Predictors of multidisciplinary rehabilitation outcomes in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
This study protocol, therefore, presents our planned systematic review and meta-analysis on important predictive factors for health and work-related outcomes following multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR) in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain.MethodsWe aim to perform a synthesis of the available evidence together with a meta-analysis of published peer-reviewed original research that includes predictive factors preceding MDR. Included are prospective studies of adults with benign, chronic (>  3 months) musculoskeletal pain diagnoses who have taken part in MDR. In the studies, associations between pe...
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Interventions to reduce dependency in bathing in community dwelling older adults: a systematic review
ConclusionDespite evidence suggesting the importance of addressing bathing difficulties as a means of possible prevention of disability in the ageing process, there is a dearth of evaluative or interventional research studies. Further robust research is warranted, including studies of randomised and controlled design. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Recommendations for reporting of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of diagnostic test accuracy: a systematic review
ConclusionItems on the methods and reporting of DTA systematic reviews in the present systematic review will provide a basis for generating a PRISMA extension for DTA systematic reviews. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Herceptin ® (trastuzumab) in HER2-positive early breast cancer: protocol for a systematic review and cumulative network meta-analysis
This study will evaluate survival trends associated with originator trastuzumab in patients with HER2+ early breast cancer. As originator trastuzumab has been researched in both clinical and real-world settings for close to 20  years, a cumulative NMA is likely to show improved precision around the parameter estimates for trastuzumab now compared with when the drug was initially launched in the USA in 1998. A better understanding of the evolution of publicly available comparative evidence for originator trastuzumab wi ll further inform treatment for patients with HER2+ early breast cancer, providin...
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of intra-pregnancy nonsurgical periodontal therapy on inflammatory biomarkers and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a systematic review with meta-analysis
ConclusionsThese results demonstrated that the intra-pregnancy nonsurgical periodontal therapy decreased periodontal inflammatory biomarker levels from gingival crevicular fluid and some from serum blood, with no influence on inflammatory biomarker level from cord blood, and it did not consistently reduce adverse gestational adverse outcome occurrence.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42015027750 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Syphilis in the Americas: a protocol for a systematic review of syphilis prevalence and incidence in four high-risk groups, 1980 –2016
DiscussionOur systematic review and meta-analysis aims to contribute to an improved understanding of global epidemiologic patterns of syphilis infection in most-at-risk populations. Through systematic classification of the existing literature, and comparison of disease patterns across regional, temporal and socio-behavioral differences, we hope to improve public health surveillance and improve efforts to control the spread of disease across the Americas.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42016047306. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Identifying effective components for mobile health behaviour change interventions for smoking cessation and service uptake: protocol of a systematic review and planned meta-analysis
DiscussionThe results of this systematic review will provide future research with a foundation for designing and evaluating complex interventions that use mobile phones as a platform to deliver behaviour change techniques.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016026918. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 6, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence, awareness, and associated risk factors of hypertension in older adults in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol
DiscussionThe estimates of the prevalence, the risk factors and the level of awareness of hypertension could help in galvanizing efforts at prioritizing the cardiovascular health of older persons in Africa.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017056474 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 4, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Role of bispectral index monitoring and burst suppression in prognostication following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis review will synthesize the evidence on the use of BIS monitors within 24  h of achieving return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and may help in early prognostication.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42016050224. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 25, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The effect of psychological interventions on the prevention of chronic pain in adults: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review is the first in examining the effects of psychological interventions implemented in the acute pain phase with the objective of preventing chronic pain. Results of this systematic review could provide information on psychological intervention characteristics that are most helpful for individuals with pain and guidance as to when such interventions should be applied in the continuum of care.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42016049312 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk of mortality among children, adolescents, and adults with autism spectrum disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and their first-degree relatives: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
DiscussionOur study will establish the extent of the epidemiological evidence underlying the risk of mortality among children, adolescents, and adults with ASD or ADHD and their first-degree relatives. We anticipate that our findings will be of interest to patients, their families, caregivers, healthcare professionals, scientists, and policy makers. Implications for future epidemiological research will be discussed.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017059955. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The validity and reliability of the four square step test in different adult populations: a systematic review
ConclusionsThe FSST may be an effective and valid tool for measuring dynamic balance and a participants ’ falls risk. It has been shown to have strong correlations with other measures of balance and mobility with good reliability shown in a number of populations. However, the quality of the papers reviewed was variable with key factors, such as sample size and test set up, needing to be addressed be fore the tool can be confidently used in these specified populations. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Interventions to control myopia progression in children: protocol for an overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses
DiscussionThis overview will examine the high level of existing evidence for treatment of myopia progression. Efficient interventions will be identified, and side effects will be reported. The expected benefit is that all robust recent research evidence will be compiled in a single study. The results may inform future research in this area, which should provide insight into the appropriate regimes for the administration of these modalities and contribute to future guideline development.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017068204 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sex and gender considerations in transplantation research: protocol for a scoping review
DiscussionThis scoping review will be an important stepping stone towards the development of good practice guidelines on study design and analysis considerations when handling sex and gender issues in human transplantation research. This scoping review can also help identify methodological issues that restrict the translation of transplantation research findings into clinical practice related to underestimation of sex/gender differences. This review will ultimately identify major gaps, inform donor-recipient selection, guide personalized interventions, and prioritize research recommendations in human transplantation resear...
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Overviews of systematic reviews: great promise, greater challenge
AbstractThe proliferation of systematic reviews and escalating demand from policy makers has driven a newer form of evidence synthesis —overviews of systematic reviews.Systematic Reviews are publishing a special thematic series on overviews and are encouraging submissions on the development and evaluation of methods for this review type. The authors ’ of this editorial introduce the series by considering challenges that arise when conducting an overview and what methods guidance is available. They emphasise the importance of evaluating overview methods to understand the trade-offs of using different approaches ...
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparative safety and efficacy of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia: protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis
DiscussionWe will identify the safest and most efficacious treatment strategies for patients with BPSD from among our most highly ranked treatments. The results of this study will be used to guide decision-making and improve patient care.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registry number CRD42017050130. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Strategies to improve the quality of life of persons post-stroke: protocol of a systematic review
DiscussionThis systematic review will identify those quality improvement strategies aimed at the health system, health care professionals, and patients that impact the quality of life of individuals with stroke. Improving awareness and utilization of such strategies may enhance uptake of stroke best practices and reduce inappropriate health care utilization costs.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO,CRD42017064141 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Social determinants of common metabolic risk factors (high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high body mass index and high waist-hip ratio) of major non-communicable diseases in South Asia region: a systematic review protocol
This study will identify social determinants of common metabolic risk factors of major non-communicable diseases in the context of the South Asian region and map their causal pathway.MethodsA systematic review of selected articles will be carried out following Cochrane guidelines. Review will be guided by Social Determinants of Health Framework developed by the World Health Organization to extract social determinants of metabolic risk factors of non-communicable diseases from studies. A distinct search strategy will be applied using key words to screen relevant studies from online databases. Primary and grey literature pub...
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluative reports on medical malpractice policies in obstetrics: a rapid scoping review
ConclusionsOnly a few litigation policies in obstetrics were evaluated or compared. Included documents showed that initiatives to reduce medical malpractice litigation could be associated with a decrease in adverse and malpractice events. However, due to heterogeneous settings (e.g., economic structure, healthcare system) and variation in the outcomes reported, the advantages and disadvantages of initiatives may vary. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 6, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Socio-ecological influences on adolescent (aged 10 –17) alcohol use and linked unhealthy eating behaviours: protocol for a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative studies
DiscussionThis synthesis will interpret individual studies by identification of second-order constructs (interpretations offered by the original researchers) and third-order constructs (development of new interpretations beyond those offered in individual studies) by way of the development of a ‘model structure’ of shared influences upon both unhealthy eating behaviours and alcohol use. It is anticipated that this ‘model structure’ will aid subsequent co-design and piloting of a future intervention to help reduce health risk and social inequalities due to excess weight gain and alc ohol consumption....
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 2, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A systematic review of interventions to increase awareness of mental health and well-being in athletes, coaches and officials
ConclusionsFurther, well-designed controlled intervention studies are required. Researchers, practitioners and policy makers should adhere to available methodological guidance and apply the psychological theory of behaviour change when developing and evaluating complex interventions.Trial registrationPROSPEROCRD42016040178 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 31, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

O ’Connor et al. systematic review regarding animal feeding operations and public health: critical flaws may compromise conclusions
AbstractIn this comment, we summarize several scientific concerns with the recently published systematic review from O ’Connor and colleagues that examined the relationship between proximity to animal-feeding operations and health of individuals in nearby communities. The authors utilized a bias tool not designed for environmental health research, erroneously excluded important studies, and incorrectly interpreted others. As a result, the conclusions drawn in the review misrepresent the evidence from the published literature, limiting its value to policymakers, researchers, and the public. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 31, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychosocial and career outcomes of peer mentorship in medical resident education: a systematic review protocol
We describe a protocol for a systematic review to assess the effects of peer mentoring on medical residents ’ mental wellbeing, social connectedness, and professional competencies.MethodsStudies included in this review will be those that report on peer-mentoring relationships among medical residents. Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-methods studies will be eligible for inclusion. No date or language limits will be applied. We will search EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, Web of Science, Scopus, ERIC, Education Research Complete, and Academic Research Complete databases to identify relevant studies. Two authors will ind...
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 31, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The effects of community pharmacy public health interventions on population health and health inequalities: a systematic review of reviews protocol
DiscussionFindings will support future decision-making around how community pharmacy public health services can be used alongside other strategies to promote health, prevent disease and reduce health inequalities.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registration number:CRD42017056264. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 30, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Systematic review of effectiveness of universal self-regulation-based interventions and their effects on distal health and social outcomes in children and adolescents: review protocol
DiscussionThe evidence derived from the systematic review will strengthen the evidence base to inform planning of effective interventions targeting self-regulation skills in childhood and adolescence. This will benefit policy makers, academicians, researchers, health professionals, and also, young people who will benefit from policy and interventions informed by this review.Systematic review registrationCRD42016047661. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 29, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Patient satisfaction with E-Oral Health care in rural and remote settings: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThe potential implications and benefits of E-Oral Health care can inform policymakers and health care professionals to take advantage of this technology to address health care challenges in these areas.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016039942. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 29, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Choice of initial antiretroviral drugs and treatment outcomes among HIV-infected patients in sub-Saharan Africa: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
ConclusionThe risk of treatment failure and NNRTI switch were lower in patients who initiated with EFV than NVP-containing regimen. The review suggests that initiation of patients with EFV-containing regimen will reduce treatment failure and NNRTI switch. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 25, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers and facilitators to the integration of mental health services into primary health care: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThe SPIDER framework has been chosen for this review because of its suitable application to qualitative and mixed methods research and will be used as a guide when selecting articles for inclusion. Data extracted will be synthesized using the “Best fit” framework because it has been used before and proved its suitability in producing new conceptual models for explaining decision-making and possible behaviors. Synthesizing evidence from countries across the globe will provide useful insights into the experiences of integrating mental health services into PHC and how the barriers and challenges have bee...
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 25, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The HIV Care Cascade from HIV diagnosis to viral suppression in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis protocol
DiscussionThis review will contribute to a better understanding of the HIV care cascade in SSA. It will help programs identify gaps and approaches to improve care and treatment for people living with HIV and reduce HIV transmission.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42017055863 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 25, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Does Value Stream Mapping affect the structure, process, and outcome quality in care facilities? A systematic review
ConclusionsFor a final conclusion about Value Stream Mapping ’s effectiveness, more research with improved methodology is needed. Despite this lack of evidence, Value Stream Mapping has the potential to improve quality of care on the time dimension. The contextual influence has to be investigated to make conclusions about the relationship between different quality domains when applying Value Stream Mapping. However, for using this review’s conclusion, the limitation of including heterogeneous and potentially biased results has to be considered. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Antibiotic exposure and risk of weight gain and obesity: protocol for a systematic review
DiscussionThis systematic review will summarize the existing evidence evaluating the association between antibiotic use, weight gain, and obesity and facilitate the identification of important gaps and uncertainties in the literature.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017069177 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The influence of contextual factors on healthcare quality improvement initiatives: what works, for whom and in what setting? Protocol for a realist review
DiscussionThe review will update and consolidate evidence on the contextual conditions for effective improvement and distil new knowledge to inform the design and development of context-sensitive QI initiatives. This review ties in with the study of improvement programmes as vehicles of change and the development of an evidence base around healthcare improvement by addressing whether QI initiatives can work in all contexts.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017062135 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Identifying additional studies for a systematic review of retention strategies in randomised controlled trials: making contact with trials units and trial methodologists
ConclusionsMethodological evaluations embedded in RCTs may be unpublished, published in the grey literature or where published, poorly indexed in bibliographic databases. To identify such studies and minimise selection bias in systematic reviews of methodological evaluations, reviewers should consider contacting CTUs and trial methodologists. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protocol for a scoping review to map evidence from randomised controlled trials on paediatric eye disease to disease burden
AbstractBackgroundCurrently, about 2 per 1000 children in the industrialised world are severely visually impaired or blind (SVI/BL) due to diverse uncommon conditions that are usually present from early infancy. The impact of SVI/BL is lifelong and life-changing. Thus, children are a priority in the WHO-led global initiative against avoidable blindness. The aim of this scoping review is to assess the current evidence base on interventions to prevent or treat the major causes of childhood SVI/BL, specifically the degree of alignment between robust interventional research (RCTs) and the burden (relative frequency) of the key...
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trends in maternal and neonatal mortality in South Africa: a systematic review protocol
This study aims to systematically review the estimates made of maternal and neonatal mortality in the period from 1990 to 2015 in South Africa and determine trends over this period.MethodsFor the purpose of this review, searches for eligible studies will be conducted in MEDLINE, Africa-Wide Information, African Index Medicus, African Journals Online, Scopus, Web of Science and CINAHL databases. Searches will be restricted to articles written in English and presenting data covering the period between 1990 and 2015. Reference lists of retrieved articles will also be screened for additional publications. Three independent rev...
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 17, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Immediate versus delayed surgery for hip fractures in the elderly patients: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionSince this is the first systematic review on this topic since 2010, our findings will help to inform clinical practice guidelines concerning timing of surgery in hip fractures. Furthermore, our findings could contribute to define an optimal time period for surgery for different groups of patients with acute hip fracture.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO 2017CRD42017058216 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adverse outcomes associated with opioid prescription for acute low back pain: a systematic review protocol
The objective of this review is to examine adverse outcomes associated with opioid use for ALBP.Methods/designUsing a search strategy, the search will be conducted using the following electronic databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Web of Science, Cochrane Library, the National Institutes for Health Clinical Trials Registry and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (WHO ICTRP). We will include randomized clinical trials and observational studies investigating the impact of opioid use in ALBP in the adult popul...
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adverse mental health outcomes in breast cancer survivors compared to women who did not have cancer: systematic review protocol
This study will be a systematic review of the literature. Four databases, including MEDLINE and PsycINFO, will be searched to identify potentially relevant studies. The search expressions will use a Boolean logic, including terms for the target population (women who have had breast cancer), outcomes (psychiatric disorders) and comparators (e.g. risk, hazard). All mental disorders will be eligible, except those with onset normally occurring during childhood or strong genetic basis (e.g. Huntington disease). The eligibility of the studies will be assessed in two phases: (1) considering the information provided in the title a...
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Tobacco and alcohol cessation or reduction interventions in people with oral dysplasia and head and neck cancer: systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will identify the extent of the current research on smoking and alcohol cessation interventions in patients with head and neck cancer and oral epithelial dysplasia. The findings have the potential to inform which interventions have been successful and how future behavioural change interventions should be conducted within these populations.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016038237 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Information sources for obesity prevention policy research: a review of systematic reviews
ConclusionsResearchers can maximize search efficiency by searching a small yet targeted selection of both scholarly and gray literature resources. A highly sensitive search of PubMed and those databases that index the greatest number of relevant articles not indexed in PubMed, namely multidisciplinary and economics databases, could save considerable time and effort. When combined with a gray literature search and additional search methods, including cited reference searching and consulting with experts, this approach could help maintain broad retrieval of relevant studies while improving search efficiency. Findings also ha...
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of person- and family-centered care transition interventions: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will summarize and present the evidence base for person- and family-centered care transition interventions. This review will also inform further research and will lay the groundwork for more empirical studies on person- and family-centered care transitions. Specifically, the results of this systematic review may inform the development of measures to monitor safe and effective person- and family-centered transitions from the hospital to home. These results may also be important for policy makers, decision-makers, clinicians, and patients/families who are involved in navigating the health car...
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Continuing education for the prevention of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer ’s-type dementia: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionWe anticipate that our review will highlight serious gaps in the current evidence. Results will build the basis for further research regarding the relation of continuing education and cognitive decline and dementia.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017063944 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Hepatitis C infection epidemiology in Mongolia: protocol of a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionThe proposed systematic review and meta-analysis will produce a comprehensive synthesis of HCV epidemiology in Mongolia. The study will provide empirical evidence to inform health policy decision-making, resource allocation, and planning and implementation of relevant public health interventions.Systematic review registrationWe have not registered with PROSPERO (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Challenges and opportunities in country-specific research synthesis: a case study from Cameroon
ConclusionKnowledge synthesis approaches can be adapted for appraisal of country-specific research and offer opportunities for in-depth appraisal of research output. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Structural barriers in access to medical marijuana in the USA —a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThe overarching goal of this study is to rigorously evaluate the existing peer-reviewed data on access to medical marijuana in the USA. Income, ethnic background, stigma, and physician preferences have been posited as the primary structural barriers influencing medical marijuana patient population demographics in the USA. Identification of structural barriers to accessing medical marijuana provides a framework for future policies and programs. Evidence-based policies and programs for increasing medical marijuana access help minimize the disparity of access among qualifying patients. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A systematic review of decision aids that facilitate elements of shared decision-making in chronic illnesses: a review protocol
This study will characterize DAs for chronic illness and will provide an overview of their effects on SDM, clinical and patient reported outcomes. We anticipate this review will bring to light knowledge gaps and inform further research into the design and use of DAs for patients with chronic conditions.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registration number:CRD42016050320. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Increasing value and reducing waste in data extraction for systematic reviews: tracking data in data extraction forms
AbstractData extraction is one of the most time-consuming tasks in performing a systematic review. Extraction is often onto some sort of form. Sharing completed forms can be used to check quality and accuracy of extraction or for re-cycling data to other researchers for updating. However, validating each piece of extracted data is time-consuming and linking to source problematic.In this methodology paper, we summarize three methods for reporting the location of data in original full-text reports, comparing their advantages and disadvantages. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 4, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Abuse and disrespect in childbirth process and abortion situation in Latin America and the Caribbean —systematic review protocol
DiscussionData will be extracted using standardized forms with the following information: scope of study, sample characteristics, objectives, design, data collection, methods of analysis, data source, and results. Considering the heterogeneity of the definitions of abuse, disrespect, and mistreatment of women in labor or abortion, it may not be possible to carry out the meta-analysis of the frequency of events reported in the included articles. Events reported by the original articles will be classified according to a typology of abuse, disrespect, and maltreatment in the labor or abortion process described by Bohren et al...
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 3, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Complications and health-related quality of life after robot-assisted versus open radical cystectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of four RCTs
ConclusionOur review presents evidence for RARC not being superior to ORC regarding complications, LOS and HRQoL. High-quality studies with consistent registration of complications and patient-related outcomes are warranted.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016038232 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 2, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protocol: systematic review of the association between socio-economic status and survival in adult head and neck cancer
DiscussionThis review will quantify the association between SES and survival outcomes for adult head and neck cancer patients in developed countries. The results will help identify gaps in the literature and therefore direct further novel research in the field. Ultimately, this will inform public policy and strategies to reduce the inequalities in HNSCC survival.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016037019. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 2, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research