Reflections and aspirations: the journal after 5  years
AbstractThe journal recently celebrated its fifth anniversary. Like systematic reviews themselves, the journal is thriving and publishing a variety of protocols, reviews, and methods papers. We have also had success in publishing-themed series. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A protocol for a systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy of Loop-mediated-isothermal AMPlification (LAMP) in diagnosis of invasive meningococcal disease in children
DiscussionThis review will help determine the diagnostic accuracy of LAMP technology in diagnosing MD from blood, CSF and throat swabs in children. The data will help to define where in the diagnostic pathway LAMP could be useful including potential as a point-of-care test for children at first presentation. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of self-management support interventions for people with comorbid diabetes and chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractBackgroundSelf-management support interventions may potentially delay kidney function decline and associated complications in patients with comorbid diabetes and chronic kidney disease. However, the effectiveness of these interventions remains unclear. We investigated the effectiveness of current self-management support interventions and their specific components and elements in improving patient outcomes.MethodsElectronic databases were systematically searched from January 1, 1994, to December 19, 2017. Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials on self-management support interventions for adults with como...
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of the reliability, usability, and applicability of AMSTAR, AMSTAR 2, and ROBIS: protocol for a descriptive analytic study
DiscussionAppraising the methodological and reporting quality of SRs is necessary to determine the trustworthiness of their conclusions. Which tool may be most reliably applied and how the appraisals should be used is uncertain; the usability of newly developed tools is unknown. This investigation of common (AMSTAR) and newly developed (AMSTAR 2, ROBIS) tools will provide empiric data to inform their application, interpretation, and refinement. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

mTOR-inhibiting pharmacotherapy for the treatment of non-infectious uveitis: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionStudies of various designs have investigated the clinical use of mTOR inhibitors for non-infectious uveitis, and a large international randomised controlled trail of sirolimus for non-infectious uveitis is due to report. The findings of this systematic review will help inform ophthalmologists and aid the improvement of treatment protocols for non-infectious uveitis with regard to the use of mTOR inhibitors.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017056390 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Predictors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in primary care among adults living in developed countries: a systematic review
ConclusionThis systematic review consolidates existing scientific evidence on characteristics of HIV-infected individuals that could be used to inform decision making in prognostic model development. Further exploration of availability of some of the demographic and behavioural predictors of HIV, such as ethnicity, number of lifetime partners and partner characteristics, in primary care records will be required to determine whether they can be applied in the prediction model. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - June 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of anemia among school-age children in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsThis study found that prevalence of anemia was a moderate public health problem in school children. Due to the complications of anemia for school children, preventative planning and control of anemia among school children in Ethiopia is necessary. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Older adult ’s experience of chronic low back pain and its implications on their daily life: Study protocol of a systematic review of qualitative research
DiscussionThis systematic review of qualitative evidence will enable researchers to identify potential unmet care needs, as well as to facilitate the development of effective, appropriate, person-centered health care interventions targeting this group of individuals.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO 2018:CRD42018091292 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health technology assessment of public health interventions: an analysis of characteristics and comparison of methods —study protocol
DiscussionOur analysis will provide a comprehensive and current overview of methods applied in HTAs on PHIs. We will discuss approaches that may be promising to overcome the challenges of evaluating PHIs. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Efficacy of the Buzzy ® device for pain management of children during needle-related procedures: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis will be the first systematic review to examine the efficacy of the Buzzy ® device on pain management of children during needle-related procedures. Results of this review will guide clinical practice and recommendations for further research to improve procedural pediatric pain management.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017076531 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Magnetic resonance imaging for detecting root avulsions in traumatic adult brachial plexus injuries: protocol for a systematic review of diagnostic accuracy
DiscussionThis review will summarise the current diagnostic accuracy of MRI for adult BPI, identify shortcomings and gaps in the literature and so help to guide future research.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016049702. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Making progress with the automation of systematic reviews: principles of the International Collaboration for the Automation of Systematic Reviews (ICASR)
AbstractSystematic reviews (SR) are vital to health care, but have become complicated and time-consuming, due to the rapid expansion of evidence to be synthesised. Fortunately, many tasks of systematic reviews have the potential to be automated or may be assisted by automation. Recent advances in natural language processing, text mining and machine learning have produced new algorithms that can accurately mimic human endeavour in systematic review activity, faster and more cheaply. Automation tools need to be able to work together, to exchange data and results. Therefore, we initiated the International Collaboration for th...
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Choice of outcomes and measurement instruments in randomised trials on eLearning in medical education: a systematic mapping review protocol
DiscussionAppropriate choice of outcomes and measurement tools is essential for ensuring high-quality research in the field of eLearning and eHealth. The results of this study could have positive implications for other eHealth interventions, including (1) improving quality and credibility of eLearning research, (2) enhancing the quality of digital medical education and (3) informing researchers, academics and curriculum developers about the types of outcomes and validity evidence for measurement instruments used in eLearning studies. The protocol aspires to assist in the advancement of the eLearning research field as well ...
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A protocol for a network meta-analysis of interventions to treat patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss
DiscussionThis systematic review and NMA will offer new and informative evaluations of current therapies for SSNHL. The results will inform clinicians as to the relative benefits of the currently available interventions for managing this difficult condition, provide optimal clinical treatment strategies, establish evidence gaps, and identify promising treatments for evaluation in future trials.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registration number: CRD42017073756. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Organizational contextual features that influence the implementation of evidence-based practices across healthcare settings: a systematic integrative review
ConclusionsWe identified six organizational contextual features that appear to be interrelated and work synergistically to influence the implementation of evidence-based practices within an organization. Organizational contextual features did not influence implementation efforts independently from other features. Rather, features were interrelated and often influenced each other in complex, dynamic ways to effect change. These features corresponded to the constructs in the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), which supports the use of CFIR as a guiding framework for studies that explore the relationsh...
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevention of exertional lower body musculoskeletal injury in tactical populations: protocol for a systematic review and planned meta-analysis of prospective studies from 1955 to 2018
DiscussionThis systematic review and planned meta-analysis will comprehensively evaluate ELBI mitigation strategies in tactical populations, elucidate factors that influence responses to treatment, and assess the overall quality of the body of research. Results of this work will guide the prioritization of ELBI prevention strategies and direct future research efforts, with direct relevance to tactical, health and rehabilitation science, and human performance optimization stakeholders.Systematic review registrationThe systematic review protocol was registered with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews...
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Interventions for improving pharmacist-led patient counselling in the community setting: a systematic review
ConclusionsThe included studies showed that educational meetings combined with educational materials, outreach visits, and feedback can improve pharmacist counselling in community settings. However, the unclear risk of bias and poor quality of reporting intervention components necessitate caution in interpreting the findings. Recommendations for future studies based on the evidence gap identified in this review are presented. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exposures associated with infection with Cryptosporidium in industrialised countries: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis review aims to consolidate the evidence for transmission routes and exposures forCryptosporidium in industrialised countries, with particular reference to how these may apply to the UK. In addition, the review will seek to describe differences between outbreak and sporadic cases. This will help to identify those most vulnerable, highlighting pathways where interventions and public health response may be appropriate.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO numberCRD42017056589. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Physical activity monitors to enhance the daily amount of physical activity in elderly —a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionThis paper will explore and analyze the heterogeneity of the results and try to identify variables that will enhance the effect of PAMs in elderly. The results will be useful to researchers working with elderly and/or PAMs, health care professionals working with elderly, and relatives together with the elderly themselves.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42018083648. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Educational interventions to improve people ’s understanding of key concepts in assessing the effects of health interventions: a systematic review
ConclusionsEducational interventions to improve people ’s understanding of key concepts for evaluating health intervention claims can improve people’s knowledge and skills, at least in the short term. Effects on confidence, attitude and behaviour are uncertain. Many of the studies were at moderate or greater risk of bias. Improvements in study quali ty, consistency of outcome measures and measures of longer-term effects are needed to improve confidence in estimates of the effects of educational interventions to improve people’s understanding of key concepts for evaluating health intervention claims.System...
Source: Systematic Reviews - May 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Systematic review of interventions to increase the provision of care for chronic disease risk behaviours in mental health settings: review protocol
DiscussionThis review will be the first to synthesise evidence for the effectiveness of intervention approaches to facilitate care provision for chronic disease risk behaviours in the context of mental health service delivery. The results have the potential to inform the development of evidenced-based approaches to address the health inequities experienced by this population group.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017074360. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An updated protocol for a systematic review of implementation-related measures
DiscussionWe will build a centralized, accessible, searchable repository through which researchers, practitioners, and other stakeholders can identify psychometrically and pragmatically strong measures of implementation contexts, processes, and outcomes. By facilitating the employment of psychometrically and pragmatically strong measures identified through this systematic review, the repository would enhance the cumulativeness, reproducibility, and applicability of research findings in the rapidly growing field of implementation science. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Automated screening of research studies for systematic reviews using study characteristics
ConclusionsFiltering studies for inclusion in a systematic review based on the detection of key study characteristics in abstracts significantly outperformed standard approaches to automated screening and appears worthy of further development and evaluation. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Emergency transportation interventions for reducing adverse pregnancy outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review protocol
The objective of the proposed review is to summarize and critically appraise evidence regarding the effect of emergency transportation interventions on outcomes of labor and delivery in LMICs.MethodsThe following databases will be searched from inception to March 31, 2018: MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, EBSCO (PsycINFO and CINAHL), the Cochrane Pregnancy and Child Birth Group ’s Specialized Register, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. We will search for studies in the grey literature through Google and Google Scholar. We will solicit unpublished reports from such relevant agencies as Uni...
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Quality ratings of reviews in overviews: a comparison of reviews with and without dual (co-)authorship
ConclusionsMany authors of overviews also often have an authorship on one or more of the underlying reviews. Our analysis shows that, on average, authors of overviews give higher quality ratings to SRs in which they were involved themselves than to other SRs. Conflict of interest is one explanation, but there are several others such as reviewer expertise. Independent and blinded reassessments of the reviews would provide more robust evidence on potential bias arising from DCA. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

General practitioners ’ knowledge, attitudes and experiences of managing behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia: protocol of a mixed methods systematic review and meta-ethnography
This study will be the first systematic review that synthesises the existing literature of GPs ’ knowledge, attitudes and experiences of managing BPSD in community and residential care. This review will improve our understanding of GPs’ perspectives on the management of BPSD, and the results will be used to inform the development of an intervention to improve the management of BPSD in gen eral practice.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017054916. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protocol for a systematic review and thematic synthesis of patient experiences of central venous access devices in anti-cancer treatment
DiscussionThe results section of the review will comprise thematic synthesis of quantitative studies, thematic synthesis of qualitative studies, and the aggregation of the two. Results will aim to offer an account of current understandings of patient experiences and perspective regarding PICC, Hickman-type, and Port devices in the context of anti-cancer treatment. Confidence in cumulative evidence will be assessed using the Confidence in the Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative research (CERQual) approach.Systematic review registrationThis systematic review protocol is registered with the International Prospective Register...
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers to access and utilization of emergency obstetric care at health facilities in sub-Saharan Africa —a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will present a detailed synthesis of the evidence for barriers to access and utilization of emergency obstetric care in sub-Saharan Africa over the last 7  years. This systematic review is expected to provide clear information that can help in designing maternal health policy and interventions particularly in emergency obstetric care in sub-Saharan Africa where maternal mortality remains high.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017074102. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Does information from ClinicalTrials.gov increase transparency and reduce bias? Results from a five-report case series
ConclusionImproved prospective registration of trials and consistent reporting of results in ClinicalTrials.gov would help make ClinicalTrials.gov records more useful in finding unpublished information and identifying potential biases. In addition, consistent indexing in databases, such as MEDLINE, would allow for better matching of records and publications, leading to increased utility of these searches for systematic review projects. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Is heavy eccentric calf training superior to wait-and-see, sham rehabilitation, traditional physiotherapy and other exercise interventions for pain and function in mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy?
DiscussionThis systematic review and meta-analysis will allow us to investigate if there are difference in pain and function when comparing wait-and-see, sham interventions, traditional physiotherapy and different exercise interventions to the traditional heavy eccentric calf training protocol for mid-portion Achilles tendon pain.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registration numberCRD42018084493. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of depression and anxiety among undergraduate university students in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThe results from this systematic review will help in informing and guiding healthcare practitioners, planners, and policymakers on the burden of common mental disorders in university students in LMICs and of appropriate and feasible interventions aimed at reducing the burden of psychological morbidity among them. The results will also point to gaps in research and help set priorities for future enquiries.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017064148 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Facilitators and barriers to the delivery of school-based smoking prevention interventions for children and young people: a protocol for a systematic review of qualitative studies
DiscussionThis review will focus on qualitative studies that seek to examine the barriers and facilitators to the delivery of school-based smoking prevention programmes in order to inform the design of future theory-based interventions in schools to prevent children and young people from smoking.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42014015483 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evidence of the factors that influence the utilisation of Kangaroo Mother Care by parents with low-birth-weight infants in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs): a scoping review protocol
DiscussionWe expect to find studies on barriers, challenges and facilitating factors of KMC utilisation by parents with LBWIs in LMICs. The review outcomes will guide future research and practice and inform policy. The findings will be disseminated in print, electronic and conference presentations related to maternal child and neonatal health. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The use of standardized management protocols for critically ill patients with non-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage: a protocol of a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionWe anticipate a significant degree of clinical heterogeneity in our review, as protocols will likely vary in their content, implementation, and ICU setting. We will aim to summarize the current literature in this domain to understand if SMPs, as a low-cost process-targeted intervention, improve outcomes for critically ill patients with SAH. Our review will additionally inform future research endeavors to improve the processes of care for this patient population.Systematic review registrationCRD42017069173 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protocol for a systematic review of methods and cost-effectiveness findings of economic evaluations of obesity prevention and/or treatment interventions in children and adolescents
DiscussionThe findings from this review, which will include primary studies, will provide evidence to assist health policy decision makers interpret economic evaluations in this field. In addition, we will identify gaps in the current literature to inform future-related research.Systematic review registrationProsperoCRD42017062236 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiology of heart failure in pediatric populations in low- and middle-income countries: a protocol for a systematic review
This study will report and summarize epidemiology data, as well as the economic burden of HF in neonates, infants, children, and adolescents of LMICs. Limitations will mainly arise from the heterogeneity in the diagnostic of HF.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42017070189. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - April 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

How do we define and measure sarcopenia? Protocol for a systematic review
DiscussionSarcopenia is receiving greater attention in geriatrics research in recent years. Therefore, it is important to investigate how this condition is defined in the literature and whether these definitions can interfere with the reported estimates devoting more efforts on the topic. The results of this study can help to determine the most used definitions of sarcopenia reported in the literature, its strengths and limitations, and open a discussion about a need for a more valid, easy, and suitable one.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42015020832 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - March 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Life course factors associated with metabolically healthy obesity: a protocol for the systematic review of longitudinal studies
This study aims to systematically review longitudinal studies investigating the association between life course exposures and future MHO status.MethodsElectronic databases (MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and Web of Science) will be searched using a trialled search strategy. Studies will be included following a double-screening process according to inclusion criteria to assess eligibility. Studies eligible for inclusion will include those that have a longitudinal observational design where a life course exposure occurred or was measured at least 1  year before the outcome, investigate a human study population, are published in Engli...
Source: Systematic Reviews - March 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of oncological care pathways in primary and secondary care on patient, professional, and health systems outcomes: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionFollowing the protocol outlined in this article, we aim to identify, assess, and synthesize all available evidence in order to provide an evidence base on the effects of oncological care pathways as reported in the literature.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017057592. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - March 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Integrating multiple data sources (MUDS) for meta-analysis to improve patient-centered outcomes research: a protocol
AbstractThe correct title of the article [1] should be “Integrating multiple data sources (MUDS) for meta-analysis to improve patient-centered outcomes research: a protocol”. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - March 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Economic evaluation of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis strategies: protocol for a methodological systematic review and quantitative synthesis
DiscussionFindings will guide future economic evaluation of PrEP strategies in terms of methodological and knowledge gaps, and will inform decisions on the efficient integration of PrEP into public health programs across epidemiologic and health system contexts.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016038440. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - March 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Global and gene-specific DNA methylation in adult type 2 diabetic individuals: a protocol for a systematic review
DiscussionThis systematic review will evaluate published literature, assessing the link between DNA methylation and T2DM. Our findings could help guide future research evaluating epigenetic changes in T2DM and direct future therapeutic interventions. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - March 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Technology-assisted title and abstract screening for systematic reviews: a retrospective evaluation of the Abstrackr machine learning tool
ConclusionsAbstrackr ’s reliability and the workload savings varied by screening task. Workload savings came at the expense of potentially missing relevant records. How this might affect the results and conclusions of SRs needs to be evaluated. Studies evaluating Abstrackr as the second reviewer in a pair would be of interest to determine if concerns for reliability would diminish. Further evaluations of Abstrackr’s performance and usability will inform its refinement and practical utility. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - March 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluating optimal utilisation of technology in type 1 diabetes mellitus from a clinical and health economic perspective: protocol for a systematic review
DiscussionThis systematic review protocol utilises rigorous methodology and pre-determined eligibility criteria to provide a uniquely comprehensive search for a broad spectrum of clinical and economic outcomes in comparing multiple currently available technologies for managing type 1 diabetes. Evidence on which technologies may be most appropriate for particular patient groups will be examined as well as the economic justification for funding of different technologies.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO (CRD42017077221) (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - March 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluating characteristics of PROSPERO records as predictors of eventual publication of non-Cochrane systematic reviews: a meta-epidemiological study protocol
The objective of this study is to explore which factors are associated with a higher probability that results derived from a non-Cochrane PROSPERO registration record for a systematic review will be finally reported as an original article in a scientific journal.Methods/designThe PROSPERO repository will be web scraped to automatically and iteratively obtain all completed non-Cochrane registration records stored from February 2011 to December 2017. Downloaded records will be screened, and those with less than 90% fulfilled or are duplicated (i.e., those sharing titles and reviewers) will be excluded. Manual and human-super...
Source: Systematic Reviews - March 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluating the effect of delayed activation of rapid response teams on patient outcomes: a systematic review protocol
The objective of this review is to evaluate the effect of delayed response by rapid response teams on hospital mortality (primary), cardiac arrest, and intensive care transfer rates (secondary).MethodsThis review will include randomized and non-randomized studies which examined the effect of delayed response times by rapid response teams on patient mortality, cardiac arrest, and intensive care unit admission rates. This review will include studies of adult patients who have experienced a rapid response team consultation. The search strategy will utilize a combination of keywords and MeSH terms. MEDLINE and Embase will be s...
Source: Systematic Reviews - March 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Digital storytelling as a method in health research: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionIn collaboration with national and international experts in digital storytelling, we will synthesize key evidence about digital storytelling that is critical to the development of methodological and ethical expertise about arts-based research methods. We will also develop recommendations for incorporating digital storytelling in a meaningful and ethical manner into the research process.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registry numberCRD42017068002. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - March 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers, supports, and effective interventions for uptake of human papillomavirus- and other vaccines within global and Canadian Indigenous peoples: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionTo our knowledge, this study will contribute the first systematic review of documented barriers, supports, and interventions for vaccination in general and for HPV vaccination. The results of this study are expected to inform future research, policies, programs, and community-driven initiatives to enhance acceptability and uptake of HPV vaccination among Indigenous peoples.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO Registration Number: CRD42017048844 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - March 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An introduction to overviews of reviews: planning a relevant research question and objective for an overview
ConclusionsClear decisions relating to the research questions and objectives are a fundamental first step during the initial planning stages for an overview. Key stakeholders should be involved at the earliest opportunity to ensure that the planned overview is relevant and meaningful to the potential end users of the overview. Following best practice in common with other forms of systematic evidence synthesis, an overview protocol should be published, ensuring transparency and reducing opportunities for introduction of bias in the conduct of the overview. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The effects of interventions targeting multiple health behaviors on smoking cessation outcomes: a rapid realist review protocol
DiscussionThis review will provide evidence-based research on the context and mechanisms that may drive the success or failure of interventions designed to support multiple health behavior change. This information will be used to guide curriculum and program development for a government funded project on improving smoking cessation by addressing multiple health behaviors in people in Canada.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017064430 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research