Healthy eating for older adults

Eating right can help keep your body and mind healthy and extend your quality of life. But some older Americans may face barriers to getting enough nutrients or calories. Many ways aging can affect appetite Physiological changes that come with aging can result in reduced calorie needs, which can lead to decreased food intake and altered body composition, even in healthy older adults. This can be compounded by diminished smell and taste, and changes in hormone levels that affect how quickly you feel full. Depression, lack of independence, and social isolation can make food less appealing, further contributing to a less than ideal intake. Chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke, Parkinson’s disease, cancer, diabetes, and dementia can affect appetite, energy needs, and weight. Older adults may be on multiple medications that may interact with nutrients, or produce side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and sensory changes that affect smell and taste. Oral and dental problems can affect chewing or swallowing. All of these factors can lead to decreased intake of calories and nutrients, resulting in unplanned weight loss and lack of energy. Overcoming barriers to healthy eating These strategies can help overcome some of the barriers to healthy eating you may face as you get older. Aim for quality, using the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health’s Healthy Eating Plate as a guide. At most meals try to fill half of your plate with vegetables, a quarter of your ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Healthy Eating Source Type: blogs

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Authors: Khan MY, Pandit S, Jayagopal PB, Oomman A, Chockalingam KC, Ramakrishnan A, Mane A, Mehta S, Shah S Abstract Background: Real-world data on the effectiveness of antihypertensive drugs (AHDs) in India is limited. The present study aims to provide updated evidence regarding the effectiveness of olmesartan as monotherapy or in combination with other AHDs in Indian patients with essential hypertension. Methods: Electronic medical record data of adult patients who were diagnosed with essential hypertension (≥140/90 mmHg) and were prescribed olmesartan as mono- or add-on therapy were retrospectively analy...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
This study included 250 subjects with NAFLD and 500 non-NAFLD controls. Clinical, anthropological and biochemical data were collected. Subjects with body mass index (BMI)>= 25 kg/m2 were taken as obese and subjects with BMI
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients with lower CD4 counts had significantly higher dysglycemia and IR. Serum testosterone levels were progressively lower (insignificant) with decreasing CD4 counts. PMID: 32738840 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusion: Gastrointestinal side effects being most common side effect of metformin can lead to discontinuation of therapy. So before extensive evaluation of any GI problem in patient on metformin, other methods can be tried like temporary discontinuation, dose titration or proper intake of medicine. These side effects may also occur even after prolonged treatment with metformin. PMID: 32738838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusions: The results demonstrate that IV and oral levonadifloxacin therapy has excellent clinical activity against MRSA and offers advantage compared to other quinolones which generally lack MRSA coverage. Levonadifloxacin is safe and well tolerated in the treatment of ABSSSI caused by Gram -positive pathogens including MRSA as well as non-inferior to IV and oral linezolid, respectively. Similar pharmacokinetic profile of IV and oral levonadifloxacin provides an option for IV to oral switch for the treatment of subjects. Both oral and IV levonadifloxacin have recently been granted approval in India for the treatment of...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Gupta R, Pamecha H Abstract Objective: To find the serum hsCRP (high sensitive C reactive protein) levels in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients and compare its level between type 2 DM patients and healthy control subjects. To find the relationship of hsCRP levels in type 2 DM with and without vascular complications. To find the correlation of hsCRP with HbA1c and duration of type 2 DM among cases and to find the optimum cut-off value for hsCRP among type 2 DM patients. Methods: The study was conducted on type 2 DM patients with or without microvascular or macrovascular complications and nondiabetic...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Maydeo A, Patil G, Dalal A, Thakare S, Iyer A, Patil N Abstract Introduction: Endoscopic Sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) is a novel minimally invasive endoscopic restrictive bariatric procedure. We studied the safety, effectiveness, 6-month weight loss outcomes of ESG. Methods: We prospectively collected data for patients undergoing ESG at a tertiary care referral center. Laboratory investigations were performed preoperatively, and at 6 months post-operatively. Anthropometric measurements were noted pre and post-operatively at a frequency of 3 months for a 6-month follow-up. Patients with BMI ≥28 kg/m2 wh...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Esketamine nasal spray (Spravato), taken with an oral antidepressant, is now indicated in adults with major depression with acute suicidal ideation or behavior.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news
Publication date: October 2020Source: LWT, Volume 132Author(s): Xiaohui Jiang, Yuyun Lu, Shao Quan Liu
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
In conclusion, DNAm of multiple disease-related genes are strongly linked to mortality outcomes. The recently established epigenetic clock (DNAm age) has received growing attention as an increasing number of studies have uncovered it to be a proxy of biological ageing and thus potentially providing a measure for assessing health and mortality. Intriguingly, we targeted mortality-related DNAm changes and did not find any overlap with previously established CpGs that are used to determine the DNAm age. Our findings are in line with evidence, suggesting that DNAm involved in ageing or health-related outcomes are mostly...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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