Differential Effect of Short-Term Popular Diets on TMAO and Other Cardio-metabolic Risk Markers
Dietary nutrient intake and its metabolism by the gut microbiome have recently been implicated in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. In particular, trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a metabolite of the gut microbiota, has been shown to be a predictor of incident CVD events. Elevated levels of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) have also been associated with an increased propensity for insulin resistance. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ji Eun Park, Michael Miller, Jeffrey Rhyne, Zeneng Wang, Stanley L. Hazen Source Type: research

Selectivity of beta-blockers, cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in people with hypoglycaemia: an observational study
The association of beta-blockers and their selectivity with mortality and cardiovascular events in patients with and without hypoglycaemia is unknown. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: F. Zaccardi, L.L. Nystrup Husemoen, B.L. Thorsted, D.R. Webb, S.K. Paul, M.J. Davies, K. Khunti Source Type: research

OLIVE oil intake and risk of atrial fibrillation in the SUN cohort
A Mediterranean-type diet enriched with extra virgin olive oil has been associated with a reduction in the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in a population at high cardiovascular risk. However, no study has replicated these findings. In our study, we analysed the association between olive oil consumption and AF in the SUN project, a cohort with young Spanish adults at low cardiovascular risk. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bazal P, Gea A, de la Fuente-Arrillaga C, M.T. Barrio-L ópez, M.A. Martinez-González, M. Ruiz-Canela Source Type: research

Comparative Effectiveness of Gastric Bypass versus Gastric Banding on Acute Care Use for Cardiovascular Disease in Adults with Obesity
The objective was to examine whether adults with obesity and CVD who underwent gastric bypass have a lower rate of acute care use (emergency department [ED] visit or unplanned hospitalization) for CVD than those with gastric banding. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Y.J. Shimada, T. Goto, Y. Tsugawa, E.W. Yu, K. Yoshida, S. Homma, D.F.M. Brown, K. Hasegawa Source Type: research

The use of continuous glucose monitoring or flash glucose monitoring in the management of diabetes: a consensus view of Italian diabetes experts using the Delphi method
Until recently, in Italy, the use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems has been limited, but is now rapidly increasing, including the so-called real-time CGM (rtCGM) and the intermittently viewed CGM (iCGM), also called Flash Glucose Monitoring (FGM). These technologies overcome many of the limitations of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) by fingerprick and allow to go beyond HbA1c to check glucose control in diabetes. However, standardized protocols for applying and interpreting rtCGM and FGM data are lacking. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Daniela Bruttomesso, Luigi Laviola, Angelo Avogaro, Enzo Bonora, Stefano Del Prato, Simona Frontoni, Emanuela Orsi, Ivana Rabbone, Giorgio Sesti, Francesco Purrello, Italian Society for the Study of Diabetes (SID) Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

The use of real time continuous glucose monitoring or flash glucose monitoring in the management of diabetes: A consensus view of Italian diabetes experts using the Delphi method
Until recently, in Italy, the use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems has been limited, but is now rapidly increasing, including the so-called real-time CGM (rtCGM) and the intermittently viewed CGM (iCGM), also called Flash Glucose Monitoring (FGM). These technologies overcome many of the limitations of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) by fingerprick and allow to go beyond HbA1c to check glucose control in diabetes. However, standardized protocols for applying and interpreting rtCGM and FGM data are lacking. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: D. Bruttomesso, L. Laviola, A. Avogaro, E. Bonora, S. Del Prato, S. Frontoni, E. Orsi, I. Rabbone, G. Sesti, F. Purrello, of the Italian Diabetes Society (SID) Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

Italian Titration Approach Study (ITAS) with Insulin Glargine 300 U/mL in insulin-na ïve type 2 diabetes: design and population
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: R.C. Bonadonna, A. Giaccari, R. Buzzetti, G. Aimaretti, D. Cucinotta, A. Avogaro, G. Perseghin, M. Larosa, G.B. Bolli, C.G. Fanelli Source Type: research

Italian Titration Approach Study (ITAS) with insulin glargine 300  U/mL in insulin-naïve type 2 diabetes: Design and population
Fostering patient's self-managing of basal insulin therapy could improve glucose control, by removing patient's and physician's barriers to basal insulin initiation, titration and glucose monitoring. The Italian Titration Approaches Study (ITAS) aims at demonstrating non-inferiority ( (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: R.C. Bonadonna, A. Giaccari, R. Buzzetti, G. Aimaretti, D. Cucinotta, A. Avogaro, G. Perseghin, M. Larosa, G.B. Bolli, C.G. Fanelli Source Type: research

Non alcoholic fatty liver disease and risk of incident diabetes in subjects who are not obese
It is not known whether non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a risk factor for diabetes in non obese, non centrally-obese subjects. Our aim was to investigate relationships between fatty liver, insulin resistance and a biomarker score for liver fibrosis with incident diabetes at follow up, in subjects who were neither obese nor centrally-obese. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ki-Chul Sung, Dae-Chul Seo, Seung-Jae Lee, Mi-Yeon Lee, Sarah H. Wild, Christopher D. Byrne Source Type: research

Dietary calcium intake and adiposity in children and adolescents: cross-sectional and longitudinal results from IDEFICS/I.Family cohort
Studies in children and adolescents suggested that higher dairy consumption may exert a protective effect on adiposity. However, only few studies examined the association between dietary calcium intake and body mass measures with conflicting results. We evaluated the association between total dietary calcium, calcium from dairy and non-dairy sources and anthropometric indices in a large European cohort of children and adolescents. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 5, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Annunziata Nappo, Sonia Sparano, Timm Intemann, Yannis A. Kourides, Lauren Lissner, Denes Molnar, Luis A. Moreno, Valeria Pala, Isabelle Sioen, Toomas Veidebaum, Maike Wolters, Alfonso Siani, Paola Russo Source Type: research

Increased fiber intake predicts the decrease in 2nd phase glucose-induced hyperinsulinemia following a hypocaloric diet in obese subjects
We examined whether increased fiber intake predicts the amelioration in IS and GIIS following a hypocaloric-diet. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: V. Provost, V. Lamantia, S. Bissonnette, Y. Cyr, M. Faraj Source Type: research

Vegetarians have a lower fasting insulin level and higher insulin sensitivity compared with matched omnivores: a cross-sectional study
Potential associations between vegetarian diet patterns and fasting insulin and insulin sensitivity remain unclear. We aimed to investigate if vegetarian diets were associated with fasting insulin and insulin sensitivity in a cross-sectional study in Chinese vegetarians and matched omnivores, then to test if it is independent of body mass index (BMI). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: X. Cui, B. Wang, Y. Wu, L. Xie, P. Xun, Q. Tang, W. Cai, X. Shen Source Type: research

Racial Differences in Myocardial Deformation in Obese Children: Significance of Inflammatory State
The association between racial differences in myocardial deformation and cardiometabolic risk factors is unknown in obese children. Our objective was to: 1) investigate for racial differences in myocardial deformation between white and black obese children and 2) identify biomarkers associated with these observed racial differences. We hypothesized that decreased myocardial deformation observed in black obese children could be accounted for by the differences in the markers of metabolic syndrome between the groups. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: T.J. Popp, M.H. Henshaw, J. Carter, T.N. Thomas, S.M. Chowdhury Source Type: research

Vegetarians have a lower fasting insulin level and higher insulin sensitivity than matched omnivores: A cross-sectional study
Potential associations of vegetarian diet patterns with fasting insulin (FI) and insulin sensitivity remain unclear. We aimed to investigate whether vegetarian diets were associated with FI and insulin sensitivity in a cross-sectional study in Chinese vegetarians and matched omnivores and then to test whether it is independent of body mass index (BMI). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: X. Cui, B. Wang, Y. Wu, L. Xie, P. Xun, Q. Tang, W. Cai, X. Shen Source Type: research

Evaluating the interaction of common FTO genetic variants, added sugar and trans-fatty acid intakes in altering obesity phenotypes
This study aimed to investigate whether the association of changes in general and central obesity with added sugar and TFA intakes is modified by common fat mass and obesity associated gene (FTO) polymorphisms, in isolation or in a combined-form genetic risk score (GRS). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Koochakpour, Z. Esfandiar, F. Hosseini-Esfahani, P. Mirmiran, M.S. Daneshpour, B. Sedaghati-Khayat, F. Azizi Source Type: research

Improvement in arterial stiffness after short-term treatment with PCSK9 inhibitors
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: A.F.G. Cicero, P.P. Toth, F. Fogacci, A. Virdis, C. Borghi Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Evaluating the interaction of common FTO genetic variants, added sugar, and trans-fatty acid intakes in altering obesity phenotypes
This study aimed to investigate whether the association of changes in general and central obesity with added sugar and TFA intakes is modified by common fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) polymorphisms, in isolation or in a combined-form genetic risk score (GRS). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - February 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: G. Koochakpour, Z. Esfandiar, F. Hosseini-Esfahani, P. Mirmiran, M.S. Daneshpour, B. Sedaghati-Khayat, F. Azizi Source Type: research

Visceral Obesity, but not Central Obesity, is associated with Cardiac Remodeling in Subjects with Suspected Metabolic Syndrome
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of multiple risk factors including central obesity that may lead to cardiac damage and cardiovascular events. We investigated whether visceral obesity induces cardiac structural and functional remodeling independently from central obesity and other risk factors in subjects with suspected MetS. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dong-Hyuk Cho, Mi-Na Kim, Hyung Joon Joo, Wan Joo Shim, Do-Sun Lim, Seong-Mi Park Source Type: research

Associations between macro and micronutrients and antioxidants intakes with preeclampsia, results from a case-control study in Jordanian pregnant women
A study was conducted to evaluate whether preeclampsia in are associated with dietary factors and antioxidant intake (vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin A, and selenium) in pregnant women. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hala Yusuf, Hadil S. Subih, Belal S. Obeidat, Ghazi Sharkas Source Type: research

Body Mass Index stratification in hospitalized Italian adults with congenital heart disease in relation to complexity, diagnosis, sex and age
Adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) are at risk of overweight and obesity, two major health problems, though underweight can be a negative prognostic factor too. Awareness of the body mass index (BMI) in ACHD is very limited. The present study describes the use and prevalence of BMI in Italian symptomatic hospitalized ACHD patients in relation to complexity by Bethesda system classification, diagnosis, sex and age. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: A.E. Malavazos, G. Capitanio, M. Chessa, I.A. Matelloni, V. Milani, E. Stella, L.F. Al Kassem, F. Sironi, S. Boveri, A. Giamberti, M. Masocco, M. Ranucci, L. Menicanti, L. Morricone Source Type: research

Associations of macro and micronutrients and antioxidants intakes with preeclampsia: A case-control study in Jordanian pregnant women
A study was conducted to evaluate whether preeclampsia in pregnant women is associated with dietary factors and antioxidant intake (vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin A, and selenium). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: H. Yusuf, H.S. Subih, B.S. Obeidat, G. Sharkas Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Blood pressure levels and hypertension prevalence in a high selenium environment: results from a cross-sectional study
Recent human and laboratory studies have suggested the possibility that selenium overexposure may increase blood pressure. We sought to ascertain whether adults living in a seleniferous area exhibit an association between selenium exposure and both blood pressure levels as well as prevalence of hypertension. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marco Vinceti, Rajinder Chawla, Tommaso Filippini, Chander Dutt, Silvia Cilloni, Rinchu Loomba, Annalisa Bargellini, Nicola Orsini, Karaj S. Dhillon, Paul Whelton Source Type: research

Energy intake at different times of the day: Its association with elevated total and LDL cholesterol levels
This study aimed to examine the association between macronutrient intake at different times of the day and blood lipid levels. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hsin-Jen Chen, Shao-Yuan Chuang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Wen-Harn Pan Source Type: research

The use of psychological methodologies in cardiovascular disease interventions promoting a Mediterranean style diet: a systematic review
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Willis AW, Brown ON, Greene MW Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Association of Serum Uric Acid Change with Mortality, Renal Function and Diuretic Dose Administered in Treatment of Acute Heart Failure
Hyperuricemia is reportedly associated with poor outcome in acute heart failure(AHF). The association between changes in Uric acid(UA) levels with renal function change, diuretic doses, and mortality in patients with AHF were studied. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: H.-B. Zhou, T.-Y. Xu, S.-R. Liu, Y.-J. Bai, X.-F. Huang, Q. Zhan, Q.-C. Zeng, D.-L. Xu Source Type: research

Nutritional Management in Renal Transplant Recipients: A transplant team opportunity to improve graft survival
The nutritional management of renal transplant recipients (RTR) represents a complex problem either because the recovery of renal function is not complete and for the appearance of “unavoidable” metabolic side effects of immunosuppressive drugs. Nevertheless, it remains a neglected problem, whereas an appropriate dietary intervention could favorably affect graft survival. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: M. Sabbatini, L. Ferreri, A. Pisani, I. Capuano, M. Morgillo, A. Memoli, E. Riccio, B. Guida Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

Betulinic acid inhibits high-fat diet-induced obesity and improves energy balance by activating AMPK
Metabolic syndromes are prevalent worldwide and result in various complications including obesity, cardiovascular disease and type II diabetes. Betulinic acid (BA) is a naturally occurring triterpenoid that has anti-inflammatory properties. We hypothesized that treatment with BA may result in decreased body weight gain, adiposity and hepatic steatosis in a diet-induced mouse model of obesity. Mice fed a high-fat diet and treated with BA showed less weight gain and tissue adiposity without any change in calorie intake. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kyu-Dae Kim, Hoe-Yune Jung, Hye Guk Ryu, Bobae Kim, Jongsu Jeon, Hee Young Yoo, Choon Ho Park, Bo-Hwa Choi, Chang-Kee Hyun, Kyong-Tai Kim, Sungsoon Fang, Jong-Bae Kim, Seung Hee Yang Source Type: research

Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) antisense oligonucleotide protected against hyperlipidemia-associated atherosclerosis
In this study, we further examined the effects of the HB-EGF ASO administration on the development of hyperlipidemia-associated atherosclerosis using an atherogenic mouse model. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Kim, M.J. Graham, R.G. Lee, L. Yang, S. Kim, V. Subramanian, J.D. Layne, L. Cai, R.E. Temel, D. Shih, A.J. Lusis, J.A. Berliner, S. Lee Source Type: research

Circulating n-3 fatty acids and linoleic acid as indicators of dietary fatty acid intake in post-myocardial infarction patients
We examined whether dietary n-3 FA and LA were reflected in plasma lipid pools in post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: K. Pertiwi, Deg Kok, A.J. Wanders, J. de Goede, P.L. Zock, J.M. Geleijnse Source Type: research

Platelet number is positively and independently associated with glycated hemoglobin in non-diabetic overweight and obese subjects
This study investigates the association between platelet number and glucose metabolism, evaluated by glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, in a apparently healthy population represented by overweight and obese subjects with glucose normal range and HbA1c levels. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Giovanni De Pergola, Vito Angelo Giagulli, Edoardo Guastamacchia, Nicola Bartolomeo, Rossella Tatoli, Luisa Lampignano, Franco Silvestris, Vincenzo Triggiani Source Type: research

GDF15 reflects beta cell function in obese patients independently of the grade of impairment of glucose metabolism
Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) is a strong predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality found to be both marker and target of impaired glucose metabolism. GDF15 increases following glucose administration and is up-regulated in obesity and diabetes. We investigate here the relationship between GDF15 and beta cell function. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.H. Schernthaner-Reiter, B.K. Itariu, M. Krebs, M. Promintzer-Schifferl, T.M. Stulnig, A. Tura, C.H. Anderwald, M. Clodi, B. Ludvik, G. Pacini, A. Luger, G. Vila Source Type: research

Dypeptidylpeptidase-4 inhibitors and the cardiovascular system: How to manage the fil rouge
Dypeptidylpeptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are a therapeutic option for improving glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes. They can be prescribed at different stages of the natural history of the disease because of their low risk for hypoglycemia and associated weight gain. For all new drugs for diabetes, the US Food and Drug Administration requires the demonstration of the cardiovascular (CV) safety profile through pooled analyses of phase 3 studies or specifically designed trials.A significant superiority over placebo has been observed with a sodium-dependent glucose transporter-2 inhibitor, empagliflozin, and two...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: I. Dicembrini, M. Monami, E. Mannucci Tags: Viewpoint Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - January 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Estimating the impact of obesity and metabolic phenotype on sickness absence. Results from the ICARIA study
To assess the impact of obesity and being overweight on sickness absence (SA) as a function of healthy/unhealthy metabolic phenotype. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: C. Catalina-Romero, M.A. Sanchez Chaparro, P. Valdivielso, L. Quevedo-Aguado, C. Brotons, L.M. Ruilope, E. Calvo-Bonacho Source Type: research

Body Shape Trajectories and The Incidence of Hypertension In A Mediterranean Cohort: The Sun Study
Our aim was to assess the association between trajectories of body-shape across the first 40 years of life and subsequent development of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: C. Sayon-Orea, M. Bes-Rastrollo, M. Song, D. Hang, F.B. Hu, L. Ruiz-Estigarribia, M.A. Martinez-Gonzalez Source Type: research

Obesity-associated mortality risk: chronic kidney disease in focus
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 14, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Leonardo Spatola, Elena Dozio Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

6-year change in resting heart rate is associated with incident type 2 diabetes mellitus
Elevated resting heart rate (RHR) is associated with risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the association of change in RHR ( ΔRHR) and incident T2DM is not fully elucidated. We aimed to assess the dose-response association between 6-year ΔRHR and T2DM. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yang Zhao, Ming Zhang, Yu Liu, Zhaoxia Yin, Honghui Li, Haohang Sun, Chongjian Wang, Yongcheng Ren, Dechen Liu, Cheng Cheng, Feiyan Liu, Xu Chen, Leilei Liu, Qionggui Zhou, Yihan Xiong, Qihuan Xu, Jiali Liu, Shihao Hong, Ziyang You, Jianxin Li, Jie Cao, J Source Type: research

Behavioral, socio-environmental, educational and demographic correlates of excess body weight in Italian adolescents and young adults
s and aims: Excess body weight (EBW) is the most prevalent nutritional disorder among adolescents worldwide. Identifying determinants to EBW may help in finding new intervention strategies. Behavioral, socio-economic, educational and demographic correlates of EBW were examined in a population of Italian adolescents, separately for males and females. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 8, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: C. Pelusi, P. Altieri, A. Gambineri, A. Repaci, C. Cavazza, F. Fanelli, A.M. Morselli-Labate, U. Pagotto, R. Pasquali Source Type: research

Population Dietary Salt Reduction and the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease. A Scientific statement from the European Salt Action Network
The publication in the last few years of a number of prospective observational studies suggesting a J-shaped association between levels of salt (sodium) consumption and cardiovascular outcomes has opened a debate on the pertinence of population-wide salt reduction policies to reduce cardiovascular disease burden, and some have even questioned the global World Health Organization guidelines, that recommend a 30% reduction in salt consumption by 2025, aiming at an ideal target of no more than 5 g of salt consumption per day. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: F.P. Cappuccio, M. Beer, P. Strazzullo, European Salt Action Network Tags: Review Source Type: research

The Effects of Folic Acid Supplementation on C-Reactive Protein: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Given the contradictory results of previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs), we performed systematic review and met-analysis to quantify and summarize the effects of folic acid supplementation on C- reactive protein (CRP). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fatahi S, Pezeshki M, S.M. Mousavi, Teymouri A, Rahmani J, Kord Varkaneh H, Ghaedi E Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Effects of folic acid supplementation on C-reactive protein: A  systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Given the contradictory results of previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs), we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to quantify and summarize the effects of folic acid supplementation on C-reactive protein (CRP). (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. Fatahi, M. Pezeshki, S.M. Mousavi, A. Teymouri, J. Rahmani, H. Kord Varkaneh, E. Ghaedi Tags: Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses Source Type: research

Ferritin levels throughout childhood and metabolic syndrome in adolescent stage
Increased ferritin levels have been widely associated with cardiovascular risk in adults. Whether ferritin levels and their changes during childhood are related to metabolic syndrome (MetS) at adolescence is unknown. We aimed to evaluate these associations using levels of ferritin at 5, 10 and 16 years and their linear increases and patterns of sustained increased levels across childhood. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: M.F. Su árez-Ortegón, E. Blanco, S. McLachlan, J.M. Fernandez-Real, R. Burrows, S.H. Wild, B. Lozoff, S. Gahagan Source Type: research

Myocardial hypertrophy induced by high salt consumption is prevented by angiotensin II AT2 receptor agonist
Although many studies have reported the effects of AT1 receptor on dietary salt overload, the role of AT2 receptor in this model is far from completely elucidated. The present study aimed to better understand the role of AT2 receptor in cardiac structure alterations in response to chronic high salt intake in rats. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - December 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dopona EPB, Rocha VF, Furukawa LNS, Oliveira IB, Heimann JC Source Type: research

Effects of pre- or post-exercise whey protein supplementation on body fat and metabolic and inflammatory profile in pre-conditioned older women: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of whey protein (WP) pre- or post-RT on metabolic and inflammatory profile in pre-conditioned older women. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hellen C.G. Nabuco, Crisieli M. Tomeleri, Paulo Sugihara Junior, Rodrigo R. Fernandes, Edilaine F. Cavalcante, Danielle Venturini, D écio S. Barbosa, Analiza M. Silva, Luís B. Sardinha, Edilson S. Cyrino Source Type: research

Severe hypercholesterolaemia in a paediatric patient with congenital analbuminaemia
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: S. D ’Addato, F. Fogacci, A.F.G. Cicero, S. Palmisano, F. Baronio, C. Biagi, C. Borghi Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Ultra-processed food consumption and its effects on anthropometric and glucose profile: a longitudinal study during childhood
Obesity and insulin resistance development are related to known risk factors (such as diet) that begin in childhood. Among dietary factors, the consumption of ultra-processed foods has received attention. The present study investigated the association between ultra-processed foods consumption at preschool age and changes in anthropometric measurements from preschool to school age and glucose profile at school age. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: C.S. Costa, F. Rauber, P.S. Leffa, C.S. Sangalli, P.D.B. Campagnolo, M.R. Vitolo Source Type: research

A two-year study of parental obesity status and childhood obesity in China
We evaluated the association between parental obesity and their children ’s obesity parameters [e.g., percentage of body fat (PBF)] over time. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: R.Y. Xu, Y.Q. Zhou, X.M. Zhang, Y.P. Wan, X. Gao Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 17, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Associations of metabolically healthy obesity with prevalence and progression of coronary artery calcification: Results from the Heinz Nixdorf Recall Cohort Study
There is controversy on the potentially benign nature of metabolically healthy obesity (MHO), i.e., obese persons with few or no metabolic abnormalities. So far, associations between MHO and coronary artery calcification (CAC), a measure of subclinical atherosclerosis, have mainly been studied cross-sectionally in Asian populations. We assessed cross-sectional and longitudinal MHO CAC associations in a Caucasian population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - November 14, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: B. Kowall, N. Lehmann, A.A. Mahabadi, S. Moebus, R. Erbel, K.H. J öckel, A. Stang Source Type: research