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Strategies for successful trauma registry implementation in low- and middle-income countries —protocol for a systematic review
This study explores strategies for successful trauma registry implementation in LMICs.MethodsThe protocol was registered a priori (CRD42017058586). A peer-reviewed search strategy of multiple databases will be developed with a senior librarian. As per PRISMA guidelines, first screen of references based on abstract and title and subsequent full-text review will be conducted by two independent reviewers. Disagreements that cannot be resolved by discussion between reviewers shall be arbitrated by the principal investigator. Data extraction will be performed using a pre-defined data extraction sheet. Finally, bibliographies of...
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Drug discontinuation before contrast procedures and the effect on acute kidney injury and other clinical outcomes: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will provide a synthesis of current evidence on the discontinuation of drugs prior to contrast procedures and its effect on CI-AKI and other clinical outcomes. These findings will provide clinicians with guidelines and serve as a strong research base for future studies in this field.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016033178 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving physical and psychological outcomes of fall-related injuries in people with dementia: a narrative systematic review
ConclusionsDue to high heterogeneity across the studies, definitive conclusions could not be reached. Most post-fall interventions were not aimed at patients with dementia and have shown little efficacy regardless of cognitive status. Minor improvements to some quality of life indicators were shown, but these were generally not statistically significant. Conclusions were also limited due to most studies addressing hip fracture; the interventions provided for this type of injury may not be suitable for other types of fractures or soft tissue injuries, or for use in primary care.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016...
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Registration of systematic reviews in PROSPERO: 30,000 records and counting
ConclusionsRegistration of SRs in PROSPERO increased rapidly between 2011 and 2017, thus benefiting users of health evidence who want to know about ongoing SRs. Further work is needed to explore how closely published SRs adhere to the planned methods, whether greater pre-specification of outcomes prevents selective inclusion and reporting of study results, and whether registered SRs address necessary questions. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A protocol for a systematic review of non-randomised evaluations of strategies to increase participant retention to randomised controlled trials
DiscussionThis review aims to gather and evaluate evidence on the effect of retention strategies examined in non-randomised studies. It is imperative to collect evidence from obseravational studies to infer whether or not these studies could be considered a practical way to complement or even replace a broadly favourable randomised design. If we find that non-randomised studies to be included in this review are of high quality with adequate control of biases, we will recommend to trialists and others not to rely exclusively on randomised studies and to give meticulous attention to the plentiful evidence that can be obtaine...
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cholera diagnosis in human stool and detection in water: protocol for a systematic review of available technologies
DiscussionThe systematic review builds on a previous scoping review in this field and expands upon this by synthesising data on both product technical characteristics and design features. The review will be of particular value to stakeholders engaged in diagnostic procurement and manufacturers interested in developing cholera or diarrheal disease diagnostics.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016048428. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Information needs in people with diabetes mellitus: a systematic review
ConclusionInformation needs in people with diabetes mellitus, appear to be high, yet poorly investigated. Research is needed regarding differences between diverse diabetes populations, including gender aspects or changes in information needs during the disease course.Systematic review registrationThe review protocol has been registered at Prospero (CRD42015029610). (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Pharmacotherapies for fatigue in chronic liver disease (CLD): a systematic review and meta-analysis (protocol)
DiscussionThis systematic review will examine the effectiveness of pharmacological therapies on fatigue reduction in people with CLD. Such therapies may be more effective than non-pharmacological interventions in treating fatigue symptoms in CLD. Evidence derived from the findings of this study will guide future practice, policy, and research.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO,CRD42017076957 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Strategies for improving the lives of US women aged 40 and above living with HIV/AIDS: an evidence map
ConclusionThe evidence base that is directly applicable to women over 40 who live with HIV/AIDS in the USA is limited, and the research need is broad. We propose research prioritization strategies for this population. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - February 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

What is the impact on health and wellbeing of interventions that foster respect and social inclusion in community-residing older adults? A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies
ConclusionsWhilst this review suggests that some interventions may positively impact on the health outcomes of older people, and identified mediating factors to health outcomes, the evidence is based on studies with heterogeneous methodologies. Many of the interventions were delivered as projects to selected groups, raising important questions about the feasibility of wider implementation and the potential for population-wide benefits.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registration numberCRD42014010107 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of dance on cognitive function among older adults: a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis
The objective of this review is to summarize the effects of dance versus any other control group on cognitive function, physical function, adverse events, and quality of life in older adults.MethodWe will search the following databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) to identify the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effects of dance on cognitive function among older adults. Also, we will searchhttp://apps.who.int/trialsearch,clinicaltrials.gov and conference abstracts to identify ongoing and unpublished studies. There will be no restrictions on language, date, ...
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Safety and efficacy of hematopoietic and mesanchymal stem cell therapy for treatment of T1DM: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol
AbstractIntroductionInsulin standard treatment of T1DM cannot cure the patients as different chronic complications occurred subsequently. Investigations on a curative treatment in T1DM propose cell replacement or maintenance instead of exogenous insulin therapy, but different dimensions of this novel treatment are not clarified.Methods and analysisWe will include all clinical trials which have evaluated the efficacy MSC or HSC transplantation in T1DM treatment; electronically search bibliographic databases, country registration data banks, and gray literatures; and hand-search two key journals, two experts ’ article,...
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Children ’s, parents’ and other stakeholders’ perspectives on early dietary self-management to delay disease progression of chronic disease in children: a protocol for a mixed studies systematic review with a narrative synthesis
DiscussionThis mixed studies systematic review with a narrative synthesis seeks to elucidate the gaps in current knowledge and generate a fresh explanation of research findings on early dietary self-management in chronic disease, with particular application to CKD, from the stakeholders ’ perspective. The review will provide an important platform to inform future research, identifying the facilitators and barriers to implementing early dietary interventions. Ultimately, the review will contribute vital information to inform future improvements in chronic disease. The lead author has a particular interest in CKD paedi...
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The impact of financial incentives on physical activity in adults: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will determine the effectiveness of positive and negative financial incentives on physical activity in adults. Findings will help inform the development of public health interventions and research in this field.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO 2017:CRD42017068263 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Treatment of cervical cancer in HIV-seropositive women from developing countries: a protocol for a systematic review
DiscussionThe review findings will provide the current picture of the existing treatment methods being used to treat cervical cancer in HIV-seropositive women in developing countries. The findings might be used for the establishment of evidence-based guidelines for treatment of cervical cancer in seropositive women as well as prompt policy-makers and governments to decide and support future research in a way to find a lasting solution.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42017054676https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/display_record.php?RecordID=54676 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A comparison of meta-analytic methods for synthesizing evidence from explanatory and pragmatic trials
ConclusionsIn addition to the original intent of PRECIS-2 tool of aiding researchers in their choice of trial design, PRECIS-2 tool is useful for explaining between study variations in systematic review and meta-analysis of published trials. We recommend that researchers adopt mixture meta-regression methods when synthesizing evidence from explanatory and pragmatic trials. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Global avian influenza outbreaks 2010 –2016: a systematic review of their distribution, avian species and virus subtype
ConclusionsAvian influenza virus has been proved to be able to contaminate all types of avian species, including commercial poultry farms, wild birds, backyard domestic animals, live poultry, game birds and mixed poultry. The study focused on wet markets, slaughterhouses, wild habitats, zoos and natural parks, in both developed and developing countries. The impact of avian influenza virus seems disproportionate and could potentially burden the already existing disparities in the public health domain. Therefore, a collaboration between all the involved health sectors is considered to be more than necessary. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Treatment outcomes in patients with opioid use disorder initiated by prescription: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionWe expect that this review will help determine whether patients that were initially exposed to opioids through a prescription differ in OST treatment outcomes in comparison to people who used opioids through illicit means. We hope that this review will provide evidence related to prescription opioids exposure and future treatment outcomes, which will aid clinicians in their decisions to prescribe opioids or not for specific populations at risk.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017058143 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Response to ‘Increasing value and reducing waste in data extraction for systematic reviews: tracking data in data extraction forms’
AbstractᅟThis is a response to a Letter. Data abstraction is a time-consuming and error-prone systematic review task. Shokraneh and Adams categorize available techniques for tracking data during data abstraction into three methods: simple annotation, descriptive addressing, and Cartesian coordinate system. While we agree with the categorization of the techniques, we disagree with the authors ’ statement that descriptive addressing is a PDF-independent method, i.e., any sort of descriptive addressing must reference a specific version of PDF file and not just any PDF of said report. Different versions of PDFs of the ...
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Applying the ROBINS-I tool to natural experiments: an example from public health
ConclusionThe ROBINS-I tool is a conceptually rigorous tool which focusses on risk of bias due to the counterfactual. Difficulties in applying ROBINS-I may be due to poor design and reporting of evaluations of natural experiments. While the quality of reporting may improve in the future, improved guidance on applying ROBINS-I is needed to enable existing evidence from natural experiments to be assessed appropriately and consistently. We hope future refinements to ROBINS-I will address some of the issues raised here to allow wider use of the tool. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Anxiety and the development and maintenance of anorexia nervosa: protocol for a systematic review
DiscussionAlthough there are limitations to the present review, understanding the current evidence for the role of non-eating/weight-gain-related anxiety in AN can direct future research that may ensure accurate aetiological models of AN and effective treatments.Systematic review registrationThe study is registered on PROSPERO under the reference numberCRD42017069644 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

What are the barriers and facilitators for third sector organisations (non-profits) to evaluate their services? A systematic review
ConclusionsThis review constitutes the first systematic effort to synthesise existing literature on factors supporting and preventing evaluation by TSOs. The prevalence of factors revolving around the lack of support, resources and clarity on appropriate outcome indicators suggests that many of the identified challenges may be met by applying evidence-based and stakeholder-inclusive strategies to develop shared evaluation requirements. Future efforts should address the application of EBP as part of the commissioning process of TSOs. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Physical activity and the prevention, reduction, and treatment of alcohol and/or substance use across the lifespan (The PHASE review): protocol for a systematic review
The objectives of this mixed methods systematic review are to describe and evaluate the quantitative and qualitative research obtained by a diverse search strategy on the impact of physical activity and its potential to:Reduce the risk of progression to alcohol and/or substance use (PREVENTION)Support individuals to reduce alcohol and/or substance use for harm reduction (REDUCTION), andPromote abstinence and relapse prevention during and after treatment for an alcohol and/or substance use disorder (TREATMENT).With the input of key stakeholders, we aim to assess how what we know can be translated into policy and practice. Q...
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychotropic medication non-adherence and associated factors among adult patients with major psychiatric disorders: a protocol for a systematic review
DiscussionPsychiatric disorders remain a public health, social and economic concern worldwide. Management of major psychiatric disorders is highly affected by medication non-adherence. Thus, undertaking an integrated and multifaceted approach is necessary to reduce the burden of medication non-adherence, and enhance the quality of patients ’ life. Evidence is required to design appropriate intervention to prevent psychotropic medication non-adherence.Protocol registrationPROSPERO: 2017:CRD42017067436. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Addition of platinum derivatives to neoadjuvant single-agent fluoropyrimidine chemoradiotherapy in patients with stage II/III rectal cancer: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO CRD42017073064)
DiscussionThe findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis will provide novel insights into the efficacy and safety of combined neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy including a platinum derivative and may form a basis for future clinical decision-making, guideline evaluation, and research prioritization.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017073064 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Intra-amniotic inflammation and child neurodevelopment: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will report the current evidence regarding the association between amniotic inflammation and child neurodevelopment, and the modifiers of this association. The review will generate new hypotheses on pathological pathways and will guide future research.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO 2017 65065 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Index of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine industry clinical study programmes and non-industry funded studies: a necessary basis to address reporting bias in a systematic review
ConclusionWe believe we came close to indexing complete HPV vaccine study programmes, but only one of the four manufacturers provided information for our index and a fifth of the index could not be cross-verified. However, we indexed larger study programmes than those listed by major regulators (i.e., the EMA and FDA that based their HPV vaccine approvals on only half of the available trials). To reduce reporting bias in systematic reviews, we advocate the registration and publication of all studies and data in the public domain. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Data quality and feasibility of the Experience Sampling Method across the spectrum of severe psychiatric disorders: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
The objectives of this systematic review are to investigate the associations between the design characteristics and the data quality and feasibility of studies relying on ESM in severe psychiatric disorders.MethodsWe will search for all published studies using ambulatory assessment with patients suffering from major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and psychotic disorder or individuals at high risk for these disorders. Electronic database searches will be performed in PubMed and Web of Science with no restriction on the publication date. Two reviewers will independently screen original studies in a title/abstract pha...
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and incidence of major depressive disorders among people living with HIV residing in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol
This study is based on published data; therefore, ethical approval is not a requirement. The final report of this study in the form of a scientific paper will be published in a peer-reviewed journal and presented at scientific conferences. This review will help to have an overview of the burden of MDD among HIV-infected people residing in Africa.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO,CRD42017058118. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Guideline-based quality indicators —a systematic comparison of German and international clinical practice guidelines: protocol for a systematic review
This study will be part of the project “Systematic analysis of the translation of guideline recommendations into quality indicators and development of an evidence- and consensus-based standard,” supported by the German Research Association (DFG). The results of this analysis will feed into a subsequent qualitative study, which will c onsist of structured interviews with developers of international CPGs. Further, the results will be considered in a consensus study on standards of the translation of guideline recommendations into quality indicators in Germany. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Perioperative management of antiplatelet therapy in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery following coronary stent placement: a systematic review
ConclusionsEvidence regarding perioperative APT management in patients with cardiac stents undergoing NCS is insufficient to guide practice. Other clinical factors may have a greater impact than perioperative APT management on MACE and bleeding events.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016036607 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The association between mental health nursing and hospital admissions for people with serious mental illness: a protocol for a systematic review
DiscussionThis review will explore for the first time the clinical potential of mental health nursing in preventing relapse in persons with SMI. The findings of this review will serve to inform future research and education in this area. The evidence may also help inform future policy, including decisions regarding future mental health workforce development and planning.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017058694. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Moving toward the automation of the systematic review process: a summary of discussions at the second meeting of International Collaboration for the Automation of Systematic Reviews (ICASR)
AbstractThe second meeting of the International Collaboration for Automation of Systematic Reviews (ICASR) was held 3 –4 October 2016 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. ICASR is an interdisciplinary group whose aim is to maximize the use of technology for conducting rapid, accurate, and efficient systematic reviews of scientific evidence. Having automated tools for systematic review should enable more transparen t and timely review, maximizing the potential for identifying and translating research findings to practical application. The meeting brought together multiple stakeholder groups including users of summarize...
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A systematic review: efficacy of botulinum toxin in walking and quality of life in post-stroke lower limb spasticity
AbstractBackgroundImproved walking is one of the highest priorities in people living with stroke. Post-stroke lower limb spasticity (PSLLS) impedes walking and quality of life (QOL). The understanding of the evidence of improved walking and QOL following botulinum toxin (BoNTA) injection is not clear. We performed a systematic review of the randomized control trials (RCT) to evaluate the effectiveness of BoNTA injection on walking and QOL in PSLLS.MethodsWe searched PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CINAHL, ProQuest Thesis and Dissertation checks, Google Scholar, WHO International Clinical Trial Registry Platform,ClinicalTri...
Source: Systematic Reviews - January 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

External validation of type 2 diabetes computer simulation models: definitions, approaches, implications and room for improvement —a protocol for a systematic review
DiscussionThe proposed systematic review will provide a broad overview of the current practice in the external validation of models with respect to T2DM incidence and progression in humans built on simulation techniques.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017069983. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 29, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Use of programme theory to understand the differential effects of interventions across socio-economic groups in systematic reviews —a systematic methodology review
ConclusionsThe use of programme theory to inform considerations ofif,what andhow interventions lead to differential effects on health in different SES groups in the systematic review process is not yet widely adopted, is used implicitly, is often fragmented and is not implemented in a systematic way. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 29, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk factors for addiction among patients receiving prescribed opioids: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionUnderstanding risk factors for opioid addiction among patients who require analgesia has the potential to inform clinical care and opioid prescribing guidelines aiming to reduce opioid addiction. We will also use this information as a starting point for developing interventions for primary prevention. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exercise and reproductive function in polycystic ovary syndrome: protocol of a systematic review
DiscussionThis systematic review will identify improvement strategies and types of interventions that are geared toward improving endocrine and consequently metabolic parameters. Thus, the use of such strategies may increase the types of low-cost non-drug therapies that aid in the treatment of PCOS.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017058869 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluations of the uptake and impact of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement and extensions: a scoping review
ConclusionsMany studies have evaluated how well SRs adhere to the PRISMA Statement, and the pooled result of these suggest that reporting of many items is suboptimal. An update of the PRISMA Statement, along with a toolkit of strategies to help journals endorse and implement the updated guideline, may improve the transparency of SRs. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 19, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

What methods do reviews of normative ethics literature use for search, selection, analysis, and synthesis? In-depth results from a systematic review of reviews
ConclusionReviews which fail to provide sufficient relevant information to readers have reduced methodological transparency regardless of actual methodological quality. In order to increase the internal validity (i.e. reproducibility) as well as the external validity (i.e. utility for the intended audience) of future reviews of normative literature, we suggest more accurate reporting regarding the goal of the review, the definition of the information unit, the ethical approach used, and technical aspects. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 19, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Transition in care from paramedics to emergency department nurses: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will help identify factors that influence communication between EMS and ED nurses during transitions in care, and identify interventional strategies that lead to improved communication and decrease in adverse events. The findings can be used to develop an evidence-informed transitions in care tool that ensures efficient transfer of accurate patient information, continuity of care, enhances patient safety, and avoids duplication of services. This review will also identify gaps in the existing literature to inform future research efforts.Trial registrationPROSPEROCRD42017068844 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 19, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Circulating cancer stem cell markers in breast carcinomas: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionDetecting cancer stem cells in blood will help clinicians to monitor cancer patients by obtaining as many samples as needed with a non-invasive method and in any stages; it is not possible to repeat sampling on working on tissue samples. By identifying cancer stem cells early in blood, it will be possible to distinguish metastasis in early stages.Systematic review registrationCRD42016043810 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 19, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The impact of  social activities, social networks, social support and social relationships on the cognitive functioning of healthy older adults: a systematic review
ConclusionsThe results support prior conclusions that there is an association between social relationships and cognitive function but the exact nature of this association remains unclear. Implications of the findings are discussed and suggestions for future research provided.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO 2012:CRD42012003248. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 19, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and pattern of co-occurring musculoskeletal pain and its association with back-related disability among people with persistent low back pain: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionGiven the lack of standard terms used to define co-occurring musculoskeletal pain, the search strategy will include the broader term “back pain,” different terms for the “other co-occurring pain,” and specific study designs combined with several exclusion terms. The results of this proposed review will identify the prevalence and patterns of co-occurring musculoskeletal pain among those with persistent low back pain, whic h is likely to inform clinical management, research, and policy in management of musculoskeletal disorders.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017068807 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Disclosure of domestic violence and sexual assault within the context of abortion: meta-ethnographic synthesis of qualitative studies protocol
DiscussionThe reviewers will illuminate what transpires at the interface when women seeking an abortion in the context of domestic violence and sexual assault meet frontline health personnel. Increased knowledge in this area will improve the frontline health personnel ’s practices and responsiveness to women who seek out healthcare in the context of violence.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42016051136. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Government policy interventions to reduce human antimicrobial use: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionThis evidence synthesis is intended for use by policymakers, public health practitioners, and researchers to inform future government policies aiming to address antimicrobial resistance. This review will also identify gaps in the evidence about the effectiveness of different policy interventions to inform future research priorities.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017067514. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Clinical reminder alert fatigue in healthcare: a systematic literature review protocol using qualitative evidence
DiscussionIndications of alert and reminder fatigue are found throughout the current literature. However, this has not been fully investigated using a robust qualitative approach, particularly in a rapidly growing body of evidence. This review will aid people forming new clinical systems so that alerts can be incorporated appropriately.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO:CRD42016029418 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Interventions for domestic violence among pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionSystematic reviews to evaluate the efficacy of interventions to address DV within the perinatal context have been limited. Hence, no one intervention has emerged as substantially effective towards addressing perinatal DV and associated health consequences. The evidence generated from this systematic review will inform researchers and policy makers about the effectiveness of existing DV interventions among pregnant women in LMICs and provide recommendations for future research in this area. This in turn will contribute towards violence prevention in LMICs.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42017073938 (Sourc...
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A protocol for a systematic review of economic evaluation studies conducted on neonatal systemic infections in South Asia
DiscussionNeonatal systemic infections can have significant economic repercussions on the families, health care providers and, cumulatively, the nation. Pediatric economic evaluations have focused on the under-five age group, and published consolidated economic evidence for neonates is missing in the developing world context. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first review of economic evidence on neonatal systemic infections in the South Asian context. Further, this protocol provides an underst anding of the methods used to design and evaluate economic evidence for methodological quality, transparency and focus on h...
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acceptance of a systematic review as a thesis: survey of biomedical doctoral programs in Europe
ConclusionsRaising awareness about the importance of SRs and their methodology could contribute to higher acceptance of SRs as a type of research that forms the basis of a PhD thesis. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - December 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research