New insights in rust resistance in wheat
(Aarhus University) Approximately 88 percent of wheat production is susceptible to yellow rust. Researchers have new results regarding the fungus, which evolves quickly to produce new, virulent strains. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - December 5, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Towards a treatment for gluten intolerance
(EMBO) Celiac disease is a severe autoimmune disorder of the intestine. It occurs when people develop sensitivity to gluten, a substance found in wheat, rye, and barley. An international research team from Italy and France has now uncovered a new molecular player in the development of gluten intolerance. Their discovery, published in The EMBO Journal, suggests potential targets for the development of therapeutic approaches for the disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 30, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Gemini Food Corporation Conducts Voluntary Recall of Imperial Taste Fried Red Onions and Fried Garlic Due to Undeclared Wheat
Gemini Food Corporation has voluntarily recalled all Imperial Taste Fried Red Onions& Fried Garlic canisters as a precautionary measure because it ’s missing an allergen statement and the ingredient panel does not include wheat. (Source: Food and Drug Administration)
Source: Food and Drug Administration - November 29, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: news

6 ways to help combat health expenses
According to the CDC, up to 90% of health care costs are related to care for individuals with chronic conditions. We know that many of these chronic conditions may be preventable, and therefore associated costs may be avoidable.     Rising health care expenses are a main concern for businesses of any size, and engagement of employees in effective, efficient health care can help address the unnecessary costs.  With that in mind, here are six small, individual things employers can encourage their… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - November 28, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Dr. Dierdre Wheat Source Type: news

6 ways to help combat health expenses
According to the CDC, up to 90% of health care costs are related to care for individuals with chronic conditions. We know that many of these chronic conditions may be preventable, and therefore associated costs may be avoidable.     Rising health care expenses are a main concern for businesses of any size, and engagement of employees in effective, efficient health care can help address the unnecessary costs.  With that in mind, here are six small, individual things employers can encourage their… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - November 28, 2018 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Dr. Dierdre Wheat Source Type: news

Virtual models provide real knowledge in the grass family
(Botanical Society of America) The complex flowers of the grass family have enormous economic importance, as their pollination leads to the production of grains such as rice, wheat, and corn. Grass species are notoriously difficult to study, however. Researchers present a cost-effective method using computer-assisted design (CAD) software to create high-quality, 3D digital representations of intricate plant structures that can advance understanding of pollination, with implications for both agriculture and weed control. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

5 Ways to Get More Whole Grains Into Your Diet
MONDAY, Nov. 19, 2018 -- Making the switch to whole wheat bread and whole wheat pasta are good ways to get more unrefined grains (and needed fiber) into your diet. But there's a long -- and delicious -- list of other whole grains to add to your... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - November 19, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Medical News Today: What are the health benefits of spelt?
Spelt is an ancient grain that people can use in place of wheat. Learn about the health benefits of spelt, including its protein content, and how to use it. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - November 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Nutrition / Diet Source Type: news

Oral Immunotherapy Promising for Wheat Allergy Oral Immunotherapy Promising for Wheat Allergy
More than half of wheat-allergic children could successfully consume wheat protein at 1 year, but response to oral immunotherapy was lower than for other food allergies, a small study has found.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - November 6, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Family Medicine/Primary Care News Source Type: news

Making Mayo's Recipes: Whole-wheat orzo with roasted vegetables
This would be a great dish for the weekend. Make sure you chop the vegetables about the size of cooked orzo. And to make this dish vegetarian, substitute no-salt-added vegetable stock for the chicken stock. Each week, one of the more than 100 video recipes from the?Mayo Clinic Healthy Living Program?is?featured on the Mayo Clinic [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - November 1, 2018 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

Oral Immunotherapy Beneficial in Patients With Wheat Allergy
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31, 2018 -- Vital wheat gluten (VWG) oral immunotherapy (OIT) induces desensitization in about half of patients with wheat allergy after a year of treatment, according to a study published online Oct. 30 in the Journal of Allergy and... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - October 31, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

New Concerns About Sesame Allergies
(CNN) — Sesame could become the newest allergen added to the list of foods required to be named on labels, US Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Dr. Scott Gottlieb announced Monday. Eight major food allergens must currently be declared on US labeling using their common names: milk, eggs, fish, shellfish, tree nuts, peanuts, wheat and soybeans. These foods accounted for over 90% of documented serious food allergies in the country when the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act, which required the clear labeling of ingredients, was passed in 2004. The FDA cites the undeclared presence of allergens as...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - October 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News Allergies Local TV Sesame Source Type: news

Building Tolerance Helps Kids With Wheat Allergy
TUESDAY, Oct. 30, 2018 -- Giving trace amounts of wheat to children with wheat allergy shows promise in treating the allergy, according to new research. The researchers started with 46 wheat-allergic children, average age about 9 years, and gave... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - October 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Building Tolerance Helps Kids With Wheat Allergy
Title: Building Tolerance Helps Kids With Wheat AllergyCategory: Health NewsCreated: 10/30/2018 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 10/30/2018 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Allergies General)
Source: MedicineNet Allergies General - October 30, 2018 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: news

Mount Sinai researchers find wheat oral immunotherapy to be therapeutic for allergic patients
(The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine) In a major step towards understanding the safety and efficacy of wheat oral immunotherapy, Mount Sinai researchers report promising results from the first multicenter, rigorous clinical trial in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - October 30, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Medical News Today: 11 healthful alternatives to wheat bread
Many people need to or wish to avoid or reduce the bread they eat that contains wheat. Fortunately, there are many healthful and tasty alternatives without wheat that they can choose. Learn more here. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - October 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Nutrition / Diet Source Type: news

Weed-killing wheat and cancer-causing oats for breakfast, anyone? FDA suspiciously turns blind eye to glyphosate testing of U.S. grains
(Natural News) Finally admitting that American conventional corn and soy are laced with deadly glyphosate, the FDA still has yet to admit that two major grains consumed by at least a 100 million Americans daily are also coated with carcinogenic weed killer. Glyphosate doesn’t just kill weeds, it’s a pre-harvest drying agent for wheat and... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

These Are the Best High-Fiber Foods, According to Experts
Your body doesn’t like things to be too easy. Challenging it from time to time—with exercise, with the elements, and even with short periods of going without food—is often associated with better health outcomes. The same is true of your gut and the foods it digests. Foods that break down and slip through too quickly (namely, refined starches and sugars) tend to promote overeating, out-of-control blood sugar surges, and other disease-linked side effects. Meanwhile, foods that put up a bit of a fight against digestion are often the best ones for you. That’s certainly true in the case of fiber, which i...
Source: TIME: Health - October 18, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Markham Heid Tags: Uncategorized Diet/Nutrition Source Type: news

A bad combo: Combining wheat and sugar can lead to inflammation
(Natural News) One of the great things about food is how different ingredients can be combined to produce a dish with its own unique flavor. There’s a catch, however — not all ingredients, when combined, are beneficial, and some of them may even be harmful to a person’s health. In his video, Charles Kwang of Kwang Wellness identifies... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

You can prevent cancer by eating more fermented wheat germ extract
(Natural News) Wheat germ is quite healthy by itself. But put it through the fermentation process and it turns into a cancer-fighting food. German researchers report that an extract from fermented wheat germ can stop the growth and development of cancerous cells. Cancer patients take fermented wheat germ extract (FWGE) as a dietary supplement to... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Modern wheat, sprayed with toxic chemicals, may be one of the worst foods to eat for gut health
(Natural News) Many of us grew up believing that wheat was the epitome of a healthy food. In recent years, however, the gluten-free sections in most grocery stores have gone from bare to bulging, as more and more people have decided to eliminate gluten – or even all grains – in a bid to improve... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Food security under changing climate
(University of Delaware) Researchers from the University of Delaware are part of an interdisciplinary team looking at how to make global staple crops -- especially corn, but also wheat and barley -- safer from the threats posed by rising temperatures and weather extremes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - October 4, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Meet the parents who built an allergy-free house to help their sons avoid potentially-fatal triggers
Born and Elinor Barikor, from London, have two sons with severe, potentially life-threatening allergies to dairy, wheat, gluten and fruits, plus dust, pollen and animal fur. This is their story. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 2, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Food allergy symptoms: Nine signs that indicate you could be allergic to certain foods
FOOD allergy is when the body ’s immune system reacts to particular foods, causing a range of uncomfortable symptoms. Common food allergies are seeds, fish and wheat, so what signs indicate you could be allergic and what is involved in food allergy testing? (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - September 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Food allergy symptoms: Nine signs you could be allergic to certain foods
FOOD allergy is when the body ’s immune system reacts to particular foods, causing a range of uncomfortable symptoms. Common food allergies are seeds, fish and wheat, so what signs indicate you could be allergic? (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - September 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Health Links Between Gluten And Diabetes, Air Pollution And Dementia
NEW YORK (CBSNewYork) – Gluten intolerance is a sensitivity to a family of proteins found in grains like wheat, rye and barley. It can cause symptoms that include bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhea and constipation. It now seems that gluten can affect more than just the person who eats it, reports Dr. Max Gomez. Danish scientists, after analyzing data from thousands of pregnant women, say a high gluten diet may put offspring at higher risk for type 1 diabetes. Doctors say children of women with the highest intake of wheat, rye, and barley proteins had double the diabetes risk. ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - September 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health Dementia diabetes awareness Source Type: news

Bill Gates Talks to TIME About a Coming ‘Third Wave’ of Development in Africa
There’s a very big difference between simple and easy—especially when it comes to global health. It’s simple to eradicate polio—just get all children are vaccinated. It’s simple to reduce nighttime malaria infections—make sure everyone in malaria-endemic areas sleeps under a bed net. But none of that is easy. The tension between simple and easy is at play when it comes to eradicating poverty in the developing world too, as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation makes clear in its second annual Goalkeepers Data Report. In a conversation with TIME, Bill Gates points to two recent waves of...
Source: TIME: Health - September 21, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jeffrey Kluger Tags: Uncategorized onetime public health Source Type: news

Making Mayo's Recipes: Quick quesadillas for an easy dinner solution
If you have a package of whole-wheat tortillas, a cup of cooked chicken or canned beans, and a couple of vegetables in your kitchen, you've got the makings of quick quesadillas. This is a great way to use up leftover zucchini, bell peppers, red onions, tomatoes or frozen corn. You can also toss in cilantro, [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - September 20, 2018 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

Lidl Voluntarily Recalls Bellona Brand Hazelnut Wafers Due to Improperly Declared Wheat Allergen
Lidl US has voluntarily recalled all Bellona brand “Milk Chocolate Flavored Coated Wafer with Hazelnut Crème Filling and White Chocolate Flavor” confections as a precautionary measure because the allergen statement does not include wheat. (Source: Food and Drug Administration)
Source: Food and Drug Administration - September 18, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: news

RUDN agriculturists suggested an optimal strategy for growing wheat in northern Eurasia
(RUDN University) RUDN and the Italian Euromediterranean Center for Climate Change (CMCC) scientists studied how climate changes may affect wheat harvest in high latitudes of the Eastern hemisphere on the example of Russia. In the upcoming decades the most yielding agricultural areas in the south of the country will be hit by droughts. The optimal territory for wheat and other grain crops cultivation would move north-east. The study was published in the Land Use Policy journal. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 18, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Picky Eating May Mask Larger Issues
FRIDAY, Sept. 14, 2018 -- Many children are picky eaters, making every meal a challenge. But for some, the problem goes deeper than not liking vegetables or whole-wheat bread. According to a study in the journal Pediatrics, more than one in five... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - September 14, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Eating gluten could make you DEPRESSED: The wheat protein can affect your mental health, study finds
Researchers at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia, say people who think gluten gives them bloating or cramps may be blaming the protein for the effects of something else in their food. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - September 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Organic fertilizers made with moringa promote the healthier growth of wheat
(Natural News) If you’re thinking of planting wheat, try adding some moringa to the mix to help it grow faster and keep weeds at bay, according to a study in Allelopathy Journal. In the study, the researchers investigated extracts from the leaves, flowers, and seeds of the moringa tree (Moringa oleifera), in particular, how they affect... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Sarap Asian Fusion Recalls Cookies due to Undeclared Allergens
Sarap Asian Fusion of Garden Grove, CA is recalling Asian Fusion Cookies due to undeclared allergens of wheat, milk and soy. People who have an allergy or severe sensitivity to wheat or soy run the risk of serious or life-threatening allergic reaction if they consume these products. (Source: Food and Drug Administration)
Source: Food and Drug Administration - September 13, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: news

A prehistoric thirst for craft beer
(Elsevier) A new study in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports suggests beer brewing practices existed in the Eastern Mediterranean over five millennia before the earliest known evidence. In an archaeological collaboration project between Stanford University in the United States, and University of Haifa, Israel, archeologists analyzed three stone mortars from a 13,000-year old Natufian burial cave site in Israel. Their analysis confirmed that these mortars were used for brewing of wheat/barley, as well as for food storage. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Whole grains one of the most important food groups for preventing type 2 diabetes
(Chalmers University of Technology) It doesn't matter if it's rye, oats, or wheat. As long as it is whole grain, it can prevent type 2 diabetes. This is the finding of a new study from researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, and the Danish Cancer Society Research Center. The comprehensive study is a strong confirmation of previous research findings on the importance of whole grains for prevention of type 2 diabetes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Aging infrastructure: WSU economist finds best ways to help ag crops flow
(Washington State University) From apples and pears to wheat and potatoes, the bounty of Northwest agriculture depends on roads, bridges, railways and ports to reach a global market. But that vital infrastructure is often decades old, crumbling and inefficient -- a bottleneck not just for regional agriculture, but the national economy as well.A research team led by Washington State University economist Eric Jessup, director of the WSU Freight Policy Transportation Institute, is focusing needed attention on aging infrastructure. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

H & C Food Inc. Issues Allergy Alert on Undeclared Wheat, Pork, Egg, and Crustacean in Frozen Fish Balls
H&C Food Inc of Brooklyn, NY is recalling the Frozen Fuzhou Fish Balls and the Fish Balls, because they may contain undeclared wheat, pork, egg, and crustacean. People who have an allergy or severe sensitivity to wheat, pork, egg and crustacean run the risk of serious or life-threatening allergic reaction if they consume these products. (Source: Food and Drug Administration)
Source: Food and Drug Administration - September 4, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: news

A common wheat virus can spread and harm perennial native grass
(Natural News) The days when crop diseases left other kinds of plants alone are over now, stated an article in British Ecological Society. A virus that originally ravaged imported wheat has now started infecting switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) and other non-crop species native to the U.S. The burden on farmers and researchers has redoubled: Not only do... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 4, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What Are Common Cross-reactivities with Other Allergens?
Discussion The most common allergic foods are cow’s milk (most common), egg, peanut, tree nut, soy, wheat, fish and shellfish. Egg, milk, soy and wheat tend to occur in young children and these are more likely to be outgrown over time. Peanut, tree nut, shellfish, and fish occur at all ages and are less likely to be outgrown. Peanut and tree nut allergies also tend to be more severe than other foods. Ninety percent of food fatalities were attributed to tree nuts and peanuts. In a study of anaphylaxis in schools, food was the most likely trigger (54%) with nuts and fruits being the most commonly identified foods. Co-f...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - September 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Ancient Egyptian medical knowledge revealed by 3,500-year-old texts
To diagnose pregnancy, the ancient Egyptians instructed women to pee into a bag of barley and a bag of wheat. It's just one the findings from research at the University of Copenhagen. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - August 31, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Increase in crop losses to insect pests in a warming climate
Insect pests substantially reduce yields of three staple grains—rice, maize, and wheat—but models assessing the agricultural impacts of global warming rarely consider crop losses to insects. We use established relationships between temperature and the population growth and metabolic rates of insects to estimate how and where climate warming will augment losses of rice, maize, and wheat to insects. Global yield losses of these grains are projected to increase by 10 to 25% per degree of global mean surface warming. Crop losses will be most acute in areas where warming increases both population growth and metaboli...
Source: ScienceNOW - August 30, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Deutsch, C. A., Tewksbury, J. J., Tigchelaar, M., Battisti, D. S., Merrill, S. C., Huey, R. B., Naylor, R. L. Tags: Atmospheric Science, Ecology reports Source Type: news

Rising CO2 levels could leave as many as 200 million people worldwide deficient in nutrients
A new study from the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health says the increasing levels of CO2 are decreasing the amounts of protein, iron, and zinc in crops such as rice and wheat. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Which foods lower blood sugar?
Eating a varied, nutritious diet is beneficial for everyone, but is especially important for people with diabetes. In this article, learn which foods can help keep blood sugar levels in check, including oatmeal, cold-water fish, whole wheat bread, legumes, and sweet potatoes. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - August 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Nutrition / Diet Source Type: news

Epic genetic: the hidden story of wheat
(Earlham Institute) Published in Genome Research, based on a novel method developed by Earlham Institute, UK, an international research team have uncovered the hidden genetic secrets that give wheat its remarkable ability for local adaptation -- revealing a previously untapped resource for breeding better, more resilient wheat. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - August 22, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Entire Bread Wheat Genome Fully Annotated
It took an international group of researchers 13 years to crack the code and their efforts are already bearing fruit—one study has pinned down the genes responsible for wheat allergies and... (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - August 17, 2018 Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news

Scientists sequence wheat genome in breakthrough once thought 'impossible'
Genome able to be used to produce hardier wheat varieties as greater food security neededSequencing the wheat genome – once considered by scientists to be an insurmountable task – has been achieved through a worldwide collaboration of researchers spanning 13 years.On Friday the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC)published a detailed description of the genome of bread wheat in the journal Science.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - August 16, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Melissa Davey Tags: Agriculture Science Food security Australia news Source Type: news

A rich scientific harvest is in: Long, complex bread wheat genome is finally sequenced
It has been called the Mt. Everest of the genome world, and it has just been scaled.This week a consortium of more than 200 scientists from 20 countries published the first fully annotated sequence of the massive wheat genome, a feat they hope will eventually reduce the risk of food scarcity on... (Source: Los Angeles Times - Science)
Source: Los Angeles Times - Science - August 16, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Deborah Netburn Source Type: news

UMD researcher helps to crack the genetic code for wheat for the first time
(University of Maryland) The University of Maryland as part of the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium published findings in Science detailing the full wheat genome, the world's most widely cultivated crop. A companion paper is available in the same issue with UMD and the John Innes Centre, using this sequence to examine gene expression in wheat, specifically relating to heat, drought, and disease. This paves the way for wheat varieties adapted to climate, enhancing yields, nutrition, and sustainability. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Wheat code finally cracked; wheat genome sequence will bring stronger varieties to farmers
(Kansas State University) Kansas State University scientists, in collaboration with the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium, published today in the international journal Science a detailed description of the complete genome of bread wheat, the world's most widely cultivated crop. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - August 16, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news