Single screen of citations with excluded terms: an approach to citation screening in systematic reviews
AbstractCitation screening during the systematic review process can be time-consuming due to the exponentially increasing amount of research. This letter describes an approach to expediting the process by single screening citations that include terms in the abstract and/or keywords related to the exclusion criteria of the systematic review to quickly reject studies with a high likelihood of being excluded from the systematic review. This method can potentially improve the efficiency of the citation screening process while maintaining the quality of the systematic review; however, future research is needed to further valida...
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Realist-informed review of motivational interviewing for adolescent health behaviors
ConclusionsThis realist-informed systematic review provides advances in understanding the mechanisms involved in MI for adolescent health behavior change. Additionally, it provides important practical information as to which contexts create the conditions for these mechanisms to occur, leading to health behavior change. The results can inform future MI interventions for adolescent health behavior change. Future research should continue to test this realist theory and also examine mechanism variables not extensively documented in order to improve our understanding of MI in this population. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of chloroquine resistance alleles among Plasmodium falciparum parasites in countries affected by malaria disease since change of treatment policy: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThe review seeks to establish the extent of chloroquine resistance reversal in malaria-endemic countries. The evidence generated from this review will help guide policy makers on the potential re-emerging role of chloroquine in malaria treatment.Systematic review registrationThe systematic review protocol has been registered in PROSPERO with registration number CRD42018083957. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Brief interventions for cannabis use in emerging adults: protocol for a systematic review, meta-analysis, and evidence map
The objective of this systematic review is to s ummarize and critically appraise the existing literature of brief interventions for cannabis use both narratively, to describe the content and delivery of existing interventions, and meta-analytically, to determine the aggregated efficacy of these interventions on cannabis use and other outcomes (e. g., other substance use, mental health, help-seeking behaviors, and academic and occupational outcomes).MethodsA systematic search of randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental trials, and pre-post designs will be conducted in the following electronic databases: MEDLINE, EMB...
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adherence to prenatal iron-folic acid supplementation in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC): a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionContemporary evidence about the prevalence and determinants of adherence in LMIC will be synthesized to generate up-to-date knowledge. To our knowledge, this is the first systematic review. It would have substantial implications for researchers, clinicians, and policymakers for optimizing maternal and child health outcomes in LMIC.Systematic review registrationThe protocol has been registered on International Prospective Register of Systematic Review (PROSPERO), University of York Center for Reviews and Dissemination (https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/), registration numberCRD42017080245. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Genetic polymorphisms of organic cation transporters 1 (OCT1) and responses to metformin therapy in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review protocol
This study will be reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines.DiscussionThis review will summarize the genetic effects of OCT1 polymorphisms associated with variabilities in glycemic responses to metformin. The findings of this study could help to develop genetic tests that could predict a person ’s response to metformin treatment and create personalized drugs with greater efficacy and safety.Systematic review registrationRegistration number: PROSPERO, CRD42017079978 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Challenges of pain management in neurologically injured patients: systematic review protocol of analgesia and sedation strategies for early recovery from neurointensive care
DiscussionUsing the evidence from this systematic review, we anticipate disseminating knowledge of analgesia and sedation protocols in the NICU. The results of this systematic review are imperative to close the knowledge  gap in a patient population that is often excluded from studies, and to add to the body of literature aiming to enhance early recovery from the NICU and mitigate iatrogenic harm.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017078909 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Preoperative exercise therapy for gastrointestinal cancer patients: a systematic review
ConclusionsPET for surgical patients with gastrointestinal malignancies may improve physical fitness and aid in postoperative recovery. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evidence of factors influencing self-medication with antibiotics in LMICs: a systematic scoping review protocol
DiscussionThe study anticipates finding relevant studies reporting evidence on the factors influencing self-medication with antibiotics in LMICs. The evidence obtained from the included studies will help guide future research. The study findings will be disseminated electronically and in print with presentations being done at relevant platforms, i.e. conferences related to antibiotic use, antimicrobial resistance, health seeking behaviour and the use of medicines.Systematic review registrationProspero Registration Number: CRD42017072954 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Patient-Oriented Research Competencies in Health (PORCH) for patients, healthcare providers, decision-makers and researchers: protocol of a scoping review
DiscussionResearch on core competencies required to enact POR is in its infancy. In this review, we can articulate what is known and thought about competencies (knowledge, skills and attitudes) needed by individuals on POR research teams and ultimately provide knowledge that could impact research, practice, education and policy. Identification of competencies can contribute to design of healthcare professionals ’ basic and ongoing educational programmes, patient training in research, and professional development activities for health care providers and decision-makers. In addition, knowledge of core competencies can ...
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relative frequency and risk factors for long-term opioid therapy following surgery and trauma among adults: a systematic review protocol
The objectives of this knowledge synthesis are to examine the relative frequenc y and the risk factors for transitioning to long-term opioid therapy among patients who have undergone a surgical procedure or experienced a trauma.MethodsThe proposed study methodology is based on Preferred ReportIng Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) statements on the conduct of systematic review and meta-analysis, the MOOSE Guidelines for Meta-Analyses and Systematic Reviews of Observational Studies, and theCochrane Handbook for Systematic Review of Interventions. A systematic literature search will include multiple da...
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dietary intakes of flavan-3-ols and cardiovascular health: a field synopsis using evidence mapping of randomized trials and prospective cohort studies
ConclusionThrough a systematic, evidence-based approach, evidence mapping on flavan-3-ol intake and CVD outcomes demonstrated sufficient data relating to flavan-3ol intake and biomarkers and clinical outcomes of CVD and diabetes. The current evidence base highlights the distribution of available data which both support the development of a future systematic review and identified the research need for future long-term RCTs.Systematic review registrationAt present, evidence mapping is not eligible for registration on the international prospective register of systematic reviews (i.e., PROSPERO). (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Gray literature in systematic reviews on population health in the Middle East and North Africa: protocol of an overview of systematic reviews and evidence mapping
DiscussionThis overview will comprehensively assess the overall quality of the SRs on population health issues in MENA. Our findings will contribute to the improvement of population health research practices in MENA.Systematic review registrationThe systematic review protocol was registered with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) on 26 October 2018 (registration number CRD42017076736 (Syst Rev 2:4, 2013). (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protocol for a systematic review of autologous fat grafting for wound healing
DiscussionIn light of the growing popularity of autologous fat grafting for wound healing, a systematic appraisal of the available evidence is timely. If autologous fat grafting is associated with a positive treatment effect, we will compare these outcomes to those achieved using alternative wound management strategies. This review also aims to determine if one or more autologous fat grafting techniques are superior and whether this varies according to patient- and wound-specific factors. We anticipate that these results will guide future research and inform clinical practice.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42017...
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes mellitus in women of childbearing age in Middle East and North Africa, 2000 –2017: protocol for two systematic reviews and meta-analyses
DiscussionPublished literature on the prevalence of different types of DM among different population groups has been recently increased in the MENA region. This is the first review to fill an evidence gap on the overall burden, in the form of prevalence, of T2DM, prediabetes, and GDM in women of childbearing age in the MENA region. The findings of the two reviews will help in understanding the regional burden of these three types of DM in specific population groups to identify priority areas for interventions.Systematic review registrationThe PROSPERO registration number for the systematic review 1 is “CRD42017069231...
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dietary interventions for managing glucose abnormalities in cystic fibrosis: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will elucidate current knowledge of the effects of dietary interventions for managing glucose abnormalities in the vulnerable CF clinical population.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registration number:CRD42018085569www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/ (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cannabis for pediatric epilepsy: protocol for a living systematic review
DiscussionOur review aims to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date summary of the available evidence to inform decisions about the use of cannabis in children with treatment-resistant epilepsy. The results of this review will be of use to parents, clinicians, and policy makers as they navigate this rapidly evolving area.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42018084755 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Pain rewarded: hyperalgesic and allodynic effect of operant conditioning in healthy humans —protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionData will be pooled and analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively (if possible) in order to advance the understanding of pain mechanisms, especially the development of chronic pain. This systematic review will guide the planning of future experiments and research by summarizing important technical details of conditioning procedures in healthy humans.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017051763 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Quality of life of women who practice dance: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThere is a variety of systematic review studies with men and women on quality of life and dance, but this is the first one focused exclusively on adult female audience. It is expected that this review will be useful to promote the discussion about quality of life of adult women and the interest of this population for dance practice. In order to summarize and to explain the characteristics and findings of those studies, tables and information from texts will be used in a systematic narrative synthesis.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016039961 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - July 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens in treatment of breast cancer: a systematic review and network meta-analysis protocol
DiscussionThe present systematic review will improve the understanding of the relative efficacies of the three treatment regimens and possibly guide the clinical practices by providing the current best evidence on the efficacy of various regimens of NACT in the management of breast cancer patients.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO (CRD42016027236). (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of neuromodulation on cognitive performance in individuals exhibiting addictive behaviour: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionTo determine whether neuromodulation holds promise as an effective treatment for neurocognitive deficits in substance use and addictive disorders, it is essential to look carefully at previous studies using this approach in addiction samples. This review will provide an objective and informative description of what is currently known about the efficacy of these techniques, shed light on the feasibility and potential challenges of using neuromodulation in individuals who exhibit addictive behaviour, and identify the most valuable next steps for future research. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

What happens for informal caregivers during transition to increased levels of care for the person with dementia? A systematic review protocol
DiscussionThe review will seek to identify potentially vulnerable groups in need of support and as such, inform the practice of those offering support. It will also inform future research by highlighting areas in which current literature is insubstantial.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017067248 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers and facilitators to implementation of menu labelling interventions to support healthy food choices: a mixed methods systematic review protocol
DiscussionGiven the growing consensus that a systemic, sustained portfolio of obesity prevention strategies, delivered at scale, is needed to address the obesity epidemic, greater understanding of the practical issues relating to implementation of such strategies is required. Findings from this review will be used to develop a set of best-practice guidelines to enhance the adoption, implementation and sustainability of menu labelling interventions across countries worldwide.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017083306 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Reflections and aspirations: the journal after 5  years
AbstractThe journal recently celebrated its fifth anniversary. Like systematic reviews themselves, the journal is thriving and publishing a variety of protocols, reviews, and methods papers. We have also had success in publishing-themed series. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A protocol for a systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy of Loop-mediated-isothermal AMPlification (LAMP) in diagnosis of invasive meningococcal disease in children
DiscussionThis review will help determine the diagnostic accuracy of LAMP technology in diagnosing MD from blood, CSF and throat swabs in children. The data will help to define where in the diagnostic pathway LAMP could be useful including potential as a point-of-care test for children at first presentation. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of self-management support interventions for people with comorbid diabetes and chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractBackgroundSelf-management support interventions may potentially delay kidney function decline and associated complications in patients with comorbid diabetes and chronic kidney disease. However, the effectiveness of these interventions remains unclear. We investigated the effectiveness of current self-management support interventions and their specific components and elements in improving patient outcomes.MethodsElectronic databases were systematically searched from January 1, 1994, to December 19, 2017. Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials on self-management support interventions for adults with como...
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of the reliability, usability, and applicability of AMSTAR, AMSTAR 2, and ROBIS: protocol for a descriptive analytic study
DiscussionAppraising the methodological and reporting quality of SRs is necessary to determine the trustworthiness of their conclusions. Which tool may be most reliably applied and how the appraisals should be used is uncertain; the usability of newly developed tools is unknown. This investigation of common (AMSTAR) and newly developed (AMSTAR 2, ROBIS) tools will provide empiric data to inform their application, interpretation, and refinement. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

mTOR-inhibiting pharmacotherapy for the treatment of non-infectious uveitis: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionStudies of various designs have investigated the clinical use of mTOR inhibitors for non-infectious uveitis, and a large international randomised controlled trail of sirolimus for non-infectious uveitis is due to report. The findings of this systematic review will help inform ophthalmologists and aid the improvement of treatment protocols for non-infectious uveitis with regard to the use of mTOR inhibitors.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017056390 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Predictors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in primary care among adults living in developed countries: a systematic review
ConclusionThis systematic review consolidates existing scientific evidence on characteristics of HIV-infected individuals that could be used to inform decision making in prognostic model development. Further exploration of availability of some of the demographic and behavioural predictors of HIV, such as ethnicity, number of lifetime partners and partner characteristics, in primary care records will be required to determine whether they can be applied in the prediction model. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of anemia among school-age children in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsThis study found that prevalence of anemia was a moderate public health problem in school children. Due to the complications of anemia for school children, preventative planning and control of anemia among school children in Ethiopia is necessary. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Older adult ’s experience of chronic low back pain and its implications on their daily life: Study protocol of a systematic review of qualitative research
DiscussionThis systematic review of qualitative evidence will enable researchers to identify potential unmet care needs, as well as to facilitate the development of effective, appropriate, person-centered health care interventions targeting this group of individuals.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO 2018:CRD42018091292 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health technology assessment of public health interventions: an analysis of characteristics and comparison of methods —study protocol
DiscussionOur analysis will provide a comprehensive and current overview of methods applied in HTAs on PHIs. We will discuss approaches that may be promising to overcome the challenges of evaluating PHIs. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Efficacy of the Buzzy ® device for pain management of children during needle-related procedures: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis will be the first systematic review to examine the efficacy of the Buzzy ® device on pain management of children during needle-related procedures. Results of this review will guide clinical practice and recommendations for further research to improve procedural pediatric pain management.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017076531 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Magnetic resonance imaging for detecting root avulsions in traumatic adult brachial plexus injuries: protocol for a systematic review of diagnostic accuracy
DiscussionThis review will summarise the current diagnostic accuracy of MRI for adult BPI, identify shortcomings and gaps in the literature and so help to guide future research.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016049702. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Making progress with the automation of systematic reviews: principles of the International Collaboration for the Automation of Systematic Reviews (ICASR)
AbstractSystematic reviews (SR) are vital to health care, but have become complicated and time-consuming, due to the rapid expansion of evidence to be synthesised. Fortunately, many tasks of systematic reviews have the potential to be automated or may be assisted by automation. Recent advances in natural language processing, text mining and machine learning have produced new algorithms that can accurately mimic human endeavour in systematic review activity, faster and more cheaply. Automation tools need to be able to work together, to exchange data and results. Therefore, we initiated the International Collaboration for th...
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Choice of outcomes and measurement instruments in randomised trials on eLearning in medical education: a systematic mapping review protocol
DiscussionAppropriate choice of outcomes and measurement tools is essential for ensuring high-quality research in the field of eLearning and eHealth. The results of this study could have positive implications for other eHealth interventions, including (1) improving quality and credibility of eLearning research, (2) enhancing the quality of digital medical education and (3) informing researchers, academics and curriculum developers about the types of outcomes and validity evidence for measurement instruments used in eLearning studies. The protocol aspires to assist in the advancement of the eLearning research field as well ...
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A protocol for a network meta-analysis of interventions to treat patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss
DiscussionThis systematic review and NMA will offer new and informative evaluations of current therapies for SSNHL. The results will inform clinicians as to the relative benefits of the currently available interventions for managing this difficult condition, provide optimal clinical treatment strategies, establish evidence gaps, and identify promising treatments for evaluation in future trials.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registration number: CRD42017073756. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Organizational contextual features that influence the implementation of evidence-based practices across healthcare settings: a systematic integrative review
ConclusionsWe identified six organizational contextual features that appear to be interrelated and work synergistically to influence the implementation of evidence-based practices within an organization. Organizational contextual features did not influence implementation efforts independently from other features. Rather, features were interrelated and often influenced each other in complex, dynamic ways to effect change. These features corresponded to the constructs in the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), which supports the use of CFIR as a guiding framework for studies that explore the relationsh...
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevention of exertional lower body musculoskeletal injury in tactical populations: protocol for a systematic review and planned meta-analysis of prospective studies from 1955 to 2018
DiscussionThis systematic review and planned meta-analysis will comprehensively evaluate ELBI mitigation strategies in tactical populations, elucidate factors that influence responses to treatment, and assess the overall quality of the body of research. Results of this work will guide the prioritization of ELBI prevention strategies and direct future research efforts, with direct relevance to tactical, health and rehabilitation science, and human performance optimization stakeholders.Systematic review registrationThe systematic review protocol was registered with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews...
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Interventions for improving pharmacist-led patient counselling in the community setting: a systematic review
ConclusionsThe included studies showed that educational meetings combined with educational materials, outreach visits, and feedback can improve pharmacist counselling in community settings. However, the unclear risk of bias and poor quality of reporting intervention components necessitate caution in interpreting the findings. Recommendations for future studies based on the evidence gap identified in this review are presented. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exposures associated with infection with Cryptosporidium in industrialised countries: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis review aims to consolidate the evidence for transmission routes and exposures forCryptosporidium in industrialised countries, with particular reference to how these may apply to the UK. In addition, the review will seek to describe differences between outbreak and sporadic cases. This will help to identify those most vulnerable, highlighting pathways where interventions and public health response may be appropriate.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO numberCRD42017056589. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Physical activity monitors to enhance the daily amount of physical activity in elderly —a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionThis paper will explore and analyze the heterogeneity of the results and try to identify variables that will enhance the effect of PAMs in elderly. The results will be useful to researchers working with elderly and/or PAMs, health care professionals working with elderly, and relatives together with the elderly themselves.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42018083648. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Educational interventions to improve people ’s understanding of key concepts in assessing the effects of health interventions: a systematic review
ConclusionsEducational interventions to improve people ’s understanding of key concepts for evaluating health intervention claims can improve people’s knowledge and skills, at least in the short term. Effects on confidence, attitude and behaviour are uncertain. Many of the studies were at moderate or greater risk of bias. Improvements in study quali ty, consistency of outcome measures and measures of longer-term effects are needed to improve confidence in estimates of the effects of educational interventions to improve people’s understanding of key concepts for evaluating health intervention claims.System...
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Systematic review of interventions to increase the provision of care for chronic disease risk behaviours in mental health settings: review protocol
DiscussionThis review will be the first to synthesise evidence for the effectiveness of intervention approaches to facilitate care provision for chronic disease risk behaviours in the context of mental health service delivery. The results have the potential to inform the development of evidenced-based approaches to address the health inequities experienced by this population group.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017074360. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An updated protocol for a systematic review of implementation-related measures
DiscussionWe will build a centralized, accessible, searchable repository through which researchers, practitioners, and other stakeholders can identify psychometrically and pragmatically strong measures of implementation contexts, processes, and outcomes. By facilitating the employment of psychometrically and pragmatically strong measures identified through this systematic review, the repository would enhance the cumulativeness, reproducibility, and applicability of research findings in the rapidly growing field of implementation science. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Automated screening of research studies for systematic reviews using study characteristics
ConclusionsFiltering studies for inclusion in a systematic review based on the detection of key study characteristics in abstracts significantly outperformed standard approaches to automated screening and appears worthy of further development and evaluation. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Emergency transportation interventions for reducing adverse pregnancy outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review protocol
The objective of the proposed review is to summarize and critically appraise evidence regarding the effect of emergency transportation interventions on outcomes of labor and delivery in LMICs.MethodsThe following databases will be searched from inception to March 31, 2018: MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, EBSCO (PsycINFO and CINAHL), the Cochrane Pregnancy and Child Birth Group ’s Specialized Register, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. We will search for studies in the grey literature through Google and Google Scholar. We will solicit unpublished reports from such relevant agencies as Uni...
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Quality ratings of reviews in overviews: a comparison of reviews with and without dual (co-)authorship
ConclusionsMany authors of overviews also often have an authorship on one or more of the underlying reviews. Our analysis shows that, on average, authors of overviews give higher quality ratings to SRs in which they were involved themselves than to other SRs. Conflict of interest is one explanation, but there are several others such as reviewer expertise. Independent and blinded reassessments of the reviews would provide more robust evidence on potential bias arising from DCA. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

General practitioners ’ knowledge, attitudes and experiences of managing behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia: protocol of a mixed methods systematic review and meta-ethnography
This study will be the first systematic review that synthesises the existing literature of GPs ’ knowledge, attitudes and experiences of managing BPSD in community and residential care. This review will improve our understanding of GPs’ perspectives on the management of BPSD, and the results will be used to inform the development of an intervention to improve the management of BPSD in gen eral practice.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017054916. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protocol for a systematic review and thematic synthesis of patient experiences of central venous access devices in anti-cancer treatment
DiscussionThe results section of the review will comprise thematic synthesis of quantitative studies, thematic synthesis of qualitative studies, and the aggregation of the two. Results will aim to offer an account of current understandings of patient experiences and perspective regarding PICC, Hickman-type, and Port devices in the context of anti-cancer treatment. Confidence in cumulative evidence will be assessed using the Confidence in the Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative research (CERQual) approach.Systematic review registrationThis systematic review protocol is registered with the International Prospective Register...
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research