Evaluating the current state of Mendelian randomization studies: a protocol for a systematic review on methodological and clinical aspects using neurodegenerative disorders as outcome
DiscussionThis systematic review protocol utilizes a unique comprehensive data abstraction tool based on recent methodological advancements in the field of MR. The planned systematic review will further integrate information on methodological details with clinical findings in latest available large-scale genome-wide association study datasets. Our findings aim to help raising awareness and promoting transparent reporting of MR studies.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42018091434. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A systematic review and network meta-analysis comparing azacitidine and decitabine for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome
ConclusionsAzacitidine and decitabine are both associated with improved outcomes compared to BSC. The available indirect evidence comparing the two agents warrants very low certainty and cannot reliably confirm the superiority of either agent. Head-to-head trials are needed. In the meantime, the choice of agent should be driven by patient preferences, adverse effects, drug availability, and cost. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protocol for a systematic review to identify the barriers and facilitators to deliver bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in disadvantaged communities
DiscussionThis review will focus on all studies that seek to examine the barriers and facilitators to the delivery of bystander CPR in deprived communities and identify examples of previous interventions or activities that could inform the design of a future theory-based intervention to improve the rate of bystander CPR in deprived communities.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017081944 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sustaining knowledge translation interventions for chronic disease management in older adults: protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis
DiscussionOur results will inform knowledge users (e.g. patients, clinicians, policy-makers) regarding the sustainability of KT interventions for CDM. Dissemination plan of our results will be tailored to end-users and include passive (e.g. publications, website posting) and interactive (e.g. knowledge exchange events with stakeholders) strategies.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42018084810 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sensitivity and specificity of using trial-of-antibiotics versus sputum mycobacteriology for diagnosis of tuberculosis: protocol for a systematic literature review
DiscussionPooling all available evidence on the accuracy, approach, and interpretation of results of trial-of-antibiotics in the context of PTB diagnosis will meet an urgent need, considering the widespread utilisation and potential for antimicrobial resistance. We therefore believe that our findings will have impact on policy and that they will inform the design of future detailed investigations into this important diagnostic approach.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017083915 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Survival estimates stratified by the Nottingham Prognostic Index for early breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
ConclusionsThe substantial differences between studies in the relationship between NPI categories and survival at 5 and 10  years poses challenges for use of this prognostic score in both clinical settings and in decision-analytic model-based economic evaluations. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sustaining knowledge translation interventions for chronic disease management in older adults: protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis
DiscussionOur results will inform knowledge users (e.g. patients, clinicians, policy-makers) regarding the sustainability of KT interventions for CDM. Dissemination plan of our results will be tailored to end-users and include passive (e.g. publications, website posting) and interactive (e.g. knowledge exchange events with stakeholders) strategies.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42018084810 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sensitivity and specificity of using trial-of-antibiotics versus sputum mycobacteriology for diagnosis of tuberculosis: protocol for a systematic literature review
DiscussionPooling all available evidence on the accuracy, approach, and interpretation of results of trial-of-antibiotics in the context of PTB diagnosis will meet an urgent need, considering the widespread utilisation and potential for antimicrobial resistance. We therefore believe that our findings will have impact on policy and that they will inform the design of future detailed investigations into this important diagnostic approach.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017083915 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Survival estimates stratified by the Nottingham Prognostic Index for early breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
ConclusionsThe substantial differences between studies in the relationship between NPI categories and survival at 5 and 10  years poses challenges for use of this prognostic score in both clinical settings and in decision-analytic model-based economic evaluations. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Modifiable and emerging risk factors for type 2 diabetes in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol
This study will examine the modifiable and emerging risk factors associated with T2DM in Africa.MethodologyThe study will include a systematic review and meta-analysis of published and unpublished empirical studies, reporting quantitative data only. We will conduct a search on scientific databases (e.g. Global Health), general online search engines (e.g. Google Scholar) and key websites for grey literature using a combination of key countries/geographic terms, risk factors (e.g. overweight/obesity) and T2DM (including a manual search of the included reference lists). We will use the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Software (CM...
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Understanding variations in catastrophic health expenditure, its underlying determinants and impoverishment in Sub-Saharan African countries: a scoping review
ConclusionThis review demonstrated that CHE/impoverishment is pervasive in SSA, and the magnitude varies across and within countries and over time. Socio-economic factors are seen to drive CHE with the poor being the most affected, and they vary across countries. This calls for intensifying health policies and financing structures in SSA, to provide equitable access to all populations especially the most poor and vulnerable. There is a need to innovate and draw lessons from the ‘informal’ social networks/schemes as they are reported to be more effective in cushioning the financial burden. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Antibiotic therapy for skin and soft tissue infections: a protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis
This study has several strengths compared to previous reviews: inclusion of a wider range of infection types, antibiotics, and outcomes; a comprehensive search strategy; a priori subgroup analyses; application of GRADE; and improved interpretability of findings through visual presentation of results. We hope our findings will inform future research, health care professionals, and policy makers resulting in improved evidence-based clinical management of SSTIs.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42018085607 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The sustainability of Lean in pediatric healthcare: a realist review
ConclusionsThis study is the first to examine Lean sustainability in pediatric healthcare using realist methods. Future research should examine whether the predictors of implementation are the same or different to sustainability and evaluate the underlying mechanisms that influence the sustainability of Lean. There is also a need for research to develop and test conceptual models and frameworks on sustainability.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO-CRD42015032252. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Understanding variations in catastrophic health expenditure, its underlying determinants and impoverishment in Sub-Saharan African countries: a scoping review
ConclusionThis review demonstrated that CHE/impoverishment is pervasive in SSA, and the magnitude varies across and within countries and over time. Socio-economic factors are seen to drive CHE with the poor being the most affected, and they vary across countries. This calls for intensifying health policies and financing structures in SSA, to provide equitable access to all populations especially the most poor and vulnerable. There is a need to innovate and draw lessons from the ‘informal’ social networks/schemes as they are reported to be more effective in cushioning the financial burden. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Antibiotic therapy for skin and soft tissue infections: a protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis
This study has several strengths compared to previous reviews: inclusion of a wider range of infection types, antibiotics, and outcomes; a comprehensive search strategy; a priori subgroup analyses; application of GRADE; and improved interpretability of findings through visual presentation of results. We hope our findings will inform future research, health care professionals, and policy makers resulting in improved evidence-based clinical management of SSTIs.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42018085607 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The sustainability of Lean in pediatric healthcare: a realist review
ConclusionsThis study is the first to examine Lean sustainability in pediatric healthcare using realist methods. Future research should examine whether the predictors of implementation are the same or different to sustainability and evaluate the underlying mechanisms that influence the sustainability of Lean. There is also a need for research to develop and test conceptual models and frameworks on sustainability.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO-CRD42015032252. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adverse effects of psychotherapy: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionPreselecting studies with regard to randomised controlled trials might induce bias due to dropout before the beginning of treatment or end of treatment. However, we will thoroughly assess the negative effects of randomisation, e.g. reasons for non-randomisation, if reported. Even if delayed adverse effects might be overlooked in randomised controlled trials, these are the only sources of causal evidence.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews 2017:CRD42017055507 (17 January 2017) (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A protocol for an updated and expanded systematic mixed studies review of fear of cancer recurrence in families and caregivers of adults diagnosed with cancer
DiscussionThis review will provide further clarity on the prevalence and severity of FCR in families and caregivers and differences by caregiver and care recipient demographic and medical characteristics. Any intervention studies located may indicate therapies or treatments that could reduce FCR in families and caregivers. Findings are expected to provide guidance for individuals and organisations working to manage FCR in families and caregivers of those with cancer.Systematic review registrationThis protocol will be registered with PROSPERO after peer-review. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of maternal mental health improvement programs on obesity in pediatric populations: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionThis review will help determine the effect of maternal health improvement programs on childhood obesity. These findings, in turn, will guide the research community on the development of related programs in the future.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO:CRD42017072737. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Personal goal-setting among women living with breast cancer: protocol for a scoping review
DiscussionThe results from this review will chart the literature, contributing to optimizing the incorporation of personal goal-setting approaches into effective interventions for the care and support of women with breast cancer. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Blood pressure reduction and clinical outcomes with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers: protocol for a systematic review and meta-regression analysis
AbstractBackgroundAngiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEis) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) efficaciously reduce systolic blood pressure (BP), a well-established risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI). Both inhibit the renin-angiotensin system, albeit through different mechanisms, and produce similar reductions in BP. However, in parallel meta-analyses of ACEi and ARB trials, ACEis reduce risk of MI whereas ARBs do not —a phenomenon described as the ‘ARB-MI paradox’. In addition, ACEis reduce all-cause mortality, whereas ARBs do not, which appears to be independent of BP lowering. T...
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Unsafe abortion and associated factors among reproductive aged women in Sub-Saharan Africa: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionUnsafe abortion is not yet reduced significantly in Sub-Saharan Africa, and maternal death rate due to unsafe abortion remains high. Currently, there is a gap in availability of abridged evidence on unsafe abortion and this negatively influenced the current service delivery. This finding will help stakeholders to design appropriate strategy. The finding of this systematic review and meta-analysis will be helpful to inform policy-makers, programmers, planners, clinician ’s decision making, researchers, and women clients at large.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO 2017:CRD42017081437. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The prevalence of and factors associated with inclusion of non-English language studies in Campbell systematic reviews: a survey and meta-epidemiological study
ConclusionOur findings may indicate a connection between the limited inclusion of non-English studies and a lack of resources, which forces review teams to rely on their limited language skills rather than the support of professional translators. If unaddressed, review teams risk ignoring key data and introduce bias in otherwise high-quality reviews. However, the validity and interpretation of our findings should be further assessed if we are to tackle the challenges of dealing with non-English studies. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparative effectiveness of physical activity interventions and anti-hypertensive pharmacological interventions in reducing blood pressure in people with hypertension: protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis
This study will provide evidence regarding the comparability of two common first-line treatment options for people with hypertension. It will also describe the extent to which there is direct evidence regarding the comparative effectiveness of increasing physical activity and initiating anti-hypertensive therapy.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017070579 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Resilience to climate-induced disasters and its overall impact on well-being in Southern Africa: a mixed-methods systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis protocol is guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols (PRISMA-P) guidelines. The protocol gives insight of the scope and parameters for the systematic review to be carried out. The systematic review will establish how resilience to climate-induced disasters affects well-being. It will also provide recommendations to improve humanitarian coordination in Southern Africa.Systematic review registrationThe protocol was registered by the PROSPERO international prospective register of systematic reviews, referenceCRD42017064396. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Interprofessional collaboration and patient-reported outcomes in inpatient care: protocol for a systematic review
DiscussionThe systematic review will synthesize the evidence regarding the effectiveness of IPC and how it is perceived by patients in inpatient care. As the patients ’ perspective becomes increasingly relevant in the context of quality improvement, the results can help decision-makers in policy- and health care institutions to understand and develop strategies to ensure a high quality of care.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registration number:CRD42017073900; date of registration in PROSPERO 07 August 2017. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The potential of computerised analysis of bowel sounds for diagnosis of gastrointestinal conditions: a systematic review
ConclusionsDue to concerns over quality and small sample sizes, we cannot yet recommend an existing BSCA diagnostic test without additional studies. However, the preliminary results found in the included studies and the technological advances described in excluded studies indicate excellent future potential. Research combining sophistical clinical and engineering skills is likely to be fruitful.Systematic review registrationThe review protocol (review ID number 42016054028) was developed by three authors (AI, KMW, and JM) and was published in the PROSPERO International prospective register of systematic reviews. It can be ...
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of crystalloid resuscitation fluids for treatment of acute brain injury: a clinical and pre-clinical systematic review and network meta-analysis protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will comprehensively summarize the difference in treatment efficacy of various crystalloid resuscitation fluids in acute brain injury. This review is essential to underscore the evidence, or lack thereof, present in the literature to date to support current preference-driven practice and to direct future study.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO#CRD42016042960 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A methodological approach to identify the most reliable human milk collection method for compositional analysis: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionIt is important to identify the most reliable and practical method of human milk collection which best represents the average composition of the milk that is being consumed by the infant. This systematic review will be critical for ensuring that we determine a robust and consistent sampling approach to use in future studies of evaluating breast milk composition in a larger population. Identifying a recommended standard collection protocol will also provide more opportunities for sharing and combining data from different research groups, thus enhancing replicability and knowledge in the field.Systematic review reg...
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The prevalence of Lynch syndrome in women with endometrial cancer: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThe aim of this systematic review is to provide a robust estimate of the prevalence of Lynch syndrome in women with endometrial cancer. This will enable resource allocation and decision-making regarding the appropriateness of screening all women, or certain women, with endometrial cancer for Lynch syndrome. Such a policy could enable the earlier diagnosis of Lynch syndrome in women and, through the application of colorectal cancer surveillance, improve their survival outcomes.Systematic review registrationThis systematic review has been registered on PROSPERO (refCRD42017081707). (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Indicators of deterioration in young adults with serious mental illness: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will likely make a significant contribution to the field of mental health and help inform future research pertaining to interventions that help highlight deteriorating patients. This may vary depending on the patient group, mental illness or deterioration type.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017075755 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evidence-based guidelines for physiotherapy management of patients with multiple myeloma: study protocol
DiscussionDraft guidelines will be developed in the form of action statements based on the strength of evidence and grades of recommendations. The draft guidelines will be reviewed internally by two independent reviewers using AGREE II and externally by a methodological expert from Evidence-Based Care – Cancer Care Ontario and will be sent to the Canadian Physiotherapy Association (CPA) for feedback from physiotherapists.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017064056 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

(Update of a) systematic review on the impact of elective early term ( & lt; ‚ÄČ39th gestational week) caesarean sections on maternal and neonatal health - a protocol
DiscussionOur aim is to reach a higher validity in the assessment of the time point of elective caesarean sections by performing a meta-analysis to support recommendations for clinical practice. We assume to identify less randomized controlled trials but a large number of cohort studies analyzing the given question. We will discuss similarities and differences in included studies as well as methodological strengths and weaknesses.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017078231 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

How do the experiences and beliefs of adults and children with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia influence their adherence to treatment? A systematic review of qualitative evidence protocol
DiscussionAdherence to treatment recommendations is crucial for the successful management of FH and subsequent decrease in risk of CHD later in life. Common identified themes could provide an understanding of the beliefs and experiences which influence adherence to treatment recommendations and provide an insight into perceived barriers and facilitators. The findings are intended to be used in the development of future interventions or guidelines regarding treatment of children and adults with FH.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registration number:CRD42018085946 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The use of clinical study reports to enhance the quality of systematic reviews: a survey of systematic review authors
ConclusionsMost respondents (irrespective of whether they had previously used them) agreed that access to CSRs is important, and suggest that further guidance on how to use and include these data would help to promote their use in future systematic reviews. Most respondents who received CSRs considered them to be valuable in their systematic review and/or meta-analysis. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Quality and acceptability of patient-reported outcome measures used to assess fatigue in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA): a systematic review (protocol)
This study will provide the first robust and transparent evaluation of patient-reported measures of fatigue used in the axSpA population, synthesising evidence of quality, relevance and acceptability. The review will benefit patients, clinicians, health professionals and researchers wishing to enhance axSpA-fatigue assessment in routine practice, service evaluation and research. The findings will impact future research which seeks to better understand the nature of axSpA fatigue and evaluate the relative benefit of fatigue-management strategies.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016042271 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

What is the impact of sensory practices on the quality of life of long-term care residents? A mixed-methods systematic review protocol
The objective of this mixed-methods systematic review is to examine the relationship between the se nsory practices and the quality of life of residents living in long-term care settings and to develop an aggregated synthesis of mixed-methods studies to derive recommendations for policy, practice, and research.MethodsWe will conduct a mixed-methods systematic review in accordance with the Cochrane Handbook. A search strategy has been developed with an expert health sciences librarian and peer reviewed using Peer Review for Electronic Search Strategies (PRESS). Seven databases: MEDLINE (Ovid), PubMed (non-MEDLINE —Ovi...
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Behavioral and cognitive interventions to improve treatment adherence and access to HIV care among older adults in sub-Saharan Africa: an updated systematic review
ConclusionsThese findings underscore the need to increase the evidence-base of which interventions will work for older Africans on ART. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sex/gender reporting and analysis in Campbell and Cochrane systematic reviews: a cross-sectional methods study
ConclusionOur study indicates that sex/gender reporting in Campbell and Cochrane reviews is inadequate. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

B-type natriuretic peptide-guided therapy for heart failure (HF): a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data (IPD) and aggregate data
AbstractBackgroundWe estimated the effectiveness of serial B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) blood testing to guide up-titration of medication compared with symptom-guided up-titration of medication in patients with heart failure (HF).MethodsSystematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs). We searched: MEDLINE (Ovid) 1950 to 9/06/2016; Embase (Ovid), 1980 to 2016 week 23; the Cochrane Library; ISI Web of Science (Citations Index and Conference Proceedings). The primary outcome was all-cause mortality; secondary outcomes were death related to HF, cardiovascular death, all-cause hospital admission, ...
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessing imprecision in Cochrane systematic reviews: a comparison of GRADE and Trial Sequential Analysis
ConclusionsIn a sample of Cochrane reviews, methods for assessing imprecision were rarely reported. GRADE according to Handbook guidelines and TSA led to more severe judgment of imprecision rather than GRADE adopted by reviews ’ authors. Cochrane initiatives to improve adherence to GRADE Handbook are warranted. TSA may transparently assist in such development. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Single screen of citations with excluded terms: an approach to citation screening in systematic reviews
AbstractCitation screening during the systematic review process can be time-consuming due to the exponentially increasing amount of research. This letter describes an approach to expediting the process by single screening citations that include terms in the abstract and/or keywords related to the exclusion criteria of the systematic review to quickly reject studies with a high likelihood of being excluded from the systematic review. This method can potentially improve the efficiency of the citation screening process while maintaining the quality of the systematic review; however, future research is needed to further valida...
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Realist-informed review of motivational interviewing for adolescent health behaviors
ConclusionsThis realist-informed systematic review provides advances in understanding the mechanisms involved in MI for adolescent health behavior change. Additionally, it provides important practical information as to which contexts create the conditions for these mechanisms to occur, leading to health behavior change. The results can inform future MI interventions for adolescent health behavior change. Future research should continue to test this realist theory and also examine mechanism variables not extensively documented in order to improve our understanding of MI in this population. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research