in geriatric age overweight and obesity may have protective effects against certain conditions such as cognitive impairment. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Dinu, G. Pagliai, B. Colombini, R. Molino Lova, F. Vannetti, G. Pasquini, F. Cecchi, C. Macchi, F. Sofi, the Mugello Study Working Group Source Type: research

Effects of an olive oil by-product on the cardiovascular risk profile: results of a randomized controlled clinical trial
Introduction: The nutraceutical effects of olive oil are mainly due to its phenolic compounds. During olive pressing, however, more than 95% of the total phenols remain in the waste, called by-product. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Dinu, G. Pagliai, F. Scavone, B. Colombini, L. Bellumori, L. Cecchi, L. Giovannelli, N. Mulinacci, F. Sofi Source Type: research