Expanding waistline linked to an increased risk of cancer

Conclusion This study provides more evidence of the link between excess body fat and 10 cancers. Though the percentage increases sound large, it's important to put these results into context. For example, the baseline risk of postmenopausal cancer was 2.2% – it occurred in 555 of the 24,751 women in the study. For women who hadn't used hormone therapy, this would increase to a risk of 2.7% if they had a BMI of 30 compared with 26, or a waist circumference of 95cm compared with 84cm. This accounts for only an extra 5 cases in every 1,000 women. This large study involved older adults from European countries, so the results should be applicable to people in the UK. Its strengths also include the fact researchers analysed data for each individual rather than relying on published results from each study, which could have used different definitions and cut-offs. As ever, though, there are some limitations to be aware of: There were differences between the cohorts, such as length of follow-up and age at entry into the study. Other medical conditions and medication weren't included in the analysis. Diet wasn't taken into account. Though the researchers looked at smoking, physical activity, and alcohol, they weren't able to analyse the results for different amounts of each. The obesity-related cancers were combined in the analysis because of small numbers, so we don't know if there was variation in risk between them. The length of follow-up may not have been...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cancer Obesity Source Type: news

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Authors: Xu W, Lou Y, Chen W, Kang Y Abstract Effective cancer therapy usually requires the assistance of well-designed drug carriers. In order to increase the drug accumulation to tumor tissue as well as to reduce the side effects of drug carriers, the hybrid drug delivery system (DDS) was developed by integrating folic acid (FA) and a metal-organic framework (MOF). The anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) was preloaded into the MOF nanoparticles during the synthesis process of the MOF nanoparticles. After surface modification with FA, the resulting FA/MOF/DOX nanoparticles were capable of serving as a biocompatible ...
Source: Biomedizinische Technik/Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Tags: Biomed Tech (Berl) Source Type: research
What are the latest strategies for fertility preservation in adolescent and young adult survivors of childhood cancer?Current Opinion in Urology
Source: Medscape Transplantation Headlines - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Urology Journal Article Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Alexandra Kollara, Premalatha Shathasivam, Soyeon Park, Maurice J. Ringuette, Theodore J. BrownAbstractStudies indicate androgens contribute to initiation or progression of epithelial ovarian cancer through poorly understood mechanisms. We provide evidence that the androgen receptor (AR) interacts in a ligand-independent manner with the putative armadillo repeat domain of ventricular zone expressed PH domain-containing 1 (VEPH1). This interaction was increased by mutation of the two nuclear receptor...
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
This article reviews the major pathways by which adrenal steroids are converted to the potent male sex hormones, testosterone (T) and 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT) and the discrete enzyme isoforms involved in castration resistant prostate cancer. Previous studies have mainly utilized radiotracers to investigate these pathways but have not used prevailing concentrations of precursors found in castrate male human serum. In addition, the full power of stable-isotope dilution liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry has not been applied routinely. Furthermore, it is clear that adaptive responses occur in th...
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Laura Tatiana Pelegrina, Myriam LaconiAbstractOvarian carcinoma is one of the most common cause of death by gynecologic cancer. Several epidemiological and in vitro studies have shown controversial data about progesterone effects in ovarian cancer. Progesterone can be converted in its active metabolite, allopregnanolone, its effects in ovarian cancer are still unknown. Previously, we demonstrated that allopregnanolone modifies ovarian morphophysiology, being able to alter critical process of tumor d...
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Sensors and Actuators B: ChemicalAuthor(s): Yucui Jiao, Chao Du, Lijun Zong, Xueying Guo, Yufeng Han, Xiaopan Zhang, Lin Li, Chengwu Zhang, Qiang Ju, Jinhua Liu, Hai-Dong Yu, Wei HuangAbstractA novel three-dimensional (3D) vertical-flow paper-based device (3VPD), integrated with a sandwich-type fluorescent immunoassay, was developed for multiplexed detection of cancer biomarkers simultaneously based on the principle of origami. The developed 3VPD, composed of a sample layer, a splitting layer, and a test layer, could be fabricated simply by wax-printing on paper at ...
Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
This article demonstrates the fabrication of versatile nanoformulation by conveniently wrapping the ultrasmall platinum nanoparticles-dispersed over the zinc metal-doped mesoporous silica-based nanocarriers (Zn-MSNs) for not only conveying the drug cargo efficiently but also facilitating the advanced abilities of deep tumor penetration through interacting with adherens junctions and aphotic (dark) synergistic therapeutic effects to combat cancer multidrug resistance.
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Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Bruce Montgomery, Stephen Plymate
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHypoxia-regulated lncRNAs will undoubtedly be developed as targets and promote the progress in ideal therapies for gastrointestinal cancer patients.
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
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