Cells to Society: 130 Years of Innovation / Research News

This study explores experiences related to hearing loss and barriers to hearing health care among older Korean Americans.      Read more   Aging   Effect of a Biobehavioral Environmental Approach on Disability Among Low-Income Older Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial by Sarah L. Szanton*, Bruce Leff, Jennifer Wolff, Elizabeth Tanner, and colleagues in JAMA Internal Medicine This article examines whether CAPABLE, a 10-session, home-based multidisciplinary program, reduces disability among older adults.     Read more   Education ...
Source: Johns Hopkins University and Health Systems Archive - Category: Nursing Source Type: news

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Authors: Tanaka S, Honda Y, Takaku S, Koike T, Oe S, Hirahara Y, Yoshida T, Takizawa N, Takamori Y, Kurokawa K, Kodama T, Yamada H Abstract The hypocretin/orexin neuropeptide system coordinates the regulation of various physiological processes. Our previous study reported that a reduction in the expression of pleomorphic adenoma gene‑like 1 (Plagl1), which encodes a C2H2 zinc‑finger transcription factor, occurs in hypocretin neuron‑ablated transgenic mice, suggesting that PLAGL1 is co‑expressed in hypocretin neurons and regulates hypocretin transcription. The present study examined whether canonical prepro...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Shah SP, Twilla JD, Kemp L, Phelps GL, Reaves A Abstract Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a chronic condition characterized by multiple vaso-occlusive complications, including acute pain crisis. The mainstay of treatment for patients presenting with vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) is pain control and adequate hydration. Currently, there are no studies to determine an optimal pain control regimen in adult SCD patients. The main objective of this study is to evaluate whether outcomes differ in patients with VOC based on pain management treatment modality. A retrospective review of admissions with a primary diagnosis...
Source: Journal of Pain and Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy - Category: Palliative Care Tags: J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother Source Type: research
This study examined: (1) some of the psychometric properties of the Insomnia Sev...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This study aimed to explore the bereavement experience of teachers following student suicide. METHOD: Usi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
The objective of this study was to quantitatively and qualitatively review ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
PURPOSE: Antidepressants are frequently prescribed to older people with depression but little is known on predictors of discontinuation in this population. We, therefore, investigated factors associated with early discontinuation of antidepressants in olde...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major global issue; US college students may be at greater risk and faculty may play a crucial role in prevention. AIMS: The primary purpose of the present study was to examine: the level of confidence of college/university faculty ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
The aims of the present study were to investigate the dimensions of childhood trauma (CT) in patients with schizophrenia, and to predict suicidal risk (e.g., current suicidal ideation and lifetime suicide attempts) by CT dimensions and clinical factors (po...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This study aims to provide greater insight into the role of 2 aspects of online peer interactions--perceived online social support and online corumination--in the short-term longitudinal relationship between private Facebook interactions and adolescents' d...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
We report that, over the last 40 years, most children's hospitals have ethics committees but that those committees are rarely consulted. We speculate that the reasons for the paucity of ethics consults might be because ethical dilemmas are aired in other venues. The role of the ethics consultant, then, might be to shape the institutional climate and create safe spaces for the discussion of difficult and sometimes contentious issues. Finally, we report how pediatric clinical ethics has evolved differently in a number of other countries around the world. PMID: 30896442 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Clinical Ethics - Category: Medical Ethics Tags: J Clin Ethics Source Type: research
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