Post-rape medicolegal service provision and policy in East Africa: a scoping review protocol
DiscussionUnderstanding the legal and regulatory context of SGBV in East Africa and its associations with service provision will generate knowledge on implications for wellbeing. This information can be used to evaluate potential human rights violations and inform future policy.Systematic review registrationOpen Science Frameworkhttps://osf.io/vh3gm (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Efficacy, acceptability, and safety of antidepressants for low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsTreatment of LBP with antidepressants is associated with small reductions in pain intensity and increased odds of stopping treatment for any reason, compared to placebo. The effect on pain is not clinically important. The effect on acceptability warrants consideration. These findings provide Level I evidence to guide clinicians in their use of antidepressants to treat LBP.Trial registrationWe prospectively registered the protocol for this systematic review on PROSPERO (CRD42020149275). (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Defining, conceptualizing, and measuring perceived maternal care quality in low- to high-income countries: a scoping review protocol
DiscussionThe findings from this scoping review will provide a comprehensive overview of the existing evidence on perceived maternal care quality. The findings are expected to inform future work on building consensus around the definition and conceptualization of perceived maternal care quality, and lay the groundwork for future research aimed at developing measures of perceived maternal care quality that can be applied across country contexts. Consequently, this review may aid in facilitating coordinated efforts to measure and improve maternal care quality across diverse country contexts (i.e., low-, middle-, and high-inc...
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Vitamin D status and blood pressure in children and adolescents: a systematic review of observational studies
ConclusionThe results on the relationship between vitamin D status and BP in children and adolescents varied between the studies, and mainly pointed towards lack of association. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of family-centered care interventions on motor and neurobehavior development of very preterm infants: a protocol for systematic review
AbstractBackgroundGlobally, very preterm birth is a health concern leading to various developmental difficulties such as poor motor and/or cognitive function. For infants born very preterm, family-centered care (FCC) might promote developmental skills over the time in an appropriate enriched environment. The purpose of this study is to systematically review and assess the evidence of FCC interventions on the motor and neurobehavioral development in very preterm infants. Additionally, this review aims to determine the factors that might affect infant development.MethodsSystematic review will be carried out by including (a) ...
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Associating the risk of three urinary cancers with obesity and overweight: an overview with evidence mapping of systematic reviews
ConclusionsThis comprehensive quantitative analysis provides an affirmation that overweight and obesity are strong risk factors for kidney cancer, owing to a strong association between them. Conversely, a weak association between overweight and obesity with bladder and prostate cancers confirms their status as mild risk factors for the 2 types of cancer. But due to the low quality of included SRs, the results need to be interpreted with caution.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42019119459 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Obstructed labor and its association with adverse feto-maternal outcome in Ethiopia: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
The objectives of this review will be to estimate the pooled the prevalence of obstructed labor and to identify adverse feto-maternal outcomes associated with obstructed labor in Ethiopia.MethodsPreferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guideline will be followed to conduct this systematic review and meta-analysis. The databases we will search will be PubMed, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, CINAHL, African Journals Online, Dimensions, and Summon per country online databases. To search the relevant literature, we will use the following key search terms: “prevalence,” “adverse out...
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Progress in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis with high tibial osteotomy: a systematic review
ConclusionsFor young patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA), high tibial osteotomy (HTO) can be considered as a treatment option to replace total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to reduce the economic burden and promote the reasonable allocation of medical resources. This study shows that compared with CWHTO, OWHTO has certain advantages in long-term survival rate and lower fracture rate, but the level of evidence is lower. In the future, we will need larger sample sizes and longer follow-up randomized controlled trials to improve our research. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Strategies for involving patients and the public in scaling-up initiatives in health and social services: protocol for a scoping review and Delphi survey
DiscussionOur findings will advance understanding of how to meaningfully and equitably involve patients and the public in scaling-up initiatives for sustainable HSS.Systematic review registrationWe registered this protocol with the Open Science Framework on August 19, 2020 (https://osf.io/zqpx7/). (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A mega-aggregation framework synthesis of the barriers and facilitators to linkage, adherence to ART and retention in care among people living with HIV
ConclusionsThis is the first mega-aggregation framework synthesis, or synthesis of qualitative evidence syntheses using the methods of framework synthesis at the overview level. We found the novel method to be a transparent and efficient method for assessing the quality and making sense of existing qualitative systematic reviews.Systematic review registrationThe protocol of this overview was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42017078155) on 17 December 2017. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness and harms of clinical decision support systems for referral within chronic pain practice: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionFindings of this review will contribute to enhancing chronic pain care and research. Clinical decision support systems identified as effective in this review can be investigated for implementation in clinical practice and impact on improving patient, clinical and health system outcomes. Clinical decision support systems not yet ready for implementation that require further improvement will also be identified.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registration:CRD42020158880. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of interventions based on regular physical activity on weight management in adolescents: a systematic review and a meta-analysis
ConclusionPublished longitudinal data indicated that physical activity declines over the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Using the results of the study, policy-makers can design educational interventions using educational models and patterns.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registration number:CRD42020173869 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Obesity and clinical severity in patients with COVID-19: a scoping review protocol
DiscussionGiven the need for early detection of the possible implications and treatment for patients with obesity diagnosed with COVID-19, the scoping review will be useful to capture the state of the current literature, identify the gaps, and make recommendations for future research for directing the conduct and optimization of therapies in these patients by the multiprofessional teams.Systematic review registrationOpen Science Framework:https://osf.io/xrkec (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers and facilitators to the implementation of social robots for older adults and people with dementia: a scoping review protocol
This study follows Arksey and O ’Malley’s approach and methodological enhancement by Levac et al. Relevant articles will be identified by searching electronic databases: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, Compendex and PubMed. A two-phase screening process will be undertaken by two independent reviewers to dete rmine articles’ inclusion. Findings will be summarised and reported thematically based on domains in the Consolidated Framework of Implementation Research (CFIR) and presented narratively. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for scoping r...
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mapping evidence of depression in HIV-seropositive MSM in sub-Saharan Africa: a scoping review protocol
DiscussionWe anticipate mapping relevant literature on depression and the causal factors in HIV-seropositive MSM living in SSA. Once analysed and summarised, the data will be useful in identifying literature gaps, informing systematic reviews and future research. The findings could also assist in depression and sexuality dialogues, and awareness campaigns that address mental health issues, stigma and discrimination among this key population living in SSA. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Inhaled methoxyflurane (Penthrox) for analgesia in trauma: a systematic review protocol
The objective of this study will be to systematically evaluate the evidence on inhaled methoxyflurane to determine if it is a superior analgesia in the acute trauma setting.MethodsWe designed and registered a study protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis on randomised controlled trials, comparing inhaled methoxyflurane and either placebo or standard care. A comprehensive search will be conducted from database inception onwards in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane CENTRAL database, concurrent with a search of the grey literature for other relevant studies, including clinical trial databases. Only randomised contr...
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Substance use and substance use disorder, in relation to COVID-19: protocol for a scoping review
DiscussionOriginal research is urgently needed to mitigate the risks of COVID-19 on substance use and SUD. The planned scoping review will help to address this gap.Systematic review registrationOpen Science Framework (osf/io/tzgm5). (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Primary care during the transition to adult care for adolescents involved with pediatric specialty services: a scoping review protocol
DiscussionKey themes about the roles of PCPs for AYAs involved with specialist services will be identified through this review. Findings will inform the development and evaluation of a primary-care based intervention to improve transition care for AYAs with chronic conditions. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 2, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Global concerns of dental and oral health workers during COVID-19 outbreak: a scope study on the concerns and the coping strategies
ConclusionDental and oral health care workers have many concerns relating to COVID-19 including economic, ethical, social and professional factors. Resolution of concerns may involve enhancing coping strategies relating to patient management and infection control strategies as well as using new technologies for virtual contact with the patient without any risk of infection. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 2, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Technology-based health solutions for cancer caregivers to better shoulder the impact of COVID-19: a systematic review protocol
ConclusionsCOVID-19 has upended cancer care as we know it. Findings of this study can shed light on evidence-based and practical solutions cancer caregivers can utilize to mitigate the unique challenges they face amid COVID-19. Furthermore, results of this study will also offer valuable insights for researchers who aim to develop interventions for cancer caregivers in the context of COVID-19. In addition, we also expect to be able to identify areas for improvement that need to be addressed in order for health experts to more adequately help cancer caregivers weather the storm of global health crises like COVID-19 and beyon...
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Use of magnetic resonance imaging-guided radiotherapy for breast cancer: a scoping review protocol
The objective of this scoping review is to identify and map the existing evidence surrounding the clinical implementation of MRI-guided radiotherapy in patients with breast cancer. It also aims to identify challenges and knowledge gaps in the literature.MethodsWe will perform a comprehensive search in MEDLINE and EMBASE databases from January 2010 onwards. Grey literature sources will include the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. We will include systematic reviews, randomised and non-randomised controlled studies published in English. Literature should examine the use of magnetic resonance imaging-guided...
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A mapping of facilitators and barriers to evidence-based management in health systems: a scoping review study
ConclusionsThe importance of decision-making regarding complex health systems, especially in terms of resource constraints and uncertainty conditions, requires EBM in the health system as much as possible. Identifying the factors that facilitate the use of evidence, as well as its barriers to management and decision-making in the organization, can play an important role in making systematic and reliable decisions that can be defended by the officials and ultimately lead to greater savings in organization resources and prevent them from being wasted. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evidence for implementation of interventions to promote mental health in the workplace: a systematic scoping review protocol
DiscussionThis will be the first systematic scoping review to identify and synthesise evidence of barriers and facilitators to implementing mental health promotion interventions in workplace settings. Our results will inform future evaluation studies and randomised controlled trials and highlight gaps in the evidence base.Systematic review registrationResearch Registry (reviewregistry897) (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Inflammation scores as prognostic biomarkers in small cell lung cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsThis review identifies that inflammation scores based on general inflammation markers have some potential as prognostic biomarkers in SCLC. The meta-analyses indicated that NLR is associated with inferior OS, whereas an association between PLR and OS could not be confirmed. Thus, NLR could be a useful biomarker of OS in SCLC patients.Systematic review registrationThe protocol for the study was submitted to the PROSPERO database (registration numberCRD42020188553). (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

PRISMA-S: an extension to the PRISMA Statement for Reporting Literature Searches in Systematic Reviews
ConclusionsThe intent of PRISMA-S is to complement the PRISMA Statement and its extensions by providing a checklist that could be used by interdisciplinary authors, editors, and peer reviewers to verify that each component of a search is completely reported and therefore reproducible. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Considerations for conducting systematic reviews: evaluating the performance of different methods for de-duplicating references
ConclusionThis study reveals the strengths and weaknesses of commonly used de-duplication methods and provides strategies for improving their performance to avoid unintentionally removing eligible studies and introducing bias into systematic reviews. Along with availability, ease-of-use, functionality, and capability, these findings are important to consider when researchers are selecting database platforms and supporting software programs for conducting systematic reviews. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sexual health and COVID-19: protocol for a scoping review
DiscussionOriginal research is urgently needed to mitigate the risks of COVID-19 on sexual health. The planned scoping review will help to address this gap.Systematic review registrationsSystematic Review Registration: Open Science Framework osf/io/PRX8E (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Role of preoperative intravenous iron therapy to correct anemia before major surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsWith moderate certainty, due to the high risk of bias in some studies in one or two domains, we found intravenous iron supplementation is associated with a significant decrease in the blood transfusions rate, and modest hemoglobin concentrations rise when injected pre-surgery compared with placebo or oral iron supplementation. However, further full-scale randomized controlled trials with robust methodology are required. In particular, the safety, quality of life, and cost-effectiveness of different intravenous iron preparations require further evaluation. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of CD22 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy in patients with B cell malignancies: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionThe results of the proposed review will help inform clinicians, patients, and other stakeholders of the risks and benefits of CD22 CAR T cell therapies. It will identify gaps or inconsistencies in outcome reporting and help to guide future clinical trials investigating CAR T cells.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registration number:CRD42020193027 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health and support service needs of individuals with disability from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds: a scoping review protocol
DiscussionThe scoping review will present the health and support service needs of individuals with disability from CALD backgrounds and will extend the current reviews as it focuses the engagement in meaningful occupation. Findings from this review have the potential to inform local policy discussions and practice-based disability care.Systematic review registrationOpen Science Framework (10.17605/OSF.IO/HW2FB). (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of interventions to reduce household air pollution from solid biomass fuels and improve maternal and child health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will identify the effectiveness of existing HAP intervention measures in LMIC contexts, with discussion on the context of implementation and adoption, and summarise current literature of relevance to maternal and child health. This assessment reflects the need for HAP interventions which achieve measurable health benefits, which would need to be supported by policies that are socially and economically acceptable in LMIC settings worldwide.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42020164998 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Non-primary progressive language impairment in neurodegenerative conditions: protocol for a scoping review
DiscussionThis scoping review will provide an overview of the types of aphasia found in neurodegenerative conditions where language dysfunction is not the primary focus. Current treatment approaches (and gaps in the provision of treatment) will be identified. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Diagnosis and treatment of Rosai-Dorfman disease of the spine: a systematic literature review
ConclusionSpinal RDD has no pathognomonic clinical and imaging features. Most cases first present with spine-relevant symptoms. Massive lymphadenopathy is not common, but a tendency for multi-organ involvement should be considered. Spinal RDD has a high recurrence rate; thus, total resection is the treatment of choice. Adjuvant therapies are indicated for multi-organ lesions and residual lesions. A wait and watch strategy is recommended for asymptomatic patients. Herein, a workflow of diagnosis and treatment of the spinal RDD is established. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Endectocides as a complementary intervention in the malaria control program: a systematic review
ConclusionsLaboratory and field studies have highlighted the potential of endectocides in malaria control. Ivermectin and other endectocides could soon serve as novel malaria transmission control tools by reducing the longevity ofAnopheles mosquitoes that feed on treated hosts, potentially decreasingPlasmodium parasite transmission when used as mass drug administration (MDA). (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Early detection of sepsis using artificial intelligence: a scoping review protocol
AbstractBackgroundSepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. To decrease the high case fatality rates and morbidity for sepsis and septic shock, there is a need to increase the accuracy of early detection of suspected sepsis in prehospital and emergency department settings. This may be achieved by developing risk prediction decision support systems based on artificial intelligence.MethodsThe overall aim of this scoping review is to summarize the literature on existing methods for early detection of sepsis using artificial intelligence. The review will be performed us...
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors that influence adherence to surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) guidelines: a systematic review
ConclusionsThere are numerous factors that can determine the uptake of SAP guidelines. An identification and understanding of these factors at a local level is required to develop tailored interventions to enhance guideline adherence. Interventions, when used in combination, can be considered as a means of improving guideline use. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of interventions to increase uptake and completion of treatment for diabetic retinopathy in low- and middle-income countries: a rapid review protocol
DiscussionThis rapid review aims to identify and synthesise the peer-reviewed literature on the effectiveness of interventions to increase uptake and completion of treatment for DR and/or DMO in LMICs. The rapid review methodology was chosen in order to rapidly synthesise the available evidence to support programme implementers and policy-makers in designing evidence-based health programmes and public health policy and inform the allocation of resources.Systematic review registrationOSF osf.io/h5wgr (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An evaluation of service user experience, clinical outcomes and service use associated with urgent care services that utilise telephone-based digital triage: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis is the first systematic review to evaluate service user experience, service use and clinical outcomes related to the use of telephone-based digital triage in urgent care settings. It will evaluate evidence from studies of wide-ranging designs. The narrative synthesis approach will enable the integration of findings to provide new insights on service delivery. Models of urgent care continue to evolve rapidly, with the emergence of self-triage tools and national help lines. Findings from this review will be presented in a practical format that can feed into the design of digital triage tools, future service de...
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Gabapentin for phantom limb pain after amputation in pediatric oncology: a systematic review protocol
This study will summarize up-to-date high-quality RCTs and CCSs to assess the efficacy and safety of gabapentin for PLP after amputation in pediatric oncology. The findings of this study will help to determine whether or not gabapentin is effective and safe for children with PLP after amputation.Systematic review registrationINPLASY202060090 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Screening for depression in children and adolescents: a protocol for a systematic review update
DiscussionThe systematic review will provide a current state of the evidence of benefits and harms of depression screening in children and adolescents. These findings will be used by the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care to inform the development of recommendations on depression screening.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42020150373 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Expanding enhanced recovery protocols for cardiac surgery to include the patient voice: a scoping review protocol
DiscussionThis review will identify strategies that can be integrated into ERPs for cardiac surgery which align with patient- and caregiver-defined values. Broadly, it is our goal to demonstrate the added value of patient engagement in research to aid in the success of system change processes. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence, risk factors, and interventions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in South Asia: a scoping review protocol
DiscussionThe proposed scoping review will map the evidence on COPD in South Asia through literature review, and it will focus on prevalence, risk factors, and interventions. This review will contribute to the advancement of research on COPD and will be beneficial for policy-makers, public health specialists, and clinicians. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Theories of change for e-health interventions targeting HIV/STIs and sexual risk, substance use and mental ill health amongst men who have sex with men: systematic review and synthesis
ConclusionsThe synthesised theories of change provide a framework for developing e-health interventions that might holistically address syndemic health problems amongst MSM. Improving reporting on theories of change in primary studies of e-health interventions would enable a better understanding of how they are intended to work and the evidence supporting this. The novel diagrammatic method of theory of change synthesis used here could be used for future reviews where interventions are driven by existing well-defined behaviour and behaviour change theories.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42018110317 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Structural stigma and its impact on healthcare for consumers with borderline personality disorder: protocol for a scoping review
The objectives of this scoping review are to explore the international literature on structural stigma in healthcare systems specific to BPD, and to provide an overview of the impact of structural stigma on health services for BPD consumers and their carers/families.MethodsThis scoping review will follow the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) scoping review guidelines. We will search the following electronic databases (from inception onwards): MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and JBI-Evidence databases. Grey literature will be identified through the Google search engine. We will include all types of literatu...
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Fall prevention interventions for older community-dwelling adults: systematic reviews on benefits, harms, and patient values and preferences
DiscussionWe will describe the flow of literature and characteristics of all studies and present results of all analyses and summary of finding tables. We will compare our findings to others and discuss the limitations of the reviews and the available literature.Systematic review registrationThis protocol has not been registered. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mapping evidence of nurses ’ attitudes toward older adults in Africa: a scoping review protocol
DiscussionThe review will provide insight into nurses' and nursing students ’ attitudes towards older adults in African countries. The outcomes will guide future research, practice, and education in nursing. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Appraisal of the diagnostic procedures of acute pancreatitis in the guidelines
ConclusionsThe quality of different diagnostic guidelines for severe pancreatitis is uneven. The recommendations are largely based on low-quality evidence, and the guidelines still have much room for improvement to reach a high level of quality. The diagnostic procedures for acute pancreatitis vary widely in different guidelines. There are large differences between them, and resolving the abovementioned reasons would be a very wise choice for guideline developers to revise and upgrade the guidelines in the future. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The views of health guideline developers on the use of automation in health evidence synthesis
ConclusionsIf machine learning and other automation technologies are to be used more widely and to their full potential in systematic reviews and guideline development, it is crucial to ensure new technologies are in line with current values and practice. It will also be important to maximize the transparency of the methods of these technologies to address the concerns of guideline developers. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The scope and nature of sexual orientation and gender identity and expression change efforts: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis review will address the gap in synthesized data regarding the prevalence of SOGIECE, social correlates of SOGIECE, variations of SOGIECE over time and place, and the circumstances, settings, and time-points of SOGIECE exposure. Findings from this review will directly inform ongoing and new legislative efforts to ban SOGIECE and other interventions that aim to stem SOGIECE practices and support SOGIECE survivors.Systematic review registrationRegistration withPROSPERO can be found under the registration number:CRD42020196393. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A methodological review protocol of the use of Bayesian factor analysis in primary care research
DiscussionThis methodological review will provide a comprehensive overview of the current use and reporting of Bayesian factor analysis in primary care and will provide recommendations for its proper future use.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42018114978 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research