Assessing risk of bias in human environmental epidemiology studies using three tools: different conclusions from different tools
ConclusionsTools that use overall ROB or study quality ratings, such as IRIS and TSCA, may reduce the available evidence to assess the harms of environmental exposures by erroneously excluding studies, which leads to inaccurate conclusions about the quality of the body of evidence. We recommend using ROB tools that circumvents these issues, such as OHAT and Navigation Guide.Systematic review registrationThis review has not been registered as it is not a systematic review. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effect of vitamin A, calcium and vitamin D fortification and supplementation on nutritional status of women: an overview of systematic reviews
AbstractBackgroundMicronutrient deficiency affects the health and development of vulnerable population such as children and pregnant women. Measures such as fortification of food and supplementation have been implemented to prevent or control deficiencies related to micronutrients.ObjectiveTo assess the effect of vitamin A, vitamin D, and calcium fortification and supplementation on nutritional status of women in reproductive age group. To assess the toxicities and adverse events related to intervention.MethodologySystematic reviews including RCTs on women of reproductive age group provided with vitamin A, vitamin D, and c...
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

PRISMA extension for moxibustion 2020: recommendations, explanation, and elaboration
ConclusionThe PRISMA-M 2020 will help improve the reporting quality of SRs with moxibustion.Systematic review registrationWe have registered it on the EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) network, particularly under the item of PRISMA-TCM:http://www.equator-network.org/library/reporting-guidelines-under-development/reporting-guidelines-under-development-for-systematic-reviews/#65. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of oncological care pathways in primary and secondary care on patient, professional and health systems outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsDespite the differences between the included studies, we were able to present an evidence base for cancer care pathways performed in secondary/tertiary care regarding the positive effects of LOS in favor of cancer care pathways.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42017057592. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Psychosocial and pharmacologic interventions for methamphetamine addiction: protocol for a scoping review of the literature
DiscussionThis research will enhance awareness of evidence addressing the effects of psychosocial and pharmacologic interventions for MUD/PMU overall and in sub-populations, both in terms of recent CPGs/reviews and primary studies; inspection of the latter will also help establish the feasibility of future syntheses to compare treatments, such as network meta-analysis.Systematic review  protocol registrationOpen Science Framework (https://osf.io/9wy8p) (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials examining the effectiveness of early parenting interventions in preventing internalising problems in children and adolescents
DiscussionPreventing and reducing internalising problems could have major beneficial effects at the economic and societal level. Informing policy makers on the effectiveness of parenting interventions and on which intervention ’s component is driving the effect is important for the development of treatment strategies.Systematic review registrationInternational Prospective Register for Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) numberCRD42020172251 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of a traditional systematic review approach with review-of-reviews and semi-automation as strategies to update the evidence
ConclusionTwo approaches to rapidly update SRs —review-of-reviews and semi-automation—failed to demonstrate reduced workload burden while maintaining an acceptable level of sensitivity. We suggest careful evaluation of the ROR approach through comparison of inclusion criteria and targeted searches to fill evidence gaps as well as further res earch of semi-automation use, including more study of highly curated training sets. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Environmental assessment of cytotoxic drugs in healthcare settings: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionOccupational exposure to cytotoxic drugs is associated with short- and long-term adverse health outcomes. Following this protocol, the review to be carried out will be the first to fill an evidence gap on the environmental contamination of healthcare settings with cytotoxic drugs. The findings of this review will help in the  understanding of the risk of occupational exposure of healthcare workers to cytotoxic drugs and facilitate the identification of priority areas for specific interventions.Ethics and disseminationThe systematic review methodology does not require ethics approval due to the nature of the ...
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Identifying, describing, and assessing interventions that support new graduate nurse transition into critical care nursing practice: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will identify interventions that support NGN transition into critical care nursing practice. The findings of this study will provide a foundation for developing strategies to support NGN transition into these areas of specialty nursing practice.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42020147962. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sexual violence against women by so-called Islamic state of Iraq and Syria (ISIS): protocol for a systematic review
DiscussionThis systematic review with a narrative synthesis approach will provide the important information about the gap in knowledge and detailed summary of the existing evidence on consequences of ISIS's systematic sexual violence against women. The evidence is useful for the international health organizations to plan and develop clinical guidelines with interest to reduce the consequences of sexual violence in the armed conflict territories.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42019124215 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A systematic literature review of researchers ’ and healthcare professionals’ attitudes towards the secondary use and sharing of health administrative and clinical trial data
AbstractA systematic literature review of researchers and healthcare professionals ’ attitudes towards the secondary use and sharing of health administrative and clinical trial data was conducted using electronic data searching. Eligible articles included those reporting qualitative or quantitative original research and published in English. No restrictions were placed on public ation dates, study design, or disease setting. Two authors were involved in all stages of the review process; conflicts were resolved by consensus. Data was extracted independently using a pre-piloted data extraction template. Quality and bia...
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Negative pressure wound therapy in patients with wounds healing by secondary intention: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
ConclusionsIn summary, low-quality data indicate a greater benefit of NPWT versus SWT for wound closure in patients with wounds healing by secondary intention. The length of hospital stay is also shortened. The data show no advantages or disadvantages of NPWT for other patient-relevant outcomes. Publication bias is an important problem in studies on NPWT, underlining that all clinical studies need to be fully reported. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Understanding surgical antimicrobial prescribing behaviour in the hospital setting: a systematic review and meta-ethnography protocol
DiscussionThis research has several strengths: (1) the protocol has been written with reference to established guidance maximising rigour and transparency; (2) the multi-disciplinary research team bring varied interpretative repertoires and relevant methodological skills; and (3) stakeholders will be involved to ensure that findings are relevant, and disseminated via suitable channels, to support improved patient care.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42020184343 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exploring how and why Care Groups work to improve infant feeding practices in low- and middle-income countries: a realist review protocol
DiscussionThe results of this realist review will be written up according to RAMESES guidelines and disseminated through a stakeholder workshop in Malawi, through conference presentations and peer-reviewed publications. It is intended to improve the understanding of the potential and limits of working through Care Groups globally and among relevant Malawi Ministry of Health staff and the donor and NGO community, both internationally and within Malawi. This systematic review protocol has been submitted for registration on the PROSPERO database (receipt number: 170261). (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A systematic literature review of health consumer attitudes towards secondary use and sharing of health administrative and clinical trial data: a focus on privacy, trust, and transparency
AbstractWe aimed to synthesise data on issues related to stakeholder perceptions of privacy, trust, and transparency in use of secondary data. A systematic literature review of healthcare consumer attitudes towards the secondary use and sharing of health administrative and clinical trial data was conducted. EMBASE/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, PubMed, CINAHL, Informit Health Collection, PROSPERO Database of Systematic Reviews, PsycINFO, and ProQuest databases were searched. Eligible articles included those reporting qualitative or quantitative original research and published in English. No restrictions were placed on publicat...
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The risk of cardiovascular disease in women after miscarriage, stillbirth, and therapeutic abortion: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
This study seeks to provide an up-to-date systematic review and meta-analysis of the relationship between these three forms of pregnancy loss and the subsequent development of CVD.MethodsThis systematic review will follow the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis checklist (PRISMA) and the Meta-analyses Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) Checklist. A systematic search will be undertaken using publications identified in MEDLINE (PubMed), Scopus, Web of Knowledge, the CINAHL Nursing Database, and the Cochrane Library. The eligibility of each publication will be determined by predefin...
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A protocol for a scoping review of equity measurement in mental health care for children and youth
DiscussionThe planned, systematic scoping review will survey the literature regarding how equity in MH services for children and youth has been operationalized and help inform future studies of equity in CYMHS.Systematic review registrationOpen Science Foundation ID SYSR-D-19-00371,https://osf.io/58srv/. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of multimorbid degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis with knee and/or hip osteoarthritis: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionThe results of this review will provide the first estimates of the prevalence of multimorbid LSS and hip and knee OA based on various case definitions. The impact of covariates such as LSS clinical presentations, sample population, healthcare setting, risk of bias, and patient characteristics on prevalence estimates will also be presented.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO, awaiting registration (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Outcomes after corrective surgery for congenital dextro-transposition of the arteries using the arterial switch technique: a scoping systematic review
ConclusionsPooled data from many sources suggests that the ASO ford-TGA leads to high rates of survival in the short, medium, and long term. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessing the nature of asthma in African epidemiological studies: a scoping review protocol
The objective of this study will be to summarise the epidemiological literature on the nature of asthma in African countries.MethodsWe registered a study protocol for a scoping review. The review was designed following the Arksey and O ’Malley framework. We will search PubMed/MEDLINE, African Journals Online (AJOL) and relevant grey literature (e.g. Google Scholar, EBSCOhost) from January 1990 onwards. Only primary epidemiological studies of asthma (e.g. frequency, disease mechanisms, associated risk factors and comorbidities) w ritten in English and conducted in Africa will be included. Two reviewers will independen...
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Systematic review of therapeutic outcomes of multidrug resistant tuberculosis and their predictors in adults receiving integrated treatment of tuberculosis and human immuno-deficiency virus in low- and middle-income countries: a study protocol
This study is expected to report the performance of integrated TB/HIV treatment programs as regards their potential to uphold successful MDR-TB treatment outcomes in LMICs. Furthermore, the review will indicate patient-related and healthcare-related factors that should be addressed to improve on survival of patients with MDR-TB/HIV co-infection in LMICs.Systematic review registrationThis review has been registered with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews and the reference ID is CRD42020159745 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Systematic review of economic evaluations investigating education, exercise, and dietary weight management to manage hip and knee osteoarthritis: protocol
DiscussionThe findings of this review will evaluate the breadth and quality of economic evaluations conducted alongside clinical trials for core treatments in OA management.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42020155964 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A systematic review of patient prioritization tools in non-emergency healthcare services
ConclusionsThis review describes the development and validation processes of PPTs used in non-urgent healthcare settings. Despite the large number of PPTs studied, implementation into clinical practice seems to be an open challenge. Based on the findings of this review, recommendations are proposed to develop, validate, and implement such tools in clinical settings.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42018107205 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Nature-based early childhood education for child health, wellbeing and development: a mixed-methods systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will capture the state of the current literature on nature-based ECE for child health, wellbeing and development. The results of this study will be of interest to multiple audiences (including researchers and policy makers). Results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. Gaps for future research will be identified and discussed.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42019152582 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Elective removal vs. retaining of hardware after osteosynthesis in asymptomatic patients —a scoping review
ConclusionsWe identified 13 studies that evaluated the effectiveness/safety of hardware removal in the extremities. The follow up times were short, the patient groups small and the ways of measurement differed. In general, clinical heterogeneity was high. Evidence on selected topics, e.g. syndesmotic screw removal is available nevertheless not sufficient to allow a meaningful assessment of effectiveness. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - October 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Non-randomised evaluations of strategies to increase participant retention in randomised controlled trials: a systematic review
ConclusionsThis systematic review provides low or very low certainty evidence on the effectiveness of retention strategies evaluated in non-randomised studies. Some strategies need further evaluation to provide confidence around the size and direction of the underlying effect. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effectiveness and adverse events of topical and allergen immunotherapy for atopic dermatitis: a systematic review and network meta-analysis protocol
DiscussionThe findings of this systematic review will shed the light on the effectiveness and adverse events of all possible comparisons for treating AD and on the quality of the collated evidence for recommendations. It will also provide critical information to health care professionals to comprehend and manage this disease at different age stages, treatment type, duration, and severity of atopic dermatitis.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO Protocol ID CRD42019147106 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of racism and discrimination on the physical and mental health among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples living in Australia: a protocol for a scoping review
DiscussionOur scoping review will synthesise the evidence on the impacts of racism and discrimination in relation to the physical and mental health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples living in Australia. These findings could guide future health interventions by addressing the exposure of racism and racial discrimination in order to reduce health disparity. It is anticipated the findings to be of interest to policymakers, researchers, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and community health organisations and other stakeholders interested in optimising public health interventions for and in partne...
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A systematic review of statistical models and outcomes of predicting fatal and serious injury crashes from driver crash and offense history data
ConclusionsIt was concluded that future research should consider machine learning to overcome correlations in the data, use rigorous vetting procedures to identify predictor variables, and validate statistical models using new data to improve utility and generalizability of models.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42019137081 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of working conditions including digital technology use and systemic inflammation among employees: study protocol for a systematic review
The objective of this investigation will be to evaluate the association of working conditions including digital technology use and systemic inflammation among employees.MethodsWe designed and registered a study protocol for a systematic review of randomized controlled trials and prospective non-randomized studies (e.g., cohort, interrupted time series, or before-after studies). We will include studies conducted among adult workers reporting associations of working conditions and inflammatory activity. The outcome will be biomarkers of systemic low-grade inflammation on cell, plasma molecule and intracellular level, such as...
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Video-based interviewing in medicine: protocol for a scoping review
DiscussionDespite previous literature on the costs associated with face-to-face interviews, there has been hesitancy with transitioning to video-based interviews due to concerns of lack of rapport between applicants and interviewers, and applicants being less able to represent themselves. While these limitations have been explored in previous studies, a succinct review of the current literature to guide the effective restructuring of the interview process is lacking. With our scoping review, we hope to fill this gap in the literature to better understand barriers to transitioning from face-to-face interviews and directions...
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Preventing the transmission of COVID-19 and other coronaviruses in older adults aged 60  years and above living in long-term care: a rapid review
ConclusionsCurrent evidence suggests robust surveillance and monitoring along with support for IPAC initiatives are key to preventing the spread of COVID-19 in LTCF. However, there are significant gaps in the current recommendations especially with regard to the movement of staff between LTCF and their role as possible transmission vectors.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42020181993 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The impact of eHealth group interventions on the mental, behavioral, and physical health of adults: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis review will contribute to the literature by providing evidence on the effectiveness of eHealth counseling and coaching programs delivered to adults in a group format.Systematic review registrationThe protocol has been registered at the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO:CRD42020187551). (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effective educational interventions for the promotion of sexual and reproductive health and rights for school-age children in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThe systematic review will synthesize the evidence on existing educational interventions targeting SRHR outcomes of school-aged children in low- and middle-income countries. It will identify which interventions have proven to be effective, and which interventions have not proven to be effective in promoting or supporting their SRHR. Review findings will provide a useful reference for policy-makers, program developers, global health leaders, and decision makers who wish to support the SRHR of school-age children.Systematic review registrationThe protocol has been registered at the International Prospective Registe...
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adverse childhood experience and adult persistent pain and disability: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionThe present review will help consolidate knowledge on persistent pain and disability by evaluating whether frequency and type of adverse childhood experiences produces the most harm. Findings may help inform practitioners and policy-makers who endeavor to prevent and/or mitigate the consequences of ACEs and promote healthy development and well-being of children, youth, and families.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42020150230 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Mapping the prevalence of the neglected sexual side effects after prostate cancer treatment and the questionnaires used in their screening: a scoping review protocol
This study will be conducted to map the evidence about the prevalence of the neglected sexual side effects (NSSE) after PCa treatment, and use of questionnaires in its diagnosis and screening.MethodsThis systematic scoping review will involve searching the following electronic databases: PubMed, Science Direct and Google Scholar. Following title searching, two-independent reviewers will conduct screening of abstracts and full articles. Eligibility criteria will guide the screenings. Data will be extracted from the included studies, and the emerging themes will be analysed. The review team will analyse the implications of t...
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Loneliness in pregnant and postpartum people and parents of children aged 5 years or younger: a scoping review protocol
The objective of this study will be to summarize the current knowledge of loneliness experienced during pregnancy and by parents during the postpartum period through the first 5  years of the child’s life.MethodsA scoping review protocol was designed following Arksey and O ’Malley’s framework. We will include all types of literature in English, including all study designs, reviews, opinion articles, dissertations, reports, books, and grey literature. To be considered for inclusion, sources should focus on loneliness in pregnant persons, postpartum people, and pare nts of children 5 years or ...
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Motor performance and back pain in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol
This article describes the protocol for a systematic review to summarize the knowledge about the association between motor performance, such as agility, flexibility, balance, strength, muscle endurance, and cardiorespiratory fitness, and back pain. Thus, our aim is to identify the influence of motor performance on back pain among children and adolescents.MethodsTwo independent researchers will search MEDLINE, Scopus, Embase, SPORTDiscus, and CINAHL databases, with no period or language restrictions. We will include cross-sectional, cohort, case-control, and controlled clinical trial studies based on the following criteria:...
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Protocol for a systematic review of treatment adherence for HIV, hepatitis C and tuberculosis among homeless populations
DiscussionGiven the political emphasis on global elimination of these diseases, and the current lack of understanding of effective and equitable treatment adherence strategies in homeless populations, this review will provide insight to policy-makers and service providers aiming to improve homeless healthcare.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42019153150 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Weight maintenance interventions for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis review will critically appraise existing weight maintenance interventions targeting T2DM. Findings will inform future intervention development to support people with T2DM delay weight regain and prolong successful diabetes management.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42020168032 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The prevalence, risk factors and outcomes of anaemia in South African pregnant women: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
This study will assist local health systems to inform public health policies and practises for more favourable maternal and fetal outcomes.Trial registrationThis protocol is registered with PROSPERO (CRD42020157191) (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Simulation-based education for teaching aggression management skills to health care providers in the acute health care setting: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review will identify, evaluate, and integrate the evidence on simulation-based training programmes for acute care health professionals on managing clinical aggression. The results of this study will inform the implementation of effective training strategies. Implications for future research will be discussed.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO registration number CRD42020151002 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Zolpidem reduces pain intensity postoperatively: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of hypnotic medicines on post-operative pain intensity
ConclusionsThere is promising evidence that the hypnotic medicine zolpidem, adjuvant to other analgesics, is effective at achieving a minimally clinically important difference in pain intensity postoperatively. There is no consistent effect of melatonin or benzodiazepines on postoperative pain intensity. Readers should interpret these results with some caution due to the lack of data on safety, the small number of trials included in the pooled effects and their sample sizes.Systematic review registrationThe protocol for this systematic review was registered with PROSPERO ID=CRD42015025327. (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cultural adaptation of Internet- and mobile-based interventions for mental disorders: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionProviding adequate mental healthcare regardless of cultural backgrounds is a major global health challenge. The planned systematic review will lay the foundation for the further development of the cultural adaptation of IMI for mental disorders by summarising the current state and providing recommendations for future research.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42019142320 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Thematic areas and complexity of integrated community case management (iCCM) design, implementation, and evaluation: protocol for a scoping review
This study will be guided by Arksey and O ’Malley’s scoping review methodology. We will systematically screen MEDLINE, Web of Science, and the specialized platform Community Case Management (CCM) Central Library for published literature in English related to the design, implementation, and evaluation of iCCM. Two investigators will inde pendently screen the full list of titles and abstracts for eligibility, followed by a full-text review of selected titles divided between investigators. Emergent themes will be categorized according to a thematic tool iteratively developed to guide the charting and analysis proc...
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The association between analgesic drug use in pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders: protocol for an umbrella review
DiscussionThis umbrella review of associations between maternal prenatal use of analgesic drugs and children ’s neurodevelopmental disorders could allow for firmer conclusions to be drawn through the synthesis of all relevant published research. The synthesis of findings using high-quality evidence could provide more accurate healthcare information on the long-term effects of analgesic drugs on neurodeve lopment, to better guide future clinical decisions during pregnancy. This review will also allow gaps and methodological differences in the literature to be identified, informing recommendations for future research.S...
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Are antenatal interventions effective in improving multiple health behaviours among pregnant women? A systematic review protocol
The objective of this review is to determine the effectiveness of interventions delivered as part of antenatal care that aim to improve multiple SNAP behaviours among pregnant women.MethodsSeven electronic databases will be searched for potentially eligible studies. Eligible studies will include those where pregnant women are attending antenatal care. Studies that examine the effect of an intervention that addresses multiple SNAP behaviours ( ≥ 2 behaviours) during pregnancy and are delivered or instigated through antenatal care in a healthcare service will be included. Systematic reviews of randomised controlled...
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Relationship between volume and outcome for gastroschisis: a systematic review protocol
DiscussionGiven the lack of a comprehensive summary of findings on the relationship between hospital or surgeon volume and outcomes for gastroschisis, this systematic review will put things right. Results can be used to inform decision makers or clinicians and to adapt medical care.Systematic review registrationOpen Science Framework (DOI:https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/EX34M;https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/HGPZ2) (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - September 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

GWAS-identified genetic variants associated with medication-assisted treatment outcomes in patients with opioid use disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol
DiscussionThis systematic review can hopefully inform the direction of future research, aiding in the development of a safer and more patient-centered treatment. It will be able to highlight genome-wide significant variants that are replicable and associated with MAT patient outcomes.Systematic review registrationThis systematic review protocol has been  registered with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) (registration ID CRD42020169121). (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and euthyroidism in thyroid eye disease: a systematic review of the literature
ConclusionsProfessionals should be aware that thyroid eye disease can be present in patients with a normal thyroid function. The assessment for these patients is based on orbital images; serum TSH, T3, and free T4; antibody levels as thyrotropin receptor antibodies; and thyroperoxidase levels. Additionally, we want to encourage research in this field in other regions of the world such as Latin America.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO IDCRD42020107167 (Source: Systematic Reviews)
Source: Systematic Reviews - August 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research